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1.
Femina ; 51(10): 574-584, 20231030. ilus, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532462

ABSTRACT

A Organização Mundial de Saúde estima que aproximadamente 30% das mulheres na menacme apresentam anemia ferropriva, com implicações significativas para a saúde e a qualidade de vida delas. A anemia é definida com base nos níveis de hemoglobina e pode variar em gravidade. Essa condição resulta em comprometimento da capacidade de transporte de oxigênio, exigindo mecanismos compensatórios do organismo. Além disso, pacientes que enfrentam perda sanguínea aguda e crônica e distúrbios hemorrágicos estão em risco elevado de desenvolver anemia. O Programa Patient Blood Management (PBM) surge como uma abordagem centrada no paciente, enfocando deficiência de ferro, anemia, coagulopatia e perda de sangue. O Patient Blood Management propõe a otimização da gestão do sangue do paciente, evitando transfusões desnecessárias e promovendo uma abordagem mais conservadora. Este artigo aborda a relevância da deficiência de ferro durante a gestação e a menacme, bem como as estratégias de tratamento no período pré-operatório. A suplementação de ferro, seja por via oral ou endovenosa, é fundamental para tratar a anemia ferropriva, enquanto as hemotransfusões são reservadas para casos mais graves. A abordagem sistemática da anemia é crucial para garantir melhores desfechos em cirurgias ginecológicas e no período gestacional. A suplementação de ferro, principalmente via intravenosa, surge como uma opção terapêutica eficaz e rápida, enquanto a hemotransfusão, apesar de útil em situações específicas, apresenta riscos associados que devem ser cautelosamente avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Middle Aged , Pregnancy Complications/blood , Iron Compounds/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Transfusion , Preoperative Care/methods , Women's Health , Clinical Decision-Making
2.
Med. lab ; 27(2): 95-96, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1435394

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos de la coagulación manifiestos con hemorragia, han sido una preocupación natural para el hombre a través del tiempo, quien instintivamente ve en el sangrado un signo de alarma que evoca una situación de enfermedad grave, e incluso que anticipa la muerte [1]. Paralelamente, la medicina se ha mostrado interesada en entender los fenómenos hemostáticos en busca de clasificar y tratar las condiciones de hemorragia (coagulopatía) y de trombosis (trombofilia). Así, los avances desde finales del siglo XIX a la fecha, nos han llevado a dilucidar un sistema de coagulación muy complejo [2], que se relaciona de formas diversas con otras funciones fisiológicas como la respuesta inmune, los procesos de reparación tisular y la reproducción. Es positivo que el laboratorio clínico especializado en hemostasia se vaya equipando con pruebas con enfoque tanto cualitativo como cuantitativo para la evaluación de la hemostasia. Algunas de estas dan una visión general (con limitaciones) de la coagulación, y otras son tan precisas que dan cuenta del reemplazo de incluso un solo nucleótido en extensas secuencias de genes de proteínas relacionadas con este sistema. Paradójicamente, cuando tenemos tantas pruebas para analizar diversas variables de un fenómeno complejo y dinámico, nos enfrentamos a un reto de selección como clínicos, en el cual debemos hacer el mayor esfuerzo por elegir pruebas de alto valor diagnóstico, evitando los falsos positivos, falsos negativos o peor aún, la irrelevancia y futilidad de exámenes que demandan una logística y costo importantes


Subject(s)
Hemostasis , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Clinical Reasoning
3.
J. venom. anim. toxins incl. trop. dis ; 29: e20220088, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1440485

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Twenty-minute whole blood clotting test (20WBCT) and Modified Lee and White (MLW) method are the most routinely employed bedside tests for detecting coagulopathic snake envenomation. Our study compared the diagnostic utility of MLW and 20WBCT for snakebite victims at a tertiary care hospital in Central Kerala, South India. Methods: This single-center study recruited 267 patients admitted with snake bites. 20WBCT and MLW were performed simultaneously at admission along with the measurement of Prothrombin Time (PT). The diagnostic utility of 20WBCT and MLW was determined by comparing the sensitivity (Sn), specificity (Sp), positive and negative predictive values, likelihood ratios, and accuracy at admission with an INR value > 1.4. Results: Out of 267 patients, 20 (7.5%) patients had VICC. Amongst those who had venom-induced consumption coagulopathy (VICC), MLW was prolonged for 17 patients, (Sn 85% 95% confidence interval [CI]: 61.1-96.0) whereas 20WBCT was abnormal for 11 patients (Sn 55%, 95% CI: 32.04-76.17). MLW and 20WBCT were falsely positive for the same patient (Sp 99.6%, 95% CI: 97.4-99.9%). Conclusion: MLW is more sensitive than 20WBCT to detect coagulopathy at the bedside amongst snakebite victims. However, further studies are necessary for standardizing bedside coagulation tests in snakebite cases.


Subject(s)
Prothrombin Time/methods , Snake Bites/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Disorders/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Factors/analysis
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 438-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982609

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-associated coagulopathy refers to extensive coagulation activation accompanied by a high risk of bleeding and organ failure. In severe cases, it is manifested as disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Complement is an important component of the innate immune system and plays an important role in defending against invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. The early pathological process of sepsis involves excessive activation of the complement system, which forms an extremely complex network through interactions with the coagulation, kinin and fibrinolytic system, amplifying and exacerbating the systemic inflammatory response. In recent years, it has been suggested that uncontrolled complement activation system can exacerbate sepsis-associated coagulation dysfunction or even DIC, indicating the potential value of intervening in the complement system in the treatment of septic DIC, and related research progress is reviewed in this article in order to provide new ideas for the discovery of sepsis-associated coagulopathy therapy drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Complement Activation , Blood Coagulation , Multiple Organ Failure , Sepsis
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1315-1321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009987

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of cytokine levels on early death and coagulation function of patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).@*METHODS@#Routine examination was performed on 69 newly diagnosed APL patients at admission. Meanwhile, 4 ml fasting venous blood was extracted from the patients. And then the supernatant was taken after centrifugation. The concentrations of cytokines, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and ferritin were detected by using the corresponding kits.@*RESULTS@#It was confirmed that cerebral hemorrhage was a major cause of early death in APL patients. Elevated LDH, decreased platelets (PLT) count and prolonged prothrombin time (PT) were high risk factors for early death (P <0.05). The increases of IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70 and IL-17A were closely related to the early death of newly diagnosed APL patients, and the increases of IL-5 and IL-17A also induced coagulation disorder in APL patients by prolonging PT (P <0.05). In newly diagnosed APL patients, ferritin and LDH showed a positive effect on the expression of IL-5, IL-10 and IL-17A, especially ferritin had a highly positive correlation with IL-5 (r =0.867) and IL-17A (r =0.841). Moreover, there was a certain correlation between these five high-risk cytokines, among which IL-5 and IL-17A (r =0.827), IL-6 and IL-10 (r =0.823) were highly positively correlated.@*CONCLUSION@#Elevated cytokine levels in newly diagnosed APL patients increase the risk of early bleeding and death. In addition to the interaction between cytokines themselves, ferritin and LDH positively affect the expression of cytokines, thus affecting the prognosis of APL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/diagnosis , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-5/metabolism , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Ferritins , Tretinoin
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1259-1264, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical value of complement-3a receptor 1 (C3aR1) and neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in predicting sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was conducted among 78 children with sepsis who attended Xuzhou Children's Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University from June 2022 to June 2023. According to the presence or absence of SIC, they were divided into two groups: SIC (n=36) and non-SIC (n=42) . The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and the levels of C3aR1 and NETs. The factors associated with the occurrence of SIC were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the performance of C3aR1 and NETs in predicting SIC.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-SIC group, the SIC group had significantly higher levels of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10, C3aR1, and NETs (P<0.05). The multivaiate logistic regression analysis showed that the increases in C3aR1, NETs, and IL-6 were closely associated with the occurrence of SIC (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that C3aR1 combined with NETs had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.913 in predicting SIC (P<0.05), which was significantly higher than the AUC of C3aR1 or IL-6 (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in AUC between C3aR1 combined with NETs and NETs alone (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are significant increases in the expression levels of C3aR1 and NETs in the peripheral blood of children with SIC, and the expression levels of C3aR1 and NETs have a high clinical value in predicting SIC.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Extracellular Traps , Interleukin-6 , Prospective Studies , Sepsis/complications , C-Reactive Protein , Blood Coagulation Disorders , ROC Curve , Prognosis
7.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1170-1174, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical characteristics and prognosis of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection-associated acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) in children .@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the medical data of 12 children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection-associated ANE who were admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Qingdao Women and Children's Hospital from December 18 to 29, 2022. The children were divided into two groups based on outcomes: death group (7 cases) and survival group (5 cases). The clinical manifestations and auxiliary examination results were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 12 patients was 30 months, with a male-to-female ratio of 1:1. All patients presented with persistent high fever, with a median highest body temperature of 41℃. The median time from fever onset to seizure or consciousness disturbance was 18 hours. The death group had a higher proportion of neurogenic shock, coagulation dysfunction, as well as elevated lactate, D-dimer, interleukin-6, interleukin--8, and interleukin-10 levels compared to the survival group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant infection-associated with ANE commonly present with persistent high fever, rapidly progressing disease, and have a high likelihood of developing consciousness disorders and multiorgan dysfunction within a short period. The occurrence of neurogenic shock, coagulation dysfunction, and significantly elevated cytokine levels suggests an increased risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Male , Infant , SARS-CoV-2 , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/complications , Brain Diseases/etiology , Prognosis , Fever , Blood Coagulation Disorders
8.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 297-302, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009492

ABSTRACT

The Sepsis Coagulopathy Asahi Recombinant LE Thrombomodulin (SCARLET) trial has many defects, and thus cannot be the terminator of recombinant thrombomodulin (rTM). On the contrary, it provides sufficient evidence for further research. Based on analysis focusing on the failure of SCARLET and several previous anticoagulant studies, it is most important for new studies to grasp the following two points: (1) The enrolled cases should have sufficient disease severity and a clear standard for disseminated intravascular coagulation; (2) Heparin should not be used in combination with the investigated drugs. Multiple post-hoc analyses show that no combination of heparin will not increase the risk of thromboembolism. In fact, the combination of heparin can mask the true efficacy of the investigated drug. Due to the complexity of sepsis treatment and the limitations of clinical studies, the results of all treatment studies should be repeatedly verified, rather than be determined at one stroke. Some research conclusions contrary to disease physiology, pharmacology and clinical practice may be deceptive, and should be cautious rather than be simply accepted. On the other hand, the dissenting voices in the "consensus" scene are often well discussed by the authors and should be highly valued.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Thrombomodulin/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/drug therapy , Sepsis/drug therapy , Heparin/therapeutic use , Recombinant Proteins
9.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 14(2): 56-66, jul.-dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1410759

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en marzo del año 2020 se declara Pandemia, por la aparición de un nuevo Coronavirus, el SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19). Las mujeres embarazadas presentan un riesgo mayor de presentar procesos tromboembólicos, por lo que se recomienda utilizar de manera profiláctica heparina, para prevención de procesos tromboembólicos durante la infección por SARS-CoV2. Objetivo: Describir la evolución de las embarazadas con infección por SARS-CoV2 con la utilización de heparina de bajo peso molecular, Enoxaparina, ajustada al peso de manera precoz. Metodología: estudio descriptivo prospectivo, observacional, de corte transversal. Resultados: en la evolución de 30 mujeres embarazadas con infección por SARS-CoV2, las edades más frecuentes corresponden a 31 a 35 años, mayor número de infectadas en el segundo trimestre del embarazo, el índice de masa corporal predominante en rango de sobrepeso y obesidad, la dosis de enoxaparina utilizada fue de 40 mg/día, ya que se ajustó al peso de la embarazada, las comorbilidades más frecuentes correspondieron al sobrepeso y obesidad, enfermedad hipertensiva del embarazo y diabetes gestacional, la sintomatología resultó muy variada, debido a las distintas variantes del virus, con más frecuencia la rinorrea, congestión nasal, tos, anosmia, disgeusia, cefalea, fiebre y dificultad respiratoria, y la mayoría de las embarazadas no estaban vacunadas. Conclusiones: ninguna de las 30 embarazadas que recibieron heparina de bajo peso molecular (Enoxapina), ajustada al peso, y de manera precoz, con infección por SARS.CoV2, falleció, ni requirió internación en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Una embarazada, fue internada por disnea moderada y saturación de oxígeno menor a 95%. Las restantes embarazadas tuvieron buena evolución en su domicilio, sin ninguna complicación


Introduction: in March 2020, a Pandemic was declared, due to the appearance of a new Coronavirus, SARS-CoV2 (COVID-19). Pregnant women have a higher risk of presenting thromboembolic processes, so it is recommended to use heparin prophylactically, to prevent thromboembolic processes during SARS-CoV2 infection. Objective: to describe the evolution of pregnant women with SARS-CoV2 infection with the early use of Enoxaparin, adjusted to the weight of low molecular weight heparin. Methodology: prospective, observational, cross-sectional descriptive study. Results: in the evolution of 30 pregnant women with SARS-CoV2 infection, the most frequent ages correspond to 31 to 35 years, the highest number of infected in the second trimester of pregnancy, the predominant body mass index in the range of overweight and obesity. , the dose of enoxaparin used was 40 mg/day, since it was adjusted to the weight of the pregnant woman, the most frequent comorbidities were overweight and obesity, hypertensive disease of pregnancy and gestational diabetes, the symptoms were highly varied, due to the different variants of the virus, more frequently rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, cough, anosmia, dysgeusia, headache, fever and respiratory distress, and most of the pregnant women were not vaccinated. Conclusions: none of the 30 pregnant women who received low molecular weight heparin (Enoxapine), adjusted for weight, and early, with SARS.CoV2 infection, died or required admission to the Intensive Care Unit. A pregnant woman was hospitalized due to moderate dyspnea and oxygen saturation less than 95%. The remaining pregnant women had a good evolution at home, without any complications


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic/prevention & control , Enoxaparin/administration & dosage , Pregnant Women , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Blood Coagulation Disorders/prevention & control , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Overweight/complications , Obesity, Maternal/complications
10.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 816-818, Nov.-Dec. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420613

ABSTRACT

Abstract Factor X deficiency ranks among the rarest coagulopathies and has a variable presentation spectrum. We intend to present a proposal for anesthesia protocol for individuals with the coagulopathy. The excision of an ovarian neoplasm was proposed for a 26-year-old, female, ASA II patient, with congenital Factor X deficiency. Physical examination and lab tests were normal, except for Prothrombin Time (PT) 22.1s (VR: 8-14s), International Normalized Ratio (INR) 1.99 (VR: 0.8-1.2) and Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) 41.4s (VR: 25-37s). We concluded that a history of bleeding should always be investigated, along with a pre-anesthetic coagulation study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Blood Coagulation Disorders/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Disorders/ethnology , Factor X Deficiency/complications , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(1): 41-44, jan.-abr. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361662

ABSTRACT

Background: Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by platelet function impairment. Considering that the oral cavity is highly vascularized and performing some local hemostatic maneuvers may be difficult, GT patients are at high risk for hemorrhage related to invasive oral procedures. This study aimed to present an alternative method for periodontal surgery in a young GT patient. Case Report: A 15-year-old female GT patient with a recent history of excessive bleeding following dental surgeries was referred to a public dental center, presenting gingival hyperplasia. The procedure was performed using a high-power laser (HPL), and except for local anesthesia with epinephrine, no further hemostatic agent was necessary. Conclusion: According to the case, the HPL seems to be an efficient tool for preventing perioperative bleeding in GT patients submitted to minor oral surgeries(AU)


Introdução: A trombastenia de Glanzmann (TG) é uma doença autossômica recessiva rara caracterizada por comprometimento da função plaquetária. Tendo em vista que a cavidade oral é altamente vascularizada e a realização de algumas manobras hemostáticas locais pode ser difícil, pacientes com TG apresentam alto risco de hemorragia relacionada a procedimentos orais invasivos. Este artigo teve como objetivo apresentar uma técnica alternativa para cirurgia periodontal em um paciente jovem com TG. Relato de Caso: Paciente com TG, sexo feminino, 15 anos, com história recente de sangramento excessivo relacionado a cirurgias odontológicas prévias, foi encaminhada a um centro odontológico público apresentando hiperplasia gengival. O procedimento de remoção foi realizado com laser de alta potência e, com exceção da anestesia local com epinefrina, nenhum outro agente hemostático foi necessário. Conclusão: De acordo com o caso, o laser de alta potência parece ser uma ferramenta eficiente na prevenção de sangramento perioperatório em pacientes com TG submetidos a pequenas cirurgias orais(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Surgery, Oral , Thrombasthenia , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Laser Therapy , Lasers, Semiconductor , Gingival Hyperplasia
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408196

ABSTRACT

La pandemia por COVID-19, ocasionada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, ha producido una alta incidencia de coagulopatía asociada a un aumento en la morbi-mortalidad en los pacientes que la padecen. La coagulopatía resulta principalmente trombótica, determinada por daño endotelial, inflamación, trampas extracelulares de neutrófilos, activación de macrófagos y tormenta de citocinas que mantienen el círculo vicioso de la inflamación y la trombosis. Los eventos trombóticos observados durante la COVID-19 fueron principalmente tromboembólicos venosos e infarto del miocardio; sin embargo, la evidencia mostró el incremento de una complicación vascular que no había sido descrita: la trombosis arterial periférica aguda. El objetivo de este artículo fue exponer la infrecuencia de la isquemia arterial aguda como forma de presentación clínica de la COVID-19. Se presenta un paciente masculino de 54 años, con dolor intenso localizado a nivel de la extremidad inferior derecha, gradiente térmico, palidez, cianosis distal e impotencia funcional, con diagnóstico clínico y ecográfico de isquemia arterial aguda de causa trombótica del sector arterial femoral e ilíaco externo derechos. La evolución del paciente resultó satisfactoria y se mantiene bajo seguimiento médico para evaluar la permeabilidad del sector arterial desobstruido(AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, has produced a high incidence of coagulopathy associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from it. Coagulopathy is mainly thrombotic, determined by endothelial damage, inflammation, extracellular neutrophil traps, macrophage activation and cytokine storm that maintain the vicious cycle of inflammation and thrombosis. The thrombotic events observed during COVID-19 were mainly venous thromboembolic and myocardial infarction; however, the evidence showed an increase in a vascular complication that had not been described: acute peripheral arterial thrombosis. The objective of this article was to expose the infrequency of acute arterial ischemia as a form of clinical presentation of COVID-19. A 54-year-old male patient with severe pain located at the level of the right lower extremity, thermal gradient, pallor, distal cyanosis and functional impotence, with a clinical and ultrasound diagnosis of acute arterial ischemia of thrombotic cause of the right femoral and iliac arterial sector is presented. The evolution of the patient was satisfactory and he is kept under medical follow-up to evaluate the permeability of the unobstructed arterial sector(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Coagulation Disorders , COVID-19/epidemiology
13.
Acta neurol. colomb ; 38(1): 39-44, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374129

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN INTRODUCCION: La trombosis del seno venoso se considera una de las causas más infrecuentes de enfermedad cerebrovascular (ECV), prevalente en la edad joven. Suele tener un inicio insidioso, lo cual dificulta su diagnóstico y el inicio oportuno del tratamiento, y se encuentra asociada con múltiples factores de riesgo, incluyendo estados de hipercoagulabilidad, como en aquellos pacientes que cursan con infección por SARS-CoV-2. REPORTE DE CASO: Se presentan dos casos clínicos de pacientes con alteraciones neurológicas, diplopia y estatus epiléptico, en quienes se documentó por medio de la sintomatologia y de estudios imagenológicos, trombosis venosas extensas de localización infrecuente, se descartaron las principales etiologías asociadas, y el único nexo asociado fue la infección por SARS-CoV-2. Ambos pacientes recibieron tratamiento con anticoagulación parenteral, al que respondieron de forma exitosa, por lo cual se logró el alta posteriormente con anticoagulación oral. DISCUSIÓN: Es imprescindible el conocimiento de esta enfermedad, asociada con una alta sospecha diagnóstica, dadas sus manifestaciones clínicas variadas y su asociación cada vez más frecuente con infección por covid-19.


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Venous sinus thrombosis is considered one of the most infrequent causes of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), prevalent in young people. It usually has an insidious onset which difficult its diagnosis and timely initiation of treatment and is associated with multiple risk factors including hypercoagulable states, as in those patients with SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2) infection. CASE REPORT: The following are 2 clinical cases of patients with neurological alterations, diplopia, and status epilepticus, in whom extensive venous thrombosis of infrequent location was documented through symptomatology and imaging studies, ruling out the main associated etiologies, with the only associated nexus: SARS-CoV-2 infection. Both patients received treatment with parenteral anticoagulation, responding successfully and were subsequently discharged with oral anticoagulation. DISCUSSION: It is essential to be aware of this disease associated with a high diagnostic suspicion given its varied clinical manifestations and its increasingly frequent association with COVID-19 infection.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Disorders , Intracranial Thrombosis , COVID-19 , Anticoagulants
14.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 25(285): 7151-7164, fev.2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371972

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a mortalidade por coagulopatia nos pacientes vítimas de choque hemorrágico decorrente de trauma atendidos pelo serviço pré-hospitalar. Método: foi realizada revisão da literatura no período de maio até dezembro de 2021. A estratégia de busca baseou-se na pesquisa de artigos nas bases de dados PubMed/MedLine, Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde, Cochrane Library e SciELO englobando estudos publicados em 2017 até julho de 2021 e usou como descritores os termos "Pacientes OU trauma OU choque hemorrágico OU Atendimento pré-hospitalar E ácido tranexâmico E choque hipovolêmico OU coagulopatia OU mortalidade". Em português, inglês e espanhol, o que resultou em 06 artigos após análise final. Resultados: os estudos analisados mostraram redução da taxa de mortalidade quando o ácido tranexâmico foi administrado em até 3 horas após o trauma. Conclusão: os resultados das pesquisas analisadas corroboram o uso do ácido tranexâmico em pacientes traumatizados, sendo um adjuvante eficaz no manejo do trauma(AU)


Objective: to identify mortality from coagulopathy in patients with hemorrhagic shock due to trauma treated at the pre-hospital service. Method: a literature review was carried out from May to December 2021. The search strategy was based on the search for articles in the PubMed/MedLine, Virtual Health Library, Cochrane Library and SciELO databases, encompassing studies published from 2017 to July 2021 and used as descriptors the terms "Patients OR Injury OR hemorrhagic shock OR Prehospital care AND tranexamic acid AND hypovolemic shock OR coagulopathy OR mortality". In Portuguese, English and Spanish, which resulted in 06 articles after final analysis. Results: the analyzed studies showed a reduction in the mortality rate when tranexamic acid was administered within 3 hours after the trauma. Conclusion: the results of the analyzed studies support the use of tranexamic acid in trauma patients, being an effective adjuvant in the management of trauma.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar la mortalidad por coagulopatía en pacientes con shock hemorrágico por trauma atendidos en el servicio prehospitalario. Método: se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de mayo a diciembre de 2021. La estrategia de búsqueda se basó en la búsqueda de artículos en las bases de datos PubMed/MedLine, Virtual Health Library, Cochrane Library y SciELO, abarcando estudios publicados desde 2017 hasta julio de 2021 y utilizados como descriptores los términos "Pacientes O traumatismo O shock hemorrágico O Atención prehospitalaria Y ácido tranexámico Y shock hipovolémico O coagulopatía O mortalidad". En portugués, inglés y español, lo que resultó en 06 artículos después del análisis final. Resultados: los estudios analizados mostraron una reducción en la tasa de mortalidad cuando se administró ácido tranexámico dentro de las 3 horas posteriores al trauma. Conclusión: los resultados de los estudios analizados apoyan el uso del ácido tranexámico en pacientes traumatizados, siendo un coadyuvante eficaz en el manejo del trauma(AU)


Subject(s)
Tranexamic Acid , Wounds and Injuries , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Mortality , Emergency Medical Services
15.
Med. lab ; 26(3): 219-236, 2022. Tabs, ilus, Grafs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412315

ABSTRACT

El virus SARS-CoV-2 continúa infectando a millones de individuos en el mundo. Aunque los síntomas más frecuentes observados en los pacientes con COVID-19 son fiebre, fatiga y tos, en los casos severos la hipercoagulabilidad y la inflamación son dos condiciones que pueden producir complicaciones y causar daño en órganos, poniendo en riesgo la vida del paciente. Con el fin de clasificar a los pacientes durante el triaje, se han explorado diferentes marcadores hematológicos, incluidos el recuento de plaquetas, linfocitos y eosinófilos, y la relación neutrófilos/ linfocitos, entre otros. Por su parte, para la evaluación de las coagulopatías, se vienen determinando marcadores como el dímero D y el fibrinógeno. En esta revisión se abordan las coagulopatías y los parámetros hematológicos en pacientes con COVID-19, al igual que las anormalidades en la coagulación como la trombocitopenia trombótica inmune inducida por las vacunas contra el SARS-CoV-2


The SARS-CoV-2 virus continues to infect millions of individuals around the world. Although the most frequent symptoms observed in patients with COVID-19 are fever, fatigue and cough, in severe cases hypercoagulability and inflammation are two conditions that can cause complications and organ failure, putting the patient's life at risk. In order to classify patients during triage, different hematological markers have been explored, including platelet, lymphocyte, and eosinophil counts, and the neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, among others. Furthermore, for the evaluation of coagulopathies, markers such as D-dimer and fibrinogen are being evaluated. This review addresses the coagulopathies and hematological parameters in patients with COVID-19, as well as coagulation abnormalities such as immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia induced by SARS-CoV-2 vaccines


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Prognosis , Reference Standards , Thrombosis , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Platelets , Vaccines , Antigens, Differentiation , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematology
17.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(3): e007022, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1398129

ABSTRACT

La legalización de la interrupción voluntaria del embarazo ha transformado la práctica médica con respecto a la atención de las pacientes que desean interrumpir la gestación hasta la semana 14 en Argentina. En la primera entrega, el equipo PROFAM compartió su punto de vista a través de una adaptación de su material educativo destinado, sobre todo, a aclarar los aspectos legales que hacen a la práctica cotidiana. En esta entrega se desarrolla en detalle el procedimiento para realizar un aborto farmacológico con misoprostol y mifepristona, así como las generalidades del aspirado manual endouterino. (AU)


The legalization of voluntary termination of pregnancy has transformed medical practice regarding the care of patients who wish to terminate a pregnancy up to 14 weeks in Argentina. In the first issue, the PROFAM team shared its point of view through an adaptation of its educational material aimed, above all, at clarifying the legal aspects of daily practice. In this issue, the procedure to perform a pharmacological abortion with misoprostol and mifepristone is developed in detail, as well as the generalities of manual uterine aspiration technique. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Vacuum Curettage/instrumentation , Mifepristone/administration & dosage , Misoprostol/administration & dosage , Abortion, Induced/methods , Abortion, Legal/methods , Argentina , Blood Coagulation Disorders/complications , Abortion Applicants/psychology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Mifepristone/pharmacology , Gestational Age , Misoprostol/adverse effects , Misoprostol/pharmacology , Abortion , Intrauterine Devices
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 562-569, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the correlation of homocysteine (HCY) and coagulation function index with the risk of breast cancer and its clinicopathological characteristics. Methods: The HCY, coagulation function test index, and clinicopathological information of female breast cancer patients (333 cases) treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2018 to December 2018 were collected, and female patients with benign breast (225 cases) were selected during the same period for the control group. The t-test was used to compare measurement data with normal distribution, D-Dimer data were distributed discreetly and described by median, non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the two groups. The chi-square test was used to compare enumeration data, and the Logistic regression analysis was used for the risk analysis. Results: The levels of HCY, fibrinogen (Fbg), protein C (PC), and median D-Dimer (D-D) in peripheral blood of breast cancer patients group [(13.26±5.24) μmol/L, (2.61±0.83) g/L, (117.55±19.67)%, and 269.68 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.58±0.69) μmol/L, (2.49±0.49) g/L, (113.42±19.82)% and 246.98 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The prothrombin time (PT), PT(INR), α2-antiplasmin (α2-AP) levels [(10.19±0.63) s, 0.91±0.07 and (110.64±13.93)%, respectively] were lower than those in the control group [(10.58±0.65) s, 0.93±0.01 and (123.81±14.77) %, P<0.05]. The serum levels of PC and median D-D in premenopausal breast cancer patients [(112.57±17.86)% and 242.01 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(105.31±22.31)% and 214.75 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT(INR), α2-AP [0.91±0.07 and (111.29±12.54)%, respectively] were lower than those of the control group[0.98±0.15 and (120.17±16.35)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of HCY and median D-D in postmenopausal breast cancer patients [(14.25±5.76) μmol/L and 347.53 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in the control group [(11.67±2.38) μmol/L and 328.28 ng/ml, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT(INR), antithrombin Ⅲ (AT-Ⅲ), α2-AP levels [(10.18±0.66) s, 0.87±0.09, (97.30±12.84)% and (110.13±14.96)%] were lower than those in the control group [(10.38±0.61) s, 0.90±0.08, (102.89±9.12)%, and (127.05±12.38)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of α2-AP and median D-D in T2-4 stage breast cancer patients [(111.69±14.41)% and 289.25 ng/ml, respectively] were higher than those in Tis-1 stage patients [(108.05±12.37)% and 253.49 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of PT, PT (INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP, median D-D [(10.62±0.63) s, 0.95±0.06, (3.04±1.52) g/L, (103.21±9.45)%, (118.72±14.77)% and 331.33 ng/ml, respectively] in breast cancer patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [(10.42±0.58) s, 0.93±0.06, (2.52±0.54) g/L, (95.20±13.63)%, (106.91±13.13)% and 263.38 ng/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. In non-menopausal breast cancer patients, the level of HCY [(12.63±4.41) μmol/L] in patients with T2-4 stage was higher than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(10.70±3.49) μmol/L, P=0.010], and the level of thrombin time [(19.35±0.90) s] of patients with T2-4 stage was lower than that of patients with Tis-1 stage [(19.79±1.23) s, P=0.015]. The levels of PT(INR), Fbg, AT-Ⅲ, α2-AP [0.97±0.56, (3.37±2.34) g/L, (102.38±8.77)% and (120.95±14.06)%] in patients with lymph node metastasis were higher than those of patients without lymph node metastasis [0.94±0.05, (2.36±0.48) g/L, (94.56±14.37)% and (109.51±11.46)%, respectively, P<0.05]. Among postmenopausal breast cancer patients, the levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in T2-4 stage patients [(98.48±11.80)% and (111.84±15.35)%, respectively] were higher than those in patients with the Tis-1 stage [(94.12±14.98)% and (105.49±12.89)%, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of AT-Ⅲ and α2-AP in N1-3 stage patients [(103.74±9.94)% and (117.29±15.23)%] were higher than those in N0 stage patients [(95.75±13.01)% and (108.39±14.42)%, P<0.05]. Conclusions: HCY and abnormal coagulation function are related to the risk of breast cancer, T stage and lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders , Breast Neoplasms , Fibrinogen/metabolism , Homocysteine , Lymphatic Metastasis , Prothrombin Time
19.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 40-48, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927438

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) is a form of coagulopathy unique to trauma patients and is associated with increased mortality. The complexity and incomplete understanding of TIC have resulted in controversies regarding optimum management. This review aims to summarise the pathophysiology of TIC and appraise established and emerging advances in the management of TIC.@*METHODS@#This narrative review is based on a literature search (MEDLINE database) completed in October 2020. Search terms used were "trauma induced coagulopathy", "coagulopathy of trauma", "trauma induced coagulopathy pathophysiology", "massive transfusion trauma induced coagulopathy", "viscoelastic assay trauma induced coagulopathy", "goal directed trauma induced coagulopathy and "fibrinogen trauma induced coagulopathy'.@*RESULTS@#TIC is not a uniform phenotype but a spectrum ranging from thrombotic to bleeding phenotypes. Evidence for the management of TIC with tranexamic acid, massive transfusion protocols, viscoelastic haemostatic assays (VHAs), and coagulation factor and fibrinogen concentrates were evaluated. Although most trauma centres utilise fixed-ratio massive transfusion protocols, the "ideal" transfusion ratio of blood to blood products is still debated. While more centres are using VHAs to guide blood product replacement, there is no agreed VHA-based transfusion strategy. The use of VHA to quantify the functional contributions of individual components of coagulation may permit targeted treatment of TIC but remains controversial.@*CONCLUSION@#A greater understanding of TIC, advances in point-of-care coagulation testing, and availability of coagulation factors and fibrinogen concentrates allows clinicians to employ a more goal-directed approach. Still, hospitals need to tailor their approaches according to available resources, provide training and establish local guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation Disorders/therapy , Blood Transfusion , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostatics
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 959-964, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939716

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening disease caused by uncontrolled proliferation of activated macrophage, and secreting high amounts of inflammatory cytokines which lead to multi-organ dysfunction syndrome. HLH patients often show different clinical characteristics during the disease was progressed, in which coagulopathy were the most common, including thrombocytopenia and hypofibrinogenemia, those are the major cause of death in patients, and the clinicians should increase awareness of the mechanisms, clinical characteristics, prognosis and treatment. In this review, the above problems are briefly summarized, to deepen understanding of the HLH related coagulation dysfunctions, and early identification and treatment to reduce mortality, so as to provide more opportunities for HLH patients to recieve subsequent treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Afibrinogenemia , Blood Coagulation Disorders/therapy , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/therapy , Prognosis , Thrombocytopenia
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