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2.
Actual. osteol ; 19(1): 18-29, ago. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1511400

ABSTRACT

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNA molecules that play critical roles in post-transcriptional gene regulation. They function by binding to target messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules, leading to their degradation or inhibiting their translation into proteins. In the context of skeletal diseases, such as osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, and bone metastasis, there is growing evidence osteoblastic miRNAs, are involved in the regulation of bone formation and maintenance.Osteoblasts are bone-forming cells responsible for synthesizing and depositing the extracellular matrix, which ultimately mineralizes to form bone tissue. Osteoblastic miRNAs modulate various aspects of osteoblast function, including proliferation, differentiation, mineralization, and apoptosis. Dysregulation of these miRNAs can disrupt the balance between bone formation and resorption, leading to skeletal diseases.The therapeutic implications of targeting osteoblastic miRNAs in skeletal diseases are significant. Modulating the expression levels of specific miRNAs holds promise for developing novel therapeutic strategies to enhance bone formation, prevent bone loss, and promote bone regeneration. Potential therapeutic approaches include the use of synthetic miRNA mimics to restore miRNA expression in diseases associated with miRNA downregulation or the use of anti-miRNA oligonucleotides to inhibit miRNA function in diseases associated with miRNA upregulation.miRNA-based therapies are still in the early stages of development, and further research is needed to fully understand the complexity of miRNA networks. Additionally, the delivery of miRNAs to specific target tissues and cells remains a challenge that needs to be addressed for effective clinical translation. Nonetheless, targeting osteoblastic miRNAs represents a promising avenue for future therapeutic interventions in skeletal diseases. (AU)


Los micro-ARNs (miARNss) son pequeños ARN no codificantes que desempeñan un papel fundamental en la regulación génica postranscripcional. Ejercen su función al unir-se a moléculas de ARN mensajero (ARNm), promoviendo su degradación e inhibiendo su traducción en proteínas. En el contexto de las enfermedades esqueléticas, como la osteoporosis, la osteoartritis y la metástasis ósea existe evidencia de que los miARNs osteoblásticos están involucrados en la regulación de la formación y del mantenimiento óseo. Los osteoblastos son células formadoras de hueso responsables de sintetizar y depositar la matriz extracelular, que finalmente se mineraliza para formar el hueso. Los miARNs derivados de osteoblastos modulan varios aspectos de la función de estas células, incluida la proliferación, diferenciación, mineralización y la apoptosis. La desregulación de estos miARNs puede alterar el equilibrio entre la formación y la resorción ósea, lo que lleva a enfermedades óseas. Las implicaciones terapéuticas de los miARNs osteoblásticos en enfermedades esqueléticas son significativas. La modulación de los niveles de expresión de miARNs específicos es prometedora para desarrollar nuevas estrate-gias terapéuticas a fin de mejorar la formación, prevenir la pérdida y promover la regeneración ósea. Los enfoques terapéuticos potenciales incluyen el uso de miméticos de miARNs para restaurar la expresión de miARNs o el uso de oligonucleótidos anti-miARNs para inhibir su función. Las terapias basadas en miARNs aún se encuentran en las primeras etapas de desarrollo. La administración de miARNs a las células y los tejidos específicos sigue siendo un desafío para lograr una aplicación clínica eficaz. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoblasts/cytology , Osteogenesis/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteoclasts/cytology , Bone Diseases/prevention & control , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation , MicroRNAs/biosynthesis , MicroRNAs/physiology , MicroRNAs/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 30(1)mar. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536227

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The objective was to adapt and valídate in a culturally sensitive way the methodology of the community-oriented programme for the control of rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) in the indigenous Misak community of Colombia. Material and methods: A culturally sensitive validation of the COPCORD questionnaire in Spanish was carried out, translating into the nam trik wam language used by the Misak community of Guambia town. It was adapted to the context of this population and later a back-translation to Spanish was carried out. Finally, it was validated applying the survey with the support of bilingual translators. Participants with pain, stiffness or swelling in any joint in the previous 7 days and/or at any time in life were evaluated by physicians and physiotherapists and were then, upon confirming the diagnosis of a musculoskeletal disorder, subsequently examined by a rheumatologist. Results: In this population (n = 106), 58.5% were women with an average age of 45.5 years. In the last 7 days, 51 subjects (48.1%) reported having musculoskeletal pain and 7 (44.3%) reported pain at some time in their life. Of those who received treatment, 53.1% reported using traditional medicine, 34.4% homeopathic treatment, and 25% allopathic treatment. The COPCORD Misak demonstrated an adequate capacity to detect musculoskeletal disorders, with a sensitivity of 63.3% and a specificity of 80.3%, with a positive likelihood ratio of 3.2, and area under the curve of.71. Conclusion: The COPCORD methodology is a valid screening tool to detect musculoskeletal disorders in the Misak community.


Introducción: El objetivo fue adaptar y validar, de forma culturalmente sensible, la metodología del Programa orientado a la comunidad para el control de enfermedades reumáticas (COPCORD) en la comunidad indígena misak de Colombia. Material y métodos: Se realizó una validación culturalmente sensible del cuestionario Copcord en español, que se tradujo al nam trik wam, lengua usada por el pueblo misak del resguardo de Guambia. El cuestionario se adecuó al contexto de esta población y posteriormente se llevó a cabo una retrotraducción al español. Por último, se validó aplicando la encuesta con el apoyo de traductores bilingües. Los participantes con dolor, rigidez o hinchazón en cualquier articulación en los siete días previos, o en cualquier momento de la vida, fueron evaluados por médicos y fisioterapeutas. Al confirmarse el diagnóstico de una enfermedad musculoesquelética los participantes eran examinados por un reumatólogo. Resultados: De la población estudiada (n = 106) el 58,5% fueron mujeres, con una edad promedio de 45,4 arios. En los últimos siete días, 51 sujetos (48,1%) informaron tener dolor musculoesquelético y siete (44,3%) refirieron dolor en algún momento de su vida. Quienes recibieron tratamiento reportaron el uso de medicamentos tradicionales en un 53,1% de los casos, homeopáticos en el 34,4% y alopáticos en el 25%. El cuestionario COPCORD Misak demostró una adecuada capacidad para detectar los trastornos musculoesqueléticos, con una sensibilidad del 63,3%, una especificidad del 80,3%, una razón de verosimilitud positiva de 3,2 y un área bajo la curva de 0,71. Conclusión: La metodología COPCORD es una herramienta válida de cribado de enfermedades musculoesqueléticas en el pueblo misak.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Diseases , Rheumatic Diseases , Musculoskeletal Diseases
4.
Rev. ADM ; 80(1): 52-56, ene.-feb. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512466

ABSTRACT

El uso de bifosfonatos es un excelente tratamiento para pacientes con artritis reumatoide y enfermedades óseas, por ejemplo, osteoporosis. Se realiza un reporte de caso de paciente femenino, quien estuvo bajo consumo de este fármaco por prescripción de su médico para la prevención de artritis reumatoide postmenopausia. La paciente acude a consulta para la colocación de implantes en zona desdentada y comenta haber terminado el tratamiento de bifosfonatos hace un año. Se tomaron pruebas de diagnóstico y se realizó la colocación de implantes sin ninguna complicación. Sus citas de control fueron más frecuentes en cuatro meses, sobre todo por el detalle de consumo de bifosfonatos, pero en ninguna cita hubo algún detalle alarmante, la cicatrización iba en forma. Se dio de alta a la paciente después de sus citas periódicas y de asegurar su buena cicatrización a un implante bien situado (AU))


The use of bisphosphonates is an excellent treatment for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and bone diseases such as osteoporosis. Here is a case report of a female patient, who was under consumption of this drug by prescription of her doctor for the prevention of post-menopausal rheumatoid arthritis. The patient went to the consultation for the placement of implants in the edentulous area and comments having finished the bisphosphonate treatment one year ago. The diagnostic tests were taken, and the implant placement was performed well without any complications. The control appointments were more frequent in four months, especially due to the detail of bisphosphonate consumption, but in no appointment, there were any alarming details, the healing was in good shape. The patient discharged after her regular appointments and to ensure that she was healing well and that implant was well placed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/complications , Patient Care Planning , Bone Diseases/drug therapy , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 952-956, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535618

ABSTRACT

Abstract Vertebral hemangioma is a benign vascular tumor that is usually asymptomatic and is discovered incidentally on imaging. When symptomatic, the most frequent presentation occursinthe formofvague back painofinsidiousonset and,inrare cases, maybeassociated with root or spinal compression, causing sensory and motor deficits. The authors report the case of a 33-year-old man, previously healthy, with a diagnosis of thoracic spine hemangio-ma at multiple levels, in the sternum, in the scapula and in the costal arches; all lesions were symptomatic,and surgicalinterventionwas required; oneof thelesionsatthe thoracicspine level evolved with spinal compression and acute neurological deficit, requiring urgent surgical intervention. Intraosseoushemangiomas represent<1%ofall bonetumors, having few reports of multifocal presentation in the axial and appendicular skeleton. In the literature review, no other case of aggressive multifocal intraosseous hemangioma with this presentation was found, including associated neurological symptoms in the same case.


Resumo O hemangioma vertebral, um tumor vascular benigno, geralmente é assintomático e descoberto incidentalmente em exames de imagem. Quando sintomático, a apresentação mais frequente ocorre sob a forma de dorsalgia vaga de início insidioso e, em raros casos, pode estar associadoa compressão radicularoumedular, causando déficit sensitivo emotor. Osautores relatamocasodeumhomemde33anos, previamentehígido, com diagnósticos de hemangioma na coluna torácica em múltiplos níveis, no esterno, na escápula e nos arcos costais; todas as lesões eram sintomáticas e houve necessidade de intervenção cirúrgica, sendo que uma das lesões ao nível da coluna torácica evoluiu com compressão medular e déficit neurológico agudo, com necessidade de intervenção cirúrgica de urgência. Os hemangiomas intraósseos representam<1% detodosostumores ósseos,eaapresentação multifocal no esqueleto axial e apendicular apresenta poucos relatos. Na revisão bibliográfica, não foi encontrado outro caso dehemangioma intraósseo multifocal agressivo com tal apresentação, inclusive com sintomas neurológicos associados em um mesmo caso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Spinal Diseases , Bone Diseases/drug therapy , Hemangioma
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 170-178, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971120

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in myeloma bone disease (MBD) and its effect on osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs.@*METHODS@#BMSCs were isolated from bone marrow of five patients with multiple myeloma (MM) (MM group) and five with iron deficiency anemia (control group) for culture and identification. The expression of PKM2 protein were compared between the two groups. The differences between osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs were assessed by using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and oil red O staining, and detecting marker genes of osteogenesis and adipogenesis. The effect of MM cell line (RPMI-8226) and BMSCs co-culture on the expression of PKM2 was explored. Functional analysis was performed to investigate the correlations of PKM2 expression of MM-derived BMSCs with osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation by employing PKM2 activator and inhibitor. The role of orlistat was explored in regulating PKM2 expression, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with control, MM-originated BMSCs possessed the ability of increased adipogenic and decreased osteogenic differentiation, and higher level of PKM2 protein. Co-culture of MM cells with BMSCs markedly up-regulated the expression of PKM2 of BMSCs. Up-regulation of PKM2 expression could promote adipogenic differentiation and inhibit osteogenic differentiation of MM-derived BMSCs, while down-regulation of PKM2 showed opposite effect. Orlistat significantly promoted osteogenic differentiation in MM-derived BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2.@*CONCLUSION@#The overexpression of PKM2 can induce the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs in MBD. Orlistat can promote the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via inhibiting the expression of PKM2, indicating a potential novel agent of anti-MBD therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipogenesis , Bone Diseases/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Orlistat/pharmacology , Osteogenesis/genetics
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1539-1550, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980814

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Patellofemoral joint (PFJ) degeneration has traditionally been regarded as a contraindication to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). More recently, some researchers have proposed that PFJ degeneration can be ignored in medial UKA, and others have proposed that this change should be reviewed in PFJ degenerative facets and severity. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the effect of PFJ degeneration on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and revision rates after medial UKA.@*METHODS@#Electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, etc.) were searched for studies assessing the influence of PFJ degeneration on medial UKA. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted for the Oxford knee score (OKS), Knee society score (KSS), and revision rates and stratified by PFJ degenerative facets (medial/lateral/trochlear/unspecified), severe PFJ degeneration (bone exposed), and bearing type (mobile/fixed). Heterogeneity was assessed by the Cochran Q test statistic and chi-squared tests with the I-squared statistic.@*RESULTS@#A total of 34 articles with 7007 knees (2267 with PFJ degeneration) were included (5762 mobile-bearing and 1145 fixed-bearing and 100 unspecified). Slight to moderate degenerative changes in the medial and trochlear facets did not decrease the OKS and KSS, and only lateral facets significantly decreased the OKS (mean difference [MD] = -2.18, P   <  0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.61, P   <  0.01). The severity degree of PFJ degeneration had no additional adverse effect on the OKS, KSS, or revision rates. For mobile-bearing UKA, only lateral PFJ degeneration significantly decreased the OKS (MD = -2.21, P  < 0.01) and KSS (MD = -2.44, P  < 0.01). For fixed-bearing UKA, no correlation was found between PROMs/revision rates and PFJ degeneration.@*CONCLUSION@#For medial mobile-bearing UKA, slight to moderate degenerative changes in the PFJ, except lateral facet, did not compromise PROMs or revision rates. For medial fixed-bearing UKA, although it might not be conclusive enough, PROMs or revision rates were not adversely affected by PFJ degeneration (regardless of the facet).


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Knee Prosthesis , Bone Diseases , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1042-1048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the regulatory effect of non-coding RNA (ncRNA) on type H vessels angiogenesis of bone.@*METHODS@#Recent domestic and foreign related literature about the regulation of ncRNA in type H vessels angiogenesis was widely reviewed and summarized.@*RESULTS@#Type H vessels is a special subtype of bone vessels with the ability to couple bone formation. At present, the research on ncRNA regulating type H vessels angiogenesis in bone diseases mainly focuses on microRNA, long ncRNA, and small interfering RNA, which can affect the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor 1α, platelet derived growth factor BB, slit guidance ligand 3, and other factors through their own unique ways of action, thus regulating type H vessels angiogenesis and participating in the occurrence and development of bone diseases.@*CONCLUSION@#At present, the mechanism of ncRNA regulating bone type H vessels angiogenesis has been preliminarily explored. With the deepening of research, ncRNA is expected to be a new target for the diagnosis and treatment of vascular related bone diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding , Bone Diseases/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Small Interfering
10.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(4)oct.-dic. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536209

ABSTRACT

Kummel's disease is a crush fracture of a vertebral body caused by a minor trauma, with the most accepted etiology being avascular necrosis. It is more frequent in individuals with risk factors such as osteoporosis or prolonged treatment with corticosteroids. Initially, it usually has normal radiological tests and an asymptomatic period, followed by a progressive onset of pain along with probable kyphosis and a sign of void or fluid abscess on radiological tests, which may create nerve/spinal involvement. The case is presented of a 76-year-old man, who was admitted to this center for the differential diagnosis of a single vertebral lesion. After imaging tests and biopsy, the definitive diagnosis of Kummel's disease was reached. The confirmatory diagnosis was reached by vertebral biopsy, but given its invasive nature, imaging techniques can play a significant role. As regards metabolic imaging tests, bone scintigraphy has shown to be one of the most sensitive tools to detect ischemia in earlier stages or to determine if it affects other locations. The whole body scan with diphosphonates shows an increase in activity in relation to bone remodeling activity in this condition. The 3-phase study makes it possible to differentiate whether it is an acute/subacute or chronic process, and can influence the therapeutic decision. Knowledge of this disease is important to make a differential diagnosis with tumour or infectious pathology, with emphasis on performing imaging tests in the event of persistent pain with a normal initial plaque.


La enfermedad de Kummel es una fractura-aplastamiento de un cuerpo vertebral precedida por un traumatismo menor, cuya etiología más aceptada es la necrosis avascular. Es más frecuente en individuos con factores de riesgo como osteoporosis o tratamiento prolongado con corticoides. Inicialmente, suele presentar pruebas radiológicas normales y un periodo asintomático, con aparición progresiva del dolor junto a probable cifosis y signo del vacío o absceso líquido en las pruebas radiológicas, pudiendo llegar a crear compromiso nervioso/medular. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 76 arios que ingresa en nuestro centro para el diagnóstico diferencial de una lesión única vertebral; tras la realización de las pruebas de imagen y biopsia se llega al diagnóstico definitivo de enfermedad de Kummel. El diagnóstico de confirmación de esta enfermedad se alcanza mediante la biopsia vertebral, pero dada su naturaleza invasiva, las técnicas de imagen toman un papel relevante. En relación con las pruebas de imagen metabólicas, la gammagrafía ósea ha demostrado ser una de las herramientas más sensibles para detectar isquemia en fases más tempranas o para conocer si afecta a otras localizaciones. El rastreo corporal de cuerpo completo con difosfonatos muestra un aumento de actividad en relación con la actividad ósea remodelativa en este cuadro. El estudio de tres fases permite diferenciar si se trata de un proceso agudo/subagudo o crónico, lo que influye en la decisión terapéutica. Es importante el conocimiento de esta enfermedad para realizar diagnóstico diferencial con patología tumoral o infecciosa e insistir en la realización de pruebas de imagen ante la persistencia del dolor con una placa inicial normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bone Diseases , Radionuclide Imaging , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Embryophyta , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Carum , Diagnosis , Eukaryota , Femur Head Necrosis
11.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(2): 113-124, Apr.-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423914

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Axial spondyloarthritis is a rheumatic condition affecting young patients with social and occupational consequences. Diagnosis delay is associated with functional impairment and impact on quality of life, requiring a multidisciplinary approach. Objective: To develop a set of recommendations based on the best available evidence for the early detection, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of adult patients with axial spondy-loarthritis. Methods: A working group was established, questions were developed, outcomes were graded, and a systematic search for evidence was conducted. A multidisciplinary panel of members was established (including patient representatives), minimizing bias in relation to conflicts of interest. The GRADE approach "Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation" was used to assess the quality of the evidence as well as the direction and strength of recommendations. In total, 11 recommendations on diagnosis (n=2), pharmacological treatment (n=6), non-pharmacological treatment (n=2) and monitoring (n=1) are presented. Results: Sacroiliac joint radiography as the first diagnostic method, and the use of disease activity scales for patient monitoring (ASDAS or BASDAI), are recommended. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the first treatment option; in case of intolerance or residual pain, acetaminophen or opioids are recommended. In patients with axial involvement, it is recommended not to use conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs or systemic or local glucocorticoids. In patients with failure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-TNF or anti-IL17A are recommended. In those patients presenting with anti-TNF failure, starting an anti-IL17A is recommended. Exercise, physical and occupational therapy are recommended as part of treatment. It is recommended not to use unconventional therapies as the only treatment option. Conclusions: This set of recommendations provides an updated guideline for the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of patients with axial spondyloarthritis.


RESUMEN Introducción: La espondiloartritis axial es una enfermedad reumatológica que afecta a individuos jóvenes y tiene una gran repercusión sociolaboral. El retraso en el diagnóstico y el tratamiento se asocia con un mayor deterioro funcional y un impacto negativo en la calidad de vida, por lo que requiere un abordaje multidisciplinario. Objetivo: Desarrollar y formular un conjunto de recomendaciones específicas basadas en la mejor evidencia disponible para la detección temprana, el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y el seguimiento de los pacientes adultos con espondiloartritis axial. Métodos: Se configuró un grupo desarrollador, se formularon preguntas clínicas contestables, se graduaron los desenlaces y se realizó la búsqueda sistemática de la evidencia. El panel de la guía fue multidisciplinario (incluyendo representantes de los pacientes) y balanceado, minimizando el sesgo por conflictos de intereses. Se utilizó la aproximación Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) para evaluar la calidad de la evidencia, al igual que la dirección y la fortaleza de las recomendaciones. Se presentan 11 recomendaciones relacionadas con diagnóstico (n = 2), tratamiento farmacológico (n = 6), tratamiento no farmacológico (n = 2) y seguimiento (n = 1). Resultados: Se recomienda la radiografía de articulaciones sacroilíacas como primer método diagnóstico, y el uso de escalas de actividad para el seguimiento de los pacientes (ASDAS o BASDAI). Los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos son la primera opción de tratamiento; en caso de intolerancia o dolor residual se recomienda acetaminofén u opioides. En pacientes con compromiso axial se recomienda abstenerse de utilizar medicamentos antirreumáticos modificadores de la enfermedad convencionales ni glucocorticoides sistémicos o locales. En pacientes con falla a los antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, se recomienda un anti-TNFα o un anti-IL17A. En pacientes con falla a anti-TNFα, se recomienda iniciar un anti-IL17A. El ejercicio y la terapia física y ocupacional se recomiendan como parte del tratamiento. Se recomienda no utilizar las terapias no convencionales como única opción de tratamiento. Conclusiones: Este conjunto de recomendaciones proporciona una guía actualizada sobre el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la espondiloartritis axial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Diseases , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Spondylarthritis
12.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(2): e506, abr.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1409062

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Hydrokinesitherapy is a rehabilitation method used for the treatment of different types of orthopedic, neurological, respiratory problems, etc. However, the existing literature presents not so much evidence regarding the greater efficacy of water treatment compared to dry treatment in patients with post-traumatic outcomes. Objective: Through the administration of a questionnaire, we tried to investigate the rehabilitation experience of hydrokinetic therapists (trained with the so-called Sequential and Preparatory Approach) in order to understand hydrokinesitherapy areas and methods of proper application based on experts' opinion. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2020 by administering a questionnaire to physiotherapists trained in hydrokinesitherapy according to the Sequential and Preparatory Approach method, with the aim to investigate their opinion on the use of hydrokinesitherapy in patients with various orthopedic-traumatological problems. Microsoft FORMS® platform was used for the administration of the questionnaire. Results: Sixty-two users participated in the study. From their answers emerged that the use of hydrokinesitherapy is not recommended for the treatment of post-traumatic hypersensitization of peri-lesional tissues (hypersensitive scars; general hypersensitization) and neuropathic syndromes (of the upper and lower limbs). Conclusions: The data obtained from administering the questionnaire were not sufficient to create a specific path to define the appropriateness of hydrokinesitherapy for some orthopedic-traumatological problems but could be considered a good starting point on which to build future developments through further studies.


RESUMEN Introducción: La terapia hidrocinética es un método rehabilitador utilizado para el tratamiento de diferentes tipos de problemas ortopédicos, neurológicos, respiratorios, entre otros. Sin embargo, en la literatura existente no abundan evidencias en cuanto a la mayor eficacia del tratamiento con agua en comparación con el tratamiento seco en pacientes con resultados traumáticos. Objetivo: A través de un cuestionario, se intentó investigar la experiencia de rehabilitación de los terapeutas hidrocinéticos (entrenados con el llamado Enfoque Secuencial y Preparatorio) para comprender las áreas de la terapia hidrocinética y los métodos de aplicación adecuados con base en la opinión de expertos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en el año 2020 mediante la administración de un cuestionario a fisioterapeutas formados en la terapia hidrocinética según el método de Abordaje Secuencial y Preparatorio, con el objetivo de averiguar su opinión sobre el uso de la terapia hidrocinética en pacientes con diversos problemas ortopédico-traumatológicos. Se utilizó la plataforma Microsoft FORMS® para la administración del cuestionario. Resultados: Sesenta y dos usuarios participaron en el estudio. De sus respuestas surgió que no se recomienda el uso de la terapia hidrocinética para el tratamiento de la hipersensibilización postraumática de los tejidos perilesionales (cicatrices hipersensibles; hipersensibilización general) y síndromes neuropáticos (de miembros superiores e inferiores). Conclusiones: Los datos obtenidos del cuestionario no fueron suficientes para crear una ruta específica que defina la idoneidad de la terapia hidrocinética para algunos problemas ortopédicos-traumatológicos, pero podría considerarse un buen punto de partida para construir futuros desarrollos a través de estudios adicionales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/therapy , Bone Diseases/therapy , Hydrotherapy/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(1): 31-37, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423901

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Spondyloarthritis is a group of chronic inflammatory diseases. Several factors of the disease remain unknown, including clinical and radiological behavior, the demographic characteristics and burden of disease in Colombian patients. Objective: To characterize the demographic aspects, the clinical and paraclinical behaviour, and the therapeutic requirements of a cohort of patients with spondyloarthritis followed-up in the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2017. Methodology: Cohort study. The population was characteriszed using descriptive statistics, qualitative variables using simple and relative frequencies, and quantitative variables using means and standard deviation or medians with their interquartile ranges. Results: The cohort consisted of 181 patients, 100 men (54.9%) and 81 women (44.5%). Just under one half (45.1%) had ankylosing spondylitis, 18.1% undifferentiated spondyloarthritis, 17.1% psoriatic arthropathy, 14.8% reactive arthritis, and 4.4% inflammatory bowel disease. More than two-thirds (69.8%) of the patients had peripheral manifestations, and 67% had axial. A positive HLAB27 was observed in 55.6% of patients. The MRI showed acute and chronic changes in the sacroiliac in 69% and 37%, respectively, with radiological sacroiliitis being observed in 59.5% of cases. The large majority (91.1%) of the patients were treated with PII of original article: S0121-8123(21)00018-9 NSAIDs, 60.1% with sulfasalazine, 43.4% with COX2 inhibitors, and 33.7% with methotrexate. TNFa inhibitors were required by 56.6% of the subjects 3 years after the onset of symptoms. The most commonly used biological drugs were Adalimumab (31.1%), etanercept (21.7%), infliximab (13.1%), golimumab 6.1%, and certolizumab 0.5%. Conclusions: Ourpopulation was characterized by a high activity and functional compromise demonstrated by the high scores of BASDAI and BASFI, and because 56.6% of the patients required anti-TNFa agents.


RESUMEN Introducción: Las espondiloartritis son un grupo de enfermedades inflamatorias crónicas. Se desconoce su comportamiento en nuestro medio, al igual que el comportamiento clínico y radiológico, las características demográficas y la carga de enfermedad en los pacientes colombianos. Objetivos: Caracterizar los aspectos demográficos, el comportamiento clínico y paraclínico y los requerimientos terapéuticos de la cohorte de pacientes con espondiloartritis seguidos en el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe desde el 1.° de enero del 2005 hasta el día 31 de diciembre del 2017. Metodología: Estudio de cohorte. La población se caracterizó mediante estadística descrip tiva, las variables cualitativas mediante frecuencias simples y relativas, en tanto que para las cuantitativas se emplearon medias y desviación estándar o medianas con sus rangos intercuartílicos. Resultados: La cohorte está constituida por 181 pacientes, 100 hombres (54,9%) y 81 mujeres (44,5%). El 45,1% tenía espondilitis anquilosante, el 18,1% espondiloartritis indiferenciada, el 17,1% artropatía psoriásica, el 14,8% artritis reactiva y el 4,4% enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal. El 69,8% de los pacientes tenía manifestaciones periféricas y el 67% axiales. El 55,6% de los pacientes tuvo HLAB27 positivo. La RMN mostró cambios agudos y crónicos en las sacroilíacas en el 69% y 37%, respectivamente; en el 59,5% de los casos se observó sacroileítis radiológica. el 91,1% de los pacientes se trató con AINE, el 60,1% con sulfasa lazina, el 43,4% con inhibidores COX2 y el 33,7% con metotrexato. El 56,6% de los sujetos requirió inhibidores-TNFa 3 arios después del inicio de los síntomas. Los biológicos más uti lizados fueron adalimumab (31,1%), etanercept (21,7%), infliximab (13,1%), golumimab (6,1%) y certolizumab (0,5%). Conclusiones: Nuestra población se caracterizó por una alta actividad y gran compromiso funcional, lo que se refleja en altos puntajes de Basdai y Basfi y en que el 56,6% de los pacientes requirió agentes anti-TNFa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Diseases , Biological Factors , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Spondylarthritis , Antigens
14.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 29(1): 44-56, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423903

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Peripheral spondylarthritis is a chronic Inflammatory disease whose clinical presentation is related to the presence of arthritis, enthesitis and/or dactylitis. This term is used interchangeably with some of its subtypes such as psoriatic arthritis, reactive arthritis, and undifferentiated spondyloarthritis. Objective: To develop and formulate a set of specific recommendations based on the best available evidence for the diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of adult patients with peripheral spondyloarthritis. Methods: A working group was established, clinical questions were formulated, outcomes were graded, and a systematic search for evidence was conducted. The guideline panel was multidisciplinary (including patient representatives) and balanced. Following the for mal expert consensus method, the GRADE methodology "Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation" was used to assess the quality of the evidence and generate the recommendations. The clinical practice guideline includes ten recommendations related to monitoring of disease activity (n = 1) and treatment (n = 9). Results: In patients with peripheral spondyloarthritis, the use of methotrexate or sulfasalazine as the first line of treatment is suggested, and local injections of glucocorticoids are conditionally recommended. In patients with failure to cDMARDs, an anti TNFα or an anti IL17A is recommended. In case of failure to bDMARDs, it is suggested to use another bDMARD or JAK inhibitor. In patients with peripheral spondylarthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease, it is recommended to start treatment with cDMARDs; in the absence of response, the use of an anti TNFα over an anti-IL-17 or an anti-IL-12-23 is recom mended as a second line of treatment. In patients with psoriatic arthritis, the combined use of methotrexate with a bDMARD is conditionally recommended for optimization of dosing. To assess disease activity in Psoriatic Arthritis, the use of DAPSA or MDA is suggested for patient monitoring. Conclusions: This set of recommendations provides an updated guideline on the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral spondyloarthritis.


RESUMEN Antecedentes: La espondiloartritis periférica es una patología Inflamatoria crónica cuya presentación clínica está determinada por la presencia de artritis, entesitis y/o dactilitis. Este término se utiliza indistintamente con algunos de sus subtipos como artritis psoriásica, artritis reactiva y espondiloartritis indiferenciada. Objetivo: Desarrollar y formular un conjunto de recomendaciones específicas basadas en la mejor evidencia disponible para el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y el seguimiento de pacientes adultos con espondiloartritis periférica. Métodos: Se constituyó un grupo desarrollador, se formularon preguntas clínicas, se graduaron los desenlaces y se realizó la búsqueda sistemática de la evidencia. El panel de la guía fue multidisciplinario (incluyendo representantes de los pacientes) y balanceado. Siguiendo el método de consenso formal de expertos, se utilizó la metodología GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) para para evaluar la calidad de la evidencia y generar las recomendaciones. La guía de práctica clínica incluye 10 recomendaciones: una sobre seguimiento de la actividad de la enfermedad y nueve sobre tratamiento. Resultados: En pacientes con espondiloartritis periférica se sugiere usar metotrexato o sulfasalazina como primera línea de tratamiento y se recomienda en forma condicional la inyección local de glucocorticoides. En los pacientes que fallan a cDMARDs, se recomienda iniciar un anti TNFα o un anti IL17A. Ante falla terapéutica a la primera línea con bDMARDs, se sugiere usar otro bDMARD o un inhibidor JAK. En pacientes con espondiloartritis periférica y enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal asociada, se recomienda iniciar tratamiento con cDMARDs; en ausencia de respuesta, se recomienda el uso de un anti TNFα sobre un anti IL-17 o un anti IL-12-23 como segunda línea de tratamiento. En pacientes con artritis psoriásica se recomienda, de forma condicional, el uso combinado de metotrexato con bDMARD para favorecer la optimización de la dosis de estos. Para evaluar la actividad de la enfermedad en artritis psoriásica, se sugiere el uso del DAPSA o MDA para el seguimiento de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Este conjunto de recomendaciones proporcionan una guía actualizada sobre el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la espondiloartritis periférica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Diseases , Bone Diseases , Musculoskeletal Diseases , Spondylarthritis
15.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 37(86): 1-13, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414971

ABSTRACT

La evidencia científica presente en la literatura indica que el cannabis puede ser utilizado con fines terapéuticos para tratar distintas afecciones odontológicas. Dado el acceso sencillo a la cavidad bucal, las distintas formulaciones de cannabis pueden aplicarse de forma tópica. La aplicación local de dosis bajas de cannabis ha demostrado alta efectividad para tratar distintas afecciones bucales, constituyendo un tratamiento seguro con baja probabilidad de generar repercusiones sistémicas indeseadas. En la actualidad, está siendo incorporado a materiales convencionales de uso e higiene odontológica con la finalidad de aprovechar sus efectos terapéuticos. El cannabis tiene múltiples usos en odontología: como componen-te de enjuagues bucales y soluciones para la desinfección de conductos radiculares, en tratamientos de trastornos de ansiedad bucal, como complemento en terapias oncológicas, como analgésico para atenuar el dolor inflamatorio y el neuropático, como miorrelajante y condroprotector para tratar trastornos de articulación témporomandibular (ATM) y bruxismo, como osteomodulador para el tratamiento de patologías que comprometen la integridad ósea, como la enfermedad periodontal y la osteoporosis, y para la cicatrización ósea asociada a fracturas, extracciones dentarias e implantes, y como inmunomodulador con potencial terapéutico para tratar patologías autoinmunes como las enfermedades reumáticas. El trata-miento local con cannabis es efectivo, bien tolerado por el paciente y con pocos efectos adversos. Por lo tanto, se puede concluir que el cannabis aporta un enorme abanico de posibilidades terapéuticas para tratar distintas afecciones odontológicas, aunque aún se requiere mayor cantidad de estudios científicos que avalen su utilización en cada situación fisiopatológica particular (AU)


The scientific evidence present in the literature indicates that cannabis can be used for therapeutic purposes to treat different dental conditions. Given the easy access to the oral cavity, the different cannabis formulations can be applied topically. The local application of low doses of cannabis has shown high effectiveness in treating different oral conditions, constituting a safe treatment with a low probability of generating unwanted systemic repercussions. It is currently being incorporated into conventional materials for dental use and hygiene in order to take advantage of its therapeutic effects. Cannabis has multiple uses in dentistry: as a component of mouthwashes and solutions for disinfecting root canals, in the treatment of oral anxiety disorders, as a complement in oncological therapies, as an analgesic to reduce inflammatory and neuropathic pain, as a muscle relaxant and chondroprotective to treat temporomandibular joint disorders and bruxism, as an osteomodulator for the treatment of pathologies that compromise bone integrity, such as periodontal disease and osteoporosis, and or bone healing associated with fractures, dental extractions and implants, and as immunomodulator with therapeutic potential to treat autoimmune pathologies such as rheumatic diseases. Local treatment with cannabis is effective, well tolerated by the patient and with few adverse effects. Local treatment with cannabis is effective, well tolerated by the patient and with few adverse effects. Therefore, it can be concluded that cannabis provides an enormous range of therapeutic possibilities to treat different dental conditions, although more scientific studies are still required to support its use in each particular pathophysiological situation (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Dronabinol/therapeutic use , Cannabinoids/therapeutic use , Receptors, Cannabinoid/therapeutic use , Oral Hygiene/instrumentation , Periodontal Diseases/drug therapy , Pulpitis/drug therapy , Trigeminal Neuralgia/drug therapy , Bone Diseases/drug therapy , Facial Pain/drug therapy , Bruxism/drug therapy , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Administration, Oral , Dental Anxiety/drug therapy , Mouth Diseases/drug therapy
16.
Ibom Medical Journal ; 15(2): 183-190, 2022. figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380116

ABSTRACT

Mandibular aggressive central giant cell granuloma is a rare non-neoplastic giant cell tumour characterised by pain, bone destruction, tooth root resorption, jawbone cortical perforation, and high recurrence rate. This is a case of a 10-year-old boy who presented to the Dental Surgical outpatient clinic of University of Uyo Teaching Hospital with a three-year history of left jaw swelling. The clinical diagnosis was fibrous dysplasia of the left hemi-mandible. Consequently, left hemi-mandibulectomy was performed, and subsequent histopathological diagnosis was aggressive central giant cell granuloma of the mandible. This article presents this rare diagnosis and explores its classification, aetiopathogenesis, clinico-pathological features and management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Bone Diseases , Giant Cells , Mandible
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 501-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 476-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928344

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze radiological characteristics of Muller-Weiss disease, evaluate the clinical value of the imaging examination in diagnosis of Muller-Weiss disease.@*METHODS@#The imaging data of 26 patients with Muller-Weiss disease were collected from September 2015 to August 2020, including 7 males and 19 females, aged 43 to 68 years old with an average of (52.7±4.6) years old. In the X-ray examination observed the shape and position of the navicular bone. The talar-first metatarsal angle(TFM) was measured on the weight-bearing anteroposterior radiograph. The arch angle and angle between mid-axis of talus and mid-axis of the first metatarsal(Meary angle) were measured on the weight-bearing lateral radiographs. The morphology, density, adjacent joint space and position of the navicular bone were evaluated by computed tomography(CT), and magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) was used to observe the shape, signal, cartilage and surrounding soft tissue changes of the navicular bone.@*RESULTS@#Among 26 patients, 21 cases were unilateral and 5 cases were bilateral;X-ray examination showed that the lateral part of navicular bone of foot was compressed and flattened, showing"comma like"or"drop like", navicular moved to the medial side, partial fragmentation of bone, peripheral articular hyperplasia, uneven density and narrowing of relationship gap. According to Meary angle and deformity degree of the affected foot on the lateral X-ray of the load-bearing foot, Maceira staging was performed. There were 0 cases in stageⅠ, 2 cases in stage Ⅱ, 11 cases in stage Ⅲ, 9 cases in stage Ⅳand 4 cases in stage Ⅴ. CT examination showed bone fragmentation, medial displacement of navicular bone and formation of the talocalcaneal joint. MRI examination showed the irregular shape and uneven signal of navicular bone, narrowing of joint space, talocalcaneal joint surface hyperplasia and cartilage destruction, tarsal joint effusion and swelling of surrounding soft tissue.@*CONCLUSION@#Muller-Weiss disease has specific imaging manifestation, and an accurate diagnosis can be made based on the patient's age, gender, and clinincal history. Preoperative imaging examination can stage the disease, help clinicians to formulate better surgical plans, and postoperative imaging examination can better evaluate the surgical effect.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Cartilage Diseases , Foot Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Hyperplasia/pathology , Talus/pathology , Tarsal Bones/surgery , Tarsal Joints
19.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(4): 282-288, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423890

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Osteoporosis is a public health problem. However, there is still a lack of data in Colombia on the characteristics of patients with osteoporosis. Objectives: This study aims to characterize the population with osteoporosis without previous diagnosis. Materials and methods: Observational, retrospective, descriptive study in patients with osteoporosis. Patients diagnosed between 2014 and 2017 were included. The information was obtained from the patient medical records and the densitometry results. Results: Most (92.2%) of the patients came from Medellín, and the rest from Cali. The mean age of the population was 65.1 years (SD: 9.97). As regards the history of fracture, it was reported that 12.0% had suffered from vertebral fractures, 2.3% had a history of fracture in the distal radius, 2.8% in the femoral neck, and 1.4% had had femoral shaft fracture. Bone densitometry showed a mean T-score of -2.90 in the femoral neck; -3.02 in total hip; -3.03 in the lumbar spine, and -3.42 in the 33% radius. In the 602 patients who had a control bone densitometry, an average BMD gain was seen in all the evaluated regions. Conclusions: The present study has enabled the characterizing of patients from 2 Colombian cities with a diagnosis of osteoporosis. The 2 most frequently reported locations for the diagnosis of osteoporosis were lumbar spine and femoral neck. An average BMD gain was also observed.


RESUMEN Introducción: La osteoporosis es un problema de salud pública, sin embargo, en Colombia en la actualidad faltan datos sobre las características de los pacientes con esta enfermedad. Objetivos: Este estudio pretende caracterizar la población con osteoporosis sin diagnóstico previo. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo en pacientes con osteoporosis. Incluyó a pacientes diagnosticados entre el 2014 y el 2017. La información fue obtenida a partir de las historias clínicas de los pacientes y el resultado de la densitometría. Resultados: El 92,2% de los pacientes provenía de Medellín y los restantes de Cali. La edad promedio ± desviación estándar de la población fue 65,1 ± 9,97 arios. En cuanto al antecedente de fractura, se reportó que el 12,0% había presentado fracturas vertebrales, el 2,3% tenía antecedente de fractura en radio distal, el 2,8% en cuello femoral y el 1,4% había tenido fractura de diáfisis femoral. La densitometría ósea (DMO) mostró un T-score promedio de -2,90 en cuello femoral, -3,02 en cadera total, -3,03 en columna lumbar y-3,42 en radio 33%. En los 602 pacientes que contaban con DMO de control se vio una ganancia de la DMO promedio en todas las regiones evaluadas. Conclusiones: El presente estudio permitió caracterizar a pacientes con diagnóstico de osteoporosis en 2 ciudades de Colombia. Las 2 localizaciones más reportadas para el diagnóstico de osteoporosis fueron columna lumbar y cuello femoral; adicionalmente, se observó una ganancia de la DMO promedio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Osteoporosis , Bone Diseases , Epidemiologic Methods , Risk Factors , Investigative Techniques , Musculoskeletal Diseases
20.
Salud trab. (Maracay) ; 29(2): 146-156, dic. 2021. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1411733

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo se realizó en el marco de las actividades de investigación y extensión del Departamento de Salud Ocupacional de la Facultad de Medicina Universidad de la República, por iniciativa de los trabajadores del sindicato único de la construcción y afines. El objetivo fue conocer el perfil de salud y enfermedad de los trabajadores del sector con el propósito de generar acciones que promuevan la salud laboral del colectivo involucrado. La investigación realizada es de carácter descriptivo a partir de fuentes secundarias. De los resultados se destacaron las enfermedades del aparato osteomioarticular, lesiones por traumatismos o envenenamiento y patologías del aparato respiratorio como principales causas de ausentismo de origen médico. La patología osteomioarticular fue la primera causa de incapacidad total y también es la primera causa de incapacidad para la tarea en el periodo estudiado. La tasa de incidencia acumulada de los accidentes en el año 2014 fue de 81,8 por 1.000 trabajadores cotizantes de la construcción, presentando una caída sostenida hasta el 2018 que alcanzó el valor de 60,2 por 1.000 trabajadores cotizantes. El tipo de accidente más frecuente observado en el periodo fueron las lesiones a esfuerzo excesivo. Con respecto a los accidentes mortales existe una caída marcada entre los años 2014 al 2016 con un ascenso progresivo en 2018. De la investigación surge como necesidad mejorar el reconocimiento de la patología profesional en el sector, profundizar las acciones en seguridad y salud con énfasis en aspectos ergonómicos de la carga física(AU)


This study was carried out under the framework of the research and outreach activities of the Department of Occupational Health of the School of Medicine of the University of the Republic, as an initiative of the workers of its single union of construction and related industries. The objective was to describe the health and disease profile of workers in the sector in order to generate actions to promote their occupational health. The study was descriptive and consisted of a secondary analysis of existing data. Musculoskeletal disorders, traumatic injuries, poisonings and respiratory illnesses were the main cause of sickness absence. Musculoskeletal disorders were the main cause of both work-related and total disability. The cumulative incidence rate of injuries in 2014 was 81.8 per 1000 dues-paying construction workers, and subsequently declined until 2018, to an incidence of 62.2 per 1000 dues-paying workers. Overexertion was the most common mechanism of injury. With respect to fatal accidents, there was a arked decline between 2014 and 2016, followed by a progressive increasein 2018. This study underscores the need to improve the recognition of occupational illness and injury in the construction and related industries sector, and to add depth to safety and health interventions, with an emphasis on ergonomic aspects of physical loads(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Poisoning/epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries/epidemiology , Bone Diseases/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational/statistics & numerical data , Construction Industry , Occupational Injuries/epidemiology , Uruguay , Health Profile , Eye Foreign Bodies/epidemiology , Low Back Pain , Occupational Groups
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