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1.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e116, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974442

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyze the efficiency of experimental light-curing resin cements (ERCs) with a ternary photo-initiator system containing diphenyliodonium hexafluorphosphate (DPI) and different amines on retention of glass-fiber posts to dentin (GFP). ERCs formulations: a 1:1 mass ratio of 2,2-bis[4-(2-hydroxy-3-methacryloxypropoxy)phenylpropane and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate. Camphorquinone was used as initiator. Six experimental groups were established according to the amine used: [ethyl-4-(dimethylamino)benzoate-EDMAB or 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate-DMAEMA] and the concentration of DPI (0, 0.5 mol%, 1 mol%). The resin cements Variolink II (dual- and light-cured versions) were used as commercial reference. Eighty recently extracted bovine incisors (n = 10) were selected for this study. The roots were prepared and the fiber posts were cemented with the resin cement specified for each experimental group. Specimens from coronal, middle, and apical thirds of the root were subjected to push-out bond strength test 24 hours after bonding. Data were subjected to split-plot ANOVA and the Tukey test (p = 0.05). ERCs containing DPI showed statistically significant higher bond strengths compared with ERCs without DPI. ERCs containing DPI were statistically similar to VARIOLINK II - dual-cured and superior to VARIOLINK II - light-cured (except for EDMAB - 1DPI in the medium third and DMAEMA - 1DPI in the coronal third). Different amines did not influence post retention. The apical root region showed the lowest bond strength for the groups EDAB-0DPI, DMAEMA-0DPI and VARIOLINK II light-cured. Light-cured ERCs containing DPI were efficient for GFP retention to radicular dentin, with similar behaviour to that of dual-curing commercial resin cement.


Subject(s)
Onium Compounds/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Post and Core Technique , Tooth Apex/drug effects , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives/methods , Photoinitiators, Dental/chemistry , Onium Compounds/radiation effects , Time Factors , Tooth Fractures , Biphenyl Compounds/radiation effects , Materials Testing , Analysis of Variance , Tooth Apex/radiation effects , Resin Cements/radiation effects , Dentin/radiation effects , Curing Lights, Dental , Photoinitiators, Dental/radiation effects , Polymerization , para-Aminobenzoates/radiation effects , para-Aminobenzoates/chemistry , Glass/radiation effects , Glass/chemistry , Methacrylates/radiation effects , Methacrylates/chemistry
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 935-944, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767061

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: For most cases, urolithiasis is a condition where excessive oxalate is present in the urine. Many reports have documented free radical generation followed by hyperoxaluria as a consequence of which calcium oxalate (CaOx) deposition occurs in the kidney tissue. The present study is aimed to exam the antilithiatic potency of the aqueous extract (AE) of Terminalia arjuna (T. arjuna). Materials and Methods: The antilithiatic activity of Terminalia arjuna was investigated in vitro nucleation, aggregation and growth of the CaOx crystals as well as the morphology of CaOx crystals using the inbuilt software ‘Image-Pro Plus 7.0’ of Olympus upright microscope (BX53). Antioxidant activity of AE of Terminalia arjuna bark was also determined in vitro. Results: Terminalia arjuna extract exhibited a concentration dependent inhibition of nucleation and aggregation of CaOx crystals. The AE of Terminalia arjuna bark also inhibited the growth of CaOx crystals. At the same time, the AE also modified the morphology of CaOx crystals from hexagonal to spherical shape with increasing concentrations of AE and reduced the dimensions such as area, perimeter, length and width of CaOx crystals in a dose dependent manner. Also, the Terminalia arjuna AE scavenged the DPPH (2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radicals with an IC50 at 13.1µg/mL. Conclusions: The study suggests that Terminalia arjuna bark has the potential to scavenge DPPH radicals and inhibit CaOx crystallization in vitro. In the light of these studies, Terminalia arjuna can be regarded as a promising candidate from natural plant sources of antilithiatic and antioxidant activity with high value.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Terminalia/chemistry , Urinary Calculi/prevention & control , Analysis of Variance , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Crystallization , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Phytotherapy , Picrates/chemistry , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Urinary Calculi/chemistry
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149086

ABSTRACT

Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) was identified as a marker of the inflammatory response and overexpressed in various tissues and cells related to cardiovascular disease. Honokiol, an active component isolated from the Chinese medicinal herb Magnolia officinalis, was shown to have a variety of pharmacological activities. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effects of honokiol on palmitic acid (PA)-induced dysfunction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and to elucidate potential regulatory mechanisms in this atherosclerotic cell model. Our results showed that PA significantly accelerated the expression of PTX3 in HUVECs through the IkappaB kinase (IKK)/IkappaB/nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) pathway, reduced cell viability, induced cell apoptosis and triggered the inflammatory response. Knockdown of PTX3 supported cell growth and prevented apoptosis by blocking PA-inducted nitric oxide (NO) overproduction. Honokiol significantly suppressed the overexpression of PTX3 in PA-inducted HUVECs by inhibiting IkappaB phosphorylation and the expression of two NF-kappaB subunits (p50 and p65) in the IKK/IkappaB/NF-kappaB signaling pathway. Furthermore, honokiol reduced endothelial cell injury and apoptosis by regulating the expression of inducible NO synthase and endothelial NO synthase, as well as the generation of NO. Honokiol showed an anti-inflammatory effect in PA-inducted HUVECs by significantly inhibiting the generation of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1. In summary, honokiol repaired endothelial dysfunction by suppressing PTX3 overexpression in an atherosclerotic cell model. PTX3 may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Atherosclerosis/chemically induced , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , C-Reactive Protein/genetics , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , I-kappa B Kinase/immunology , Lignans/chemistry , Magnolia/chemistry , Palmitic Acid , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases/immunology , Serum Amyloid P-Component/genetics , Signal Transduction/drug effects
4.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 12(3): 302-312, mayo 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723576

ABSTRACT

We studied antioxidant, antibacterial and tripanocide activities of Alvaradoa subovata extracts. The ethanolic extracts showed the greatest DPPH radical scavenging capacity, especially that of bark with an IC50 = 4.7 +/- 0.18 ug/mL. Wood dichloromethane extract displayed growth inhibition of the phytopathogenic bacteria Xanthomona axonopodis in the disk diffusion assay and showed a MIC value of 100 ug/ml. It also showed growth inhibition of Trypanosoma cruzi (IC50 = 0.063 +/- 0.003 mg/mL). A fraction of this extract, which has emodin as the main component, showed tripanocide activity (60 percent of growth inhibition at 100 ug/mL). The main compounds in wood dichloromethane extract were anthraquinones, identified as chrysophanol and emodin, and coumarins, of which scopoletin was identified. These three compound s could serve as analytical markers of the extract. The results of this study show that wood extract of A. subovata constitute a source of bioactive compounds such as antiparasitic and pesticides agents.


En el presente trabajo se estudió la actividad antioxidante, antibacteriana y tripanocida de extractos de Alvaradoa subovata. La mayor actividad depuradora de radicales libres se observó en el extracto etanólico de corteza (CI50 = 4.7 +/- 0.18 ug/mL). El extracto en diclorometano de madera inhibió el crecimiento de la bacteria fitopatógena Xanthomona axonopodis con una CIM = 100 ug/mL. El mismo extracto mostró inhibición del crecimiento de Trypanosoma cruzi (CI50 = 0.063 +/- 0.003 mg/mL). Una fracción de este extracto (100 ug/mL), cuyo componente mayoritario es emodina, inhibió en un 60 por ciento el crecimiento del parásito. Los compuestos mayoritarios detectados en el extracto de madera fueron antraquinonas, entre las cuales se identificaron emodina y crisofanol, y la cumarina escopoletina. Estos tres compuestos podrían servir como marcadores analíticos del extracto. Los resultados de este trabajo muestran que los extractos de A. subovata constituyen una fuente de compuestos bioactivos con potencial como antiparasitarios y plaguicidas.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Simaroubaceae/chemistry , Trypanocidal Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Picrates/chemistry , Xanthomonas
5.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (5): 949-952
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138414

ABSTRACT

The present research investigation was aimed at the evaluation of antioxidant activities of methanolic [70%] extracts of whole plant of Pentanema vestitum and fruits of Pistacia integerrima, Withiana somniferra and Withiana coagulans on scavenging of 2, 2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl [DPPH] free radical. The rank of order of free antioxidant activity of the selected plants was; P. integerrima > P. vestitum > W. somniferra > W. coagulans as compared to standard Ascorbic acid. P. integerrima showed significantly higher activity at all concentrations as compared to Ascorbic acid at P<0.05. The percent inhibition caused by P. integerrima at lowest concentration [40 ppm] was 68.16 +/- 0.5 and that of Ascorbic acid was 62.00 +/- 0.5. The IC[50] value of P. integerrima was 5.75ppm as compared to ascorbic acid having 15.09 ppm. The percent inhibition at all concentrations caused by P. vestitum was not significantly different from Ascorbic acid at P<0.05. The IC[50] value of P. vestitum was 13.00ppm and that of Ascorbic acid was 15.09 ppm. The percent inhibitions caused by W. somniferra [IC[50]=46.85 ppm] and W. coagulans [IC[50]=84.40 ppm] were most significantly lower than Ascorbic acid at P<0.05. It is inferred from the current study that the methanolic [70%] extracts of the P. integerrima and P. vestitum could be used in preparation of potent antioxidant drugs


Subject(s)
Asteraceae/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Fruit , Methanol/chemistry , Phytotherapy , Picrates/chemistry , Pistacia/chemistry , Plant Preparations , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry
6.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2013; 26 (5): 967-972
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138417

ABSTRACT

Plants are rich in a variety of chemical compounds. Many are secondary metabolites including aromatic substances most of them are phenols or their oxygen substituted derivatives. Medicinal plants are also rich in antioxidant constituents such as phenols, tocopherols, ascorbic acid, carotenoids, and flavonoids etc. They are found to acquire free radical scavenging activity and used worldwide for the treatment of various immune system dependent diseases. Peltophorum pterocarpum [DC] Backer ex K. Heyne [Caesalpiniaceae] is a beautiful ornamental tree, widely grown in tropical regions and its parts are used in traditional medicine as an effective therapeutic agent. Fresh pods of Peltophorum pterocarpum was evaluated for its antioxidant potential by using various methods including DPPH, superoxide anion, nitric oxide scavenging, and metal chelating activity. TPC via Folin-Ciocalteau's reagent and anti haemolytic activity red blood cells respectively have also been measured. The methanol extract of pods of Peltophorum pterocarpum was found to possess the significant amount 439.21 +/- 0.17 mg GAE [gallic acid equivalents] / g of TPC. The antioxidant potential of pods extract at mature stage showed potent activity and measured as, free radical scavenging activity 73.29 +/- 0.81%, superoxide anion scavenging activity 89.03 +/- 1.07%, nitric oxide scavenging activity 84.25 +/- 1.18%, and metal chelating activity 64.12 +/- 0.11%. The extract also showed potent anti haemolytic activity 79.09 +/- 75%. Peltophorum pterocarpum exhibited strong but varying level of antioxidant and anti haemolytic activity in various methods along with total phenolic contents


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Cattle , Chelating Agents/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Solvents/chemistry , Hemolysis/drug effects , Methanol/chemistry
7.
Braz. dent. j ; 23(1): 22-27, 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618000

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess, using the DPPH assay, the antioxidant activity of several substances that could be proposed to immediately revert the problems caused by bleaching procedures. The percentage of antioxidant activity (AA percent) of 10 percent ascorbic acid solution (AAcidS), 10 percent ascorbic acid gel (AAcidG), 10 percent sodium ascorbate solution (SodAsS), 10 percent sodium ascorbate gel (SodAsG), 10 percent sodium bicarbonate (Bicarb), Neutralize® (NE), Desensibilize® (DES), catalase C-40 at 10 mg/mL (CAT), 10 percent alcohol solution of alpha-tocopherol (VitE), Listerine® (LIS), 0.12 percent chlorhexidine (CHX), Croton Lechleri (CL), 10 percent aqueous solution of Uncaria Tomentosa (UT), artificial saliva (ArtS) and 0.05 percent sodium fluoride (NaF) was assessed in triplicate by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) free radical assay. All substances exhibited antioxidant activity, except for CL. AAcidS, AAcidG and VitE exhibited the highest AA percent (p<0.05). On the contrary, CHX, NE, LIS and NaF showed the lowest AA percent (p<0.05). In conclusion, AAcidS, AAcidG, SodAsS, SodAsG and VitE presented the highest antioxidant activity among substances tested in this study. The DPPH assay provides an easy and rapid way to evaluate potential antioxidants.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar, por meio do DPPH, a atividade antioxidante de substâncias que poderiam ser propostas para reverter de imediato os problemas causados pelos procedimentos de clareamento. A porcentagem de atividade antioxidante (AA por cento) da solução de acido ascórbico 10 por cento (AAcidS), gel de ácido ascórbico a 10 por cento (AAcidG), solução de ascorbato de sódio 10 por cento (SodAsS), gel de ascorbato de sódio 10 por cento (SodAsG), bicarbonato de sódio 10 por cento (Bicarb), Neutralize® (NE), Desensibilize® (DES), catalase C-40 10 mg/mL (CAT), solução alcoólica 10 por cento de alfa-tocoferol (VitE), Listerine® (LIS), clorexidina 0,12 por cento (CHX), CrotonLechleri (CL), solução aquosa 10 por cento de Uncaria Tomentosa (UT), saliva artificial (ArtS) e fluoreto de sódio 0,05 por cento (NaF) foi avaliada em triplicata pelo teste de radicais livres 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH). Todas as substâncias apresentaram atividade antioxidante, exceto a CL. AAcidS, AAcidG e VitE mostraram os maiores valores de AA por cento (p<0,05). Por outro lado, CHX, NE, LIS e NaF mostraram os valores mais baixos de AA por cento (p<0,05). Em conclusão, AAcidS, AAcidG, SodAsS, SodAsG e VitE apresentaram os mais altos valores de atividade antioxidante entre as substâncias testadas. O teste DPPH é um método rápido e fácil para avaliar o potencial antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/chemistry , Picrates/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Analysis of Variance , Indicators and Reagents , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Solutions/chemistry
8.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012; 25 (3): 623-627
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-144415

ABSTRACT

Mushrooms are considered rich in proteins, carbohydrates and other nutrients. The present study was carried out to evaluate some edible mushrooms of Kashmir valley for their protein, carbohydrate and lipid contents. The highest protein content was found in Boletus edulis [2.20g] followed by Agaricus bisporus [1.80g], Pleurotus ostreatus [1.68g], Morchella esculenta [1.62g] and Pleurotus sajor caju [1.6g]. Carbohydrate content also showed variation in all the five tested edible mushroom species, the highest carbohydrate content observed in Boletus edulis [6.0g] followed by Agaricus bisporus [4.85g], Pleurotus ostreatus [4.30g], Morchella esculenta [4.25g] and Pleurotus sajor caju [3.35g] respectively. Similar results were observed for lipid content. The present study was also investigated for the antioxidant potential of aqueous extract of mushroom species by the methods of DPPH radical scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging activity and superoxide radical scavenging activity. All these in vitro antioxidant activities were concentration dependent, which were compared with standard antioxidant Catechin


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/pharmacology , Nutritive Value , Picrates/chemistry , Hydroxyl Radical/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry
9.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2011; 24 (4): 545-551
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-137558

ABSTRACT

Chrysophyllum albidum G. is a tropical plant and commonly found in Nigeria. It belongs to the sapotaceae family and used in folklore in the treatment of yellow fever, malaria, diarrhea, vaginal and dermatological infections. The study was aimed at investigating the antioxidant properties of this plant by employing the in vitro and in vivo experimental models. The effect of DPPH free radical scavenging activity on the fractions of petroleum ether, ethanol, butanol, ethylacetate, and water of C. albidum was determined. The ethyl acetate fraction was purified in column chromatography to obtain myricetin rhamnoside. Structure elucidation was done by NMR and mass spectroscopic techniques. Furthermore, ethanol extract was administered to five groups of eight rats per group. The animals in the normal group were administered with vehicle alone for 7 days. The positive control animals were given vehicle on the first four days, and with the vehicle and hepatotoxin [CC1[4]] on the fifth, sixth and seventh day. The animals in the treatment category were respectively administered with 500, 1000 and 1500 mg/kg b.w. of extract and distilled water for the first four days, and with distilled water, extract and CC1[4] on the last three days. Animals were subsequently anaesthetized and blood samples were collected for catalase [CAT], malondialdehyde [MDA], reduced gluthathione [GSH] and superoxide dismutase [SOD] assays. The petroleum ether fraction showed the least antiradical activity [4057.5 +/- 809.6 g/kg] while ethyl ether exhibited the highest activity [414.4 +/- 92.0 g/kg]. Myricetin rhamnoside also exhibited an excellent radical scavenging activity [314.1 +/- 60.2] which was comparable to the positive control. Result from animal study showed that C. albidum exhibited significant [p < 0.05] differences on the activity of CAT, MDA and GSH. The plant could therefore be employed as sources of natural antioxidant boosters and for the treatment of some oxidative stress disorders in which free radicals are implicated


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Male , Antioxidants/chemistry , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Free Radical Scavengers/chemistry , Carbon Tetrachloride/pharmacology , Catalase/blood , Malondialdehyde , Mannosides , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Rats, Wistar
10.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Nov; 45(11): 974-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-62631

ABSTRACT

The aqueous extract of C. borivilianum (250 mg/kg for 7 days) significantly reverted the elevated levels of plasma glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol and serum corticosterone and also reduced the ulcer index, adrenal gland weight more as effectively as the standard drug (diazepam) in rats. At 125 mg/kg po, it showed a mild anti-stress activity. Under in vitro 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH*) free radical scavenging assay and lipid peroxidation assay the extract considerably inhibited, in a dose-dependent manner, the levels of DPPH* free radicals and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, respectively thus showing significant antioxidant property. The results suggested that it could be used for the treatment of oxidative stress-induced disorders.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands/drug effects , Asparagaceae/chemistry , Animals , Antioxidants/isolation & purification , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/isolation & purification , Hydrazines/chemistry , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Male , Organ Size/drug effects , Peptic Ulcer/etiology , Plant Extracts/isolation & purification , Plant Roots/chemistry , Powders , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Restraint, Physical , Stress, Psychological/blood
11.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Nov; 45(11): 968-73
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60037

ABSTRACT

Antioxidant potency of Indian grape cultivars varying in their skin color, seed and polyphenol content (Bangalore blue, Pandhari sahebi, Sharad seedless and Thompson seedless) and their components (whole grapes, pulp with skin and seeds) was examined as 2,2'-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity using electron spin resonance spectrometry. The total polyphenols in Indian grapes ranged between 3-51%. Extracted polyphenols caused a concentration dependent and significant loss in DPPH radical signal, similar to known antioxidants-Vitamin C, catechin and procyanidin B3 used as references. Among seedless cultivars, polyphenols from Sharad was more potent as antioxidant than Thompson, showing IC50 values of 1250 +/- 30 and 2650 +/- 125 microg/ml, respectively. The inhibitory effect of polyphenols from seedless grape cultivars was as effective as that of seeded variety. The results indicate that polyphenols extracted from Indian grapes/ components (with /without seeds) exhibited free radical scavenging activity and their chemopreventive properties need to be exploited by in vivo model system.


Subject(s)
Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy , Flavonoids/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/chemistry , Hydrazines/chemistry , India , Phenols/chemistry , Vitis/chemistry
12.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2007 Apr; 45(4): 376-84
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-58318

ABSTRACT

In the present study, ethyl acetate, butanol and aqueous fractions derived from total methanol extract of Butea monosperma flowers were evaluated for radical scavenging activities using different in vitro models like reducing power assay, scavenging of 2,2 diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical, nitric oxide radical, superoxide anion radical, hydroxyl radical and inhibition of erythrocyte hemolysis using 2, 2' azo-bis (amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH). Methanol extract along with its ethyl acetate and butanol fractions showed potent free radical scavenging activity, whereas aqueous fraction was found to be devoid of any radical scavenging properties. The observed activity could be due to the higher phenolic content in the extracts (16.1, 25.29, and 17.74% w/w in methanol extract, ethyl acetate and butanol fractions respectively). HPTLC fingerprint profile of the ethyl acetate and butanol fractions were developed which would serve as reference standard for quality control of the extracts.


Subject(s)
1-Butanol/chemistry , Acetates/chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Butea/chemistry , Erythrocytes/drug effects , Flowers/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers/isolation & purification , Free Radicals/chemistry , Hemolysis/drug effects , Hydrazines/chemistry , Hydroxyl Radical/chemistry , Methanol/chemistry , Nitric Oxide/chemistry , Oxidation-Reduction , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Superoxides/chemistry , Water/chemistry
13.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2006 Jun; 44(6): 468-73
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56425

ABSTRACT

Antioxidant potential of Aspergillus candidus MTCC 2202 broth filtrate extract was studied using different antioxidant models, whereas anti-inflammatory potential was studied using carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema model. The ethyl acetate extract at 1000 microg/ml showed maximum scavenging activity of the stable radical 1,1-diphenyl,2-picryl hydrazyl upto 96.65% (IC50=430.36 microg/ml) and scavenging of the radical cation, 2,2-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate) upto 92.25% (IC50=606.29 microg/ml) at the same concentration. The extract had good reducing power, however showed moderate inhibition for conjugated dienes and thiobarbituric acid reactive acid substances (59.56 and 51.45%). The total phenolic content of various extracts of A. candidus broth filtrate was measured and a correlation between radical scavenging activities of extracts with total phenolic content was observed. The ethyl acetate extract (125 mg/kg ip) showed significant anti-inflammatory activity in carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema model. The exhibited antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate extract of A. candidus broth filtrate was comparable with BHA and ascorbic acid, while anti-inflammatory activity was comparable with standard diclofenac sodium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/chemistry , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Aspergillus/metabolism , Biphenyl Compounds/chemistry , Butylated Hydroxyanisole/pharmacology , Cations , Culture Media/metabolism , Diclofenac/pharmacology , Edema/drug therapy , Free Radicals , Hydrazines/chemistry , Phenol , Rats
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