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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551256

ABSTRACT

Biomarcadores de inflamação derivados do hemograma como a razão neutrófilos/linfócitos (NLR), a razão plaquetas/linfócitos (PLR), a razão neutrófilos/plaquetas (NPR) e o índice de inflamação imune sistêmico (SII) já foram investigados como preditores de prognóstico de doenças inflamatórias sistêmicas, cardiovasculares, malignas, etc., e com a ocorrência da pandemia de SARS-CoV-2, também passaram a ser estudadas como biomarcadores de interesse nessa doença. Objetivo: Comparar retrospectivamente o valor dessas 4 razões hematimétricas durante os dois anos da pandemia (2020-2021), com o período anterior (os anos de 2018-2019), em uma população de pacientes doentes renais em hemodiálise. Métodos: Esta pesquisa foi submetida ao Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa da Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (CEP-UEPG) e foi aprovada sob o número do parecer 5.024.864. Foram incluídos pacientes tratados no setor de Terapia Renal Substitutiva do Hospital Santa Casa de Ponta Grossa durante os anos 2018 ­ 2021, com n amostral de 155 pacientes. A coleta dos dados se baseou na consulta de prontuários eletrônicos. O valor das razões NLR, NPR, PLR e SII foram calculados a partir da contagem dos neutrófilos, linfócitos e plaquetas dos hemogramas, considerou-se um hemograma a cada trimestre nesse intervalo de 4 anos. Como a normalidade dos dados não foi atestada, seguiu-se a metodologia não-paramétrica, o valor de α foi fixado em 0,05. Resultados: O teste de Skillings-Mack apresentou um valor de p-simulado significativo (< 2.2e-16) na comparação de cada uma das quatro razões. Na análise post-hoc, as comparações trimestrais das medianas do SII, não apresentaram diferença significativa, as razões PLR, NPR e NLR apresentaram respectivamente, duas, três e seis, comparações com diferenças significativas. Conclusão: Houve comparações com diferenças significativas pontuais, não houve um aumento geral no valor das razões SII, PLR, NPR e NLR durante o período de pandemia (2020 - 2021) entre os pacientes em hemodiálise.


Complete blood count derived inflammation biomarkers such as neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil/platelet ratio (NPR) and systemic immune inflammation index (SII) have already been investigated as predictors of prognosis of systemic inflammatory, cardiovascular, malignant diseases, etc., and with the imminent SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, they also began to be studied as biomarkers of interest in this disease. Objective: To retrospectively compare the value of these 4 hematimetric ratios during the two years of the pandemic (2020-2021), with the previous period (2018-2019), in a population of kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: This research was submitted to the Ethics and Research Committee of the State University of Ponta Grossa (CEP-UEPG) and was approved under protocol number 5.024.864. Patients treated in the Renal Replacement Therapy sector of Hospital Santa Casa de Ponta Grossa during the years 2018 ­ 2021 were included, with a sample size of 155 patients. Data collection was based on consultation of electronic medical records. The value of the NLR, NPR, PLR and SII ratios were calculated from the count of neutrophils, lymphocytes and platelets in the blood counts, considering one blood count every quarter in this 4-year interval. As the normality of the data was not attested, the non-parametric methodology was followed, the value of α was set at 0.05. Results: The Skillings-Mack test showed a significant simulated p-value (< 2.2e-16) when comparing each of the four ratios. In the post-hoc analysis, the quarterly comparisons of the SII medians did not show a significant difference, the PLR, NPR and NLR ratios showed two, three and six comparisons with significant differences, respectively. Conclusion: There were comparisons with significant specific differences, there was no general increase in the value of the SII, PLR, NPR and NLR ratios during the pandemic period (2020 - 2021) among hemodialysis patients.


Los biomarcadores de inflamación derivados del hemograma, como el índice de neutrófilos/linfocitos (NLR), el índice de plaquetas/linfocitos (PLR), el índice de neutrófilos/plaquetas (NPR) y el índice de inflamación inmune sistémica (SII), ya se han investigado como predictores del pronóstico de enfermedades sistémicas. enfermedades inflamatorias, cardiovasculares, malignas, etc., y con la inminente pandemia del SARS-CoV-2 también comenzaron a estudiarse como biomarcadores de interés en esta enfermedad. Objetivo: Comparar retrospectivamente el valor de estos 4 ratios hematimétricos durante los dos años de la pandemia (2020-2021), con el período anterior (2018-2019), en una población de pacientes con enfermedad renal en hemodiálisis. Métodos: Esta investigación fue presentada al Comité de Ética e Investigación de la Universidad Estadual de Ponta Grossa (CEP-UEPG) y fue aprobada con el dictamen número 5.024.864. Se incluyeron pacientes atendidos en el sector de Terapia de Reemplazo Renal del Hospital Santa Casa de Ponta Grossa durante los años 2018 ­ 2021, con un tamaño de muestra de 155 pacientes. La recolección de datos se basó en la consulta de historias clínicas electrónicas. El valor de los índices NLR, NPR, PLR y SII se calcularon a partir del recuento de neutrófilos, linfocitos y plaquetas en los hemogramas, considerando un hemograma cada trimestre en este intervalo de 4 años. Como no se comprobó la normalidad de los datos, se siguió la metodología no paramétrica, fijándose el valor de α en 0,05. Resultados: La prueba de Skillings-Mack mostró un valor p-simulado significativo (< 2,2e-16) al comparar cada una de las cuatro proporciones. En el análisis post-hoc, las comparaciones trimestrales de las medianas del SII no mostraron diferencia significativa, los ratios PLR, NPR y NLR presentaron, respectivamente, dos, tres y seis comparaciones con diferencias significativas. Conclusión: Hubo comparaciones con diferencias específicas significativas, no hubo un aumento general en el valor de los índices SII, PLR, NPR y NLR durante el período pandémico (2020 - 2021) entre los pacientes en hemodiálisis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Blood Cell Count , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Observational Studies as Topic/methods , Electronic Health Records/statistics & numerical data , Hypertension , Nephrosclerosis
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1462-1468, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the expression level of melatonin and its effects on immune function in aplastic anemia (AA) patients.@*METHODS@#The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients, and the correlation between melatonin levels and laboratory indexs was analyzed. The activation, proliferation, and apoptosis of T cells from AA patients were analyzed by flow cytometry with or without melatonin in vitro.@*RESULTS@#The plasma levels of melatonin in AA patients were significantly lower compared with healthy controls (HC) (12.23 pg/ml vs 20.04 pg/ml, P < 0.01), while the plasma melatonin levels of AA patients in remission group after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) were significantly higher than those in non-remission group (29.16 pg/ml vs 11.73 pg/ml, P =0.04). Moreover, the melatonin levels were positively correlated with platelets (r =0.49), the absolute reticulocyte count (r =0.45), and the percentage of neutrophils (r =0.43). Meanwhile, there was a negative correlation between melatonin levels and the percentages of lymphocytes (r =-0.45). The expressions of CD25 and CD69 in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were remarkably inhibited by melatonin in vitro (all P < 0.05). When cultured with melatonin, the proliferation rates of both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from AA patients were markedly suppressed (P =0.01 andP < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The plasma levels of melatonin were decreased in AA patients, which might play an important role in the mechanism of immunological abnormalities. The hyperimmune status of AA patients could be partially ameliorated by melatonin in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Melatonin , Blood Cell Count
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 837-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of complete blood count (CBC) and inflammation marker on the recurrence risk in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).@*METHODS@#One hundred and thirty-three children with HSP admitted to Cangzhou Central Hospital from February 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. The clinical data of the children were collected, at the time of admission CBC and C-reactive protein (CRP) were detected. After discharge, the children were followed up for 1 year, the clinical data of children with and without recurrence were compared, and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting HSP recurrence. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve should be drawn and the predictive value of CBC and CRP on HSP recurrence should be analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In the follow-up of 133 children, 8 cases were lost and 39 cases recurred, with a recurrence rate of 31.20% (39/125). The age, skin rash duration, proportion of renal damage at the initial onset, percentage of neutrophils, percentage of lymphocytes, platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), MPV/PLT ratio (MPR), and CRP level of patients with recurrence were statistically different from those without recurrence (P <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that long skin rash duration, renal damage at the initial onset, increased PLR, high PLT, increased MPV and elevated CRP level were independent risk factors for recurrence in children with HSP (P <0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the combination of the four blood and inflammation marker (PLT, MPV, PLR and CPR) in the early prediction of HSP recurrence was 0.898, which was higher than the initial renal damage (AUC=0.687) and persistent skin rash time (AUC=0.708), with a sensitivity of 84.62% and a specificity of 83.72%.@*CONCLUSION@#Observation of CBC and CPR can predict the risk of HSP recurrence early and guide early clinical intervention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , IgA Vasculitis , Blood Cell Count , Inflammation , C-Reactive Protein , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Exanthema , Retrospective Studies
4.
Philippine Journal of Pathology ; (2): 13-20, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984488

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Complete blood count (CBC) and cell population data (CPD) are hematologic parameters used in several clinical scenarios including infection and neoplastic processes. In the setting of COVID-19 infection, there is relative paucity of data in their use as possible prognostic markers.@*OBJECTIVE@#We aim to evaluate the utility of the baseline CBC and CPD as prognostic markers for in-hospital mortality among COVID-19 patients admitted in Philippine General Hospital from March 2020 to January 2022.@*METHODOLOGY@#This is a case-control study. Expired patients served as cases, and recovered patients served as controls. Data from eligible patients including age, sex, admitting COVID diagnosis with severity, final disposition, baseline CBC and CPD results were collected from the hospital medical records and hematology section of the Department of Laboratories. Statistical analyses were done to determine the prognostic value of these parameters for in-hospital mortality.@*RESULTS@#Among the different CBC and CPD parameters, the study shows total white blood cell (WBC) count, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute eosinophil count (AEC), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were statistically significant predictors for in-hospital mortality. For total WBC count, at a cut off 9.9 x 10 9 /L, the sensitivity and specificity is 70.9% and 66.2%, respectively. For ANC, at a cut off of 7.3 x 10 9 /L, the specificity is 76.4% and the specificity is 68.2%. At a cut off of 7.62, the NLR shows a sensitivity of 76.4% and specificity of 70.1%. For AEC, at a cut off of 0.006 x 10 9 /L, the sensitivity is 53.3% and the specificity is 87.3%. AEC predicts towards the direction of survival rather than to the direction of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#The total WBC count, ANC, and NLR were statistically significant predictors for in-hospital mortality, while AEC predicts towards the direction of survival. The sensitivities and specificities of the cut off for these parameters were less than ideal. Correlation with clinical and other laboratory parameters is still recommended. For future studies, the authors recommend monitoring CBC and CPD parameters at different time points during the patients’ hospital course.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hematology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Cell Count , Prognosis
5.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(3): 336-344, jul.-sep. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1410004

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivos. Evaluar la variación de los perfiles hematológicos antes, durante y después del tratamiento de pacientes infectados con malaria no complicada por Plasmodium vivax (Pv) y P. falciparum (Pf) en una población de la región Loreto. Materiales y métodos. El estudio se realizó entre 2010 y 2012, en Zungarococha (Iquitos). Los 425 participantes tuvieron tres visitas (visita 1-día 0-antes del tratamiento, visita 2-día 7-durante tratamiento, visita 3-día 28-después del tratamiento), hemograma completo, diagnóstico microscópico y molecular (PCR). Resultados. En la primera visita, se encontraron 93 (21,9%) positivos a Pv y 34 (8,0%) a Pf. Todos los positivos mostraron una reducción en los indicadores hematológicos de hematocrito, recuento de glóbulos blancos (RGB), neutrófilos abastonados y segmentados, eosinófilos y plaquetas (p<0.001) en comparación con el grupo negativo. Se encontró un porcentaje mayor de neutrófilos abastonados en Pf y de neutrófilos segmentados en Pv comparado al grupo negativo. Se observó variaciones en los perfiles hematológicos después del tratamiento para ambas especies, los neutrófilos abastonados disminuyeron, las plaquetas aumentaron, los eosinófilos se incrementaron al día 7 y decaen el día 28, el hematocrito y los neutrófilos segmentados disminuyeron al día 7 y se normalizaron el día 28. Las diferencias entre especies en el tiempo mostraron una disminución diaria de neutrófilos abastonados en infectados con Pv que en Pf. Conclusiones. El perfil hematológico en pacientes positivos a malaria no complicada varía en el tiempo durante y después del tratamiento. Estos son indicadores de la progresión de la enfermedad y ayudan en la vigilancia terapéutica de pacientes infectados con Plasmodium.


ABSTRACT Objectives. To evaluate the variation of hematological profiles of patients infected with uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax (Pv) and P. falciparum (Pf) malaria before, during and after treatment in a population of the Loreto region. Materials and methods. This study was conducted between 2010 and 2012, in Zungarococha (Iquitos). The 425 participants had three visits (visit 1-day 0-before treatment, visit 2-day 7-during treatment, visit 3-day 28-after treatment), complete blood count, microscopic and molecular diagnosis (PCR). Results. At the first visit, 93 (21.9%) participants were found positive for Pv and 34 (8.0%) for Pf. All positives showed a reduction in hematocrit, white blood cell count (WBC), ablated and segmented neutrophils, eosinophils and platelets (p<0.001) compared to the negative group. A higher percentage of ablated neutrophils was found in Pf and segmented neutrophils in Pv compared to the negative group. Variations in hematological profiles were observed after treatment for both species; ablated neutrophils decreased, platelets increased, eosinophils increased at day 7 and declined at day 28, hematocrit and segmented neutrophils decreased at day 7 and normalized at day 28. Interspecies differences over time showed a bigger daily decrease in ablated neutrophils in Pv-infected when compared to Pf. Conclusions. The hematological profile in uncomplicated malaria-positive patients varies over time during and after treatment. These are indicators of disease progression and help in the therapeutic surveillance of Plasmodium-infected patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Blood Cell Count , Malaria , Parasitic Diseases , Plasmodium , Tropical Medicine , Public Health Surveillance , Neutrophils
6.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 93(1): e601, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1383632

ABSTRACT

La sepsis neonatal precoz se define como la que se manifiesta en las primeras 72 horas de vida. Es una importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal. Su incidencia es inversamente proporcional a la edad gestacional. Los microorganismos considerados como frecuentes son Streptoccocus del grupo B, Escherichia coli y Listeria monocytogenes. El diagnóstico de sepsis precoz se basa principalmente en la presencia de factores de riesgo como la corioamnionitis y la edad gestacional. Los signos clínicos son inespecíficos y los exámenes paraclínicos disponibles actualmente, como los reactantes de fase aguda (proteína C reactiva y procalcitonia) tienen escaso valor predictivo positivo. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de las últimas publicaciones disponibles sobre sepsis neonatal precoz en recién nacidos, en cuanto a su sospecha, confirmación diagnóstica y tratamiento. A partir de las últimas publicaciones se confeccionó una guía para el manejo clínico de los recién nacidos con sospecha de sepsis precoz.


Early neonatal sepsis is defined as that type of sepsis with an onset within the first 72 hours of life and that is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Its incidence is inversely proportional to its gestational age. Frequent microorganisms are group B Streptococcus, Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes. Early sepsis diagnosis is mainly based on the presence of risk factors such as chorioamnionitis and gestational age. Clinical signs are non-specific and currently available paraclinical tests such as acute phase reactants (C-reactive protein and procalcitonin) have little positive predictive value. A bibliographic review of the suspicion, diagnostic confirmation and treatment on Early Neonatal Sepsis in newborns in the latest papers and guidelines were prepared for the clinical treatment of newborns with suspected early sepsis.


A sepse neonatal precoce é definida como aquela que se manifesta nas primeiras 72 horas de vida e que é uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade neonatal. Sua incidência é inversamente proporcional à idade gestacional. Os microrganismos considerados frequentes são o Streptococcus grupo B, Escherichia coli e Listeria monocytogenes. O diagnóstico de sepse precoce baseia-se principalmente na presença de fatores de risco como a coioamnionite e a idade gestacional. Os sinais clínicos são inespecíficos e os testes para-clínicos atualmente disponíveis, como reagentes de fase aguda (proteína C-reativa e procalcitonia) têm pouco valor preditivo positivo. Fizemos uma revisão bibliográfica das últimas publicações disponíveis sobre sepse neonatal precoce em recém-nascidos em termos de suspeita e confirmação diagnóstica e tratamento. Com base nas últimas publicações, elaboramos um guia para o manejo clínico de recém-nascidos com suspeita de sepse precoce.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Spinal Puncture , Blood Cell Count , Risk Factors , Chorioamnionitis/etiology , Neonatal Sepsis/drug therapy , Neonatal Sepsis/blood , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 197-205, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385056

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The isolation of captured peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) from leukoreduction filters (LRFs) can be of great importance in terms of bringing the lost cells back into use. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate various methods based on their potential to recover the peripheral blood cells from LRFs with a focus on mononuclear cells (MNCs). Method For cell isolation from LRFs, three distinct methods (back-flushing, direct and vacuum pump) were compared through the calculation of the yield of isolated MNCs. The viability of extracted cells was determined by the flow cytometry technique. Moreover, the recovered MNCs were characterized regarding the presence of blood stem cell purification. The cell culture, microscopic observation, and immunophenotyping were employed to characterize the blood stem cells (hematopoietic, mesenchymal and progenitor endothelial stem cells). Results The yield of isolation obtained in the back-flushing, direct and vacuum pump methods were 17.7 ± 1.28, 17.3 ± 0.96 and 21.2 ± 0.90 percent, respectively. Although the highest potential for total blood cell recovery belonged to the vacuum pump method, the lowest cell viability (85.73 ± 4.84%) was observed in this method. However, the isolation process of the back-flushing and direct methods had less effect on cell viability. The characterization of the isolated MNCs displayed that the dominant positive phenotype was for CD34/CD45, indicating hematopoietic stem cells. In addition, the endothelial stem/progenitor cells were significantly detected as CD31/CD133 positive cells. Conclusion According to our results and considering the safety and efficiency potential of each of the applied methods, the back-flushing in comparison with the other methods can be considered a suitable procedure for MNC isolation from LRFs.


Subject(s)
Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cell Separation , Peripheral Blood Stem Cells , Blood Cell Count , Flow Cytometry
8.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 218-224, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385064

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The novel SARS-CoV-2 infection has been spreading around the world since January 2020 causing the Corona Virus Disease 2019. Leukopenia, lymphopenia and hypercoagulability with elevated D- Dimers have been described in COVID-19 patients to date. This study aimed to clarify if some blood parameters can be used as biomarkers to facilitate diagnosis and establish prognosis. Methods: We selected patients who had tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 and had had a hemogram performed between the March 15 and April 15, 2020. Socio-demographic and analytical data were obtained from 274 patients at admission in two Portuguese public hospitals. We then analyzed the hemogram parameters at admission in the intensive care and collected data on patient survival during the SARS-CoV-2 disease follow-up. The data were analyzed using appropriate statistical tests. Results: Patients requiring the intensive care unit (ICU) present an increase in leukocytes and neutrophils (+3.1 × 109/L and +6.4 × 109/L, respectively), a lymphocyte decrease and a platelet rise (-1.6 × 109/L and +60.8 × 109/L, respectively). The erythrocytes, hemoglobin and median globular volume tend to decrease (-0.5 × 1012, - 1.2 g/dL; -3 fL, respectively). The lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) at admission was significantly higher (+58.1 U/L). The age, sex, platelets, lymphocyte count neutrophil counts, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, erythrocytes and cell hemoglobin concentration mean (CHCM) are independently associated with mortality (odds ratio (OR) = 0.046, p < 0.001; OR = 0.2364, p= 0.045; OR = 9.106, p= 0.001; OR = 0.194, p= 0.033; OR = 0.062, p= 0.003; OR = 0.098, p= 0.002; OR = 9.021, p < 0.001; OR = 7.016, p= 0.007, respectively). Conclusion The hematological data at admission in the health care system can predict the mortality of the SARS-CoV-2 infection and we recommend its use in the clinical decisions and patient prognosis evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , Hematologic Diseases , Reference Standards , Blood Cell Count , Biomarkers , Mortality , Thrombophilia , Intensive Care Units , Leukopenia , Lymphopenia
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(2): 85-87, abr./jun. 2022. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1399549

ABSTRACT

A anemia é uma síndrome caracterizada pela diminuição do número de hemácias, hematócrito e/ou concentração de hemoglobina. Conforme o Volume Corpuscular Médio (VCM), as anemias podem ser classificadas em microcíticas, normocíticas ou macrocíticas. O RDW (Amplitude de Distribuição dos Eritrócitos) também é utilizado para ajudar na classificação das anemias, refletindo a anisocitose da população eritrocitária. Neste estudo retrospectivo objetivou-se determinar a correlação entre o RDW-SD (Desvio Padrão), RDW-CV (Coeficiente de Variação), macrocitose e microcitose em caninos e felinos atendidos na rotina clínica do Hospital Veterinário da Universidade Luterana do Brasil. Para a realização deste estudo, selecionou-se 662 laudos de hemogramas realizados (434 caninos e 228 felinos), com faixa etária de seis meses até 10 anos, foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1 ­ Anemia microcítica (255 caninos e 61 felinos); Grupo 2 ­ Anemia macrocítica (179 caninos e 167 felinos). Posteriormente, correlacionou-se os grupos com os valores de RDW-SD e RDW-CV. As análises de correlação foram realizadas utilizando o teste Spearman, para a análise de significância foi utilizado o T Student, no programa IBM SPSS®Statistics. Na análise estatística do grupo canino, não houve correlação da microcitose com o RDW-SD, enquanto o RDW-CV apresentou uma correlação inversamente proporcional, razoável. No grupo macrocítico canino, a análise de correlação com o RDW-SD foi moderada e diretamente proporcional, e com o RDW-CV foi moderada e diretamente proporcional. No grupo felino, não houve correlação entre microcitose e RDW-SD, e com o RDW-CV houve uma correlação razoável e inversamente proporcional. Entre macrocitose em felinos e o RDW-SD houve uma correlação moderada e diretamente proporcional, já o RDW-CV apresentou uma correlação razoável e diretamente proporcional. Conclui-se que os caninos e felinos do grupo microcítico apresentam uma correlação com o RDW-CV. Contudo, os caninos com macrocitose apresentaram correlação tanto para o RDW-CV quanto para o RDW-SD, e os felinos apresentaram uma maior correlação com o RDW-SD.


Anemia is a syndrome characterized by a low red blood cell count, hematocrit and/or hemoglobin concentration. According to the Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), anemias can be classified as microcytic, normocytic or macrocytic. The RDW (Red Cell Distribution Width) is also used to help classify anemias, reflecting the anisocytosis of the erythrocyte population. This retrospective study aimed to determine the correlation between RDW-SD (Standard Deviation), RDW-CV (Coefficient of Variation), macrocytosis and microcytosis in canines and felines treated in the clinical routine of the Veterinary Hospital of Universidade Luterana do Brasil. To carry out this study, 662 blood count reports were selected (434 canines and 228 felines), aged between six months and 10 years, divided into two groups: Group 1 ­ Microcytic anemia (255 canines and 61 felines); Group 2 ­ Macrocytic anemia (179 canines and 167 felines). Subsequently, the groups were correlated with the values of RDW-SD and RDW-CV. Correlation analyzes were performed using the Spearman test, for the analysis of significance the T Student was used, in the IBM SPSS® Statistics program. In the statistical analysis of the canine group, there was no correlation between microcytosis and the RDW-SD, while the RDW-CV showed a reasonable, inversely proportional correlation. In the canine macrocytic group, correlation analysis with RDW-SD was moderate and directly proportional, and with RDW-CV it was moderate and directly proportional. In the feline group, there was no correlation between microcytosis and RDW-SD, and with RDW-CV there was a reasonable and inversely proportional correlation. There was a moderate and directly proportional correlation between macrocytosis in felines and RDW-SD, whereas RDW-CV presented a reasonable and directly proportional correlation. It is concluded that the canines and felines of the microcytic group present a correlation with the RDW-CV. However, canines with macrocytosis showed a correlation for both RDW-CV and RDW-SD, and felines showed a greater correlation with RDW-SD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Cats/blood , Dogs/blood , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary , Erythrocyte Indices/veterinary , Anemia/veterinary , Anemia, Macrocytic/veterinary
10.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 38: e38089, Jan.-Dec. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397510

ABSTRACT

The breeding of venomous snakes in captivity for research purposes and mainly as a source of pharmaceutical products highlights the need to determine hematological parameters for monitoring and ensuring a healthy breeding populationThe complete blood count is used to help diagnose alterations such as anemia, inflammatory diseases, parasitemia, hematopoietic disorders, hemostatic and toxicological changes, as well as bacterial and viral inclusions. Thus, the objective of this study was to define reference parameters for complete blood count in Bothrops atrox snakes. Blood samples were collected from 20 specimens of B. atrox from the Pentapharm do Brasil commercial breeding facility for laboratory examination. Mean values and standard deviation were: hematocrit 33.6 ± 5.47%, hemoglobin 10.81 ± 2.07g/dL, total number of erythrocytes 0.59 ± 0.1 x 106/mm3, leukocytes 11387.5 ± 3279.2/mm3 and thrombocytes 28175 ± 6320/mm3. No significant difference was observed between males and females and heterophils were the predominant leukocyte cell type.


Subject(s)
Reference Standards , Blood Cell Count , Bothrops , Pathology, Clinical
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 68(1): 94-99, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360695

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the hemogram index parameters and their clinical significance in the evaluation of the inflammatory response of patients with male breast cancer, who are rarely observed in the literature. METHODS: In total, 22 (n=22) healthy male and 28 (n=28) male breast cancer patients without synchronous/metachronous tumors were included in this study. They were grouped as the healthy male control group (Group 1) and the male breast cancer patient group (Group 2). The male breast cancer was divided into two subgroups, namely, early stage [(stage: 0/I/II) (Group 2A)] and late stage [(stage: III/IV) (Group 2B)], and their hemogram index parameters were compared. RESULTS: A significant (p>0.05) increase was observed in neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and·platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values in the late stage (Group 2B: stage III/IV) compared to the early stage (Group 2A: stage 0/I/II) and healthy control (Group 1) groups. CONCLUSIONS: In male breast cancer patients, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio values were significantly higher as the stage of cancer increased. These readily available simple tests can be used to evaluate the host's inflammatory response in male breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male/diagnostic imaging , Blood Cell Count , Lymphocytes/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Neutrophils
12.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0010345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374001

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar parâmetros hematológicos de crianças desnutridas após intervenção nutricional com farinha da castanha de caju. Métodos Ensaio clínico randomizado, controlado, cego. O estudo foi realizado no período de abril a dezembro de 2017, em duas Unidades Básicas de Saúde. A amostra foi composta de crianças menores de 5 anos que preencheram os critérios de inclusão, sendo 15 no Grupo Intervenção (farinha da castanha de caju) e 15 crianças no Grupo Controle (farinha de carboximetilcelulose), alocadas nos grupos de forma randômica aleatória simples. Foram analisados os parâmetros de eritrócitos, hemoglobina e hematócrito (série vermelha) e de leucócitos, neutrófilos, segmentados, eosinófilos, monócitos e linfócitos (série branca). A coleta de sangue foi realizada em dois momentos: o primeiro antes da implementação da intervenção e o segundo após 32 semanas de utilização da farinha da castanha de caju. Para avaliação da normalidade e homogeneidade da amostra, utilizaram-se os testes de Shapiro-Wilk e de variância de Bartlett, respectivamente. Utilizou-se o teste T pareado dentro de cada grupo e, para avaliar possíveis associações entre os Grupos Intervenção e Controle e o nível de leucócitos (abaixo, normal e acima), utilizaram-se o teste exato de Fisher e/ou o teste Fisher-Freeman-Halton. Resultados Houve incremento na média das células individuais da série vermelha do hemograma, sobretudo nos padrões de hemoglobina de crianças desnutridas do Grupo Intervenção (p<0,05). A investigação também apontou diferença intragrupo no parâmetro da hemoglobina, tanto no Grupo Controle (p=0,007) como no Intervenção (p<0,001), bem como no parâmetro hematócrito para ambos os grupos (p=0,001). Especificamente na série branca, após a intervenção, evidenciou-se diminuição significativa nos leucócitos (p=0,04) e linfócitos (p<0,01) Conclusão Após intervenção, a utilização da farinha da castanha de caju melhorou os parâmetros hematológicos das crianças desnutridas. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos (REBEC): U1111.1213.9219


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar parámetros hematológicos de niños desnutridos después de la intervención nutricional con harina da castaña de cajú. Métodos Ensayo clínico aleatorizado, controlado, ciego. El estudio se realizó en el período de abril a diciembre de 2017, en dos Unidades Básicas de Salud. La muestra se compuso por niños menores de 5 años que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, 15 en el Grupo Intervención (harina de castaña de cajú) y 15 niños en el Grupo Control (harina de carboximetilcelulosa), repartidas en los grupos de forma muestreo aleatorio simple. Se analizaron los parámetros de eritrocitos, hemoglobina e hematocrito (serie roja) y de leucocitos, neutrófilos, segmentados, eosinófilos, monocitos e linfocitos (serie blanca). La muestra de sangre se realizó en dos momentos: el primero antes de la implementación de la intervención y el segundo después de 32 semanas de utilización de la harina da castaña de cajú. Para la evaluación de la normalidad y la homogeneidad de la amuestra, se utilizaron los tests de Shapiro-Wilk y de varianza de Bartlett, respectivamente. Se utilizó la prueba T pareada dentro de cada grupo y, para evaluar posibles asociaciones entre los Grupos Intervención y Control y el nivel de leucocitos (debajo, normal y superior), se utilizó la prueba exacta de Fisher o prueba de Fisher-Freeman-Halton. Resultados Hubo un aumento en el promedio de las células individuales de la serie roja del hemograma, sobre todo en los estándares de hemoglobina de niños desnutridos del Grupo Intervención (p<0,05). La investigación también apuntó una diferencia intragrupo en el parámetro de la hemoglobina, tanto en el Grupo Control (p=0,007) como en la Intervención (p<0,001), así como en el parámetro hematocrito para ambos grupos (p=0,001). Específicamente en la serie blanca, después de la intervención, se evidenció una disminución significativa en los leucocitos (p=0,04) y linfocitos (p<0,01) Conclusión Después de la intervención, la utilización de la harina de la castaña de cajú mejoró los parámetros hematológicos de los niños desnutridos.


Abstract Objective To assess hematological parameters of malnourished children after nutritional intervention with cashew nut flour. Methods This is a randomized, controlled, blind trial. The study was conducted from April to December 2017, in two Basic Health Units. The sample consisted of children under 5 years of age who met the inclusion criteria, 15 in the Intervention Group (cashew nut flour) and 15 children in the Control Group (carboxymethylcellulose flour), randomly allocated to the groups. The parameters of erythrocytes, hemoglobin and hematocrit (red blood cells) and leukocytes, neutrophils, segmented, eosinophils, monocytes and lymphocytes (white blood cells) parameters were analyzed. Blood collection was performed in two moments: the first before intervention implementation and the second after 32 weeks of use of cashew nut flour. To assess the sample normality and homogeneity, Shapiro-Wilk and Bartlett variance tests were used, respectively. The paired t-test was used within each group and, to assess possible associations between the Intervention and Control Groups and the level of leukocytes (below, normal and above), Fisher's Exact test and/or Fisher-Freeman-Halton test were used. Results There was an increase in the mean of the individual red blood cell count, especially in the hemoglobin patterns of malnourished children in the Intervention Group (p<0.05). The investigation also showed an intragroup difference in the hemoglobin parameter, both in the Control Group (p=0.007) and in the Intervention (p<0.001) as well as in the hematocrit parameter for both groups (p=0.001). Specifically in the white blood cells, after intervention, there was a significant decrease in leukocytes (p=0.04) and lymphocytes (p<0.01) Conclusion After intervention, the use of cashew nut flour improved the hematological parameters of malnourished children. Brazilian Clinical Trial Registry (REBEC): U1111.1213.9219


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Blood Cell Count , Child Nutrition Disorders , Random Allocation , Dietary Supplements , Hematologic Tests
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181053, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360163

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of hypothermia treatment on white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values as an indicator of inflammation was evaluated in newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The study was performed that the before-therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and after-TH WBC, lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and NLR, LMR and PLR values of the complete blood cell count were retrospectively evaluated. The results of the patient group were compared with the results of healthy newborns. A total of 78 patients who underwent TH were evaluated in our study. Mean values before and after TH were NLR3.8/2.7, LMR 5.6/8.6, and PLR 60.3/67.1 respectively. A statistical significance was present for NLR values before and after TH in those with seizure in our study (4.15±2.95/3.01±2.54) but no statistical significance was found for LMR or PLR. In neonates with HIE, effect of TH on complete blood cell count and inflammatory mechanisms (mediated neutrophil and lymphocyte) may be minimal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Hypothermia/pathology , Blood Cell Count/methods , Hypothermia/classification , Inflammation
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408406

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Durante las últimas décadas es evidente el aumento progresivo de los adultos mayores en Cuba. El proceso de envejecimiento provoca cambios en el sistema inmune que afectan su funcionamiento y desarrollo. Objetivo: Caracterizar parámetros hematológicos e inmunológicos mediante el hemograma completo en adultos mayores cubanos antes y después de la administración de la Biomodulina T®. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y observacional para evaluar el efecto de la Biomodulina T® sobre los parámetros del hemograma completo. Se utilizó el paquete estadístico GraphPad Prism (versión 6.00). Los datos que presentaban una distribución normal, se procesaron utilizando la t Student. La prueba de rangos con signo de Wilcoxon se empleó cuando los datos no cumplían una distribución normal, ambos para un nivel de significación de p < 0,05. Resultados: Predominaron las mujeres en relación a los hombres, que representó 27,6 por cientoHubo superioridad de adultos mayores de 76-80 años de edad. El conteo global de leucocitos se mantuvo dentro de parámetros normales y solo en 5 pacientes disminuyeron las plaquetas después de la administración de Biomodulina T. Estos resultados no fueron estadísticamente significativos. Conclusiones: Se demostró que el tratamiento con Biomodulina T® no modifica los diferentes parámetros del hemograma completo en el adulto mayor(AU)


Introduction: In the last decade it has been evident the rise in the older adults in Cuba. The process of aging causes changes in the immune system that affects the development and function. Objective: To characterize hematological and immunological parameters by means of the complete blood count in Cuban older adults before and after the administration of Biomodulin T® Materials and methods: A descriptive and observational study was to conducted to evaluate the use of Biomodulina T, the statistic package used was the GraphPad Prism (version 6.00). The data that showed a normal distribution were processed using the Student´s t test. The Wilcoxon´s signed range test with was used when the data did not comply with the normal distribution. Both for a signification level of p < 0.05. Results: Women predominated in relation to men, representing 27.6 percent. There was a predominance of older adults aged 76-80 years. The global leukocyte count remained within normal parameters and platelets decreased only in 5 patients after the administration of Biomodulina T, that results were not statistically significant. Conclusion: It was shown that the Biomodulina T did not modify the hemogram results in the elderly patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Cell Count , Aging , Immune System , International Cooperation , Reference Standards
15.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 67-73, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368351

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Las bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos se asocian con altas tasas de mortalidad a diferencia de las bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae sensibles a carbapenémicos. Los hallazgos clínicos y de laboratorio son importantes para determinar los esquemas terapéuticos y su pronóstico; su diagnóstico precoz resulta esencial para un manejo adecuado. OBJETIVO. Relacionar valores de marcadores sanguíneos y bioquímicos en bacteriemias causadas por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico transversal. Población de 427 y muestra de 224 datos de hemocultivos positivos para Enterobacteriaceae de pacientes atendidos en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en el periodo mayo 2016 a julio 2018. Criterios de inclusión: i) al menos un hemocultivo positivo; ii) recuperación del aislado de CRE o CSE y iii) recolección simultanea de muestras de sangre y pruebas de laboratorio. Criterios de exclusión: i) bacteriemias polimicrobianas; ii) valores fuera de rango y iii) reportes sin valores numéricos. El análisis de datos se realizó mediante el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences versión 24.0. RESULTADOS. Se demostró que el recuento de leucocitos [OR 1,21 (95% IC: 1,03-1,43)], el recuento de plaquetas [OR 1,65 (95% IC: 1,37-1,98)] y el tiempo parcial de tromboplastina [OR 1,29 (95% IC: 1,04-1,60)] fueron buenas variables predictoras independientes, mediante análisis de regresión logística multivariante. CONCLUSIÓN. La trombocitopenia y el tiempo parcial de tromboplastina prolongado se asociaron con bacteremia causada por Enterobacteriaceae resistentes a carbapenémicos.


INTRODUCTION. Bacteremias caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are associated with high mortality rates in contrast to bacteremias caused by carbapenem-sensitive Enterobacteriaceae. Clinical and laboratory findings are important in determining therapeutic regimens and prognosis; early diagnosis is essential for appropriate management. OBJECTIVE. To relate blood and biochemical marker values in bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional analytical study. Population of 427 and sample of 224 blood culture data positive for Enterobacteriaceae from patients attended at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the period May 2016 to July 2018. Inclusion criteria: i) at least one positive blood culture; ii) recovery of CRE or CSE isolate and iii) simultaneous collection of blood samples and laboratory tests. Exclusion criteria: i) polymicrobial bacteremia; ii) out-of-range values and iii) reports without numerical values. Data analysis was performed using the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 24.0. RESULTS. Leukocyte count [OR 1.21 (95% CI: 1.03-1.43)], platelet count [OR 1.65 (95% CI: 1.37- 1.98)] and partial thromboplastin time [OR 1.29 (95% CI: 1.04-1.60)] were shown to be good independent predictor variables, by multivariate logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION. Thrombocytopenia and prolonged partial thromboplastin time were associated with bacteremia caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Bacteremia/diagnosis , Bacteremia/blood , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/diagnosis , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/blood , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Blood Cell Count , Blood Coagulation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lactic Acid/blood , Creatinine/blood , Early Diagnosis , Albumins/analysis , Procalcitonin/blood
16.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(3): 5-10, jul.-set. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342495

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: À medida que a população envelhece e a expectativa de vida aumenta, a incidência global e a prevalência de AVC isquêmico tendem a aumentar significativamente. Nesse contexto, surge a necessidade de avaliar novos marcadores preditores de mortalidade, como a contagem absoluta de monócitos, relação linfócitos sobre monócitos, relação neutrófilos sobre linfócitos e níveis de proteína C reativa ultrassensível, que além de serem de fácil acesso e baixo custo, sugerem indicar desfecho no paciente com AVC agudo. OBJETIVOS: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação dos marcadores inflamatórios com a mortalidade de pacientes com AVC isquêmico. MÉTODOS: trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo observacional a partir de prontuários eletrônicos e exames laboratoriais de pacientes com AVC isquêmico em uma unidade hospitalar de Cascavel/PR. Uma análise estatística descritiva foi conduzida para determinar o perfil dos pacientes segundo o desfecho e aplicado um modelo de regressão logística para verificar as variáveis associadas a mortalidade. Foram considerados significativos apenas os dados com p-valor <0,05. RESULTADOS: Dos 65 pacientes que foram admitidos no estudo, 50 receberam alta hospitalar e 15 foram a óbito no hospital. Entre os marcadores inflamatórios, a relação de neutrófilos sobre linfócitos (OR 1,55; p-valor <0,01) mostrou-se significativamente associada a maior chance de óbito. Os pacientes que faleceram apresentaram níveis superiores de PCR ultrassensível, maior contagem absoluta de monócitos, relação linfócitos sobre monócitos diminuída, e relação neutrófilos sobre linfócitos elevada. CONCLUSÃO: a relação de neutrófilos sobre linfócitos elevada pode estar significativamente associada ao desfecho desfavorável após um AVC isquêmico


IINTRODUCTION: As the population ages and life expectancy increases, the global incidence and prevalence of ischemic stroke tends to rise significantly. In this context, the need arises to evaluate new predictive markers of mortality, such as absolute monocyte count, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels which, besides being easily accessible and affordable, manage to predict the outcome in patients with acute stroke. OBJECTIVES: the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between inflammatory markers and the mortality in ischemic stroke patients. METHODS: this is a retrospective observational study based on the analysis of electronic medical records and laboratory tests of in-patients who suffered an ischemic stroke in Cascavel/PR. A descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine patients´ profile according to the outcome and a logistic regression model was applied in order to verify the variables associated with mortality. Only data with a p-value <0,05 was considered. RESULTS: Out of the 65 patients who suffered an ischemic stroke included in the study, 50 were discharged and 15 died in hospital. Among the inflammatory markers, the neutrophil-tolymphocyte ratio (OR 1.55; p-value <0,01) was associated with a greater chance of death. Patients who died presented with higher levels of ultra-sensitive CRP, higher absolute monocyte count, lower lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio and higher neutrophil-to- lymphocyte ratio. CONCLUSION: the elevated neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio may be significantly associated with negative outcomes following an ischemic stroke


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ischemic Stroke/mortality , Ischemic Stroke/epidemiology , Inflammation/blood , Blood Cell Count , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
17.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(3): 278-281, July-Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288578

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Regular physical activity helps improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular skills. How to evaluate the nervous tension of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular vessels through sports is a hot topic. Objective The paper discusses the influence of regular participation in sports on people's cardiovascular function and blood-related indicators. Methods We select 30 healthy older adults who regularly participate in sports, record their ECG changes, blood pressure, heart rate and other related cardiovascular function indicators, and analyze the blood function of the elderly. Detection of blood cell count (RBC), red blood cell volume (MCV) and hemoglobin (Hb), serum creatinine (Cr), blood glucose (BGS), triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-Density lipoprotein (HDL) is measured. Results Older adults who persist in exercise for a long time have better indicators than those who do not exercise. Conclusions Appropriate aerobic exercise can reduce the stiffness of blood vessels in the elderly. Exercise can help the elderly increase heart rate variability and improve the heart's autonomic nerve function's blood indicators, and body mass. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução A atividade física regular ajuda a melhorar as habilidades cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares. Como avaliar a tensão nervosa dos vasos cardiovasculares e cerebrovasculares por meio de esportes é um assunto quente. Objetivo o artigo discute a influência da participação regular em esportes sobre a função cardiovascular das pessoas e indicadores relacionados ao sangue. Métodos Selecionamos 30 idosos saudáveis que participam regularmente de esportes, registramos suas alterações no ECG, pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca e outros indicadores relacionados à função cardiovascular e analisamos a função sanguínea dos idosos. Detecção de contagem de células sanguíneas (RBC), volume de glóbulos vermelhos (MCV) e hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glicose no sangue (BGS), triglicerídeos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteína de baixa densidade (LDL ) e a lipoproteína de alta densidade (HDL) é medida. Resultados Idosos que persistem por muito tempo nos exercícios têm melhores indicadores do que aqueles que não praticam. Conclusão O exercício aeróbio adequado pode reduzir a rigidez dos vasos sanguíneos em idosos. O exercício pode ajudar os idosos a aumentar a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca e melhorar os indicadores sanguíneos da função nervosa autonômica do coração e a massa corporal. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La actividad física regular ayuda a mejorar las habilidades cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares. Cómo evaluar la tensión nerviosa de los vasos cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares a través del deporte es un tema candente. Objetivo El artículo analiza la influencia de la participación regular en deportes sobre la función cardiovascular de las personas y los indicadores relacionados con la sangre. Métodos Seleccionamos a 30 adultos mayores sanos que participan regularmente en deportes, registramos sus cambios en el ECG, presión arterial, frecuencia cardíaca y otros indicadores relacionados con la función cardiovascular, y analizamos la función sanguínea de los ancianos. Detección del recuento de glóbulos rojos (RBC), volumen de glóbulos rojos (MCV) y hemoglobina (Hb), creatinina sérica (Cr), glucosa en sangre (BGS), triglicéridos (TG), colesterol (TC), lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) ) y se mide la lipoproteína de alta densidad (HDL). Resultados Los adultos mayores que persisten en el ejercicio durante mucho tiempo tienen mejores indicadores que los que no lo hacen. Conclusión El ejercicio aeróbico adecuado puede reducir la rigidez de los vasos sanguíneos en los ancianos. El ejercicio puede ayudar a los ancianos a aumentar la variabilidad de la frecuencia cardíaca y mejorar los indicadores sanguíneos y la masa corporal de la función nerviosa autónoma del corazón. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos: investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sports/physiology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Pressure/physiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Heart Rate/physiology , Lipids/blood
18.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 791-798, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285265

ABSTRACT

The Nelore breed is the second largest bovine breed in the world and has actively participated in the expansion of new Brazilian agricultural frontiers. In this context, the purpose of this study was to determine the hematological and biochemical reference intervals of healthy Nelore matrices raised under an extensive regime without supplementation along southwest of Piauí state. Blood samples were collected from fifty-five multiparous female of the Nelore breed. Biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed using a parametric statistical method with 95% CI of reference limits. The average values of red blood cells, hemoglobin as well as hematimetric indices showed reference ranges similar to reference standards. The hematocrit as well as granulocytes and agranulocytes presented alterations typical of animals raised in environments with higher temperatures. Mineral, enzymatic, protein and metabolic profiles were similar to other bovine breeds but with a narrower range of values. However, lower mean values were observed for levels of ionized calcium, total protein and urea. Nelore females present slightly different biochemical and hematological profiles from other breeds, which might result from the environmental and nutritional management applied and the natural deficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium in the region's pastures.(AU)


Nelore é a segunda maior raça bovina do mundo e tem participado ativamente da expansão das novas fronteiras agrícolas brasileiras. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os intervalos de referência hematológicos e bioquímicos de matrizes Nelore criadas em regime extensivo sem suplementação, ao longo do sudoeste do estado do Piauí. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 55 fêmeas multíparas da raça Nelore. Os parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos foram analisados por método estatístico paramétrico com IC 95% para os limites de referência. Os valores médios de hemácias, hemoglobina e índices hematimétricos apresentaram intervalos de referência semelhantes aos padrões de referência. Tanto o hematócrito quanto os granulócitos e os agranulócitos apresentaram alterações típicas de animais criados em ambientes com temperaturas mais elevadas. Os perfis mineral, enzimático, proteico e metabólico foram semelhantes aos de outras raças bovinas, mas com uma faixa de valores mais estreita. No entanto, valores médios mais baixos foram observados para os níveis de cálcio ionizado, proteína total e ureia. Fêmeas Nelore apresentam perfis bioquímicos e hematológicos ligeiramente diferentes de outras raças, o que pode resultar dos manejos ambiental e nutricional aplicados e da deficiência natural de nitrogênio, fósforo e cálcio nas pastagens da região.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Blood Proteins/analysis , Calcium/blood , Granulocytes , Hematocrit/veterinary , Reference Values , Brazil , Serum , Agranulocytosis/veterinary
19.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(3): 167-173, jul./set. 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491719

ABSTRACT

Hematological and serum biochemical characteristics and prevalence of microorganisms in the uterine content of bitches with pyometra were described, according to type and age. This study was carried out at the Veterinary Medicine Hospital Renato Rodenburg de Medeiros Netto of the UFBA with 132 patients diagnosed with pyometra through imaging and laboratory tests, divided into two groups: Group 1 - less than eight years (n=72) and Group 2 - more than eight years (n=60). Both groups were submitted to Ovariohysterectomy (OH), in which blood and uterine lumen secretion samples were collected. The highest incidence of pyometra was found in bitches under 8 years (54.5%), Poodle breed (31.8%) and mixed-breed (27.3%). Open pyometra represented 80.3% of all cases. The death rate (6.0%) did not show significant difference between the types. Anemia (73.0%), thrombocytopenia (41.2%) and leukocytosis (77.0%) were observed. Urea and ALP were above the reference values in 41.8% and 52.2% of each group, respectively, while ALT (94.0%) and creatine (82%) remained normal in most animals. Serum biochemistry did not show significant differences (P<0.05). Escherichia coli and Klebsiella sp. grew in 33.3% and 16.7% of the samples, respectively. Therefore, no significant hematological and serum biochemical differences were observed in bitches with pyometra in both age categories.


Descreveu-se características hematológicas, bioquímicas séricas e prevalência de microrganismos no conteúdo uterino de cadelas com piometra, de acordo com o tipo e idade. Realizou-se este estudo no Hospital de Medicina Veterinária Renato Rodenburg de Medeiros Netto da UFBA com 132 pacientes diagnosticadas com piometra, por exames de imagem e laboratoriais, divididas em dois grupos: Grupo 1 – menos de oito anos (n=72) e Grupo 2 – mais de oito anos (n=60), submetidas a Ovariectomia (OH), quando se coletou amostras de sangue e secreção do lúmen uterino. A incidência maior deu-se em cadelas abaixo de 8 anos (54,5%), da raça Poodle (31,8%) e sem raça definida (SRD) (27,3%), sendo 80,3% de piometra aberta. A taxa de óbito (6,0%) não apresentou diferença significativa entre os tipos. Observou-se a ocorrência de anemia (73,0%), trombocitopenia (41,2%) e leucocitose (77,0%). Os valores de ureia e FA estiveram acima dos valores de referência em 41,8% e 52,2% das cadelas respectivamente, enquanto a ALT (94,0%) e a creatina (82%) mantiveram-se dentro dos valores de referência na maioria dos animais. A bioquímica sérica não apresentou diferenças significativas (P<0,05). Observou-se crescimento de Escherichia coli e Klebsiella sp. em 33,3% e 16,7% das amostras, respectivamente. Sendo assim, não se observou diferenças significativas hematológicas e na bioquímica sérica de cadelas com piometra nas categorias de idade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Biomarkers/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Dogs/blood , Pyometra/classification , Pyometra/diagnosis , Uterus , Bacterial Infections
20.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 67(6): 873-877, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346927

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Adnexal torsion is an important gynecological emergency due to nonfrequent but possible adverse reproductive outcomes. There is no specific laboratory marker to support the preoperative diagnosis or that can be used clinically. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic values of platelet, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and red cell markers as an early indicator of ovarian torsion. METHODS: This retrospective study included 28 female patients who were treated surgically for adnexal torsion between August 2010 and July 2020, and 29 control group women. The demographic data and routine hematological values of patients were compared for adnexal torsion prediction. RESULTS: There were no differences between the groups in terms of the platelet count, platelet distribution width, red cell distribution width, and mean platelet volume values, and there were no differences in the demographic data. Statistical differences were found among white blood cell, hemoglobin, hematocrit, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, and platelet/lymphocyte ratio, and 81.5% sensitivity and 82.1% specificity were identified for neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio 2.45 (area under the curve AUC 0.892; 95%CI 0.808-0.975; p<0.001). Odds ratio for neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio was 2.62 (95%CI 0.861-7.940, p=0.029). CONCLUSION: According to the regression analysis, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio was found to be the most beneficial among all blood count parameters for the pre-diagnosis of AT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Lymphocytes , Ovarian Torsion , Blood Cell Count , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count
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