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J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 42(1): 1-6, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375758


Background: Organic colonic manifestation may be difficult to be differentiated from functional one. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common chronic inflammatory and destructive disease of the bowel wall. Chronic inflammation is associated with ulcerations, strictures, perforations, and it is a risk factor for dysplasia and cancer. To reduce these long-standing complications, IBD patients are in a continuous need for early diagnosis1. Markers, such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and c-reactive protein (CRP), fecal calprotectin (FC) have been widely used as noninvasive parameters for IBD monitoring. We aimed, in this current study, to evaluate the value of fecal calprotectin and other noninvasive biomarkers in predicting abnormal histologic findings in patients undergoing addition to determine the cutoff value which predict IBD2. Methods: The present prospective study included 160 patients with complaint of colicky abdominal pain with frequent diarrhea associated with mucous and infrequent bleeding per rectum for more than 6 months. They presented partial improvement with medication and recurrence once stopping the treatment These patients had been recently diagnosed with IBD at many primary healthcare centers covering the areas of the Kafrelsheikh and Zagazik governorate in the North of Egyptian Nile delta. After complete history, clinical examination, and laboratory investigation, they were referred to the IBD clinic at Kafrelsheikh University Hospital for assessment and ileocolonoscopy with biopsies. Results: There was a wide spectrum of age of the studied patients, with mean age 40.12±7.88 (minimum 18 and maximum 56 years). Regarding gender, males represented 87.5% of the studied patients. Forty percent of the patients with colonic manifestation were smokers, 57% preferred a spicy diet, and the majority had low educational level (77.5%). Forty percent had obvious blood in stool, 55% had occult blood, and raised ESR CRP occurred in 32.5% and 50%, respectively. Fecal calprotectin cutoff was>159, with sensitivity 92.8% and specificity 97.5%. Conclusions: Biomarkers (FC, ESR, CRP) can be used as noninvasive parameters for the early diagnosis and prediction of organic colonic disease. Fecal calprotectin in the IBD group revealed significant area under the curve (AUC) values and cutoff> 159, with sensitivity 92.8% and specificity 97.5%. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/diagnosis , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex/blood , Health Profile , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Abdominal Pain
Med. UIS ; 34(3): 39-45, Sep.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1386175


Resumen Introducción: La eritrosedimentación es una medida indirecta de inflamación, se eleva ante un aumento de proteínas (reactantes de fase aguda) durante trastornos inflamatorios, un valor extremadamente elevado ≥100mm/hora) tiene una alta especificidad para el diagnóstico de enfermedades infecciosas, neoplásicas y autoinmunes. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes hospitalizados con una elevación extrema de la eritrosedimentación, y explorar su asociación con otros factores determinantes. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años, con eritrosedimentación extrema, internados en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe de la ciudad de Medellín, desde Noviembre de 2016 hasta Junio de 2018. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 1007 pacientes de la base de datos del hospital, las infecciones, con 743 (73,8%) afectados, fueron el principal diagnóstico relacionado. Se evidenció una correlación negativa de la eritrosedimentación con la hemoglobina -0.092(-0.155 a -0.029) P <0.01 y con el hematocrito -0.087(-0.150 a -0.024) P 0.01, y una positiva significativa débil con la PCR 0.080 (0.014 a 0.146) p 0.02. Discusión: Acorde a otros estudios, las infecciones representaron el primer grupo de elevación extrema, contrario a otro estudio se evidenció una correlación directa, débil y estadísticamente significativa entre la Proteina C reactiva y la eritrosedimentación extremadamente elevada. Conclusión: Las infecciones fueron el principal grupo de enfermedades con eritrosedimentación extrema, se evidenció una correlación inversa entre la eritrosedimentación con la hemoglobina y el hematocrito, y una correlación positiva débil con la proteína C reactiva. MÉD.UIS.2021;34(3): 39-45.

Abstract Sedimentation rate is an indirect inflammation measure, it rises when increase proteins (acute phase reactants) during inflammatory disorders, extreme high value (≥100mm / hour) has a high specificity for the diagnosis of infectious, neoplastic, and autoimmune diseases. Objective: To characterize inpatients with an extreme elevation of the sedimentation rate, and to establish the correlation between determinant factors and extreme sedimentation. Methods: Observational and cross-sectional study, including patients older than 18 years, with an extremely sedimentation rate, hospitalized in Hospital Pablo Tobon Uribe in Medellin city, during November of 2016 to June of 2018. Results: We selected 1007 patients from the data base, Infections were the most common diagnosis (743, 73.8%), and the main type were urinary tract infections (133, 13%). We evidence a negative correlation with the hemoglobin -0.092(0.155 a -0.029) and with the hematocrit -0.087(0.150 a -0.024), and a positive and weak significant correlation with the C-reactive protein 0.080 (0.014 a 0.146) p 0.02. Discussion: The infections, as in other studies, represent the main etiology associated with an extreme sedimentation. Different to other analyzed investigations, we observed a direct, weak and statistically significant correlation between the PCR and the extreme VSG. Conclusions: Infections were the main cause of extreme sedimentation rate. We evidence an inverse correlation between the blood sedimentation and the hemoglobin and the hematocrit, and a weak correlation with the C-reactive protein. MÉD.UIS.2021;34(3): 39-45.

Humans , Blood Sedimentation , Acute-Phase Proteins , Diagnosis , Inflammation
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1305-1310, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351471


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: There are limited data about the significance of erythrocyte sedimentation rate as a single prognostic parameter for the prognosis and mortality of COVID-19. This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic utility of erythrocyte sedimentation rate as a prognostic factor for the disease severity and mortality in patients with COVID-19. METHODS: A total of 148 consecutive patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and hospitalized at the intensive care unit or non-the intensive care unit were included in the study. The patients were allocated to groups as severe/critical disease versus nonsevere disease and survivors and nonsurvivors. The prognostic role and predictable values of erythrocyte sedimentation rate were analyzed. RESULTS: Erythrocyte sedimentation rate was found to be higher among patients with severe/critical disease compared to those with nonsevere disease (p<0.001) and among nonsurvivors compared to survivors (p<0.001). The logistic regression analysis showed that erythrocyte sedimentation rate was an independent parameter for predicting disease severity and mortality. The role of erythrocyte sedimentation rate in the assessment of severity and mortality in patients with COVID-19 was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristic curve and was found to be significant in both. The analyses suggested that the optimum erythrocyte sedimentation rate cutoff point for disease severity and mortality were 52.5 mm/h with 65.5% sensitivity and 76.3% specificity and 56.5 mm/h with 66.7% sensitivity and 72.5% specificity. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that erythrocyte sedimentation rate was an independent prognostic factor for severity and mortality in patients with COVID-19.

Humans , COVID-19 , Prognosis , Blood Sedimentation , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , SARS-CoV-2
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e1171, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341422


Introducción: Conocer las alteraciones en exámenes de laboratorio clínico, es de utilidad en el diagnóstico y el progreso de pacientes con la COVID-19. Objetivo: Describir los parámetros de laboratorio clínico en pacientes diagnosticados con la COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo en 82 pacientes hospitalizados con la COVID-19. Las variables analizadas fueron edad, sexo, comorbilidad, reporte de paciente, estado al egreso, hemoglobina, recuento de glóbulos blancos, conteo absoluto de neutrófilos, conteo absoluto de linfocitos, conteo de plaquetas, eritrosedimentación, dímero D, creatinina, urea, alanina aminotransferasa, aspartato aminotransferasa, #947;-glutamil transpeptidasa, fosfatasa alcalina, lactato deshidrogenasa, relación neutrófilos/ linfocitos y de plaquetas/ linfocitos. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 55,61 ± 22,04, fue mayoría el sexo femenino (57,3 por ciento), hipertensos (41,5 por ciento), el 18,3 por ciento reportados de grave y el 14,6 por ciento falleció. La edad avanzada y la comorbilidad se asociaron al reporte de gravedad. Hubo disminución significativa de la hemoglobina, linfocitos; elevación de la eritrosedimentación, dímero D, creatinina, #947;-glutamil transpeptidasa y lactato deshidrogenasa, sobre todo en graves. La relación neutrófilos/ linfocitos y de plaquetas/ linfocitos alertaron sobre el agravamiento del paciente y la posibilidad de fallecer. Conclusiones: Los pacientes tenían una media de edad de 55,61, del sexo femenino, con hipertensión arterial; egresaron vivos, reportados de no graves. Disminuyen los valores medios de hemoglobina, conteo global de los linfocitos, sobre todo en graves; aumenta el dímero D, creatinina, ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, y LD. La relación neutrófilos/ linfocitos y de plaquetas/ linfocitos muestran valores medios altos, sobre todo en graves y en quienes fallecieron (AU)

Introduction: Knowing the alterations in clinical laboratory tests is useful in the diagnosis and progress of patients with COVID-19. Objective: To describe the clinical laboratory parameters in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods: Descriptive study in 82 hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The variables analyzed were age, sex, comorbidity, patient report, discharge status, hemoglobin, white blood cell count, absolute neutrophil count, absolute lymphocyte count, platelet count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, D-dimer, creatinine, urea, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase, neutrophil / lymphocyte and platelet / lymphocyte ratio. Results: The average age was 55.61 ± 22.04, the majority were female (57.3 percent), hypertensive (41.5 percent), 18.3 percent reported serious and 14.6 percent died. Advanced age and comorbidity were associated with the severity report. There was a significant decrease in hemoglobin, lymphocytes; elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, D-dimer, creatinine, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, and lactate dehydrogenase, especially in severe patients. The neutrophil / lymphocyte and platelet / lymphocyte ratio warned about the worsening of the patient and the possibility of death. Conclusions: The patients a mean age of 55.61, female, with arterial hypertension; they were discharged alive, reported as not serious. Mean hemoglobin values ​​decrease, global lymphocyte count, especially in severe patients; increases D-dimer, creatinine, ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, and LD. The neutrophil / lymphocyte and platelet / lymphocyte ratio show high mean values, especially in severely ill patients and in those who died(AU)

Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood Sedimentation , Aggravation in Homeopathy , Creatinine , Alanine Transaminase , COVID-19 , Reference Standards , Comorbidity , Clinical Laboratory Techniques
Actual. osteol ; 17(1): 8-17, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1291888


Objective: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and its association with in"ammatory markers in patients with rheumatologic diseases (RD). Methods: A cross-sectional study in 154 women with RD (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and other connective tissue diseases) and 112 healthy individuals as a control group (CG) was carried out. Results: No differences in serum and urine calcium, serum phosphate, and urinary deoxypyridinoline were found. RD group had lower 25OHD and higher PTH compared to CG. RD group had higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) compared to CG. The overall mean level of 25OHD (ng/ml) was 26.3±12.0 in the CG and 19.4±6.8 in the RD group (p<0.0001). Moreover, CG had lower percentage of individuals with 25OHD de!ciency compared to RD (29.9% vs 53.2%). The femoral neck BMD was signi!cantly lower in postmenopausal RD women compared to CG. 25OHD levels signi!cantly correlated with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. Age, BMI, presence of RD, and CRP were signi!cantly and negatively associated with 25OHD levels through linear regression analysis. According to univariate logistic regression analysis for 25OHD deficiency (<20 ng/ml), a significant and negative association with BMI, presence of RD, ESR and CRP were found. Conclusion: Patients with RD had lower 25OHD levels than controls and the presence of a RD increases by 2.66 the risk of vitamin D de!ciency. In addition, 25OHD has a negative correlation with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. (AU)

Objetivo El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar los niveles séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) y su asociación con marcadores inflamatorios en enfermedades reumatológicas. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 154 mujeres con enfermedades reumatológicas (artritis reumatoide, espondiloartritis y otras enfermedades del tejido conectivo) y 112 individuos sanos como grupo control (GC). Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias en el calcio sérico y urinario, el fosfato sérico y la desoxipiridinolina urinaria entre el GC y los sujetos con enfermedades reumatológicas. El grupo de pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía 25OHD más bajo y PTH más alto en comparación con el GC. Asimismo, el grupo de individuos con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía proteína C reactiva (PCR) y velocidad de eritrosedimentación (VES) más altas en comparación con el GC. El nivel de 25OHD (ng/ml) fue 26,3±12,0 en el GC y 19,4±6,8 en el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (p<0,0001). Además, el GC presentó un porcentaje menor de deficiencia de 25OHD en comparación con el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (29,9% vs 53,2%). La DMO del cuello femoral fue significativamente menor en las mujeres posmenopáusicas con enfermedades reumatológicas en comparación con el GC. La 25OHD correlacionó significativamente con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. El análisis de regresión lineal mostró que la edad, el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica y la PCR se asociaron significativa y negativamente con los niveles de 25OHD. Mientras que el análisis de regresión logística univariada mostró que la deficiencia de 25OHD (<20 ng/ml), se asoció significativa y negativamente con el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica, la VES y los niveles de PCR. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenían niveles de 25OHD más bajos que los controles y la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica aumenta en 2.66 el riesgo de deficiencia de vitamina D. Además, la 25OHD mostró correlación negativa con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. (AU)

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Biomarkers , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Inflammation/blood , Phosphates/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Logistic Models , Calcium/urine , Calcium/blood , Rheumatic Diseases/blood , Risk , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Amino Acids/urine
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Sedimentation , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942300


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and immunological features of cardiac involvement in patients with anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS).@*METHODS@#In the study, 96 patients diagnosed with ASS hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital from April 2003 to November 2020 were included. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they were accompanied with cardiac involvement. Demographic features, clinical characteristics (Gottron's sign/papules, muscle damage, etc.), comorbidities, laboratory indices (creatine kinase, inflammatory indicators, immunoglobulin, complement, lymphocyte subset, autoantibodies, etc.) were collected and the differences between the two groups were analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of cardiac involvement in the patients with ASS was 25.0% (24/96). The ASS patients complicated with cardiac involvement presented with elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI, 75.0%, 18/24), pericardial effusion (33.3%, 8/24), reduction of left ventricular function (33.3%, 8/24) and valves regurgitation (33.3%, 8/24). The age of onset of the patients with cardiac involvement was older than that of the patients without cardiac involvement [(54.58±10.58) years vs. (48.47±13.22) years, P=0.043). Arthritis was observed less frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement (37.5% vs. 61.1%, P=0.044). In addition, rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (54.2% vs. 30.6%, P=0.037) was observed more frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement. As compared with the ASS patients without cardiac involvement, C-reactive protein (CRP) [(13.55 (8.96, 38.35) mg/L vs. 4.60 (1.37, 17.40) mg/L, P=0.001], and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) [408.0 (255.0, 587.0) U/L vs. 259.5 (189.8, 393.8) U/L, P=0.007] were significantly higher in the patients with cardiac involvement. Anti-Ro-52 antibody was detected more commonly in the ASS patients with cardiac involvement compared with the patients without cardiac involvement (91.7% vs. 69.4%, P=0.029). No significant differences were found in the comorbidities, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ferritin (Fer), immunoglobulin G (IgG), complement 3 (C3), complement 4 (C4), lymphocyte subset between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Cardiac involvement is common in ASS, mainly manifested as myocardial damage. It is necessary to be aware of cardiac complications in patients with elevated CRP, elevated LDH and positive anti-Ro-52 antibody.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoantibodies , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Heart Diseases/complications , Immunoglobulin G , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Myositis/diagnosis
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(3): 170-175, set 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391853


Objetivo: Conhecer o perfil clínico e epidemiológico de pacien- tes portadores de artrite psoriásica de uma região brasileira. Método: Pesquisa observacional, transversal, epidemiológica e documental, baseada na coleta de dados obtidos a partir da análise de 53 prontuários de pacientes cadastrados do Ambu- latório de Reumatologia da Universidade do Estado do Pará, na Região Amazônica. Resultados: Houve predominância do padrão do tipo poliartrite simétrica, sem distinção entre os sexos, com a presença de manifestações extra-articulares, pso- ríase em placas, em uso de metotrexato em doses médias. Con- clusão: Apesar da etiopatogenia da doença ser dependente de fatores genéticos, ambientais e imunológicos e da população amazônica ser muito particular, de uma miscigenação entre eu- ropeus, ameríndios e negros, o perfil clínico e epidemiológicos dos pacientes do Ambulatório de Reumatologia da Universidade do Estado do Pará é semelhante ao das literaturas nacional e internacional.

Objective: To know the clinical and epidemiologic profile of pso- riatic arthritis patients of a Brazilian region. Method: This is an observational, cross-sectional, epidemiological, and documental study, based on the data obtained from the analysis of the medi- cal records of 53 patients registered on the Rheumatology Cli- nic of the Universidade do Estado do Pará, in the Amazon area. Results: There was a predominance of the symmetrical polyar- ticular pattern, with no sexual distinction, extra articular invol- vement, plaque psoriasis, and treatment withn methotrexate, in medium doses. Conclusion: Despite the etiopathogenesis being dependent on genetic, environmental, and immunological fac- tors, and the population of the Amazon being a mix of Europeans, Amerindians, and black people, the clinical and epidemiological profile of the patients of the Rheumatology clinic of the Univer- sidade do Estado do Pará is similar to the ones described on the national and international literature.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Rheumatology , Health Profile , Arthritis, Psoriatic/epidemiology , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Psoriasis/complications , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Blood Sedimentation , Brazil/epidemiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Arthritis, Psoriatic/complications , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , Arthritis, Psoriatic/blood , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Age and Sex Distribution , Dyslipidemias , Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Interleukin Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypertension , Obesity
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155000


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the level of inflammatory factors of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and reactive protein C in benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Material and Methods: In this case-control study, patients who were referred because of an enlarged thyroid gland were selected, patients who had undergone surgery for the thyroid nodule were included in the study. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and reactive protein C were measured before surgery in patients who were candidates for thyroid surgery. The histopathological records of patients were retrospectively reviewed. Relevant cases had a cytological evaluation of thyroid nodules by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). The mean of ESR / CRP in both groups was compared using an independent t-test (p>0.05). Results: In malignant tumor type, in all patients, with Pill (PTC), analyzes in the malignant group showed a significant difference between the mean ESR / CRP in both groups with and without thyroid history. Sub-analyzes in the malignant group were significantly different between the mean ESR / CRP in both groups with and without thyroid histories (p=0.009) (40.16 ± 28.81). The association between ESR and CRP, ESR / CRP and tumor size, ESR / CRP and age in each group as well as in the whole patients were evaluated using Pearson correlation test, which showed a positive association between ESR age and ESR (p=0.024, r=0.375). In the malignant group, a negative correlation was found between the age and the CRP rate (p=0.027, r=-0.441), and in the total patients between the age and the rate (ES=0.043, r=-0.256). Conclusion: Factors such as ESR and CRP, which are considered acute phase reactors and their levels increase in acute inflammatory conditions, may not have a significant increase in chronic inflammatory conditions and malignancies.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Sedimentation/drug effects , Protein C , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Iran/epidemiology
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(3): 171-173, mar 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361517


Este relato teve como objetivo apresentar um caso de elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis associada à trombocitose reacional significativa. À admissão, o paciente apresentava quadro de poliartrite de pequenas e grandes articulações associado à rigidez matinal. Após exames solicitados, evidenciaram-se trombocitose de 1.697.000 cel./mm³ e anticorpos antipeptídeos citrulinados positivos, sendo diagnosticado com artrite reumatoide do tipo elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis.

This report aimed at presenting a case of elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis associated with significant reactive thrombocytosis. On admission, the patient presented polyarthritis of small and large joints associated with morning stiffness. After the performance of the requested tests, thrombocytosis of 1,697,000 cells/mm3 and positive anti-CCP were evidenced, and the patient was diagnosed with elderly-onset rheumatoid arthritis.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Thrombocytosis/diagnosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Rheumatoid Factor/analysis , Thrombocytosis/complications , Thrombocytosis/blood , Blood Cell Count , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Edema/etiology , Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/isolation & purification
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(2): 87-90, abril/jun 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361367


A doença de Still do adulto é uma rara condição inflamatória, cujo diagnóstico é um desafio, por se tratar de diagnóstico de exclusão, após vasta investigação. Manifesta-se com febre alta diária, amigdalite não supurativa, artrite, rash evanescente, leucocitose e hiperferritinemia. O presente caso demonstra a doença de Still do adulto e sua vasta investigação, motivando a realização de revisão bibliográfica sobre inovações na fisiopatologia, no diagnóstico e no tratamento.

Adult onset Still's disease is a rare inflammatory condition, the diagnosis of which is a challenge, because it is a diagnosis of exclusion, and demands extensive investigation. It manifests with high daily fever, nonsuppurative tonsillitis, arthritis, evanescent rash, leukocytosis, and hyperferritinemia. The present case de­monstrates adult-onset Still's disease and its extensive inves­tigation, motivating literature review on innovations of its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Still's Disease, Adult-Onset/diagnosis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Rheumatoid Factor/blood , Splenomegaly , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Pharyngitis , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Still's Disease, Adult-Onset/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Arthralgia , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Rare Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Exanthema , Fever , Hyperferritinemia/blood , Infections/diagnosis , Leukocytosis/blood , Neoplasms/diagnosis
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(3): 362-370, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115800


Biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease are an essential tool in clinical practice. They allow a non-invasive evaluation of patients and thus guide decision-making at different stages of the disease, including diagnostic suspicion, severity assessment, relapse prediction, and treatment response. Although biomarkers in blood such as erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein, are the most commonly used biomarkers, because their low cost and accessibility, they lack specificity. Currently, fecal biomarkers offer greater reliability, applicability, and specificity. Fecal calprotectin is the most commonly used marker. This review discusses the advantages and disadvantages of biomarkers in inflammatory bowel disease, as well as their clinical applications and new biomarkers currently under research.

Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Blood Sedimentation , Biomarkers , Reproducibility of Results , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Feces
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811273


OBJECTIVES: Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine derivative that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peripheral vessel disease and intermittent lameness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of PTX and tocopherol in patients diagnosed with osteoradionecrosis (ORN), bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), and chronic osteomyelitis using digital panoramic radiographs.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in 25 patients who were prescribed PTX and tocopherol for treatment of ORN, BRONJ, and chronic osteomyelitis between January 2014 and May 2018 in Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Radiographic densities of the dental panorama were compared prior to starting PTX and tocopherol, at 3 months, and at 6 months after prescription. Radiographic densities were measured using Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Adobe System Inc., USA). Blood sample tests showing the degree of inflammation at the initial visit were considered the baseline and compared with results after 3 to 6 months. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann–Whitney test and repeated measurement ANOVA using IBM SPSS 23.0 (IBM Corp., USA).RESULTS: Eight patients were diagnosed with ORN, nine patients with BRONJ, and the other 8 patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Ten of the 25 patients were men, average age was 66.32±14.39 years, and average duration of medication was 151.8±80.65 days (range, 56–315 days). Statistically significant increases were observed in the changes between 3 and 6 months after prescription (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between ORN, BRONJ, and chronic osteomyelitis. Only erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was statistically significantly lower than before treatment (P<0.05) among the white blood cell (WBC), ESR, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC).CONCLUSION: Long-term use of PTX and tocopherol can be an auxiliary method in the treatment of ORN, BRONJ, or chronic osteomyelitis in jaw.

Humans , Male , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Blood Sedimentation , Inflammation , Jaw , Leukocytes , Methods , Neutrophils , Osteomyelitis , Osteoradionecrosis , Pentoxifylline , Prescriptions , Radiography, Panoramic , Seoul , Tocopherols
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942170


OBJECTIVE@#To detect the levels of Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) in the plasma of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to analyze their correlation with peripheral blood T cell subsets and clinical indicators.@*METHODS@#Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect plasma DKK-1 levels in 32 RA patients and 20 healthy controls, and to record the various clinical manifestations and laboratory indicators of the RA patients, and flow cytometry to detect peripheral blood T cell subsets in the RA patients (Including Treg, nTreg, aTreg, sTreg, Teff, Tfh, CD4+CD161+T, CD8+T, CD8+CD161+T cells). The plasma DKK-1 levels between the two groups were ompared, and its correlation with peripheral blood T cell subsets and clinical indicators analyzed.@*RESULTS@#(1) The plasma DKK-1 concentration of the RA patients was (124.97±64.98) ng/L. The plasma DKK-1 concentration of the healthy control group was (84.95±13.74) ng/L. The plasma DKK-1 level of the RA patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy control group (P < 0.05), and the percentage of CD8+CD161+T cells in the peripheral blood of the RA patients was significantly higher than that of the healthy control group (P < 0.05). (2) The plasma DKK-1 level was positively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=0.406, P=0.021), DAS28 score (r=0.372, P=0.036), immunoglobulin G(r=0.362, P=0.042), immunoglobulin A(r=0.377, P=0.033); it had no correlation with age, course of disease, C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody, immunoglobulin M, complement C3, complement C4, white blood cell, neutrophil ratio. (3) The plasma DKK-1 level in the RA patients was positively correlated with the percentage of peripheral blood CD161+CD8+T cells (r=0.413, P=0.019);it had no correlation with Treg, nTreg, aTreg, sTreg, Teff, Tfh, CD4+CD161+T, CD8+T cells. (4) The percentage of CD161+CD8+T cells was negatively correlated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=-0.415, P=0.004), C-reactive protein (r=-0.393, P=0.007), DAS28 score(r=-0.392, P=0.007), rheumatoid factor (r=-0.535, P < 0.001), anti-citrullinated protein antibody (r=-0.589, P < 0.001), immunoglobulin G(r=-0.368, P=0.012) immunoglobulin M (r=-0.311, P=0.035); it had no correlation with age, disease course, immunoglobulin A, complement C3, complement C4, white blood cell, and neutrophil ratio.@*CONCLUSION@#RA patients' plasma DKK-1 levels and the percentage of CD8+CD161+T cells in T cell subsets in peripheral blood increase, which may be related to the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines in patients; DKK-1 is involved in the regulation of bone homeostasis and can be used as a marker of bone destruction in RA.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood Sedimentation , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/blood , Plasma , Rheumatoid Factor , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942112


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and high risk factors of Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) complicated with tuberculosis infection.@*METHODS@#Patients with rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed in the hospital of Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital from January 2007 to January 2017 was retrospectively collected, who were enrolled in the study group. A control group was randomly selected from the RA patients hospitalized in the same period without co-infection at a ratio of 1 :2. The general data, clinical data, laboratory test data, treatment plan, etc. of the two groups were collected in detail for single factor statistical analysis. Then multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of RA complicated with tuberculosis infection with statistical significance in univariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The clinical manifestations of fever (83.3%) were most common, followed by cough (69%) and body mass loss (45.2%). In the infected group, pulmonary tuberculosis accounted for 73.3%. In the infected group the chest CT showed two or more cases, accounting for 59%. There were 9 cases (33.3%) occurring in the typical tuberculosis occurrence site. Compared with the control group, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reaction protein (CRP) levels, and the daily average dose of glucocorticoid in 1 year in the infected group were higher than those in the control group. And those differences were statistically significant(P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in gender, age, disease duration, disease activity score, white blood cell (WBC), platelet (PLT), hemoglobin (Hb), immunoglobulin G (IgG), complement (C), Anti cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), CD4+T cell count, and immunosuppressant use (P > 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that CRP levels(OR=1.016, 95%CI:1.002-1.031) and the daily average dose of glucocorticoid in 1 year(OR=1.229, 95%CI:1.066-1.418)were the independent risk factors of RA complica-ted with tuberculosis infection.@*CONCLUSION@#RA patients with tuberculosis infection are mainly phthisis. The clinical manifestations of RA combined with tuberculosis infection are lack of specificity, and the chest imaging features of pulmonary tuberculosis are diverse, which are easy to be misdiagnosed. CRP levels and the daily average dose level of glucocorticoid in 1 year were risk factors for RA and tuberculosis infection.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Autoantibodies , Blood Sedimentation , Peptides, Cyclic , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatoid Factor , Tuberculosis/epidemiology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942110


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and biological treatment of juvenile Idiopathic arthritis (JIA) after adulthood.@*METHODS@#Selected 358 patients with previous medical history diagnosed by JIA who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 1, 2009 to January 1, 2019. Perform retrospective analysis of basic information, clinical symptoms, diagnostic indicators, treatment plans, outpatient follow-up (inpatients require outpatient follow-up treatment) and diagnosis and treatment process of 90 eligible cases included, and observe different ages and different courses of disease. The clinical characteristics of young and middle-aged idiopathic arthritis in adults and the outpatient situation of using biological agents for 6 months.@*RESULTS@#According to age, they were divided into ≤26 years old group (42 cases) and >26 years old group (48 cases). Under examination [rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-nuclear antibody (ANA), anti-neutrophil antibody (ANCA), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), hemoglobin (HGB), white blood cell count (WBC), human leukocyte antigen-B27 (HLA-B27), complement 3 (C3), etc.], concurrent in terms of symptoms, treatment and prognosis, the ≤26-year-old group was generally lighter than the >26-year-old group; that was, the older the age, the heavier the onset of inflammation and other symptoms, the more complications, the worse the treatment effect, and the worse the prognosis, and there were statistical differences academic significance (P < 0.05). According to the course of disease, they were divided into ≤19 years group (46 cases) and >19 years group (44 cases). In terms of examination (RF, ANA, ANCA, ESR, CRP, IL-1β, IL-6, HGB, HLA-B27, C3, etc.), complications, treatment and prognosis, the course of disease ≤19 years group was compared with the disease course> 19 years group Overall mild; that was, the longer the course of the disease, the more severe the onset of symptoms such as inflammation, the more complications, the worse the treatment effect, and the worse the prognosis, P < 0.05, the difference was statistically significant. After 6 months of outpatient treatment with biological agents, it was found that biological agents could improve some of the patients' clinical symptoms and delay the further development of the disease. Compared with the non-biological agent treatment group (48 cases), the biological agent group (42 cases) benefited, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Through retrospective analysis, this article believes that although adult JIA is diagnosed as connective tissue disease, it has special clinical characteristics with the course of the disease and age. Therefore, it should be recommended to give special attention to JIA patients after adulthood, require regular medical treatment in the adult rheumatology department, according to the corresponding connective tissue disease or JIA diagnosis, and standard treatment; at the same time, pay attention to the history of JIA. In the comparison of biological and non-biological treatment, it is proved that biological treatment can effectively improve some of the clinical symptoms of JIA patients after adulthood. Therefore, it is recommended that biological treatment be used as soon as possible if economic conditions permit to delay the development of the disease.

Adult , Humans , Infant , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Blood Sedimentation , China , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatoid Factor
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 171-177, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125798


Antecedentes: la colecistectomía laparoscópica es uno de los procedimientos quirúrgicos más frecuentemente realizados. Las diferencias en la anatomía y en el grado de inflamación vesicular suelen causar dificultades técnicas intraoperatorias. Objetivo: determinar el valor de la proteína C reactiva (PCR) y la velocidad de sedimentación globular (VSG) como predictores de colecistectomía dificultosa y evaluar su aplicación en la planificación prequirúrgica de un programa de residencia universitario. Material y métodos: se confeccionó un estudio retrospectivo, analítico, en un hospital universitario de tercer nivel. Se incluyeron 104 pacientes adultos operados de colecistectomía laparoscópica por litiasis vesicular sintomática entre enero y julio de 2019. Se categorizó a los pacientes en un grupo de colecistectomías dificultosas y otro de colecistectomías no dificultosas. Resultados: se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas al comparar los valores de VSG y PCR de ambos grupos (p < 0,001). La sensibilidad de la VSG fue del 100%, la especificidad del 45%, el VPP del 40% y el VPN de 100%. La sensibilidad de la PCR fue del 87,5%, la especificidad del 86,3%, el VPP del 70% y el VPN de 95%. Ambos parámetros se vieron elevados en 14 de 16 colecistectomías dificultosas y en 2 de 44 colecistectomías no dificultosas. La sensibilidad para ambos parámetros elevados fue del 87,5%, la especificidad del 95%, el VPP del 87,5% y el VPN de 95%. Conclusión: la VSG y la PCR han demostrado ser un método fiable en la predicción de colecistectomías dificultosas por litiasis vesicular sintomática. Esto podría ser aplicado en la programación de cirugías dentro de un programa de residencia universitario.

Background: laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed in general surgery. The anatomical differences of the gallbladder and the presence of factors related to inflammation can cause technical issues during surgery. Objective: the aim of the present study was to determine the value of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) as predictors of difficult cholecystectomy and to evaluate their application during presurgical planning within a university residency program. Material and methods: we conducted a retrospective and analytical study in a tertiary university hospital. A total of 104 adult patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to symptomatic cholelithiasis between January and July 2019 were included. The patients were categorized into two groups: difficult cholecystectomy and non-difficult cholecystectomy. Results: there were statistically significant differences in ESR and CRP values between both groups (p < 0.001). Sensitivity of ESR was 100%, specificity was 45%, with a PPV of 40% and NPV of 100%. Sensitivity of CRP was 87.5%, specificity was 86.3%, with a PPV of 70% and NPV of 95%. Both parameters were elevated in 14 of 16 difficult cholecystectomies and in 2 of 44 non-difficult cholecystectomies. Sensitivity of CRP was 87.5%, specificity was 86.3%, with a PPV of 70% and NPV of 95%. Conclusion: measuring ESR and CRP has proved to be a reliable method to predict difficult cholecystectomies due to symptomatic cholelithiasis. This could be applied for surgical planning within a university residency program.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic/methods , General Surgery/methods , Blood Sedimentation , Body Mass Index , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, University , Inflammation/diagnosis , Internship and Residency
Sâo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 517-522, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094529


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the commonest chronic rheumatic disease among children. When not treated effectively, JIA can lead to functional disability, due to joint damage, along with long-term morbidities. OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of tocilizumab therapy for 11 patients with polyarticular JIA (pJIA) and systemic JIA (sJIA) who presented inadequate response or were refractory to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and/or other biological therapies; and to evaluate its benefits, safety and tolerability. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational retrospective case series at a tertiary-level training and research hospital. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 11 consecutive patients with JIA who received tocilizumab (anti-IL-6) therapy in our pediatric nephrology and rheumatology outpatient clinic. We analyzed their demographic data, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment response and adverse reactions. We determined the efficacy of tocilizumab treatment using the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) pediatric (Pedi) response criteria, including ACR Pedi 30, 50, 70 and 90 scores. We used the Wilcoxon test to compare measurements before and after treatment. RESULTS: Tocilizumab was given to seven patients with sJIA and four with pJIA (one of the pJIA patients was rheumatoid factor-positive). In most patients, we observed improvement of symptoms, absence of articular and extra-articular inflammation and continued inactive disease. ACR Pedi 30, 50 and 70 scores were achieved by 90.9% of the patients. Five patients showed minor side effects, possibly due to use of tocilizumab. CONCLUSIONS: Tocilizumab therapy should be considered for treating patients with diagnoses of pJIA or sJIA who are resistant to non-biological DMARDs and/or other biological therapies.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Arthritis, Juvenile/drug therapy , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Platelet Count , Arthritis, Juvenile/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Drug Resistance , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Antirheumatic Agents/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , Leukocytes
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(5): 636-641, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058090


Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad de Kawasaki (EK) es una vasculitis sistémica aguda con riesgo de desarrollar aneurismas coronarios. Objetivos: Describir características clínico-epidemiológicas en niños con diagnóstico de EK en Argentina. Analizar factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de complicaciones coronarias (CC). Población y Métodos: Estudio multicéntrico, retrospectivo, transversal, observacional y analítico. Incluyó pacientes bajo 18 años de edad, con diagnóstico de EK en hospitales de Argentina, entre el 1 de enero de 2010 y el 31 de diciembre de 2013. Resultados: N = 193 sujetos. Edad: mediana: 29 meses. Tasa promedio total país 5 casos/10.000 egresos hospitalarios. Presentaron CC 15,5%. Mayor riesgo de CC: Mayor cantidad de días de fiebre al momento de colocación del tratamiento (p = 0,0033); Aumento de: frecuencia cardíaca (p = 0,0021), eritrosedimentación (VSG) (p = 0,005), proteína C reactiva (PCR) (p < 0,0001), leucocitosis (p = 0,0006), neutrofilia (p = 0,0021); Disminución de hematocrito (p = 0,0007) y hemoglobina (p < 0,0001). Asociación con CC: alteraciones cardiológicas no coronarias (ORv10.818); PCR mayor de 68 mg/L (OR = 11.596); leucocitos mayores a 20.000/mm3 (OR= 4.316); y VSG mayor de 64 mm/1° hora (OR = 4.267). Conclusión: La forma de presentación más frecuente fue EK completa, el riesgo de CC fue mayor en varones, menores de 5 años de edad, los factores de riesgo (clínicos y de laboratorio) fueron semejantes a los descritos en la bibliografía.

Background: Kawasaki disease (EK) is an acute systemic vasculitis with a risk of developing coronary aneurysms. Aim: To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children with EK in Argentina and to analyse the risk factors for the development of coronary's complications (CC). Methods: Multicenter, retrospective, cross-sectional, observational and analytical study. It included patients younger than 18 years of age diagnosed with EK in hospitals in Argentina, between January the 1st, 2010 and December the 31th, 2013. Results: N = 193 subjects. Age: medium: 29 months. Total incidence 5 cases / 10,000 hospital discharges. CC was observed in 15.5% of patients. Increased risk factors for CC: Elevated number of days with fever at the time of treatment placement (p = 0.0033); Increased of: heart frequency (p = 0.0021), erythrosedimentation (ESR) (p = 0.005), C-reactive protein (CRP) (p < 0.0001), leukocytes (p = 0.0006), neutrophils (p = 0.0021); Decreased of hematocrit (p = 0.0007) and hemoglobin (p < 0.0001).Association with CC: non-coronary cardiological alterations (OR = 10,818); PCR greater than 68 mg /L (OR = 11,596); leukocytes greater than 20,000 / mm3 (OR = 4.316); and ESR greater than 64 mm / 1 hour (OR = 4.267). Conclusion: The most frequent form of presentation was complete EK, the risk of CC was higher in males, younger than 5 years old, the risk factors (clinical and laboratory) were similar to those described in the literature.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Coronary Disease/etiology , Coronary Disease/epidemiology , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Seasons , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Incidence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/therapy