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Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0052, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387965


RESUMO A manufatura aditiva, mais popularmente conhecida como impressão tridimensional, baseia-se no desenvolvimento de um objeto com a ajuda de um software de desenho assistido por computador seguido de sua impressão por meio da deposição de uma matéria-prima, camada por camada, para a construção do produto desejado. Existem vários tipos de técnicas de impressão tridimensional, e o tipo de processo de impressão escolhido depende da aplicação específica do objeto a ser desenvolvido, dos materiais a serem utilizados e da resolução necessária à impressão do produto final. A impressão tridimensional abriu perspectivas na pesquisa e revolucionou o campo das ciências da saúde, com a possibilidade de criação e de desenvolvimento de produtos personalizados de maneira rápida, econômica e de forma mais centralizada do que no processo de manufatura tradicional. As tecnologias de manufatura aditiva remodelaram os diagnósticos médicos; as medidas preventivas e pré-operatórias; o tratamento e a reabilitação, assim como os processos de engenharia de tecidos nos últimos anos. Na oftalmologia, as aplicações da impressão tridimensional são extensas. Modelos anatômicos para aplicação na área da educação e planejamentos cirúrgicos, desenvolvimento de implantes, lentes, equipamentos para diagnósticos, novas aplicações terapêuticas e desenvolvimento de tecidos oculares já estão em desenvolvimento. Por possuir um campo amplo e ser alvo de pesquisa constante, a área oftalmológica permite que a manufatura aditiva ainda seja amplamente utilizada a favor dos médicos e dos pacientes.

ABSTRACT Additive manufacturing, more popularly known as three-dimensional (3D) printing, is based on the development of an object with the help of computer-aided design software followed by its printing through the deposition of a material, layer by layer, to create the desired product. There are several types of 3D printing techniques and the type of printing process chosen depends on the specific application of the object to be developed, the materials to be used, and the resolution required to print the final product. 3D printing has brought new perspectives to research and revolutionized the field of health sciences, with the possibility of creating and developing customized products in a faster, more economical, and more centralized way than in the traditional manufacturing process. Additive manufacturing technologies have reformulated medical diagnostics, preventive, preoperative, treatment, and rehabilitation, as well as tissue engineering processes in recent years. In ophthalmology, the applications of 3D printing are extensive. Anatomical models for application in education and surgical planning, development of implants, lenses, diagnostic equipment, new therapeutic applications, and development of ocular tissues (3D bioprinting) are already under development. As it has a wide field and is the subject of constant research, the ophthalmic area allows additive manufacturing to still be widely used in favor of doctors and patients.

Humans , Ophthalmology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Polymers , Prostheses and Implants , Biosensing Techniques , Computer-Aided Design , Recycling , Bioprinting , Stereolithography , Models, Anatomic
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939633


For the damage and loss of tissues and organs caused by urinary system diseases, the current clinical treatment methods have limitations. Tissue engineering provides a therapeutic method that can replace or regenerate damaged tissues and organs through the research of cells, biological scaffolds and biologically related molecules. As an emerging manufacturing technology, three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology can accurately control the biological materials carrying cells, which further promotes the development of tissue engineering. This article reviews the research progress and application of 3D bioprinting technology in tissue engineering of kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra. Finally, the main current challenges and future prospects are discussed.

Bioprinting , Regeneration , Technology , Tissue Engineering/methods
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 349-360, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362093


Introduction Three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies provide a practical and anatomical way to reproduce precise tailored-made models of the patients and of the diseases. Those models can allow surgical planning, besides training and surgical simulation in the treatment of neurosurgical diseases. Objective The aim of the present article is to review the scenario of the development of different types of available 3D printing technologies, the processes involved in the creation of biomodels, and the application of those advances in the neurosurgical field. Methods We searched for papers that addressed the clinical application of 3D printing in neurosurgery on the PubMed, Ebsco, Web of Science, Scopus, and Science Direct databases. All papers related to the use of any additivemanufacturing technique were included in the present study. Results Studies involving 3D printing in neurosurgery are concentrated on threemain areas: (1) creation of anatomical tailored-made models for planning and training; (2) development of devices and materials for the treatment of neurosurgical diseases, and (3) biological implants for tissues engineering. Biomodels are extremely useful in several branches of neurosurgery, and their use in spinal, cerebrovascular, endovascular, neuro-oncological, neuropediatric, and functional surgeries can be highlighted. Conclusions Three-dimensional printing technologies are an exclusive way for direct replication of specific pathologies of the patient. It can identify the anatomical variation and provide a way for rapid construction of training models, allowing the medical resident and the experienced neurosurgeon to practice the surgical steps before the operation.

Computer-Aided Design , Neurosurgical Procedures/instrumentation , Printing, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Models, Anatomic , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Tissue Engineering/instrumentation , Bioprinting/instrumentation
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4024-4035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921483


Decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM), which contains many proteins and growth factors, can provide three-dimensional scaffolds for cells and regulate cell regeneration. 3D bioprinting can print the combination of dECM and autologous cells layer by layer to construct the tissue structure of carrier cells. In this paper, the preparation methods of tissue and organ dECM bioink from different sources, including decellularization, crosslinking, and the application of dECM bioink in bioprinting are reviewed, with future applications prospected.

Bioprinting , Extracellular Matrix , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3475-3486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921442


A plethora of organic pollutants such as pesticides, polycyclic and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons, and emerging pollutants, such as flame retardants, is continuously being released into the environment. This poses a huge threat to the society in terms of environmental pollution, agricultural product quality, and general safety. Therefore, effective removal of organic pollutants from the environment has become an important challenge to be addressed. As a consequence of the recent and rapid developments in additive manufacturing, 3D bioprinting technology is playing an important role in the pharmaceutical industry. At the same time, an increasing number of microorganisms suitable for the production of biomaterials with complex structures and functions using 3D bioprinting technology, have been identified. This article briefly discusses the principles, advantages, and disadvantages of different 3D bioprinting technologies for pollutant removal. Furthermore, the feasibility and challenges of developing bioremediation technologies based on 3D bioprinting have also been discussed.

Biocompatible Materials , Biodegradation, Environmental , Bioprinting , Environmental Pollutants , Technology , Tissue Engineering
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 522-531, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178951


Three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting of cells is an emerging area of research but has not been explored yet in the context of periodontal tissue engineering. Objetive: This study reports on the optimization of the 3D bioprinting scaffolds and tissues used that could be applied clinically to seniors for the regenerative purpose to meet individual patient treatment needs. Material and Methods: We methodically explored the printability of various tissues (dentin pulp stem/progenitor cells, periodontal ligament stem/progenitor cells, alveolar bone stem/progenitor cells, advanced platelet-rich fibrin and injected platelet-rich fibrin) and scaffolds using 3D printers pertaining only to periodontal defects. The influence of different printing parameters with the help of scaffold to promote periodontal regeneration and to replace the lost structure has been evaluated. Results: This systematic evaluation enabled the selection of the most suited printing conditions for achieving high printing resolution, dimensional stability, and cell viability for 3D bioprinting of periodontal ligament cells. Conclusion: The optimized bioprinting system is the first step towards the reproducible manufacturing of cell laden, space maintaining scaffolds for the treatment of periodontal lesions.

La bioimpresión tridimensional (3D) de células es un área emergente de investigación, pero aún no se ha explorado en el contexto de la ingeniería de tejidos periodontales. Objetivo: Este estudio informa sobre la optimización de los tejidos y andamios de bioimpresión 3D utilizados que podrían aplicarse a personas mayores en el entorno clínico con fines regenerativos para satisfacer las necesidades de tratamiento de cada paciente. Material y Métodos: Exploramos metódicamente la capacidad de impresión de varios tejidos (células madre / progenitoras de la pulpa de dentina, células madre / progenitoras del ligamento periodontal, células madre / progenitoras de hueso alveolar, fibrina rica en plaquetas avanzada y fibrina rica en plaquetas inyectada) y andamios utilizando impresoras 3D que pertenecen solo a defectos periodontales. Se ha evaluado la influencia de diferentes parámetros de impresión con la ayuda de andamios para promover la regeneración periodontal y reemplazar la estructura perdida. Resultados: Esta evaluación sistemática permitió la selección de las condiciones de impresión más adecuadas para lograr una alta resolución de impresión, estabilidad dimensional y viabilidad celular para la bioimpresión 3D de células del ligamento periodontal. Conclusión: El sistema de bioimpresión optimizado es el primer paso hacia la fabricación reproducible de andamios de mantenimiento de espacio cargados de células para el tratamiento de lesiones periodontales

Humans , Tissue Engineering/methods , Bioprinting/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Regeneration , Stem Cells
Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 68(4): 603-607, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1149562


Resumen La impresión 3D es una tecnología interesante en constante evolución. También conocida como manufactura aditiva, consiste en la conversión de diseños digitales a modelos físicos mediante la adición de capas sucesivas de material. En años recientes, y tras el vencimiento de múltiples patentes, diversos campos de las ciencias de la salud se han interesado en sus posibles usos, siendo la cirugía plástica una de las especialidades médicas que más ha aprovechado sus ventajas y aplicaciones, en especial la capacidad de crear dispositivos altamente personalizados a costos accesibles. Teniendo en cuenta lo anterior, el objetivo del presente artículo es describir los usos de la impresión 3D en cirugía plástica reconstructiva a partir de una revisión de la literatura. Las principales aplicaciones de la impresión 3D descritas en la literatura incluyen su capacidad para crear modelos anatómicos basados en estudios de imagen de pacientes, que a su vez permiten planificar procedimientos quirúrgicos, fabricar implantes y prótesis personalizadas, crear instrumental quirúrgico para usos específicos y usar biotintas en ingeniería tisular. La impresión 3D es una tecnología prometedora con el potencial de implementar cambios positivos en la práctica de la cirugía plástica reconstructiva en el corto y mediano plazo.

Abstract 3D printing is an interesting technology in constant evolution. Also known as additive manufacturing, it consists of the conversion of digital designs into physical models by successively adding material layer by layer. In recent years, and after the expiration of multiple patents, several fields of health sciences have approached this type of technology, plastic surgery being one of the medical specialties that has taken advantage of its benefits and applications, especially the ability to create highly customized devices at low costs. With this in mind, the objective of this work is to describe the uses of 3D printing in reconstructive plastic surgery based on a literature review. The main applications of 3D printing described in the literature include its ability to create anatomical models based on patient imaging studies, which in turn allow planning surgical procedures, manufacturing custom implants and prostheses, creating surgical or instrumental simulators, and using bioinks in tissue engineering. 3D printing is a promising technology with the potential to cause positive changes in the field of reconstructive plastic surgery in the short and medium term.

Humans , Surgery, Plastic , Tissue Scaffolds , Tissue Engineering , Bioprinting
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828179


Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is a new biological tissue engineering technology in recent years. The development of 3D bioprinting is conducive to solving the current problems of clinical tissue and organ repairing. This article provides a review about the clinical and research status of 3D bioprinting and urinary system reconstruction. Furthermore, the feasibility and clinical value of 3D bioprinting in urinary system reconstruction will be also discussed.

Bioprinting , Humans , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Urinary Tract
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(3): 296-308, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1020345


Una significativa cantidad de adultos jóvenes activos sufre lesiones condrales focales. Estas lesiones, si no se tratan, pueden progresar hacia la artrosis, que es una de las principales enfermedades musculoesqueléticas debilitantes y de gran carga económica que afectan a toda sociedad. Pese a los tratamientos quirúrgicos disponibles para la reparación de defectos condrales focales sintomáticos que mejoran la calidad de vida a mediano plazo, hay un mayor riesgo de progresión hacia la artrosis prematura. Los tratamientos biológicos (células madre, bioingeniería tisular) han avanzado a grandes pasos en los últimos años. La bioingeniería es un área que ha progresado en la regeneración de cartílago articular y que potencialmente podría progresar en el terreno de tratamientos articulares, promoviendo la regeneración y evitando la degeneración. Las células madre y los hidrogeles pueden proveer un tejido símil biológico de comportamiento dinámico-funcional equivalente que induce la regeneración tisular al ser degradado y reemplazado gradualmente. El abordaje consiste en colocar un hidrogel precursor o un biomaterial tridimensional impreso dentro del defecto condral por ocupar para inducir la regeneración. Esta revisión se focaliza en el uso actual y futuro de hidrogeles y bioimpresión tridimensional para la regeneración de cartílago articular en el tratamiento de lesiones condrales focales y proporciona datos preliminares de dos estudios piloto en animales. Nivel de Evidencia: V

A significant number of young active adults are affected by focal chondral lesions. These lesions, if left untreated, will progress to osteoarthritis (OA). OA is one of the main debilitating musculoskeletal diseases and leads to a high economic and social burden. Despite surgical cartilage repair for focal chondral lesions, which improve patient-reported outcomes at short- and mid-term, there is a risk of early OA progression. Biological treatments (i.e., stem-cell therapy, bioengineering) have made great progress in the last years. Tissue engineering is an evolving field for articular cartilage repair which could potentially be used for the treatment of focal chondral lesions, promoting regeneration and preventing joint surface degeneration. Stem cells and hydrogels may provide a functional, dynamic and biologically equivalent tissue that promotes tissue regeneration while being gradually degraded and replaced. The standard approach to tissue engineering consists in delivering cells within a hydrogel or a three-dimensional printed biomaterial scaffold into the chondral lesion to induce regeneration. This review focuses on the current and future use of hydrogels and tissue scaffold bioprinting for the treatment of focal chondral lesions, and provides preliminary data from two pilot animal studies. Level of Evidence: V

Humans , Regeneration , Cartilage, Articular/injuries , Cartilage, Articular/pathology , Hydrogel, Polyethylene Glycol Dimethacrylate/therapeutic use , Tissue Engineering , Polymerization , Bioprinting
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 109(8): 35-40, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1271227


Bioprinting advances have revolutionised drug discovery and are set to disrupt biomedical research and medical application through the development of reproducible, fine-tuned functional 3D tissues and, eventually, whole organs. This intersectional bottom-up approach of additive manufacturing requires collaboration between tissue engineers, materials chemists, software and electrical engineers and medical practitioners for the software, hardware and wetware required by this disruptive technology. This review provides a current overview of the state of the art of bioprinting and the biomaterials/bioinks required, as well as the challenges and prospects for medical application in South Africa

Adaptation, Physiological , Bioprinting , Clinical Trial , Health Services Accessibility , Medical Informatics Applications , South Africa
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764083


Cholangiopathies are rare diseases of the bile duct with high mortality rates. The current treatment for cholangiopathies is liver transplantation, but there are significant obstacles including a shortage of donors and a high risk of complications. Currently, there is only one available medicine on the market targeting cholangiopathies, and the results have been inadequate in clinical therapy. To overcome these obstacles, many researchers have used human induced pluripotent stem cells (hPSC) as a source for cholangiocyte-like cell generation and have incorporated advances in bioprinting to create artificial bile ducts for implantation and transplantation. This has allowed the field to move dramatically forward in studies of biliary regenerative medicine. In this review, the authors provide an overview of cholangiocytes, the organogenesis of the bile duct, cholangiopathies, and the current treatment and advances that have been made that are opening new doors to the study of cholangiopathies.

Bile Ducts , Bile , Bioprinting , Humans , Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells , Liver Transplantation , Mortality , Organogenesis , Rare Diseases , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Donors
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 226-235, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762242


The human quest to master the anatomy and physiology of living systems started as early as 1600 BC, with documents from the Greeks, Indians, and Romans presenting the earliest systematic studies and advances. Following the fall of the Roman Empire, the progress slowed until the Renaissance renewed scientific interest in anatomy and physiology, ushering in an era of spectacular advances. Alongside the discoveries of modern science, innovations in media such as printing, photography and color reproduction, improved the accuracy of communicating science. Techniques for noninvasively viewing the human body, such as magnetic resonance imaging, opened up new ways of exploring and understanding anatomy, physiology, and disease pathogenesis. Advances in three-dimensional (3D)-technologies, including computer graphics and animation are directly linked to many advances in medicine and surgery. Anatomy education has come a long way from papyrus leaf inscriptions to computerized 3D modeling, holographic representation, and virtual reality-based software. The future presents unlimited options for studying and understanding anatomy as Google glasses, bioprinting, virtual reality, and allied technologies transform the world into a classroom. This review summarizes the journey of mankind to master anatomy and physiology.

Bioprinting , Computer Graphics , Education , Eyeglasses , Glass , Human Body , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Photography , Physiology , Reproduction , Roman World
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 33(1): 115-118, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883647


Os princípios para uma rinoplastia bem-sucedida incluem consulta e planejamento pré-operatório e uma análise clínica abrangente que defina as metas da cirurgia. Mais recentemente, a digitalização e a impressão doméstica em 3 dimensões tornaram-se disponíveis. O objetivo deste estudo é descrever um método de digitalização em 3 dimensões e de impressão doméstica da anatomia real do paciente para ser usada como ajuda intraoperatória. Nós apresentamos uma forma de uso desta tecnologia no transoperatório, auxiliando o cirurgião a comparar os resultados obtidos após suas manobras, verificar a sua adesão ao plano cirúrgico previamente estabelecido e melhorar a sua tomada de decisão durante a cirurgia. Em conclusão, a aplicação da impressão doméstica em 3 dimensões demonstra um efeito positivo sobre o tratamento de alterações estéticas do nariz.

The principles for a successful rhinoplasty include preoperative consultation and planning, as well as a comprehensive clinical analysis and defining rhinoplasty goals. Three-dimensional domestic scanning and printing have recently become available. We sought to objectively describe this method as an intraoperative aid in patients' anatomy. This method can be used trans-operatively to help surgeons compare the results of his or her technique, check adherence to the surgical plan, and improve his or her surgical decision-making. We found that the application of 3-dimensional printing had a positive effect on the treatment of patients with aesthetic nose disorders.

Humans , History, 21st Century , Rhinoplasty , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Bioprinting , Inventions , Rhinoplasty/instrumentation , Rhinoplasty/methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/instrumentation , Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/instrumentation , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Bioprinting/instrumentation , Bioprinting/methods , Inventions/standards , Inventions/ethics
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718789


BACKGROUND: Bioprinting has recently appeared as a powerful tool for building complex tissue and organ structures. However, the application of bioprinting to regenerative medicine has limitations, due to the restricted choices of bio-ink for cytocompatible cell encapsulation and the integrity of the fabricated structures. METHODS: In this study, we developed hybrid bio-inks based on acrylated hyaluronic acid (HA) for immobilizing bioactive peptides and tyramine-conjugated hyaluronic acids for fast gelation. RESULTS: Conventional acrylated HA-based hydrogels have a gelation time of more than 30 min, whereas hybrid bioink has been rapidly gelated within 200 s. Fibroblast cells cultured in this hybrid bio-ink up to 7 days showed < 90% viability. As a guidance cue for stem cell differentiation, we immobilized four different bio-active peptides: BMP-7-derived peptides (BMP-7D) and osteopontin for osteogenesis, and substance-P (SP) and Ac-SDKP (SDKP) for angiogenesis. Mesenchymal stem cells cultured in these hybrid bio-inks showed the highest angiogenic and osteogenic activity cultured in bio-ink immobilized with a SP or BMP-7D peptide. This bio-ink was loaded in a three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting device showing reproducible printing features. CONCLUSION: We have developed bio-inks that combine biochemical and mechanical cues. Biochemical cues were able to regulate differentiation of cells, and mechanical cues enabled printing structuring. This multi-functional bio-ink can be used for complex tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

Bioprinting , Cues , Fibroblasts , Hyaluronic Acid , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Osteopontin , Peptides , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Tissue Engineering
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716083


The establishment of protocols to differentiate kidney organoids from human pluripotent stem cells provides potential applications of kidney organoids in regenerative medicine. Modeling of renal diseases, drug screening, nephrotoxicity testing of compounds, and regenerative therapy are attractive applications. Although much progress still remains to be made in the development of kidney organoids, recent advances in clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated system 9 (Cas9) genome editing and three-dimensional bioprinting technologies have contributed to the application of kidney organoids in clinical fields. In this section, we review recent advances in the applications of kidney organoids to kidney disease modelling, drug screening, nephrotoxicity testing, and regenerative therapy.

Bioprinting , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Genome , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Kidney , Organoids , Pluripotent Stem Cells , Regenerative Medicine , Transplantation
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741477


Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an additive manufacturing process by which precursor materials are deposited layer by layer to form complex 3D geometries from computer-aided designs, and bioprinting offers the ability to create 3D architecture living cells. Bioprinting methods have been developed rapidly pattern living cells, biological macromolecules, and biomaterials, and an advantage of the 3D microenviroment over traditional 2-dimensional cell culture is the ability to obtain more accurate and reliable data from model about tumor formation, progression, and response to anticancer therapies. This review focuses on recent advances in the use of biopriniting technologies for cancer research, bioprinting physiologically relevant testing platforms for anticancer drug development, and computational modeling for improvement bioprinting technique.

Biocompatible Materials , Bioprinting , Cell Culture Techniques , Computer-Aided Design
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717547


BACKGROUND: The tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approach require biomaterials which are biocompatible, easily reproducible in less time, biodegradable and should be able to generate complex three-dimensional (3D) structures to mimic the native tissue structures. Click chemistry offers the much-needed multifunctional hydrogel materials which are interesting biomaterials for the tissue engineering and bioprinting inks applications owing to their excellent ability to form hydrogels with printability instantly and to retain the live cells in their 3D network without losing the mechanical integrity even under swollen state. METHODS: In this review, we present the recent developments of in situ hydrogel in the field of click chemistry reported for the tissue engineering and 3D bioinks applications, by mainly covering the diverse types of click chemistry methods such as Diels–Alder reaction, strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition reactions, thiol-ene reactions, oxime reactions and other interrelated reactions, excluding enzyme-based reactions. RESULTS: The click chemistry-based hydrogels are formed spontaneously on mixing of reactive compounds and can encapsulate live cells with high viability for a long time. The recent works reported by combining the advantages of click chemistry and 3D bioprinting technology have shown to produce 3D tissue constructs with high resolution using biocompatible hydrogels as bioinks and in situ injectable forms. CONCLUSION: Interestingly, the emergence of click chemistry reactions in bioink synthesis for 3D bioprinting have shown the massive potential of these reaction methods in creating 3D tissue constructs. However, the limitations and challenges involved in the click chemistry reactions should be analyzed and bettered to be applied to tissue engineering and 3D bioinks. The future scope of these materials is promising, including their applications in in situ 3D bioprinting for tissue or organ regeneration.

Biocompatible Materials , Bioprinting , Click Chemistry , Cycloaddition Reaction , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , Ink , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Engineering
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(9): 1032-1039, Sept. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895527


A bioimpressão é considerada uma fonte promissora no desenvolvimento celular, e na produção de mini-órgãos, válulas, cartilagens que futuramente poderão ser utilizados na terapia para transplantes em animais e humanos. Assim, essa técnica poderá ser utilizada como uma terapia eletiva, no tratamento de injúrias e principalmente no tratamento de doenças crônico-degenerativas. Em humanos essa terapia está sendo pesquisada a fim de auxiliar a medicina no tratamento e regeneração de tecidos impressos a partir de arcabouços de células desenvolvidas a partir de células-tronco, biomateriais e impressões em 3D. O uso dessa tecnologia é também um auxiliar nas pesquisas oncológicas com o intuito de projetar e avaliar a proliferação celular de tumores, bem como a ação de novos medicamentos quimioterápicos. No entanto, a maior limitação para o uso da terapia utilizando-se a impressora de células, órgãos e tecidos em 3D é a falta de protocolos unificados com metodologias reprodutíveis e detalhadas; com o objetivo de viabilizar a utilização da impressora e a impressão de células, órgãos e tecidos em 3D. Dessa forma, esta revisão busca reunir as publicações mais atuais na área, as quais destacam os avanços no uso de bioimpressão com células-tronco, a fim de descrever as principais técnicas e os potenciais de utilização como alternativa terapêutica na medicina humana e veterinária.(AU)

The bioprinting is considered a promising source in cell development, and production of mini-organs, valves, cartilage that may eventually be used in therapy for transplantation in animals and humans. It can also be used as an elective therapy in the treatment of injuries and treatment of chronic degenerative diseases. In humans, this therapy is been studied mainly in the treatment and regeneration of tissues printed from scaffold cells developed from stem cells, biomaterials and impressions in 3D. This technology is also an aid for the study of the formation of tumors, in order to design and evaluate the cellular proliferation of the tumors and the action of new chemotherapy drugs. However, the main drawback to this therapy is the lack of standardized protocols with reproducible and detailed methodologies with the aim of enabling the use of bioprinting and printing cells, tissues and organs in 3D. Thus, this review seeks to bring together the most current publications of the bioprinting area in order to describe the technique and its potential use as a therapeutic alternative.(AU)

Humans , Animals , Stem Cells , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Bioprinting/veterinary , Printing, Three-Dimensional/trends
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90015


Cancer is the tissue complex consisted with heterogeneous cellular compositions, and microenvironmental cues. During the various stages of cancer initiation, development, and metastasis, cell–cell interactions as well as cell-extracellular matrix play major roles. Conventional cancer models both 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional (3D) present numerous limitations, which restrict their use as biomimetic models for drug screening and fundamental cancer biology studies. Recently, bioprinting biofabrication platform enables the creation of high-resolution 3D structures. Moreover this platform has been extensively used to model multiple organs and diseases, and this versatile technique has further found its creation of accurate models that figure out the complexity of the cancer microenvironment. In this review we will focus on cancer biology and limitations with current cancer models and we discuss vascular structures bioprinting that are critical to the construction of complex 3D cancer organoids. We finally conclude with current literature on bioprinting cancer models and propose future perspectives.

Biology , Biomimetics , Bioprinting , Cues , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Neoplasm Metastasis , Organoids , Tumor Microenvironment
Gut and Liver ; : 121-128, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85468


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic liver disease is a major widespread cause of death, and whole liver transplantation is the only definitive treatment for patients with end-stage liver diseases. However, many problems, including donor shortage, surgical complications and cost, hinder their usage. Recently, tissue-engineering technology provided a potential breakthrough for solving these problems. Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been used to mimic tissues and organs suitable for transplantation, but applications for the liver have been rare. METHODS: A 3D bioprinting system was used to construct 3D printed hepatic structures using alginate. HepG2 cells were cultured on these 3D structures for 3 weeks and examined by fluorescence microscopy, histology and immunohistochemistry. The expression of liver-specific markers was quantified on days 1, 7, 14, and 21. RESULTS: The cells grew well on the alginate scaffold, and liver-specific gene expression increased. The cells grew more extensively in 3D culture than two-dimensional culture and exhibited better structural aspects of the liver, indicating that the 3D bioprinting method recapitulates the liver architecture. CONCLUSIONS: The 3D bioprinting of hepatic structures appears feasible. This technology may become a major tool and provide a bridge between basic science and the clinical challenges for regenerative medicine of the liver.

Bioprinting , Cause of Death , Gene Expression , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver , Liver Diseases , Liver Transplantation , Methods , Microscopy, Fluorescence , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Regenerative Medicine , Tissue Donors