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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231269, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413379

ABSTRACT

The peri-implant ligament is formed from the interface of bone tissue, through the anchoring of proteins and the surface of the dental implant. In this sense, it is relevant to understand the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Aim: The goal of this scoping review is to present and analyze the peri-implant ligament composition and compare the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Methods: This scoping review was performed according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews and following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for scoping review. Two independent researchers searched Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scielo, Scopus, Web of Science, Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from the University of São Paulo and Portal Capes. Studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, over the last 21 years (2000-2021). Results: A total of 330 titles were identified and after applying inclusion and exclusion factors, 27 studies were included in this review. All proteins were identified regarding their tissue function and classified into 6 major protein groups. After that this new protein ligament was compared with the periodontal ligament regarding its function and composition. The main proteins associated with osseointegration, and thus, with the peri-implant ligament are recognized as belonging to the periodontal ligament. Conclusion: This scoping review results suggest evidence of the composition and function of the periimplant ligament. However, variations may still exist due to the existence of several modulants of the osseointegration process


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament , Biocompatible Materials , Proteins , Osseointegration , Dental Materials
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251075, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339401

ABSTRACT

Abstract Plant-derived products can assist in the healing process of dermal wounds. It has been demonstrated that Hancornia speciosa latex present angiogenic, osteogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities. Then, it could contribute to the wound healing process. However, natural products in contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The objective of this work was to evaluate the allergic and irritant potential of H. speciosa serum fraction latex using in vitro assays. The obtained results showed that the H. speciosa serum fraction latex has a slightly irritant potential and is not cytotoxic neither allergenic for human cells. Moreover, we identified a remarkable low amount of proteins in this material in comparison to Hevea brasiliensis latex. This result could explain the non-allergenic potential of H. speciosa serum fraction latex because proteins present in latex are the main responsible for allergy. This biomaterial could be used as a non-allergenic source for development of new medicines.


Resumo Produtos derivados de plantas podem auxiliar no processo de cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Foi demonstrado que o látex de Hancornia speciosa apresenta atividades angiogênicas, osteogênicas, antiinflamatórias e antioxidantes. Então, este biomaterial pode contribuir para o processo de cicatrização de feridas. No entanto, produtos naturais em contato com a pele podem causar dermatites. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alérgico e irritante do látex da fração soro de H. speciosa por meio de ensaios in vitro. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que o látex da fração do soro de H. speciosa possui um potencial pouco irritante e não é citotóxico nem alergênico para células humanas. Além disso, foi identificado uma notável baixa quantidade de proteínas neste material em comparação ao látex de Hevea brasiliensis. Esse resultado poderia explicar o potencial não alergênico do látex da fração soro de H. speciosa, pois as proteínas presentes no látex são as principais responsáveis ​​pela alergia. Este biomaterial pode ser utilizado como fonte não alergênica para desenvolvimento de novos medicamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apocynaceae , Hevea , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials , Allergens , Latex
3.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e220616, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393329

ABSTRACT

The use of selective barriers as resorbable membranes has become a routine clinical procedure for guided bone regeneration. Therefore, the production of membranes with a low inflammatory potential during their resorption process has become the goal of a considerable number of researches. Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of poly (L- lactic acid) (PLLA) and biocelulose membranes (BC) inserted in the subcutaneous tissue on the dorsum of rats. Methods: Fifteen animals underwent surgical procedures for the insertion of 4 types of membranes: COL (Collagen membrane) ­ Control Group; BC (Biocellulose membrane); BCAg (Biocellulose membrane impregnated with Silver); PLLA (Poly (L-lactic acid) membrane). All membrane types were inserted into each animal. Animals were euthanized after 3, 7, and 15 days of the surgical procedure. Descriptive histological analyses were carried out to investigate host tissue reaction to membrane presence by assessing the anti-inflammatory process composition associated with the membrane resorption and the presence of foreign-body reaction or encapsulation. Results: The BC membranes showed a higher degree of inflammation and poor pattern of integration with the surrounding tissues than the PLLA and COL membranes. Conclusion: The PLLA and COL membranes present better biocompatibility than the BC membranes


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration , Materials Testing , Lactic Acid , Subcutaneous Tissue , Membranes , Cellulose , Inflammation
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(2): 292-301, out.2022. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400243

ABSTRACT

A dentina e o osso alveolar apresentam muita semelhança em sua composição. Sendo assim, podemos considerar a utilização da dentina como recurso alternativo nas intervenções que buscam a regeneração tecidual óssea. Objetivo: o presente estudo realizou uma revisão integrativa da literatura sobre o uso da dentina como biomaterial para regeneração óssea. Metodologia: foi realizada uma busca por artigos, nas bases de dados Medline, via PubMed; Scielo, LILACS, BASE, Scopus e Science Direct, queavaliassem ou descrevessem o uso da dentina como biomaterial para regeneração óssea. Foram utilizados os seguintes descritores: "Dentin" AND "Bone Regeneration", sem delimitação de tempo. Os critérios de inclusão foram: estudos clínicos publicados em periódicos, oriundos de dados primários, sobre o uso de dentina como biomaterial. Os critérios de exclusão foram: revisões de literatura, estudos in vitro e em animais, estudos que não fosse possível o acesso na íntegra e estudos que associassem o uso da dentina com outros biomateriais sem que fosse possível relacionar os resultados apenas pelo uso da dentina. Resultados: vinte e três estudos foram selecionados para a presente revisão. As pesquisas demonstraram que há uma heterogenicidade relacionada ao tamanho da partícula de dentina obtida, que pode ser decorrente de diferentes métodos de processamento. Conclusão: a reutilização da dentina como biomaterial pode ser uma alternativa promissora ao enxerto autógeno. Sugere-se, então, que protocolos de processamento da partícula de dentina sejam melhor estabelecidos e estudos longitudinais precisam ser realizados para a garantia de procedimentos seguros, eficazes e práticos.


The dentin and the alveolar bone are very similar in composition, therefore, it's usage as an alternative resource in interventions that seek tissue regeneration can be considered. Objective: the aim of the present study was to carry out an integrative review of the literature on the use of dentin as a biomaterial for bone regeneration. Methodology: a search for articles was carried out in the Medline databases, via PubMed; Scielo, LILACS, BASE, Scopus and Science Direct, which evaluated or described the use of dentin as a biomaterial for bone regeneration. The following descriptors were used: "Dentin" AND "Bone Regeneration", without time limits. The inclusion criteria were: clinical studies published in journals, derived from primary data, on the use of dentin as a biomaterial. Exclusion criteria were: literature reviews, in vitro and in animal studies, studies that were not possible to be accessed in full and studies that associated the usage of dentin with other biomaterials and that it was not possible to relate the results just by using the dentin. Results: twenty-three studies were selected for the present review. Researches have shown that there is heterogeneity related to the size of the obtained dentin particle, which may be due to different processing methods. Conclusion: the reuse of dentin as a biomaterial can be a promising alternative to autogenous graft. It is suggested, then, that dentin particle processing protocols should are better established and longitudinal studies need to be carried out to the in order to ensure safe, effective and practical procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Transplantation, Autologous , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Dentin
5.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 80(231): 19-23, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392286

ABSTRACT

En el campo de la odontología, prevalecen actualmente alternativas terapéuticas con una filosofía conservadora. Sin embargo, con el advenimiento de los tratamientos con células madre (CM), se amplían las posibilidades terapéuticas, que buscan la combinación y el equilibrio entre la intervención tradicional y las posibilidades de reposición de estructuras anatómicas dañadas, a través de la regeneración de tejidos utilizando células madre o sus derivados (AU)


In the dentistry field, therapeutic alternatives with a conservative philosophy currently prevail. However, with the advent of stem cell (SC) treatments, therapeutic possibilities are expanding, seeking a combination and balance between traditional intervention and the pos- sibility of replacing damaged anatomical structures through tissue regeneration, using stem cells or their derivatives (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Periodontal Ligament/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Tooth/cytology , Tooth Germ/physiology , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Dental Pulp/physiology , Tissue Scaffolds , COVID-19/therapy
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 832-838, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385655

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue establecer la influencia de diferentes materiales en el proceso de regeneración ósea de alveolos post exodoncia de ratas hembra adultas ovariectomizadas (OVX). Para ello, se utilizaron 40 ratas sprague dawley, divididas en grupo experimental (OVX) (n=20) y grupo control (Sin ovariectomía) (n=20). Todas las ratas del grupo experimental fueron sometidas a ovariectomía bilateral para simular un estado de osteoporosis inducida por déficit de estrógeno. Posterior a 12 semanas post OVX, las ratas de ambos grupos fueron divididas en 4 subgrupos, en los cuales fue extraído el primer molar superior derecho de cada rata. Posteriormente, las terapias realizadas en los alveolos post-exodoncia fueron: A: (N=5) Alveolo no rellenado para ser utilizado como control negativo. B: (N=5) Aplicación de injerto bifásico (HA+BTCP). C: (N=5) Aplicación de PRF. D: Aplicación de una combinación de injerto bifásico + PRF. Luego de tres semanas se realizó la eutanasia de los animales y obtención de las muestras para los análisis respectivos. Todos los animales sobrevivieron al final del estudio sin ninguna complicación postoperatoria. Los resultados cuantitativos del área ósea interradicular del segundo molar superior, mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupo control y grupo OVX. Mientras que no se observaron diferencias en la descripción histológica ni en el análisis cuantitativo de fibras colágenas tipo I y III. Es posible concluir que el modelo de osteoporosis inducida por déficit de estrógeno modificaría también la microarquitectura ósea de la Maxila. No obstante, nuevos estudios son necesarios para continuar con el estudio de biomateriales para regeneración ósea en modelos de osteoporosis inducida.


SUMMARY: The aim of the present study was to establish the influence of different materials on the process of bone regeneration in post-extraction sockets of ovariectomized (OVX) adult female rats. For this, 40 Sprague Dawley rats were used, divided into an experimental group (OVX) (n=20) and a control group (without ovariectomy) (n=20). All rats in the experimental group underwent bilateral ovariectomy to simulate a state of estrogen deficiency osteoporosis. After 12 weeks post OVX, rats from both groups were divided into 4 subgroups, in which the upper right first molar of each rat was extracted. Subsequently, the therapies performed in the post-extraction sockets were A: (N=5) Unfilled alveolus to be used as a negative control. B: (N=5) Biphasic graft application (HA+BTCP). C: (N=5) PRF application. D: Application of a combination of biphasic graft + PRF. After three weeks, the animals were euthanized, and the samples were obtained for the respective analyses. All animals survived to the end of the study without any postoperative complications. The quantitative results of the interradicular bone area of ??the upper second molar showed significant differences between the control group and the OVX group. While no differences were observed in the histological description or in the quantitative analysis of collagen fibers type I and III. It is possible to conclude that the model of osteoporosis induced by estrogen deficiency would modify the bone microarchitecture of the Maxilla. However, new studies are necessary to continue with the study of biomaterials for bone regeneration in models of induced osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Osteoporosis/therapy , Bone Regeneration , Ovariectomy , Bone Transplantation , Tooth Extraction , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 20220601. 117 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1370713

ABSTRACT

Com a perda de um dente após uma exodontia, tem-se início o processo de remodelação óssea de uma cicatrização espontânea que levará a perdas dimensionais desse alvéolo, principalmente em volume, comprometendo o formato original do rebordo. Técnicas de preservação do rebordo alveolar têm sido descritas há muito tempo, porém, sem um consenso sobre qual procedimento escolher e tampouco qual substituto usar. O objetivo desse estudo foi comparar algumas técnicas já citadas na literatura, utilizando substitutos ósseos e membranas para avaliar as alterações dimensionais horizontais. Foram tratados 25 pacientes (n=5) com necessidade de exodontia de dentes da maxila, com exceção dos molares. Os pacientes foram dispostos aleatoriamente em 5 grupos: GI membrana de politetrafluoretileno denso (Cytoplast®); GII enxerto ósseo xenógeno com uma membrana de colágeno (Bio Oss Collagen® associado a Bio Gide®); GIII membrana de polipropileno (Bone Heal®) 7 dias; GIV membrana de polipropileno (Bone Heal® 21 dias e GV Controle (cicatrização espontânea). O desfecho primário foi a alteração dimensional horizontal do rebordo alveolar encontrada entre as imagens tomográficas de início (T0) antes da exodontia e final (T1) após 6 meses da intervenção, na espessura abaixo da crista óssea em 1 mm (H1), 3 mm (H3) e 5 mm (H5), além da redução em volume do tecido mole avaliadas por meio de modelos de gesso escaneados e sobrepostos com um software de precisão (GOM Inspect®), medidos em 6 pontos em mimímetros a partir da margem gengival (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 e 5). As médias em mm das reduções em espessura óssea foram: em H1 (GI = 1,30, GII = 1,89, GIII = 1,30, GIV = 1,20, GV = 1,97); em H3 (GI = 1,71, GII = 1,98, GIII = 1,16, GIV = 0,34, GV = 1,75) e em H5 (GI = 1,11, GII = 0,74, GIII = 0,86, GIV = 0,26, GV = 1,36) chegando a uma conclusão estatisticamente significante entre os grupos de que GIV apresenta menores desvios que GII. Já as médias em mm das reduções horizontais dos tecidos ósseos foram: Ponto 0 (3,21; 2,26; 1,71; 1,49; 2,57 mm), ponto 1 (2,24; 2,39; 1,58; 1,59; 2,42 mm). Ponto 2 (1,77; 2,20; 1,21; 1,37;2,26 mm), ponto 3 (1,61; 1,90; 1,13; 1,13; 2,03 mm), ponto 4 (1,49; 1,68; 1,21; 0,94; 1,86 mm) e ponto 5 (1,28; 1,69; 1,06; 1,27; 1,70mm) respectivamente para os grupos GI, GII, GII, GIV e GV. Concluindo que houve diferenças entre os grupos estatisticamente significantes entre GIII com menores reduções que GII e GV, GIV com menores reduções que GV. Demonstrando que a técnica de preservação do rebordo alveolar pode ser utilizada como uma alternativa na limitação das perdas horizontais em tecido mole e ósseos.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials
8.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 2(58): 115-134, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390941

ABSTRACT

A reabilitação de maxila atrófica se apresenta ainda nos dias de hoje como um desafio anatômico/fisiológico para os profissionais da área odontológica que visam buscar a instalação de implantes para futuras reabilitações protéticas, tendo em vista o grau de dificuldade de reconstituição do rebordo alveolar perdido. Com o intuito de reabilitar essas maxilas frente às adversidades, diferentes técnicas são propostas tais como enxertos ósseos autógenos, homógenos, substitutos ósseos alógenos, xenógenos e aloplásticos e suas respectivas técnicas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar um relato de caso clínico, no qual duas técnicas de reconstituição de rebordo alveolar de hemi-arco foram realizadas na mesma maxila utilizando biomaterial em bloco, visando comparar os resultados histológicos e clínicos. Após 5 meses da realização da enxertia, foi coletado material dos enxertos alveolares bilateralmente utilizando-se brocas trefinas para estudo histológico. Através da metodologia empregada, pode-se observar maior formação de estrutura óssea no lado em que foi praticada a metodologia transplantes celular odontológico (TCO), que preconiza a associação de sangue medular mandibular ao biomaterial, em relação a técnica contralateral em que utilizou a metodologia convencional, que preconiza a associação ao biomaterial do sangue periférico. Pode-se observar através da metodologia empregada que a utilização de biomateriais potencializados com sangue medular mandibular apresentou maior crescimento de estrutura óssea, incrementando em torno de 35% a mais na neoformação.de osso vital.


The rehabilitation of atrophic maxilla is still presented today as an anatomical/physiological challenge for professionals in the dental field who aim to seek the installation of implants for future prosthetic rehabilitations, in view of the degree of difficulty in reconstituting the lost alveolar ridge. In order to rehabilitate these jaws in the face of adversity, different techniques are proposed such as autogenous, homogenous bone grafts, allogeneic, xenogenous and alloplastic bone substitutes and their respective techniques. The aim of this study was to present a clinical case report, in which two hemi-arch alveolar ridge reconstruction techniques were performed in the same maxilla using biomaterial en bloc, in order to compare the histological and clinical results. After 5 months of grafting, material was collected from the alveolar grafts bilaterally using trephine burs for histological study. Through the used methodology, it was possible to see greater bone formation of structure on the side in which the dental cell transplantation (TCO) methodology was practiced, which advocates the association of mandibular medullary blood to the biomaterial, in relation to the contralateral technique in which the methodology was used conventional method, which advocates the association with peripheral blood biomaterial. It can be observed through the used methodology that the use of biomaterials potentiated with mandibular medullary blood showed greater growth of bone structure, increasing around 35% more in the neoformation of vital bone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Maxilla
9.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 18-23, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361569

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de selamento de perfuração com uma técnica de inserção modificada do MTA. Após a anestesia, foi realizado o isolamento absoluto do dente e remoção do material presente na câmara, com o auxílio do inserto ultrassônico Smart X 1. Realizada a limpeza da perfuração utilizando hipoclorito de sódio e modelagem do canal com o instrumento rotatório, a obturação foi concebida com cone de guta percha e cimento AHPlus. Com broca Gates Glidden #3 foi removida a guta percha até o nível da perfuração. Em seguida, 5 mg de MTA branco foi manipulado, de acordo com recomendações do fabricante usando água destilada na proporção 1:1 e inserido na canaleta de uma régua endodôntica. Com o auxílio do instrumento de RHEM o material foi removido da canaleta e inserido na perfuração, concluindo o vedamento da mesma. Conclui-se neste caso clínico que o selamento de perfuração com MTA obteve sucesso clínico e radiográfico, utilizando a técnica de inserção com MTA modificada(AU)


This article aims to report a clinical case of sealing drilling rig with a modified MTA insertion technique. After anesthesia, the absolute isolation of the tooth and removing the material present in the Chamber, with the aid of ultrasonic Insert Smart X 1. Held drilling cleaning using sodium hypochlorite and modeling the canall with the Rotary instrument, the filling was designed with cone of gutta percha and cement AHPlus. With Gates Glidden bur #3 removed the gutta percha drilling level. Then 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1:1 and inserted in a canal endodontic ruler. With the aid of RHEM instrument the material was removed from the canal and inserted in drilling, completing the enclosure. It is concluded in this case that the sealing of drilling with clinical and radiographic success MTA, using the technique of does not avoid inserting rotating instrument. The obturation was performed with gutta percha cone and AHPlus cement. Removed gutta percha with Gates Glidden drill to drill level. Then, 5 mg of white MTA was handled, according to manufacturer 's recommendations using distilled water in the ratio 1: 1. Soon after, it was inserted in the caneleta of an endodontic ruler and with the aid of the instrument of RHEM the material was inserted in the indicated place. It is concluded in this clinical case that the perforation sealing with MTA obtained clinical and radiographic success, using the insertion technique with modified MTA(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Root Canal Therapy , Sodium Hypochlorite , Biocompatible Materials , Root Canal Preparation , Gutta-Percha
10.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 1(57): 70-76, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391239

ABSTRACT

O osso é um tecido conjuntivo especializado, vascularizado e dinâmico que se modifica ao longo do organismo. Quando lesado, possui uma capacidade única de regeneração e reparação sem a presença de cicatrizes, mas em algumas situações devido tamanho do defeito ósseo não se regenera por completo. Assim, se faz necessária a realização de procedimentos de regeneração óssea guiada. Para isso, o implantodontista deve conhecer as bases biológicas da regeneração óssea guiada alveolar e suas indicações. Nesta revisão foram abordadas indicações, vantagens e tipos de biomateriais utilizados para preenchimento do alvéolo dentário imediatamente após a extração dentária sempre que o objetivo for à reabilitação através da instalação de implantes. Mesmo este, biomateriais, apresentando inúmeras qualidades, estudos ainda devem ser feitos a fim de obter a cada dia, um material sintético compatível com o tecido ósseo perdido em quantidades adequadas sem necessitar de cirurgias extra-bucais.


Bone is a specialized vascularized connective tissue that dynamic changes throughout the body. When injured, it has a unique ability to regenerate and repair without the presence of scars, but in some situations due to size of the bone defect does not regenerate completely. Thus, it is necessary to perform guided bone regeneration procedures. For this, the implant dentistry must know the biological bases of alveolar guided bone regeneration and its indications. In this review were addressed indications, advantages and types of biomaterials used for filling the tooth socket immediately after the tooth extraction whenever the goal is rehabilitation through implants installation. Even this, biomaterials, having several qualities, further studies must be done to obtain each day, a synthetic material compatible with the bone tissue lost in proper amounts without the need of extra-oral surgery.


Subject(s)
Tooth Extraction , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Tooth Socket
11.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 1(57): 54-69, jan.-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391238

ABSTRACT

A colocação de implantes osseointegráveis requer volume ósseo adequado, porém, a extração de dentes leva a diferentes padrões de remodelaç ão e reabsorção óssea. A reabsorção do rebordo alveolar tem sido considerada uma consequência inevitável da extração dentária e pode ser um problema significativo em Implantodontia. Após a extração dentária, mesmo com a instalação de implantes imediatos, o sítio desdentado do processo alveolar sofre substancial modelagem óssea, com a diminuiç ão das dimensões da crista alveolar. Após a inserção de um implante em um local de extração fresco, um defeito marginal (GAP) ocorre, frequentemente, entre o rebordo e a superfície do implante, A fim de superar esse problema e para facilitar a formaç ão de osso no defeito marginal, vários processos de enxerto têm sido utilizados, associados ou não ao uso de membranas de barreira, bem como diversos tipos de substitutos ósseos que podem ser utilizados para tal procedimento. Esse trabalho tem por objetivo revisar e discutir a literatura relacionada ao uso de biomateriais sintéticos para preenchimento desses defeitos que se formam ao redor de implantes instalados em alvéolos frescos. No entanto, ainda não existe um biomaterial ideal que possua todas as pro- priedades desejáveis. Além disso, o volume de osso residual deve ser avaliado antes da extração de dentes, de modo que os cirurgiões possam utilizar técnicas diferentes para preservar o osso alveolar.


Subject(s)
Tooth Extraction , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Resorption , Alveolar Process
12.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 15-23, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397858

ABSTRACT

El Biodentine es un material biocerámico y bioacti-vo que puede emplearse como sustituto activo de la dentina. Entre sus numerosos usos se incorpora su utilización como sellador del coágulo en los procedi-mientos endodónticos regenerativos, logrando me-jores propiedades con respecto al Gold standard. Se presenta la resolución clínica y radiográfica de tres situaciones clínicas, mediante la aplicación del proto-colo de los procedimientos endodónticos regenerati-vos, en los que se utilizó Biodentine como alternativa para el sellado del coágulo a nivel cérvico-radicular, en la obturación a nivel del límite amelocementario (AU)


Biodentine is a bio-ceramic and bioactive material that can be used as an active substitute for dentin. Its many uses include its use as a clot sealer in regenerative endodontic procedures, achieving better properties compared to the Gold standard. The clinical and radiographic resolution of three clinical situations is presented, by applying the protocol of regenerative endodontic procedures, where Biodentine was used as an alternative for sealing the clot at the cervical-radicular level in the obturation at the level of the cementoenamel limit (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Dentin , Regenerative Endodontics , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Ceramics , Dental Care for Children/methods , Dental Pulp Necrosis/therapy
13.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(85): 49-58, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410640

ABSTRACT

Se comparó el grado de decoloración de la corona clínica en piezas dentarias anteriores humanas ex-traídas, sometidas a procedimientos de regeneración endodóntica, utilizando MTA blanco o sustituto bioac-tivo de la dentina (Biodentine) como barrera cervical, en presencia de coágulo sanguíneo como andamio. En total se prepararon 24 piezas dentarias anterio-res superiores humanas que fueron divididas en dos grupos control (GC) y dos grupos experimentales (GE). Cada uno incluía 6 piezas dentarias. En los GE se colo-có sangre humana fresca en el interior del conducto, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GE3) o MTA (GE4). En los GC se colocó una torunda de algo-dón estéril saturada con solución fisiológica estéril, y se confeccionó una barrera de Biodentine (GC1) o MTA (GC2). El color se evaluó de acuerdo con el espa-cio de color CIE L* a* b* utilizando imágenes fotográfi-cas digitales estandarizadas en dos puntos de tiempo: día 0 (T0) y día 35 (T35). La descripción de los datos in-cluyó mediana (Md), primer cuartil (Q1), tercer cuartil (Q3), media y desviación estándar (DE). Se emplea-ron las pruebas de los rangos con signo de Wilcoxon (RSW) y ANOVA de una vía; p < 0,05 fue considerado significativo. Cuando se comparó ∆E se observaron diferencias significativas entre GC1 y el resto de los materiales (p < 0,05). ∆E fue menor en GC1 (media ± DE; 2,1 ± 1,6) que en los grupos restantes que no pre-sentaron diferencias significativas entre sí. En base a estos resultados, la estabilización del coágulo san-guíneo, como así la limpieza de la cavidad previa a la colocación del Biodentine y el uso de barreras cervi-cales, es imprescindible para evitar la coloración de la corona clínica (AU)


Discoloration remains an unfavorable complication of otherwise successful regenerative endodontic procedure of immature teeth with necrotic pulp. Objective: Compare the degree of discoloration of extracted human teeth after regenerative endodontic procedures, using MTA or Biodentine as a cervical barrier with a blood clot as a scaffold. In total 24 human upper anterior teeth were prepared and divided into two control groups (CG) and two experimental groups (EG). In the EG, fresh human blood was placed inside the root and a Biodentine (GE3) or MTA (GE4) barrier was made in. A sterile cotton swab saturated with sterile physiological solution was placed in the GCs and a Biodentine (GC1) or MTA (GC2) barrier was made in. The color was evaluated according to the CIE L* a* b* color space using standardized digital photographic images at two time points: day 0 (T0) and day 35 (T35). The description of the data included median (Md), first quartile (Q1), third quartile (Q3), means, and standard deviation (SD). Wilcoxon signed rank tests (RSW) and one-way ANOVA were used. p < 0.05 was considered significant. When ∆E was compared, significant differences were observed between GC1 and the rest of the materials (p < 0.05). ∆E was lower in CG1 (mean ± SD; 2.1 ± 1.6) than in the remaining groups, which did not present significant differences between them. There was no significant difference between tooth discolorations with materials in the presence of blood. However, in the absence of blood, Biodentine exhibited less tooth discoloration than MTA (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Discoloration , Tooth Crown/abnormalities , Regenerative Endodontics , Root Canal Filling Materials/analysis , Biocompatible Materials , Calcarea Silicata/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Dentin , Tissue Scaffolds
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1386812

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To review existing literature and provide an update on the current use of Bio-Inks and potential future use. Material and Methods: A MeSH keyword search was conducted to find out relevant articles for this short review. Results: Bio inks used in 3D printing grafting require various properties essential for the selection. Combining multiple methods and improved properties is essential for developing successful bio-inks for 3D grafting of functional tissues and tooth pulp regeneration from stem cells. To date, researchers have made many efforts to grow teeth based on stem cells and inculcate regeneration of teeth along with surrounding tissues like alveolar bones and periodontal ligaments. Conclusion: 3D printing with Bio-Inks requires strict adherence to safety protocols for successful outcomes, making it difficult to employ this routinely.


Subject(s)
Stem Cells , Bone Remodeling , Bioengineering , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Security Measures/ethics , Biocompatible Materials
15.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-10, 2022. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1395952

ABSTRACT

Objective: Endodontic perforation is a challenging mishap that should be repaired with a biocompatible material, Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and Biodentine are the most commonly used repair materials. However, these materials are expensive, (MTA) has prolonged setting time and difficult manipulation. The purpose of this study is to prepare the experimental nano calcium-aluminate/tri-calcium-silicate (CA/C3S) material and comparing its physical properties with biodentine and MTA, to evaluate the experimental material eligibility to compete the commercial repair materials. And to perform part two (animal study) that will evaluate the cytotoxicity, the biocompatibility and the efficacy of (CA/C3S) in furcal perforation repair compared to diode laser. Material and Methods: A mixture of calcium carbonate and aluminum oxide was used to formulate calcium aluminate phase (CA), tri-calcium-Silicate phase (C3S) was formulated by firing of calcium carbonate and quartz. The produced powders were investigated by X-ray diffraction, then (CA) and (C3S) mixed with water.(CA/ C3S) compared with MTA and biodentine for setting-time, micro-hardness, dimensional-stability and solubility. Results: Mean setting time of (CA/C3S) was (32.70±0.75min) which is significantly higher than MTA and Biodentine. The Mean microhardness of (CA/C3S) was (56.50±7.41VHN) which has no statical difference with MTA and Biodentine. Solubility results showed weight increase for (CA/C3S) as following (6.29±3.05)and loss of weight for MTA and Biodentine. The percentage of change in dimensions for(CA/C3S) increased as following (0.64±0.78) while decreased for MTA and Biodentine. Conclusion: The experimental (CA/C3S) material showed good microhardness, dimensional stability and acceptable setting time that could be improved in further work (AU)


Objetivo: A perfuração endodôntica é um percalço desafiador que deve ser reparado com um material biocompatível, Agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) e Biodentina são os materiais de reparo mais comumente usados. No entanto, esses materiais são caros, (MTA) tem tempo de presa prolongado e difícil manipulação. O objetivo deste estudo é preparar o material experimental de nano aluminato de cálcio/silicato tricálcico (CA/C3S) e comparar suas propriedades físicas com biodentina e MTA, para avaliar a elegibilidade do material experimental para competir com os materiais de reparo comerciais. E realizar a segunda parte (estudo animal) que avaliará a citotoxicidade, a biocompatibilidade e a eficácia do (CA/C3S) no reparo de perfuração de furca em comparação ao laser de diodo.Material e Métodos: Uma mistura de carbonato de cálcio e óxido de alumínio foi usada para formular a fase de aluminato de cálcio (CA), a fase tri-cálcio-silicato (C3S) foi formulada por queima de carbonato de cálcio e quartzo. Os pós produzidos foram investigados por difração de raios X, em seguida (CA) e (C3S) misturados com água. (CA/ C3S) comparados com MTA e biodentina para tempo de presa, microdureza, estabilidade dimensional e solubilidade. Resultados: O tempo médio de presa de (CA/C3S) foi (32,70±0,75min) que é significativamente maior que MTA e Biodentine. A microdureza média de (CA/C3S) foi (56,50±7,41VHN) que não tem diferença estática com MTA e Biodentine. Os resultados de solubilidade mostraram aumento de peso para (CA/C3S) conforme a seguir (6,29±3,05) e perda de peso para MTA e Biodentine. A porcentagem de mudança nas dimensões para (CA/C3S) aumentou como segue (0,64±0,78), enquanto diminuiu para MTA e Biodentine. Conclusão: O material experimental (CA/C3S) apresentou boa microdureza, estabilidade dimensional e aceitável tempo de presa, que pode ser melhorado em trabalhos futuros (AU)


Subject(s)
X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium Carbonate , Lasers, Solid-State , Aluminum Oxide
16.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220005, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377171

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Some experimental models have been used to evaluate the use of biomaterials in bone regeneration. Among them are the critical size defects (CSD) created in rat calvaria. An experimental model has been described in the literature, in which "L" markings are performed on the margins of the bone defects in order to assist in the precise identification of these defects during laboratory processing and analysis of the results. In the proposed model, the "L" markings are filled with amalgam. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the amalgam replacement of an experimental bony defect model in rat calvaria by heated or unheated glass ionomer. Material and method: 24 rats were used. A 5 mm CSD was created at each animal calvaria. Two "L" shaped markings were made 2 mm from the margins of the bone defect, filled with amalgam (Group AM), heated glass ionomer cement (Group GIh) or not (Group GI). The animals were euthanized 15 days postoperatively. The areas of the surgical defect and the L-shaped marking were histomorphometrically analyzed and the data were analyzed statistically (p <0.05). Result: There were no significant clinical, histological or methodological differences among the experimental groups. Conclusion: It can be concluded that GI can replace AM in the proposed experimental model and GI heating did not promote additional benefits.


Introdução: Alguns modelos experimentais têm sido usados para avaliar o uso de biomateriais na regeneração óssea. Entre eles estão os defeitos de tamanho crítico (DTC) criados em calvárias de ratos. Um modelo experimental foi descrito na literatura onde marcações em L são realizadas nas margens do defeito ósseo para auxiliar na identificação precisa desses defeitos durante o processamento laboratorial e análise dos resultados. No modelo experimental proposto, as marcações em "L" são preenchidas com amálgama. Objetivo: Avaliar a substituição do amálgama por ionômero de vidro aquecido ou não em um modelo experimental para identificação de defeito ósseo criado em calvária de ratos. Material e método: Foram utilizados 24 ratos. Um DTC de 5 mm de diâmetro foi criado na calvária de cada animal. Duas marcações em "L" foram realizadas a 2 mm das margens do defeito ósseo, preenchidas com amálgama (Grupo AM), ionômero de vidro aquecido (Grupo CIVaq) ou não (Grupo CIV). Os animais foram eutanasiados aos 15 dias pós-operatórios. A área do defeito cirúrgico e das marcações em "L" foram histomorfometricamente avaliadas e os dados estatisticamente analisados (p<0,05). Resultado: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos experimentais para as análises metodológicas, clínicas ou histomorfométrica realizadas. Conclusão: Dentro dos limites deste estudo, pode-se concluir que CIV pode substituir o AM no modelo experimental proposto e o aquecimento do CIV não promoveu benefícios adicionais.


Subject(s)
Rats , Skull , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Dental Amalgam , Glass Ionomer Cements , Mathematical Computing , Analysis of Variance
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368244

ABSTRACT

Increasing prevalence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) is notable mainly due to current knowledge and its early diagnosis. Once teeth are functionally and/or esthetically affected, dental restorations may become necessary. Materials capable of interacting with the eroded dental tissue allied to their resistance to subsequent continuous erosive challenges are desirable. Giomer technology based on S-PRG (surface pre-reactive glass) filler has been launching to provide benefits for the dental treatment due to its innovative multi-ionic release system, which involves fluoride. This case report describes the employment of preventive and restorative materials based on this technology for a patient under frequent erosive challenges and complaining about dental sensitivity. Patient reported immediate reduction on this sensitivity and the restorations has been followed up for 2 years, presenting satisfactory performance. S-PRG-based systems seem to be promissory for preventive and therapeutic management of ETW used simultaneously with the patient compliance. (AU)


O aumento da prevalência do desgaste dentário erosivo (DDE) é notável especialmente devido ao conhecimento atual e seu diagnóstico precoce. Uma vez que os dentes são afetados funcional e/ou esteticamente, restaurações dentárias se tornam necessárias. Materiais focados na habilidade de interagir com o tecido dentário erodido associados com sua resistência aos desafios erosivos contínuos subsequentes são desejáveis. A tecnologia Giomer baseada em partículas S-PRG (superfície de vidro pré-reativo) foi lançada no mercado para oferecer benefícios para o tratamento odontológico devido ao seu sistema inovador de liberação multi-iônica, que envolve o flúor. Esse caso clínico descreve o uso de materiais preventivo e restaurador baseados nessa tecnologia em um paciente em desafio erosivo e com queixa de sensibilidade. O paciente relatou redução imediata da sensibilidade e as restaurações foram acompanhadas por 2 anos apresentando desempenho satisfatório. Sistemas baseados em S-PRG se mostram promissores para manejo preventivo e terapêutico do DDE empregados simultaneamente à colaboração do paciente.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Erosion , Biocompatible Materials , Stimuli Responsive Polymers , Inlays
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929039

ABSTRACT

Carbon nanotube (CNT) composite materials are very attractive for use in neural tissue engineering and biosensor coatings. CNT scaffolds are excellent mimics of extracellular matrix due to their hydrophilicity, viscosity, and biocompatibility. CNTs can also impart conductivity to other insulating materials, improve mechanical stability, guide neuronal cell behavior, and trigger axon regeneration. The performance of chitosan (CS)/polyethylene glycol (PEG) composite scaffolds could be optimized by introducing multi-walled CNTs (MWCNTs). CS/PEG/CNT composite scaffolds with CNT content of 1%, 3%, and 5% (1%=0.01 g/mL) were prepared by freeze-drying. Their physical and chemical properties and biocompatibility were evaluated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the composite scaffolds had a highly connected porous structure. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy proved that the CNTs were well dispersed in the CS/PEG matrix and combined with the CS/PEG nanofiber bundles. MWCNTs enhanced the elastic modulus of the scaffold. The porosity of the scaffolds ranged from 83% to 96%. They reached a stable water swelling state within 24 h, and swelling decreased with increasing MWCNT concentration. The electrical conductivity and cell adhesion rate of the scaffolds increased with increasing MWCNT content. Immunofluorescence showed that rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells grown in the scaffolds had characteristics similar to nerve cells. We measured changes in the expression of nerve cell markers by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and found that PC12 cells cultured in the scaffolds expressed growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43), nerve growth factor receptor (NGFR), and class III β‍-tubulin (TUBB3) proteins. Preliminary research showed that the prepared CS/PEG/CNT scaffold has good biocompatibility and can be further applied to neural tissue engineering research.


Subject(s)
Animals , Axons , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Chitosan/chemistry , Nanotubes, Carbon/chemistry , Nerve Regeneration , Polyethylene Glycols , Porosity , Rats , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941002

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of three different crosslinkers on the biocompatibility, physical and chemical properties of decellularized small intestinal submucosa (SIS) porous scaffolds.@*METHODS@#The SIS porous scaffolds were prepared by freeze-drying method and randomly divided into three groups, then crosslinked by glutaraldehyde (GA), 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodi-imide (EDC) and procyanidine (PA) respectively. To evaluate the physicochemical property of each sample in different groups, the following experiments were conducted. Macroscopic morphologies were observed and recorded. Microscopic morphologies of the scaffolds were observed using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and representative images were selected. Computer software (ImageJ) was used to calculate the pore size and porosity. The degree of crosslinking was determined by ninhydrin experiment. Collagenase degradation experiment was performed to assess the resistance of SIS scaffolds to enzyme degradation. To evaluate the mechanical properties, universal mechanical testing machine was used to determine the stress-strain curve and compression strength was calculated. Human bone marrow mesenchymal cells (hBMSCs) were cultured on the scaffolds after which cytotoxicity and cell proliferation were assessed.@*RESULTS@#All the scaffolds remained intact after different crosslinking treatments. The FESEM images showed uniformed interconnected micro structures of scaffolds in different groups. The pore size of EDC group[(161.90±13.44) μm] was significantly higher than GA group [(149.50±14.65) μm] and PA group[(140.10±12.06) μm] (P < 0.05). The porosity of PA group (79.62%±1.14%) was significantly lower than EDC group (85.11%±1.71%) and GA group (84.83%±1.89%) (P < 0.05). PA group showed the highest degree of crosslinking whereas the lowest swelling ratio. There was a significant difference in the swelling ratio of the three groups (P < 0.05). Regarding to the collagenase degradation experiment, the scaffolds in PA group showed a significantly lower weight loss rate than the other groups after 7 days degradation. The weight loss rates of GA group were significantly higher than those of the other groups on day 15, whereas the PA group had the lowest rate after 10 days and 15 days degradation. PA group showed better mechanical properties than the other two groups. More living cells could be seen in PA and EDC groups after live/dead cell staining. Additionally, the proliferation rate of hBMCSs was faster in PA and EDC groups than in GA group.@*CONCLUSION@#The scaffolds gained satisfying degree of crosslinking after three different crosslinking treatments. The samples after PA and EDC treatment had better physicochemical properties and biocompatibility compared with GA treatment. Crosslinking can be used as a promising and applicable method in the modification of SIS scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Cross-Linking Reagents/chemistry , Humans , Porosity , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Weight Loss
20.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 691-696, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940976

ABSTRACT

Wound repair is a highly coordinated and mutually regulated complex process involving various kinds of cells, extracellular matrices and cytokines. A variety of growth factors play an important regulatory role in wound healing, and it is critical to achieve effective delivery and sustained function of growth factors. In recent years, the application of biomaterials in tissue engineering has shown great potential, and the effective delivery of growth factors by biomaterials has attracted increasing attention. Based on this, this paper introduces the mechanism of related growth factors in the process of wound healing, focusing on the recent progress of biomaterial delivery of growth factors to accelerate wound healing, in order to provide new enlightenment for clinical wound treatment.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/therapeutic use , Tissue Engineering , Wound Healing
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