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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 1-12, July. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a neoplasm of B-cells characterized by variable prognosis. Exploring the proteome of CLL cells may provide insights into the disease. Therefore, eleven proteomics experiments were conducted on eleven primary CLL samples. RESULTS: We reported a CLL proteome consisting of 919 proteins (false discovery rate (FDR) 1%) whose identification was based on the sequencing of two or more distinct peptides (FDR of peptide sequencing 1%). Mass spectrometry-based protein identification was validated for four different proteins using Western blotting and specific antibodies in different CLL samples. Small sizes of nucleolin (~57 kDa and ~68 kDa) showed a potential association with good prognosis CLL cells (n = 8, p < 0.01). Compared with normal B-cells, CLL cells over-expressed thyroid hormone receptor-associated protein 3 (THRAP3; n = 9; p = 0.00007), which is implicated in cell proliferation; and heterochromatin protein 1-binding protein 3 (HP1BP3; n = 10; p = 0.0002), which promotes cell survival and tumourogenesis. A smaller form of HP1BP3, which may correspond to HP1BP3 isoform-2, was specifically identified in normal B-cells (n = 10; p = 0.0001). HP1BP3 and THRAP3 predicted poor prognosis of CLL (p 0.05). Consistently, THRAP3 and HP1BP3 were found to be associated with cancer-related pathways (p 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings add to the known proteome of CLL and confirm the prognostic importance of two novel cancer-associated proteins in this disease.


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Mass Spectrometry , Transcription Factors/analysis , Nuclear Proteins/analysis , Blotting, Western , Chromatography, Liquid , Proteomics , DNA-Binding Proteins/analysis
2.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 166-183, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353093

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más prevalente en el mundo, asociada a factores genéticos del hospedero y externos, como infección por Helicobacter pylori. La patogénesis incluye inflamación crónica mediada por citocinas del microambiente tumoral, detectables sistémicamente. Estudios previos reportan niveles séricos de citocinas y su contribución al diagnóstico de CG. El presente estudio analiza el perfil de citocinas del tipo de Th1(IFNγ), Th2(IL-4 e IL-10), Th17(Th-17A) y otras pro inflamatorias: IL-1ß, IL-6 y TNF-α, en plasma de 70 casos de pacientes con CG comparándolos con 132 sujetos sanos equiparables en edad y sexo. Los casos provinieron del Hospital Roosevelt e Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Guatemala (Incan) y formaron parte de un estudio previo. Se analizó la base de datos clínicos, patológicos y epidemiológicos. Se midieron los niveles de citocinas utilizando el sistema "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". La edad promedio de los casos fue 59.5 años, (DE 13.0), 51%, eran positivos para IgG anti H. pylori. Un 71% presentó adenocarcinoma grado III (Borrman), según clasificación de Lauren 55% tenían tipo intestinal. Las siete citocinas cuantificadas se encontraron significativamente elevadas (p < .05) en el plasma de los casos respecto a sus controles. Los casos de CG tipo difuso presentaron niveles de IFNγ significativa-mente elevados. Por regresión logística, las citocinas IL-6 e IL-10, están asociadas significativamente a CG (p < .05) independientemente del estatus de infección por H. pylori. Se destacan la IL-6 e IL-10 como las principales citocinas asociadas a la presencia de CG.


Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, associated with host and external genetic factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. The pathogenesis includes chronic inflammation mediated by cytokines of the tumor microenvironment, systemically detectable. Previous studies report serum levels of cyto-kines and their contribution to the diagnosis of GC. The present study analyzes the profile of cytokines of the type Th1 (IFNγ), Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10), Th17 (Th-17A) and other pro-inflammatory: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in plasma of 70 cases of patients with GC compared with 132 healthy subjects comparable in age and sex. The cases came from the Roosevelt Hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Guatemala -Incan- and were part of a previous study. The clinical, pathological and epidemiological databases were analyzed. Cytokine levels were measured using the "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". The average age of the cases was 59.5 years, (SD 13.0), 51% were positive for IgG anti H. pylori, 71% had grade III adenocarcinoma (Borrman), according to Laurenís classification, 55% had intestinal type. The seven cytokines quantified were found to be significantly elevated (p < .05) in the plasma of the cases compared to their controls. The diffuse GC cases presented significantly elevated IFNγ levels. By logistic regression, the cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 are significantly associated with GC (p < .05) regardless of the H. pylori infection status. IL-6 and IL-10 stand out as the main cytokines associated with the presence of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Plasma/chemistry , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Th2 Cells , Th17 Cells , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Th1 Cells , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasms/complications
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 882-887, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124870

ABSTRACT

The different pathologies of the prostate, involve the presence of a new microenvironment where inflammatory cells are actively recruited. This research explores the presence of mast cells and eosinophils associated with age and the evaluation of prostate cancer progress (Gleason Index). Forty two biopsies of anonymized patients, with confirmed prostate cancer, were used for histological analysis for eosinophils and mast cells and subsequent determination of Gleason index according to age. The results of the histological analyzes show the presence of eosinophils and mast cells in prostate biopsies with confirmed cancer. In the multiple correlation studies, a high correlation was observed between the presence of lymphocytes and the age of the patient diagnosed with prostate cancer, same correlation was observed between the patient's age and higher Gleason Index (Pearson and Spearman p< 0.05). It is concluded that in prostate biopsies from Chilean patients with confirmed cancer, eosinophilia and tissue mastocytosis were observed. Correlation analyzes show a direct correlation between older patients, higher Gleason index and presence of mast cell. Regarding eosinophilia, only a correlation between age and Gleason index was observed Further studies are suggested to determine that the presence of eosinophils and mast cells can be used as early bioindicators of prostate cancer.


Las diferentes patologías de próstata, involucran la presencia de un nuevo microambiente donde las células inflamatorias son activamente reclutadas. La presente investigación explora la presencia de mastocitos y eosinófilos asociadas a la edad y la evaluación del progreso del cáncer de próstata según índice de Gleason. Cuarenta y dos biopsias de pacientes anonimizados, con cáncer prostático confirmados, fueron utilizadas para su análisis histológico para eosinófilos y mastocitos y posterior determinación del índice de Gleason según edad. Los resultados de los análisis histológicos, muestran la presencia de eosinófilos y mastocitos en biopsias de próstata con cáncer confirmado. En los estudios de correlación múltiple, se observó una alta correlación entre la presencia de linfocitos, mastocitos y la edad del paciente diagnosticado con cáncer prostático, igual correlación se observó entre la edad del paciente y mayor índice de Gleason (Pearson y Spearman p<0,05). Se concluyó que en las biopsias de próstata de pacientes chilenos con cáncer confirmado, se observó eosinofilia y mastocitosis tisular. Los análisis de correlación muestran una correlación directa entre pacientes de mayor edad, índice de Gleason más alto y la presencia de mastocitos. Con respecto a la eosinofilia, solo se observó una correlación entre la edad y el índice de Gleason. Se sugieren estudios adicionales para determinar que la presencia de eosinófilos y mastocitos puede usarse como bioindicadores tempranos del cáncer de próstata.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Biopsy , Mastocytosis/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Chile , Age Factors , Eosinophilia/pathology , Early Detection of Cancer , Neoplasm Grading
4.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(1): e1337, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139040

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los biomarcadores son claves en el diagnóstico y pronóstico del lupus eritematoso sistémico en el cual las manifestaciones clínicas son extremadamente complejas y heterogéneas. Objetivo: Determinar el valor clínico de los inmunocomplejos circulantes en pacientes con lupus eritematosos sistémico. Métodos: Se determinaron los niveles séricos de inmunocomplejos fijadores del C1q y de los anticuerpos anti-ácido desoxirribonucleico de doble cadena (anti-ADNdc), anti-nucleosoma (anti-Nuc) y anti-proteínas ribosomales (anti-RibP) por el ensayo inmuno-adsorbente ligado a enzima (ELISA) en 93 pacientes con diagnóstico de lupus eritematosos sistémico. Se utilizaron exámenes no paramétricos para probar la asociación entre los inmunocomplejos y los auto-anticuerpos. La frecuencia de nefritis lupica en los grupos de pacientes positivos y negativos de inmunocomplejos circulantes se comparó mediante Chi cuadrado. Resultados: Los inmunocomplejos se encontraron en 24 (25,8 por ciento) pacientes con lupus eritematosos sistémico. Los pacientes que presentaron los títulos más altos de inmunocomplejos fueron los positivos a los tres auto-anticuerpos usados (p=0,044). Se encontró correlación directa entre los niveles de anti-RibP y los inmunocomplejos (Rho=0,303, p=0,003) y entre los anti-ADNdc y anti-Nuc (Rho=0,449, p=0,001). La nefritis lúpica se presentó en 58,3 por ciento de pacientes con inmunocomplejos, y 31,9 por ciento pacientes negativos de inmunocomplejos (p=0,213). Conclusiones: Los inmunocomplejos circulantes caracterizaron una fracción menor de pacientes con lupus eritematosos sistémico. La presencia de estos no se asoció a los anticuerpos anti-ADNdc ni a la nefritis lupica(AU)


Introduction: Biomarkers are essential in the diagnosis and prognosis of systemic erythematous lupus in which clinical manifestations are extremely complex and heterogeneous. Objective: To determine the clinical value of circulating immunocomplexes in patients with systemic erythematous lupus. Methods: Serum levels of C1q-binding immunocomplexes and anti-double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (anti-dsDNA), anti-nucleosome (anti-Nuc) and anti-ribosomal proteins (anti-RibP) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 93 patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus. Nonparametric tests were used to test the association between immunocomplexes and auto-antibodies. The frequency of lupus nephritis in the circulating immunocomplex positive and negative patient groups was compared using Chi square. Results: Immunocomplexes were found in 24 (25.8 percent) patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The patients with the highest immunocomplex titers were positive for the three autoantibodies used (p = 0.044). A direct correlation was found between the levels of anti-RibP and immunocomplexes (Rho = 0.303, p = 0.003) and between anti-dsDNA and anti-Nuc (Rho = 0.449, p = 0.001). Lupus nephritis occurred in 58.3 percent of immunocomplex patients, and 31.9 percent immunocomplex negative patients (p = 0.213). Conclusions: Circulating immunocomplexes characterized a smaller fraction of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Their presence was not associated with anti-dsDNA antibodies or lupus nephritis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , ISCOMs/analysis
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(4): e1568, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: CD133 and AXL have been described as cancer stem cell markers, and c-MYC as a key regulatory cellular mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC). Aim: Evaluate the prognostic role of the biomarkers CD133, AXL and c-MYC and their association with clinicopathologic characteristics in colorectal adenocarcinomas and adenomas. Methods: A total of 156 patients with UICC stage I-IV adenocarcinomas (n=122) and adenomas (n=34) were analyzed. Tissue microarrays (TMA) from primary tumors and polyps for CD133, c-MYC and AXL expression were performed and analyzed for their significance with clinicopathologic characteristics. Results: Poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas and disease progression were independent risk factors for poor overall survival. The median overall survival time was 30 months. Positive CD133 expression (35.9% of all cases), particularly of right-sided CRCs (44.8% of the CD133+ cases), was negatively correlated with death in the univariate analysis, which did not reach significance in the multivariate analysis. c-MYC (15.4% of all cases) was predominantly expressed in advanced-stage patients with distant (non-pulmonary/non-hepatic) metastasis. AXL expression was found only occasionally, and predominantly dominated in adenomas, with less penetrance in high-grade dysplasia. Conclusions: CD133 expression was not associated with inferior overall survival in CRC. While AXL showed inconclusive results, c-MYC expression in primary CRCs was associated with distant metastasis.


RESUMO Racional: CD133 e AXL são descritos na literatura como marcadores de células-tronco tumorais, e c-MYC cumpre papel chave como mecanismo de regulação celular no câncer colorretal (CCR). Objetivo: Avaliar o papel prognóstico dos biomarcadores CD133, AXL e c-MYC e sua associação com características clinicopatológicas de adenocarcinomas e adenomas colorretais. Métodos: Um total de 156 pacientes com adenocarcinomas de estádio UICC I-IV (n=122) e adenomas (n=34) colorretais foram avaliados. Microarranjos teciduais (TMA) dos tumores primários e adenomas foram realizados em busca de expressão de CD133, c-MYC e AXL, com posterior análise de relação significativa com características clinicopatológicas. Resultados: Adenocarcinomas pobremente diferenciados e progressão de doença foram fatores de risco independentes para má sobrevida global. A taxa mediana de sobrevida global foi de 30 meses. Expressão positiva de CD133 (35,9% dos casos), particularmente em cânceres de cólon direito (44,8% dos casos CD133+), correlacionou-se negativamente com óbito na análise univariada, sem significância estatística na análise multivariada. c-MYC (15,4% dos casos) teve predomínio de expressão em pacientes com estádio avançado com metástases distantes (não-pulmonares/não-hepáticas). Expressão de AXL foi pouco encontrada, com predomínio em adenomas, com menor penetrância em displasia de alto grau. Conclusão: Expressão de CD133 não se associou com sobrevida global inferior em CCR. Enquanto AXL demonstrou resultados inconclusivos, expressão de c-MYC em tumores primários se associou-se à metástases à distância.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , AC133 Antigen/analysis , Prognosis , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc/metabolism , Neoplasm Metastasis
6.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e002, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) possess significant chances of malignancy conversion. In order to develop an early diagnostic tool, the present study evaluated the expression of miRNA-21 and 31 as salivary markers. The case-control study was carried out in 36 healthy participants as controls and in 36 patients who were newly diagnosed as OPMD having four different lesions including leucoplakia, oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF)궱, oral lichen planus, and (OSMF)궱 with leucoplakia. The samples were also classified as non-dysplastic, or with mild, moderate, and severe dysplasia according to their histopathological reports. The salivary miRNA-21 and 31 expressions were studied using real-time PCR. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22. Salivary miRNA-21 (p-value = 0.02) and 31 (p-value = 0.01) were significantly upregulated in severe dysplasia compared with control. Among the different lesions, leucoplakia had significant upregulation of miRNA-21 and 31. miRNA-21 can be used as a diagnostic marker with specificity of 66% and sensitivity of 69%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.820 for miRNA-21 and 0.5 for miRNA-31, which proved that miRNA-21 is a better diagnostic marker than miRNA-31 for OPMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Saliva/chemistry , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , ROC Curve , Analysis of Variance , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e052, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132707

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the differential expression of DEC1 in oral normal mucosa (NM), oral leukoplakia (OLK) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Surgically excised specimens from patients with OLK (n = 47), OSCC (n = 30) and oral normal mucosa (n=11) were immunostained for DEC1. The expression of DEC1 protein was evaluated, and its association with the clinicopathological features was analyzed. The expression of DEC1 in NM, OLK and OSCC tissues increased in turn, and significant differences were observed among the groups (P < 0.0001). In terms of the association between DEC1 expression and epithelial dysplasia, DEC1 expression was lower in hyperkeratosis without dysplasia (H-OLK) than in OLK with moderate to severe dysplasia (S-OLK), and these differences were significant (p < 0.05). The expression of DEC1 in OSCC with OLK was significantly higher than that in OSCC without OLK (p < 0.01). Therefore, DEC1 could be a potential biomarker of malignant transformation in the carcinogenesis of OSCC, which may provide a new research direction for the transformation of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) into OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(12): 1496-1501, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057093

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Childhood renal tumors account for ~7% of all childhood cancers, and most cases are embryonic Wilms' tumors (WT). Children with WT are usually treated by either COG or SIOP. The later treats the children using preoperative chemotherapy, but both have around 90% of overall survival in five years. WT is a genetically heterogeneous group with a low prevalence of known somatic alterations. Only around 30% of the cases present mutation in known genes, and there is a relatively high degree of intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity (ITGH). Besides potentially having an impact on the clinical outcome of patients, ITGH may interfere with the search for molecular markers that are prospectively being tested by COG and SIOP. In this review, we present the proposal of the current UMBRELLA SIOP Study 2017/Brazilian Renal Tumor Group that requires the multi-sampling collection of each tumor to better evaluate possible molecular markers, as well as to understand WT biology


RESUMO Os tumores renais pediátricos correspondem a aproximadamente 7% de todos os tumores infantis, sendo o mais frequente o tumor de Wilms (TW). Crianças com TW são geralmente tratadas seguindo dois distintos protocolos terapêuticos (COG ou SIOP), sendo que no último, os pacientes recebem tratamento quimioterápico pré-operatório. Ambos apresentam sobrevida global em cinco anos em torno de 90%. TW é geneticamente heterogêneo, apresentando baixa prevalência de alterações somáticas conhecidas, com cerca de 30% dos casos apresentando mutações em genes conhecidos e um alto grau de heterogeneidade genética intratumoral (HGIT). Além de potencialmente ter um impacto sobre o desfecho clínico dos pacientes, a HGIT pode interferir na busca de marcadores moleculares que estão sendo testados prospectivamente pelos grupos COG e Siop. Nesta revisão, apresentamos a proposta do atual estudo Umbrella Siop 2017/Grupo de Tumores Renais Brasileiros (GTRB), que orienta a coleta de três diferentes regiões do tumor para melhor avaliar possíveis marcadores moleculares, bem como para compreender a biologia do TW.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Wilms Tumor/genetics , Wilms Tumor/pathology , Genetic Heterogeneity , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Brazil , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Mutation
9.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1113-1121, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056346

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To establish whether the citrate concentration in the seminal fluid ([CITRATE]) measured by means of high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HNMRS) is superior to the serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentration in detecting of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) in men with persistently elevated PSA. Materials and Methods: The group of patients consisted of 31 consecutively seen men with histological diagnosis of clinically localized csPCa. The control group consisted of 28 men under long-term follow-up (mean of 8.7 ± 3.0 years) for benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), with persistently elevated PSA (above 4 ng/mL) and several prostate biopsies negative for cancer (mean of 2.7 ± 1.3 biopsies per control). Samples of blood and seminal fluid (by masturbation) for measurement of PSA and citrate concentration, respectively, were collected from patients and controls. Citrate concentration in the seminal fluid ([CITRATE]) was determined by means of 1HNMRS. The capacities of PSA and [CITRATE] to predict csPCa were compared by means of univariate analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: Median [CITRATE] was significantly lower among patients with csPCa compared to controls (3.93 mM/l vs. 15.53 mM/l). There was no significant difference in mean PSA between patients and controls (9.42 ng/mL vs. 8.57 ng/mL). The accuracy of [CITRATE] for detecting csPCa was significantly superior compared to PSA (74.8% vs. 54.8%). Conclusion: Measurement of [CITRATE] by means of 1HNMRS is superior to PSA for early detection of csPCa in men with elevated PSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Semen/chemistry , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Citric Acid/analysis , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Prostatic Hyperplasia/blood , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/blood , Biopsy , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(6): 893-901, June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012978

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Breast cancer (BC) is one of the primary health problems worldwide. As the most common cancer in women in the world and in Brasil, behind only non-melanoma skin cancer, this neoplasm corresponds to approximately 28% of new cases per year in the country. BC also affects men, although the incidence corresponds to only 1% of total cases. Currently, most of the chemotherapeutic agents used in BC treatment are extremely toxic and cause long-term side effects. There is also a need to obtain earlier diagnoses, more accurate prognoses and make new therapies available that are more selective and effective in order to improve the current scenario. Therefore, this work sought to evaluate the importance of the biomarker survivin (Sur) in relation to BC, through the detailing of the role of Sur as a biomarker, the correlation between this protein and the prognosis of BC patients, and a summary of therapeutic strategies that target Sur for the development of new anticancer therapies.


RESUMO O câncer de mama (CM) é um dos principais problemas de saúde em todo o mundo. Como o câncer mais comum em mulheres no mundo e no Brasil, precedido apenas pelo câncer de pele não melanoma, essa neoplasia corresponde a aproximadamente 28% dos novos casos por ano no país. O CM também afeta homens, embora a incidência corresponda a apenas 1% do total de casos. Atualmente, a maioria dos agentes quimioterápicos utilizados no tratamento do CM são extremamente tóxicos e causam efeitos colaterais a longo prazo. Há também a necessidade de se obterem diagnósticos mais precoces, prognósticos mais precisos e disponibilizar novas terapias seletivas e efetivas, a fim de melhorar o cenário atual. Portanto, este trabalho buscou avaliar a importância do biomarcador Survivina (Sur) em relação ao CM, por meio do detalhamento do papel do Sur como biomarcador, da correlação entre essa proteína com o prognóstico de pacientes com CM e de um resumo do tratamento terapêutico e das estratégias que visam utilizar a Sur para o desenvolvimento de novas terapias anticâncer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Carcinoma/pathology , Survivin/analysis , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Apoptosis
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 144-149, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001554

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cell division cycle-7 protein is a serine/threonine kinase that has a basic role in cell cycle regulation and is a potential prognostic or therapeutic target in some human cancers. Objectives: This study investigated the expression of cell division cycle-7 protein in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors and also its correlation with clinicopathologic factors. Methods: Immunohistochemical expression of cell division cycle-7 was evaluated in 46 cases, including 15 adenoid cystic carcinoma, 12 mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 14 pleomorphic adenoma, and 5 normal salivary glands. Cell division cycle-7 expression rate and intensity were compared statistically. Results: The protein was expressed in almost all tumors. The intensity and mean of cell division cycle-7 expression were higher in malignant tumors in comparison with pleomorphic adenomas (p = 0.000). The protein expression was correlated with tumor grades (p = 0.000). Conclusions: The present study demonstrated cell division cycle-7 overexpression in malignant salivary gland tumors in comparison with pleomorphic adenomas, and also a correlation with tumor differentiation. Therefore, this protein might be a potential prognostic and therapeutic target for salivary gland tumors.


Resumo Introdução: A cell division cycle-7 é uma serina/treonina quinase que tem um papel básico na regulação do ciclo celular e é um potencial marcador prognóstico ou terapêutico em alguns tipos de câncer humano. Objetivos: Este estudo investigou a expressão de cell division cycle-7 em tumores de glândulas salivares benignos e malignos e também sua correlação com fatores clínico-patológicos. Método: A expressão imuno-histoquímica de cell division cycle-7 foi avaliada em 46 casos, incluindo 15 carcinomas adenoide císticos, 12 carcinomas mucoepidermoides, 14 adenomas pleomórficos e 5 glândulas salivares normais. A taxa de expressão e a intensidade da proteína cell division cycle-7 foram comparadas estatisticamente. Resultados: A proteína foi expressa em quase todos os tumores. A intensidade e a média da expressão de cell division cycle-7 foram maiores em tumores malignos em comparação com adenoma pleomórfico (p = 0,000). A expressão da proteína foi correlacionada com os graus do tumor (p = 0,000). Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstrou a superexpressão de cell division cycle-7 em tumores malignos de glândulas salivares quando comparada com o adenoma pleomórfico, além de uma correlação com a diferenciação de tumores. Portanto, essa proteína pode ser um potencial marcador prognóstico e terapêutico para tumores de glândulas salivares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/analysis , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/pathology , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Cell Cycle Proteins/analysis , Prognosis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Cell Differentiation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 404-409, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003052

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the expression of Id-1 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and explore its correlation with the clinical pathological parameters of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The Id-1 mRNA and protein expression levels of 50 specimens of normal colorectal tissues and 50 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues were detected using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Furthermore, Id-1 protein was detected using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the expression of Id-1 and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: The mRNA expression level of Id-1 in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues was 0.96 ± 0.03 vs. 0.20 ± 0.04, respectively; and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011). Furthermore, Id-1 protein expression was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (0.82 ± 0.04 vs. 0.31 ± 0.02, P=0.020). In addition, the positive protein expression rate of Id-1 was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (72.00% vs. 24.00%, X2=23.431, P=0.000). The expression of Id-1 was correlated with the depth of tumor invasion, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, vessel invasion, and liver metastasis (P<0.01). However, this expression was not correlated with tumor size and differentiation degrees (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The high Id-1 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues play an important role in the process of cancer, and is expected to become a new tumor monitoring indicator for clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis judgment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal em humanos e investigar sua correlação com os parâmetros patológicos clínicos de câncer colorretal. MÉTODOS: Os níveis de expressão de proteína e mRNA Id-1 em 50 amostras de tecido colorretal normal e 50 amostras de tecido de adenocarcinoma colorretal foram detectados através de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa e western blot. Além disso, a proteína Id-1 foi detectada através de imuno-histoquímica. A correlação entre a expressão de Id-1 e características clínico-patológicas foi analisada. RESULTADOS: O nível de expressão de mRNA Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal e tecidos colorretais normais foi de 0,96 ± 0,03 versus 0,20 ± 0,04, respectivamente; a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P= 0,011). Além disso, a expressão da proteína Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (0,82 ± 0,04 versus 0,31 ± 0,02, P= 0,020). Além disso, a taxa de expressão positiva de proteínas Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (72,00% vs. 24,00%, X2=23,431, p=0,000). A expressão de Id-1 foi correlacionada com a profundidade da invasão tumoral, estágio TNM, metástases linfonodais, invasão vascular e metástase hepática (P<0,01). Todavia, essa expressão não se correlacionou com o tamanho do tumor e graus de diferenciação (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A alta expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal desempenham um importante papel no processo do câncer, e é esperado que se torne um novo indicador de monitoramento de tumores para o diagnóstico clínico, tratamento e estimativa de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 375-383, Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003050

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the sleep of subjects with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), with and without hyperandrogenism, in comparison with a healthy control group and examine the effects of hyperandrogenism and obesity on sleep parameters. METHODS: A total of 44 volunteers were recruited to participate in the study. Clinical, biochemical and polysomnographic parameters were used to diagnose PCOS and hyperandrogenism. The evaluation of sleep quality was made using validated questionnaires and polysomnography test. The frequency of obstructive sleep apnea was also compared between the groups. RESULTS: The study revealed that women with PCOS presented poorer subjective sleep quality, increased incidence of snoring and a higher risk of obstructive sleep apnea, based on the Berlin questionnaire. Also, after adjusting for body mass index, PCOS subjects had rapid eye movement (REM) time lower than those in the control group. PCOS women versus those without hyperandrogenism did not differ on any sleep measurement. Women with obstructive sleep apnea were only diagnosed in the PCOS group. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that PCOS impairs subjective sleep quality, as well as objective sleep quality, due to a reduction in REM sleep stage time in women diagnosed with the syndrome. Obesity affected sleep-related parameters but hyperandrogenism had no effect. Only the PCOS group had obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Este estudo objetivou avaliar o sono de mulheres com síndrome do ovário policístico, com e sem hiperandrogenismo, em comparação com um grupo controle saudável, e estudar os efeitos do hiperandrogenismo e da obesidade nos parâmetros do sono. MÉTODOS: Um total de 44 voluntárias foram recrutadas para participar do estudo. Os parâmetros clínicos, bioquímicos e polissonográficos e foram usados para diagnosticar SOP e hiperandrogenismo. A avaliação da qualidade de sono foi feita usando questionários validados e o exame polissonográfico. A frequência de síndrome da apneia obstrutiva também foi comparada entre os grupos. RESULTADOS: O estudo revelou que mulheres com SOP apresentaram menor qualidade de sono subjetiva, incidência aumentada de ronco e maior risco para síndrome da apneia obstrutiva, baseada no questionário de Berlin. Ademais, após o ajuste para índice de massa corpórea, mulheres com SOP tiveram menor tempo de sono REM do que aquelas do grupo controle. Dentre as mulheres com SOP, aquelas com hiperandrogenismo não tiveram diferenças em nenhuma variável do sono. Mulheres com síndrome da apneia obstrutiva foram diagnosticadas no grupo SOP. CONCLUSÕES: Nossos resultados indicam que a SOP afeta a qualidade subjetiva de sono, bem como a qualidade objetiva e do sono, em razão da redução do tempo de sono REM em mulheres diagnosticadas com a síndrome. A obesidade afetou parâmetros relacionados ao sono, mas o hiperandrogenismo não teve efeito. A síndrome da apneia obstrutiva somente foi diagnosticada em mulheres com SOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 33-38, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004740

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There are cases of colorectal tumors that, although small, show more aggressive evolution than large tumors. This motivated us to study whether there are any proteins capable of alerting about these changes. The aim here was to correlate the immunoexpression of the TS, p53, COX2, EGFR, MSH6 and MLH1 biomarkers in tumors in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma, with the degree of cell differentiation, tumor staging and clinical-pathological prognostic factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective observational study at a public tertiary-level hospital. METHODS: We analyzed tissue-microarray paraffin blocks of tumor tissues that had been resected from 107 patients. We used Fisher's exact test to study associations between tumor differentiation/staging and the immunoexpression of biomarkers. We also used Kaplan-Meier estimation, the log-rank test and the adjusted Cox regression model to investigate the patients' overall survival (in months) according to biomarkers and disease-free interval. RESULTS: The degree of tumor differentiation and tumor staging were not associated with the biomarkers, except in cases of patients in stages III or IV, in which there was a correlation with MLH1 expression (P=0.021). Patient survival and disease-free interval were not associated with the biomarkers. CONCLUSION: There were no associations between the degree of tumor differentiation, staging, length of survival or disease-free interval and the immunoexpression of the TS, p53, COX2, EGFR or MSH6 tumor markers. In advanced cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma (stages III and IV), there was a higher percentage of MLH1-negative results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Colorectal Neoplasms/mortality , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Reference Values , Thymidylate Synthase/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/analysis , Tissue Array Analysis , DNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , Cyclooxygenase 2/analysis , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , ErbB Receptors/analysis , MutL Protein Homolog 1/analysis , Neoplasm Staging
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(1): 11-16, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984044

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Oral verrucous carcinoma is a special form of well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma which possesses specific clinical, morphologic and cytokinetic features that differ from other types of oral cancers and hence diagnosis requires immense experience in histopathology. Hence it is certainly important to distinguish such a lesion from other oral tumors as treatment strategies vary widely between them. Objective: In search of a critical diagnostic marker in distinguishing oral verrucous carcinoma from oral squamous cell carcinoma, Notch4 receptor, one of the key regulatory molecules of the Notch signaling family has been aberrantly activated in the progression of several types of tumors. However its function in oral verrucous carcinoma remains unexplored. Thus the present study aims in determining the differential expression pattern of Notch4 in oral verrucous carcinoma and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: Ten patients reported positive for oral cancer (5 patients with oral verrucous carcinoma and 5 patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma). Five normal tissue samples were also obtained and evaluated for clinicopathological parameters and immunohistochemistry, western blotting and real time polymerase chain reaction for Notch4 expression. Results: Our results reveal that the expression of Notch4 was considerably high in oral squamous cell carcinoma lesions compared to normal tissue, whereas in oral verrucous carcinoma, irrespective of the clinicopathological features, complete regulação descendente of Notch4 was observed. Conclusions: These preliminary findings strongly support the fact that Notch4 is downregulated in oral verrucous carcinoma and could be considered as a suitable prognostic marker in distinguishing oral verrucous carcinoma from oral squamous cell carcinoma. This distinguishing marker can help in improving therapeutic options in patients diagnosed with oral verrucous carcinoma.


Resumo Introdução: O carcinoma verrucoso de cavidade oral é uma forma especial de carcinoma de células escamosas bem diferenciada que tem características clínicas, morfológicas e citocinéticas específicas que diferem de outros tipos de cânceres orais. Por essa razão, o diagnóstico requer grande experiência em histopatologia. Portanto, é certamente importante distingui-lo de outros tumores orais, pois as respectivas estratégias de tratamento variam muito. Objetivo: Em busca de um marcador de diagnóstico crítico na distinção entre o carcinoma verrucoso e o carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral, o receptor Notch4, uma das principais moléculas reguladoras da família de sinalizadores Notch, foi ativado de maneira anormal na progressão de vários tipos de tumores. No entanto, sua função no carcinoma verrucoso permanece inexplorada. Assim, o presente estudo tem como objetivo determinar o padrão de expressão diferencial de Notch4 no carcinoma verrucoso e de células escamosas de cavidade oral. Método: Dez pacientes tiveram resultado positivo para câncer oral (cinco pacientes com carcinoma verrucoso e cinco pacientes com carcinoma de células escamosas) e cinco amostras normais foram também obtidas. Além da avaliação dos parâmetros clínico-patológicos, foram feitos análise imuno-histoquímica, Western Blot e reação de polimerase em cadeia em tempo real para a expressão de Notch4. Resultados: Nossos resultados revelam que a expressão de Notch4 foi consideravelmente alta em carcinomas de células escamosas em comparação com os tecidos normais, enquanto que no carcinoma verrucoso, independentemente das características clínico-patológicas, observou-se regulação descendente completa de Notch4. Conclusão: Esses achados preliminares apoiam fortemente o fato de que Notch4 estava regulado para baixo no carcinoma verrucoso oral e poderia ser considerado um marcador prognóstico adequado para distinguir entre carcinoma verrucoso e carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral. Esse marcador distintivo pode ajudar a melhorar as opções terapêuticas em pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma verrucoso oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Verrucous/pathology , Receptor, Notch4/analysis , Prognosis , Reference Values , Mouth Neoplasms/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Down-Regulation , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Verrucous/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Verrucous/chemistry , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Diagnosis, Differential , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180348, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1019972

ABSTRACT

Abstract SOX2 is a transcription factor related to the maintenance of stem cells in a pluripotent state. Podoplanin is a type of transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, which plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. This study aims to determine association of SOX2 and podoplanin expression in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas and to elucidate the association between two proteins. Methodology: The immunohistochemical expression of SOX2 and podoplanin were evaluated in 60 cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinomas. The correlation between the SOX2 and podoplanin expression and the clinicopathological features of the tumors and the patient outcomes were assessed. Results: The expression of SOX2 was seen in 38/60 (63%) of the cases and the expression for podoplanin was seen in 45/60 (75%) cases. There was a significant inverse correlation between the expression of SOX2 and podoplanin with the tumor grade (p=0.002 and p=0.017, respectively). There was a high expression of SOX2 in 9/13 cases that presented with disease free survival. Survival analysis showed that a high expression of SOX2 correlated positively (p=0.043) with the disease-free survival. There was a significant positive association between the pattern of SOX2 and podoplanin expression (p=0.002). Conclusion: A high expression of SOX2 was associated with better disease-free survival. The expression of podoplanin was associated with the degree of differentiation of the tumors. Analysis of these biomarkers can aid in the prognosis and treatment of oral squamous cell carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , SOXB1 Transcription Factors/analysis , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging
18.
Biol. Res ; 52: 35, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019500

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. NSCLC diagnosed at an early stage can be highly curable with a positive prognosis, but biomarker limitations make it difficult to diagnose lung cancer at an early stage. To identify biomarkers for lung cancer development, we previously focused on the oncogenic roles of transcription factor TFAP2C in lung cancers and revealed the molecular mechanism of several oncogenes in lung tumorigenesis based on TFAP2C-related microarray analysis. RESULTS: In this study, we analyzed microarray data to identify tumor suppressor genes and nine genes downregulated by TFAP2C were screened. Among the nine genes, we focused on growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible beta (GADD45B) and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (PMAIP1) as representative TFAP2C-regulated tumor suppressor genes. It was observed that overexpressed TFAP2C resulted in inhibition of GADD45B and PMAIP1 expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels in NSCLC cells. In addition, downregulation of GADD45B and PMAIP1 by TFAP2C promoted cell proliferation and cell motility, which are closely associated with NSCLC tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that GADD45B and PMAIP1 could be promising tumor suppressors for NSCLC and might be useful as prognostic markers for use in NSCLC therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, Differentiation/genetics , Down-Regulation/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Transcription Factor AP-2/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/analysis , Cell Line, Tumor
19.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 17(3): 322-329, nov 19, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247694

ABSTRACT

O câncer de boca ocupa uma posição de destaque em relação ao número total de casos registrados no Brasil. A displasia epitelial (DE) oral é um achado histopatológico associado a um risco aumentado de transformação maligna do epitélio oral. A falha nos mecanismos de sinalização celular, no controle do ciclo celular ou nos mecanismos para reparar danos celulares pode favorecer a processos que culminam com a progressão para o câncer. Objetivo: avaliar comparativamente a resposta clínica da marcação do azul de toluidina (AT) e a imunoexpressão da proteína ciclina D1, uma proteína nuclear de grande importância como regulador da transição da fase G1 para fase S do ciclo celular, em leucoplasias oral (LO). Metodologia: avaliamos 12 pacientes que apresentavam, na cavidade bucal, lesões com diagnóstico clínico de LO. O estudo se desenvolveu em duas etapas: clínica e laboratorial. Foi feita marcação com AT e avaliação Imuno-histoquímica, respectivamente. Após análise quantitativa das lâminas, os dados obtidos foram analisados pelo programa BIOESTAT 2.0, por meio dos testes de Spearman e pelo teste de correlações múltiplas de Pearson. Resultados: não foi observada relação entre a marcação clínica do AT, o grau de displasia da lesão e a imunoexpressão da Ciclina D1 em LO. Conclusão: 82% das lesões apresentaram DE em graus variados, confirmando a necessidade de se realizar o diagnóstico histopatológico das LO e o acompanhamento clínico posterior dos pacientes.


Mouth cancer occupies a prominent position in relation to the total number of cases registered in Brazil. Oral epithelial dysplasia (ED) is a histopathological finding associated with an increased risk of malignant transformation of oral epithelium. The failure in the mechanisms of cell signaling, cell cycle control mechanisms or to repair cell damage can favor processes that culminate with the progression to cancer. Objective: evaluate comparatively the clinical response of the toluidine blue marking (TB) and immuno-expression of cyclin D1 protein, a nuclear protein of great importance as a factor regulating the transition from G1 phase to S phase of the cell cycle, in oral leukoplakia (OL). Methodology: we evaluated 12 patients who presented lesions in the oral cavity with clinical diagnosis of OL. The study was developed in two stages: Clinical and Laboratorial. Marking was made with TB and immunohistochemical evaluation, respectively. After quantitative analysis of blades, the data obtained were analyzed by BIOESTAT program 2.0 through Spearman tests and by Pearson multiple correlation test. Results: no relation was observed between clinical marking of TB, the degree of dysplasia of the lesion and the immuno-expression of Cyclin D1 in OL. Conclusion: 82% of the lesions presented DE in varying degrees, confirming the need to perform histopathological diagnosis of the OL and the subsequent clinical monitoring of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tolonium Chloride , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cyclin D1/analysis , Coloring Agents , Immunohistochemistry , Disease Progression
20.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(9): 1800-1807, set. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976507

ABSTRACT

O antígeno CA 15-3 é uma proteína presente no soro utilizado no acompanhamento de mulheres com câncer de mama, essencialmente na detecção de metástases. Os objetivos deste estudo foram avaliar a efetividade e a viabilidade da utilização do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 em cadelas, comparando-se os valores do marcador entre cadelas sem e com neoplasia mamária, avaliando-se alterações nos valores do marcador após a mastectomia, e suas correlações entre o tipo histológico. Foi realizada a quantificação sérica do marcador tumoral CA 15-3 (teste de eletroquimioluminescência), em vinte cadelas hígidas (grupo controle) e vinte cadelas com neoplasia mamária (grupo teste). Os animais com neoplasia tiveram a dosagem do marcador realizada antes e 10 dias após a mastectomia. Ainda, foi realiza a citologia vaginal no momento da mastectomia e foram estabelecidos três grupos de acordo com a fase estral de cada cadela, Diestro, Proestro e Anestro. As massas tumorais foram encaminhadas para exame histopatológico. A avaliação dos dados de citologia vaginal entre os grupos Diestro, Proestro e Anestro pelo teste de ANOVA não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa entre os valores encontrados. E na análise para a comparação dos valores do marcador tumoral com os tipos histológicos de neoplasias, divididas em dois grupos, benignas e malignas, utilizando o teste de Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, o teste não demonstrou diferença estatística significativa visto que p>0,05. Os valores encontrados do marcador no grupo controle foram uma média de 0,19+0,39 U/mL, no grupo pré-mastectomia 1,56+0,39 U/mL e pós-mastectomia 0,66+0,27 U/mL. Em análise estatística com a comparação de grupo pré e pós-mastectomia, e do grupo controle com o grupo pré e pós-mastectomia observou-se significância com p< 0,005. Assim, observou-se diferença nos valores do marcador antes e depois da remoção cirúrgica da neoplasia, sugerindo seu possível uso como controle de crescimento tumoral pós-mastectomia individual. Porém há muita variação dos resultados nos diferentes métodos existentes, e não há ainda um padrão dos valores de referência para cada método, sendo necessários mais estudos sobre o uso dos marcadores.(AU)


The CA 15-3 antigen is a protein present in the serum, used to monitor women with breast cancer, mainly in metastatic disease detection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the CA 15-3 tumor marker in dogs, comparing the marker values between dogs with or without breast cancer, to estimate changes in marker values after mastectomy, and their correlation between the histological types. Serum quantification of the tumor marker CA 15-3 (electrochemiluminescence test) was performed in twenty healthy bitches and twenty others with mammary neoplasia. Bitches with cancer had the content of the tracer performed before and 10 days after mastectomy. The vaginal cytology was performed at the moment of the mastectomy, dividing the animals into three different groups (diestrus, proestrus and anestrus). All the mammary tumors were examined histopathologically. The evaluation of the vaginal cytology data of the groups Diestro, Proestro and Anestro by the ANOVA test did not show a statistically significant difference between the values ​​found. In the analysis histological types of tumor marker values of neoplasms, divided into two groups, benign and malignant, using the Mann-Whitney Rank Sum Test, there was no statistical significant difference at p>0.05. The values of the marker in the control group had an average of 0.19+0.39 U/mL, of the pre-mastectomy group 1.56+0.39 U/mL, and of the post-mastectomy group 0.66+0.27 U/mL. The statistic was performed comparing groups pre- and post-mastectomy, and the control group with group pre- and post-mastectomy with a statistical significance p< 0.005 in both tests. There was a difference of marker values ​​before and after surgical removal of the neoplasia, suggesting its possible use in post-mastectomy tumor control. But exist variation of results with the different existing methods, and there will be still a standard reference value for each method.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Breast Neoplasms/veterinary , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Dogs/abnormalities , Mucin-1 , Electrochemotherapy
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