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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879940

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of endometriosis is not well understood at the moment, and the lack of effective biomarkers often leads to delayed diagnosis of the disease. Lipidomics provides a new approach for the diagnosis and prediction of endometriosis. Sphingomyelin, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylserine in peripheral blood, endometrial fluid, peritoneal fluid and follicular fluid have good diagnostic value for endometriosis and disease classification; the lipid metabolites in the eutopic endometrium tissue are expected to be biomarkers of early endometriosis; and the lipid metabolites in peripheral blood are also of great value for predicting endometriosis-related infertility. The development of lipidomics technique will further advance the progress on the pathogenesis, prediction, diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/blood , Blood Chemical Analysis/trends , Body Fluids/chemistry , Endometriosis/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Lipidomics/trends
3.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4297-4305, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039507

ABSTRACT

Abstract The use of new technologies can improve screening in communities with difficult access to health. This article aims to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and agreement of a point of care test in comparison to laboratory methods for the determination of glucose (GLI), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations. This prospective study used data from the remaining adult population of quilombolas in Brazil. Laboratory tests using conventional methods for the analysis of venipuncture samples were used as a standard method to measure the concentrations of GLI (mg/dL), TG (mg/dL), and TC (mg/dL) and compared to the metered dose from the collection of fingertip capillary blood (point of care). Contingency tables (2x2) were used to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the methods. Lin and Bland & Altman coefficients were used to statistically assess agreement, the level of significance was 5%. There was substantial agreement between the methods for measuring TG and poor agreement for of TC and GLI. Analysis of the Bland & Altman coefficients revealed that the fingertip method did not produce good measures. The point of care method did not offer a good ability to measure compared to that of the reference laboratory method.


Resumo O uso de novas tecnologias pode melhorar o screening em comunidades de difícil acesso à saúde. O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a sensibilidade, especificidade e concordância do teste de point of care em comparação com método laboratorial para dosagem de Glicose (GLI), Triglicerídeo (TG) e Colesterol total (CT). Estudo prospectivo com dados de população de adultos remanescentes de quilombolas no Brasil. Exames laboratoriais convencionais para análise foram obtidos por venopunção, utilizados como método padrão para mensuração das concentrações de GLI (mg/dL), TG (mg/dL) e CT (mg/dL) e comparados a mensuração por meio de técnica de ponta de dedo (point of care). Tabelas de contingência (2x2) foram utilizadas para estimar sensibilidade e especificidade dos métodos e o coeficiente de Lin e análises de Bland & Altman foram métodos de concordância com nível de significância de 5%. Houve concordância substancial entre os métodos para mensuração de TG e fraca concordância para mensuração de CT e GLI. Os coeficientes de Bland & Altman indicam que o método de ponta de dedo não apresentou boa mensuração. O método point of care não apresentou boa capacidade de mensuração de Glicose, Triglicerídeo e Colesterol total tendo como referência o método laboratorial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Blood Chemical Analysis/methods , Blood Specimen Collection/methods , Point-of-Care Systems , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Brazil , Cholesterol/blood , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Health Services Accessibility , Middle Aged
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1307-1315, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1038618

ABSTRACT

Nas ovelhas, a demanda de nutrientes aumenta durante a gestação, especialmente nas últimas seis semanas, quando ocorre maior desenvolvimento do feto. Os objetivos deste trabalho foram estudar o perfil bioquímico de ovelhas durante a gestação e no periparto imediato, comparando-se gestação única com gemelar. Foram utilizadas 60 ovelhas, Dorper, divididas em dois grupos experimentais com base no diagnóstico de gestação ultrassonográfico: grupo 1: 30 ovelhas com feto único; grupo 2: 30 ovelhas com gestação gemelar. Em nove momentos de coleta, foram mensurados no soro sanguíneo: ureia, creatinina, proteína total (PT), albumina, globulina, aspartato aminotransferase (AST), gamaglutamiltransferase, fosfatase alcalina, colesterol e triglicérides. O peso vivo das ovelhas do G2 foi maior que do G1 em todos os momentos, inclusive quando estavam vazias. Houve diferença entre as ovelhas do G1 e do G2 nos valores de PT, albumina, AST e triglicérides. A partir de 120 dias de gestação, o perfil proteico se modificou, com menores níveis de ureia, PT, albumina e globulina, mostrando que a demanda metabólica se intensificou no último mês da gestação. Os níveis de colesterol e triglicérides diminuíram de 140 dias de gestação para o parto. Este trabalho mostrou que a gestação proporcionou mudanças significativas no metabolismo da ovelha, principalmente no terço final da gestação, quando há maior necessidade de acompanhamento para evitar a incidência de doenças metabólicas.(AU)


In sheep, nutrient demand increases during gestation, particularly in the last six weeks, when the fetuses develop. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the biochemical profile of ewes during pregnancy and in the immediate peripartum comparing single with twin pregnancies. Sixty ewes of Dorper breed were divided into two groups by pregnancy ultrasonographic diagnosis: 1 - 30 ewes with single fetus gestation; 2 - 30 ewes with twin pregnancy. In nine collection moments the following parameters were measured: urea, creatinine, total protein (TP), albumin, globulin, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma glutamyltransferase, alkaline phosphatase, cholesterol and triglycerides. The weight of G2 sheep was higher than G1 since they were empty. There were differences in G1 and G2 sheep metabolism in TP, Albumin, AST and Triglycerides. From 120 days of pregnancy, the protein profile changed, with lower levels of urea, TP, albumin and globulin, showing that the metabolic demand intensified in the last month of pregnancy. The levels of cholesterol and triglycerides decreased from 140 days of pregnancy to lambing day. This study showed that gestation provided significant changes in the ewe's metabolism, especially in the final third of gestation, when there is a greater need to follow the animals to avoid the incidence of metabolic diseases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/veterinary , Sheep/physiology , Sheep/blood , Postpartum Period/physiology , Peripartum Period/physiology , Metabolic Diseases/veterinary , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(3): 782-790, May-June 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1011331

ABSTRACT

IIn the last few years, an increasing number of debilitated Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) has been rescued and taken to rehabilitation centers on Brazil's southern coast to be clinically treated and evaluated for re-introduction. This work aims to compare the viability of heparinized plasma with the viability of serum for biochemistry analyses under rehabilitation conditions. Blood sampled from 31 physically healthy rescued penguins was processed into serum/plasma-paired samples and analyzed for 12 biochemical parameters: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), cholesterol (CHOL), creatine kinase (CK), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), glucose, (GLU) lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), total proteins (TP), triglycerides (TG), urea (UR), and uric acid (UA).The results showed that six paired samples presented visual signs of hemolysis (visual hemolytic score≥1), four of which occurred exclusively in the serum counterpart. Significant differences (P≤ 0.5) between sample types were found for CHOL (3%), GLU (6%) and TG (52%). Only TG was considered clinically relevant (>10%). All mean/median results fell within the available reference intervals by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (Penguin, 2014). In conclusion, we verified that heparinized plasma is a viable sample for the clinical biochemistry of rescued Magellanic penguins as it yields compatible results with serum, while providing practical benefits. The adoption of this practice favors a faster bird recovery, by minimizing blood sampling volume, and optimizes material resources, allowing use of the same collector tube as for hematology.(AU)


Nos últimos anos, um número crescente de pinguins-de-magalhães (Spheniscus magellanicus) debilitados vem sendo resgatado e encaminhado aos centros de reabilitação do litoral sul do Brasil para cuidados clínicos e posterior avaliação de reintrodução. Este trabalho teve como objetivo comparar a viabilidade do plasma heparinizado com a do soro para análises bioquímicas, em condições de reabilitação. Amostras de sangue de 31 pinguins de resgate fisicamente saudáveis foram processadas em amostras pareadas de soro e plasma heparinizado, e 12 parâmetros bioquímicos foram analisados: alanina aminotransferase (ALT), fosfatase alcalina (ALP), aspartato aminotransferase (AST), colesterol (CHOL), creatina quinase (CK), gamaglutamil transpeptidase (GGT), glicose (GLU), lactato desidrogenase (LDH), proteínas totais (TP), triglicérides (TG), ureia (UR) e ácido úrico (UA). Os resultados mostraram que seis amostras pareadas apresentaram sinais visuais de hemólise (escore hemolítico visual≥1), das quais quatro ocorreram exclusivamente no soro. Observaram-se diferenças significativas (P≤0,5) entre os tipos de amostra em CHOL (3%), GLU (6%) e TG (52%), sendo apenas TG considerado clinicamente relevante (>10%). Todos os resultados de médias e medianas situaram-se dentro dos intervalos de referência disponíveis fornecidos pela Associação de Zoológicos e Aquários (AZA). Como conclusão, verificou-se que o plasma heparinizado é uma amostra viável para a bioquímica clínica de pinguins-de-magalhães de resgate, produzindo resultados compatíveis com os do soro. Além disso, a adoção dessa prática favorece uma recuperação mais rápida dos animais, ao diminuir o volume de sangue amostrado, e otimiza os recursos materiais, ao permitir o aproveitamento do mesmo tubo de colheita de hematologia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Blood Specimen Collection/veterinary , Spheniscidae/blood , Plasma , Rescue Work , Serum
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was designed to evaluate hematological disorders and the orchestrating roles of hepcidin and IL-6 in rat models of thioacetamide (TAA) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) hepatotoxicity.@*METHODS@#Rats were intraperitoneally injected with TAA (10 mg/100 g rat weight dissolved in isosaline) or CCl4 (100 μL/100 g rat weight diluted as 1:4 in corn oil) twice weekly for eight consecutive weeks to induce subchronic liver fibrosis. Blood and tissue samples were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#CCl4 but not TAA significantly decreased the RBCs, Hb, PCV, and MCV values with minimal alterations in other erythrocytic indices. Both hepatotoxins showed leukocytosis, granulocytosis, and thrombocytopenia. By the end of the experiment, the erythropoietin level increased in the CCl4 model. The serum iron, UIBC, TIBC, transferrin saturation%, and serum transferrin concentration values significantly decreased, whereas that of ferritin increased in the CCl4 model. TAA increased the iron parameters toward iron overload. RT-PCR analysis revealed increased expression of hepatic hepcidin and IL-6 mRNAs in the CCl4 model and suppressed hepcidin expression without significant effect on IL-6 in the TAA model.@*CONCLUSION@#These data suggest differences driven by hepcidin and IL-6 expression between CCl4 and TAA liver fibrosis models and are of clinical importance for diagnosis and therapeutics of liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis , Carbon Tetrachloride , Toxicity , Hepcidins , Pharmacology , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Interleukin-6 , Pharmacology , Iron , Blood , Metabolism , Leukocytosis , Therapeutics , Liver Cirrhosis , Therapeutics , Male , Rats , Thioacetamide , Toxicity , Thrombocytopenia , Therapeutics , Transferrin , Metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773409

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible long-term health effects of the defoamer used in seawater desalination by sub-chronic toxicity testing.@*METHODS@#Blood analysis, internal organ assessment, and histopathological examination were carried out in rats exposed to low, medium, and high (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 g/kg BW, respectively) doses of defoamer for 90 days through oral administration.@*RESULTS@#The high dose group showed decreased blood alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase (P < 0.05). All doses resulted in a significant increase in albumin and decrease in globulin (P < 0.05). The direct bilirubin and indirect bilirubin were decreased in the medium and high dose groups (P < 0.05). All dose groups showed significant induction of alkaline phosphatase (P < 0.05). Pathological examination revealed a case of liver mononuclear cell infiltration in the medium dose group and three cases of liver congestion, steatosis of hepatic cells around the central vein, and punctate necrosis with multiple focal mononuclear cell infiltration in male rats administered the high dose. The No Observed Adverse Effect Level was 0.5 g/kg BW in rats, with albumin and total bilirubin as health effect indices.@*CONCLUSION@#Long-term defoamer exposure may cause liver injury but has no significant impact on renal function in rats. The effect on blood cells in female rats was more prominent than that in male rats.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Animals , Antifoaming Agents , Toxicity , Blood Chemical Analysis , Body Weight , Eating , Female , Male , Rats, Wistar , Toxicity Tests, Subchronic
8.
Afr. j. lab. med. (Online) ; 8(1): 1-6, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1257323

ABSTRACT

Background: Haematological values derived from local populations are useful in laboratories to improve diagnoses for local patients. In Cameroon, these data are not yet available. Moreover, there is great variation in baseline parameters pertaining to full blood cell count among medical laboratories.Objectives: This study aimed to determine values for the complete blood cell count of a healthy adult Cameroonian population for use in locally derived ranges in our medical laboratories.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among blood donors attending three blood banks in Yaoundé from November 2015 to September 2016. We expected to obtain at least 120 venous blood samples from both men and women. Tests were performed for (1) HIV, (2) complete blood cell count, (3) hepatitis B virus, (4) malaria, (5) syphilis, (6) C-reactive protein and (7) hepatitis C virus.Results: We enrolled 294 healthy participants (161 men, 133 women) aged 18 to 55 years. The median haemoglobin concentration was 135 g/L in men and 114 g/L in women (p < 0.001). The median reticulocyte count was 60 × 109/L in men and 40 × 109/L in women (p < 0.001).Significant variation by sex was observed for the platelet count. The median white blood cell count was 4.1 × 109/L in men and 4.6 × 109/L in women (p = 0.008). Conclusion: This study provides locally derived ranges for complete blood cell and reticulocyte counts for a healthy adult population in Yaoundé, Cameroon. These results can be used pending larger studies


Subject(s)
Blood Cell Count , Blood Chemical Analysis/standards , Cameroon , Hematologic Tests/standards , Reference Values , Reticulocyte Count
9.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1258693

ABSTRACT

Introduction Time and cost constraints abound in the Emergency Centre (EC). These resource-constraints are further magnified in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Almost half of all patients presenting to the EC require laboratory tests. Unfortunately, access to laboratory services in LMIC is commonly inadequate. Point-of-Care (POC) tests may assist to avert this shortcoming. The aims of this study were to evaluate the cost effectiveness of upfront POC blood tests performed prior to doctor assessment compared to the standard EC workflow.Methods A secondary analysis was performed on data from a prospective, randomised, controlled trial where patients with abdominal/chest symptoms or generalised body pain/weakness followed either the normal EC workflow pathway or one of two enhanced workflow pathways with POC tests (i-STAT with and without a complete blood count (CBC)) prior to doctor evaluation. The incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) was used to perform the cost effectiveness analysis.Results :There were 248 patients enrolled in the study. The use of the two upfront, POC test pathways significantly exceeded the primary outcome measure of a 20% reduction in treatment time. In the i-STAT + CBC group, the 31 min. time-saving translated into cost-saving of US$14.96 per patient (IECR 0.27) whereas the 21 min. time-saving in the i-STAT only group only had an additional net cost of US$3.11 per patient (IECR 0.90).Conclusion Upfront, POC blood tests can be utilised in the resource-constrained EC to manage patients more efficiently by saving time. This time-saving can, in fact, be more cost effective than traditional EC workflow making it an economically viable option for implementation in LMIC


Subject(s)
Blood Chemical Analysis , Costs and Cost Analysis , Emergency Medical Services , South Africa , Time Factors
10.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2070-2079, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-976407

ABSTRACT

Blood transfusion is a therapeutic procedure of great importance for veterinary medicine, in spite of only few studies in the literature on hemotherapy in goats. We aimed to evaluate the biochemical, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation of goats submitted to homologous transfusion of fresh whole blood or stored for 15 and 35 days. Eighteen adult male goats were submitted to a single phlebotomy to remove 30% of the blood volume, and we transfused 20mL/kg of whole blood stored in CPDA-1 bags according to the experimental group, being: G0 composed goats who received fresh blood, G15 and G35 goats that received blood stored for 15 and 35 days, respectively. For the biochemical evaluation, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation, blood samples were collected at the following moments: before the induction of anemia (TC0); 6 hours after phlebotomy and before transfusion (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 and 96 hours after transfusion (T1, T6, T12, T24 and T96 respectively); 8, 16 and 32 days after transfusion (T8d, T16d and T32d respectively). Before transfusion, blood samples were also withdrawn from the bags for the same analyzes. Statistical analyzes were performed in the statistical program GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adopting a significance level of 5%. The bags of blood stored for 15 and 35 days showed more biochemical changes, blood gas, oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation than fresh blood bags. As for the biochemical analysis, after the transfusion was observed an increase of the total protein, albumin, glucose and creatine kinase in the 3 groups, and elevation of total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, and urea in G15 and G35. The changes observed in the blood gas analysis had no clinical significance, as they were within the reference values for the species. The goats that received stored blood showed disorder in their antioxidant system through alteration of the SOD activity. In the analysis of lipid peroxidation no difference between the groups for the concentration of malondialdehyde was found. Thus, it can be concluded that transfusion of whole fresh stored blood in goats did not compromise the blood gases, lipid peroxidation and liver and renal functions of the transfused animals. In addition, the method was proved to be efficient to restore, among other components, the total protein and albumin. The transfusion, as performed in this study, proved to be safe for used in the clinical practice of goats.(AU)


A transfusão de sangue é um procedimento terapêutico de grande importância para medicina veterinária, apesar disto, na literatura há poucos estudos sobre hemoterapia em caprinos. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as respostas bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica de caprinos submetidos à transfusão homóloga de sangue total fresco ou armazenado por 15 e 35 dias. Foram utilizados 18 caprinos adultos, machos, submetidos a uma única flebotomia para retirada de 30% do volume sanguíneo e transfundidos com 20mL/kg de sangue total armazenado em bolsas CPDA-1 de acordo com o grupo experimental, sendo: o G0 composto por animais que receberam sangue fresco; G15 e G35 animais que receberam sangue armazenado por 15 e 35 dias, respectivamente. Para a avaliação bioquímica, hemogasométrica, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica foram coletadas amostras de sangue nos seguintes momentos: antes da indução da anemia (TC0); 6 horas após a flebotomia e antes de transfusão (TC1); 1, 6, 12, 24 e 96 horas após a transfusão (T1, T6, T12, T24 e T96, respectivamente); 8, 16 e 32 dias após a transfusão (T8d, T16d e T32d, respectivamente). Antes da transfusão, amostras de sangue também foram retiradas das bolsas para realização das mesmas análises. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas no programa estatístico GRAPHPAD PRISM 5.0, adotando-se nível de significância de 5%. As bolsas de sangue armazenadas por 15 e 35 dias apresentaram mais alterações bioquímicas, hemogasométricas, estresse oxidativo e peroxidação lipídica do que as bolsas de sangue fresco. Quanto à análise bioquímica, após a transfusão observou-se aumento da proteína total, albumina, glicose e creatina quinase nos 3 grupos; e elevação da bilirrubina total, bilirrubina direta e ureia no G15 e G35. As alterações observadas na análise hemogasométrica não tiveram significado clínico, pois estavam dentro dos valores de referência para a espécie. Os animais que receberam sangue armazenado apresentaram desordem no seu sistema antioxidante demonstrada pela alteração da atividade da SOD. Na análise da peroxidação lipídica não houve diferença entre os grupos para a concentração de malondialdeído. Sendo assim, pode-se concluir que a transfusão de sangue homólogo total fresco ou armazenado em caprinos não comprometeu a gasometria, peroxidação lipídica e funções hepática e renal dos animais transfundidos. Além disso, mostrou-se eficiente em repor entre outros componentes, a proteína total e albumina. Desta forma, a transfusão, conforme realizada neste estudo, mostrou-se segura para ser utilizada na prática clínica desta espécie.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Blood Transfusion/veterinary , Ruminants/blood , Blood Gas Analysis/veterinary , Lipid Peroxidation , Oxidative Stress
11.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 564-570, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977391

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Propofol is commonly employed as a hypnotic agent to perform electroconvulsive therapy, but it exhibits also anticonvulsant properties. The main objective was to study the effect of the weight-adjusted dose of propofol on duration of the electrical seizure. Secondary objectives were to study the effect of absolute dose of propofol on duration of electrical seizure, the effect of both absolute and weight-adjusted doses on values of bispectral index, and the influence of blood chemistry on anticonvulsant effect. Methods: After approval of the Institutional Review Board, a retrospective chart review was performed of all patients who underwent at least one electroconvulsive therapy session. Multiple lineal regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders was employed to explore the effect of propofol dosage on values of bispectral index and on duration of seizure; bivariate correlation analyses were previously performed to identify variables fulfilling confounding criteria, specifically values of Spearman's rho >0.10. Results of regression analysis were expressed as B coefficient with its 95% confident interval. Results: 76 patients received 631 acute phase sessions. Propofol showed a statistically significant negative effect on duration of seizure (specifically a reduction of 4.081 s for every mg.kg−1 of propofol; CI95%: −7906 to −0.255, p = 0.037) but not on bispectral index values. Slight anemia and hypoalbuminemia were very infrequent conditions, and the anticonvulsant effect was not influenced by these parameters. Conclusions: Propofol weight-adjusted dose is negatively related to duration of seizures. It should be carefully titrated when employed to perform electroconvulsive therapy.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O propofol é comumente usado como agente hipnótico na terapia eletroconvulsiva, mas apresenta também propriedades anticonvulsivantes. O objetivo principal foi avaliar o efeito da dose de propofol ajustada ao peso na duração da convulsão elétrica. Os objetivos secundários foram avaliar o efeito da dose total de propofol na duração da convulsão elétrica, o efeito da dose tanto total quanto ajustada ao peso nos valores do índice bispectral e a influência da bioquímica do sangue no efeito anticonvulsivante. Métodos: Após aprovação do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, foi feita uma revisão retrospectiva dos prontuários de todos os pacientes que fizeram pelo menos uma sessão de eletroconvulsoterapia. Análise de regressão linear múltipla ajustada para potenciais confundidores foi feita para explorar o efeito da dosagem de propofol sobre os valores do índice bispectral e a duração da convulsão; análises de correlação bivariada foram previamente feitas para identificar as variáveis que atendem aos critérios de confusão, especificamente valores de r de Spearman > 0,10. Os resultados da análise de regressão foram expressos como coeficiente B com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: Setenta e seis pacientes receberam 631 sessões de fase aguda. Propofol mostrou um efeito negativo estatisticamente significativo sobre a duração da convulsão (especificamente uma redução de 4,081 segundos para cada mg.kg−1 de propofol; IC de 95%: -7906 para -0,255, p = 0,037), mas não para os valores do índice bispectral. Anemia leve e hipoalbuminemia foram condições muito raras e o efeito anticonvulsivante não foi influenciado por esses parâmetros. Conclusões: A dose de propofol ajustada ao peso está negativamente relacionada com a duração das crises convulsivas, deve ser cuidadosamente titulada quando usada na terapia eletroconvulsiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Propofol/administration & dosage , Electroconvulsive Therapy , Hypnotics and Sedatives/administration & dosage , Seizures , Time Factors , Blood Chemical Analysis , Body Weight , Retrospective Studies , Consciousness Monitors , Middle Aged
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(1): 189-194, Jan. 2018. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-895556

ABSTRACT

The giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) is classified as a vulnerable species on Brazil's list of species at risk of extinction mainly due to deforestation and forest fires. This has contributed to a considerable increase in detailed clinical case records of the treatment of wild species at veterinary institutions. However, the paucity of serum biochemical profiles of healthy giant anteaters has made it difficult to evaluate these animals, preventing diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The objective of this work was to collect data about the biochemical profile of healthy giant anteaters from the Brazilian Cerrado raised in captivity, in order to better understand the physiological characteristics inherent to this species. Eighteen analytes from 12 healthy giant anteaters were measured. The following means and standard deviations were found in the biochemical analyses: albumin 3.29±0.33g/dL, ALT 15.49±7.98 IU/L, amylase 1037.92±149.04 IU/L, AST 21, 12±7.50 IU/L, total cholesterol 62.79±20.08mg/dL, HDL cholesterol 14.73±4.98mg/dL, LDL cholesterol 26.60±11.05mg/dL, VLDL cholesterol 2.14±1.06mg/dL, CK 111.61±70.16 IU/L, creatinine 1.05±0.37mg/dL, iron 194.64±81.17µg/dL, GGT 65.18±54.57 IU/L, glucose 103.71±29.63mg/dL, globulins 2.76±0.36g/dL, lipase 28.80±5.11 IU/L,TSP 6.05±0.56g/dL, triglycerides 10.71±5.29mg/dL, and urea 53.46±18.28mg/dL. The values found in this study can be used as references for the laboratory evaluation of giant anteaters living in conditions similar to those of this study. This is one of the first reports of biochemical examinations on giant anteaters of the Cerrado biome.(AU)


O tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) está classificado como espécie vulnerável na lista brasileira de espécies ameaçadas de extinção devido principalmente ao desmatamento e aos incêndios florestais. Tal fato contribuiu com o aumento da casuística de atendimento de espécies silvestres em instituições veterinárias. Porém, a escassez de valores bioquímicos séricos em tamanduás-bandeiras hígidos tem dificultado a avaliação destes animais, impedindo o diagnóstico, tratamento e prognóstico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi fornecer dados sobre o perfil bioquímico de tamanduás-bandeiras saudáveis do cerrado brasileiro, criados em cativeiro, a fim de compreender melhor as características fisiológicas inerentes a esta espécie. Foram mensurados 18 analitos de 12 tamanduás-bandeiras hígidos. As médias e o desvio padrão correspondentes às análises bioquímicas foram: albumina 3,29±0,33g/dL; ALT 15,49±7,98 UI/L; amilase 1037,92±149,04 UI/L; AST 21, 12±7,50 UI/L; colesterol total 62,79±20,08mg/dL; colesterol HDL 14,73±4,98mg/dL; colesterol LDL 26,60±11,05mg/dL; colesterol VLDL 2,14±1,06mg/dL; CK 111,61±70,16 UI/L; creatinina 1,05±0,37mg/dL; ferro 194,64±81,17µg/dL; GGT 65,18±54,57 UI/L; glicose 103,71±29,63mg/dL; globulinas 2,76±0,36g/dL; lipase 28,80±5,11 UI/L; PST 6,05±0,56g/dL; triglicerídeos 10,71±5,29mg/dL; ureia 53,46±18,28mg/dL. Os valores encontrados neste estudo podem ser utilizados como referência para a avaliação laboratorial de tamanduás-bandeiras que vivam em condições similares ao do presente estudo. Este é um dos primeiros estudos a relatar exames bioquímicos em tamanduás-bandeiras do bioma cerrado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Biochemical Phenomena , Cingulata/blood , Glucose/analysis , Lipids/blood , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Brazil
13.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 73 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-997407

ABSTRACT

As chamadas club drugs compreendem um vasto grupo de substâncias frequentemente utilizadas em bares, festas e raves, com a finalidade de intensificar o contato social e a estimulação sensorial. Englobam desde substâncias sintéticas comumente conhecidas, como a anfetamina, a metanfetamina, o MDMA, até moléculas de surgimento mais recente, denominadas novas substâncias psicoativas. Isoladas ou associadas a outras drogas, é possível que sejam causa de morte per se, ou que predisponham o usuário a envolver-se em situações potencialmente fatais, sendo necessário que os órgãos de Perícia Criminal (Institutos Médico Legais e Institutos de Criminalística) estejam aptos a detectar e quantificar essas substâncias em amostras biológicas. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo desenvolver um método analítico para identificação e quantificação de club drugs em sangue total, utilizando cromatografia líquida acoplada a espectrometria de massas com analisador híbrido quadrupolotempo de voo (LC-QTOF). Após o desenvolvimento do método, este foi validado utilizando as diretrizes do guia de validação do Scientific Working Group for Forensic Toxicology (SWGTOX), sendo analisados de linearidade, limite de detecção, limite de quantificação, efeito matriz, precisão intradia, precisão interdia, exatidão e integridade de diluição, além de recuperação e eficiência do processo. O método desenvolvido compreendeu a determinação de MDA, MDMA, 2C-B, DOB, cetamina, mCPP, cocaína e cocaetileno. Amostras provenientes de casos reais de morte não natural, oriundas do Instituto Médico Legal Aristoclides Teixeira de Goiânia - GO foram analisadas pelo método desenvolvido. 56 casos foram selecionados, em sua maioria com histórico de morte por projétil de arma de fogo e acidente de transito. Das 56 amostras analisadas, 28,5% (n=16) foram positivas para cocaína e/ou cocaetileno. As demais substâncias pesquisadas não foram encontradas nas amostras


Club drugs are a large group of substances consumed in pubs, parties and raves, aiming to intensify social contact and sensorial stimulation. The term comprises largely known substances such as amphetamine, methamphetamine, 3,4-methylenodioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), as well as so-called new psychoactive substances, which are synthetic drugs recently developed or recently introduced in drug market. Club drugs can be taken alone, combined with each other or, most frequently, with alcohol or other commonly abused drugs such as cocaine. In any of these situations, club drugs can possibly be the cause of death or potentialize the involvement of the user with crime and potentially fatal behavior. Thus, official organisms in charge of criminal investigation must be capable of identifying and quantifying these substances in biological samples. The present work aimed the development of an analytical method to identify and quantify club drugs in whole blood, using liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry with hybrid analyzer quadrupole - time of flight (LC-QTOF). After analytical development, the method was validated according to do Scientific Working Group for Forensic Toxicology (SWGTOX) guidelines, evaluating linearity, limit of detection, limit of quantification, matrix effect, precision, intermediate precision, bias and dilution integrity, besides recovery and process efficiency. The developed method comprised MDA, MDMA, 2C-B, DOB, ketamine, mCPP, cocaine and cocaethylene determination. Real samples related to non-natural deaths were collected at Institute of the Legal Medicine Aristoclides Teixeira, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil, and analyzed by the developed method. 56 cases were selected, most of them related to fire gun injury and traffic events, 28,5% (n=16) of them being positive for cocaine and/or cocaethylene. None of the other drugs comprised in the analysis were detected in these samples


Subject(s)
Mass Spectrometry/methods , Illicit Drugs/analysis , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Blood Chemical Analysis/statistics & numerical data , Blood Specimen Collection/statistics & numerical data , Substance-Related Disorders , Forensic Toxicology/instrumentation
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(3): e6955, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889047

ABSTRACT

The stability of samples is crucial for getting reliable concentrations of many analytes, including lipid profile. Thus, the goal of this study was to analyze lipid profile under different storage and temperature conditions. This was a prospective study with 809 patients of both genders. Total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and non-high-density lipoprotein were measured within 1 h from collection at room temperature, after 2-3 h of refrigeration (8°C) and after 4-5 h at room temperature. The processing time and storage conditions did not affect the analytes measured. These findings are important for multicenter studies, because of the difficulties related to centrifugation and freezing of samples immediately after collection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Blood Specimen Collection/methods , Lipids/blood , Blood Chemical Analysis , Blood Preservation , Blood Specimen Collection/instrumentation , Blood Specimen Collection/standards , Cholesterol/blood , Laboratories/standards , Lipoproteins/blood , Prospective Studies , Temperature , Time Factors , Triglycerides/blood
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The present study was undertaken to evaluate the subchronic toxicity of lanthanum and to determine the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL), which is a critical factor in the establishment of an acceptable dietary intake (ADI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In accordance with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) testing guidelines, lanthanum nitrate was administered once daily by gavage to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at dose levels of 0, 1.5, 6.0, 24.0, and 144.0 mg/kg body weight (BW) per day for 90 days, followed by a recovery period of 4 weeks in the 144.0 mg/kg BW per day and normal control groups. Outcome parameters were mortality, clinical symptoms, body and organ weights, serum chemistry, and food consumption, as well as ophthalmic, urinary, hematologic, and histopathologic indicators. The benchmark dose (BMD) approach was applied to estimate a point of departure for the hazard risk assessment of lanthanum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Significant decreases were found in the 144.0 mg/kg BW group in the growth index, including body weight, organ weights, and food consumption. This study suggests that the NOAEL of lanthanum nitrate is 24.0 mg/kg BW per day. Importantly, the 95% lower confidence value of the benchmark dose (BMDL) was estimated as 9.4 mg/kg BW per day in females and 19.3 mg/kg BW per day in males.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present subchronic oral exposure toxicity study may provide scientific data for the risk assessment of lanthanum and other rare earth elements (REEs).</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis , Body Weight , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Lanthanum , Toxicity , Male , No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms , Toxicity Tests, Subchronic , Urinalysis
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(4): 451-459, dic. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893288

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic survival of two non-splinted implants immediately loaded with ball abutments for supporting mandibular overdentures. Thirty edentulous patients using full dentures (22 women and 8 men) with a mean age of 64 years were included in this study. Each patient received two inter-foraminal implants in the mandible, near the canine, with an insertion torque greater than 45 Ncm. Nonsplinted ball abutments were connected to the implants, and the overdenture was immediately loaded. The success of the implants was clinically and radiographically evaluated; along with the satisfaction level of the patients, after the first year of having placed the implants. One patient withdrew from the study. After 12 months the implants were loaded, the survival rate was of 98.27 %, one implant failed. The average bone loss was of 0.34 mm. No surgical complications were observed, minor prosthetic maintenance appointments were required. The satisfaction of the patients was of 89.3 %. The immediate loading of two non-splinted implants in the inter-foraminal area of the mandible retaining an overdenture by means of ball abutments is a predictable treatment, with a high success rate of survival and a favorable response of the peri-implant tissues. The patients showed good satisfaction with this treatment modality.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio clínico prospectivo fue evaluar la supervivencia de manera clínica y radiográfica de dos implantes no ferulizados cargados inmediatamente con pilares tipo bola para soportar sobredentaduras mandibulares.Treinta pacientes desdentados totales usuarios de prótesis total (22 mujeres y 8 hombres) con una edad promedio de 64 años se incluyeron en este estudio. Cada paciente recibió dos implantes interforaminales en la mandíbula aproximadamente en posición de canino con un torque mayor a los 45 Ncm. Pilares no ferulizados tipo bola se conectaron a los implantes y se cargó inmediatamente la sobredentadura. El éxito de los implantes se evaluó clínica y radiográficamente; así como el nivel de satisfacción de los pacientes al año de haber sido colocados los implantes. Una paciente se retiró del estudio. Después de 12 meses de cargados los implantes la tasa de supervivencia fue del 98,27 %, un implante fracasó. El promedio de pérdida ósea fue de 0.34 mm. No se observaron complicaciones quirúrgicas, se requirieron citas de mantenimiento protésicas menores. La satisfacción de los pacientes fue del 89,3 %. La carga inmediata de dos implantes no ferulizados en el área interforaminal de la mandíbula reteniendo una sobredentadura a través de pilares en bola es un tratamiento predecible, con un alta tasa de éxito de supervivencia, y respuesta favorable de los tejidos periimplantares. Los pacientes muestran una buena satisfacción ante ésta modalidad de tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Implants , Immediate Dental Implant Loading/methods , Blood Chemical Analysis , Radiography , Ethics Committees , Dental Plaque , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Periprosthetic Fractures/diagnosis , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
17.
Braspen J ; 32(3): 235-240, jul-set. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906152

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A desnutrição é um achado comum em pacientes oncológicos e sua etiologia é multicausal, sendo influenciada significativamente pela resposta inflamatória sistêmica. Os indicadores de inflamação podem ser ferramentas úteis na avaliação nutricional dos pacientes com câncer. Objetivo: Avaliar a associação entre o Escore Prognóstico de Glasgow modificado e o Índice Inflamatório Nutricional (IIN) com a presença e o grau de desnutrição em pacientes com câncer. Método: Pacientes admitidos em um hospital universitário, com diagnóstico confirmado de câncer, participaram deste estudo. Exames laboratoriais de albumina e proteína C-reativa foram realizados para obtenção do EPGm e do IIN. A avaliação nutricional foi realizada por meio da Avaliação Subjetiva Global. Resultados: Foram avaliados 70 pacientes com idade média de 58,51±14,85 anos, dos quais 50 (71,5%) apresentaram algum grau de desnutrição, enquanto 27 (38,6%) apresentaram desnutrição grave. As categorias de risco do EPGm e do IIN estiveram presentes em 41 (58,6%) e 39 (55,7%) pacientes, respectivamente. O EPGm e o IIN associaram-se à presença da desnutrição (p<0,05). Conclusão: O EPGme o IIN mostraram-se ferramentas úteis, de fácil interpretação, com possibilidade de complementar a avaliação nutricional do paciente oncológico, uma vez que se associaram com a desnutrição.(AU)


Introduction: Malnutrition is a common finding in patients with cancer; its etiology is multifactorial and significantly influenced by the systemic inflammatory response. Inflammation indicators can be useful tools in the nutritional assessment of patients with cancer. Objective: We intended to evaluate the association of the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) and the InflammatoryNutritional Index (INI) with the presence and degree of malnutrition in cancer patients. Methods: We evaluated patients who were admitted to university hospital with a confirmed diagnosis of cancer participated in this study. Laboratory tests for albumin and C-reactive protein were conducted to obtain mGPS and INI scores. Nutritional assessment was carried out by subjective global assessment. Results: A total of 70 patients with a mean age of 58.51±14.85 years were evaluated, of which 50 (71.5%) presented some degree of malnutrition, while 27 (38.6%) presented severe malnutrition. The risk categories of mGPS and INI were present in 41 (58.6%) and 39 (55.7%) patients, respectively. Conclusion: Them GPS Score and the INI are simple tools, easy to interpret, with the possibility of complementing the nutritional evaluation of cancer patients, since they were associated with malnutrition.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nutrition Assessment , Malnutrition , Neoplasms/pathology , Blood Chemical Analysis/instrumentation , C-Reactive Protein , Serum Albumin
18.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(3): 379-386, set. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886133

ABSTRACT

A pesar de la disponibilidad de modernos equipos automatizados, el estudio de la morfología eritrocitaria en extendidos de sangre periférica continúa desempeñando un rol fundamental en el diagnóstico de las anemias. En 2005, el Grupo Internacional de Consenso para la Revisión en Hematología publicó un documento con los criterios homogéneos de acción recomendados para la selección de los frotis sanguíneos que deben ser analizados mediante microscopía. Recientemente, el Comité Internacional de Estandarización en Hematología (ICSH) elaboró una serie de recomendaciones para unificar la nomenclatura y graduar los hallazgos morfológicos anormales en el estudio de la sangre periférica. El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar a los lectores una revisión del tema y las últimas recomendaciones de los grupos de expertos a nivel nacional e internacional para el estudio de las anemias mediante la evaluación de la morfología eritrocitaria en el frotis de sangre periférica.


Despite the availability of modern automated equipment, the study of red cell morphology in peripheral blood smears continues to play a key role in the diagnosis of anemias. In 2005, the International Consensus Group for Hematology Review published a document with uniform criteria recommended action for the selection of blood smears to be analyzed by microscopy. Recently, the International Committee for Standardization in Hematology (ICSH) produced a series of recommendations to unify the nomenclature and graduate abnormal morphological findings in the study of peripheral blood. The aim of our work was to present readers with a review of the topic and the latest recommendations of the expert groups at national and international levels for the study of anemias by evaluating red cell morphology in the peripheral blood smear.


Apesar da disponibilidade de equipamentos automatizados modernos, o estudo da morfologia eritrocitária em esfregaços de sangue periférico continua a desempenhar um papel fundamental no diagnóstico das anemias. Em 2005, o Grupo Internacional de Consenso em Revisões Hematológicas publicou um documento com os critérios uniformes de ação recomendados para a seleção dos esfregaços sanguíneos que devem ser analisados através do microscópio. Recentemente, a Comissão Internacional de Padronização em Hematologia (ICSH) produziu uma série de recomendações para unificar a nomenclatura e graduar os achados morfológicos anormais no estudo do sangue periférico. O objetivo deste trabalho foi apresentar aos leitores uma revisão do tema e as últimas recomendações dos grupos de especialistas em nível nacional e internacional para o estudo de anemias através da avaliação da morfologia eritrocitária no esfregaço de sangue periférico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Erythrocytes , Erythrocytes/cytology , Anemia/diagnosis , Blood Chemical Analysis , Erythrocyte Membrane
19.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(3): 551-558, jun. 2017. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-846881

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of diets containing whole cottonseed (WC) on blood biochemical parameters of bulls. Thirty bulls with 30±6 months and 382.7±28.4kg were kept in feedlot (85 days) and fed the following WC levels: 0, 2.22, 4.44, 6.66, 8.88 and 11.11%. In comparing biochemical indicators from the beginning to the end of the experiment, the control group (CG) and those fed diets containing 2.22, 8.88 and 11.11% of WC had an increase (P<0.05) in serum Ca concentrations (8.34±0.65−9.56±0.92mEqL-1). In relation to Fe (202.79±69.04−300.04±79.88µg/dL), the CG and those treated with 6.66% WC showed an increase (P<0.05) in serum concentrations. As to the Mg (1.92±0.18−2.40±0.27mEqL-1), groups treated with diet containing 2.22, 4.44 and 6.66% of WC had higher (p<0.05) concentrations at the end of the study. Regarding blood lipids, groups with diets containing 2.22; 4.44; 6.66 and 8.88% of WC increased (p<0.05), respectively, in concentrations of HDL, TG, VLDL and COL. The group that received 11.11% of WC increased (P<0.05) in the concentrations of COL and HDL. It can be concluded that diets containing WC, caused no alterations in the concentrations of blood parameters analyzed in this study, with the exception of Mg.(AU)


Objetivou-se avaliar o efeito de dietas contendo caroço de algodão (CA) sobre os parâmetros sanguíneos de bovinos. Trinta touros com 30±6 meses e 382,7±28,4kg foram confinados (85 dias) e receberam dietas com as seguintes proporções de CA: 0; 2,22; 4,44; 6,66; 8,88, e 11,11%. Ao se compararem as concentrações dos indicadores bioquímicos do início com as do final do experimento, foi observado que o grupo controle e aqueles com dietas contendo 2,22; 8,88 e 11,11% de CA apresentaram aumento (P<0,05) na concentração sérica de Ca (8,34±0,65−9,56±0,92 mEqL-1). Já em relação ao Fe (202,79±69,04−300,04±79,88µg/dL), observou-se que apenas o grupo controle e aquele tratado com 6,66% apresentaram aumento (P<0,05) em sua concentração. Quanto ao Mg (1,92±0,18−2,40±0,27 mEqL-1), os grupos tratados com 2,22; 4,44 e 6,66% de CA apresentaram maiores concentrações (P<0,05) ao final do estudo. Com relação aos lipídeos sanguíneos, os grupos com dietas contendo 2,22; 4,44; 6,66 e 8,88% de CA tiveram aumento (P<0,05), respectivamente, nas concentrações de HDL, TG, VLDL e COL. O grupo que recebeu 11,11% de CA teve aumento (P<0,05) nas concentrações de COL e HDL. Conclui-se que as dietas contendo CA não causaram alterações (P>0,05) nas concentrações dos parâmetros sanguíneos analisados, com exceção do Mg.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Animal Feed , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Diet/veterinary , Gossypium
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(3): 659-666, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-846915

ABSTRACT

Os quatis são mamíferos carnívoros da família Procyonidae, são animais onívoros, encontrados nas Américas do Norte, Central e Sul, sendo amplamente distribuídos no Brasil. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar as alterações nos parâmetros sanguíneos de duas diferentes populações de quatis (Nasua nasua), da região oeste do Paraná, e avaliar a qualidade de vida e a interferência antrópica nos hábitos alimentares desses animais. A análise sorológica foi realizada em duas diferentes populações de quatis (Nasua nasua) que habitam duas unidades de conservação em regiões distintas no município de Foz do Iguaçu. Em uma das populações, foram visualizados cerca de cinquenta indivíduos, os quais se revelam em exposição direta aos seres humanos, e outra população menor, em torno de trinta indivíduos, os quais não possuem exposição direta aos seres humanos, o que, por sua vez, revelou importantes indicativos da qualidade de vida e de saúde desses animais. Foram realizadas avaliações bioquímicas do soro sanguíneo de 10 quatis adultos; cinco animais do grupo 1, população exposta aos seres humanos, e cinco animais do grupo 2, população com menor exposição. Com os resultados obtidos, foram feitas as comparações dos valores bioquímicos entre os grupos e com os valores de referência pesquisados na literatura. Os exames bioquímicos revelaram alterações significativas nos níveis de glicose e proteínas totais e alterações no nível plasmático de triglicerídeos nos quatis capturados na população em contado direto com seres humanos. Conclui-se que a saúde dos animais que possuem exposição direta com seres humanos está sendo afetada pelo consumo de uma dieta rica em carboidratos e gorduras, oriunda de alimentos industrializados fornecidos pelos turistas.(AU)


The coatis, carnivorous mammals of the Procyonidae family, are omnivorous animals, found in North, Central and South America and are widely distributed in Brazil. The objective of this study was to analyze changes in blood parameters in two different populations of coatis (Nasua nasua), of the western region of Paraná, and to evaluate the quality of life and the human interference in eating habits of these animals. Serologic analysis was performed in two different populations of coatis (Nasua nasua) inhabiting two conservation units in different areas in the city of Foz do Iguaçu. In one population, approximately fifty individuals were visualized, revealing themselves in direct exposure to humans as well as another minor population of about thirty individuals, which have no direct exposure to humans, which revealed important indicatives of the quality of life and health of these animals. Biochemical assessments of ten adults coatis serum were perfomred, five animals in group 1, population exposed to humans and five animals of the group 2, population less exposed. With the obtained results, comparisons were made between the groups' biochemical values and the reference values found in the literature. Biochemical tests revealed significant changes in glucose levels and total protein and changes in plasma levels of triglycerides in coatis captured in the population in direct contact with humans. It follows that the health of animals that have direct exposure to humans is being affected by the consumption of a diet high in carbohydrates and fats, coming from processed foods provided by tourists.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Diet, High-Fat/veterinary , Procyonidae/blood , Animals, Wild/blood , Serologic Tests/veterinary
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