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1.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(2): e1261, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289430

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La búsqueda de alternativas para disminuir el tiempo de cicatrización y de hospitalización constituye uno de los aspectos fundamentales de la investigación actual. Los factores de crecimiento plaquetarios son capaces de potenciar la cicatrización. Objetivo: Determinar los beneficios de la aplicación del lisado de plaquetas homólogo sobre la zona donante del injerto autólogo de piel. Método: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal prospectivo en 20 pacientes tratados en el Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras entre agosto de 2016 y mayo de 2019, que requirieron de injerto autólogo de piel en las zonas cruentas. Se realizaron dos tomas de injerto en el mismo paciente y región anatómica; una fue tratada con lisado plaquetario (zona de intervención) y otra con tratamiento convencional (zona control). La selección de pacientes fue intencional. Para estudiar las variables cualitativas se utilizaron números absolutos y proporciones y en las cuantitativas medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Para la comparación de los resultados se aplicó la prueba de Friedman con un nivel de significación p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: La quemadura fue la principal causa de zona cruenta (75 por ciento), el grupo de edad más afectado fue el de mayores de 55 años. El porcentaje de cicatrización fue mayor en el grupo de intervención, con un tiempo de epitelización significativamente menor (p < 0,01), y el dolor en la zona intervenida fue menor. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: Los beneficios encontrados en la zona intervenida con lisado plaquetario fueron significativos con una cicatrización más rápida y menor dolor(AU)


Introduction: The search for treatment alternatives that allow reducing wound healing and hospitalization time are fundamental aspects in research nowadays. Platelet growth factors are capable of enhancing wound healing. Objective: Determine the benefits of applying homologous platelet lysate on the donor area of autologous skin graft. Methods: A prospective longitudinal-section study was conducted in 20 patients with bloody areas that required autologous skin graft at the Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras between August 2016 and May 2019. Two graft intakes were made in the same patient and anatomical region, one of them treated with platelet lysate (intervention zone) and one with conventional treatment (control zone). Patients selection was intentional. Absolute numbers and proportions were used to study the qualitative variables, and measures of central tendency and dispersion were used in the quantitative variables. To compare de results, the Friedman test was applied, setting a level of significance p < 0,05. Results: The main cause of bloody area was burns (75 percent), the most affected age group was those over 55 years, the healing percentage was greater in the intervention group with a statistically significant shorter epithelization time (p < 0,01) and there was less pain in the intervention zone. There were no complications. Conclusions: The benefits found in the intervened area with platelet lysate were significant with faster healing and less pain(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tissue Donors , Wound Healing , Blood Platelets
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Numerous studies have concentrated on high-dose radiation exposed accidentally or through therapy, and few involve low-dose occupational exposure, to investigate the correlation between low-dose ionizing radiation and changing hematological parameters among medical workers.@*METHODS@#Using a prospective cohort study design, we collected health examination reports and personal dose monitoring data from medical workers and used Poisson regression and restricted cubic spline models to assess the correlation between changing hematological parameters and cumulative radiation dose and determine the dose-response relationship.@*RESULTS@#We observed that changing platelet of 1265 medical workers followed up was statistically different among the cumulative dose groups (P = 0.010). Although the linear trend tested was not statistically significant (P@*CONCLUSION@#We concluded that although the exposure dose was below the limit, medical workers exposed to low-dose ionizing radiation for a short period of time might have increased first and then decreased platelets, and there was a dose-response relationship between the cumulative radiation dose and platelets changing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Platelets/radiation effects , Female , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Radiation Dosage , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation, Ionizing , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880162

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of zyxin on the distribution of platelet cytoskeleton.@*METHODS@#Platelets were isolated from zyxin-knockout (Zyx@*RESULTS@#After zyxin gene was knockout, the expressions of cytoskeleton proteins β-actin, α-actinin, filamin A, and myosin Ⅱ A in resting and Jas-induced platelets were significantly increased. In the platelet spreading on fibrinogen surface, F-actin was increased in Zyx@*CONCLUSION@#Zyxin significantly regulates the distribution of platelet cytoskeleton, which plays an important role in maintaining platelet cytoskeleton homeostasis.


Subject(s)
Actinin , Actins , Animals , Blood Platelets , Cytoskeleton , Mice , Zyxin
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880061

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish quantitative surface plasmon resonance (SPR) assay for antibodies against human platelet antigen-1a (HPA-1a).@*METHODS@#Recombinant protein was fixed on the chip surface by amino coupling method. SPR assay was used to detect the standard antibodies against HPA-1a at different conceatration. The optimal experimental parameters were determined, and standard curves were constructed with linear regression. Moreover, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision of the assay were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies was established. The determination ranges were 0-20 IU, with accuracy (recovery rate) was 97.75%-103.08%. The intra-assay precision [coefficients of variation (CV)] was 3.53%-4.29%, and the inter-assay precision (CV) was 2.08%-4.40%. For specificity test, several kinds of monoclonal and human antibodies against platelet membrane protein were tested and no positive result was observed.@*CONCLUSION@#The established quantitative SPR assay for HPA-1a antibodies shows good sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and precision, and this rapid and simple method provides a new reference method for scientific research and clinical antibody detection.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Human Platelet , Blood Platelets , Humans , Isoantibodies , Surface Plasmon Resonance
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR) in the valuation prognosis of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients with initially diagnosed MM admitted to Gansu Provincial People's Hospital was analyzed retrospectively. NLR and MLR were calculated based on blood routine results respectively. The optimal cut-off point of NLR and MLR was determined according to the ROC curve, and the patients were divided into the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group. The general data, biochemical indicators and prognosis of the patients in each groups were compared respectively. The prognostic significance of the high NLR/MLR group and the low NLR/MLR group in patients between different treatment regimens and different clinical characteristics were analyzed. Risk stratification was designed based on NLR and high MLR as two risk factors, and the effect of risk factors, on the prognosis of MM patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve analysis determined that the optimal cut-off point of NLR was 3.1 (sensitivity 75%, specificity 70.7%) and the optimal cut-off point of MLR was 0.34 (sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 53.4%). The lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were correlated to NLR and MLR (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in age, sex, serum calcium (Ca), β @*CONCLUSION@#Elevated NLR and MLR are associated with poor prognosis in MM patients and may serve as the cost-effective and readily available prognostic biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Lymphocytes , Monocytes , Multiple Myeloma , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(1): e200136, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1287439

ABSTRACT

Pygocentrus nattereri is a carnivorous fish widely distributed in the Brazilian wetland and occupies different river strata. Based on the sexual maturity, the standard length (SL) has been used to categorize age and physiological attributes. However, hematological parameters and their relationship with age and growth features are unknow. Here, the aim was to evaluate the hematological profile and leukocyte data of juvenile and adult specimens, associating it with SL. Specimens of both sexes were weighted, and SL were measured for classify as juveniles (SL ≤16.0 cm) and adults (SL ≥16.1 cm). Blood was collected to perform the hemogram, for leukocyte quantification and ultrastructural descriptions. In general, hemogram values and leukocyte, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts were high in juveniles. Hemogram variables were negatively correlated with SL. Thrombocyte and neutrophil counts were higher in adults than in juveniles. SL was correlated with leukogram variables. Ultrastructural analysis showed that granular leukocyte count in P. nattereri was similar another fishes. PAS-positive granular leukocytes are slightly smaller than neutrophils and are characterized by dense elongated and semi-lunar shapes in the cytoplasm. Our results suggest that age-based SL may be useful for the analysis of the relationship between P. nattereri health status and wetland aquatic environments.(AU)


Pygocentrus nattereri é um peixe carnívoro amplamente distribuído no pantanal brasileiro e ocupa diferentes estratos de rios. Com base na maturidade sexual, o comprimento padrão (CP) tem sido usado para categorizar a idade e os atributos fisiológicos. No entanto, os parâmetros hematológicos e sua relação com a idade e características de crescimento são desconhecidos. O objetivo foi avaliar o perfil hematológico e leucocitário de espécimes juvenis e adultos, associando-o ao CP. Espécimes de ambos os sexos foram pesados e os CPs foram medidos para classificação em juvenis (CP ≤16,0 cm) e adultos (CP ≥16,1 cm). Foi coletado sangue para realização do hemograma, perfil e morfologia dos leucócitos. Em geral, os valores do hemograma e as contagens de leucócitos, linfócitos e monócitos foram maiores nos jovens. A contagem de trombócitos e neutrófilos foi maior em adultos do que em jovens. A análise ultraestrutural mostrou que a contagem de leucócitos granulares em P. nattereri foi semelhante a outros peixes. Os leucócitos granulares PAS-positivos são menores do que os neutrófilos, sendo caracterizados por formas alongadas e semilunares densas no citoplasma. Nossos resultados sugerem que CP é útil para a análise da relação entre o estado de saúde de P. nattereri em ambientes aquáticos alagados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Reference Parameters , Characiformes/blood , Fishes , Leukocyte Count , Hematology
7.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: E0033, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291380

ABSTRACT

Pacientes com COVID-19 podem apresentar trombocitopenia grave. Esse achado tem importante impacto no aumento de desfechos negativos e mortalidade, representando um importante fator prognóstico da doença. Vários mecanismos etiopatogênicos foram descritos, sendo a trombocitopenia imune um dos fatores mais frequentes. A abordagem terapêutica inclui como opções: corticoterapia, imunoglobulina, transfusão de plaquetas e análogos da trombopoietina. Este estudo tem como objetivo apresentar o relato de caso de uma paciente com PCR positivo para SARS-CoV-2, que desenvolveu queda acentuada e abrupta das plaquetas no 20º dia de internação. Além disso, casos semelhantes na literatura foram analisados e as possibilidades terapêuticas elencadas. Por fim, conclui-se que há a necessidade de estudos mais amplos para auxiliar a criação de protocolos sistematizados para o diagnóstico e abordagem dessa condição.


COVID-19 patients may experience severe thrombocytopenia. Such finding has an important impact on the increase in negative outcomes and mortality, representing an important prognostic factor of the disease. Several etiopathogenetic mechanisms have been described, in which immune thrombocytopenia is one of the most frequent. The therapeutic approach includes as options: corticosteroid therapy, immunoglobulin, platelet transfusion and thrombopoietin analogs. The following study aims to present a case report of a patient with positive PCR for SARSCoV-2 who developed a severe and abrupt drop in platelets on the 20th day of hospitalization. In addition, similar cases reports in the literature were analyzed and the therapeutic possibilities were listed. Finally, it is concluded that there is a need for broader studies to help create systematic protocols for the diagnosis and approach of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Thrombocytopenia , COVID-19 , Therapeutics , Thrombopoietin/therapeutic use , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Platelet Transfusion
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(4): 362-367, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143184

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The most common disease of anus is hemorrhoids. The definition of external hemorrhoids suggests the acute phase, often characterized by thrombosis or edema. External thrombosed hemorrhoid is a specific complication. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of different platelet parameters in the presence of internal or external thrombosed hemorrhoids. Methods: Patients examined were divided into two groups: Group 1: Thrombosed hemorrhoids group (THG), Group 2: Hemorrhoidectomy group (HG). Demographic and clinical data were identified. In terms of laboratory findings, preoperative hemoglobin, hematocrit and all platelet parameters were recorded. Main results: Fifty-two patients in THG, and 75 patients in HG were included in the study. In female sex and young age group, the risk of developing thrombosed hemorrhoids was statistically significant (p= 0.029, p= 0.039, respectively). When the platelet parameters were evaluated; while PDW was higher in THG (p= 0.008), any significant difference could not found in all other values (p> 0.05). Thrombosed hemorrhoids were mostly (59.25%) found to be located in the left laterodorsal part of anus. Conclusion: Internal hemorrhoids are frequently seen in the ages of 45-65 with similar rates in both sexes, while external thrombosed hemorrhoids occur at a younger age (<45) and more often in women. Comparing in terms of platelet indexes, PDW value was found to be significantly higher in THG. In young people, thrombosed hemorrhoids may develop more frequently, as the connective tissue that forms the anal pads is not loose enough to form an internal hemorrhoid, as more seen in older patients.


RESUMO Objetivos: A doença anal mais comum são as hemorróidas. A definição de hemorróidas externas sugere a fase aguda, muitas vezes caracterizada por trombose ou edema. A hemorroida externa trombosada é uma complicação específica. Neste estudo, objetivamos investigar os efeitos de diferentes parâmetros plaquetários na presença de hemorróidas trombosadas internas ou externas. Métodos: Os pacientes examinados foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo 1, Grupo de Hemorróidas Trombosadas (GHT); Grupo 2, Grupo de hemorroidectomia (GH). Os dados demográficos e clínicos foram identificados. Em termos de achados laboratoriais, a hemoglobina pré-operatória, o hematócrito e todos os parâmetros plaquetários foram registrados. Resultados principais: Cinquenta e dois pacientes em GHT e 75 pacientes em GH foram incluídos no estudo. No sexo feminino e na faixa etária jovem, o risco de desenvolver hemorróidas trombosadas foi estatisticamente significativo (p = 0,029, p = 0,039, respectivamente). Os parâmetros plaquetários avaliados mostraram que, enquanto a Amplitude de Distribuição de Plaquetas (PDW, do inglês platelet distribution width) foi maior no GHT (p = 0,008), nenhuma diferença significativa foi encontrada para todos os outros valores (p > 0,05). A maioria das hemorróidas trombosadas (59,25%) localizava-se na região lateral-dorsal esquerda do ânus. Conclusão: As hemorróidas internas são frequentemente vistas nas idades de 45 a 65 anos com taxas semelhantes em ambos os sexos, enquanto as hemorróidas externas trombosadas ocorrem em uma idade mais jovem (<45) e mais frequentemente em mulheres. Comparando em termos de índices de plaquetas, foi observado que o valor de PDW foi significativamente maior no GHT. Em pessoas jovens, as hemorróidas trombosadas podem se desenvolver com mais frequência, pois o tecido conjuntivo que forma as almofadas anais não é flácido o suficiente para formar uma hemorroida interna, como ocorre com mais frequência em pacientes mais velhos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thrombosis/complications , Blood Platelets/pathology , Hemorrhoids/complications
10.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 54(3): 285-292, set. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130603

ABSTRACT

Los posibles efectos adversos que se producen en transfusiones incompatibles ABO son un riesgo latente en el uso de concentrados de plaquetas grupo O, por lo que la titulación de hemolisinas anti-A/B constituye una de las estrategias para su prevención. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la frecuencia de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B en donantes de sangre. Se trató de un estudio descriptivo, transversal y aleatorio simple con un tamaño muestral de 308 muestras. Se aplicó la metodología en tubo, gel salino y anti-inmunoglobulina IgG y, mediante soluciones seriadas, se evidenció el título. Adicionalmente, se realizó una encuesta sobre los posibles factores de riesgo para el aumento de estos títulos. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva mediante el uso del software informático SPSS versión 22.0 y la relación entre variables independientes a través del análisis estadístico de Chi-cuadrado y, para establecer la concordancia de las lecturas visuales de las tarjetas de gel, se aplicó el índice kappa. Se determinó la existencia de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos superiores a 1/64. Existió una relación estadísticamente significativa entre embarazos y títulos de IgG anti-A/B >1/128 y el aumento de hemolisinas de isotipo IgM y la ingesta de probióticos. Los resultados demostraron la necesidad de implementar la titulación de hemolisinas previo a la transfusión de concentrados plaquetarios no isogrupo, por lo que se recomienda una investigación de riesgo-beneficio y el seguimiento de pacientes con transfusiones de concentrados plaquetarios incompatibles ABO.


The possible adverse effects that occur in incompatible ABO transfusions are a latent risk in the use of group O platelet concentrates, so the titration of anti-A/B hemolysins is one of the strategies for its prevention. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of hemolysins titers IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotypes in blood donours. It was a simple randomized descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 308 samples. The methodology was applied in tube, saline gel and anti-IgG anti-immunoglobulin and by means of serial solutions the title was verified. Additionally, a survey was conducted on the possible risk factors for the increase in securities. Descriptive statistics were used through the application of the SPSS version 22.0 software and the relationship between independent variables through the Chi-square statistical analysis and the kappa index was applied to match the visual readings of the gel cards. The existence of IgG and IgM anti-A/B isotype hemolysins of titers greater than 1/64 was determined. There was a statistically significant relationship between pregnancies and anti-A/B IgG titres>1/128; and the increase in IgM isotype hemolysins and probiotic intake. The results demonstrate the need to implement hemolysin titration prior to transfusion of non-isogroup platelet concentrates, so a risk-benefit investigation and follow-up of patients with transfusions of ABO incompatible platelet concentrates is recommended.


Os possíveis efeitos adversos que ocorrem em transfusões incompatíveis ABO são um risco latente no uso de concentrados de plaquetas do grupo O, portanto a titulação de hemolisinas anti-A/B é uma das estratégias para sua prevenção. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar a frequência de títulos de hemolisinas de isotipos IgG e IgM anti-A/B em doadores de sangue. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal aleatório simples, com tamanho de amostra de 308 amostras. A metodologia foi aplicada em tubo, gel salino e anti-imunoglobulina IgG e utilizando soluções em série, o título foi verificado. Além disso, foi realizada uma pesquisa sobre os possíveis fatores de risco para o aumento destes títulos. A estatística descritiva foi utilizada através da aplicação do software informático SPSS versão 22.0 e a relação entre variáveis independentes por meio da análise estatística do qui-quadrado e, para estabelecer a concordância com as leituras visuais dos cartões de gel, o índice kappa foi aplicado. Foi determinada a existência de hemolisinas de isotipo IgG e IgM anti-A/B de títulos maiores que 1/64. Existiu uma relação estatisticamente significante entre gestações e títulos de IgG anti-A/B>1/128; e o aumento de hemolisinas do isotipo IgM e a ingestão de probióticos. Os resultados demonstram a necessidade de implementar a titulação da hemolisina antes da transfusão de concentrados de plaquetas não isogrupo, por isso, recomenda-se uma investigação de risco-benefício e acompanhamento de pacientes com transfusões de concentrados de plaquetas incompatíveis com ABO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Platelets , Immunoglobulin Isotypes/blood , Software , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Risk Factors , Probiotics , Hemolysin Proteins , Volunteers , Blood , Blood Donors , Risk , Statistical Analysis , Morbidity , Titrimetry , Aftercare , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Disease Prevention
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 263-268, May-June 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138037

ABSTRACT

Abstract Platelet-rich plasma is derived from centrifuging whole blood. There is increasing interest in the sports medicine and athlete community about providing endogenous growth factors directly to the injury site, using autologous blood products such as platelet-rich plasma. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the association between research financing, conflict of interests, level of evidence and author affiliation with the interpretation of results in articles published on platelet-rich plasma therapy in musculoskeletal ailments. A review of the current literature was performed. The outcome was classified as favorable or unfavorable. The declaration of conflict of interests and the type of funding was extracted from each article. The financing was classified as industry-sponsored; not industry-sponsored; or unidentifiable. The level of evidence was categorized from I to IV. Higher positive outcomes were observed in 134 studies with industry sponsorship compared with not industry-sponsored studies (odds ratio [OR]: 0.26; 95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.08-0.85; p < 0.05). Compared with level of evidence I, levels II and IV increase the probability of positive outcomes by 12.42 times (p < 0.01) and 10.97 times (p < 0.01) respectively. Proportionally, industry-sponsored studies are more likely to present positive results, as well as articles with a lower quality of evidence.


Resumo O plasma rico em plaquetas é derivado da centrifugação do sangue total. Há um interesse crescente, na medicina esportiva e na comunidade atlética, no fornecimento de fatores de crescimento endógeno diretamente ao sítio da lesão, usando componentes sanguíneos autólogos, como o plasma rico em plaquetas. O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar a associação entre financiamento de pesquisa, conflito de interesses, nível de evidência e afiliação dos autores com a interpretação dos resultados em publicações sobre terapia com plasma rico em plaquetas nas doenças osteomusculares. Foi realizada uma revisão da literatura atual. O desfecho foi classificado como favorável ou desfavorável. A declaração de conflito de interesses e o tipo de financiamento foram extraídos de cada artigo. O financiamento foi qualificado em patrocínio industrial; não patrocinado pela indústria; ou não identificável. O nível de evidência foi categorizado de I a IV. Foram obtidos os resultados positivos mais altos com 134 estudos financiados pelo setor industrial, em comparação com estudos não financiados pela indústria (razão de probabilidades [RP]: 0,26; intervalo de confiança de 95% [95%IC]: 0,08-0,85; p < 0,05). Em comparação com o nível de evidência I, os níveis II e IV aumentam a probabilidade de resultado positivo em 12,42 vezes (p < 0,01) e 10,97 vezes (p < 0,01), respectivamente. Demonstrou-se que, proporcionalmente, estudos patrocinados pela indústria têm maior probabilidade de apresentar resultados positivos, bem como artigos com menor qualidade de evidência.


Subject(s)
Plasma , Sports Medicine , Blood Platelets , Capital Financing , Conflict of Interest , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Ethics , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Industry
13.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(2): e992, abr.-jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149895

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas son producidas por el incremento o disminución de los conteos globales de plaquetas. El incremento o trombocitosis se produce por redistribución o aumento de la producción medular; la disminución puede ser el resultado de una reducción de la producción, redistribución o acortamiento de la sobrevida de las plaquetas en circulación. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos citomorfológicos más importantes en las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de la literatura, en inglés y español, en la base de datos PubMed y el motor de búsqueda Google Académico de artículos publicados en los últimos 10 años. Se hizo un análisis y resumen de la bibliografía revisada. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas se caracterizan por variaciones en el número y morfología de estas células. Estas se asocian a causas congénitas o adquiridas, en la que la detallada anamnesis de los pacientes es un elemento importante en el diagnóstico. En la trombocitosis se debe diferenciar una trombocitosis reactiva de una enfermedad medular primaria; mientras que en la trombocitopenia se debe considerar el origen étnico de los pacientes y la morfología de los leucocitos. Son numerosas las causas hereditarias de trombocitopenia con anomalías morfológicas de plaquetas y granulocitos. Conclusiones: Las alteraciones cuantitativas de plaquetas son un amplio número de entidades con semejanzas y diferencias en cuanto a presentación y manifestaciones clínicas. Los exámenes de laboratorio constituyen una herramienta importante en el diagnóstico, pronóstico y el seguimiento de los pacientes afectados(AU)


Introduction: Quantitative platelet alterations are produced by the increase or decrease in global platelet counts. Platelet count increase or thrombocytosis is produced by redistribution or increased marrow production. Platelet decrease may result from production, redistribution, or shortened survival of circulating platelets. Objective: To describe the most significant cytomorphological findings in quantitative platelet alterations. Methods: A literature review was carried out, in English and in Spanish, in the database PubMed and with the search engine of Google Scholar, of articles published in the last ten years. An analysis and summary of the revised bibliography was made. Information analysis and synthesis: Quantitative platelet alterations are characterized by variations in the number and morphology of these cells. These are associated with congenital or acquired causes, in which detailed anamnesis of patients is an important element in the diagnosis. In thrombocytosis, reactive thrombocytosis must be differentiated from primary marrow disease; while in thrombocytopenia, the ethnic origin of the patients and the morphology of the leukocytes must be considered. Hereditary causes of thrombocytopenia with morphological abnormalities of platelets and granulocytes are numerous. Conclusions: Quantitative platelet alterations are a large number of entities with similarities and differences in terms of presentation and clinical manifestations. Laboratory tests are an important tool for diagnosis, prognosis, and follow-up of affected patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet Count/methods , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thrombocytosis/diagnosis , Cells/cytology , Blood Platelets/pathology
14.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(1): 35-40, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089807

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Currently, the most likely hypotheses as the cause of Alzheimer's disease are deposition of amyloid beta peptide in the cerebral cortex and hyperphosphorylation of Tau protein. The diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease is based on the exclusion of other diseases, behavioral assessments, and blood and imaging tests. Biotechnology has created interesting perspectives for the early detection of Alzheimer's disease through blood analysis, with special attention to platelets, hemoglobin and vitamin B12. Objective: To evaluate the concentrations of platelets, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 in the blood of older adults with and without dementia of Alzheimer's disease. Methods: A case-control study involving 120 individuals was conducted, seeking to establish a correlation between changes in platelet, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 concentrations in patients with confirmed AD and in individuals in the inclusion group without AD. The study met the established ethical requirements. Results: Hemoglobin and platelet levels were statistically lower in patients with AD. The biochemical evaluation in AD patient and healthy groups for vitamin B12 showed a decrease in the levels of this compound in patients with AD. Conclusion: We demonstrated the feasibility of the use of blood biomarkers as predictive markers for the diagnosis of AD.


RESUMO Atualmente, as hipóteses mais prováveis como causa da doença de Alzheimer são a deposição do peptídeo beta amiloide no córtex cerebral e a hiperfosforilação da proteína Tau. O diagnóstico da doença de Alzheimer baseia-se na exclusão de outras doenças, avaliações comportamentais e exames de imagem e sangue. A biotecnologia criou perspectivas interessantes para a detecção precoce da doença de Alzheimer, pela análise sanguínea, com atenção especial às plaquetas, hemoglobina e vitamina B12. Objetivo: Avaliar as concentrações de plaquetas, hemoglobina e vitamina B12 no sangue de idosos com e sem demência de Alzheimer. Métodos: O estudo de caso-controle envolveu 120 indivíduos, buscando correlação entre mudanças nas concentrações de plaquetas, hemoglobina e vitamina B12 em pacientes com DA confirmada e indivíduos do grupo de inclusão, sem DA. Resultados: Os níveis de hemoglobina e plaquetas são estatisticamente mais baixos em pacientes com DA. A avaliação bioquímica em pacientes com DA e grupos saudáveis para vitamina B12 mostrou uma diminuição nos níveis deste composto em pacientes com DA. Conclusão: Demonstramos a viabilidade do uso de biomarcadores sanguíneos como marcadores preditivos para o diagnóstico de DA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin B 12 , Blood Platelets , Hemoglobins , Biomarkers , Dementia , Alzheimer Disease
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 133-138, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136183

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Periodontitis may stimulate infectious and immune response and cause the development of atherogenesis, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction. The aim of this study was to compare the plateletcrit (PCT) and mean platelet volume (MPV) levels derived from complete blood count (CBC) tests in patients suffering from stage 3 periodontitis with those of healthy individuals without periodontal disease. METHODS The study included 57 patients (28 females and 29 males) with Stage 3 Periodontitis and 57 volunteering individuals (31 females and 26 males) who were periodontally healthy. The age of study participants ranged from 18 to 50 years. Their periodontal condition was investigated with probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, and plaque index. Leukocyte (WBC) and erythrocyte count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (HCT) levels, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and red cell distribution width (RDW), thrombocyte count, mean platelet volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT ), and neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were evaluated based on the CBC test results of the study participants. RESULTS PCT, WBC, Neutrophil, and MPV values were found to be significantly higher in the periodontitis group (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in RBC counts, Hb, HCT, MCV, RDW, and platelet and lymphocyte counts between the two study groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS PCT and MPV levels may be a more useful marker to determine an increased thrombotic state and inflammatory response in periodontal diseases.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A periodontite pode estimular a resposta infecciosa e imunitária e causar o desenvolvimento da aterogênese, doença coronária e infarto do miocárdio. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os níveis de plaquetócrito (PCT) e de volume médio de plaquetas (VMP) derivados dos testes de hemograma completo (CBC) em doentes que sofrem de periodontite de fase 3 com os de indivíduos saudáveis, sem doença periodontal. MÉTODOS O estudo incluiu 57 doentes (28 mulheres e 29 homens) com periodontite de fase 3 e 57 voluntários (31 mulheres e 26 homens) que eram periodontalmente saudáveis. A idade dos participantes do estudo variou de 18 a 50 anos. A condição periodontal dos participantes do estudo foi investigada com profundidade de sonda (PD), nível de ligação clínica, hemorragia na sonda e índice de placas. Contagem de leucócitos (WBC) e eritrócitos (RBC), níveis de hemoglobina (Hb) e hematócrito (HCT), volume corpuscular médio (VCM) e largura de distribuição das células vermelhas (RDW), contagem de trombócitos, volume plaquetário médio (MPV), plaquetócrito (PCT) e contagem de neutrófilos e linfócitos foram avaliados com base nos resultados do teste CBC dos participantes do estudo. RESULTADO Verificou-se que os valores de PCT, WBC, neutrófilos e MPV eram significativamente mais elevados no grupo da periodontite (p<0,05). Não houve diferenças significativas nas contagens de glóbulos vermelhos, Hb, HCT, MCV, RDW; nem nas contagens de plaquetas e linfócitos entre os dois grupos estudados (p>0, 05). CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de PCT e MPV podem ser um marcador mais útil para determinar um estado trombótico aumentado e a resposta inflamatória em doenças periodontais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Periodontitis/blood , Blood Platelets/cytology , Mean Platelet Volume , Reference Values , Blood Cell Count , Case-Control Studies , Periodontal Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(2): 160-165, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136172

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Coronary collateral development (CCD) predicts the severity of coronary heart disease. Hemogram parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV), eosinophil, red cell distribution width, and platelet distribution width (PDW), are supposed novel inflammatory markers. We aimed to compare hemogram parameter values in patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with adequate or inadequate CCD. METHODS A total of 177 patients with NSTEMI undergoing coronary arteriography were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the development of CCD: one group with adequate CCD (n=88) and the other with impaired CCD (n=89). RESULTS Baseline demographics and clinical risk factors were similar between the groups. Hemogram parameters were not significantly different between the two groups. However, compared to the inadequate CCD group, the median PDW was significantly higher in the adequate CCD group, 17.6 (1.4) vs. 17.8 (1.6) p=0.004. In a multivariate analysis, PDW (p=0.001, 95% CI for OR: 0.489(0,319-0,750) was found to be significantly different in the adequate CCD group compared to the inadequate CCD group. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed that PDW was significantly correlated with the Rentrop score (r=0.26, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS We suggest that since PDW is an index that is inexpensive and easy to assess, it could serve as a marker of CCD in patients with NSTEMI.


RESUMO OBJETIVO O desenvolvimento colateral coronariano (CCD) prediz a gravidade da doença coronariana. Parâmetros de hemograma como volume plaquetário médio (VPM), eosinófilo, largura de distribuição de glóbulos vermelhos e largura de distribuição de plaquetas (PDW) são supostos novos marcadores inflamatórios. Nosso objetivo foi comparar os valores do parâmetro hemograma em pacientes com infarto do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAMSSST) com DCC adequado ou inadequado. MÉTODOS Um total de 177 pacientes com NSTEMI submetidos à arteriografia coronariana foram incluídos e divididos, com base no desenvolvimento de CCD, em dois grupos: grupo com CCD adequado (n = 88) e grupo com CCD alterado (n = 89). RESULTADOS Os dados demográficos e os fatores de risco clínicos basais foram semelhantes entre os grupos. Os parâmetros do hemograma não foram significativamente diferentes entre os dois grupos. Mas, em comparação com a mediana inadequada do grupo CCD, o PDW foi significativamente maior em CCD adequado de 17,6 (1,4) vs. 17,8 (1,6) p = 0,004. Na análise multivariada, PDW (p = 0,001, IC 95% para OR: 0,489 (0,319-0,750) foi significativamente diferente no grupo CCD adequado em comparação com o grupo CCD inadequado. A análise de correlação de Pearson revelou que PDW foi significativamente correlacionado com escore de aluguel (r = 0,26, p <0,001). CONCLUSÃO Sugerimos que, uma vez que a PDW é um índice barato e de fácil avaliação, pode servir como um marcador de DCC em pacientes com IAMSSST.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Collateral Circulation/physiology , Coronary Circulation/physiology , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction/blood , Reference Values , Blood Cell Count , Blood Platelets , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mean Platelet Volume , Middle Aged
17.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(1): 1674-1681, ene.-feb. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127024

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La terapia transfusional demanda de sólidos conocimientos para lograr planear y ejecutar un plan de trabajo integral para el logro del bienestar de la persona que lo requiera. El personal que desarrolla su profesión en aspectos relacionados con las transfusiones sanguíneas debe estar en una actualización continua de conocimientos, orientados a desarrollar nuevas técnicas así como medidas de seguridad. El objetivo de este trabajo fue abordar acerca de la importancia del uso de la sangre como recurso terapéutico, y el valor hermanado de la donación voluntaria y generoso de sangre lo que vincula al individuo a una nueva conducta y actitud hacia el mundo exterior natural, socia. La sangre constituye la materia prima esencial para los bancos de sangre, de ella se obtiene el plasma, glóbulos rojos, glóbulos blancos, plaquetas, hemoderivados y otros productos biológicos para terapias en la medicina transfusional. La donación voluntaria es una acción desprendida por el solo hecho de ayudar a otros a los que no se conoce, no sólo es la más generosa y la más ética, es el pilar de los servicios modernos de donación y transfusión sanguínea (AU).


SUMMARY Transfusion therapy demands solid knowledge to plan and perform a comprehensive work plan to achieve the wellbeing of persons needing it. The staff whose profession is related with blood transfusions should be continuously updating their knowledge, trying to develop new techniques and secure practices. The aim of this article was approaching the importance of using blood as therapeutic resource and the associated value of generous and voluntary donation, linking individuals to a new behavior and attitude to the natural and social outside world. Blood is the essential raw material for blood banks, obtaining from it plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, blood products and other biological products for therapies in transfusion medicine. Voluntary donation is a disinterested action just for the fact of helping unknown persons. It is not only the most generous and the most ethical action, but it is also the support of the modern blood donation and transfusion services (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood , Blood Donors/ethics , Blood-Derivative Drugs , Blood Banks/methods , Blood Banks/supply & distribution , Blood Platelets , Therapeutic Uses , Transfusion Medicine
18.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 28-36, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087974

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones hematológicas pueden tener el primer signo en la cavidad oral y los signos varían dependiendo de la línea celular que se encuentre afectada: eritrocitos, leucocitos y plaquetas. La formación de las células sanguíneas se lleva a cabo en la médula ósea a través de un proceso denominado hematopoyesis que se encarga de la formación, desarrollo y especialización de todas sus células sanguíneas funcionales, pasan de células troncales pluripotenciales a células hematopoyéticas maduras que emergen a la sangre periférica. El odontólogo debe ser capaz de identificar los distintos signos en la cavidad oral que podrían sugerir que el paciente padece un trastorno hematológico, el cual podría complicar el tratamiento dental. La identificación oportuna de estos signos a través de una minuciosa exploración física y la historia clínica completa evita que se presenten complicaciones en el paciente y que éstas puedan poner en riesgo su vida, por lo que al encontrar algún signo sugerente de un trastorno hematológico debe referirse al paciente con el hematólogo (AU)


Hematological alterations may be the first sign in the oral cavity and symptoms vary depending on the cell line that is affected: Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. The formation of blood cells are held in the bone marrow through a process called hematopoiesis, which is responsible for training, development and specialization in all its functional blood cells, they move from pluripotent stem cell to hematopoietic cells mature emerging to peripheral blood. The dentist must be able to identify the different signs in the oral cavity that could suggest that the patient has a haematological disorder, which could complicate dental treatment. The timely identification of these signs through a thorough physical examination and the complete clinical history prevents complications from occurring in the patient and may put their lives at risk, so when finding any sign suggestive of a hematological disorder should refer to the patient with the hematologist (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Blood Coagulation Disorders/classification , Hematologic Diseases , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Platelets , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Oral Ulcer , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787140

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential to delay AD development. The plant sterol β-Sitosterol has a potential role in inhibiting the production of platelet Aβ, suggesting that it may be useful for AD prevention. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of β-Sitosterol on deficits in learning and memory in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) double transgenic mice. APP/PS1 mice were treated with β-Sitosterol for four weeks, from the age of seven months. Brain Aβ metabolism was evaluated using ELISA and Western blotting. We found that β-Sitosterol treatment can improve spatial learning and recognition memory ability, and reduce plaque load in APP/PS1 mice. β-Sitosterol treatment helped reverse dendritic spine loss in APP/PS1 mice and reversed the decreased hippocampal neuron miniature excitatory postsynaptic current frequency. Our research helps to explain and support the neuroprotective effect of β-Sitosterol, which may offer a novel pharmaceutical agent for the treatment of AD. Taken together, these findings suggest that β-Sitosterol ameliorates memory and learning impairment in APP/PS1 mice and possibly decreases Aβ deposition.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Animals , Blood Platelets , Blotting, Western , Brain , Cognition Disorders , Dementia , Dendritic Spines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Learning , Memory , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Plant Extracts , Plants , Plaque, Amyloid , Spatial Learning
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827188

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of protein kinase A (PKA) activation on aggregation funetion of platelets in vitro.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood of healthy adults were collected, and the washed platelets were gained from collected peripheral blood. The washed platelets were treated with PKA activator Forskolin, then the platelet aggregation was induced by using Ristocetin, Thrombin, Collagen and ADP respectively, the platelet aggregation level was detected by the platelet aggregator.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the controls, 5 μmol/L forskolin significantly inhibited ADP and collagen-induced platelet aggregation (P<0.001), and showed mild inhibiting effect on Thrombin-induced platelet aggregation (P<0.05). 2.5-10 μmol/L forskolin significantly inhibited ADP and Collagen -induced platelet aggregation (P<0.001); but not showed significantly inhibitory effects on Ristocetin-induced platelet aggregation (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PKA activation inhibits agonists-induced platelet aggregation.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases , Humans , Platelet Aggregation , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Ristocetin , Thrombin
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