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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 71-76, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248986

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary surgery and hepatic trauma are frequent causes of bile leaks and this feared complication can be safely managed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The approach consists of sphincterotomy alone, biliary stenting or a combination of the two but the optimal form remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare sphincterotomy alone versus sphincterotomy plus biliary stent placement in the treatment of post-surgical and traumatic bile leaks. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 31 patients with the final ERCP diagnosis of "bile leak". Data collected included patient demographics, etiology of the leak and the procedure details. The treatment techniques were divided into two groups: sphincterotomy alone vs. sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting. We evaluated the volume of the abdominal surgical drain before and after each procedure and the number of days needed until cessation of drainage post ERCP. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients (18 men and 3 women; mean age, 51 years) with bile leaks were evaluated. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was the etiology of the leak in 14 (45%) cases, followed by conventional cholecystectomy in 9 (29%) patients, hepatic trauma in 5 (16%) patients, and hepatectomy secondary to neoplasia in 3 (9.7%) patients. The most frequent location of the leaks was the cystic duct stump with 12 (38.6%) cases, followed by hepatic common duct in 10 (32%) cases, common bile duct in 7 (22%) cases and the liver bed in 2 (6.5%) cases. 71% of the patients were treated with sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, and 29% with sphincterotomy alone. There was significant difference between the volume drained before and after both procedures (P<0.05). However, when comparing sphincterotomy alone and sphincterotomy plus biliary stenting, regarding the volume drained and the days needed to cessation of drainage, there was no statistical difference in both cases (P>0.005). CONCLUSION: ERCP remains the first line treatment for bile leaks with no difference between sphincterotomy alone vs sphincterotomy plus stent placement.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Cirurgia hepatobiliar e trauma hepático são causas frequentes de fístulas biliares, e esta temida complicação pode ser manejada de forma segura através da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE). O procedimento consiste em esfincterotomia isolada, passagem de prótese biliar ou combinação das duas técnicas, porém a forma ideal permanece incerta. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo é comparar a realização de esfincterotomia isolada versus locação de prótese biliar no tratamento de fístulas pós-cirúrgicas e traumáticas. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados de forma retrospectiva 31 CPREs com diagnóstico final de "fístula biliar". A informação colhida incluía dados demográficos dos pacientes, etiologia das fístulas e detalhes dos procedimentos. As técnicas de tratamentos foram divididas em dois grupos: esfincterotomia isolada vs esfincterotomia associada a locação de prótese biliar. Foram analisados os volumes dos drenos abdominais cirúrgicos antes e depois de cada procedimento e o número de dias necessários para que ocorresse cessação da drenagem pelo dreno abdominal cirúrgico após a CPRE. RESULTADOS: Um total de 31 pacientes (18 homens e 3 mulheres; idade média de 51 anos) com fístulas biliares foram avaliados. Colecistectomia laparoscópica foi a etiologia da fístula em 14 (45%) casos, seguida de colecistectomia convenvional em 9 (29%) pacientes, trauma hepático em 5 (16%) pacientes, e hepatectomia secundária a neoplasia em 3 (9,7%) pacientes. As localizações mais frequentes das fístulas foram: coto do ducto císticos com 12 (38,6%) casos, seguido de ducto hepático comum em 10 (32%) casos, ducto colédoco em 7 (22%) cases e leito hepático em 2 (6,5%) casos. 71% dos pacientes foram tratados com esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar e 29% com esfincterotomia isolada. Houve diferença estatística em relação ao volume drenado antes e depois de ambos os procedimentos (P<0,05). Entretanto, quando comparada esfincterotomia isolada e esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar, em relação ao volume drenado e ao número de dias necessários para cessação da drenagem, não houve diferença estatística em ambos os casos (P>0,005). CONCLUSÃO: A CPRE permanece como tratamento de primeira linha no tratamento de fístulas biliares, sem diferença entra a esfincterotomia isolada versus esfincterotomia associada a passagem de prótese biliar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Sphincterotomy , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Bile , Stents , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic/adverse effects , Hospitals , Middle Aged
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880448

ABSTRACT

Biliary stent has been widely used in the treatment of biliary stricture and obstruction, it can relieve the pain of patients effectively, but bacterial infection and stent obstruction are still troublesome after surgery. We introduce the mechanism of infection and stent blockage caused by bacterial invasion after biliary stent implantation, and expound the formation mechanism of bacterial biofilm and bile sludge in this review. Antibacterial biliary stent is an effective way to inhibit biliary tract infection, the literatures on antibacterial modification of biliary stent with different antibacterial methods in domestic and abroad are reviewed, and the research prospect of antibacterial biliary stent is summarized and prospected.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bile , Biliary Tract , Cholestasis , Humans , Stents
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879064

ABSTRACT

To analyze quality standards of cattle bile and sheep bile, and to discuss the related problems in the standards. The results showed that physical forms of the related medicinal materials of cattle bile and sheep bile were chaotic, and the technical methods adopted in the quality standards were generally backward. In addition, there were still problems that some medicinal material standards lacked necessary test items, which were especially obvious in the relevant medicinal material standards of sheep bile and brought difficulties to quality evaluation and control. We suggest that physical forms of cattle bile and sheep bile in quality standards should be determined, and inspection items should be completed. Based on mainstream analytical technology, some technical methods of these standards should be improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Cattle , Reference Standards , Sheep , Steroids
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878921

ABSTRACT

As a precious traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), snake bile has been widely used in numerous Chinese medicine prescriptions. Bile acid(BA) derivatives have been demonstrated as the primary chemical family in snake bile. In-depth chemical characterization of BAs is of great importance towards the establishment of quality standards and clarification of the effective material basis for snake bile. This study firstly employed ~1H-NMR to preliminarily analyze the chemical profiles of snake bile, an automated fraction collector was subsequently implemented to obtain the fractions-of-interest. The fraction was then concentrated and re-analyzed by LC-MS. Based on ~1H-NMR, BAs were found to be the main components of snake bile, and six BAs including CDCA, CA, TCDCA, TCA, TDCA and GCA were tentatively identified from the representative spectrum with the assistance of literature and reference compounds. Whereas the content of TCA in snake bile was too great, resulting in a great obstacle for the detection of trace components, the automated fraction collector was subsequently implemented to obtain the fractions-of-interest for LC-MS analysis. According to matching MS/MS information and retention time with reference compounds as well as database retrieval, a total of 57 BAs were detected and annotated. Because of the combination of ~1H-NMR and LC-MS platforms, the findings are beneficial for the in-depth characterization of BAs in snake bile, which provides references for the establishment of quality control and evaluation methods of snake bile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, Liquid , Snakes , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 287-292, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138713

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En algunas áreas el cáncer de la vesícula biliar se detecta en hasta el 3,5% de los pacientes intervenidos por colelitiasis. Con el objetivo de evaluar el rol de la ruptura de la vesícula y la consiguiente contaminación por bilis, se evaluó una serie de pacientes portadores de cáncer de vesícula diagnosticado posterior a la colecistectomía. Materiales y Método: El estudio se efectuó en 109 pacientes en quienes se diagnosticó un cáncer de vesícula posterior a la colecistectomía. El grupo a estudiar se dividió de acuerdo a la ocurrencia o no de contaminación por bilis al momento de la colecistectomía, como también de acuerdo a la magnitud de ésta. Resultados: De los pacientes estudiados, en 32 se documentó la ocurrencia de contaminación por bilis al momento de la colecistectomía. De estos, en 13 la contaminación fue considerada mayor. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue de 33 meses, 35 pacientes (32,1%) fallecieron durante el seguimiento. La sobrevida media de la totalidad de la serie que tuvo contaminación por bilis no se diferenció de los pacientes sin contaminación. Sin embargo, el grupo que tuvo una contaminación catalogada como mayor, presentó una sobrevida estadísticamente inferior al resto de los pacientes. Finalmente, se realizó un análisis mediante el modelo de regresión de COX que incluyó edad, género, nivel de invasión y tipo de contaminación, resultando la existencia de contaminación mayor por bilis un factor independientemente asociado al pronóstico. Conclusión: La presencia de ruptura vesicular y contaminación mayor por bilis debiera considerarse un factor pronóstico.


Background: Incidental gallbladder cancer is observed in up to 3.5% of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. To study the role of wall perforation on the prognosis, we evaluated a series of patients in whom perforation occurred during the cholecystectomy. Materials and Method: 109 patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy in whom final diagnosis was gallbladder cancer were the focus of the study. We divided the patients according the occurrence of spillage. Furthermore, patients with spillage were divided into two categories according the spillage magnitude. Results: Of the patients, spillage was documented in 32 (29.3%). In 13 patients spillage was considered major. The median follow-up of patients was 36 months, while 35 (32.1%) patients died during the follow-up. Five-year survival of all patients with spillage was not statistically different from the group without spillage. However, the group with major spillage had a statistically worse survival than the rest. A Cox regression analysis including age, gender, level of invasion and spillage category showed that major spillage was independently associated with a worse prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology , Bile/microbiology , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/adverse effects , Gallbladder Neoplasms/mortality , Surgical Wound Infection/mortality , Cholecystectomy/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Aftercare
6.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(1): e259, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126581

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Estudios anatomofisiológicos y biomoleculares de la vesícula biliar han permitido redefinir su función no solo como reservorio de la secreción biliar, sino como protectora intestinal, concepto que se fundamenta en su capacidad de control de la bioactividad y la toxicología de los ácidos biliares, el metabolismo del colesterol, los fosfolípidos y otros componentes de la secreción hepatobiliar. Objetivo: Describir las actualidades de la funcionabilidad de la vesícula biliar como reservorio y protectora del tracto digestivo dirigido a que cirujanos generales, gastroenterólogos, clínicos y fisiólogos amplíen sus conocimientos sobre la función de la vesícula biliar. Métodos: Se realiza una revisión crítica de las funciones de la vesícula biliar que favorecen mantener la integridad de la pared intestinal. Conclusión: La descripción actualizada de la funcionabilidad de la vesícula biliar ofrece un resultado relevante dentro del marco conceptual en relación a su función protectora que se traduce en el mantenimiento de la integridad del epitelio y la microbiota intestinal(AU)


Introduction: Anatomic-physiological and biomolecular studies of the gallbladder have made it possible to redefine its function not only as a reservoir for bile secretion, but also as intestinal protector. This concept is supported by its capacity to control the bioactivity and toxicology of bile acids, cholesterol metabolism, phospholipids and other components of hepatobiliary secretion. Objective: Present an update on the role of the gallbladder as reservoir and protector of the digestive tract intended for general surgeons, gastroenterologists, clinicians and physiologists to broaden their knowledge about the functions of the gallbladder. Methods: A critical review was conducted of the functions of the gallbladder which facilitate maintenance of the integrity of the intestinal wall. Conclusion: The updated description of the functions of the gallbladder is a relevant contribution to the conceptual framework of its protective function, which ensures the maintenance of the integrity of the epithelium and the intestinal microbiota(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gastroenterologists , Bile/physiology , Gastrointestinal Tract/physiology , Gallbladder/physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878814

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to determine the metabolites of Zhali Nusi Prescription(ZLNSP) in rats. The ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-LTQ Orbitrap mass spectrometric(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) and mass defect filter techniques were applied to analyze the metabolites of ZLNSP in rat plasma, bile, urine and feces. The biological samples were analyzed by ACQUITY UPLC BEH T_3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.7 μm), with 0.1% formic acid water(A)-acetonitrile(B) as mobile phase, and the biological samples were analyzed in negative ion mode by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry(ESI-MS). An analytical method for biological samples of rats was established, and 8 prototype components and 36 metabolites were identified. The results showed that the metabolic pathways of the main components of ZLNSP in rats included methylation, glucuronidation, sulfation and so on. It provi-ded information for the therapeutic effect of ZLNSP in vivo.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Bile , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Feces , Plasma , Prescriptions , Rats
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878810

ABSTRACT

In this study, 10 batches of samples of cultured Bovis Calculus(cow-bezoar) were determined for the investigation of chemical profile of bile acids with the UPLC-QDA method established. The results showed that nine common bile acids, cholic acid(CA), deoxycholic acid(DCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), taurocholic acid(TCA), taurodeoxycholic acid(TDCA), taurochenodeoxycholic acid(TCDCA), glycocholic acid(GCA), glycodeoxycholic acid(GDCA) and glycochenodeoxycholic acid(GCDCA), were founded in samples and 7 bile acids were quantified except GDCA and GCDCA. In these samples, unconjugated bile acids, the major type of bile acids, accounted for more than 97% of all types of bile acids. As for unconjugated bile acids, CA was the most major bile acid in cultured cow-bezoar and it was about twice as much as DCA. The relative low-cost method established in the current study is accurate, rapid and sensitive, which is suitable for the studies of other drugs from animal bile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Calculi , Cattle , Female
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2779-2790, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878529

ABSTRACT

Bile acids facilitate the absorption of lipids, and affect the development of various diseases by regulating intestinal flora structure and modulating immunity and metabolism. It is therefore important to quantitatively detect bile acids. Current analytical methods are still immature due to constituent complexity, structural heterogeneity and bioactive variability of bile acids. Detection of individual bile acids is of significance for pharmacological research, clinical diagnosis and disease prevention. Advances have been made in bile acid analysis from multiple sources including serum, bile, urine and feces, although several limitations still exist for bile acid quantification. Here we review research progress in conventional bile acid assays, including spectrophotometry, thin-layer chromatography, liquid/gas chromatography and liquid/gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Moreover, we emphasize the development of bile acid biosensors that may have promising prospects.


Subject(s)
Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Biosensing Techniques , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811413

ABSTRACT

We present an 8 years old girl who was diagnosed at 6 months of age of Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 2. Although liver transplantation (LT) was classically considered curative for these patients, cholestasis recurrence with normal gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), mediated by anti-bile salt export pump (BSEP) antibodies after LT (auto-antibody Induced BSEP Deficiency, AIBD) has been recently reported. Our patient underwent LT at 14 months. During her evolution, patient presented three episodes of acute rejection. Seven years after the LT, the patient presented pruritus with cholestasis and elevation of liver enzymes with persistent normal GGT. Liver biopsy showed intrahepatic cholestasis and giant-cell transformation with very low BSEP activity. Auto-antibodies against BSEP were detected therefore an AIBD was diagnosed. She was treated with Rituximab and immunoadsorption with resolution of the AIBD. As a complication of the treatment she developed a pneumocystis infection successfully treated with corticoids, cotrimoxazol and anidulafungin.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibodies , Bile , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Pneumocystis Infections , Pruritus , Recurrence , Rituximab
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the inhibitory effect of bear bile powder (BBP) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) growth in vivo and investigate the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A HCC xenograft mouse model was developed by producing with huh7 cells. After 5 days following xenograft implantation, ten HCC xenograft mice were given intra-gastric administration with 10 mg/(kg•d) dose of BBP or saline for 3 weeks. Tumor growth in HCC xenograft mice was evaluated by measuring the tumor weight and volume. Cell apoptosis, proliferation or tumor angiogenesis were examined via immunohistochemical (IHC) staining for transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) or cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31), respectively. Phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) were determined by Western blot. The mRNA and protein expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, Cyclin D1 and Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) in HCC tumor tissues were respectively determined by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot. The protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) in tumor tissues was examined by IHC staining.@*RESULTS@#BBP treatment led to a significant decrease on tumor volume and tumor weight in HCC mice (P<0.05) and had no effect on the change of body weight. In addition, BBP profoundly promoted cell apoptosis, inhibited cell proliferation and intratumoral microvessel density in HCC tumor tissues (P<0.05). Moreover, BBP treatment remarkably suppressed the STAT3 phosphorylation and modulated the expression of critical target genes including Bcl-2, Bax, Cyclin D1, CDK4 and VEGF-A in HCC mice.@*CONCLUSION@#BBP exerts its anti-cancer activities via suppressing STAT3 signaling pathway and affecting multiple intracellular targets.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Biological Products , Pharmacology , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Disease Models, Animal , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Powders , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Ursidae
12.
Clinics ; 75: e1486, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have not shown any correlation between bile acid metabolism and bone mineral density (BMD) in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. Thus, the current study evaluated the association between bile acid levels as well as BMD and bone turnover marker levels in this group of women. METHODS: This single-center cross-sectional study included 150 postmenopausal Chinese women. According to BMD, the participants were divided into three groups: osteoporosis group, osteopenia group, and healthy control group. Serum bile acid, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), and bone turnover biomarker levels were assessed. Moreover, the concentrations of parathyroid hormone, 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D], procollagen type I N-peptide (P1NP), and beta-CrossLaps of type I collagen containing cross-linked C-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX) were evaluated. The BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur were examined via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: The serum total bile acid levels in the osteoporosis and osteopenia groups (5.28±1.56 and 5.31±1.56 umol/L, respectively) were significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (6.33±2.04 umol/L; p=0.002 and 0.018, respectively). Serum bile acid level was positively associated with the BMD of the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip. However, it negatively correlated with β-CTX concentration. Moreover, no correlation was observed between bile acid and P1NP levels, and the levels of the other biomarkers that were measured did not differ between the groups. CONCLUSION: Serum bile acid was positively correlated with BMD and negatively correlated with bone turnover biomarkers reflecting bone absorption in postmenopausal women. Thus, bile acid may play an important role in bone metabolism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Density , Bile , Biomarkers , Absorptiometry, Photon , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal , Cross-Sectional Studies , Bone Remodeling , Postmenopause , Collagen Type I
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18094, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285510

ABSTRACT

Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), a secondary bile acid (BA), has been used as a drug to treat various liver diseases. UDCA is synthesised from cholic or chenodeoxycholic acid (CA/CDCA), two primary BAs frequently used as the starting materials. Nowadays, swine, cattle, and poultry bile are the main sources of those BAs. However, other commercial animals could be promising sources as well. We identified two livestock, two poultries, and eight fishes that are commercially cultivated in Indonesia. Four free BAs including CA, CDCA, deoxycholic acid (DCA), and lithocholic acid (LA) were identified for their occurrences using thin-layer chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography. CA was detected in cow, duck, red tilapia, gourami, the common carp, and grouper, whereas CDCA was only detected in two poultries and the common carp. The occurrence of DCA was common and abundant in most tested animals. In contrast, the presence of LA was found to be very low in all samples. The biliary bile of tilapia has been found to contain a high abundance of free CA (43% of the total bile). A simple extraction was able to purify CA from biliary bile of tilapia. This is a new promising and competitive source of CA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Bile/drug effects , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Thin Layer/methods , Indonesia/ethnology , Animals , Ursodeoxycholic Acid , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/antagonists & inhibitors , Bile Acids and Salts/therapeutic use , Chenodeoxycholic Acid , Tilapia/classification , Cholic Acid/agonists , Deoxycholic Acid , Lithocholic Acid
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Major liver resection and radical lymph node dissection has been accepted as a definite treatment of choice for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC). However, the perioperative and survival outcomes of right hemihepatectomy (RH) and left hemihepatectomy (LH) still remain controversial. Thus, this study aimed to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes of RH and LH in HC patients.METHODS: From January 2000 to January 2018, a total of 326 patients underwent surgical resection for HC at Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. Among the 326 patients, we excluded 130 patients and selected 196 patients, who underwent hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy. Among these 196 patients, 114 patients underwent RH, and 82 patients underwent LH. We compared the clinicopathological features as well as the surgical and oncologic outcomes of the RH and LH groups.RESULTS: There were no significant differences in disease-free survival (P = 0.473) or overall survival (P = 0.946) in the RH and LH groups. The LH group had fewer complications compared with the RH group, including postoperative ascites (RH: 15 [13.2%] vs. LH: 3 [3.7%], P = 0.023); however, the LH group had more bile leakage complications (RH: 5 [4.4%] vs. LH: 12 [14.6%], P = 0.012). The average time lag from portal vein embolization to operation was 25.80 ± 12.06 days (n = 45). There was no difference in postoperative liver failure (P = 0.402), although there were significantly more frequent ascites after RH (P = 0.023).CONCLUSION: LH might be a good alternative option for the surgical treatment of HC given appropriate tumor location and biliary anatomy indications.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Bile , Cholangiocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Humans , Klatskin Tumor , Korea , Liver , Liver Failure , Lymph Node Excision , Portal Vein , Seoul , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773229

ABSTRACT

Bile acids( BAs),the major constituents of bile,are also known to be potential biomarkers of various diseases,especially liver disease. The systematic analysis of BAs is believed to be of great importance towards the clarification of the effective material basis for bile-type medicines,and the diagnosis and therapy of related diseases as well. As a part of systematic study on bile-type medicine ongoing in our group,this study lays emphasis on the isomer discrimination,and the improvement of analytical method of BAs. Further,this method was subsequently applied to elucidate in depth the chemical profile of BAs in yak bile. Regarding isomer discrimination for BAs,we constructed relative response-collision energy curves( RRCECs) by high performance liquid chromatographyion trap-time of flight-mass spectrometry( HPLC-IT-TOF-MS) in combination with high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion trap mass spectrometry( HPLC-Qtrap-MS). As a result,both the optimum collision energy( OCE) and CE_(50) exhibited great correlations with structural characteristics,thus enabling the isomer distinguishing,such as unconjugated BAs,glycine-conjugated BAs,and taurine-conjugated BAs. According to information provided by mass spectrometry,the comparison of OCE and CE_(50),retention time matching,combined with reference substances and database retrieval,a total of 30 bile acid derivatives were observed and identified in yak bile. The newly developed method could serve as a feasible tool for the in-depth characterization of BAs in bile and biological samples.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Chemistry , Bile Acids and Salts , Chemistry , Cattle , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Mass Spectrometry , Taurine
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786672

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the popularity of laparoscopic cholecystectomy, common bile duct injury has been reported more frequently. There is no perfect method for repairing porcine biliary segmental defects.METHODS: After the decellularization of human arterial blood vessels, the cells were cultured with GFP⁺ (carry green fluorescent protein) porcine bile duct epithelial cells. The growth and proliferation of porcine bile duct epithelial cells on the human acellular arterial matrix (HAAM) were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, electron microscopy, and immunofluorescence. Then, the recellularized human acellular arterial matrix (RHAAM) was used to repair biliary segmental defects in the pig. The feasibility of it was detected by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, liver function and blood routine changes, HE staining, immunofluorescence, real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and western blot.RESULTS: After 4 weeks (w) of co-culture of HAAM and GFP? porcine bile duct epithelial cells, GFP⁺ porcine bile duct epithelial cells grew stably, proliferated, and fused on HAAM. Bile was successfully drained into the duodenum without bile leakage or biliary obstruction. Immunofluorescence detection showed that GFP-positive bile duct cells could still be detected after GFP-containing bile duct cells were implanted into the acellular arterial matrix for 8 w. The implanted bile duct cells can successfully resist bile invasion and protect the acellular arterial matrix until the newborn bile duct is formed.CONCLUSION: The RHAAM can be used to repair biliary segmental defects in pigs, which provides a new idea for the clinical treatment of common bile duct injury.


Subject(s)
Bile , Bile Ducts , Blood Vessels , Blotting, Western , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Coculture Techniques , Common Bile Duct , Duodenum , Epithelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Liver , Methods , Microscopy, Electron , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Swine , Tissue Engineering
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719714

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: T category of the eighth edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) staging system for distal bile duct carcinoma (DBDC) was changed to include tumor invasion depth measurement, while the N category adopted a 3-tier classification system based on the number of metastatic nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To validate cancer staging, a total of 200 surgically resected DBDCs were staged and compared according to the seventh and eighth editions. RESULTS: T categories included T1 (n=37, 18.5%), T2 (n=114, 57.0%), and T3 (n=49, 24.5%). N categories included N0 (n=133, 66.5%), N1 (n=50, 25.0%), and N2 (n=17, 8.5%). Stage groupings included I (n=33, 16.5%), II (n=150, 75.0%), and III (n=17, 8.5%). The overall 5-year survival rates (5-YSRs) of T1, T2, and T3 were 59.3%, 42.4%, and 12.2%, respectively. T category could discriminate patient survival by both pairwise (T1 and T2, p=0.011; T2 and T3, p < 0.001) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. The overall 5-YSRs of N0, N1, and N2 were 47.3%, 17.0%, and 14.7%, respectively. N category could partly discriminate patient survival by both pairwise (N0 and N1, p < 0.001; N1 and N2, p=0.579) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. The overall 5-YSRs of stages I, II, and III were 59.0%, 35.4%, and 14.7%, respectively. Stages could distinguish patient survival by both pairwise (I and II, p=0.002; II and III, p=0.015) and overall (p < 0.001) comparisons. On multivariate analyses, T and N categories (p=0.014 and p=0.029) and pancreatic invasion (p=0.006) remained significant prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: The T andNcategories of the eighth edition AJCC staging system for DBDC accurately predict patient prognosis.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bile , Cholangiocarcinoma , Classification , Humans , Joints , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Survival Rate
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719660

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic major liver resection (major LLR) remains a challenging procedure because of the technical difficulty. Several significant technical innovations have been applied in our center since 2012. They include routine application of bipolar electrocautery, initiation of temporary increase of intra-abdominal pressure during bleeding events from veins to balance the central venous pressure, and use of temporary inflow control of the Glissonean pedicle. This study evaluated the impact of these technique modifications in patients with major LLR. METHODS: Between January 2004 and February 2015, a total of 606 patients underwent LLR at Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, Korea. Major LLR was employed in 233 cases. All major LLR procedures were anatomical resections performed with a totally laparoscopic approach. We compared surgical parameters of right hepatectomy (RH), left hepatectomy (LH), and right posterior sectionectomy (RPS) before and after 2012. RESULTS: Open conversion rates of RH and LH and estimated blood loss in RPS significantly decreased after 2012. The postoperative complication rate of major LLR was 12.7% and was similar before and after 2012. Bile leakage was the most common complication (3.2%). CONCLUSION: The modifications of surgical techniques resulted in good outcomes for laparoscopic major LLR. We recommend routine application of these techniques to improve outcomes, especially in patients requiring major liver resection.


Subject(s)
Bile , Central Venous Pressure , Electrocoagulation , Hemorrhage , Hepatectomy , Humans , Korea , Laparoscopy , Learning Curve , Liver , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications , Seoul , Veins
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719401

ABSTRACT

Monitoring cerebral oxygenation using a near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) device is useful for estimating cerebral hypoperfusion and is available during liver transplantation (LT). However, high serum bilirubin concentration can interfere with NIRS because bilirubin absorbs near infrared light. We report a patient who underwent LT with a diagnosis of vanishing bile duct syndrome, whose regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO₂) remained below 15% even with alert mental status and SpO2₂ value of 99%. The rSO₂ values were almost fixed at the lowest measurable level throughout the intra- and postoperative period. We report a case of erroneously low rSO₂ values during the perioperative period in a liver transplant recipient which might be attributable to skin pigmentation rather than higher serum bilirubin concentration.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Bile , Bilirubin , Diagnosis , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypoxia, Brain , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Oxygen , Perioperative Period , Postoperative Period , Skin Pigmentation , Spectrum Analysis , Transplant Recipients
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