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1.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353129

ABSTRACT

The restriction of sodium intake, one of the pillars of antihypertensive treatment, has been associated with the increase in cholesterol levels. Given this, we hypothesize that a sodium intake restriction may increase cholesterol levels in hypertensive women. The present study aimed to evaluate the influence of sodium intake, sociodemo-graphic, lifestyle and anthropometric variables on the blood cholesterol levels of hypertensive women. This was a cross-sectional study with hypertensive and nondiabetic women aged 20 to 59 years, recruited from the primary healthcare units of Maceio, Alagoas, in the Brazilian Northeast. Sodium intake was estimated by the 24-hour urinary excretion of sodium; and blood cholesterol was estimated by capillary blood. Age (years), education level (<4 or ≥4 years), race (white or nonwhite), smoking and alcohol consumption were evaluated. The weight, height and waist circumference were measured and body mass index, conicity index and waist-to-height ratio were quantified. The percentage of body fat was measured using a tetrapolar bioelectrical impedance device. The relationship between blood cholesterol and other variables was assessed by multiple regression analysis. A significance level of 5% was used in the final model. This study included 165 hypertensive women. In linear regression, blood cholesterol was directly proportional to age (p<0.001), education level (p=0.01) and race (p=0.04). These variables, as well as sodium intake (p = 0.07) and conicity index (p = 0.12), were included in the multiple regression analysis. Sodium intake (p=0.03) and age (p=0.001) were related, in an inverse and a direct way, respectively, to the blood choles-terol in the hypertensive women studied. (AU)


ção da ingestão de sódio, um dos pilares do tratamento anti-hipertensivo, tem sido associada ao aumen-to dos níveis de colesterol. Diante disso, levantou-se a hipótese de que a ingestão de sódio influencia os níveis de colesterol de mulheres hipertensas, independentemente de outros fatores associados. Trata-se de um estudo transversal realizado com mulheres hipertensas e não diabéticas, na faixa etária entre 20 e 59 anos, recrutadas em unidades básicas de saúde de Maceió, Alagoas, situada no Nordeste do Brasil. A ingestão de sódio foi estimada pela excreção urinária de sódio de 24 horas; e o colesterol sérico foi mensurado por coleta de sangue capilar. Foram ava-liados idade (anos), escolaridade (<4 ou ≥4 anos), raça (branca ou não branca), tabagismo e consumo de álcool. O peso, a estatura e a circunferência da cintura foram aferidos e o índice de massa corporal, índice de conicidade e razão cintura/estatura foram calculados. A porcentagem de gordura corporal foi medida usando um dispositivo de impedância bioelétrica tetrapolar. A relação entre o colesterol sérico e as outras variáveis em estudo foi avalia-da por meio de análise de regressão múltipla, adotando-se um nível de significância de 5% no modelo final. Este estudo incluiu 165 mulheres hipertensas. Na análise de regressão linear, o colesterol sérico foi relacionado à idade (p<0,001), escolaridade (p=0,01) e raça (p=0,04). Essas variáveis, assim como o consumo de sódio (p=0,07) e o índice de conicidade (p=0,12), foram incluídas na análise de regressão múltipla. As variáveis que permaneceram no modelo final foram ingestão de sódio (p=0,03) e idade (p=0,001). A ingestão de sódio e a idade foram as variáveis que influenciaram o colesterol sérico de mulheres hipertensas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder , Body Height , Alcohol Drinking , Capillaries , Anthropometry , Cholesterol , Hypertension , Life Style , Antihypertensive Agents , Obesity
2.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(2): e401, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251501

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Ideal body weight calculation is used in critical medicine for drug dosing and setting ventilation parameters. However, the suggested and used equations were designed on the basis of anthropometric variables that do not represent the Latin American population. Objective To map and present the current evidence on the equations used to calculate ideal weight in patients on mechanical ventilation in intensive care units in Latin America. Material and Methods Exploratory review using the Joanna Briggs Institute method conceived by Arskey / O'Malley. A search was performed in the BVS, LILLACS, REDALYC, Ovid, Google Scholar and Scielo databases using keywords and MeSH terms in Spanish, English, and Portuguese, with no time limitation. The results are presented in descriptive tables. Results Overall, 1126 studies were identified and 1120 were excluded; 6 studies were reviewed and 3 additional studies were identified through a manual search. The studies were published in Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, and Peru. In 89%, the ARDS Network equation was used to calculate tidal volume. Acute respiratory distress syndrome was the most reported pathology (33%). Conclusions Adult intensive care units in Latin America use the equation suggested by the ARDS Network, which was designed in a population with different anthropometric characteristics.


Resumen Introducción El cálculo del peso ideal se utiliza en medicina crítica para dosificación de medicaciones y programación de parámetros ventilatorios; sin embargo, las ecuaciones sugeridas y usadas fueron diseñadas con variables antropométricas que no representan la población latinoamericana. Objetivo Mapear y presentar la evidencia actual de las ecuaciones utilizadas para calcular el peso ideal en pacientes con ventilación mecánica en unidades de cuidado intensivo de Latinoamérica. Material y métodos Revisión exploratoria con el método del Instituto Joanna Briggs concebido por Arskey y O'Malley. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos BVS, LILACS, Redalyc, Ovid, Google Scholar y SciELO con el uso de palabras clave y términos MeSH en idiomas español, inglés y portugués, sin límites de tiempo. Los resultados se presentan de forma descriptiva. Resultados Se identificaron 1.126 estudios, se excluyeron 1.120, se revisaron seis y se encontraron tres adicionales mediante búsqueda manual. Los estudios fueron publicados en Chile, Brasil, México, Ecuador y Perú. En el 89 % se usó la ecuación del ARDS Network para calcular volumen corriente. El síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda fue la patología más informada (33 %). Conclusiones En las unidades de cuidado intensivo adulto de Latinoamérica se usa la ecuación sugerida por el ARDS Network diseñada en población con características antropométricas diferentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial , Tidal Volume , Ideal Body Weight , Body Height , Critical Care , Libraries, Digital , Latin America
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 112-119, maio 5, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355029

ABSTRACT

Introdução: alguns indicadores antropométricos se caracterizam por serem facilmente aplicados e amplamente utilizados para a avaliação da obesidade e distribuição da gordura corporal, constituindo um dos primeiros passos para identificar risco inicial à saúde. Objetivo: avaliar e identificar a frequência de obesidade geral e abdominal por meio de indicadores antropométricos e verificar a presença de comorbidades em indivíduos que participaram das reuniões educativas e atividades do NASF do Município de Candói, Paraná. Metodologia: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo e transversal, com aplicação de questionário para conhecer as comorbidades e caracterizar a amostra por meio da aferição de peso, estatura e circunferência da cintura (CC), além da determinação do índice de massa corporal (IMC) e relação cintura-estatura (RCE). Nas análises de associação, utilizou-se o teste de qui-quadrado seguido do cálculo das razões de chance (RC). Resultados: a maior parte da amostra foi classificada como sobrepeso/obesidade (69,2%), com base no IMC, e apresentou elevados índices de obesidade abdominal pela CC e RCE. Os valores de CC aumentados foram observados em 83,01% dos pacientes. Em relação a RCE, o valor adequado foi verificado em apenas 14,5% dos participantes. As associações entre os índices antropométricos e as demais variáveis mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas em relação à idade dos participantes, revelando maior frequência de RCE aumentada em pacientes com 60 anos ou mais (RC = 8,53, p = 0,01). Dentre as comorbidades, o destaque foi a presença da hipertensão arterial sistêmica. Conclusão: além das elevadas frequências de obesidade geral, obesidade abdominal e da presença de comorbidades, como a hipertensão arterial sistêmica, a RCE foi o índice antropométrico capaz de sugerir risco cardiometabólico aumentado em idosos. Neste sentido, este estudo mostra a capacidade de caracterizar os usuários do sistema público de saúde com potencial para o desenvolvimento de doença cardiovascular através do uso de ferramentas antropométricas de baixo custo, e assim, poder dar suporte para ações corretivas a nível de políticas públicas municipais.


Introduction: some anthropometric indicators are characterized by being easily applied and widely used to assess obesity and body fat distribution, constituting one of the first steps to identify initial health risk. Objective: to assess and identify the frequency of general and abdominal obesity using anthropometric indicators and to verify the presence of comorbidities in individuals who participated in the NASF educational meetings and activities in the city of Candói, Paraná. Methodology: this is a quantitative and cross-sectional study, with the application of a questionnaire to find out about comorbidities and to characterize the sample by measuring weight, height and waist circumference (WC), in addition to determining the body mass index (BMI) and waist-height ratio (RCE). In the association analyzes, the chi-square test was used followed by the calculation of the odds ratios (CR). Results: most of the sample was classified as overweight/obesity (69.2%), based on BMI, and showed high rates of abdominal obesity by WC and WHR. The increased WC values were observed in 83.01% of the patients. Regarding CER, the adequate value was verified in only 14.5% of the participants. The associations between the anthropometric indices and the other variables showed statistically significant differences in relation to the age of the participants, revealing a higher frequency of increased CER in patients aged 60 years or older (RC = 8.53, p = 0.01). Among the comorbidities, the highlight was the presence of systemic arterial hypertension. Conclusion: in addition to the high frequencies of general obesity, abdominal obesity and the presence of comorbidities, such as systemic arterial hypertension, the CER was the anthropometric index capable of suggesting increased cardiometabolic risk in the elderly. In this sense, this study shows the ability to characterize users of the public health system with the potential for the development of cardiovascular disease through the use of low-cost anthropometric tools, and thus be able to support corrective actions at the level of municipal public policies. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Anthropometry , Waist Circumference , Obesity , Body Height , Demography , Evaluation Studies as Topic
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 168-174, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251337

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The main objective of the present study was to compare the subjective perception of pain and symptoms of anterior knee pain with the different body mass index (BMI) classifications. The secondary objective was to verify the association between biological and anthropometric variables with the results of subjective questionnaires. Methods A total of 126 recreational runners from both genders, aged between 20 and 59 years old, were recruited. Data regarding the biological variable (age), anthropometric variables (weight, height), visual analog scale (VAS), and Lysholm and Kujala questionnaires scores were collected. Information was obtained with a digital platform, available through a single link, allowing volunteers to answer these questions using electronic devices. Normality was verified by the Shapiro-Wilk test. T-tests and Wilcoxon tests were used to compare mean values. The association between variables was determined by the Pearson linear correlation. Results There were significant differences in height between overweight and grade 1 obesity subjects (p = 0.029), in weight and BMI comparing normal weight subjects and both overweight and grade 1 obesity subjects (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05, respectively). An unclear significant correlation was observed between BMI values and specific questionnaires and subjective scale scores (p < 0.05). Conclusion Recreational runners who present high BMI values are more likely to experience knee pain than those with normal BMI values.


Resumo Objetivo O principal objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a percepção subjetiva de dor e sintomas de dor anterior no joelho com as diferentes classificações de índice de massa corporal (IMC). O objetivo secundário foi verificar a associação entre as variáveis biológica e antropométrica com os resultados apresentados pelos sujeitos nos questionários subjetivos. Métodos Foram recrutados 126 corredores recreacionais de ambos os gêneros, com idades entre 20 e 59 anos. Foram coletados dados referentes à variável biológica idade, e as variáveis antropométricas peso e altura, além da escala visual analógica (EVA) e os questionários Lysholm e Kujala. As informações foram obtidas por meio de plataforma digital, disponibilizado em um único link, para que fossem respondidos através de dispositivos eletrônicos pelos próprios voluntários. A normalidade foi verificada por meio do teste Shapiro-Wilk. Foi utilizado o teste-T e o teste de Wilcoxon para comparação das médias. A associação entre as variáveis foi determinada pela correlação linear de Pearson. Resultados Houve diferença significativa entre a estatura do grupo sobrepeso e o grupo obesidade grau 1 (p = 0,029), e o peso do grupo peso normal para os grupos sobrepeso e obesidade grau 1 (p < 0,001), e entre as médias do IMC (p < 0,05). Foi observada correlação significativa não clara entre o IMC e os questionários específicos e a escala subjetiva (p < 0.05). Conclusão Os corredores recreacionais que possuem IMC acima dos valores de normalidade estão mais predispostos a apresentar dor no joelho do que aqueles com IMC normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Running , Signs and Symptoms , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome , Physical Exertion , Lysholm Knee Score , Knee Injuries , Obesity
5.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(1): 31-36, jan-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151403

ABSTRACT

A aptidão física se relaciona com marcadores de saúde na infância. O objetivo do presente estudo é mensurar os níveis de aptidão física de escolares, de 10 anos, de acordo com as classificações da base de dados do Projeto Esporte Brasil, 2016 e comparar os resultados das avaliações entre os escolares da rede pública e privada. Participaram desse estudo cento e vinte e seis escolares das cidades de Leme e Pirassununga. Foram determinados o Índice de Massa Corporal e Razão Cintura-Estatura dos indivíduos, que também foram avaliados quanto à aptidão cardiorrespiratória, flexibilidade, resistência muscular abdominal, potência de membros superiores, potência de membros inferiores, agilidade e velocidade. Concluímos que os estudantes da rede pública de ensino apresentaram nível de aptidão física superior em detrimento aos estudantes da rede particular e que os estudantes do sexo masculino da rede privada obtiveram resultados considerados abaixo dos níveis saudáveis para a faixa etária.


Physical fitness is related to health markers in childhood. The aim of this study is to measure the physical fitness levels of 10-year-old schoolchildren according to the classifications in the 2016 Projeto Esporte Brasil database and to compare the results among public and private schoolchildren. One hundred and twenty-six schoolchildren from the cities of Leme and Pirassununga took part in this study. The Body Mass Index and Waist-to-Height Ratio of the individuals were determined. The children were also evaluated for cardiorespiratory fitness, flexibility, abdominal muscle resistance, upper limb power, lower limb power, agility, and speed. It could be concluded that students from the public school system presented a higher level of physical fitness when compared to those from the private system, and that male students from the private school system presented results which were considered below the healthy levels for that age group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Schools , Students , Physical Fitness , Physical Education and Training , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Child Health , Range of Motion, Articular , Abdominal Muscles , Waist Circumference , Pediatric Obesity , Cardiorespiratory Fitness
6.
Repert.Med.Cir ; 30(3): 235-241, 2021. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363500

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la reducción de la capacidad oxidativa del músculo con el envejecimiento parece jugar un papel importante en la vejez disminuyendo hasta 50%. En zonas elevadas sobre el nivel del mar se producen cambios en la dinámica del oxígeno arterial que se relacionan con el metabolismo del músculo y la sarcopenia. Objetivos: determinar si hay relación entre el VO2pico y el porcentaje de masa muscular, nivel de actividad física e IMC, en adultos que habitan en regiones superiores a 2600 metros sobre el nivel del mar. Metodología: estudio descriptivo de tipo transversal, se incluyeron participantes sin sarcopenia mayores de 50 años, con mínimo un año de residencia en Bogotá, Colombia. Se excluyeron participantes con terapia de reemplazo hormonal, tensión arterial elevada durante la prueba, enfermedad coronaria, valvular o trastornos de la conducción. Se determinó el nivel de actividad física aplicando la encuesta Ainsworthy col, la composición corporal con bioimpedanciometría y VO2pico mediante ergoespirometría. Resultados: la muestra fue de 21 participantes. La mitad de lapoblación mostró VO2pico de 23.7 ml/k/min, IMC de 27.2g/m2 y porcentaje de masa muscular de 35.5%; hay baja correlación entre VO2pico y el porcentaje de masa muscular. La mitad de la población saludable tiene un VO2pico de 28.9 ml/k/min, sedentaria saludable 23.7 ml/k/min y sedentaria riesgosa 21.6 ml/k/min. Conclusiones: el presente estudio mostró que hay baja correlación entre el porcentaje de masa muscular y el VO2pico, sin embargo estos resultados pudieron estar influenciados por el tamaño de la muestra y otros factores.


Introduction: the decrease of muscle oxidative capacity with aging appears to play an important role in old age and is observed to decline by 50%. Changes in arterial oxygen dynamics related to muscle metabolism and sarcopenia are evidenced in high altitudes. Objectives: to determine if there is a relationship between VO2max and muscle mass, physical activity and BMI, in adults living in altitudes over 2600 MAMSL. Methodology: descriptive cross-sectional study in older than 50 years subjects without sarcopenia, who had lived in Bogota, Colombia for at least one year. Subjects with hormone replacement therapy or high blood pressure during this test, coronary artery or valvular heart disease or conduction disorders, were excluded. Physical activity was determined applying the Ainsworthy et al. survey, body composition by bioelectrical impedance analysis and VO2max by ergospirometry. Results: sample size was 21 participants. Half of the population showed a VO2max of 23.7 ml/k/min, BMI of 27.2g/m2 and muscle mass of 35.5%. A low correlation between VO2max and muscle mass was evidenced. Half of the healthy population had a VO2max of 28.9 ml/k/min, healthy sedentary subjects 23.7 ml/k/min and sedentary subjects with risk factors 21.6 ml/k/min. Conclusions: this study showed a low correlation between muscle mass and VO2max. However, these results could have been influenced by the sample size and other factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oxygen , Exercise , Sarcopenia , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index
7.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 92 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293310

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Após o nascimento de um bebê, são realizadas medidas antropométricas, como peso, comprimento e perímetro cefálico. Especificamente o peso de nascimento é considerado como diretamente relacionado às características do futuro crescimento e desenvolvimento da criança. A partir de referenciais já publicados, de acordo com a Idade Gestacional (IG), esses parâmetros antropométricos são avaliados como adequados ou não e podem ser importantes preditores da saúde e dos cuidados que o recém-nascido (RN) irá demandar. Há mais de meio século, curvas referenciais de crescimento têm sido propostas e utilizadas. Atualmente, estão entre as mais utilizadas a proposta por Fenton e Kim e a produzida pelo estudo INTERGROWTH-21st. Na literatura encontra-se uma diversidade de estudos comparando essas curvas de crescimento, analisando sua adequação. Partindo dessas premissas e visando contribuir para este tipo de análise e discussão acerca dos referenciais de crescimento intrauterino, mormente para os recém-nascidos de termo, que representam a grande maioria dos nascimentos, optou-se por avaliar os dados de antropometria ao nascimento de um universo de recém-nascidos de termo, resultantes de gestações de baixo risco, filhos de mães adultas jovens residentes em um município brasileiro de elevado Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano e com cobertura praticamente universal de saneamento básico. Objetivo: Analisar as medidas antropométricas ao nascimento de RN a termo, nascidos de mães adultas jovens, em uma cidade de elevado IDH, no período de maio de 2015 a março de 2018. A partir desses dados, buscou-se compará-los com as curvas propostas pelos estudos de Fenton e Kim e INTERGROWTH-21st, incluindo a mediana e os percentis 10 e 90 de cada parâmetro, segundo o sexo e IG. Metodologia: Estudo descritivo e analítico, quantitativo, com coleta retrospectiva de dados provenientes do Hospital Universitário de Taubaté, das crianças nascidas entre maio de 2015 e março de 2018. Dados foram tabulados e analisados, calculadas medidas de tendência central e dispersão por grupos de análise. Calculadas curvas de regressão não linear e, posteriormente, comparadas com os referenciais com escore Z. Resultados: No período elegido ocorreram 6757 nascimentos vivos; destes, foram incluídos no estudo 3908. Verificou-se um predomínio do sexo feminino e em relação à IG, a maioria foi de RN de termo pleno com predomínio de partos vaginais, exceto para os termos tardios. Quanto ao peso, mais de 90% com peso adequado para a IG. O incremento de peso foi de aproximadamente 100g por semana e no comprimento de 0,4 a 0,5cm por semana. Ao serem comparados os parâmetros antropométricos, em relação à via de parto, encontramos bebês mais leves, menores em comprimento e perímetro cefálico, para via vaginal. Em relação ao sexo, ambos se concentraram com IG de termo pleno, o sexo masculino com valores ligeiramente maiores nos três parâmetros analisados. Na comparação com o referencial de Fenton e Kim, o peso e PC apresentaram valores acima do referencial na 37ª semana e a seguir valores abaixo, enquanto o comprimento desde a 37ª semana apresentou-se abaixo do referencial. Quando comparado com os gráficos do INTERGROWTH-21st, o peso apresenta-se com valores maiores que o referencial até 40ª semana em todos os percentis, diferente do comprimento, onde praticamente todos os valores estão abaixo do referencial, os dados do PC, nos percentis 50 e 90, apresentam-se maior que o referencial, em quase todas as IG. Conclusão: RN de termo, de gestações de baixo risco de mães adultas jovens, apresentam valores de antropometria ao nascimento diferentes dos propostos pelos referenciais de Fenton e Kim e do estudo INTERGROWTH-21st. No que se refere à tendência de evolução dos escores Z (percentis) entre as idades gestacionais referidas como de termo (37ª até 41ª semana), tanto para o peso quanto para o comprimento e o perímetro craniano ao nascer, ela é sempre decrescente, indicando uma velocidade de crescimento menor do que a previsível a partir das curvas de referência. Encontraram-se menores diferenças entre os valores absolutos de peso, de comprimento e de perímetro craniano ao nascer, com os respectivos valores indicados pelo referencial do INTERGROWTH 21st. Ficando evidente a impossibilidade de existir uma única curva referencial universal, sendo necessária uma compreensão crítica para a sua utilização. Os resultados deste estudo não invalidam os referenciais, mas podem contribuir para que sejam utilizados de forma mais adequada e consistente.


Introduction: Anthropometric measures, such as weight, length and cephalic perimeter, are performed after the birth of a baby. In particular, birth weight is considered causally related to the characteristics of future child growth and development. Based on already published references, according to the Gestational Age (GA), these anthropometric parameters are assessed as appropriate or not and may be important predictors of the health and care that the newborn (NB) will demand. More than half a century ago, reference growth curves have been proposed and used. Currently, they are among the most used proposals by Fenton and Kim and those produced by study INTERGROWTH-21st. In the literature there is a diversity of studies comparing these growth curves, analyzing their adequacy. Based on these assumptions and aiming to contribute to this type of analysis and discussion about the intrauterine growth references, particularly for the newborn at term, which represent most births, it was chosen to evaluate anthropometric data at the birth of a universe of newborn at term, result of low-risk gestation, children of young adult mothers resident in a Brazilian municipality with high Human Development Index and with almost whole coverage of sanitation. Objective: Analysis of anthropometric measures at birth of NB at term, born of young adult mothers, in a city with high HDI, from May 2015 to March 2018. Based on these data, it was sought to compare them with the curves proposed by the studies of Fenton and Kim and INTERGROWTH-21st, including the median and percentiles 10 and 90 of each parameter, according to gender and GA. Methodology: A quantitative descriptive and analytical study with retrospective collection of data from Hospital Universitário de Taubaté of children born between May 2015 and March 2018. Data were tabled and analyzed, central tendency measurements and dispersion by analysis groups were calculated. Calculated non-linear regression curves and then compared to the Z-score references. Results: 6757 live births occurred in the selected period; of these, were included in study 3908. There was a predominance of female sex and in relation to GA, most of them were full-term NBs with predominance of vaginal births, except for late term. As for weight, more than 90% with appropriate weight for GA. Weight gain was approximately 100g per week and in length from 0.4 to 0.5cm per week. When comparing the anthropometric parameters in relation to the delivery route, we found milder, smaller babies in length and cephalic perimeter, for vaginal route. Regarding sex, both concentrated on full-term GA, male with slightly higher values in the three parameters analyzed. Compared to the Fenton and Kim reference, weight and PC presented values above the reference at week 37 and below, while length from week 37 was below the reference. When compared to the graphs of INTERGROWTH-21st, the weight is greater than the reference up to week 40 in all percentages, different from the length, where virtually all values are below the reference, the PC data in percentiles of 50 and 90 are greater than the reference, in almost all GAs. Conclusion: NB at term, low-risk pregnancies of young adult mothers, - present anthropometric values at birth different from those proposed by Fenton and Kim references and the INTERGROWTH-21st study. Regarding the trend of evolution of Z-scores (percentiles) between the gestational ages referred to as term (37th to 41st weeks), For both weight and cranial length and perimeter at birth, it is always decreasing, indicating a growth rate lower than predicted from the reference curves. There were smaller differences between absolute values of weight, length and cranial perimeter at birth, with the respective values indicated by the reference of INTERGROWTH 21st. It is evident that there is no single universal reference curve, A critical understanding is needed for its use. The results of this study do not invalidate the references but can contribute to their more appropriate and consistent use.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Body Height , Body Weights and Measures , Infant, Newborn , Child Care , Cephalometry
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888617

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Aging is a process that increases oxidative stress. Increased oxidative stress leads to the development of atherosclerosis and mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondria contribute to energy production that might have a beneficial influence on maintaining muscle strength. Therefore, the height-related single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17081935, which is also reported to be associated with mitochondrial metabolism, might be associated with reduced muscle strength and this association might be affected by atherosclerosis status. To clarify those associations, a cross-sectional study of 1374 elderly Japanese individuals aged 60-89 years was conducted.@*METHODS@#Logistic regression was used to clarify the association between rs17081935 and reduced handgrip strength. Since atherosclerosis might affect handgrip strength, participants were stratified by atherosclerosis status. Reduced handgrip strength was defined as being in the lowest quintile of handgrip strength (< 25.6 kg for men and < 16.1 kg for women).@*RESULTS@#No significant associations were found between a minor allele of rs17081935 and reduced handgrip strength among elderly participants without atherosclerosis. A significant inverse association was observed among elderly participants with atherosclerosis. After adjusting for known cardiovascular risk factors and height, the adjusted odd ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for reduced handgrip strength and a minor allele of rs17081935 were 1.13 (0.86, 1.43) for elderly participants without atherosclerosis and 0.55 (0.36, 0.86) for those with atherosclerosis, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#A minor allele of the height-related SNP rs17081935 was significantly inversely associated with reduced handgrip strength among older individuals with atherosclerosis, but not among those without atherosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Body Height , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hand Strength , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prevalence
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880338

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have revealed an inverse association between height and cardiovascular disease. However, the background mechanism of this association has not yet been clarified. Height has also been reported to be positively associated with cancer. Therefore, well-known cardiovascular risk factors, such as increased oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, are not the best explanations for this inverse association because these risk factors are also related to cancer. However, impaired blood flow is the main pathological problem in cardiovascular disease, while glowing feeding vessels (angiogenesis) are the main characteristic of cancer pathologies. Therefore, endothelial maintenance activity, especially for the productivity of hematopoietic stem cells such as CD34-positive cells, could be associated with the height of an individual because this cell contributes not only to the progression of atherosclerosis but also to the development of angiogenesis. In addition, recent studies have also revealed a close connection between bone marrow activity and endothelial maintenance; bone marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells contribute towards endothelial maintenance. Since the absolute volume of bone marrow is positively associated with height, height could influence endothelial maintenance activity. Based on these hypotheses, we performed several studies. The aim of this review is not only to discuss the association between height and bone marrow activity, but also to describe the potential mechanism underlying endothelial maintenance. In addition, this review also aims to explain some of the reasons that implicate hypertension as a major risk factor for stroke among the Japanese population. The review also aims to clarify the anthropological reasons behind the high risk of atherosclerosis progression in Japanese individuals with acquired genetic characteristics.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atherosclerosis/physiopathology , Body Height/physiology , Bone Marrow/physiology , Disease Progression , Endothelium/physiology , Humans , Hypertension/physiopathology , Japan/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors , Stroke/physiopathology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To systematically evaluate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRHa) treatment on the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with central precocious puberty (CPP) or early and fast puberty (EFP).@*METHODS@#PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wanfang Data were searched for related articles on GnRHa treatment for children with CPP or EFP. Stata 12.0 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of related data.@*RESULTS@#A total of 10 studies were included, and the total sample size was 720 children, with 475 children in the GnRHa treatment group and 245 children in the control group. The Meta analysis showed that compared with the control group, the GnRHa treatment group had significantly better final adult height (@*CONCLUSIONS@#GnRHa treatment is safe and effective in improving the final adult height of children over 6 years of age with CPP or EFP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Height , Child , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Puberty , Puberty, Precocious/drug therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of five Chinese pedigrees affected with short stature.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was carried out for the clinical data and results of genetic testing for the probands. A literature search was also conducted.@*RESULTS@#The five probands have all featured short stature with a family history. Genetic testing has revealed that they have harbored variants of the ACAN gene, including p.Val2042Argfs*6, p.Val1597del, c.630-1G>A, c.23delT and c.2026+1G>A(previously reported).@*CONCLUSION@#Except for short stature, children harboring heterozygous variants of the ACAN gene may have no involvement of other systems. Some of these children may response to short-term growth hormone treatment.


Subject(s)
Aggrecans/genetics , Body Height/genetics , Child , China , Genetic Testing , Humans , Pedigree , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878370

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine increases in average height among Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The data were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted during the period 1989-2015. A stratified multistage cluster sampling method was utilized to select participants aged 2-22 years in each province. Linear regression was used to examine the effects of age, birth cohort, and survey period on height.@*Results@#A total of 15,227 males and 13,737 females were included in the final analysis. Age (A) showed a continuous effect on height. The average heights of the investigated groups increased continuously during the investigation period. By 2015, the average height of the overall group increased by 7.87 cm compared to the average height during the 1989 survey. Moreover, birth year (cohort, C) also had a stable effect on height. Using the height of individuals born in or before 1975 as a reference, the average height of each birth cohort increased in comparison to the previous birth cohort.@*Conclusions@#The height of Chinese children and adolescents was affected by age, period, and cohort effects, and this effect is governed by certain rules. The age-period-cohort model can be used to analyze the trends of children's and adolescent's heights. The findings provide a scientific basis for the formulation of children's and adolescents' growth and development policies in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Development , Adolescent Health , Age Factors , Body Height , Child , Child Development , Child Health , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Health Status Indicators , Health Surveys , Humans , Linear Models , Male , Sex Factors , Young Adult
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1528-1534, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134472

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this research was to determine the differences among the male basketball players of the National team of Montenegro U18 and the National team of Republic of North Macedonia, in terms of their anthropometric characteristics and body composition. A sample of 27 subjects was divided into two sub-samples. The first sub-sample of the subjects consisted of 15 players of the National team of Montenegro, average age 17.6±0.63, while the other sub-sample consisted of 12 players of the National team of Republic of North Macedonia, average age of 17.17± 0.72. All players were tested in Podgorica, in lasting period of two days, while they held preparations for the European Championship. Anthropometric characteristics and body composition were evaluated by a battery of eleven variables: body height (cm), body weight (kg), triceps skinfold, back skinfold, biceps skinfold, abdominal skinfold, thigh skinfold, calf skinfold, body mass index (BMI), percentage of fat and muscle mass (kg). Differences in anthropometric characteristic and composition of the body of the basketball players of two national teams were determined by using a discriminatory parametric procedure with t-test for small independent samples (p<0.05). The players of the two teams were found to differ statistically in thigh skinfold. Furthermore, it is concluded that Montenegro players are taller and heavier and have higher muscle mass than North Macedonian players, with approximate skinfolds, BMI and fat percentage values.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar las diferencias en las características antropométricas y composición corporal entre los jugadores de baloncesto masculino del equipo nacional de Montenegro U18 y el equipo nacional de la República de Macedonia del Norte. Una muestra de 27 sujetos se dividió en dos submuestras. La primera sub muestra consistió en 15 jugadores del equipo nacional de Montenegro, con una edad promedio de 17,6 ± 0,63 años. La otra muestra consistió en 12 jugadores del equipo nacional de la República de Macedonia del Norte, con un promedio edad de 17,17 ± 0,72 años. Todos los jugadores fueron evaluados en Podgorica, durante un período de dos días, mientras realizaban los preparativos para el Campeonato de Europa. Las características antropométricas y la composición corporal se evaluaron mediante una batería de once variables: altura (cm), peso (kg), pliegue de tríceps, pliegue de espalda, pliegue de bíceps, pliegue abdominal, pliegue de muslos, pliegue de pantorrilla, índice de masa corporal (IMC), porcentaje de grasa y masa muscular (kg). Se determinaron las diferencias en las características antropométricas y la composición del cuerpo de los jugadores de baloncesto de dos equipos nacionales a través de un procedimiento paramétrico discriminatorio con prueba t para muestras independientes (p <0,05). Se determinó que los jugadores de ambos equipos difieren estadísticamente en el pliegue del muslo. Además, se concluyó que en comparación con los jugadores de Macedonia del Norte los jugadores de Montenegro son de mayor altura y peso, además de contar con una mayor masa muscular, con valores aproximados de pliegues cutáneos, IMC y porcentaje de grasa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Body Composition , Basketball , Skinfold Thickness , Body Height , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Montenegro
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1586-1590, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134483

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this research is to determine a regression equation for estimation of stature from length of sternum measurements. This research was carried out on 1001 subjects (504 male and 497 female) among the population of Montenegrin adolescents. The stature and length of sternum measurements were taken according to the ISAK protocol, and the data were analyzed statistically. Linear regression analysis determined the prediction of and length of sternum on the criterion variable a body height at the significance level of p <0.05. These relations are presented in the form of scatter diagram. Thereby, we obtained the coefficient of determination, the multiple correlation coefficients, the partial correlation coefficient, the regression, t-test and standardized beta coefficient. The results of this research study confirmed that length of sternum reliably predicts stature in both sexes of Montenegrin adolescents and revealed a very useful finding for physical anthropologists and experts from related fields. It was confirmed that there is a correlation between length of sternum and body height (males: 33.1 %, females: 31.3 %). Therefore, length of sternum has proven to be a reliable predictor on the basis of which the actual body height can be estimated.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio fue determinar una ecuación de regresión para la estimación de la estatura a partir de la longitud del esternón. El análisis se llevó a cabo en 1001 sujetos (504 hombres y 497 mujeres) entre la población de adolescentes montenegrinos. Se tomaron medidas de la estatura y la longitud del esternón de acuerdo con el protocolo ISAK, y los datos se analizaron estadísticamente. El análisis de regresión lineal determinó la predicción y la longitud del esternón en la variable de criterio de la altura del cuerpo con nivel de significancia de p <0,05. Las relaciones se presentan en forma de diagrama de dispersión. De este modo, obtuvimos el coeficiente de determinación, los coeficientes de correlación múltiple, el coeficiente de correlación parcial, la regresión, la prueba t y el coeficiente beta estandarizado. Los resultados de este estudio confirmaron que la longitud del esternón logra predecir la estatura en ambos sexos de adolescents montenegrinos de manera confiable, y reveló un hallazgo útil para los antropólogos físicos y los expertos de áreas relacionadas. Se confirmó que existe una correlación entre la longitud del esternón y la altura del cuerpo (hombres: 33,1 %, mujeres: 31,3 %). Por lo tanto, la longitud del esternón ha demostrado ser un predictor confiable sobre la base de la cual se puede estimar la altura real del cuerpo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Sternum/anatomy & histology , Body Height , Anthropometry , Regression Analysis , Montenegro , Forecasting
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1651-1656, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134493

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Although molecular techniques evolved considerably in last years, anthropological methods of assessing skeletal remains, continues to be an important tool in the identification process in medico legal investigations. The objective of this study was to develop a discriminant function equation for estimating sex and stature using several measurements of lumbar vertebrae in a Thai population. We studied 150 lumbar columns (75 male and 75 female) age range of 22 to 89 years from the Forensic Osteology Research Center, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. The quantitative variables with sex were analyzed by the discriminant function analysis and that with stature were calculated using linear regression. The pixel density of the major axis of the trabecular surface of superior endplate of the first lumbar vertebra had the most accuracy in sex determination. The regression equation with quantitative variables in stature estimation described 32.3 % of the total variance with standard error of estimate of 7.736 cm. Lumbar vertebrae can be used as part of the stature and sex quantitatively and qualitatively estimating in Thais incomplete skeletal remains.


RESUMEN: Los métodos antropológicos de evaluación del esqueleto siguen siendo una herramienta importante en el proceso de identificación en las investigaciones médico-legales. El objetivo de este estudio fue desarrollar una ecuación de función discriminante para estimar el sexo y la estatura utilizando varias medidas de las vértebras lumbares en una población tailandesa. Se estudiaron 150 columnas lumbares (75 hombres y 75 mujeres) con un rango etario de 22 a 89 años del Centro de Investigación de Osteología Forense, Universidad de Chiang Mai, Tailandia. Las variables cuantitativas de sexo se analizaron mediante el análisis de función discriminante y la estatura fue calculada mediante regresión lineal. En cuanto a la determinación de sexo, la densidad de píxeles del eje mayor de superficie trabecular de la placa terminal superior de la primera vértebra lumbar fue de mayor precisión. La ecuación de regresión con variables cuantitativas en la estimación de la estatura describió el 32,3 % de la varianza total con el error estándar de estimación de 7,736 cm. Las vértebras lumbares se pueden utilizar como parte de la estatura y el sexo, estimando cuantitativa y cualitativamente los restos esqueléticos incompletos en sujetos tailandeses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Body Height , Sex Determination by Skeleton/methods , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Thailand , Discriminant Analysis , Linear Models , Forensic Anthropology , Lumbar Vertebrae/anatomy & histology
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1681-1685, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134498

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The purpose of this research is to determine a regression equation for the estimation of stature from sitting height measurements in the Southern Region of Kosovo. This research was carried out on 225 individuals (120 male and 105 female). The anthropometric measurements were taken according to the ISAK protocol. The relationships between standing height and sitting height measurements were determined using simple correlation coefficients at a 95 % confidence interval. A comparison of means of standing height and sitting height between genders was performed using a t-test. After that, a linear regression analysis was carried out to examine the extent to which sitting height can reliably predict standing height. The results revealed that Southern Kosovan males are 178.61±5.73 cm tall and have a sitting height of 94.05±3.09 cm, while Southern Kosovan females are 165.33±4.46 cm tall and have a sitting height of 89.34±2.50 cm. The results have shown that both genders made Southern-Kosovans a tall group, taller than the general Kosovan population. This research study confirmed that sitting height reliably predicts stature in both genders of adolescents in the Southern Region of Kosovo and revealed a very useful finding for physical anthropologists and experts from related fields.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar una ecuación de regresión para la estimación de la estatura a partir de mediciones de la altura sentada en la Región Sur de Kosovo. La investigación se realizó en 225 individuos (120 hombres y 105 mujeres). Las medidas antropométricas se tomaron según el protocolo ISAK. Se determinaron las relaciones entre la altura de pie y la altura sentada utilizando coeficientes de correlación simples con un intervalo de confianza del 95 %. Se realizó una comparación de las medias de la altura de pie y la altura sentada entre sexos mediante una prueba t. Además, se llevó a cabo un análisis de regresión lineal para la estimar la confiabilidad de la medición de altura de pie, considerando la altura sentada. Los resultados indican que los varones del sur de Kosovo miden 178,61 ± 5,73 cm de altura y tienen una altura sentada de 94,05 ± 3,09 cm, mientras que las mujeres miden 165,33 ± 4,46 cm de altura y tienen una altura sentada de 89,34 ± 2,50 cm. Los resultados han demostrado que ambos sexos kosovares del sur son más altos que la población general de Kosovo. Este estudio confirmó que la altura sentada predice de manera confiable la estatura de ambos sexos en adolescentes de la región sur de Kosovo y reveló un hallazgo útil para los antropólogos físicos y los expertos de áreas relacionadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Posture , Body Height , Anthropometry , Confidence Intervals , Prospective Studies , Regression Analysis , Kosovo , Sitting Position
17.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 741-748, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144273

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Describir el crecimiento en estatura, estimar la edad pico del estirón, la velocidad de crecimiento en dicho punto, la talla final adulta esperada y los patrones diferenciales en una muestra poblacional de ambos sexos. SUJETOS Y MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio transversal recabando prospectivamente datos demográficos, clínicos y antropométricos en sujetos sanos de ambos sexos, entre 2015 y 2016. Se calcularon los percentiles para la estatura mediante el método LMS (sesgo, mediana y coeficiente de variabilidad) y luego se ajustaron dichos valores utilizando el modelo 1 de Preece-Baines. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 861 sujetos, edades 2 - 18 años, 377 varones y 484 mujeres. La edad estimada al pico del estirón (h0) fue de 13,6 años en los niños y de 11,0 años en las niñas, con una velocidad de crecimiento lineal en ese punto (V2) de 6,4 cm/año para ambos sexos. La estatura adulta media esperada (hj) se estimó en 173,7 cm en los chicos y en 160,0 cm en las chicas. CONCLUSIONES: El modelo 1 de Preece-Baines permitió estimar satisfactoriamente la edad pico del estirón, la velocidad de crecimiento en dicho punto y la talla final adulta esperada.


OBJECTIVE: Based on a sample of children and adolescents of both genders, our objective is to des cribe height growth, estimate the peak age at growth spurt, growth rate at this point, the final adult height expected, and differential patterns SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conduc ted using demographic, clinical, and anthropometric data collected prospectively from children and adolescents of both sexes between 2015 and 2016. Height percentiles were calculated using the LMS (skewness, median, and coefficient of variation) method and then adjusted using the Preece-Baines model 1. RESULTS: We evaluated 861 participants (484 girls, 377 boys), aged between 2 and 18 years. The estimated peak age at growth spurt (he) was 13.6 years in boys and 11.0 years in girls, with a peak growth rate (V2) at this point of 6.4 cm/year for both sexes. The mean expected adult height (h1) was 173.7 cm in boys and 160.0 cm in girls. CONCLUSIONS: Preece-Baines model 1 provides satisfactory estimates for the peak age at growth spurt, peak growth rate at this point, and final expected adult height.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Body Height/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Adolescent Development/physiology , Growth Charts , Argentina , Reference Values , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Models, Statistical
18.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(2): 298-304, set 24, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358265

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a avaliação e o acompanhamento nutricional fazem parte do cuidado integral dos pacientes com fibrose cística (FC), possibilitando intervenção precoce e tratamento mais efetivo da doença. Objetivo: avaliar o estado antropométrico de crianças e adolescentes com FC e pesquisar sua associação com variáveis clínicas e demográficas. Metodologia: estudo descritivo, incluindo-se indivíduos entre 1-19 anos de idade. Foram registradas medidas de peso, estatura, circunferência do braço (CB) e da prega cutânea tricipital (PCT) e calculados indicadores antropométricos (Peso/Idade- P/I, Altura idade -A/I e IMC/idade-IMC/I) e Circunferência Muscular do Braço (CMB). Comparou-se o indicador CMB com variáveis clínicas e demográficas através do cálculo de razões de prevalência (RP). Resultados: foram incluídos 41 pacientes, 53,6% do sexo masculino, mediana de idade de 78 meses. Quinze (36,6%) pacientes foram classificados como desnutridos pela avaliação da CMB (P15, TRE, mutação F508/del e A/I<-2, observando-se maior associação com as três últimas, RP de 6,25, 3,12; e 2,06; respectivamente. Conclusão: o IMC pode não ser suficiente para a avaliação do estado nutricional na FC, pois subestima a prevalência de desnutrição. Com exceção das infecções respiratórias recorrentes, as demais variáveis tiveram associação com o indicador CMB

Introduction: the assessment and nutritional follow-up are part of the comprehensive care of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients enabling an early intervention and a more effective disease treatment. Objective: to assess the anthropometric status of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) and to investigate its association with clinical and demographic variables. Methodology: descriptive study, including individuals between 1-19 years of age. Weight, height, arm circumference (AC) and tricipital skinfold (TSF) measurements were recorded and anthropometric indicators were calculated (Weight/Age-W/A, Height age -H/A and BMI/age-BMI/A) and Muscle Circumference of the Arm (AMC). The AMC indicator was compared with clinical and demographic variables by calculating prevalence ratios (PR). Results: 41 patients were included, 53.6% male, median age 78 months. Fifteen (36.6%) patients were classified as malnourished by the AMC assessment ( P15, TRE, F508del variant and H/A <-2, with a greater association with the last three, PR of 6.25, 3.12; and 2.06; respectively. Conclusions: BMI may not be sufficient to assess nutritional status in CF since it underestimates the prevalence of malnutrition. Except for recurrent respiratory infections, the other variables were associated with the AMC indicator

Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Body Composition , Body Height , Body Weight , Anthropometry , Cystic Fibrosis , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 903-908, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124874

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to determine the differences related to morphological characteristics and body composition among volleyball players of the three most successful volleyball clubs in Montenegro. The results of the survey highligted the differences in terms of morphological characteristics and body composition of the players of VC Budva, VC Buduc´nost and VC Jedinstvo. The sample of 43 subjects was divided into three sub-samples, the sub-sample of the subjects consisting of 12 players of VC Budva, the champions of Montenegro 2018-19, the other sub-sample of 17 players of VC Buducnost, the participant in the European CEV Challenge Cup 2018-19, and the one of the examinees including 14 players of VC Jedinstvo, the champions of Montenegro in the season 2017-18. Morphological characteristics in the body composition were evaluated by a battery of 11 variables: body height, body weight, triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold, skinfold of the back, abdominal skinfold, calf skinfold, thigh skinfold, body mass index, fat percentage and muscle mass. The difference between the players of three the most successful volleyball clubs in the morphological characteristics and variables for assessing body composition were determined by ANOVA and LSD Post Hoc test. ANOVA test found statistically significant differences between these three clubs, determined by six variables that estimate the skinfolds, as well as a variable of estimated body mass index (BMI). LSD Post Hoc test found that the volleyball players of VC Budva have significantly lower values ??with regard to triceps skinfold, biceps skinfold, abdominal skinfold, calf skinfold and thigh skinfold, compared to the players of VC Buducnost and VC Jedinstvo, while in the case of variables that evaluates body mass index (BMI), volleyball players of VC Buducnost have less values compared to the players of VC Budva and VC Jedinstvo.


El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar las diferencias relacionadas con las características morfológicas y la composición corporal entre los jugadores de voléibol de los tres clubes de voleibol más exitosos de Montenegro. Los resultados de la encuesta destacaron las diferencias en términos de características morfológicas y composición corporal de los jugadores de VC Budva, VC Buducnost y VC Jedinstvo. La muestra de 43 sujetos se dividió en tres submuestras, la submuestra de las asignaturas consistió en 12 jugadores de VC Budva, los campeones de Montenegro 2018-19, la otra submuestra de 17 jugadores de VC Buducnost, el participante en la European CEV Challenge Cup 2018-19, y uno de los examinados, incluidos 14 jugadores de VC Jedinstvo, campeones de Montenegro en la temporada 2017-18. Las características morfológicas en la composición corporal se evaluaron mediante una batería de 11 variables: altura corporal, peso corporal, pliegue cutáneo del tríceps, pliegue cutáneo del bíceps, pliegue cutáneo de la espalda, pliegue abdominal, pliegue cutáneo de la pantorrilla, pliegue cutáneo del muslo, índice de masa corporal, porcentaje de grasa y masa muscular. . La diferencia entre los jugadores de los tres clubes de voleibol más exitosos en las características morfológicas y las variables para evaluar la composición corporal, se determinó mediante pruebas de ANOVA y LSD Post Hoc. La prueba ANOVA encontró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre estos tres clubes, determinadas por seis variables que estiman los pliegues cutáneos, así como una variable de índice de masa corporal (IMC) estimado. La prueba LSD Post Hoc encontró que los jugadores de voleibol de VC Budva tienen valores significativamente más bajos con respecto al pliegue de tríceps, pliegue de bíceps, pliegue abdominal, pliegue de pantorrilla y pliegue de muslo, en comparación con los jugadores de VC Buducnost y VC Jedinstvo, mientras que en el caso de Las variables que evalúan el índice de masa corporal (IMC), los jugadores de voléibol de VC Buducnost tienen menos valores, en comparación con los jugadores de VC Budva y VC Jedinstvo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Body Composition , Volleyball , Skinfold Thickness , Body Height , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Montenegro
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 990-996, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124887

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Success in artistic gymnastics certainly depends on the morphological characteristics of the athletes, some of which are basic body height and weight. The aim of this study is to determine whether there is a statistically significant difference in body height and weight between the male and female participants on the Olympic Games from 1996 to 2016. The following variables were chosen: body weight (kg), body height (cm). The results did show significant differences between women's artistic gymnastics in body weight and height over a 20-year period. In men's artistic gymnastics we didn't find the difference. This research is important in setting comparative parameters in the selection process and sport specialization regarding morphological characteristics according to different events of gymnasts at the elite level.


RESUMEN: El éxito en la gimnasia artística depende de las características morfológicas de los atletas, algunas de las cuales son la altura y el peso del cuerpo. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si existe una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la altura y el peso corporal en los participantes masculinos y femeninos en los Juegos Olímpicos de 1996 a 2016. Se eligieron las siguientes variables: peso corporal (kg), altura corporal (cm). Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas entre la gimnasia artística femenina en el peso corporal y la altura durante un período de 20 años. En la gimnasia artística masculina no se observó diferencia. Esta investigación es importante para establecer parámetros comparativos en el proceso de selección y la especialización deportiva con respecto a las características morfológicas, de acuerdo a los eventos en que participan gimnastas de nivel de élite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anthropometry , Sex Characteristics , Athletes , Gymnastics , Body Height , Body Weight , Sex Factors
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