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1.
MedUNAB ; 26(1): 30-39, 20230731.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525363

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue describir las características sociodemográficas, tratamiento y complicaciones pre y posquirúrgicas de las fracturas supracondíleas del húmero distal en niños que requirieron manejo quirúrgico en un hospital de Santander, Colombia. Metodología. Se trata de un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal con 58 pacientes que cumplieron los siguientes criterios de inclusión: edad entre 3 a 14 años, fracturas supracondíleas de manejo quirúrgico; como criterios de exclusión se tomó: antecedente de enfermedad ósea o neurológica previa y fracturas de más de 7 días de evolución. Para las variables continuas se usó medidas de tendencia central y dispersión, las categóricas en porcentajes y frecuencias absolutas. Resultados. La edad media de presentación fue de 6.2 años, el principal mecanismo de trauma fue caídas de altura con un 96.5%. El 65.5% provenía de zonas urbanas. El 13.8% se asoció con fracturas de antebrazo, y el 3.4% de epitróclea. La fijación se realizó en un 75% con técnica cruzada y un 17.2% se asoció con lesión iatrogénica del nervio ulnar. Discusión. En el estudio no se informaron lesiones vasculares; sin embargo, se documentó una alta prevalencia de lesión neurológica con la fijación medial, similar a lo descrito en la literatura (1.4%-17.7%); algunos autores describen técnicas que disminuyen estas lesiones hasta en un 0%. Conclusión. Las características sociodemográficas de nuestra población coinciden con la estadística publicada mundialmente; la principal complicación fue la lesión iatrogénica nervio ulnar, que se puede disminuir con un uso racional del pin medial y con el empleo de técnicas que busquen rechazar directamente el nervio. Palabras clave: Fracturas del Húmero; Fijación Interna de Fracturas; Clavos Ortopédicos; Codo; Niño; Nervio Cubital.


Introduction. The objective of this study was to describe sociodemographic characteristic, treatment, and pre- and post-surgical complications of supracondylar fractures of the distal humerus in children who required surgical management at a hospital in Santander, Colombia. Methodology. This was an observational, descriptive, and cross-sectional study involving 58 patients who met inclusion criteria: age between 3 and 14 years old, supracondylar fractures with surgical management; exclusion criteria include previous bone or neurological illness and fractures with more than 7 days of evolution. Central tendency and dispersion measures were used for continuous variables, and categorical variables in percentages and absolute frequencies. Results. The average age at presentation was 6.2 years old, the main mechanism of trauma was fall from height (96.5%). 65.5% came from urban zones. The 13.8% were associated with forearm fractures, and 3.4% with epitrochlear fractures. Pinning was performed at 75% with crossed technique and 17.2% were associated with iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury. Discussion. Study didn't inform vascular injuries. However, a high prevalence of neurological injury with medial pinning was documented, similar to that describe in the literature (1.4%-17.7%); some author described techniques that reduce these lesions by 0%. Conclusion. The sociodemographic characteristics of our population match with worldwide published statistics; the main complication was iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury, which can be reduced with the rational use of medial pin and with the application of techniques that seek to directly spare the nerve. Keywords: Humeral Fractures; Fracture Fixation, Internal; Bone Nails; Elbow; Child; Ulnar Nerve.


Introdução. O objetivo do estudo foi descrever as características sociodemográficas, o tratamento e as complicações pré e pós-cirúrgicas das fraturas supracondilianas do úmero distal em crianças que precisaram de tratamento cirúrgico em um hospital de Santander, Colômbia. Metodologia. Trata-se de um estudo observacional, descritivo e transversal com 58 pacientes que atenderam aos seguintes critérios de inclusão: idade entre 3 e 14 anos, fraturas supracondilianas tratadas cirurgicamente. Os critérios de exclusão foram: histórico de doença óssea ou neurológica prévia e fraturas com duração superior a 7 dias de evolução. Para variáveis contínuas foram utilizadas medidas de tendência central e dispersão, as categóricas em percentuais e frequências absolutas. Resultados. A média de idade de apresentação foi de 6.2 anos, o principal mecanismo de trauma foi a queda de altura com 96.5%. 65.5% vieram de áreas urbanas. 13.8% estavam associados a fraturas de antebraço e 3.4% a epitróclea. A fixação foi realizada em 75% com técnica cruzada e 17.2% esteve associada à lesão iatrogênica do nervo ulnar. Discussão. Nenhuma lesão vascular foi relatada no estudo. No entanto, foi documentada alta prevalência de lesão neurológica com fixação medial, semelhante à descrita na literatura (1.4%-17.7%). Alguns autores descrevem técnicas que reduzem essas lesões em até 0%. Conclusão. As características sociodemográficas da nossa população coincidem com as estatísticas publicadas mundialmente. A principal complicação foi a lesão iatrogênica do nervo ulnar, que pode ser reduzida com o uso racional do pino medial e com o uso de técnicas que buscam rejeitar diretamente o nervo. Palavras-chave: Fraturas do Úmero; Fixação Interna de Fraturas; Pinos Ortopédicos; Cotovelo; Criança; Nervo Ulnar


Subject(s)
Fracture Fixation, Internal , Ulnar Nerve , Bone Nails , Child , Elbow , Humeral Fractures
2.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 5(1): 1-6, 26-01-2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1443367

ABSTRACT

Introducción.La Protuberancia Occipital Externa (POE) es una superficie convexa y lisa que tradicionalmente no presenta ningún tipo de irregularidades. La aparición de un entesofito en individuos ha llamado la atención de los investigadores. Objetivo.Determinar la prevalencia, longitud, edad y sexo de una exostosis en forma de gancho desarrollada a nivel de la POE. Metodología.Estudio observacional descriptivo realizado en radiografías laterales de cráneo de individuos jóvenes. De 5065 radiografías, 4017 radiografías cumplieron con los criterios. Se procedió a la detección de la presencia de un gancho óseo en la POE y su medición. Resultados.Se incluyeron personas de ambos sexos entre 13 a 45 años: 2902 mujeres y 1115 varones. De las 4017 radiografías observadas, el 67% presentó la excrecencia en la POE, con rangos desde 5 a 24 mm en longitud, 511 tenían una longitud de 5 mm o mayor, 903 entre 9 a 12 mm de longitud y 253 de 13 a 24mm. Se observó enmayor proporción en el sexo masculino que el femenino(68% vs 32%). En los individuos de 40 años y más, solo un paciente de sexo masculino mostró la presencia del entesofito. Conclusión.Se ha encontrado una alta frecuencia del desarrollo de una protuberancia ósea a nivel del POE en jóvenes y adultos jóvenesde sexo masculino. Este es el primer estudio de este tipo realizado en la población del Paraguay. Para comprender la razón del desarrollo de esta excrecencia ósea, es necesario ampliar el área de investigación. Palabras Clave:ganchos óseos;protuberancia; exostosis; entesopatía.


Introduction.The external occipital protuberance (EOP) is a smooth convex surface which commonly does not present any type of irregularities. The development of an enthesophyte in young population has attracted the attention of researchers. Objective.To determine the prevalence, size, age, and sex of individuals with bony projections that resembles a hook developed in EOP. Methodology.Descriptive observational study. 5065 lateral skull x-rays were observed. 4017 fulfilled all the criteria. The x-rays were reviewed for the presence of a bony excrescence in EOP, and they were measured. Results. From a both sexes population between 13 to 45 years old 2902 were female and 1115 were male. 67% X-rays presented the enthesophyte ranging from 5 ­24mm in length. 511 out of 1667 had an enthesophyte at or above 5 mm. There were 903 patients with an enthesophyte ranging from 9 ­12 mm in length and 254 had the protuberance ranging from 13 ­24 mm. Statistically significant range of 68% vs 32% between males and females were observed. From individuals of 40 years and above, just 1 male patient out of 32 showedthe enthesophyte. Conclusion.Significant association with the development of a bony protuberance at the POE in young and young adult male population has been found. This is the first study of this type in Paraguayan individuals. To expand the field of studies, future research is needed to better examine and understand the reason forthe development of this bony excrescence. Key words:bone hooks; protuberance;exostoses; enthesopathies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Exostoses , Enthesopathy , Pons
3.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 223-227, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981933

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Intramedullary implants are well accepted fixation of all types of intertrochanteric (IT) fractures, both stable and unstable types. Intramedullary nails have an ability to effectively support the posteromedial part, but fail to buttress the broken lateral wall requiring lateral augmentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of proximal femoral nail augmented with trochanteric buttress plate for broken lateral wall with IT fractures, which was fixed to the femur through hip screw and anti-rotation screw nail.@*METHODS@#Of 30 patients, 20 had Jensen-Evan type III and 10 had type V fractures. Patients with IT fracture of broken lateral wall and aged more than 18 years, in whom satisfactory reduction was achieved by closed methods, were included in the study. Patients with pathologic or open fractures, polytrauma, prior hip surgery, non-ambulatory prior to surgery, and those who refused to participate were excluded. The operative time, blood loss, radiation exposure, quality of reduction, functional outcome, and union time were evaluated. All data were coded and recorded in Microsoft Excel spread sheet program. SPSS 20.0 was used for data analysis and normality of the continuous data was checked using Kolmogorv Smirnov test.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of patients in the study was 60.3 years. The mean duration of surgery (min), mean intra-operative blood loss (mL) and mean number of exposures were 91.86 ± 12.8 (range 70 - 122), 144.8 ± 3.6 (range 116 - 208), and 56.6 (range 38 - 112), respectively. The mean union time was 11.6 weeks and the mean Harris hip score was 94.1.@*CONCLUSION@#Lateral trochanteric wall in IT fractures is significantly important, and needs to be reconstructed adequately. Nail-plate construct of trochanteric buttress plate fixed with hip screw and anti-rotation screw of proximal femoral nail can be successfully used to augment, fix or buttress the lateral trochanteric wall giving excellent to good results of early union and reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 256-260, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009493

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Intramedullary interlocking nailing is one of the accepted methods of treating humerus diaphyseal fractures. Appropriate nail length and diameter are of paramount importance to achieve a stable fracture fixation. Estimating the nail length can be as challenging in certain cases as it is important. This study aims to provide an easy-to-use formula utilizing clinical measurements from contra lateral arm to accurately estimate humeral nail length.@*METHODS@#This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at 3 tertiary care hospitals in Mangalore, India. Patients above the age of 18 years coming to the outpatient department with elbow, shoulder or arm complaints requiring radiological investigation from July 2021 to July 2022 were included. Patients with fractures or dislocations of upper limbs, malunited or non-united fractures of upper limbs, congenital or developmental deformities and patients with open growth plates were excluded. Patients' variables (like age and gender), radiological humerus length and contralateral arm clinical measurements were recorded. An independent samples t-test was used for univariate analysis, and linear regression analysis was done to estimate the desired nail length using the clinical measurement of the humerus (cm) in both genders separately. The significance level was set at p < 0.05.@*RESULTS@#Our study included 204 participants of which 108 were male and 96 were female. The formula for predicting humeral nail length in males is (-2.029) + (0.883 × clinical measurement). The formula for females is 1.862 + (0.741 × clinical measurement). A simplified formula to determine humeral nail length is 0.9 clinical length - 2 cm (in males) and 0.7 × clinical length + 2 cm (in females).@*CONCLUSION@#To improve the stability of fixation with intramedullary nails it is imperative to select the appropriate nail length. There have been studies that devised reliable methods of determining nail lengths in the tibia and femur using preoperative clinical measurements. A similar clinical method of determining humeral nail length is lacking in the literature. Our study was able to correlate radiological lengths of the humerus medullary canal with clinical measurements performed using anatomical landmarks to arrive at a formula. This allows for a reliable and easy nail length determination preoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Cross-Sectional Studies , Bone Nails , Humerus/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 249-255, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009487

ABSTRACT

Surgical management of femoral shaft fractures with intramedullary nails has become the standard of care, with multiple options for entry point described, including piriformis entry, trochanter entry and retrograde femoral nails. Our present review describes the surgical anatomy of the proximal and distal femur and its relation to different entry points for intramedullary femoral nails. In addition, we reviewed relative indications for each technique, difficulties associated and possible complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Bone Nails , Femur/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Lower Extremity
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1191-1195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009210

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of attaching locking plate with bone grafting based on retaining the original intramedullary nail in treating non-union after intramedullary nail fixation of long shaft fractures of lower limbs.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted on 20 patients treated with non-union fractures after intramedullary nailing of long shaft fractures of lower limbs from June 2015 to June 2020. All patients were treated with the original intramedullary nailing and bone grafting from the iliac bone, and were underwent open reduction plate internal fixation and bone grafting for old fractures. Among them, 14 were males and 6 were females, aged from 35 to 56 years old with an average of (42.2±9.6) years old. Nine patients were femoral shaft fracture and 11 patients were tibial shaft fracture. According to characteristics of fracture end nonunion, 6 patients were stable/atrophic, 9 patients were unstable/large, and 5 patients were unstable/atrophic. The nonunion time ranged from 8 to 12 months with an average of(9.8±2.0) months after the initial surgery. Visual analogue scale (VAS), knee range of motion, bone healing time, complications and fracture-end healing were recorded before and at the latest follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 18 to 48 months with an average of (36.3±10.5) months. The incision of all patients were healed at stageⅠwithout complications such as infection or internal fixation ruptur. Healing time of femur and tibia was (8.5±2.6) months and (9.5±2.2) months. Knee joint motion increased from preoperative (101.05±8.98) ° to postoperative (139.35±8.78) ° at the latest follow-up (t=-12.845, P<0.001). VAS decreased from preoperative (5.15±1.72) to postoperative (0.75±0.96) at the latest follow-up (t=11.186, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of retaining the original intramedullary nail, the addition of locking plate internal fixation and autogenous iliac bone grafting have advantages of simple operation, less trauma, fewer complications and high fracture healing rate. It is one of the effective surgical schemes for the treatment of nonunion after intramedullary nail fixation of long bone fracture of lower extremity.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/complications , Lower Extremity , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Fracture Healing , Tibial Fractures/complications , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome
7.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1026-1030, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009179

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of uncemented total hip arthroplasty(THA) on treatment of traumatic arthritis caused by intramedullary nailing interfixation of intertrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#Total of 22 patients treated with THA due to traumatic arthritis caused by intramedullary nailing interfixation of intertrochanteric fractures from January 2012 to January 2017 were studied retrospectively, including 10 males and 12 females with a mean age of (72.5±9.8) years old ranging from 61 to 84 years old. Initial internal fixation method:14 patients were treated with Gamma nails and 8 patients were treated wit PFNA.The time from internal fixation surgery to THA was 10 to 68 months with an average of (32.2±21.3) months.Harris scores of the hip joint before and after surgery were compared, and the position of the prosthesis through postoperative imaging at 3, 6, 12 months and the last follow-up were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#One patient was died due to heart failure 1 year after operation. Two patients was died to advanced tumor 2 years after operation. The other 19 patients were followed up for 36 to 64 months with an average of (48.5±11.9) months. At final follow up, 14 patients regained the ability to walk independently, 4 patients needed support of a cane, 1 patient needed assistance of a walker. No serious complications such as joint dislocation, periprosthetic fracture and deep venous thrombosis occurred during follow-up. There were no signs of loosening and subsidence of the prosthesis at the final follow-up. Mean Harris hip score increased from (29.2±12.9) points preoperatively to (74.2±11.2) points at the final follow up(P<0.05);the score was excellent in 9 patients, good in 7 and fair in 3.@*CONCLUSION@#Uncemented total hip arthroplasty for traumatic arthritis after intramedullary nail fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture can significantly improve hip function and effectively avoid bone cement implantation syndrome. The medium-term effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Bone Nails , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Arthritis/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1465-1470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of lower extremity axial distractor (LEAD) and traction table assisted closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation in treatment of femoral subtrochanteric fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 117 patients with subtrochanteric fracture of femur treated by closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation between May 2012 and May 2022 who met the selection criteria were retrospectively analyzed. According to the auxiliary reduction tools used during operation, the patients were divided into LEAD group (62 cases with LEAD reduction) and traction table group (55 cases with traction table reduction). There was no significant difference in baseline data, such as gender, age, injured side, cause of injury, fracture Seinsheimer classification, time from injury to operation, and preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, between the two groups ( P>0.05). Total incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, closed reduction rate, fracture reduction quality, fracture healing time, weight-bearing activity time, and incidence of complications, as well as hip flexion and extension range of motion (ROM), Harris score, and VAS score at 1 month and 6 months after operation and last follow-up were recorded and compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 14 cases in the LEAD group from closed reduction to limited open reduction, and 43 cases in the traction table group. The incisions in the LEAD group healed by first intention, and no complication such as nerve and vascular injury occurred during operation. In the traction table group, 3 cases had perineal crush injury, which recovered spontaneously in 1 week. The total incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, and closed reduction rate in the LEAD group were significantly better than those in the traction table group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the quality of fracture reduction between the two groups ( P>0.05). Patients in both groups were followed up 12-44 months, with an average of 15.8 months. In the LEAD group, 1 patient had delayed fracture union at 6 months after operation, 1 patient had nonunion at 3 years after operation, and 1 patient had incision sinus pus flow at 10 months after operation. In the traction table group, there was 1 patient with fracture nonunion at 15 months after operation. X-ray films of the other patients in the two groups showed that the internal fixator was fixed firmly without loosening and the fractures healed. There was no significant difference in fracture healing time, weight bearing activity time, incidence of complications, and postoperative hip flexion and extension ROM, Harris score, and VAS score at different time points between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For femoral subtrochanteric fracture treated by close reduction and intramedullary nail fixation, compared with traction table, LEAD assisted fracture reduction can significantly shorten the operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss and fluoroscopy frequency, reduce incision length, effectively improve the success rate of closed reduction, and avoid complications related to traction table reduction. It provides a new method for good reduction of femoral subtrochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Traction , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Fractures , Hip Fractures/surgery , Lower Extremity , Surgical Wound , Fracture Fixation, Internal
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1198-1204, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate effectiveness of proximal femur bionic nail (PFBN) in treatment of intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly compared to the proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was made on 48 geriatric patients with intertrochanteric fractures, who met the selection criteria and were admitted between January 2020 and December 2022. Among them, 24 cases were treated with PFBN fixation after fracture reduction (PFBN group), and 24 cases were treated with PFNA fixation (PFNA group). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as age, gender, cause of injury, side and type of fracture, time from injury to operation, and preoperative mobility score, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, Alzheimer's disease degree scoring, self-care ability score, osteoporosis degree (T value), and combined medical diseases between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, number of blood transfusions, transfusion volume, length of hospital stay, occurrence of complications, weight-bearing time after operation, and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, walking ability score, mobility score, self-care ability score were recorded and compared between the two groups. And the radiographic assessment of fracture reduction quality and postoperative stability, and fracture healing time were recorded.@*RESULTS@#The operations in both groups were successfully completed. All patients were followed up 6-15 months with an average time of 9.8 months in PFBN group and 9.6 months in PFNA group. The operation time was significantly longer in PFBN group than in PFNA group ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss, number of blood transfusions, transfusion volume, length of hospital stay, change in activity ability score, and change in self-care ability score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The weight-bearing time after operation was significantly shorter in PFBN group than in PFNA group ( P<0.05), and the postoperative VAS score and walking ability score were significantly better in PFBN group than in PFNA group ( P<0.05). Radiographic assessment showed no significant difference in fracture reduction scores and postoperative stability scores between the two groups ( P>0.05). All fractures healed and there was no significant difference in fracture healing time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of complications was significantly lower in PFBN group (16.7%, 4/24) than in PFNA group (45.8%, 11/24) ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with PFNA, PFBN in the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fractures can effectively relieve postoperative pain, shorten bed time, reduce the risk of complications, and facilitate the recovery of patients' hip joint function and walking ability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bionics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Treatment Outcome , Bone Nails , Hip Fractures/surgery , Femur
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1119-1126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the anatomical characteristics of blood vessels in the lateral segment of the vertebral body through the surgical approach of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) using MRI imaging, and evaluate its potential vascular safety zone.@*METHODS@#The lumbar MRI data of 107 patients with low back and leg pain who met the selection criteria between October 2019 and November 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The vascular emanation angles, vascular travel angles, and the length of vessels in the lateral segments of the left vertebral body of L 1-L 5, as well as the distance between the segmental vessels in different Moro junctions of the vertebral body and their distances from the edges of the vertebrae in the same sequence (bottom marked as I, top as S) were measured. The gap between the large abdominal vessels and the lateral vessels of the vertebral body was set as the lateral vascular safe zones of the lumbar spine, and the extent of the safe zones (namely the area between the vessels) was measured. The anterior 1/3 of the lumbar intervertebral disc was taken as the simulated puncture center, and the area with a diameter of 22 mm around it as the simulated channel area. The proportion of vessels in the channel was further counted. In addition, the proportions of segmental vessels at L 5 without a clear travel and with an emanation angel less than 90° were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Except for the differences in the vascular emanation angles between L 4 and L 5, the vascular travel angles between L 1, L 2 and L 4, L 5, and the length of vessels in the lateral segments of the vertebral body among L 1-L 4 were not significant ( P>0.05), the differences in the vascular emanation angles, vascular travel angles, and the length of vessels between the rest segments were all significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the distance between vessels of L 1, L 2 and L 2, L 3 at Moro Ⅰ-Ⅳ junctions ( P>0.05), in L 3, L 4 and L 4, L 5 at Ⅱ and Ⅲ junction ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the vascular distance of L 2, L 3 between Ⅱ, Ⅲ junction and Ⅲ, Ⅳ junction, and the vascular distance of L 3, L 4 between Ⅰ, Ⅱ junction and Ⅲ, Ⅳ junction ( P>0.05). The vascular distance of the other adjacent vertebral bodies was significant different between different Moro junctions ( P<0.05). Except that there was no significant difference in the distance between L 2I and L 3S at Ⅰ, Ⅱ junction, L 3I and L 4S at Ⅱ, Ⅲ junction, and L 2I and L 3S at Ⅲ, Ⅳ junction ( P>0.05), there was significant difference of the vascular distance between the bottom of one segment and the top of the next in the other segments ( P<0.05). Comparison between junctions: Except for the L 3S between Ⅰ, Ⅱ junction and Ⅱ, Ⅲ junction, and L 5S between Ⅰ, Ⅱ junction and Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅲ, Ⅳ junctions had no significant difference ( P>0.05), there were significant differences in the distance between the other segmental vessels and the vertebral edge of the same sequence in different Moro junctions ( P<0.05). The overall proportion of vessels in the simulated channels was 40.19% (43/107), and the proportion of vessels in L 1 (41.12%, 44/107) and L 5 (18.69%, 20/107) was higher than that in the other segments. The proportion of vessels in the channel of Moro zone Ⅰ (46.73%, 50/107) and zone Ⅱ (32.71%, 35/107) was higher than that in the zone Ⅲ, while no segmental vessels in L 1 and L 2 were found in the channel of zone Ⅲ ( χ 2=74.950, P<0.001). Moreover, 26.17% (28/107) of the segmental vessels of lateral L 5 showed no movement, and 27.10% (29/107) vascular emanation angles of lateral L 5 were less than 90°.@*CONCLUSION@#L 1 and L 5 segmental vessels are most likely to be injured in Moro zones Ⅰ and Ⅱ, and the placement of OLIF channels in L 4, 5 at Ⅲ, Ⅳ junction should be avoided. It is usually safe to place fixation pins at the vertebral body edge on the cephalic side of the intervertebral space, but it is safer to place them on the caudal side in L 1, 2 (Ⅰ, Ⅱ junction), L 3, 4 (Ⅲ, Ⅳ junction), and L 4, 5 (Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ junctions).


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Puncture , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Anticoagulants , Bone Nails
11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 111-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970981

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Long proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) is a preferred implant in recent years for fixation of pertrochanteric fractures, especially in osteoporotic patients. The purpose of this study is to prospectively investigate the effect of distal locking in long PFNA-II fixation of stable intertrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#A total of 58 patients with isolated stable intertrochanteric fractures and treated in our hospital during the study period of 2017-2019 by distal locked or unlocked long PFNA-II fixation were included in this study. Patients who had multiple injuries or open fractures were excluded. There were 40 female and 18 male patients, with 33 affecting the left side and 25 the right side. Of them, 31 belonged to the distal locked group (group A) and 27 to the unlocked group (group B). Surgical procedures and implants used in both groups were similar except for the distal locking of the nails. General data (age, gender, fracture side, etc.) showed no significant difference between two groups (all p > 0.05). The intraoperative parameters like operative time, radiation exposure and follow-up parameters like functional and radiological outcomes were recorded and compared. Statistical tests like the independent samples t-test Fischer's exact and Chi-square test were used to analyze association.@*RESULTS@#The distribution of the fractures according to AO/OTA classification and 31A1.2 type of intertrochanteric fractures were most common in our study. All the included fractures united and the average functional outcome in both groups were good and comparable at the end of one year. The operative time (mL, 107.1 ± 12.6 vs. 77.0 ± 12.0, p < 0.001) and radiation exposure (s, 78.6 ± 11.0 vs. 40.3 ± 9.3, p < 0.001) were significantly less among the patients in group B. Fracture consolidation, three months after the operative procedures, was seen in a significantly greater proportion of patients in group B (92.6% vs. 67.7%, p = 0.025). Hardware irritation because of distal locking bolt was exclusively seen in group A, however this was not statistically significant (p = 0.241).@*CONCLUSION@#We conclude that, in fixation of stable intertrochanteric fractures by long PFNA-II nail, distal locking not only increases the operative time and radiation exposure but also delays the fracture consolidation and increases the chances of hardware irritation, and hence is not required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/etiology , Femoral Fractures/etiology
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970855

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between the shape of the lateral wall and the early failure of internal fixation in the fracture of the femoral trochanteric region(FFT).@*METHODS@#Total 295 patients with femoral trochanteric fracture underwent internal fixation from January 2015 to January 2020 were selected. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether there was early internal fixation failure after surgery, 19 patients in the failure group and 276 patients in the normal group. Gender, affected side, age, AO classification, body mass index(BMI), preoperative hemoglobin, X-ray measurement of lower lateral wall thickness, preoperative internal diseases, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative tip apex distance(TAD), postoperative neck shaft angle, operation time and other data were compared between two groups. The shape of the lateral wall was compared between two groups, and the correlation between the shape of the lateral wall and the early internal fixation failure of femoral trochanteric fracture was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for more than 1 year. There was no significant difference between two groups in terms of intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative TAD, and postoperative neck shaft angle(P>0.05). At the latest follow-up, the visual anaglue scale (VAS) of the failure group was higher than that of the normal group(P<0.01), and the Harris score of the failure group was lower than that of normal group(P<0.05). The receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve between shape of lateral wall and failure of early internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fracture was drawn. The critical value of the midpoint lateral wall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.845;The critical value of average sidewall thickness was 16.5 mm, and the area under ROC curve was 0.838;The critical value of the axial area of the sidewall was 7.5 mm, and the area under the ROC curve was 0.826.@*CONCLUSION@#The shape of the lateral femoral wall measured by CT could be used as a predictive factor for the early failure of internal fixation of femoral trochanteric fractures. For patients at risk, more reasonable surgical plans and postoperative preventive measures should be developed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Bone Nails , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
13.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 63(3): 205-214, dic.2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437139

ABSTRACT

Las fracturas de húmero proximal (FHP) son una de las fracturas más frecuentes en la población anciana. La reducción abierta y fijación interna (RAFI) generalmente está indicada para pacientes con una FHP desplazada en jóvenes o pacientes mayores con alta demanda funcional y buena calidad ósea. No se ha llegado a un consenso sobre la técnica de fijación ideal. La RAFI con placas ha sido la más utilizada, pero se han reportado altas tasas de reintervenciones y complicaciones globales en la literatura. La necesidad de agregar técnicas de aumentación a la RAFI con placas bloqueadas en fracturas complejas puede resultar en un tiempo quirúrgico más largo, abordajes extensos y mayores costos. Debido a esto, se hace necesario considerar otras opciones para la osteosíntesis de FHP. Con una mayor comprensión de los mecanismos de falla de la osteosíntesis, la fijación intramedular se ha convertido en una opción de tratamiento aceptada para las FHP con ventajas biomecánicas y biológicas. La fijación intramedular para las FHP ha demostrado menor tiempo quirúrgico, sangrado intraoperatorio, tiempo hasta la unión ósea y menores tasas de infecciones, que las placas bloqueadas. La fijación intramedular es una opción válida para que las fracturas complejas se resuelvan con un implante que por sí solo puede satisfacer en gran medida todas las necesidades de aumento requeridas por una placa bloqueada


Proximal humeral fractures are one of the most frequent fractures in the elderly population. Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is generally indicated for young patients and older patients with high functional demands and good bone quality. No consensus has been reached regarding the ideal fixation technique. Although ORIF with plates is the most widely used technique, high re-intervention rates and global complications with locked plate fixation have been reported in the literature. Addition of augmentation techniques to locked plate fixation in complex fractures may result in longer surgical times, extensive approaches, and higher costs. Therefore, considering other options for ORIF is necessary. With a greater understanding of the mechanisms of fixation failure, intramedullary fixation has become the accepted treatment option for proximal humeral fractures considering the specific biomechanical and biological advantages. Compared with ORIF with locked plates, intramedullary fixation for proximal humeral fractures has low surgical time, intraoperative bleeding, time to bone union, and rate of infections. Intramedullary fixation is a valid option to resolve complex fractures with an implant that may largely supply all the augmentation requirements of a locked plate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Internal Fixators , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Bone Plates
14.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 36(3)sept. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441781

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se presenta la evolución histórica y científica de la osteosíntesis de huesos largos realizada con dos tipos de implantes intramedulares: Pines o varillas flexibles y clavos rígidos. Objetivo: Publicar un artículo científico que sirva de soporte teórico y práctico al personal en formación y, como punto de referencia y consulta a los ortopédicos y traumatólogos. Métodos: Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica retrospectiva de artículos sobre fracturas de los miembros publicadas en revistas de traumatología nacionales y extranjeras indexadas en las bases de datos MEDLINE y certificadas por el organismo de Ciencia Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, así como libros de relevancia sobre este tema y experiencias de los autores. Dadas las diferencias entre los dos tipos de implantes se estudiaron por separado la osteosíntesis con pines flexibles (Rush) y la realizada con clavos rígidos (Küntscher). Se seleccionaron las siguientes variables para el estudio: reducción, vía de acceso, penetración del implante, estabilidad, bloqueo, metal usado y consolidación. La fecha de incorporación de las innovaciones tecnológicas a la práctica quirúrgica fue enmarcada en tres momentos generacionales en el período de tiempo comprendido desde 1939 hasta la actualidad. Conclusiones: Esta revisión permitió identificar dos tipos de implantes intramedulares: los pines flexibles y los clavos rígidos. El estudio de sus características permitió organizarlos en generaciones para poder ubicar en el tiempo su contribución a los conocimientos que permiten devolver al paciente su vida activa(AU)


Introduction: This article discuses the historical and scientific evolution of long bone osteosynthesis performed with two types of intramedullary implants, flexible pins or rods and rigid nails. Objective: To publish a scientific article that serves as theoretical and practical support for staff in training and, as a point of reference and consultation for orthopedists and traumatologists. Methods: A retrospective bibliographic review of articles is carried out on limb fractures published in local and foreign trauma journals indexed in the MEDLINE databases and certified by CITMA, as well as relevant books on this topic and experiences of the authors. Given the differences between the two types of implants, we separately studied the osteosynthesis with flexible pins (Rush) from that performed with rigid pins (Küntscher). The variables selected for the study were reduction, access route, implant penetration, stability, locking, metal used, and consolidation. The inclusion of technological innovations to surgical practice was framed in three generational moments from 1939 to the present. Conclusions: Thow types of intramedullary implants were identifies from this revision: flexible pins and rigid nails. The study of their characteristics allowed to organize them into generations in order to locate their contribution to the knowledge allowing the patient to return to an active life over time(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone and Bones/surgery , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Internal/history , MEDLINE
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 118-121, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928482

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric fractures have become a severe public health problem in elderly patients. Proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA) is a commonly used intramedullary fixation device for unstable intertrochanteric fractures. Pelvic perforation by cephalic screw is a rare complication. We reported an 84-year-old female who fell at home and sustained an intertrochanteric fracture. The patient underwent surgery with PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device. Routine postoperative examination revealed medial migration of the helical blade that eventually caused pelvic perforation. We performed a cemented total hip arthroplasty as the savage procedure. At the latest follow-up of 12 months after total hip arthroplasty, the patient had no pain or loosening of the prosthesis in the left hip. Pelvic perforation should be considered when choosing PFNA as the intramedullary fixation device, especially in patients with severe osteoporosis wherein the helical blade can be easily inserted during the operation. The lack of devices to avoid oversliding of the helical blade in PFNA is an unreported cause of this complication and should be considered in such cases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Bone Nails/adverse effects , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378010

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar los resultados y las complicaciones entre la fijación percutánea con clavijas (FPC) y el enclavado endomedular elástico (EEE). materiales y métodos:Se evaluaron las radiografías para determinar deformidades angulares en la consolidación. Se usó el sistema de Clavien-Dindo adaptado para clasificar las complicaciones. Resultados: El grupo A (FPC) incluyó a 17 pacientes y el grupo B (EEE), a 19. La edad promedio era de 12.5 ± 1.6 años y el seguimiento promedio fue de 27.6 ± 16.6 meses. Los pacientes con EEE requirieron menos tiempo de inmovilización (2.8 ± 1.8 vs. 5.9 ± 1.3 semanas, p 0,00029). Un paciente de cada grupo tuvo una angulación >10° en la consolidación. La tasa de complicaciones fue mayor en el grupo A (18% vs. 5,3%, p 0,27). En el grupo A, hubo 2 complicaciones tipo III (pérdida de corrección) y 2 tipo II (infección y granuloma). Un paciente del grupo B presentó una complicación tipo I (prominencia del implante). Dieciséis pacientes del grupo B se sometieron a una segunda cirugía para extraer el implante. Dos del grupo A requirieron revisión de la fijación por pérdida de alineación. Conclusiones: Ambas técnicas son eficaces para estabilizar fracturas metafiso-diafisarias de radio distal en adolescentes. El EEE tiene la ventaja de una inmovilización más corta y menos complicaciones, pero es más caro y requiere otra cirugía para extraer el implante. La FPC no requiere de anestesia para extraer el implante, aunque sí una inmovilización más prolongada y la tasa de complicaciones es más alta. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: To compare results and complications of closed reduction percutaneous pinning (CRPP) versus dorsal entry elastic intramedullary nails (ESIN). Materials and methods: Radiographs were evaluated to determine angular deformities at the time of radiographic union. Complications were graded with a modification of the Clavien-Dindo classification. Results: The CRPP group consisted of 17 patients (Group A) whereas the ESIN group consisted of 19 patients (Group B). The average age of the patient cohort was 12.5±1.6 years. The average follow-up was 27.6±16.6 months. The demographic data revealed no differences between groups (p> 0.05). Patients treated with ESIN required a shorter immobilization time (2.8±1.8 versus 5.9±1.3 weeks, p 0.00029). One patient in each group presented an angulation >10° at the time of consolidation. The complication rate was higher in group A (18% versus 5.3%, p 0.27). According to the Clavien-Dindo classification, group A presented 2 type II (infection and granuloma), and 2 type III complications (loss of reduction). Group B presented one type I complication (implant prominence). Sixteen patients in group B underwent a second procedure for hardware removal. Two patients (11.8%) in group A required revision due to loss of reduction. Conclusions: Both techniques are effective in stabilizing metaphyseal-diaphyseal fractures of the distal radius in the adolescent population. ESIN has the advantage of requiring a shorter immobilization time and fewer complications but needs a second surgery for implant removal. CRPP does not require anesthesia for implant removal, although it requires a longer postoperative immobilization, and has a higher complication rate. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Radius Fractures/surgery , Bone Nails , Treatment Outcome , Forearm Injuries , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/methods
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358103

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Las fracturas intertrocantéricas son cada vez más frecuentes debido al envejecimiento de la población. La osteosíntesis con clavo cefalomedular se utiliza ampliamente para tratar estas fracturas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la tasa de fallas en la osteosíntesis con clavo cefalomedular y sus factores de riesgo. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó retrospectivamente a pacientes >75 años con fracturas intertrocantéricas tratados con clavo cefalomedular, en nuestro Centro, entre enero de 2016 y diciembre de 2019. Se analizó el ángulo cervicodiafisario de la cadera operada en el posoperatorio inmediato, la distancia punta-ápice y la posición del tornillo deslizante en la cabeza femoral. Resultados: Se incluyó a 66 pacientes. Hubo 8 casos de fallas en la osteosíntesis (12,12%). Se comprobó que ciertos factores ya establecidos (distancia punta-ápice >25 mm y reducción en varo) también fueron factores de riesgo significativos para falla en la osteosíntesis, en nuestra cohorte. La posición inadecuada del tornillo deslizante fue un factor de riesgo con significación estadística en el análisis univariado, pero no en el multivariado. Conclusiones: Al tratar las fracturas intertrocantéricas con un clavo cefalomedular, la reducción en neutro o ligero valgo, apuntando a una distancia punta-ápice ≤25 mm redujo significativamente el riesgo de falla en la osteosíntesis. Hallamos que una localización superior o posterior del tornillo deslizante aumenta el riesgo de falla en la fijación, si bien la localización del tornillo no fue un factor de riesgo significativo en el análisis multivariado. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Objectives: Intertrochanteric fractures are increasingly frequent due to population aging. Osteosynthesis with cephalomedullary nail is widely used for the treatment of these fractures. The objective of this study is to analyze the rate of failure in osteosynthesis associated with cephalomedullary nail and the risk factors for this event. Materials and methods: All cases of patients older than 75 years with intertrochanteric fractures treated in our center with cephalomedullary nails between January 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The cervico-diaphyseal angle of the operated hip was determined in the immediate postoperative period. We also analyzed the tip-apex distance (TAD) and the position of the lag screw in the femoral head. Results: 66 patients were included in the study. There were 8 cases of failure in osteosynthesis (12.12%). It was found that previously recognized factors in the literature (TAD>25 mm and reduction in varus) were also significant risk factors for failure in osteosynthesis in our cohort. The inadequate position of the lag screw was a risk factor that showed statistical significance in the univariate analysis, but not in the multivariate one in this study. Conclusions: When treating intertrochanteric fractures with cephalomedullary nail, a neutral or slightly valgus reduction aiming for a TAD ≤25 mm significantly reduced the risk of failure in osteosynthesis. We found evidence that a superior or posterior location of the lag screw increases the risk of fixation failure, although the location of the screw was not a significant risk factor in the multivariate analysis. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Nails , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
18.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 34-38, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342663

ABSTRACT

Presentamos el primer reporte de caso en paciente adulto con virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH + ) con fractura por fragilidad en fémur proximal asociada al uso de terapia antirretroviral (TARV) con fumarato de disoproxilo de tenofovir (FDT) en Chile. Actualmente, los pacientes diagnosticados con VIH inician tratamiento precoz con TARV, lo que implica mayor cantidad de años de exposición a los fármacos de la terapia. El tiempo de exposición acumulado al FDT se ha asociado a disminución de la densidad mineral ósea y falla renal progresiva, pudiendo el paciente desarrollar síndrome de Fanconi adquirido y osteomalacia, con riesgo aumentado de fractura. Presentamos el caso de un hombre de 44 años, VIH+ , evaluado en urgencia tras caída a nivel que resultó en fractura patológica del fémur proximal. Los exámenes de ingreso destacaron hipocalemia, hipocalcemia, hipofosfatemia e hipovitaminosis D. Se realizó manejo multidisciplinario, con suspensión del FDT, un cambio en la TARV, y suplementación con calcio y carga de vitamina D. Se realizó reducción cerrada y fijación con clavo cefalomedular largo, que evolucionó favorablemente con rehabilitación motora precoz; el paciente recuperó su funcionalidad previa, y se observó consolidación ósea a las 12 semanas. La aparición de dolor osteomuscular en pacientes VIH+ en TARV debe levantar alta sospecha clínica de efecto adverso a medicamento; el seguimiento de estos pacientes debe incluir el control seriado de la función renal y de los niveles séricos de calcio y fósforo. La búsqueda y sospecha de estas complicaciones permitiría una intervención precoz, mejorando la condición de los pacientes y previniendo fracturas patológicas.


We present the first case report of a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adult patient with a fragility fracture of the proximal femur associated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in Chile. Currently, patients diagnosed with HIV start ART early, resulting in more years of exposure to these drugs. The accumulated exposure time to TDF has been associated with a decreased bone mineral density and progressive renal failure, potentially leading to acquired Fanconi syndrome, osteomalacia, and an increased risk of fracture. We present a case of a 44-year-old, HIV-positive man assessed at the emergency room after a fall from standing height which resulted in a proximal femoral pathological fracture. Laboratory findings at admission revealed hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, and hypovitaminosis D. Multidisciplinary management was performed, with TDF discontinuation, ART change, and supplementation with calcium and vitamin D. Closed reduction and fixation with a long cephalomedullary nail was successful, with early motor rehabilitation, functional recovery, and bone consolidation at 12 weeks. Musculoskeletal pain in HIV-positive patients on ART must raise the clinical suspicion of an adverse drug effect; the follow-up of these subjects must include serial monitoring of renal function and serum calcium and phosphorus levels. Screening and suspicion of such complications would enable an early intervention, improving the patients' condition and preventing pathological fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Femoral Fractures/chemically induced , Femoral Fractures/therapy , Tenofovir/adverse effects , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Bone Nails , Calcium/therapeutic use , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/instrumentation
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 965-970, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the complications of core drilling intramedullary nail in the treatment of femoral shaft closed fracture and explore the treatment strategy.@*METHODS@#From August 2014 to June 2018, a total of 215 patients with closed femoral shaft fractures were treated with closed reduction core drill intramedullary nail, including 129 males and 86 females, aged from 18 to 62 years, with an average of (44.2±10.6) years old. The time from injury to operation was 3 to 21 days. There were 102 cases of AO type A fracture, 82 cases of AO type B fracture and 31 cases of AO type C fracture. The time of operation, the amount of blood loss during operation, the duration of hospitalization, the time of fracture healing and the HSS score of knee joint function at the last follow-up were recorded. The observation of complications included:iatrogenic fracture, core drill broken, core drill twist, postoperative infection, and fracture nonunion.@*RESULTS@#The average operation time was (63.2± 15.6) min and intraoperative blood loss was (150.0±34.5) ml. All the incisions reached grade A healing. Patients were follow up for a mean of (18.5±3.2) months, the average hospital stay was (4.3±1.2) days, and the average fracture healing time was (5.6±2.3) months. At the final follow-up, the average HSS score of knee joint was 90.3±4.7. Related complications occurred in 37 cases (17.2%). The core drill related complications occurred in 13 cases (6.0%), including core drill broken in 5 cases (2.3%), core removal in 1 case and slotting in 4 cases;core drill twist in 8 cases (3.7%). After the core was cut, the core was removed. Similar complicationsof conventional intramedullary nail:iatrogenic fracture was performed in 12 cases (5.6%), including 10 cases of fracture end split and 2 cases of distal perimedullary fracture of intramedullary nail. The patients with cleavage at the fracture end were not treated after judging their stability, and the patients with fracture around the distal end of the intramedullary nail were fixed with auxiliary steel plate during operation;1 case(0.4%) with delayed infection after operation, debridement and external fixation was replaced and healed after bone transfer; fracture nonunion occurred in 11 cases (5.1%), of which 7 cases (3.3%) were hypertrophic nonunion and healed with additional plate. Atrophic nonunion occurred in 4 cases (1.9%), which healed after additional steel plate and bone graft.@*CONCLUSION@#Core drilling intramedullary nail is an effective method for the treatment of closed femoral shaft fracture, and the complications include core drill related complications and conventional intramedullary nail similar complications. Accurate preoperative evaluation, careful operation during operation and early postoperative symptomatic treatment can effectively reduce the occurrence of related complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary/adverse effects , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Closed , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 911-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921916

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of femoral offset (FO) on the postoperative functional results of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in femoral trochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2017 to June 2019, 112 patients receiving PFNA were analyzed, X-ray and CT examination of both hips were performed before operation, and X-ray examination of both hips of pelvis was performed on the first day after operation. Among them, 71 patients showed bilateral FO difference≤ 5 mm on positive X-ray film (group A), and 41 patients showed bilateral FO difference>5 mm (group B). There was no significant difference between two groups in gender, age, operative side, course of disease, Harris score of preoperative hip joint, preoperativeFO(@*RESULTS@#Patients in both groups were followed up for 12 months after surgery, and all patients reached the healing criteria. The difference of Harris score of the hip joint at 6 and 12 months after surgery was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of trochanteric fractures with PFNA, the greater the difference of FO between the two sides, the worse the postoperative function of the patients. The appropriate FO(the difference of FO between the two sides ≤5 mm) can improve the postoperative function of the patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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