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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze patient-specific blood flow in ruptured aneurysms using obtained non-Newtonian viscosity and to observe associated hemodynamic features and morphological effects. METHODS: Five patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by ruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysms were included in the study. Patients’ blood samples were measured immediately after enrollment. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was conducted to evaluate viscosity distributions and wall shear stress (WSS) distributions using a patient-specific geometric model and shear-thinning viscosity properties. RESULTS: Substantial viscosity change was found at the dome of the aneurysms studied when applying non-Newtonian blood viscosity measured at peak-systole and end-diastole. The maximal WSS of the non-Newtonian model on an aneurysm at peaksystole was approximately 16% lower compared to Newtonian fluid, and most of the hemodynamic features of Newtonian flow at the aneurysms were higher, except for minimal WSS value. However, the differences between the Newtonian and non-Newtonian flow were not statistically significant. Rupture point of an aneurysm showed low WSS regardless of Newtonian or non-Newtonian CFD analyses. CONCLUSION: By using measured non-Newtonian viscosity and geometry on patient-specific CFD analysis, morphologic differences in hemodynamic features, such as changes in whole blood viscosity and WSS, were observed. Therefore, measured non-Newtonian viscosity might be possibly useful to obtain patient-specific hemodynamic and morphologic result.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Blood Viscosity , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hydrodynamics , Intracranial Aneurysm , Rupture , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Viscosity
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777532

ABSTRACT

To compare the blood-cooling and hemostasis effects of Rehmanniae Radix before and after carbonizing on rats with blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome. The blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model was established. Indexes including rectal temperature,whole blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,thrombin time(TT),activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT),prothrombin time(PT),fibrinogen content(FIB),red blood cell(RBC),hemoglobin(Hb),hematocrit(HCT),blood platelet count(PLT),mean platelet volume(MPV),serum IL-1,serum IL-6 and lung histopathology were detected to investigate the blood-cooling and hemostasis effects of Rehmanniae Radix and its carbonized products. Compared with the blank control group,the rectal temperature was significantly increased with rise of the high,middle and low whole blood viscosities and plasma viscosity(P<0.05); both the high and low whole blood restore viscosity and the high and low whole blood relative viscosity were increased significantly(P< 0.05); TT,APTT and PT were notably prolonged with the increase in FIB content(P<0.05); RBC,Hb and HCT increased significantly(P< 0.05); concentrations of serum IL-1 and IL-6 were also increased(P< 0.05) in model group. Additionally,obvious hemorrhages in lung and stomach were observed in rats of the model group. Rehmanniae Radix and its carbonized products can significantly reduce rectal temperature,high middle and low whole blood viscosities and plasma viscosity(P<0.05). TT and APTT were shortened,with lower expression of FIB in group of Rehmannia Radix and its carbonized products. Hemorrhages of lung and stomach were improved by Rehmannia Radix and its carbonized products. The results indicated that Rehmannia Radix before and after carbonizing had the hemostasis and blood-cooling effects by promoting coagulation,improving blood rheology and inhibiting expressions of IL-1 and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Coagulation , Blood Viscosity , Body Temperature , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Hemostasis , Interleukin-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Plant Roots , Rats , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Thrombin Time
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773711

ABSTRACT

Rat model of blood stasis syndrome was prepared by subcutaneous injecting of epinephrine hydrochlorid,then the model rats were administrated by Yunnan Baiyao for 15 days. Blood rheology,coagulation function and histopathology were chosen as indicators to evaluate the successful replication of blood stasis syndrome model and the treatment effect of Yunnan Baiyao. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to rapidly analyze the serum samples of blood stasis syndrome rat after 15 days Yunnan Baiyao treatment,Progenesis QI software was employed to identify the alkaloids components. The results showed that Yunnan Baiyao reduced the plasma viscosity and whole blood viscosity of rats with blood stasis syndrome,prolonged thrombin and prothrombin time,reduced fibrinogen content,and effectively improved pathological state such as inflammatory cell infiltration,blood stasis,congestion and edema of various organs in rats with blood stasis syndrome. Seven alkaloids components from Aconitum kusnezoffii,including karacolidine,senbusine B,isotalatizidine,karakoline,denudatine,talatisamine and chasmanine were found in the rat serum after Yunnan Baiyao treatment. Based on the effectiveness of Yunnan Baiyao in the treatment of blood stasis syndrome induced by epinephrine hydrochloride in rats,alkaloids components from the root of A. kusnezoffii absorbed into blood after Yunnan Baiyao treatment were clarified rapidly and accurately with the help of UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. Karacolidine,senbusine B,isotalatizidine,karakoline,denudatine,talatisamine and chasmanine are the pharmacodynamic material basis of the root of A. kusnezoffii for activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Animals , Blood Circulation , Blood Viscosity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Prothrombin Time , Rats , Thrombin Time
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786525

ABSTRACT

Hyperleukocytosis (HL), defined by a peripheral white blood cell (WBC) count exceeding 100,000/mm³, is occasionally observed in childhood acute leukemia. The increased viscosity in the micro-circulation by HL and the interaction between the leukemic blasts and endometrium of blood vessels sometimes result in leukostasis. Leukostasis can incur life-threatening manifestations, such as respiratory distress, brain infarction and hemorrhage, and renal failure, needing an emergency care. Although early stage of leukostasis is difficult to detect due to nonspecific manifestations, an emergency care is mandatory because leukostasis can proceed to a fatal course. Initial management includes an aggressive fluid therapy that can reduce WBC count, and prevent other metabolic complications implicated by HL. Packed red blood cells should be judiciously transfused because it increases blood viscosity. Conversely, transfusion of platelet concentrates or fresh frozen plasma, which does not affect blood viscosity, is recommended for prevention of hemorrhage. To reduce tumor burden, leukapheresis or exchange transfusion is commonly performed. However, the efficacy is still controversial, and technical problems are present. Leukapheresis or exchange transfusion is recommended if WBC count is 200,000–300,000/mm³ or more, especially in acute myelocytic leukemia, or manifestations of leukostasis are present. In addition, early chemotherapy is the definite treatment of leukostasis.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Blood Vessels , Blood Viscosity , Brain Infarction , Disease Management , Drug Therapy , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endometrium , Erythrocytes , Female , Fluid Therapy , Hemorrhage , Leukapheresis , Leukemia , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Disorders , Leukocytes , Leukocytosis , Leukostasis , Plasma , Renal Insufficiency , Tumor Burden , Viscosity
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze patient-specific blood flow in ruptured aneurysms using obtained non-Newtonian viscosity and to observe associated hemodynamic features and morphological effects.METHODS: Five patients with acute subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by ruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysms were included in the study. Patients’ blood samples were measured immediately after enrollment. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was conducted to evaluate viscosity distributions and wall shear stress (WSS) distributions using a patient-specific geometric model and shear-thinning viscosity properties.RESULTS: Substantial viscosity change was found at the dome of the aneurysms studied when applying non-Newtonian blood viscosity measured at peak-systole and end-diastole. The maximal WSS of the non-Newtonian model on an aneurysm at peaksystole was approximately 16% lower compared to Newtonian fluid, and most of the hemodynamic features of Newtonian flow at the aneurysms were higher, except for minimal WSS value. However, the differences between the Newtonian and non-Newtonian flow were not statistically significant. Rupture point of an aneurysm showed low WSS regardless of Newtonian or non-Newtonian CFD analyses.CONCLUSION: By using measured non-Newtonian viscosity and geometry on patient-specific CFD analysis, morphologic differences in hemodynamic features, such as changes in whole blood viscosity and WSS, were observed. Therefore, measured non-Newtonian viscosity might be possibly useful to obtain patient-specific hemodynamic and morphologic result.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Blood Viscosity , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hydrodynamics , Intracranial Aneurysm , Rupture , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Viscosity
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718922

ABSTRACT

The circulatory system is closely related to the inter-relationship between the anatomy of the heart and blood vessels, and the fluid dynamic properties of blood. The physical properties of blood, which affect blood flow, are called hemorheologic factors. Hemorheologic factors, such as blood viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation, are influenced mainly by hematocrit. A higher hematocrit level results in an increase in blood viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation, which impedes the circulation itself, and tissue oxygenation. An excess of serum ferritin causes injury to vascular endothelial cells and erythrocytes via oxygen free radicals. In addition, an excess of blood can aggravatee the adverse effects of the hemorheologic parameters and induce atherogenesis, microcirculatory disturbances, and major cardiovascular events. A preventive and therapeutic approach with a phlebotomy or blood donation has been stimulated by the knowledge that blood loss, such as regular donations, is associated with significant decreases in key hemorheologic variables, including blood viscosity, erythrocyte aggregation, hematocrit, and fibrinogen. Major cardiovascular events have been improved in regular blood donors by improving blood flow and microcirculation by decreasing the level of oxidative stress, improving the hemorheologic parameters, and reducing the serum ferritin level. Confirmation of the positive preventive and therapeutic effects of blood donations on cardiovascular disease by a well-designed and well-controlled Cohort study may be good news to patients with cardiovascular disease or at risk of these diseases, as well as patients who require a transfusion.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Blood Donors , Blood Vessels , Blood Viscosity , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Endothelial Cells , Erythrocyte Aggregation , Erythrocytes , Ferritins , Fibrinogen , Free Radicals , Heart , Hematocrit , Humans , Hydrodynamics , Microcirculation , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , Phlebotomy , Therapeutic Uses
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with increased rates of cardiovascular diseases. There is growing evidence that blood viscosity may have a common role, correlated with well-known major risk factors that promote cardiovascular disease. In this study we aimed to investigate the whole blood viscosity (WBV) in different stages of BD. METHODS: A total of 121 bipolar patients and 41 age-gender matched healthy controls were included. Forty-four of bipolar patients were in manic, 35 were depressed and 42 were in euthymic state. WBV was calculated from hematocrit and total plasma protein according to Simone’s formula at low and high shear rates (LSR and HSR). RESULTS: WBV at HSR of manic group was 16.91±1.01, depressive group was 17.23±0.80, euthymic group was 17.63±0.95, and control group was 17.52±0.71 (p=0.001). WBV at LSR of manic depressive, euthymic and control group were 53.10±20.58, 60.30±17.02, 68.91±20.33, and 62.01±19.28, respectively (p=0.001). Both WBV at HSR and LSR of manic group was significantly lower than that of the euthymic and control groups (p=0.001 and 0.010 respectively for HSR, p=0.001 and 0.011 respectively for LSR). WBV was significantly positively correlated with lipid profile except high density lipoprotein (HDL). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate a decrement in blood viscosity in manic episode compared with euthymics and controls. Positive correlation of blood viscosity with lipid parameters (except HDL), and negative correlation with number of previous manic episodes suggest that manic episode has favorable effect on cardiovascular risk regarding to blood viscosity.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Blood Viscosity , Cardiovascular Diseases , Hematocrit , Humans , Lipoproteins , Plasma , Rheology , Risk Factors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide information about the effectiveness and safety of Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection (GD) as one adjuvant therapy for treating angina pectoris (AP) and to evaluate the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#RCTs concerning AP treated by GD were searched in China Biology Medicine Disc (SinoMed), PubMed, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), the Chinese Scientifific Journals Database (VIP), Wanfang Database, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, from inception to February, 2017. The Cochrane Risk Assessment Tool was adopted to assess the methodological quality of the RCTs. The Review Manager 5.3 software was utilized to conduct the meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 41 RCTs involving 4,462 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The results indicated that the combined use of GD and Western medicine (WM) against AP was associated with a higher total effective rate [risk ratio (RR)=1.25, 95% confifidence interval (CI): 1.21-1.29, P<0.01], total effective rate of electrocardiogram (RR=1.29, 95% CI: 1.21-1.36, P<0.01). Additional, GD combined with WM could decrease the level of plasma viscosity [mean difference (MD)=-0.56, 95% CI:-0,81 to-0.30, P<0.01], fifibrinogen [MD=-1.02, 95% CI:-1.50 to-0.54, P<0.01], whole blood low shear viscosity [MD=-2.27, 95% CI:-3.04 to-1.49, P<0.01], and whole blood high shear viscosity (MD=-0.90, 95% CI: 1.37 to-0.44, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Comparing with receiving WM only, the combine use of GD and WM was associated with a better curative effect for patients with AP. Nevertheless, limited by the methodological quality of included RCTs more large-sample, multi-center RCTs were needed to confifirm our fifindings and provide further evidence for the clinical utility of GD.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Drug Therapy , Blood Viscosity , Dipyridamole , Drug Combinations , Humans , Injections , Plant Extracts , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Western World
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760480

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Whole blood viscosity (WBV) refers to the internal resistance that occurs when blood flows through blood vessels. WBV is known to be related to many diseases including cardiovascular and neurovascular diseases. We have investigated the analytical performance and established reference intervals for a newly developed microfluidic viscometer, Viscore-300 (NanoBiz, Korea), used for the measurement of WBV. METHODS: We performed a precision test of 240 measurements over 20 days using three control materials. For evaluation of repeatability, a total of 60 WBV measurements were made in 3 whole blood samples 20 times a day. A total of 100 whole blood samples were used to evaluate the accuracy of the Viscore-300 in comparison to a rotating viscometer, DV3T (Brookfield, USA), in accordance with the the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute's guidelines. To establish the reference intervals, 122 healthy individuals were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: The precision and repeatability results showed that the CV was less than 5% for three samples and two shear rates. In the accuracy test, the mean differences between two viscometers were 0.09 cP (0.9%) and −0.07 cP (−1.4%) at shear rates of 10 s−1 and 300 s−1, respectively. The reference intervals of WBV for men were 6.88–13.52 cP at 10 s−1 and 4.32–6.43 cP at 300 s−1; those of women were 5.74–13.29 cP at 10 s−1 and 3.60–6.12 cP at 300 s−1. CONCLUSIONS: Viscore-300 showed excellent precision and accuracy and it might be a good instrument for reporting WBV quickly and accurately.


Subject(s)
Blood Vessels , Blood Viscosity , Female , Humans , Male , Microfluidics
11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 145-146, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221734

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 147-153, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Wall shear stress contributes to atherosclerosis progression and plaque rupture. There are limited studies for statin as a major contributing factor on whole blood viscosity (WBV) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study investigates the effect of statin on WBV in ACS patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 189 consecutive patients (mean age, 61.3±10.9 years; 132 males; ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, n=52; non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, n=84; unstable angina n=53). Patients were divided into two groups (group I: previous use of statins for at least 3 months, n=51; group II: statin-naïve patients, n=138). Blood viscosities at shear rates of 1 s-1 (diastolic blood viscosity; DBV) and 300 s-1 (systolic blood viscosity; SBV) were measured at baseline and one month after statin treatment. Rosuvastatin was administered to patients after enrollment (mean daily dose, 16.2±4.9 mg). RESULTS: Baseline WBV was significantly higher in group II ([SBV: group I vs group II, 40.8±5.9 mP vs. 44.2±7.4 mP, p=0.003], [DBV: 262.2±67.8 mP vs. 296.9±76.0 mP, p=0.002]). WBV in group II was significantly lower one month after statin treatment ([SBV: 42.0±4.7 mP, p=0.012, DBV: 281.4±52.6 mP, p=0.044]). However, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level was not associated with WBV in both baseline (SBV: R2=0.074, p=0.326; DBV: R2=0.073, p=0.337) and after one month follow up (SBV: R2=0.104, p=0.265; DBV: R2=0.112, p=0.232). CONCLUSION: Previous statin medication is an important determinant in lowering WBV in patients with ACS. However, one month of rosuvastatin decreased WBV in statin-naïve ACS patients.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angina, Unstable , Atherosclerosis , Blood Viscosity , Cholesterol , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Lipoproteins , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Prospective Studies , Rheology , Rupture , Rosuvastatin Calcium
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201375

ABSTRACT

Shuangdan oral liquid (SDO) containing radix Salviae miltiorrhizae (Chinese name Danshen) and cortex moutan (Chinese name Mudanpi) is a traditional Chinese medicine using for treating vascular diseases. Danshensu (DSS) is a main effective monomer composition derived from radix Salviae miltiorrhizae and paeonol (Pae) from cortex moutan. Although the two herbs are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine, the pharmacological functions of their active compositions were not reported. Therefore, the research of DSS and Pae in mechanisms and pharmacodynamics interaction can provide scientific evidence to support clinical application. The diabetic nephropathy (DN) rats which were induced by streptozotocin (STZ) were treated with SDO, DSS, Pae, and DSS+Pae for eight weeks. The positive effects on DN animal models were investigated by detection of physiological and biochemical indexes and oxidative stress markers, within five treatments: SDO, DSS, Pae, DSS+Pae and insulin group. Compared with the model group, the DSS+Pae group improved the renal function, blood lipid metabolism and blood viscosity, increased the vitality of T-SOD or T-AOC and decreased the level of MDA or NO after the treatment. The study was successfully showed that the DSS+Pae group could delay the process of DN, especially in the renal injury part of histopathology changes. Our results suggest that the co-administration of DSS and Pae significantly may play a protective role in DN rats through decreasing the oxidative stress and improving the blood lipid metabolism mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Viscosity , Diabetic Nephropathies , Insulin , Lipid Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Models, Animal , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Salvia , Streptozocin , Vascular Diseases
14.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 159-164, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81059

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyperleukocytosis is a medical emergency that is characterized by increased blood viscosity and predisposition to various neurological, pulmonary, and gastrointestinal complications. In addition, patients are at risk of the tumor lysis syndrome because of the increased tumor burden. Therapeutic leukapheresis is an important treatment for these emergent states. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed therapeutic leukapheresis procedures that were performed in our institution during the last 10 yr. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed therapeutic leukapheresis procedures conducted from July 2005 to March 2015 at a tertiary care hospital. We present our observations, especially the procedural characteristics and hematological parameters before and after the aforementioned procedures. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients underwent a total of 146 therapeutic leukapheresis procedures. The average presenting white blood cell (WBC) count was 268×10(3)/µL, and ranged from 54×10(3)/µL to 673×10(3)/µL. After an average of two sessions, a statistically significant drop in the WBC counts was observed. The average WBC removal rates during the initial and entire therapeutic leukapheresis procedures of each patient were 33% and 46%, respectively. The platelet count and hemoglobin concentration were significantly reduced. CONCLUSIONS: Therapeutic leukapheresis significantly reduces peripheral WBC counts and is a safe and effective procedure for the treatment of hyperleukocytosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity , Emergencies , Humans , Leukapheresis , Leukemia , Leukocytes , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Healthcare , Tumor Burden , Tumor Lysis Syndrome
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 106-113, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122127

ABSTRACT

Sand dust is a source of particulate matter (PM) in Korea. Recently, an attention has been focused on the health effects of PM and fine PM. Here we examine the possible mechanisms of PM disposition and review the literature on the health effects of PM. PM can enter and accumulate in the respiratory tract via impaction, gravitational settling, diffusion, and electrostatic attractions. PM may cause oxidative stress, inflammation, direct penetration, and increased blood viscosity. This literature review revealed that PM exposure is associated with several health risks, such as mortality and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Furthermore, PM exposure may be linked to lung cancer. Thus, a comprehensive approach is needed to manage PM and reduce its environmental exposure and related health effects.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Blood Viscosity , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diffusion , Dust , Environmental Exposure , Inflammation , Korea , Lung Neoplasms , Mortality , Oxidative Stress , Particulate Matter , Respiratory System , Silicon Dioxide
16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 784-790, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-50578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coronary collateral circulation (CCC) has been attributed as inborn bypass mechanisms supporting ischemic myocardium. Various factors have been postulated in CCC. Whole blood viscosity (WBV) has been an underappreciated entity despite close relationships between multiple cardiovascular diseases. WBV can be calculated with a validated equation from hematocrit and total plasma protein levels for a low and high shear rate. On the grounds, we aimed to evaluate the association between WBV and CCC in patients with chronic total occlusion. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 371 patients diagnosed as having at least one major, chronic total occluded coronary artery were included. 197 patients with good CCC (Rentrop 2 and 3) composed the patient group. The poor collateral group consisted of 174 patients (Rentrop grade 0 and 1). RESULTS: Patients with poor CCC had higher WBV values for a low-shear rate (LSR) (69.5±8.7 vs. 60.1±9.8, p<0.001) and high-shear rate (HSR) (17.0±2.0 vs. 16.4±1.8, p<0.001) than the good collateral group. Correlation analysis demonstrated a significant negative correlation between the grade of CCC and WBV for LSR (β=0.597, p<0.001) and HSR (β=0.494, p<0.001). WBV for LSR (β=0.476, p<0.001) and HSR (β=0.407, p<0.001) had a significant correlation with the synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) score. A multivariate analysis showed that the WBV for both shear rates were independent risk factors of poor CCC (WBV at LSR, OR: 1.362 CI 95%: 1.095-1.741 p<0.001 and WBV at HSR, 1.251 CI 95%: 1.180-1.347 p<0.001). CONCLUSION: WBV has been demonstrated as the overlooked predictor of poor coronary collateralization. WBV seemed to be associated with microvascular perfusion and angiogenesis process impairing CCC development.


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity , Cardiovascular Diseases , Collateral Circulation , Coronary Vessels , Hematocrit , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardium , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Perfusion , Plasma , Risk Factors , Taxus , Thoracic Surgery
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20932

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal circulation (ECC) can induce alterations in blood viscoelasticity and cause red blood cell (RBC) aggregation. In this study, the authors evaluated the effects of pump flow pulsatility on blood viscoelasticity and RBC aggregation. METHODS: Mongrel dogs were randomly assigned to two groups: a nonpulsatile pump group (n=6) or a pulsatile pump group (n=6). After ECC was started at a pump flow rate of 80 mL/kg/min, cardiac fibrillation was induced. Blood sampling was performed before and at 1, 2, and 3 hours after ECC commencement. To eliminate bias induced by hematocrit and plasma, all blood samples were adjusted to a hematocrit of 45% using baseline plasma. Blood viscoelasticity, plasma viscosity, hematocrit, arterial blood gas analysis, central venous O2 saturation, and lactate were measured. RESULTS: The blood viscosity and aggregation index decreased abruptly 1 hour after ECC and then remained low during ECC in both groups, but blood elasticity did not change during ECC. Blood viscosity, blood elasticity, plasma viscosity, and the aggregation index were not significantly different in the groups at any time. Hematocrit decreased abruptly 1 hour after ECC in both groups due to dilution by the priming solution used. CONCLUSION: After ECC, blood viscoelasticity and RBC aggregation were not different in the pulsatile and nonpulsatile groups in the adult dog model. Furthermore, pulsatile flow did not have a more harmful effect on blood viscoelasticity or RBC aggregation than nonpulsatile flow.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Bias , Blood Gas Analysis , Blood Viscosity , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Dogs , Elasticity , Erythrocytes , Extracorporeal Circulation , Hematocrit , Hematology , Humans , Lactic Acid , Plasma , Pulsatile Flow , Viscosity
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24788

ABSTRACT

Since liver function is changed by chronic liver diseases, chronic liver disease can lead to different hemorheological alterations during the course of the progression. This study aims to compare alterations in whole blood viscosity in patients with chronic liver disease, focusing on the gender effect. Chronic liver diseases were classified into three categories by patient’s history, serologic markers, and radiologic findings: nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (n = 63), chronic viral hepatitis B and C (n = 50), and liver cirrhosis (LC) (n = 35). Whole blood viscosity was measured by automated scanning capillary tube viscometer, while liver stiffness was measured by transient elastography using FibroScan®. Both systolic and diastolic whole blood viscosities were significantly lower in patients with LC than NAFLD and chronic viral hepatitis (P < 0.001) in male patients, but not in female patients. In correlation analysis, there were inverse relationships between both systolic and diastolic whole blood viscosity and liver stiffness (systolic: r = −0.25, diastolic: r = −0.22). Whole blood viscosity was significantly lower in male patients with LC than NAFLD or chronic viral hepatitis. Our data suggest that whole blood viscosity test can become a useful tool for classifying chronic liver disease and determining the prognosis for different types of chronic liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity , Capillaries , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Female , Hemorheology , Hepatitis , Hepatitis B , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Liver , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Prognosis
19.
Afr. j. biomed. res ; 18(3): 197-200, 2016. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1256780

ABSTRACT

A total of one hundred and Forty-five (145) subjects comprising of 50 homozygous Hemoglobin A subjects (HbAA); 50 heterozygous hemoglobin AS (HbAS) subjects and 45 homozygous hemoglobin S (HbSS) subjects were recruited for this study with a view to ascertain variations in the Hemorheological values possibly associated with the inherited hemoglobin genotype. Some Hemorheological determinants such as whole blood viscosity (WBV) and plasma viscosity (PV) and Plasma Fibrinogen Concentration (PFC) were measured with standard methods. We recorded a relatively unchanged whole blood viscosities in subjects with various hemoglobin genotypes (AA; AS and SS; P0.05; respectively). Also; there were no significant differences in PV values of HbAA and HbAS while there were significant increases in PV and PFC of HbSS compared with others (P0.05; respectively). However; relative erythrocyte viscosity (REV) of HbSS became significantly reduced when repeated with saline after replacing plasma with saline (P0.05; respectively); to ascertain the erythrocytic cellular viscosity. We conclude that increased plasma viscosity coupled with that of PFC in HBSS could be due to plasmatic components and that cellular rheologic properties of the erythrocytes may be dependent on its content of hemoglobin while whole blood viscosities are stable in native blood irrespective of haemoglobin genotypes


Subject(s)
Blood Viscosity/genetics , Erythrocytes , Hemoglobins , Hemorheology , Nigeria
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(9): 805-812, Sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-756402

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a 6-month exercise program on cognitive function and blood viscosity in sedentary elderly men. Forty-six healthy inactive men, aged 60–75 years were randomly distributed into a control group (n=23) and an experimental group (n=23). Participants underwent blood analysis and physical and memory evaluation, before and after the 6-month program of physical exercise. The control group was instructed not to alter its everyday activities; the experimental group took part in the fitness program. The program was conducted using a cycle ergometer, 3 times per week on alternate days, with intensity and volume individualized at ventilatory threshold 1. Sessions were continuous and maximum duration was 60 min each. There was significant improvement in memory (21%; P<0.05), decreased blood viscosity (−19%; P<0.05), and higher aerobic capacity (48%; P<0.05) among participants in the experimental group compared with the control group. These data suggest that taking part in an aerobic physical fitness program at an intensity corresponding to ventilatory threshold-1 may be considered a nonmedication alternative to improve physical and cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Viscosity , Exercise/physiology , Memory/physiology , Physical Fitness/physiology , Sedentary Behavior , Anaerobic Threshold/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Neuropsychological Tests , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Random Allocation , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors
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