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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9944, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142581

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to inhibit adipogenic differentiation by transfecting two growth factors, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) and bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP-2), into modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) and then compounded with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). To achieve rBMSCs, the osteoporosis model of rats was established, and then the rBMSCs from the rats were isolated and identified. Co-transfection of rBMSCs with PDGF-BB-GFP and BMP-2 and detection of PDGF-BB/BMP-2 expression in transfected BMSCs was assessed by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Moreover, the effect of the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs on adipogenic differentiation was evaluated by oil red O staining and western blot, respectively. Finally, construction of the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs compounded with PRP and detection of adipogenic differentiation were assessed by oil red O staining, CCK-8, and western blot, respectively. In vitro studies revealed that the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs compounded with PRP promoted cell viability and inhibited adipogenic differentiation and could be promising for inhibiting adipogenic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Becaplermin/genetics , Transfection , Cells, Cultured
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921557

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether the signaling activation of bone morphogenetic protein 2(BMP2)can induce myeloid-derived suppressor cells(MDSC)to secret transforming growth factor β(TGF-β),further enhancing the differentiation and infiltration of regulatory T lymphocytes(Treg)into tumor tissue. Methods The BMP2-induced mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β in MDSC was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA),respectively.The effect of BMP2-induced TGF-β secretion by MDSC on Treg differentiation was then determined by flow cytometry.Finally,we implanted the recombined human bone morphogenetic protein 2(rhBMP2)collagen gels into tumor-burdened mice to examine the role of BMP2 in Treg differentiation via MDSC-secreted TGF-β


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Cell Differentiation , Mice , Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells , Neoplasms , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Transforming Growth Factor beta
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20201092, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340095

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study sought to compare the biocompatibility of a three-dimensional (3D)-printed titanium implant with a conventional machined titanium product, as well as the effect of such implant applied with recombinant human Bone Morphogenetic Protein Type 2 (rhBMP-2) for guided bone regeneration. Methodology Disk-shaped titanium specimens fabricated either by the conventional machining technique or by the 3D-printing technique were compared by MC3T3-E1 cells cytotoxicity assay. New bone formation was evaluated using a rapid prototype titanium cap applied to the calvaria of 10 rabbits, which were divided into two groups: one including an atelopeptide collagen plug on one side of the cap (group I) and the other including a plug with rhBMP-2 on the other side (group II). At six and 12 weeks after euthanasia, rabbits calvaria underwent morphometric analysis through radiological and histological examination. Results Through the cytotoxicity assay, we identified a significantly higher number of MC3T3-E1 cells in the 3D-printed specimen when compared to the machined specimen after 48 hours of culture. Moreover, morphometric analysis indicated significantly greater bone formation at week 12 on the side where rhBMP-2 was applied when evaluating the upper portion immediately below the cap. Conclusion The results suggest that 3D-printed titanium implant applied with rhBMP-2 enables new bone formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteogenesis , Titanium , Rabbits , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Printing, Three-Dimensional
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1426-1433, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteo-inductive growth factor widely used in bone reconstruction and both the vehicle used to administer it and the scaffold substrate could determine its success in clinical situations. The aim was to analyse the clinical behaviour of dental implants placed in single alveolar ridges with a horizontal deficiency in the maxillary anterior region that were reconstructed horizontally with rhBMP-2 and porous hydroxyapatite (HA). Inclusion criteria were both males and females, between the ages of 18 and 29 with single tooth loss of one upper incisor. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was used to take measurements prior to bone augmentation and again prior to the implant insertion. Surgery was carried out under local anaesthetic. In the primary procedure, bone substitute was introduced using porous HA and rhBMP-2; after 4 to 5 months, dental implant surgery was carried out and the implant placed; after 3 months of consolidation the provisional prosthesis was placed and then a definitive restoration was placed. Variables were analysed using the t-test with a p-value of < 0.05 in order to assess statistical significance. Thirteen subjects were included (6 females and 7 males). Bone augmentation resulted in a bone gain of 4.15mm (p=0.023), which was shown to be statistically significant. All of the grafts placed were successful and 13 implants were placed, using torques between 30 and 70N, without complications. For the final prostheses, 11 were screw retained and 2 were cemented in place. The horizontal bone augmentation using HA and rhBMP-2 is an efficient technique for single bone defects in the anterior maxillary area; clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to confirm these results.


RESUMEN: La proteína ósea morfogenética (BMP-2) es un potente osteoinductor utilizado ampliamente en técnicas reconstructivas; el vehículo de instalación es determinante en su evolución. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento clínico de implantes dentales instalados en rebordes alveolares únicos con deficiencia horizontal del sector anterior reconstruida horizontalmente con BMP-2 e hidroxiapatita (HA) porosa. Fueron incluidos sujetos de ambos sexos de entre 18 y 29 años, con pérdida dentaria unitaria a nivel de incisivos superiores. Se utilizó tomografía computadorizada para realizar mediciones en las etapas previa a la instalación del injerto y previo a la instalación del implante. Las cirugías fueron realizadas bajo anestesia local. En la primera intervención se realizó la instalación del injerto óseo utilizando HA porosa y BMP-2; después de 4 a 5 meses se realizó la instalación del implante dental; 3 meses después se realizó la conexión protésica y rehabilitación final. Las variables fueron estudiadas con la prueba t test considerando el valor de p< 0,05 para considerar significancia estadística. Trece sujetos fueron incluidos (6 mujeres y 7 hombres); con la reconstrucción ósea se obtuvo una ganancia ósea de 4,15mm (p=0.023) que fue estadísticamente significativo. No existió pérdida en ningún injerto realizado; se instalaron 13 implantes con torques entre 30 y 70N sin complicaciones; se realizaron prótesis fijas atornilladas en 11 casos y cementadas en 2 casos. La técnica con HA y BMP- 2 es eficiente para reconstruir defectos horizontales en perdidas unitarias del sector anterior maxilar; ensayos clínicos de mayor escala son necesarios para confirmar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Implants , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 316-321, abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056441

ABSTRACT

La regeneración de defectos óseos críticos requiere la utilización de biomateriales óseos. Así, se han utilizados agentes osteogénicos como la proteína morfogenética (rhBMP-2). El objetivo fue describir la formación ósea de defectos óseos críticos en calota de ratas utilizando rhBMP-2 con distintos biomateriales. Se realizaron dos defectos óseos críticos de 5 mm en 15 calotas de ratas machos adultas divididos en grupo control (sin tratamiento) (C); autoinjerto + rhBMP-2 (A); fosfato tricálcico + rhBMP-2 (BTCP); xenoinjerto de bovino + rhBMP-2 (B) y hidroxihapatita + rhBMP-2 (HA). A las ocho semanas post tratamiento, se realizó la eutanasia y posterior análisis histológico de los defectos. El grupo C no presentó formación de tejido óseo en el defecto. En el resto de los grupos, se formó abundante tejido óseo en los márgenes, por lo tanto, el defecto presentó menor tamaño. El grupo HA presentó formación ósea trabecular con amplios espacios medulares y abundante tejido adiposo. El grupo B-TCP también presentó formación ósea trabecular y la mayoría de las muestras presentaron puente óseo en el defecto. El grupo B presentó partículas de material injertado rodeado por trabéculas óseas y tejido conectivo. En el grupo A, todas las muestras presentaban puente óseo formado por bloques de autoinjerto rodeado por tejido conectivo y óseo. Es posible concluir que los defectos óseos de 5 mm en calota de rata son defectos críticos que requieren utilizar biomateriales para la reparación del defecto. El grupo B-TCP presentó características histológicas más próximas a la regeneración ósea lograda con el Grupo A.


The regeneration of bone critical size defects requires the use of bone biomaterials. Therefore, an osteogenic agent such as bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) has been used. The objective was to describe the bone formation of bone critical size defects in the rat calvaria using rhBMP-2 with different biomaterials. Two critical bone defects of 5 mm were made in 15 calvaria of adult male rats divided into a control group (without treatment) (C); autograft + rhBMP-2 (A); tricalcium phosphate + rhBMP-2 (B-TCP); bovine xenograft + rhBMP-2 (B) and hydroxyhapatite + rhBMP-2 (HA). At eight weeks post treatment, euthanasia and subsequent histological analysis of the defects were performed. Group C did not show bone tissue formation in the defect. In the rest of the groups, abundant bone tissue formed in the margins, therefore, the defect was smaller. The HA group presented trabecular bone formation with large medullary spaces and abundant adipose tissue. The B-TCP group also presented trabecular bone formation and most of the samples formed a bone bridge across the defect. Group B presented grafted material particles surrounded by bone trabeculae and connective tissue. In group A, all samples presented a bone bridge formed by autograft blocks surrounded by connective and bone tissue. It is possible to conclude that 5 mm bone defects in rat calvaria are critical size defects that require the use of biomaterials for defect repair. The B-TCP group presented histological characteristics similar to the bone regeneration achieved with Group A.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/pharmacology , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(9): e9750, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132559

ABSTRACT

Our study attempted to compare the efficacies of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2, 6, and 9 in inducing osteogenic differentiation of preodontoblasts (PDBs). We immortalized PDBs by introducing a reversible SV40 T antigen-based immortalization system. Cell proliferation capability was examined by the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay. The effects of BMP2, 6, and 9 on the osteogenic differentiation of immortalized preodontoblasts (iPDBs) were measured by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assays and alizarin red S staining. The expression of osteogenic markers was evaluated by semiquantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. To assess ectopic bone formation, rat-derived iPDBs were transfected in culture with adenoviral vectors designated Ad-BMP2, 6, and 9 and subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected into mice. Several BMPs retained endogenous expression in PDBs and regulated the mRNA expression of mineralized tissue-associated proteins. ALP activity and mineralized nodule formation were significantly increased in the Ad-BMP9-transfected group relative to the control group. In addition, the most significant hard tissue formation was in this group. The results indicated that BMP signaling was involved in the osteogenic differentiation of iPDBs. BMP9 could be an efficacious accelerant of the osteogenic differentiation of iPDBs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Osteogenesis , Signal Transduction , Cells, Cultured , Gene Expression Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6 , Growth Differentiation Factor 2 , Odontoblasts
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the repairing ability of nano-pearl powder bone substitute in rabbit with defect of distal femur bone.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: a nano-pearl powder/recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2)/hyaluronic acid group, a nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, a nano-pearl powder group and a blank control group (=8 in each group). A defect with the diameter of 7 mm and height of 10 mm was prepared at the distal femoral metaphysis line of the rabbit.Different bone substitutes were planted, and the effect of repair was evaluated by macroscopic observation, imaging examination, and histopathological examination.@*RESULTS@#The results of imageology showed that: the bone repairing effect in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, and which in the 3 experimental groups was better than that in the blank control group; The results of histology showed that: at the 4th, 8th and 12th weeks after the modeling operation, the speed of bone repair in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was faster than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, and which in the blank control group was far slower than that in the 3 experimental groups. The results of immunohistochemistry staining for osteocalcin antibody showed that: the osteogenic effect in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group (both 0.05); however, there was significant difference between the pure pearl powder group and the blank control group (0.05), but the osteogenic effect in the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the blank control group (both <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Nano-pearl powder and its bone substitute can promote the repair of bone defect, and the nano-pearl powder which contains rhBMP-2 has better osteogenic and repairing effect on defect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Substitutes , Collagen , Femur , Humans , Osteogenesis , Powders , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e007, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055531

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the influence of cyclosporine administration on the repair of critical-sized calvaria defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria filled with diverse biomaterials. Sixty animals were divided into two groups: the control (CTR) group (saline solution) and the cyclosporine (CCP) group (cyclosporine, 10 mg/kg/day). These medications were administered daily by gavage, beginning 15 days before the surgical procedure and lasting until the day the animals were euthanized. A CSD (5 mm Ø) was made in the calvaria of each animal, which was allocated to one of 3 subgroups, according to the biomaterial used to fill the defect: coagulum (COA), deproteinized bovine bone (DBB), or biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics of hydroxyapatite and β-phosphate tricalcium (HA/TCP). Euthanasia of the animals was performed 15 and 60 days after the surgical procedure (n = 5 animals/period/subgroup). Bone repair (formation) assessment was performed through microtomography and histometry, while the analyses of the expression of the BMP2, Osteocalcin, and TGFβ1 proteins were performed using immunohistochemistry. The CSDs not filled with biomaterials demonstrated lower bone formation in the CCP group. At 15 days, less bone formation was observed in the CSDs filled with DBB, a smaller volume of mineralized tissue was observed in the CSDs filled with HA/TCP, and the expression levels of BMP2 and osteocalcin were lower in the CCP group compared to the CTR group. The use of cyclosporine impaired bone repair in CSD, and this effect can be partially explained by the suppression of BMP2 and osteocalcin expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Calcineurin Inhibitors/pharmacology , Skull/drug effects , Skull/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Osteocalcin/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e007, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089397

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the influence of cyclosporine administration on the repair of critical-sized calvaria defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria filled with diverse biomaterials. Sixty animals were divided into two groups: the control (CTR) group (saline solution) and the cyclosporine (CCP) group (cyclosporine, 10 mg/kg/day). These medications were administered daily by gavage, beginning 15 days before the surgical procedure and lasting until the day the animals were euthanized. A CSD (5 mm Ø) was made in the calvaria of each animal, which was allocated to one of 3 subgroups, according to the biomaterial used to fill the defect: coagulum (COA), deproteinized bovine bone (DBB), or biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics of hydroxyapatite and β-phosphate tricalcium (HA/TCP). Euthanasia of the animals was performed 15 and 60 days after the surgical procedure (n = 5 animals/period/subgroup). Bone repair (formation) assessment was performed through microtomography and histometry, while the analyses of the expression of the BMP2, Osteocalcin, and TGFβ1 proteins were performed using immunohistochemistry. The CSDs not filled with biomaterials demonstrated lower bone formation in the CCP group. At 15 days, less bone formation was observed in the CSDs filled with DBB, a smaller volume of mineralized tissue was observed in the CSDs filled with HA/TCP, and the expression levels of BMP2 and osteocalcin were lower in the CCP group compared to the CTR group. The use of cyclosporine impaired bone repair in CSD, and this effect can be partially explained by the suppression of BMP2 and osteocalcin expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Calcineurin Inhibitors/pharmacology , Skull/drug effects , Skull/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Osteocalcin/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of lentivirus-mediated BMP-2 overexpression plasmid transfection into bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and silk fibroin scaffold on osteoblast transformation.@*METHODS@#The lentivirus BMP-2 overexpression vector was constructed, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were cultured, and the combined culture system of nuclear scaffolds was constructed. Alizarin red staining and alkaline phosphatase staining were used to detect the osteogenic transformation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. Ten New Zealand white rabbits, weighing 3.2 to 4.5 kg(averaging 3.9 kg), aged (2.89±0.45) years old, were selected to construct the rabbit tibial defect model by drilling a conical tibial defect (5 mm in length, 2 mm in width and 3 mm in depth) with an oral drill. The repair of the tibial defect in the animal model was observed by HE staining. The experimental group was implanted with silk fibroin scaffold + BMP-2 overexpression vector bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell complex, while the negative control group was implanted with silk fibroin scaffold+non-transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell complex.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group(silk fibroin scaffold+non-transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells), the number of adherent cells on the surface of the scaffold in the experimental group(silk fibroin scaffold+transfected BMP-2 overexpression vector BMP-2 complex) increased significantly. Compared with the control group, the ECM secretion in the experimental group increased significantly. EDX analysis showed that the content of calcium ion was 0.22% in the control group and 0.86% in the experimental group, which showed that the ability of inducing calcium ion formation in the experimental group was stronger than that in the control group. Alizarin red staining of calcium nodules showed that there was no obvious change in the naked eye of the control group, and a small amount of calcium nodules could be seen under the microscope. In the experimental group, obvious red area staining was observed by naked eye, and a large number of calcium nodules were observed by microscopy. The results of alkaline phosphatase staining showed that there was no obvious change in the naked eye of the control group, and no obvious change in the microscopic observation. In the experimental group, purple area staining was observed by naked eyes, and ALP staining was strongly positive by microscopy. The combined culture system of silk fibroin scaffold and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can repair cartilage defects. The repair effect of BMP-2 bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells after transfection is obviously better than that of non-transfection group. HE staining showed that inflammatory cells decreased and scaffolds disappeared slightly in the control group. In the experimental group, inflammatory cells were significantly reduced, scaffolds disappeared and angiogenesis was observed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lentivirus-mediated BMP-2 overexpression plasmid can promote BMSC to differentiate into osteocytes and secrete more extracellular matrix containing Ca²⁺ to promote bone defect repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Cells, Cultured , Fibroins , Lentivirus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Plasmids , Rabbits , Transfection
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the synergistic effect of adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy on new bone formation and angiogenesis after 8 weeks of healing. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (n=28) were split into 2 groups according to the application of adjunctive HBO therapy: a group that received HBO therapy (HBO group [n=14]) and another group that did not receive HBO therapy (NHBO group [n=14]). Each group was divided into 2 subgroups according to the type of bone graft material: a biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) subgroup and an Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2-/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-coated BCP (mBCP) subgroup. Two identical circular defects with a 6-mm diameter were made in the right and left parietal bones of each rat. One defect was grafted with bone graft material (BCP or mBCP). The other defect was not grafted. The HBO group received 2 weeks of adjunctive HBO therapy (1 hour, 5 times a week). The rats were euthanized 8 weeks after surgery. The specimens were prepared for histologic analysis. RESULTS: New bone (%) was higher in the NHBO-mBCP group than in the NHBO-BCP and control groups (P<0.05). Blood vessel count (%) and vascular endothelial growth factor staining (%) were higher in the HBO-mBCP group than in the NHBO-mBCP group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HBO therapy did not have a positive influence on bone formation irrespective of the type of bone graft material applied after 8 weeks of healing. HBO therapy had a positive effect on angiogenic activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Vessels , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Substitutes , Calcium , Escherichia , Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Osteogenesis , Oxygen , Parietal Bone , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transplants , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the enhancement of osteogenic potential of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) bone substitute coated with Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (ErhBMP-2) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). METHODS: The cell viability, differentiation, and mineralization of osteoblasts was tested with ErhBMP-2-/EGCG solution. Coated BCP surfaces were also investigated. Standardized, 6-mm diameter defects were created bilaterally on the maxillary sinus of 10 male New Zealand white rabbits. After removal of the bony windows and elevation of sinus membranes, ErhBMP-2-/EGCG-coated BCP was applied on one defect in the test group. BCP was applied on the other defect to form the control group. The animals were sacrificed at 4 or 8 weeks after surgery. Histologic and histometric analyses of the augmented graft and surrounding tissue were performed. RESULTS: The 4-week and 8-week test groups showed more new bone (%) than the corresponding control groups (P<0.05). The 8-week test group showed more new bone (%) than the 4-week test group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ErhBMP-2-/EGCG-coated BCP was effective as a bone graft material, showing enhanced osteogenic potential and minimal side effects in a rabbit sinus augmentation model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Substitutes , Calcium , Cell Survival , Escherichia , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Membranes , Miners , Osteoblasts , Rabbits , Transplants
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761911

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Silica particles (SPs) induce cell proliferation and osteogenic differentiation. We reported that SPs in the scaffold induced early stage osteogenic differentiation. METHODS: A polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffold was fabricated with a 10 wt% SPs. The surface of PCL scaffold was coated with a 10 µg/mL collagen solution. Next, the scaffold was conjugated with 2 µM SPs, 2 µg/mL bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), or 2 µM BMP2-conjugated SPs (BCSPs). Green fluorescent protein-coupled BMP2 was applied to fabricate the scaffold. The fluorescence intensity was analyzed by confocal microscopy. The mRNA levels of the early osteogenic differentiation marker, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), were analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Levels of BMP2, RUNX2, ERK1/2, and AKT were assessed by western blotting. RESULTS: ALP mRNA levels were significantly higher in the BCSP-conjugated scaffold than in the other scaffolds. In the early stage of osteogenic differentiation, the protein levels of BMP2, RUNX2, ERK1/2, and AKT in cells were significantly higher in the BCSP-conjugated scaffold than in other scaffolds. Thus, the BCSP composite scaffold induced rapid osteogenic differentiation. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that BCSP composite can be used to promote early stage osteogenic differentiation and show promise as a material for use in scaffolds for bone regeneration.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Blotting, Western , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Bone Regeneration , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Fluorescence , Microscopy, Confocal , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Silicon Dioxide , Stem Cells
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for BMP2 mutation with functional impact in patients with congenital tooth agenesis and to make oral and skeletal phenotype record and functional analysis with in vitro experiments.@*METHODS@#We enrolled eighteen patients with congenital tooth agenesis. The medical and dental history was collected,and clinical and dental examinations including the X-ray examination of oral-facial and skeletal bone were performed for the phenotypic analysis. Blood samples were collected to extract DNA and whole exome sequencing was conducted. The genes involved in oral-facial development and congenital skeletal diseases were investigated for mutation screening. The mutations with functional impact were then investigated. In one patient, the BMP2 mutation with putative functional impact was selected for functional analysis. Wild type and mutant BMP2 plasmids with green fluorescent protein (GFP) tag were constructed and transfected into HEK293T cells. Subcellular protein distribution was observed under laser scanning confocal microscope. The activation of downstream SMAD1/5/9 phosphorylation by BMP2 was detected by Western blotting to investigate the functional impact and genetic pathogenicity.@*RESULTS@#BMP2 mutation NM_001200.3:c.393A>T (p.Arg131Ser), rs140417301 was detected in one patient with congenital tooth agenesis, while for other genes involved in oral-facial development and congenital skeletal diseases, no functionally significant mutation was found. The proband's parents didn't carry this mutation. The father had normal dentition, while the mother lacked one premolar, and both the parents showed normal palate and maxilla. The patient also had maxillary hypoplasia in both sagittal and coronal planes, palatal dysmorphology, and malocclusion, and was diagonsed with osteopenia after the X-ray examnination of his skeletal bone. Functional analysis showed this mutation had normal subcelluar localization but reduced phosphorylation of SMAD1/5/9 (reduction by 32%, 22%, and 27% in three independent replicates). Taken together with family co-segregation, this mutaion was considered as "likely pathogenic".@*CONCLUSION@#BMP2 mutation c.393A>T (p. Arg131Ser) affects bone morphogenetic protein signaling activity, and may affect the number of teeth, growth of maxilla and palate, and bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype , Plasmids , Tooth
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180317, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984571

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (BMP-2) and retinoic acid (RA) are osteoinductive factors that stimulate endogenous mechanisms of bone repair which can be applied on management of osseous defects in oral and maxillofacial fields. Objective Considering the different results of RA on osteogenesis and its possible use to substitute/potency BMP-2 effects, this study evaluated the outcomes of BMP-2, RA, and BMP-2+RA treatments on in vitro osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and the signaling pathway(s) involved. Material and Methods ASCs were treated every other day with basic osteogenic medium (OM) alone or supplemented with BMP-2, RA, or BMP-2+RA. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined using the r-nitrophenol method. Extracellular matrix mineralization was evaluated using von Kossa staining and calcium quantification. Expression of osteonectin and osteocalcin mRNA were determined using qPCR. Smad1, Smad4, phosphorylated Smad1/5/8, BMP-4, and BMP-7 proteins expressions were analyzed using western blotting. Signaling pathway was evaluated using the IPA® software. Results RA promoted the highest ALP activity at days 7, 14, 21, and 28, in comparison to BMP-2 and BMP-2+RA. BMP-2+RA best stimulated phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 protein expression at day 7 and Smad4 expression at days 7, 14, 21, and 28. Osteocalcin and osteonectin mRNA expressions were best stimulated by BMP-2+RA at day 7. Matrix mineralization was most improved by BMP-2+RA at days 12 and 32. Additionally, BMP-2+RA promoted the highest BMP signaling pathway activation at days 7 and 14, and demonstrated more activation of differentiation of bone-forming cells than OM alone. Conclusions In summary, RA increased the effect of BMP-2 on osteogenic differentiation of human ASCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/drug effects , Osteonectin/analysis , Osteonectin/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/adverse effects , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate the effect of neurotrophin 3 (NT-3) on the osteogenic differentiation of human dental follicle cells (hDFCs).@*METHODS@#hDFCs were isolated and cultured in vitro. Immunocytochemical staining was used to identify the origin of hDFCs. The effects of different NT-3 concentrations on hDFCs proliferation were detected by using CCK-8 assay. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities and mRNA expression levels of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and osteocalcin (OCN) were determined to investigate the effects of NT-3 on hDFCs osteogenesis. The difference in the number of mineralized nodules was detected using alizarin red staining.@*RESULTS@#Vimentin and cytokeratin staining results showed that hDFCs originated from the mesenchymal cells. NT-3 exerted no evident effect on hDFCs proliferation. The ALP activity and the BMP-2 and OCN mRNA expression levels of hDFCs were significantly improved under treatment with different NT-3 concentrations (25, 50, and 100 ng·mL ⁻¹) compared with those in the control group. BMP-2 and OCN mRNA relative expression levels of hDFCs reached the highest when the NT-3 concentration was 100 ng·mL ⁻¹. The number of mineralized nodules reached the maximum when the hDFCs were treated with 50 and 100 ng·mL ⁻¹ NT-3.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Appropriate mass concentration of NT-3 can promote the osteogenic differentiation of hDFCs.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Dental Sac , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Neurotrophin 3 , Pharmacology , Osteocalcin , Metabolism , Osteogenesis
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741547

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Radiation therapy is widely employed in the treatment of head and neck cancer. Adverse effects of therapeutic irradiation include delayed bone healing after dental extraction or impaired bone regeneration at the irradiated bony defect. Development of a reliable experimental model may be beneficial to study tissue regeneration in the irradiated field. The current study aimed to develop a relevant animal model of post-radiation cranial bone defect. METHODS: A lead shielding block was designed for selective external irradiation of the mouse calvaria. Critical-size calvarial defect was created 2 weeks after the irradiation. The defect was filled with a collagen scaffold, with or without incorporation of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) (1 μg/ml). The non-irradiated mice treated with or without BMP-2-included scaffold served as control. Four weeks after the surgery, the specimens were harvested and the degree of bone formation was evaluated by histological and radiographical examinations. RESULTS: BMP-2-treated scaffold yielded significant bone regeneration in the mice calvarial defects. However, a single fraction of external irradiation was observed to eliminate the bone regeneration capacity of the BMP-2-incorporated scaffold without influencing the survival of the animals. CONCLUSION: The current study established an efficient model for post-radiation cranial bone regeneration and can be applied for evaluating the robust bone formation system using various chemokines or agents in unfavorable, demanding radiation-related bone defect models.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Regeneration , Chemokines , Collagen , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Mice , Models, Animal , Models, Theoretical , Osteogenesis , Regeneration , Skull
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect for biodegradable screws containing bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in an osteoporotic rat model. METHODS: Twenty-four female Wistar rat (250–300 g, 12 weeks of age) were randomized into four groups. Three groups underwent bilateral ovariectomy (OVX). Biodegradable screws with or without BMP-2 were inserted in the proximal tibia in two implantation groups. The extracted proximal metaphysis of the tibiae were scanned by exo-vivo micro-computed tomography. Evaluated parameters included bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular bone volume (BV/TV), trabecular number, trabecular thickness, and trabecular separation (Tb.Sp). The tibia samples were pathologically evaluated by staining with by Hematoxylin and Eosin, and trichrome. RESULTS: Trabecular formation near screw insertion site was evident only in rats receiving BMP-2 screws. BMD and BV/TV significantly differed between controls and the OVX and OVX with screw groups. However, there were no significant differences between control and OVX with screw BMP groups. Tb.Sp significantly differed between control and OVX and OVX with screw groups (p < 0.05), and between the OVX and OVX with screw BMP group (p < 0.05), with no statistically significant difference between control and OVX with screw BMP groups. Over the 12 weeks after surgery, bone lamellae in direct contact with the screw developed more extensive and thicker trabecular bone around the implant in the OVX with screw BMP group compared to the OVX with screw group. CONCLUSION: Biodegradable screws containing BMP-2 improve nearby bone conditions and enhance ostoeintegration between the implant and the osteoporotic bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Female , Hematoxylin , Humans , Models, Animal , Osteoporosis , Ovariectomy , Rats , Tibia
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772459

ABSTRACT

The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family is an important factor in the regulation of cell ular life activities and in the development of almost all tissues. BMP-mediated signaling plays an important role in tooth root development, which is a part of tooth development. Epithelial and mesenchymal interactions are involved in tooth root development, but the BMP signaling pathway has a different effect on tooth root development in epithelial and mesenchymal. This review summarizes the advances of BMP signaling in tooth root development.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Physiology , Odontogenesis , Signal Transduction , Tooth , Tooth Root
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772297

ABSTRACT

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) often utilizes a combination of autologous bone grafts, deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM), and collagen membranes. DBBM and collagen membranes pre-coated with bone-conditioned medium (BCM) extracted from locally harvested autologous bone chips have shown great regenerative potential in GBR. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the composition of BCM and its activity on the osteogenic potential of mesenchymal stromal cells. We detected a fast and significant (P < 0.001) release of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) from autologous bone within 10 min versus a delayed bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) release from 40 min onwards. BCMs harvested within short time periods (10, 20, or 40 min), corresponding to the time of a typical surgical procedure, significantly increased the proliferative activity and collagen matrix production of BCM-treated cells. Long-term (1, 3, or 6 days)-extracted BCMs promoted the later stages of osteoblast differentiation and maturation. Short-term-extracted BCMs, in which TGF-β1 but no BMP-2 was detected, reduced the expression of the late differentiation marker osteocalcin. However, when both growth factors were present simultaneously in the BCM, no inhibitory effects on osteoblast differentiation were observed, suggesting a synergistic TGF-β1/BMP-2 activity. Consequently, in cells that were co-stimulated with recombinant TGF-β1 and BMP-2, we showed a significant stimulatory and dose-dependent effect of TGF-β1 on BMP-2-induced osteoblast differentiation due to prolonged BMP signaling and reduced expression of the BMP-2 antagonist noggin. Altogether, our data provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the favorable outcome from GBR procedures using BCM, derived from autologous bone grafts.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Metabolism , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Cell Differentiation , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Culture Media, Conditioned , Pharmacology , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Methods , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Metabolism , Osteoblasts , Metabolism , Osteogenesis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
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