Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 429
Filter
1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1067-1075, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345266

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate neovascularization of bovine xenografts implanted in intracorporeal sites of rabbits (bioreactors). 30 rabbits were used, divided into 6 groups, according to the evaluation time (7, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days); each animal received xenogenic implants in 3 different intracorporeal sites (A1 - omentum bag; A2 - intermuscular space of quadriceps femoris; A3 - subperiosteal of ilium bone). Histological assessments graded the presence of angiogenesis, the number of inflammatory cells, newly formed bone tissue, and the presence of giant cells. Histological analyses showed intense angiogenesis in all implanted xenografts. Presence of inflammatory infiltrate and giant cells at the A1 implant site and presence of bone neoformation at the A3 implant site were noted. Degeneration of implants and formation of a fibrous capsule were noted. When comparing the interaction of the site with the days of evaluation, statistical analysis showed a significant difference (p≤0.05) in any time of neovascularization analysis. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inflammatory cells of the omentum in its structure, may have contributed to the greater presence of neovessels and inflammatory cells, a fact that may indicate functionality as a possible bone substitute.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a neovascularização de xenoenxertos bovinos implantados em sítios intracorpóreos de coelhos (biorreatores). Foram utilizados 30 coelhos, os quais foram divididos em seis grupos, de acordo com o tempo de avaliação (sete, 15, 30, 45 e 60 dias); cada animal recebeu implantes xenogênicos em três diferentes sítios intracorpóreos (A1 - bolsa de omento; A2 - espaço intermuscular do quadríceps femoral; A3 - subperiosteal do osso ílio). Avaliações histológicas classificaram a presença de angiogênese, o número de células inflamatórias, de tecido ósseo neoformado e a presença de células gigantes. As análises histológicas mostraram intensa angiogênese em todos os xenoenxertos implantados. Observou-se presença de infiltrado inflamatório e células gigantes no local do implante A1 e presença de neoformação óssea no local do implante A3. Ao mesmo tempo, a degeneração dos implantes e a formação de uma cápsula fibrosa foram observadas. Ao comparar a interação do local com os dias de avaliação, a análise estatística mostrou diferença significativa (P≤0,05) em qualquer momento da análise de neovascularização. O fator de crescimento endotelial vascular (VEGF) e as células inflamatórias do omento em sua estrutura podem ter contribuído para a maior presença de neovasos e células inflamatórias, fato que pode indicar funcionalidade como possível substituto ósseo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Rabbits , Bone Transplantation/veterinary , Bioreactors/veterinary , Heterografts/blood supply , Models, Animal
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 85-92, July. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonribosomal peptide synthases (NRPS) can synthesize functionally diverse bioactive peptides by incorporating nonproteinogenic amino acids, offering a rich source of new drug leads. The bacterium Escherichia coli is a well-characterized production host and a promising candidate for the synthesis of nonribosomal peptides, but only limited bioprocess engineering has been reported for such molecules. We therefore developed a medium and optimized process parameters using the design of experiments (DoE) approach. RESULTS: We found that glycerol is not suitable as a carbon source for rhabdopeptide production, at least for the NRPS used for this study. Alternative carbon sources from the tricarboxylic acid cycle achieved much higher yields. DoE was used to optimize the pH and temperature in a stirred-tank reactor, revealing that optimal growth and optimal production required substantially different conditions. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a chemically defined adapted M9 medium matching the performance of complex medium (lysogeny broth) in terms of product concentration. The maximum yield in the reactor under optimized conditions was 126 mg L-1, representing a 31-fold increase compared to the first shaking-flask experiments with M9 medium and glycerol as the carbon source. Conditions that promoted cell growth tended to inhibit NRPS productivity. The challenge was therefore to find a compromise between these factors as the basis for further process development.


Subject(s)
Peptide Synthases/metabolism , Bioreactors/microbiology , Escherichia coli , Temperature , Biotechnology , Carbon/metabolism , Models, Statistical , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Bioengineering , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
3.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(4): 204-218, 20210000. fig, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359441

ABSTRACT

Los biorreactores de sistemas de un solo uso (SUSs), también conocidos como biorreactores desechables, se han convertido en una parte integral de las instalaciones biotecnológicas de fabricación para bioproductos con un mercado potencial que espera una tasa de crecimiento de casi el 15,5% durante el período pronosticado: 2018 a 2023. Los biorreactores SUSs son más seguros, simples y flexibles al compararlos con sus contrapartes, biorreactores de acero inoxidable, por lo que su uso se está incrementando en la industria biofarmacéutica principalmente en la planificación de vías rápidas de proyectos complejos, incluidos los relacionados con la pandemia de SARS-CoV-2. Así, el uso de SUS se ha convertido en una alternativa eficaz para la producción rápida de candidatos a vacunas. Pero algunas desventajas técnicas y operativas aún obstaculizan su uso en todo el mundo. Esta revisión brinda una visión racional del uso, los tipos, los parámetros operativos y las nuevas aplicaciones de los biorreactores SUSs en la industria biofarmacéutica. Asimismo, también se discuten los parámetros apropiados y las limitaciones de este equipo, enfocándose en su uso para la producción de vacunas contra COVID-19


Single-Use-Systems (SUSs) Bioreactors, also known as disposable bioreactors, have become an integral part of biotechnology manufacturing facilities for bioproducts with a potential market expecting a growth rate of nearly 15.5% over the forecast period: 2018 to 2023. SUSs bioreactors are comparatively safe, simple, and flexible than their stainless-steel bioreactors counterparts thus, their usage is being augmented in the biopharmaceutical industry mainly in planning fast tracks of complex projects, including those related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Thus, the use of SUSs has become an effective alternative for the rapid production of vaccine candidates. However, some technical and operational disadvantages still hamper their worldwide use. This review gives a rational insight into SUSs bioreactors use, types, operational parameters and new applications in the biopharmaceutical industry. Likewise, the appropriate parameters and limitations of this equipment, focusing on its use for vaccine production against COVID-19 are also discussed


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopharmaceutics , Biotechnology , Bioreactors , Industrial Development , Manufacturing and Industrial Facilities , COVID-19 Vaccines/supply & distribution
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1004-1016, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878610

ABSTRACT

Currently, biomanufacturing technology and industry are receiving worldwide attention. However, there are still great challenges on bioprocess optimization and scale-up, including: lacing the process detection methods, which makes it difficult to meet the requirement of monitoring of key indicators and parameters; poor understanding of cell metabolism, which arouses problems to rationally achieve process optimization and regulation; the reactor environment is very different across the scales, resulting in low efficiency of stepwise scale-up. Considering the above key issues that need to be resolved, here we summarize the key technological innovations of the whole chain of fermentation process, i.e., real-time detection-dynamic regulation-rational scale-up, through case analysis. In the future, bioprocess design will be guided by a full lifecycle in-silico model integrating cellular physiology (spatiotemporal multiscale metabolic models) and fluid dynamics (CFD models). This will promote computer-aided design and development, accelerate the realization of large-scale intelligent production and serve to open a new era of green biomanufacturing.


Subject(s)
Bioreactors , Computer Simulation , Fermentation , Hydrodynamics
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 448-460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878574

ABSTRACT

Resource utilization is an effective way to cope with the rapid increase of kitchen waste and excess sludge, and volatile fatty acids produced by anaerobic fermentation is an important way of recycling organic waste. However, the single substrate limits the efficient production of volatile fatty acids. In recent years, volatile fatty acids produced by anaerobic co-fermentation using different substrates has been widely studied and applied. In this paper, we analyze the characteristics of fermentation to produce acid using kitchen waste and excess sludge alone or mixture. Influences of environmental factors and microbial community structure on the type and yield of volatile fatty acids in the anaerobic fermentation system are discussed in detail. Moreover, we propose future research directions, to provide a reference for recycling kitchen waste and excess sludge.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bioreactors , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Fermentation , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Microbiota , Organic Chemicals , Sewage
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 149-162, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878550

ABSTRACT

Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) synthesis by activated sludge using volatile fatty acids (VFAs) in fermentation liquid of excess sludge as carbon source is a hotspot in the field of environmental biotechnology. However, there is no unified conclusion on the effects of non-VFAs, mainly dissolved organic matter (DOM), on PHA production. Thus, this critical review mainly introduces the main characteristics and common analysis methods of DOM in anaerobic fermentation liquid. The effects of DOM on PHA production are analyzed from the aspects of microbiology, metabolic regulation and sludge properties. The results of different studies showed that high concentration of DOM is bad for PHA production, but an appropriate amount of DOM is conducive to the stability of sludge properties, reducing the final PHA purification cost. Finally, suitable strategies were proposed to regulate the PHA synthesis by activated sludge with DOM for PHA production by anaerobic fermentation liquid.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bioreactors , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Fermentation , Polyhydroxyalkanoates , Sewage
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3425-3438, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921439

ABSTRACT

The facultative anaerobic and strict anaerobic microorganisms enriched and acclimated during the anaerobic digestion process are crucial for the efficiency of the anaerobic digestion system. Most of the problems encountered during running anaerobic digestion processes could be effectively improved via stimulation of microbial metabolic activity. Benefited from the rapid development of microbiome techniques, deeper insights into the microbial diversity in anaerobic digestion systems, e.g. the microbe-microbe interactions and microbe-environment interactions, have been gained. A complex and intricate metabolic network exists in the anaerobic digestion system of solid organic wastes. However, little is known about these interactions and the underlying mechanisms. This review briefly summarized the representative interactions between microbial communities during anaerobic digestion process discovered to date. In addition, typical issues encountered during the anaerobic digestion of solid organic wastes and how microbes can tackle and alleviate these issues were discussed. Finally, future priorities on microbiome research were proposed based on present contribution of microbiome analysis in anaerobic digestion system.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Bioreactors , Methane , Microbial Interactions , Microbiota , Solid Waste
8.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 44: 19-24, Mar. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pyruvic acid (PA), a vital α-oxocarboxylic acid, plays an important role in energy and carbon metabolism. The oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (Y. lipolytica) has considerable potential for the production of PA. An increased NaCl concentration reportedly increases the biomass and PA yield of Y. lipolytica. RESULTS: To increase the yield of PA, the NaCl-tolerant Y. lipolytica A4 mutant was produced using the atmospheric and room temperature plasma method of mutation. The A4 mutant showed growth on medium containing 160 g/L NaCl. The PA yield of the A4 mutant reached 97.2 g/L at 120 h (0.795 g/g glycerol) in a 20-L fermenter with glycerol as the sole carbon source, which was 28.9% higher than that of the parental strain. CONCLUSION: The PA yield from Y. lipolytica can be improved by increasing its NaCl tolerance.


Subject(s)
Pyruvic Acid/metabolism , Yarrowia/genetics , Yarrowia/metabolism , Osmotic Pressure , Yeasts , Carbon/metabolism , Sodium Chloride , Bioreactors , Salt Tolerance/genetics , Fermentation , Glycerol/metabolism , Mutation
9.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 44: 58-59, Mar. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087710

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Methanol can be effectively removed from air by biofiltration (Shareefdeen et al., 1993; Babbitt et al., 2009 [1,2]). However, formaldehyde is one of the first metabolic intermediates in the consumption of methanol in methylotrophic microorganisms (Negruta et al., 2010 [3]), and it can be released out of the cell constituting a secondary emission. RESULTS: The total removal of methanol was achieved up to input loads of 263 g m−3 h−1 and the maximum elimination capacity of the system was obtained at an empty bed residence times of 90 s and reached 330 g m−3 h−1 at an input methanol load of 414 g m−3 h−1 and 80% of removal efficiency. Formaldehyde was detected inside the biofilter when the input methanol load was above 212 g m−3 h−1 . Biomass in the filter bed was able to degrade the formaldehyde generated, but with the increase of the methanol input load, the unconsumed formaldehyde was released outside the biofilter. The maximum concentration registered at the output of the system was 3.98 g m−3 when the methanol load was 672 g m−3 h−1 in an empty bed residence times of 60 s. CONCLUSIONS: Formaldehyde is produced inside a biofilter when methanol is treated in a biofiltration system inoculated with Pichia pastoris. Biomass present in the reactor is capable of degrading the formaldehyde generated as the concentration of methanol decreases. However, high methanol loads can lead to the generation and release of formaldehyde into the environment.


Subject(s)
Pichia/chemistry , Methanol/chemistry , Formaldehyde/analysis , Volatilization , Biological Filters , Biomass , Bioreactors , Environment
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180384, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132205

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study assessed the performance of two pilot units, a conventional activated sludge (CAS) and an Integrated Fixed-Film Activated Sludge (IAS), in the treatment of leachate from sanitary landfill combined with domestic sewage, with the aim of removing organic substances. In order to assess the possible impacts on treatment, three experimental phases were designed using influent leachate contributions of 5%, 10%, and 20% of the total BOD load. Overall, the results showed that no significant changes in the behavior of biological processes. The IAS unit presented average BOD removal efficiencies of above 88%, 87% and 80% for the three leachate load contributions of 5%, 10% and 20% studied. The CAS unit presented lower average efficiency with a 5% leachate contribution (64%), but displayed a similar performance to the IAS unit in the other phases (82% and 80%); similar quantitative aspects were observed for both treatment processes with regards to biomass composition analysis. The kinetic coefficients related to heterotrophic metabolism did not indicate negative effects on treatment efficiency as a result of the increase in leachate addition, with values of 2.8; 2.8 and 2.7 d-1 obtained respectively for each phase with the CAS unit, and 2.0; 1.5 and 1.6 d-1 with the IAS unit, representing similar values to those found in the literature (1.5 a 5.0 d-1). The results reinforced the conclusion that the leachate load introduced did not cause inhibition or significant alterations to heterotrophic metabolism, and, therefore, to the removal of organic matter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Water Pollutants, Chemical/metabolism , Percolating Liquid , Activated Sludges , Water Purification/methods , Biomass , Pilot Projects , Bioreactors , Heterotrophic Bacteria , Organic Matter
11.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180130, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Color removal from textile effluents was evaluated using a laboratory-combined process based on an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor followed by a shallow polishing pond (SPP). The anaerobic reactor was fed with a real textile effluent, diluted 10-times in a 350 mg/L solution of pre-treated residual yeast extract from a brewery industry as nutrient source. The parameters color, COD, N-NH3 and toxicity were monitored throughout 45 days of operation. According to the results, decolorization and COD removal were highest in the anaerobic step, whereas the effluent was polished in the SPP unit. The overall efficiency of the complete UASB-SPP system for COD and color were 88 and 62%, respectively. Moreover, the N-NH3 generated by the residual yeast extract ammonification was below 5 mg/L for the final effluent. Finally, no toxicity was detected after the treatment steps, as shown by the Vibrio fischeri microscale assay.


Subject(s)
Animals , Textiles/toxicity , Waste Disposal, Fluid/methods , Water Purification/methods , Yeasts , Toxicity Tests , Bioreactors , Aliivibrio fischeri , Anaerobiosis
12.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180614, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132182

ABSTRACT

Abstract The organic compound caffeine when detected in environmental matrices such as surface waters and groundwater is considered as an emerging contaminant, in which its effects are still unknown. Therefore, in the present research, zinc oxide-based catalysts impregnated with iron and silver were prepared for the reaction of caffeine degradation by heterogeneous photocatalysis. The wet impregnation method with excess solvent was applied to the preparation of the materials, later they were characterized by adsorption of N2, X-ray diffraction and photoacoustic spectroscopy. Then, the photodegradation, photolysis and adsorption tests were carried out, in which it was observed that only the presence of the radiation or photocatalysts could not sufficiently degrade the caffeine, however when combined radiation with all the catalysts studied here presented degradation above 70% at the end of 300 minutes of the reaction, and the best catalyst studied was that containing 8% Ag in non-calcined ZnO. Thus, these results point out that the methodology employed in this research, both for the preparation of the catalysts and in the process of the photocatalysis reaction, was efficient in the degradation of the emerging contaminant, caffeine, which could later be used for a mixture of other contaminants.


Subject(s)
Silver/chemistry , Zinc Oxide/chemistry , Caffeine/chemistry , Catalysis , Photochemical Processes , Adsorption , Bioreactors , Iron/chemistry
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190515, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132218

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of the present study was to develop a cost-effective medium, using agro-industrial wastes for the production of a polygalacturonase by Wickerhanomyces anomalus of interest in cassava starch industries. The effect of several raw agro-industrial wastes and others nutrients on polygalacturonase production by W. anomalus, were evaluated, in a reference fermentation medium, using statistical designs, by batch culture. The ability of the cell-free supernatant to extract cassava starch was evaluated. Lemon peel was the best inducer for the production of PGase. Statistical analysis of the data showed that lemon peel, Mg+2 and PO4HK2 had significant effect on PGase production, and the others variables (yeast extract, Ca+2, Fe+2, amino acid and trace element solution) were no significant. PGase synthesis reached ~31 EUmL-1, in the OFM (glucose, lemon peel, urea, vitamins, KH2PO4 and MgSO4), after 12 h of culture, at a lab scale bioreactor. PGase of W. anomalus, was able to disintegrate cassava tuber tissue, and the starch granules contained within the cells were released into the reaction medium. Lemon peel can be used as inducer for PGase production by W. anomalus, in a low cost culture medium, appropriate for the production of the enzyme at large scale.


Subject(s)
Polygalacturonase/biosynthesis , Bioreactors , Starch and Fecula , Industrial Waste , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Agriculture , Fermentation
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190184, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132268

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nanoparticles demonstrate an important role in the protection of bioactive compounds from external factors such as temperature, oxygen and light. In this study, poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) nanoparticles entrapped β-carotene was produced using the nanoprecipitation method. Firstly, was evaluated the lipophilic surfactant effect and carrier agent of the active compound in the nanocapsules formulation. After choosing the most stable formulation, the nanocapsules production was optimized using β-carotene, caprylic/capric triglycerides (CCT) and soybean lecithin. Response surface methodology (RSM) was adopted to evaluate the influence of soy lecithin concentration, volume of CCT and β-carotene concentration in the particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index (PDI), encapsulation efficiency and recovery. Formulations containing soy lecithin and CCT demonstrated better stability comparing to the other formulations tested. The nanoparticle formulations presented an optimized particle size below 200 nm, PDI lower than 0.1 and encapsulation efficiency above 95%. Based on the results obtained, the optimum conditions to prepare PCL nanocapsules were 0.2160 mg/mL of β-carotene, 232.42 μL of CCT and 2.59 mg/mL of soy lecithin, suggesting an applicability to promote controlled released of β-carotene in food system.


Subject(s)
Caproates , beta Carotene , Nanotechnology/methods , Nanocapsules , Lactones , Chemical Precipitation , Bioreactors , Process Optimization
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190151, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132269

ABSTRACT

Abstract A comprehensive comparison of the main fermentation parameters, productivity, yield and final L-lactic acid concentration, obtained through batch, fed-batch and continuous cultivations using Lactobacillus casei CCDM 198 and a model cultivation medium was carried out. Using this data, a pulse-feed fed-batch process was established for testing chicken feather hydrolysate as a replacement for all complex nitrogen sources (yeast and beef extracts and peptone) in the medium. As comparably high values of productivity (about 4.0 g/L/h) and yield (about 98 %) were reached under all cultivation conditions, the maximum final L-lactic acid concentration (116.5 g/L), as achieved through pulse-feed fed-batch fermentation, was chosen as the most important criterion for process selection. Fed-batch cultivation with chicken feather hydrolysate as both a complex nitrogen source and a neutralizing agent for maintaining constant culture pH yielded half the concentration of L-lactic acid compared to the model medium. We demonstrate here that chicken feather hydrolysate has potential for use in the production of L-lactic acid but its utilization requires further optimization


Subject(s)
Animals , Lactic Acid/metabolism , Fermentation , Lactobacillus casei/growth & development , Biotechnology/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Biomass , Bioreactors , Hydrolysis
16.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190015, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132271

ABSTRACT

Abstract (1) Background: Oxygen supply is an important parameter to be considered in submerged cultures. This study evaluated the influence of different conditions for dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration on laccases activities and growth of Pleurotus sajor-caju PS-2001 in submerged process in stirred-tank bioreactor. (2) Methods: Initially, three different conditions were tested: uncontrolled DO and minimum levels of 30% and 80% of saturation, with the pH controlled between 4.5 and 7.0. (3) Results: Best results were observed at 30% DO (26 U mL-1 of laccases at 96 h), whereas higher mycelial biomass was observed at 30% and 80% DO (above 4.5 g L-1). Four different conditions of DO (uncontrolled, 10%, 30% and 50% of saturation) were tested at pH 6.5, with higher laccases activity (80 U mL-1 at 66 h) and lower mycelial growth (1.36 g L-1 at 90 h) being achieved with DO of 30%. In this test, the highest values for volumetric productivity and specific yield factor were determined. Under the different pH conditions tested, the production of laccases is favoured at DO concentration of 30% of saturation, while superior DO levels favours fungal growth. (4) Conclusion: The results indicate that dissolved oxygen concentration is a critical factor for the culture of P. sajor-caju PS-2001 and has important effects not only on laccases production but also on fungal growth.


Subject(s)
Dissolved Oxygen , Biomass , Bioreactors , Pleurotus/growth & development , Pleurotus/enzymology , Laccase/biosynthesis
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2824-2837, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878532

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the microbial communities and functions of activated sludge in an Anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A²/O) process under the start-up of Actinic reaction enzyme system (ARES) system and to understand the impact of the ARES system in domestic sewage treatment process, the activated sludge microbial community structure in the A²/O process system before and after ARES system start-up was analyzed by Illumina-HiSeq 2000 high-throughput sequencing platform. By combining with the main parameters related to the effect of sewage treatment, we analyzed the environmental functions of the microbial communities. The microbial community structure of activated sludge was significantly different before and after the ARES system start-up. There were 9 main bacterial phyla in the system (average relative abundance ≥1%), accounting for 96%-98% of the total bacteria sequenced. After the ARES system was started, the relative abundance of Betaproteobacteria and Chlorobi increased by 3.45%-3.85% and 0.45%-2.61%, respectively. In the anaerobic unit, the relative abundance of Bacteroidetes increased by 12.97%, while the Actinobacteria and Firmicutes decreased by 9.60% and 1.45%, respectively. At the genus level of bacteria, the relative abundance of Denitratisoma increased by 0.80%-3.27%, while the Haliangium and Arcobacter decreased by 3.36%-4.52% and 1.48%-3.45%, respectively. The relative abundance of bacteria was significantly different before and after the ARES system start-up. There were 7 abundant fungi phyla (average relative abundance ≥1%) in the system. After the ARES system was started, the relative abundance of Rozellomycota decreased by 42.71%-46.77%. In the anaerobic unit, the relative abundance of Ascomycota decreased by 13.39%, while the relative abundance of Glomeromycota increased by 13.86%. At the genus level of fungi. The relative abundance of Entomophthoraceae sp. and Glomcromycota sp. increased by 31.35%-36.50% and 6.27%-13.84%, respectively, while the Rozellomycota sp. and Xylochrysis lucida decreased by 42.71%-46.77% and 3.67%-5.54%, respectively. Our results showed that the application of ARES system caused the response of the microbial community to environmental changes, especially for the fungi communities, in the meanwhile, improved the effluent quality, especially the removal rate of total nitrogen.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Ascomycota , Bioreactors , Microbiota , Nitrogen , Sewage , Waste Disposal, Fluid
18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2241-2249, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878482

ABSTRACT

Micro- and mini-bioreactors are characterized by their miniature working volume and comprehensive monitoring of process data, e.g., biomass, pH, dissolved oxygen, and fluorescence that are on par with conventional bench-top systems. The technical advancements of micro- and mini-bioreactors are supported by single-use material and micro-manufacturing, non-invasive optical sensors, automation such as industrial robotics and the integration of design of experiment software with data acquisition and process control. Owing to the miniature scales, micro-bioreactors typically feature lower turbulence intensity and energy dissipation rate, resulting in different mass transfer, mixing and shear conditions as compared to industrial scale equipment. Mini-bioreactors, nevertheless, are closer to large vessels. Micro- and mini-bioreactors are used mostly in screening and process development nowadays, owing to their combined high throughput and richness of data. They are also the hardware that will enable "precision medicine" in the near future.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Bioreactors , Oxygen
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1041-1050, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826872

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the demand of biologics has increased rapidly. Cell culture process with perfusion mode has become more and more popular due to its high productivity, good quality and high efficiency. In this paper, the unique operation and the details of process optimization for perfusion culture mode are discussed by comparing with traditional batch culture process. Meanwhile, the progress and strategies in the development and optimization of perfusion culture process in recent years are summarized to provide reference for the future development of mammalian cell perfusion culture technology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Batch Cell Culture Techniques , Bioreactors , Reference Standards , CHO Cells , Cricetulus , Mammals , Perfusion
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1209-1215, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826857

ABSTRACT

Bioreactors have been central in monoclonal antibodies and vaccines manufacturing by mammalian cells in suspension culture. Numerical simulation of five impeller combinations in a stirred bioreactor was conducted, and characteristics of velocity vectors, distributions of gas hold-up, distributions of shear rate in the bioreactor using 5 impeller combinations were numerically elucidated. In addition, genetically engineered CHO cells were cultivated in bioreactor installed with 5 different impeller combinations in fed-batch culture mode. The cell growth and antibody level were directly related to the maximum shear rate in the bioreactor, and the highest viable cell density and the peak antibody level were achieved in FBMI3 impeller combination, indicating that CHO cells are sensitive to shear force produced by impeller movement when cells were cultivated in bioreactor at large scale, and the maximum shear rate would play key roles in scaling-up of bioreactor at industrial scale.


Subject(s)
Animals , Batch Cell Culture Techniques , Bioreactors , Reference Standards , CHO Cells , Cell Count , Computer Simulation , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Industrial Microbiology , Methods
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL