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Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 640-647, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922371


To evaluate outcomes between extraperitoneal robotic single-port radical prostatectomy (epR-spRP) and extraperitoneal robotic multiport radical prostatectomy (epR-mpRP) performed with the da Vinci Si Surgical System, comparison was performed between 30 single-port (SP group) and 26 multiport (MP group) cases. Comparisons included operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), hospital stay, peritoneal violation, pain scores, scar satisfaction, continence, and erectile function. The median operation time and EBL were not different between the two groups. In the SP group, the median operation time of the first 10 patients was obviously longer than that of the latter 20 patients (P < 0.001). The median postoperative hospital stay in the SP group was shorter than that in the MP group (P < 0.001). The rate of peritoneal damage in the SP group was less than that in the MP group (P = 0.017). The pain score and overall need for pain medications in the SP group were lower than those in the MP group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.015, respectively). Patients in the SP group were more satisfied with their scars than those in the MP group 3 months postoperatively (P = 0.007). At 3 months, the cancer control, recovery of erectile function, and urinary continence rates were similar between the two groups. It is safe and feasible to perform epR-spRP using the da Vinci Si surgical system. Therefore, epR-spRP can be a treatment option for localized prostate cancer. Although epR-spRP still has a learning curve, it has advantages for postoperative pain and self-assessed cosmesis. In the absence of the single-port robotic surgery platform, we can still provide minimally invasive surgery for patients.

Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Quality Assurance, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 892-898, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922172


Objective@#To assess the feasibility and validity of the establishment of a modified channel for extraperitoneal robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP) through single incision.@*METHODS@#From November 2020 to January 2021, 35 cases of localized PCa were treated by extraperitoneal RARP through single incision in our center. All the operations were performed by the same surgeon, none via the multichannel port for the establishment of the channel. We recorded and analyzed the intra- and postoperative parameters, operation cost, complications, pathological findings and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, without conversion to open surgery or additional channels, or serious postoperative complications, the time for establishing the extraperitoneal space averaging 25.4 (20.0-45.0) min, the operation time 67.3 (35.0-125.0) min, intraoperative blood loss 75.5 (60.0-150.0) ml, time to first postoperative anal exhaust 26 (8-48) h, and postoperative hospital stay 7.89 (7-10) d. Postoperative pathology showed adenocarcinoma in all the cases, with Gleason score (GS) 3+3 in 9 (25.7%), GS 3+4 in 9 (25.7%), GS 4+3 in 8 (22.9%), and GS ≥ 8 in 9 (25.7%) of the cases, 23 (65.7%) in the

Blood Loss, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Prostatectomy , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888323


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of tranexamic acid in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to October 2019, 100 patients with intertrochanteric fracture were randomly divided into observation group (48 cases) and control group(52 cases). All patients received the same surgical treatment. The control group was given tranexamic acid 20 minutes before operation, and 15 mg/kg diluted in 250 ml sodium chloride injection, intravenous drip;the observation group was given tranexamic acid 0.5 g dissolved in 20 ml normal saline injected into femoral bone marrow cavity for local treatment on the basis of the control group. The blood loss, operation time and postoperative hospital stay were compared between two groups. Hematocrit, hemoglobin, D-dimer and fibrinogen levels were analyzed before and after operation, and the incidence of thrombotic complications was observed.@*RESULTS@#The total blood loss, dominant blood loss, hidden blood loss and postoperative drainage volume of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (@*CONCLUSION@#Tranexamic acid combined with systemic and local application has important clinical significance in reducing perioperative blood lossand blood cell loss in patients with intertrochanteric fracture, and has good safety.

Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Loss, Surgical , Femur , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Tranexamic Acid , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878333


Objective@#This study aims to investigate the correlation of an ultrasonic scoring system with intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2015 and November 2019. Clinical data for patients with PAS have been obtained from medical records. Generalized additive models were used to explore the nonlinear relationships between ultrasonic scores and IBL. Logistic regressions were used to determine the differences in the risk of IBL ≥ 1,500 mL among groups with different ultrasonic scores.@*Results@#A total of 332 patients participated in the analysis. Generalized additive models showed a significant positive correlation between score and blood loss. The amount of IBL was increased due to the rise in the ultrasonic score. All cases were divided into three groups according to the scores (low score group: ≤ 6 points, @*Conclusions@#The risk of blood loss equal to or greater than 1,500 mL increases further when ultrasonic score greater than or equal to 10 points, the preparation for transfusion and referral mechanism should be considered.

Adult , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Logistic Models , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/statistics & numerical data
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879382


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effects of tranexamic acid in arthroscope for femoroacetabular impingement.@*METHODS@#Totally 34 patients (34 hips) with femoroacetabular impingement underwent hip arthroscopy from June 2016 to December 2018, were randomly divided into two groups named as tranexamic acid group and control group, 17 patients in each group. In TXA group, there were 10 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (32.1±7.6) years old;15 mg/kg TXA was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. In control group, there were 11 males and 6 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (30.9±6.2) years old;100 ml normal saline was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. Introopertaive and total bloodloss between two groups were compared. Visual analogue scale (VAS) at 3 and 7 days after opertaion were used to evaluate pain relief of hip joint. Modified Harris Hip Score(mHHS) of hip joint at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks after oeprtaion were applied to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were obtained follow up over 12 weeks. Incision healed well without infection and deep vein thrombosis. There were no statistical difference in opertaion time bewteen two groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative application of tranexamic acid could effectively reduce blood loss in arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, thereby improving surgical field of vision, reducing difficulty of surgical operation, which could promote early and rapid rehabilitation of hip function.

Adult , Aged , Arthroscopes , Arthroscopy , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tranexamic Acid , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 398-405, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152813


Resumen Antecedentes y objetivos: El sistema de calificación APACHE II permite predecir la mortalidad intrahospitalaria en terapia intensiva. Sin embargo, no está validado para cirugía cardíaca, ya que no posee buena capacidad diferenciadora. El objetivo es determinar el valor pronóstico de APACHE II en el postoperatorio de procedimientos cardíacos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizó en forma retrospectiva la base de cirugía cardíaca. Se incluyó a pacientes intervenidos entre 2017 y 2018, de los cuales se calculó la puntuación APACHE II. Se utilizó curva ROC para determinar el mejor valor de corte. El punto final primario fue mortalidad intrahospitalaria. Como puntos finales secundarios se evaluó la incidencia de bajo gasto cardíaco (BGC), accidente cerebrovascular (ACV), sangrado quirúrgico y necesidad de diálisis. Se realizó un modelo de regresión logístico multivariado para ajustar a las variables de interés. Resultados: Se analizó a 559 pacientes. La media del sistema de calificación APACHE II fue de 9.9 (DE 4). La prevalencia de mortalidad intrahospitalaria global fue de 6.1%. El mejor valor de corte de la calificación para predecir mortalidad fue de 12, con un área bajo la curva ROC de 0.92. Los pacientes con APACHE II ≥ 12 tuvieron significativamente mayor mortalidad, incidencia de BGC, ACV, sangrado quirúrgico y necesidad de diálisis. En un modelo multivariado, el sistema APACHE II se relacionó de modo independiente con mayor tasa de mortalidad intrahospitalaria (OR, 1.14; IC95%, 1.08-1.21; p < 0.0001). Conclusiones: El sistema de clasificación APACHE II demostró ser un predictor independiente de mortalidad intrahospitalaria en pacientes que cursan el postoperatorio de cirugía cardíaca.

Abstract Background and objectives: The APACHE II score allows predicting in-hospital mortality in patients admitted to intensive care units. However, it is not validated for patients undergoing cardiac surgery, since it does not have a good discriminatory capacity in this clinical scenario. The aim of this study is to determine prognostic value of APACHE II score in postoperative of cardiac surgery. Materials and methods: The study was performed using the cardiac surgery database. Patients undergoing surgery between 2017 and 2018, with APACHE II score calculated at the admission, were included. The ROC curve was used to determine a cut-off value The primary endpoint was in-hospital death. Secondary endpoints included low cardiac output (LCO), stroke, surgical bleeding, and dialysis requirement. A multivariable logistic regression model was developed to adjust to various variables of interest. Results: The study evaluated 559 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The mean of APACHE II Score was 9.9 (SD 4). The prevalence of in-hospital death was 6.1%. The best prognostic cut-off value for the primary endpoint was 12, with a ROC curve of 0.92. Patients with an APACHE II score greater than or equal to 12 had significantly higher mortality, higher incidence of LCO, stroke, surgical bleeding and dialysis requirement. In a multivariate logistic regression model, the APACHE II score was independently associated with higher in-hospital death (OR, 1.14; 95CI%, 1.08-1.21; p < 0.0001). Conclusions: The APACHE II Score proved to be an independent predictor of in-hospital death in patients undergoing postoperative cardiac surgery, with a high capacity for discrimination.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Hospital Mortality , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Prognosis , Cardiac Output, Low/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , APACHE , Stroke/epidemiology , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 311-317, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137208


Abstract Background: Tranexamic acid was studied in four different dosage regimens and their efficacy was compared for perioperative blood loss reduction, blood transfusion requirements and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) complication. Methods: Two hundred patients undergoing major orthopedic procedures were divided into five groups containing 40 patients each: Placebo, low dose (bolus 10 mg kg-1), low dose + maintenance (bolus 10 mg kg-1 + maintenance 1 mg kg-1 hr-1), high dose (bolus 30 mg kg-1) and high dose + maintenance (bolus 30 mg kg-1 + maintenance 3 mg kg-1 hr-1). Surgical blood loss was measured intraoperatively and drains collection in the first 24 hours postoperatively. Blood transfusion was done when hematocrit falls less than 25%. DVT screening was done in the postoperative period. Results: The intraoperative blood loss was 440 ± 207.54 mL in the placebo group, 412.5 ± 208.21 mL in the low dose group, 290 ± 149.6 ml in the low dose plus maintenance group, 332.5 ± 162.33 mL in the high dose group and 240.7 ± 88.15 mL in the high dose maintenance group (p < 0.001). The reduction in postoperative blood loss in the drain for first 24 hours was 80 ± 44.44 mL in the placebo group, 89.88 ± 44.87 mL in the low dose group, 56.7 ± 29.12 mL in the low dose plus maintenance group, 77.9 ± 35.74 mL in the high dose group and 46.7 ± 19.9 mL in the high dose maintenance group (p < 0.001). DVT was not encountered in any patient. Conclusion: Tranexamic acid was most effective in reducing surgical blood loss and blood transfusion requirements in a low dose + maintenance group.

Resumo Justificativa: O ácido tranexâmico foi avaliado em quatro esquemas com diferentes posologias, comparando-se a eficácia de cada esquema quanto a redução na perda sanguínea perioperatória, necessidade de transfusão sanguínea e ocorrência de Trombose Venosa Profunda (TVP). Método: Duzentos pacientes submetidos a procedimentos ortopédicos de grande porte foram divididos em cinco grupos de 40 pacientes de acordo com o esquema de administração de ácido tranexâmico: grupo placebo, grupo baixa dose (bolus de 10, grupo baixa dose e manutenção (bolus de 10 + manutenção de 1, grupo alta dose (bolus de 30, e grupo alta dose e manutenção (bolus de 30 + manutenção de 3 A perda sanguínea cirúrgica foi medida no intraoperatório. Além disso, nas primeiras 24 horas pós-operatórias, foi medido o volume de sangue coletado no dreno. Era realizada transfusão de sangue se o valor do hematócrito fosse inferior a 25%. Foi realizada avaliação quanto à ocorrência de TVP no pós-operatório. Resultados: A perda sanguínea intraoperatória foi de 440 ± 207,54 mL no grupo placebo, 412,5 ± 208,21 mL no grupo baixa dose, 290 ± 149,6 mL no grupo baixa dose e manutenção, 332,5 ± 162,33 mL no grupo alta dose, e 240,7 ± 88,15 mL no grupo alta dose e manutenção (p < 0,001). A redução na perda sanguínea pós-operatória pelo dreno nas primeiras 24 horas foi de 80 ± 44,44 mL no grupo placebo; 89,88 ± 44,87 mL no grupo baixa dose, 56,7 ± 29,12 mL no grupo baixa dose e dose de manutenção, 77,9 ± 35,74 mL no grupo alta dose e 46,7 ± 19,9 mL no grupo alta dose e manutenção (p < 0,001). TVP não foi observada em nenhum paciente. Conclusão: O ácido tranexâmico administrado em baixa dose combinado à manutenção foi mais eficaz em reduzir a perda sanguínea cirúrgica e a necessidade de transfusão de sangue.

Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Antifibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage , Blood Transfusion/statistics & numerical data , Drug Administration Schedule , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Postoperative Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(4): 343-348, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137196


Abstract Purpose: This study aimed to investigate factors associated with postoperative Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) focusing on intraoperative hypotension and blood loss volume. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pancreas surgery between January 2013 and December 2018. The primary outcome was AKI within 7 days after surgery and the secondary outcome was the length of hospital stay. Multivariate analysis was used to determine explanatory factors associated with AKI; the interaction between the integrated value of hypotension and blood loss volume was evaluated. The differences in length of hospital stay were compared using the Mann-WhitneyU-test. Results: Of 274 patients, 22 patients had experienced AKI. The cube root of the area under intraoperative mean arterial pressure of < 65 mmHg (Odds Ratio = 1.21; 95% Confidence Interval 1.01-1.45; p = 0.038) and blood loss volume of > 500 mL (Odds Ratio = 3.81; 95% Confidence Interval 1.51-9.58; p = 0.005) were independently associated with acute kidney injury. The interaction between mean arterial hypotension and the blood loss volume in relation to acute kidney injury indicated that the model was significant (p < 0.0001) with an interaction effect (p = 0.0003). AKI was not significantly related with the length of hospital stay (19 vs. 28 days, p = 0.09). Conclusion: The area under intraoperative hypotension and blood loss volume of > 500 mL was associated with postoperative AKI. However, if the mean arterial pressure is maintained even in patients with large blood loss volume, the risk of developing postoperative AKI is comparable with that in patients with small blood loss volume.

Resumo Justificativa: O presente estudo teve como objetivo examinar os fatores associados à Lesão Renal Aguda (LRA) no pós-operatório, centrando-se na hipotensão e perda de sangue intraoperatórias. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo de pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de pâncreas entre Janeiro de 2013 e Dezembro de 2018. O desfecho primário foi ocorrência de LRA em até 7 dias após a cirurgia e o secundário, o tempo de hospitalização. A análise multivariada foi usada para determinar os fatores explicativos associados à LRA; a interação entre o valor integrado da hipotensão e volume de perda de sangue foi avaliada. As diferenças no tempo de hospitalização foram comparadas pelo teste U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Dos 274 pacientes, 22 pacientes apresentaram LRA. A raiz cúbica da área sob a pressão arterial média intraoperatória < 65 mmHg (Odds Ratio = 1,21; Intervalo de Confiança de 95% 1,01-1,45; p = 0,038) e volume de perda sanguínea > 500 mL (Odds Ratio = 3,81; Intervalo de Confiança de 95% 1,51-9,58; p = 0,005) estavam independentemente associados à lesão renal aguda. A interação entre hipotensão arterial média e volume de perda sanguínea em relação à lesão renal aguda apontou o modelo como significante (p < 0,0001) com efeito de interação (p = 0,0003). A LRA não apresentou relação significante com o tempo de hospitalização (19 vs. 28 dias, p = 0,09). Conclusões: A área sob hipotensão arterial e o volume de perda sanguínea > 500 mL no intraoperatório apresentaram associação com LRA no pós-operatório. Entretanto, se a pressão arterial média se mantém, mesmo em pacientes com grande volume de perda sanguínea, o risco de desenvolver LRA no pós-operatório é comparável ao risco dos pacientes com pequeno volume de perda sanguínea.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Blood Loss, Surgical , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Hypotension/complications , Pancreatectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Arterial Pressure , Intraoperative Complications/physiopathology , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(2): 181-184, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138011


Abstract Objective The aim of the present study is to identify the incidence, predisposing factors and prognostic impact of blood loss in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis submitted to corrective surgery. Methods Retrospective cohort study, including pediatric patients diagnosed with neuromuscular scoliosis undergoing instrumentation and posterior vertebral fusion in a university hospital. Patient characteristics were collected from the hospital information system. Results A total of 39 patients were included in the study. The intraoperative blood losses were 962 ml, representing a loss of 35.63% of the blood volume. In 20 cases, there was a massive blood loss (> 30%) and only 7 patients did not need a transfusion. The group of patients with massive blood loss had a slightly higher age (13.75 versus 13.53 years old), a lower body mass index (BMI) percentile (25 versus 50), and for each decrease of 0.38 in the BMI, intraoperative blood losses increased 1% (p < 0.05). The value of preoperative albumin had influence on the percentage of blood loss, and for each decrease of 0.4 of albumin, blood loss increased 1% (p < 0.05). Conclusions The factors that most contributed to the differences in blood loss were age, BMI, and preoperative albumin value. There was no significant association between Cobb angle, number of fusion levels and duration of surgery. We can conclude that these patients would benefit from preoperative nutritional control.

Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo é identificar a incidência, os fatores predisponentes e o impacto prognóstico da perda de sangue em pacientes com escoliose neuromuscular submetidos a cirurgia corretiva. Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectiva, incluindo pacientes pediátricos com diagnóstico de escoliose neuromuscular submetidos a instrumentação e fusão vertebral posterior em um hospital universitário. As características dos pacientes foram coletadas no sistema de informações do hospital. Resultados Um total de 39 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. As perdas sanguíneas intraoperatórias foram de 962 mL, representando uma perda de 35,63% do volume sanguíneo; a perda de sangue foi extensa em 20 casos (> 30%) e apenas 7 pacientes não necessitaram de transfusão. O grupo de pacientes com perda maciça de sangue apresentou idade um pouco maior (13,75 versus 13,53 anos) e menor percentil do índice de massa corporal (IMC) (25 versus 50); para cada diminuição de 0,38 no IMC, as perdas sanguíneas intraoperatórias aumentaram 1% (p < 0,05). A concentração pré-operatória de albumina influenciou o percentual de perda de sangue e, para cada diminuição de 0,4 de albumina, a perda de sangue aumentou 1% (p < 0,05). Conclusões Os fatores que mais contribuíram para as diferenças na perda sanguínea foram idade, IMC e concentração pré-operatória de albumina. Não houve associação significativa entre ângulo de Cobb, número de níveis de fusão e duração da cirurgia. Podemos concluir que esses pacientes se beneficiariam do controle nutricional pré-operatório.

Humans , Scoliosis , Blood Volume , Blood Loss, Surgical , Neuromuscular Diseases
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(1): 63-68, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099203


Las cirugías de cabeza y cuello presentan un alto riesgo de sangrado que puede significar el uso de transfusiones sanguíneas. Existen casos en las que éstas son rechazadas, como sucede con los Testigos de Jehová. Se expone el caso de una paciente Testigo de Jehová con un tumor rinosinusal con alto riesgo de sangrado que consultó por epistaxis recurrente. Se evidencia un tumor ocluyendo la fosa nasal derecha de aspecto vascular a la rinoscopía y la tomografía computarizada. Múltiples aferencias de la arteria esfenopalatina y etmoidales se observaron en una angiografía cerebral. Previo a la resección, se embolizó la arteria maxilar. Durante la cirugía, se contó con un sistema de recuperación de sangre autóloga, hemodilución e infusión de ácido tranexámico. Se ligó la arteria etmoidal anterior derecha vía externa con apoyo endoscópico y luego se resecó el tumor vía endoscópica. La biopsia reveló un carcinoma sinonasal escamoso. Existen alternativas terapéuticas en pacientes que rechacen el uso de hemoderivados. Destacan medidas preoperatorias como la embolización endovascular, intraoperatorias como el uso de agentes hemostáticos, técnicas quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Es importante analizar todas las opciones disponibles de forma multidisciplinara y junto con el paciente, para determinar la conducta más adecuada a seguir.

Head and neck surgeries have a high risk of bleeding, and therefore could require the use of blood transfusions. There are cases for which blood transfusions are not an acceptable option, as is the case for Jehovah's Witnesses. We present the case of a Jehovah's Witness with a sinonasal tumor with a high risk of bleeding, who presented with recurrent epistaxis. Rhinoscopy and computed tomography revealed a vascular-like tumor occluding the right nasal cavity. Cerebral angiography showed afferents of the sphenopalatine and ethmoidal arteries leading to the tumor. Prior to the resection, the maxillary artery was embolized. During surgery, we relied on an autologous blood recovery system, hemodilution and tranexamic acid. Right anterior ethmoidal artery ligation was performed by an endoscopic assisted external approach. The tumor was resected endoscopically The biopsy revealed a squamous sinonasal carcinoma. There are therapeutic alternatives for patients who cannot receive blood products. There are preoperative measures such as endovascular embolization, intraoperative measures such as the use of hemostatic agents and specific surgical or anesthetic techniques. It's important to analyze all of the available options in a multidisciplinary team approach, and to take into consideration the patient's preferences, in order to determine the best surgical conduct.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Jehovah's Witnesses , Religion and Medicine , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Nose Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Treatment Refusal , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hemodilution
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 6-9, ene.-feb. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345077


Resumen: Introducción: La artroplastía total de cadera (ATC) puede causar una pérdida considerable de sangre. Para reducir la necesidad de transfusión de sangre se utilizan diversas técnicas preoperatorias como la administración de ácido tranexámico (ATX). Objetivo: Demostrar que el uso de ATX disminuye la necesidad de transfusión de sangre alogénica en pacientes operados de ATC. Material y métodos: estudio prospectivo, observacional, descriptivo, utilizado para observar la tasa de transfusión de sangre alogénica en pacientes a quienes se les practicó ATC primaria unilateral de Mayo de 2016 a Diciembre de 2017. A los pacientes incluidos en el estudio se les aplicó ATX preoperatoriamente, a las 24 horas se tomó una biometría hemática y se valoró la necesidad de transfusión sanguínea. Resultados: Se incluyó un total de 70 pacientes en el estudio. La Hb promedio postquirúrgica 11.7 mg/dl con un rango de 9.2 a 14.9 mg/dl y un Hto promedio de 37.1% con un rango de 30.2 a 44.2%. Ninguno de los pacientes requirió de transfusión de sangre alogénica. Conclusiones: En este estudio se demuestra cómo el ATX es una estrategia transoperatoria para reducir la necesidad de transfusión de sangre alogénica en pacientes a quienes se realiza una ATC primaria.

Abstract: Introduction: ATC can cause considerable blood loss. To reduce the need for blood transfusion, various preoperative techniques such as administration of tranexamic acid (ATX) are used. Objective: to demonstrate that the use of ATX decreases the need for allogeneic blood transfusion in patients operated on ATC. Material and methods: Prospective, observational, descriptive study, used to observe the allogeneic blood transfusion rate in patients who underwent unilateral primary ATC from May 2016 to December 2017. ATX was applied preoperatively and after 24 hours a blood count was taken and the need for blood transfusion was assessed. Results: A total of 70 patients were included in the study. The average postoperative Hb 11.7 mg/dl with a range of 9.2 to 14.9 mg/dl and an average Ht of 37.1% with a range of 30.2 to 44.2%. None of the patients required allogeneic blood transfusión. Conclusions: This study demonstrates how ATX is a transoperative strategy to reduce the need for allogeneic blood transfusion in patients undergoing primary ATC.

Humans , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Blood Transfusion , Prospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 111-118, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089362


Abstract Introduction Tranexamic acid is a hemostatic agent, which inhibits fibrin degradation, which may be beneficial in controlling bleeding during surgery. Objectives The purpose of this study was to provide a meta-analysis and review of the effects of tranexamic acid on hemorrhage and surgical fields and side effects on patients during endoscopic sinus surgery. Methods Two authors independently searched six databases (Medline, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Cochrane library) from the start of article collection until July 2018. Postoperative complications such as intraoperative bleeding, operative time, hypotension, nausea, vomiting, and coagulation profile were included in the analysis of tranexamic acid (Treatment Group) and placebo (Control Group) during the operation. Results The amount of blood loss during surgery was statistically lower in the treatment group compared to the placebo group, and the surgical field quality was statistically higher in the treatment group than in the placebo group. On the other hand, there was no significant difference in operation time, hemodynamics, or coagulation profile between groups. In addition, tranexamic acid had no significant effect on vomiting and thrombosis compared to the Control Group. Conclusion This meta-analysis has shown that topical administration of tranexamic acid can reduce the amount of bleeding during surgery and improve the overall quality of the surgery. Hemodynamic instability during surgery, vomiting after surgery, or abnormal clotting profile were not reported. Additional studies are needed to confirm the results of this study because there are fewer studies.

Resumo Introdução O ácido tranexâmico é um agente hemostático, que inibe a degradação da fibrina e pode ser benéfico no controle do sangramento durante a cirurgia. Objetivos Fazer uma metanálise e revisão dos efeitos do ácido tranexâmico na hemorragia e nos campos cirúrgicos e efeitos colaterais em pacientes durante a cirurgia endoscópica do seio nasal. Método Dois autores realizaram independentemente uma busca em seis bancos de dados (Medline, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Google Scholar e Cochrane) desde o início da coleta de artigos até julho de 2018. Complicações pós-operatórias como sangramento intraoperatório, tempo operatório, hipotensão, náusea, vômitos e perfil de coagulação foram incluídos na análise do ácido tranexâmico (grupo de tratamento) e placebo (grupo controle) durante a cirurgia. Resultados A quantidade de perda de sangue durante a cirurgia foi estatisticamente menor no grupo de tratamento comparado com o grupo placebo e a qualidade do campo cirúrgico foi estatisticamente maior no grupo de tratamento do que no grupo placebo. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significante no tempo cirúrgico, hemodinâmica ou perfil de coagulação entre os grupos. Além disso, o ácido tranexâmico não teve efeito significante na ocorrência de vômitos e trombose em comparação ao grupo controle. Conclusão Esta metanálise mostrou que a administração tópica de ácido tranexâmico pode reduzir a quantidade de sangramento durante a cirurgia e melhorar a qualidade geral dela. Instabilidade hemodinâmica durante a cirurgia, vômitos após a cirurgia ou perfil de coagulação anormal não foram relatados. Estudos adicionais são necessários para confirmar os resultados desta pesquisa, porque há poucos estudos na literatura.

Humans , Tranexamic Acid/pharmacology , Epistaxis/drug therapy , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/drug therapy , Antifibrinolytic Agents/pharmacology , Tranexamic Acid/administration & dosage , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Administration, Topical , Endoscopy/adverse effects , Nasal Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Anesthesia, General , Antifibrinolytic Agents/administration & dosage
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 42(8): 476-485, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137863


Abstract Objective To evaluate the factors associated with complete myomectomy in a single surgical procedure and the aspects related to the early complications. Methods A cross-sectional study with women with submucous myomas. The dependent variables were the complete myomectomy performed in a single hysteroscopic procedure, and the presence of early complications related to the procedure. Results We identified 338 women who underwent hysteroscopic myomectomy. In 89.05% of the cases, there was a single fibroid to be treated. According to the classification of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique, FIGO, in French),most fibroids were of grade 0 (66.96%), followed by grade 1 (20.54%), and grade 2 (12.50%). The myomectomies were complete in 63.31% of the cases, and the factors independently associated with complete myomectomy were the diameter of the largest fibroid (prevalence ratio [PR]: 0.97; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.96-0.98) and the classification 0 of the fibroid according to the FIGO (PR: 2.04; 95%CI: 1.18-3.52). We observed early complications in 13.01% of the hysteroscopic procedures (4.44% presented excessive bleeding during the procedure, 4.14%, uterine perforation, 2.66%, false route, 1.78%, fluid overload, 0.59%, exploratory laparotomy, and 0.3%, postoperative infection). The only independent factor associated with the occurrence of early complications was incomplete myomectomy (PR: 2.77; 95%CI: 1.43-5.38). Conclusions Our results show that hysteroscopic myomectomy may result in up to 13% of complications, and the chance of complete resection is greater in small and completely intracavitary fibroids; women with larger fibroids and with a high degree of myometrial penetration have a greater chance of developing complications from hysteroscopic myomectomy.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os fatores associados a miomectomia por histeroscopia completa em um único procedimento e as suas complicações. Métodos Estudo de corte transversal com mulheres submetidas a histeroscopia para exérese de miomas submucosos. As variáveis dependentes foram a miomectomia completa realizada em um tempo cirúrgico único, e a presença de complicações precoces relacionadas ao procedimento. Resultados Analisamos 338 mulheres que foram submetidas a miomectomia histeroscópica. Em 89,05% dos casos, o mioma a ser tratado era único. Quanto à classificação da Federação Internacional de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (Fédération Internationale de Gynécologie et d'Obstétrique, FIGO, em francês), a maioria era de grau 0 (66,96%), seguidos pelos graus 1 (20,54%) e 2 (12,50%). As miomectomias foram completas em 63,31% das mulheres, sendo que os fatores independentemente associados à miomectomia completa foram o diâmetro do maior mioma (razão de prevalência [RP]: 0,97; intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 0,96-0,98) e a classificação FIGO grau 0 (RP: 2,04; IC95%: 1,18-3,52). Foram observadas complicações precoces em 13,01% dos procedimentos (4,44% apresentaram sangramento excessivo durante o procedimento, 4,14%, perfuração uterina, 2,66%, falso pertuito, 1,78%, intoxicação hídrica, 0,59%, laparotomia exploradora, e 0,3%, infecção pósoperatória). O único fator independentemente associado à ocorrência de complicações precoces foi a realização de miomectomia incompleta (RP: 2,77; IC95%: 1,43-5,38). Conclusão Nossos resultados mostram que as complicações da miomectomia por histeroscopia podem ocorrer em até 13% dos procedimentos. A chance de ressecção completa é maior em miomas pequenos e completamente intracavitários; mulheres com miomas maiores e com maior grau de penetração miometrial têm maiores chances de desenvolver complicações.

Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Uterine Neoplasms/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Leiomyoma/surgery , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Uterine Myomectomy/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2816-2821, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877937


BACKGROUND@#The optimal surgical approach for four-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes and complications between the anterior and posterior approaches for four-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy.@*METHODS@#A total of 19 patients underwent anterior decompression and fusion and 25 patients underwent posterior laminoplasty and instrumentation in this study. Perioperative information, intraoperative blood loss, clinical and radiological outcomes, and complications were recorded. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, 36-item short form survey (SF-36) score and cervical alignment were assessed.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in JOA scores between the anterior and posterior group preoperatively (11.6 ± 1.6 vs. 12.1 ± 1.5), immediately postoperatively (14.4 ± 1.1 vs. 13.8 ± 1.3), or at the last follow-up (14.6 ± 1.0 vs. 14.2 ± 1.1) (P > 0.05). The JOA scores significantly improved immediately postoperatively and at the last follow-up in both groups compared with their preoperative values. The recovery rate was significantly higher in the anterior group both immediately postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The SF-36 score was significantly higher in the anterior group at the last follow-up compared with the preoperative value (69.4 vs. 61.7). Imaging revealed that there was no significant difference in the Cobb angle at C2-C7 between the two groups preoperatively (-2.0° ± 7.3° vs. -1.4° ± 7.5°). The Cobb angle significantly improved immediately postoperatively (12.3° ± 4.2° vs. 9.2° ± 3.6°) and at the last follow-up (12.4° ± 3.5° vs. 9.0° ± 2.6°) in both groups compared with their preoperative values (P = 0.00). Three patients had temporary dysphagia in the anterior group and four patients had persistent axial symptoms in the posterior group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both the anterior and posterior approaches were effective in treating four-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy in terms of neurological clinical outcomes and radiological features. However, the JOA score recovery rate and SF-36 score in the anterior group were significantly higher. Persistent axial pain could be a major concern when undertaking the posterior approach.

Blood Loss, Surgical , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Humans , Laminoplasty , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Diseases/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spondylosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879354


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of intra-articular injection of tranexamic acid on blood loss and blood transfusion rate after minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to September 2017, 90 patients underwent minimally invasive unicompartmental knee arthroplasty were divided into tranexamic acid group and control group, 45 cases in each group. In the tranexamic acid group, there were 22 males and 23 females, aged 62 to 69 (66.1±2.4) years;in the control group, 20 males and 25 females, aged 63 to 71(68.5±5.2) years. The amount of bleeding in the drainage ball at 48 hours after operation was recorded, and the blood transfusion rate and hematocrit level duringthe perioperative period were recorded. The factors influencing perioperative blood loss included gender, age and body mass index (BMI).@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12.5 to 28.3 (22.8±7.9) months. During the follow-up, the wounds of the two groups healed well, and no deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism occurred. There was no significant difference in postoperative blood loss between the tranexamic acid group and the control group. The postoperative bleeding volume in the tranexamic acid group was (110.0±52.1) ml, and that in the control group was (123.0±64.5) ml (P=0.39). There was no blood transfusion in the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Intra articular injection of tranexamic acid can not significantly reduce the postoperative blood loss in patients with minimally invasive unicompartment.

Aged , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Female , Hemostatics , Humans , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Tranexamic Acid
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879348


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of local application of tranexamic acid (TXA) in reducing perioperative blood loss in total hip arthroplasty via direct anterior approach (DAA).@*METHODS@#From July 2013 to September 2018, 46 patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head were divided into tranexamic acid group (@*RESULTS@#The incision healed well and no obvious complications occurred in the two groups. All patients were followed up for 12 to 59 months(averaged 31.11 months). No hip pain was found in the follow-up patients. Hip joint function was improved effectively and no prosthesis loosening occurred. The total perioperative blood loss in tranexamic acid group and normal saline group was(740.09±77.14) ml and (1 069.07±113.53) ml respectively, 24 hours after operation, the drainage volume was (87.61±9.28) ml, (233.83±25.62) ml, the hidden blood loss was (409.65±38.01) ml and (588.33±57.16) ml. the difference of hemoglobin before and after operation was (24.78±2.19) g / L and (33.57±2.95) g / L, the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#local application of tranexamic acid in total hip arthroplasty through direct anterior approach can safely and effectively reduce perioperative blood loss, and does not increase the risk of thrombosis, and does not affect the normal recovery of joint function.

Aged , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Female , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Safety , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(6): 352-356, nov.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345059


Resumen: Introducción: La reducción de la pérdida sanguínea y de las transfusiones en pacientes operados de artroplastía total de rodilla (ATR) primaria se asocia a un mejor resultado clínico y funcional. El uso de ácido tranexámico (ATX) es uno de los métodos utilizados para disminuir ese sangrado. Material y métodos: Se compararon los resultados en hemoglobina (Hb), hematocrito (Hto), tasa de sangrado y de transfusión, tiempo quirúrgico y dolor entre los grupos A (con ATX) y grupo B (sin ATX) posterior a la ATR. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la disminución del sangrado transquirúrgico y periquirúrgico global, en la disminución de la Hb a las 24 horas, en la tasa de transfusión, en el tiempo quirúrgico y en el dolor a la deambulación a favor del grupo A. Discusión: En México no hay literatura publicada sobre el uso de ATX en pacientes operados de ATR. A pesar del uso cada vez más común del ATX, la mejor dosis y vía de administración sigue siendo un tema controversial. Conclusión: El uso de ATX en el esquema propuesto es un método seguro y eficaz para disminuir la tasa de sangrado y de transfusiones en los pacientes operados de ATR.

Abstract: Background: Reducing blood loss and transfusions in patients operated on primary TKR is associated with a better clinical and functional outcome. The use of Tranexamic Acid (ATX) is one of the methods used to decrease that bleeding. Material and methods: Results in Hb, Hto, rate of bleeding and transfusion, surgical time and pain between groups A (with ATX) and group B (without tranexamic acid) after TKR are compared. Results: Statistically significant differences were found during surgery and perisurgical bleeding, in the decrease of Hb at 24 hours, transfusion rate, surgical time and pain to wandering in favor of group A. Discussion: There are no published studies in Mexico on the use of ATX in patients operated on TKR. We consider its use to be increasingly common, the optimal dose and route of administration remains a controversial topic. Conclusion: The use of ATX in the proposed scheme is safe and effective in reducing the rate of bleeding and transfusions in patients operated on ATR.

Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Antifibrinolytic Agents , Tranexamic Acid , Blood Loss, Surgical , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Mexico
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 403-407, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024212


Introduction: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common otolaryngology procedures performed worldwide. It is also one of the first procedures learnt by residents during their training period. Although tonsillectomy is viewed relatively as a low-risk procedure, it can be potentially harmful because of the chance of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Objective: The objective of the present study is to analyze the effects of peroperative factors and experience of the surgeon on the incidence and pattern of posttonsillectomy reactionary hemorrhage. Methods: A retrospective review of medical charts was performed from 2014 to 2017 in a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1,284 patients who underwent tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy were included in the study. The parameters assessed were experience of the surgeon, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse rate. Results: A total of 23 (1.79%) out of the 1,284 patients had reactionary hemorrhage. Out of those 23, 16 (69.5%) patients had been operated on by trainees, while 7 (30.5%) had been operated on by consultants (p = 0.033, odds ratio [OR] = 0.04). Operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in MAP and pulse rate were significantly higher in the reactionary hemorrhage group, and showed a positive association with risk of hemorrhage (p < 0.05; OR >1). Re-exploration to control the bleeding was required in 10 (76.9%) out of the 23 cases. Conclusion: The experience of the surgeon experience and peroperative factors have an association with posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Close surveillance and monitoring of the aforementioned peroperative factors will help in the identification of patients at risk of hemorrhage (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tonsillectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Pulse , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Blood Loss, Surgical , Postoperative Hemorrhage/therapy , Operative Time , Arterial Pressure , Hospitals, University , Intraoperative Period