Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 353
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.

Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928335


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different bone cement morphology distribution on the clinical efficacy of unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) for spinal osteoporotic fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 66 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures received unilateral PVP treatment from January 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 50 females, including 83 vertebral bodies, 45 thoracic vertebrae and 38 lumbar vertebrae, and 55 patients with single-segment, 6 double-segment, 4 three-segment and 1 four-segment. The age ranged from 60 to 93 years with an average of (76.83±8.65) years. The included patients were admitted to hospital 1 to 10 days after onset, and were diagnosed by anteroposterior and lateral X-rays, MRI and bone density examination before surgery. According to the shape of bone cement in postoperative X-ray, the patients were divided into O-shaped group (28 cases) and H-shaped group (38 cases). In O-shaped group, the bone cement presented agglomeration mass distribution in the affected vertebra in postoperative X-ray while the bone cement presented disseminated honeycomb distribution in the affected vertebrae in H-shaped group. Bone cement injection volume was collected in two groups. The intraoperative bone cement leakage and postoperative adjacent vertebral fractures were observed. The VAS of the two groups before operation and 1 day, 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared;and ODI of the two groups 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared. The kyphosis angle and anterior height of the affected vertebrae were measured before operation and 1 week, 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 66 patients completed 1-year follow-up, and all patients healed well at the puncture site after surgery. There were 1 case and 8 cases of bone cement leakage in O-shaped group and H-shaped group during surgery respectively (P<0.05), but no serious complications occurred. One case occurred adjacent vertebral fracture in both groups during one-year follow-up (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in injection amount of bone cement between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 7.89±0.79, 2.75±1.08, 0.46±0.58, 0.36±0.49 and 8.00±1.04, 2.58±1.15, 0.53±0.56, 0.42±0.50 before operation, 1 day, 6 months, 1 year after operation respectively, and there was no statistical significance(P>0.05), and the VAS scores were 0.96±0.58 and 1.18±0.83 at 1 month after operation respectively, with statistical significance(P<0.05). The ODI scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 12.43±3.78, 10.00±2.46, 8.43±1.50 and 12.11±3.68, 9.53±2.35, 8.32±1.51 at 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after surgery respectively, and there was no statistical significance between the two groups(P>0.05). There were no statistical significance in kyphotic angles and anterior height before surgery and 1 week, 1 year after surgery between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#No matter the distribution of bone cement is O-shape or H-shape, it can achieve good clinical effect, and the prognosis effect is equivalent. Therefore, when performing unilateral puncture PVP surgery, it is not necessary to deliberately increase the puncture angle of the puncture needle in order to achieve the full diffusion of the affected vertebrae, so as to reduce the risk of damaging important structures and bone cement leakage.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphosis , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spinal Puncture , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 772-776, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357139


Abstract Objective To evaluate the better potential and functional results in pain control in the treatment of pathological fractures and prophylactic fixation with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate, compared with the utilization of an intramedullary nail in long bone tumor lesions. Methods From January 2012 to September 2017, 38 patients with 42 pathological lesions (fractures or impending fractures according to the Mirels criteria) were treated surgically. Sixteen patients allocated to the control group underwent a locked intramedullary nail fixation, and 22 patients with pathological lesions were allocated to treatment with an intramedullary nail associated with polymethylmethacrylate. Postoperatively, the patients were submitted to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) rating scale, radiographic assessment, and to the assessment of events and complications related to the treatment. Results The evaluation using the MSTS questionnaire showed better functional results in the group associated with polymethylmethacrylate, in comparison with the control group, which obtained an average score of 16.375 out of a maximum of 30 points (54.6%). The group studied with association with polymethylmethacrylate obtained a mean of 22.36 points (74.5%). The procedure proved to be safe, with similar complication and severity rates, and with no statistical difference in comparison with the standard treatment. Conclusion Stabilization of tumor lesions with an internal fixation associated with the polymethylmethacrylate demonstrated early rehabilitation and improved the quality of life, allowing rapid functional recovery. The use of polymethylmethacrylate has advantages such as reduced bleeding, tumor necrosis and higher mechanical stability.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o potencial melhor resultado funcional e controle álgico no tratamento de fraturas patológicas e fixações profiláticas tratadas com haste intramedular associada ao polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) em comparação com o uso de haste intramedular em lesões tumorais em ossos longos. Métodos De janeiro de 2012 a setembro de 2017, 38 pacientes com 42 lesões patológicas (fraturas ou iminência segundo os critérios de Mirels) foram tratados cirurgicamente. Dezesseis pacientes submetidos a fixação com haste intramedular bloqueada foram alocados ao grupo controle e 22 pacientes com lesões patológicas foram alocados para tratamento com haste intramedular associada ao PMMA. No pósoperatório, foi realizada a submissão dos pacientes ao escore da Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS, na sigla em inglês) e à avaliação radiográfica do tratamento realizado, assim como à avaliação de intercorrências e complicações relacionadas ao tratamento. Resultados A avaliação através do questionário MSTS demonstrou melhor resultado funcional do grupo associado com PMMA quando comparado com o grupo controle, o qual obteve uma pontuação média de 16,375 em um máximo de 30 pontos (54,6%), enquanto o grupo em estudo com associação do PMMA obteve uma média de 22,36 pontos (74,5%). O procedimento mostrou-se seguro, taxas de complicações e gravidade semelhantes e sem diferença estatística quando comparado com o tratamento padrão. Conclusão A estabilização de lesões tumorais com fixação associada ao PMMA demonstrou reabilitação precoce e melhora na qualidade de vida, permitindo rápida recuperação funcional. A utilização do PMMA apresenta vantagens como diminuição do sangramento e da necrose tumoral e maior estabilidade mecânica.

Humans , Quality of Life , Bone Cements , Bone Neoplasms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Spontaneous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921923


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of vancomycin bone cement in the treatment of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) ruptured Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ.@*METHODS@#From March 2019 to April 2021, 32 patients with Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳ diabetic foot were divided into vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) group and bone cement group according to different treatment methods. There were 16 cases in VSD group, 8 males and 8 females;the age ranged from 66 to 81 (70.50±7.20) years, and the course of disease ranged from 8 to 40 (27.56±8.55) months;Wagner gradeⅡin 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 7 cases and grade Ⅳin 7 cases;debridement and VSD were used. There were 16 cases in the bone cement group, 9 males and 7 females;the age ranged from 63 to 79 (69.56±7.29) years, and the course of disease ranged from 11 to 39(22.75±11.43) months;Wagner gradeⅡ in 2 cases, grade Ⅲin 5 cases and grade Ⅳ in 9 cases;vancomycin loaded bone cement was used for treatment. The types of bacteria, negative time of bacterial culture, skin healing time, hospital stay, operation times and complications were observed and compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6 (4.00±1.07) months. The bacterial negative time, skin healing time and hospital stay in bone cement group were significantly lower than those in VSD group (@*CONCLUSION@#Vancomycin loaded bone cement is effective in the treatment of Wagner grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ diabetic foot ulceration wounds. It can reduce the length of hospital stay, shorten the healing time of skin and kill pathogens as soon as possible. It is one of the effective methods to treat Wagner gradeⅡ-Ⅳdiabetic foot ulceration.

Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Child , Child, Preschool , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Treatment Outcome , Vancomycin , Wound Healing
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888638


With the advantages of inflatable bone expander in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, the number of applications for registration of such products is increasing. Based on the characteristics of the medical device, this article analyzed and summarized the relevant requirements for the basic information, product performance research, product manufacturing, clinical evaluation, and product instructions that should be focused on the registration application dossiers, as well as comply with the requirements of CMDE. The focus of the registration application for Inflatable Bone Expander should be the standardization of the application dossiers, while the difficulty was the scientific rationality of the research data. Comments and suggestions are provided to relevant practitioners on standardization of registration application dossiers. It may help them to optimize the quality of registration application dossiers while improve the efficiency of registration applications.

Bone Cements , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888349


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of gelfoam granules application in prevention of cement leakage via anterior vertebral wall in Kümmell's patients treated with percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to December 2019, 13 patients with Kümmell disease were treated with PKP, and gelatin sponge was inserted into the anterior wall of vertebral body to prevent bone cement leakage. There were 3 males and 10 females, with an average age of (73.84±8.44) years. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record the degree of pain before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment; Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) was used to evaluate the thoracolumbar function before treatment and 3 monthsafter treatment;X-ray was used to observe the bone cement leakage after operation.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores were 7.31±0.83, 2.92±1.13 and 1.69±1.11 before treatment and 1 day and 3 months after treatment, respectively. The VAS scores on the 1st day and 3 months after treatment were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#The application of gelfoam granules in PKP can effectively prevent the leakage of bone cement via the anterior vertebral wall of Kümmell patients, and reduce the risk of thermal and mechanical injury of soft tissues such as the aorta in front of the vertebral body, and does not affect the postoperative pain relief and the recovery of thoracolumbar function.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements , Female , Gelatin Sponge, Absorbable , Humans , Kyphoplasty/adverse effects , Male , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888348


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical effects of different bone cement diffusion patterns in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures.@*METHODS@#One volunteer with L1 osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture was selected, male, aged 68 years old, heighed 172 cm, weighted 60 kg, and healthy before. CT scans were used from T@*RESULTS@#After the establishing the finite element model of osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture in the thoracolumbar segment, it was found that the deformation of three different bone cement distribution models above was not significantly different. In L@*CONCLUSION@#The bone cement contact with both upper and lower endplates can effectively absorb and transfer the stress level brought by the load, reduce the stress level of cancellous bone, and reduce the possibility of refracture of the operative vertebral body.

Aged , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888336


OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical effect of antibiotic bone cement in the treatment of infectious wound of lower extremity.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2019, 28 patients who had infection wounds of lower extremity were treated by antibiotic bone cement, including 21 males and 7 females with age of 34 to 76 (53.8±16.5) years old. The wound area after the initial debridement was 4 cm×3 cm to 12 cm×8 cm. All patients were treated with the antibiotic bone cement, when infection was controlled and fresh granulation tissue grew on the wound surface, local sutures or skin grafts were performed. The changes of white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C reactive protein(CRP) and positive rate of bacterial culture of wound secretions were recorded andcompared before and after 2 weeks of the operation. The healing time, recurrence rate and complications of fresh granulation on wound surface were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6(4.3±1.2) months. After the recurrence of diabetic foot wound infection, 3 patients presented different degree of rupture, and the remaining patients had good wound healing. No serious complications such as aggravation of infection and amputation occurred. The WBC, ESR and CRP of the patients were decreased significantly after operation compared with that before operation (9.1±1.2)×109/L vs. (11.4±2.2)×109/L, (23.5±7.6) mm/ h vs. (57.1±14.9) mg/L, (44.2±13.1) mg/L vs. (89.2±26.7) mg/L (@*CONCLUSION@#The antibiotic bone cement can control infection of lower extremity wound effectively, promote the growth of fresh granulation tissue and wound healing.

Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879401


OBJECTIVE@#To establish a three-dimensional finite element model of osteoporosis and to study the stiffness recovery of injured vertebrae and stress analysis of adjacent vertebrae after percutaneous vertebroplasty under different perfusion and distribution conditions by simulating fluid flow into the vertebral body.@*METHODS@#A male healthy volunteer was selected. CT scans were performed from T@*RESULTS@#(1) The VonMises stress of T@*CONCLUSION@#Reliable biomechanical model of lumbar vertebral fracture can be established by using CT scanning data through software simulation. Vertebral fracture and vertebroplasty will cause biomechanical changes of adjacent vertebral bodies. With the increase of bone cement injection, the influence of biomechanical changes will increase significantly. Neighbouring vertebral fractures are more likely. For this experiment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has a suitable amount of cement injection of 4 ml.

Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Finite Element Analysis , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Vertebroplasty
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879392


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty in treating Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 37 patients with type Ⅲ Kümmell disease were retrospectively analyzed, including 11 males and 26 females, aged from 61 to 84 years old with an average of (68.6±4.2) years old, and the courses of disease ranged from 2 to 10 months with an average of(6.5±2.3) months. Nine patients were grade C, 20 patients were grade D and 8 patients were grade E according to Frankle grading. All patients were treated by cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty. Operation time, blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospital stay and complicationswere observed after oeprtaion. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), height of anterior vertebral body, Cobb angle before and after operation were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 60 months with an average of (22.4±10.9) months. Operation time was (240.9±77.4) min, blood loss was (315.0±149.2) ml, postoperative drainage was (220.8±72.0) ml, hospital stay was (12.6±4.7) days. One patient occurred incision redness and 1 patient occurred infection after opertaion. No loosening of bone cement occurred. Postopertaive VAS and ODI were lower than that of before opertaion(@*CONCLUSION@#Cement-augmented pedicle screw combined with vertebroplasty is a safe and effective method for the tretament of Kümmell disease with type Ⅲ.

Aged , Bone Cements , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(4): 403-417, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1351416


El tratamiento de la osteomielitis asociada a la falla de la osteosíntesis representa un verdadero desafío para el cirujano ortopédico. El retiro del implante, la limpieza quirúrgica del área afectada y la fijación externa como métodos de estabilidad transitoria, sumados a la administración de antibióticos por vía sistémica son conductas habituales en el manejo inicial de la infección asociada a la falla del implante. No obstante, la suma de estas medidas puede no ser suficiente para controlar completamente el cuadro. El agregado local de cemento con antibiótico permite la liberación continua y sostenida del agente que alcanza una concentración local significativamente más alta que las concentraciones inhibitorias bacterianas mínimas necesarias, a expensas de una menor toxicidad sistémica. Se presentan dos casos de osteomielitis asociada a la falla de la osteosíntesis tratados mediante una nueva síntesis con placa revestida de cemento con antibiótico. Se logró controlar la infección y la consolidación ósea en ambos casos. El resultado funcional fue excelente con un puntaje QuickDASH de 6,3 y 4,5, respectivamente. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Treatment of osteomyelitis associated with osteosynthesis failure represents a real challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Implant removal, surgical debridement of the affected area, and external fixation as a temporary stabilization method coupled with antibiotic therapy administered by the systemic route constitute the basis for the initial management of infections associated with implant failure. However, this combined management may prove inadequate to achieve complete control of the infection. The local use of antibiotic-loaded cement allows for maintaining a sustained agent release that reaches significantly higher concentrations than the minimum required bacterial inhibitory concentrations while reducing the associated systemic toxicity. We present two cases of osteomyelitis associated with osteosynthesis failure treated with a second osteosynthesis procedure with an antibiotic cement-coated plate. Infection control and bone union were achieved in both cases. The functional outcome was excellent with Quick-DASH scores of 6.3 and 4.5 points, respectively. Level of Evidence: IV

Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis , Bone Cements , Internal Fixators/adverse effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(2): 44-51, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133656


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate facial profile changes promoted by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement graft to reduce excessive gingival display due to hyperactivity of the elevator muscles of the upper lip during smiling. Methods: Eleven patients (all females, age range: 20 to 43 years) presenting gingival smile that were treated with PMMA cement grafts in a private clinic were selected for this retrospective study. Three angular and ten linear cephalometric facial profile measurements were performed preoperatively (baseline, T1) and at least 6 months postoperatively (T2). Differences between T1 and T2 were verified by Wilcoxon test, and the correlation between the thickness of the graft and facial profile changes was statistically evaluated by Spearman's Coefficient test. The significance level was set at p< 0.05. Results: The nasolabial angle (p= 0.03) and the labial component of the nasolabial angle showed statistically significant differences (p= 0.04), with higher values in T2. No correlations were found between the graft thickness and the statistically significant facial profile changes (p> 0.05). Conclusions: The PMMA bone cement graft projected the upper lip forward, thereby increasing the nasolabial angle without affecting the nasal component. No correlations between the graft thickness and the facial profile changes were detected.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar as alterações do perfil facial promovidas pelo enxerto de cimento de polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) para redução da exposição gengival excessiva devida à hiperatividade dos músculos elevadores do lábio superior durante o sorriso. Métodos: Onze pacientes (todos do sexo feminino, faixa etária de 20 a 43 anos) com sorriso gengival, tratados com enxerto de cimento de PMMA em clínica privada, foram selecionados para este estudo retrospectivo. Três medidas cefalométricas angulares e dez lineares do perfil facial foram realizadas no pré-operatório (T1) e com pelo menos seis meses de pós-operatório (T2). As diferenças entre T1 e T2 foram verificadas pelo teste de Wilcoxon, e a correlação entre a espessura do enxerto e as alterações do perfil facial foi avaliada estatisticamente pelo Coeficiente de Spearman. O nível de significância foi estabelecido em p< 0,05. Resultados: o ângulo nasolabial (p= 0,03) e o componente labial do ângulo nasolabial apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significativas (p= 0,04), com maiores valores em T2. Não foram encontradas correlações estatisticamente significativas (p> 0,05) entre a espessura do enxerto e as alterações do perfil facial. Conclusões: O enxerto de cimento ósseo de PMMA projetou discretamente o lábio superior, aumentando o ângulo nasolabial sem afetar o componente nasal. Não foram detectadas correlações entre a espessura do enxerto e as alterações do perfil facial.

Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Smiling , Bone Cements , Cephalometry , Retrospective Studies , Gingiva , Lip
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 62-64, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088956


ABSTRACT We present a patient who underwent evisceration surgery after spontaneous rupture of the ocular globe due to long-data uncontrolled glaucoma, with posterior placement of an orbital implant made of a bone cement compound based on polymethylmethacrylate as alternative materials were not available. Such a compound is characterized by excellent biocompatibility and low cost, which makes it an interesting alternative for treatment. The anophthalmic socket was successfully filled, providing proper esthetic results and favorable conditions for the posterior scleral prosthesis implantation. No complications were observed during 10 months of follow-up. We believe that, in the absence of alternative materials, low-cost materials may be used in emergency settings to repair anophthalmic cavities and provide satisfactory functional and esthetic outcomes.

RESUMO Apresentamos um paciente que foi submetido à cirurgia de evisceração após ruptura espontânea do globo ocular devido a glaucoma não controlado de longa data, com posterior colocação de implante orbital feito de cimento ósseo, composto à base de polimetilmetacrilato, diante da indisponibilidade de materiais alternativos. Tal composto se caracteriza pela excelente biocompatibilidade e baixo custo, o que o torna uma alternativa interessante para o tratamento. A cavidade anoftálmica foi preenchida com sucesso, fornecendo resultados estéticos adequados e condições favoráveis para o implante posterior de prótese escleral. Nenhuma complicação foi observada durante os 10 meses de seguimento. Acredi­tamos que, na ausência de materiais alternativos, materiais de baixo custo podem ser usados em situações emergenciais para preencher cavidades anoftálmicas e prover resultados funcionais e estéticos satisfatórios.

Humans , Male , Aged , Orbit/surgery , Bone Cements , Orbital Implants , Rupture, Spontaneous/surgery , Rupture, Spontaneous/etiology , Biocompatible Materials , Glaucoma/complications , Eye Evisceration , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(4): 383-390, 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378319


Introducción El síndrome de implantación de cemento óseo (SICO) es una complicacion intraoperatoria frecuente y potencialmente devastadora en pacientes sometidos a artroplastia de cadera cementada. Objetivo Describir la frecuencia del SICO en pacientes llevados a artroplastia total o parcial de cadera, mayores de 50 años, en el Hospital de San José de Bogotá, entre el 1 de enero del 2012 al 31 de Enero del 2018. Metodología Estudio serie de casos. Se revisaron los registros médicos de pacientes adultos mayores de 50 años con indicación de Artroplastia o Hemiatroplastia. Se analizaron las variables perioperatorias a través del registro de Anestesia. Mediante la clasificación de Donaldson se determinó el grado de SICO. Se emplearon estadísticas descriptivas y análisis de correspondencias múltiples para explorar la relación entre las variables. Resultados Incluimos 49 pacientes con una media de edad de 78 años (DE +/- 9.9), 39 eran mujeres (79.6%) y 37 (75.5%) tuvieron una clasificacion ASA II. Documentamos la presencia de SICO en 8 pacientes (16.3%): de los cuales 5 correspondian a Grado 1, 2 Grado 2 y 1 a Grado 3 con requerimiento de UCI. 7 eran mujeres; todos tenían antecedente de hipertension arterial, 2 diabetes mellitus, 2 EPOC y 1 osteoporosis. Ninguno reportó ingesta de Warfarina. Conclusiones SICO es un fenómeno frecuente en la artroplastia y hemiartroplastia cementada, siendo mayor en el sexo femenino, documentandose la presencia de predictores de severidad clasificacion ASA II ­III y el antecedente de EPOC en nuestro hospital.

Background The bone cement implantation syndrome (BCIS) is a frequent and potentially devastating intraoperative complication in patients undergoing cemented hip arthroplasty. The objective of study is to describe the frequency of BCIS in patients undergoing total or partial hip arthroplasty. Methods Case series study. We reviewed the medical records of adult patients over 50 years of age with an indication for Arthroplasty or Hemiatroplasty. The perioperative variables were analyzed through the Anesthesia registry. The degree of SICO was determined by Donaldson classification. Descriptive statistics and multiple correspondence analysis were used to explore the relationship between the variables. Results We included 49 patients with an average age of 78 years (SD +/- 9.9), 39 were women (79.6%) and 37 (75.5%) had an ASA II classification. We documented the presence of SICO in 8 patients (16.3%): of which 5 corresponded to Grade 1, 2 Grade 2 and 1 to Grade 3 with ICU requirement. 7 were women; all were hypertensive, 2 diabetes mellitus, 2 COPD and 1 osteoporosis. None reported Warfarin ingestion. Discussion BCIS is a frequent phenomenon in the arthroplasty and cemented hemiarthroplasty, being higher in the female sex, documenting the presence of predictors of severity ASA II -III classification and the history of COPD in our hospital.

Humans , Bone Cements , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hemiarthroplasty
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2020. 146 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1223495


A incorporação de íons na estrutura da hidroxiapatita (HA) pode afetar sua estrutura, cristalinidade, solubilidade e citotoxicidade. Dentre os íons presentes na composição da apatita óssea, o magnésio (Mg2+), estrôncio (Sr2+) e zinco (Zn2+) são reconhecidos por promover a angiogênese e osteogênese. Portanto, as HAs substituídas podem apresentar melhor bioatividade, por fornecer íons com potencial de estimular a neoformação óssea nos locais enxertados. Nesse contexto, este estudo descreve a síntese, caracterização e comparação de uma série de nano-hidroxiapatitas (nHAs) substituídas e co-substituídas por Sr2+, Mg2+ ou Zn2+. Em seguida, foi desenvolvido um cimento ósseo à base das HAs com melhores resultados de citotoxicidade, associado ao DCPA, gelatina e quitosana. As nHAs foram caracterizadas físico-quimicamente usando diferentes técnicas. O método de co-precipitação foi eficaz para sintetizar HAs de dimensões nanométricas. Comparado a nHA pura, os difratogramas, espectros de FTIR e parâmetros de rede das nHAs substituídas e co-substituídas exibiram alterações, indicando que a incorporação de cátions resultou em distorções da rede da HA. Os testes de MTT demonstraram que as nHAs sintetizadas não foram citotóxicas, após contato direto com culturas de fibroblastos (L929) e pré-osteoblastos (MC3T3). Os resultados obtidos sugerem que as nHAs co-substituídas por Mg2+/Sr2+ e Zn2+/Sr2+ parecem induzir maior proliferação de células fibroblásticas e osteoblásticas, quando comparado a HA pura e substituída. Os cimentos ósseos desenvolvidos apresentaram capacidade de auto-endurecimento e resistência à lavagem. Além de possuírem alta molhabilidade e um perfil de liberação de íons Ca2+, Sr2+, Mg2+ e Zn2+, que está dentro das doses indicadas para estimular a proliferação de osteoblastos. Os cimentos exibiram excelente biocompatibilidade in vitro em culturas de células fibroblásticas, endoteliais e osteosblásticas. Os cimentos contendo nHAs co-substituídas por Mg2+/Sr2+ exibiram os melhores resultados de viabilidade celular. Após 24 horas de contato indireto com cultura de células fibroblásticas L929, o crescimento celular do grupo C2 foi maior que de todos os grupos em estudo (P < 0,01). Em cultura de células endoteliais EA.hy926, o percentual de células viáveis do grupo C3 foi significativamente maior que de todos os outros grupos, após 24 horas (p < 0,001). A citotoxicidade indireta em cultura de células pré-osteoblásticas MC3T3 revelou que após 48 horas, o grupo C3 apresentou maior viabilidade celular que todos os grupos em estudo (p < 0,01). O teste de formação de tubo sugere que todos os cimentos desenvolvidos possuem potencial angiogênico, sendo que os cimentos contendo nHAs co-substituídas por Zn2+/Sr2+ exibiram resultados significativamente superiores (p < 0,001). Apesar de ser necessário um maior número de testes de biocompatibilidade; a incorporação de íons na rede cristalina das nHAs, que são reconhecidos por afetar a angiogênese e a osteogênese, parece ter resultado no desenvolvimento de cimentos ósseos com potencial para promover a regeneração óssea.

The incorporation of ions into the HA lattice can affect its structure, crystallinity, solubility and cytotoxicity. From the ions present in the composition of bone apatite, Mg2+, Sr2+ and Zn2+ are recognized for promoting angiogenesis and osteogenesis. The substituted HAs can be present better bioactivity for supplying ions with potential to stimulate bone neoformation in grafted sites. This study described the synthesis, characterization and comparison of a range of substituted and co-substituted nHAs contained Sr2+, Mg2+ or Zn2+. Then, it developed bone cement based on HAs with better cytotoxicity results, associated with DCPA, gelatin and chitosan. The nHAs were physicochemically characterized using different techniques. The co-precipitation method was effective for synthesizing HAs with nanometric dimensions. Compared to pure nHA, the diffractograms, FTIR spectra and lattice parameters of the substituted and co-substituted nHAs showed changes, indicating that the incorporation of cations resulted in distortions of the HA lattice. MTT tests demonstrated that the all synthesized nHAs were not cytotoxic after direct contact with fibroblasts (L929) and pre-osteoblasts (MC3T3) cultures. MTT results suggest that Mg2+/Sr2+ and Zn2+/Sr2+ co-substituted nHAs seem to induce more proliferation of fibroblastic and osteoblastic than pure and Mg2+, Sr2+ and Zn2+ substituted nHAs. Bone cements developed showed self-hardening and washout resistance. Also, they Exhibited high wettability and ion release profile with non-toxic concentrations of Ca2+, Sr2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+, range within indicated doses to stimulate the proliferation of osteoblasts. The cement exhibited excellent in vitro cytocompatibility in fibroblastic, endothelial and osteoblastic cell cultures. Cement containing Mg2+/Sr2+ co-substituted nHAs showed better results of the cell viability. After 24 hours of indirect contact with L929 fibroblast culture, the cell growth in the C2 group was highest than all study groups (P <0.01). In EA.hy926 endothelial culture, the cell viability of the C3 group was significantly highest than all other groups after 24 hours (p <0.001). The indirect cytotoxicity in MC3T3 pre-osteoblastic culture revealed that after 48 hours, the C3 group showed the greatest cell viability than all the study groups (p <0.01). The tube formation assay suggests that all cement have angiogenic potential, being that the cements containing Zn2+ / Sr2+ co-substituted nHAs exhibited significantly better results (p < 0,001). Despite being necessary to perform a more significant number of biocompatibility tests, the incorporation of ions into the nHA lattice, which are recognized for affects angiogenesis and osteogenesis, may have resulted in the development of bone cements with the potential to promoting bone regeneration.

Osteogenesis , Apatites , Bone Cements , Bone Regeneration , Hydroxyapatites , Strontium , Zinc , Magnesium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879345


Periprosthetic infection after hip replacement is a clinical catastrophic disease, which often leads to the failure of the prosthesis. It needs the combination of systemic antibiotics to cure the infection, which brings huge burden to doctors and patients. There are strict indications for debridement and one-stage revision of the prosthesis, and few cases meet the requirements. The second revision is still the gold standard for the treatment of periprosthetic infection. It is suitable for all infection conditions and has a high success rate. On the second phase of renovation, the antibiotic sustained release system plays a key role, and the carrier of antibiotic sustained-release system is the focus of current research, including classic bone cement and absorbable biomaterials. Bone cement has strong mechanical strength, but the antibiotic release shows a sharp decline trend; the absorbable biomaterials can continuously release antibiotics with high concentration, but the mechanical strength is poor, so it could not use alone. The combination of bone cement and absorbable biomaterials will be an ideal antibiotic carrier. PMMA is the most commonly used antibiotic carrier, but the antibiotic release concentration is decreased sharply after 24 hours. It will be difficult to control the infection and increase the risk of bacterial resistance if it is lower than the minimum inhibitory concentration. The biodegradable materials can release antibiotics completely, with long release time and high concentration, but low mechanical strength. Antibiotic spacer plays an important role in the control of infection. In the future, how to further extend the antibiotic release time of antibiotic sustained-release system, increase the amount of antibiotic release and maintain the mechanical strength of the material will be studied.

Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Bone Cements , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Reoperation
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2486-2494, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877851


Bone cement, consisting of polymethyl methacrylate, is a bioinert material used for prothesis fixation in joint arthroplasty. To treat orthopedic infections, such as periprosthetic joint infection, antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC) was introduced into clinical practice. Recent studies have revealed the limitations of the antibacterial effect of ALBC. Moreover, with the increase in high infection risk patients and highly resistant microbes, more researches and modification of ALBC are required. This paper reviewed latest findings about ALBC for most popular and destructive pathogens, summarized the influence of antibiotic kind, drug dosage, application method, and environment towards characteristic of ALBC. Subsequently, new cement additives and clinical applications of ALBC in joint arthroplasty were also discussed.

Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Bone Cements , Humans , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Prosthesis-Related Infections/drug therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828274


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influencing factors of hidden blood loss (HBL) during the treatment of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty from March 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent X rays of the AP and lateral lumbar spine, double oblique, and dynamic positions. Lumbar spine CT, MRI, and dual energy X ray bone densitometer (DXA) were used to confirm the diagnosis. There were 55 males and 70 females, 10 cases of thoracic vertebrae, 89 cases of thoracolumbar vertebrae, 26 cases of lumbar vertebrae, 87 cases with single segment, 29 cases with double segment,and 9 cases with 3 segments. The vertebral compression height ratios of 67 patients were less than 1 / 3, and the ratios for 41 patients were from 1 / 3 to 2 / 3,for 17 patients were more than 2 / 3. Blood routine examination were performed before and 3 days after surgery to analyze hidden blood loss and to explore its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The average hidden blood loss was (317±156) ml in 125 patients. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed a history of diabetes(=0.011),surgical segments(=0.036),number of segments (<0.001),vertebral height loss rate (=0.002),vertebral height recovery rate (<0.001) and bone cement leakage rate (=0.003) were positively correlated with hidden blood loss. Moreover,it was found that the blood loss was higher in those with higher vertebral height loss rate than in those with lower vertebral height loss rate, and the blood loss was higher in those with good vertebral height recovery than those with poor vertebral height recovery. Additionally,the cement leakage was also an important factor in increasing hidden blood loss. However,there was no significant correlation between bone mineral density(=0.814) or history of hypertension(=0.055) and hidden blood loss.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with OVCFs have a large amount of hidden blood loss after PVP treatment, which needs attention. At the same time, the history of diabetes, surgical segments, number of segments, bone cement leakage rate, vertebral height loss rate and vertebral height recovery rate are the risk factors for hidden blood loss.

Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828250


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of membrane induced by antibiotic-loaded bone cement in skin grafting for tendon exposed wound healing.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 traumatic patients with tendon exposed wound were admitted to our department between February 2016 and December 2018, including 6 males and 4 females, with a mean age of 34.6 years old (ranged, 19 to 43 years old), and treatment duration ranged from 2 to 6 months. There were 7 cases of traffic accidents, 3 cases of mechanical belt injuries, including 8 cases of lower leg and foot wounds and 2 cases of hand back wounds. These tendons exposed wound were covered by antibiotic-loaded bone cement at the earlier stageto induce the formation of the biomembrane, and then skin grafting were performed on the induced membrane. The survival, appearance, texture, sensation of the skin grafting and healing condition of the wounds were studied.@*RESULTS@#Among the 10 patients, skin graft survived well in 8 patients. Partial skin graft necrosis occurred in 2 patients and cured by dressing.@*CONCLUSION@#Using antibiotic bone cement to seal the wound to form induction membrane followed by skin grafting can effectively repair the tendon exposed wound, which has the characteristics of simple operation and less trauma.

Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bone Cements , Female , Humans , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries , Tendons , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828248


OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether femoral plasty can improve the fracture resistance of osteoporotic femoral specimens and prevent hip fracture, and to compare the difference of mechanical strength changes between two different femoral plasty methods in osteoporotic femoral specimens, so as to determine the best strengthening area of the plasty.@*METHODS@#Eighteen pairs of fresh osteoporotic femur specimens were collected and divided into two groups, A and B, 9 pairs in each group. Nine fresh osteoporotic femur specimens in each group were randomly selected for enhancement, and the corresponding contralateral specimens were used as control group. In group A1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck, femoral trochanter and subtrochantericregion. And in group B1, the enhancement areas were femoral head, femoral neck and femoral trochanter region. The amount of cement injected into the femoral neck was recorded and the surface temperature of the femoral neck was measured. All specimens were biomechanically tested under simulated falls. Load-displacement curves, final loads were recorded. The final energy and stiffness of specimens were calculated. The biomechanical differences between the specimens of the enhancement group and those of the corresponding control group were compared, and the mechanical changes of the specimens by two different enhancement methods were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the ultimate load and energy of the specimens in the enhanced group increased significantly, but the stiffness did not change significantly. There was no significant difference in final load and energy between specimens strengthened by two different methods.@*CONCLUSION@#Femoral plasty has the advantages of minimally invasive, simple operationand remarkable effect. It can be used as a new method to prevent osteoporotic hip fracture.

Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Cements , Femur , Femur Neck , Hip Fractures , Humans , Osteoporotic Fractures