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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 519-524, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364326

ABSTRACT

Resumo A hiperativação do sistema nervoso simpático desempenha um papel central na fisiopatologia da hipertensão. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a atividade simpática cardíaca e investigar o papel da cintigrafia miocárdica com metaiodobenzilguanidina com 123I ([123I] MIBG) na estratificação de risco cardiovascular de pacientes com hipertensão resistente tratados com denervação renal (DR). Dezoito pacientes foram incluídos neste estudo prospectivo (média de idade de 56 ± 10 anos, 27,8% mulheres). Ecocardiograma transtorácico, análise geral do sangue e cintilografia miocárdica com [(123I) MIBG] foram realizados antes e seis meses após a DR. Um paciente era considerado respondedor (R) se uma diminuição ≥ 5 mmHg na pressão arterial sistólica (PAS) média ambulatorial fosse observada no seguimento de seis meses. 66,7% dos pacientes foram R (diminuição na PAS de 20,6 ± 14,5 mmHg, vs. menos 8 ± 11,6 mmHg em não-respondedores (NR), p = 0,001). A relação coração-mediastino (RCM) inicial foi significativamente menor na linha basal no grupo R (1,6 ± 0,1 vs. 1,72 ± 0,1, p <0,02), mas semelhante em seis meses. Considerando os dois momentos no tempo, o grupo R teve valores iniciais de RCM mais baixos do que o grupo NR (p <0,05). Tanto o RCM tardio quanto a taxa de washout foram idênticos e nenhuma correlação significativa entre a resposta à DR ou qualquer índice de imagem com MIBG foi encontrada. A denervação renal efetivamente reduziu a pressão arterial na maioria dos pacientes, mas a imagem com [123I] MIBG não foi útil na previsão da resposta. Entretanto, houve evidência de overdrive do sistema nervoso simpático e, tanto a RCM inicial quanto tardia estavam reduzidas em geral, provavelmente colocando essa população em um risco maior de eventos adversos.


Abstract Hyperactivation of the sympathetic nervous system plays a central role in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The aim of this study was to assess cardiac sympathetic activity and investigate the role of myocardial123I-labelled meta-iodo benzyl guanidine ([123I] MIBG) scintigraphy in cardiovascular risk stratification of patients with resistant hypertension treated with renal denervation (RDN). Eighteen patients were included in this prospective study (mean age 56 ± 10 years old, 27.8% females). Transthoracic echocardiogram, general blood analysis and myocardial ([123I] MIBG scintigraphy were performed before and six-months after RDN. A patient was considered a responder (R) if a drop ≥ 5mmHg on mean systolic ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring was observed at the six-month follow-up. 66.7% of patients were R (drop in systolic BP of 20.6 ± 14.5mmHg, vs minus 8 ± 11.6mmHg in non-responders (NR), p=0.001). Early heart-mediastinum ratio (HMR) was significantly lower at baseline in the R group (1.6 ± 0.1 vs 1.72 ± 0.1, p<0.02) but similar at six months. Considering both instants in time, the R group had lower early HMR values than the NR group (p<0.05). Both the late HMR and the washout rate were identical and no significant correlation between response to RDN or any MIBG imaging index was found. Renal denervation effectively lowered blood pressure in the majority of patients but [123I] MIBG was not useful in predicting the response. However, there was evidence of sympathetic overdrive and, both early and late HMR were overall reduced, probably putting this population at a higher risk of adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , 3-Iodobenzylguanidine , Sympathetic Nervous System/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Radiopharmaceuticals , Denervation , Heart/physiology , Heart/diagnostic imaging , Iodine Radioisotopes , Middle Aged
2.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.728-736, tab, ilus.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353103
5.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(3): 520-527, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339187

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento: Hipertensos tratados avaliados apenas com a medida casual da pressão arterial (PA) podem estar sujeitos a decisões equivocadas. Objetivos: Avaliar o comportamento da PA pela medida casual e residencial (MRPA), o comportamento das classes de anti-hipertensivos e as prevalências de hipertensão do avental branco (HABNC) e mascarada não-controladas (HMNC). Métodos: Estudo transversal que avaliou pacientes pela plataforma TeleMRPA entre 2017 e 2019. Foram excluídos aqueles sem medicamentos, com 3 ou mais, em uso de espironolactona e alfa-2 agonistas. As variáveis analisadas foram: idade, sexo, índice de massa corporal (IMC), número de medidas válidas da PA, médias da PA sistólica (PAS) e diastólica (PAD) pela medida casual e MRPA, e as classes de anti-hipertensivos. Utilizados os testes t pareado e não pareado e qui-quadrado. Adotado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Selecionados 22.446 pacientes, dos quais 6.731 preencheram os critérios, sendo 61,3% do sexo feminino, com idade média de 57,8 (±12,6) anos e IMC médio de 29,0 (±5,1) kg/m2. Os valores médios de PAS e PAD foram 6,6 mmHg (p<0,001) e 4,4 mmHg (p<0,001) maiores na medida casual que na MRPA. As taxas de controle da PA foram de 57,0% pela medida casual e 61,3% pela MRPA (p<0,001), com prevalência de HABNC e HMNC de 15,4% e 11,1%, respectivamente. O bloqueio do sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona ocorreu em 74,6% das vezes e 54,8% estavam em monoterapia. Conclusões: O uso da MRPA deve ser considerado no acompanhamento de hipertensos tratados em virtude das elevadas prevalências de HABNC e HMNC. Os anti-hipertensivos tiveram comportamentos distintos nas medidas domiciliares. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background: Hypertensive patients undergoing treatment and assessed only by casual blood pressure (BP) measurement may be subject to mistaken decisions. Objective: To assess BP behavior by measuring its levels at the office (casual) and at home (HBPM), the behavior of different classes of antihypertensive drugs, and the prevalence of uncontrolled white-coat hypertension (UCWCH) and uncontrolled masked hypertension (UCMH). Methods: Cross-sectional study assessing patients who underwent BP monitoring in the TeleMRPA platform between 2017 and 2019. The exclusion criteria were: use of no antihypertensive drug; combined use of 3 or more antihypertensive drugs; and use of spironolactone and alpha-2 agonist. The variables analyzed were: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), number of valid BP measurements, means of systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, respectively) obtained from HBPM and casual measurement, and the classes of antihypertensive drugs. Paired and unpaired t tests, as well as chi-square test, were used. The 5% significance level was adopted. Results: This study selected 22 446 patients, 6731 of whom met the inclusion criteria [61.3%, female sex; mean age, 57.8 (±12.6) years; mean BMI, 29.0 (±5.1) kg/m2]. Mean SBP and DBP were 6.6 mm Hg (p<0.001) and 4.4 mm Hg (p<0.001) higher in casual measurement than in HBPM. The rates of BP control were 57.0% in casual measurement and 61.3% in HBPM (p<0.001), and the prevalence of UCWCH and UCMH was 15.4% and 11.1%, respectively. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade was observed in 74.6% of the patients, and 54.8% were on single-drug therapy. Conclusions: HBPM should be considered for the follow-up of treated hypertensive patients because of the high prevalence of UCWCH and UCMH. Antihypertensive drugs behaved differently in HBPM. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , White Coat Hypertension/diagnosis , White Coat Hypertension/drug therapy , White Coat Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy , Hypertension/epidemiology , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Middle Aged , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(8): 2997-3004, ago. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285971

ABSTRACT

Abstract Blood pressure measurements taken in a clinical setting are subject to errors, therefore there are advantages to monitoring blood pressure at home, especially in in patients diagnosed with hypertension. The study describes the feasibility of home monitoring to assess blood pressure in primary care and compares blood pressure measured at home and during a medical consultation. This cross-sectional study was carried out with patients whose used home blood pressure in the morning and evening, thrice for seven consecutive day sat home. Participants included patients older than 18 years with suspected whitecoat hypertension, taking antihypertensives, or those intolerant of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, and excluded patients who did not follow the protocol, suffered from an irregular heart rate, and pregnant women. Of the 134 patients who participated in the study, 63.3% had altered blood pressure when measured at health facilities and 48% had higher blood pressure at home. The mean difference between the methods was 10.1 mmHg for systolic and 4.3 mmHg for diastolic. The prevalence of whitecoat hypertension was 19.4%. Blood pressure monitoring at home is a practicable strategy in the Brazilian healthcare system.


Resumo A medição da pressão arterial no consultório está sujeita a erros; assim, a monitorização residencial da pressão arterial é utilizada para o monitoramento e diagnóstico da hipertensão. Descrever a viabilidade da monitorização residencial para avaliar a pressão arterial na atenção primária e comparar os valores da pressão arterial através da monitorização residencial e medida de consultório. Estudo transversal realizado com pacientes que utilizaram a monitorização residencial pela manhã e pela noite, em triplicata por sete dias consecutivos em domicílio. Foram incluídos pacientes maiores de 18 anos, com suspeita de hipertensão do avental branco, utilizando anti-hipertensivos ou intolerantes a monitorização ambulatorial. Foram excluídos pacientes que não seguiram o protocolo, aqueles que apresentavam ritmo cardíaco irregular ou mulheres grávidas. 134 pacientes participaram do estudo, 63,3% apresentaram pressão arterial alteradas em consultório e 48% pela monitorização residencial. A diferença média dos métodos foi de 10,1 mmHg para sistólica e 4,3 mmHg para diastólica. A prevalência de hipertensão do avental branco foi 19,4%. A monitorização residencial da pressão arterial no sistema de saúde brasileiro provou ser uma estratégia viável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/epidemiology , Primary Health Care , Blood Pressure , Feasibility Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Circadian Rhythm
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(2): 295-302, fev. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152994

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O padrão pressórico não-dipper é definido por uma redução inferior a 10% na pressão arterial noturna e está associado a doenças cardiovasculares. Acredita-se que a inflamação desempenhe um papel na patogênese da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) e no padrão pressórico não-dipper e ambas as doenças estão associadas a uma qualidade de vida mais baixa. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi o de investigar os efeitos do padrão pressórico não-dipper em pacientes com DPOC. Métodos Foi realizado um estudo transversal incluindo 142 pacientes com DPOC. O Questionário Respiratório de Saint George e a Escala de Qualidade de Vida Euro foram utilizados para a coleta de dados. Para entender a rigidez arterial, o índice de aumento e a velocidade da onda de pulso foram medidos; subsequentemente, foi realizada a monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial de 24 horas. Foi aplicado um modelo de regressão logística multivariável para entender a relação entre as diferentes variáveis independentes e o padrão pressórico. Foram considerados estatisticamente significativos valores de p inferiores a 0,05. Resultados Como resultado, 76,1% (n = 108) dos pacientes apresentaram o padrão pressórico não-dipper. Os pacientes com padrão não-dipper apresentaram valores mais altos de proteína C reativa (OR: 1,123; IC 95%: 1,016;1,242), índice de aumento (OR: 1,057; IC 95%: 1,011;1,105) e pontuação total no Questionário Respiratório de Saint George (OR: 1,021; IC 95%: 1,001;1,042), em comparação com os pacientes com padrão dipper. Adicionalmente, com o aumento do número de pessoas que habitavam o domicílio, verificou-se que o padrão pressórico não-dipper era mais frequente (OR: 1,339; IC 95%:1,009;1,777). Conclusão O padrão pressórico não-dipper pode aumentar o risco cardiovascular ao desencadear a inflamação e pode afetar adversamente o prognóstico da DPOC diminuindo a qualidade de vida relacionada à doença. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Non-dipper blood pressure is defined by less than a 10% reduction in nighttime blood pressure, and it is associated with cardiovascular disease. Inflammation is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of both chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and non-dipper blood pressure pattern, and both diseases are associated with lower quality of life. Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of non-dipper blood pressure pattern in patients with COPD. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out with 142 patients with COPD. The Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire and the Euro Quality of Life Scale were used to collect data. To understand arterial stiffness, the augmentation index and pulse wave velocity were measured, and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was subsequently performed. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to understand the relationship between different independent variables and blood pressure pattern. P values lower than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results As a result, 76.1% (n = 108) of the patients had non-dipper blood pressure pattern. Non-dipper patients had higher C-reactive protein (OR:1.123; 95% CI:1.016;1.242), augmentation index (OR: 1.057; 95% CI: 1.011;1.105) and Saint George Respiratory Questionnaire total score (OR: 1.021; 95% CI: 1.001;1.042) than dipper patients. Also, as the number of people living at home increased, non-dipper blood pressure pattern was found to be more frequent (OR: 1.339; 95% CI: 1.009;1.777). Conclusion Non-dipper blood pressure pattern may increase cardiovascular risk by triggering inflammation and may adversely affect the prognosis of COPD by lowering the disease-related quality of life. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Hypertension , Quality of Life , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Pulse Wave Analysis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To determine the association between glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and ambulatory blood pressure or heart rate in hypertensive patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 585 patients, who performed ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) from September 2018 to April 2019 in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, were enrolled and assigned into 2 groups (470 in a hypertensive group and 115 in a normal group). HbA1c levels were compared. According to the HbA1c level, the hypertensive group was divided into 2 subgroups: A high HbA1c group (HbA1c≥6.1%, @*RESULTS@#The hypertensive group had higher HbA1c level than the normal group [(6.1±1.3)% vs (5.1±1.7)%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#In hypertensive patients, HbA1c is positively correlated with ambulate blood pressure, blood pressure load, and heart rate, and it has no correlation with blood pressure variability, heart rate variability, or morning blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Heart Rate , Humans , Hypertension
12.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 61-67, dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344688

ABSTRACT

30 to 40% of the adult population worldwide has been diagnosed with hypertension, among these patients 5 to 10% of them could have a possibly curable condition. In order to recognize this special population, the clinician must perform a complete work up and be aware of the main underlying causes of secondary hypertension. Often this could be a goal difficult to accomplish. The purpose of this article is to discuss the most frequent causes of secondary hypertension and offer a diagnostic approach for these patients. Clinicians should never forget that drug-related hypertension is a common cause that is discovered only with the help of a good medical history.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension, Renovascular/etiology , Pheochromocytoma , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hyperaldosteronism , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/etiology , Hypertension, Renovascular/diagnosis , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 862-870, nov. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142247

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Ainda não temos informações acerca do impacto da pandemia da COVID-19 sobre a atividade médica assistencial no Brasil. Objetivo Descrever as repercussões da pandemia da COVID-19 na rotina de atendimentos em um hospital terciário, referência regional em cardiologia e oncologia. Métodos Estudo de corte transversal. Foi realizado levantamento dos atendimentos no período de 23/03/2020 (fechamento do comércio local) até 23/04/2020 (P20) e comparado com o mesmo período em 2019 (P19).Resultados: Detectamos redução no número de consultas cardiológicas, teste ergométrico, Holter, monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial, eletrocardiograma e ecocardiograma (90%, 84%, 94%, 92%, 94% e 81%, respectivamente). Em relação à cirurgia cardíaca e cateterismo cardíaco, houve redução de 48% e 60%, respectivamente. Aumento no número de angioplastia transluminal coronária (33%) e de implante de marca-passo definitivo (29%). Houve 97 internamentos na UTI em P19, contra 78 em P20, redução de 20%. Diminuição dos atendimentos no pronto-socorro cardiológico (45%) e nos internamentos na enfermaria de cardiologia (36%). Houve diminuição nas consultas oncológicas de 30%. Sessões de quimioterapia reduziram de 1.944 para 1.066 (45%). Sessões de radioterapia diminuíram 19%. Conclusão A COVID-19 provocou redução considerável no número de consultas nos ambulatórios de cardiologia, oncologia e demais especialidades. Houve uma preocupante diminuição no número de cirurgias cardíacas e nas sessões de quimioterapia e radioterapia nas semanas iniciais da pandemia. A procura por atendimento no pronto-socorro cardiológico, assim como as internações na UTI e enfermaria cardiológicas, também reduziram, gerando preocupação acerca da evolução e prognóstico destes pacientes portadores de outras patologias, que não a COVID-19, nestes tempos de pandemia. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background We still do not have information regarding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical care activity in Brazil. Objective To describe the repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on the care routine of a tertiary hospital, which is a regional reference in cardiology and oncology. Methods Cross-sectional cohort study. We conducted a survey of medical visits from March 23, 2020 (when local commerce was closed) to April 23, 2020 (P20), in comparison with the same period in 2019 (P19). Results We found decreases in the number of cardiology consultations, exercise tests, Holter, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, electrocardiogram, and echocardiogram (90%, 84%, 94%, 92%, 94%, and 81%, respectively). In relation to cardiac surgery and cardiac catheterization, there were 48% and 60% decreases, respectively. There was an increase in the number of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasties (33%) and definitive pacemaker implantations (29%). There were 97 admissions to the ICU during P19, in contrast with 78 during P20, a 20% decrease. Visits to the cardiac emergency room (45%) and admissions to the cardiology ward (36%) also decreased. The decrease in oncology consultations was 30%. Chemotherapy sessions decreased from 1,944 to 1,066 (45%), and radiotherapy sessions decreased by 19%. Conclusion COVID-19 has led to a considerable decrease in the number of consultations in outpatient clinics for cardiology, oncology, and other specialties. There was a concerning decrease in the number of cardiac surgeries, chemotherapy sessions, and radiotherapy sessions during the initial weeks of the pandemic. The number of people seeking care in the cardiac emergency room and the number of admissions to the cardiology ward and ICU also decreased, generating concern regarding the evolution and prognosis of these patients with pathologies other than COVID-19 during this pandemic time. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Betacoronavirus , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Pandemics , Tertiary Care Centers
14.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(5): 368-372, sep.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289244

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la hipertensión arterial es un problema de salud pública que aumenta la mortalidad en todos los escenarios clínicos, pero es, además, el principal factor de riesgo modificable. Es una enfermedad altamente prevalente; cerca de un cuarto de la población del mundo la padece. Pocos pacientes la conocen y pocos están tratados de manera óptima. Objetivo: evaluar las características de pacientes a quienes se les realizó una monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial en un Hospital Universitario, con miras a describir el perfil clínico y demográfico. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, llevado a cabo en pacientes sometidos a monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial de 24 horas durante los meses de octubre y noviembre de 2015. Resultados: se confirmó hipertensión (de reciente diagnóstico o conocida) en el 75% de los estudios realizados. Se descartó hipertensión arterial en el 31% de los pacientes previamente clasificados como hipertensos. El 61% de los pacientes que se encontraban bajo tratamiento estaban bien controlados, la mayoría de ellos con un solo medicamento, principalmente antagonistas del receptor de angiotensina II. El patrón circadiano más prevalente en esta cohorte de pacientes fue el dipper (48%) seguido por el patrón de non-dipper (29%). Conclusiones: el monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial permite evaluar con exactitud el estado de la presión arterial de los pacientes con sospecha de hipertensión arterial. Esto aclara si los pacientes son realmente normotensos o hipertensos y discrimina las condiciones de la bata blanca y la hipertensión enmascarada, con lo cual se evitan tratamientos innecesarios y se favorece un mejor control de la presión arterial.


Abstract Introduction: Arterial hypertension is a public health problem that increases mortality in all clinical situations. It is also the main modifiable risk factor. It is a highly prevalent condition that is suffered by around 25% of the world population. Few patients are aware of it, and few receive the optimum treatment. Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of the patients on whom ambulatory blood pressure monitoring was carried out in a University Hospital, with a view to describing the clinical and demographic profile. Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted on patients subjected to 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, during the months of October and December 2015. Results: Hypertension (recently diagnosed or known) was confirmed in 75% of the studies performed. Arterial hypertension was ruled out in 31% of the patients previously classified as hypertensive. Of the patients that were receiving treatment, 61% were well-controlled, with the majority of them with a single drug, mainly an angiotensin II receptor agonist. The dipper was most prevalent circadian pattern, with 48%, followed by the non-dipper pattern in 29%. Conclusions: Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring helps in the evaluation of the blood pressure status accurately in patients with a suspicion of arterial hypertension. This clarifies whether the patients are really normotensive or hypertensive and discriminates between the "white coat" and masked hypertension conditions. This avoids unnecessary treatments and favours a better control of the blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension , Receptors, Angiotensin , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Retrospective Studies , Directory , Diagnosis
15.
Rev. cuba. med ; 59(3): e1368, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139058

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El incremento matutino de la presión arterial detectado por monitoreo ambulatorio se asocia a daño de órgano blanco y a una mayor incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Determinar la adherencia terapéutica en hipertensos con incremento matutino de la presión arterial. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 195 pacientes hipertensos ingresados en el servicio de medicina interna del Hospital Universitario Calixto García en el año 2018. Estos mostraron incremento matutino de la presión arterial y se valoró la adherencia terapéutica mediante el test de cumplimiento autocomunicado de Morisky-Green-Levine. Las variables identificadas como predictores relevantes de no adherencia fueron introducidas en un modelo multivariado de regresión logística. Resultados: 63,6 por ciento de los pacientes con incremento matutino de la presión fueron no adherentes, predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino, 71,6 por ciento. El 84,0 por ciento (p=0,00) de los no adherentes ingerían de 3 a 4 fármacos antihipertensivos, 90,2 por ciento (p=0,00) tomaban 3 o más dosis. 50,5 por ciento de los pacientes tenía un diagnóstico de más de 5 años. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con incremento matutino de presión arterial se caracterizaron por ser no adherentes a la terapéutica antihipertensiva(AU)


Introduction: The morning hypertension detected by ambulatory monitoring is associated with target organ damage and a higher incidence of cardiovascular events. Objective: To determine the therapeutic adherence in hypertensive patients with a morning hypertension. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 195 hypertensive patients admitted to the internal medicine service at Calixto García University Hospital in 2018. They showed a morning increase of blood pressure and therapeutic adherence was assessed using the self-reported compliance test by Morisky-Green-Levine. The variables identified as relevant predictors of non-adherence were entered in a multivariate logistic regression model. Results: 63.6 percent of the patients with morning hypertension were non-adherent. Male patients predominated. 71.6 percent 84.0 percent (p = 0.00) of the non-adherents had 3 to 4 antihypertensive drugs, 90.2 percent(p = 0.00) took 3 or more doses. 50.5 percent of the patients were diagnosed for more than 5 years. Conclusions: Patients with morning hypertension were described as non-adherent to antihypertensive therapy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory/methods , Symptom Flare Up , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
CorSalud ; 12(3): 292-300, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154034

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En los cambios de la geometría ventricular en hipertensos influyen el control de la presión arterial durante las 24 horas del día, así como su descenso adecuado en el período nocturno. Objetivo: Describir los patrones geométricos del ventrículo izquierdo en pacientes con y sin hipertensión arterial nocturna. Método: Se realizó monitoreo ambulatorio de la presión arterial (MAPA) y ecocardiograma a 54 pacientes con hipertensión arterial del 2016 al 2017. Se calcularon las variables de MAPA: promedio y cargas de presión diurno, nocturno y 24 horas, y el patrón circadiano. En el ecocardiograma se midieron los diámetros, el tabique interventricular y la pared posterior del ventrículo izquierdo, se calculó su masa e índice de masa, y se determinó su patrón geométrico y de función diastólica. Resultados: La edad promedio fue 55,4±14,1 años y predominaron el sexo femenino (57,4%) y el color de la piel blanco (59,3%). La hipertensión arterial al despertar y nocturna se halló en el 38,9% y 51,9%, respectivamente, y el fenómeno dipper alterado en 68,5% de los pacientes, asociado significativamente al incremento de la presión arterial nocturna (p=0,001). El tabique interventricular fue significativamente mayor en pacientes con hipertensión arterial nocturna en comparación con el grupo que no la presentaba (11,1±2,2 vs. 9,6±1,4 mm; p=0,006). Predominó la geometría alterada (53,7%) a expensas de mayor remodelado concéntrico (40,7%), sin asociación con la hipertensión arterial nocturna. Conclusiones: Los patrones geométricos del ventrículo izquierdo se comportaron de forma similar en pacientes con y sin hipertensión arterial nocturna.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Changes in ventricular geometry in hypertensive patients are influenced by 24-hour control of blood pressure, as well as its adequate decrease during nighttime. Objective: To describe the left ventricle geometric patterns in patients with or without nocturnal hypertension. Method: An ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and an echocardiogram were performed on 54 patients with high blood pressure, from 2016 to 2017. The following ABPM variables were calculated: average and pressure loads of daytime, nighttime, and 24-hour, as well as circadian pattern. In the echocardiogram, the diameters, the interventricular septum and the left ventricular posterior wall were measured; its mass and mass index were calculated, as well as determined its geometric and diastolic function patterns. Results: The average age was 57.4%±14.1 years old. Females (57.4%) and white skin color (59.3%) predominated. Waking and nocturnal hypertension were found in 38.9% and 51.9% respectively, and the altered dipper phenomenon was found in 68.5% of the patients, significantly associated with increased nocturnal blood pressure (p=0.001). The interventricular septum was considerably higher in patients with nocturnal hypertension when compared to the group without it (11.1±2.2 vs. 9.6±1.4 mm; p=0.006). Altered geometry predominated (53.7%) at the expense of higher concentric remodeling (40.7%), without any association with nocturnal hypertension. Conclusions: Left ventricle geometric patterns behaved similarly in patients with and without nocturnal hypertension.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
17.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 262-269, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289224

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar la equivalencia terapéutica de dos marcas comerciales de bisoprolol -hidroclorotiazida como terapia antihipertensiva. Método: Estudio prospectivo, doble ciego, doble falso, aleatorizado, de grupos paralelos, en el que se evaluó el efecto antihipertensivo de la combinación de bisoprolol-hidroclorotiazida 2,5-6,25 y 5-6,25 mg (comprimidos BHL, formulación test) y bisoprolol-hidroclorotiazida 2,5-6,25 y 5-6,25 mg tabletas (BHM, formulación de referencia), administrados en pacientes con hipertensión arterial. Variables de efectividad: Presiones arteriales medidas mediante mediante esfigmomanómetro de mercurio al inicio y después del período placebo, a las 4 y 8 semanas del inicio del tratamiento; cambios horarios de la presión arterial durante 24 horas, mediante monitorización ambulatoria de la presión arterial. Resultados: El control de los valores de presión arterial se logró en ambas formulaciones, principalmente a partir de la cuarta semana de tratamiento. Los pacientes del grupo test ingresaron con presiones arteriales sistólicas más elevadas. Después del tratamiento no hubo diferencias entre los grupos, a ninguno de los tiempos. La relación V/P del grupo test fue 0,5-1. Los índices de suavidad de ambos fueron mayores a 1,75. Conclusiones: La formulación test de la combinación de bisoprolol-hidroclotiazida demostró acción antihipertensiva similar al compararla con la formulación de referencia.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic equivalence of two commercial brands of bisoprolol -hydrochlorothiazide as antihypertensive therapy. Method: A prospective, double blind, double placebo, randomised, parallel group study was conducted, in which the antihypertensive effect of the bisoprolol -hydrochlorothiazide 2.5 - 6.25 mg and 5 - 6.25 mg (tablets BHL, test formula) and bisoprolol -hydrochlorothiazide 2.5 - 6.25 mg and 5 - 6.25 mg tablets (BHM, reference formula), was compared by administering it to patients with arterial hypertension given to patients with arterial hypertension. Effectivity variables: blood pressures measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer at the beginning and after the placebo period, at 4 weeks and 8 weeks from the start of the treatment; blood pressure hours change during 24 hours using an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring device. Results: Control of the blood pressure values was achieved with both formulas, mainly from the fourth week of treatment. The patients of the test group were admitted with higher systolic blood pressures. After the treatment, there were no differences between the groups at any of the times. The V/P ratio of the test group was 0.5 - 1. The smoothness index in both groups was greater than 1.75 of fit of both was greater than 1.75. Conclusions: The test formula of the bisoprolol-hydrochlorothiazide demonstrated an antihypertensive action similar to that achieved with the reference formula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Therapeutic Equivalency , Bisoprolol , Hydrochlorothiazide , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(4): 711-715, Abr. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131197

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O acometimento do sistema nervoso autônomo é um dos mecanismos propostos para explicar a progressão da lesão miocárdica na doença de Chagas. Evidências indicam alterações do sistema nervoso simpático e parassimpático desde a fase aguda, e estudos são necessários para se entender os aspectos fisiopatológicos e o valor prognóstico dessas alterações. Objetivo Analisar o comportamento da pressão arterial pela monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial (MAPA) em pacientes normotensos com doença de Chagas aguda (DCA) sem envolvimento cardíaco aparente, e a influência da infecção no descenso fisiológico do sono. Métodos Foi realizado a MAPA em 54 pacientes com DCA e utilizado um grupo controle de 54 indivíduos normotensos, pareados para idade e sexo. O nível de significância adotado foi para um erro tipo I (alfa) de 5%. Resultados Em um total de 54 pacientes com DCA ocorreu ausência de descenso sistólico do sono em 74,0%*, ausência de descenso diastólico do sono em 53,7%*, e ausência de descenso sistólico e diastólico do sono (51,8%)*, (*p<0,05). Em 12,9% ocorreu ascensão sistólica da pressão no sono e em 18,5% ascensão diastólica (p<0,05). Conclusão Em pacientes com Doença de Chagas aguda, houve ausência significativa do descenso fisiológico da pressão arterial durante o sono, tanto da pressão arterial sistólica quanto a diastólica, e alguns pacientes apresentaram ascensão noturna desses parâmetros. Esses achados sugerem alterações autonômicas na doença de Chagas desde a fase aguda. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):711-715)


Abstract Background The involvement of the autonomic nervous system is one of the mechanisms proposed to explain the progression of myocardial lesion in Chagas disease. Evidences have shown changes in sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system since the acute phase of the disease, and studies to clarify the pathophysiological and prognostic value of these changes are needed. Objetives To assess blood pressure profile by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in normotensive patients with acute Chagas disease (ACD) without apparent cardiac damage, and the influence of the infection on nocturnal blood pressure fall. Methods ABPM was performed with 54 patients with ACD and a control group composed of 54 age- and sex-matched normotensive individuals. The alpha level of significance (type I error rate) was set at 5%. Results In the total of 54 patients, 74.0% did not show nocturnal fall in systolic blood pressure, 53.7% did not show nocturnal fall in diastolic blood pressure, and lack of both nocturnal fall in SBP and DBP was observed in 51.8% (*p<0.05). In 12.9% of patients, there was an increase in SBP and in 18.5% increase in DBP (p<0.05). Conclusions In patients with acute Chagas disease, a significant absence of the physiological fall in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure was observed during sleep, and some of the patients showed nocturnal increase in these parameters. These findings suggest autonomic changes in the acute phase of Chagas disease. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 114(4):711-715)


Subject(s)
Humans , Chagas Disease , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Determination , Circadian Rhythm , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 496-499, abr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127090

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background The ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), derived from 24 h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) can be a good indicator of arterial stiffness. Aim To assess the correlation between AASI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), ankle-brachial index (ABI) and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without hypertension. Material and Methods Cross sectional study in 28 diabetic patients aged 49 ± 7 years (40% women). AASI was calculated as 1 minus the regression slope of diastolic on systolic blood pressure, using ABPM data. ABPM was measured in the arm using an oscillometric device. ABI was calculated as the ratio between ankle and brachial systolic blood pressure. CAVI was derived from pulse wave velocity using the Vasera VS-1000 device. Correlations were calculated using a bivariate Spearman correlation. Results The mean values for AASI, ABI, baPWV and CAVI were 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s and 7.60 ± 1.90, respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between AASI and ABI (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusions In these diabetic patients, there was an association between AASI, an arterial stiffness marker and ABI, an indicator for the presence of atherosclerosis.


Antecedentes El índice de rigidez arterial ambulatorio (AASI), derivado del monitoreo ambulatorio de presión arterial de 24 h (MAPA), puede ser un buen indicador de rigidez arterial. Objetivo Evaluar la correlación entre el AASI y la velocidad de onda de pulso braquial (VOP), el índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) y el índice vascular cardio-tobillo (CAVI) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 sin hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos Estudio transversal en 28 pacientes con diabetes de 49 ± 7 años (40% mujeres). El AASI se calculó como 1 menos la pendiente de regresión de la presión arterial diastólica sobre la sistólica, usando datos del MAPA de 24 h, el cual se midió en el brazo, usando un dispositivo oscilométrico. El ITB se calculó como la razón entre la presión arterial sistólica del tobillo sobre la del brazo. El CAVI se derivó de la velocidad de onda de pulso medida con el dispositivo Vasera VS-1000. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación bivariada de Spearman. Resultados Los valores de AASI, VOP, ITB y CAVI fueron 0.39 ± 0.14, 1.14 ± 0.09, 15.15 ± 2.71 m/s y 7.60 ± 1.90, respectivamente. Hubo una correlación negativa significativa entre AASI e ITB (r = -0.491, p < 0.01). Conclusiones Hay una asociación entre AASI, un marcador de rigidez arterial e ITB, un indicador de aterosclerosis, en estos pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arteries/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Brachial Artery/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Ankle/blood supply , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Ankle Brachial Index , Pulse Wave Analysis
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