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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 67-71, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6) on Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in bone marrow cell in mice with bone marrow inhibition, and to explore the possible mechanism of wheat-grain moxibustion in treating bone marrow inhibition.@*METHODS@#Forty-five SPF male CD1(ICR) mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group and a wheat-grain moxibustion group, 15 mice in each group. The bone marrow inhibition model was established by intraperitoneal injection of 80 mg/kg of cyclophosphamide (CTX). The mice in the wheat-grain moxibustion group were treated with wheat-grain moxibustion at "Dazhui" (GV 14), "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Sanyinjiao" (SP 6), 3 moxa cones per acupoint, 30 s per moxa cone, once a day, for 7 consecutive days. The white blood cell count (WBC) was measured before modeling, before intervention and 3, 5 d and 7 d into intervention. After intervention, the general situation of mice was observed; the number of nucleated cells in bone marrow was detected; the serum levels of interleukin-3 (IL-3), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were measured by ELISA; the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc in bone marrow cells was measured by Western blot and real-time PCR method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the mice in the model group showed sluggish reaction, unstable gait, decreased body weight, and the WBC, number of nucleated cells in bone marrow as well as serum levels of IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF were decreased (P<0.01), and the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the mice in the wheat-grain moxibustion group showed better general condition, and WBC, the number of nucleated cells in bone marrow as well as serum levels of IL-3, IL-6, GM-CSF were increased (P<0.01, P<0.05), and the protein and mRNA expression of β-catenin, cyclinD1 and C-Myc was increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Wheat-grain moxibustion shows therapeutic effect on bone marrow inhibition, and its mechanism may be related to activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in bone marrow cells, improving bone medullary hematopoiesis microenvironment and promoting bone marrow cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , beta Catenin/metabolism , Bone Marrow/physiopathology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-3/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice, Inbred ICR , Moxibustion/methods , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Triticum , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Hematopoiesis
2.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 112(8): 551-560, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-894864

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Chagas disease is a public health problem caused by infection with the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. There is currently no effective therapy for Chagas disease. Although there is some evidence for the beneficial effect of bone marrow-derived cells in chagasic disease, the mechanisms underlying their effects in the heart are unknown. Reports have suggested that bone marrow cells are recruited to the chagasic heart; however, studies using chimeric mouse models of chagasic cardiomyopathy are rare. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the migration of bone marrow cells to the heart after T. cruzi infection in a model of chagasic disease in chimeric mice. METHODS To obtain chimerical mice, wild-type (WT) C57BL6 mice were exposed to full body irradiation (7 Gy), causing bone marrow ablation. Then, bone marrow cells from green fluorescent protein (GFP)-transgenic mice were infused into the mice. Graft effectiveness was confirmed by flow cytometry. Experimental mice were divided into four groups: (i) infected chimeric (iChim) mice; (ii) infected WT (iWT) mice, both of which received 3 × 104 trypomastigotes of the Brazil strain; (iii) non-infected chimeric (Chim) mice; and (iv) non-infected WT mice. FINDINGS At one-month post-infection, iChim and iWT mice showed first degree atrioventricular block with decreased heart rate and treadmill exercise parameters compared to those in the non-infected groups. MAIN CONCLUSIONS iChim mice showed an increase in parasitaemia, myocarditis, and the presence of amastigote nests in the heart tissue compared to iWT mice. Flow cytometry analysis did not detect haematopoietic progenitor cells in the hearts of infected mice. Furthermore, GFP+ cardiomyocytes were not detected in the tissues of chimeric mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Trypanosoma cruzi/physiology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/parasitology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/methods , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Cell Movement , Animal Diseases
3.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 119 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-794221

ABSTRACT

Os mastócitos (MCs) estão presentes tanto no periodonto normal quanto inflamado, em diferentes quantidades e em vários locais. Nos últimos anos, a eficácia e a contribuição dos MCs em eliminar bactérias, através de sua atividade microbicida intracelular, estão se tornando cada vez mais reconhecidas. Assim, a partir de MCs murinos desafiados in vitro com o periodontopatógeno Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523) por 3, 5, 10 e 24 horas, o presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a capacidade microbicida intracelular de MCs, e comparar com a capacidade microbicida de macrófagos peritoneais murinos (MPs), considerados fagócitos profissionais, por meio da contagem das unidades formadoras de colônias. Além disso, avaliou-se a produção e liberação de mediadores microbicidas, óxido nítrico (NO) e peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2), por meio do método colorimétrico de Griess e pela degradação de substratos fluorescentes, respectivamente. Para a análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes estatísticos ANOVA Fatorial seguido do teste de Tukey e teste de correlação de Pearson (p<0.05). Nossos resultados revelaram que os MCs foram capazes de eliminar eficientemente o periodontopatógeno, principalmente após 10h de desafio intracelular. Comparando-se a atividade microbicida dos dois tipos celulares, verificou-se, nos períodos de 3h e 5h de desafio, um menor percentual de colônias viáveis no interior de MPs, em comparação aos MCs. Inversamente, nos períodos de 10h e 24h, observaram-se menores valores percentuais de colônias intracelulares nos MCs em relação aos MPs. Além disso, a produção/liberação de NO bem como, em menor proporção, de H2O2 pelos MCs foram concordantes com a sua capacidade microbicida. Este é o primeiro estudo que demonstra a eficiente ação microbicida intracelular de MCs murinos contra Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, com produção e liberação de substâncias potencialmente bactericidas, e de forma mais eficaz que os macrófagos...


Mast cells (MCs) are present in both normal and inflamed periodontal tissues, in varying amounts and locations. Recently, MCs contribution in eliminating bacteria and its effectiveness, through its intracellular microbicidal activity, have been increasingly recognized. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the intracellular microbicide capacity of MCs, and compare it with the microbicide capacity of murine peritoneal macrophages (MPs), considered professional phagocytes, by counting the colony forming units. Both cell types were challenged in vitro with periodontopathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523) by 3, 5, 10 and 24 hours. Additionally, the production and release of microbicidal agents, nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were evaluated by means of colorimetric Griess method and by the degradation of fluorescent substrates, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA Factorial test followed by Tukey and Pearson's correlation test (p <0.05). Our results revealed that MCs are able to efficiently eliminate periodontopathogen, mainly after 10 hours of intracellular challenge. The microbicidal activity of both cell types, in 3 and 5 hours of challenge showed a lower percentage of viable colonies inside MPs, compared to MCs. Contradictorily, in 10 and 24 hours a lower percentage of intracellular colonies in MCs was observed in relation to MPs. Moreover, the production/release of NO and, in minor proportion, of H2O2 by MCs was in agreement with its microbicidal capacity. Therefore, this is the first report to describe the intracellular microicidal activity of murine MCs against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, concerning production and release of potentially bactericidal substances, which is more effective than macrophages. These results suggest the importance of these cells in pathogenesis and defense mechanisms of biofilm-associated periodontal disease...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/growth & development , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Mast Cells/physiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Time Factors
4.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 119 p. ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867426

ABSTRACT

Os mastócitos (MCs) estão presentes tanto no periodonto normal quanto inflamado, em diferentes quantidades e em vários locais. Nos últimos anos, a eficácia e a contribuição dos MCs em eliminar bactérias, através de sua atividade microbicida intracelular, estão se tornando cada vez mais reconhecidas. Assim, a partir de MCs murinos desafiados in vitro com o periodontopatógeno Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523) por 3, 5, 10 e 24 horas, o presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a capacidade microbicida intracelular de MCs, e comparar com a capacidade microbicida de macrófagos peritoneais murinos (MPs), considerados fagócitos profissionais, por meio da contagem das unidades formadoras de colônias. Além disso, avaliou-se a produção e liberação de mediadores microbicidas, óxido nítrico (NO) e peróxido de hidrogênio (H2O2), por meio do método colorimétrico de Griess e pela degradação de substratos fluorescentes, respectivamente. Para a análise estatística, foram utilizados os testes estatísticos ANOVA Fatorial seguido do teste de Tukey e teste de correlação de Pearson (p<0.05). Nossos resultados revelaram que os MCs foram capazes de eliminar eficientemente o periodontopatógeno, principalmente após 10h de desafio intracelular. Comparando-se a atividade microbicida dos dois tipos celulares, verificou-se, nos períodos de 3h e 5h de desafio, um menor percentual de colônias viáveis no interior de MPs, em comparação aos MCs. Inversamente, nos períodos de 10h e 24h, observaram-se menores valores percentuais de colônias intracelulares nos MCs em relação aos MPs. Além disso, a produção/liberação de NO bem como, em menor proporção, de H2O2 pelos MCs foram concordantes com a sua capacidade microbicida. Este é o primeiro estudo que demonstra a eficiente ação microbicida intracelular de MCs murinos contra Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, com produção e liberação de substâncias potencialmente bactericidas, e de forma mais eficaz que os macrófagos...


Mast cells (MCs) are present in both normal and inflamed periodontal tissues, in varying amounts and locations. Recently, MCs contribution in eliminating bacteria and its effectiveness, through its intracellular microbicidal activity, have been increasingly recognized. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the intracellular microbicide capacity of MCs, and compare it with the microbicide capacity of murine peritoneal macrophages (MPs), considered professional phagocytes, by counting the colony forming units. Both cell types were challenged in vitro with periodontopathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (ATCC 29523) by 3, 5, 10 and 24 hours. Additionally, the production and release of microbicidal agents, nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were evaluated by means of colorimetric Griess method and by the degradation of fluorescent substrates, respectively. Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA Factorial test followed by Tukey and Pearson's correlation test (p <0.05). Our results revealed that MCs are able to efficiently eliminate periodontopathogen, mainly after 10 hours of intracellular challenge. The microbicidal activity of both cell types, in 3 and 5 hours of challenge showed a lower percentage of viable colonies inside MPs, compared to MCs. Contradictorily, in 10 and 24 hours a lower percentage of intracellular colonies in MCs was observed in relation to MPs. Moreover, the production/release of NO and, in minor proportion, of H2O2 by MCs was in agreement with its microbicidal capacity. Therefore, this is the first report to describe the intracellular microicidal activity of murine MCs against Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, concerning production and release of potentially bactericidal substances, which is more effective than macrophages. These results suggest the importance of these cells in pathogenesis and defense mechanisms of biofilm-associated periodontal disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans/growth & development , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Mast Cells/physiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Periodontal Diseases/pathology , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Time Factors
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(3): 201-209, Mar. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-617958

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from eight mice C57BL/6 gfp+ bone marrows expanded in cultures associated with platelets rich plasma (PRP) deriving from another eight mice, in the repair of critical defects in calvarial bone produced in twenty-four adult isogenic mice C57BL/6. METHODS: The animals were submitted to a cranial defect of 6.0mm in diameter and divided into two equal experimental groups. Control group did not receive treatment and the treated group received a MSC pellet containing 1.0 x 10(7) cells/mL associated with 50.0µL of plasma gel containing 1.0 x 10(9) autologous platelets within the defect. RESULTS: In the treated group was observed process of angiogenesis and bone repair better than control group. CONCLUSION: Mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow of C57BL/6 gfp+ mice associated with PRP gel applied in bone critical defects produced in calvarial contributes positively to the process of bone repair.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar os efeitos da associação das células-tronco mesenquimais (MSC) oriundas da medula óssea de oito camundongos jovens C57BL/6 gfp+ e expandidas em culturas, com Plasma Rico em Plaquetas (PRP) provenientes de outros oito camundongos, na reparação de defeitos críticos confeccionados em calvária de 24 camundongos adultos C57BL/6. MÉTODOS: Os animais foram submetidos a um defeito craniano de 6,0mm de diâmetro e separados em dois grupos experimentais iguais. O grupo controle não recebeu tratamento e no grupo tratado foi administrado, no interior do defeito, pellet de MSC contendo 1,0 x 10(7) células/mL associado com 50,0µL de plasma em gel autólogo contendo 1,0 x 10(9) plaquetas. RESULTADOS: No grupo tratado verificou-se processo de angiogênese e reparação óssea superior ao grupo controle. CONCLUSÃO: A associação das células-tronco mesenquimais (MSC) derivadas da medula óssea de camundongos C57BL/6 gfp+ com gel de PRP aplicadas em defeitos ósseos críticos confeccionadas em calvária de camundongos C57BL/6 jovens, contribuiu positivamente para o processo de reparação óssea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Adult Stem Cells/transplantation , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Skull/surgery , Adult Stem Cells/ultrastructure , Bone Marrow Cells/ultrastructure , Cells, Cultured , Disease Models, Animal , Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice, Transgenic , Osteogenesis/physiology , Random Allocation , Skull/injuries , Skull/ultrastructure , Transplantation, Homologous , Tissue Engineering/methods
6.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2011 Apr; 65(4) 157-167
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-145605

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Cadmium an environmental pollutant, exert several risks to human health. In this study we investigated the effect of cadmium chloride (CdCl 2 ) on Viability, morphology and bone Matrix Miniralization of Rat Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells (rMSCs). Materials and Methods: rMSCs were cultured in DMEM containing 15% FBS and pen-strep. After 21 days of treatment with the selected doses of 750 and 2000 nM of CdCl 2 viability, colony forming unit, population doubling number, DAN breakage and the morphology of the cells were studied. Also to study the effects of CdCl2 on differentiation property, the morphology and bone matrix mineralization via estimation of intracellular calcium concentration and quantitative alizarin red were also evaluated in the cells using Hoechst, Acridine orange and Alizarin red staining. Data was analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey ' s test and the means difference was considered significant at P<0.05. Results: The mean viability, colony forming unit, population doubling number and also the mean bone matrix mineralization of the rMSCs treated with CdCl 2 significantly reduced in a dose dependent manner. Nuclear fragmentation and cytoplasm shrinkage was also seen in the treated cells. Conclusion: CdCl 2 can reduce the viability and bone matrix mineralization of rMSCs even at low doses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells/drug effects , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Bone Matrix/drug effects , Bone Matrix/physiology , Calcium/analysis , Calcium/metabolism , Cadmium Chloride/toxicity , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/physiology , Comet Assay/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Models, Animal , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Rats, Wistar
7.
Archives of Iranian Medicine. 2011; 14 (4): 244-249
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129710

ABSTRACT

Orthotropic liver transplantation [OLT] is the final procedure of both end stage and metabolic liver diseases. Hepatocyte transplantation is an alternative for OLT, but the sources of hepatocytes are limited. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells [BM-MSCs] can differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells and are a potential alternative source for hepatocytes. We aimed to investigate the differentiation potential of BM-MSCs into hepatocyte-like cells. Human BM-MSCs from a healthy donor were cultured and differentiated into hepatocyte-like cells. We investigated the expression of hepatocyte-specific markers in MSC-derived hepatocyte-like cells [MSC-HLC[s]] and evaluated their functionality using metabolic assays. MSC-HLCs expressed hepatocyte-specific markers at both mRNAand protein levels. In addition, the cells had the ability to uptake low density lipoprotein [LDL], clear ammonia, secrete albumin, and store glycogen. MSC-HLCs were transplanted into a familial hypercholesteromia patient. Human MSCs can be differentiated into partially functional hepatocyte-like cells. Thus, they could be a potential source for cell therapy in liver disorders


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Hepatocytes/transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , In Vitro Techniques , Receptors, LDL/genetics , Keratin-18/genetics , Keratin-19/genetics
8.
Clinics ; 66(10): 1787-1792, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-601914

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of the effects of platelet-rich plasma and centrifuged bone marrow aspirate on the induction of bone healing in rabbits. METHOD: Twenty adult, male New Zealand rabbits were randomly separated into two equal groups, and surgery was performed to create a bone defect (a cortical orifice 3.3 mm in diameter) in the proximal metaphysis of each rabbit's right tibia. In the first group, platelet-rich plasma was implanted in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (platelet-rich plasma group), and in the second group, centrifuged bone marrow in combination with β-tricalcium phosphate (centrifuged bone marrow group) was implanted. After a period of four weeks, the animals were euthanized, and the tibias were evaluated using digital radiography, computed tomography, and histomorphometry. RESULTS: Seven samples from each group were evaluated. The radiographic evaluation confirmed the absence of fractures in the postoperative limb and identified whether bone consolidation had occurred. The tomographic evaluation revealed a greater amount of consolidation and the formation of a greater cortical bone thickness in the platelet-rich plasma group. The histomorphometry revealed a greater bone density in the platelet-rich plasma group compared with the centrifuged bone marrow group. CONCLUSION: After four weeks, the platelet-rich plasma promoted a greater amount of bone consolidation than the bone marrow aspirate concentrate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Fracture Healing/drug effects , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Platelet-Rich Plasma/physiology , Tibia/injuries , Wound Healing/physiology , Bone Density , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Fracture Healing/physiology , Osteogenesis/physiology , Random Allocation , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Tibia
9.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 26(4): 352-358, Oct.-Dec. 2010.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-584709

ABSTRACT

Aunque el linfedema es una enfermedad crónica inhabilitante común que causa morbilidad significativa en los pacientes afectados, el tratamiento para esta enfermedad se mantiene muy limitada y en la mayor parte de los casos resulta ineficaz. Algunos datos reportados sugieren que algunas de las células madre derivadas de la medula ósea pueden intervenir en la linfangiogénesis. Al parecer, los vasos sanguíneos y los vasos linfáticos podrían usar la misma población celular para la vasculogénesis y la linfangiogénesis. Por consiguiente, la terapia con células madre adultas podría ser una nueva estrategia útil para el tratamiento de linfedema. En el presente trabajo se informa la resolución de un linfedema bilateral severo de miembros inferiores después de la implantación de células madre autólogas derivadas de la médula ósea. Hasta donde sabemos, este es el primer caso de linfedema crónico de los miembros inferiores tratado exitosamente con células madre autólogas. Este método de tratamiento es económico, relativamente simple, fácil de realizar y una opción que abre nuevas vías para el tratamiento del linfedema


Although lymphedema is a common disabling disease causing significant morbidity for affected patients, treatment for this condition remains limited and largely ineffective. Some reported data suggest that some bone-marrow derived cells may play a role in lymphangiogenesis. It appears that blood vessels and lymphatic vessels might use the same population of cells for vasculogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. Therefore, adult stem cell therapy could be a new useful strategy for the treatment of lymphedema. We report a resolution of a severe lower limb bilateral lymphedema after implantation of autologous adult stem cells derived from bone marrow. As far as we know, this is the first reported case with chronic lower limb lymphedema treated successfully with autologous cell therapy. This procedure is a low-cost, relatively simple and easy to perform option that opens new ways for the treatment of lymphedema


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adult Stem Cells/physiology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Lymphedema/therapy , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Lymphangiogenesis
10.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 26(4): 256-275, Oct.-Dec. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-584711

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los conceptos actuales sobre las células madre provenientes de la médula ósea y la importancia de las células estromales en la Medicina Regenerativa. Se describen, en particular, las características fenotípicas de las células madre mesenquimales y endoteliales, así como las de diferentes tipos celulares relacionados, sus propiedades funcionales y la importancia dada al uso de estas células en diversas aplicaciones terapéuticas. Se refieren los resultados de su estudio en distintos estados patológicos, las variaciones por la acción de drogas y de los factores de crecimiento, y su potencialidad futura en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de diferentes enfermedades


The current concepts on the stem cells from bone marrow and the significance of the stromal cells in Regenerative Medicine are showed. In particular, the phenotypical features of mesenchymal and endothelial stem cells are described, as well as the different related types of cells, its functional and the significance properties given to use of these cells in different therapeutic applications. The results of study in different pathologic states, the variations due to drugs action and of the growth factors are recounted as well as its future potential in diagnosis and treatment of different diseases


Subject(s)
Humans , Endothelial Cells/physiology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Regenerative Medicine/trends
11.
Biol. Res ; 43(2): 205-224, 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-567536

ABSTRACT

Normal bone remodeling is maintained by a balance between osteoclast and osteoblast activity, whereas defects in osteoclast activity affecting such balance result in metabolic bone disease. Macrophage-macrophage fusion leading to multinucleated osteoclasts being formed is still not well understood. Here we present PEG-induced fusion of macrophages from both U937/A and J774 cell lines and the induced differentiation and activation of osteoclast-like cells according to the expression of osteoclast markers such as tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and bone resorptive activity. PEG-induced macrophage fusion, during the non-confuent stage, signifcantly increased the osteoclastogenic activity of macrophages from cell lines compared to that of spontaneous cell fusion in the absence of PEG (polyethylene glycol). The results shown in this work provide evidence that cell fusion per se induces osteoclast-like activity. PEG-fused macrophage differential response to pretreatment with osteoclastogenic factors was also examined in terms of its ability to form TRAP positive multinucleated cells (TPMNC) and its resorptive activity on bovine cortical bone slices. Our work has also led to a relatively simple method regarding those previously reported involving cell co-cultures. Multinucleated osteoclast-like cells obtained by PEG-induced fusion of macrophages from cell lines could represent a suitable system for conducting biochemical studies related to basic macrophage fusion mechanisms, bone-resorption activity and the experimental search for bone disease therapeutic alternatives.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Mice , Bone Resorption , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Macrophages/drug effects , Osteoclasts/physiology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Surface-Active Agents/pharmacology , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Bone Marrow Cells/drug effects , Cell Line , Cell Fusion/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Macrophages/cytology , Osteoclasts/cytology , Osteoclasts/drug effects
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139785

ABSTRACT

Regeneration of a functional tooth has the potential to be a promising therapeutic strategy. Experiments have shown that with the use of principles of bioengineering along with adult stem cells, scaffold material, and signaling molecules, tooth regeneration is possible. Research work is in progress on creating a viable bioroot with all its support. A new culture needs to be created that can possibly provide all the nutrients to the stem cells. With the ongoing research, tissue engineering is likely to revolutionize dental health and well-being of people by regenerating teeth over the next decade.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Humans , Odontogenesis/physiology , Regeneration/physiology , Stem Cells/physiology , Tissue Engineering/trends , Tissue Scaffolds , Tooth/physiology
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 42(6): 523-530, June 2009. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-512760

ABSTRACT

Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) is a syndrome that often results in immunodeficiency coupled with pancytopenia. Hemopoietic tissue requires a high nutrient supply and the proliferation, differentiation and maturation of cells occur in a constant and balanced manner, sensitive to the demands of specific cell lineages and dependent on the stem cell population. In the present study, we evaluated the effect of PEM on some aspects of hemopoiesis, analyzing the cell cycle of bone marrow cells and the percentage of progenitor cells in the bone marrow. Two-month-old male Swiss mice (N = 7-9 per group) were submitted to PEM with a low-protein diet (4 percent) or were fed a control diet (20 percent protein) ad libitum. When the experimental group had lost about 20 percent of their original body weight after 14 days, we collected blood and bone marrow cells to determine the percentage of progenitor cells and the number of cells in each phase of the cell cycle. Animals of both groups were stimulated with 5-fluorouracil. Blood analysis, bone marrow cell composition and cell cycle evaluation was performed after 10 days. Malnourished animals presented anemia, reticulocytopenia and leukopenia. Their bone marrow was hypocellular and depleted of progenitor cells. Malnourished animals also presented more cells than normal in phases G0 and G1 of the cell cycle. Thus, we conclude that PEM leads to the depletion of progenitor hemopoietic populations and changes in cellular development. We suggest that these changes are some of the primary causes of pancytopenia in cases of PEM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Cell Proliferation , Resting Phase, Cell Cycle/physiology , G1 Phase/physiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/physiology , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/physiopathology , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Cell Cycle/physiology , Flow Cytometry , Fluorouracil , Protein-Energy Malnutrition/blood
15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 252-262, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-181200

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The bone marrow functions not only as the primary B-lymphocyte-producing organ but also as a secondary lymphoid organ for CD4 and CD8 cell responses and a site of preferential homing and persistence for memory T cells. Bone marrow T (BM-T) cells are distinguished from peripheral blood T cells by surface phenotype, cytokine secretion profile, and immune functions. In this study, we evaluated the alloreactive potential of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) using BM-T cells in mixed chimerism compared to that using spleen T (SP-T) cells. METHODS: Cells were prepared using established procedures. BM-T cells were obtained as a by-product of T-cell depletion in BM grafting and then cryopreserved for subsequent DLI. We performed DLI using BM-T cells in allogeneic mixed chimera mice on post-BMT day 21. RESULTS: When the same dose of T cells, 5-10x10(5) (Thy1.2+), fractionated from BM and spleen were administered into mixed chimeras, the BM-T group showed complete chimeric conversion, with self-limited graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and no pathological changes. However, the SP-T group showed persistent mixed chimerism, with pathological signs of GVHD in the liver and intestine. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that DLI using BM-T cells, even in small numbers, is more potent at inducing chimeric conversion in mixed chimerism than DLI using SP-T cells. Further study is needed to determine whether cryopreserved BM-T cells are an effective cell source for DLI to consolidate donor-dominant chimerism in clinical practice without concerns about GVHD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease/prevention & control , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Spleen/cytology , T-Lymphocytes/physiology , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Chimera , Transplantation, Homologous
16.
Biocell ; 32(2): 175-183, Aug. 2008. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-541112

ABSTRACT

4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) is a DNA dye widely used to mark and trace stem cells in therapy. We here studied the effect of DAPI staining on the behavior of mesenchymal stem cells cultured in either a control, non-osteogenic medium or in an osteogenic differentiation medium. In the control medium, the number of stem cells/field, as well as the number of fluorescent cells/field increased up to the sixth day in both control and DAPI-treated cultures. Afterwards, both the number of fluorescent cells and their fluorescence intensity decreased. Control cells were fusiform and with some long extensions that apparently linked them to neighboring cells, while DAPI-treated cells were mostly round cells with fine and short extensions. The trypan-blue exclusion method showed 99% cell viability in both groups, however, both alkaline phosphatase activity and the thiazolyl blue formazan assay (indicative of mitochondrial metabolism) gave significantly lower values in DAPI-marked cells The mitochondrial mass, as indicated by specific staining and flow cytometry, showed no differences between groups. Mesenchymal stem cells gave origin to mineralized nodules in the osteogenic differentiation medium and there were not DAPI-marked cells on the ninth day of culture. Alkaline phosphatase activity, viability assay and number of cells/field and of mineralized nodules/field were similar in both groups. So, DAPI treatment did not change cell viability and proliferation during osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. However, since these cells loose DAPI marking after 9 days in osteogenic cultures suggests that DAPI may not be an effective marker for mesenchymal stem cells implanted in bone tissue for long periods.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Fluorescent Dyes/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Indoles/metabolism , Culture Media/chemistry , Mitochondria/metabolism , Osteogenesis/physiology
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 687-692, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55370

ABSTRACT

Pterygium is a proliferative disease. Recent research has reported that stem cells are involved in the pathogenesis of various proliferative diseases, including solid tumors and diabetic proliferate vitreoretinopathy. In previous literature, we hypothesized that adult stem cells originated from bone marrow were involved in the pathogenesis of pterygium. We proved this by immunohistochemical staining with various stem cell markers. The staining showed adult stem cells in the pterygium. c-kit positive cells were observed primarily in the stroma, and some cells were also found in the basal epithelium. AC133 and CD34 positive cells were primarily found in the basal epithelium and were ovoid shaped, similar to the c-kit cells. However, some cells were found in vascular endothelium. STRO-1 positive cells were found mainly in the stroma and were spindle shaped. In recurrent pterygium, cells were more scattered and the expression pattern was denser. Therefore, we suggest a new theory of pterygium pathogenesis. Inflammation caused by environmental factors triggers the abnormal production of some growth factors and cytokines in order to recover from cellular damage. If these healing signals are excessive, limbal basal cells will be changed to abnormally-altered pterygial cells. The excessive wound healing process and remnant altered cells result in recurrence using the same mechanism.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Stem Cells/physiology , Pterygium/etiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/analysis , Peptides/analysis , Glycoproteins/analysis , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Antigens, CD34/analysis , Antigens, CD/analysis
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 14(1): 16-21, June 2003. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-340483

ABSTRACT

There is general agreement that rough surfaces improve both biologic and biomechanical responses to titanium (Ti) implants. The aim of this investigation was to study the effect of Ti surface roughness on the response of human bone marrow cell culture evaluating: cell attachment, cell proliferation, total protein content, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and bone-like nodule formation. Cells were cultured on commercially pure titanium (cpTi) discs with four different average roughnesses (Ra). For attachment evaluation, cells were cultured for 4 h. After 21 days, cell proliferation, total protein content, and ALP activity were evaluated. For bone-like nodule formation, cells were cultured for 28 days. Data were compared by ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test. Cell attachment was not affected by surface roughness. For cells cultured on Ti with Ra ranging from 0.80 µm to 1.90 µm, proliferation was reduced while total protein content, and ALP activity were increased. There was a non-statistically significant increase of bone-like nodule formation on a surface with Ra near 0.80 µm. These results suggest that for Ti an Ra ranging from 0.80 µm to 1.90 µm would optimize both intermediary and final cellular responses but not affect the initial response, and a smoother surface would not favor any evaluated response


Subject(s)
Humans , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Titanium/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cell Division , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Osteogenesis/physiology , Proteins/analysis , Spectrophotometry , Statistics as Topic , Surface Properties , Time Factors
20.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 1998 Dec; 36(12): 1233-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-58148

ABSTRACT

Injection of Salmonella typhi 'H' antigen was observed to produce a differential effect on bone marrow and thymus secretory profile depending upon the nutritional status of the host. The paracrine effect of Thy F1 (thymus fraction 1) was more significant (P < 0.01) than the autocrine effect of BIM (Bone marrow immunomodulator) in malnourished mice. BIM moreover, also had a paracrine effect on thymus irrespective of the nutritional status of the host. An improvement in neutrophil population (P < 0.01) and phagocytic myeloperoxidase activity (P < 0.01) was observed in BIM treated malnourished immuno-suppressed mice, whereas no appreciable change was observed by Thy F1. However, Thy F1 irrespective of the nutritional status of the host improved large lymphocyte population in circulation (P < 0.01). These findings indicate that both bone marrow and thymus play a major role in haemopoietic microenvironment of BDF (basal diet fed) control and malnourished mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Hematopoiesis/physiology , Homeostasis/physiology , Immune System/physiology , Male , Mice , Neutrophils/immunology , Nutrition Disorders/immunology , Phagocytosis/physiology , Proteins/physiology , Thymus Gland/cytology
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