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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 263-267, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251353

ABSTRACT

Abstract Simple bone cysts rarely occur in the scapula, and, to our knowledge, they have not been reported in the acromion. In the present report, we present the case of a 24-year-old female patient who was successfully treated by curettage and grafting using xenografting. No recurrence findings were observed during the follow-up six months postoperatively, the patient had recovered full range of motion, and she was able to perform all routine activities satisfactorily.


Resumo Cistos ósseos simples são raros na escápula, e, pelo que sabemos, não foram relatados no acrômio. Aqui, apresentamos uma paciente do sexo feminino, de 24 anos, submetida com sucesso ao tratamento composto por curetagem e xenoenxerto. Não foram observados achados de recidiva no acompanhamento pós-operatório de seis meses, quando a paciente apresentou amplitude total de movimento e foi capaz de realizar todas as atividades rotineiras de maneira satisfatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Scapula/injuries , Acromion/injuries , Bone Cysts/surgery , Bone Cysts/radiotherapy
2.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 32(1): 31-35, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1279757

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de un paciente con quistes en el hueso iliaco como causa atípica de lumbalgia crónica a la cual se puede enfrentar el reumatólogo, y se hará una revisión de la literatura sobre los tipos de quistes óseos y sus diagnósticos diferenciales. También se hará mención de sus opciones de tratamiento.


The case of a patient with cysts in the iliac bone is presented as an atypical cause of chronic low back pain that the rheumatologist may face, and a review of the literature on the types of bone cysts and their differential diagnoses will be made. Mention will also be made of your treatment options.


Subject(s)
Low Back Pain , Therapeutics , Bone Cysts , Back Pain , Cysts , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 126-133, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282677

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aparición de la resonancia magnética y su evolución en la calidad de las imágenes ha guiado el diagnóstico de patologías poco habituales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar imágenes quísticas y pseudoquísticas en una serie de resonancias magnéticas de pacientes atendidos en nuestro centro, clasificándolas y analizando su frecuencia de aparición y el desarrollo y aplicación de un algoritmo diagnóstico y terapéutico. Materiales y métodos: fueron evaluadas las historias clínicas y resonancias magnéticas de 1808 pacientes cuyo motivo de consulta fue gonalgia de diversa etiología. Se aplicaron criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se valoró la presencia de imágenes quísticas y pseudoquísticas, y se registró la localización, frecuencia, el tratamiento aplicado y su recidiva. Fueron incluidos en este trabajo quinientos treinta hombres y trescientas once mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre once a ochenta y cuatro años (con un promedio de cuarenta y uno). Se obtuvieron ochocientas noventa y cuatro rodillas de un total de ochocientos cuarenta y un pacientes, donde se observaron 1128 imágenes compatibles con quistes o pseudoquistes. Resultados: en ciento tres pacientes observamos dos o más imágenes. Diecisiete pacientes requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico por vía artroscópica; de estos, catorce fueron quistes asociados a lesión meniscal y tres, gangliones de la vaina del ligamento cruzado anterior. Un quiste de la inserción de la pata de ganso y dos colecciones prerrotulianas se resolvieron de manera abierta. No registramos ninguna recidiva. Conclusión: los quistes y pseudoquistes de rodilla son patologías habituales, consideramos importante el correcto análisis clínico imagenológico para evitar errores de apreciación y tratamiento. La RM es la principal herramienta de estudio para patologías de rodilla, permite evaluar imágenes de difícil observación por otro método y posibilita así un diagnóstico más certero. Consideramos fundamental estar familiarizado con la anatomía específica, conocer su ubicación, entender la relación con estructuras adyacentes y comprender el análisis de las características y patrones de las diferentes lesiones observadas en la RM para poder establecer un diagnóstico correcto.Tipo de estudio: Artículo original. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Introduction: The appearance of magnetic resonance imaging and its evolution in the quality of the images, has led to the diagnosis of unusual pathologies. The objective of this work is to evaluate cystic and pseudocystic images in a series of magnetic resonance imaging of patients treated at our center, classifying and analyzing their frequency of appearance and the development and application of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.Materials and methods: the clinical histories and magnetic resonances of 1808 patients whose reason for consultation was knee paint of different etiology were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The presence of cystic and pseudocystic images was assessed, location, frequency, applied treatment and recurrence were recorded. 530 men and 311 women were included in this study, aged between 11 and 84 years (with an average of 41 years). Results: 894 knees were obtained from a total of 841 patients, where 1128 images compatible with cysts or pseudocysts were observed. In 103 patients we observed two or more images. Seventeen patients required arthroscopic surgical treatment, of these, fourteen were cysts associated with meniscal injury and three were ganglions of the anterior cruciate ligament sheath. One hamstring cyst and two pre-patellar collections were openly resolved. We did not record any recurrence.Conclusion: knee cysts and pseudocysts are common pathologies, we consider the correct clinical imaging analysis important to avoid errors of appreciation and treatment. MRI is the main study tool for knee pathologies, allowing the evaluation of images that are difficult to observe by another method, thus enabling a more accurate diagnosis. We consider it essential to be familiar with the specific anatomy, know its location, understand the relationship with adjacent structures, and understand the analysis of the characteristics and patterns of the different lesions observed on MRI in order to establish a correct diagnosis. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Bone Cysts , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Knee Joint
4.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 21(3): 1-6, 31 Diciembre 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146534

ABSTRACT

Introducción:El quiste óseo aneurismático es una neoplasia benigna poco común de aparición en edad temprana. Tiene mayor incidencia en huesos largos y en la columna vertebral. Su etiología es incierta, aunquesuele asociarse a traumatismo, probablemente debido a obstrucción venosa o a la formación de fístulas que se producen tras la contusión. Caso:En este estudio se presenta el caso de un paciente de 15 años sin antecedentes de trauma que presenta un quiste óseo aneurismático en clavícula, localización poco habitual para esta patología. Evolución: Se le brindótratamiento con terapia esclerosante con Polidocanol al 3% por 8 ocasiones con respuesta favorable.No ha requerido cirugía hasta el momento. Conclusión:El tratamientoesclerosante fue exitoso en este informe de casos


Introduction: The aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare benign neoplasm that appears at an early age. It has a higher incidence in long bones and in the spine. Its etiology is uncertain, although it is usually associated with trauma, probably due to venous obstruction or the formation of fistulas that occur after contusion. Case: This study presents the case of a 15-year-old patient with no history of trauma who presents with an aneurysmal bone cyst in the clavicle, an unusual location for this pathology. Evolution: Treatment with sclerosing therapy with 3% Polidocanol was given 8 times with a favorable response. He has not required surgery so far. Conclusion: Sclerosing treatment was successful in this case report


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Cysts , Clavicle , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Case Reports , Child
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 557-561, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132330

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lesions denominated fibro-osseous lesions of the jaw constitute a diversified group of disorders, in which the normal bone architecture is replaced by fibroblasts, collagen fibers and immature bone. At present, the World Health Organization recognizes four variants of these lesions, namely: bone-cement dysplasia, fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma and Familial gigantiform cementoma. Fibrous dysplasia may present in the monostotic form, affecting one single bone or an isolated craniofacial region; and in the Polyostotic form, involving two or more bones of the skeleton, and eventual association with syndromic conditions. The patient, C.P.G., 43 years old, sought attendance due to symptomatic increase in the region of the mandibular body on the right side. Imaging exams revealed craniofacial areas with ground-glass aspect, beyond the extensive mandibular radiolucent lesion. During the physical exam, spots of the Café au lait type disposed on the right side of the body were identified, in addition to uncoordinated gait with distinct shortening of the right leg. Additional radiographic exams showed evidence of skeletal dissemination of the disease. The patient denied any sexual precocity, and the final diagnosis was fibrous dysplasia, expressed by means of the Jaffe-Lichtenstein syndrome, in association with a simple bone cyst.


Resumo As denominadas lesões fibro-ósseas dos maxilares constituem um grupo diversificado de desordens nas quais a arquitetura óssea normal é substituída por fibroblastos, fibras colágenas e osso imaturo. Atualmente a Organização Mundial de Saúde reconhece quatro variantes destas lesões, sendo elas: a displasia cemento-óssea, a displasia fibrosa, o fibroma ossificante e cementoma gigantiforme familiar. A displasia fibrosa pode ser apresentar na forma monostótica, acometendo um único osso ou a região craniofacial isoladamente, e a forma poliostótica, envolvendo dois ou mais ossos do esqueleto, com eventual associação com condições sindrômicas. Paciente C.P.G., 43 anos, procurou atendimento devido aumento volumétrico sintomático na região de corpo mandibular do lado direito. Exames imaginológicos revelaram áreas craniofaciais com aspecto de vidro fosco ou despolido, além de extensa lesão radiolúcida mandibular. Durante o exame físico foram identificadas manchas do tipo café com leite dispostas do lado direito do corpo, além de marcha descoordenada com nítido encurtamento da perna direita. Novos exames radiográficos evidenciaram a disseminação esquelética da doença. O paciente negou qualquer precocidade sexual e o diagnóstico final foi de displasia fibrosa, expressa por meio da síndrome de Jaffe-Linchtenstein, em associação com um cisto ósseo simples.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bone Cysts , Cementoma , Jaw Neoplasms , Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone , Facies , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes , Neutropenia
6.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(3): 262-269, ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1340625

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta un caso de un hombre de 31 años con fractura de fémur. Los estudios complementarios mostraron una imagen compatible con lesión quística. El primer estudio por biopsia de dicho quiste informó erróneamente un quiste simple. Se realizó una osteosíntesis con enclavado endomedular. El paciente tuvo una evolución tórpida asociada a imágenes líticas diafisarias y pérdida de la reducción de la fractura. Se retiró el material y se tomaron muestras del canal endomedular, cuyo cultivo reveló Pseudomonas aeruginosa y restos de quistes hidatídicos en la anatomía patológica. En nuestro centro, fue tratado por una seudoartrosis infectada secundaria a un quiste óseo hidatídico complicado. Se le colocó un megaespaciador de cemento con antibiótico y, luego, una prótesis total de fémur como tratamiento definitivo. El compromiso óseo es muy raro y de difícil diagnóstico, y puede llevar a una diseminación severa. Si bien no hay consenso ni tratamiento de elección para los casos graves, el reemplazo femoral total en dos tiempos representa una opción alentadora para conservar el miembro, con resultados satisfactorios a corto y mediano plazo.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient presenting a femoral fracture whose complementary studies revealed an image consistent with a cystic lesion. The first biopsy study of this cyst erroneously reported a simple cyst. Osteosynthesis with intramedullary nailing was performed. The patient had a poor postoperative course associated with diaphyseal osteolytic images and loss of fracture reduction. The material was removed and intramedullary canal specimens were taken, which were positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and revealed remains of hydatid cysts through pathologic examination. The patient was referred to our center for the treatment of an infected pseudarthrosis secondary to a complicated hydatid bone cyst. A two-stage procedure was performed. The first stage involved the placement of an antibiotic-impregnated cement mega-spacer and the second stage involved the implantation of a total femur prosthesis as definitive treatment. The bone hydatidosis involves a challenging diagnosis, is very rare, and can cause severe dissemination. While there is no consensus or gold standard treatment for severe cases, two-stage total femoral replacement represents an encouraging option for limb preservation, showing satisfactory short- and medium-term outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pseudarthrosis , Bone Cysts , Bone Diseases , Echinococcosis , Hip Prosthesis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827512

ABSTRACT

Decompression and curettage can result are effective as treatments for large jaw cysts, which are common diseases in the clinic. Based on a treatment used in a previous study, this paper proposes a "three-step method" to treat large jaw cyst and repair the bone defect by decompression, curettage, and autologous dental bone powder implantation. This paper introduces the processes and key points of the operation involved in the abovementioned method.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Bone Cysts , General Surgery , Bone Transplantation , Curettage , Humans , Jaw Cysts
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(5): 609-616, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057943

ABSTRACT

Abstract Patellar tumors are rare. Commonly benign, giant-cell tumors and chondroblastomas are the most frequent types of this tumor. Aneurysmal bone cysts are a less common type, corresponding to less than 1% of the cases. The authors present a case of a 23-year-old male patient who presented left patellar pain and swelling for two years. The radiographic images suggested tumoral causes, and the biopsy was negative for neoplasm. The treatment approach was a complete patellectomy, without complications. The imaging follow-up showed no recurrence.


Resumo Os tumores patelares são uma condição rara. Comumente benignos, o tumor de células gigantes e o condroblastoma são os tipos mais frequentes. O tipo menos comum entre os tumores patelares é o cisto ósseo aneurismático, que corresponde a menos de 1% dos casos. Os autores relatam o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 23 anos, com dor e aumento do volume da patela esquerda havia 2 anos. A radiologia sugeriu causas tumorais, e a biópsia foi negativa para neoplasia. A abordagem terapêutica escolhida foi uma patelectomia total, feita sem intercorrências. O acompanhamento com imagens não mostrou recorrência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Patella , Biopsy , Bone Cysts , Chondroblastoma , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal
9.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 19(2): 28-32, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254001

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O cisto residual é uma lesão de origem inflamatória, associada a uma falta de curetagem adequada do alvéolo de um dente que mostrou lesão inflamatória periapical. Quando não existe fonte de estímulo, tende a regredir, acometendo, frequentemente, o sexo masculino de idade média avançada e com um ou mais dentes extraídos. Relato de caso: Este trabalho tem como intuito apresentar um relato de caso de um paciente do sexo masculino com 69 anos de idade que procurou a Clínica Escola de Odontologia do Centro Universitário CESMAC, com uma fístula de drenos ativos na região anterior de maxila, sem abaulamento ou crescimento dos tecidos circundantes. Ao exame clínico intrabucal, foi observado ausência de todos os dentes superiores, com fístula e drenagem ativa, sem abaulamento das corticais. O exame radiográfico panorâmico mostrou presença de lesão radiolúcida, unilocular, circunscrita por halo radiopaco semelhante a cisto residual. A biópsia excisional foi conduzida com remoção da raiz residual, além de corpos estranhos introduzidos pelo paciente. Considerações Finais: Diante do exposto, deve-se dar importância ao assunto para alertar o cirurgião-dentista quanto ao correto diagnóstico diferencial das lesões ósseas com associação clínica, radiográfica e histopatológica, possibilitando o tratamento adequado e evitando a permanência e crescimento da lesão... (AU)


Introduction: The residual cyst is a lesion of inflammatory origin associated with a lack of adequate curettage of the alveolus of a tooth that showed periapical inflammatory lesion. When there is no source of stimulation, it tends to regress. It frequently affects males from middle to advanced age and with one or more extracted teeth. Case report: This case report a male patient, 69 year old who sought out the Clinical School of Dentistry of the Centro Universitário CESMAC, with a fistula of active drains in the anterior region of the maxilla, without bulging or growth of the surrounding tissues. Intraoral buccal examination showed absence of all upper teeth, with fistula and active drainage without cortical bulging. Panoramic radiographic examination showed the presence of a radiolucent, unilocular lesion, circumscribed by radiopaque halo as a cystic residue. Excisional biopsy was performed with residual root removal in addition to the wooden barb introduced by the patient. Final considerations: In view of the above, it was developed as a reference for the dental surgeon's warning regarding the differential diagnosis of the lesions with the clinical, radiographic and histopathological association, allowing adequate treatment and remaining and lesion growth... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Surgery, Oral , Bone Cysts , Odontogenic Cysts , Oral Surgical Procedures , Diagnosis, Differential , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Foreign Bodies , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 11(1): 79-83, Marzo 2019. Ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016377

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una neoplasia benigna que aparece con mayor frecuencia en la segunda década de vida. Clínicamente se presenta como una masa que produce dolor y deformidad de la extremidad afectada; radiológicamente se caracteriza por lesiones líticas con tabicaciones internas y abombamiento de la cortical. Se presenta un caso donde se realizó un aloinjerto estructural para el tratamiento de esta patología. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de sexo masculino, de 18 años de edad; con historia de 5 meses de evolución de dolor e impotencia funcional de extremidad inferior derecha; al examen físico se evidenció masa de 15 x 6 cm en tobillo derecho. La radiografía simple demostró una lesión lítica de tercio distal de peroné con adelgazamiento e insuflación de la cortical. El examen histopatológico fue positivo para células gigantes de tipo osteoclasto, cambios simplásticos, estroma miofibroblástico y extravasación eritrocitaria; datos compatibles con quiste óseo aneurismático. EVOLUCIÓN: Se realizó la resección en bloque de la masa tumoral del peroné, para la reconstrucción se utilizó un aloinjerto estructural más estabilización con placa de compresión dinámica y tornillo transindesmal; se realizó además una reconstrucción ligamentaria utilizando la técnica de Watson Jones. El paciente tuvo una evolución favorable, a los 16 meses del procedimiento se observó consolidación completa, además de una función articular conservada; no se evidenció recidiva en los 5 años posteriores de control. CONCLUSIÓN: El quiste óseo aneurismático es una patología benigna que siendo tratada en etapas iniciales, conlleva un mejor pronóstico y requiere de la realización de procedimientos quirúrgicos menos complejos. En pacientes con tumores de gran tamaño no es posible la realización de tratamientos convencionales; siendo la resección en bloque más la colocación de aloinjerto y estabilización ligamentaria, una alternativa terapéutica válida que permita preservar la extremidad.(ua)


BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign neoplasm that presents more frequently in the second decade of life. Clinically It manifests as a mass that causes pain and deformity of the affected limb; radiologically, it is characterized by lytic lesions with internal septations and bulging of the cortex. A case is presented where a structural allograft was performed for the treatment of this pathology. CASE REPORT: 18 year-old male patient, with 5 month history of pain and functional impotence of right lower extremity; physical examination revealed a 15 x 6 cm mass in right ankle. X-ray showed a lytic lesion in the distal third of the fibula, with thinning an insufflation of bone cortex. The histopathological report was positive for giant cells (osteoclast-like cells), symplastic changes, myofibroblastic stroma and erythrocyte extravasation; data compatible with aneurysmal bone cyst. EVOLUTION: An en-bloc resection of the fibular tumor was performed, for the reconstruction a structural allograft plus stabilization with dynamic compression plate and transindesmal screw was used; a ligament reconstruction was also performed using the Watson Jones technique. The patient had a favorable evolution, at 16 months complete consolidation in addition to a preserved joint function was observed; there was no recurrence in the 5 years after control. CONCLUSION: The aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign condition that if treated in initial stages, has a better prognosis and requires less complex surgical procedures. In patients with large tumors, conventional treatment is not possible; en bloc resection plus allograft placement and ligament stabilization, is a valid therapeutic alternative to save the limb.(au)


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Fibula , Allografts , Bone Cysts , Neoplasms
11.
São Paulo; HSPM; 2019.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SMS-SP, HSPM-Producao, SMS-SP | ID: biblio-1254756

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O cisto ósseo simples (COS) é uma lesão pseudotumoral, comum nas duas primeiras décadas da vida. O tratamento pode ser feito por diversas maneiras. O estudo atual teve por objetivo apresentar 2 formas de abordagem do tratamento do COS, pela infiltração com metilprednisolona; e pela infiltração com corticoide seguida de enxertia com biomaterial sintético. A escolha do método de tratamento pode variar desde a observação clínica, infiltrações, curetagem e enxertia com osso, ou com outro material de preenchimento da falha óssea. A escolha vai depender do acompanhamento clínico-radiográfico de cada caso. Palavras-chave: Cisto Ósseo Simples. Infiltração com Corticóide. Enxertia com biomaterial sintético (sulfato de cálcio e fosfato de cálcio)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Transplantation , Bone Cysts , Adrenal Cortex Hormones
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy of autogenous bone marrow injection and elastic intramedullary injection in the treatment of bone cyst in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2012 to December 2016, 56 children with simple bone cyst were divided into two groups: autogenous bone marrow blood injection group and elastic intramedullary needle group. There were 28 cases in the autogenous bone marrow blood injection group, 16 boys and 12 girls, aged (7.7±1.9) years old, 10 cases of proximal humerus, 8 cases of proximal femur, 6 cases of proximal tibia and 4 cases of femoral shaft. In the elastic intramedullary needle group, there were 28 cases, 18 boys and 10 girls, aged(7.5±2.2) years old, 11 cases of proximal humerus, 7 cases of proximal femur, 5 cases of proximal tibia, 4 cases of femoral shaft and 1 case of distal femur. The treatment effect was evaluated by Capanna standard.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, including 17 to 35(25.6±4.2) months in the elastic intramedullary needle group and 19 to 35(27.4±4.8) months in the autogenous marrow blood injection group. According to Capanna's evaluation standard of bone cyst, 27 patients in the elastic intramedullary needle group were treated effectively(25 patients cured, 2 patients healed but some remained lesions), 1 patients recurred, 0 patient had no response to treatment; 18 patients in the autogenous bone marrow blood injection group were treated effectively(13 patients cured, 5 patients healed but some remained lesions), 8 patients of cyst recurred, 2 patients had no response to treatment; the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(<0.01). The overall cure time was calculated by the follow-up of 25 cases in the elastic intramedullary injection group and 13 cases in the autogenous marrow blood injection group. The cure time was(20.2±3.5) months in the elastic intramedullary injection group and(27.7±4.9) months in the autogenous marrow blood injection group. The difference was statistically significant(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the treatment of bone cyst in children, the therapeutic effect of elastic intramedullary needle is better than that of autogenous bone marrow blood injection, and the cure time is shorter.


Subject(s)
Bone Cysts , Bone Marrow , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763998

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study reviewed the common conditions associated with displacement of inferior alveolar nerve canal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: General search engines and specialized databases including Google Scholar, Pub Med, Pub Med Central, Science Direct, and Scopus were used to find relevant studies by using keywords such as “mandibular canal”, “alveolar canal”, “inferior alveolar nerve canal”, “inferior dental canal”, “inferior mandibular canal” and “displacement”. RESULTS: About 120 articles were found, of which approximately 70 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 37 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest. When the data were compiled, the following 8 lesions were found to have a relationship with displacement of mandibular canal: radicular/residual cysts, dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, ameloblastoma, central giant cell granuloma, fibrous dysplasis, and cementossifying fibroma. CONCLUSION: When clinicians encounter a lesion associated with displaced mandibular canal, they should first consider these entities in the differential diagnosis. This review would help dentists make more accurate diagnoses and develop better treatment plans according to patients' radiographs.


Subject(s)
Ameloblastoma , Aneurysm , Bone Cysts , Dentigerous Cyst , Dentists , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fibroma , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Humans , Mandibular Nerve , Odontogenic Cysts , Odontogenic Tumors , Search Engine
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of autogenous iliac bone graft in treating osteochondral lesion of the talus with subchondral cyst.@*METHODS@#Twenty-two osteochondral lesion of talus patients with subchondral cyst were collected from January 2011 to December 2014, including 18 males and 4 females aged from 34 to 58 years old with an average of (46.4± 6.9) years old. All patients manifested pain and swelling of ankle joint, 7 patients manifested partially limited activity of ankle joint, 2 patients manifested unstable of ankle joint, and 2 patients manifested poor force line of foot. All lesions located on the medial side of talus dome. The area of cartilage injury ranged from 64 to 132(101.6±27.1) mm2, and diameter of subchondral cyst ranged from 9 to 15(10.5±1.8) mm. VAS score and AOFAS score were used to evaluate pain releases and recovery of ankle joint function before operation, 12 and 24 months after operation. Healing condition of autograft was assessed under arthroscopy after removal of internal fixation at 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 24 to 60 months with an average of(42.5±9.9) months. Postoperative MRI at 12 months showed autograft healed well but little cyst still seen. Bone grafting and talus healed well, and formation of fibrocartilage well under arthroscopy. Postoperative MRI at 24 months showed combination of bone grafting and surrounding bone well, and small cyst could seen but less than before. VAS score at 12 months after operation 2.8±0.8 was less than that of before operation 6.2±1.5, but had no differences compared with 24 months after operation 2.6 ±0.8 (>0.05). AOFAS score at 12 months after operation 83.0±5.6 was less than that of before operation 55.3±13.7, but had no differences compared with 24 months after operation 83.7±6.6(>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Autogenous iliac bone graft in treating osteochondral lesion of the talus with subchondral cyst could have a good synosteosis and fibrous cartilage on surface, and relieve clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle Joint , Arthroscopy , Bone Cysts , General Surgery , Bone Transplantation , Cartilage, Articular , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Talus , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773895

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of autologous bone marrow blood injection combined with elastic intramedullary needle implantation in the treatment of long bone cyst in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2010 to December 2015, 29 children with long bone cyst were treated with autologous bone marrow blood injection combined with elastic intramedullary nail implantation, including 22 males and 7 females, aged 2 to 12 years old with an average age of 7.7 years old, and the course of disease was 12 to 84 months. Among them, 17 cases were proximal humerus, 9 cases were proximal femur, 2 cases were distal femur and 1 case was proximal ulna. All children with bone cyst underwent preoperative X-ray examination and CT or MRI examination if necessary. After definite diagnosis, bone marrow blood injection combined with elastic intramedullary needle support and drainage were used as treatment methods. After operation, multiple X-ray examination and follow-up were carried out. The curative effect was evaluated with Capanna bone cyst treatment evaluation criteria.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-seven of 29 children were followed up for 12 to 60 months with an average of 31.8 months. According to the evaluation criteria of Capanna bone cyst, 26 cases were cured and 1 case was partially healed with residual lesions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Autologous bone marrow blood injection combined with elastic intramedullary needle has the characteristics of definite curative effect, high cure rate, fewer complications and objectively controllable treatment process for simple long bone cyst in children.


Subject(s)
Bone Cysts , Bone Marrow , Bone Nails , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Humerus , Male , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738418

ABSTRACT

Chondroblastoma is a rare benign tumor that produces giant cells and cartilage matrix. The tumor occurs in people between 10 and 25 years with slightly higher incidence in males. The condition occurs in the proximal epiphysis of the tibia and humerus, distal epiphysis of the femur, but its occurrence in the talus is relatively rare, accounting for 4% of the total number of chondroblastoma cases. Chondroblastoma is often misdiagnosed as a primary aneurysmal bone cyst, giant cell tumor, chondromyxoid, and lesion of a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst by fibrous dysplasia. The most commonly used surgical method for chondroblastoma is broad curettage with bone grafting. In general, an aneurysmal bone cyst is associated with a second degree chondroblastoma, which is approximately 20%. Chondroblastoma of the talus and secondary aneurysmal bone cysts can be misdiagnosed as primary aneurysmal bone cysts. This paper reports a case of a young male patient with chondroblastoma of the talus, which was initially misdiagnosed as an aneurysmal bone cyst with involvement of the talo-navicular joint.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Bone Cysts , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Bone Transplantation , Cartilage , Chondroblastoma , Curettage , Epiphyses , Femur , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Humerus , Incidence , Joints , Male , Methods , Talus , Tibia
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759354

ABSTRACT

Pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) is a rare benign condition that is locally aggressive and may destructively invade the surrounding soft tissues and bone causing functional loss of the joint and the limb. The knee is the most affected joint (range, 28% to 70%) but involvement of the bone is not a common feature seen at this site. We present a rare case of diffuse PVNS of the knee associated with subchondral cyst of the lateral femoral condyle. This posed a diagnostic dilemma because of bone invasion. The radiological image of synovitis was pathognomonic of PVNS but etiology of the osteolytic lesion was confirmed only on histopathology. The large osteochondral defect was eventually managed in a staged manner with bone grafting and osteochondral autograft transfer.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Bone Cysts , Bone Transplantation , Cartilage , Extremities , Joints , Knee , Synovitis , Synovitis, Pigmented Villonodular
18.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 18(2): 49-52, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254883

ABSTRACT

O Cisto Odontogênico Ortoceratinizado (COO) é um cisto de desenvolvimento que ocorre nos maxilares, com maior predileção pela região posterior da mandíbula, em pacientes jovens do gênero masculino. O COO é caracterizado radiograficamente como uma área radiolúcida, unilocular bem definida e identificado histologicamente pela presença de uma cavidade cística fibrosa, revestida por epitélio estratificado pavimentoso ortoceratinizado. O tratamento do COO geralmente conservador, consiste na enucleação associada à curetagem óssea. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso de COO localizado em mandíbula... (AU)


The Orthokeratinized Odontogenic Cyst (OOC) is a developmental cyst that occurs in the jaws, with a greater predilection in the posterior region of the mandible in young male patients. OOC is characterized radiographically as a well-defined radiolucent, unilocular area and histologically identified by the presence of a fibrous cystic cavity lined by orthokeratinized squamous epithelium. Treatment of OOC is usually conservative and consists of enucleation associated with bone curettage. The objective of this study is to report a case of OOC located in the mandible... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pathology, Oral , Bone Cysts , Jaw Diseases , Odontogenic Cysts , Oral Surgical Procedures , Bone and Bones , Jaw , Mandible
19.
Metro cienc ; 26(1): 27-32, jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-981563

ABSTRACT

El quiste óseo aneurismático es una lesión ósea benigna que se presenta a edad temprana; su comportamiento suele ser agresivo por lo cual, la resección quirúrgica y la prevención de su recidiva son los pilares fundamentales de el tratamiento. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 6 años de edad residente en Gualaceo, Ecuador, con masa de crecimiento progresivo y deformante en el codo izquierdo. Por las características de los exámenes de imagen y el cuadro sintomático se dignostica quiste óseo aneurismático que fue tratado con cirugía de resección intralesional y terapia adyuvante (fresado de alta velocidad, coagulación térmica y crioterapia). Se confirmó el diagnostico mediante el estudio histopatológico posquirúrgico


The aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign osseous lesion of presentation at an early age whose behavior is usually aggressive, so its surgical resection and the prevention of its recurrence is the fundamental pillar for the treatment. We present the case of a girl of 6 years of age living in Gualaceo, Ecuador, with a mass of progressive and deforming growth in the left elbow. By characteristics in the imaging tests and clinical picture it was considered as an aneurysmal bone cyst which was treated with intralesional resection surgery and adjuvant therapy (high speed burr, thermal coagulation and cryotherapy). The diagnosis was confirmed with postoperative histopathological study


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Bone Cysts , Cryotherapy , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal , Light Coagulation , Orthopedics
20.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 53(2): 257-265, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899264

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Osseous tumors of the hindfoot are not usual in the literature, the diagnosis in these cases is difficult and can often go unnoticed. Besides that, surgery and reconstruction are complicated due to the complexity of the local anatomy, which makes these lesions even more challenging for the orthopedic oncological professionals. On the following article two cases of aneurysmal bone cyst of the hindfoot are reported, as well as the alternatives and peculiarities in conducting these cases according to the oncological principles. When the subject are hindfoot tumor lesions, the early diagnosis is extremely important, as well as the proper staging and the management of the case by the orthopedic oncological professional according to oncological principles.


RESUMO Os tumores do retropé são raros na literatura, o diagnóstico é difícil e muitas vezes é feito pelo profissional menos experiente. Acrescente-se a isso o fato de o tratamento cirúrgico e a reconstrução serem complicados pela intrincada anatomia local. Essas lesões são desafiadoras para o ortopedista oncológico. Relatamos dois casos de cisto ósseo aneurismático do retropé e nossas opções e particularidades na condução deles de acordo com os princípios oncológicos. Nas lesões tumorais do retropé é importante a suspeita diagnóstica precoce, bem como o estadiamento adequado e a condução do caso de acordo com os princípios oncológicos, preferencialmente pelo ortopedista oncológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aneurysm , Bone Cysts , Bone Neoplasms , Foot Diseases
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