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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-7, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1354717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the interaction of the dental anxiety precedents at the first dental examination and the AB secretor status of blood groups (A, B, AB, and O) on dental caries experience and severity in a group of school children. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study included 81 healthy children aged 6-8 years from primary schools in Baghdad; with negative previous dental visit. Dental anxiety represented by physiological measures was measured by pulse oximeter. Dental caries experience and severity was recorded. Unstimulated salivary samples were taken from the children to determine the salivary secretor status for AB blood type. Results: The anxiety was decreased as age increases; boys were more anxious than girls; and more anxious children were found in non-secretor group; Dental caries was higher in non-secretor anxious children all with non-significant difference. Conclusion: There is little evidence that the AB secretor status and anxiety to have influence on dental caries experience and severity, as there are many factors may interact to propagate the caries experience and severity. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a interação dos precedentes da ansiedade odontológica no primeiro atendimento e o status secretor do grupo sanguíneo ABO (A, B, AB, and O) na experiência e severidade de carie dental em um grupo de crianças em fase escolar. Material e Métodos: Este estudo cruzado incluiu 81 crianças saudáveis, com 6-8 anos de idade de escola primária em Baghdad; sem atendimento odontológico prévio. A ansiedade odontológica representada por medidas fisiológicas foi avaliada pelo oxímetro de pulso. A experiência à cárie bem como a severidade foram registradas. Amostras de saliva não estimulada foram coletadas das crianças para se determinar o status secretor salivar para tipo sanguíneo AB. Resultados: A ansiedade diminuiu conforme a idade aumentava; meninos foram mais ansiosos do que as meninas; e crianças mais ansiosas foram encontradas no grupo não secretor. A cárie dental foi maior no grupo não secretor de crianças ansiosas sem diferença significante. Conclusão: Há uma pequena evidência de que o status secretor AB e ansiedade tem influência na experiência e na severidade da cárie dental, assim como há vários fatores que podem interagir para propagar a experiência de cárie e sua severidade.(AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Blood Group Antigens , Dental Anxiety , Dental Caries
2.
Mediterr J Pharm Pharm Sci ; 2(1): 65-72, 2022. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1363903

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Vitamin D is a hormone which plays a vital role in immune response regulation, including the prevention of inflammation and autoimmunity. Insufficient vitamin D may increase the risk of infection. Vitamin D deficiency is not the only factor linked to an elevated risk of COVID-19 infection. Recent studies have discovered a link between SARS-COV-2 infection risk and blood type. This study was aimed to examine the association of vitamin D and blood groups with the severity of COVID-19. A retrospective study was conducted on 224 confirmed COVID-19 patients, aged between 18 and 89 years old. Patients were divided into three groups (asymptomatic, moderate, and severe cases), and serum 25(OH)D concentration and blood group were analyzed for all the patients. Data of the severe cases were obtained from Souq Althalath Isolation Center, Tripoli, Libya, while moderate and asymptomatic cases were obtained from Abushusha Polyclinic and Aldahmani COVID Filtration Center, during 22nd February 2021 and 28th April 2021 and serum 25(OH)D concentration and blood group were statistically analyzed for all the patients. The percentages of males andfemales were found to be 47.3% and 52.7%, respectively. Disease severity was distributed as follows: 12.5% asymptomatic, 44.6 % moderate and 42.9% severe. Most of the severe cases had vitamin D deficiency (88.5%). Among the severely ill patients, 39.6% had blood group A and 09.4% had group O, while 22.9%, and 28.1% had blood group B and AB, respectively. In contrast, among the asymptomatic patients, only 7.1% had group A and 85.7% had group O. Overall, the difference in the distribution pattern of blood group in the three severity categories was highly significant (p < 0.001). The prevalence of Rh positivity among asymptomatic, moderate and severe cases was 78.6%, 76.0%, and 60.4%, respectively. This study concludes that insufficient vitamin D levels might influence the severity of COVID-19. COVID-19 patients with blood group A and those who are Rh-positive could be more vulnerable to developing COVID-19 severity


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Antigens , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Severity of Illness Index
3.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 643-650, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355739

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Hay pocos reportes de enfermedad hemolítica del feto y del recién nacido causada por aloanticuerpos contra el sistema de antígenos MNS, especialmente, porque los anticuerpos que se generan contra estos antígenos son del tipo IgM, los cuales tienen reactividad a temperaturas inferiores a los 37 °C, y, por lo tanto, no son de importancia clínica. A pesar de ello, se han reportado casos con presencia de anticuerpos anti-M de tipo IgG causantes de la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido e, incluso, casos de muerte intrauterina por incompatibilidad materno-fetal en el sistema MNS. El proceso hemolítico se asemeja al causado por los anticuerpos anti-Kell, con anemia progresiva por supresión hematopoyética que induce la destrucción de precursores hematopoyéticos en la médula ósea y ausencia de reticulocitos en la periferia. Se reporta el caso de una mujer con 38,5 semanas de gestación, que presentó discrepancia en la hemoclasificación directa y en la inversa. Como resultado, el recién nacido fue positivo en la prueba de Coombs directa sin que existiera incompatibilidad ABO con la madre. La correlación de estos resultados llevó a la detección de un anticuerpo anti-M en el suero materno. El diagnóstico definitivo fue posible gracias a la discrepancia en la hemoclasificación de la sangre materna. A pesar de que los anticuerpos anti-M usualmente no desempeñan un papel importante en la enfermedad hemolítica perinatal, este caso resalta la importancia de determinar la presencia de diferentes anticuerpos que pueden ser de vital interés a la hora de prevenir resultados graves asociados con dicha condición. Además, abre la puerta a nuevas recomendaciones relacionadas con la tamización y el tratamiento temprano de la hemólisis en los recién nacidos.


Abstract | There are few case reports of hemolytic disease in fetuses and newborns (HDFN) caused by alloantibodies against the MNS blood group system. The reason for this dearth is that antibodies toward these antigens are usually IgM, which not only cannot cross the placental circulation but also react at temperatures below 37°C. They are, therefore, of minimal clinical importance. Nevertheless, cases have been reported in which the presence of anti-M IgG antibodies caused severe HDFN and even intrauterine death in the presence of maternal-fetal MNS incompatibility indicating that they could have a high clinical impact. The hemolytic pattern observed in these cases is similar to that caused by anti-Kell antibodies. Progressive anemia is mediated and developed through hematopoietic suppression inducing the destruction of bone marrow precursor cells with the resulting absence of reticulocytes in peripheral blood. This occurred in the case of a woman at 38.5 weeks of gestation who showed a discrepancy between direct and reverse blood type determination. A direct Coombs test was performed on the newborn's blood, which was positive in the absence of maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility. Further tests were performed and anti-M antibodies were found in the maternal serum screening. Our final diagnosis was largely due to discrepancy issues in maternal blood. Although anti-M antibodies do not usually play a significant role in HDFN, this case stresses the importance of identifying the presence of antibodies that can be crucial in preventing HDFN and lead to new recommendations for the screening and prompt treatment of hemolysis in newborns.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Erythroblastosis, Fetal , Blood Group Incompatibility , Coombs Test , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal , Jaundice, Neonatal
4.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(5): 395-403, 01-oct-2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357974

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la posibilidad de que el grupo sanguíneo (GS) predisponga a infección por SARS-CoV-2 es controversial. Objetivo: comparar prevalencia de GS, anti-IgG SARS-CoV-2 y síntomas más frecuentes, en personal de salud convaleciente frente a controles previo a la vacunación. Material y métodos: diseño transversal analítico de casos y controles, que incluyó personal de salud, de marzo a junio de 2020, confirmados con reaccion en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR-SARS-CoV-2) y controles negativos con PCR y anti-IgG-SARS-COV-2. Se les interrogó sobre los síntomas y se determinó el GS. Se empleó estadística descriptiva y análisis comparativo con chi cuadrada o prueba exacta de Fisher y t de Student o U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: de 218 trabajadores, 102 (46.8%) fueron casos confirmados para SARS-CoV-2 (convalecientes) y 116 controles. La distribución de GS fue similar entre los casos y los controles y el GS-O+ fue el más frecuente (52.9%). El riesgo de infectarse de SARS-CoV-2 para el GS-O, comparado con GS-No-O mostró menor tendencia: razón de momios [RM] 0.725 (intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC 95%] 0.416-1.261; p = ns). El GS-A (28.4%) comparado con GS-No-A (71.6%) mostró tendencia de incremento del riesgo en GS-A, RM 1.523 (IC 95% 0.818-2.837, p = ns). La presencia de anticuerpos IgG de SARS-CoV-2 fue del 85% en el grupo de convalecientes. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de infectados fue proporcionalmente mayor para GS-A y menor para GS-O. Alrededor de 15% no desarrollaron anticuerpos de SARS-CoV-2 después de recuperarse de COVID-19.


Background: The possibility that the blood group (BG) predisposes to SARS-CoV-2 infection is controversial. Objective: To compare the prevalence of BG, anti-IgG SARS-CoV-2, and more frequent symptoms in convalescent health personnel vs controls prior to vaccination. Material and methods: Analytical cross-sectional design of cases and controls, which included health personnel, from March to June 2020, confirmed with (polymerase chain reaction) PCR-SARS-CoV-2 and negative controls with PCR and anti-IgG-SARS-CoV-2. Participants were questioned concerning symptoms and BG was determined. It was used descriptive statistics and comparative analysis with chi squared, Fisher's exact test, Student's t, and Mann Whitney's U tests. Results: Of 218 workers, 102 (46.8%) were confirmed cases for SARS-CoV-2 (convalescent) and 116 controls. The distribution of BG was similar between cases and controls, being BG-O + the most frequent (52.9%). The risk of becoming infected by SARS-CoV-2 for BG-O compared to BG-No-O showed a lower trend (odds ratio [OR] 0.725, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.416-1.261, p = ns). The BG-A (28.4%) compared with BG-No-A (71.6%) showed a trend of increased risk in BG-A (OR 1.523, 95% CI 0.818-2.837, p = ns). The presence of SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies was 85% in the convalescent group. Conclusions: The prevalence of infected was proportionally higher for BG-A and lower for BG-O. About 15% did not develop SARS-CoV-2 antibodies after overcoming COVID-19 disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Antigens , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hemic and Immune Systems , Vaccination , Health Personnel , Mexico
5.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e1566, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347450

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Habana fue el territorio más complejo a nivel nacional en el enfrentamiento al primer brote de la COVID-19. Su condición de capital, la densidad poblacional, la escasa delimitación geográfica entre sus municipios, el elevado flujo intermunicipal e interprovincial de personas, sumado a que es la provincia que mayor número de viajeros recibe procedentes del extranjero, confirieron a este territorio particularidades en el enfrentamiento a la pandemia. Objetivo: Determinar las principales características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes cubanos residentes en La Habana afectados por la COVID-19. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal. La muestra quedó formada por 431 pacientes, mayores de un año, de alta epidemiológica de la infección por SARS-CoV-2. Para la recolección de información se aplicó un cuestionario a través de una entrevista. Resultados: La edad promedio de la muestra fue de 45 años. Más de la mitad de los casos evolucionaron de modo sintomático (no grave o grave). La fiebre fue la manifestación clínica más frecuente. Los individuos incluidos en la muestra, con grupo sanguíneo O, o con antecedentes de asma, mostraron menos riesgo de presentar formas sintomáticas de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que la edad constituye el principal factor de riesgo para desarrollar formas sintomáticas (no graves o graves) de la COVID-19. De modo contrario, el grupo sanguíneo O y el antecedente de asma son factores de protección para estas formas de evolución clínica(AU)


Introduction: Havana city was the most complex territory at the national level facingthe first outbreak of COVID-19. Its condition of capital, the population density, the limited geographical delimitation between its municipalities, the high inter-municipal and inter-provincial flow of people, added to the fact that it is the province that receives the largest number of travelers from abroad, conferred particularities on this territory. Objective: To determine the main clinical-epidemiological characteristics of patients affected by COVID-19 living in Havana. Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out. The sample contained 431 patients, older than one year, with epidemiological discharge from the SARS-CoV-2 infection. To collect information, a questionnaire was applied through an interview. Results: The average age of the sample was 45 years. More than half of the cases evolved in a symptomatic way (not serious or serious). Fever was the most frequent clinical manifestation. The individuals included in the sample, with blood group O or with a background of asthma, showed less risk of presenting symptomatic forms of the disease. Conclusions: The results suggest that age is the main risk factor for developing symptomatic forms (not severe or severe) of COVID-19. On the contrary, blood group O and a history of asthma are protective factors for these forms of clinical evolution(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Group Antigens , Adaptation, Psychological , Population Density , Protective Factors , COVID-19 , Clinical Evolution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Clinical Laboratory Techniques
6.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(1): 48-52, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255423

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Portadores do traço falciforme podem doar sangue, porém requerem maior atenção ao direcionamento da sua transfusão. Considerando o perfil étnico- racial da região sul do Brasil, o presente artigo teve como objetivo analisar o perfil e a prevalência de Hemoglobina S em um hemocentro público de Porto Alegre. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo realizado através de uma pesquisa em banco de dados cadastrais e de resultados de testes imunológicos no período de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2019. Resultados: Foram obtidos um total de 8.2363 registros cadastrais e 6.7184 testes imunológicos. Dos testes, 467 foram positivos para Hemoglobina S de 134 doadores distintos. O percentual de Hb S positiva apresentou uma média de 0,7% anual entre todos os doadores. Entre doadores autodeclarados "Negros" a prevalência é de 0,92% e "Caucasianos" é de 0,13%. Conclusão: Os dados corroboram com a literatura, porém o espectro social que abrange as denominações "Caucasiano Brasileiro" e "Mestiço" permanecem em questionamento dentro da relevância do marcador étnico da Hemoglobina S no Rio Grande do Sul. (AU)


Introduction: People with sickle cell trait can donate blood, but special attention should be paid to the transfusion recipient. Considering the ethnic-racial profile of Southern Brazil, this article aimed to analyze the profile and prevalence of hemoglobin S in a public blood bank in Porto Alegre. Methods: A quantitative, retrospective, and cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the profile of blood donors positively screened for hemoglobin S from January 2015 to December 2019 in a public blood bank in Southern Brazil. Results: A total of 82,363 records and 67,184 immunohematological tests were obtained. Regarding the tests, 467 were positive for hemoglobin S among 134 different donors. The percentage of positive hemoglobin S has remained stable over the years, with an annual average of 0.7%. The prevalence of self-reported "black" and "Brazilian Caucasian" blood donors was 0.92% and 0.13%, respectively. Conclusions: The data are in accordance with the literature; however, the social spectrum that comprises the terms "Brazilian Caucasian" and "mixed-race" remains in question regarding the relevance of the ethnic marker of hemoglobin S in Southern Brazil. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Blood Donors , Hemoglobin, Sickle/analysis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Banks , Blood Group Antigens , Ethnic Groups , Prevalence
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922598

ABSTRACT

As a stable genetic marker of human, blood group is expressed in a polymorphic system in the population. Blood group and pathogens mainly produce effects through the interaction between antigens and antibodies. On the one hand, they can promote pathogen colonization, invasion or evasion of host clearance mechanism, and on the other hand, they can make some hosts less susceptible to corresponding pathogens. By exploring the molecular mechanism between the blood group system and pathogenic microorganisms, it can provide a scientific basis for the treatment of human related diseases and the development of vaccines.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens/genetics , Disease Susceptibility , Humans
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1940-1944, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution of Rh phenotype, irregular antibodies screenting and postpartum follow-up of RhD@*METHODS@#The samples of 313 RhD@*RESULTS@#The Rh serological phenotypes of 313 RhD@*CONCLUSION@#The Rh serological phenotype of RhD


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Female , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Diagnosis , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the distribution characteristics of main antigen gene frequencies of Duffy,Diego,Kidd,Dombrock,MNS,Lutheran,Kell,Colton,Scianna,Yt,Knops and Indian in red blood cell blood group system of Li nationality in Hainan Province.@*METHODS@#Antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province were genotyped and analyzed by polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP).@*RESULTS@#The gene frequency of antigens in twelve rare blood group systems of 214 Li people in Hainan Province including: the gene frequency of Duffy blood group system: fy@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic distribution and genetic status in twelve rare blood group systems of Li nationality in Hainan Province are relatively stable. The gene distribution of Duffy, Diego, Kidd, Drombrock, MNS and Lutheran blood group systems are polymorphic and show unique distribution characteristics compared with other regions and different nationalities. The gene frequency distribution of Kell、Colton、Scianna、Yt、Knops、Indian blood group systems are monomorphic.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Kidd Blood-Group System , Polymorphism, Genetic
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880068

ABSTRACT

There were three new blood group systems including the KANNO blood group system, the Sid blood group system and the CTL2 blood group system (provisional status), have been registered by the International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) registered Science August 2019. The main reason for this update is that the significant SNPs of the KANNO blood group system (rs1800014) and the Sid blood group system (rs7224888) have been found through genome-wide association studies and whole exome sequencing. The new genetic evidences are consistent with the current immunological findings. In addition, although CTL2 antigen has been found on erythrocyte ghost (erythrocyte membrane) since 2017, CTL2 blood group system is still in provisional status due to lack of serological and genetic evidence. In this review, the experimental research advances of these three ISBT blood group systems and discuss the clinical value of the relevant researches was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1325-1329, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of screening cell combination method in the prediction of red blood cell alloantibody, so as to provide basis for clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#From October 2018 to April 2020, 9 680 samples were screened with automatic blood group instrument, 79 patients with positive alloantibodies were identified by 4 sets of screening cells from different manufacturers (referred to as combined method). At the same time, cell panel Panocell-16 was used for comparative analysis. Meanwhile, the combined method was also used to identify the antibodies of 20 samples from National Center for Clinical Laboratories external quality assessment (EQA) in China and 12 samples from WHO EQA.@*RESULTS@#The 79 alloantibodies included anti-Mia antibody (7 cases), anti-M antibody (13 cases), anti-Le@*CONCLUSION@#The combined method can identify the alloantibodies of red blood cells in Chinese population. The screening cells can be used for screening of irregular antibodies without wasting reagents at the same time.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood Group Antigens , China , Erythrocytes , Humans , Isoantibodies
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1301-1307, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888556

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the characteristics of patients with mimicking specificity autoantibodies through the analysis of the causes of autoantibodies, specificity of antibodies, strategy of blood transfusion, effect of transfusion and distribution of antibodies in China and abroad.@*METHODS@#A total of 23 patients who applied for blood in our hospital from January 2017 to June 2019 were identified as mimicking specificity autoantibodies by antibody identification or absorption-elution test. The causes of mimicking specificity autoantibodies, antibody specificity, blood transfusion strategy and blood transfusion effect were analyzed. The relevant articles on antibodies published in China and abroad were summarized and sorted out, and the distribution of antibodies was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All the 23 patients with mimicking specificity autoantibodies were Rh blood group system antibodies, of which mimicking anti-Ce autoantibodies were the most common (34.8%), followed by mimicking anti-e autoantibodies (26.1%), mimicking anti-D autoantibodies (21.7%), mimicking anti-C autoantibodies (8.7%) and mimicking anti-E autoantibodies (8.7%). Except for 2 cases with suspected history of blood transfusion, the other 21 cases had a history of blood transfusion / pregnancy. The most common cause of mimicking autoantibodies was drug, followed by infection and autoimmune diseases. The hemoglobin (Hb) of pretransfusion in the blood transfusion group was (48.4±23.9) g/L, which was significantly lower than (86.0±38.9) g/L in the non-transfusion group (P<0.01). Except for 2 cases who could not evaluate the effect of blood transfusion, the effective rate of transfusion was 100%. According to the retrospective statistics of 32 related articles published in China and abroad, the most type of mimicking antibodies were in Rh blood group system, accounting for 79.28%, among which anti-E was the main part of all mimicking autoantibodies, accounting for 21.95%. The following ones were in Kidd system MNSs system, and Kell system.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined with the clinical symptoms and the degree of difficulty of blood matching, the best strategy of blood transfusion should be selected to ensure the safety of blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , Female , Humans , Isoantibodies , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
13.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(4): e1283, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a rare disorder characterized by hemolysis mediated by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. The demonstration of antibody specificity is a very difficult procedure since autoantibodies in general are nonspecific of antigens and react with all erythrocytes analyzed. Occasionally, specificity is observed against the Rh system antigens. Objective: To determinate the specificity of erythrocytes autoantibodies in DAT positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia by MAIEA technique. Methods: The specificity and isotype of erythrocyte autoantibodies were determined in the eluate of 109 blood samples from patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, by means of the MAIEA technique and the use of monoclonal antibodies that recognized 11 blood group systems and the protein CD47. Results: In 100 percent of cases autoantibodies against Rh system antigens were detected; in 24 cases we detected autoantibodies of IgA and IgM isotypes that recognized different antigens that were recognized by IgG isotype autoantibodies. For idiopathic and secondary warm autoimmune hemolytic anemias, predominance was observed against three or more specificities. IgG was detected in 99.09 percent of the eluates, IgA in 35.77 percent and IgM in 16.51 percent. The high degree of hemolysis was related to the presence of several isotype autoantibodies against four or more blood group specificities. Conclusions: The MAIEA technique is a sensitive method that can be used to determine the specificities and isotypes of autoantibodies in patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia.


Introducción: La anemia hemolítica autoinmune es un trastorno poco común, caracterizado por hemólisis mediada por autoanticuerpos dirigidos contra los glóbulos rojos. La demostración de la especificidad de los anticuerpos es un procedimiento muy difícil, ya que los autoanticuerpos en general no son específicos de los antígenos y reaccionan con todos los eritrocitos analizados. Ocasionalmente, se observa especificidad contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. Objetivo: Determinar la especificidad de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en pacientes con anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes PAD positivas con el empleo de la técnica MAIEA Métodos: Se determinó la especificidad e isotipo de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en el eluido de 109 muestras de sangre de pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente, mediante la técnica de MAIEA y el uso de anticuerpos monoclonales que reconocieron 11 sistemas de grupos sanguíneos y la proteína CD47. Resultados: En el ciento por ciento de los casos se detectaron autoanticuerpos contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. En 24 casos se descubrió autoanticuerpos de isotipos IgA e IgM que reconocieron diferentes antígenos que fueron a su vez reconocidos por autoanticuerpos de isotipo IgG. Se observó para las anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes calientes idiopáticas y secundarias; predominio frente a tres o más especificidades. Se detectó IgG en el 99,09 por ciento de los eluidos, IgA en 35,77 por ciento e IgM en 16,51 por ciento. El alto grado de hemólisis se relacionó con la presencia de varios isotipos de autoanticuerpos contra cuatro o más especificidades de grupos sanguíneos. Conclusiones: La técnica MAIEA es un método sensible que puede usarse para determinar las especificidades e isotipos de autoanticuerpos en pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Group Antigens , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Sensitivity and Specificity , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity
14.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(4): 366-370, 20201230. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247717

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um estudo das frequências dos principais antígenos e fenótipos dos sistemas de grupo sanguíneo: ABO, Rh, Kell. Métodos: A partir dos dados da fenotipagem estendida disponíveis no Sistema de Banco de Sangue (SBS web) de doadores de sangue da Fundação Hemopa, foram avaliadas as frequências absolutas e relativas. Resultados: Dentre os 1.474 doadores analisados houve predominância do tipo O (62,6%) e quanto ao Rh: D (85,5%). O antígeno mais frequente do sistema Rh foi: e (94,9%), e o fenótipo mais frequente: DCcee (27,5%). O antígeno mais frequente do sistema Kell foi: Kpb (100%), e o fenótipo: k+ K- (95,7%), Kp (a- b+) (99,4%). Conclusão: A identificação das frequências desses antígenos em diferentes populações pode auxiliar na rotina hemoterápica, facilitando a busca por hemocomponentes compatíveis, melhorando a segurança transfusional imunológica.


Objective: To study the frequencies of the major antigens of bloodgroup systems:ABO, Rh, Kell. Methods: From data of extendedphenotyping available in the Blood Bank System (SBS web) in blooddonors of the Hemopa Foundation, were evaluated absolute and relativefrequencies. Results: Among the 1.474 donors analyzed there was apredominance of type O (62.6%) and RhD (85.5%). The most frequentantigen from system Rh was: e (94,9%), and the most commonphenotype: DCcee (27,5%). The most frequent antigen from systemKell was: Kpb (100%), and the most common phenotypes: k + K-(95.7%), Kp (a- b +) (99.4%). Conclusion: Identifying the frequenciesof these antigens in different populations may help in the routine bloodtherapy, facilitating the search for compatible blood components,improving the immunological transfusion safety.


Subject(s)
Blood Banks , Blood Group Antigens , Blood Transfusion , ABO Blood-Group System , Biological Variation, Population , Kell Blood-Group System
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 774-780, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Previous research has suggested that individuals with different blood groups show varied incidences of noise-induced hearing loss. The reduced otoacoustic emissions amplitudes indicate the higher possibilities of outer hair cell damage for noise exposure. Objective: The objective is to analyze the characteristics of otoacoustic emissions, including the occurrence of spontaneous otoacoustic emission and the amplitudes of distortion product otoacoustic emission at certain frequencies in full term neonates with different ABO blood groups. Methods: A total of 80 selected full-term female neonates who passed the initial newborn hearing screen were enrolled into the study, with equal number of participants in four ABO blood groups (Blood Group A, Blood Group B, Blood Group AB, Blood Group O). Measurements of spontaneous otoacoustic emission and distortion product otoacoustic emission were performed in both ears for all participants. Results: (1) The blood group O participants showed significantly fewer spontaneous otoacoustic emission occurrences than the other three blood groups (A = 70%, B = 80%, AB = 67%, O = 25%, p < 0.05). (2) The blood group O participants showed lower DPOAE amplitudes at 1257 Hz (M = 4.55 dB, SD = 8.36), 1587 Hz (M = 11.60 dB, SD = 6.57), 3174 Hz (M = 7.25 dB, SD = 5.99), 5042 Hz (M = 13.60, SD = 6.70) than participants with the other three blood groups in left ears (p < 0.05). In right ears, the blood group O participants showed reduced amplitudes at 1257 Hz (M = 6.55 dB, SD = 8.36), 1587 Hz (M = 13.60 dB, SD = 6.57), 3174 Hz (M = 7.65 dB, SD = 6.43), 5042 Hz (M = 13.65 dB, SD = 6.50) than participants from non-O blood groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Female individuals with blood group O have lower otoacoustic emissions values than individuals with the other three blood groups. We need to further investigate the possible relationships between ABO blood group and cochlear function, including the potential influences of noise damage on cochlear outer hair cells.


Resumo Introdução: Pesquisas anteriores sugeriram que indivíduos de diferentes grupos sanguíneos apresentam incidências distintas de perda auditiva induzida por ruído. As amplitudes reduzidas das emissões otoacústicas indicaram maiores ou menores possibilidades de danos às células ciliadas por exposição a ruídos. Objetivo: Analisar as características das emissões otoacústicas, inclusive a ocorrência de emissões otoacústicas espontâneas e as amplitudes de emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção em determinadas frequências em neonatos a termo de diferentes grupos sanguíneos do sistema ABO. Método: Foram incluídos 80 neonatos a termo selecionados na triagem auditiva neonatal inicial para participar do estudo, com número igual de participantes de grupos sanguíneos do sistema ABO (grupo sanguíneo A, grupo sanguíneo B, grupo sanguíneo AB e grupo sanguíneo O). As emissões otoacústicas espontâneas e emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção foram medidas em ambas as orelhas de todos os participantes. Resultados: (1) Os participantes do grupo sanguíneo O apresentaram ocorrências de emissões otoacústicas espontâneas significantemente menores do que os dos outros três grupos sanguíneos (A = 70%, B = 80%, AB = 67%, O = 25%, p < 0,05). (2) Os participantes do grupo sanguíneo O apresentaram amplitudes de emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção mais baixas a 1257 Hz (M = 4,55 dB, DP = 8,36), 1587 Hz (M = 11,60 dB, DP = 6,57), 3174 Hz (M = 7,25 dB, DP = 5,99), 5042 Hz (M = 13,0, DP = 6,70) do que os participantes dos outros três grupos sanguíneos nas orelhas esquerdas (p < 0,05). Nas orelhas direitas, os participantes do grupo sanguíneo O apresentaram amplitudes reduzidas em 1257 Hz (M = 6,55 dB, DP = 8,36), 1587 Hz (M = 13,60 dB, DP = 6,57), 3174 Hz (M = 7,65 dB, DP = 6,43), 5042 Hz (M = 13,65 dB, DP = 6,50) em comparação aos participantes de grupos sanguíneos não O (p < 0,05). Conclusão: Os indivíduos do sexo feminino do grupo sanguíneo O apresentaram valores menores de emissões otoacústicas do que os indivíduos dos outros três grupos sanguíneos. É necessário continuar a investigar as possíveis relações entre o grupo sanguíneo ABO e a função coclear, inclusive as possíveis influências do dano por ruídos às células ciliadas externas da cóclea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous , Blood Group Antigens , Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer , Term Birth , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Noise
16.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(2): e1104, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149901

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los sistemas sanguíneos ABO, Rh y Kell son lo más relevantes desde el punto de vista clínico por su inmunogenicidad y ser los principales causantes de reacciones hemolíticas. Objetivo: Determinar las frecuencias de los grupos sanguíneos ABO y Rh, y la frecuencia del antígeno Kell en pacientes y donantes de Costa Rica. Métodos: Durante el periodo de 2009 al 2018 se obtuvo de las bases de datos de los bancos de sangre de tres hospitales de adultos de Costa Rica, las frecuencias de los grupos sanguíneos ABO, Rh y Kell en muestras de donantes y pacientes. Para contrastar las frecuencias de cada grupo sanguíneo se realizó una prueba de independencia de variables Chi cuadrado, con el 95 por ciento de confianza. Los datos se analizaron con el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 23. Resultados: Las frecuencias de los grupos ABO en las muestras de donantes y pacientes mostraron diferencias pequeñas pero significativas. La frecuencia del fenotipo Rh D negativo fue más alta en pacientes (8,0 por ciento) que en donantes (6,1 por ciento). Se estimaron las frecuencias de los antígenos C (67,8 por ciento), c (80,5 por ciento), E (41,4 por ciento), e (94,4 por ciento) y K (3,1 por ciento) a partir de las muestras de los donantes. Conclusiones: Las estrategias de reclutamiento de donantes de sangre aumentan la frecuencia del fenotipo Rh negativo en donantes con respecto a los pacientes. Las estadísticas recopiladas demuestran un aumento en la frecuencia del grupo O en comparación con los últimos estudios relacionados. Finalmente, los otros antígenos presentaron pocas variaciones en comparación a estudios previos(AU)


Introduction: The ABO, Rh and Kell blood systems are the most relevant from the clinical point of view, due to their immunogenicity and because they are the main causes of hemolytic reactions. Objective: To determine the frequencies of ABO and Rh blood groups, and the frequency of the Kell antigen in patients and donors from Costa Rica. Methods: During the period from 2009 to 2018, the frequencies of ABO, Rh and Kell blood groups in donor and patient samples were obtained from the blood bank databases of three adult hospitals in Costa Rica. To contrast the frequencies of each blood group, a chi-square test of independence of variables was performed, with 95 percent confidence interval. The data were analyzed with the statistical package SPSS version 23. Results: The frequencies of ABO groups in donor and patient samples showed small but significant differences. The frequency of the negative Rh D phenotype was higher in patients (8.0 percent) than in donors (6.1 percent). The frequencies of the antigens C (67.8 percent), c (80.5 percent), E (41.4 percent), e (94.4 percent), and K (3.1 percent) were estimated from donor samples. Conclusions: Blood donor recruitment strategies increase the frequency of negative Rh phenotype in donors compared to patients. The statistics collected demonstrate an increase in the frequency of the O group compared to recent related studies. Finally, the other antigens did not show as much variation compared to previous studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Donors/statistics & numerical data , Blood Group Antigens/analysis , Blood Banks/statistics & numerical data , Costa Rica/epidemiology
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e135-e142, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100205

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Se ha demostrado, en diversos estudios llevados a cabo en adultos, que los grupos sanguíneos desempeñan un papel importante en muchas enfermedades. El objetivo fue investigar si hay una relación entre las morbilidades y el sistema de grupos sanguíneos ABO en lactantes prematuros.Metodología. En este estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, se incluyó a recién nacidos prematuros que habían nacido con menos de 32 semanas de gestación y con un peso al nacer inferior a 1500 g. Se los agrupó por grupo sanguíneo (0, A, B, AB) y por morbilidades de la prematurez y se los comparó.Resultados. Se analizaron los datos de 1785 recién nacidos prematuros de muy bajo peso al nacer. La comparación entre los grupos sanguíneos A y no A reveló que los lactantes de grupo sanguíneo A tenían una incidencia más alta de conducto arterial persistente (CAP) (48,7 % frente a 39,7 %, p = 0,005) y displasia broncopulmonar (DBP) (27 % frente a 20,8 %, p = 0,04), mientras que la incidencia de la hemorragia intraventricular de grado ≥3 era más baja (5,1 % frente a 10,1 %, p = 0,006).Conclusión. Este estudio es la primera y más grande investigación sobre la relación entre los grupos sanguíneos y las morbilidades en los prematuros. Con estos resultados se demuestra que el grupo sanguíneo A podría ser un factor de riesgo de CAP y DBP


Objectives. Blood groups have been shown to play an important role in a lot of diseases in various studies conducted in adults. The objective was to investigate whether there is a relationship between morbidities and ABO blood groups system in preterm infants.Methodology. This retrospective cohort study included preterm neonates born at < 32 weeks of gestation with a birth weight < 1500 g. Neonates were grouped by blood type (O, A, B, AB) and morbidities of prematurity were compared among these groups. Results. Data pertaining to 1785 very low birth weight preterm neonates were analyzed. Comparison of the A and non-A blood groups revealed that infants with blood group A had significantly higher incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (48.7 % vs. 39.7 %, p = 0.005) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (27 % vs. 20.8 %, p = 0.04), while the incidence of grade ≥ 3 intraventricular hemorrhage was lower (5.1 % vs. 10.1 %, p = 0.006).Conclusion. This study represents the first and biggest series examination of the relationship between blood groups and preterm morbidities. Our results show that blood group A may be a risk factor for PDA and BPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , ABO Blood-Group System , Infant, Premature , Blood Group Antigens , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Ductus Arteriosus , Cerebral Intraventricular Hemorrhage
18.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC4582, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039732

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The correct identification of erythrocyte antibodies is fundamental for the searching for compatible blood and haemolytic transfusion reactions prevention. Antibodies against antigens of high prevalence are difficult to identify because of the rarity of their occurrence and unavailability of negative red cells for confirmation. We report a case of 46-years-old woman, diagnosed with hemoglobinopathy, and who had symptomatic fall in hemoglobin levels (5.3g/dL) after blood transfusion suggestive of transfusion reaction. The patient's blood type was O RhD-positive. Irregular antibody screening was positive and demonstrated a panreaction against all erythrocytes tested, but this result was not reactive with dithiothreitol. Using negative red cells for antigens of high prevalence of our inventory we could identify in the serum of the same erythrocytes an anti-Holley antibody associated with anti-E. Molecular analysis confirmed that the patient was negative for E and Holley antigens. The crossmath with compatible units confirmed the results. Holley is a high prevalence antigen of the Dombrock blood system whose negative phenotype is extremely rare in all populations and is associated with hemolytic transfusion reactions. This is an antibody that is difficult to identify because laboratories need to have experience in solving complex cases, and have available a large stock of rare sera and erythrocytes, as well other tools such as enzymes, thiol reagents and molecular tests. The correct identification of a rare antibody is initial and mandatory for searching of compatible donors, and to guarantee a satisfactory transfusional support.


RESUMO A correta identificação dos anticorpos eritrocitários é fundamental na busca de sangue compatível e na prevenção das reações transfusionais hemolíticas. Anticorpos contra antígenos de alta prevalência são de difícil identificação, devido à raridade de sua ocorrência e à indisponibilidade de hemácias negativas para sua confirmação. Apresentamos aqui o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 46 anos, com diagnóstico de hemoglobinopatia, que apresentou queda sintomática dos níveis de hemoglobina (5,3g/dL) após transfusão sanguínea, sugestiva de reação transfusional. O tipo sanguíneo da paciente era O RhD-positivo. A pesquisa de anticorpos irregulares foi positiva, demonstrando panreação contra todos os eritrócitos testados, mas não reativo ao ditiotreitol. Utilizando hemácias selecionadas negativas para antígenos de alta prevalência do nosso inventário, foi possível identificar no soro da mesma um anticorpo anti-Holley associado a um anti-E. A análise molecular confirmou que a paciente era negativa para os antígenos E e Holley, e as provas de compatibilidade com unidades fenotipadas confirmaram os resultados. Holley é um antígeno de alta prevalência do sistema sanguíneo Dombrock, cujo fenótipo negativo é extremamente raro em todas as populações e está associado a reações transfusionais hemolíticas. Trata-se de anticorpo de difícil identificação, pois os laboratórios precisam ter experiência na resolução de casos complexos, grande estoque de soros e eritrócitos raros, além de outras ferramentas, como enzimas, reagentes tiol e testes moleculares. A identificação correta de um anticorpo raro é inicial e obrigatória para a busca de doadores compatíveis, garantindo um suporte transfusional satisfatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Blood Group Incompatibility/immunology , Blood Group Antigens/immunology , Transfusion Reaction/immunology , Antibodies/immunology , Immunoglobulins/blood , Erythrocytes/immunology , Hematologic Tests/methods , Isoantibodies/immunology , Middle Aged , Antibodies/blood
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for Vel- rare blood type donors and determine the frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del allele in Yili Prefecture of Xinjiang, China.@*METHODS@#DNA pooling and PCR-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) was conducted to screen individuals carrying the SMIM1 c.64_80del variant, and Sanger sequencing of SMIM1 exon 3 was carried out to verify the genotype of those with the variation. SMIM1 intron 2 was also sequenced to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may affect the expression of Vel antigen.@*RESULTS@#Among 3328 blood donors, 14 were identified as heterozygotes for the SMIM1 c.64_80del allele, its allele frequency was 0.21%; no homozygous SMIM1 c.64_80 deletions was found. For SNP rs1175550, all of the 14 individuals had an AA genotype, among whom 5 carried heterozygous 7111ins GCA variant in intron 2.@*CONCLUSION@#The allelic frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del in Yili area is approximately 0.21%, which is reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Group Antigens/genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1261-1266, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827129

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of body mass index (BMI), ABO blood group with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#70 MM patients (MM group) and 10 healthy people (control group) were selected in the same period, the BMI of patients was calculated according to the height and weight, and the differences of BMI in 2 groups was compared. The distribution of age, sex, albumin (Alb), serum creatinine (Cr), hemoglobin (Hb) and red blood cell (RBC) in the two groups were analyzed. Differences in red blood cell distribution width (RDW), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), disease stage and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, survival rate of MM patients with different BMI values and blood group were compared between two groups, and the differences in follow-up outcomes of MM patients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#BMI level of MM patients was higher than that of control group (t=2.706, P<0.01), but the difference of blood group was not significant (P>0.05); The NLR value in obese patients was higher than that in non-obese patients, the staging was later and the Alb level was lower in obese patients than those in non-obese patients. the differences were statistically significant between obese patients and non-obese patients (P<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that BMI, Alb and LDH level could influence the follow-up outcome of MM patients, the patients with elevated BMI and LDH level had worse prognosis, while patients with elevated Alb had better prognosis. which means that all the three factors are independent factors affecting the prognosis of MM patrents.@*CONCLUSION@#Increased BMI in MM patients can affect the outcome of follow-up, which is an independent influencing factor.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Body Mass Index , Humans , Lymphocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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