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1.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 276-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984615

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasm-accelerated phase/blast phase (MPN-AP/BP) . Methods: A total of 67 patients with MPN-AP/BP were enrolled from February 2014 to December 2021 at the Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Their clinical features and prognostic factors were analyzed retrospectively. Results: ① Sixty-seven patients with MPN-AP/BP with a median age of 60 (range, 33-75) years, including 31 males (46.3% ) and 36 females (53.7% ) , were analyzed. Forty-eight patients progressed from primary myelofibrosis (PMF) , and 19 progressed from other myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) , which included polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, and MPN unclassifiable. Patients who progressed from PMF had higher lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels than those who progressed from other MPNs (925.95 vs. 576.2 U/L, P=0.011) , and there were higher proportions of patients who progressed from PMF with splenomegaly (81.4% vs. 57.9% , P=0.05) , a myelofibrosis grade of ≥2 (93.6% vs. 63.2% , P=0.004) , and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP (28.7 vs. 81 months, P=0.001) . ② JAK2V617F, CALR, and MPLW515 were detected in 41 (61.2% ) , 13 (19.4% ) , and 3 (4.5% ) patients, respectively, whereas 10 (14.9% ) patients did not have any driver mutations (triple-negative) . Other than driver mutations, the most frequently mutated genes were ASXL1 (42.2% , n=27) , SRSF2 (25% , n=16) , SETBP1 (22.6% , n=15) , TET2 (20.3% , n=13) , RUNX1 (20.3% , n=13) , and TP53 (17.2% , n=11) . The ASXL1 mutation was more enriched (51.1% vs. 21.1% , P=0.03) , and the median variant allele fraction (VAF) of the SRSF2 mutation (median VAF, 48.8% vs. 39.6% ; P=0.008) was higher in patients who progressed from PMF than those who progressed from other MPNs. ③ In the multivariate analysis, the complex karyotype (hazard ratio, 2.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-6.05; P=0.036) was independently associated with worse overall survival (OS) . Patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) (median OS, 21.3 vs. 3 months; P=0.05) or acute myeloid leukemia-like (AML-like) therapy (median OS, 13 vs. 3 months; P=0.011) had significantly better OS than those who received supportive therapy. Conclusion: The proportions of patients with PMF-AP/BP with splenomegaly, myelofibrosis grade ≥2, a higher LDH level, and a shorter duration from diagnosis to the transformation to AP/BP were higher than those of patients with other Philadelphia-negative MPN-AP/BP. The complex karyotype was an independent prognostic factor for OS. Compared with supportive therapy, AML-like therapy and allo-HSCT could prolong the OS of patients with MPN-AP/BP.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Primary Myelofibrosis/genetics , Prognosis , Splenomegaly , Retrospective Studies , Myeloproliferative Disorders/genetics , Mutation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Janus Kinase 2/genetics
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, and interferon regimen as maintenance therapy for blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of CML-BP patients who received the first major hematological response after induction therapy at The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2015 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The event-free survival, duration of remission, and overall survival of patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group(n=18) and TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group(n=10) were compared by log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients were included, with a median age of 46 (24-58) years old. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group had longer event-free survival (7.4 vs 4.3 months, P=0.043, HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.17-1.14), duration of overall remission (16.1 vs 6.6 months, P=0.005, HR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.11-0.89), overall survival (34.3 vs 13.5 months, P=0.006, HR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.10-0.82) compared with patients in TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group.@*CONCLUSION@#The TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine and interferon regimen can significantly prolong the survival of CML-BP patients who obtained the major hematological response compared with TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Tyrosine Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
3.
Indian J Cancer ; 2014 Jan-Mar; 51(1): 5-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154271

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Imatinib is a bcr‑abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor which has revolutionized the treatment for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Even though there is much data on CML chronic phase, there is limited data on imatinib‑naïve advanced phase CML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 90 patients with advanced phase CML (accelerated phase [AP]: 51 and blast crisis [BC]: 39), patients who received imatinib as frontline therapy. RESULTS: The median age of presentation in CML‑AP and CML‑BC were 32 years (12‑61) and 39 years (8‑59), respectively. Imatinib at 600 mg/day was initiated within 2 weeks of diagnosis. Median time to complete hematological response in both CML‑AP and CML‑BC was 3 months (CML‑AP: 1‑9 months and CML‑BC: 1‑14 months). At 6 months 30 (59%) CML‑AP and 15 (38%) CML‑BC patients achieved major cytogenetic response (MCyR), of them 24 (47%) and 10 (25.6%) being the complete cytogenetic response, respectively. At a median follow‑up of 41 months, the median overall survival in CML‑AP was 61 months, but in CML‑BC it was 14 months. The median progression‑free survival and event‑free survival were 30 months and 23 months in CML‑AP and 14 and 12 months in CML‑BC, respectively. On univariate analysis, performance status (PS), spleen size, and MCyR predicted survival in AP, whereas in BC, platelet count, PS, and early MCyR were predictive. Non‑hematologic and hematologic adverse events were observed in 80% and 60% of patients, respectively. Dose was reduced in 10% of patients for grade IV toxicity and interrupted in 30% for grade III toxicity. CONCLUSION: Front‑line imatinib is an option in advanced phases of CML especially in CML‑AP in low‑resource countries, where stem cell transplantation and alternate TKIs are not available.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Benzamides/therapeutic use , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Blast Crisis/mortality , Blast Crisis/pathology , Child , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/drug effects , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/mortality , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Piperazines/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Young Adult
5.
São Paulo med. j ; 116(2): 1689-91, Mar.-Apr. 1998. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-216893

ABSTRACT

The authors report the case of a chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patient submitted to allogenic bone marrow transplantation, who had probably never entered complete remission. The disease was reactivated as a granulocytic sarcoma, next to a platinum plate installed to correct a tibia fracture 11 years earlier. Its final event was a myeloid Ph1 + blastic crisis that was unsuccessfully treated with high doses of sc interferon and citarabine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/therapy , Leukemia, Myeloid/etiology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/etiology , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/pathology , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Fatal Outcome , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
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