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2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880149

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between coagulation indexes and prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#A total of 99 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in Gansu Provincial Hospital from October 2017 to October 2019 were enrolled. Plasma thromboplastin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), D-dimer (D-D), platelet (PLT), and other laboratory indexes were detected. The relationship between coagulation indexes and clinical characteristics of MM patients was analyzed. The differences in survival rates among MM patients with different levels of coagulation indexes were compared, and the effect of each clinical index on the prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate.@*RESULTS@#Each coagulation index was correlated to sex, disease classification and stage, and β@*CONCLUSION@#Coagulation function is correlated with multiple clinical indicators of patients with MM and plays an important role in their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Tests , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Prothrombin Time
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the plasma components of frozen plasma (FP) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP).@*METHODS@#Twenty samples of FP and 20 samples of FFP from Beijing Red Cross Blood Center were randomly selected. Immediately after plasma melting, 12 plasma components including coagulation factor, fibrinolytic system and anticoagulation protein were detected, including activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin time (PT), coagulation factor Ⅷ (FⅧ) activity, coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) activity, fibrinogen(FIB) level, ADAMTS-13 activity, von Willebrand factor(vWF) activity, D-dimer (D-dimer, DD), fibrin degradation products (FDP), antithrombin (AT), protein C (PC), and protein S (PS). All these coagulation components between the two types of plasma were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with FFP, APTT in FP was significantly prolonged(t=3.428, P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#FP can substitute FFP in the treatment of some diseases, although it is lack of some coagulation factors and anticoagulation protein.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Factors , Blood Coagulation Tests , Humans , Plasma
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880441

ABSTRACT

Coagulometer, known as blood coagulation analyzer, is a product that can provide accurate test results for medical diagnosis and treatment analysis by detecting a series of items closely related to thrombosis and hemostasis in coagulation reaction. On the basis of previous traditional methods, and with our deep understanding about the principles of hemagglutination detection, we propose a hemagglutination detection method by using the dual-magnetic circuit beads method. Then, the corresponding hemagglutination detection module is designed. The coagulation time of plasma can be measured by detecting the movement of the magnetic beads when the magnetic field intensity is appropriate. The activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT) of plasma is tested when the most suitable magnetic field intensity is found. The results preliminarily show that this blood coagulation test method is valid and the corresponding test module has a potential value in business.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Magnetic Phenomena , Magnetics , Partial Thromboplastin Time
5.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(3): 385-390, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126176

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El Sangrado Menstrual Excesivo (SME) es un problema frecuente en la adolescencia. La prevalencia de trastornos hereditarios de la coagulación (THC) como causa del SME no está bien establecida y la participación de defectos de la vía fibrinolítica ha sido poco explorada. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de THC y defectos de la fibrinólisis en adolescentes con SME. Pacientes y Método: Se incluyeron 93 adolescentes, edad 11 a 18 años. Los antecedentes personales y familiares de sangra do se obtuvieron con un cuestionario estandarizado. Se controló exámenes: tiempo de protrom- bina (TP), tiempo de tromboplastina parcial activada (TTPa), estudio del factor Von Willebrand, recuento y función plaquetaria. Los pacientes que no fueron diagnosticados como THC, se evaluaron adicionalmente con el tiempo de lisis del coágulo. Resultados: 41 pacientes (44%) fueron diagnos ticados como THC: Enfermedad de Von Willebrand n = 28, defectos de la función plaquetaria n = 8, hemofilia leve n = 5. Se confirmó disminución del tiempo de lisis del coágulo en 31 pacientes. El 54% de pacientes diagnosticado como THC, tuvo SME como la primera manifestación hemorrágica. Conclusión: Estos resultados apoyan la necesidad de evaluación de la coagulación, incluyendo la vía fibrinolítica, en el estudio de adolescentes con SME.


Abstract: Introduction: Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (EMB) is a frequent problem in adolescence. The prevalence of inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) as a cause of EMB is not well established and the involvement of fibri nolytic pathway defects has been poorly explored. Objective: To determine the prevalence of IBD and fibrinolysis defects in adolescents with EMBs. Patients and Method: 93 adolescents (11 to 18 years old) were included. Personal and family history of bleeding were obtained through a standard ized questionnaire. The following lab tests were performed: prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), von Willebrand factor quantification, and platelet count and function. Those patients who were not diagnosed with IBD were further evaluated with clot lysis time assay. Results: 41 patients (44%) were diagnosed as IBD (Von Willebrand disease n = 28, platelet func tion defects n=8, mild hemophilia n = 5. Decreased clot lysis time was found in 31 patients. 54% of patients diagnosed with IBD had EMB as the first hemorrhagic manifestation. Conclusion: These results support the need to evaluate the coagulation process, including the fibrinolytic pathway in the study of adolescents with EMB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited/complications , Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited/diagnosis , Fibrinolysis , Menorrhagia/etiology , Blood Coagulation Disorders/complications , Blood Coagulation Disorders/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Tests , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited/physiopathology , Blood Coagulation Disorders, Inherited/epidemiology
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1205-1209, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the level of coagulation function indexes in patients with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 32 patients with initial LPL (LPL group) and physical examination data of 25 healthy persons (control group) who underwent physical examination in our hospital during the same period were collected. The differences of platelet (Plt), D-Dimer (D-D), fibrinogen (Fib), thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thrombin time (APTT) between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The Plt count in LPL group [ (137.06±40.14)×10/L] was significantly lower than that in control group [ (215.07±33.25)×10/L], D-D [ (1.01±0.16) mg/L, PT [ (13.01±1.37) s] and APTT [ (40.96±7.24) s] in LPL group were significantly higher than those in control group [ (0.37±0.09) mg/L, (11.96±0.87) s, (25.07±5.13) s] (P<0.01); there was no significant difference in TT and Fib levels between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in Plt, D-D, Fib, AP, TT and APTT among LPL patients secreting different types of immunoglobulin (Ig) (P>0.05). After treatment, the coagulation function of LPL patients returned to normal, and no death cases occurred due to hemorrhage or thrombosis.@*CONCLUSION@#LPL patients have hypercoagulable state blood and abnormal coagulation function, but which not closely relates to with the type of Ig secreted by patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Humans , Lymphoma , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time , Thrombosis
7.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(6): 617-623, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058192

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los exámenes habituales de coagulación evalúan distintos elementos de la hemostasia en forma par cial, y no traducen las interacciones celulares, lo que es especialmente sensible en pacientes críticos. Las técnicas viscoelásticas, como el tromboelastograma (TEG) muestran el proceso de coagulación completo, y están siendo evaluadas como exámenes de la coagulación global. OBJETIVO: determinar la correlación de los exámenes habituales de coagulación con los valores del TEG, en niños atendidos en una unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI). PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se revisaron 238 TEG de pacientes <18 años, con evidencia de alteración de coagulación clínica y/o de laboratorio, hospitalizados en UCI. Se correlacionaron los valores de los parámetros del TEG con cada uno de los valores de los exámenes habituales de coagulación. Los exámenes se obtuvieron según protocolo, utilizando una muestra de sangre de 4,5 ml para TEG con equipo TEG® 5000 Thrombelastograph Hemostasis Sys tem, mediante un transductor electromagnético que permite la medición de la resistencia durante la formación y lisis del coágulo. El recuento de plaquetas se obtuvo utilizando método automatizado o microscopía con contraste de fase; el fibrinógeno, tiempo de protrombina y de tromboplastina parcial activada por métodos nefelométricos. RESULTADOS: 201 TEGs correspondientes a 59 pacientes. Se evidenció una correlación moderada a baja en todos los parámetros medidos. No se encontró co rrelación entre porcentaje de lisis del coágulo, ni firmeza del coágulo. CONCLUSIONES: Existe una baja correlación entre la información entregada por TEG y los exámenes de coagulación habituales, esto sugiere que el TEG aporta información diferente acerca del estado de coagulación de los pacientes críticos evaluados.


INTRODUCTION: Usual coagulation tests partially evaluate different elements of hemostasis, and do not translate cell interactions, which is an especially sensitive issue in critically ill patients. Viscoelastic measurement techniques, such as thromboelastogram (TEG) show the complete coagulation pro cess and are being evaluated as global coagulation tests. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation of the usual coagulation tests with the TEG values, in children treated in an intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS AND METHOD: We reviewed 238 TEGs of patients under 18 years of age, with evidence of clinical and/or laboratory coagulation alterations, who were hospitalized in the ICU. The TEG para meter values were correlated with each of the usual coagulation test values. The tests were obtained according to the protocol, using a 4.5 ml blood sample for TEG with TEG® 5000 Thrombelastograph Hemostasis System, through an electromagnetic transducer that allows the measurement of resis tance during the clot formation and lysis. Platelet count was obtained using an automated method or phase-contrast microscopy, and fibrinogen levels, prothrombin time, and partial thromboplastin time activated by nephelometric methods. RESULTS: 201 TEGs corresponding to 59 patients were re viewed. A moderate to low correlation was observed in all the measured parameters. No correlation was found between the percentages of clot lysis or clot firmness. CONCLUSIONS: There is a low corre lation between the information provided by TEG and the usual coagulation tests. This suggests that the TEG provides different information about the coagulation status of the evaluated critical patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Thrombelastography/methods , Critical Illness , Platelet Count , Reaction Time , Time Factors , Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Retrospective Studies
8.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 383-389, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042009

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives Modern crystalloid and colloid solutions are balanced solutions which are increasingly used in perioperative period. However, studies investigating their negative effect on whole blood coagulation are missing, and vivid debate is going on about which solution has the minimal coagulopathy effect. The aim of our study was to assess the effect of modern fluid solutions on whole blood coagulation using rotational thromboelastometry. Methods Blood samples were obtained from 30 patients during knee arthroscopy before and after administration of 500 mL of crystalloid, Hydroxyethyl Starch and gelatin according to the randomization. Rotational thromboelastometry (Extem, Intem and Fibtem tests) was used to assess negative effect of fluid solutions on whole blood coagulation. Results In Extem test, the initiation phase of fibrin clot formation represented by CT parameter was not influenced by any fluid solution (p > 0.05). The speed of clot formation represented by CFT and α angle was impaired by Hydroxyethyl Starch and gelatin but not by crystalloids (p < 0.05). The strength of formatted coagulum represented by MCF parameter was impaired both in Extem and Fibtem test by HES and in Fibtem also by crystalloids (p < 0.05). Intem test was not negatively influenced by any crystalloid or colloid solution in any parameter (p > 0.05). Conclusion Extem test appears to be sensitive to coagulopathy effect of modern colloids and crystalloids. Hydroxyethyl starch has the most obvious negative effect on clot formation followed by gelatin and finally by crystalloids. Intem test seems to be insensitive to adverse effect of modern colloids and crystalloids.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos Os cristaloides e coloides modernos são soluções balanceadas e cada vez mais utilizadas no período perioperatório. No entanto, não há estudos que avaliem seu efeito negativo na coagulação do sangue total e o intenso debate sobre a solução que cause um efeito mínimo na coagulopatia permanece. O objetivo de nosso estudo foi avaliar o efeito das soluções líquidas modernas na coagulação do sangue total com o uso da tromboelastometria rotacional. Métodos De acordo com a randomização, amostras de sangue foram colhidas de 30 pacientes durante a artroscopia de joelho, antes e após a administração de 500 mL de cristaloides, hidroxietilamido e gelatina. A tromboelastometria rotacional (testes Extem, Intem e Fibtem) foi utilizada para avaliar o efeito negativo das soluções líquidas na coagulação do sangue total. Resultados No teste Extem, a fase de iniciação da formação de coágulos de fibrina representada pelo parâmetro CT não foi influenciada por qualquer solução líquida (p > 0,05). A velocidade da formação de coágulos representada pelo CFT e pelo ângulo α foi prejudicada pelo hidroxietilamido e pela gelatina, mas não pelos cristaloides (p < 0,05). A força do coágulo formatado representado pelo parâmetro MCF foi prejudicada tanto no teste Extem quanto no teste Fibtem pelo HES e no teste Fibtem também pelos cristaloides (p < 0,05). O teste Intem não foi influenciado negativamente por nenhuma solução cristaloide ou coloide em nenhum parâmetro (p > 0,05). Conclusão O teste Extem parece ser sensível ao efeito de coagulopatia dos coloides e cristaloides modernos. O hidroxietilamido apresentou o efeito negativo mais óbvio na formação do coágulo, seguido pela gelatina e finalmente pelos cristaloides. O teste Intem parece ser insensível ao efeito adverso dos coloides e cristaloides modernos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thrombelastography/methods , Crystalloid Solutions/administration & dosage , Gelatin/administration & dosage , Arthroscopy/methods , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , Blood Coagulation Tests , Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives/administration & dosage , Plasma Substitutes/administration & dosage , Colloids/administration & dosage , Knee Joint/surgery , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(3): 334-341, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004354

ABSTRACT

Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare and life-threatening autoimmune hemorrhagic disorder where autoantibodies are developed against factor VIII. An early diagnosis is challenging and mandatory: an immediate hemostatic control is required to reduce morbidity and mortality. Laboratory features of AHA are: presence of autoantibodies against factor VIII, prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time (with normal prothrombin time and thrombin time) and decreased factor VIII levels. In some cases, the results of laboratory tests may be incorrect due to errors in analysis, blood extraction or manipulation of samples; also worth of consideration are limitations in the measurement range and low sensitivity of the tests. This review highlights the importance of adequate screening in patients with suspected AHA to make an adequate diagnosis and reduce overall fatal outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Autoantibodies/blood , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/physiopathology , Blood Coagulation Tests , Factor VIII , Early Diagnosis , Hemophilia A/physiopathology
10.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 51(1): 52-57, 30/03/2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008205

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os testes de coagulação: tempo de protrombina (TP) e tempo de tromboplastina parcial (TTP) em diferentes tempos de centrifugação da amostra da biológica, com relação ao protocolo padrão do Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Métodos: As amostras foram divididas em cinco alíquotas de 1 mL. Foi realizada a centrifugação em 15, 10, 5, 2 e 1 minuto, com velocidade de 1500 g. O TP e TTP foram imediatamente analisados em aparelho automatizado. Os plasmas foram analisados para presença de elementos residuais: eritrócitos, leucócitos e plaquetas. Resultados: Observou-se alteração dos valores do TP nos tempos de centrifugação 10, 5, 2 e 1 minuto e do TTP em 5, 2 e 1 minuto, com relação ao protocolo padrão. Na interpretação de Bland Altman, observou-se um viés significativo do limite clínico aceitável para o TP e para o TTP em todos os tempos de centrifugação, com relação ao protocolo padrão. Apenas no tempo de centrifugação de 15 minutos não foram encontradas células residuais nas amostras analisadas. Conclusão: O tempo de centrifugação de 15 minutos é o ideal para remoção completa das células sanguíneas residuais e para garantia da confiabilidade dos resultados dos testes de coagulação TP e TTP.


Objective: To analyze the coagulation tests: prothrombin test (PT) and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) in different centrifugation times of the sample, in relation to the standard protocol of the Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). Methods: The selected samples were splitted up into five aliquots of 1 mL. Centrifugation of these aliquots was carried out at 15, 10, 5, 2 and 1 minute at 1500 g. The PT and PTT were analyzed in an automated apparatus. The plasmas were analyzed for presence of residual elements: erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. Results: The results showed a change in the values of PT at the 10, 5, 2 and 1 minute centrifugation times and the PTT at 5, 2 and 1 minutes, relative to the standard protocol. In the interpretation of Bland Altman, a significant bias of the acceptable clinical limit for TP and TTP at all centrifugation times was observed, relative to the standard protocol. Only in the 15 minute centrifugation time no residual cells were found in the analyzed samples. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated that the 15-minute centrifugation time is ideal for complete removal of residual blood cells and to ensure the reliability of the results of the PT and PTT coagulation


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prothrombin Time , Blood Coagulation Tests , Centrifugation
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(4): e8006, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001515

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thromboelastometry for assessing rivaroxaban concentrations. The accuracy of thromboelastometry was compared with the high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method, which is the gold standard for drug plasma monitoring (the reference standard). Forty-six clinically stable patients were treated with 10, 15, or 20 mg of rivaroxaban once daily (OD group) or 15 mg twice a day (BID group) (no particular indication for treatment). Patient samples were collected 2 h after the use of the medication (peak) and 2 h before the next dose (trough). The rivaroxaban plasma concentrations were determined via HPLC-MS/MS, and thromboelastometry was performed using a ROTEM® delta analyzer. There were significant prolongations in clotting time (CT) for the 10, 15, and 20 mg of rivaroxaban treatments in the OD groups. In the 15 mg BID group, the responses at the peak and trough times were similar. At the peak times, there was a positive correlation between the plasma concentration of rivaroxaban and CT (Spearman correlation rho=0.788, P<0.001) and clot formation time (rho=0.784, P<0.001), and a negative correlation for alpha angle (rho=−0.771, P<0.001), amplitude after 5 min (rho=−0.763, P<0.001), and amplitude after 10 min (rho=−0.680, P<0.001). The CT presented higher specificity and sensitivity using the cut-off determined by the receiver characteristics curve. ROTEM has potential as screening tool to measure possible bleeding risk associated with rivaroxaban plasma levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Drug Monitoring/methods , Factor Xa Inhibitors/blood , Rivaroxaban/blood , Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Thrombelastography , Blood Coagulation Tests , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Factor Xa Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Rivaroxaban/administration & dosage , Data Accuracy
12.
Clinics ; 74: e1222, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039547

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Ischemic stroke (IS) or transient ischemic attack (TIA) history is present in 4-17% of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This subgroup of patients is at high risk for both ischemic and bleeding events. The aim of this study was to determine the role of platelet aggregability, coagulation and endogenous fibrinolysis in patients with CAD and previous IS or TIA. METHODS: A prospective case-control study that included 140 stable CAD patients divided into two groups: the CASE group (those with a previous IS/TIA, n=70) and the CONTROL group (those without a previous IS/TIA, n=70). Platelet aggregability (VerifyNow Aspirin® and VerifyNow P2Y12®), coagulation (fibrinogen and thromboelastography by Reorox®) and endogenous fibrinolysis (D dimer and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1) were evaluated. RESULTS: Patients in the CASE group presented significantly higher systolic blood pressure levels (135.84±16.09 vs 123.68±16.11, p<0.01), significantly more previous CABG (25.71% vs 10%, p=0.015) and significantly higher calcium channel blocker usage (42.86% vs 24.29%, p=0.02) than those in the control group. In the adjusted models, low triglyceride values, low hemoglobin values and higher systolic blood pressure were significantly associated with previous IS/TIA (CASE group). Most importantly, platelet aggregability, coagulation and fibrinolysis tests were not independently associated with previous cerebrovascular ischemic events (CASE group). CONCLUSION: Platelet aggregability, coagulation and endogenous fibrinolysis showed similar results among CAD patients with and without previous IS/TIA. Therefore, it remains necessary to identify other targets to explain the higher bleeding risk presented by these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Coagulation/physiology , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Ischemic Attack, Transient/blood , Platelet Aggregation/physiology , Stroke/blood , Fibrinolysis/physiology , Platelet Function Tests , Blood Coagulation Tests , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Ischemic Attack, Transient/physiopathology , Prospective Studies , Stroke/physiopathology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771868

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the coagulation function of children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) by thromboelastography (TEG) and conventional coagulation tests (CCTs), and to explore the correlation and consistency of the 2 test methods.@*METHODS@#A total of 468 children with HSP were selected from January 2017 to December 2017 in Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University. The TEG and CCTs data were analyzed to evaluate coagulation function of children with HSP, meanwhile, the coagulation results were analysed the superiority of the 2 test methods was compared by Pearson correlation and Kappa consistency analysis.@*RESULTS@#There were no clinically significant abnormalities practically in HSP children by TEG and CCTs analysis, except for D-dimer level was elevated (t=9.15, P<0.001). There were no significant changes for coagulation data from, sex comparison of HSP children (P>0.05 all), but the coagulation reaction time (R), blood clot formation time (K), α-Angle, CI value, fibrinogen, D-dimer and anti-thrombin III in HSP children with different age groups showed difference (P<0.05 all), and the blood in children aged 0-2 years old tended to be hypercoagulable. The TEG indexes demonstrated no significant difference in coagulation function of children with HSP each other (P>0.05). However, CCTs data showed that the blood in children with severe kidney involvement were hypercoagulable. Comparision results of the correlation and consistency of TEG and CCTs in detecting coagulation function of HSP children showed that R was weakly correlated with prothrombin time (PT), International Normalized Ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT). There were weak correlation between K, α-Angle and Fib (0.1<|r|<0.4 all). There was no obvious consistency between them each other (kappa<0.4 all).@*CONCLUSION@#The overall changes in coagulation function in children with HSP are not obvious, but the hyperfibrinolysis in hypercoagulable state may exists. Furthermore, younger age and severe kidney involvement may cause hypercoagulation in HSP children. The weakly correlation and consistency of TEG and CCTs in detecting coagulation function of HSP children are furtherly confirmation, and the 2 test methods may be irreplaceable.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Retrospective Studies , Thrombelastography
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between coagulation function and gestational age in preterm infants and the possible value of coagulation function measurement in predicting hemorrhagic diseases.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of preterm infants who were hospitalized between September 2016 and August 2017 were collected. The coagulation indicators were measured within 2 hours after birth. According to the gestational age, the preterm infants were divided into late preterm infant group (n=322), early preterm infant group (n=241) and extremely/very early preterm infant group (n=128). Coagulation function was compared among the three groups, as well as between the preterm infants with and without hemorrhagic diseases within 3 days after birth.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in thrombin time (TT), prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen degradation product (FDP) and D-dimer (DD) among the three groups (P<0.05). APTT, PT, FDP and DD were negatively correlated with gestational age, while TT was positively correlated with gestational age (P<0.05). The preterm infants with hemorrhagic diseases had a longer APTT and a higher level of DD (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Coagulation function gradually becomes mature in preterm infants with the increase in gestational age. Abnormal APTT and DD indicate that preterm infants may have a higher risk of hemorrhagic diseases.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Prothrombin time (PT) measurement is an important test for screening blood coagulation disorders and monitoring anticoagulant therapy. In this study, we evaluated the analytical performance of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin (Instrumentation Laboratory, USA), a liquid reagent for PT measurement. METHODS: The precision of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin was evaluated according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) EP5-A3 guidelines. Further, comparison with HemosIL RecombiPlasTin 2G (Instrumentation Laboratory, USA) was made according to the CLSI EP9-A3 guidelines. The reference intervals were established according to the CLSI C28-A3 guidelines. RESULTS: The coefficient of variation values for repeatability and total imprecision at two levels of control materials were lower than 1.1% and 3.4%, respectively. The performance of HemosIL ReadiPlasTin was comparable to that of HemosIL RecombiPlasTin 2G, with a high correlation (r=0.996). The reference interval for normal subjects was 10.4–13.3 seconds. CONCLUSIONS: HemosIL ReadiPlasTin showed an acceptable degree of imprecision and its performance showed high correlation with that of a conventional reagent. Therefore, it is expected to be useful for PT measurement in clinical laboratories.


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation Disorders , Blood Coagulation Tests , Mass Screening , Prothrombin Time , Prothrombin , Thromboplastin
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(3): 277-281, mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961391

ABSTRACT

Background: Compared to standard coagulation essays (SCE), such as international normalized ratio (INR), prothrombin activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), or platelet count, thromboelastograhy (TEG) offers precise and real-time information about hemostasis. TEG tests both platelet function and coagulation by assaying several parameters of clot formation dynamically in whole blood. Aim: To evaluate hemostasis in cirrhotic patients undergoing liver transplantation and determine the positive and negative predictive values of SCE for alterations of TEG. Material and Methods: Preoperative SCE and TEG were prospectively analyzed in 25 patients. Results were categorized as normal, laboratory alteration or clinical alteration. SCE results were compared with TEG parameters to determine positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV). Results: Hemostasis was abnormal and laboratory abnormalities were observed in all patients. One patient had clinical signs of excessive bleeding. SCE were abnormal in all patients and TEG was normal in nine patients. The most common alteration in TEG was hypocoagulability, in some cases associated with hypercoagulability and hyperfibrinolysis. Two patients had solely hypercoagulability. PPV of INR, aPTT, platelet count and fibrinogenemia were 0, 0, 0.5 and 0.17 respectively. NPV of the same tests were 1, 1, 0.34 and 1 respectively. Conclusions: Hypocoagulability was the most common laboratory alteration, however, clinical signs of coagulopathy were rarely present. SCE had a poor predictive value to diagnose o discard hemostatic abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thrombelastography , Blood Coagulation Tests , Liver Transplantation , Preoperative Period , Prospective Studies
17.
Rev. med. interna Guatem ; 22(1): 8-18, 2018 ene.mar. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1052597

ABSTRACT

La coagulopatía es el denominador común en la amplia gama de procesos hepático crónicos, efecto principal de la deficiencia de vitamina K. A pesar de la falta de evidencia que sostiene su eficacia, su administración representa una parte del manejo de muchos pacientes con coagulopatía. Por tanto, el objetivo primario de este estudio fue comparar los tiempos de coagulación tras la administración de vitamina K en pacientes con enfermedad hepática crónica y trastornos de coagulación. Se postularon como secundarios la caracterización del paciente hepatópata según grupo nosológico por edad y sexo, así como las diferencias existentes entre las pruebas de coagulación basales con respecto a cada grupo. 72 pacientes fueron reclutados en 4 grupos, grupo 1: hepatitis B inactiva (n=6), grupo 2: hepatitis B crónica-hepatitis C (n=14), grupo 3: cirrosis (n=35) y grupo 4: hepatocarcinoma (n=17), se administraron 3 dosis de vitamina K de 10 mg cada una a intervalos de 24 horas, se midieron tiempo de protrombina (TP), radio normalizado internacional (INR) y tiempo de tromboplastina parcial activado (TPT) basales y cada 24 horas después de cada dosis. Se logró establecer una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la corrección del tiempo de protrombina (31.04±9.62 a 21.69±8.48 P˂0.0001) así como del INR (2.81±1.013 a 1.92±0.81, P˂0.0001), hubo diferencia en cuanto a grupo diagnóstico y edad de presentación, así como en cuanto a tiempos de coagulación basales según diagnóstico. Por tanto, se demostró la efectividad de la vitamina K en la corrección del TP e INR.(AU)


Coagulopathy is the common denominator in the wide range of chronic liver processes, the main effect of vitamin K deficiency. Despite the lack of evidence supporting its efficacy, its administration represents a part of the management of many patients with coagulopathy. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to compare clotting times after vitamin K administration in patients with chronic liver disease and coagulation disorders. The characterization of the liver disease patient according to nosological group by age and sex, as well as the differences between the baseline coagulation tests with respect to each group, were postulated as secondary. 72 patients were recruited into 4 groups, group 1: inactive hepatitis B (n = 6), group 2: chronic hepatitis B-hepatitis C (n = 14), group 3: cirrhosis (n = 35) and group 4: hepatocarcinoma ( n = 17), 3 doses of vitamin K of 10 mg each were administered at 24-hour intervals, prothrombin time (TP), international normalized radius (INR) and baseline activated partial thromboplastin time (TPT) were measured and each 24 hours after each dose. It was possible to establish a statistically significant difference in the correction of prothrombin time (31.04 ± 9.62 to 21.69 ± 8.48 P˂0.0001) as well as the INR (2.81 ± 1.013 to 1.92 ± 0.81, P˂0.0001), there was a difference in terms of group Diagnosis and age of presentation, as well as baseline clotting times according to diagnosis. Therefore, the effectiveness of vitamin K in the correction of TP and INR was demonstrated


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin K/pharmacology , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , Liver Diseases/therapy , Prothrombin Time , Blood Coagulation Tests/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy
18.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954852

ABSTRACT

The whole blood clotting test (WBCT) is a simple test of coagulation that is often used in the assessment, diagnosis, and therapeutic monitoring of snakebite patients in sub-Saharan Africa. WBCT requires only a clean glass tube and several milliliters of venous blood and is ideal for use in poorly equipped health centers throughout the rural areas where 95% of snakebites occur. However, questions surrounding the accuracy and reliability of the test remain unanswered due to variations in testing conditions and a lack of comparative research with which to validate them. This is the first study to evaluate WBCT results at both 20-min (WBCT20) and 30-min (WBCT30) reading times in the same group of snakebite patients. Methods In order to define the best reading time, the authors compared the results of serial WBCT evaluation at both 20 and 30 min after collection in 23 patients treated for snake envenomation in Bembèrèkè, northern Benin. Results WBCT results were identical at both reading times in patients without coagulopathy or when coagulation was restored permanently following a single dose of antivenom. Out of 17 patients with coagulopathy, 14 showed discrepancies between WBCT20 and WBCT30 results in at least one pair of serial evaluations. These could be completely contradictory results (e.g. normal clot at WBCT20 and no clot at WBCT30) or a marked difference in the quality of the clot (e.g. no clotting activity at WBCT20 and an unstable partial clot at WBCT30). WBCT discrepancies were encountered most frequently in three situations: initial normalization of hemostasis following antivenom therapy, detection of a secondary resumption of coagulopathy, or final restoration of hemostasis after a secondary resumption had occurred. Conclusions This study suggests that the WBCT is robust and that a sequential reading should improve the diagnosis and monitoring of venom-induced coagulopathies. It also indicates the possibility of discrepancies in the sensitivity of WBCT20 and WBCT30 for detecting the resolution or reoccurrence of coagulopathy and identifies how these findings, if confirmed, may be used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of antivenom treatment in the field.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Snake Bites/diagnosis , Snake Bites/therapy , Viper Venoms/blood , Blood Coagulation Tests , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Africa
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1204-1209, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689505

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Through researching preoperative coagulation function in the case of ABO-identical blood insufficient for emergency rescue transfusion according to recommended programs of special emergency rescue transfusion was carried out, the relationship between volume of blood products and coagulation function was analyzed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The surgical cases of blood transfusion more than 1 600 ml during operation were collected in our hospitals from Aug 2015 to Dec 2016(n=218), these cases were divided into the normal coagulation group(Group A) and abnormal coagulation group(Group B), and the patients of emergency rescue transfusion O type blood group(Group C). The basic information of cases, the infused volume of red blood cell(RBC), virus-inactivated frozen plasma(VIFP), fresh frozen plasma(FFP), cryoprecipitate(C)and platelets(P), prothrombin time(PT), activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT), fibrinogen(FIB)and international normalized ratio(INR)were analyzed, the relationship between volume of blood transfusion and coagulation function were also analysed. At the same time, the efficiency and safety index were compared before and after transfusion. These indexes, such as hemoglobin(Hb), indirect bilirubin(IBiL), direct antiglobulin test(DAT)and irregular antibody were determined at the time-paints of 24 h, 3 d and 7 d after blood transfusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The differences of age and blood type between group A and B was not statistically significant(P>0.05). Proportion of A and AB type,transfusion volume of RBC, FFP, C and Plt all were significantly higher in group C (P<0.05). PT, APTT, FIB and INR in group B and C were significantly different(P<0.05), which related with the transfusion volume of RBC, FFP and C(P<0.05). DAT and irregular antibody in every group was all negative before transfusion, No any new irregular antibodies had been detected after transfusion. Hb after blood transfusion was not statistically different before and after transfusion in group C, the IBiL level also was not significantly increased after blood transfusion(P > 0.05). All those showed that emergency rescue transfusion was safe and effective.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preoperative coagulation function is one of factors inflnencing blood products transfusion volume during operation, which also is the basis for evaluating bleeding and blood transfusion. Emergency O type blood and ABO-matched blood transfusions show the same efficiency and safety.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Coagulation , Blood Coagulation Tests , Blood Transfusion , Humans , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Prothrombin Time
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1780-1785, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688107

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Although much attention has been paid to the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of different factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates in persons with hemophilia A (HA), limited information is available in young boys with severe HA. In this study, we aimed to assess the PK parameters of FVIII products in boys with severe HA in China.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 36 boys (plasma-derived [pd]-FVIII, n = 15; recombinant [r] FVIII, n = 21) were enrolled between January 2015 and May 2016 in Beijing Children's Hospital. PK characteristics of FVIII products were studied according to a reduced 4-sampling time point design (1 h, 9 h, 24 h, and 48 h postinfusion).</p><p><b>Results</b>The mean FVIII half-life (t) was 10.99 ± 3.45 h (range 5.52-20.02 h), the mean in vivo recovery (IVR) was 2.01 ± 0.42 IU/dl per IU/kg (range 1.24-3.02 IU/dl per IU/kg) and mean clearance (CL) of FVIII is 4.34 ± 1.58 ml·kg·h (range 2.29-7.90 ml·kg·h). We also analyzed the influence of several parameters that potentially modulate FVIII PK. The age was closely associated with FVIII half-life (R = 0.32, P < 0.01). The tof FVIII increased by 0.59 h per year. Besides age, von Willebrand factor antigen (VWF:Ag) also was associated with FVIII half-life (R = 0.52, P < 0.01). Patients with blood Group O had a shorter FVIII half-life than patients with non-O blood group (9.40 ± 0.68 h vs. 12.3 ± 0.79 h, t = 2.70, P = 0.01). The FVIII IVR correlated with age (R = 0.21, P < 0.01) and VWF:Ag level (R = 0.28, P < 0.01). CL rates were faster in young patients and in those with low-VWF:Ag levels. CL rates of FVIII are higher in blood Group O versus non-blood Group O persons (5.02 ± 0.38 vs. 4.00 ± 0.32 ml·kg·h, t = 2.53, P = 0.02).</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Chinese boys with severe HA have similar PK values to other ethnic groups and large differences in FVIII PK between individual patients. Age, blood group, and VWF:Ag levels are important determining factors for FVIII CL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Coagulation Tests , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Factor VIII , Pharmacokinetics , Hemophilia A , Drug Therapy , Humans , Male , von Willebrand Factor
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