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1.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 31(2): 155-163, 31 de agosto 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284458

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los nódulos tiroideos se presentan entre el 4 al 8 % de la población, de los cuales hasta el 15% tienen etiología neoplásica. Las nódulos sospechosos de malignidad requieren la realización de punción, aspiración con aguja fina (PAAF) y la citología maligna reportada mediante sistema Bethesda tiene que ser corroborada con el estudio anatomopatólógico una vez realizada la excisión nodular. El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar la experiencia de un centro de referencia de pacientes con nódulos tiroideos. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, retrospectivo en el Servicio de Endocrinología del Hospital General del Norte de Guayaquil IESS CEIBOS, desde Junio 2017 a Julio 2019. El Universo estuvo compuesto por todos los casos con diagnóstico de nódulo tiroideo que requirieron PAAF. Se utiliza en sistema Bethesda para los reportes. Resultados: Fueron 349 casos de pacientes con nódulos tiroideos, mujeres (89%), edad entre 60 ­ 69 años (26%). 71 casos (21%) BETHESDA I; 220 casos (63%) BETHESDA II; 11 casos (3%) BETHESDA III; 15 casos (4%) BETHESDA IV; 15 casos (4%) BETHESDA V; y 17 casos (5%) BETHESDA VI. Malignidad de los nódulos tiroideos post en BETHESDA I 1%; de BETHESDA II 21%; BETHESDA III 56%, BETHESDA IV, 33%; BETHESDA V 71%; y BETHESDA VI 100%. Conclusión: La citología Benigna (Bethesda II) fue la más predominante, seguido de la Citología Insatisfactoria (Bethesda I) con un 21%.En la población estudiada el riesgo real de malignidad en los nódulos tiroideos que fueron intervenidos quirúrgicamente de las Categorías de diagnóstico citopa-tológicas BETHESDA II, IV, V y VI, confirmado por histopatología; fueron similares a lo esperado en-contrándose dentro del rango estimado por el Sistema Bethesda 2017. La categoría citopatológica Bethesda III (AUS/FLUS) presentó una tasa de malignidad más alta que el límite superior descrito por el Sistema Bethesda 2017, confirmando la necesidad de mayores estudios en este tipo de pacientes.


Introduction: Thyroid nodules occur between 4 to 8% of the population, of which up to 15% have neoplastic etiology. Nodules suspected of malignancy require puncture, fine needle aspiration (FNA) and the malignant cytology reported by the Bethesda system must be corroborated with the pathological study once the nodular excision has been performed. The objective of this study is to present the experience of a referral center for patients with thyroid nodules. Methodology: A descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study was carried out in the Endocriology Service of the General Hospital of the North of Guayaquil IESS CEIBOS, from June 2017 to July 2019. The Universe was made up of all the cases with a diagnosis of thyroid nodule that required PAAF. It is used in the Bethesda system for reports. Results: There were 349 cases of patients with thyroid nodules, women (89%), aged between 60 - 69 years (26%). 71 cases (21%) BETHESDA I; 220 cases (63%) BETHESDA II; 11 cases (3%) BETHESDA III; 15 cases (4%) BETHESDA IV; 15 cases (4%) BETHESDA V; and 17 cases (5%) BETHESDA VI. Post thyroid nodule malignancy in BETHESDA I 1%; of BETHESDA II 21%; BETHESDA III 56%, BETHESDA IV, 33%; BETHESDA V 71%; and BETHESDA VI 100%. Conclusion: Benign cytology (Bethesda II) was the most predominant, followed by Unsatisfactory Cytology (Bethesda I) with 21%. In the population studied, the real risk of malignancy in thyroid nod-ules that underwent surgery from the Diagnostic Categories cytopathological BETHESDA II, IV, V and VI, confirmed by histopathology; were similar to what was expected, and were within the range esti-mated by the 2017 Bethesda System. The Bethesda III cytopathological category (AUS / FLUS) pre-sented a higher malignancy rate than the upper limit described by the 2017 Bethesda System, con-firming the need for further studies in this type of patient.


Introdução: Os nódulos tireoidianos ocorrem em 4-8% da população, dos quais até 15% têm etiologia neoplásica. Os nódulos com suspeita de malignidade requerem punção, aspiração por agulha fina (FNA) e a citologia maligna relatada pelo sistema de Bethesda deve ser corroborada com o estudo patológico, uma vez que a excisão nodular tenha sido realizada. O objetivo deste estudo é apresentar a experiência de um centro de referência para pacientes com nódulos tireoidianos. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, transversal e retrospectivo no Serviço de Endocrinologia do Hospital Geral do Norte de Guayaquil IESS CEIBOS, de junho de 2017 a julho de 2019. O Universo foi composto por todos os casos com diagnóstico de nódulo tireoidiano que exigia FNA. É usado no sistema Bethesda para relatórios. Resultados: Houve 349 casos de pacientes com nódulos tireoidianos, mulheres (89%), com idades entre 60-69 anos (26%). 71 casos (21%) BETHESDA I; 220 casos (63%) BETHESDA II; 11 casos (3%) BETHESDA III; 15 casos (4%) BETHESDA IV; 15 casos (4%) BETHESDA V; e 17 casos (5%) BETHESDA VI. Malignidade pós-nódulo tireoidiano em BETHESDA I 1%; de BETHESDA II 21%; BETHESDA III 56%, BETHESDA IV, 33%; BETHESDA V 71%; e BETHESDA VI 100%. Conclusão: A citologia benigna (Bethesda II) foi a mais predominante, seguida da Citologia Insatisfatória (Bethesda I) com 21%. Na população estudada, o risco real de malignidade em nódulos de tireoide operados das Categorias de Diagnóstico Citopático tológico BETHESDA II, IV, V e VI, confirmados por histopatologia; foram semelhantes ao esperado, e estiveram dentro da faixa estimada pelo Sistema Bethesda 2017. A categoria citopatológica Bethesda III (AUS / FLUS) apresentou uma taxa de malignidade superior ao limite superior descrito pelo Sistema Bethesda 2017, confirmando a necessidade de mais estudos nesse tipo de paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Needle , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(3): 204-214, Diciembre 30, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145722

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La citología de nódulos tiroideos es una técnica que, evita procedimientos quirúrgicos innecesarios por lo que se lo ha determinado como primera línea dentro del algoritmo de diagnóstico, el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la sensibilidad y la especificidad de la citología y biopsia por congelación frente al estudio histopatológico en el diagnóstico de nódulos tiroideos en pacientes atendidos en Solca desde el año 2009 -2017. Métodos: Es un estudio de tipo observacional, retrospectivo y de correlación diagnóstica; los datos fueron obtenidos de las historias clínicas de pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por nódulos tiroideos con biopsia por congelación, a quienes se les realizó previamente un estudio citológico en el Departamento de patología de SOLCA de la ciudad de Cuenca, Ecuador. El cálculo del tamaño de la muestra fue de 324 casos. Resultados:324 casos fueron incluidos. El 8.3% correspondió a hombres y el 91.7% a mujeres. La media de la edad fue 51.8 años; la gran mayoría provenían de la provincia Azuay con el 64.8%. En los estudios citológicos el 34.6% (112 casos)corresponden a lesiones inflamatorias benignas; el 11.1% [36 casos]a patologías malignas y 14.2% (46 casos)fueron insatisfactorios. En la biopsia por congelación el mayor porcentaje estuvo concentrado en enfermedades benignas con un 62.6% y 35.5% a lesiones malignas. Hubo 6 casos con el 1.9% en donde fue diferido el criterio diagnóstico. En el histopatológico definitivo el 60.2% (195 casos)fueron patologías benignas y el 39.8% (129 casos)fueron lesiones malignas. La sensibilidad de la PAAF frente a histopatológico es alta con un 91.79%, pero la especificidad es baja con un 51.94%. La sensibilidad y la especificidad de la biopsia por congelación frente a histopatológico es alta con un 98.97% y 90.70% respectivamente lo que le confiere una metodología óptima. Conclusiones: La PAAF de tiroides demuestra ser una metodología útil en el diagnóstico de nódulos, siempre y cuando sea realizada y observada por personal capacitado. La biopsia por congelación constituye una técnica con alta sensibilidad y especificidad que nos permite discriminar lesiones benignas de las malignas. Palabras claves: Nódulo tiroideo, Biopsia con Aguja, Servicio de Patología en Hospital, Oncología Médica, Agencias Voluntarias de Salud, Biología Celular, Biopsia con Aguja Fina


Introduction:Cytology of thyroid nodules is a technique that avoids unnecessary surgical procedures and has therefore been determined as the first line within the diagnostic algorithm.General Objective:To determine the sensitivity and specificity of cytology and freezing biopsy versus histopathological study in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules in patients treated in Solca since 2009 -2017. Methods:This is an observational, retrospective and diagnostic correlation study; the data were obtained from the clinical histories of patients surgically treated by thyroid nodules with freeze biopsy, who underwent a cytological study in the Department of pathology of the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. The calculation of the sample size was 324 cases. Results:8.3% corresponded to men and 91.7% to women. The mean age was 51.8 years; The vast majority came from the province of Azuay with 64.8%. In cytological studies, 34.6% [112 cases]correspond to benign inflammatory lesions; 11.1% [36 cases]to malignant pathologies and 14.2% [46 cases]were unsatisfactory. In the freeze biopsy the greater percentage was concentrated in benign diseases with 62.6% and 35.5% to malignant lesions. There were 6 cases with 1.9% where the diagnostic criterion was deferred. In the definitive histopathological, 60.2% [195 cases]were benign pathologies and 39.8% [129 cases]were malignant lesions. The sensitivity of FNAB to histopathological is high with 91.79%, but the specificity is low with 51.94%. The sensitivity and specificity of freezing versus histopathological biopsy is high with 98.97% and 90.70% respectively, which gives it an optimal methodology. Conclusions: Thyroid PAAF proves to be a useful methodology in the diagnosis of nodules, as long as it is performed and observed by trained personnel. Freezing biopsy is a technique with high sensitivity and specificity that allows us to discriminate benign from malignant lesions. Key words:Thyroid Nodule; Biopsy, Needle;Pathology Department, Hospital; Medical Oncology; Voluntary Health Agencies; Cell Biology; Biopsy, Fine-Needle


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology Department, Hospital , Biopsy, Needle , Thyroid Nodule , Voluntary Health Agencies , Cell Biology , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Medical Oncology
3.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(1): 60-66, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056357

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To investigate the characteristics of cases of NIH category I acute prostatitis developed after transrectal prostate biopsy and clarifiy the risk factors and preventive factors. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 3.479 cases of transrectal ultrasound-guided needle biopsies performed with different prophylactic antibiotherapy regimens at two different institutions between January 2011 and February 2016. The patients of Group I have received ciprofl oxacin (n=1.523, 500mg twice daily) and the patients of Group II have received ciprofl oxacin plus ornidazole (n=1.956, 500mg twice daily) and cleansing enema combination as prophylactic antibiotherapy. The incidence, clinical features and other related microbiological and clinical data, were evaluated. Results: Mean age was 62.38±7.30 (47-75), and the mean prostate volume was 43.17±15.20 (21-100) mL. Of the 3.479 patients, 39 (1.1%) developed acute prostatitis after the prostate biopsy procedure. Of the 39 cases of acute prostatitis, 28/3.042 occurred after the first biopsy and 11/437 occurred after repeat biopsy (p=0.038). In Group I, 22 of 1.523 (1.4%) patients developed acute prostatitis. In Group II, 17 of 1.959 (0.8%) patients developed acute prostatitis. There was no statistical difference between the two groups according to acute prostatitis rates (X2=2.56, P=0.11). Further, hypertension or DM were not related to the development of acute prostatitis (P=0.76, X2=0.096 and P=0.83, X2=0.046, respectively). Conclusions: Repeat biopsy seems to increase the risk of acute prostatitis, while the use of antibiotics effective for anaerobic pathogens seems not to be essential yet.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Ornidazole/administration & dosage , Prostatitis/etiology , Biopsy, Needle/adverse effects , Ciprofloxacin/administration & dosage , Antibiotic Prophylaxis/methods , Enema/methods , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Prostate/pathology , Prostatitis/prevention & control , Time Factors , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Drug Combinations , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 97-103, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096796

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores ano-rectales del musculo liso son raros, la relación respecto de los de recto es de 0.1%, presentándose con un rango entre 40-70 años. El objetivo es analizar una serie de pacientes, el tratamiento empleado y actualización bibliográfica. Material y Método: Sobre una base de datos retrospectiva entre enero de 1983 y diciembre de 2018, sobre 421 pacientes operados por cáncer recto-anal, fueron extraídos 6 que correspondieron a tumores del musculo liso. Resultados: Correspondieron al sexo femenino 4, con edades entre 49 y 75 años (57.5 años); 4 de localización rectal, de ellos 3 fueron leiomiosarcoma, y 2 anales (leiomioma). En 2 se obtuvo diagnostico preoperatorio de certeza por punción mediante Tru-Cut. De 3 pacientes con leiomiosarcoma, a 2 se les realizo cirugía radical y al restante biopsia. Los 2 resecados recidivaron a los 6 meses y al año. Los 3 fallecieron entre los 2 y 16 meses por progresión de la enfermedad. La paciente con diagnóstico de leiomioma rectal, operada mediante cirugía radical, se encuentra sin recidiva a 18 meses. Los 2 pacientes resecados localmente por leiomioma de ano, presentaron en el postoperatorio absceso y fistula extraesfinteriana, uno de ellos con incontinencia severa. Ambos fueron re-operados y se encuentran asintomáticos, libres de recidiva a los 36 y 60 meses. Discusión: Los tumores del músculo liso ano-rectal son infrecuentes y presentan síntomas inespecíficos. La biopsia preoperatoria es imperiosa a fin de establecer una adecuada estrategia quirúrgica. Los malignos tienen alto índice de recidiva y mortalidad. (AU)


Introduction: Smooth muscle ano-rectal tumors are rare; the relation with respect to the rectum is 0.1%, in a patient's age range between 40-70 years. The objective is the analysis of a series of patients, the treatment used and bibliographic update. Material and method: On a retrospective, database between January 1983 and December 2018. About 421 patients operated for rectum-anal cancer, of which 6 corresponded to smooth muscle tumors. Results: Four were female, with ages between 49 and 75 years (57.5 years average); 4 were of rectal location, of which 3 were leiomyosarcoma, and 2 anal (leiomyoma). In two, a preoperative diagnosis of certainty was obtained by Tru-Cut. Two out of 3 patients with leiomyosarcoma, underwent radical surgery and the remaining one a biopsy. The two resected relapsed at 6 months and at one year. All 3 died between 2 and 16 months due to disease progression. The patient diagnosed with rectal leiomyoma, operated by radical surgery, is without recurrence at 18 months. The 2 patients resected locally for anus leiomyoma showed abscess and extrasphincteric fistula in the postoperative period, one of them with severe incontinence. Both were re-operated and are asymptomatic, free of recurrence at 36 and 60 months. Discussion: Ano-rectal smooth muscle tumors are uncommon and have nonspecific symptoms. Preoperative biopsy is imperative in order to establish an appropriate surgical strategy. Malignant tumors have a high rate of recurrence and mortality. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Anal Canal/pathology , Rectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Rectal Neoplasms/pathology , Rectum/pathology , Biopsy, Needle , Leiomyosarcoma/diagnosis , Leiomyosarcoma/pathology , Postoperative Care , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Diagnostic Imaging , Immunohistochemistry , Retrospective Studies , Proctoscopy/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Leiomyosarcoma/surgery
5.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 80-86, 2019/12/27. ilus., graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099682

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Desde la aparición del ultrasonido endoscópico, el campo de la gastroenterología y de manera principal, la endoscopia ha evolucionado, permite la realización de múltiples procedimientos, tanto diagnósticos como terapéuticos, con mínimas complicaciones con baja mortalidad. OBJETIVO. Determinar las caracte-rísticas de las lesiones subepiteliales en el tracto digestivo superior, mediante ul-trasonido endoscópico, sus opciones de diagnóstico y tratamiento. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio retrospectivo, de revisión bibliográfica y análisis sistemático de 95 artículos científicos y selección de muestra de 40 encontradas en las bases de datos Medline y PubMed y cuyas fechas de publicación corresponden a los últimos 10 años; el criterio de búsqueda empleado consistió en términos sobre el diagnósti-co y tratamiento de lesiones subepiteliales, mediante ultrasonido endoscópico. RE-SULTADOS. Se evidenció que las lesiones mayores de 1cm, tuvieron alto riesgo de malignización, la cuarta capa fue el sitio más frecuente de localización de este tipo de lesiones. La histopatología fue el método complementario confirmatorio. CON-CLUSIÓN. El ultrasonido endoscópico fue el método de elección para caracterizar y evaluar las lesiones subepiteliales, sean estas sintomáticas o incidentales, el acceso al mismo fue limitado.


INTRODUCTION. Since the appearance of endoscopic ultrasound, the field of gas-troenterology and, in a main way, endoscopy has evolved, allowing the performance of multiple procedures, both diagnostic and therapeutic, with minimal complications with low mortality. OBJECTIVE. To determine the characteristics of subepithelial le-sions in the upper digestive tract, using endoscopic ultrasound, its diagnostic and treatment options. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective, literature review and systematic analysis of 95 scientific articles and sample selection of 40 found in the Medline and PubMed databases and whose publication dates correspond to the last 10 years; The search criteria used consisted of terms on the diagnosis and treatment of subepithelial lesions, by endoscopic ultrasound. RESULTS. It was shown that le-sions larger than 1 cm, had a high risk of malignancy, the fourth layer was the most frequent site of location of this type of lesions. Histopathology was the complemen-tary confirmatory method. CONCLUSION. Endoscopic ultrasound was the method of choice to characterize and evaluate subepithelial lesions, whether symptomatic or incidental, access to it was limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Therapeutics , Ultrasonics , Biopsy, Needle , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gastrointestinal Tract , Intestinal Mucosa , MEDLARS , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System , Endoscopy , Gastroenterology
6.
Rev. med. Rosario ; 85(2): 55-63, mayo-ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053147

ABSTRACT

Cuando un nódulo tiroideo muestra características ecográficas sospechosas de malignidad (informada con clasificación T-RADS) casi no se discute que debe completarse el diagnóstico con una punción aspirativa con aguja fina (PAAF) (informada con sistema Bethesda). Pero cuando la ecografía sólo muestra características consideradas de benignidad, la indicación de PAAF es cuestionable y debe ser justificada. ¿Podrá la clasificación T-RADS determinar eficientemente cuáles nódulos tiroideos requieren una PAAF y cuáles no? Esta decisión está vinculada a determinar si un paciente deberá ser sometido o no a una cirugía tiroidea. Objetivo: Analizar la capacidad de la clasificación T-RADS, con y sin el agregado de sistema Bethesda para optimizar el diagnóstico de patología tiroidea. Material y métodos: se incluyeron 139 nódulos que requirieron cirugía, previamente evaluados con ecografía y con PAAF. Fueron realizadas por un mismo operador las ecografías (SMB), las punciones (OBM) y las cirugías (JLN). Se homogeneizaron las definiciones: T-RADS II-III-IVa y Bethesda II-III: Baja sospecha de malignidad; T-RADS IVb-V-VI y Bethesda IV-V-VI: Alta sospecha de malignidad. Conslusiones: se comprobó que cuando las características ecográficas de un nódulo tienen baja sospecha de malignidad (T-RADS II-III-IVa), indicar una PAAF no aporta al diagnóstico en forma estadísticamente significativa. Cuando la ecografía indica alta sospecha de malignidad (T-RADS IVb-V-VI), la realización de una PAAF incrementa significativamente la certidumbre del diagnóstico (AU)


When a thyroid nodule shows ultrasonographic characteristics of malignancy suspicion (informed with T-RADS classification), almost nobody discusses to complete diagnosis with a fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) (informed with Bethesda system). But when ultrasonography only shows characteristics compatible with benignity, a FNAB indication is questionable and that must be justified. Could T-RADS classification efficiently identify which nodule requires a FNAB and which does not? That decision will linked to which patients should be undergo a thyroid surgery. Objective: to analyze T-RADS capability with and without Bethesda system to optimize the diagnosis of thyroid pathology. Material and methods: a total of 139 nodules which required surgery were included. They were previously evaluated with ultrasonography and FNAB. A same operator classified the T-RADS (SMB), the Bethesda system (OMB) and performed the surgeries (JLN). For this work, definitions were homogenized as follows: T-RADS II-III-IVa and Bethesda II-III: Low suspicion of malignancy; T-RADS IVb-V-VI and Bethesda IV-V-VI: High suspicion of malignancy. Conclusions: the evidence suggested that when a thyroid nodule shows low suspicion of malignancy by ultrasonography (T-RADS II-III-IVa), the indication of a FNAB did not add statistically significant diagnostic benefit. When a thyroid nodule shows high suspicion of malignancy (T-RADS IVb-V-VI), a FNAB added significant diagnostic accuracy (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler/methods , Thyroid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy, Needle , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Diagnostic Imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 419-427, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This large study with a long-term follow-up aimed to evaluate the clinical presentation, laboratory findings, histological profile, treatments, and outcomes of children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. Methods: The medical records of 828 children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis were reviewed. A questionnaire was used to collect anonymous data on clinical presentation, biochemical and histological findings, and treatments. Results: Of all patients, 89.6% had autoimmune hepatitis-1 and 10.4% had autoimmune hepatitis-2. The female sex was predominant in both groups. The median age at symptom onset was 111.5 (6; 210) and 53.5 (8; 165) months in the patients with autoimmune hepatitis 1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. Acute clinical onset was observed in 56.1% and 58.8% and insidious symptoms in 43.9% and 41.2% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively. The risk of hepatic failure was 1.6-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. Fulminant hepatic failure occurred in 3.6% and 10.6% of the patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 and autoimmune hepatitis-2, respectively; the risk was 3.1-fold higher for autoimmune hepatitis-2. The gamma globulin and immunoglobulin G levels were significantly higher in autoimmune hepatitis-1, while the immunoglobulin A and C3 levels were lower in autoimmune hepatitis-2. Cirrhosis was observed in 22.4% of the patients; biochemical remission was achieved in 76.2%. The actuarial survival rate was 93.0%. A total of 4.6% underwent liver transplantation, and 6.9% died (autoimmune hepatitis-1: 7.5%; autoimmune hepatitis-2: 2.4%). Conclusions: In this large clinical series of Brazilian children and adolescents, autoimmune hepatitis-1 was more frequent, and patients with autoimmune hepatitis-2 exhibited higher disease remission rates with earlier response to treatment. Patients with autoimmune hepatitis-1 had a higher risk of death.


Resumo Objetivo: Este estudo com acompanhamento de longo prazo visou a avaliar o quadro clínico, os achados laboratoriais, o perfil histológico, os tratamentos e os resultados de crianças e adolescentes com hepatite autoimune. Métodos: Foram analisados os prontuários médicos de 828 crianças e adolescentes com HAI. Foi usado um questionário para coletar os dados anônimos sobre o quadro clínico, os achados bioquímicos e histológicos e os tratamentos. Resultados: De todos os pacientes, 89,6% tinham hepatite autoimune-1 e 10,4% hepatite autoimune-2. O sexo feminino foi predominante nos dois grupos. A idade média no início dos sintomas foi 111,5 (6; 210) e 53,5 (8; 165) meses nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. Foi observado início clínico agudo em 56,1% e 58,8% e sintomas insidiosos em 43,9% e 41,2% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente. A probabilidade de insuficiência hepática foi 1,6 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2; 3,6% e 10,6% dos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 e hepatite autoimune-2, respectivamente, apresentaram insuficiência hepática fulminante; o risco foi 3,1 vezes maior para hepatite autoimune-2. Os níveis de gamaglobulina e imunoglobulina G foram significativamente maiores nos pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1, ao passo que os níveis de imunoglobulina A e C3 foram menores em pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2; 22,4% dos pacientes apresentaram cirrose e a remissão bioquímica foi atingida em 76,2%. A taxa de sobrevida atuarial foi de 93,0%. Um total de 4,6% pacientes foram submetidos a transplante de fígado e 6,9% morreram (hepatite autoimune-1: 7,5%; hepatite autoimune-2: 2,4%). Conclusões: Nesta grande série clínica de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros, a hepatite autoimune-1 foi mais frequente e os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-2 mostraram maiores taxas de remissão da doença com respostas mais rápidas aos tratamentos. Os pacientes com hepatite autoimune-1 apresentaram maior risco de óbito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Azathioprine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/pathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies/analysis , Biopsy, Needle , Brazil , Immunoglobulins/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Survival Analysis , Antibodies, Antinuclear/blood , Retrospective Studies , Immunosuppression , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/immunology , Hepatitis, Autoimmune/drug therapy , Liver/pathology
8.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 23(2): 68-72, abr.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042755

ABSTRACT

Abstract Evidence of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in extrathoracic malignancy is limited but emergent. The technique plays a vital role in the diagnosis of mediastinal lesions, staging, and restaging of lung cancer. Its usefulness for the evaluation and molecular classification of progressive breast cancer is described in 7 patients. Stations 7, 11L, and 11R were punctured. Cellblocks, immunohistochemistry and digital analysis were developed in 100% of the cases for molecular classification. This procedure requires multidisciplinary evaluation, image analysis, and evaluation of the general condition of the patient, as well as the risks and benefits. Additionally, it is essential teamwork with a pathology group that performs the rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE), in order to ensure the quality of the samples and molecular characterization.


Resumen Evidencia de la aspiración transbronquial con aguja guiada por ultrasonido endobronquial en malignidad extratorácica es limitada pero emergente. Esta técnica desempeña un papel vital en el diagnóstico de lesiones mediastinales, estadificación y reestadificación del cáncer pulmonar. Se describe su utilidad para la evaluación y la clasificación molecular del cáncer de mama en progresión de siete pacientes. Se puncionaron las estaciones (ganglionares) 7, 11L y 11R. Se desarrollaron bloques celulares, inmunohistoquímica y análisis digital en el 100% de los casos para clasificación molecular. Este procedimiento requiere una evaluación multidisciplinaria, análisis de imágenes y la evaluación del estado general de la paciente, lo mismo que los riesgos y los beneficios. Adicionalmente, es esencial el trabajo conjunto con un grupo de patología que realice la evaluación rápida en sala (ROSE), para así asegurar la calidad de las muestras y la caracterización molecular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Biopsy, Needle , Lung Neoplasms
9.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088690

ABSTRACT

Introducción y Objetivo: La utilidad de la citología por punción aspiración con aguja fina en la valoración de tumores parotídeos es controvertida, ya que existe gran variabilidad en cuanto a la sensibilidad y especificidad en las distintas series publicadas. Nuestro objetivo es evaluar la utilidad de la punción aspiración con aguja fina (PAAF) de los tumores de glándula parótida en nuestro medio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional con una muestra de 77 pacientes con tumores de glándula parótida, en el periodo 2000-2017 en dos centros hospitalarios de Montevideo, Uruguay, que fueron sometidos a punción aspiración con aguja fina preoperatoria y que posteriormente se correlacionó con el estudio anatomopatológico definitivo. Resultados: La edad media fue de 54 años con un rango comprendido entre los 14 y 87 años. El 56,8% eran mujeres y el 44,2% hombres. La sensibilidad de la punción aspiración con aguja fina para el diagnóstico de malignidad fue del 30% y la especificidad fue del 98,46%, con un valor predictivo positivo del 75% y un valor predictivo negativo del 90,14%. Conclusiones: La punción aspiración con aguja fina es un método diagnóstico muy útil a la hora de estudiar un tumor de glándula parótida, sobre todo por su valor predictivo negativo, lo que permite afirmar con alta probabilidad la benignidad del proceso.


Introduction and objectives: the usage of fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of parotid gland tumors is controversial, since there is great variability in terms of sensitivity and specificity in different series published. Our objective is to evaluate the usage of fine needle aspiration cytology in the study of parotid gland tumors in our population. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted using a sample of 77 patients with parotid gland tumors between 2000-2017 in two hospital centers in Montevideo, Uruguay, who underwent preoperative diagnostic fine needle aspiration cytology and subsequently were treated with surgery and anatomopathological study. Results: The mean age was 54 years old, with interval between 14-87 years of age. 56.8% were female. The sensitivity of the fine needle aspiration cytology for the diagnosis of malignancy was 30%, and the specificity was 98.46% with a positive predictive value of 75% and a negative predictive value of 90.14% Conclusions: fine needle aspiration cytology is a very useful diagnostic method in the evaluation of parotid gland tumors, mainly due to its high negative predictive value.


Introdução e objetivo: a utilidade da citologia por punção com aspiração com agulha fina na avaliação de tumores parotídeos é controversa, ja que existe uma grande variabilidade em termos de sensibilidade e especificidade nas diferentes séries publicadas. Nosso objetivo é avaliar a utilidade da punção de aspiração de agulha fina de tumores da glândula parótida em nosso meio. Métodos: realizou-se estudo retrospectivo e observacional com uma amostra de 77 pacientes com tumores da glândula parótida, no período 2000-2017 em dois hospitais em Montevidéu, Uruguai, que foram sobmetidos a punção de aspiração com agulha fina pré-operatória e posteriormente correlacionou-se com o estudo anatomopatológico definitivo. Resultados: A idade média foi de 54 anos, numa faixa entre 14 e 87 anos. 56,8% eram mulheres e 44,2% eram homens. A sensibilidade da punção de aspiração com agulha fina para o diagnóstico de malignidade foi de 30% ea especificidade foi de 98,46%, com um valor preditivo positivo de 75% e um valor preditivo negativo de 90,14%. Conclusões: A punção de aspiração com agulha fina é um método de diagnóstico muito útil na hora de estudar um tumor da glândula parótida, principalmente seu valor preditivo negativo, o que permite afirmar a benignidade do processo com alta probabilidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parotid Gland/pathology , Biopsy, Needle/statistics & numerical data , Parotid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Surgical Clearance
10.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 35(1): 47-51, Ene-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1120706

ABSTRACT

El nódulo mamario constituye uno de los principales motivos de consulta médica en la población femenina. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal cuyo objetivo fue comparar los resultados citológicos por punción aspiración con aguja fina versus biopsia definitiva de nódulo sólido mamario imagenológicamente benigno en 31 pacientes que asistieron al Servicio de Cirugía Ambulatoria del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda y a un centro privado. La mayor prevalencia de nódulos se observó en el grupo etario de 21 a 30 años (35,48%), siendo el 66,67% ecográficamente BIRADS 3; por hallazgos mamográficos sólo se reportó BIRADS 3 y BIRADS 4a en 11,11% de los casos, respectivamente. Los resultados citológicos de la PAAF demuestran que el fibroadenoma fue la más frecuente de las lesiones benignas (69,44%) mientras que los resultados histopatológicos evidencian un 88,88% de casos de fibroadenoma y 5,56% de casos de condición fibroquística y tumor phyllodes benigno, respectivamente. Hubo una concordancia de 100% entre los resultados citológicos obtenidos por PAAF y los resultados histológicos obtenidos por biopsia(AU)


Breast nodules are one of the most common causes of medical consultation in women. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in order to compare cytological findings by fine needle aspiration versus definitive biopsy in apparently benign solid breast nodules in 31 patients who attended the Servicio de Cirugía Ambulatoria of the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio Maria Pineda and a private clinic. The highest nodule prevalence was observed in the 21-30 years old group (35.48%) being sonographically BIRADS 3 in 66.67% of cases; by mammography, BIRADS 3 and BIRADS 4a was only present in 11.11% of cases, respectively. The most common lesion by fine needle aspiration was fibroadenoma (69.44%). The most common lesion by biopsy was fibroadenoma (88.88%) and fibrocystic condition and benign phyllodes tumor in 5.56% of cases, respectively. There was a 100% agreement between cytological findings obtained by fine needle aspiration and histological results obtained by biopsy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Biopsy, Needle , Mammography , Breast Cyst/physiopathology , Breast Diseases , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787170

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of simultaneous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver. A 64-year-old woman presented to the Seoul Paik Hospital with epigastric discomfort and constipation that she had experienced for two months. A physical examination revealed severe tenderness around the thoraco-lumbar junction. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulceroinfiltrative lesion on the gastric angle. An abdominopelvic CT scan revealed two low attenuated lesions in the S4 and S8 regions of the liver, as well as a soft tissue mass at the T10 vertebra. Percutaneous ultrasonography-guided needle biopsy of the hepatic nodules revealed a leiomyosarcoma. The tumor at the T10 vertebra was removed to avoid spinal cord compression. The histology of this tumor was compatible with that of leiomyosarcoma. The potential primary sites for leiomyosarcoma, including the lung, thyroid, breast, kidney, genitourinary organs, and gastrointestinal tract, were subsequently investigated. No detectable abnormal findings that would suggest the origin of the tumor were found. Synchronous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver are quite rare and have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Bone and Bones , Breast , Constipation , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Kidney , Leiomyosarcoma , Liver , Lung , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Physical Examination , Prognosis , Seoul , Spinal Cord Compression , Spine , Thyroid Gland , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 228-233, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775521

ABSTRACT

Skull base surgery is an interdisciplinary subject. The anatomical structures in the skull base related to oral and maxillofacial surgery include parapharyngeal space, pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal space. This operative area is one of the most challenging surgical areas in oral and maxillofacial surgery due to its deep site, complex anatomy and high risk. For skull base lesions, whether for preoperative biopsy or surgical treatment, there is a greater degree of difficulty and risk. Obtaining pathological information of the tumor preoperatively may help the surgeons optimize their treatment plan. Needle biopsy is one of the major minimally invasive ways to obtain the preoperative pathological results. The navigation technology, which is developing rapidly nowadays, provides a reliable assistance for deep tissue biopsy surgery. Experts from the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chinese Stomatological Association formulated an expert consensus on processes and operation of navigation-guided needle biopsy techniques for skull base tumors, so as to standardize and promote the application and operation of navigation-guided needle biopsy for skull base tumors.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Methods , Consensus , Endoscopy , Humans , Skull Base , Skull Base Neoplasms , Diagnosis
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1515-1526, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760258

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictive factors for a non-diagnostic result and the final diagnosis of pulmonary lesions with an initial non-diagnostic result on CT-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsies performed over a 4-year period were retrospectively reviewed. The initial pathological results were classified into three categories—malignant, benign, and non-diagnostic. A non-diagnostic result was defined when no malignant cells were seen and a specific benign diagnosis could not be made. The demographic data of patients, lesions' characteristics, technique, complications, initial pathological results, and final diagnosis were reviewed. Statistical analysis was performed using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 894 biopsies in 861 patients (male:female, 398:463; mean age 67, range 18–92 years), 690 (77.2%) were positive for malignancy, 55 (6.2%) were specific benign, and 149 (16.7%) were non-diagnostic. Of the 149 non-diagnostic biopsies, excluding 27 cases in which the final diagnosis could not be confirmed, 36% revealed malignant lesions and 64% revealed benign lesions. Predictive factors for a non-diagnostic biopsy included the size ≤ 15 mm, needle tract traversing emphysematous lung parenchyma, introducer needle outside the lesion, procedure time > 60 minutes, and presence of alveolar hemorrhage. Non-diagnostic biopsies with a history of malignancy or atypical cells on pathology were more likely to be malignant (p = 0.043 and p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The predictive factors for a non-diagnostic biopsy were lesion size ≤ 15 mm, needle tract traversing emphysema, introducer needle outside the lesion, procedure time > 60 minutes, and presence of alveolar hemorrhage. Thirty-six percent of the non-diagnostic biopsies yielded a malignant diagnosis. In cases with a history of malignancy or the presence of atypical cells in the biopsy sample, a repeat biopsy or surgical intervention should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Diagnosis , Emphysema , Hemorrhage , Humans , Logistic Models , Lung , Needles , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766828

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of pituitary apoplexy presenting as isolated bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy. CASE SUMMARY: A 46-year-old male presented with bilateral ptosis and acute severe headaches for 6 days. He underwent head surgery and bilateral vitrectomy 12 years prior to his visit because of ocular and head trauma. He mentioned that previous visual acuities in both eyes were not good. The initial corrected visual acuity was finger counting in the right eye and 20/500 in the left eye. Ocular motility testing revealed the limitation of adduction, supraduction, and infraduction with complete bilateral ptosis in both eyes, and his left pupil was dilated. He was diagnosed with an isolated bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy. Magnetic resonance imaging indicated pituitary gland hemorrhage with a tumor, which was suspicious of pituitary apoplexy. The patient was treated intravenous with 1.0 g methylprednisolone to prevent the corticotropic deficiency. In addition, he underwent surgical decompression using a navigation-guided transsphenoidal approach and aspiration biopsy. He was confirmed with pituitary adenoma using a pathological examination. The patient's ocular movements began to dramatically improve by the third day postoperatively. At 4 months postoperative follow-up, his ocular movement and double vision were completely recovered. CONCLUSIONS: This was a rare case of pituitary apoplexy with bilateral isolated oculomotor nerve palsy, which was the first report in the Republic of Korea. A full recovery was achieved after early surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Cranial Nerve Diseases , Craniocerebral Trauma , Decompression, Surgical , Diplopia , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Headache , Hemorrhage , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methylprednisolone , Middle Aged , Oculomotor Nerve Diseases , Oculomotor Nerve , Pituitary Apoplexy , Pituitary Gland , Pituitary Neoplasms , Pupil , Republic of Korea , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741448

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the learning curve for C-arm cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) virtual navigation-guided percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy (PTNB) and to determine the amount of experience needed to develop appropriate skills for this procedure using cumulative summation (CUSUM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2042 CBCT virtual navigation-guided PTNBs performed by 7 novice operators between March 2011 and December 2014. Learning curves for CBCT virtual navigation-guided PTNB with respect to its diagnostic performance and the occurrence of biopsy-related pneumothorax were analyzed using standard and risk-adjusted CUSUM (RA-CUSUM). Acceptable failure rates were determined as 0.06 for diagnostic failure and 0.25 for PTNB-related pneumothorax. RESULTS: Standard CUSUM indicated that 6 of the 7 operators achieved an acceptable diagnostic failure rate after a median of 105 PTNB procedures (95% confidence interval [CI], 14–240), and 6 of the operators achieved acceptable pneumothorax occurrence rate after a median of 79 PTNB procedures (95% CI, 27–155). RA-CUSUM showed that 93 (95% CI, 39–142) and 80 (95% CI, 38–127) PTNB procedures were required to achieve acceptable diagnostic performance and pneumothorax occurrence, respectively. CONCLUSION: The novice operators' skills in performing CBCT virtual navigation-guided PTNBs improved with increasing experience over a wide range of learning periods.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Learning Curve , Learning , Lung , Needles , Pneumothorax , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications of percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy using CT-based imaging modalities for needle guidance in comparison with fluoroscopy in a large retrospective cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by multiple Institutional Review Boards and the requirement for informed consent was waived. We retrospectively included 10568 biopsies from eight referral hospitals from 2010 through 2014. In univariate and multivariate logistic analyses, 3 CT-based guidance modalities (CT, CT fluoroscopy, and cone-beam CT) were compared with fluoroscopy in terms of the risk of pneumothorax, pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion, and hemoptysis, with adjustment for other risk factors. RESULTS: Pneumothorax occurred in 2298 of the 10568 biopsies (21.7%). Tube insertion was required after 316 biopsies (3.0%), and hemoptysis occurred in 550 cases (5.2%). In the multivariate analysis, pneumothorax was more frequently detected with CT {odds ratio (OR), 2.752 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.325–3.258), p < 0.001}, CT fluoroscopy (OR, 1.440 [95% CI, 1.176–1.762], p < 0.001), and cone-beam CT (OR, 2.906 [95% CI, 2.235–3.779], p < 0.001), but no significant relationship was found for pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion (p = 0.497, p = 0.222, and p = 0.216, respectively). The incidence of hemoptysis was significantly lower under CT (OR, 0.348 [95% CI, 0.247–0.491], p < 0.001), CT fluoroscopy (OR, 0.594 [95% CI, 0.419–0.843], p = 0.004), and cone-beam CT (OR, 0.479 [95% CI, 0.317–0.724], p < 0.001) guidance. CONCLUSION: Hemoptysis occurred less frequently with CT-based guidance modalities in comparison with fluoroscopy. Although pneumothorax requiring chest tube insertion showed a similar incidence, pneumothorax was more frequently detected using CT-based guidance modalities.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Chest Tubes , Cohort Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Ethics Committees, Research , Fluoroscopy , Hemoptysis , Image-Guided Biopsy , Incidence , Informed Consent , Lung Neoplasms , Multivariate Analysis , Needles , Pneumothorax , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761834

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous regression of lung cancer is a very rare and poorly understood phenomenon. A 64-year-old man presented to Dong-A University Hospital with a shrunken nodule in the right lower lobe. Although the nodule showed a high likelihood of malignancy on needle aspiration biopsy, the patient refused surgery. The nodule spontaneously regressed completely in the next 17 months. However, the subcarinal lymph node was found to be enlarged 16 months after complete regression was observed. We pathologically confirmed metastasis of squamous cell carcinoma and performed neoadjuvant chemotherapy, surgery, and adjuvant chemoradiation. Regardless of tumor size reduction, it is preferable to perform surgery aggressively in cases of operable lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Needles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761738

ABSTRACT

A clonorchiasis case in a captive leopard cat, Prionailurus bengalensis euptilurus, was confirmed by ultrasonographic findings and egg morphologies found in the bile juice sample in the Korea. The leopard cat was introduced from the wild habitat of Gyeongsangnam-do, to Cheongju Zoo in Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea in August 2014. Physical examinations were basically performed for quarantine and check-up health. The cat was comparatively good in health except anorexia. The cyst-like bile duct dilation and the increased echogenicity of gall bladder wall and hepatic parenchyma were observed by ultrasonography. Ultrasound-guided needle biopsy was conducted for collecting bile juice and the specimens were observed under light microscope. The numerous small trematode eggs were detected in the bile juice sample of the light microscopy. The eggs were 25–33 (28±3) μm by 18–22 (20±1) μm in size and showed typical characteristics of Clonorchis sinensis egg, i.e., a dominantly developed operculum, shoulder rim and dust-like wrinkles in surface. To treat the liver fluke infection, 20 mg/kg of praziquantel was orally administered only once to the case. Follow-up studies including fecal examinations were conducted during 2 years after treatment. But no more eggs were detected from the case. In the present study, we described the first clonorchiasis case of leopard cat, which was confirmed by ultrasonographic findings and egg morphologies from the bile juice sample in Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anorexia , Bile , Bile Ducts , Biopsy, Needle , Cats , Clonorchiasis , Clonorchis sinensis , Ecosystem , Eggs , Fasciola hepatica , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Microscopy , Ovum , Panthera , Physical Examination , Praziquantel , Quarantine , Republic of Korea , Shoulder , Ultrasonography , Urinary Bladder
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761522

ABSTRACT

This is a case report of simultaneous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver. A 64-year-old woman presented to the Seoul Paik Hospital with epigastric discomfort and constipation that she had experienced for two months. A physical examination revealed severe tenderness around the thoraco-lumbar junction. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed an ulceroinfiltrative lesion on the gastric angle. An abdominopelvic CT scan revealed two low attenuated lesions in the S4 and S8 regions of the liver, as well as a soft tissue mass at the T10 vertebra. Percutaneous ultrasonography-guided needle biopsy of the hepatic nodules revealed a leiomyosarcoma. The tumor at the T10 vertebra was removed to avoid spinal cord compression. The histology of this tumor was compatible with that of leiomyosarcoma. The potential primary sites for leiomyosarcoma, including the lung, thyroid, breast, kidney, genitourinary organs, and gastrointestinal tract, were subsequently investigated. No detectable abnormal findings that would suggest the origin of the tumor were found. Synchronous primary leiomyosarcomas in the spine and liver are quite rare and have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Bone and Bones , Breast , Constipation , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Kidney , Leiomyosarcoma , Liver , Lung , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Physical Examination , Prognosis , Seoul , Spinal Cord Compression , Spine , Thyroid Gland , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of combined oral medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA)/levonorgestrel-intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) treatment and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of endometrial aspiration biopsy with dilatation & curettage (D&C) in young women with early-stage endometrial cancer (EC) who wished to preserve their fertility. METHODS: A prospective phase II multicenter study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017. Patients with grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma confined to the endometrium were treated with combined oral MPA (500 mg/day)/LNG-IUS. At 3 and 6 months of treatment, the histologic change of the endometrial tissue was assessed. The regression rate at 6 months treatment and the consistency of the histologic results between the aspiration biopsy and the D&C were evaluated. RESULTS: Forty-four patients were enrolled. Nine voluntarily withdrew and 35 patients completed the protocol treatment. The complete regression (CR) rate at 6 months was 37.1% (13/35). Partial response was shown in 25.7% of cases (9/35). There were no cases of progressive disease and no treatment-related complications. A comparison of the pathologic results from aspiration biopsy and D&C was carried out for 33 cases. Fifteen cases were diagnosed as “EC” by D&C. Among these, only 8 were diagnosed with EC from aspiration biopsy, yielding a diagnostic concordance of 53.3% (ĸ=0.55). CONCLUSION: Combined oral MPA/LNG-IUS treatment for EC showed 37.1% of CR rate at 6 months. Considering the short treatment periods, CR rate may be much higher if the treatment continued to 9 or 12 months. So, this treatment is still a viable treatment option for young women of early-stage EC. Endometrial aspiration biopsy with the LNG-IUS in place is less accurate than D&C for follow-up evaluation of patients undergoing this treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01594879


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Carcinoma, Endometrioid , Dilatation and Curettage , Endometrial Neoplasms , Endometrium , Female , Fertility , Fertility Preservation , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Levonorgestrel , Medroxyprogesterone Acetate , Prospective Studies
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