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1.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(6): 904-911, Fevereiro 7, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358382

ABSTRACT

A blefaroplastia é atualmente o tratamento cirúrgico mais indicado na reversão dos efeitos do envelhecimento palpebral. Porém, a técnica é cara, extremamente invasiva, com recuperação pós-cirúrgica lenta e só pode ser realizada por cirurgiões em ambiente hospitalar. O ultrassom tem se mostrado um método seguro e eficaz no tratamento antienvelhecimento cutâneo, mas pouco se tem pesquisado sobre o efeito do ultrassom na dermatocalase. Este estudo piloto têm como objeto avaliar um emissor ultrassônico no tratamento de rejuvenescimento da região periorbicular. Trata-se uma pesquisa qualitativa descritiva de estudo de casos, no qual foram avaliadas duas voluntárias submetidas a tratamento com ultrassom. Após as sessões, foi possível observar retomada de viço e redução de flacidez palpebral, com consequente minimização da dermatocalase e rugas adjacentes. O uso do ultrassom se mostrou satisfatório e eficaz, principalmente na remodelação na região acometida por dermatocalase. Além disso, a técnica apresenta melhor custo-benefício e recuperação pós-procedimento mais curta em relação a outras terapias atualmente empregadas para tratamento da região periorbital. (AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Rejuvenation , Therapeutics , Ultrasonics , Aging , Blepharoplasty
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0005, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360915

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the upper and lower blepharoplasty technique associated with canthopexy with double pre septal orbicularis muscle elevation with a single suture in order to evaluate the efficacy of the technique. Methods: This is a retrospective study in which the medical records of 5,882 patients who underwent this technique between January 1999 and July 2015 were evaluated. The frequency and main causes of clinical complications and surgical reoperation were analyzed. Results: The incidence of complications found was 12.7% (n=750), being 0.8% (n=47) due to persistent chemosis, 3% (n=176) due to poor lower eyelid positioning, 4.17% (n=245) due to mild eyelid retraction and 4.8% (n=282) because of mild to moderate chemosis. Conclusion: The technique appears to be effective as it is simple and practical, and capable of resulting in positive functional and aesthetic outcomes with low rates of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a técnica de blefaroplastia superior e inferior associada à cantopexia associada à dupla elevação do músculo orbicular pré-septal em uma única sutura e avaliar sua eficácia. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados 5.882 prontuários de pacientes submetidos à blefaroplastia superior e inferior com a utilização da cantopexia, entre janeiro de 1999 e julho de 2015. Taxas e principais causas de complicações clínicas e reintervenção cirúrgica foram analisadas. Resultados: A incidência de complicações encontradas foi de 12,7% (n=750), sendo 0,8% (n=47) de caso de quemose persistente, 3% (n=176) de mau posicionamento palpebral inferior (ectrópio), 4,17% (n=245) de leve retração pálpebra e 4,8% (n=282) de quemose leve a moderada. Conclusão: A técnica mostra-se eficaz por ser simples e prática, podendo ter resultados funcionais e estéticos positivos e com baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Suture Techniques , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelid Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Skin Aging , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Conjunctival Diseases/etiology , Edema/etiology , Eyelids/surgery , Facial Muscles/surgery
3.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 133-136, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178958

ABSTRACT

Los ojos son el foco principal de la cara y se les atribuye la expresión de la personalidad del individuo. La configuración anatómica de los párpados y de la región periorbitaria conforma una de las áreas más importantes de la expresión humana. Existen alteraciones aparentemente estéticas que llevan a trastornos visuales, como la dermatocalasis y blefarochalasis, que limitan el campo visual o provocar fatiga ocular por la presión de la piel redundante sobre los párpados, la laxitud de los tendones cantales origina un síndrome de exposición escleral y a la vez lagrimeo. La blefaroplastia produce resultados clínicos y estéticos favorables en los pacientes aquejados por esta patología.


The eyes are the main focus of the face and the expression of the individual's personality is attributed to them. The anatomical configuration of the eyelids and the periorbital region constitutes one of the most important areas of human expression. There are apparently aesthetic alterations that lead to visual disorders, such as dermatochalasis and blepharochalasis, which can limit the visual field or cause eye fatigue due to the redundant pressure of the skin on the eyelashes, the laxity of the canthal tendons causes a scleral exposure syndrome and at the same time tearing. Blepharoplasty produces favorable clinical and aesthetic results in patients suffering from dermatochalasis.


Subject(s)
Asthenopia , Blepharoplasty , Stress, Psychological , Syndrome , Vision Disorders , Fatigue
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e950, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289526

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir los resultados funcionales de la blefaroplastia superior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal prospectivo de 99 pacientes (198 párpados) con diagnóstico de dermatochalasis de párpado superior, algunos asociados a ptosis palpebral y de la ceja, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el período comprendido de febrero del año 2019 a enero de 2020. Resultados: El 85,8 por ciento fueron del sexo femenino y el 43,5 por ciento eran mayores de 62 años. Predominó la dermatochalasis del párpado superior y la ptosis palpebral en el 68,4 por ciento, así como la dermatochalasis y la ptosis palpebral severa, las cuales representaron el 47,5 y el 50 por ciento respectivamente. En el grupo de 56 a 61 años sobresalió la dermatochalasis del párpado superior y la ptosis de la ceja, con el 61 por ciento. En el 98 por ciento de los casos intervenidos se obtuvo la corrección total de la dermatochalasis del párpado superior, la corrección de la ptosis en el 86 por ciento y de la ceja en el 88 por ciento. No se presentaron complicaciones en el 94 por ciento de los párpados intervenidos. La complicación más frecuente fue el sangramiento, con el 2,5 por ciento. Conclusiones: El abordaje de la ptosis palpebral y de las cejas transblefaroplastia superior logra en la mayoría de los pacientes la corrección total de estas afecciones y de la dermatochalasis. Este procedimiento constituye una herramienta importante para el rejuvenecimiento facial(AU)


Objective: Describe the functional results of upper blepharoplasty. Methods: A prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted of 99 patients (198 eyelids) diagnosed with upper eyelid dermatochalasis, in some cases associated to eyelid and eyebrow ptosis. The study was carried out at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from February 2019 to January 2020. Results: Of the total patients studied, 85.8 percent were female and 43.5 percent were aged over 62 years. Upper eyelid dermatochalasis and palpebral ptosis prevailed with 68.4 percent, whereas severe dermatochalasis and palpebral ptosis represented 47.5 percent and 50 percent, respectively. A predominance was found of upper eyelid dermatochalasis and eyebrow ptosis in the 56-61 age group (61 percent). Total correction of upper eyelid dermatochalasis was achieved in 98 percent of the cases intervened, eyelid ptosis correction in 86 percent and eyebrow ptosis correction in 88 percent. No complications appeared in 94 percent of the eyelids intervened. The most common complication was bleeding with 2.5 percent. Conclusions: In most cases, management of palpebral ptosis and upper eyebrow transblepharoplasty achieves total correction of these disorders and dermatochalasis. The procedure is an important tool for facial rejuvenation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rejuvenation , Blepharoptosis/diagnosis , Blepharoplasty/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 11-16, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153094

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the effect of upper blepharoplasty on corneal topography and intraocular lens power calculation using Galilei and IOLMaster. Methods: Thirty patients submitted to upper blepharoplasty from May 2014 to March 2017 at the Hospital Oftalmológico de Sorocaba (São Paulo, Brazil) were included in this observational case series. All patients underwent imaging sessions with Galilei and IOLMaster preoperatively (baseline) and at 1 and 6 months postoperatively. Primary outcome measures using both devices included flattest, average, and steepest corneal curvature, corneal astigmatism, and blepharoplasty-induced corneal astigmatism. Determination of axial length and lens power calculation were performed using only IOLMaster (Holladay formula). Paired t-test and vectorial analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results: Sixty eyes from 30 patients were prospectively included. Vectorial analysis showed that 6 months after surgery, blepharoplasty induced on average 0.39 D and 0.31 D of corneal astigmatism, as measured with Galilei and IOLMaster, respectively. IOLMaster measurements showed that average corneal curvature (44.56 vs 44.64 D, p=0.01), steepest corneal curvature (45.17 vs 45.31, p=0.01) and corneal astigmatism (1.22 vs 1.34, p=0.03) were higher 6 months after surgery. IOLMaster measurements also showed that intraocular lens power was significantly smaller 6 months after surgery (22.07 vs 21.93, p=0.004). All other parameters showed no change for comparisons between baseline and 6 months (p>0.05 for all comparisons). Conclusion: Upper eyelid blepharoplasty influenced intraocular lens calculation using the IOLMaster. However, the influence was not clinically significant. No topographic changes were found using Galilei.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar o efeito da blefaroplastia superior na topografia corneana e no cálculo do poder das lentes intraoculares usando Galilei e IOLMaster. Métodos: Trinta pacientes submetidos a blefaroplastia superior de maio de 2014 a março de 2017 no Hospital Oftalmológico de Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brasil foram incluídos neste estudo de série de casos observacional. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a sessões de imagem com Galilei e IOLMaster antes da cirurgia (exame de base) e no 1º e 6º mês pós-operatório. Os resultados primários utilizando os dois aparelhos incluíram ceratometria, astigmatismo corenano e astigmatismo corneano induzido pela blefaroplastia. O comprimento axial e o cálculo do poder da lente intraocular foram realizados unicamente com o IOLMaster (fórmula de Holladay). Teste-t pareado e análise vetorial foram usados na análise estatística. Resultados: Sessenta olhos de 30 pacientes foram incluídos prospectivamente. A análise vec­torial mostrou que após 6 meses da cirurgia, a blefaroplastia superior induziu na média 0,39 D de astigmatismo corneano medido com o Galilei e 0,31 D com IOLMaster. As medidas com o IOLMaster mostraram que a ceratometria média (44,56 vs 44,64 D, p=0,01), ceratometria máxima (45,17 vs 45,31, p=0,01) e o astigmatismo corneano (1,22 vs 1,34, p=0,03) foram maiores após 6 meses da blefaroplastia. As medidas com IOLMaster mostraram que o poder da lente intraocular foi significativamente menor 6 meses após a blefaroplastia (22,07 vs 21,93, p=0,004). Todos os outros parâmetros não mostraram mudanças entre o pré-operatório e o 6º mês da cirurgia (p>0,05 para todas as comparações). Conclusões: A blefaroplastia superior influenciou o cálculo da lente intrao­cular utilizando o IOLMaster. Contudo, a influência não foi cli­­nicamente significativa. Não foram encontradas mudanças topográficas com o Galilei.


Subject(s)
Humans , Astigmatism , Astigmatism/etiology , Biometry , Blepharoplasty , Lenses, Intraocular , Refraction, Ocular , Brazil , Cornea/surgery , Cornea/diagnostic imaging , Corneal Topography , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Lens Implantation, Intraocular , Eyelids
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(3): 280-285, set. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144890

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La región periorbitaria es la primera en exhibir los efectos del envejecimiento, siendo el exceso de piel del párpado superior el signo más frecuente. Actualmente las técnicas quirúrgicas de blefaroplastia superior son más conservadoras, logrando resultados estéticos satisfactorios y naturales. La técnica con realce de volumen es una técnica poco agresiva en la cual se respeta el músculo y grasa periorbitaria. Objetivo: Describir la técnica de blefaroplastia superior con realce de volumen, sus beneficios y resultados estéticos. Material y Método: Estudio descriptivo retrospectivo. Se analizaron pacientes sometidos al procedimiento entre agosto de 2016 y octubre de 2017. Resultados: Se describe la técnica quirúrgica. Se operaron 56 pacientes con un promedio de edad de 57 años. 75% correspondían a sexo femenino. Se utilizó anestesia local en 59% pacientes. Se complementó con otras cirugías en un 57%. De éstas 19% corresponden a rinoplastías, 31% a frontoplastías, 47% a blefaroplastias inferiores, entre otras. No se presentaron complicaciones intraoperatorias ni postoperatorias mayores. Conclusión: La técnica de blefaroplastia superior con realce de volumen es una técnica conservadora con excelentes resultados estéticos y funcionales. Al conservar el músculo orbicular y los tejidos blandos subyacentes se genera un aumento de volumen en la zona del supratarso, realzando la belleza de la región periorbitaria.


Abstract Introduction: The periorbital region is the first to exhibit the effects of aging. The excess of skin on the upper eyelid is the most frequent sign. Nowadays upper blepharoplasty techniques are more conservative, achieving satisfactory aesthetic results. The volume enhancement technique is a non-aggressive technique in which muscle and periorbital fat are preserved. Aim: Describe the upper blepharoplasty with volume enhancement technique, its benefits and aesthetic results. Material and Method: The surgical technique is described. Retrospective descriptive study. Patients studied were between august 2016 and october 2017. Results: 56 patients underwent surgery with an average age of 57 years. 75% were female. 59% were performed under local anesthesia. 57% had complementary surgeries. These were rhinoplasties (19%), frontoplasty (31%), lower blepharoplasty (47%) among others. There were no mayor intraoperative or postoperative complications. Conclusion: The upper blepharoplasty with volume enhancement technique is a conservative technique with excellent aesthetic and functional outcomes. By preserving the orbicularis muscle and the underlying soft tissues, a volume increase is achieved in supra tarsal area, enhancing the beauty in the periorbital region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Blepharoplasty/methods , Aging , Epidemiology, Descriptive
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(3): 185-189, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131585

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To perform a long-term comparison of the quantitative efficacy of internal and external browpexy in combination with upper-lid blepharoplasty based on lateral and central eyebrow positions. Methods: This retrospective study evaluated internal and external browpexy with upper-lid blepharoplasty surgeries that were performed during the period between January 2012 and December 2017 in the oculoplastic surgery department of our hospital. Patients who had undergone periorbital and forehead surgery, who had ophthalmologic or neurological diseases, and who were Botox users were not included in the study. Preoperative and postoperative measurements were made on photographs taken in the same position. The distances from the pupil center and from the point of intersection between the horizontal line passing through the pupil and the vertical line passing through the lateral canthus to the upper eyebrow borders were measured. Photogrammetric analysis of eyebrow position was analyzed using Corel Draw software. Results: Preoperative and postoperative photographs of 70 eyelids were analyzed. Measurements were taken 24 months after surgery. Mean elevations of 2.10 and 3.19 mm were observed in the central region and lateral regions, respectively, in the internal browpexy group. These elevations were 2.66 and 3.03 mm in the external browpexy group and 0.48 and 0.55 mm in the control group. Eyebrow elevations in the central and lateral regions were not significantly different from baseline in the control group (p=0.126 and p=0.25). Internal and external browpexy showed statistically similar elevation values in the central and lateral regions (p=0.636 and p=0.342). Conclusions: External and internal browpexy surgery afforded adequate and similar elevations of the central and lateral brow, which were significantly different from those in the standard blepharoplasty group during long-term follow-up.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a comparação, a longo prazo, da eficácia quantitativa da sobrancelha interna e externa em combinação com a blefaroplastia da pálpebra superior com base nas posições lateral e central da sobrancelha. Métodos: Este estudo retrospectivo avaliou as cirurgias interna e externa da braquiterapia com blefaroplastia de pálpebra superior realizadas entre janeiro de 2012 e dezembro de 2017 no setor de cirurgia Oculoplástica de nosso hospital. Pacientes submetidos à cirurgia periorbitária e frontal, com doenças oftalmológicas ou neurológicas e usuários de Botox não foram incluídos no estudo. Medidas pré e pós-operatórias foram feitas em fotografias tiradas na mesma posição. Foram medidas as distâncias do centro da pupila e do ponto de intersecção entre a linha horizontal que passa pela pupila e a linha vertical que passa pelo canto lateral do olho até as bordas superiores da sobrancelha. A análise fotogramétrica da posição da sobrancelha foi analisada usando o software Corel Draw. Resultados: Foram analisadas fotografias pré e pós-operatórias de 70 pálpebras. As medidas foram feitas 24 meses após a cirurgia. Elevações médias de 2,10 e 3,19 mm foram observadas na região central e laterais, respectivamente, no grupo de sobrancelha interna. Essas elevações foram de 2,66 e 3,03 mm no grupo da sobrancelha externa e 0,48 e 0,55 mm no grupo controle (p=0,126, p=0,25). A sobrancelha interna e externa apresentou valores de elevação estatisticamente semelhantes nas regiões central e lateral (p=0,636, p=0,342). Conclusões: Cirurgia de sobrancelha externa e interna proporcionam elevações adequadas e semelhantes nas sobrancelhas central e lateral que foram significativamente diferentes daqueles no grupo de blefaroplastia padrão no acompanhamento a longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 122-127, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137939

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to compare scar appearance and the histopathological aspects of inflammatory response induced by the use of radiofrequency [RF] incision and a cold-blade scalpel incision in upper blepharoplasty surgery. Methods: This is a comparative, prospective, double-blind study that recruited 10 Caucasian patients from Oculoplastic Sector of Ophthalmological Center of Minas Gerais (Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil) aged 60-70 years, Fitzpatrick skin types 3 and 4, with upper eyelid dermatochalasis and indication for upper blepharoplasty. These patients underwent upper blepharoplasty using RF incision in one eyelid (10 eyelids in total) and cold-blade incision in the contralateral eyelid (10 eyelids in total). The two techniques were compared for clinical scar appearance and histopathology of the excised tissue materials (i.e., upper eyelid skin). To evaluate clinical scar appearance, we employed two distinct methods: photo-documentation and statistical analysis of the assessment performed by two masked observers (oculoplastic specialists) that examined all patients during all the follow-up based on Vancouver scar scale criteria, which includes attributes related to scar's vascularization, thickness, pigmentation, and elasticity. Follow-up was performed on days 30, 60, and 180 after surgery. After the follow-up period, the collected data were statistically analyzed by using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: The eyelids incised with a scalpel displayed thicker scars (hypertrophic scars), which differed significantly only in the first month after surgery (p = 0.022). The two surgical techniques did not show statistically significant difference in vascularity, elasticity, or pigmentation of the scar during the follow up period (sixth postoperative month). Regarding the histopathological evaluation, the excised skin fragments exhibited the same patterns, except the cautery effect that was observed at the edges of the skin excised with RF, which showed 0.20-0.30-mm thick thermal damage. Conclusion: The two techniques did not show statistically significant difference in terms of scar appearance after the sixth postoperative month.


Resumo Objetivo: Este estudo comparou o aspecto da cicatriz e histopatologia da resposta inflamatória induzidas pelo uso de radiofrequência [RF] e incisão fria em blefaroplastia superior. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo comparativo, prospectivo, duplo-cego, no qual foram selecionados dez pacientes da raça branca do Departamento de Plástica Ocular do Centro Oftalmológico de Minas Gerais, na faixa etária entre 60-70 anos, fototipos 3 e 4 pela classificação Fitzpatrick, que apresentavam dermatocalase com indicação de blefaroplastia superior. Estes pacientes foram submetidos à blefaroplastia superior com a utilização da RF em uma pálpebra (total de 10 pálpebras) e de incisão fria na pálpebra contralateral (total de 10 pálpebras). As duas técnicas foram comparadas quanto ao aspecto clínico da cicatriz e avaliação histopatológica do material excisado (pele de pálpebra superior). Para avaliação do aspecto clínico da cicatriz optamos por dois métodos: a fotodocumentação e análise estatística da avaliação de dois observadores oculoplásticos mascarados que examinaram os pacientes durante todo o período de follow-up baseado na escala de cicatrização de Vancouver que inclui atributos relacionados à vascularização, espessura, pigmentação e elasticidade. O seguimento foi feito com 30, 60 e 180 dias de pós operatório. Após o follow-up, foi realizada análise estatística dos dados através do Teste de Pontos com Sinais de Wilcoxon. Resultados: As pálpebras operadas com bisturi apresentaram tendência a cicatrizes mais grossas (hipertróficas) com diferença estatisticamente significativa apenas para o primeiro mês de cirurgia (p=0.022). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre vascularização, elasticidade e pigmentação entre as duas técnicas de cirurgia avaliadas. Em relação à avaliação histopatológica, os fragmentos de pele excisados apresentaram o mesmo padrão inflamatório com a exceção do efeito de cautério nas bordas das peles excisadas com RF, que variaram de 0,20-0,30mm de espessura de dano térmico. Conclusão: As duas técnicas não mostraram diferença estatisticamente significativa no aspecto clínico da cicatriz após o sexto mês pós-operatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cicatrix , Blepharoplasty/methods , Surgical Wound/pathology , Radiofrequency Therapy/methods , Comparative Study , Double-Blind Method , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Prospective Studies
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 39-42, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088957

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To review the outcomes of frontalis suspension surgeries with the use of polytetrafluoroethylene in patients with blepharoptosis. Methods: A retrospective observational study analyzed the outcomes of frontalis suspension surgeries performed in a single institution from 2003 to 2018. All procedures were performed with closed incision and single pentagon techniques. Outcomes were classified as satisfactory or unsatisfactory, with satisfactory defined as a margin reflex distance of >3 mm and <1 mm between eyelids and unsatisfactory as hypocorrection, surgical complications, and asymmetry. Results: We included a total of 76 eyelids from 52 patients in our study. Within a mean postoperative follow-up of 16.8 ± 18.5 months (range, 3-95), 59 (77.6%) eyelids had a satisfactory outcome, and 17 (22.4%) were unsatisfactory (8 cases of asymmetry, 3 granulomas, 3 suture extrusions, 2 abscesses, and 1 case of cellulitis). Nine eyelids from the unsatisfactory group required reoperation. Among the patients with a follow-up of ³12 months (38 surgeries), lasting results were observed in most eyelids, except for 2 late-onset suture extrusions. Conclusion: The use of polytetrafluoroethylene in frontalis suspension surgery was shown to be predictable, safe, and lasting. Our findings support previous studies that have shown adequate functional results and low complication rates.


RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar os resultados de cirurgias de sus pensão ao músculo frontal com o uso de fio de politetrafluoretileno em pacientes com blefaroptose. Métodos: Em um estudo observacional retrospectivo, foram analisados os resultados das cirurgias de músculo frontal de uma instituição, realizadas entre 2003 e 2018. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados com incisão fechada e técnica de pentágono. Os desfechos foram classificados como satisfatórios ou insatisfatórios com definição satisfatória definida como distância margem-reflexo >3mm e <1mm entre as pálpebras e insatisfatória como hipocorreção, complicações cirúrgicas e assimetria. Resultados: Incluímos um total de 76 pálpebras de 52 pacientes em nosso estudo. Com um tempo médio de seguimento pós-operatório de 16,8 ± 18,5 meses (intervalo 3-95), 59 (77,6%) pálpebras apresentaram desfecho satisfatório e 17 (22,4%) insatisfatórios (8 casos de assimetria, 3 granulomas, 3 extrusões de sutura, 2 abscessos e 1 caso de celulite). Nove pálpebras do grupo insatisfatório necessitaram de reoperação. Entre os pacientes com seguimento ³12 meses (38 cirurgias), resultados duradouros foram observados na maioria dos casos, exceto por 2 extrusões de sutura de surgimento tardio. Conclusão: O uso de politetrafluoretileno na cirurgia de músculo frontal mostrou ser previsível, seguro e duradouro, Nossos achados corroboram com estudos prévios que mostraram resultados funcionais adequados e baixos índices de complicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Polytetrafluoroethylene/therapeutic use , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Eyelids/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 11-18, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088949

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To determine the long-term functional and cosmetic outcomes in patients who underwent modified Hughes procedure with different types of anterior lamellar reconstruction for lower eyelid defects. Methods: This study included 58 patients who had undergone a modified Hughes flap for reconstruction of lower eyelids after tumor excision within a 10-year period. Data regarding patient demographics, size of eyelid defect, tumor pathology, surgical techniques, functional and cosmetic outcomes, and complications were recorded. Postoperative complications were evaluated according to the type of anterior lamella reconstruction (i.e., advancement flap or free skin graft). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors affecting the success of the procedure. Results: The average size of the lower eyelid defect was 22 ± 6.3 mm (range: 11-30 mm). The anterior lamella was reconstructed with advancement flaps and full-thickness skin grafts in 36 (58.6%) and 24 (41.4%) patients, respectively. Mean follow-up time was 23.6 ± 11.9 months. Postoperative complications included trichiasis (three patients; 5.2%), ectropion (two patients; 3.0%), flap necrosis (one patient; 1.7%), flap dehiscence (one patient; 1.7%), infection (one patient; 1.7%), and eyelid margin erythema (one patient; 1.7%). The rates of complication and secondary surgery were similar among the different types of anterior lamellar reconstruction (p=768 and p=0.139, respectively). Success of the modified Hughes procedure was not significantly affected by any of the identified risk factors (p>0.05). Functional and cosmetic outcomes were 96.6% and 94.8%, respectively. Conclusion: Modified Hughes procedure is a safe and effective option for the reconstruction of small and large defects of the lower eyelid, regardless of the type of anterior lamella reconstruction (i.e., advancement flap or skin graft).


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar os resultados funcionais e cosméticos a longo prazo de pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Hughes modificado com diferentes tipos de reconstrução lamelar anterior para defeitos palpebrais inferiores. Métodos: Este estudo incluiu 58 pacientes que foram submetidos a um retalho de Hughes modificado para reconstrução das pálpebras inferiores após excisão do tumor durante um intervalo de 10 anos. Dados referentes à demografia dos pacientes, tamanho do defeito palpebral, patologia tumoral, técnicas cirúrgicas, resultados funcionais e cosméticos e complicações foram registrados. As complicações pós-operatórias foram avaliadas de acordo com o tipo de reconstrução da lamela anterior (ou seja, retalho de avanço ou enxerto de pele livre). A análise de regressão logística multivariada foi realizada para identificar os fatores de risco que afetam o sucesso do procedimento. Resultados: O tamanho médio do defeito da pálpebra inferior foi de 22 ± 6,3 mm (11-30 mm). A lamela anterior foi reconstruída com retalhos de avanço e enxertos de pele de espessura total em 36 (58,6%) e 24 (41,4%) pacientes, respectivamente. O tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 23,6 ± 11,9 meses. Complicações pós-operatórias incluíram triquíase (três pacientes: 5,2%), ectrópio (dois pacientes: 3%), necrose de retalho (um paciente: 1,7%), deiscência de retalho (um paciente: 1,7%), infecção (um paciente: 1,7%) e eritema na margem palpebral (um paciente: 1,7%). As taxas de complicação e de cirurgia secundária foram semelhantes entre os diferentes tipos de reconstrução lamelar anterior (p=768 e p=0,139, respetivamente). O sucesso do procedimento de Hughes modificado não foi significativamente afetado por nenhum dos fatores de risco identificados (p>0,05). Resultados funcionais e cosméticos foram de 96,6% e 94,8%, respetivamente. Conclusão: O procedimento de Hughes modificado é uma opção segura e eficaz para a reconstrução de pequenos e grandes defeitos da pálpebra inferior, independentemente do tipo de reconstrução da lamela anterior (ou seja, retalho de avanço ou enxerto de pele).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Skin Transplantation/methods , Eyelid Neoplasms/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/complications , Retrospective Studies , Blepharoplasty/methods , Ectropion/surgery , Eyelid Neoplasms/complications , Eyelids/surgery
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(1): 56-58, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092651

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fogo em campo cirúrgico durante cirurgia palpebral é uma complicação intra-operatória que é dramática tanto para o paciente quanto para a equipe médica. Relatamos um caso de acidente cirúrgico durante cirurgia palpebral onde o paciente sofreu queimadura de supercílio. Houve interação entre o oxigênio usado para sedação (máscara aberta) e uma fonte de ignição representada pelo cautério monopolar. Embora o paciente tenha apresentado boa evolução clínica com recuperação total da lesão cutânea, este caso é um alerta para se evitar tais tipo de ocorrência. Ressaltamos neste trabalho quais as condições implicadas e o modo de prevenção.


Abstract Fire in the surgical field during eyelid surgery is an intra-operative complication that is dramatic for both the patient and the medical staff. It's being reported a case of surgical accident during eyelid surgery where the patient suffered a brow burn. There was interaction between the oxygen used for sedation (open mask) and a source of ignition represented by monopolar cautery. Although the patient presented good clinical evolution with complete recovery of the cutaneous lesion, this case is an alert to avoid such type of occurrence. This work highlights the conditions involved and the way of prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Operating Rooms , Electrocoagulation/adverse effects , Electrosurgery/adverse effects , Eyelids/surgery , Patient Safety , Fires/prevention & control , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Burns/etiology , Risk Factors , Blepharoplasty/methods , Electricity/adverse effects , Electrocoagulation/instrumentation , Electrosurgery/instrumentation , Intraoperative Complications
12.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 32(4): e731, oct.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099098

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos de la técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia y las complicaciones presentadas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte longitudinal, de 12 pacientes (24 párpados) con ptosis de la ceja asociada a dermatochalasis del párpado superior desde mayo a septiembre del año 2018, en la consulta de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer". Fueron excluidos los que ya tenían una cirugía anterior del tercio facial superior. Resultados: El 83,3 por ciento de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino. En cuanto a los grupos de edades resultó más frecuente el grupo de mayores de 62 años de edad. Hubo un predominio de la raza blanca, para un 58,3 por ciento. En el 60 por ciento de los casos del sexo femenino (6 pacientes), la dermatochalasis del párpado superior, asociada a la ptosis de la ceja, fue moderada. La ptosis de la ceja resultó corregida en 18 párpados, para el 75 por ciento. Se presentó el 25 por ciento de complicaciones (3 pacientes). Conclusiones: La técnica de elevación de la ceja transblefaroplastia logra la corrección de la ceja en el mayor número de pacientes con un bajo porcentaje de complicaciones, y constituye una buena opción quirúrgica para este tipo de afección palpebral(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the surgical outcomes of the eyebrow lift technique of transblepharoplasty and the complications presented. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective, longitudinal study was carried out with 12 patients (24 eyelids) with eyebrow ptosis associated with upper eyelid dermatochalasis, from May to September 2018, in the Ocular Plastic Surgery office of Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. Those who already had a previous surgery of the upper facial third were excluded. Results: 83.3 percent of the patients were female. Regarding the age groups, the group of people over 62 years of age was more frequent. There was a predominance of the white race, accounting for 58.3 percent. In 60 percent of female cases (6 patients), dermatochalasis of the upper eyelid, associated with eyebrow ptosis, was moderate. Eyebrow ptosis was corrected in 18 eyelids, for 75 percent. 25 percent of complications were presented (3 patients). Conclusions: The eyebrow lift technique of transblepharoplasty achieves eyebrow correction in the greatest number of patients with a low percentage of complications, and constitutes a good surgical option for this type of eyelid condition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 539-545, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047922

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Realizar levantamento na literatura médica sobre os tratamentos cirúrgicos e não cirúrgicos da ptose de sobrancelha e apresentar um fluxograma de decisão para elevação da sobrancelha. Métodos: Revisão sistemática da literatura disponível no banco de dados da PUBMED seguindo critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Elaboração de um fluxograma para abordagem da queda de sobrancelha baseado na experiência dos autores. Resultados: Foi encontrada uma abundância de artigos descrevendo diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas para correção da ptose de supercílio. As táticas cirúrgicas mais comuns foram a elevação interna do supercílio, elevação direta, elevação via temporal e ritidoplastia coronal / pré-triquial / endoscópica. Para a abordagem não cirúrgica foram encontradas o uso de toxina botulínica, preenchimento e fios de sustentação. Conclusão: Há diversas táticas cirúrgicas e não cirúrgicas descritas na literatura para elevação da sobrancelha, demonstrando que não há uma tática ideal para todos os pacientes. O uso de fluxograma pode ajudar a realizar uma abordagem sistemática e personalizada e considerando característica de cada paciente.


Introduction: To review the medical literature regarding the surgical and non-surgical treatments of eyebrow ptosis and to present a decision flowchart for eyebrow lift. Methods: A systematic review of the literature available was held in PUBMED following inclusion and exclusion criteria. A flowchart was elaborated to systematize the approach to eyebrow ptosis based on the experience of the authors. Results: Several articles were included describing a variety of surgical and non-surgical correction techniques for eyebrow ptosis. The most common surgical approaches were internal eyebrow elevation, direct elevation, temporal elevation, and coronal/pretrichial/endoscopic rhytidoplasty. The non-surgical approaches found were botulinum toxin injections, fillers, and fixation threads. Conclusion: There are several surgical and non-surgical procedures described in the literature for lifting of the eyebrow, demonstrating that there is no ideal method for all patients. The use of a flowchart can help carry out a systematic and personalized approach according to the characteristics of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Review Literature as Topic , Rhytidoplasty , Lifting , Blepharoplasty , Eyebrows , Workflow , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Rhytidoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Blepharoplasty/methods , Blepharoplasty/statistics & numerical data , Eyebrows/abnormalities
14.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(2): 141-143, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003573

ABSTRACT

Resumo Paciente de 69 anos evoluiu com entrópio palpebral severo após cirurgia de correção de ptose palpebral pela técnica de reinserção da aponeurose do músculo levantador da pálpebra superior. Realizada reintervenção onde foi diagnosticado uma fixação da aponeurose em uma posição muito inferior e feita uma refixacação no 1/3 superior do tarso, com melhora do quadro funcional e estético com boa satisfação da paciente. Devido às suturas em topografia mais inferior, o tarso adquire forma de U em decorrência do dobramento no centro da placa tarsal e da rotação inferior da sua metade superior resultando no entrópio. Este caso ressalta a importância do cuidado quanto a localização da inserção da aponeurose do MLPS, principalmente nos paciente idosos, como forma de evitar o encurvamento vertical do tarso.


Abstract Sixty-nine (69) year old patient with severe upper eyelid entropion following surgical correction of ptosis through levator muscle aponeurosis advancement and reinsertion. The aponeurosis advancement appeared to be much lower than typically intended, and surgical repair was performed via aponeurosis re-fixation into the superior 1/3 of the tarsal plate, with subsequent improvement in the aesthetic and functional outcome, and a satisfied patient. Due to the inferiorly located tarsal sutures, the tarsal plate acquires a U-shape due to a central fold and an inferior rotation of its upper half, resulting in entropion formation. This case highlights the importance of taking great care when advancing the levator muscle in ptosis due to levator aponeurosis dehiscence, particularly in elderly patients, so as to avoid vertically folding the superior tarsal plate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Blepharoplasty/adverse effects , Entropion/etiology , Reoperation , Blepharoptosis/surgery , Blepharoplasty/methods , Entropion/surgery , Oculomotor Muscles/surgery
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739170

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Blepharoptosis is the drooping of the margin of the upper eyelid, which narrows the palpebral fissure and makes it difficult to open the eye. Various surgical methods are used to correct blepharoptosis and have been investigated in different studies. After surgery, blepharoptosis can relapse over time, which affects a patient’s satisfaction with the operation. However, few studies have investigated the long-term outcomes of patients after blepharoptosis surgery. METHODS: From 1991 to 2013, 325 patients (480 eyelids) underwent frontalis muscle transfer or Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement in our clinic. We analyzed 12 patients (13 eyelids) with severe ptosis who had been followed-up for more than 5 years. Six patients underwent frontalis muscle transfer for the correction of seven eyelids, while Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement was performed on six patients (six eyelids). The marginal reflex distance (MRD1), area of corneal exposure (ACE), and height of the eyebrow were used to analyze the objective outcomes, and the Glasgow Benefit Inventory questionnaire was used for the analysis of subjective patient satisfaction. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the MRD1, ACE, and eyebrow height between the two methods used to correct ptosis. However, over the long-term (>5 years), the MRD1, ACE, and eyebrow height were better maintained in patients who underwent Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement than in patients who received frontalis muscle transfer. CONCLUSIONS: Both surgeries were effective for blepharoptosis correction. However, Müller-aponeurosis composite flap advancement was better for long-term maintenance after surgery than frontalis muscle transfer.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Blepharoptosis , Eyebrows , Eyelids , Humans , Patient Satisfaction , Recurrence , Reflex
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739168

ABSTRACT

Periorbital dermatochalasis with upper eyelid hooding, brow ptosis, and sunken eyelids may appear with age. Because classic blepharoplasty is unable to correct all these issues, we developed a single operation, which we present herein, to correct dermatochalasis accompanied by sunken eyelids. This sub-brow approach is used with simultaneous browpexy by fixing the orbital portion of the orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) to the periosteum immediately above the supraorbital rim using sutures with 3 or 4 points of fixation and correcting sunken eyelids by burying the elevated dermis, fat, and OOM after de-epithelization in the lower flap of the sunken upper eyelid along the submuscular plane. This method enables the correction of sunken eyelids during the same operation without requiring an additional procedure, and offers the advantages of a shortened operation time and decreased cost. The presence of sunken eyelids in patients with dermatochalasis and severe lateral hooding may be corrected by the procedure described herein, thereby achieving periorbital rejuvenation while maintaining the original shape of the eyes.


Subject(s)
Blepharoplasty , Dermis , Eyelids , Humans , Methods , Middle Aged , Orbit , Periosteum , Rejuvenation , Skin Aging , Sutures
17.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 208-214, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760571

ABSTRACT

Trigonella foenum-graceum L. (fenugreek) is a phytoestrogen, a nonsteroidal organic chemical compound from plants which has similar mechanism of action to sex hormone estradiol-17β. This study aims to assess the effectivity of fenugreek seeds extract on collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1) and collagen type III alpha 1 (COL3A1) which are both decreased in aging skin and become worsen after menopause. This in vitro experimental study used old human dermal fibroblast from leftover tissue of blepharoplasty on a postmenopausal woman (old HDF). As a control of the fenugreek's ability to trigger collagen production, we used fibroblast from preputium (young HDF). Subsequent to fibroblast isolation and culture, toxicity test was conducted on both old and young HDF by measuring cell viability on fenugreek extract with the concentration of 5 mg/mL to 1.2 µg/mL which will be tested on both HDF to examine COL1A1 and COL3A1 using ELISA, compared to no treatment and 5 nM estradiol. Old HDF showed a 4 times slower proliferation compared to young HDF (p<0.05). Toxicity test revealed fenugreek concentration of 0.5 – 2 µg/mL was non-toxic to both old and young HDF. The most significant fenugreek concentration to increase COL1A1 and COL3A1 secretion was 2 µg/mL (p<0.05).


Subject(s)
Aging , Blepharoplasty , Cell Survival , Collagen Type I , Collagen Type III , Collagen , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Estradiol , Female , Fibroblasts , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Menopause , Phytoestrogens , Skin , Toxicity Tests , Trigonella
18.
São Paulo; HSPM; 2019.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, HSPM-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1254734

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Os primeiros sinais de envelhecimento surgem na região periorbital, as mudanças nesta incluem o aparecimento de rítides, esclera aparente, deflação da região infraorbital, protusão das bolsas adiposas, excesso de pele na pálpebra superior e inferior. O tratamento cirúrgico busca remodelar as estruturas normais e restaurar a aparência jovial, melhorando além da aparência a autoimagem do paciente. A blefaroplastia é um dos procedimentos mais realizados em cirurgia plástica. As complicações incluem mau posicionamento palpebral, hematoma conjuntival, hematoma retrobulbar (raro), infecção, quemose, scleral show, ectrópio, ptose palpebral, epífora e sensação de corpo estranho. Este trabalho tem o objetivo de avaliar as complicações pós-operatórias de blefaroplastia inferior, realizadas no Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo, de março a outubro de 2018, com um seguimento pós-operatório de 6 meses. Foram realizadas 88 cirurgias, divididas em quatro grupo conforme a necessidade de cada paciente, sendo 37 blefaroplastias superior e inferior (grupo I), 2 blefaroplastias inferior sem cantopexia (grupo II), 43 blefaroplastias inferior e superior com cantopexia (grupo III) e 6 blefaroplastias inferior com cantopexia (grupo IV). No grupo I ocorreram 5 complicações recentes, resolvidas com tratamento conservador. No grupo III ocorreram 11 complicações recentes (25,5%), 23 complicações tardias (53,4%), mas com 6 meses de seguimento apenas 2 pacientes (4,6%) mantiveram o scleral show. A complicação mais frequente foi a quemose, em 10 casos (11,3% do total), 5 tiveram resolução completa com medidas conservadoras. A complicação mais grave foi o mau posicionamento palpebral, e 2 casos do grupo III necessitaram de correção. Os resultados mostram que as complicações foram mais frequentes quando a cantopexia foi associada. Contudo a blefaroplastia inferior é um procedimento seguro e com baixo índice de complicações, levando a melhora e rejuvenescimento facial. Os pacientes apresentam alto índice de satisfação a longo prazo, com melhora da auto-estima, mesmo aqueles que apresentaram alguma complicação. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: blefaroplastia. cirurgia plástica. Blefaroptose. complicações pós-operatórias. Pálpebras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic , Blepharoptosis , Blepharoplasty , Eyelids
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766831

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of corneal edema caused by an iatrogenic lidocaine injection into the corneal stroma created while performing a local anesthetic (lidocaine) injection into the eyelid for a blepharoplasty procedure. CASE SUMMARY: A 15-year-old female visited our clinic after the onset of severe pain and decreased visual acuity while receiving a local anesthetic injection in the upper blepharon for a blepharoplasty procedure. At the first clinical visit, visual acuity was hand motion and an accurate anterior chamber examination was difficult because of corneal edema. The Seidel test was negative. On corneal optical coherence tomography, the corneal thickness was 1,580 µm without any sign of Descemet's membrane detachment. We prescribed 5% NaCl four times a day and prednisolone acetate eight times a day. On the next day after injury, the corneal edema was significantly improved (central corneal thickness: 660 µm), and Descemet's membrane detachment was still not observed. One week after injury, the naïve visual acuity was 20/20, the central corneal thickness was 560 µm, and the endothelial cell count was 3,260 cells/cm². Three weeks after injury, the corneal edema was fully resolved and only slight temporal corneal haziness remained. After 2 months, the cornea was clear without any subjective discomfort. CONCLUSIONS: Corneal edema without Descemet's membrane detachment can be resolved spontaneously without aggressive treatment such as gas or air injection. However, endothelial cell count and corneal opacity need to be monitored on follow up exam. This clinical experience suggests that severe corneal edema in anterior stromal layer could be spontaneously resolved without severe complication.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anesthesia, Local , Anterior Chamber , Blepharoplasty , Cornea , Corneal Edema , Corneal Opacity , Corneal Stroma , Descemet Membrane , Edema , Endothelial Cells , Eyelids , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Humans , Lidocaine , Prednisolone , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Visual Acuity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762745

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies of eyelid anatomy suggest an absence of supratarsal folds and a redundancy of retromuscular tissue in many Asians. Aggressive retromuscular tissue resection during senile blepharoplasty can lead to complications such as hematoma and extra fold formation. A thin fold is considered aesthetically pleasing, but upper eyelid hollowness is undesirable. Therefore, senile blepharoplasty allows relatively little room for retromuscular resection. METHODS: Between January 2016 and March 2019, blepharoplasty without a brow procedure was performed in 48 patients aged 55 years and older. In some patients with thin eyelids, the upper retromuscular tissue was explored, and the surgeon decided intraoperatively whether to perform resection. In total, 36 of 48 patients underwent retromuscular tissue resection, which was confined to the central and lateral aspects of the eyelid within 7–10 mm from the incision in the superior direction to create a crisp, thin fold without hollowness. The skin was closed, with the closure including the levator palpebrae superioris (levator) muscle, to create a weak, natural-looking, and dynamic fold instead of the buried dermo-levator suture typically created during double eyelid surgery. RESULTS: In the 72 eyelids that underwent resection, hematoma or extra fold formation was absent. In all cases, thin folds were achieved without an increase in the hollowness of the upper eyelid. Most patients were satisfied with their natural-looking postoperative appearance. CONCLUSIONS: When indicated, limited retromuscular resection is recommended in cases of senile blepharoplasty. The resection should be confined to the central and the lateral aspects of the eyelid, within 7–10 mm in the superior direction from the incision, to create a crisp thin fold without hollowness.


Subject(s)
Asians , Blepharoplasty , Eyelids , Hematoma , Humans , Orbit Evisceration , Skin , Sutures
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