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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367131

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las fracturas de húmero proximal son frecuentes, particularmente en la población mayor. Los resultados de la fijación con placa bloqueada siguen siendo impredecibles. El soporte de la columna medial jugaría un rol significativo. Nuestro pro-pósito fue evaluar los resultados de la osteosíntesis de húmero proximal con aloinjerto óseo estructural. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron los resultados clínico-radiológicos en 12 pacientes con fractura de húmero proximal tratados con placa bloqueada e injerto estructural endostal. Se definió como pérdida de reducción a un cambio del ángulo cervicodiafisario >5° o en la altura de la cabeza humeral >3 mm. La evaluación clínica incluyó rango de movilidad, puntaje de Constant-Murley, valor subjetivo del hombro, escala analógica visual para dolor y retorno a la actividad habitual. Resultados: Doce pacientes completaron el seguimiento (edad promedio 62.8 años). Diez mantuvieron la reducción. El puntaje promedio de Constant-Murley fue de 82,1; el del valor subjetivo del hombro, del 80%, y el de la escala analógica visual, de 1,9. La elevación anterior fue de 138,3°; la rotación externa, de 49,5°, y la rotación interna a nivel de la vértebra de L3. La diferencia de la altura de la cabeza humeral y el ángulo cervicodiafisario fue de 2,3 mm y 4,92°. No hubo complicaciones. Conclusiones: La osteosíntesis con placa bloqueada y aumento con injerto estructural endomedular es una técnica fiable para tratar fracturas de cuello quirúrgico del húmero. Proporciona soporte al cuello humeral y mantiene la reducción en la fractura de húmero proximal con rotura de la bisagra medial. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Proximal humeral fractures (PHF) are common, particularly in the elderly. To date, locking plate fixation continues to provide unpredictable outcomes. Medial hinge support plays a significant role in stability until the bone heals. We aim to evaluate the outcomes of plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation in the treatment of PHF. Materials and methods: We evaluated clinical and radiological outcomes in the medium-term follow-up of 12 patients with PHF who were treated with plate fixation and strut allograft augmentation. The strut allograft was introduced into the humeral shaft to add support to the medial hinge. We compared the final follow-up radiographs to those taken immediately after surgery. We defined a loss of reduction if the change in Humeral Head Height or the Neck-Shaft Angle measured over 3 mm or 5°, respectively. The clinical evaluation included range of motion, Constant-Murley (CM) score, Subjective Shoulder Value (SSV), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and return to daily activities. Results: Twelve patients completed follow-up. The patients' average age was 62.8. Ten patients healed without loss of reduction. Average CM and SSV scores were 82.1 and 80%, respectively, and average VAS was 1.9. Anterior elevation averaged 138.3°, external rotation 49.5°, and internal rotation at L3 level. The mean differences in HHH and NSA were 2.3 mm and 4.92°, respectively. We recorded no complications associated to the procedure. Conclusion: Locking plate fixation with endosteal strut allograft augmentation is a reliable technique for the treatment of PHF. It provides support to the humeral neck and maintains reduction in fractures with disruption of the medial hinge. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular , Allografts , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367138

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En pacientes con fracturas de fémur distal con alto grado de conminución metafisaria (AO 33 C2, C3) y fracturas periprotésicas (Vancouver tipo C), el uso de doble osteosíntesis brinda mayor estabilidad a la fractura. Las placas helicoidales se emplean cada vez más con el objetivo de evitar dañar elementos nobles relacionados con el abordaje. Materiales y métodos: Entre 2017 y 2021, seis pacientes fueron tratados mediante osteosíntesis con doble placa (por vía lateral y helicoidal por vía medial). La serie se compone de cuatro mujeres y dos hombres. El 66% (4 pacientes) tenía fracturas de fémur distal, y el resto (33%), fracturas periprotésicas tipo Vancouver C. Resultados: Se observó la consolidación radiográfica en todos los pacientes, a los 6 meses de la cirugía, con retorno normal a la actividad previa. Ninguno sufrió una lesión vasculonerviosa asociada. Conclusiones: La placa helicoidal es una gran opción para las fracturas de fémur distal con conminución y las fracturas femorales periprotésicas tipo Vancouver C. Esto demuestra que, aplicando los principios básicos de osteosíntesis, con una técnica sencilla, se pueden suplir materiales más sofisticados, y obtener resultados radiográficos similares. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The use of double osteosynthesis for the treatment of fractures of the distal femur with metaphyseal comminution (AO 33C2, C3) and periprosthetic fractures (Vancouver C) provides greater stability. The use of helical plates has increased in or-der to avoid vascular damage related to the approach. Materials and methods: Between 2017 and 2021, six patients were treated by double plate osteosynthesis (helical plate by medial approach). The series consisted of four females and two males, 66% (4 patients) had distal femoral fractures, and the rest (33%, 2 patients) were diagnosed with Vancouver C periprosthetic fractures. Results: In all cases, radiographic consolidation was observed 6 months after surgery, with a normal return to activities of daily living. None of them presented an associated neurovascular injury. Conclusion: The helical plate is a great option in distal femur fractures and Vancouver C periprosthetic femoral fractures. By applying the basic principles of osteosynthesis, sophisticated ma-terials can be supplied, obtaining good clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Periprosthetic Fractures , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Knee Injuries
3.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(1): e395, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289555

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hombre ha actuado sobre las fracturas óseas de los miembros desde tiempos ancestrales, confirmando a la inmovilización (reducción-estabilidad) como la forma básica de tratar la afección, que se le presenta con la tríada: trauma, dolor e impotencia funcional. Objetivo: El objetivo de este trabajo fue organizar la presentación de los cambios que ocurrían con las innovaciones tecnológicas que se incorporaban en el tratamiento de las fracturas. Métodos: Se presenta una revisión de artículos sobre fracturas publicados en revistas indizadas por el CITMA, libros de autores reconocidos, notas personales de eventos y actividades quirúrgicas, con el fin de analizar las variables seleccionadas y sus vínculos históricos con las distintas etapas que marcaron las nuevas concepciones y modificaciones, surgidas en la aplicación de este tipo de osteosíntesis, lo que nominamos Generaciones. Las variables seleccionadas para el análisis fueron: la reducción de la fractura, la vía de acceso para la colocación de la placa, el procedimiento quirúrgico, los nuevos diseños de implantes, el instrumental, la metalurgia de los implantes y la consolidación curativa. Elementos constitutivos del procedimiento quirúrgico de la osteosíntesis. Relacionando los resultados obtenidos y las fechas de su puesta en práctica, con momentos históricos y la inclusión de Innovaciones Tecnológicas de relevancia, llegamos a reconocer tres etapas o Generaciones donde la influencia de las mismas, explican los adelantos en las concepciones actuales de este proceder. Primera Generación: Clásica, a principios del siglo XX. Segunda Generación: de Compresión, Post Segunda Guerra Mundial. Tercera Generación: Actual, Funcional, y Biológica. Conclusiones: Relacionando los resultados obtenidos y las fechas de su puesta en práctica, con momentos históricos e inclusión de innovaciones tecnológicas de relevancia, llegamos a reconocer tres etapas o Generaciones donde su influencia explica los adelantos en las concepciones actuales de este proceder. Primera Generación o Clásica: a principios del siglo XX. Segunda Generación: de Compresión, Post Segunda Guerra Mundial. Tercera Generación: Actual, Funcional y Biológica(AU)


Introduction: Man has acted on bone fractures of the limbs since ancient times, confirming immobilization (reduction-stability) as the basic way of treating the condition, which is presented with the triad of trauma, pain and functional impotence. Objective: The objective of this paper was to organize the presentation of the changes occurred with technological innovations, integrated in the treatment of fractures. Methods: A literature review on fractures is presented here. Articles published in journals indexed by CITMA, books by well-known authors, personal notes of events and surgical activities were reviewed, in order to analyze the selected variables and their historical links with the different stages that marked the new conceptions and modifications, arisen in the use of this type of osteosynthesis we call generations. Variables selected for analysis were fracture reduction, access route for plate placement, surgical procedure, new implant designs, instrumentation, implant metallurgy, and healing consolidation. Constitutive elements of the osteosynthesis surgical procedure: By relating the results obtained and the dates of their implementation, with historical moments and the inclusion of relevant technological innovations, we come to recognize three stages or generations and their influence explains the advances in the current conceptions of this approach. First generation: classic, early 20th century. Second generation: compression, post-World War II. Third generation: current, functional, and biological. Conclusions: By relating the results obtained and the dates of their implementation, with historical moments and the inclusion of relevant technological innovations, we come to recognize three stages or generations whose influence explains the advances in the current conceptions of this procedure. First generation or classic: at the beginning of the 20th century. Second generation: compression, post-World War II. Third generation: current, functional and biological(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , History, 20th Century , Bone and Bones , Bone Plates , Bone Screws , Inventions/trends
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 647-652, May-June 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278370

ABSTRACT

The treatment of fractures from the thoracic limb in giant anteaters is extremely challenging. Unfamiliar and peculiar anatomical characteristics, robust musculature and the imminent need for an early return to limb function highlight such challenges. The objective of this report was to describe the successful use of anatomical osteosynthesis with a robust locking compression plate in a humeral fracture of an adult giant anteater. The patient was rescued on the highway after being run over and presented for treatment at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital. Surgical stabilization was performed using a craniomedial approach to the humerus, using a customized broad 3.5mm locking compression plate. The patient presented early limb support at 24 hours postoperatively. Radiographic monitoring was performed at 30, 60 and 90 days postoperatively, and bone healing was observed without any complications. It is concluded that the treatment of humerus fractures in giant anteaters requires robust fixation. The use of a reinforced locking compression plate system proved to be effective and adequate to the mechanical load that an adult individual of this species needs for early use of the thoracic limb and, at the same time, efficient in controlling interfragmentary movement, which allowed fracture consolidation.(AU)


O tratamento das fraturas do membro torácico dos tamanduás-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) é extremamente desafiador. Características anatômicas pouco familiares e peculiares, musculatura muito desenvolvida e necessidade iminente de retorno precoce à função do membro destacam tais desafios. Objetivou-se, neste relato, descrever a utilização com sucesso da osteossíntese anatômica com placa bloqueada robusta em fratura umeral de um tamanduá-bandeira. O paciente foi resgatado em rodovia após atropelamento e atendido no Hospital Veterinário Universitário. Após sedação e avaliação física completa, foi realizado exame radiográfico, o qual revelou fratura completa oblíqua curta em diáfise média de úmero esquerdo. A estabilização cirúrgica foi realizada por abordagem craniomedial ao úmero, utilizando-se placa bloqueada (LCP) do sistema 3,5mm customizada. O paciente apresentou apoio precoce do membro com 24 horas de pós-operatório. Realizou-se acompanhamento radiográfico aos 30, 60 e 90 dias, sendo observada união clínica sem quaisquer complicações. Conclui-se que o tratamento das fraturas do úmero em tamanduás-bandeira exige robustez na fixação. A utilização de sistema reforçado de placa bloqueada mostrou-se efetiva e adequada à carga mecânica de que um indivíduo adulto dessa espécie necessita para uso precoce do membro torácico e, ao mesmo tempo, eficiente no controle da movimentação interfragmentária, o qual permitiu consolidação da fratura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Fracture Healing , Eutheria/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/veterinary , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/veterinary , Bone Plates/veterinary , Animals, Wild/surgery
5.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 39-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342670

ABSTRACT

Los fragmentos posterolaterales (FPLs) en fracturas de platillo tibial son frecuentes, pero difíciles de reducir y estabilizar. Actualmente existe controversia sobre cómo deben ser abordados; si bien un abordaje anterolateral es más seguro, este puede ser insuficiente para lograr una correcta reducción. Los abordajes posterolaterales y posteriores ofrecen una visión directa y permiten una fijación con ventaja biomecánica; sin embargo, son más demandantes y exponen al paciente a una mayor morbilidad. A continuación, se presenta una nota técnica sobre la reducción y fijación de FPLs con una placa rim por medio de un abordaje anterolateral extendido a través del espacio paraligamento colateral lateral.


Posterolateral fragments (PLFs) are commonly seen in tibial plateau fractures, but their reduction and fixation are challenging. There is no consensus about the ideal approach to fix this particular fragment. Even though an anterolateral approach is a safe option, it may impair a correct reduction. The posterolateral and posterior approaches offer direct visualization of the fragment, and enable a fixation with a biomechanical advantage; however, they are more demanding and expose the patient to a higher risk if morbidity. The following technical note describes the reduction and fixation of PLFs with a rim plate through an extended anterolateral approach using the paralateral collateral ligament space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Tibial Fractures/rehabilitation , Collateral Ligaments , Fracture Fixation, Internal/instrumentation
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 61-68, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288645

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate and compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients with comminuted distal radius fractures treated with an external fixator or a dorsal bridge plate. Methods In total, 45 patients were analyzed 1 year after surgery; 18 were treated with an external fixator, and 25 received a dorsal bridge plate. An analog pain scale and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire were applied, in addition to radiographic, strength and range of motion assessments. Statistical analyzes were performed using the chi-squared test and the Mann-Whitney non-parametric test. Results Fractures were more common in women over 60 years old who suffered falls from their own height. Both methods demonstrated similar functional and radiological results. Infections were more prevalent in patients receiving external fixators, but their residual grip strength was better. Reflex sympathetic neuropathy was more common in subjects treated with a dorsal bridge plate. Conclusion Our analysis showed no consensus on the superiority of one method over the other. Each method had advantages and disadvantages, but both led to good, similar outcomes. The treatment must be chosen according to the profile of the trauma, the patient's clinical conditions, the surgeon's experience, and the availability of materials.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e comparar os resultados clínicos e radiológicos de pacientes com fraturas cominutivas distais do rádio tratados com fixador externo ou placa ponte dorsal. Métodos Foram analisados 45 pacientes, sendo 18 tratados com fixador externo, e 25, com placa ponte dorsal, após 1 ano de pós-operatório. Aplicou-se uma escala analógica de dor e o questionário Disabilities of the Arm, Shouder and Hand (DASH), além de análise radiográfica, da avaliação de força, e da amplitude de movimento. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas utilizando o teste qui-quadrado e o teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney. Resultados A fratura foi mais comum em mulheres acima de 60 anos por queda do mesmo nível. Ambos os métodos demonstraram resultados funcional e radiológico similares. A infecção foi mais prevalente com o uso do fixador externo, mas a força de preensão residual foi melhor. Neuropatia simpático-reflexa foi mais comum com o uso da placa ponte dorsal. Conclusão Não houve consenso da superioridade de um método em relação ao outro em nossa análise. Cada um dos métodos apresenta vantagens e desvantagens, mas ambos mostraram resultados bons e semelhantes. A escolha do tratamento deve ser atribuída ao perfil do trauma, às condições clínicas do paciente, à experiência do profissional, e à disponibilidade de materiais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Bone Plates , External Fixators
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical efficacy and complications of Endobutton titanium plate and clavicle hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation.@*METHODS@#Total 48 patients with Rockwood Ⅲ to Ⅴ acromioclavicular joint dislocation from March 2015 to May 2019 were retrospectively divided into two groups according to different surgical methods. Among the patients, 23 patients were treated with Endobutton loop titanium plate fixation (observation group), including 15 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 23 to 59 years old, with an average of(36.2±8.1) years old;Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 11 cases and type Ⅴ in 6 cases. Twenty-five patients were treated with clavicular hook plate(control group), including 17 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 22 to 54 years old, with an average of (34.7±6.4) years old; Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 14 cases and type Ⅴ in 5 cases. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospitalization time, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, Constant-Murley score of shoulder function and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 24 to 51 months, with a mean of (30.5±6.5) months. The amountof bleeding and hospitalization time in the observation group were (71.9±4.0) ml and(8.2±1.6) d respectively;and those in the control group were (97.6±13.4) ml and (12.8±1.2) d respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with clavicular hook plate internal fixation in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation, Endobutton loop titanium plate internal fixation technology has the advantages of less surgical bleeding, shorter hospitalization time, less postoperative pain, good recovery of shoulder joint function and less complications.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Adult , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore safety and accuracy of novel C@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2018, 40 patients who underwent three-dimensional CT of cervical spine were selected, including 21 males and 19 females, heighted from 165 to 180 cm with an average of (172.9±9.5) cm, aged from 38 to 55 years old (51.1±12.8) years old, excluding patients with axis lamina defect and hypoplasia. Two sets of 3D printed specimens were made from the three-dimensional CT data of cervical spine of each patient, and both of than were used for the in vitro nailing experiment. According to different nail placement methods, in vitro experimental part of this experiment was divided into guide nail placement group and hand nail placement group, 40 pieces in each group. At the same time, the three-dimensionalmodel of cervical spine of 40 patients was reconstructed on computer, and the ideal needle point data and inclination angle were obtained by computer simulation of the nail placement. This is 3D simulation nail placement group, 40 pieces. With vitro experiment, the risk level of screw placement, the position of needle exit point and inclination angle were measured in guide nail group and hand nail group. Based on the accuracy of needle point and inclination angle of nail path, the data of guide nail group, the hand nail group and 3D simulation nail group were compared, and the data of each group were statistically analyzed to determine the accuracy.@*RESULTS@#In guide nail group, 75 screws were acceptable and 5 were dangerous. The acceptable rate was 94%, and the double cortical rate was 93%. There were 62 position-acceptable screws in hand nail group, and 18 positions were dangerous, with an acceptable rate of 78% and a double cortical rate of 33%. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#The guide is universal, with stable structure, accurate guidance, and easy operation. It could be placed with bilateral lamina screws at the same time, shortening the time of nail placement, avoiding collision of two way cross screws, increase the rate of double cortex. Ultimately, efficiency and security can be improved.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae , Computer Simulation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Fusion , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of artificial bone and autogenous bone in internal fixation of complex calcaneal fracture with profitated plate.@*METHODS@#From April 2015 to April 2019, 60 patients with complex calcaneal fractures were treated with open reduction and heteromorphic plate internal fixation, and were divided into experiment group and control group by implant bone substitutes, and 30 patients in each group. In experiment group, there were 21 males and 9 females aged from 18 to 71 years old with an average of (36.85±7.42) years old;19 patients were classified to type Ⅲ and 11 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification;implanted with artificial bone. While in control group, there were 23 males and 7 females aged from 20 to69 years old with an average of (37.26±7.38) years old;18 patients were classified to type Ⅲ and 12 patients were type Ⅳ according to Sanders classification; implanted with autogenous bone. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, drying time of incision, fracture healing time and complications were compared between two groups, changes of preoperative and postoperative Böhler angle and Gissane angle were also compared, and Maryland scoring was applied to evaluate recovery of affected foot.@*RESULTS@#Both of two groups were followed up from 3 to 15 months with an average of (10.15±2.67) months. Operation time and intraoperative blood loss in experiment group were (89.32±12.43) min, (101.64±5.13) ml, respectively;while in control group were (112.45±13.82) min, (119.01±5.26) ml, respectively;and there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Artificial bone and autogenous bone in internal fixation of complex calcaneal fracture with irregular plate have similar function in promoting fracture healing, drying time of incision, fracture healing time and complications, while artificial bone has better effects in reducing intraoperative blood loss, shorten operation time.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921894

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of minimally invasive locking plate and anatomic locking plate in treating intra-articular calcaneal fractures via sinus tarsi approach.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of 48 patients with intra-articular calcaneal fractures treated with surgery via sinus tarsi approach from July 2016 to June 2017. According to differernt methods of internal fixation, the patients were divided into minimally invasive locking plate group and anatomic locking plate group. In minimally invasive locking plate group, there were 14 males and 10 females, aged from 27 to 46 years old with an average age of (38.70±5.58) years old, 18 patients were typeⅡand 6 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. In anatomic locking plate group, there were 17 males and 7 females, aged from 26 to 46 years old with an average age of (37.10±6.44) years old, 16 patients were typeⅡ and 8 patients were type Ⅲ according to Sanders classification. Operative time, visual analogue scale (VAS), postoperative complications between two groups were compared, and Böhler angle, Gissane angal, calcaneal width and height were recorded and compared between two groups at 1 week after operation and final follow up. The functional effect was assessed according to Maryland foot function score at final follow up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for (14.10±1.94) months (ranged 12 to 18 months). All patients were obtained bone union from 8 to 16 weeks with an average of (10.60±2.25) weeks. Operation time, VAS score and complication rate in minimally invasive locking plate group were (69.50±7.51) min, (2.80±1.07) and 2 cases respectively, and (77.50±7.15) min, (3.80±1.09) and 8 cases in anatomic locking plate group respectively, there were statistical difference between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compare with anatomic locking plate, minimally invasive locking plate via sinus tarsi approach for Sanders typeⅡ and Ⅲ intra-articular calcaneal fractures could obtain similar reliable fixation and functional recovery with more simple operation, shorter operative time, lighter postoperative pain and less complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Calcaneus/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Heel , Humans , Intra-Articular Fractures/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880469

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The design and development of split memory alloy sternum bone plate are discussed, and the effect of split memory alloy sternum bone plate internal fixation in the treatment of sternal fractures are analysed.@*METHODS@#The structure of the product is designed according to the anatomy and physiological characteristics of human bones, and the cross section shape of the product is designed according to the cross section shape of human bones. Internal fixation is effective in the treatment of sternal fracture.@*RESULTS@#The split memory alloy sternal plate was successfully designed and developed, and all the patients with sternal fractures treated by internal fixation were clinically healed, the hospitalization and fracture healing time were significantly shortened, and no obvious complications occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The application of split memory alloy sternal plate internal fixation in the treatment of sternal fracture has the advantages of small trauma, simple operation, safety, reliable fixation, good histocompatibility and less complications, and is conducive to promoting fracture healing and respiratory function improvement.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Humans , Sternum/surgery
12.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(2): e200093, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1279495

ABSTRACT

A redescription of Hypostomus hermanni is presented herein along with the description of a new species of Hypostomus, which is apparently endemic to the Ivaí River basin, a tributary of the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. Hypostomus hermanni is diagnosed from congeners mainly by having: usually large black blotches on body and fins; absence of keels on compound pterotic, on pre-dorsal plates, and on lateral series of bony plates; by having parieto-supraoccipital and predorsal region flat; and by having less than 46 teeth per each premaxilla or dentary ramus. The new species is distinguished from congeners9au0 mainly for lacking conspicuous blotches, parieto-supraoccipital non-carinate, and villiform bicuspid teeth.


Uma redescrição de Hypostomus hermanni é aqui apresentada, juntamente com a descrição de uma nova espécie de Hypostomus, que é aparentemente endêmica da bacia do rio Ivaí, afluente do alto rio Paraná, Brasil. Hypostomus hermanni é diagnosticada de suas congêneres principalmente por apresentar: geralmente grandes manchas pretas ao longo do corpo e nadadeiras; ausência de quilhas no pterótico-composto, nas placas pré-dorsais e nas séries laterais de placas ósseas; por ter as regiões do parieto-supraoccipital e predorsal planas; e por ter menos que 46 dentes por cada ramo premaxilar ou dentário. A espécie nova distingue-se de suas congêneres principalmente pela ausência de manchas conspícuas no corpo, e supraocciptal não quilhado e dentes viliformes bicuspidados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Plates , Catfishes/classification
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213122, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360754

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: although locking plates have led to important changes in fracture management, becoming important tools in the orthopedic surgeon's arsenal, the benefits of locking plates for traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis have not been established. This study was conducted to assess the quality of life in its different domains among patients with traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis managed either with locking or nonlocking plate. Methods: a prospective cohort study was undertaken at 3 level 1 trauma centres in Brazil. Patients presenting traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis treated with plate fixation with a minimum follow-up of 12 months were eligible for inclusion. Through a Pfannenstiel approach, the pubic symphysis was reduced and fixed with a superiorly positioned 4.5mm four to six hole reconstruction locked plate or 3.5mm four to six hole reconstruction nonlocked plate. Posterior injury was managed during the same procedure. Outcome measures were adequate healing of the pelvic injuries, return to pre-injury level on daily activities, and quality of life at the last follow-up visit. Complications and modes of failure were summarized and reviewed. Bivariate linear regression was used to assess individual factors affecting patients' health-related quality of life. A p value of <5% was considered significant. Results: a total of 31 adult patients (29 males and 2 females) were eligible for the study. Thirteen patients were managed with a reconstruction locked plate and 18 patients with a nonlocked reconstruction plate. Average postoperative follow-up time was 24 months. Adequate healing of the pelvic injuries was achieved in 61.5% of patients treated with locking plates and 94.4% of patients treated with nonlocking plates (p=0.003). Radiographic failure of fixation with minor complications occurred in 46.1% of patients after locked plating versus 11.1% of patients in the nonlocking plate group (p=0.0003). In bivariate analysis, abnormal gait (p=0.007) was associated with a reduced long-term quality of life as measured with the EQ-5D-3L. Conclusion: internal fixation of traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis with locking plates has no clinical advantage when compared to nonlocked plating. Mechanical failure and inadequate healing are significantly increased after locked plating of the pubic symphysis. Therefore, we do not recommend routine use of locking plates for managing patients presenting traumatic diastasis of the pubic symphysis. Level of evidence: II (prospective, cohort study).


RESUMO Justificativa e Objetivo: embora as placas bloqueadas tenham levado a mudanças importantes no tratamento de fraturas, tornando-se ferramentas importantes no arsenal do cirurgião ortopédico, os benefícios para a fixação da lesão da sínfise púbica não foram adequadamente estabelecidos. Este estudo foi realizado para avaliar a qualidade de vida em diferentes domínios de pacientes com disjunção traumática da sínfise púbica tratados com placas bloqueadas e não bloqueadas. Métodos: trata-se de estudo de coorte prospectivo, realizado em três centros de trauma nível 1, no Brasil. Foram elegíveis para inclusão no estudo pacientes com disjunção traumática da sínfise púbica tratados com redução aberta e fixação interna com placa, com seguimento mínimo de 12 meses. Por meio de abordagem de Pfannenstiel, a sínfise púbica foi reduzida e fixada com uma placa bloqueada de reconstrução de 4,5mm de quatro a seis orifícios posicionada superiormente ou com uma placa não bloqueada de reconstrução de 3,5mm de quatro a seis orifícios. A lesão pélvica posterior foi tratada durante o mesmo procedimento. Os desfechos analisados na última visita de acompanhamento foram cicatrização da lesão pélvica, retorno às atividades diárias para nível pré-lesional e qualidade de vida. Complicações e modos de falha foram observados e descritos. Foi utilizada regressão linear bivariada na avaliação dos fatores individuais que afetaram a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde dos pacientes, com valor p <5% considerado significativo. Resultados: foram incluídos no estudo 31 pacientes adultos (29 homens e 2 mulheres). Treze pacientes foram tratados com placa de reconstrução bloqueada e 18 com placa de reconstrução não bloqueada. O tempo médio de seguimento pós-operatório foi de 24 meses. A cicatrização adequada da lesão do anel pélvico foi alcançada em 61,5% dos pacientes tratados com placas bloqueadas e em 94,4% dos pacientes tratados com placas não bloqueadas (p=0,003). Falha radiográfica de fixação com complicações menores ocorreu em 46,1% dos pacientes tratados com placa bloqueada contra 11,1% dos pacientes no grupo de placas não bloqueadas (p=0,0003). Na análise bivariada, marcha anormal (p=0,007) foi associada à redução da qualidade de vida em longo prazo, medida com o EQ-5D-3L, embora não tenha sido observada relação direta destas com os implantes utilizados. Conclusão: a fixação interna da disjunção traumática da sínfise púbica com placas bloqueadas não apresenta vantagem clínica quando comparada com placas não bloqueadas. Falha mecânica e cicatrização inadequada aumentam significativamente após o uso de placas bloqueadas na sínfise púbica. Portanto, não recomendamos o uso rotineiro de placas bloqueadas para o tratamento de pacientes com disjunção traumática da sínfise púbica. Nível de evidência: II (estudo de coorte prospectivo).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Quality of Life , Bone Plates , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of distal radius T-plate combined with suture anchor and distal clavicle anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fracture.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to June 2018, 42 patients with Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures were retrospectively analyzed. According to different surgical methods, they were divided into the observation group (T-shaped plate combined with suture anchor) and the control group (anatomical locking plate combined with suture anchor). There were 22 patients in the observation group and 20 patients in the control group. In the observation group, there were 13 males and 9 females, aged from 22 to 70 (45.78± 14.44) years old, 12 cases on the left side and 10 cases on the right side, 8 cases of traffic accident injury and 14 cases of fall. In the control group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged from 24 to 66 (44.17±15.58) years, 13 cases on the left side and 7 cases on the right side, 6 cases of traffic accident injuryand 14 cases of fall. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups, and Constant Murley score was used to evaluate shoulder joint function.@*RESULTS@#The patients in both groups were followed up for 18 to 24 (20.96±2.02) months. The incisions of both groups were healed at stageⅠ. The fracture ends of both groups were bony healed at the last follow up. There was no significant difference in operation time, intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The two methods can obtain satisfactory results in the treatment of Neer Ⅱb distal clavicle fractures, especially suitable for patients with comminuted distal clavicle fractures or osteoporosis; the clinical effect of the treatment of NeerⅡb distal clavicle fractures with T type distal radius plate combined with suture anchor is satisfactory, which provides another feasible treatment scheme for clinic.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Clavicle/surgery , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Suture Anchors , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of a novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 13 cases of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate from June 2011 to January 2019 in our department. There were 9 males and 4 females, aged 26 to 78 years old, with an average age of (54.08±13.91) years old. All the patients had closed injuries without damage of blood vessels and nerves. The patient's operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay time, and postoperative complications were recorded. Fracture healing and reduction were evaluated according to X-ray and CT after operation. Constant-Murley score and Rockwood sternoclavicular joint score were used to evaluate limb function at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate. The operation time ranged from 50 to 76 min, with a mean of (54.08±13.91) min. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 56 ml, with a mean of (46.08±11.15) ml. The hospital stay time ranged from 6 to 14 d, with a mean of (8.31±2.32) d. X-ray and CT examination on the second day after operation showed that all fractures and dislocations were anatomically reduced, and shoulder joint function exercise was performed early. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with a mean of (16.77±4.63) months. The healing time ranged from 9 to 13 d, with a mean of (11.00±1.75) d;and the bone healing time ranged from 3 to 4 months, with a mean of (3.65±0.46) months. There were no complications such as infection, internal fixation failure and nerve injury. At 12 months follow-up, the constant Murley score ranged from 78 to 100, with a mean of 87.83± 11.26; and Rockwood score ranged from 9 to 15, with a mean of 13.70±1.85. Among them, 11 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, and 1 case was general.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of the novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint is an effectively internal fixation with high safety, allowing early functional exercise for patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Clavicle , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sternoclavicular Joint , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double mini-locking plates in the treatment of ulna olecranon fractures.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to May 2020, 19 patients with olecranon fractures were treated with double mini locking plates, including 12 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 75 years old with an average of (40.50±7.62) years old;10 patients had the injuries on the left side and 9 patients on the right side. All the 19 patients were fresh closed fractures without ulnar coronoid process fracture, elbow dislocation and other injuries. The fracture healing time and complications were recorded, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) before operation and 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the 19 patientswas followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 17 months with an average of (13.51±3.17) months. Postoperative follow-up showed all fractures healed. Fracture healing time ranged from 2 to 6 months, with an average of(3.77±1.24) months. There was no internal fixation fracture, screw loosening, infection, internal fixation irritation, heterotopic ossification, elbow stiffness and other complications occurred. The MEPS score of affected elbow at 12 months after operation was 91.26±3.87, which was significantly different from that before operation 56.18±9.56 (@*CONCLUSION@#It is a reliable fixation method to treat olecranon fracture with double mini locking plate. The incision lengh is small and the fracture fixation is reliable. Elbow joint function exercise can be performed early after operation. Postoperative internal fixation has less skin irritation and satisfactory elbow joint function recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Elbow Joint , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Olecranon Process , Treatment Outcome , Ulna Fractures , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy and safety of plate internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixator (EF) in treating distal radius fractures by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From establishment of database to August, 2019, randomized controlled trial (RCT) about open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and external fixation (EF) in treating distal radius fractures was conducted by using computer-based databases, including CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data, Medline, Cochrane library databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of included study according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis. Palm angle, ulnar deflection angle, radius height, grip strength, ulnar variation, disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score, total complication rate, infection rate and tendon rupture between two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 19 RCT were included with 1 730 patients, 873 patients in ORIF group and 857 patients in EF group. Meta analysis result showed that after operation at 12 months, there were no significant difference in radial height [@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with EF in treating distal radius fracture, ORIF has better clinical effects in postoperative complications, palm angle, ulnar deviation angle, ulnar variation rate and infection rate. While there were no significant difference between in DASH score, radial height, tendon rupture and carpal tunnel syndrome better EF and ORIF. For the patient pursue rapid recovery of function, ORIF is better choice.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879453

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects.@*METHODS@#Totally 92 patients of open and comminuted tibial fractures with bone defects were chosen form January 2018 to July 2019, and randomly divided into external fixation group and internal fixation group, 46 patients in each group. In external fixation group, there were 29 males and 17 females, aged from 25 to 62 years old, with an average of (37.45±10.92) years old;according to AO classification, 15 patients were type A, 22 patients were type B and 9 patients were type C;according to Gustilo classification, 21 patients were typeⅡ, 10 patients were type ⅢA, 10 patients were type ⅢB, 5 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by fracture reduction with locking plate external fixation. In internal fixation group, there were 31 males and 15 females, aged from 23 to 60 years old, with an average of(36.88±10.64) years old;according to AO classification, 18 patients were type A, 20 patients were type B and 8 patients were type C; according to Gustilo classification, 22 patients were typeⅡ, 11 patients were type ⅢA, 7 patients were type ⅢB, 6 patients were type Ⅲ C;treated by traditional open reduction with plate internal fixation. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time and postoperative complications between two groups were observed and compared, bone mineral density, osteocalcin, blood calcium and phosphorus before operation and 1 month after operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.92±2.46) months. Operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, hospital stay, fracture healing time and lower limb full weight-bearing time of external fixation group were significantly better than that of internal fixation group(@*CONCLUSION@#Locking plate external fixation combined with membrane induction technology in treating open and comminuted tibial fractures with severe post-traumatic bone defects has advantages of less trauma, reliable fixation, shorter fracture healing time, and could improve bone metabolic activity with less postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Plates , External Fixators , Female , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Technology , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of double plate combined with iliac bone graft in the treatment of femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing.@*METHODS@#From December 2008 to December 2017, double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft was used to treat femoral nonunion after intramedullary nailing. There were 11 cases, including 10 males and 1 female, aged 35 to 62 years, and the time from fracture to nonunion was 12 to 20 months. According to Judet classification, there were 8 cases of atrophic nonunion and 3 cases of proliferative nonunion. Regular follow-up was conducted after operation to record the fracture healing time, load-bearing activity time and complications, and to observe the repair effect of double plate fixation combined with iliac bone graft on nonunion after femoral shaft fracture operation.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 22 months. The operation time was 70 to 130 min and the blood loss was 180 to 350 ml. After operation, 2 cases had knee stiffness, which recovered after passive exercise with CPM machine for 2 weeks;1 case had pain in iliac bone donor area, which was relieved after 3 months. The time of fracture healing was 24 to 40 weeks, and the time of complete weight-bearing activity was 14 to 32 weeks. SF-36 quality of life score at the final follow-up:body pain 70 to 82, activty 70 to 82, social function 72 to 83, the overall health 72 to 82. At the end of the follow-up, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor wound healing, internal fixation failure (fracture, loosening).@*CONCLUSION@#It is an effective method to treat nonunion of femur after intramedullary nailing by using double plate combined with autogenous iliac bone graft.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Nails , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Female , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Ununited/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of titanium cable biomimetic reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 39 patients with severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, 19 patients in double strand titanium cable group, including 13 males and 6 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old; Rockwood classification:10 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of type Ⅳ and 5 cases of type Ⅴ;8 cases of traffic injury and 11 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 3 to 6 days. There were 20 patients in steel plate group, including 15 males and 5 females, aged from 25 to 71 years old. Rockwood classification:11 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of typeⅣ, 5 cases of type Ⅴ;7 cases of traffic injury, 13 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 2 to 7 days. The length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cost, VAS score before and after operation, and Constant-Murley score before and after operation were compared between two groups. Postoperative X-ray films were taken to observe the reduction and maintenance of acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-six patients were followed up for 12 to 14 months. The amount of intraoperative blood loss in the two groups was basically the same. The operation incision in double strand titanium cable group was shorter, the operation time in steel plate group was shorter, and the operation cost in double strand titanium cable group was less. One week and one year after operation, the pain of double strand titanium cable group was less than that of steel plate group. One year after operation, the Constant-Murley score of double strand titanium cable group was higher than that of steel plate group. The postoperative X-ray showed that the acromioclavicular joint in double strand titanium cable group was well reduced, and there was 1 case with slight reduction loss. In the plate group, there was no reduction loss after removal of the clavicular hook plate, and 8 patients had distal clavicular bone atrophy or acromion bone resorption. In steel plate group, 4 cases had long-term postoperative pain, postoperative dysfunction and other complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with double strand titanium cable is better than that of clavicular hook plate in the treatment of severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation, with less trauma (no secondary operation) and lower cost.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Titanium , Treatment Outcome
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