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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 1027-1037, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425176

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a importância do processo de educação em saúde reali- zado pelo enfermeiro aos pacientes hipertensos na atenção básica. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica, onde foram utilizados artigos científicos identificados nas bases de dados: SciELO, LILACS e MEDLINE. Um total de 4.427 estudos foram encon- trados, após o refinamento oito foram selecionados para compor a amostra. Resultados: A estratégia educativa em saúde tem grande efetivação no tratamento da HAS, visto que o enfermeiro vai conhecer o paciente e direcioná-lo ao tratamento adequado, monitorando seu estado de saúde e evitando possíveis agravos. Contudo, o abandono do tratamento pelo cliente é uma das maiores dificuldades enfrentadas pelo o enfermeiro. Além disso, desafios no contexto do processo de trabalho em equipe e barreiras relacionadas à estru- tura física nas unidades de saúde. Considerações finais: O enfermeiro exerce um papel importante dentro do contexto da hipertensão arterial. Trazendo a prática baseada em evi- dências como abordagem, garantindo adesão ao tratamento e o controle dos níveis pres- sóricos da HAS.


Objective: To describe the importance of the health education process carried out by nurses with hypertensive patients in primary care. Methodology: This is a bibliographic review, where scientific articles identified in the databases: SciELO, LILACS and MEDLINE were used. A total of 4,427 studies were found, after refinement, eight were selected to compose the sample. Results: The health education strategy is highly effective in the treatment of SAH, as the nurse will get to know the patient and direct him to the appropriate treatment, monitoring his health status and avoiding possible injuries. However, abandonment of treatment by the client is one of the greatest difficulties faced by the nurse. In addition, challenges in the context of the teamwork process and barriers related to the physical structure in health units. Final considerations: Nurses play an important role within the context of arterial hypertension. Bringing evidence-based practice as an approach, ensuring adherence to treatment and control of blood pressure levels in SAH.


Objetivo: Describir la importancia del proceso de educación para la salud llevado a cabo por enfermeras con pacientes hipertensos en atención primaria. Metodología: Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica, donde los artículos científicos identificados en las bases de datos: SciELO, LILACS y MEDLINE. Fueron encontrados 4.427 estudios, después del refinamiento, ocho fueron seleccionados para componer la muestra. Resultados: La estrategia de educación sanitaria es altamente eficaz en el tratamiento de la HSA, ya que la enfermera conocerá al paciente y lo dirigirá al tratamiento adecuado, monitorizando su estado de salud y evitando posibles lesiones. Sin embargo, el abandono del tratamiento por parte del cliente es una de las mayores dificultades a las que se enfrenta la enfermera. Además, los desafíos en el contexto del proceso de trabajo en equipo y las barreras relacionadas con la estructura física en las unidades de salud. Consideraciones finales: Las enfermeras desempeñan un papel importante en el contexto de la hipertensión arterial. Traer la práctica basada en la evidencia como abordaje, garantizando la adherencia al tratamiento y el control de los niveles de presión arterial en la HTA.


Subject(s)
Patients , Health Education , Primary Care Nursing/instrumentation , Hypertension/nursing , Primary Health Care , Blood Pressure , Health Strategies , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/psychology , Nursing Care
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3929, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441997

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: evaluar el efecto de la intervención educativa que realizan los enfermeros para controlar la presión arterial en personas con hipertensión arterial, en comparación con los cuidados habituales. Método: revisión sistemática con metaanálisis de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados realizada en seis bases de datos. Se incluyeron estudios en los cuales el enfermero llevó a cabo la intervención educativa en la persona con hipertensión arterial. El riesgo de sesgo se evaluó mediante la herramienta Risk of Bias Tool, el metaanálisis se hizo utilizando el software Review Manager y la certeza de la evidencia se calculó usando el sistema Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: se encontraron 1692 estudios revisados por pares y se incluyeron ocho artículos en el metaanálisis. El metaanálisis se calculó para el resultado presión arterial sistólica y presión arterial diastólica, subagrupados por tiempo y tipo de implementación de la intervención. Para la intervención educativa presencial, realizada d forma individual combinada con actividad grupal, la estimativa del efecto fue -12,41 mmHg (Intervalo de Confianza 95%, -16,91 a -7,91, p<0,00001) para la presión sistólica y -5,40 mmHg (Intervalo 95% Confianza, -7,98 a -2,82, p<0,0001) para la presión diastólica, con certeza de evidencia alta. Conclusión: a intervención educativa realizada por el enfermero, de forma individual combinada con la actividad grupal, tiene efecto clínico y estadísticamente significativo. Registro PROSPERO: CRD42021282707.


Objetivo: to assess the effect of an educational intervention performed by nurses for blood pressure control in people with arterial hypertension, when compared to usual care. Método: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials, conducted in six databases. The studies included were those in which an educational intervention was performed by nurses on people with arterial hypertension. The risk of bias was assessed by means of the Risk of Bias Tool, the meta-analysis was performed in the Review Manager software and certainty of the evidence was calculated in the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system. Resultados: a total of 1,692 studies were found, which were peer-reviewed, including eight of them in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis was calculated for the "systolic blood pressure" and diastolic blood pressure" outcomes, in subgroups by time and by intervention performance type. For the in-person educational intervention, performed individually combined with a group activity, the effect estimate was -12.41 mmHg (95% Confidence Interval: from -16.91 to -7.91, p<0,00001) for systolic pressure and -5.40 mmHg (95% Confidence Interval: from -7.98 to -2.82, p<0,00001) for diastolic pressure, with high certainty of evidence. Conclusión: the educational intervention performed by nurses, individually and combined with a group activity, presents a statistically significant clinical effect. PROSPERO registration No.: CRD42021282707.


Objetivo: avaliar o efeito da intervenção educativa realizada por enfermeiros para controle da pressão arterial em pessoas com hipertensão arterial, comparada com cuidado habitual. Método: revisão sistemática com metanálise de ensaios clínicos randomizados realizada em seis bases de dados. Foram incluídos estudos em que a intervenção educativa foi realizada pelo enfermeiro à pessoa com hipertensão arterial. O risco de viés foi avaliado pela Risk of Bias Tool, a metanálise no software Review Manager e a certeza da evidência no sistema Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Resultados: foram encontrados 1692 estudos, revisados por pares, e oito artigos foram incluídos na metanálise. A metanálise foi calculada para o desfecho pressão arterial sistólica e pressão arterial diastólica, em subgrupo por tempo e por tipo de execução da intervenção. Para a intervenção educativa presencial, realizada de modo individual combinada com atividade de grupo, a estimativa de efeito foi de -12.41 mmHg (Intervalo de Confiança 95%, -16.91 a -7.91, p<0.00001) para pressão arterial sistólica e -5.40 mmHg (Intervalo de Confiança 95%, -7.98 a -2.82, p<0.0001) para pressão arterial diastólica, com certeza da evidência alta. Conclusão: a intervenção educativa realizada pelo enfermeiro, de modo individual combinada com atividade de grupo, apresenta efeito clínico e estatisticamente significativo. Registro PROSPERO: CRD42021282707.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure/physiology , Health Education , Hypertension/diagnosis , Nurses
3.
Curationis ; 46(1): 1-7, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1413746

ABSTRACT

Background: The worldwide phenomenon of teenage pregnancy among 13­9-year-olds is complicated by obstetric conditions. Among the top three causes of maternal mortality, hypertension is the third in South Africa. Quality maternal care is assured by obstetric practitioners (OPs) implementing guidelines specific for management of hypertension in pregnancy. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate implementation of maternal guidelines for hypertension in pregnancy among teenagers. Methods: As a retrospective quantitative research design was used, 173 maternal records of pregnant teenagers from 13 to 19 years were sampled from six district hospitals and Community Health Centres (CHCs) between 01 January 2017 and 31 December 2019 to undergo systematic random sampling. A pretested structured checklist was used to record data from sampled maternal records. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 26 was used for data analysis, and results were presented using simple descriptive statistics. Results: Research results indicated that teenagers who suffered from hypertension intrapartum and postpartum did not receive maternal care according to the guidelines for maternity care in South Africa. Blood pressure was not measured of six (3.47%) intrapartum and five (2.9%) postpartum teenagers. Seventeen (9.8%) hypertensive postpartum teenagers received their antihypertensives. Conclusion: Public health institutions (PHIs) compromised provision of quality maternal care among teenagers, evidenced by incomplete intrapartum and postpartum assessment, diagnosis and management of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy in Adolescence , Maternal Mortality , Hypertension, Pregnancy-Induced , Postpartum Period , Blood Pressure , Antihypertensive Agents
4.
Ethiop. Med. j ; 61(2): 151-159, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1426997

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension is a major public health problem in both developing and developed nations because it is highly prevalent and is associated with complications. Numerous enviromnental and genetic variables are linked to the occurrence of the disease. It may be influenced by the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, M'hich preserves bodily homeostasis. The angiotensinogen gene 11235T polymorphisms that has an effect on the activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system are related to the high hvpertension risk. The aim of this study was to find out the association between angiotensinogen Nf235T gene polymorphism and the risk of developing hypertenMon. Methods: A total of 306 samples - 153 patients Il'ith hvpertension and 153 age- and ser-matched healthy controls were selected using a simple random sampling technique. Clinical and biochemical variables were measured to assess the associated riskfactors. Blood samples from the patients and matched controls were used to isolate deoxyribonucleic acid. The AGT 11235T genotypes u:ere identified using polymerase chain reaction and analyzed by agarose gel electrophoresis. Logistic regression with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was employed to assess the risk correlations ofAGT gene M235Tpolymorphisms with hypertension. Results: Our analysis showed that the AGT-TT genotype (odds ratio [OR] = 3.11, 95% CL = 1.67­5.79, P< 0.001) and T allele (OR = 2.18, 95% CL = 1.56­3.04, P< 0.001) are considerably higher in hypertensive patients than in healthy controls. Our study also identified the clinical risk factors for hypertension, such as, total cholesterol, triglycerol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol Inels, which were significantly higher in patients compared to controls (P< 0.001). Conclusion: The A GT M235T genes of the TT genotype and the T allele are associated with an increased risk of hypertension among the Ethiopian patients. A population-based epidemiological study is needed corroborate the association between AGT and HTN


Subject(s)
Humans , Renin-Angiotensin System , Angiotensinogen , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , GB virus C , Hypertension
5.
Ghana med. j ; 57(1): 1-9, 2023. tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427093

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the determinants of systolic blood pressure variability (SBPV) among Ghanaians. Design: We undertook a secondary analysis of data collected in a prospective study Setting: The study involved patients with hypertension and or diabetes receiving care in five hospitals in Ghana Main outcome measures: We assessed determinants of SBPV among 2,785 Ghanaian patients. We calculated the standard deviation (SD) of systolic BP recordings of 3 to 10 visits per patient over 18 months as a measure of SBPV. A multivariate linear regression analysis was fitted to identify factors independently associated with risk visit-to-visit SBP standard deviation. Results: The mean SD of individual patient visit-to-visit SBP overall was 14.8±6.3 mm Hg. Those with hypertension and diabetes had the highest SD of 15.4 ±6.2 mm Hg followed by 15.2 ±6.5 mm Hg among those with hypertension only and then 12.0 ± 5.2 mm Hg among those with diabetes only, p<0.0001. Factors independently associated with SBPV with adjusted ß coefficients (95% CI) included age: 0.06 (0.03 ­ 0.08) for each year rise in age, eGFR -0.03 (-0.05 - -0.02) for each ml/min rise, low monthly income of <210 Ghana cedis 1.45 (0.43-2.46), and secondary level of education -1.10 (-1.69, -0.50). Antihypertensive classes were associated with SBPV, the strongest associations being hydralazine 2.35 (0.03 ­ 4.68) and Methyldopa 3.08 (2.39 ­ 3.77). Conclusion: Several socio-demographic and clinical factors are associated with SBPV. Future studies should assess the contribution of SBPV to CVD outcomes among indigenous Africans and identify actionable targets.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Diabetes Mellitus , Hypertension, Malignant , Antigenic Variation , Risk Factors , Stroke
6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 614-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985453

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of blood pressure and analyze the associated factors of blood pressure of the elderly with type 2 diabetes in Jiangsu Province. Methods: The elderly over 60 years old participants with type 2 diabetes in the communities of Huai'an City and Changshu City, Jiangsu Province were selected in this study. They were divided into two groups: taking antihypertensive drugs and not taking antihypertensive drugs. The demographic characteristics, such as age and sex, and relevant factors were collected by questionnaire. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured by physical examination. The percentile of SBP and DBP in each age group of men and women were described. The kernel density estimation curve was used to show the blood pressure distribution. The trend of blood pressure with age was fitted by locally weighted regression. The logistic regression model was used to analyze relevant factors of blood pressure. Results: A total of 12 949 participants were included in this study, including 7 775 patients in the antihypertensive drug group and 5 174 patients in the group without antihypertensive drugs. The SBP of participants was concentrated at 140-160 mmHg, and their DBP was concentrated at 75-85 mmHg. There were significant differences in the distribution of blood pressure among the subgroups of body mass index (BMI) and rural areas whether taking antihypertensive drugs and not. For participants aged under 80 years old, the SBP showed an increasing trend with age and the DBP showed a decreasing trend with age. Age, BMI ≥24 kg/m2, fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, living in rural areas and no smoking were influencing factors of the elevated SBP; BMI ≥24 kg/m2, male, living in rural areas, no smoking, drinking alcohol and not receiving drug hypoglycemic treatment were influencing factors of the elevated DBP. Conclusion: The SBP of older diabetic adults in Jiangsu Province is at a high level, and the distribution of blood pressure is significantly different between men and women in taking antihypertensive drugs group. The SBP presents a rising trend and the DBP is decreasing at the age of 60-80 years. The blood pressure level of this population are mainly affected by age, BMI, urban and rural areas, smoking.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Smoking , Body Mass Index , Hypertension/epidemiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 407-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984667

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the percentage of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers independently validated clinically in China. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey and Beijing, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Datong, and Shihezi were selected according to the geographical location and economic level. In each site, one tertiary hospital, two community health centers, and 20 families with electronic sphygmomanometers in use were chosen. The information of electronic sphygmomanometers including brand, model, manufacturer and production date were obtained by the trained staff. Ten electronic sphygmomanometers from each hospital, five electronic sphygmomanometers from each community health center, and one electronic sphygmomanometer from each family were surveyed, and the user's subjective judgment results and judgment basis on the accuracy of the electronic sphygmomanometer measurement were collected. We searched six registration websites (Medaval, Stride BP, dabl Educational Trust, British and Irish Hypertension Society, American Medical Association and Hypertension Canada) and two research databases (PubMed and CNKI) for the clinical validation status of each electronic sphygmomanometer. Results: A total of 200 electronic sphygmomanometers were investigated in this study, of which only 29.0% (58/200) passed independent clinical validation. When stratified by users, the percentage of being clinical validated was 46.0% (23/50) for electronic sphygmomanometers in hospitals, 42.0% (21/50) for those in community health centers and 14.0% (14/100) for those in home use, respectively, and the proportions between the three groups were significantly difference (P<0.001). Doctors in tertiary hospitals and community health service centers judged the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers mainly on the basis of "regular correction" (41.0% (41/100)) and "comparison with other electronic sphygmomanometers" (20.0% (20/100)), while among home users, 41.0% (41/100) were not clear about the accuracy of electronic sphygmomanometers, and 40.0% (40/100) made the judgment by "comparison with the devices in hospitals". Conclusion: The clinical validation of in-use electronic sphygmomanometers in China is low. Most of users, including healthcare professionals, are not aware of clinical validation of electronic sphygmomanometers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure Determination , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sphygmomanometers , Hypertension/diagnosis , China , Electronics , Blood Pressure
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 377-383, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984663

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether admission blood pressure (BP) variability during multiple hospitalizations is associated with all-cause mortality independent of baseline BP in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Methods: Patients with ADHF admitted to the Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from September 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively enrolled. The risk of all-cause mortality associated with indices of BP variability, including mean admission BPs, standard deviation of BP and coefficient of variation of BP during multiple hospitalizations was assessed, using Cox regression model. Results: A total of 1 006 ADHF patients (mean aged (69.3±13.5) years; 411 (40.8%) female; 670 (66.6%) with preserved ejection fraction) were enrolled. During a median follow-up of 1.54 years, 47.0% of patients died. In all ADHF patients, after adjusting for confounding factors, for every 1-standard deviation (SD) increase in SD and coefficient of variation (CV) of systolic BP, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 10% and 11%, respectively (SD: HR, 1.10, 95%CI, 1.01-1.21, P=0.029, CV: HR, 1.11, 95%CI, 1.02-1.21, P=0.017); for every 1-SD increase in the mean of diastolic BP, the risk of all cause mortality decreased by 25% (HR, 0.75; 95%CI, 0.65-0.87; P<0.001). In ADHF patients with preserved ejection fraction, after accounted for potential confounders, higher SD and CV of admitted systolic and diastolic BP were significantly associated with higher risk of all-cause mortality, regardless of whether confounding factors were adjusted (P≤0.049); After adjusting for confounding factors, the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 18% and 19% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of systolic BP, while the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 11% and 15% for every 1-SD increase in SD and CV of diastolic BP. In ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction, after adjusting for confounding factors, the higher the mean admission systolic BP during multiple hospitalizations, the lower the risk of total mortality (HR, 0.68; 95%CI, 0.47-1.00; P=0.049). Conclusions: In patients with ADHF, independent of baseline BP, BP variability during multiple hospitalizations was strong predictor of all-cause mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Blood Pressure , Retrospective Studies , Heart Failure , Hospitalization , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Risk Factors , Prognosis
9.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 29-35, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984321

ABSTRACT

Background@#Pheochromocytomas are rare catecholamine-secreting tumors that usually present with hypertension and palpitations. However, a subset of pheochromocytoma patients is asymptomatic, presenting as adrenal incidentaloma on imaging.@*Case@#We present a case of a 32-year-old normotensive female who presented with a right suprarenal mass on abdominal ultrasound. Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma was made after biochemical testing revealed elevated 24- hour urine metanephrine of 1.96 mg/24hrs (NV:0-1 mg/24hrs) and epinephrine of 129 mcg/24hrs (NV: 2-24 mcg/24hrs). In addition, plasma chromogranin A was elevated at 225.38 ng/ml (NV:<100 ng/ml). CT scan of the abdomen showed a 3.0 x 4.0 x 3.0 cm heterogeneous well-circumscribed right adrenal mass, with 87Hu on contrast, an absolute washout of 21%, and a relative washout of 13% on a delayed scan. After adequate preoperative medical therapy with an alpha-adrenergic blocker, a right laparoscopic adrenalectomy was done, with histopathologic confirmation of pheochromocytoma. Repeat 24-hour urine metanephrine measurements done on multiple follow-ups after surgery were normal.@*Conclusion@#Asymptomatic pheochromocytoma should be included in the differential diagnoses of adrenal incidentalomas. As in our case, patients with normotension and adrenal incidentalomas should still undergo biochemical workup to rule out the presence of pheochromocytoma. Long-term complications from chronic exposure to high catecholamine levels lead to significant adverse cardiovascular effects. Early detection, adequate perioperative preparation, and timely surgical intervention can prevent a potential catastrophe.


Subject(s)
Pheochromocytoma , Blood Pressure
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 772-777, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985560

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of health management service on hypertension patients (HMSFHP) under the framework of the Basic Public Health Service Project by using regression discontinuity design. Methods: The participants were enrolled from an observational cohort survey in 2015 and followed up was conducted in 2019. The participants with SBP 130-150 mmHg and/or DBP 80-100 mmHg in the baseline survey of the cohort in 2015 were included in the present study. Additionally, we obtained the dates of participants receiving HMSFHP and their blood pressure data from follow-up records, physical examination records and telephone interview. The participants were divided into intervention group and control group based on the cutoff points, i.e. SBP ≥140 mmHg and/or DBP ≥90 mmHg. The local linear regression model were used to estimate the effect of HMSFHP on reducing blood pressure of the participants. Results: After adjusting for age, sex and time length of receiving HMSFHP, the results of the model including participants with 80-100 mmHg for DBP in 2015 indicated that, for the participants who received HMSFHP, the DBP decreased by 6.66 mmHg from 2015 to 2019. For the participants with SBP 130-150 mmHg in 2015, the reduction estimate of the model was -6.17 mmHg, the difference was not significant (P=0.178), suggesting that receiving HMSFHP did not cause change in SBP for the participants who received HMSFHP. Conclusion: Receiving HMSFHP had effect to reduce DBP, and HMSFHP had a positive effect on the control of blood pressure in patients with hypertension.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Health Services , Hypertension , Linear Models , Physical Examination
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 308-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of inducible co-stimulatory molecules (ICOS) with mesenteric vascular endothelial- mesenchymal transition (EndMT) and sclerosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).@*METHODS@#Twenty 4-week-old WKY rats and 20 SHRs of the same strain were both randomly divided into 4 groups for observation at 4, 6, 10 and 30 weeks of age. ICOS expression frequency in rat spleen CD4+T cells was analyzed using flow cytometry, and the expressions of ICOS, VE-cad, α-SMA and Col3 mRNA in rat mesentery were detected by RT-PCR. The distributions of ICOS, IL-17A and TGF-β in rat mesentery were detected by immunohistochemistry. The levels of IL-17A and TGF-β in rat plasma were measured using ELISA. The morphological changes of rat mesenteric vessels were observed with Masson staining. Spearman or Pearson correlation analyses were used to evaluate the correlation between ICOS expression and the expressions of the markers of vascular EndMT and sclerosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control WKY rats, the SHRs began to show significantly increased systolic blood pressure and ICOS expression frequency on CD4+T cells at 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05). In the SHRs, the mRNA and protein expressions of ICOS, α-SMA, Col3, IL-17A and TGF-β in the mesentery were significantly higher than those in control group (P < 0.05), while the mRNA and protein expressions of VE-cad started to reduce significantly at 10 weeks of age (P < 0.05). The plasma levels of IL-17A and TGF-β were significantly increased in SHRs since 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05) with progressive worsening of mesenteric vascular sclerosis (P < 0.05). ICOS mRNA and protein expression levels in the mesenteric tissues of SHRs began to show positive correlations with α-SMA and Col3 expression levels and the severity of vascular sclerosis at 6 weeks of age (P < 0.05) and a negative correlation with VE-cad expression level at 10 weeks (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ICOS play an important pathogenic role in EndMT and sclerosis of mesenteric vessels in essential hypertension by mediating related immune responses.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Hypertension , Interleukin-17 , Sclerosis/pathology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Mesentery/pathology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Blood Pressure
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1982-1988, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981418

ABSTRACT

Hypertension and its target organ damage have become a major public health problem. Sexual dysfunction is a new problem in the treatment of modern hypertension. Modern pathophysiological studies have shown that hypertension can lead to sexual dysfunction. In addition, three major hypotensive drugs represented by diuretics can also lead to sexual dysfunction. In traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), hypertension belongs to "vertigo" "headache" "head wind", etc. In the past, the understanding of the TCM pathogenesis of hypertension was mainly from the perspectives of "liver wind" and "Yang hyperactivity". However, based on the in-depth research on ancient and modern literature and medical records and many years of clinical practice, it has been identified that kidney deficiency was the key pathogenesis. Hypertension complicated with sexual dysfunction belongs to the category of kidney deficiency syndrome in TCM, especially the deficiency of kidney Yin. Previous studies by other research groups showed that Yin-enriching and kidney-tonifying method could effectively reduce blood pressure, improve sexual dysfunction, reverse risk factors, and protect target organs. This article systematically discussed the TCM understanding, modern pathophysiological mechanism, and the clinical treatment strategy of kidney-tonifying drugs(single drugs and compounds) in the treatment of hypertension complicated with sexual dysfunction in order to provide a scientific basis for kidney-tonifying method in the treatment of hypertension complicated with sexual dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Hypertension/drug therapy , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1644-1654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981160

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Mlk3 (mixed lineage kinase 3) deficiency on blood pressure, Mlk3 gene knockout (Mlk3KO) mice were generated. Activities of sgRNAs targeted Mlk3 gene were evaluated by T7 endonuclease I (T7E1) assay. CRISPR/Cas9 mRNA and sgRNA were obtained by in vitro transcription, microinjected into zygote, followed by transferring into a foster mother. Genotyping and DNA sequencing confirmed the deletion of Mlk3 gene. Real- time PCR (RT-PCR), Western blotting or immunofluorescence analysis showed that Mlk3KO mice had an undetectable expression of Mlk3 mRNA or Mlk3 protein. Mlk3KO mice exhibited an elevated systolic blood pressure compared with wild-type mice as measured by tail-cuff system. Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting analysis showed that the phosphorylation of MLC (myosin light chain) was significantly increased in aorta isolated from Mlk3KO mice. Together, Mlk3KO mice was successfully generated by CRISPR/Cas9 system. MLK3 functions in maintaining blood pressure homeostasis by regulating MLC phosphorylation. This study provides an animal model for exploring the mechanism by which Mlk3 protects against the development of hypertension and hypertensive cardiovascular remodeling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Knockout , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Blood Pressure , Gene Knockout Techniques , Zygote
14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 517-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current clinical evidence on the effects of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) on improving blood pressure control comes entirely from developed countries. Thus, we performed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether HBPT plus support (patient education and clinician remote hypertension management) improves blood pressure control more than usual care (UC) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#This single-center, randomized controlled study was conducted in Beijing, China. Patients aged 30-75 years were eligible for enrolment if they had blood pressure [systolic (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg; or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg with diabetes]. We recruited 190 patients randomized to either the HBPT or the UC groups for 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were blood pressure reduction and the proportion of patients achieving the target blood pressure.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 172 patients completed the study, the HBPT plus support group ( n = 84), and the UC group ( n = 88). Patients in the plus support group showed a greater reduction in mean ambulatory blood pressure than those in the UC group. The plus support group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved the target blood pressure and maintained a dipper blood pressure pattern at the 12th week of follow-up. Additionally, the patients in the plus support group showed lower blood pressure variability and higher drug adherence than those in the UC group.@*CONCLUSION@#HBPT plus additional support results in greater blood pressure reduction, better blood pressure control, a higher proportion of dipper blood pressure patterns, lower blood pressure variability, and higher drug adherence than UC. The development of telemedicine may be the cornerstone of hypertension management in primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Hypotension
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 941-950, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980944

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although intensively studied in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the prognostic value of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) has little been elucidated in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). This study aimed to reveal the prognostic value of DBP in AECOPD patients.@*METHODS@#Inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from 10 medical centers in China between September 2017 and July 2021. DBP was measured on admission. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality; invasive mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission were secondary outcomes. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable Cox regressions were used to identify independent prognostic factors and calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for adverse outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Among 13,633 included patients with AECOPD, 197 (1.45%) died during their hospital stay. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that low DBP on admission (<70 mmHg) was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality (HR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.53-3.05, Z = 4.37, P <0.01), invasive mechanical ventilation (HR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.32-2.05, Z = 19.67, P <0.01), and ICU admission (HR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.24-1.69, Z = 22.08, P <0.01) in the overall cohort. Similar findings were observed in subgroups with or without CVDs, except for invasive mechanical ventilation in the subgroup with CVDs. When DBP was further categorized in 5-mmHg increments from <50 mmHg to ≥100 mmHg, and 75 to <80 mmHg was taken as reference, HRs for in-hospital mortality increased almost linearly with decreased DBP in the overall cohort and subgroups of patients with CVDs; higher DBP was not associated with the risk of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#Low on-admission DBP, particularly <70 mmHg, was associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes among inpatients with AECOPD, with or without CVDs, which may serve as a convenient predictor of poor prognosis in these patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trail Registry, No. ChiCTR2100044625.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Cohort Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Inpatients , Hospital Mortality
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1025, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980810

ABSTRACT

Wearable technology, which can continuously and remotely monitor physiological and behavioral parameters by incorporated into clothing or worn as an accessory, introduces a new era for ubiquitous health care. With big data technology, wearable data can be analyzed to help long-term cardiovascular care. This review summarizes the recent developments of wearable technology related to cardiovascular care, highlighting the most common wearable devices and their accuracy. We also examined the application of these devices in cardiovascular healthcare, such as the early detection of arrhythmias, measuring blood pressure, and detecting prevalent diabetes. We provide an overview of the challenges that hinder the widespread application of wearable devices, such as inadequate device accuracy, data redundancy, concerns associated with data security, and lack of meaningful criteria, and offer potential solutions. Finally, the future research direction for cardiovascular care using wearable devices is discussed.


Subject(s)
Big Data , Delivery of Health Care , Wearable Electronic Devices , Technology , Blood Pressure
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 48-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970945

ABSTRACT

The population of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with hypertension in China is characterized by complex etiology, high incidence rate, low awareness and control rate. How to diagnose and treat hypertension in CKD patients properly and improve their prognosis is particularly urgent. Several clinical guidelines or expert consensus on the diagnosis, treatment and management of hypertension have been issued. Some of them involve the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in CKD patients, but they still can not meet the demand for diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in CKD patients. Based on the situation of hypertension in CKD patients in China, the Chinese Society of Nephrology organized an expert group to formulate this guideline. This guideline systematically introduces the diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, risk factors, poor prognosis of hypertension, the purpose, timing and control goals of antihypertensive therapy in CKD patients, as well as blood pressure control goals for special populations, non drug treatment and drug treatment of hypertension. This guideline aims to further strengthen the management of hypertension in CKD patients, standardize the diagnosis and treatment standards, formulate reasonable treatment plans, effectively control hypertension, reduce complications, so as to delay the progress of kidney diseases and improve the long-term prognosis of hypertension in Chinese CKD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Hypertension/therapy , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Blood Pressure , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
18.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 118-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970722

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the health status of workers exposed to occupational mercury, and to provide the theoretical basis for formulating reasonable health monitoring and targeted protection measures. Methods: In November 2021, 1353 mercury-exposed workers who underwent occupational health examination in a hospital in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region from 2018 to 2021 were collected as research subjects. By analyzing their blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, liver function and urine β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury in different gender, age, length of service, industry and enterprise scale, and the health status. And the influencing factors of urinary mercury were evaluated. Results: Among 1353 workers exposed to mercury, there were 1002 males (74.1%), the average age was (37.2±9.8) years old, and the length of service was 3.1 (2.0, 8.0) years. The abnormal rates of physical examination, blood pressure, electrocardiogram, blood routine, liver function, urinary β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury were 73.9% (1000/1353), 12.3% (166/1353), 30.2% (408/1353), 59.9% (810/1353), 32.5% (440/1353), 15.2% (205/1353) and 2.2% (30/1353), respectively. The abnormal rates of blood pressure, blood routine, liver function, urinary β2-microglobulin and urinary mercury in male workers were higher than those in female workers (P<0.05). The abnormal rates of workers' blood pressure and physical examination results increased with the increase of age and length of service, while the abnormal rate of electrocardiogram results were opposite (P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the abnormal rates of blood pressure, blood routine, urinary β2-microglobulin and physical examination results among workers of different enterprises and different industries (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the workers with age ≥30 years old, microminiature enterprises, abnormal physical examination results and urinary β2-microglobulin were the susceptible population with abnormal urinary mercury (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The occupational health status of mercury workers in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is not optimistic, and the health monitoring of microminiature enterprises and older workers should be improved to effectively protect the physical and mental health of workers.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Pressure , Health Status , Mental Health , Mercury , Physical Examination , Occupational Exposure
19.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 112-117, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970721

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of oxidative stress caused by heat exposure on the blood pressure increase of treadmill rats and the intervention of antioxidants. Methods: In June 2021, Twenty-four healthy SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups: normal temperature feeding, normal temperature treadmill, high temperature treadmill and high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C groups, 6 rats in each group. The rats run on the platform in normal temperature or heat exposure environment for 30 min in the morning and in the afternoon daily, 6 days per week. The daily vitamin C supplement dose of high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C group was 10 mg/kg. BP recordings were done at the end of the week. The rat vascular lipofuscin (LF) was detected by ELISA, the rat serum nitric oxide (NO) was detected by nitrate reductase method, the serum malondialdehyde (MDA) was detected by thibabituric acid method, the serum glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were detected by chemiluminescence method, and the serum catalase (CAT) was detected by ammonium molybdate method. The total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) of serum was measured by iron reduction/antioxidant capacity method, and the content of nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in vascular tissue was measured by Western blot. The intra-group mean was compared by repeated measurement analysis of variance, and the inter-group mean was compared by single-factor analysis of variance and post-event LSD-t test. Results: Compared with the previous time point, the systolic BP and diastolic BP of the high temperature treadmill group were significantly increased at 7, 14 and 21 d, and decreased at 28 d which were higher than the initial level (P<0.05), and the systolic BP and diastolic BP values at each experimental time point were significantly higher than those of normal temperature treadmill group (P<0.001). The changes of thickening of the artery wall, no smoothing of the endodermis and irregular arrangement of muscle cells in high temperature treadmill group were observed. Compared with the normal temperature treadmill group, the content of MDA in serum, and LF in vascular tissue were significantly increased, the activities of SOD, CAT, T-AOC, the content of NO in serum, and the expression of Nrf2 in vascular tissue were significantly decreased in high temperature treadmill group (P<0.05). Compared with the high temperature treadmill group, the systolic BP and diastolic BP values at 7, 14, 21 and 28 d, the content of serum MDA and LF in vascular tissue were significantly decreased, the activities of CAT and T-AOC, and the expression of Nrf2 in vascular tissue significantly increased (P<0.05), the histopathological changes of the artery wall improved in high temperature treadmill supplementation with vitamin C group. Conclusion: Heat exposure has effect on oxidative stress, which may be related to the increase of BP. Vitamin C as an anti-oxidative enhancer can prevent those negative effects, which could alleviate the pathological changes of vessel intima in heat-exposed rats. And the Nrf2 may be a regulated factor to vascular protection.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Ascorbic Acid , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Blood Pressure , Hot Temperature , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Fever
20.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 87-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970718

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics and rules of blood pressure changes in oceanauts during simulated operation of manipulator and troubleshooting tasks with different difficulty. Methods: In July 2020, 8 deep-sea manned submersible oceanauts, 6 males and 2 females, were selected as objects. In the 1∶1 model of Jiaolong deep-sea manned submersible, the oceanauts performed manipulator operation tasks and troubleshooting tasks with different difficulties, measured the continuous blood pressure of the oceanauts, filled in the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX scale) after the completion of a single mission, and the changes of systolic pressure (SBP), diastolic pressure (DBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP) and mental workload were analyzed. Results: In a single task, the SBP, DBP and MAP of the oceanauts increased first and then decreased. The blood pressure values at the third minute were significantly lower than those at the first minute (P<0.01), and those at the fifth minute were significantly higher than those at the third minute (P<0.01). When performing the same task, compared with the quiet state, SBP, DBP and MAP increased when the oceanauts performed low difficulty, high difficulty, high difficulty+2-back manipulator operation task and troubleshooting task (P<0.05). When the task difficulty was the same, the SBP and MAP of oceanauts performing manipulator operation tasks were higher than those of oceanauts performing troubleshooting tasks (P<0.05). Compared with low difficulty tasks, the scores of NASA-TLX scale for oceanauts performing high difficulty manipulator operationtasks were significantly higher (P<0.05). Compared with the low difficulty task and high difficulty task, the scale score of the high difficulty+2-back troubleshooting task was significantly higher (P<0.05). When the task difficulty was the same, the scale scores of low difficulty and high difficulty manipulator operation tasks were significantly higher than those of troubleshooting tasks (P<0.05). SBP, DBP, MAP of No. 1, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5, and No. 7 oceanauts (all of whom had 6 years of diving) were positively correlated with NASA-TLX scale scores (r>0.8, P<0.05) . Conclusion: In the process of manned deep-sea diving, when the oceanauts perform manipulator operation tasks and troubleshooting tasks, with the increase of task difficulty, the mental load of oceanauts increases, and the blood pressure index increases significantly in a short time. At the same time, improving the proficiency of operation can reduce the variation range of blood pressure indexes. Blood pressure can be used as an effective reference to evaluate the difficulty of operation and guide scientific training.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Blood Pressure , Diving , Workload
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