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1.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 16-24, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421557

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The demand for apheresis platelets has increased in the recent past and the shrinking donor pool has shifted the trend to collection of double-dose or higher yield of platelets. Objective The present study aimed to determine the effect of double-dose plateletpheresis on the target yield and donor platelet recovery. Methods The study was conducted on 100 healthy plateletpheresis donors, 50 of whom were in the study group, which underwent double-dose plateletpheresis (DDP), and 50 of whom were in the control group for single-donor plateletpheresis. Pre- and post-procedure samples of donors were subjected to a complete blood count. The DDP product was sampled for platelet yield and then split into two parts. Platelet yield, collection efficiency, collection rate, recruitment factor and donor platelet loss were calculated. Results The mean platelet yield in the SDP was 4.09 ± 1.15 × 1011 and in the DDP, 5.93 ± 1.04 × 1011. There was a significant correlation between the pre-donation platelet count and platelet yield. The total of platelets processed for the SDP were 5.42 ± 1.08 × 1011 and for the DDP, 7.94 ± 0.77 × 1011. The collection efficiency was 71.93 ± 25.14% in the SDP and 72.94 ± 16.28% in the DDP, while the collection rates were 0.78 × 1011 and 0.94 × 1011 per minute, respectively. The average recruitment factor observed was 0.98 in the SDP, while it was 0.99 in the DDP. The mean platelet loss observed in the SDP was 35.55 ± 8.53% and in the DDP, 37.76 ± 8.65%. Conclusion The double-dose plateletpheresis supplements the platelet inventory in developing countries where the apheresis donor pool is limited. It is prudent to ensure stringent donor selection criteria for donors donating high-yield platelet products, thus enhancing donor safety and retention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plateletpheresis , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets , Blood Donation
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 217-223, Apr.-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448353

ABSTRACT

Introduction Collecting high-dose (HD) or double-dose (DD) apheresis platelets units from a single collection offers significant benefit by improving inventory logistics and minimizing the cost per unit produced. Platelet collection yield by apheresis is primarily influenced by donor factors, but the cell separator used also affects the collection yield. Objectives To predict the cutoff in donor factors resulting in HD and DD platelet collections between Trima/Spectra Optia and MCS+ apheresis equipment using Classification and Regression Trees (CART) analysis. Methods High platelet yield collections (target ≥ 4.5 × 1011 platelets) using MCS+, Trima Accel and Spectra Optia were included. Endpoints were ≥ 6 × 1011 platelets for DD and ≥ 4.5 to < 6 × 1011 for HD collections. The CART, a tree building technique, was used to predict the donor factors resulting in high-yield platelet collections in Trima/Spectra Optia and MCS+ equipment by R programming. Results Out of 1,102 donations, the DDs represented 60% and the HDs, 31%. The Trima/Spectra Optia predicted higher success rates when the donor platelet count was set at ≥ 205 × 103/µl and ≥ 237 × 103/µl for HD and DD collections. The MCS+ predicted better success when the donor platelet count was ≥ 286 × 103/µl for HD and ≥ 384 × 103/µl for DD collections. Increased donor weight helped counter the effects of lower donor platelet counts only for HD collections in both the equipment. Conclusions The donor platelet count and weight formed the strongest criteria for predicting high platelet yield donations. Success rates for collecting DD and HD products were higher in the Trima/Spectra Optia, as they require lower donor platelet count and body weight than the MCS+.


Subject(s)
Regression Analysis , Platelet Transfusion , Blood Component Removal , Blood Donors , Plateletpheresis
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1820-1824, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of platelet count (PLT), plateletcrit (PCT), mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) before and after apheresis platelet transfusion, the correlation between the parameters and their clinical significance.@*METHODS@#A total of 38 patients who received apheresis platelet transfusion were selected, their results of blood routine test closest to the time point of apheresis platelet transfusion were consulted from hospital information system and the changes of PLT, PCT, MPV and PDW were compared before and after transfusion. The correlation between above parameters was analyzed. The correlation of body mass index (BMI) with the increased multiple and increased value after platelet infusion was also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with pre-infusion, PLT and PCT significantly increased (both P <0.001) while MPV and PDW showed no significant difference after apheresis platelet transfusion (P >0.05). The difference of PLT and PCT before and after apheresis platelet transfusion had no correlation with PLT and PCT before transfusion (r =0.002, r =0.001), while the difference of MPV and PDW was negatively correlated with MPV and PDW before transfusion (r =-0.462, r =-0.610). The PLT growth rate was positively correlated with PCT growth rate before and after apheresis platelet transfusion (r =0.819). BMI was positively correlated with the increased multiple of PLT after infusion (r =0.721), but not with the increased value of PLT after infusion (r =0.374).@*CONCLUSION@#Apheresis platelet transfusion can cause platelet parameters change and shows different characteristics. Characteristic changes of platelet parameters and their correlation can be used as reference indices to evaluate the efficacy of apheresis platelet transfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mean Platelet Volume , Platelet Transfusion , Blood Platelets , Platelet Count/methods , Blood Component Removal
4.
Vive (El Alto) ; 5(15): 947-959, dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424750

ABSTRACT

La aféresis es el procedimiento más utilizado para la obtención de concentrados plaquetarios de alto rendimiento, calidad y para mejorar las terapias transfusionales en pacientes trombocitopénicos, oncohematológicos,cirugias e incluso, en pacientes con factores clínicos adversos a la refractariedad. Objetivo. Determinar la eficacia de un separador celular en la colecta de plaquetas en un Instituto Nacional de Salud de Lima. Material y métodos. Estudio descriptivo; la muestra fue de 80 concentrados plaquetarios, obtenidos por plaquetoaferesis y utilizando el equipo de separador celular americano. La colecta de plaquetas se realizó en un servicio de Hemoterapia y Banco de Sangre de una institución de salud de Lima, durante los meses de febrero a julio de 2018. La eficacia se realizó evaluando el rendimiento, la eficiencia y el cumplimiento de estándares de calidad aprobados. Uno de los parámetros utilizados fue el recuento de plaquetas y leucocitos residuales, procesados en el analizador hematológico. Resultados. Las evaluaciones fueron: concentración promedio de plaquetas por concentrado plaquetario (rendimiento)= 3,4 x 1011 plaquetas /ml, recuento de leucocitos residuales = 0,07 x 10 6 leucocitos/ml, volumen promedio de sangre procesado = 2480 ml, volumen final promedio = 217,5 ml, eficiencia en la colecta = 56,9 a 63,9 %, el tiempo medio por procedimiento de colecta = 72 minutos. Conclusiones. Los concentrados plaquetarios obtenidos con el procedimiento de plaquetoaferesis cumplen con los estándares de calidad nacional e internacionales, por lo que, se concluye que este procedimiento es eficaz en la colecta de productos de alta calidad que logran la eficacia en la transfusión.


Apheresis is the most widely used procedure to obtain high yield and quality platelet concentrates and to improve transfusion therapies in thrombocytopenic patients, oncohematological patients, surgical patients and even patients with adverse clinical factors to refractoriness. Objective. To determine the efficacy of a cell separator in the collection of platelets in a National Health Institute in Lima. Material and methods. Descriptive study; the sample consisted of 80 platelet concentrates, obtained by plateletpheresis and using American cell separator equipment. The platelet collection was performed in a Hemotherapy and Blood Bank service of a health institution in Lima, during the months of February to July 2018. Effectiveness was performed by evaluating performance, efficiency and compliance with approved quality standards. One of the parameters used was the residual platelet and leukocyte count, processed in the hematological analyzer. Results. The evaluations were: average platelet concentration per platelet concentrate (yield)= 3.4 x 1011 platelets/ml, residual leukocyte count = 0.07 x 10 6 leukocytes/ml, average volume of blood processed = 2480 ml, average final volume = 217.5 ml, collection efficiency = 56.9 to 63.9 %, average time per collection procedure = 72 minutes. Conclusions. The platelet concentrates obtained with the plateletpheresis procedure comply with national and international quality standards, therefore, it is concluded that this procedure is effective in the collection of high quality products that achieve transfusion efficiency.


A aférese é o procedimento mais utilizado para obter concentrados plaquetários de alto rendimento e alta qualidade e para melhorar as terapias transfusionais em pacientes trombocitopênicos, oncohematológicos, cirúrgicos e até mesmo pacientes com fatores clínicos adversos à refratariedade. Objetivo. Para determinar a eficácia de um separador de células na coleta de plaquetas em um Instituto Nacional de Saúde em Lima. Material e métodos. Estudo descritivo; a amostra consistiu de 80 concentrados de plaquetas, obtidos por plaquetaferese e utilizando equipamento separador de células americano. A coleta de plaquetas foi realizada em um serviço de Hemoterapia e Banco de Sangue de uma instituição de saúde em Lima, durante os meses de fevereiro a julho de 2018. A eficácia foi avaliada através da avaliação do desempenho, eficiência e conformidade com os padrões de qualidade aprovados. Um dos parâmetros utilizados foi a contagem residual de plaquetas e leucócitos, processada no analisador hematológico. Resultados. As avaliações foram: concentração média de plaquetas por concentrado de plaquetas (rendimento) = 3,4 x 1011 plaquetas/ml, contagem de leucócitos residuais = 0,07 x 10 6 leucócitos/ml, volume médio de sangue processado = 2480 ml, volume final médio = 217,5 ml, eficiência da coleta = 56,9 a 63,9%, tempo médio por procedimento de coleta = 72 minutos. Conclusões. Os concentrados de plaquetas obtidos com o procedimento de plaquetférese atendem aos padrões de qualidade nacionais e internacionais, portanto, conclui-se que este procedimento é eficaz na coleta de produtos de alta qualidade que alcançam eficiência transfusional.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Blood Banks , Blood Component Removal , Plateletpheresis
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441620

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el paso de los años, la profesión de enfermería ha ganado terreno en diferentes áreas de la medicina y su acción ha llegado a esferas que se creía exclusivas de otros profesionales del sector de la salud, como la Medicina Transfusional y Terapia celular. Objetivo: Describir las funciones de enfermería en los procederes de aféresis. Análisis y síntesis de la información: El trabajo de enfermería se basa en la aplicación de la metodología para la implementación de los cuidados que realiza. El intercambio directo con la persona permite identificar sus necesidades, facilita planear, controlar, ejecutar y evaluar las actividades que se realizan en la práctica diaria. Dentro del área de la Medicina Transfusional el accionar de enfermería es fundamental, ya que puede intervenir en diferentes fases del proceso de la donación de sangre, realiza la centrifugación del componente a obtener, transfunde o implanta componentes sanguíneos y atiende las reacciones adversas del individuo. Conclusiones: La acción de enfermería en la actividad de aféresis para diferentes procedimientos es primordial para preservar la salud del donante y el paciente, así como en la creación o modificación de protocolos de trabajo con mayor eficiencia, eficacia y efectividad en base a los conocimientos y la experiencia en este campo lo que genera una espiral de desarrollo continuo que obliga a la constante actualización en el tema.


Introduction: With the step of the years, the infirmary profession has won land in different areas of the medicine and its action has arrived to spheres that it was believed they were exclusive of other professionals of the sector of the health, as the Medicine Transfusional and cellular Therapy. Objective: to describe the nursing functions in the aphaeresis procedures. Analysis and synthesis of the information: The infirmary work is based on the application of the methodology for the implementation of the cares that he/she carries out. The direct exchange with the patient allows to identify its necessities, as well as it facilitates to drift, to control, to execute and to evaluate the activities that are carried out in the daily practice. Inside the area of the transfusion medicine working of infirmary is fundamental, since it can intervene in different phases of the process of the donation of blood, he/she carries out the centrifugation of the component to obtain, it transfuses or it implants sanguine components and he/she assists the patient's adverse reactions. Conclusions: The nurse action in the aphaeresis activity for different procedures is primordial to preserve the donor's health and the patient, as well as in the creation or modification of work protocols with bigger efficiency, effectiveness and effectiveness based on the knowledge and the experience in this field what generates a hairspring of continuous development that he/she forces to the constant bring up to date in the topic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Component Removal/methods , Nursing
6.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(4): 535-541, Oct.-dec. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421540

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: An important component of the advances made in neuroblastoma treatment has been the use of peripheral blood stem cells to support high-dose chemotherapy. In this study, we report our experience on a series of small children who have undergone standard and large volume leukaphersis (LVL) procedures, provide an update on a single institution's experience with cryopreservation of autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs), using 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and applying post-thaw DMSO depletion and analyze a number of variables that may affect viability. Methods: A total of 36 aphereses were performed on 29 children weighing less than 25 kg between July 2016 and October 2019 at the Ibn Sina university hospital. Results: Seven females and twenty-two males, median bodyweight 14 kg (9 - 22). A single apheresis was sufficient to obtain at least 3 × 106/kg body weight (BW) of CD34+ cells in 82.8% of the cases. The LVL was performed in 22 aphereses. A median number of 5.9 × 106/ kg CD34 cells were collected per apheresis. A total of 60 PBSC samples were cryopreserved and 46 samples were infused. The mean cell viability percentage decreased from 94.75 ± 1.14% before freezing to 70.84 ± 8.6% after thawing (p < 0.001). No correlation was found between post-thaw viability and storage time (r = -0.233; p = 0.234) or number of total nucleated cells (r = 0.344; p = 0.073). Conclusion: Leukapheresis is safe and feasible in small pediatric patients if the appropriate measures are used. Cryopreservation poses numerous challenges, especially a decrease in cell viability after thawing.


Subject(s)
Neuroblastoma , Stem Cells , Blood Component Removal , Cryopreservation , Child , Leukapheresis
7.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(2): 206-212, Apr.-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385048

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Convalescent Plasma therapy is one of the therapeutic strategies that has been used for patients with the Covid-19 disease. Implementing a program with national extension to supply hospitals with this blood component is a great challenge mainly in a middle-income economy. Objectives Our objective was to develop and implement a Covid-19 Convalescent Plasma Program which met established quality standards and was adapted to a reality of limited resources. Methods A multicentric convalescent plasma collection program was developed and implemented, based on four main sequential procedures: selective donor recruitment, pre-donation antibody screening (Anti-SARS-CoV-2- Chemiluminescence IgG Abbott), convalescent plasma collection by apheresis or whole-blood processing and distribution to the hospitals according to local demand. Results From the 572 candidates submitted to the pre-donation antibody screening, only 270 (47%) were considered eligible for plasma donation according to the established criteria. Higher levels of total antibody were associated with the donor age being above 45 years old (p= 0.002), hospital admission (p= 0.018), and a shorter interval between the diagnosis of the SARS-CoV-2 infection and plasma donation (p < 0.001). There was no association between the ABO and Rh blood groups and their antibody levels. Of the 468 donations made, 61% were from the collection of whole-blood and 39%, from apheresis. The Covid-19 Convalescent Plasma units obtained were distributed to 21 different cities throughout the country by air or ground transportation. Conclusion The implementation of a Covid-19 Convalescent Plasma program in a continental country with relatively scarce resources is feasible with alternative strategies to promote lower cost procedures, while complying with local regulations and meeting quality standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Component Removal , Immunization, Passive , COVID-19/therapy , Plasma , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408429

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aféresis terapéutica es el procedimiento que separa y remueve el plasma de la sangre total, con el objetivo de eliminar componentes considerados responsables patógenos de una enfermedad o de sus manifestaciones clínicas Objetivos: Analizar los aspectos generales de la aplicación de la técnica de plasmaféresis como alternativa de tratamiento en pacientes críticos con disfunción orgánica. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación bibliográfica-documental acerca del tema. Se consultaron fundamentalmente las bases de datos de SciELO y Pubmed de los últimos diez años. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se describen los aspectos de la plasmaféresis, desde sus criterios de indicación; así como la aplicación del procedimiento en los pacientes con disfunción orgánica y sus resultados en la evolución del paciente. Conclusiones: Con la utilización de la plasmaféresis se encontró mejoría de los parámetros clínicos y de laboratorio en la mayoría de los pacientes en disfunción orgánica al egreso de la unidad de cuidados intensivos(AU)


Introduction: Therapeutic apheresis is the procedure that separates and removes plasma from whole blood, thus eliminating components considered pathogenic of a disease or its clinical manifestations. Objectives: To analyze the general aspects of de application of the plasmapheresis technique as an alternative treatment in oncohematological patients wish organic dysfunction. Methods: A bibliographic- documentary investigation was carried out on de subject The Scielo and Pubmed data bases were consulted. Analysis and synthesis of information: The technical aspects of plasmapheresis are described, based on its indication criteria, as well as the application of de technique in patients with organic dysfunction and its results in the evolution of the patient. Conclusions: With the use of the plasmapheresis technique improvement in clinical and laboratory parameters was found in the majority of organ dysfunction patients upon discharge from the intensive care unit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Research , Blood Component Removal , Laboratories , Reference Standards
9.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(1): 56-62, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364891

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Lipoprotein apheresis (LA) is an extracorporeal therapy which removes apolipoprotein B-containing particles from the circulation. We evaluated techniques and efficiency of lipoprotein apheresis procedures applied to patients with familial and non-familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) at our center. Methods We retrospectively evaluated 250 LA procedures applied to 27 patients with dyslipidemia between March 2011 and August 2019. Results A total of 27 patients, of whom 19 (70.4%) were male and 8 (29.6%), female, were included. Eighteen (66.7%), 6 (22.2%) and 3 (11.1%) patients were diagnosed with non-FH, homozygous FH (HoFH) and heterozygous FH (HeFH), respectively. Two different apheresis techniques, direct adsorption of lipoproteins (DALI) (48.8%) and double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) (51.2%), were used. The change in the serum total cholesterol (TC) level was the median 302 mg/dl (171-604 mg/dl) (60.4%) in HoFH patients, 305 mg/dl (194-393 mg/dl) (60.8%) in HeFH patients and 227 mg/dl (75-749 mg/dl) (65.3%) in non-FH patients. The change in the serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level was the median 275 mg/dl (109-519 mg/dl) (64.2%), 232 mg/dl (207-291 mg/dl) (64.5%) and 325 mg/dl (22-735 mg/dl) (70.9%) in patients with HoFH, HeFH and non-FH, respectively. A significantly effective reduction in serum lipid levels, including TC, LDL and triglycerides, was achieved in all patients, regardless of the technique, p< .001. The decrease in the serum TC and LDL levels was significantly higher in the DFPP, compared to the DALI, being 220 mg/dl (-300 to 771) vs 184 mg/dl (64-415), p< .001 and 196 mg/dl (11-712) vs 157 mg/dl (54-340), p< .001, respectively. Conclusions Our results showed that LA is a highly effective treatment in reducing serum lipid levels and safe, without any major adverse event.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Blood Component Removal , Lipoproteins , Hyperlipidemias
10.
Online braz. j. nurs. (Online) ; 21(supl.1): e20226595, 14 janeiro 2022. ilus
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1413242

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: mapear, na literatura científica, as melhores práticas na gestão do cuidado, durante o processo de doação de plaquetas por aférese. MÉTODO: esta revisão de escopo seguirá a metodologia proposta pelo Joanna Briggs, sendo norteada pela questão de pesquisa: Quais as melhores práticas na gestão do cuidado durante o processo de doação de plaquetas por aférese? Serão considerados artigos originais, independente do desenho do estudo; em português, inglês, francês e espanhol; entre os anos 2017 e 2021; que forneçam texto completo. Como critérios de exclusão: estudos relacionados à terapêutica de aférese plaquetária ou pesquisas que envolvam animais. Após seleção dos descritores, será realizada busca prévia nas bases MEDLINE, via PubMed, e CINAHL. Os dados selecionados para revisão serão exibidos no fluxograma PRISMA para revisões de escopo.


OBJECTIVE: to map, in the scientific literature, the best care practices during platelet donation by apheresis. METHOD: this scoping review will follow the Joanna Briggs Institute's framework, guided by the research question: What are the best care practices during platelet donation by apheresis? Original articles will be considered, regardless of the study design, in Portuguese, English, French, and Spanish, published from 2017 to 2021, with full text available. As exclusion criteria: studies related to platelet apheresis therapy or animal research. After selecting the descriptors, a previous search will be conducted in MEDLINE via PubMed and CINAHL. Studies selected for review will be displayed in the PRISMA flowchart for scoping reviews.


Subject(s)
Patient Care Management , Blood Component Removal , Plateletpheresis , Blood Donation , Nursing Care
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 583-592, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of gene sequencing and proteomics of apheresis platelet (AP) exosomes in different storage periods and predict the function of AP exosomes in different storage periods.@*METHODS@#Platelets at different storage periods of 0 day (D0), 3 day (D3) and 5 day (D5) were collected, exosomes were extracted with Gradient centrifugation; gene sequencing and proteomic analysis were used to analyze the exosomes, and biological functions of platelet exosomes were analyzed and predicted by bioinformatics. Liquid mass spectrometry (LMS) was used to detect the changes and function prediction of exosomes proteins. The small RNA sequencing library was prepared, and the constructed library was sequenced and bioinformatics technology was used for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#AP exosome iTRAQ protein analysis showed that AP exosomes stored in D3 with 55 up-regulated proteins and 94 down-regulated proteins (P<0.05, FC<0.83 or FC>1.2), while AP exosomes stored in D5 with 292 up-regulated proteins and 53 down-regulated proteins (P<0.05, FC<0.83 or FC>1.2) as compared with D0. KEGG pathway analysis showed that the proteins were mainly involved in transport and metabolism, immune system, cancer, membrane transport and other processes. There were statistically significant differences between AP exosome miRNAs in different storage days (P<0.01). The number of miRNA up-regulated and down-regulated was 374 and 255 as compared with the number of platelet exosomes miRNA stored in D3 and D0, while that was 297 and 242 in D5 and D0, and 252 and 327 in D5 and D3, respectively. The target genes of differential platelet exosome miRNAs were analyzed by GO enrichment. Target genes of differential miRNA were mainly involved in membrane composition, mainly played molecular functions binding to proteins, and participated in biological processes of transcriptional regulation.@*CONCLUSION@#The exosome differential proteins and miRNAs in D5 are significantly different from those in the D0 of APs, and they are involved in various biological processes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets/metabolism , Exosomes/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Proteomics
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 256-263, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression profiles changes of miRNA in apheresis platelets after 1, 3 and 5 days of storage.@*METHODS@#The apheresis platelets were collected from 20 volunteer blood donors. After mixing fully, the platelets were stored in a shaker with (22±2) ℃ horizontal oscillation. The samples were taken on the 1st, 3rd and 5th day, and used to sequence for miRNAs by DNA nanoball (DNB) sequencing technology, which were named as C_1, C_3 and C_5, respectively. The expression level of platelets miRNA was standardized by transcripts per kilobase million (TPM) algorithm. MiRNAs with P-value < 0.001 and the expression difference of more than two times were considered as significant difference between two groups. The expression of miRNAs was verified by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#By DNB sequencing, there were 688, 730, and 679 platelet miRNAs expressed in C_1, C_3 and C_5 group, respectively. Cluster analysis showed that the expression profile of miRNAs changed significantly. The expression level of the first 20 high abundance miRNAs was about 4/5 of the total amounts of expressed miRNAs in each group, which the top five miRNAs were miR-21-5p, miR-26a-5p, miR-199a-3p, miR-126-3p, and let-7f-5p. The correlation of high abundance platelet miRNAs among the three groups was high (R2=0.876, R2=0.979, R2=0.937, respectively) and the differences were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Compared with the differential expression of platelet miRNAs with more than 1 000 TPM in the C_3 and C_1 group, there were 6 differentially expressed miRNAs, including 3 up-regulated (miR-146a-5p, miR-379-5p, and miR-486-5p) and 3 down-regulated (miR-652-3p, miR-142-5p, and miR-7-5p). While in the C_5 and C_1 group, there were 4 differentially expressed miRNAs, including 2 up-regulated (miR-146a-5p and let-7b-5p) and 2 down-regulated (miR-30d-5p and miR-142-5p). Compared with the differentially expression of platelet miRNAs between 1-1 000 TPM in the C_3 and C_1 group, there were 133 differentially expressed miRNAs, in which 99 were up-regulated and 34 were down-regulated. While in the C_5 and C_1 group, there were 77 differentially expressed miRNAs, in which 31 were up-regulated and 46 were down-regulated. The six selected differentially expressed miRNAs verified by RT-qPCR were consistent with those of sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#The expression profiles of platelets miRNAs change significantly among 1, 3, and 5 d of storage in vitro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets , Cluster Analysis , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 585-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940892

ABSTRACT

Objective: We evaluated the safety and efficacy of lipoprotein apheresis (LA) in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) who can't reach low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C) target goals with the maximal tolerated dose of lipid-lowering agents. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study. Between February 2015 and November 2019, patients with FH who were admitted in Fuwai hospital and treated with LA were consecutively enrolled. Based on intensive lipid-lowering agents, these patients received LA by double filtration plasma pheresis (DFPP) method. The changes of lipid levels such as LDL-C and lipoprotein(a)[Lp(a)] were compared before and after LA treatment, and the changes of immunoglobulin (Ig) concentration and LA-related adverse effects were also discussed. Results: A total of 115 patients with FH were enrolled in this study, of which 8 cases were homozygous FH and 107 cases were heterozygous FH. The age was (43.9±12.2) years and there were 75 (65.2%) males, and 108 (93.8%) with coronary artery disease. For pre-and immediately after LA treatment, the LDL-C was (5.20±2.94) mmol/L vs. (1.83±1.08) mmol/L, Lp(a) concentration was 428.70(177.00, 829.50)mg/L vs. 148.90(75.90, 317.00) mg/L (P<0.001), with a decrease of 64.2% and 59.8% respectively. The levels of IgG and IgA measured 1 day after LA treatment were both in the normal range and IgM concentration was below the reference value, the reductions of which were 15.1%, 25.0% and 58.7% respectively (P<0.001). Six patients had mild symptoms of nausea, hypotension dyspnea and palpitation, the symptoms were relieved by symptomatic treatment. Conclusion: For patients with FH who do not achieve LDL-C target goal with the maximal tolerated lipid-lowering agents, especially those with elevated Lp(a) levels, LA, which can significantly further reduce LDL-C and Lp(a) levels, is an effective and safe option.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Component Removal/methods , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/therapy , Lipoprotein(a)/chemistry , Lipoproteins/chemistry , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353128

ABSTRACT

Hemotherapy services play a key role in attracting donors and providing safe blood to the population. The apher-esis platelet collection procedure is a relatively simple, safe and important procedure for increasing the stocks of these services. However, the recruitment and retention of these donors still represent a major challenge. Objec-tive: Evaluating the profile of donors of blood components by apheresis in the Transfusion Unit of Professor Alberto Antunes University Hospital - UFAL, as well as knowing the hematological parameters pre- and post-donation, the occurrence of the main adverse events related to the procedure and the difficulties faced by the donor. Method:This was a cross-sectional observational study. We analyzed a total of 160 forms of apheresis donors from March 2017 to June 2018. The data were tabulated using the Excel program, and then analyzed in order to determine the objectives. Results: Most donors were male (93.13%), aged between 25 and 40 years (48.75%) and brown (25.62%). There was a slight prevalence of singles (49.37%) and 73.75% were from Maceió. The most prevalent ABO and Rh phenotyping was O+ (39.3%). Most of the procedures were simple platelet collection (75.60%) and the occurrence of adverse events during donations was 30.63%. Conclusion: Evaluation of apheresis donor profile and the knowledge of the possible side effects related to the procedure provided a better understanding of this type of donation and may improve the capture and retention processes of these individuals, minimizing the effects of lack of blood for Alagoana population. (AU)


Os serviços de hemoterapia desempenham um papel fundamental na atração de doadores e no fornecimento de sangue seguro à população. No entanto, o recrutamento e a retenção desses doadores ainda representam um gran-de desafio. Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil dos doadores de hemocomponentes por aférese na Unidade de Transfusão do Hospital Universitário Professor Alberto Antunes - UFAL, bem como conhecer os parâmetros hematológicos pré e pós-doação, a ocorrência dos principais eventos adversos relacionados à procedimento e as dificuldades enfrenta-das pelo doador. Método: Estudo observacional transversal. Foram analisadas 160 fichas de doadores de aférese de março de 2017 a junho de 2018. Os dados foram tabulados no programa Excel e analisados para determinar os objetivos. Resultados: A maioria dos doadores era do sexo masculino (93,13%), com idade entre 25 e 40 anos (48,75%) e parda (25,62%). Houve uma leve prevalência de solteiros (49,37%) e 73,75% eram de Maceió. A feno-tipagem ABO e Rh mais prevalente foi O+ (39,3%). A maioria dos procedimentos foi de coleta simples de plaquetas (75,60%) e a ocorrência de eventos adversos durante as doações foi de 30,63%. Conclusão: A avaliação do perfil do doador de aférese e o conhecimento dos possíveis efeitos colaterais relacionados ao procedimento proporcio-naram uma melhor compreensão sobre esse tipo de doação e podem ajudar a melhorar os processos de captura e retenção desses indivíduos, minimizando os efeitos da falta de sangue para a população Alagoana.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Tissue Donors , Blood Component Removal , Blood Platelets , Gift Giving , Hemotherapy Service
16.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 43(2): 179-184, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Transfusion of platelets (PLTs) with high ABO antibody titres can pose a risk of hemolysis if the unit crosses the ABO type. The PLTs stored in the platelet additive solution (PAS) remove asubstantial fraction of plasma and replace it with an isotonicbuffered solution.We aimed to assess the difference in anti-A/B antibody levels in Groups O, A and B apheresis platelets (APs) suspended in plasma and PAS. Methodology Apheresis donors are categorized into two groups, Plasma (Group I) and PAS (Group II), each blood group (A, B and O) had 20 samples. The anti-A/B(IgM)antibody levels were recorded from the AP donor (Group II) and from the AP units for both groups. The reduction in the anti-A/B(IgM) antibody levels in the APs suspended in the PAS for each blood group was determined. Results The median anti-A titres in blood Groups B (p = 0.009) and O (p = 0.005) was significantly lower in Group II. However, the difference in anti-B levels was not significant in the blood groups A (p = 0.057) and O (p = 0.205). The median level of reduction in IgM antibody titres across donor samples and the PAS-stored platelets was two-fold. The regression showed a level of reduction in antibody titres which can be explained by baseline donor antibody titres in blood groups A and B compared to blood group O. Conclusion The medianABO antibody titres were lower in APs suspended in PAS than in plasma. Addition of the PAS significantly lowered the IgM antibody titres by twofold, compared to plasma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plasma , Blood Component Removal , ABO Blood-Group System , Platelet Transfusion
17.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Quito) ; 45(2): 30-34, Dic 31, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526401

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La anemia falciforme es la hemoglobinopatía estructural más frecuente en todo el mundo y es causada por la producción de hemoglobina S (HbS) a consecuencia de una mutación puntual en el gen de la beta globina.Objetivo: Mostrar los beneficios del recambio de glóbulos rojos por aféresis en la presentación del síndrome torácico agu-do, causado por la anemia drepanocítica.Presentación del caso: Se describe el manejo de una paciente de trece años de edad, con anemia drepanocítica que, al momento de su ingreso al hospital, presentó crisis vaso- oclusiva secundaria a su patología de base. Al segundo día presen-tó síndrome de tórax agudo, por lo que se solicitó al Servicio de Medicina Transfusional, el recambio eritrocitario. Analizado el caso, se realizó el cálculo de la volemia total de la paciente, se prepararon concentrados de glóbulos rojos (CGRs) com-patibles con la paciente: se filtraron; y se les cuantificó el hematocrito. El procedimiento se realizó con el equipo de aféresis COM.TEC. en el que se recambió 1.200 mililitros de eritrocitos totales. Discusión: El recambio eritrocitario por aféresis aportó una notable y visible mejoría clínica y laboratorial. Por lo que en nuestra experiencia consideramos que el procedimiento fue eficiente. Conclusiones: El recambio de eritrocitos por aféresis en el síndrome torácico agudo en crisis drepanocítica es un procedi-miento que se puede utilizar en pacientes que no responden a otras terapias por su mínima alteración de la viscosidad y volumen sanguíneo en el paciente, y disminuir la concentración de hemoglobina S.


Introduction: Sickle-cell anemia is the most common structural hemoglobinopathy worldwide and is caused by the pro-duction of hemoglobin S (HbS) as a result of a point mutation in the beta globin gene.Objective: Show the benefits of red blood cell replacement by apheresis in the presentation of acute chest syndrome, cau-sed by sickle-cell anemia.Case Presentation: We describe the management of a thirteen-year-old patient with sickle-cell anemia, who presented, at admission to the hospital, an occlusive vessel crisis, secondary to her underlying pathology. On the second day of admission, she presented acute chest syndrome. Erythrocyte replacement was requested to the hospital blood service. After analyzing the case, the total blood volume of the patient was calculated, red blood cell concentrates (RBCs) compatible with the pa-tient were prepared, all RBCs were filtered, and the hematocrit was quantified in all RBCs. The procedure was performed with the apheresis equipment COM.TEC. in which a total of 1,200 milliliters of erythrocytes was replaced. Discussion: The erythrocyte replacement by apheresis contributed a remarkable and visible clinical and laboratory impro-vement. In our view, we consider that the procedure was efficient.Conclusions: The replacement of erythrocytes by apheresis in the acute thoracic syndrome in sickle cell crisis is a procedure that may be used in patients who do not respond to other therapies, benefiting from minimal alteration of the viscosity and blood volume in the patient, as well as concomitant decrease of hemoglobin S concentration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Blood Component Removal , Erythrocyte Transfusion , Acute Chest Syndrome , Anemia, Sickle Cell , Hemoglobin, Sickle , Black People , Ecuador , Hospitals, Pediatric , Anemia, Sickle Cell/therapy
18.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(9)sept. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389326

ABSTRACT

Severe Hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is associated with complications such as acute pancreatitis (AP) with high morbidity and mortality rates. We report a 42 years-old man with refractory HTG diagnosed at 19 years of age, and multiple episodes of AP, admitted with the suspicion of a new AP episode. Serum triglycerides were over 2000 mg/dl. His body mass index was 18 kg/m2, there was no evidence of xanthomas or xanthelasmas, but lipemia retinalis was found. Management included heparin and insulin, added to his usual treatment with fibrates, statins, omega-3 fatty acids, and orlistat. Due to lack of response, apheresis was started. After five sessions, triglycerides decreased to 588 mg/dl (82% reduction) and levels remained below 1000 mg/dl with daily apheresis. The patient continued with weekly sessions as outpatient with a sustained good response.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Pancreatitis , Blood Component Removal , Hypertriglyceridemia , Hyperlipidemias , Pancreatitis/therapy , Triglycerides , Hypertriglyceridemia/therapy , Acute Disease
19.
Cambios rev. méd ; 19(1): 97-109, 30/06/2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122716

ABSTRACT

El 30 de enero de 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declara que el brote de Enfermedad por Coronavirus (COVID-19) constituye una Emergencia Sanitaria de Salud de Preocupación Internacional/Public Health Emergencies of International Concern (PHEIC). El 11 de marzo de 2020, la OMS declara la pandemia1,2. El COVID-19 es una enfermedad respiratoria aguda causada por un coronavirus zoonótico de reciente aparición1. Los coronavirus son una familia de virus que se descubrió en la década de los 60 pero cuyo origen es todavía desconocido. Pueden causar enfermedades tanto en animales como en humanos. En los humanos se sabe que varios coronavirus (229E, OC43, NL63 y HUK 1) son responsables del resfriado común y en raras ocasiones se pueden producir infecciones graves de las vías respiratorias inferiores. Dos de los coronavirus causan infecciones en los seres humanos muchos más graves e incluso a veces mortales; estos son: el Coronavirus del Síndrome Respiratorio de Oriente Medio (MERS-CoV), y el Coronavirus tipo 2 asociado al SARS (SARS-CoV), que produce el síndrome respiratorio agudo grave3,4. La pandemia debida al virus SARS-CoV-2 requiere de medidas sanitarias urgentes encaminadas a reducir el riesgo de transmisión de la infección3,4. Al momento, no existe tratamiento eficaz para abordar la enfermedad por SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19). La OMS emitió un informe que los primeros resultados con el uso de Plasma de Convaleciente (CP) puede ser una modalidad de tratamiento potencialmente útil para el COVID-193-5.En este sentido, se señaló la oportunidad de que los Sistemas Transfusionales de cada país realicen una evaluación de riesgos para calibrar su capacidad de extraer, preparar y almacenar este tipo de donaciones. Esto incluye recursos humanos y suministros críticos adecuados, así como un control exhaustivo de procedimientos e infraestructuras. En este marco, se sugiere el inicio de contactos con los servicios hospitalarios para que colaboren en la selección de pacientes, que habiendo superado la enfermedad del COVID-19, pudieran ser candidatos para donación de plasma sin mermar en sus derechos1. La decisión de desarrollar esta opción requiere una revisión rápida, pero exhaustiva, del agente etiológico o agentes relacionados y la respuesta inmune a ellos para evaluar los posibles beneficios y riesgos de la inmunización pasiva. Los principios generales establecidos en los documentos de posición de la Red de Reguladores de Sangre (BRN) de la OMS sobre el uso de plasma convaleciente, como elemento de respuesta a brotes anteriores de virus emergentes (2017) y como respuesta al Coronavirus del Síndrome Respiratorio de Oriente Medio (2014) siguen siendo aplicables también a esta pandemia de SARS-CoV-26,7. La falta de evidencia clínica concluyente del uso del plasma convaleciente en infección por SARS-CoV-2 no debería ser razón para abandonar el uso del plasma convaleciente. Los ensayos clínicos aleatorios están en curso y los resultados no estarán disponibles durante meses en tanto no hay justificación basada en la evidencia disponible y la ética profesional para negar categóricamente el uso del plasma convaleciente en los hospitales que no participan en un ensayo clínico aleatorio. El siguiente protocolo ha tomado algunas de las recomendaciones del Comité Científico para la Seguridad Transfusional del Ministerio de Sanidad de España Versión 1.0 ­ 26 marzo de 20201. Y ha sido modificado para tratar de adaptarlo a la realidad de nuestra institución.


On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the COVID-19 outbreak constitutes a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). On March 11, 2020, the WHO declared the pandemic1,2. COVID-19 is an acute respiratory disease caused by a newly emerging zoonotic coronavirus1. Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that was discovered in the 1960s but whose origin is still unknown. They can cause disease in both animals and humans. In humans, several coronaviruses (229E, OC43, NL63, and HUK 1) are known to be responsible for the common cold, and serious infections of the lower respiratory tract can rarely occur. Two of the coronaviruses cause much more serious and even sometimes fatal infections in humans; These are: MERS-CoV, as the cause of respiratory syndrome in the Middle East, and SARS-CoV, which produces severe acute respiratory syndrome3,4. The pandemic due to the SARS-CoV-2 virus requires urgent sanitary measures aimed at reducing the risk of transmission of the infection3,4. Currently, there is no effective treatment to address SARS-CoV-2 disease (COVID-19). The WHO issued a report that early results with the use of convalescent plasma (PC) may be a potentially useful treatment modality for COVID-193-5. In this sense, the opportunity for the Transfusion Systems of each country to carry out a risk assessment to gauge their ability to extract, prepare and store this type of donation. This includes adequate critical human resources and supplies, as well as a comprehensive control of procedures and infrastructure. In this framework, it is suggested that contacts with hospital services be initiated so that they collaborate in the selection of patients who, having overcome the COVID-19 disease, may be candidates for plasma donation without diminishing their rights1. The decision to develop this option requires a rapid, but comprehensive, review of the etiologic agent or related agents and the immune response to them to assess the possible benefits and risks of passive immunization. The general principles established in the position papers of the WHO Blood Regulators Network (BRN) on the use of convalescent plasma, as an element of response to previous outbreaks of emerging viruses (2017) and as a response to the syndrome coronavirus respiratory problems of the Middle East (2014) are still applicable to this SARS-CoV-2 pandemic6,7. The lack of conclusive clinical evidence of the use of convalescent plasma in SARS-CoV-2 infection should not be a reason to abandon the use of convalescent plasma. Randomized clinical trials are ongoing and results will not be available for months as there is no justification based on available evidence and professional ethics to categorically deny the use of convalescent plasma in hospitals that do not participate in a randomized clinical trial. The following protocol has taken some of the recommendations of the Scientific Committee for Transfusion Safety of the Spanish Ministry of Health Version 1.0 - March 26, 20201. And it has been modified to try to adapt it to the reality of our institution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Plasma , Pneumonia , Blood Component Removal , Blood Donors , Coronavirus Infections , Betacoronavirus , Respiratory System , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Disease Outbreaks , Immunization, Passive , Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus , Pandemics
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