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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e247071, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285609

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the chemical composition, antioxidant activity and hypoglycemic effects of whole kumquat (Ku) powder in diabetic rats fed a high-fat-high-cholesterol (HFHC) diet. The antioxidant activities were evaluated using stable 1,1-diphenyl 2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, 2,2´-azinobis (3-ethyl benzo thiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical cation (ABTS) and Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). Total phenolic content was (51.85 mg GAE/g) and total flavonoid content was (0.24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE/g). DPPH and ABTS values were 3.32 and 3.98 mg Trolox equivalent (TE)/g where FRAP value was 3.00 mM Fe2+/kg dry material. A total of 90 albino rats were used in the present study. Rats group were as follows: normal diet; normal treated (2, 4, and 6% Ku.), diabetic rats (non-treated), diabetic + HFHC diet (non-treated), HFHC (non-treated), Diabetic (treated), HFHC (treated) and Diabetic + HFHC (treated). The diets were followed for 8 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the experiment. Serum glucose was recorded and thyroid hormones (T4, Thyroxine and T3, Triiodothyronine) were conducted. Diet supplemented with Kumquat at different concentrations have a hypoglycemic effect and improve the thyroid hormones of both diabetic rats and HFHC diabetic rats.


Resumo O presente estudo foi conduzido para avaliar a composição química, a atividade antioxidante e os efeitos hipoglicêmicos do pó de kumquat (Ku) em ratos diabéticos alimentados com uma dieta rica em gordura e colesterol (HFHC). As atividades antioxidantes foram avaliadas usando o método de eliminação de radicais livres de 1,1-difenil 2-picrilhidrazil (DPPH), 2,2'-azinobis (ácido 3-etilbenzotiazolina-6-sulfônico) radical cátion (ABTS) e antioxidante redutor férrico potência (FRAP). O conteúdo fenólico total foi (51,85 mg GAE / g) e o conteúdo total de flavonoides foi (0,24 mg Cateachin Equivalent, CE / g). Os valores de DPPH e ABTS foram 3,32 e 3,98 mg equivalente de Trolox (TE) / g, em que o valor de FRAP foi de 3,00 mM Fe2 + / kg de material seco. Um total de 90 ratos albinos foi usado ​​no presente estudo. O grupo dos ratos foi o seguinte: dieta normal: tratados normais (2, 4 e 6% Ku.), ratos diabéticos (não tratados), diabéticos + dieta HFHC (não tratados), HFHC (não tratados), diabéticos (tratados), HFHC (tratados) e diabéticos + HFHC (tratados). As dietas foram seguidas por 8 semanas. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas ao final do experimento. A glicose sérica foi registrada e os hormônios tireoidianos (T4, Tiroxina e T3, Triiodotironina) foram conduzidos. A dieta suplementada com kumquat em diferentes concentrações tem um efeito hipoglicêmico e melhora os hormônios tireoidianos tanto de ratos diabéticos quanto de ratos diabéticos com HFHC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rutaceae , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Powders , Thyroid Hormones , Blood Glucose , Fruit
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(6): 377-383, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1397681

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El emponzoñamiento por Tityus carrilloi n. sp. representa una amenaza para la vida. Según las manifestaciones clínicas, se clasifica en leve, moderado y grave. Objetivo. Comparar las características epidemiológicas y bioquímicas en niños con escorpionismo leve, moderado y grave. Población y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo. Se analizaron las consultas de menores de 15 años picados por Tityus carrilloi n. sp. entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2018 en un hospital pediátrico de tercer nivel en Santa Fe (Argentina). Resultados. Se incluyeron 524 niños, el 81 % (421) con dolor local y el 19 % (103) con manifestaciones sistémicas. Los niños con síntomas sistémicos de escorpionismo fueron más pequeños en edad que los que presentaron manifestaciones locales (p <0,001). En el invierno los niños desarrollaron 8 veces más manifestaciones sistémicas de escorpionismo y durante la primavera, 2,4 veces más que durante el verano. De los 103 niños internados, 80 fueron casos moderados y 23, graves. No hubo diferencias entre grupos en edad (p = 0,29) ni en la demora en recibir suero antiescorpiónico (p = 0,81). El tiempo de internación fue mayor en los graves (p <0,001). Los valores de glóbulos blancos o glucemia mayores a 30 000 cel/ml y 300 mg/dl respectivamente estuvieron presentes casi exclusivamente en escorpionismos graves. Conclusión. En niños picados por el escorpión Tityus carrilloi n. sp., el riesgo de desarrollar manifestaciones sistémicas fue mayor cuanto menor fue la edad y durante el invierno y la primavera. Los valores de glóbulos blancos y de glucemia fueron mayores en niños con escorpionismo grave.


Introduction. Scorpion envenomation by Tityus carrilloi n. sp. represents a threat to life. Depending on its clinical manifestations, it is classified as mild, moderate or severe. Objective. To compare the epidemiological and biochemical characteristics among children with mild, moderate, and severe scorpionism. Population and methods. Descriptive, crosssectional, and retrospective study. The consultations at a tertiary care children's hospital in Santa Fe (Argentina) of children under 15 years of age stung by Tityus carrilloi n. sp. between January 2017 and December 2018 were analyzed. Results. In total, 524 children were included, 81% (421) with local pain and 19% (103) with systemic manifestations. Children with systemic symptoms of scorpionism were younger in age than those with local manifestations (p < 0.001). In the winter, children developed 8 times more systemic manifestations of scorpionism; during the spring, 2.4 times more than during the summer. Out of the 103 hospitalized children, 80 were moderate cases and 23 severe cases. There were no differences between age groups (p = 0.29) or in the delay in receiving the anti-scorpion serum (p = 0.81). The length of hospital stay was longer among severe cases (p < 0.001). WBC and blood glucose levels higher than 30 000 cell/mL and 300 mg/dL, respectively, were present almost exclusively in severe scorpionism cases. Conclusion. In children stung by the scorpion Tityus carrilloi n. sp., the younger the age and during winter and spring, the higher the risk for systemic manifestations. WBC and blood glucose levels were higher in children with severe scorpionism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Child , Scorpion Stings/diagnosis , Scorpion Stings/epidemiology , Scorpions , Blood Glucose , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
3.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-5, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411471

ABSTRACT

Objectives: the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the association of dry extracts of Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus and Curcuma longa in rats with induced diabetes. Methods: After the induction of type 2 diabetes by intraperitoneal streptozotocin, male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to groups (n=6) and treated for 20 days. The extracts were suspended in water and administered through orogastric gavage once daily as described: Group I: healthy control (saline); group II: received Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus and Curcuma longa (400 mg/kg/day of each dry extract); group III: received Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus, Curcuma longa (400 mg/kg/day of each dry extract) and glibenclamide (15 mg/kg/day). Fasting glucose, glucose tolerance, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and fructosamine were evaluated. Results: Fasting blood glucose and glucose tolerance for groups II and III were influenced by treatments (p<0.05). The extracts did not significantly influence the efficacy of glibenclamide. Conclusion: The results found in this study allow us to consider that it is not possible to conclude that the compounds evaluated are not effective in DM in rats, due to variables such as total treatment period, doses, size of pancreatic injury caused by streptozotocin, and diet profile may have influenced the results. The studied compounds have potential for application in diabetes and further studies should be carried out to adjust the treatment.


Objetivos: avaliar os efeitos da associação de extratos secos de Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus e Curcuma longa em ratos com diabetes induzida. Métodos: Após a indução de diabetes tipo 2 (DM) por estreptozotocina intraperitoneal, ratos Wistar machos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em grupos (n=6) e tratados por 20 dias. Os extratos foram suspensos em água e administrados por gavagem orogástrica uma vez ao dia conforme descrito: Grupo I: controle saudável (solução salina); grupo II: recebeu Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus e Curcuma longa (400 mg/kg/dia de cada extrato seco); grupo III: receberam Astragalus membranaceus, Peumus boldus, Curcuma longa (400 mg/kg/dia de cada extrato seco) e glibenclamida (15 mg/kg/dia). A glicemia de jejum, tolerância à glicose, alanina aminotransferase, aspartato aminotransferase e frutosamina foram avaliados. Resultados: A glicemia de jejum e a tolerância à glicose para os grupos II e III foram influenciadas pelos tratamentos (p<0,05). Os extratos não influenciaram significativamente na eficácia da glibenclamida. Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados neste estudo permitem considerar que não é possível concluir que os compostos avaliados não são eficazes no DM em ratos, devido às variáveis como tempo total de tratamento, doses e tamanho da lesão pancreática causada por estreptozotocina, além do perfil da dieta, que podem ter influenciado os resultados. Os compostos estudados têm potencial para aplicação em diabetes e mais estudos devem ser realizados para adequar o tratamento.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , Blood Glucose , Streptozocin , Fructosamine , Curcuma , Peumus , Diabetes Mellitus , Alanine Transaminase
4.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 587-603, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399264

ABSTRACT

O Diabetes Mellitus Gestacional é definido como doença que se caracteriza pelos altos níveis de glicemia sanguínea, diagnosticada durante a gestação. Este adoecimento pode acarretar várias complicações maternas e fetais, muitas vezes, necessitando de internamento precoce e cuidados avançados. Objetivou-se caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico de gestantes com diabetes mellitus gestacionais atendidas em serviço de referência. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, documental, retrospectivo, de caráter quantitativo, realizado com gestantes atendidas na maternidade do Hospital Regional do Sudoeste ­ PR, Francisco Beltrão. A amostra foi constituída por 216 gestantes, cujos dados foram coletados dos prontuários das pacientes. Incluíram-se as gestantes atendidas e diagnosticadas com diabetes mellitus gestacional no período de 2020 e com pelo menos um exame de glicose em jejum ou um teste de tolerância oral à glicose para comprovação diagnóstica. Foram exclusas as gestantes dos anos de 2019 e 2021 e oito transferências. A amostra teve maior porcentual do Diabetes mellitus gestacional (90,7%), com prevalência na raça branca (69,9%), faixa etária de 15- 35 anos (68,5%). Ademais,65,7% realizaram controle com dieta e 32,4 % necessitaram realizar o uso de insulina e 51,9%delas eram obesas. A presente pesquisateve considerável relevância, pois permitiu obter perfil epidemiológico de gestantes diagnosticadas com diabetes mellitus, trazendo benefícios, como identificação precocemente da doença, de modo a evitar complicações para gestantes e bebês. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Gestacional; Diabetes; Prevalência; Maternidade.


Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is defined as a disease characterized by high levels of blood glucose, which is diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy. It can cause several maternal and fetal complications, often requiring early hospitalization and advanced care. The aim of thestudy was to characterize the epidemiological profile of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus seen at a reference service. This is a descriptive, documentary, retrospective, quantitative study, carried out with pregnant women attended at the maternity hospital of the Hospital Regional do Sudoeste - PR in the city of Francisco Beltrão. The sample consisted of216 pregnant women, and data were collected from the patients' medical records. The study included all pregnant women who were attended and diagnosed with GDM in the period described, and who had at least one fasting glucose test or an oral glucose tolerance test for diagnostic confirmation. All pregnant women from the year 2019 and 2021 were excluded fromthe study. The sample had a higher percentage of GDM 90.7% according to race 69.9% werewhite, aged 15-35 years 68 , 5%, while 65.7% performed control with diet and 32.4% neededto use insulin and 51.9% of them were obese. This research had great results because it had an epidemiological profile of pregnant women diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus, bringing benefitsand thus being able to identify gestational Diabetes mellitus early, aiming to avoid complications for the pregnant woman and the baby.


La diabetes mellitus gestacional se define como una enfermedad caracterizada por niveles elevados de glucosa en sangre, diagnosticada durante el embarazo. Esta enfermedad puede dar lugar a varias complicaciones maternas y fetales, que a menudo requieren una hospitalización temprana y cuidados avanzados. El objetivo es caracterizar el perfil epidemiológico de las gestantes con diabetes mellitus atendidas en el servicio de referencia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, documental, retrospectivo, de carácter cuantitativo, realizado con gestantes atendidas en la maternidad del Hospital Regional del Sudoeste - PR, Francisco Beltrão. La muestra estaba formada por 216 mujeres embarazadas, cuyos datos se recogieron de las historias clínicas de las pacientes. Se incluyeron las mujeres embarazadas atendidas y diagnosticadas de diabetes mellitus gestacional en el periodo 2020 y con al menos una prueba de glucosa en ayunas o una prueba de tolerancia oral a la glucosa para su diagnóstico. Se excluyeron las embarazadas de los años 2019 y 2021 y ocho traslados. La muestra tuvo un mayor porcentaje de Diabetes mellitus gestacional (90,7%), con prevalencia en la raza blanca (69,9%), grupo de edad 15-35 años (68,5%). Además, el 65,7% se controlaba con la dieta y el 32,4% necesitaba utilizar insulina y el 51,9% era obeso. La presente investigación tiene una relevancia considerable, ya que permite obtener el perfil epidemiológico de las gestantes diagnosticadas con diabetes mellitus, lo que conlleva beneficios, como la identificación precoz de la enfermedad, a fin de evitar complicaciones para las gestantes y los bebés.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Health Profile , Diabetes, Gestational/epidemiology , Pregnant Women , Blood Glucose/physiology , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Insulin/analysis
5.
Medicina UPB ; 41(2): 145-156, julio-diciembre 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392156

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus (dm) es una enfermedad crónica con alta incidencia y prevalencia. La enfermedad es un problema de salud pública que ha impulsado a la continua búsqueda de medidas tanto farmacológicas como no farmacológicas para el control. Gracias a la actual evidencia, se sabe que la dm, además de los niveles elevados de glucosa en sangre, se acompaña de otros problemas metabólicos como lo son la obesidad, alteraciones en el metabolismo de lípidos, entre otros; sumado a lo anterior, los pacientes tienen riesgo de padecer problemas cardiovasculares. El problema radica en que una gran cantidad de pacientes con riesgo cardiovascular (CV) o patología cardiovascular ya establecida, sufren de diabetes mellitus. La relación entre dm y las patologías cardiovasculares es de suma importancia, ya que cada una incrementa el riesgo de padecer la otra y empeora el pronóstico. Entre 1980 y 1990 se identificó el cotransportador de sodio y glucosa tipo 2 (SGLT2) como blanco para el tratamiento de la dm tipo 2. A partir de este hallazgo, se crearon los inhibidores de SGLT2 (i- SGLT2), grupo novedoso de medicamentos que disminuyen los niveles de glucosa. Además, tienen múltiples efectos tanto micro como macrovasculares (empagliflozina, canagliflozina y dapagliflozina). Por lo cual, haremos una revisión sobre la evidencia para los iSGLT2 como tratamiento de la insuficiencia cardiaca crónica y su impacto positivo sobre el sistema renal, reducción de presión arterial, disminución de peso, entre otros beneficios.


Diabetes mellitus (dm) is a chronic disease with high incidence and prevalence. The disease is a public health problem that has prompted the continuous search for both pharmacological and non-pharmacological control measures. Thanks to current evidence, it is known that dm, in addition to high blood glucose levels, is accompanied by other metabolic problems such as obesity, alterations in lipid metabolism, among others, and patients are also at risk of suffering from cardiovascular problems. The problema is that a large number of patients with cardiovascular (CV) risk or already established cardiovascular pathology suffer from diabetes mellitus. The relationship between dm and cardiovascular pathologies is extremely important, since each one increases the risk of suffering from the other and worsens the prognosis. Between 1980 and 1990, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) was identified as a target for the treatment of type 2 dm. Based on this finding, SGLT2 inhibitors (i-SGLT2) were created, a novel group of medications that lower glucose levels. In addition, they have multiple effects, both micro and macrovascular (empagliflozin, canagliflozin and dapagliflozin). Therefore, we will review the evidence for iSGLT2 as a treatment for chronic heart failure and its positive impact on the renal system, blood pressure reduction, weight loss, among other benefits.


O diabetes mellitus (dm) é uma doença crônica com alta incidência e prevalência. A doença é um problema de saúde pública que tem motivado a busca contínua por medidas de controle farmacológico e não farmacológico. Graças às evidências atuais, sabe-se que o dm, além dos níveis elevados de glicose no sangue, é acompanhado por outros problemas metabólicos como obesidade, alterações no metabolismo lipídico, entre outros; Além do exposto, os pacientes estão em risco de problemas cardiovasculares. O problema é que um grande número de pacientes com risco cardiovascular (CV) ou patologia cardiovascular já estabelecida sofre de diabetes mellitus. A relação entre dm e patologias cardiovasculares é de extrema importância, pois cada uma aumenta o risco de sofrer uma da outra e piora o prognóstico. Entre 1980 e 1990, o co-transportador sódio-glicose 2 (SGLT2) foi identificado como alvo para o tratamento do dm tipo 2. Com base nessa descoberta, foram criados os inibidores de SGLT2 (i-SGLT2), um novo grupo de drogas que reduzem a glicose níveis. Além disso, eles têm múltiplos efeitos micro e macrovasculares(empagliflozina, canagliflozina e dapagliflozina). Portanto, re-visaremos as evidências do iSGLT2 como tratamento para insuficiência cardíaca crônica e seu impacto positivo no sistema renal, redução da pressão arterial, perda de peso, entre outros benefícios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Sodium , Blood Glucose , Weight Loss , Canagliflozin , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors , Heart Failure , Obesity
6.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(2): 41-42, mayo - ago. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395820

ABSTRACT

La glucemia es una palabra de fácil definición, glucosa en sangre, pero deja de ser simple cuando quiere entenderse el significado de determinado resultado. El desafío es interpretar correctamente el valor hallado.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Blood , Glucose
7.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(2): 43-50, mayo - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395840

ABSTRACT

Introducción: algunos estudios han señalado que valores de glucemia en ayunas entre 100 y 109 mg/dL se asocian con frecuencias elevadas de prediabetes cuando el criterio de clasificación son los valores de HbA1c. La Sociedad Argentina de Diabetes (SAD) sostiene a 110 mg/dL como valor a partir del cual se clasifica a un paciente como portador de glucemia en ayunas alterada; la frecuencia de individuos posiblemente clasificados en forma incorrecta, según este criterio, aún no se conoce en la población argentina. Objetivos: establecer la frecuencia con que se presenta prediabetes según HbA1c en una población sin diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus (DM) con glucemias en ayunas entre 100 y 109 mg/dL; correlacionar las dos variables y cuantificar la probabilidad de que esto ocurra respecto de otros con glucemias en ayunas <100 mg/dL. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron 1.002 muestras de igual número de sujetos desde 45 laboratorios de análisis clínicos de la Asociación de Laboratorios de Alta Complejidad (ALAC), con procesamiento local de glucemia y centralizado de HbA1c por high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Análisis estadístico: chi cuadrado, odds ratio, coeficiente de correlación y determinación de Pearson, y correlación serial de Durbin-Watson. Resultados: frecuencia de HbA1c ≥5,7% en la población estudiada con glucemias de ayunas entre 100 y 109 mg/dL=29,7%; test de chi cuadrado: p<0,001; odds ratio de tener HbA1c ≥5,7% entre la población con glucemias en ayunas de 100 a 109 mg/dL vs aquella con valores <100 mg/dL=4,328 (IC 95% 2,922-6,411); r=0,852, r2 = 0,727, Durbin-Watson=1,152. Conclusiones: la prediabetes diagnosticada por HbA1c resultó cuatro veces más frecuente en la población estudiada con glucemias en ayunas entre 100 y 109 mg/dL, que en aquella con valores por debajo de 100 mg/dL.


Introduction: some studies have shown that fasting blood glucose values between 100 and 109 mg/dL are associated with high rates of prediabetes when the classification criteria are HbA1c values. The Argentine Diabetes Society still maintains 110 mg/dL as the value from which a patient is classified as having impaired fasting blood glucose; the frequency of individuals possibly incorrectly classified, according to this criterion, is not yet known in any Argentine population. Objectives: to establish the frequency in a population without a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus with fasting blood glucose levels between 100 and 109 mg/dL in which prediabetes occurs according to HbA1c, to correlate both variables and to quantify the probability that this predicts with respect to others with fasting blood glucose levels <100 mg/dL. Materials and methods: 1.002 samples from the same number of subjects from 45 clinical laboratories belonging to ALAC, with local processing of blood glucose and centralized processing of HbA1c by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Statistical analysis: chi square, odds ratio, Pearson correlation coefficient, coefficient of determination and Durbin-Watson serial correlation. Results: frequency of HbA1c ≥5.7% in the studied population with fasting blood glucose levels between 100 and 109 mg/ dL = 29.7%, chi square test: p<0.001; odds ratio of having HbA1c ≥5.7% between the population with fasting blood glucose levels of 100 to 109 mg/dL vs that one with values <100 mg/dL=4.328 (95% CI 2.922-6.411); r=0.852, r2 =0.727, DurbinWatson=1.152. Conclusions: prediabetes diagnosed by HbA1c was four times more frequent in the studied population with fasting glucose values between 100 and 109 mg/dL than in that one with values below 100 mg/dL.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Prediabetic State , Blood Glucose , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Fasting , Glucose
8.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 23-28, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396205

ABSTRACT

La última década se ha destacado por los importantes avances en el desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías para pacientes que viven con diabetes mellitus (DM). Las innovaciones han estado orientadas principalmente a: mejorar la calidad de vida, reducir el impacto que genera la ocurrencia de hipoglucemias y reducir la carga de la enfermedad colaborando en la toma diaria de decisiones1. El monitoreo continuo de glucosa (MCG) es una herramienta que ha experimentado un importante avance al aportar información dinámica del estado metabólico en los pacientes y permitir la toma de decisiones, demostrado por un control metabólico estable, menores excursiones glucémicas, y una reducción significativa en la aparición y gravedad de las hipoglucemias2-5. Las presentes recomendaciones tienen como objetivo brindar herramientas rápidas para la interpretación de datos metabólicos y la consiguiente toma de decisiones terapéuticas. A tal fin se realizó una exhaustiva revisión de las principales guías y recomendaciones vigentes; posteriormente, el Grupo de Trabajo adaptó esa información según una serie de preguntas con criterio clínico práctico. El avance de los MCG es innegable, no solo en el desarrollo tecnológico, sino que se han convertido en una herramienta educativa para las personas con DM, su entorno y el equipo de salud al posibilitar un ajuste dinámico del tratamiento, prevenir complicaciones agudas y mejorar la calidad de vida. En esta ecuación enfatizamos la importancia de la educación diabetológica continua de la persona con DM y su entorno, participando activamente en la toma de decisiones para, de esta manera, cumplir con los objetivos propuestos: mejorar la calidad de vida, reducir la carga de la enfermedad y disminuir las excursiones glucémicas agudas.


The last decade has been highlighted by important advances in the development of new technologies for patients living with diabetes. The innovations have been oriented above all to improve the quality of life, reduce the impact generated by the occurrence of hypoglycemia and reduce the burden of the disease by collaborating in daily decision-making1. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is a tool that has undergone significant progress, providing dynamic information on the metabolic status of patients, allowing decision making, demonstrated by stable metabolic control, lower glycemic excursions and a significant reduction in the occurrence and severity of hypoglycemia2-5. The purpose of these recommendations, developed by members of the Innovation Committee of the Argentine Society of Diabetes, is to provide rapid tools for the interpretation of metabolic data and the subsequent therapeutic decisionmaking. To this end, an exhaustive review of the main current guidelines and recommendations has been carried out, later the working group adapted this information according to a series of questions with practical clinical criteria. The progress of CGMs is undeniable, not only in technological development, but it has become an educational tool for people with diabetes, their environment, and the health team, offering the possibility of a dynamic adjustment of treatment, prevention of acute complications and improving quality of life. In this equation, we emphasize the importance of continuous diabetes education for the person with diabetes and their environment, actively participating in decision-making, and in this way, meeting the proposed objectives: improving quality of life, reducing the burden of disease, and decreasing acute glycemic excursions.


Subject(s)
Hypoglycemia , Blood Glucose , Glycemic Index , Glycemic Control , Glucose
9.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 56(suple. 2): 53-59, may. - ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396867

ABSTRACT

En la hipoglucemia secundaria, el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus (DM) se define ante un valor de glucemia por debajo de 70 mg/dl, pudiendo manifestarse por síntomas autonómicos y neuroglucopénicos, con consecuencias a corto y largo plazo, como el deterioro de las funciones cognitivas y el aumento del riesgo cardiovascular, entre otras. La hipoglucemia en personas con DM1 es más frecuente que en aquellas con DM2. Los factores que incrementan su riesgo son: el retraso en la ingesta de comida, el alcohol, el ejercicio intenso, el ayuno y la neuropatía autonómica. Por otro lado, las hipoglucemias inadvertidas se asocian con un mayor riesgo de hipoglucemia grave. Los niños y adultos mayores son un grupo vulnerable a estos eventos que, en muchos casos, presentan síntomas difíciles de distinguir. A su vez, la hipoglucemia durante el embarazo se asocia con mayor riesgo de complicaciones. Otro grupo importante para detectar estos episodios son los pacientes hospitalizados a fin de disminuir la morbimortalidad asociada a los mismos. La calidad de vida está claramente afectada en los pacientes que sufren episodios de hipoglucemia, por lo cual resulta esencial instaurar estrategias de prevención como la educación, el monitoreo glucémico, realizar modificaciones en la dieta y el ejercicio, y ajustar la medicación. El tratamiento, en caso de no presentar pérdida de conciencia, será por vía oral, de lo contrario, se recurrirá a glucosa endovenosa o glucagón intramuscular.


Hypoglycemia due to treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM) is defined by a blood glucose value below 70 mg/dl, which can manifest itself by autonomic and neuroglycopenic symptoms, with short- and long-term consequences, such as impaired cognitive functions and increased cardiovascular risk, among others. Hypoglycemia in people with DM1 is more frequent than in those with DM2. Factors that increase its risk are: delayed food intake, alcohol, intense exercise, fasting and autonomic neuropathy. On the other hand, inadvertent hypoglycemia is associated with an increased risk of severe hypoglycemia. Children and older adults are a vulnerable group to these events that, in many cases, present symptoms that are difficult to distinguish. Hypoglycemia during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of complications. Another important group to detect these episodes are hospitalized patients in order to reduce the morbimortality associated with them. Quality of life is clearly affected in patients who suffer episodes of hypoglycemia, so it is essential to implement prevention strategies such as education, glycemic monitoring, dietary and exercise modifications, and medication adjustment. Treatment, if there is no loss of consciousness, will be oral, otherwise, intravenous glucose or intramuscular glucagon will be used.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Therapeutics , Blood Glucose , Hypoglycemia
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 29(3): 125-129, jul./set. 2022. il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1411217

ABSTRACT

La medición de glucosa en caninos es un procedimiento habitual en la clínica diaria, actualmente este valor se puede obtener mediante dispositivos portátiles y pruebas laboratoriales. Se realizó esta investigación con el fin de aportar mayor conocimiento sobre la importancia de la medición de glucosa, ya que en los últimos años ha perdido valor entre las pruebas hematológicas a considerar debido a que solo se relaciona con determinadas patologías como la diabetes u otras enfermedades metabólicas. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo comparar los valores de glucosa en caninos obtenidos mediante un glucómetro portátil de uso humano (Accu-chek® Active, Roche Diagnostic, Mannheim, Alemania); veterinario (aLcose® Vet Glu, jjPlus Corporation, New Taipei, Taiwán) y la prueba estándar de laboratorio, esto nos indicará la fiabilidad de los resultados obtenidos mediante estos métodos. Se realizó la toma de muestras de sangre de 50 caninos clínicamente sanos, de los cuales se obtuvo el resultado de glucemia mediante estos tres métodos. Los resultados de nuestra investigación evidenciaron que las tres formas de evaluación de la glucosa sanguínea en perros brindaban resultados estadísticamente diferentes (p < 0.05). Se obtuvo valores de glucosa diferentes entre los tres métodos de medición, teniendo como promedios finales 84.14 mg/dL, 101.12 mg/dL y 91.12 mg/dL correspondientes al glucómetro portátil de uso humano, veterinario y a la prueba estándar de laboratorio respectivamente. En conclusión, los glucómetros portátiles de uso humano subestiman los valores reales de glucosa, mientras que los de uso veterinario lo sobreestiman, comparados con la prueba estándar de laboratorio.


A medição de glicose nos cães é um procedimento habitual realizado no atendimento clínico. Atualmente este valor pode ser obtido por meio de dispositivos portáteis e testes laboratoriais. Esta pesquisa foi realizada com a finalidade de destacar a importância da medição de glicose, visto que nos últimos anos esta avaliação não tem sido muito valorada entre os testes hematológicos, sendo considerada relevante apenas em relação a patologias como a diabetes e outras doenças metabólicas. O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar os valores de glicose em cães obtidos com glicômetro portátil de uso humano; veterinário e o teste padrão de laboratório. Esta comparação poderá indicar a confiabilidade dos resultados obtidos mediante os métodos avaliados. Foi realizada a amostragem do sangue de 50 caninos clinicamente sadios os quais foram submetidos a avaliação de glicose mediante os três métodos. Os resultados de nossa investigação evidenciaram que as três formas de avaliação da glicose sanguínea têm resultados estatisticamente diferentes (p < 0,05). Os valores de glicose tiveram medias finais de 84,14 mg/dL, 101,12 mg/dL e 91,12 mg/dL para o glicômetro portátil de uso humano (Accu-chek® Active, Roche Diagnostic, Mannheim, Alemanha), veterinário (aLcose® Vet Glu, jjPlus Corporation, Nova Taipei, Taiwan) e o teste padrão de laboratório, respectivamente. Ao concluir, os glicômetros portáteis de uso humano subestimam os valores reais de glicose e os de uso veterinário os superestimam quando comparados com o teste padrão de laboratório.


The measurement of glucose in canines is a common procedure in daily clinical practice. Currently this value can be obtained by use of portable devices and laboratory tests. This research was carried out in order to provide more knowledge about the importance of glucose measurement, since in recent years it has lost value among the hematological tests to be considered because it is only related to certain pathologies such as diabetes or other metabolic diseases. The present study aimed to compare the glucose values in dogs obtained with a portable glucometer for human use, veterinarian use, and the standard laboratory test. This comparison may indicate the reliability of the results obtained through the evaluated methods. A blood sampling of 50 clinically healthy canines was taken and submitted to glucose evaluation using the three methods. Our investigation showed that the three ways of assessing blood glucose have statistically different results (p < 0.05). Glucose values had final averages of 84.14 mg/dL, 101.12 mg/dL, and 91.12 mg/dL for the portable glucometer for human use (Accu-chek® Active, Roche Diagnostic, Mannheim, Germany), veterinary (aLcose® Vet Glu, jjPlus Corporation, New Taipei, Taiwan) and the standard laboratory test, respectively. In conclusion, portable glucometers for human use underestimate the glucose values, and those for veterinary use overestimate them compared to the standard laboratory test.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/veterinary , Dogs/blood , Glucose/analysis , Glucose Tolerance Test/veterinary
11.
Con-ciencia (La Paz) ; 10(1): [1-13], 20220600.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399698

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCION. El índice glicémico (IG) es la forma numérica que representa la rapidez de la absorción de los carbohidratos de un alimento, este índice multiplicado por la cantidad de carbohidratos en gramos dividido entre 100 es la carga glicémica (CG), ambos indicadores permiten la selección y uso de alimentos en dietas para controlar los niveles de glucosa sanguínea repercutiendo sobre el estado y restitución de la salud. La Galleta de Chuño es un alimento de repostería a base de fécula de papa que ha ampliado su mercado de consumo a las ciudades bolivianas, es fuente de carbohidratos y es consumido como sustituto del pan y galletas. OBJETIVOS. Determinar el índice glicémico y la carga glicémica de Galletas de Chuño en estudiantes del CETAL La Paz. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, transversal y descriptivo seleccionando 10 estudiantes que cumplieron con criterios de selección. Se evaluó la respuesta glucémica a los 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90 y 120 min tras la ingesta de una solución con 50 g de glucosa y tras el consumo de 72,14 g de Galletas de Chuño, siguiendo procedimientos recomendados por la FAO/WHO para posteriormente calcular el índice glucémico y la carga glucémica. RESULTADOS. El valor promedio del IG de las Galletas de Chuño fue de 65,5 ± 4,8. La CG fue 13,6 para una ración de 30 g de las Galletas de Chuño. CONCLUSIONES. La Galleta de Chuño es un alimento de índice glucémico medio y de carga glicémica media, por lo que es recomendado para el consumo de la población en general, pero con moderación en su ingesta frecuente.


INTRODUCTION. The glycemic index (GI) is the numerical form that represents the rate of the carbohydrate absorption after a meal. This index multiplied by the amount of carbohydrates in grams divided by 100 is the glycemic load (CG). Both indicators allow selection and use of food in diets to control blood glucose levels, affecting the state and restitution of health. Chuño biscuits is a pastry food based on potato starch that has expanded its consumer market to Bolivian cities, it is a source of carbohydrates, and it is consumed as a substitute for bread and cookies. OBJECTIVES. To determine the glycemic index and the glycemic load of Chuño biscuits in students of Centro de Estudios Técnicos Acelerados Loreto (CETAL) in La Paz city. MATERIALS AND METHODS. This observational, prospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study included ten students who met the selection criteria. The glycemic response was evaluated at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 min after ingesting a solution with 50 g of glucose and after consuming 72.14 g of Chuño biscuits, following procedures recommended by FAO / WHO to calculate the glycemic index and glycemic load subsequently. RESULTS. The average GI value of Chuño biscuits was 65.5 ± 4.8. The CG was 13.6 for a serving of 30 g of the Galletas de Chuño. CONCLUSIONS. Chuño biscuits are a food with a medium glycemic index and a medium glycemic load, so it is recommended for consumption by the general population, however, when its intake is frequent, it should be consumed in moderation.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Food , Diet , Meals , Glycemic Load
12.
Más Vita ; 4(1): 104-112, mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1372135

ABSTRACT

La diabetes Mellitus es un padecimiento que empieza cuando el páncreas no realiza un uso adecuado de la insulina que produce o no puede lograr producir insulina. Se descomponen en glucosa en la sangre todos los alimentos ricos en hidratos de carbono; la insulina da ayuda a la glucosa para que esta pueda ingresar en las células. Los niveles de azúcar en la sangre al no funcionar bien el páncreas suben, lo cual debe ser controlado por medio de un tratamiento médico de por vida, y lo más importante la persona debe cambiar de hábitos en su salud. Objetivo: El objetivo principal de esta investigación es definir el efecto que produce la adherencia a la insulinoterapia en los pacientes con diabetes tipo II del Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizó una investigación cuantitativa, transversal ya que se realizó una encuesta a los pacientes, la cual se procedió a la recolección y análisis e interpretación de datos. La muestra trabajada fue de 100 pacientes, los cuales fueron atendidos en el Hospital por concepto de diabetes tipo II en el área de emergencia. Resultados: Como resultado de la investigación tenemos que el 76% de los encuestados conocen sobre el tratamiento de la insulinoterapia, el 85% se rehusó a utilizar insulina cuando inició su tratamiento, el 75% ha tenido dificultad para la conservación de la insulina, el 63% considera que el uso de la insulina es riesgos, el 53% indicó haber recibido asesoría sobre los posibles efectos de la insulina, al 65% de encuestados su jornada laboral no le permite asistir a su control médico, el 72% ha sentido un desmejoro en su salud al dejar el tratamiento y el 63% de los encuestados indicó que ha abandonado en algún momento su tratamiento por temor a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener. Conclusiones: Se estableció el tipo de complicaciones que se dan en los pacientes ante la no adherencia a la insulinoterapia, uno de ellos fue, que al dejar el tratamiento los pacientes sintieron un desmejoro en su estado de salud, así también, los pacientes han abandonado el tratamiento en algún momento por miedo a los efectos secundarios que dicen tener la insulina(AU)


Diabetes Mellitus is a condition that begins when the pancreas does not make proper use of the insulin it produces or cannot achieve produce insulin. All foods rich in glucose are broken down into glucose in the blood. carbohydrates; insulin helps glucose to enter the cells cells. When the pancreas does not work well, blood sugar levels rise, which must be controlled by lifelong medical treatment, and most importantly the person must change their health habits. Objective: The main objective of this research is to define the effect produced by adherence to insulin therapy in patients with type II diabetes at Hospital del Día Mariana de Jesús. Materials and Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional investigation was used since a patient survey which proceeded to the collection and analysis and interpretation of data. The sample worked was 100 patients who were treated at the Hospital for type II diabetes concept in the emergency area. Results: Like result of the investigation we have that 76% of the respondents know about the insulin therapy treatment, 85% refused to use insulin when they started their treatment, 75% have had difficulty conserving insulin, 63% considers that the use of insulin is risky, 53% indicated having received counseling about the possible effects of insulin, 65% of those surveyed did not care about their working hours. allows them to attend their medical control, 72% have felt a deterioration in their health when leaving the treatment and 63% of those surveyed indicated that they had abandoned their treatment at some point. treatment for fear of the side effects they claim to have. Conclusions: If established the type of complications that occur in patients due to non-adherence to insulin therapy, one of them was that when leaving the treatment the patients felt a deterioration in their state of health, as well as the patients have abandoned the treatment at some point for fear of the side effects that they claim to have insulin(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Therapeutics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Insulin , Pancreas/physiopathology , Blood Glucose , Surveys and Questionnaires , Drug Therapy , Life Style
13.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 27: 1-8, fev. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357986

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the volume of participation in exercise programs offered in Primary Health Care (PHC), for 24 weeks on blood biochemical parameters of adult women. Three Basic Health Units in Rio Claro City (São Paulo) were selected and 2 exercise inter-ventions were implemented with different volumes (3 weekly sessions, 90 minutes each; 2 weekly sessions, 60 minutes each). In total, 53 participants remained until the end of the interventions. Regardless of their number of absences, they were divided into 4 groups, according to the volume of participation (calculated individually according to the duration of sessions and the number of classes held), forming groups according to quartiles: Low Volume Group (LVG; 57.62 ± 9.97 years-old), Low Medium Volume Group (LMVG; 56.31 ± 12.18 years-old), High Medium Volume Group (HMVG; 53.00 ± 10.25 years-old), and High-Volume Group (HVG; 59.69 ± 7.66 years-old). Blood biochemical parameters were dosed using the ELISA method. The Generalized Estimation Equa-tion Model was used to compare the biochemical parameters (time, group, and interaction; p ≤ 0.05). The analysis showed significant and positive time effect for low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and glycemia in all groups and for total cholesterol (TC) in LVG, LMVG and HMVG; a significant group effect for HVG on TC (higher levels compared to all other groups) and LDL (higher levels compared to LVG and LMVG). It is concluded that the physical exercise programs offered in the PHC contributed to a significant reduction in LDL and blood glucose levels, regardless of the vol-ume of participation of individuals in the programs


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito do volume de participação em programas de exercícios, ofer-tados na Atenção Primária à Saúde (APS), durante 24 semanas, nos parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos de mulheres adultas. Foram selecionadas 03 Unidades Básicas de Saúde de Rio Claro-São Paulo e implementa-das 2 intervenções de exercícios com diferentes volumes (3 sessões/semana, 90 minutos cada; 2 sessões/semana, 60 minutos cada). No total, 53 participantes se mantiveram até o final das intervenções, independentemente do número de faltas foram divididos em 4 grupos, de acordo com o volume de participação (calculado con-forme a duração das sessões e a quantidade de aulas realizadas de forma individual), formando os grupos segundo os quartis: Grupo Baixo Volume (GBV; 57,62 ± 9,97 anos), Grupo Baixo Médio Volume (GBMV; 56,31 ± 12,18 anos), Grupo Médio Alto Volume (GMAV; 53,00 ± 10,25 anos) e Grupo Alto Volume (GAV; 59,69 ± 7,66 anos). Os parâmetros bioquímicos sanguíneos foram dosados pelo método ELISA. Foi utilizado o Modelo de Equações de Estimações Generalizadas para a comparação dos parâmetros bioquímicos (tempo, grupo e interação; p ≤ 0,05). A análise evidenciou efeito significativo favorável do tempo para lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) e glicemia em todos os grupos e para colesterol total (CT) no GVB, GBMV e GMAV; e efeito significativo do grupo para GAV no CT (maiores níveis comparado a todos os grupos) e LDL (maiores níveis comparados ao GBV e GBMV ). Conclui-se que o programa de exercício físico ofertado na APS contribuiu para a redução significativa dos níveis de LDL e glicemia, independentemente do volume de participação dos indivíduos nos programas


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Exercise/physiology , Cholesterol/blood , Primary Health Care , Time Factors , Community Participation , Exercise Therapy/methods
14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 234-238, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365363

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to verify whether the parameters of the blood count and the fasting glucose level before treatment are related to prognosis and survival in cervical cancer (IIB-IVB staging). METHODS: Patients with cervical cancer (stages IIB-IVB) were evaluated (n=80). Age, parity, staging, histological grade, histological type, hemoglobin, red blood cells, hematocrit, neutrophil, lymphocyte and platelet counts, red blood cell distribution width, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-lymphocyte ratio, fasting glucose levels, overall survival, and disease-free survival were evaluated. The results of laboratory parameters were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to obtain the area under the curve and determine the best cutoff values for each parameter. Survival was verified by using the Kaplan-Meier method, followed by the log-rank test. The level of significance was ≤0.05. RESULTS: Regarding staging, lower hemoglobin values (p=0.0013), red blood cells (p=0.009), hematocrit (p=0.0016), higher leukocytes (p=0.0432), neutrophils (p=0.0176), platelets (p=0.0140), red blood cell distribution width (RDW) (p=0.0073), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (p=0.0039), platelet-lymphocyte ratio (p=0.0006), and fasting glucose level (p=0.0278) were found in IIIA-IVB compared with IIB staging. Shorter disease-free survival was associated with hemoglobin ≤12.3 g/dl (p=0.0491), hematocrit ≤38.5% (p=0.05), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio >2.9 (p=0.0478), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio >184.9 (p=0.0207). Shorter overall survival was associated with hemoglobin ≤12.3 g/dl (p=0.0131), hematocrit ≤38.5% (p=0.0376), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio >2.9 (p=0.0258), and platelet-lymphocyte ratio >184.9 (p=0.0038). CONCLUSION: The analysis of these low-cost and easily accessible parameters could be a way to monitor patients in order to predict treatment failures and act as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Blood Glucose , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Fasting
15.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1367503

ABSTRACT

Em pacientes críticos o risco nutricional e a hiperglicemia associam-se ao aumento da incidência de desfechos desfavoráveis. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do risco nutricional pelo Nutrition Risk in Critically III, versão modificada (mNUTRIC) e perfil glicêmico nos desfechos de alta, óbito e tempo de internação de pacientes críticos e verificar o impacto das ferramentas Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Disease Classification System II (APACHE II) e do Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) nesses desfechos. Método: Estudo longitudinal prospectivo desenvolvido em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Foram incluídos adultos, com tempo ≥ 48 horas de internação e com registro mínimo de duas aferições glicêmicas. Excluíram-se pacientes em cuidados paliativos, readmitidos nas UTI e gestantes. O teste Exato de Fisher e Shapiro Wilk foram utilizados para avaliar as variáveis categóricas e contínuas, respectivamente. Posteriormente, utilizou-se o teste de Mann-Whitney ou t-Student não pareado. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística e linear. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Ao avaliar 35 pacientes, 45,7% apresentaram alto risco nutricional. Foi observado associação do risco nutricional com os desfechos de alta e óbito; o SOFA associou-se ao óbito e tempo de internação. O incremento de 1 ponto no escore do SOFA aumentou a chance de óbito em 83% e tempo maior de internação em 0,49 dias. O perfil glicêmico e APACHE II não se associou aos desfechos. Conclusão: o escore SOFA foi o instrumento que apresentou associações significativas com o desfecho do óbito e maior tempo de internação de pacientes críticos


In critically ill patients, nutritional risk and hyperglycemia are associated with an increased incidence of unfavorable outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of nutritional risk by the Nutrition Risk in Critically III, modified version (mNUTRIC) and glycemic profile in the outcomes of discharge, death and length of stay in critically ill patients and to verify the impact of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Disease Classification System II (APACHE II) and the Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) tools on these outcomes. Method: Prospective longitudinal study developed in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Adults were included, with ≥ 48 hours of hospitalization and with a minimum record of two blood glucose measurements. Patients in palliative care, readmitted to ICU and pregnant women were excluded. Fisher's Exact test and Shapiro Wilk test were used to evaluate categorical and continuous variables, respectively. Subsequently, the Mann-Whitney or unpaired t-Student test was used. Logistic and linear regression analysis was performed. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results: When evaluating 35 patients, 45.7% were at high nutritional risk. An association was observed between nutritional risk and discharge and death outcomes; SOFA was associated with death and length of hospital stay. The increment of 1 point in the SOFA score increased the chance of death by 83% and a longer hospital stay by 0.49 days. Glycemic profile and APACHE II were not associated with outcomes. Conclusion: the SOFA score was the instrument that showed significant associations with the outcome of death and longer hospital stay in critically ill patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Blood Glucose , Malnutrition/physiopathology , Patient Acuity , Patient Discharge , Nutrition Surveys/methods , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , APACHE , Malnutrition/mortality , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Hyperglycemia/mortality , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939760

ABSTRACT

The continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) has been clinically applied to monitor the dynamic change of the subcutaneous interstitial glucose concentration which is a function of the blood glucose level by glucose sensors. It can track blood glucose levels all day along, and thus provide comprehensive and reliable information about blood glucose dynamics. The clinical application of CGMS enables monitoring of blood glucose fluctuations and the discovery of hidden hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia that are difficult to be detected by traditional methods. As a CGMS needs to work subcutaneously for a long time, a series of factors such as biocompatibility, enzyme inactivation, oxygen deficiency, foreign body reaction, implant size, electrode flexibility, error correction, comfort, device toxicity, electrical safety, et al. should be considered beforehand. The study focused on the difficulties in the technology, and compared the products of Abbott, Medtronic and DexCom, then summarized their cutting-edge. Finally, this study expounded some key technologies in dynamic blood glucose monitoring and therefore can be utilized as a reference for the development of CGMS.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Hypoglycemia , Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods , Monitoring, Physiologic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935291

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the effect of psychological suggestion combined with rational food restriction therapy on blood glucose, lipid metabolism and mental resilience in patients with diabetes. Methods: Patients with diabetes admitted to the Third Hospital of Nanchang from January 2020 to August 2020 were divided into the control group and the intervention group with randomized controlled and single blind methods. The control group was treated with routine dietary guidance and health education, and the intervention group was treated with psychological suggestion combined with rational diet therapy on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated for 3 months. Blood glucose, lipid metabolism, mental resilience and quality of life were compared between the two groups at baseline and after 3-month intervention. Differences between groups and within groups were analyzed by t test and χ2 test. Results: 100 patients in the control group and 81 patients in the intervention group completed 3-month intervention. After 3-month intervention, the levels of glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride in both groups were lower than those before intervention. The levels of these indicators in intervention group were lower than those in control group (P<0.05). However, the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and the scores of tenacity, self-reliance, optimism, role function, emotional function, social function, physical function and cognitive function in both groups were higher than those before intervention. These indicators in intervention group were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Psychological suggestion combined with rational food restriction therapy could effectively improve the glucose and lipid metabolism, mental resilience, and quality of life among patients with diabetes.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Quality of Life , Single-Blind Method
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 243-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935135

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between fasting blood glucose level and thromboembolism events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Methods: This was an observational study based on data from a multicenter, prospective Chinese atrial fibrillation registry cohort, which included 18 703 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in 31 hospitals in Beijing from August 2011 to December 2018. Patients were divided into 5 groups according to status of comorbid diabetes and fasting glucose levels at admission: normal blood glucose (normal glucose group), pre-diabetes group, strict glycemic control group, average glycemic control group and poor glycemic control group. Patients were followed up by telephone or outpatient service every 6 months. The primary follow-up endpoint was thromboembolic events, including ischemic stroke and systemic embolism. The secondary endpoint was the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death and thromboembolic events. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multifactorial Cox regression were used to analyze the correlation between fasting glucose levels and endpoint events. Results: The age of 18 703 patients with NVAF was (63.8±12.0) years, and there were 11 503 (61.5%) male patients. There were 11 877 patients (63.5%) in normal blood glucose group, 2 023 patients (10.8%)in pre-diabetes group, 1 131 patients (6.0%) in strict glycemic control group, 811 patients in average glycemic control group and 2 861 patients(4.3%) in poor glycemic control group. Of the 4 803 diabetic patients, 1 131 patients (23.5%) achieved strict glycemic control, of whom 328 (29.0%) were hypoglycemic (fasting blood glucose level<4.4 mmol/L at admission). During a mean follow-up of (51±23) months (up to 82 months), thromboembolic events were reported in 984 patients (5.3%). The survival curve analysis of Kaplan Meier showed that the incidence rates of thromboembolic events in normal glucose group, pre-diabetes group, strict glycemic control group, average glycemic control group and poor glycemic control group were 1.10/100, 1.41/100, 2.09/100, 1.46/100 and 1.71/100 person-years, respectively (χ²=53.0, log-rank P<0.001). The incidence rates of composite endpoint events were 1.86/100, 2.17/100, 4.08/100, 2.58/100, 3.16/100 person-years (χ²=72.3, log-rank P<0.001). The incidence of thromboembolic events and composite endpoint events in the other four groups were higher than that in the normal blood glucose group (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that compared with normal glucose group, the risk of thromboembolism increased in pre-diabetes group(HR=1.23, 95%CI 1.00-1.51, P=0.049), strict glycemic control group(HR=1.32, 95%CI 1.06-1.65, P=0.013) and poor glycemic control group(HR=1.26, 95%CI 1.01-1.58, P=0.044). Conclusion: Both high or low fasting glucose may be an independent risk factor for thromboembolic events in patients with NVAF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Blood Glucose/analysis , Fasting , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Thromboembolism/etiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928780

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are widely used in clinic, and the incidence of rare adverse events are increasing. The aim of this paper is to better define the rare adverse effect of diabetes mellitus associated with ICIs. We report 2 cases of diabetes mellitus associated with ICIs. Literature review was conducted and we discussed the clinical presentation, potential mechanisms and suggestions for optimal management. Two patients were both elderly women, case 1 had increased blood glucose after 7 months of using Durvalumab, and cases 2 had diabetic ketoacidosis after 6 weeks of using Pembrolizumab. Both patients were administered exogenous insulin to control blood glucose. Case 1 has been treated with Durvalumab until now and case 2 discontinued using of Pembrolizumab. HLA genotypes and other factors may explain the risk factors of diabetes associated with ICIs in some individuals. Diabetes mellitus associated with ICIs is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening endocrine system adverse event, which requires doctors to be vigilant. The patients who use ICIs need to monitor blood glucose. If they have hyperglycemia, endocrinologists should be asked to assist in diagnosis and treatment.
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Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/adverse effects , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among Uygur children in Hotan Prefecture of Xinjiang, China, as well as the factors influencing the development of DM.@*METHODS@#The cluster random sampling method was used to select 5 308 children, aged 4-18 years, from the middle and primary schools and kindergartens in Hotan Prefecture of Xinjiang. The survey methods included questionnaire survey and the measurement of height and weight. All subjects were tested for fasting fingertip blood glucose to investigate the prevalence of DM and impaired fasting glucose (IFG).@*RESULTS@#A total of 5 184 valid questionnaires were collected. Fourteen children (0.27%) were found to have DM, among whom 8 had type 1 DM, 2 had type 2 DM, and 4 had unclassified DM. Twenty-nine children (0.56%) were found to have IFG. There was no significant difference in the prevalence rate of DM and IFG between boys and girls (P>0.05). The prevalence rate of DM was 0.18% in the 4-<10 years group, 0.47% in the 10-<15 years group, and 0.07% in the 15-18 years group (P=0.072).The prevalence rate of IFG in the above three age groups was 0.18%, 0.94%, and 0.42%, respectively, with a significant difference among groups (P=0.007). The proportion of family history of DM and the proportion of overweight/obesity in children with DM were significantly higher than those in children without DM (P<0.05), while the proportion of children with DM who preferred coarse grains was significantly lower than that in children without DM (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of DM and IFG in Uyghur children in Hotan Prefecture of Xinjiang is relatively low. There is no significant difference in the prevalence of DM among children of different genders or age groups, but the prevalence of IFG in children of different age groups is different. A family history of DM, overweight or obesity, and low intake of coarse grains might be associated with the development of DM.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Male , Pediatric Obesity , Prediabetic State/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors
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