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1.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 28: e20210056, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1360567

ABSTRACT

The association of scaffolds to repair extensive bone defects can contribute to their evolution and morphophysiological recomposition. The incorporation of particulate biomaterials into three-dimensional fibrin bioproducts together with photobiomodulation therapy (PBM) has potential and can improve regenerative medicine procedures. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of PBM therapy on critical size defects filled with xenogenic bone substitute associated with fibrin biopolymer. Methods: A critical defect of 8 mm was performed in 36 Wistar male adult rats that were divided into four groups. Groups BC and BC-PBM were defined as controls with defects filled by a clot (without or with PBM, respectively) and groups XS and XS-PBM that comprised those filled with biocomplex Bio-OssTM in association with fibrin biopolymer. PBM was applied immediately after the surgery and three times a week every other day, with the parameters: wavelength of 830 nm, energy density 6.2 J/cm2, output power 30 mW, beam area of 0.116 cm2, irradiance 0.258,62 W/cm2, energy/point 0.72 J, total energy 2.88 J. Fourteen and 42 days after the surgery, animals were euthanatized and subjected to microtomography, qualitative and quantitative histological analysis. Results: The BC-PBM and XS-PBM groups had a similar evolution in the tissue repair process, with a higher density of the volume of new formed bone in relation to the groups without PBM (p = 0.04086; p = 0.07093, respectively). Intense vascular proliferation and bone deposition around the biomaterial particles were observed in the animals of the groups in which biocomplex was applied (XS and XS-PBM). Conclusion: PBM therapy allowed an improvement in the formation of new bone, with a more organized deposition of collagen fibers in the defect area. Biocomplex favored the insertion and permanence of the particulate material in bone defects, creating a favorable microenvironment for accelerate repair process.(AU)


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Biopolymers , Collagen , Low-Level Light Therapy
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e401, Oct.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341244

ABSTRACT

Abstract The illegal use of liquid silicone products or biopolymers in gluteal augmentation procedures is giving rise to multiple complications, with a significant negative health impact, both in the short and long-term. The migration of polymers to the sacral and lumbar region represents a major limitation to conducting neuraxial anesthesia procedures. This silicon migration is unpredictable through the superficial tissue as is widely described in the literature. Caudal, spinal and epidural anesthesia may cross the silicone in the fascia and contaminate the neural axis with substances that are highly capable of causing inflammation, edema and tissue necrosis. In order to improve the safety of neuraxial anesthetic procedures and avoid the potential risk of dissemination and contamination of the neural axis, this complication must be ruled out, or be considered an emerging contraindication for these anesthetic procedures.


Resumen La aplicación ilegal de productos como silicona líquida o biopolímeros en procedimientos de aumento de glúteos está generando múltiples complicaciones con gran impacto negativo para la salud tanto a corto como a largo plazo. La migración de polímeros a la región sacra y lumbar representa una importante limitación para la realización de procedimientos de anestesia neuroaxial. Esta migración de silicona es impredecible a través del tejido superficial, la cual está ampliamente descrita en la literatura. Los procedimientos anestésicos caudal, espinal y epidural podrían atravesar los silicomas en la fascia del tejido y contaminar el neuroeje con sustancias con alta capacidad de generar inflamación, edema y necrosis de tejidos. Con el fin de aumentar la seguridad de los procedimientos anestésicos neuroaxiales y evitar el riesgo potencial de dispersión y contaminación del neuroeje, es necesario descartar esta complicación o considerar una contraindicación emergente en estos procedimientos anestésicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Safety , Anesthesia, Conduction , Silicones , Biopolymers , Contraindications, Drug , Anesthesia
3.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(3): 208-217, sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1353230

ABSTRACT

Las proteínas y polisacáridos con frecuencia son utilizados simultáneamente en la industria de alimentos. Las interacciones entre ambos biopolímeros juegan un papel importante en la estructura y estabilidad de muchos alimentos procesados ya que pueden resultar en un sistema con propiedades bioactivas diferentes como ocurre en el caso de las funcionales. Objetivo. Evaluar los cambios en la capacidad antioxidante de un sistema hidrocoloide mixto formado por un hidrolizado enzimático proteico de frijol endurecido (P. vulgaris) y goma modificada de flamboyán (Delonix regia) (SHM). Materiales y métodos. El estudio se hizo entre febrero-octubre, 2014, en Mérida, México. Se modificó enzimáticamente el concentrado proteico de P. vulgaris con Pepsina-Pancreatina® y la goma extraída del flamboyán mediante carboximetilación, preparando dispersiones al 1% de cada uno de los biopolímeros, determinado la fluorescencia intrínseca de Trp (FIT) como indicador de la interacción entre ambos biopolímeros y la actividad antioxidante y quelante del sistema resultante. Resultados. Se obtuvo un hidrolizado proteico extensivo con 28,8% de grado de hidrólisis y una goma de flamboyán con grado de sustitución de 0,91. La mayor interacción entre ambos biopolímeros, se obtuvo empleando una relación 5:1 del SHM a pH 4 de acuerdo con el valor de FIT. Conclusiones. Los sistemas hidrocoloides mixtos preparados con hidrolizado extensivo de las proteínas Phaseolus vulgaris y goma modificada de flamboyán presentaron un incremento en la actividad antioxidante, respecto del hidrolizado dependiendo del mecanismo de oxidación, así como de las condiciones de pH en que se encuentra el sistema y la interacción entre ambos componentes(AU)


Proteins and polysaccharides are frequently used simultaneously in the food industry. The interactions between both biopolymers play an important role in the structure and stability of many processed foods since they can result in a system with different bioactive properties as in the case of functional ones. Objective. Evaluate the changes in the antioxidant capacity of mixed hydrocolloid system formed by a hard to cook bean (P. vulgaris) protein enzymatic hydrolyzate and modified flamboyant gum (Delonix regia) (SHM). Materials and methods. The study was conducted from February to October 2014 in Merida, Mexico. For this, the protein concentrate of P. vulgaris was treated with Pepsin-Pancreatin® and the gum extracted from the flamboyant were modified enzymatically by carboxymethylation, preparing 1% dispersions of each of the biopolymers, determining the intrinsic Trp fluorescence (FIT) as an indicator of the interaction between both biopolymers and the antioxidant and chelating activity of the resulting system. Results. The main results indicated that an extensive protein hydrolyzate with 28.8% degree of hydrolysis and a flamboyant gum with a substitution degree of 0.91 were obtained. The greatest interaction between both biopolymers was obtained using a 5:1 ratio of SHM to pH 4 according to the FIT value. Conclusions. The mixed hydrocolloid systems prepared with extensive hydrolyzate of the hard to cook P. vulgaris and modified flamboyant gum proteins showed an increase in antioxidant activity, compared to the hydrolyzate depending on the oxidation mechanism, as well as the pH conditions used and interaction between both component(AU)


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides , Protein Stability , Food Handling , Fabaceae , Antioxidants , Biopolymers , Food Industry , Colloids
4.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(1): 123-130, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249064

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. El deseo de mejorar la apariencia física mediante métodos sencillos y económicos, ha generado la aplicación indiscriminada de sustancias modelantes y, con ello, el surgimiento de la alogenosis iatrogénica, enfermedad cada vez más prevalente en Latinoamérica. Objetivo. Describir las características epidemiológicas y los efectos adversos de las sustancias modelantes en un grupo de pacientes de Cali, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo una revisión retrospectiva de las historias clínicas de los pacientes que acudieron a consulta por complicaciones producidas por sustancias modelantes durante un sexenio. Resultados. Se incluyeron 1.322 pacientes, 95,5 % de ellos mujeres. Las edades oscilaron entre los 19 y los 83 años, con una media de 39 años. El sitio anatómico de infiltración con sustancias modelantes con mayor frecuencia de efectos adversos, fueron los glúteos. La asimetría y el aumento del volumen en el sitio infiltrado fueron los signos más comunes, en tanto que el dolor, las alteraciones del ánimo y la depresión o la ansiedad fueron los síntomas más percibidos. El 33,6 % de los pacientes desconocía la sustancia aplicada y el 28,1 % refirió haberse aplicado biopolímeros. La mayoría de estos procedimientos estuvo a cargo de personal sin la debida formación. Conclusiones. Estos pacientes requieren la atención de equipos multidisciplinarios para establecer alternativas de tratamiento que mejoren su calidad de vida. Además, se necesitan la regulación de los establecimientos, y las medidas de vigilancia, inspección y control en la importación y el uso de estas sustancias.


Abstract | Introduction: The desire to improve one's physical appearance through simple and economical methods has resulted in the indiscriminate application of modeling substances. As a result, iatrogenic allogenosis has emerged as an increasingly prevalent disease in Latin America. Objective: To describe the epidemiological characteristics and adverse effects arising from the use of modeling substances in a group of patients from Cali, Colombia. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of patients who consulted for complications arising from the use of modeling substances during a six-year period. Results: A total of 1,322 patients were included of whom 95.5% were women. Patients' ages ranged from 19 to 83 years, with an average of 39 years. The most infiltrated anatomical site showing adverse effects due to modeling substances was the buttocks. The asymmetry and increased volume of the infiltrated site were the most common signs while pain, mood disturbances, and depression or anxiety were the most commonly perceived symptoms. A total of 41.8% of patients ignored what substances they had received, and 28.5% received biopolymers; these procedures were mostly performed by non-qualified personnel. Conclusions: The care of these patients requires multidisciplinary teams to establish treatment alternatives to improve their quality of life. In addition, the regulation of establishments, as well as the surveillance, inspection, and control of the imports and use of these substances should be warranted.


Subject(s)
Biopolymers , Iatrogenic Disease , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Esthetics , Contraindications, Procedure
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 48: 36-45, nov. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254948

ABSTRACT

Azotobacter vinelandii is a gram-negative soil bacterium that produces two biopolymers of biotechnological interest, alginate and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), and it has been widely studied because of its capability to fix nitrogen even in the presence of oxygen. This bacterium is characterized by its high respiration rates, which are almost 10-fold higher than those of Escherichia coli and are a disadvantage for fermentation processes. On the other hand, several works have demonstrated that adequate control of the oxygen supply in A. vinelandii cultivations determines the yields and physicochemical characteristics of alginate and poly(3-hydroxybutyrate). Here, we summarize a review of the characteristics of A. vinelandii related to its respiration systems, as well as some of the most important findings on the oxygen consumption rates as a function of the cultivation parameters and biopolymer production.


Subject(s)
Respiration , Biopolymers/biosynthesis , Azotobacter vinelandii/physiology , Polyesters , Alginates , Gram-Negative Bacteria/physiology , Hydroxybutyrates , Nitrogen Fixation
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 46: 8-13, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) can be efficiently produced in recombinant Escherichia coli by the overexpression of an operon (NphaCAB) encoding PHB synthetase. Strain improvement is considered to be one of critical factors to lower the production cost of PHB in recombinant system. In this study, one of key regulators that affect the cell growth and PHB content was confirmed and analyzed. RESULT: S17-3, a mutant E. coli strain derived from S17-1, was found to be able to achieve high cell density when expressing NphaCAB with the plasmid pBhya-CAB. Whole genome sequencing of S17-3 revealed genetic alternations on the upstream regions of csrA, encoding a global regulator cross-talking between stress response, catabolite repression and other metabolic activities. Deletion of csrA or expression of mutant csrA resulted in improved cell density and PHB content. CONCLUSION: The impact of gene deletion of csrA was determined, dysfunction of the regulators improved the cell density of recombinant E. coli and PHB production, however, the detail mechanism needs to be further clarified.


Subject(s)
Escherichia coli/metabolism , Hydroxybutyrates/metabolism , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Biopolymers/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Deletion , Escherichia coli Proteins/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , Metabolic Engineering , Ligases/metabolism
7.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2020. 46 p. ^c28 cm.ilus., tab., graf..
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1179073

ABSTRACT

Los plásticos se producen a partir del petróleo. Estos polímeros perduran en la naturaleza por largos períodos de tiempo y, por tanto, se acumulan, generando así grandes cantidades de residuos sólidos. El objetivo principal de esta investigación es producir, a escala de laboratorio, un bioplástico a partir de la fibra contenida en la cáscara de coco, que pueda servir de materia prima para la elaboración de productos biodegradables.


Plastics are produced from oil. These polymers persist in nature for long periods of time and, therefore, they are accumulated in large amounts of solid waste. The main objective of this research is to produce, on a laboratory scale, a bioplastic from the fiber contained in the coconut shell, which can serve as raw material for the production of biodegradable products.


Subject(s)
Plastics , Polymers , Biopolymers/analysis , Research , Solid Waste , Cocos
8.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190093, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135141

ABSTRACT

Ventral root avulsion (VRA) is an experimental approach in which there is an abrupt separation of the motor roots from the surface of the spinal cord. As a result, most of the axotomized motoneurons degenerate by the second week after injury, and the significant loss of synapses and increased glial reaction triggers a chronic inflammatory state. Pharmacological treatment associated with root reimplantation is thought to overcome the degenerative effects of VRA. Therefore, treatment with dimethyl fumarate (DMF), a drug with neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects, in combination with a heterologous fibrin sealant/biopolymer (FS), a biological glue, may improve the regenerative response. Methods: Adult female Lewis rats were subjected to VRA of L4-L6 roots followed by reimplantation and daily treatment with DMF for four weeks. Survival times were evaluated 1, 4 or 12 weeks after surgery. Neuronal survival assessed by Nissl staining, glial reactivity (anti-GFAP for astrocytes and anti-Iba-1 for microglia) and synapse preservation (anti-VGLUT1 for glutamatergic inputs and anti-GAD65 for GABAergic inputs) evaluated by immunofluorescence, gene expression (pro- and anti-inflammatory molecules) and motor function recovery were measured. Results: Treatment with DMF at a dose of 15 mg/kg was found to be neuroprotective and immunomodulatory because it preserved motoneurons and synapses and decreased astrogliosis and microglial reactions, as well as downregulated the expression of pro-inflammatory gene transcripts. Conclusion: The pharmacological benefit was further enhanced when associated with root reimplantation with FS, in which animals recovered at least 50% of motor function, showing the efficacy of employing multiple regenerative approaches following spinal cord root injury.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Products , Biopolymers , Fibrin , Immunomodulation , Dimethyl Fumarate , Neuroprotection , Gene Expression
9.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 26: e20190101, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1135131

ABSTRACT

Venous ulcers are the main causes of chronic lower-limb ulcers. The healing difficulties encourage the research and development of new products in order to achieve better therapeutic results. Fibrin sealant is one of these alternatives. Besides being a validated scaffold and drug delivery system, it possesses excellent healing properties. This review covered the last 25 years of the literature and showed that the fibrin sealant is used in various clinical situations to promote the healing of different types of ulcers, especially chronic ones. These are mostly venous in origin and usually does not respond to conventional treatment. Commercially, only the homologous fibrin sealants obtained from human blood are available, which are highly efficient but very expensive. The heterologous fibrin sealant is a non-commercial experimental low-cost product and easily produced due to the abundance of raw material. The phase I/II clinical trial is already completed and showed that the product is safe and promisingly efficacious for the treatment of chronic venous ulcers. In addition, clinical proteomic strategies to assess disease prognosis have been increasingly used. By analyzing liquid samples from the wounds through proteomic strategies, it is possible to predict before treatment which ulcers will evolve favorably and which ones will be difficult to heal. This prognosis is only possible by evaluating the expression of isolated proteins in exudates and analysis using label-free strategies for shotgun. Multicentric clinical trials will be required to evaluate the efficacy of fibrin sealant to treat chronic ulcers, as well as to validate the proteomic strategies to assess prognosis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ulcer , Varicose Ulcer/diagnosis , Fibrin , Proteomics , Biopolymers/analysis
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190090, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132173

ABSTRACT

Abstract DNA vaccines have been evaluated as an option to prevent several diseases. In this study, the capacity of the xanthan biopolymer to improve the DNA vaccines immune response, administered intramuscularly, was evaluated. The experimental vaccines consisted of genes encoding fragments of the proteins LigA and LigB of Leptospira interrogans serogroup Icterohaemorrhagiae serovar Copenhageni strain Fiocruz L1-130. The humoral immune response was evaluated by indirect ELISA. Cytokine expression levels were determined by RT-qPCR. Compared to the control group, the IgG antibody levels of animals immunized with pTARGET/ligAni and pTARGET/ligBrep plasmids associated with xanthan biopolymer were significantly higher than the control group. Additionally, there was a significant increase in IL-17 expression in animals vaccinated with pTARGET/ligBrep and xanthan.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Polysaccharides, Bacterial , DNA, Recombinant/pharmacology , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Xanthomonas campestris , Vaccines, DNA/pharmacology , Biopolymers/pharmacology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leptospira interrogans serovar icterohaemorrhagiae , Antibodies
11.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 25: e20190027, 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040382

ABSTRACT

Bone tissue repair remains a challenge in tissue engineering. Currently, new materials are being applied and often integrated with live cells and biological scaffolds. The fibrin biopolymer (FBP) proposed in this study has hemostatic, sealant, adhesive, scaffolding and drug-delivery properties. The regenerative potential of an association of FBP, biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was evaluated in defects of rat femurs. Methods: Adult male Wistar rats were submitted to a 5-mm defect in the femur. This was filled with the following materials and/or associations: BPC; FBP and BCP; FBP and MSCs; and BCP, FBP and MSCs. Bone defect without filling was defined as the control group. Thirty and sixty days after the procedure, animals were euthanatized and subjected to computed tomography, scanning electron microscopy and qualitative and quantitative histological analysis. Results: It was shown that FBP is a suitable scaffold for bone defects due to the formation of a stable clot that facilitates the handling and optimizes the surgical procedures, allowing also cell adhesion and proliferation. The association between the materials was biocompatible. Progressive deposition of bone matrix was higher in the group treated with FBP and MSCs. Differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into osteogenic lineage was not necessary to stimulate bone formation. Conclusions: FBP proved to be an excellent scaffold candidate for bone repair therapies due to application ease and biocompatibility with synthetic calcium-based materials. The satisfactory results obtained by the association of FBP with MSCs may provide a more effective and less costly new approach for bone tissue engineering.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biopolymers , Bone Matrix , Fibrin , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Biological Products
12.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 25: e20190038, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1040381

ABSTRACT

Fibrin biopolymers, previously referred as "fibrin glue" or "fibrin sealants", are natural biomaterials with diverse applications on health. They have hemostatic, adhesive, sealant, scaffold and drug delivery properties and have become widely used in medical and dental procedures. Historically, these biomaterials are produced from human fibrinogen and human or animal thrombin, and the possibility of transmission of infectious diseases by human blood is not ruled out. In the 1990s, to overcome this problem, a new heterologous biomaterial composed of a thrombin-like enzyme purified from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom and a cryoprecipitate rich in fibrinogen extracted from buffaloes Bubalus bubalis blood has been proposed. Therefore, a systematic review of studies on exclusively heterologous fibrin sealants published between 1989 and 2018 was carried out using the following databases: PubMed, SciELO and Google Scholar. The keyword used was "heterologous fibrin sealant". The search resulted in 35 scientific papers in PubMed, four in SciELO and 674 in Google Scholar. After applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria and complete reading of the articles, 30 studies were selected, which formed the basis of this systematic review. It has been observed that the only completely heterologous sealant is the one produced by CEVAP/UNESP. This heterologous biopolymer is proven effective by several studies published in refereed scientific journals. In addition, clinical trials phase I/II for the treatment of chronic venous ulcers authorized by the Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA) were completed. Preliminary results have indicated a safe and promising effective product. Phase III clinical trials will be proposed and required to validate these preliminary findings.(AU)


Subject(s)
Biopolymers , Fibrin , Hemostatics , Thrombin
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 289-295, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990040

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Peripheral nerve regeneration is a serious clinical problem. The goal of this work was to evaluate comparatively a biopolymer tube of sugarcane with an expanded polyethylene tube as a tube guide in peripheral nerve regeneration. Fourteen male albino Wistar rats were used, separated into three different groups: control (CG), lesion + polyethylene tube (PG) and lesion + sugarcane biopolymer (SBG). At 60 days old, animals from the PG and SBG underwent surgery for tubulization of the sciatic nerve, and 60 days after the injury they were sacrificed for collection of the nerve. In the analysis of the number of nerve fibers, a smaller number was seen in the PG and SBG groups compared to the CG, no difference was seen between the PG and SBG groups (p<0.05). With regard to the number of blood vessels, the SBG group had a larger number than the CG and PG groups (p<0.05). The SBG also presented increase on axonal diameter and G -ratio compared to PG (p<0.05). Taken together these data revealed that biopolymer tube favors a suitable environment for peripheral nerve regeneration.


RESUMEN: La regeneración nerviosa periférica es un problema clínico grave. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar comparativamente un tubo de biopolímero de caña de azúcar con un tubo de polietileno expandido, como guía de tubo en la regeneración de nervios periféricos. Se utilizaron dieciocho ratas Wistar albinas macho, separadas en tres grupos: control (CG), lesión + tubo de polietileno (PG) y lesión + biopolímero de caña de azúcar (SBG). A los 60 días de edad, los animales del PG y SBG fueron sometidos a una cirugía para la tubulización del nervio ciático, y 60 días después de la lesión fueron sacrificados para la recolección del nervio. En el análisis del número de fibras nerviosas, se observó un número menor en los grupos PG y SBG en comparación con el CG; no se observaron diferencias entre los grupos PG y SBG (p <0,05). Con respecto al número de vasos sanguíneos, el grupo SBG tuvo un número mayor que los grupos CG y PG (p <0,05). El SBG también presentó un aumento en el diámetro axonal y la proporción G en comparación con PG (p <0,05). En conjunto, estos datos revelaron que el tubo de biopolímero favorece un entorno adecuado para la regeneración de nervios periféricos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/anatomy & histology , Biopolymers/chemistry , Saccharum/chemistry , Guided Tissue Regeneration/methods , Nerve Regeneration , Peripheral Nerves , Sciatic Nerve/surgery , Sciatic Nerve/physiology , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Wistar
14.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(5): e20192260, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057172

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o uso do curativo de filme e gel de biopolímero de celulose bacteriana no tratamento de pacientes com feridas isquêmicas submetidos à revascularização dos membros inferiores. Métodos: ensaio clínico randomizado realizado no ambulatório de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, entre janeiro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018. Foram acompanhados 24 pacientes após revascularização de membros inferiores, divididos em dois grupos: Experimental, tratado com filme e gel de biopolímero de celulose bacteriana, e Controle, tratado com ácidos graxos essenciais. Os pacientes foram acompanhados em consultas semanais para troca dos curativos e o processo de cicatrização das feridas foi avaliado em um período de 90 dias. Resultados: a redução da área das feridas isquêmicas no período de 30 dias foi de 4,3cm2 (55%), em média, para o grupo experimental, e de 5,5cm2 (48,5%) para o grupo controle (p>0,05). A taxa de cicatrização completa, em 90 dias, foi de 34,8%, sendo 50% no grupo experimental e 18,2% no grupo controle (p=0,053). Conclusão: o filme de biopolímero de celulose bacteriana associada a gel pode ser utilizado como curativo no tratamento de feridas isquêmicas de pacientes submetidos à revascularização de membros inferiores


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the use of a bacterial cellulose biopolymer film and gel dressing in the treatment of patients with ischemic wounds submitted to lower limb revascularization. Methods: we conducted a randomized clinical trial in the Angiology and Vascular Surgery outpatient clinic of the Clinics Hospital of the Federal University of Pernambuco, between January 2017 and December 2018. We followed 24 patients after lower limb revascularization, divided into two groups: Experimental, treated with bacterial cellulose biopolymer film and gel, and Control, treated with essential fatty acids. Patients attended weekly appointments to change dressings and had their wound healing processes evaluated over a period of 90 days. Results: the reduction of the ischemic wounds' areas after 30 days was 4.3cm2 (55%) on average for the experimental group, and the 5.5cm2 (48.5%) for the control group (p>0.05). The complete healing rate at 90 days was 34.8%, 50% in the experimental group and 18.2% in the control group (p=0.053). Conclusion: the bacterial cellulose biopolymer film associated with gel can be used as a dressing in the treatment of ischemic wounds of patients undergoing revascularization of the lower limbs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bandages , Wound Healing/drug effects , Biopolymers/therapeutic use , Cellulose/therapeutic use , Lower Extremity/pathology , Ischemia/complications , Ischemia/therapy , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Angioplasty , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Gels/therapeutic use , Ischemia/pathology , Middle Aged
15.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 30(1): 5064-5068, 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1008219

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ultrasonido de alta resolución ha demostrado ser un método diagnóstico útil para la detección de material exógeno, su caracterización y evaluación de sus complicaciones. Este trabajo es una serie de casos de 60 pacientes, recolectados en un periodo de tres años. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo. Objetivos: Describir las localizaciones más frecuentes del material exógeno en las zonas del cuerpo afectadas. Describir el tipo de material exógeno más utilizado y su aspecto ecográfico. Establecer las complicaciones más frecuentes. Métodos: Se realizó ecografía de alta resolución por parte de una radióloga con ocho años de entrenamiento en ecografía dermatológica. Los estudios se realizaron en un equipo Toshiba Xario 200 con transductor lineal de 18 MHz. Para el análisis estadístico se emplearon medidas de tendencia central, descripción de frecuencias y cruce de variables. Resultados: La edad promedio de los pacientes fue 55 años y el 90,5 % fueron mujeres. La zona más afectada fueron los surcos nasogenianos, donde se encontró material exógeno en el 85,7 % de los pacientes. La sustancia encontrada más comúnmente fueron los biopolímeros (39 %), la silicona líquida y el aceite tuvieron, respectivamente, el 32,5 % y 15,6 %. En el 67,2 % de los casos se encontró deformidad física en los pacientes, manifestada como masa palpable o visible. Conclusión: La ecografía permitió identificar los diferentes tipos de sustancias exógenas, su ubicación en la zona anatómica específica y las complicaciones relacionadas con su uso, lo cual suministró información útil al médico tratante e impactó en el manejo de los pacientes.


Introduction: High resolution ultrasound has proven to be a useful diagnostic method for the detection of exogenous material, its characterization and evaluation of its complications. This study is a series of cases of 60 patients collected in a period of 3 years. It is a retrospective, descriptive study. Objectives: To describe the most frequent locations of the exogenous material in the affected areas of the body. To describe the type of exogenous material most used and its ultrasound appearance. To establish the most frequent complications. Methods: High resolution ultrasound was performed by a radiologist with eight years of training in dermatological ultrasound. The studies were carried out in a Toshiba Xario 200 device with an 18 MHz lineal transductor. For the statistical analysis, measures of central tendency, description of frequencies and crossing of variables were used. Results: the average age of the patients was 55 years, 90.5% of the patients were women. The most affected area were the nasolabial folds where exogenous material was found in 85.7% of the patients. The substance most commonly found was biopolymers in 39%; liquid silicone and oil had respectively 32.5% and 15.6%. In 67.2% of the cases the patients presented physical deformity manifested as a palpable or visible mass. Conclusion: The ultrasound allowed us to identify the different types of exogenous substances, their location in the specific anatomical area and the complications related to their use, providing useful information to the attending physician and impacting the management of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ultrasonics , Skin Diseases , Biopolymers , Hyaluronic Acid
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nowadays, production of nanocomposite scaffolds based on natural biopolymer, bioceramic, and metal ions is a growing field of research due to the potential for bone tissue engineering applications. METHODS: In this study, a nanocomposite scaffold for bone tissue engineering was successfully prepared using collagen (COL), beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and strontium oxide (SrO). A composition of β-TCP (4.9 g) was prepared by doping with SrO (0.05 g). Biocompatible porous nanocomposite scaffolds were prepared by freeze-drying in different formulations [COL, COL/β-TCP (1:2 w/w), and COL/β-TCP-Sr (1:2 w/w)] to be used as a provisional matrix or scaffold for bone tissue engineering. The nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Moreover, the prepared scaffolds were characterized by physicochemical properties, such as porosity, swelling ratio, biodegradation, mechanical properties, and biomineralization. RESULTS: All the scaffolds had a microporous structure with high porosity (~ 95–99%) and appropriate pore size (100–200 µm). COL/β-TCP-Sr scaffolds had the compressive modulus (213.44 ± 0.47 kPa) higher than that of COL/β-TCP (33.14 ± 1.77 kPa). In vitro cytocompatibility, cell attachment and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity studies performed using rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Addition of β-TCP-Sr to collagen scaffolds increased ALP activity by 1.33–1.79 and 2.92–4.57 folds after 7 and 14 days of culture, respectively. CONCLUSION: In summary, it was found that the incorporation of Sr into the collagen-β-TCP scaffolds has a great potential for bone tissue engineering applications.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Animals , Biopolymers , Bone and Bones , Bone Marrow , Collagen , Fourier Analysis , Freeze Drying , In Vitro Techniques , Ions , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Nanocomposites , Nanoparticles , Porosity , Rats , Spectrum Analysis , Strontium , X-Ray Diffraction
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(3): e17382, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974400

ABSTRACT

Effective management of schizophrenia, acute mania, mixed episodes associated with bipolar disorders, and depression can be managed with aripiprazole moiety. In the present research work an attempt was made to minimize the dose related side effects thus improving the quality life of the patients. A novel biopolymer was isolated from the fruits of Trachyspermum ammi. Ten optimized nanosized aripiprazole loaded formulations were prepared in 1-5% concentration of biopolymer (FA1-FA5) and sodium CMC (FM1-FM5) by solvent casting technique. The formulated flexy films were evaluated for thickness, folding endurance, weight uniformity, surface pH, mucoadhesivity, In-vitro drug release studies, In-vivo pharmacodynamic study and stability studies. The isolated biopolymer showed inbuilt fimability and mucoadhesivity and consists of carbonyl, hydroxyl and thiocarbonyl functional groups. All formulations showed folding endurance from 153 to 170, mucoadhesion time in the range of 24-48hrs., and in-vitro drug release was performed using dynamic Franz Diffusion cell and analyzed using BIT-SOFTWARE. The experimental animals showed improved activity score on actophotometer. The formulated nanosized aripiprazole loaded bio-flexy films showed pharmacotherapeutic response. Conclusion can be drawn that optimized formulation showed effective Pharmacodynamic activity and can be used as for improving therapeutic efficacy of aripiprazole through this platform.


Subject(s)
Schizophrenia/diagnosis , Aripiprazole/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa , Palate, Soft , Biopolymers/agonists , In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Carum/adverse effects
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(3): eRB4538, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-953182

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular diseases are the major cause of death worldwide. The heart has limited capacity of regeneration, therefore, transplantation is the only solution in some cases despite presenting many disadvantages. Tissue engineering has been considered the ideal strategy for regenerative medicine in cardiology. It is an interdisciplinary field combining many techniques that aim to maintain, regenerate or replace a tissue or organ. The main approach of cardiac tissue engineering is to create cardiac grafts, either whole heart substitutes or tissues that can be efficiently implanted in the organism, regenerating the tissue and giving rise to a fully functional heart, without causing side effects, such as immunogenicity. In this review, we systematically present and compare the techniques that have drawn the most attention in this field and that generally have focused on four important issues: the scaffold material selection, the scaffold material production, cellular selection and in vitro cell culture. Many studies used several techniques that are herein presented, including biopolymers, decellularization and bioreactors, and made significant advances, either seeking a graft or an entire bioartificial heart. However, much work remains to better understand and improve existing techniques, to develop robust, efficient and efficacious methods.


RESUMO Doenças cardiovasculares são responsáveis pelo maior número de mortes no mundo. O coração possui capacidade de regeneração limitada, e o transplante, por consequência, representa a única solução em alguns casos, apresentando várias desvantagens. A engenharia de tecidos tem sido considerada a estratégia ideal para a medicina cardíaca regenerativa. Trata-se de uma área interdisciplinar, que combina muitas técnicas as quais buscam manter, regenerar ou substituir um tecido ou órgão. A abordagem principal da engenharia de tecidos cardíacos é criar enxertos cardíacos, sejam substitutos do coração inteiro ou de tecidos que podem ser implantados de forma eficiente no organismo, regenerando o tecido e dando origem a um coração completamente funcional, sem desencadear efeitos colaterais, como imunogenicidade. Nesta revisão, apresentase e compara-se sistematicamente as técnicas que ganharam mais atenção nesta área e que geralmente focam em quatro assuntos importantes: seleção do material a ser utilizado como enxerto, produção do material, seleção das células e cultura de células in vitro. Muitos estudos, fazendo uso de várias das técnicas aqui apresentadas, incluindo biopolímeros, descelularização e biorreatores, têm apresentado avanços significativos, seja para obter um enxerto ou um coração bioartifical inteiro. No entanto, ainda resta um grande esforço para entender e melhorar as técnicas existentes, para desenvolver métodos robustos, eficientes e eficazes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Transplantation/methods , Tissue Engineering/methods , Myocardium/cytology , Biopolymers , Heart Transplantation/trends , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Bioreactors , Tissue Engineering/trends , Tissue Scaffolds
19.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 45(4): e1837, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-956572

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar, através de dopplerfluxometria, de venografia, de histologia e de evolução clínica, o uso de enxertos tubulares de biopolímero de cana-de-açúcar (BP) na reconstrução de veias femorais em cães. Métodos: oito cães adultos foram submetidos à reconstrução de veia femoral, à esquerda com enxerto tubular de BP e à direita com veia autóloga. No período pós-operatório, os animais foram submetidos à avaliação clínica e dopplerfluxometria das veias femorais. Após 360 dias, os cães foram reoperados e submetidos à flebografia das veias femorais com contraste iodado. Os segmentos das veias femorais contendo os enxertos foram retirados e enviados para avaliação histopatológica. Resultados: os cães não apresentaram hemorragia, hematoma, infecção da ferida operatória ou edema dos membros operados. Um animal apresentou dilatação venosa superficial na região inguinal esquerda. A flebografia realizada 360 dias após a primeira cirurgia demonstrou que três (37,5%) enxertos de BP e sete (87,5%) do grupo controle (C) estavam pérvios. Na avaliação histopatológica foi encontrada uma reação inflamatória com neutrófilos e linfócitos na superfície externa de ambos os grupos. Na camada íntima de revestimento dos enxertos e na camada externa nos dois grupos, foi encontrada fibrose. Conclusão: com base nos resultados obtidos com o modelo experimental utilizado, conclui-se que a BP apresenta potencial para ser utilizado como enxerto tubular para revascularização venosa, porém novas pesquisas precisam ser realizadas para confirmar a sua eficácia na revascularização de veias de médio e grande calibre, o que poderia permitir o seu uso na prática clínica.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate, through Doppler flowmetry, venography, histology and clinical evolution, the use of sugarcane biopolymer (BP) tubular grafts in the reconstruction of femoral veins in dogs. Methods: we submitted eight adult dogs to femoral vein reconstruction, on the left with BP tubular graft and on the right with autologous vein. In the postoperative period, the animals underwent clinical evaluation and femoral vein Doppler flowmetry. After 360 days, we reoperated the dogs and submitted them to femoral vein phlebography with iodinated contrast. We removed the segments of the femoral veins containing the grafts and sent them for histopathological evaluation. Results: the dogs did not present hemorrhage, hematoma, surgical wound infection or operated limb edema. One animal had superficial venous dilatation in the left inguinal region. Phlebography performed 360 days after the first surgery showed that three (37.5%) BP grafts and seven (87.5%) grafts from the control group (C) were patent. In the histopathological evaluation, we found an inflammatory reaction, with neutrophils and lymphocytes on the external surface of both groups. In the intimal layer of the grafts and in the outer layer in the two groups, we observed fibrosis. Conclusion: based on the results obtained with the experimental model used, BP presents potential to be used as a tubular graft for venous revascularization. However, new research must be performed to confirm its efficacy in the revascularization of medium and large diameter veins, which could allow its use in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Dogs , Bioprosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Femoral Vein/transplantation , Vascular Grafting/methods , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Biopolymers/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/instrumentation , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Models, Animal , Saccharum , Femoral Vein/pathology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717544

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Biopolymeric in situ hydrogels play a crucial role in the regenerative repair and replacement of infected or injured tissue. They possess excellent biodegradability and biocompatibility in the biological system, however only a few biopolymeric in situ hydrogels have been approved clinically. Researchers have been investigating new advancements and designs to restore tissue functions and structure, and these studies involve a composite of biometrics, cells and a combination of factors that can repair or regenerate damaged tissue. METHODS: Injectable hydrogels, cross-linking mechanisms, bioactive materials for injectable hydrogels, clinically applied injectable biopolymeric hydrogels and the bioimaging applications of hydrogels were reviewed. RESULTS: This article reviews the different types of biopolymeric injectable hydrogels, their gelation mechanisms, tissue engineering, clinical applications and their various in situ imaging techniques. CONCLUSION: The applications of bioactive injectable hydrogels and their bioimaging are a promising area in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. There is a high demand for injectable hydrogels for in situ imaging.


Subject(s)
Biopolymers , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Engineering
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