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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240222. 117 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1531785

ABSTRACT

Com a perda de um dente após uma exodontia, tem-se início o processo de remodelação óssea de uma cicatrização espontânea que levará a perdas dimensionais desse alvéolo, principalmente em volume, comprometendo o formato original do rebordo. Técnicas de preservação do rebordo alveolar têm sido descritas há muito tempo, porém, sem um consenso sobre qual procedimento escolher e tampouco qual substituto usar. O objetivo desse estudo foi comparar algumas técnicas já citadas na literatura, utilizando substitutos ósseos e membranas para avaliar as alterações dimensionais horizontais. Foram tratados 25 pacientes (n=5) com necessidade de exodontia de dentes da maxila, com exceção dos molares. Os pacientes foram dispostos aleatoriamente em 5 grupos: GI membrana de politetrafluoretileno denso (Cytoplast®); GII enxerto ósseo xenógeno com uma membrana de colágeno (Bio Oss Collagen® associado a Bio Gide®); GIII membrana de polipropileno (Bone Heal®) 7 dias; GIV membrana de polipropileno (Bone Heal® 21 dias e GV Controle (cicatrização espontânea). O desfecho primário foi a alteração dimensional horizontal do rebordo alveolar encontrada entre as imagens tomográficas de início (T0) antes da exodontia e final (T1) após 6 meses da intervenção, na espessura abaixo da crista óssea em 1 mm (H1), 3 mm (H3) e 5 mm (H5), além da redução em volume do tecido mole avaliadas por meio de modelos de gesso escaneados e sobrepostos com um software de precisão (GOM Inspect®), medidos em 6 pontos em mimímetros a partir da margem gengival (0, 1, 2, 3, 4 e 5). As médias em mm das reduções em espessura óssea foram: em H1 (GI = 1,30, GII = 1,89, GIII = 1,30, GIV = 1,20, GV = 1,97); em H3 (GI = 1,71, GII = 1,98, GIII = 1,16, GIV = 0,34, GV = 1,75) e em H5 (GI = 1,11, GII = 0,74, GIII = 0,86, GIV = 0,26, GV = 1,36) chegando a uma conclusão estatisticamente significante entre os grupos de que GIV apresenta menores desvios que GII. Já as médias em mm das reduções horizontais dos tecidos ósseos foram: Ponto 0 (3,21; 2,26; 1,71; 1,49; 2,57 mm), ponto 1 (2,24; 2,39; 1,58; 1,59; 2,42 mm). Ponto 2 (1,77; 2,20; 1,21; 1,37;2,26 mm), ponto 3 (1,61; 1,90; 1,13; 1,13; 2,03 mm), ponto 4 (1,49; 1,68; 1,21; 0,94; 1,86 mm) e ponto 5 (1,28; 1,69; 1,06; 1,27; 1,70mm) respectivamente para os grupos GI, GII, GII, GIV e GV. Concluindo que houve diferenças entre os grupos estatisticamente significantes entre GIII com menores reduções que GII e GV, GIV com menores reduções que GV. Demonstrando que a técnica de preservação do rebordo alveolar pode ser utilizada como uma alternativa na limitação das perdas horizontais em tecido mole e ósseos.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 25(3): 67-81, Sep.-Dec. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1529070

ABSTRACT

Abstract To compare the physicochemical composition of 4 MTAs commercially available in Latin America. ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, USA), MTA Angelus (Angelus, Brazil), MTA Flow (Ultradent, USA), and MTA Viarden (Viarden, Mexico) were physically and chemically compared. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images were obtained from the MTA powder and the prepared presentations. Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) analyses were performed by triplicate, to calculate the mass proportion of calcium (Ca), silicon (Si), the Ca/Si proportion among the 4 brands. Thermogravimetric analyses (TGA) were conducted (50ºC-1000ºC), and mass loss and inflection points were calculated for each material. Statistical differences for Ca and Si content were determined by ANOVA (p<0.05). SEM images showed evident differences in the appearance of both the powder and the prepared MTAs among brands. Angelus MTA showed cubic prisms not observed in the other 3 brands. ProRoot MTA and MTA Flow showed similar homogeneous structures. MTA Viarden was the less homogeneous, with random structures (>15um). When comparing the mass proportions of Ca and Si between the 4 powder samples, MTA Viarden showed a significantly lower proportions of both elements when compared with the other brands (p<0.005). TGA análisis showed a similar behavior for ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus and MTA Flow, with less than 2% mass loss when the 1000C temperature was reached. MTA Viarden showed a mass loss of 9,94% before the 700C, indicating the presence of different content sensible to temperature degradation. The analyzed MTAs demonstrated to vary significantly in their chemical composition and physical characteristics. Clinicians must be aware of the differences between different brands of a same material, and future research should focus on the clinical implications of these differences.


Resumen Comparar la composición fisicoquímica de 4 MTA disponibles comercialmente en América Latina. Se compararon física y químicamente ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, EE. UU.), MTA Angelus (Angelus, Brasil), MTA Flow (Ultradent, EE. UU.) y MTA Viarden (Viarden, México). Se obtuvieron imágenes de microscopía electrónica de barrido (SEM) del polvo de MTA y de las presentaciones preparadas. Los análisis de espectroscopía de dispersión de energía de rayos X (EDS) se realizaron por triplicado para calcular la proporción de masa de calcio (Ca), silicio (Si), la proporción Ca/Si entre las 4 marcas. Se realizaron análisis termogravimétricos (TGA) (50ºC-1000ºC), y se calcularon las pérdidas de masa y los puntos de inflexión para cada material. Las diferencias estadísticas para el contenido de Ca y Si se determinaron mediante ANOVA (p<0,05). Los análisis SEM mostraron diferencias evidentes en la apariencia tanto del polvo como las preparaciones de los MTA, entre las diferentes marcas. MTA Angelus mostró prismas cúbicos no observados en las otras 3 marcas. ProRoot MTA y MTA Flow mostraron estructuras homogéneas similares. MTA Viarden fue el menos homogéneo, con estructuras aleatorias (>15um). Al comparar las proporciones de masa de Ca y Si entre las 4 muestras de polvo, MTA Viarden mostró proporciones significativamente más bajas de ambos elementos en comparación con las otras marcas (p<0,005). El análisis TGA mostró un comportamiento similar para ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus y MTA Flow, con menos del 2 % de pérdida de masa al alcanzar los 1000 °C de temperatura. El MTA Viarden mostró una pérdida de masa de 9,94% antes de los 700 °C, indicando la presencia de diferentes contenidos sensibles a la degradación por temperatura. Los MTA analizados demostraron diferencias significativas en su composición química y características físicas. Los clínicos deben ser conscientes de las diferencias entre las diferentes marcas de un mismo material, y futuras investigaciones deben enfocarse en las implicaciones clínicas de estas diferencias.


Subject(s)
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Ceramics/analysis , Endodontics , Biocompatible Materials
3.
Actual. osteol ; 19(2): 128-143, sept. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1523882

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo muestra la obtención de un material a partir de un polímero sintético (TerP) y otro natural, mediante entrecruzamiento físico y su caracterización fisicoquímica y biológica, con el fin de emplearlos para regeneración de tejido óseo. Las membranas fueron obtenidas por la técnica de evaporación del solvente y caracterizadas por espectroscopia FTIR, ensayos de hinchamiento, medidas de ángulo de contacto y microscopia electrónica de barrido (SEM). Se encontró que la compatibilidad entre los polímeros que la constituyen es estable a pH fisiológico y que, al incorporar mayor cantidad del TerP a la matriz, esta se vuelve más hidrofóbica y porosa. Además, teniendo en cuenta la aplicación prevista para dichos materiales, se realizaron estudios de biocompatibilidad y citotoxicidad con células progenitoras de médula ósea (CPMO) y células RAW264.7, respectivamente. Se evaluó la proliferación celular, la producción y liberación de óxido nítrico (NO) al medio de cultivo durante 24 y 48 horas y la expresión de citoquinas proinflamatorias IL-1ß y TNF-α de las células crecidas sobre los biomateriales variando la cantidad del polímero sintético. Se encontró mayor proliferación celular y menor producción de NO sobre las matrices que contienen menos proporción del TerP, además de poseer una mejor biocompatibilidad. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que el terpolímero obtenido y su combinación con un polímero natural es una estrategia muy interesante para obtener un biomaterial con posibles aplicaciones en medicina regenerativa y que podría extenderse a otros sistemas estructuralmente relacionados. (AU)


In the present work, the preparation of a biomaterial from a synthetic terpolymer (TerP) and a natural polymer, physically crosslinked, is shown. In order to evaluate the new material for bone tissue regeneration, physicochemical and biological characterizations were performed. The membranes were obtained by solvent casting and characterized using FTIR spectroscopy, swelling tests, contact angle measurements, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It was found that the compatibility between the polymers is stable at physiological pH and the incorporation of a higher amount of TerP into the matrix increases hydrophobicity and porosity.Furthermore, considering the intended application of these materials, studies of biocompatibility and cytotoxicity were conducted with Bone Marrow Progenitor Cells (BMPCs) and RAW264.7 cells, respectively. Cell proliferation, NO production and release into the culture medium for 24 and 48 hours, and proinflammatory cytokine expression of IL-1ß and TNF-α from cells grown on the biomaterials while varying the amount of the synthetic polymer were evaluated. Greater cell proliferation and lower NO production were found on matrices containing a lower proportion of TerP, in addition to better biocompatibility. The results of this study demonstrate that the obtained terpolymer and its combination with a natural polymer is a highly interesting strategy for biomaterial preparation with potential applications in regenerative medicine. This approach could be extended to other structurally related systems. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteogenesis , Polymers/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemical synthesis , Bone and Bones/chemistry , Bone Regeneration , Chitosan/chemistry , Polymers/toxicity , Biocompatible Materials/toxicity , Materials Testing , Cell Differentiation , Chromatography, Gel , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Cell Culture Techniques , Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Biomolecular , Chitosan/toxicity
4.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 23(1): 12-17, jan.-mar. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443450

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O uso de membranas de barreira de exclusão de epitélio para regeneração óssea guiada tem sido apresentado na literatura como abordagem de tratamento bem sucedida, essas barreiras irão impedir a incorporação de células de tecidos moles no enxerto ósseo ou no es paço criado pelo defeito e permitir que apenas as células osteogênicas estejam presentes. Relato de caso: Trata-se de um caso clinico de um paciente que evoluiu com perda óssea significativa por lesão Endo-periodontal levando a perda dentaria, para a reabilitação com implantes se fez necessário uma reconstrução de um defeito crítico com a utilização de tela de titânio para arcabouço ósseo de mistura de enxerto autógeno e biomaterial e recobrimento com membrana de colágeno, o enxerto autógeno foi removido de área doadora na mandíbula e utilizado de forma particulada. Conclusão: As telas de titânio apresentam viabilidade e previsibilidade no aumento ósseo vertical, horizontal e tridimensional em decorrência da sua ampla aplicabilidade, elasticidade, plasticidade adequadas e boas propriedades mecânicas. Avanços na diminuição de suas taxas de exposição e risco de complicações no período de cicatrização melhoram a cada dia a previsibilidade da técnica, bem como a associação com outros materiais como os hemoderivados... (AU)


Introduction: The use of epithelial exclusion barrier membranes for guided bone regeneration has been presented in the literature as a successful treatment approach, these barriers will prevent the incorporation of soft tissue cells into the bone graft or the space created by the defect and allow that only osteogenic cells are present. Case report: This is a clinical case of a patient who evolved with significant bone loss due to an endo-periodontal lesion leading to tooth loss, for rehabilitation with implants it was necessary to reconstruct a critical defect using mesh titanium for bone framework of mixture of autogenous graft and biomaterial and covering with collagen membrane, the autogenous graft was removed from the donor area in the mandible and used in a particulate form. Conclusion: Titanium meshes are viable and predictable in vertical, horizontal and three-dimensional bone augmentation due to their wide applicability, adequate elasticity and plasticity, good mechanical properties. Advances in reducing their exposure rates and risk of complications during the healing period improve the predictability of the technique every day, as well as the association with other materials such as blood products... (AU)


Introducción: El uso de membranas de barrera de exclusión epitelial para la regeneración ósea guiada se ha presentado en la literatura como un enfoque de tratamiento exitoso, estas barreras evitarán la incorporación de células de tejido blando al injerto óseo o el espacio creado por el defecto y permitirán que solo presencia de células osteogénicas. Reporte de caso: Este es un caso clínico de un paciente que evolucionó con una pérdida ósea importante debido a una lesión endo-periodontal que lo llevó a la pérdida de un diente, para rehabilitación con implantes fue necesario reconstruir un defecto crítico utilizando malla de titanio para armazón óseo de mezcla de injerto autógeno y biomaterial y cubriendo con membrana de colágeno, el injerto autógeno se extrajo del área donante en la mandíbula y se usó en forma de partículas. Conclusión: Las mallas de titanio son viables y predecibles en el aumento óseo vertical, horizontal y tridimensional debido a su amplia aplicabilidad, adecuada elasticidad y plasticidad, buenas propiedades mecánicas. Los avances en la reducción de sus tasas de exposición y riesgo de complicaciones durante el periodo de cicatrización mejoran día a día la predictibilidad de la técnica, así como la asociación con otros materiales como los hemoderivados... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biocompatible Materials , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Mandibular Reconstruction
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(2): 95-100, abr. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1441423

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Presentar una serie de casos de agentes de abultamiento (AA) de nuestro centro. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo. Se evaluaron todos los casos operados con AA entre 2017 y 2022. La inyección de AA se realizó en quirófano, bajo sedación con anestesia local periuretral o raquídea. La inyección se realizó con uretroscopia, 0,5 cc en 4 puntos periuretrales (horas 2, 5, 7 y 10). Se analizaron datos demográficos, quirúrgicos y de seguimiento. RESULTADOS: 15 casos. 13/15 presentaron incontinencia urinaria mixta. Solo dos casos tenían incontinencia de orina de esfuerzo pura. El procedimiento fue ambulatorio. La mediana del tiempo operatorio fue 15 minutos (15-20). La mediana de seguimiento fue 5 meses (1-9). El índice de severidad preoperatorio promedio fue 10,6 y en el seguimiento fue 2,79. La Escala de Mejoría Global mostró mejoría en 12/15, y 12/15 estaban satisfechas con la cirugía con mejoría en la calidad de vida. CONCLUSIÓN: Los AA son una opción quirúrgica efectiva, con una tasa de éxito del 80% en otros reportes, siendo similar con nuestra casuística. Ofrecer esta opción es posible a la hora de hablar de terapias alternativas.


OBJECTIVE: To present a case series of bulking agents (BA) from our center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study. All cases operated with BA between 2017 and 2022 were evaluated. A BA injection was performed in the operating room, under periurethral local anesthesia sedation or spinal anesthesia. The injection was performed with urethroscopy, 0.5 cc in 4 periurethral points (hours 2, 5, 7 and 10). Demographic, surgical, and follow-up data were analyzed. RESULTS: 15 cases were reported. 13/15 patients presented with mixed urinary incontinence. Only 2 cases had pure stress urinary incontinence. The procedure was ambulatory. Median operative time was 15 minutes (15-20). Median follow-up was 5 months (1-9). The average preoperative Sandvik Severity Index was 10.6 and in follow-up was 2.79. The PGI showed improvement in 12/15, and 12/15 were satisfied with the surgery with quality-of-life improvement. CONCLUSION: BA are an effective surgical option, with a success rate of 80%, according to other reports, being similar with our casuistry. Offer this option is possible at the moment of discussing alternative therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Urinary Incontinence, Stress/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Injections
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 138-147, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971379

ABSTRACT

Pulpitis, periodontitis, jaw bone defect, and temporomandibular joint damage are common oral and maxillofacial diseases in clinic, but traditional treatments are unable to restore the structure and function of the injured tissues. Due to their good biocompatibility, biodegradability, antioxidant effect, anti-inflammatory activity, and broad-spectrum antimicrobial property, chitosan-based hydrogels have shown broad applicable prospects in the field of oral tissue engineering. Quaternization, carboxymethylation, and sulfonation are common chemical modification strategies to improve the physicochemical properties and biological functions of chitosan-based hydrogels, while the construction of hydrogel composite systems via carrying porous microspheres or nanoparticles can achieve local sequential delivery of diverse drugs or bioactive factors, laying a solid foundation for the well-organized regeneration of defective tissues. Chemical cross-linking is commonly employed to fabricate irreversible permanent chitosan gels, and physical cross-linking enables the formation of reversible gel networks. Representing suitable scaffold biomaterials, several chitosan-based hydrogels transplanted with stem cells, growth factors or exosomes have been used in an attempt to regenerate oral soft and hard tissues. Currently, remarkable advances have been made in promoting the regeneration of pulp-dentin complex, cementum-periodontium-alveolar bone complex, jaw bone, and cartilage. However, the clinical translation of chitosan-based hydrogels still encounters multiple challenges. In future, more in vivo clinical exploration under the conditions of oral complex microenvironments should be performed, and the combined application of chitosan-based hydrogels and a variety of bioactive factors, biomaterials, and state-of-the-art biotechnologies can be pursued in order to realize multifaceted complete regeneration of oral tissue.


Subject(s)
Chitosan/chemistry , Tissue Engineering , Hydrogels/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Cartilage , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 44-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the preparation of decellularized small intestinal submucosa (dSIS) sponge scaffolds with chelated strontium (Sr) ions at different pH values, and to select the appropriate pH values for synthesizing Sr/dSIS scaffolds using the physicochemical properties and biocompatibility of the scaffolds as evaluation indexes.@*METHODS@#(1) Sr/dSIS scaffolds preparation and grouping: After mixing dSIS solution and strontium chloride solution in equal volumes, adjusting pH of the solution to 3, 5, 7, and 9 respectively, porous scaffolds were prepared by freeze-drying method after full reaction at 37℃, which were named Sr/dSIS-3, -5, -7, and -9 respectively, and the dSIS scaffolds were used as the control group. (2) Physicochemical property evaluation: The bulk morphology of the scaffolds was observed in each group, the microscopic morphology analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, and the porosity and pore size determined, the surface elements analyzed by energy spectroscopy, the structure of functional groups analyzed by infrared spectroscopy, the chelation rate determined by atomic spectrophotometry, the water absorption rate detected by using specific gravity method, and the compression strength evaluated by universal mechanical testing machine.(3) Biocompatibility evaluation: The cytotoxicity and proliferative effect to bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of each group were evaluated by Calcein-AM/PI double staining method.@*RESULTS@#Scanning electron microscopy showed that the scaffolds of each group had an interconnected three-dimensional porous structure with no statistical difference in pore size and porosity. Energy spectrum analysis showed that strontium could be detected in Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups, and strontium was uniformly distributed in the scaffolds. Functional group analysis further supported the formation of chelates in the Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups. Chelation rate analysis showed that the Sr/dSIS-7 group had the highest strontium chelation rate, which was statistically different from the other groups (P < 0.05). The scaffolds in all the groups had good water absorption. The scaffolds in Sr/dSIS-5, -7 and -9 groups showed significantly improved mechanical properties compared with the control group (P < 0.05). The scaffolds in all the groups had good biocompatibility, and the Sr/dSIS-7 group showed the best proliferation of BMSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#When pH was 7, the Sr/dSIS scaffolds showed the highest strontium chelation rate and the best proliferation effect of BMSCs, which was the ideal pH value for the preparation of the Sr/dSIS scaffolds.


Subject(s)
Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials , Strontium/pharmacology , Ions , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Tissue Engineering/methods , Porosity
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 415-423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982256

ABSTRACT

Soft tissue is an indispensable tissue in human body. It plays an important role in protecting the body from external physical, chemical or biological factors. Mild soft tissue injuries can self-heal, while severe soft tissue injuries may require related treatment. Natural polymers (such as chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and collagen) and synthetic polymers (such as polyethylene glycol and polylactic acid) exhibit good biocompatibility, biodegradability and low toxicity. It can be used for soft tissue repairs for antibacterial, hemostatic and wound healing purposes. Their related properties can be enhanced through modification or preparation of composite materials. Commonly used soft tissue repairs include wound dressings, biological patches, medical tissue adhesives, and tissue engineering scaffolds. This study introduces the properties, mechanisms of action and applications of various soft tissue repair medical materials, including chitosan, hyaluronic acid, collagen, polyethylene glycol and polylactic acid, and provides an outlook on the application prospects of soft tissue repair medical materials and products.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Chitosan/chemistry , Hyaluronic Acid , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Collagen/chemistry , Polymers/chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Soft Tissue Injuries
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 285-295, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To design and prepare silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel.@*METHODS@#The thiol modified silk fibroin and the double-bond modified hyaluronic acid were rapidly cured into gels through thiol-ene click polymerization under ultraviolet light condition. The grafting rate of modified silk fibroin and hyaluronic acid was characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy; the gel point and the internal microstructure of hydrogels were characterized by rheological test and scanning electron microscopy; the mechanical properties were characterized by compression test; the swelling rate and degradation rate were determined by mass method. The hydrogel was co-cultured with the cells, the cytotoxicity was measured by the lactate dehydrogenase method, the cell adhesion was measured by the float count method, and the cell growth and differentiation on the surface of the gel were observed by scanning electron microscope and fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#The functional group substitution degrees of modified silk fibroin and hyaluronic acid were 17.99% and 48.03%, respectively. The prepared silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel had a gel point of 40-60 s and had a porous structure inside the gel. The compressive strength was as high as 450 kPa and it would not break after ten cycles. The water absorption capacity of the composite hydrogel was 4-10 times of its own weight. Degradation experiments showed that the hydrogel was biodegradable, and the degradation rate reached 28%-42% after 35 d. The cell biology experiments showed that the cytotoxicity of the composite gel was low, the cell adhesion was good, and the growth and differentiation of the cells on the surface of the gel were good.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The photocurable silk fibroin/hyaluronic acid composite hydrogel can form a gel quickly, and has excellent mechanical properties, adjustable swelling rate and degradation degree, good biocompatibility, so it has promising application prospects in biomedicine.


Subject(s)
Fibroins/chemistry , Hydrogels/chemistry , Hyaluronic Acid/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Click Chemistry , Sulfhydryl Compounds , Silk/chemistry
10.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 267-278, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982044

ABSTRACT

NK cell immunotherapy is a promising antitumor therapeutic modality after the development of T cell immunotherapy. Structural modification of NK cells with biomaterials may provide a precise, efficient, and low-cost strategy to enhance NK cell immunotherapy. The biomaterial modification of NK cells can be divided into two strategies: surface engineering with biomaterials and intracellular modification. The surface engineering strategies include hydrophobic interaction of lipids, receptor-ligand interaction between membrane proteins, covalent binding to amino acid residues, click reaction and electrostatic interaction. The intracellular modification strategies are based on manipulation by nanotechnology using membranous materials from various sources of NK cells (such as exosome, vesicle and cytomembranes). Finally, the biomaterials-based strategies regulate the recruitment, recognition and cytotoxicity of NK cells in the solid tumor site in situ to boost the activity of NK cells in the tumor. This article reviews the recent research progress in enhancing NK cell therapy based on biomaterial modification, to provide a reference for further researches on engineering NK cell therapy with biomaterials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/metabolism , Immunotherapy , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Neoplasms/therapy
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380623, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419861

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the in vivo efficiency of commercial polymeric membranes for guided bone regeneration. Methods: Rat calvarial critical size defects was treated with LuminaCoat (LC), Surgitime PTFE (SP), GenDerm (GD), Pratix (PR), Techgraft (TG) or control (C-) and histomorphometric analysis determined the percentage of new bone, connective tissue and biomaterial at 1 or 3 months. Statistical analysis used ANOVA with Tukey's post-test for means at same experimental time and the paired Student's t test between the two periods, considering p < 0.05. Results: New bone at 1 month was higher for SP, TG and C-, at 3 months there were no differences, and between 1 and 3 months PR had greater increase growthing. Connective tissue at 1 month was higher for C-, at 3 months for PR, TG and C-, and between 1 and 3 months C- had sharp decline. Biomaterial at 1 month was higher for LC, in 3 months for SP and TG, and between 1 and 3 months, LC, GD and TG had more decreasing mean. Conclusion: SP had greater osteopromotive capacity and limitation of connective ingrowth, but did not exhibit degradation. PR and TG had favorable osteopromotion, LC less connective tissue and GD more accelerated biodegradation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Polymers/therapeutic use , Skull/abnormalities , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Guided Tissue Regeneration/veterinary
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380023, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1419864

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been used to stimulate the healing of the fresh fracture, delayed union, and non-union in both animal and clinical studies. Besides, biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) is a promising biomaterial for bone repair as it shows favorable biocompatibility, osteoinduction, and osteoconduction. However, scarcity is known about the combined effect of LIPUS and BCP on bone formation. Methods: The combined effect of LIPUS and BCP was studied in a beagle model. Twelve dogs were used. BCP granules without any additions were implanted into bilateral erector spinae muscles. One side is the BCP group, while the counterlateral side is LIPUS + BCP group. Histological and histomorphometric analyses, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were evaluated. Results: Compared with BCP alone, the LIPUS + BCP showed no advantages in early bone formation. Furthermore, the Notch signaling pathway-related mRNA has no significant difference between the two groups. Conclusions: The preliminary results showed that the BCP, which has intrinsic osteoinduction nature, was an effective and promising material. However, LIPUS has no enhanced effect in BCP induced ectopic bone formation. Furthermore, LIPUS has no effect on the Notch signaling pathway. Whether costly LIPUS could be used in combination with BCP should be a rethink.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Osteogenesis/physiology , Ultrasonic Therapy/veterinary , Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics/analysis
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381623, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439108

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Bone repair aims to restore the anatomical, biomechanical, and functional integrity of the affected structure. Here we study the effects of ascorbic acid (AA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) applied in a single dose and in combination on the repair of a noncritical bone defect model. Methods: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups: an intact G-1 control group, and three groups that underwent a noncritical bone defect in the right tibia: G-2 treated with AA, G-3 treated with EGF, and G-4 treated with AA in combination with EGF. After 21 days of treatment, rats were sacrificed, the tibias were dissected and a destructive biomechanical analysis of three-point flexion test was performed in a universal testing machine; the values of stiffness, resistance, maximum energy, and energy at maximum load were statistically compared. Results: G-3 and G-4 recovered the biomechanical properties of strength and stiffness of an intact tibia 3 weeks after their application. Not so the energy and energy at maximum load. For G-2, only the stiffness of an intact tibia was recovered. Conclusion: EGF and AA-EGF applied to a noncritical bone defect in the rat tibia favors the recovery of bone resistance and stiffness.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/analysis , Tibia/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Epidermal Growth Factor/drug effects , Biomechanical Phenomena , Orthopedic Procedures/methods
14.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251075, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339401

ABSTRACT

Abstract Plant-derived products can assist in the healing process of dermal wounds. It has been demonstrated that Hancornia speciosa latex present angiogenic, osteogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities. Then, it could contribute to the wound healing process. However, natural products in contact with skin may cause dermatitis. The objective of this work was to evaluate the allergic and irritant potential of H. speciosa serum fraction latex using in vitro assays. The obtained results showed that the H. speciosa serum fraction latex has a slightly irritant potential and is not cytotoxic neither allergenic for human cells. Moreover, we identified a remarkable low amount of proteins in this material in comparison to Hevea brasiliensis latex. This result could explain the non-allergenic potential of H. speciosa serum fraction latex because proteins present in latex are the main responsible for allergy. This biomaterial could be used as a non-allergenic source for development of new medicines.


Resumo Produtos derivados de plantas podem auxiliar no processo de cicatrização de feridas cutâneas. Foi demonstrado que o látex de Hancornia speciosa apresenta atividades angiogênicas, osteogênicas, antiinflamatórias e antioxidantes. Então, este biomaterial pode contribuir para o processo de cicatrização de feridas. No entanto, produtos naturais em contato com a pele podem causar dermatites. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alérgico e irritante do látex da fração soro de H. speciosa por meio de ensaios in vitro. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que o látex da fração do soro de H. speciosa possui um potencial pouco irritante e não é citotóxico nem alergênico para células humanas. Além disso, foi identificado uma notável baixa quantidade de proteínas neste material em comparação ao látex de Hevea brasiliensis. Esse resultado poderia explicar o potencial não alergênico do látex da fração soro de H. speciosa, pois as proteínas presentes no látex são as principais responsáveis ​​pela alergia. Este biomaterial pode ser utilizado como fonte não alergênica para desenvolvimento de novos medicamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apocynaceae , Hevea , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials , Allergens , Latex
15.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231269, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1413379

ABSTRACT

The peri-implant ligament is formed from the interface of bone tissue, through the anchoring of proteins and the surface of the dental implant. In this sense, it is relevant to understand the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Aim: The goal of this scoping review is to present and analyze the peri-implant ligament composition and compare the extent to which this ligament is structured and biomimics the periodontal ligament functions. Methods: This scoping review was performed according to the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology for scoping reviews and following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses extension for scoping review. Two independent researchers searched Pubmed, Cochrane, Embase, Virtual Health Library, Scielo, Scopus, Web of Science, Brazilian Bibliography of Dentistry, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations from the University of São Paulo and Portal Capes. Studies published in English, Portuguese and Spanish, over the last 21 years (2000-2021). Results: A total of 330 titles were identified and after applying inclusion and exclusion factors, 27 studies were included in this review. All proteins were identified regarding their tissue function and classified into 6 major protein groups. After that this new protein ligament was compared with the periodontal ligament regarding its function and composition. The main proteins associated with osseointegration, and thus, with the peri-implant ligament are recognized as belonging to the periodontal ligament. Conclusion: This scoping review results suggest evidence of the composition and function of the periimplant ligament. However, variations may still exist due to the existence of several modulants of the osseointegration process


Subject(s)
Periodontal Ligament , Biocompatible Materials , Proteins , Osseointegration , Dental Materials
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e385323, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519879

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The angiogenic, osteogenic and anti-inflammatory activity of latex of Hancornia speciosa has been evidenced and indicates pharmacological potential with great applicability in the health area, especially in the wound healing process. The present work aimed to compare the effects of the H. speciosa macroporous latex biomembrane with saline on wound healing. Methods: Forty-three Wistar rats were submitted to excisional wound induction procedure and divided into groups according to treatment: saline (G1), and macroporous biomembrane (G2). The animals were euthanized at three, seven, 14, and 21 days after injury induction (DAI), and three animals were used for the debridement test. Morphometric, macroscopic, and microscopic analyses of general pathological processes were performed. Results: The macroporous biomembrane minimized necrosis and inflammation during the inflammatory and proliferative phases of the healing process, confirmed by the lower intensity of the crust and the debridement effect. In addition, the wounds treated with the macroporous biomembrane presented greater contraction rates in all the experimental periods analyzed. Conclusions: The macroporous biomembrane presents angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and debridement effects, contributing to the healing process, and can be considered a potentially promising new biomaterial to be used as a dressing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials , Apocynaceae , Debridement , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
17.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2023. 98 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1525651

ABSTRACT

Substitutos de enxerto de tecido conjuntivo têm sido amplamente utilizados para superar as limitações dos enxertos autógenos no tratamento de defeitos dos tecidos moles periodontais e peri-implantares. No entanto, o desempenho clínico desses biomateriais ainda é inferior. A biofuncionalização de matrizes colágenas usando fibrina rica em plaquetas injetável (i-PRF) foi proposta como uma estratégia para aprimorar a bioatividade e, portanto, a eficácia clínica desses substitutos mucosos. Desta forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a eficácia do uso da matriz colágena estável em volume (FG) biofuncionalizada com i-PRF no tratamento de recessões gengivais unitárias (RGs) do ponto de vista clínico, estético e de parâmetros centrados no paciente. Para tal, foram selecionados 66 pacientes portadores de RGs unitárias RT1, os quais foram alocados aleatoriamente em um dos seguintes grupos: grupo CAF (n=22), retalho posicionado coronariamente (CAF); grupo CAF+FG (n=22), CAF associado à FG; e grupo CAF+FG+i-PRF (n=22), CAF associado à FG biofuncionalizada com i-PRF. Após 6 meses, os três grupos apresentaram taxas de recobrimento radicular significativas [CAF: 69,1% (2,02 ± 1,06 mm); CAF+FG: 67,44% (1,7 ± 0,81 mm) e CAF+FG+i-PRF: 64,92% (1,64 ± 0,80 mm), sem diferença entre os grupos (p=0,33). Os grupos que receberam os biomateriais forneceram um maior ganho em espessura de tecido queratinizado (ETQ) (CAF: 0,12 ± 0,2 mm; CAF+FG: 0,43 ± 0,24 mm; CAF+FG+i-PRF: 0,48 ± 0,25 mm; p=0,000). Não foram observadas diferenças significativas em termos de altura de tecido queratinizado em nenhum dos grupos e tempos avaliados (p>0,05). Todos os grupos apresentaram redução significativa da hipersensibilidade dentinária e melhorias nas condições estéticas (p>0,05). Também não foram observadas diferenças em termos de dor e morbidade pósoperatórias (p>0,05). Dentro das limitações do presente estudo, conclui-se que as três abordagens forneceram resultados semelhantes e satisfatórios após 6 meses de acompanhamento. A adição da FG, biofuncionalizada ou não com i-PRF, proporcionou benefícios adicionais em termos de ganho de ETQ. (AU)


Soft tissue graft substitutes have been widely used to overcome the limitations of autogenous grafts in the treatment of periodontal and peri-implant soft tissue defects. However, the clinical performance of these biomaterials is still inferior. The biofunctionalization of collagen matrices using injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) has been proposed as a strategy to enhance the bioactivity and, therefore, the clinical efficacy of these biomaterials. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using biofunctionalized volume-stable collagen matrix (VCMX) with i-PRF in the treatment of single gingival recessions (GRs) from clinical, esthetic, and patient-centered parameters. For this purpose, 66 patients with single RT GRs were selected and randomly allocated to one of the following groups: CAF group (n=22), coronally advanced flap (CAF); CAF+VCMX group (n=22), CAF combined with VCMX; and CAF+ VCMX +iPRF group (n=22), CAF combined with biofunctionalized VCMX with i-PRF. After 6 months, all three groups exhibited significant root coverage rates [CAF: 69.1% (2.02 ± 1.06 mm); CAF+FG: 67.44% (1.7 ± 0.81 mm); and CAF+FG+iPRF: 64.92% (1.64 ± 0.80 mm), with no difference between the groups (p=0.33). The groups that received the biomaterials showed a greater gain in keratinized tissue thickness (KTT) (CAF: 0.12 ± 0.2 mm; CAF+FG: 0.43 ± 0.24 mm; CAF+FG+i-PRF: 0.48 ± 0.25 mm; p=0.000). No significant differences were observed in terms of keratinized tissue height in any of the groups and assessed time points (p>0.05). All groups showed a significant reduction in dentin hypersensitivity and improvements in esthetic conditions (p>0.05). No differences were also observed in terms of post-operative pain and morbidity (p>0.05). Within the limitations of this study, it is concluded that all three approaches provided similar and satisfactory results after 6 months of follow-up. The addition of VCMX, whether biofunctionalized or not with i-PRF, provided additional benefits in terms of keratinized tissue thickness gain. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Autografts , Heterografts , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Gingival Recession
18.
Rev. ADM ; 79(6): 338-341, nov.-dic. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1436099

ABSTRACT

Se trata de paciente femenino de 22 años de edad, en quien se realizó una restauración en un molar siguiendo la filosofía de mínima intervención desde el diagnóstico hasta la obturación con un material bioactivo. Los objetivos del tratamiento fueron devolver la funcionalidad y estética de dicho molar, pero sobre todo brindar una protección a largo plazo mediante la liberación y recarga de iones de calcio, fosfato y flúor proporcionado por el material bioactivo (AU)


t is about a female patient of twenty-two years, in which a restoration was made in a molar following the philosophy of minimal intervention from diagnosis to filling with a bioactive material. The objectives of the treatment were to restore the functionality and aesthetics, but mainly to provide long-term protection through the release and recharge of calcium, phosphate and fluoride ions provided by the bioactive material used (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Composite Resins/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration, Permanent/instrumentation , Dental Caries/therapy , Molar/injuries
19.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e220616, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1393329

ABSTRACT

The use of selective barriers as resorbable membranes has become a routine clinical procedure for guided bone regeneration. Therefore, the production of membranes with a low inflammatory potential during their resorption process has become the goal of a considerable number of researches. Aim: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of poly (L- lactic acid) (PLLA) and biocelulose membranes (BC) inserted in the subcutaneous tissue on the dorsum of rats. Methods: Fifteen animals underwent surgical procedures for the insertion of 4 types of membranes: COL (Collagen membrane) ­ Control Group; BC (Biocellulose membrane); BCAg (Biocellulose membrane impregnated with Silver); PLLA (Poly (L-lactic acid) membrane). All membrane types were inserted into each animal. Animals were euthanized after 3, 7, and 15 days of the surgical procedure. Descriptive histological analyses were carried out to investigate host tissue reaction to membrane presence by assessing the anti-inflammatory process composition associated with the membrane resorption and the presence of foreign-body reaction or encapsulation. Results: The BC membranes showed a higher degree of inflammation and poor pattern of integration with the surrounding tissues than the PLLA and COL membranes. Conclusion: The PLLA and COL membranes present better biocompatibility than the BC membranes


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bone Regeneration , Materials Testing , Lactic Acid , Subcutaneous Tissue , Membranes , Cellulose , Inflammation
20.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-15, nov. 3, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442454

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To implement a dentin slice model of mesenchymal stem cells derived from dental tissues in a fibrin-agarose construct for dental pulp regeneration. Material and Methods: MSCs derived from different oral cavity tissues were combined with a fibrin-agarose construct at standard culture conditions. Cell viability and proliferation tests were assayed using a fluorescent cell dye Calcein/Am and WST-1 kit. The proliferation assay was evaluated at 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours. Also, we assessed the dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) cell morphology inside the construct with histological stains such as Hematoxylin and Eosin, Masson's trichrome, and Periodic acid­Schiff. In addition, we elaborated a tooth dentin slice model using a culture of DPSC in the fibrin­agarose constructs co-adhered to dentin walls. Results: The fibrin-agarose construct was a biocompatible material for MSCs derived from dental tissues. It provided good conditions for MSCs' viability and proliferation. DPSCs proliferated better than the other MSCs, but the data did not show significant differences. The morphology of DPSCs inside the construct was like free cells. The dentin slice model was suitable for DPSCs in the fibrin-agarose construct. Conclusion: Our findings support the dentin slice model for future biological use of fibrin-agarose matrix in combination with DPSCs and their potential use in dental regeneration. The multipotency, high proliferation rates, and easy obtaining of the DPSCs make them an attractive source of MSCs for tissue regeneration.


Objetivos: Implementar un modelo de dentina con células madre mesenquimales derivadas de tejidos dentales en una constructo de fibrina-agarosa para la regeneración de la pulpa dental. Material y Métodos: Las MSC derivadas de diferentes tejidos de la cavidad oral se combinaron con una construcción de fibrina-agarosa en condiciones de cultivo estándar. Las pruebas de viabilidad y proliferación celular se ensayaron utilizando un kit de colorante celular fluorescente Calcein/Am y WST-1. El ensayo de proliferación se evaluó a las 24, 48, 72 y 96 horas. Además, evaluamos la morfología celular de las células madre de la pulpa dental (DPSC) dentro de la construcción con tinciones histológicas como hematoxilina y eosina, tricrómico de Masson y ácido peryódico de Schiff. Además, elaboramos un modelo de rebanadas de dentina dental utilizando un cultivo de DPSC en las construcciones de fibrina-agarosa coadheridas a las paredes de la dentina. Resultados: La construcción de fibrina-agarosa fue un material biocompatible para las MSC derivadas de tejidos dentales. Proporcionó buenas condiciones para la viabilidad y proliferación de las MSC. Las DPSC proliferaron mejor que las otras MSC, pero los datos no mostraron diferencias significativas. La morfología de las DPSC dentro de la construcción era como la de las células libres. El modelo de corte de dentina fue adecuado para DPSC en la construcción de fibrina-agarosa.Conclusión: Nuestros hallazgos respaldan el modelo de corte de dentina para el futuro uso biológico de la matriz de fibrina-agarosa en combinación con DPSC y su uso potencial en la regeneración dental. El multipotencial, las altas tasas de proliferación y la fácil obtención de las DPSC las convierten en una fuente atractiva de MSC para la regeneración de tejidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sepharose/chemistry , Stem Cells/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials
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