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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 38(2): [e07], junio 30 2020. Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, Table 4, Table 5
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1103577

ABSTRACT

Objective. The purpose of this study was to provide appropriate preoperative supportive conditions to improve anxiety and vital signs for patients undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting -CABG- surgery. Methods. This clinical trial study was performed on 90 patients undergoing CABG surgery in Farshchian Hospital of Hamadan, Iran in 2019. Sample was selected by convenience and were randomly divided into three groups: control (n=30), intervention1 (n=30), and intervention2 (n=30). The control group received only the routine preoperative counseling of ward and admitted to the operating room as usual; the intervention1 and intervention2 groups in addition received another two counseling sessions, then the intervention1 group was admitted in the operating room as usual, but the intervention2 group was admitted by the counselor in the operating room. Data were collected using a three-part questionnaire including demographic characteristics, vital signs chart, and the Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Results. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the mean anxiety of the three groups after admission in the operating room (intervention2 was lower than intervention1 and control groups, p<0.001; and intervention 1 group was lower than control group, p<0.001) and also there was a significant difference between the mean systolic blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate of the three groups (p<0.001) but the mean of the variables of temperature and diastolic blood pressure in the three groups were not significantly different (p=0.59 and p=0.225, respectively). Conclusion. Our results revealed preoperative consultation and admission in the operating room by the consultant can reduce the level of anxiety and stability of vital signs of patients undergoing CABG


Objetivo. Evaluar si las condiciones de apoyo preoperatorias mejoran la ansiedad y los signos vitales para los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de bypass de arterias coronarias (CABG por sus siglas en inglés). Métodos. Este estudio clínico se realizó en 90 pacientes sometidos a cirugía de revascularización coronaria -CABG- en el Hospital Farshchian de Hamadan en Irán. La muestra se seleccionó por conveniencia y se dividió aleatoriamente en tres grupos: control (n=30), intervención1 (n=30) e intervención2 (n=30). El grupo de control recibió solamente la consejería preoperatoria de rutina cuando ingresó a hospitalización y en el momento de admisión en la sala de cirugía; los grupos de intervención1 e intervención2 además de la consejería rutina recibieron otra sesión adicional; y cuando se admitió el grupo de intervención2 en la sala de operaciones, lo acompañó la misma persona que hizo la consejería. Los datos se recopilaron mediante un cuestionario de tres partes que incluyó características demográficas, un cuadro de signos vitales y los puntajes del State-Trait Anxiety Inventory de Spielberger. Resultados. Los hallazgos mostraron que hubo diferencia significativa en el puntaje de ansiedad de los tres grupos después de la admisión en la sala cirugía (en intervención2 fue menor que en los grupos intervención1 y control, p<0.001; y en el grupo de intervención1 fue menor que en el grupo de control, p<0.001). También se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significantes para las diferencias en la presión arterial sistólica, la frecuencia cardíaca y la frecuencia respiratoria de los tres grupos, pero no para las variables de temperatura y presión arterial diastólica (p=0.59 y p=0.225, respectivamente). Conclusión. Nuestros resultados revelaron que la consulta preoperatoria y la admisión en el quirófano por parte del consultor pueden reducir el nivel de ansiedad y la estabilidad de los signos vitales de los pacientes sometidos a CABG.


Objetivo. O propósito deste estudo foi avaliar se as condições de apoio pré-operatórias melhoram a ansiedade e os signos vitais para os pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de bypass de artérias coronárias (CABG por suas siglas em inglês). Métodos. Este estudo clínico se realizou em 90 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de revascularização coronária -CABG- no Hospital Farshchian de Hamadan no Irão. A mostra se selecionou por de conveniência e se dividiu aleatoriamente em três grupos: controle (n=30), intervenção1 (n=30) e intervenção2 (n=30). O grupo de controle recebeu somente o aconselhamento pré-operatória de rotina quando ingressou a hospitalização e no momento de admissão na sala de cirurgia; os grupos de intervenção1 e intervenção2 ademais do aconselhamento de rotina receberam outra sessão adicional; e quando o grupo de intervenção2 foi admitido na sala de operações foi acompanhado pela mesma pessoa que fez o aconselhamento. Os dados se recopilaram mediante um questionário de três partes que incluiu características demográficas, um quadro de signos vitais e as pontuações do State-Trait Anxiety Inventory de Spielberger. Resultados. As descobertas mostraram que houve diferença significativa na pontuação de ansiedade dos três grupos depois da admissão na sala cirurgia (em intervenção2 foi menor do que nos grupos intervenção1 e controle, p<0.001; e no grupo de intervenção1 foi menor do que no grupo de controle, p<0.001). Também se encontrou diferenças estatisticamente significantes para as diferenças na pressão arterial sistólica, a frequência cardíaca e a frequência respiratória dos três grupos, mas não para as variáveis de temperatura e pressão arterial diastólica (p=0.59 e p=0.225, respectivamente). Conclusão. Nossos resultados revelaram que a consulta pré-operatória e a admissão na sala de cirurgia por parte do consultor podem reduzir o nível de ansiedade e a estabilidade dos signos vitais dos pacientes submetidos a CABG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Operating Rooms , Anxiety , Temperature , Blood Pressure , Coronary Artery Bypass , Control Groups , Respiratory Rate , Counselors , Heart Rate
2.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 102-115, maio 8, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1102721

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do estudo é analisar os efeitos de um programa de intervenção interdisciplinar no perfil de risco cardiometabólico de adolescentes com diagnóstico de sobrepeso/ obesidade. Estudo de intervenção, realizado com adolescentes com excesso de peso, constituído por grupo controle e grupo intervenção, o qual participou de um programa interdisciplinar com duração de seis meses. O grupo experimental final é composto por 23 adolescentes (12 sexo feminino e 11 sexo masculino). No início do programa, quatro adolescentes apresentavam sobrepeso e 19 obesidade. O grupo controle é composto pelo mesmo número de sujeitos, uma vez que este foi composto pelos pares dos escolares do grupo experimental. A intervenção contou com sessões de exercícios físicos, em três dias da semana e orientações nutricionais e psicológicas, uma vez por semana. Uma avaliação foi realizada antes do inicio do programa e logo após seu término. As avaliações consistiram em variáveis antropométricas - índice de massa corporal, circunferência da cintura, razão cintura-estatura e razão cintura -quadril, avaliação da pressão arterial, da aptidão cardiorrespiratória e coleta sanguínea para avaliação do perfil lipídico. Para a comparação das variáveis no período pré e pós-intervenção foi utilizado o teste t para amostras pareadas, para as variáveis de distribuição normal e, para as variáveis não paramétricas, foi aplicado o t este de Wilcoxon, considerando o nível de significância de p<0,05. O programa de intervenção foi eficaz n a redução de todos os indicadores antropométricos, na melhora dos níveis de aptidão cardiorrespiratória e na redução dos níveis de colesterol LDL. Entretanto, não modificou de forma significativa o s níveis de pressão arterial e demais parâmetros do perfil lipídico (colesterol total, HDL e triglicerídeos)...(AU)


: The objective of the study is to analyze the effects of an interdisciplinary in terven tion program on the cardiometabolic risk profile of adolescents diagnosed as overweight / obese. Intervention study with overweight adolescents, consisting of a control group and an intervention group, which participated in an interdisciplinary program lasting six months. The final experimental group co nsists o f 23 adolescents (12 females and 11 males). At the beginning of the program, four adolescents were overweight and 19 were obese. The control group is composed of the number of subject s, sin ce it was composed by the pairs of students in the experimental group. The intervention coun ted o n sessio n s o f physical exercises, in three days of the week and nutritional and psychological orientations, once a week . An evaluation was carried out before the start of the program and soon after its completion. The evaluations consisted of anthropometric variable - body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-waist ratio, and waist-to-hip ratio, arterial pressure, cardiorespiratory fitness evaluation and blood collection t o evaluate the lipid profile. For the comparison of the variables in the pre- and post-intervention period, t he t-test for paired samples was used for the variables of normal distribution and fo r th e n on-parametric variables the Wilcoxon test was used, considering the level of significance of p < 0.05. The intervention program was effective in reducing all anthropometric indicators, improving cardiorespiratory fitness levels and reducing LDL cholesterol levels. However, it did not significantly modify the blood pressure levels and other parameters of the lipid profile (total cholesterol, HDL and triglycerides)...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physical Education and Training , Students , Body Mass Index , Control Groups , Risk Factors , Adolescent , Overweight , Control , Obesity , Orientation , Triglycerides , Blood Pressure , Cholesterol , Risk , Parameters , Waist Circumference , Arterial Pressure , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Cholesterol, HDL
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811309

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated the long-term longitudinal changes in axial length (AL), mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP), and choroidal thickness (CT) according to the reduction of intraocular pressure (IOP) after glaucoma surgery. The potential variables associated with CT changes were also evaluated.METHODS: This was a prospective study for 1 year after glaucoma surgery, which included 71 eyes of 71 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. The subfoveal CT (SFCT) and peripapillary CT (PPCT) were measured using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography preoperatively and 1 week, 1 month, 2 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. MOPP was calculated from the IOP and blood pressure. The AL was measured using partial coherence interferometry. Regression analysis was conducted to assess the possible association of variables.RESULTS: The AL decreased and the MOPP, SFCT, and PPCT increased significantly with IOP reduction at 1 year post-operatively (all, p < 0.001). The changes in SFCT and PPCT were significantly associated with IOP reduction at 1 year postoperatively (r = −0.519 and r = −0.528, respectively). Importantly, greater increases in SFCT and PPCT were found in patients with IOP reduction more than 30% from baseline, when compared with those with less than 30% reduction (p = 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). The SFCT increased more significantly in patients with AL ≤ 24 mm, compared with patients with AL > 24 mm (p = 0.044).CONCLUSIONS: Reduction in the IOP, increase in the MOPP, decrease in the AL, and increase in the CT after glaucoma surgery persisted for 1 year during a long-term follow-up. These results suggested that glaucoma surgery reduced mechanical compression on the optic nerve fiber and increased intraocular blood flow.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Choroid , Follow-Up Studies , Glaucoma , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Interferometry , Intraocular Pressure , Optic Nerve , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782287

ABSTRACT

The receptor of vitamin D is expressed in almost all body cells, including vascular endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes. Vitamin D deficiency has been observed widespread amongst heart failure (HF) patients, which could have harmful effects on their health condition. This study aims to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplements on blood pressure (BP) and physical activity of HF patients. Thirty-nine systolic HF patients with low ejection fraction (EF) < 50% and class III of New York Heart Association functional classification were randomly divided into 2 groups including intervention and placebo to enroll in an 8 weeks double-blind clinical trial. During the trial 6-minute walk test (6MWT), 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) level, BP, sodium and potassium intakes were assessed. The mean 25(OH)D level increased to 28.9 ± 11.7 ng/mL (p < 0.001) in the intervention group. There was a poor but non-significant reduction in systolic BP (−0.033 ± 4.71 mmHg, p = 0.531) in the intervention group. The BP also did not change in the placebo group at the end of the trial. A negligible decrease of 6MWT was observed in the intervention group (−6.6 ± 29.2 m) compared to the placebo (−14.1 ± 40.5 m). However, differences between the 2 groups were not statistically significant (p = 0.325). The results solely showed a slight positive correlation between 25(OH)D level and 6MWT. No significant improvements in BP and 6MWT were observed after vitamin D3 supplementation.TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials Identifier: IRCT2016102113678N13


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cholecalciferol , Classification , Endothelial Cells , Exercise Test , Exercise Tolerance , Heart Failure , Heart , Humans , Motor Activity , Myocytes, Cardiac , Potassium , Sodium , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamins
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782286

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to analyze the biochemical index, nutrient intakes, nutrition label use, diet-related factors and weight control behavior of Korean female adolescents at the age of 12 to 18 according to body mass index (BMI) by using the results of the 2010 and 2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. The obese group had higher waist circumference (p < 0.001) and systolic blood pressure (p < 0.01) than the normal group. In the biochemical index, the obese group had lower serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level (p < 0.001), while their triglyceride level was higher than the normal group (p < 0.01). Nutrient intake according to BMI was not significantly different except carbohydrate, and calcium intake was about 53% of recommended nutrient intake in all study subjects. The nutrition label was recognized in more than 90% of all groups. But actual nutrition label use was below 50% in all groups and the underweight group was the lowest (p < 0.05). In the result for subjective body image perception, even in the group with normal BMI, 25.3% recognized themselves as obese, and 75.3% said they were trying to lose weight, indicating that many female teens actually think their bodies are obese. In conclusion, obese female adolescents have high systolic blood pressure and serum triglyceride concentrations, which requires obesity prevention education. And a large number of female adolescents with normal BMI thought they were obese and tried to lose weight. Therefore, education on healthy weight and calcium intake is necessary.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers , Blood Pressure , Body Image , Body Mass Index , Calcium , Education , Female , Food Labeling , Humans , Korea , Nutrition Assessment , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity , Thinness , Triglycerides , Waist Circumference , Weight Loss
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782254

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Few epidemiological studies examined the association between fried food intake and hypertension. This study examined whether fried food intake was associated with higher prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined in a cross-sectional study of the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL).SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included a total of 428 women aged 20–57 years who have ever been married to Korean men. Prehypertension was defined as 120 - < 140 mmHg of SBP or 80 - < 90 mmHg of DBP and hypertension as SBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg. Fried food intake was assessed using one-day 24-hour recall. Fried foods were categorized into total, deep/shallow and pan/stir fried foods. The odds ratio (OR)s and 95% confidence interval (CI)s were calculated using multivariate logistic regression.RESULTS: The prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined was 41.36% in this population. High fried food intake was associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined. The odds of having prehypertension and hypertension was higher in the 3rd tertile of fried food intake among fried food consumers compared to non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.46, 95% CI = 1.24, 4.87; P for trend = 0.004). Separate analysis for types of frying showed that deep and shallow fried food intake was associated with prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined for comparing the 3rd tertile vs. non-fried food consumers (OR = 2.93; 95% CI = 1.57-5.47; P for trend = < 0.001).CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the evidence that high fried food intake was significantly associated with high prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension combined among Filipino women married to Korean men.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Eating , Emigrants and Immigrants , Epidemiologic Studies , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Prehypertension , Prevalence
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782210

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To provide a standardized protocol for the measurement of cervical strain elastography, present its reproducibility, and analyze baseline clinical factors affecting the measurement of elastographic parameters.METHODS: This study was performed by the Korean Research Group of Cervical Elastography. We enrolled pregnant women according to our study protocol. After measuring the cervical length, elastography was performed using the E-Cervix™ quantification tool to measure the strain of the cervix using intrinsic compression. We evaluated 5 elastographic parameters, namely, the strain of the internal os of the cervix (IOS), strain of the external os of the cervix (EOS), ratio of the strain of IOS and EOS, elasticity contrast index, and hardness ratio. For baseline clinical factors, we examined the maternal body mass index, blood pressure, heart rate, uterine artery Doppler indices, and fetal presentation.RESULTS: We established a specific protocol for the measurement of cervical elastography using the E cervix program. For all elastographic parameters, the intra-observer intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ranged from 0.633 to 0.723 for single measures and from 0.838 to 0.887 for average measures, and the inter-observer ICC ranged from 0.814 to 0.977 for single measures and from 0.901 to 0.988 for average measures. Regression analysis showed that the measurement of the elastographic parameter was not affected by baseline clinical factors.CONCLUSION: We present a standardized protocol for the measurement of cervical elastography using intrinsic compression. According to this protocol, reproducibility was acceptable and the measurement of elastographic parameters was not affected by the baseline clinical factors studied.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Cervix Uteri , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Female , Hardness , Heart Rate , Humans , Jupiter , Labor Presentation , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Premature Birth , Reproducibility of Results , Uterine Artery
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782154

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the associations of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components with testosterone levels in the Korean population.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 6,967 adult (age≥20 years) men who attended health screening during 2006 to 2015. MetS was defined using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Associations were evaluated using unconditional logistic regression.RESULTS: The estimated age-adjusted prevalence of MetS in adult and middle-aged (≥40 years) Korean men was 27.5% and 30.6%, respectively. Quartile analysis showed that high serum testosterone levels were significantly associated with a low risk of MetS (highest vs. lowest quartile, odds ratio=0.528; p(trend)<0.001), with an approximately 13% reduction in MetS risk per 1 ng/mL increment of serum testosterone levels. After considering covariates such as age and body mass index (BMI), the reduction in MetS risk was attenuated but remained significant (7% reduced risk per 1 ng/mL). Testosterone levels were inversely correlated with all MetS components, including hyperglycemia (r=−0.041), increased body size (r=−0.093), increased triglyceride levels (r=−0.090), decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (r=−0.030), and elevated blood pressure (r=−0.071, all p<0.05). Among them, elevated triglyceride levels and blood pressure were independently associated with low serum testosterone levels, even after adjustment for age and BMI.CONCLUSIONS: Serum testosterone levels were inversely associated with MetS in Korean men. This association was attenuated after adjustment for age and BMI but remained significant. Among MetS components, increased triglyceride levels and elevated blood pressure were independently associated with testosterone levels, regardless of obesity.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Body Size , Cholesterol , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Hypogonadism , Lipoproteins , Logistic Models , Male , Mass Screening , Obesity , Prevalence , Testosterone , Triglycerides
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 30-39, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782126

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the effect of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) on recovery of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function and afterload through serial echocardiographic examinations in patients with symptomatic high-risk severe aortic stenosis during early follow-up.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included 38 patients undergoing TAVR (mean age, 80±6 years; male:female=18:20) and 27 patients undergoing sAVR (mean age, 78±3 years; male:female=12:15). We compared changes in the LV diastolic function and afterload before, immediately after, and 3 months after the procedure using serial transthoracic echocardiography.RESULTS: Immediately after the procedure, 16 (42%) and 3 (11%) patients in the TAVR and sAVR groups, respectively, showed rapid improvement in diastolic filling patterns. E wave to e′ ratio (E/e′) and right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) decreased significantly in the TAVR group (E/e′: TAVR, from 24.6±12.9 to 20±9.5, p=0.048 vs. sAVR, from 21.5±9.4 to 20.64±6.4, p=0.361; RVSP: TAVR, 38.4±17.2 vs. 34±12.4, p=0.032 vs. sAVR, 32.2±11.7 vs. 30±6.8, p=0.27). After 3 months, diastolic grade distribution, E/e′, and RVSP were similar. Valvuloarterial impedance significantly decreased immediately after the procedure in both groups (TAVR, from 5.1±1.4 to 3.1±1.0 vs. sAVR, from 4.5±1.5 to 3.1±0.8 mm Hg · mL⁻¹ · m⁻², p=0.001), but after 3 months, decreases were greater in the sAVR group (from 3.1±0.8 to 2.2±1.5 mm Hg · mL⁻¹ · m⁻², p=0.093).CONCLUSION: LV diastolic function improved more rapidly and earlier in patients treatment with TAVR than in patients treated with sAVR. These results might explicate the remarkable clinical improvement in improvements in advanced diastolic dysfunction immediately after the TAVR procedure than sAVR.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Blood Pressure , Echocardiography , Electric Impedance , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-781701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of body fat mass measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in predicting abnormal blood pressure and abnormal glucose metabolism in children.@*METHODS@#Stratified cluster sampling was used to select the students aged 6-16 years, and a questionnaire survey and physical examination were performed. The BIA apparatus was used to measure body fat mass. Body mass index (BMI), body fat mass index (FMI), and fat mass percentage (FMP) were calculated. Fasting blood glucose level were measured.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 293 children were enrolled, among whom boys accounted for 49.89%. In boys and girls, the percentile values (P, P, P, P, P, P, P, P) of FMI and FMP fitted by the LMS method were taken as the cut-off values. Based on the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, the P values with a better value in predicting abnormal blood pressure and blood glucose metabolism were selected as the cut-off values for excessive body fat. When FMI or FMP was controlled below P, the incidence of abnormal blood pressure or abnormal glucose metabolism may be decreased in 8.25%-43.24% of the children.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The evaluation of obesity based on FMI and FMP has a certain value in screening for hypertension and hyperglycemia in children, which can be further verified in the future prevention and treatment of obesity and related chronic diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Adolescent , Blood Pressure , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Child , Electric Impedance , Female , Glucose , Humans , Male
11.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 27-35, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-787277

ABSTRACT

Intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities are associated with adverse outcomes in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. Vascular calcification is a common complicating feature, but whether this complication results in intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities remains uncertain. Therefore, this study investigated the relationship between coronary artery calcium score and intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities in patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis. Thirty-six patients who received nongated chest computed tomography scans were included. Intradialytic hypotension was defined as a minimum intradialytic systolic blood pressure of <100 mmHg or a pre-dialysis blood pressure – minimum intradialytic systolic blood pressure >30 mmHg. Intradialytic hypertension was defined as >10 mmHg increase in systolic blood pressure (pre- to post-dialysis). Patients were classified as 22 (61.1%) with coronary artery calcium score <400 and 14 (38.9%) with coronary artery calcium score ≥400. Median systolic and diastolic blood pressures were equivalent, but median pulse pressure was higher in patients with coronary artery calcium score ≥400 than in those with scores <400. Coronary artery calcium score was comparable according to both intradialytic hypotension and hypertension, and had no correlation with systolic blood pressure fall and nadir systolic blood pressure. Coronary artery calcium score predicted the occurrence of cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality (hazard ratio 1.001 and 1.001; p=0.058 and 0.010). Coronary vascular calcification could be irrelevant to intradialytic blood pressure abnormalities in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Calcium , Coronary Vessels , Dialysis , Humans , Hypertension , Hypotension , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Mortality , Renal Dialysis , Thorax , Vascular Calcification
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810973

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Elevated blood pressure is a major preventable cause of cardiovascular diseases. Alcohol consumption is a well-known risk factor of elevated blood pressure. The aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphism is common in Eastern Asians, and inactive ALDH2 genotypes are associated with both avoiding alcohol consumption and aldehyde accumulation. Therefore, this study assessed the associations between alcohol consumption and hypertension and blood pressure according to the ALDH2 genotypes.METHODS: This study consists of 8,526 participants in the Dong-gu Study. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) according to alcohol consumption after stratifying by gender and ALDH2 genotypes. Multivariate linear regression was performed to estimate the systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) according to the amount of alcohol consumed.RESULTS: In men, alcohol consumption was positively associated with both SBP and DBP in active ALDH2 carriers, but not in inactive ALDH2 carriers. In active ALDH2 carriers, compared to non-drinkers, the OR of hypertension was 1.16 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.91–1.49) for < 1 drink/day, and 1.44 (95% CI, 1.15–1.80) for ≥ 1 drink/day in men. With each 1 drink/day increase, SBP and DBP increased by 3 and 1 mmHg in men, respectively. There was no significant association between ALDH2 genotypes and hypertension and blood pressure in women.CONCLUSION: ALDH2 genotype modified the association between alcohol consumption and blood pressure in men. There was a positive relationship between alcohol consumption and blood pressure in active ALDH2 carriers, but no significant relationship in inactive ALDH2 carriers.


Subject(s)
Acetaldehyde , Alcohol Drinking , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Female , Genotype , Humans , Hypertension , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Male , Odds Ratio , Oxidoreductases , Risk Factors
13.
Rev. cienc. cuidad ; 17(1): 8-17, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1051719

ABSTRACT

Objective: Identify the quality of life and its association with health parameters for breast cancer women survivors in Popayan, Colombia. Methods: Analytic crosssectional descriptive correlated study, with nonprobability sampling, according to the inclusion criteria of 39 women who survived breast cancer, who received a survey made by the authors which included sociodemographic aspects, evaluation of the quality of life through the questionnaire EORTC QLQ ­ BR23 and measurements such as the Body Mass Index (BMI), blood pressure and blood sugar levels, according to international standards. Results: The health indicators (blood pressure and blood sugar) are found under the normal ranges, while the BMI has a tendency for overweight. Regarding quality of life, high measurements for body image and sexual function were evidenced, while the dimensions of sexual pleasure and future perception showed intermediate measures. Regarding association, moderate correlations were observed between blood pressure and blood sugar levels, with body image and the sexual aspect. Conclusions: An association between the health indicators and the quality of life was observed, demonstrating the need to formulate prevention and intervention actions from an interdisciplinary vision. Also, it was observed that the quality of life requires a review toward self-confidence and relationship with oneself, through workshops or talks that allow to overcome limitations proper of the disease and to move on.


Objetivo: Identificar la calidad de vida y su asociación con parámetros de salud en mujeres sobrevivientes al cáncer de mama en Popayán, Colombia. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo-correlacional de corte transversal analítico, con una muestra no probabilística, de acuerdo con criterios de inclusión de 39 mujeres sobrevivientes al cáncer, a quienes se les aplicó una encuesta de elaboración propia con aspectos socio-demográficos, valoración de la calidad de vida mediante el cuestionario EORTC QLQ - BR23 y mediciones como el Índice de Masa corporal (IMC), presión arterial y niveles de glucemia, según estándares internacionales. Resultados: Los índices de salud (presión arterial y glucemia) se encontraron bajo los rangos de normalidad, mientras que para IMC hay tendencia de sobrepeso. Respecto a la calidad de vida, se evidenciaron mediciones elevadas para la imagen corporal y la función sexual, mientras que las dimensiones de disfrute sexual y percepción a futuro presentaron mediciones intermedias. Respecto a la asociación, se observaron correlaciones moderadas entre la presión arterial y los niveles de glucemia, con la imagen corporal y la parte sexual. Conclusiones: Se evidenció una asociación entre los indicadores de salud y calidad de vida, demostrando la necesidad de plantear acciones de prevención e intervención desde una visión interdisciplinaria. De la misma manera, se observó que la calidad de vida requiere una revisión hacia la autoconfianza y relación consigo misma, a través de talleres o charlas que permitan superar las limitaciones propias de la enfermedad y salir adelante.


Objetivo: Identificar a qualidade de vida e a sua associação com parâmetro de saúde em mulheres sobreviventes ao câncer de mama em Popayán, Colômbia. Métodos: Estudo descritivo-correlacional de corte transversal analítico, estudando uma a mostra probabilística de 39 mulheres sobreviventes ao câncer de mama, que responderam um instrumento de formulação própria com aspectos sociais e demográficos, avaliação da qualidade de vida empregando o questionário EORTC QLQ - BR23 e foram estabelecidos o índice de massa corporal (IMC), a pressão arterial e níveis de glicemia segundo padrões internacionais. Resultados: Os níveis de pressão arterial e glicemia encontraram-se nos rangos de normalidade, entretanto, o IMC mostrou a tendência ao sobrepeso. Na aferição da qualidade de vida, observaram-se medições elevadas na imagem corporal e função sexual, enquanto que as dimensões desfrute sexual e percepção do futuro presentaram aferições intermediarias. Na associação de variáveis houve uma moderada relação entre a pressão arterial e os níveis de glicemia com a imagem corporal e a parte sexual. Conclusões: Evidenciou-se a associação entre os indicadores de saúde e a qualidade de vida, demostrando a necessidade de formular ações de prevenção e intervenção desde uma perspectiva interdisciplinar. Do mesmo modo, observou-se que a qualidade de vida requer uma revisão dirigida à autoconfiança e relação com se mesma, através de oficinas ou conferencias que permitam superar as limitações próprias da doença e seguir em frente.


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Women , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Breast Neoplasms
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786183

ABSTRACT

Diabetic kidney disease is a microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease resulting in renal replacement therapy. Approximately 30% to 40% of diabetic patients have diabetic kidney disease, which contributes to a significant increase in morbidity and mortality. Microalbuminuria is considered the gold standard for diabetic kidney disease diagnosis; however, its predictive value is restricted. Although blood glucose control, blood pressure control, and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors have been the primary treatment strategies, there are no definitive treatment modalities capable of inhibiting the progression of kidney dysfunction in these patients. This study was undertaken to answer seven questions regarding the various aspects of diabetic kidney disease. Why does it develop? what kind of factors affect its development? How is it diagnosed? What are its possible biomarkers? When is a kidney biopsy necessary? What are the preventive and therapeutic options? And what are the novel treatments?


Subject(s)
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Blood Glucose , Blood Pressure , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Diagnosis , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Mortality , Renal Replacement Therapy
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786076

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death worldwide, is strongly affected by diet. Diet can affect CVD directly by modulating the composition of vascular plaques, and indirectly by affecting the rate of aging. This review summarizes research on the relationships of fasting, meal timing, and meal frequency with CVD incidence and progression. Relevant basic research studies, epidemiological studies, and clinical studies are highlighted. In particular, we discuss both intermittent and periodic fasting interventions with the potential to prevent and treat CVD.


Subject(s)
Aging , Blood Pressure , Caloric Restriction , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Diet , Epidemiologic Studies , Fasting , Incidence , Meals
16.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786070

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have separately reported the contributions of dietary factors to the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its markers, including blood pressure (BP) and lipid profile. This study systematically reviewed the current evidence on this issue in the Korean population.METHODS: Sixty-two studies from PubMed and Embase were included in this meta-analysis. We performed a random-effects model to analyze pooled odds ratios (ORs) and hazard ratios (HRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the consumption of 14 food items, three macro- and eight micro-nutrients, two dietary patterns, and three dietary indices.RESULTS: An analysis of pooled effect sizes from at least four individual study populations showed significant associations between coffee consumption and CVD (OR/HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.52–0.97) and elevated/high triglycerides (TG) (OR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.78–0.90), sugar-sweetened beverage intake and elevated BP (OR/HR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.09–1.33), and milk and dairy intake and elevated/high TG and elevated high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (OR/HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.76–0.89 for both). Carbohydrate consumption and the low-carbohydrate-diet score were consistently related to an approximately 25% risk reduction for elevated TG and HDL-C. A lower risk of elevated total cholesterol, but not low-density lipoprotein, was additionally observed for those with a higher low-carbohydrate-diet score. A healthy dietary pattern was only associated with a reduced risk of elevated TG in the Korea National Cancer Screenee Cohort (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.67–0.98).CONCLUSION: This study showed that milk and dairy and coffee had protective effects for CVD and its risk factors, such as BP and lipid profile, while sugar-sweetened beverages exerted harmful effects.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Beverages , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Coffee , Cohort Studies , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Hypertension , Korea , Lipoproteins , Milk , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors , Risk Reduction Behavior , Triglycerides
17.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 492-500, Out.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056600

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is a major complication of hemodialysis, with a prevalence of about 25% during hemodialysis sessions, causing increased morbidity and mortality. Objective: To study the effects of sertraline to prevent IDH in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This was a double-blind, crossover clinical trial comparing the use of sertraline versus placebo to reduce intradialytic hypotension. Results: Sixteen patients completed the two phases of the study during a 12-week period. The IDH prevalence was 32%. A comparison between intradialytic interventions, intradialytic symptoms, and IDH episodes revealed no statistical difference in the reduction of IDH episodes (p = 0.207) between the two intervention groups. However, the risk of IDH interventions was 60% higher in the placebo group compared to the sertraline group, and the risk of IDH symptoms was 40% higher in the placebo group compared to the sertraline group. Survival analysis using Kaplan-Meier estimator supported the results of this study. Sertraline presented a number needed to treat (NNT) of 16.3 patients to prevent an episode from IDH intervention and 14.2 patients to prevent an episode from intradialytic symptoms. Conclusion: This study suggests that the use of sertraline may be beneficial to reduce the number of symptoms and ID interventions, although there was no statistically significant difference in the blood pressure levels.


Resumo Introdução: A hipotensão intradialítica (HID) é uma das principais complicações da hemodiálise, com uma prevalência de cerca de 25% durante as sessões de hemodiálise, causando aumento da morbimortalidade. Objetivo: Estudar os efeitos da sertralina na prevenção da HID em pacientes em hemodiálise. Métodos: Este foi um ensaio clínico duplo-cego, cruzado, comparando o uso de sertralina versus placebo para reduzir a hipotensão intradialítica. Resultados: Dezesseis pacientes completaram as duas fases do estudo durante um período de 12 semanas. A prevalência de HID foi de 32%. Uma comparação entre intervenções intradialíticas, sintomas intradialíticos (ID) e episódios de HID não revelou diferença estatística na redução dos episódios de HID (p = 0,207) entre os dois grupos de intervenção. No entanto, o risco de intervenções para HID foi 60% maior no grupo placebo em comparação com o grupo Sertralina, e o risco de sintomas ID foi 40% maior no grupo placebo em comparação com o grupo Sertralina. A análise de sobrevida utilizando o estimador de Kaplan-Meier corroborou os resultados deste estudo. A sertralina apresentou um número necessário para tratar (NNT) de 16,3 pacientes para prevenir um episódio de intervenção de HID e 14,2 pacientes para prevenir um episódio de sintomas intradialíticos. Conclusão: Este estudo sugere que o uso de sertralina pode ser benéfico para reduzir o número de sintomas e intervenções de HID, embora não tenha havido diferença estatisticamente significante nos níveis pressóricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Sertraline/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency/therapy , Hypotension/physiopathology , Placebos/administration & dosage , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Blood Pressure/physiology , Double-Blind Method , Prevalence , Renal Dialysis/mortality , Cross-Over Studies , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Hypotension/prevention & control , Hypotension/epidemiology
18.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(4): 550-559, Out.-Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056604

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fluid volume and hemodynamic management in hemodialysis patients is an essential component of dialysis adequacy. Restoring salt and water homeostasis in hemodialysis patients has been a permanent quest by nephrologists summarized by the 'dry weight' probing approach. Although this clinical approach has been associated with benefits on cardiovascular outcome, it is now challenged by recent studies showing that intensity or aggressiveness to remove fluid during intermittent dialysis is associated with cardiovascular stress and potential organ damage. A more precise approach is required to improve cardiovascular outcome in this high-risk population. Fluid status assessment and monitoring rely on four components: clinical assessment, non-invasive instrumental tools (e.g., US, bioimpedance, blood volume monitoring), cardiac biomarkers (e.g. natriuretic peptides), and algorithm and sodium modeling to estimate mass transfer. Optimal management of fluid and sodium imbalance in dialysis patients consist in adjusting salt and fluid removal by dialysis (ultrafiltration, dialysate sodium) and by restricting salt intake and fluid gain between dialysis sessions. Modern technology using biosensors and feedback control tools embarked on dialysis machine, with sophisticated analytics will provide direct handling of sodium and water in a more precise and personalized way. It is envisaged in the near future that these tools will support physician decision making with high potential of improving cardiovascular outcome.


Resumo O volume de fluidos e o controle hemodinâmico em pacientes em hemodiálise é um componente essencial da adequação da diálise. A restauração da homeostase do sal e da água em pacientes em hemodiálise tem sido uma busca constante por parte dos nefrologistas, no que condiz à abordagem do "peso seco. Embora essa abordagem clínica tenha sido associada a benefícios no desfecho cardiovascular, recentemente tem sido questionada por estudos que mostram que a intensidade ou agressividade para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos.para remover fluidos durante a diálise intermitente está associada a estresse cardiovascular e dano potencial a órgãos. Uma abordagem mais precisa é necessária para melhorar o desfecho cardiovascular nessa população de alto risco. A avaliação e monitorização do estado hídrico baseiam-se em quatro componentes: avaliação clínica, ferramentas instrumentais não invasivas (por exemplo, US, bioimpedância, monitorização do volume sanguíneo), biomarcadores cardíacos (e.g. peptídeos natriuréticos), algoritmos e modelagem de sódio para estimar a transferência de massa. O manejo otimizado do desequilíbrio hídrico e de sódio em pacientes dialíticos consiste em ajustar a remoção de sal e líquido por diálise (ultrafiltração, dialisato de sódio), e restringir a ingestão de sal e o ganho de líquido entre as sessões de diálise. Tecnologia moderna que utiliza biosensores e ferramentas de controle de feedback, hoje parte da máquina de diálise, com análises sofisticadas, proporcionam o manejo direto sobre o sódio e a água de uma maneira mais precisa e personalizada. Prevê-se no futuro próximo que essas ferramentas poderão auxiliar na tomada de decisão do médico, com alto potencial para melhorar o resultado cardiovascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sodium/metabolism , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Hemodynamics/physiology , Homeostasis/physiology , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Water-Electrolyte Balance/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Algorithms , Biomarkers/metabolism , Dialysis Solutions/chemistry , Cardiovascular System/physiopathology , Renal Dialysis/standards , Treatment Outcome , Cardiovascular Deconditioning , Nephrologists/statistics & numerical data , Kidney Failure, Chronic/physiopathology
19.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(6): 696-704, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056663

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the carotid intima-media thickness and factors associated with cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease. Material and methods: Observational, cross-sectional study carried out at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo (chronic kidney disease outpatient clinics) with 55 patients (60% males) with a median age of 11.9 years (I25-I75: 9.2-14.8 years). Of the 55 patients, 43 were on conservative treatment and 12 were on dialysis. Serum laboratory parameters (creatinine, uric acid, C-reactive protein, total cholesterol and fractions, and triglycerides), nutritional status (z-score of body mass index, z-score of height/age), body fat (fat percentage and waist circumference), and blood pressure levels were evaluated. The carotid intima-media thickness measure was evaluated by a single ultrasonographer and compared with percentiles established according to gender and height. Data collection was performed between May 2015 and March 2016. Results: Of the children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease, 74.5% (95% CI: 61.0; 85.3) showed an increase (>P95) in carotid intima-media thickness. In patients with stages I and II hypertension, 90.9% had increased carotid intima-media thickness. Nutritional status, body fat and laboratory tests were not associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness. After multivariate adjustment, only puberty (PR = 1.30, p = 0.037) and stages I and II arterial hypertension (PR = 1.42, p = 0.011) were independently associated with carotid intima-media thickness alterations. Conclusion: The prevalence of increased carotid thickness was high in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease. Puberty and arterial hypertension were independently associated with increased carotid intima-media thickness.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a espessura médio-intimal da carótida e os fatores associados à doença cardiovascular em crianças e adolescentes com doença renal crônica. Material e métodos: Estudo observacional transversal feito na Universidade Federal de São Paulo (ambulatórios de doença renal crônica) com 55 pacientes (60% do sexo masculino) com mediana de 11,9 anos (I25-I75: 9,2-14,8). Dos 55 pacientes, 43 estavam em tratamento conservador e 12 em terapia dialítica. Foram avaliados os parâmetros laboratoriais séricos (creatinina, ácido úrico, proteína C-reativa, colesterol total e frações e triglicérides), estado nutricional (escore z de índice de massa corpórea, escore z de estatura/idade), gordura corporal (percentual de gordura e circunferência abdominal) e pressão arterial. A medida da espessura médio-intimal da carótida foi avaliada por um único ultrassonografista e comparada com percentis estabelecidos de acordo com o sexo e a estatura. A coleta de dados foi feita entre maio de 2015 e março de 2016. Resultados: Das crianças e adolescentes com doença renal crônica, 74,5% (IC 95%: 61,0; 85,3) apresentaram aumento (> P95) da espessura médio-intimal da carótida. Nos pacientes com hipertensão arterial estágios I e II, 90,9% apresentaram aumento da espessura médio-intimal da carótida. O estado nutricional, a gordura corporal e os exames laboratoriais não apresentaram associação com o aumento da espessura médio-intimal da carótida. Após ajuste multivariado, apenas a puberdade (RP = 1,30; p = 0,037) e a hipertensão arterial estágios I e II (RP = 1,42; p = 0,011) mostraram-se independentemente associados à alteração da espessura médio-intimal da carótida. Conclusão: A prevalência do aumento da espessura da carótida foi elevada em crianças e adolescentes com doença renal crônica. A puberdade e a hipertensão arterial mostraram-se independentemente associadas ao aumento da espessura médio-intimal da carótida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Carotid Arteries/physiopathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Sexual Maturation , Blood Pressure , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Puberty , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/physiopathology
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 508-516, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040105

ABSTRACT

The study is based on the fact that left atrial (LA) volume measurement is a marker of the presence of diastolic dysfunction and that Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with ventricular remodeling, worsening of left ventricular (LV) diastolic and systolic function, and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Objective: To evaluate whether LAV changes are related to vitamin D deficiency. Method: A cross-sectional, population-based, unicentric study in which 640 patients over 45 years of age enrolled in the Niterói's Médico de Família program, RJ, were evaluated. Patients were submitted to tissue Doppler echocardiography to evaluate the parameters of diastolic and systolic function and vitamin D dosage. The presence or absence of hypovitaminosis D associated with structural and functional cardiac changes was compared between each group. A p < 0.05 value was considered as an indicator of statistical significance. Results: Of the 640 individuals analyzed, hypovitaminosis D was confirmed in 39.2% of the patients, of whom 34.8% had diastolic dysfunction. The most relevant echocardiographic parameters that were statistically significant were non-indexed AEDs and LAV, E'/A' and E wave deceleration time, which were associated with the presence of hypovitaminosis D (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The study of the association of hypovitaminosis D and the appearance of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities may contribute to the discussion of the adoption of one more criterion to select individuals at risk of developing clinical cardiac insufficiency in primary care since, with the use of echocardiography, the subclinical condition of cardiac involvement, with prognostic and treatment implications for the referred patients with hypovitaminosis D, can be identified early


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care/methods , Vitamin D , Atrial Function, Left , Heart Atria , Avitaminosis/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Blood Pressure , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Heart Failure , Heart Rate
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