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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829007

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the dynamic impacts of shock waves on the severity of lung injury in rats with different injury distances.@*Methods@#Simulate open-field shock waves; detect the biomechanical effects of explosion sources at distances of 40, 44, and 48 cm from rats; and examine the changes in the gross anatomy of the lungs, lung wet/dry weight ratio, hemoglobin concentration, blood gas analysis, and pathology.@*Results@#Biomechanical parameters such as the overpressure peak and impulse were gradually attenuated with an increase in the injury distance. The lung tissue hemorrhage, edema, oxygenation index, and pathology changed more significantly for the 40 cm group than for the 44 and 48 cm groups. The overpressure peak and impulse were significantly higher for the 40 cm group than for the 44 and 48 cm groups ( < 0.05 or < 0.01). The animal mortality was significantly higher for the 40 cm group than for the other two groups (41.2% . 17.8% and 10.0%, < 0.05). The healing time of injured lung tissues for the 40 cm group was longer than those for the 44 and 48 cm groups.@*Conclusions@#The effects of simulated open-field shock waves on the severity of lung injuries in rats were correlated with the injury distances, the peak overpressure, and the overpressure impulse.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Blast Injuries , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Explosions , Lung Injury , Pathology , Male , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Medwave ; 20(1): e7772, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087876

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES La ubicación precisa de un cuerpo extraño intraocular es crucial para el manejo de pacientes con trauma ocular abierto. La tomografía computarizada se usa habitualmente para detectar su ubicación en el segmento posterior. Reportamos tres casos con diferentes cuerpos extraños intraoculares en el segmento posterior, que fueron localizados con precisión mediante la tomografía computarizada y ecografía modo B. PRESENTACIÖN DEL CASO Presentamos tres casos con diferentes mecanismos de trauma, tipos de cuerpo extraño intraocular, síntomas clínicos y pronóstico visual. La tomografía computarizada determinó la ubicación exacta de todos los cuerpos extraños intraoculares en el segmento posterior. El ultrasonido modo B se realizó en un paciente con un cuerpo extraño intraocular no metálico. El primer caso tuvo una lesión ocular perforante con un cuerpo extraño intraorbitario; el caso dos y el caso tres presentaron diferentes tipos de cuerpos extraños intraoculares con pronóstico diferente. El manejo y el pronóstico fue distinto en todos los casos; todos se manejaron con éxito. La ubicación exacta de los cuerpos extraños intraoculares utilizando las diferentes modalidades de diagnóstico es importante en estos pacientes. Estos casos sirven como recordatorio de que el uso adecuado de las pruebas de imagen es indispensable en el contexto de un cuerpo extraño intraocular relacionado con trauma ocular abierto. CONCLUSIÓN Las diferentes técnicas de imágenes son muy importantes para la detección de un cuerpo extraño intraocular. La tomografía computarizada es una de las modalidades de imagen más simple y efectiva para la localización de cuerpos extraños intraoculares relacionadas con trauma ocular abierto.


BACKGROUND: Determining the precise location of intraocular foreign bodies is crucial for the management of patients with open-globe injury. Computed tomography is the most common method for detecting intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment. In this article, we describe three cases of open-globe injury with different types of intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment that were accurately located using computed tomography scans and B-scan ultrasonography. CASE PRESENTATION: Each of the three cases of open-globe injury described in this report had different types of ocular trauma, clinical symptoms, and intraocular foreign bodies. Computed tomography scans showed the exact location of the intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment in two of the three cases. A B-scan ultrasound was used to determine the location of a non-metallic intraocular foreign body in the third case. All three patients had intraocular foreign bodies, and one of them had an additional orbital foreign body. Case 1 had a perforating eye injury with the additional intraorbital foreign body; Cases 2 and Case 3 had different types of intraocular foreign bodies and prognoses. Various treatment approaches were used, ranging from observation to surgery, depending on the location of the intraocular foreign bodies, and all cases were successfully managed. These three cases show that proper use of various types of imaging tests is indispensable in the context of an intraocular foreign body related to open-globe injury. CONCLUSION: Imaging techniques are crucial for the detection of an intraocular foreign body, and computed tomography is one of the simplest and most useful, especially in cases of open-globe injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Plastics , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Blast Injuries/complications , Blast Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/complications , Eye Foreign Bodies/etiology , Glass , Metals
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(10): 896-903, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973463

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the apoptotic mechanisms in rabbits with blast-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Methods: A total of 40 rabbits were randomly divided into a blank control group (A, n=10) and an experimental group (EXP, n=30). Explosion-induced chest-ALI models were prepared and sampled at different time points (4, 12, and 24h after modeling, T1-T3) to test the lung dry weight/wet weight ratio (W/D) and arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2), apoptosis of lung tissue by the TUNEL assay, and Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 levels by immunohistochemical analysis. Furthermore, lung tissue was sampled to observe pathological morphology by microscopy. Results: Under a light microscope, Group EXP exhibited obvious edema in the pulmonary interstitial substance and alveoli, a large number of red blood cells, inflammatory cells, and serous exudation in the alveolar cavity, as well as thickening of the pulmonary interstitial fluid. Compared to Group A, the W/D ratio was significantly increased in Group EXP (P<0.01), while PaO2 was significantly reduced (P<0.01). The apoptosis index was significantly increased (P<0.01), and caspase-3 and Bax/Bcl-2 levels were increased (P<0.01). Conclusion: Apoptosis plays an important role in the occurrence and development of acute lung injury in rabbits by participating in lung injury and promoting the progression of ALI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Blast Injuries/physiopathology , Apoptosis/physiology , Acute Lung Injury/physiopathology , Pulmonary Alveoli/pathology , Blast Injuries/pathology , Blast Injuries/blood , Random Allocation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/blood , Disease Models, Animal , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/blood , Caspase 3/blood , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Acute Lung Injury/blood
5.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 88(5): 269-273, oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-887792

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el uso de fuegos artificiales y dispositivos de pirotecnia forma parte de celebraciones y espectáculos públicos en todo el mundo. En Uruguay, su uso se encuentra concentrado en los meses estivales en eventos públicos y privados. Hay normativas para su uso, la importación y venta está regulada. En el verano de 2014-2015 hubo cuatro niños con lesiones graves de mano producidas por explosivos. Todas en circunstancias similares, compartieron el mismo mecanismo lesional y vinculados a un único dispositivo. En el año 2016 hubo más niños con iguales injurias. Objetivo: comunicar una serie de niños con injurias provocadas por un tipo de explosivo de pirotecnia con un patrón diferente al conocido previamente. Resultados: n=6. Todos varones, cinco adolescentes. Los seis presentaron lesiones severas en manos con amputación de uno o varios dedos, determinando secuelas estéticas y funcionales. Discusión: se identifica los dispositivos con alto contenido en pólvora y el mal uso de los mismos como factores asociados a las lesiones graves de mano. Se realizó una campaña desde la Sociedad Uruguaya de Pediatría, el Departamento de Emergencia Pediátrica, el Ministerio de Salud y otras autoridades para abordar este problema. Se prohíbe la venta de ese dispositivo. Conclusiones: la utilización de dispositivos de pirotecnia con alto contenido de pólvora como el megapetardo o superbomba puede determinar lesiones graves de mano, mutilantes y secuelas permanentes. No se recomienda la manipulación de fuegos artificiales por parte de los niños. El cumplimiento de las normativas vigentes y el correcto uso de los mismos podrían contribuir a disminuir estas injurias.


Summary Introduction: the use of fireworks and pyrotechnic devices are ways of public entertainment and celebration around the world. In Uruguay, they are more frequently used during summer-time in public and private events. Usage, import and sales are regulated by law. In summer 2014-2015 four children presented severe hand injuries caused by blasts, all of which occurred under similar conditions, shared the same injury mechanism and were linked to a specific device. In 2016 there were more children with similar lesions. Objective: to report a series of children with hand lesions caused by a certain type of pyrotechnic device with a pattern that was different from the one previously known. Results: n=6. All of them males 5 adolescents. The 6 children studied presented severe lesions in hands with amputation of 1 or several fingers, which resulted in aesthetic and functional sequelae. Discussion: devices with a high dose of gunpowder and their incorrect use are identified as factors associated to severe lesions. The Uruguayan Society of Pediatrics, the Pediatrics Emergency Department and the Ministry of Health, among other authorities, conducted a campaign to address this issue. The sale of this device is prohibited. Conclusions: the use of pyrotechnic devices with a high dose of gunpowder such as mega firecrackers or superbombs can result in severe hand lesions, mutilation and permanent sequelae. The handling of fireworks by children is not recommended. Fulfillment of updated regulations and the correct use of fireworks might contribute to diminishing these injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blast Injuries/prevention & control , Accidents caused by Explosives/prevention & control , Hand Injuries/prevention & control , Amputation, Traumatic/prevention & control
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-128, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235767

ABSTRACT

In recent years, injuries induced by explosive blast have got more and more attention owing to weapon development and frequent terrorist activities. Tear, bleeding and edema of tissues and organs are the main manifestations of blast shock wave damage. Vascular endothelial barrier is the main defense of tissues and organs' integrity. This article aims to discuss possible mechanisms of endothelial barrier damage induced by explosive blast and main manifestations of blood brain barrier, bloodeair barrier, and intestinal vascular barrier impairments. In addition, the main regulatory factors of vascular permeability are also summarized so as to provide theoretical basis for prevention and cure of vascular endothelial barrier damage resulting from explosive blast.


Subject(s)
Blast Injuries , Metabolism , Blood-Brain Barrier , Capillary Permeability , Endothelium, Vascular , Metabolism , Humans , Nitric Oxide , Physiology , Platelet Activating Factor , Physiology , Serotonin , Physiology , Thrombin , Physiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 136-138, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235764

ABSTRACT

During the process of unsealing an old ammunition box in order to destroy it, a 42-year-old ammunition technician was fatally injured due to an anti-personnel ARGES EM01-type rifle grenade detonation. The explosion took place in the victim's hands, in point-blank range. This report aimed to show the anatomical position, the severity and the dispersion extent of the multiple injuries in the human body due to the detonation, and draw firm conclusions regarding the position of the human body and the circumstances prevailing at the moment of the explosion.


Subject(s)
Accidents , Adult , Blast Injuries , Explosions , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Male
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 139-140, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235763

ABSTRACT

Explosion has become one of the most common causes of death of the combat casualties. I made a comment on one case of autopsy whose cause of death was the accidental denotation of a 355 g rifle grenade and reviewed the clinical approaches and strategies of the blast injury.


Subject(s)
Accidents , Blast Injuries , Explosions , Humans
9.
Medicina (Bogotá) ; 38(4(115)): 316-320, Octubre-Diciembre 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-913098

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones producidas por ondas expansivas comprometen diferentes áreas anatómicas por su mecanismo de lesión y se traducen en traumatismos severos. En Colombia, las principales causas de estas lesiones las constituyen situaciones de guerra y ataques terroristas puesto que el país se ha visto inmerso en la violencia durante varios años. Material y Métodos:Debido a la severidad y el compromiso de áreas resultantes de ese tipo de eventos, se diseñó e implemento un protocolo de atención que se propuso realizar lo siguiente: 1) Aplicar la evaluación primaria y secundaria del paciente, según los lineamientos del Soporte Vital Avanzado en Trauma del Colegio Americano de Cirujanos. 2) Hacer la evaluación sistemática por áreas anatómicas por parte del departamento quirúrgico, orientándola hacia el examen de las lesiones descritas con mayor frecuencia. 3) Llevar a cabo posteriormente una valoración de las lesiones específi cas de acuerdo con las especialidades relacionadas. Para identifi car las lesiones más frecuentes, se rea-lizó un análisis retrospectivo de los casos registrados en el Hospital Universitario de Neiva, centro de referencia para el suroccidente de Colombia. Resultados: Durante ese periodo, se atendieron 35 pacientes cuyas áreas anatómicas comprometidas más frecuentes fueron las extremidades inferiores (con un registro del 60% de los casos), el abdomen (54,3%) y el tórax (42,9%). La mor-talidad general del grupo fue de 9,1%. Después de la implementación, se demostró una mejoría en la oportunidad de evaluación por cirugía general y se identifi caron 6 pacientes con diagnósticos tardíos, previos a la implementación del protocolo. Conclusión: Este estudio determinó que la implementación de una revisión secuencial y un protocolo sistemático permiten mejorar la tasa de diagnósticos tardíos optimizando la evaluación diagnostica y el abordaje terapéutico.


Introduction: Blast injuries, due to their mechanism, involve different anatomical areas and result in severe trauma. In Colombia, the main situation causing blast injuries is war and terrorist attacks as well, since by decades, this country has been historically immersed in violence. Materials and method: Due to severity of lesions and involvement of different areas during such events, a protocol of care was designed and implemented, aiming to perform the following: 1) Patient ́s primary and secondary evaluation according to the guidelines of the Advanced Trauma Life Support of the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. 2) A systematic evaluation by anatomical areas by the department of surgery, focusing in the examination of more common lesions described. 3) To carry out an evaluation of the specifi c injuries, according to related spe-cialties. For identifi cation of the most common injuries, we carried out a retrospective analysis of cases recorded during 5 years at Neiva University Hospital, a referral center for southwest Colombia. Results: During this period of time, in 35 treated patients, the most frequent anatomic areas involved were the lower limbs (60% of cases), abdomen (54,3%) and chest (42,9%). The overall group mortality was 9,1%. After implementation of the protocol, chances of evaluation by general surgery was improved. Six patients with late diagnosis prior to protocol implementation were identifi ed. Conclusion: This study showed that the implementation of a sequential review and a systematic protocol can improve the rate of late diagnosis by optimizing the diagnostic evaluation and the therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Blast Injuries , War-Related Injuries , Wounds and Injuries
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316862

ABSTRACT

Primary blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) has been observed at the boundary of brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Such injury can hardly be explained by using the theory of compressive wave propagation, since both the solid and fuid materials have similar compressibility and thus the intracranial pressure (ICP) has a continuous distribution across the boundary. Since they have completely different shear properties, it is hypothesized the injury at the interface is caused by shear wave. In the present study, a preliminary combined numerical and theoretical analysis was conducted based on the theory of shear wave propagation/reflection. Simulation results show that higher lateral acceleration of brain tissue particles is concentrated in the boundary region. Based on this fnding, a new biomechanical vector, termed as strain gradient, was suggested for primary bTBI. The subsequent simple theoretical analysis reveals that this parameter is proportional to the value of lateral acceleration. At the boundary of lateral ventricles, high spatial strain gradient implies that the brain tissue in this area (where neuron cells may be contained) undergo significantly different strains and large velocity discontinuity, which may result in mechanical damage of the neuron cells.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Blast Injuries , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Compressive Strength , Computer Simulation , Finite Element Analysis , Humans
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 187-193, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316820

ABSTRACT

Explosive blast injury has become the most prevalent injury in recent military conflicts and terrorist attacks. The magnitude of this kind of polytrauma is complex due to the basic physics of blast and the surrounding environments. Therefore, development of stable, reproducible and controllable animal model using an ideal blast simulation device is the key of blast injury research. The present review addresses the modeling of blast injury and applications of shock tubes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blast Injuries , Disease Models, Animal , High-Energy Shock Waves , Research
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 194-200, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316819

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence of blast injury, the research on its mechanisms and protective measures draws more and more attention. Blast injury has many characteristics different from general war injuries or trauma. For example, soldiers often have various degrees of visceral injury without significant surface damage, combined injuries and arterial air embolism. Researchers in China began to investigate blast injury later than the United States and Sweden, but the development is so fast that lots of achievements have been gained, including the development of biological shock tube, the mechanisms and characteristics of blast injury in various organs, as well as protective measures under special environments. This article reviews the past and current situation of blast injury research in China.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blast Injuries , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , China , Disease Models, Animal , Ear , Wounds and Injuries , Eye Injuries , High-Energy Shock Waves , Humans , Lung Injury , Research
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 201-203, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316818

ABSTRACT

Blast injury has become the major life- and function-threatening injuries in recent warfares. There is increased research interest in the mental disorders caused by blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI), which has been proved as one of the "signature wounds" in modern battlefield. We reviewed the recent progresses in bTBI-related researches and concluded that the new era of blast injury research has shifted from the traditional physical impairments to cognitive dysfunctional/mental disorders that are proved to be more related to the outcome of combat casualty care.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blast Injuries , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Cognition Disorders , Humans , Mental Disorders , Research
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 204-211, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316817

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of three different ways of chronic caffeine administration on blast- induced memory dysfunction and to explore the underlying mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult male C57BL/6 mice were used and randomly divided into five groups: control: without blast exposure, con-water: administrated with water continuously before and after blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI), con-caffeine: administrated with caffeine continuously for 1 month before and after bTBI, pre-caffeine: chronically administrated with caffeine for 1 month before bTBI and withdrawal after bTBI, post-caffeine: chronically administrated with caffeine after bTBI. After being subjected to moderate intensity of blast injury, mice were recorded for learning and memory performance using Morris water maze (MWM) paradigms at 1, 4, and 8 weeks post-blast injury. Neurological deficit scoring, glutamate concentration, proinflammatory cytokines production, and neuropathological changes at 24 h, 1, 4, and 8 weeks post-bTBI were examined to evaluate the brain injury in early and prolonged stages. Adenosine A1 receptor expression was detected using qPCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of the three ways of chronic caffeine exposure ameliorated blast-induced memory deficit, which is correlated with the neuroprotective effects against excitotoxicity, inflammation, astrogliosis and neuronal loss at different stages of injury. Continuous caffeine treatment played positive roles in both early and prolonged stages of bTBI; pre-bTBI and post-bTBI treatment of caffeine tended to exert neuroprotective effects at early and prolonged stages of bTBI respectively. Up-regulation of adenosine A1 receptor expression might contribute to the favorable effects of chronic caffeine consumption.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Since caffeinated beverages are widely consumed in both civilian and military personnel and are convenient to get, the results may provide a promising prophylactic strategy for blast-induced neurotrauma and the consequent cognitive impairment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blast Injuries , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Caffeine , Pharmacology , Cerebral Cortex , Pathology , Hippocampus , Pathology , Male , Memory Disorders , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Receptor, Adenosine A1 , Genetics
16.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 267-274, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316803

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>We once reported blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) in confined space. Here, bTBI was studied again on goats in the open air using 3.0 kg trinitrotoluene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The goats were placed at 2, 4, 6 and 8 m far from explosion center. Trinitrotoluene (TNT) was used as the source of the blast wave and the pressure at each distance was recorded. The systemic physiology, electroencephalogram, serum level of S-100 beta, and neuron specific enolase (NSE) were determined pre and post the exposure. Neuroanatomy and neuropathology were observed 4 h after the exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Simple blast waveforms were recorded with parameters of 702.8 kPa-0.442 ms, 148.4 kPa-2.503 ms, 73.9 kPa-3.233 ms, and 41.9 kPa-5.898 ms at 2, 4, 6 and 8 m respectively. Encephalic blast overpressure was on the first time recorded in the literature by us at 104.2 kPa-0.60 ms at 2 m, where mortality and burn rate were 44% and 44%. Gross examination showed that bTBI was mainly manifested as congestive expansion of blood vessels and subarachnoid hemorrhage, which had a total incidence of 25% and 19% in 36 goats. Microscopical observation found that the main pathohistological changes were enlarged perivascular space (21/36, 58%), small hemorrhages (9/36, 25%), vascular dilatation and congestion (8/36, 22%), and less subarachnoid hemorrhage (2/36, 6%). After explosion, serum levels of S-100b and NSE were elevated, and EEG changed into slow frequency with declined amplitude. The results indicated that severity and incidence of bTBI is related to the intensity of blast overpressure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Blast wave can pass through the skull to directly injure brain tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blast Injuries , Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Pathology , Electroencephalography , Goats , Male , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Blood , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Blood
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 314-319, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316792

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The 8.12 Tianjin Port Explosion in 2015 caused heavy casualties. Pingjin Hospital, an affiliated college hospital in Tianjin, China participated in the rescue activities. This study aims to analyze the emergency medical response to this event and share experience with trauma physicians to optimize the use of medical resource and reduce mortality of critical patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>As a trauma centre at the accident city, our hospital treated 298 patients. We retrospectively analyzed the data of emergency medical response, including injury triage, injury type, ICU patient flow, and medical resource use.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were totally 165 deaths, 8 missing, and 797 non-fatal injuries in this explosion. Our hospital treated 298 casualties in two surges of medical demand. The first one appeared at 1 h after explosion when 147 wounded were received and the second one at 4 h when 31 seriously injured patients were received, among whom 29 were transferred from Tianjin Emergency Center which was responsible for the scene injury triage. After reexamination and triage, only 11 cases were defined as critical ill patients. The over-triage rate reached as high as 62.07%. Seventeen patients underwent surgery and 17 patients were admitted to the intensive care unit.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The present pre-hospital system is incomplete and may induce two surges of medical demand. The first one has a much larger number of casualties than predicted but the injury level is mild; while the second one has less wounded but almost all of them are critical patients. The over-triage rate is high. The hospital emergency response can be improved by an effective re-triage and implementation of a hospital-wide damage control.</p>


Subject(s)
Blast Injuries , Mortality , Therapeutics , China , Explosions , Female , Health Services Needs and Demand , Hospitals, University , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Male , Mass Casualty Incidents , Retrospective Studies , Surge Capacity , Trauma Centers , Triage
18.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 320-322, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316791

ABSTRACT

A male patient, 55 years old, was found from a container yard 65 h later following a chemical warehouse explosion in Tianjin, China on August 12, 2015. He was about 50 m away from the explosion center. He was subjected to compound multiple trauma, multi-viscera function damage, multiple fractures, hemothorax, traumatic wet lung, respiratory failure I, hypovolemic shock and impaired liver and kidney functions. After a series of successful treatments, he was rescued and recovered well.


Subject(s)
Blast Injuries , Therapeutics , China , Explosions , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , Therapeutics
19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 323-325, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316790

ABSTRACT

Tianjin Medical University General Hospital treated 233 wounded in 8.12 Tinjin Port explosion. Here we would like to analyze the treatment process for the wounded, and share the experiences of orga- nization and management for emergency rescue operation.


Subject(s)
Blast Injuries , Therapeutics , China , Emergency Medical Services , Explosions , Hospitals, University , Humans , Mass Casualty Incidents , Triage
20.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-987659

ABSTRACT

After reviewing the medical literature of various classifications of blast injuries, we present a proposal called the Bogotá Classification, aimed at the study of cadavers with injuries present in cases of death caused by explosion. We also present a case that occurred in a residence in the city of Bogotá involving an improvised explosive device, resulting in three deaths.


Luego de la revisión de la literatura médica, en relación con las diferentes clasificaciones de lesiones por explosivos, se presenta una propuesta denominada Clasificación Bogotá, dirigida al estudio en cadáveres de las lesiones presentes en casos de muertes por explosión. Se presenta además un caso ocurrido en la ciudad de Bogotá, D.C., donde, en una residencia, ocurre una detonación de artefactos explosivos caseros y como consecuencia se presentan de tres muertes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Pathology , Autopsy , Blast Injuries , Death
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