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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971133


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm(BPDCN).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, bone marrow morphology and immunophenotyping, treatment and prognosis of 4 patients with BPDCN were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#4 patients had bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes involvement, 2 patients had skin lesions, and 3 patients had central nervous system infiltration. Tailing phenomenon of abnormally cells could be seen in bone marrow. The immunophenotyping showed that CD56, CD4 and CD123 expression was observed in 4 patients, and CD304 in 3 patients. One patient refused chemotherapy and died early. Both patients achieved complete remission after the initial treatment with DA+VP regimen, 1 of them achieved complete remission after recurrence by using the same regimen again. One patient failed to respond to reduced dose of DA+VP chemotherapy, and then achieved complete remission with venetoclax+azacitidine.@*CONCLUSION@#The malignant cells in BPDCN patients often infiltrate bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes, and have specical phenotypes, with poor prognosis. The treatment should take into account both myeloid and lymphatic systems. The treatment containing new drugs such as BCL-2 inhibitors combined with demethylation drugs is worth trying.

Humans , Dendritic Cells , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Marrow/pathology , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Hematologic Neoplasms/drug therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981727


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between bone marrow edema and pathological changes, symptoms and signs of severe knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From January 2020 to March 2021, 160 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis who underwrent MRI of the knee at the Department of Bone and Joint, Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were included. Eighty patients with bone marrow edema were selected as the case group, including 12 males and 68 females, aged from 51 to 80 years old with an average of (66.58±8.10) years old, the duration of disease 5 to 40 months with an average of (15.61±9.25) months. Eighty patients without bone marrow edema were selected as the control group, including 15 males and 65 females, aged from 50 to 80 years old with an average of (67.82±8.05) years old, the duration of disease 6 to 37 months with an average of (15.75±8.18) months, BMI was (28.26±3.13) kg·m-2 ranged from 21.39 to 34.46 kg·m-2. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated by knee whole oragan magnetic resonance imaging score (WORMS). The degree of knee osteoarthritis was evaluated by Kellgren- Lawrence(K-L) grade and Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The degree of joint pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and WOMAC pain score, the joint signs were evaluated by tenderness, percussion pain, joint swelling and joint range of motion. To explore the relationship between bone marrow edema and knee osteoarthritis, the prevalence of bone marrow edema and K-L grade were compared between the two groups. Furthermore the WORMS score and WOMAC index, pain-related score, and sign-related score correlation coefficient were analyzed to further explore the relationship between bone marrow edema and knee osteoarthritis index, joint pain symptoms and signs.@*RESULTS@#There was 68.75% (55/80) of the patients in the case group were in K-L grade Ⅳ, and 52.5% (42/80) in the control group, indicating a higher proportion of patients with grade Ⅳ in the case group than the control group (χ2=4.425, P<0.05). In the case group, there was a strong correlation between bone marrow edema WORMS score and knee osteoarthritis WOMAC index. (r=0.873>0.8, P<0.001), a moderate correlation between WORMS score and VAS score and WOMAC pain score(r=0.752, 0.650>0.5, P<0.001), a moderate correlation between WORMS score and percussion pain score (r=0.784>0.5, P<0.001), and a weak correlation between WORMS score and VAS and tenderness score, joint swelling score and joint range of motion score (r=0.194, 0.259, 0.296<0.3, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study suggests that severe knee osteoarthritis is associated with an increased risk of bone marrow edema. Bone marrow edema can also lead to knee osteoarthritis joint pain, with percussion pain being a positive sign, but tenderness, joint swelling and limitation of activity are not significantly related to bone marrow edema.

Male , Female , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Bone Marrow/pathology , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Bone Marrow Diseases/etiology , Pain/pathology , Arthralgia , Edema/pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981699


OBJECTIVE@#To explore relationship between bone marrow edema(BME) and osteoporosis in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#Unmatched case-control study was conducted. Totally 160 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis who had undergone knee magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and bone mineral density examination (BMD) from January 2020 to March 2021 were included. Eighty patients complicated with BME were included in BME group, and 80 patients without BME were selected as NBME group. In BME group, there were 12 males and 68 females, aged from 51 to 80 years old with an average of(66.58±8.10) years old;the courses of disease ranged from 5 to 40 months with an average of (15.61±9.25) months;body mass index(BMI) ranged from 21.81 to 34.70 with an average of (27.79±3.00) kg·m-2;25 patients classified to grade Ⅲ and 55 patients grade Ⅳ according to Kellgren- Lawrence(K-L). In NBME group, there were 15 males and 65 females, aged from 50 to 80 years old with an average of(67.82±8.05) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 37 months with an average of(15.75±8.18) months;BMI ranged from 21.39 to 34.46 with an average of (28.26±3.13) kg·m-2;25 patients were K-L Ⅲ and 55 patients with K-L Ⅳ. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated by knee whole oragan magnetic resonance imaging score(WORMS). Osteoporosis was diagnosed and BMD was evaluated by DXA T value. To explore the relationship between bone marrow edema and osteoporosis by comparing prevalence rate of osteoporosis between two groups, and to further explore relationship between BME and BMD by Spearman correlation analysis of BME WORMS score and DXA T value in BME group.@*RESULTS@#The complete case data were obtained on the first diagnosis, and there was no significant difference in sex, age, courses of disease and BMI between two groups (P>0.05). The proportion of K-L Ⅳ in BME group was significantly higher than that in NBME (P<0.05). The prevalence rate of osteoporosis in BME group was significantly higher than in NBME group with the same K-L grade (P<0.001), and there was a strong negative correlation between BME WORMS score and DXA BMD T value (r=-0.812, |r|=0.812 >0.8, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Osteoporosis is one of the risk factors of bone marrow edema in patients with severe knee osteoarthritis, and the lower the bone mineral density is, the easier it is to be complicated with bone marrow edema.

Male , Female , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Bone Marrow/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Bone Marrow Diseases/etiology , Osteoporosis/complications , Edema/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 495-500, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984650


Objective: To examine the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of elderly patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and the impact of nutrition and underlying diseases on the prognosis of elderly patients with MCL. Methods: retrospectively analyzed 255 elderly patients with MCL from 11 medical centers, including Peking University Third Hospital between January 2000 and February 2021. We analyzed clinical data, such as age, gender, Mantle Cell Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score, and treatment options, and performed univariate and multivariate prognostic analysis. We performed a comprehensive geriatric assessment on elderly MCL patients with medical records that included retraceable underlying disease and albumin levels, and we investigated the impact of basic nutrition and underlying disorders on MCL prognosis in the elderly. Results: There were 255 senior individuals among the 795 MCL patients. Elderly MCL was more common in males (78.4%), with a median age of 69 yr (ages 65-88), and the majority (88.6%) were identified at a late stage. The 3-yr overall survival (OS) rate was 42.0%, with a 21.2% progression-free survival (PFS) rate. The overall response rate (ORR) was 77.3%, with a 33.3% total remission rate. Elderly patients were more likely than younger patients to have persistent underlying illnesses, such as hypertension. Multivariate analysis revealed that variables related with poor PFS included age of ≥80 (P=0.021), Ann Arbor stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P=0.003), high LDH level (P=0.003), involvement of bone marrow (P=0.014). Age of ≥80 (P=0.001) and a high LDH level (P=0.003) were risk factors for OS. The complete geriatric assessment revealed that renal deficiency was associated with poorer OS (P=0.047) . Conclusions: Elderly MCL patients had greater comorbidities. Age, LDH, renal function, bone marrow involvement, and Ann Arbor stage are all independent risk factors for MCL in the elderly.

Male , Adult , Humans , Aged , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Bone Marrow/pathology , Risk Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981299


Multiple myeloma(MM)is a systemic malignancy of plasma cells.Nowadays,the basic research on MM is flourishing with the continuous optimization and innovation of mouse models of MM.Heterologous mouse models of MM established with human-derived cells and immunodeficient mice have been applied in assessing drug efficacy,exploring drug resistance mechanisms,and observing tumor-bone marrow microenvironment interactions.In the last decades,the homologous mouse models of MM established with murine-derived cells or gene-editing technologies have been widely used in the research on the pathogenesis and drug development.Additionally,the stable modeling of targeted organ injury will be a key problem to be tackled in this field.This review summarizes the characteristics and application progress of mouse models of MM.

Humans , Animals , Mice , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Bone Marrow/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Resistance , Tumor Microenvironment
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981081


OBJECTIVE@#Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is often associated with bone marrow infiltration, and 2-deoxy-2-(18F) fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ( 18F-FDG PET/CT) has potential diagnostic significance for bone marrow infiltration in DLBCL.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 patients diagnosed with DLBCL between September 2019 and August 2022 were included. Bone marrow biopsy and 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations were performed at the time of initial diagnosis. Kappa tests were used to evaluate the agreement of 18F-FDG PET/CT with the gold standard, and the imaging features of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration on PET/CT were described.@*RESULTS@#The total detection rate of bone marrow infiltration was not significantly different between PET/CT and primary bone marrow biopsy ( P = 0.302) or between the two bone marrow biopsies ( P = 0.826). The sensitivity, specificity, and Youden index of PET/CT for the diagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration were 0.923 (95% CI, 0.759-0.979), 0.934 (95% CI, 0.855-0.972), and 0.857, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#18F-FDG PET/CT has a comparable efficiency in the diagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration. PET/CT-guided bone marrow biopsy can reduce the misdiagnosis of DLBCL bone marrow infiltration.

Humans , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Bone Marrow/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 107-114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929541


Objective: To compare clinical and laboratory features between JAK2 exon12 and JAK2 V617F mutated polycythemia vera (PV) . Method: We collected data from 570 consecutive newly-diagnosed subjects with PV and JAK2 mutation, and compared clinical and laboratory features between patients with JAK2 exon12 and JAK2 V617F mutation. Results: 543 (95.3%) subjects harboured JAK2 V617F mutation (JAK2 V617F cohort) , 24 (4.2%) harboured JAK2 exon12 mutations (JAK2 exon12 cohort) , and 3 (0.5%) harboured JAK2 exon12 and JAK2 V617F mutations. The mutations in JAK2 exon12 including deletion (n=10, 37.0%) , deletion accompanied insertion (n=10, 37.0%) , and missense mutations (n=7, 25.9%) . Comparing with JAK2 V617F cohort, subjects in JAK2 exon12 cohort were younger [median age 50 (20-73) years versus 59 (25-91) years, P=0.040], had higher RBC counts [8.19 (5.88-10.94) ×10(12)/L versus 7.14 (4.11-10.64) ×10(12)/L, P<0.001] and hematocrit [64.1% (53.7-79.0%) versus 59.6% (47.2%-77.1%) , P=0.001], but lower WBC counts [8.29 (3.2-18.99) ×10(9)/L versus 12.91 (3.24-38.3) ×10(9)/L, P<0.001], platelet counts [313 (83-1433) ×10(9)/L versus 470 (61-2169) ×10(9)/L, P<0.001] and epoetin [0.70 (0.06-3.27) versus 1.14 (0.01-10.16) IU/L, P=0.002] levels. We reviewed bone marrow histology at diagnosis in 20 subjects with each type of mutation matched for age and sex. Subjects with JAK2 exon12 mutations had fewer loose megakaryocyte cluster (40% versus 80%, P=0.022) compared with subjects with JAK2 V617F. The median follow-ups were 30 months (range 4-83) and 37 months (range 1-84) for cohorts with JAK2 V617F and JAK2 exon12, respectively. There was no difference in overall survival (P=0.422) and thrombosis-free survival (P=0.900) . Conclusions: Compared with patients with JAK2 V617F mutation, patients with JAK2 exon12 mutation were younger, and had more obvious erythrocytosis and less loose cluster of megakaryocytes.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Marrow/pathology , Exons , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Mutation , Mutation, Missense , Polycythemia Vera/genetics
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 67(3): e-091228, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292092


Introdução: O potencial de transformação maligna de células-tronco hematopoiéticas portadoras de mutações no gene glicosilfostatidilinositolclasse A (PIG-A) para leucemias agudas, embora raro, já é bem descrito na literatura. Objetivo: Neste estudo, porém, buscou-se evidenciar pela primeira vez na literatura o surgimento ou a manutenção de clones de hemoglobinúria paroxística noturna (HPN) em pacientes diagnosticados com leucemia aguda ou ainda após o início do tratamento quimioterápico. Método: A pesquisa de clones de HPN foi realizada por citometria de fluxo em blastos, hemácias, granulócitos ou monócitos de 47 amostras de sangue periférico e medula óssea de pacientes submetidos à investigação diagnóstica ou acompanhamento terapêutico, provenientes de dois hospitais oncológicos e públicos de Belém, no período de dezembro de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Resultados: A presença de clones de HPN foi observada em 19/47 (40,4%) amostras de pacientes, em investigação diagnóstica ou acompanhamento terapêutico, que realizaram pelo menos um estudo de acompanhamento terapêutico e ainda tiveram o surgimento ou a manutenção do clone de HPN mesmo após iniciado o tratamento quimioterápico. Conclusão: Foi possível evidenciar, de forma primária, a presença de clones de HPN em pacientes diagnosticados com leucemia aguda tanto no período de investigação diagnóstica como durante o acompanhamento terapêutico, independentemente da ontogenia celular. Sem, porém, que se possa ainda avaliar a importância da presença desses clones de HPN para a evolução da doença primária, prognóstico ou necessidade de tratamento específico.

Introduction: The potential for malignant transformation of hematopoietic stem cells carrying mutations in theglycosylphosphatidylinositol class A (PIG-A) gene for acute leukemias, although rare, is already well described in the literature. Objective: In this study, however, it was attempted to show for the first time in the literature the emergence or maintenance of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) clones in patients diagnosed with acute leukemia or even after the beginning of the chemotherapy treatment. Method: The search of PNH clones was performed by flow cytometry in blasts, erythrocytes, granulocytes or monocytes of 47 samples of peripheral blood and bone marrow from patients undergoing diagnostic investigation or therapeutic follow-up in two oncological and public hospitals in Belém, from December 2017 to December 2018. Results: The presence of PNH clones was observed in 19/47 (40.4%) patient samples, in diagnostic investigation or therapeutic follow-up, who participated of at least one therapeutic follow-up study and still experience the appearance or maintenance of the PNH clone even after the beginning of the chemotherapy treatment. Conclusion: Primarily, it was possible to demonstrate the presence of PNH clones in patients diagnosed with acute leukemia both during the diagnostic investigation period and therapeutic follow-up, regardless of cell ontogeny. However, the importance of the presence of these PNH clones for the evolution of the primary disease, prognosis or need for specific treatment was not evaluated yet.

Introducción: El potencial de transformación maligna de las células madre hematopoyéticas que portan mutaciones en el gen glicosofosfatidilinositol (GPI) clase A (PIGA) para las leucemias agudas, aunque raro, ya está bien descrito en la literatura. Objetivo: En este estudio, sin embargo, buscamos mostrar por primera vez en la literatura la aparición o mantenimiento de clones de HPN en pacientes diagnosticados de leucemia aguda o incluso después del inicio de la quimioterapia. Método: La investigación de clones de hemoglobinuria paroxística nocturna (HPN) se realizó mediante citometría de flujo en blastos, eritrocitos, granulocitos o monocitos de 47 muestras de sangre periférica y médula ósea de pacientes sometidos a investigación diagnóstica o seguimiento terapéutico de dos hospitales oncológicos y públicos de Belém, durante el período. de diciembre de 2017 a diciembre de 2018. Resultados: La presencia de clones HPN se observó en 19/47 (40,4%) muestras de pacientes, en investigación diagnóstica o seguimiento terapéutico, que realizaron al menos un estudio de seguimiento terapéutico y aún tenían la aparición o mantenimiento del clon HPN incluso después de iniciado el tratamiento de quimioterapia. Conclusión: Se pudo evidenciar, de forma primaria, la presencia de clones de HPN en pacientes diagnosticados de leucemia aguda tanto durante el período de investigación diagnóstica como durante el seguimiento terapéutico, independientemente de la ontogenia celular. Sin embargo, no podemos todavía evaluar la importancia de la presencia de estos clones de HPN para la evolución de la enfermedad primaria, el pronóstico o la necesidad de un tratamiento específico.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukemia/diagnosis , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/blood , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leukemia/drug therapy , Clone Cells , Flow Cytometry , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal/diagnosis
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(4): 217-221, DEZ 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361632


A sarcoidose caracteriza-se como doença granulomatosa que acomete diferentes órgãos humanos, especialmente os pulmões, sendo sua patogênese pouco conhecida. No caso em questão, a paciente iniciou com sintomas inespecíficos, como fraqueza, perda ponderal e tosse seca esporádica, sendo internada para extensão da propedêutica. Sugeriu-se como hipótese diagnóstica inicial possível quadro de mieloma múltiplo, tendo em vista a anemia, a disfunção renal, a hipercalcemia e, sobretudo, as lesões osteolíticas apresentadas pela paciente. Todavia, o diagnóstico de sarcoidose foi selado a partir das biópsias de medula óssea e de linfonodo inguinal, que evidenciaram mielite e linfadenite granulomatosas, respectivamente. A terapêutica instituída baseou-se na administração de corticosteroides e em medidas de redução da calcemia. A paciente recebeu alta, com melhora do quadro clínico, para acompanhamento ambulatorial da doença. Conclui-se que a sarcoidose não possui tratamento curativo, mas a terapêutica imunossupressora é eficaz no controle da progressão da enfermidade, fazendo com que o paciente tenha um prognóstico favorável.

Sarcoidosis is characterized as a granulomatous disease that affects different human organs, especially the lungs, and its pathogenesis is little known. In this case, the patient started with nonspecific symptoms, such as weakness, weight loss, and sporadic dry cough, being hospitalized for extension of the propaedeutics. The initial diagnostic hypothesis suggested was a possible case of multiple myeloma, based on the anemia, renal dysfunction, hypercalcemia and, above all, the osteolytic lesions presented by the patient. However, the diagnosis of sarcoidosis was made after bone marrow and inguinal lymph node biopsies that showed granulomatous myelitis and lymphadenitis, respectively. The therapy instituted was based on the administration of corticosteroids and on measures to reduce the level of calcium. The patient was discharged, with clinical improvement, for outpatient follow-up of the disease. It is concluded that sarcoidosis has no curative treatment, but immunosuppressive therapy is effective in controlling the progression of the disease, giving the patient a favorable prognosis.

Humans , Female , Aged , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Rare Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Sarcoidosis/drug therapy , X-Rays , Biopsy , Blood Protein Electrophoresis , Bone Marrow/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Diagnosis, Differential , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Hypercalcemia , Anemia , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphadenitis/diagnosis , Myelitis/diagnosis
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(3): 191-198, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379934


La biopsia de médula ósea (BMO) es un procedimiento invasivo que ha ganado campo en la práctica médica ya que se realiza para el diagnóstico, estadificación y seguimiento de enfermedades hematológicas y no hematológicas, benignas o neoplásicas, entre otros. El objetivo fue establecer el rol de la BMO en las hemopatías en Pediatría en el ION SOLCA Guayaquil- Ecuador. Se utilizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo donde se incluyeron a todos los pacientes pediátricos menores de 18 años de edad que se sometieron a BMO, desde Julio de 2014 a Julio de 2017 en el hospital. De las 1511 BMO realizadas en el periodo de estudio, 869 correspondieron a biopsias pediátricas, de las cuales el 57,08% fueron varones. La edad mediana fue 5 (RIC: 3-10) años. El tamaño promedio de la BMO fue de 0,74 (0,1-2,5) cm, con una celularidad media de 20% (4-100%). El motivo de consulta más frecuente fue la fiebre (22,67%). En el hemograma se detectó más frecuentemente bicitopenia (44,65%) y pancitopenia (24,63%). La Leucemia Linfoblástica Aguda (LLA) fue la enfermedad hematológica maligna más comúnmente encontrada (19,59%). Solo un 0,12% correspondió al grupo de Síndromes Mielodisplásicos (SMD), mientras que un 0,23% fueron Neoplasias Mieloproliferativas (NMP). El 26,93% de las biopsias no fueron aptas para el diagnóstico, el 48,45% se encontraron libres de enfermedad de base. La enfermedad oncohematológica pediátrica más frecuente es la LLA, mientras que los SMD y las NMP son infrecuentes. El rol del patólogo y de la BMO es fundamental en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades hematológicas, siempre en integración con la clínica y los exámenes complementarios.

Bone marrow biopsy (BMB) is an invasive procedure that has gained ground in medical practice since it is performed for the diagnosis, staging and monitoring of hematological and non-hematological, benign or neoplastic diseases, among others. This work aims to establish the role of the BMB in hematological diseases in Pediatrics in the ION SOLCA Guayaquil ­ Ecuador. A non-experimental design study, descriptive type was used, that included all pediatric patients under 18 years of age who submitted a BMB, from July 2014 to July 2017 in the hospital. Of the 1511 BMB performed in the study period, 869 corresponded to pediatric biopsies, of which 57.08% belong to male patients. The median age was 5 (interquartile range: 3 - 10) years. The average size of the BMB was 0.74 (0.1 - 2.5) cm, with an average cellularity of 20% (4 - 100%). The most frequent reason for consultation was fever (22.67%). In the complete blood count, bicytopenia (44.65%) and pancytopenia (24.63%) were detected most commonly. Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) was the most frequent malignant hematologic disease (19.59%). Only 0.12% corresponded to the group of Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS), while 0.23% were Myeloproliferative Neoplasms (MPN). 26.93% of the biopsies were not apt for diagnosis, 48.45% were free of base disease. The most cfrequent pediatric onco-hematologic disease is ALL, while MDS and MPN are infrequent. The role of the pathologist and the BMP is fundamental in the diagnosis of hematological diseases, always in integration with the clinic and complementary examinations.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Bone Marrow/pathology , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/secondary , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/epidemiology , Signs and Symptoms , Biopsy , Blood Cell Count , Bone Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bone Neoplasms/pathology , Megakaryocytes/metabolism , Age and Sex Distribution , Myeloproliferative Disorders/diagnosis
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 17(2): 101-105, abr.-jun. 2019. ilus., graf.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026523


O hemangioma esplênico, tumor benigno mais frequente do baço, porém, por vezes de difícil diagnóstico, pode integrar a síndrome de Kasabach-Merritt, afecção rara e potencialmente fatal, descrita como associação entre hemangioma, trombocitopenia e coagulopatia de consumo. Apresentamos um caso de paciente de 73 anos em acompanhamento com a hematologia por trombocitopenia crônica a princípio idiopática, que evoluiu com dor abdominal, anemia e derrame pleural. Foi realizada tomografia computadorizada de abdome, que evidenciou massa esplênica sólida heterogênea. A paciente foi submetida a esplenectomia total videolaparoscópica e evoluiu com melhora da dor abdominal e normalização da série plaquetária, sem recorrência do derrame pleural após o procedimento. A raridade e a complexidade do caso, somadas à dificuldade diagnóstica e à abordagem terapêutica, foram fatores que corroboraram para a apresentação desse caso. (AU)

Splenic hemangioma, the most common, but sometimes hard to diagnose, benign tumor of the spleen may integrate Kasabach- Merritt syndrome, a rare and potentially fatal condition described as an association ofhemangioma, thrombocytopenia and consumption coagulopathy. We present a case of a 73-year-old female patient being monitoring, with Hematology due to chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenia who progressed with abdominal pain, anemia and pleural effusion; a computed tomography scan of the abdomen was performed, showing a heterogeneous solid splenic mass. The patient underwent total videolaparoscopic splenectomy and progressed with improvement of abdominal pain and normalization of the platelet series, with no recurrence of pleural effusion after the procedure. The rarity and complexity of the case added to the diagnostic difficulty and therapeutic approach were factors that corroborated for the presentation of this case. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Splenic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/diagnosis , Hemangioma/diagnosis , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pleural Effusion/drug therapy , Pleural Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Spinal Puncture , Splenectomy , Splenomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Bone Marrow/pathology , Radiography , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Abdominal Pain , Video-Assisted Surgery , Dyspepsia , Dyspnea , Thoracentesis , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Anemia , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(1): e2018059, Jan.-Mar. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-987013


An 84-year-old Japanese woman with myelodysplastic syndrome was admitted with pyrexia and dyspnea, but died suddenly during diagnostic evaluation. The autopsy revealed miliary tuberculosis in addition to myelodysplastic syndrome in the bone marrow. The immediate cause of the patient's sudden death was pulmonary fat embolism derived from bone marrow necrosis. This case shows that the infiltration of the myelodysplastic bone marrow by tuberculosis and consequent bone marrow necrosis and fat embolism can be the cause of sudden death. In this article, we report the autopsy results of this unusual cause of sudden death, and discuss tuberculosis-related sudden death with a review of the literature.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Tuberculosis/pathology , Death, Sudden/etiology , Embolism, Fat/complications , Autopsy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Necrosis
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(3): 275-280, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004347


Background: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is an uncommon indolent B-cell lymphoma, due to the proliferation of lymphoplasmacytic cells, and secretion of a monoclonal IgM protein. Aim: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, management and results of treatment of patients with WM at a public hospital in Chile. Patients and Methods: Review of medical records of 31 patients aged 43 to 85 years (16 males) with WM diagnosed between 2002 and 2017. Clinical features and survival were recorded. Results: All patients had bone marrow compromise, and 31%, extranodal involvement. According to the International Prognostic Score System for WM (IPSSWM) 16, 58 and 26% were at low, intermediate and high risk, respectively. Twenty-five patients (81%) were treated, 32% with plasmapheresis and 36% with rituximab. Four cases (16%) achieved complete remission. Median follow up was 35 months (range 6-159). Estimated overall survival (OS) at 5 and 10 years was 74% and 53%, respectively. According to IPSSWM, the estimated five-year OS was 80, 92 and 39%, for low, intermediate and high-risk patients, respectively. Conclusions: OS was similar to that reported abroad, except for low risk patients, probably due to the low number of cases and short follow up. An improved survival should be expected with the routine use of immunochemotherapy.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/diagnosis , Vincristine , Biopsy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chile/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/mortality , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(5): 1362-1368, set.-out. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-946808


O objetivo com este estudo foi comparar as técnicas de citologia aspirativa, biópsia e citobloco para identificação e quantificação parasitológica de Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi em medula óssea de cães. Amostras de tecido medular de 26 animais, em diferentes estágios clínico-laboratoriais da doença, foram estudadas obedecendo-se os mesmos critérios de investigação nas técnicas de citologia aspirativa, biópsia e citobloco. O menor número de campos para a confirmação parasitológica foi constatado no esfregaço direto obtido por citologia aspirativa. O estágio clínico-laboratorial não influenciou no número de campos necessários para a primeira visualização do agente em nenhuma das técnicas (p>0,05), e menor intensidade parasitária foi observada nas lâminas de citobloco. As técnicas de citologia aspirativa e biópsia concordaram na estimativa do coeficiente de infectividade no tecido estudado (p<0,05). Apesar de a técnica de citobloco permitir a concentração de células e o melhor reaproveitamento de amostras, não demonstrou ser um método adequado para rápida identificação e quantificação parasitológica na leishmaniose visceral canina. Considerando-se suas vantagens, a citologia aspirativa foi o melhor método para detecção microscópica do parasito e determinação do nível de intensidade parasitária no tecido estudado.(AU)

The aim of the present study was to compare the aspiration cytology, biopsy and cell block techniques for identification and parasitological quantification of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum chagasi in dog bone marrow. Bone marrow tissue samples from 26 animals, in different clinical-laboratory stages of the disease, were studied according to the same criteria of investigation in the aspiration cytology, biopsy and cell block techniques. The lowest number of fields for the parasitological confirmation was found in the direct smear obtained by aspiration cytology. The clinical-laboratory stage did not influence the number of fields required for the first visualization of the agent in any of the techniques (p> 0.05) and less parasitic intensity was observed in the cell block slides. The aspiration cytology and biopsy techniques agreed on the estimation of infectivity coefficient in the tissue studied (p< 0.05). Although the cell block technique allows the concentration of cells and better reutilization of samples, it has not been shown to be an adequate method for rapid identification and parasitological quantification in canine visceral leishmaniasis. Considering its advantages, aspiration cytology was the best method for microscopic detection of the parasite and determination of the level of parasite intensity in the tissue studied.(AU)

Animals , Dogs , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/methods , Bone Marrow/pathology , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/parasitology
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(11): e6278, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951723


Rhabdomyolysis refers to the destruction or disintegration of striated muscles. This syndrome is characterized by muscle breakdown and necrosis, resulting in the leakage of intracellular muscle constituents into the circulation and extracellular fluid. We report a rare case of rhabdomyolysis complicating multi-organ failure caused by T-cell lymphoma in a 32-year-old woman. The final diagnosis was rhabdomyolysis caused by peripheral T-cell lymphoma based on bone marrow aspirate and biopsy.

Humans , Female , Adult , Rhabdomyolysis/etiology , Lymphoma, T-Cell/complications , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/complications , Biopsy, Needle , Bone Marrow/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Bone Marrow Neoplasms/pathology , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology
Autops. Case Rep ; 7(4): 42-50, Oct.-Dec. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-905406


Sickle cell disease encompasses a wide range of genotypic presentation with particular clinical features. The entity affects millions of people, particularly those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa and other countries in the Western Hemisphere, Saudi Arabia, and India. Currently, the high frequency of S and C genes reflects natural selection through the protection of heterozygotes against severe malaria, the high frequency of consanguineous marriages, improvement of some public health policies and the nutritional standards in the poorer countries where newborns are now living long enough to present for diagnosis and management. Although there is a high burden of the disease, in many countries, the new-born sickle cell screening test is being performed and is rendering an early diagnosis; however, it is still difficult for sickle cell patients to find proper treatment and adequate follow-up. Moreover, in many countries, patients are neither aware of their diagnosis nor the care they should receive to prevent complications; also, they do not receive adequate genetic counseling. Hemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease is the most frequent double sickle cell heterozygosis found in Brazil. The clinical course tends to be more benign with fewer hospitalizations compared with double homozygotic SS patients. However, HbSC patients may present severe complications with a fatal outcome. We report the case of a 36-year-old man who presented to the emergency care facility with symptoms consistent with the diagnosis of sickling crisis. The outcome was unfavorable and death occurred just hours after admission. The autopsy revealed a generalized vaso-occlusive crisis by sickled red cells, bone marrow necrosis, and fat embolism syndrome.

Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Marrow/pathology , Embolism, Fat/pathology , Hemoglobin SC Disease/complications , Autopsy , Fatal Outcome , Hemoglobin SC Disease/diagnosis , Hemoglobin SC Disease/pathology
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(4): 2657-2662, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886836


ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the high consumption of sucrose on the levels of DNA damage in blood, hippocampus and bone marrow of rats. Male Wistar rats were treated for 4 months with sucrose (10% for 60 initial days and 34% for the following 60 days) in drinking water, and then, glycemia and glycated hemoglobin (A1C) were measured. Levels of DNA damage in blood and hippocampus were evaluated by the comet assay. The micronucleus test was used to evaluate chromosomal damages in the bone marrow. The sucrose treatment significantly increased (p<0.01) the serum glucose levels (~20%) and A1C (~60%). The level of primary DNA damage was significantly increased (p<0.05) in hippocampal cells (~60%) but not in peripheral blood leukocytes (p>0.05). Additionally, it was observed a significative increase (p<0.05) in the markers of chromosomal breaks/losses in bone marrow, as indicated by the micronucleus test. This is the first study that evaluated DNA damage induced by high sucrose concentration in the hippocampus and bone marrow of rats. Sucrose-induced DNA damage was observed in both tissues. However, the mechanism of sucrose toxicity on DNA remains unknown.

Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Marrow/drug effects , DNA Damage , Hippocampus/drug effects , Bone Marrow/pathology , Micronucleus Tests , Rats, Wistar , Dietary Sucrose/adverse effects , Comet Assay , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus/pathology
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(12): 1025-1027, Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896327


Summary Gaucher's disease is characterized by glucocerebroside accumulation in the cells of the reticuloendothelial system. There are three subtypes. The most common is type 1, known as the non-neuropathic form. Pancytopenia, hepatosplenomegaly and bone lesions occur as a result of glucocerebroside accumulation in the liver, lung, spleen and bone marrow in these patients. Findings associated with liver, spleen or bone involvement may be seen at radiological analysis. Improvement in extraskeletal system findings is seen with enzyme replacement therapy. Support therapy is added in patients developing infection, anemia or pain. We describe a case of hepatosplenomegaly, splenic infarction, splenic nodules and femur fracture determined at radiological imaging in a patient under monitoring due to Gaucher's disease.

Humans , Female , Pain/diagnostic imaging , Femur Head/diagnostic imaging , Gaucher Disease/diagnostic imaging , Splenomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Bone Marrow/pathology , Bone Marrow/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Femur Head/injuries , Gaucher Disease/pathology , Hepatomegaly/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(9): 1208-1212, set. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902609


Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is a rare hematological malignancy derived from immature plasmacytoid dendritic cells. The tumor cells have an immature blastic appearance, and diagnosis is based on the expression of CD4, CD56 y CD123 in the absence of other lymphoid, natural killer, or myeloid antigens. The majority of affected individuals are older people with a mean age of 66 years. Male to female ratio is approximately 3:1. Common presentation includes cutaneous lesions followed by tumor dissemination. Treatment with conventional chemotherapy is ineffective and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is required to achieve remission. We report three male patients, aged 23, 27 and 51 years with the disease. All had multiple, infiltrated pink plaques and nodules on the skin of their face, neck and thorax, measuring 1 to 12 cm in diameter. All tumors were histologically characterized by a monotonous proliferation of medium size cells with blastic features. Tumor cells were positive for CD123, CD56, CD4 and CD7 in all cases. After a mean of follow-up of 14.6 months, one patient died of the disease, one patient is alive and the disease relapsed after 17 months of remission and one patient is alive with no evidence of the disease.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dendritic Cells/pathology , Hematologic Neoplasms/pathology , Skin/pathology , Biopsy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Fatal Outcome