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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 57-60, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009223

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the biomechanical stability of three cross-bridge headless compression screws and locking plates in the fixation of Mason type Ⅲ radial head fractures by finite element method.@*METHODS@#Using reverse modeling technology, the radial CT data and internal fixation data of a healthy 25-year-old male were imported into the relevant software. Three-dimensional finite element model of 3 cross-bridge headless compression screws and locking plates for MasonⅢ radial head fractures were established, and the radial head was loaded with 100 N axial loading. The maximum displacement, maximum Von Mises stress and stress distribution of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The maximum displacements of the three cross-bridge screws group and locking plate group were 0.069 mm and 0.087 mm respectively, and the Von Mises stress peaks were 18.59 MPa and 31.85 MPa respectively. The stress distribution of the three screws group was more uniform.@*CONCLUSION@#Both internal fixation methods can provide good fixation effect. CoMPared with the locking plate fixation method, the 3 cross-bridge headless compression screws fixation is more stable and the stress distribution is more uniform.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Finite Element Analysis , Radial Head and Neck Fractures , Bone Screws , Biomechanical Phenomena , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Fractures, Comminuted
2.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 113-118, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009117

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the biomechanical research progress of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture in recent years and provide a reference for the selection of internal fixation in clinic.@*METHODS@#The literature related to the biomechanical research of internal fixation of tibial plateau fracture at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the biomechanical characteristics of the internal fixation mode and position as well as the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixators, such as screws, plates, and intramedullary nails were summarized and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Tibial plateau fracture is one of the common types of knee fractures. The conventional surgical treatment for tibial plateau fracture is open or closed reduction and internal fixation, which requires anatomical reduction and strong fixation. Anatomical reduction can restore the normal shape of the knee joint; strong fixation provides good biomechanical stability, so that the patient can have early functional exercise, restore knee mobility as early as possible, and avoid knee stiffness. Different internal fixators have their own biomechanical strengths and characteristics. The screw fixation has the advantage of being minimally invasive, but the fixation strength is limited, and it is mostly applied to Schatzker typeⅠfracture. For Schatzker Ⅰ-Ⅳ fracture, unilateral plate fixation can be used; for Schatzker Ⅴand Ⅵ fracture, bilateral plates fixation can be used to provide stronger fixation strength and avoid the stress concentration. The intramedullary nails fixation has the advantages of less trauma and less influence on the blood flow of the fracture end, but the fixation strength of the medial and lateral plateau is limited; so it is more suitable for tibial plateau fracture that involves only the metaphysis. Choosing the most appropriate internal fixation according to the patient's condition is still a major difficulty in the surgical treatment of tibial plateau fractures.@*CONCLUSION@#Each internal fixator has good fixation effect on tibial plateau fracture within the applicable range, and it is an important research direction to improve and innovate the existing internal fixator from various aspects, such as manufacturing process, material, and morphology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Tibial Plateau Fractures
3.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 107-112, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the advancement made in the understanding of valgus impacted proximal humeral fracture (PHF).@*METHODS@#The domestic and foreign literature about the valgus impacted PHF was extensively reviewed and the definition, classification, pathological features, and treatment of valgus impacted PHFs were summarized.@*RESULTS@#PHF with a neck shaft angle ≥160° is recognized as a valgus impacted PHF characterized by the preservation of the medial epiphyseal region of the humeral head, which contributes to maintenance of the medial periosteum's integrity after fracture and reduces the occurrence of avascular necrosis. Therefore, the valgus impacted PHF has a better prognosis when compared to other complex PHFs. The Neer classification designates it as a three- or four-part fracture, while the AO/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation (AO/ASIF) categorizes it as type C (C1.1). In the management of the valgus impacted PHF, the selection between conservative and surgical approaches is contingent upon the patient's age and the extent of fracture displacement. While conservative treatment offers the advantage of being non-invasive, it is accompanied by limitations such as the inability to achieve anatomical reduction and the potential for multiple complications. Surgical treatment includes open reduction combined with steel wire or locking plate and/or non-absorbable suture, transosseous suture technology, and shoulder replacement. Surgeons must adopt personalized treatment strategies for each patient with a valgus impacted PHF. Minimally invasive surgery helps to preserve blood supply to the humeral head, mitigate the likelihood of avascular necrosis, and reduce postoperative complications of bone and soft tissue. For elderly patients with severe comminuted and displaced fractures, osteoporosis, and unsuitable internal fixation, shoulder joint replacement is the best treatment option.@*CONCLUSION@#Currently, there has been some advancement in the classification, vascular supply, and management of valgus impacted PHF. Nevertheless, further research is imperative to assess the clinical safety, biomechanical stability, and indication of minimally invasive technology.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Bone Plates , Bone Wires , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humeral Fractures , Osteonecrosis , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
4.
Odontol. vital ; (39): 27-39, jul.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550585

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los tratamientos para fracturas de órbita se basan en la corrección del defecto de las lesiones orbitarias de tipo blow in y blow out (o de estallido), mediante diversas placas y mallas biocompatibles con el organismo, dándose una cicatrización de primera generación evitando un callo óseo y una fijación más rígida. Para el diagnóstico de este tipo de lesiones tenemos inflamación periorbitaria, enoftalmos, diplopía, equimosis, hemorragia subconjuntival. Existen diversos materiales reconstructivos siendo estos compuestos por distintas materias primas, como son los aloplásticos y autógenos; donde encontramos varios tipos como placas de titanio y las placas reabsorbibles siendo estas las más comunes y usadas actualmente, por su bajo estímulo a reabsorciones óseas y evitando efectos secundarios a largo plazo. Estas placas presentan diversos grados de ductilidad y resistencia. Se informó sobre varias complicaciones según el tipo de placas como es la cicatrización, las cirugías postquirúrgicas en caso de placas de titanio, etc. El objetivo de esta revisión es la evaluación de la eficacia las placas reabsorbibles versus placas de titanio en fracturas de órbita. Materiales y métodos: La investigación es de carácter documental, descriptivo y no experimental. En el cual se emplea una metodología de identificación e inclusión de artículos científicos tipo prisma. Resultados y conclusiones: Se verificaron las ventajas y desventajas tanto de las placas reabsorbibles como las de titanio siendo estas similares en la biocompatibilidad con el organismo humano, así como también varias diferencias como el soporte, fuerzas, resistencia de estas, concluyendo que es debatible el material ideal para tratar fracturas de órbita. Se seleccionaron artículos tomando en cuenta el título y objetivos; considerando estudios comparativos, revisiones sistemáticas, revisiones de literatura, los cuales comprendían criterios con respecto a fracturas de órbita y tratamientos quirúrgicos. La búsqueda arrojó 55 artículos en PubMed, 65 en Google, 4 en Scielo y 29 en Science direct, de los cuales se excluyeron libros, monografías, estudios experimentales, dando como resultado 21 artículos para el desarrollo de esta revisión bibliográfica. Y que fueron leídos y analizados en su totalidad, estudiando los objetivos, metodología y conclusión de cada uno de ellos para la posterior comparación.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Treatments for orbit fractures are based on the correction of the defect of blow in and blow out orbital injuries, by means of various plates and meshes biocompatible with the organism, giving a first-generation healing avoiding a bony callus and a more rigid fixation. For the diagnosis of this type of lesions we have periorbital inflammation, enophthalmos, diplopia, ecchymosis, subconjunctival hemorrhage. There are several reconstructive materials being these composed of different raw materials, such as alloplastic and autogenous, where we find several types such as titanium plates and resorbable plates being these the most common and currently used, for its low stimulus to bone resorption and avoiding long-term side effects. These plates have different degrees of ductility and resistance. Several complications have been reported depending on the type of plates, such as scarring, post-surgical surgeries in the case of titanium plates, etc. The objective of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of resorbable versus titanium plates in orbital fractures. Materials and methods: This research are a documentary, descriptive and non-experimental nature. A prism-type methodology of identification and inclusion of scientific articles was used. Results and conclusions: The advantages and disadvantages of both resorbable and titanium plates were verified, being these similar in biocompatibility with the human organism, as well as several differences such as support, forces, resistance of the same, concluding that it is debatable. The ideal material to treat orbital fractures. Articles were selected considering the title and objectives; considering comparative studies, systematic reviews, literature reviews, which included criteria regarding orbital fractures and surgical treatments. The search yielded 55 articles in PubMed, 65 in Google, 4 in Scielo and 29 in Science direct, from which books, monographs, experimental studies were excluded, resulting in 21 articles for the development of this bibliographic review. The 21 articles were read and analyzed in their entirety, studying the objectives, methodology and conclusion of each one of them for subsequent comparison.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orbit/injuries , Bone Plates , Titanium , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Fractures, Bone/surgery
5.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 199-210, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555762

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el músculo pronador cuadrado funciona como un estabilizador dinámico de la articulación radiocubital distal. Su reparación posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en fracturas distales del radio es controvertida. Objetivo: determinar si la reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado influye en los resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con fractura de radio distal que se sometieron a reducción abierta y fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión sistemática y metanálisis. Las bases de datos analizadas fueron PubMed/Medline, Embase y Bireme/Lilacs (búsqueda realizada hasta el 20 de febrero del año 2023). Los términos de búsqueda fueron: distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Se determinó la calidad metodológica según el manual de revisiones Cochrane. Resultados: en total se incluyeron 4 ensayos clínicos aleatorizados de adecuada calidad metodológica, lo cual corresponde al análisis de 213 participantes. Existen mejores resultados en la puntuación DASH a los 12 meses de seguimiento en el grupo de no reparación del músculo pronador cuadrado DM 2,8 [IC 95%: 0,51;5,10]. No hubo diferencias significativas al año de seguimiento en las puntuaciones de dolor, rangos de movilidad de la muñeca, fuerza de agarre e incidencia de complicaciones. Conclusión: no existe evidencia que sustente la reparación rutinaria del músculo pronador cuadrado posterior a la fijación interna con placa de bloqueo volar en las fracturas de radio distal. (AU)


Introduction: the pronator quadratus muscle functions as a dynamic stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint, and its repair after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures is controversial. Objective: to determine whether the repair of the pronator quadratus muscle influences the clinical and functional outcomes of patients with distal radius fracture who underwent open reduction and internal fixation with volar locking plate. Materials and methods: a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. The analyzed databases were Pubmed/Medline, Embase, and Bireme/Lilacs (search performed until February 20th, 2023). The search terms were distal radius fracture AND volar plate AND pronator quadratus. Methodological quality was determined according to the Cochrane Reviewer's Handbook. Results: a total of 4 randomized clinical trials of adequate methodological quality, corresponding to the analysis of 213 participants, were included. Better DASH scores were observed at 12 months of follow-up in the non-repair group of the pronator quadratus muscle, with a mean difference of 2.8 [95% CI 0.51; 5.10]. There were no significant differences at one-year follow-up in pain scores, wrist mobility ranges, grip strength, and incidence of complications. Conclusion: there is no evidence to support routine repair of the pronator quadratus muscle after internal fixation with volar locking plate in distal radius fractures. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Radius Fractures/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates , Pain Measurement , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/rehabilitation
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(2): 326-330, Mar.-Apr. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449798

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) significantly relieves pain in the medial joint line in medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee. But some patients complain of pain over the pes anserinus even 1 year after the osteotomy, which may require implant removal for relief. This study aims to define the implant removal rate after MOWHTO due to pain over the pes anserinus. Methods One hundred and three knees of 72 patients who underwent MOWHTO for medial compartment osteoarthritis between 2010 and 2018 were enrolled in the study. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS), Oxford knee score (OKS), and visual analogue score (VAS) were assessed for pain in the medial knee joint line (VAS-MJ) preoperatively, 12 months postoperatively, and yearly thereafter; adding VAS for pain over the pes anserinus (VAS-PA). Patients with VAS-PA ≥ 40 and adequate bony consolidation after 12 months were recommended implant removal. Results Thirty-three (45.8%) of the patients were male and 39 (54.2%) were female. The mean age was 49.4 ± 8.0 and the mean body mass index was 27.0 ± 2.9. The Tomofix medial tibial plate-screw system (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, USA) was used in all cases. Three (2.8%) cases with delayed union requiring revision were excluded. The KOOS, OKS, and VAS-MJ significantly improved 12 months after MOWHTO. The mean VAS-PA was 38.3 ± 23.9. Implant removal for pain relief was needed in 65 (63.1%) of the103 knees. The mean VAS-PA decreased to 4.5 ± 5.6 3 months after implant removal (p < 0.0001). Conclusion Over 60% of the patients may need implant removal to relieve pain over the pes anserinus after MOWHTO. Candidates for MOWHTO should be informed about this complication and its solution.


Resumo Objetivo A osteotomia tibial alta com cunha de abertura medial (MOWHTO, do inglês medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy) alivia de forma significativa a dor na linha articular medial em casos de osteoartrite do compartimento medial do joelho. Alguns pacientes, porém, se queixam de dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (pata de ganso) mesmo 1 ano após a osteotomia, o que pode exigir a remoção do implante. Este estudo define a taxa de remoção do implante após a MOWHTO devido à dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso. Métodos Cento e três joelhos de 72 pacientes submetidos à MOWHTO para tratamento da osteoartrite do compartimento medial entre 2010 e 2018 foram incluídos no estudo. A pontuação de desfecho de lesão no joelho e osteoartrite (KOOS, do inglês Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score), a pontuação dejoelho de Oxford (OKS, do inglês Oxford Knee Score) e a escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor na linha articular medial do joelho (EVA-MJ) foram avaliados antes da cirurgia. A EVA nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso (EVA-PA) foi adicionada a essas avaliações, também realizadas 12 meses após o procedimento e, a seguir, anualmente. A remoção do implante foi recomendada em pacientes com EVA-PA ≥ 40 e consolidação óssea adequada em 12 meses. Resultados Trinta e três (45,8%) pacientes eram homens e 39 (54,2%), mulheres. A média de idade foi de 49,4 ±8,0, e o índice de massa corpórea (IMC) médio foi de 27,0 ± 2,9. O sistema placa-parafuso tibial medial Tomofix (DePuy Synthes, Raynham, MA, EUA) foi utilizado em todos os casos. Três (2,8%) casos foram excluídos devido ao retardo de consolidação e à necessidade de revisão. Os resultados nas escalas KOOS, OKS e EVA-MJ melhoraram significativamente 12 meses após a MOWHTO. A EVA-PA média foi de 38,3 ± 23,9. A remoção do implante para alívio da dor foi necessária em 65 (63,1%) dos 103 joelhos. Três meses após a remoção do implante, a EVA-PA média diminuiu para 4,5 ± 5,6 (p < 0,0001). Conclusão A remoção do implante pode ser necessária em mais de 60% dos pacientes para alívio da dor nos tendões dos músculos sartório, grácil e semitendinoso após a MOWHTO. Os candidatos à MOWHTO devem ser informados sobre esta complicação e sua resolução.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteotomy , Surgical Wound Infection , Tibia/surgery , Bone Plates , Bone Transplantation , Device Removal
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(6): 896-904, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Various modalities have been suggested to manage mallet fractures; however, inappropriate treatment can lead to extension lag, a swan neck deformity, or arthritis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ). The current study aimed to evaluate the results (functional, radiological, and complications) of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of mallet fractures using low-cost hook plates fabricated from low-profile titanium mini plates. Methods A prospective case series of 17 consecutive patients (average age of 32.3 years) with mallet fractures (six were Wehbe Type IB and 11 were Wehbe Type MB). Eleven (64.7%) were males. The affected hand was dominant in all patients, and the affected digit was the index in 6 (35.3%), the ring in 5 (29.4%), the small in 3 (17.65%), and the middle in 3 (17.65%) patients. The same fellowship-trained hand surgeon performed all surgeries. Results The average operative time was 37.65 minutes. After an average follow-up of 10.94 months (range 6-27), the average DIPJ motion was 50º º (range 20º-70º), the extensor lag was noted in 4 (23.5%) patients, and complications were reported in 6 (35.29%) patients. According to Crawford criteria, 6 (35.3%) patients achieved excellent results, 7 (41.2%) achieved good results, and 4 (23.5%) achieved fair results. Conclusion The modified hook plate technique for fixation of mallet fractures is a beneficiai, economical, yet demanding technique that adequately provides stable fixation to allow early DIPJ motion with acceptable functional outcomes.


Resumo Objetivo Diversas modalidades têm sido sugeridas para o tratamento de fraturas em martelo; no entanto, o tratamento inadequado pode causar retardo de extensão, deformidade em pescoço de cisne ou artrite da articulação interfalangiana distal (AIFD). Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar os desfechos (funcionais, radiológicos e complicações) da redução aberta e fixação interna (RAFI) das fraturas em martelo com placas de gancho de baixo custo fabricadas com mini placas de titânio de baixo perfil. Métodos Série de casos prospectivos de 17 pacientes consecutivos (idade média de 32,3 anos) com fraturas em martelo (seis do tipo IB e 11 do tipo IIB de Wehbe). Onze (64,7%) pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A mão acometida era a dominante em todos os pacientes, com acometimento do dedo indicador em seis (35,3%), anelar em cinco (29,4%), mínimo em três (17,65%) e médio em três (17,65%) pacientes. O mesmo cirurgião de mão experiente realizou todas as cirurgias. Resultados O tempo operatório médio foi de 37,65 minutos. Após um acompanhamento médio de 10,94 meses (intervalo de 6 a 27), observou-se movimento médio da AIFD de 50º (intervalo de 20º a 70º), retardo de extensão em quatro (23,5%) pacientes e complicações em seis (35,29%) pacientes. De acordo com os critérios de Crawford, os desfechos foram excelentes em seis (35,3%), bons em sete (41,2%) e regulares em quatro (23,5%) pacientes. Conclusão A técnica da placa de gancho modificada para fixação de fraturas em martelo é benéfica e econômica, mas exigente; permite fixação estável e adequada para permitir a movimentação precoce da AIFD com desfechos funcionais aceitáveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Plates , Fractures, Bone , Finger Injuries , Finger Joint , Fracture Fixation, Internal
8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 312-316, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982235

ABSTRACT

This study briefly introduces the revised content of Guidance for Registration of Metallic Bone Plate Internal Fixation System (Revised in 2021) compared to the original guidance, mainly including the principles of dividing registration unit, main performance indicators of standard specification, physical and mechanical performance research, and clinical evaluation. At the same time, in order to provide some references for the registration of metallic bone plate internal fixation system, this study analyzes the main concerns in the review process of these products based on the accumulation of experience combining with the current review requirements.


Subject(s)
Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Biomechanical Phenomena
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 268-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970860

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of treatment of Müller A fracture of distal femur with small incision internal fixation assisted by homeopathic bidirectional-traction reduction device.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to December 2019, 22 patients (14 males and 8 females) with Müller type A distal femoral fractures were treated with homeopathic bidirectional-traction assisted reduction and minimally invasive small incision locking plate internal fixation;The age ranged from 29 to 58 years old with an average of (41.23±7.03) years. The time from injury to operation was 1 to 7 days with an average of (3.41±1.71) days. According to Müller classification, there were 4 cases of type A1, 10 cases of type A2, and 8 cases of type A3. The postoperative knee joint function was evaluated by Schatzker Lambert fracture criterion of distal femur.@*RESULTS@#All the incisions healed in one stage without infection, osteomyelitis and other complications. All the fractures healed without malunion and nonunion. All of 22 patients were followed up for 12 to 18 months with an average of (14.50±2.02) months. The healing time was 3 to 6 months with an average of (4.64±1.14) months. According to Schatzker Lambert criteria for distal femoral fracture, 12 cases were excellent, 6 good, and 4 medium.@*CONCLUSION@#It is an ideal method to treat Müller type A fracture of distal femur with homeopathic bidirectional-traction assisted reduction device and minimally invasive small incision locking plate internal fixation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femoral Fractures, Distal , Traction , Treatment Outcome , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Plates
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 262-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#With the help of finite element analysis, to explore the effect of proximal humeral bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation on the stability of internal fixation of osteoporotic proximal humeral fracture.@*METHODS@#The digital model of unstable proximal humeral fracture with metaphyseal bone defect was made, and the finite element models of proximal humeral fracture bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation and common screw plate fixation were established respectively. The stress of cancellous bone around the screw, the overall stiffness, the maximum stress of the plate and the maximum stress of the screw were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The maximum stresses of cancellous bone around 6 screws at the head of proximal humeral with bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation were 1.07 MPa for No.1 nail, 0.43 MPa for No.2 nail, 1.16 MPa for No.3 nail, 0.34 MPa for No.4 nail, 1.99 MPa for No.5 nail and 1.57 MPa for No.6 nail. These with common screw plate fixation were:2.68 MPa for No.1 nail, 0.67 MPa for No.2 nail, 4.37 MPa for No.3 nail, 0.75 MPa for No.4 nail, 3.30 MPa for No.5 nail and 2.47 MPa for No.6 nail. Overall stiffness of the two models is 448 N/mm for bone cement structure and 434 N/mm for common structure. The maximum stress of plate appears in the joint hole:701MPa for bone cement structure and 42 0MPa for common structure. The maximum stress of screws appeared at the tail end of No.4 nail:284 MPa for bone cement structure and 240.8 MPa for common structure.@*CONCLUSION@#Through finite element analysis, it is proved that the proximal humerus bone cement enhanced screw plate fixation of osteoporotic proximal humeral fracture can effectively reduce the stress of cancellous bone around the screw and enhance the initial stability after fracture operation, thus preventing from penetrating out and humeral head collapsing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Finite Element Analysis , Bone Cements , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Biomechanical Phenomena , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humeral Head , Bone Screws , Bone Plates
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 255-261, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the biomechanical characteristics of different internal fixations for Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fracture with defect, and provide reference for the treatment of femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Three-dimensional (3D) finite element models of femoral neck fractures were established based on CT images, including fracture and fracture with defects. Four internal fixations were simulated, namely, inverted cannulated screw(ICS), ICS combined with medial buttress plate, the femoral neck system (FNS) and FNS combined with medial buttress plate. The von Mises stress, model stiffness and fracture displacements of fracture models under 2 100 N axial loads were measured and compared.@*RESULTS@#When femoral neck fracture was fixed by ICS and FNS, the peak stress was mainly concentrated on the surface of the screw near the fracture line, and the peak stress of FNS is higher than that of ICS;When the medial buttress plate was combined, the peak stress was increased and transferred to medial buttress plate, with more obvious of ICS fixation. For the same fracture model, the stiffness of FNS was higher than that of ICS. Compared with femoral neck fracture with defects, fracture model showed higher stiffness in the same internal fixation. The use of medial buttress plate increased model stiffness, but ICS increased more than FNS. The fracture displacement of ICS model exceeded that of FNS.@*CONCLUSION@#For Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fracture with defects, FNS had better biomechanical properties than ICS. ICS combined with medial buttress plate can better enhance fixation stability and non-locking plate is recommended. FNS had the capability of shear resistance and needn't combine with medial buttress plate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Screws , Bone Plates , Biomechanical Phenomena , Finite Element Analysis
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The relationship between the distal screws and the wrist articular surface was assessed by the additional lateral oblique fluoroscopic view during the operation, and the dorsal tangential view of the wrist was used to observe whether the distal screw penetrated the dorsal cortex, so as to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the volar locking plate in the treatment of distal radius fractures.@*METHODS@#From January 2020 to June 2021, 45 cases of fresh distal radius fractures were treated using the volar Henry's approach, including 20 males and 25 females, aged from 32 to 75 years old with an average of (52.4±8.1) years old. During the operation, they were divided into 2 groups according to the different intraoperative fluoroscopic views:the control group of 20 cases, treated with standard anteroposterior and lateral fluoroscopic view;25 cases in the observation group, additional lateral oblique fluoroscopic view and dorsal tangential view of the wrist were taken. The wrist joint function score and postoperative complications were evaluated at 6 weeks, 3 and 6 months after operation between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All 45 patients were followed up and the duration ranged from 6 to 14 months, with an average of (10.8±1.7) months, all patients achieved bone union and the incision healed well. The incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In terms of Gartland-Werley score of wrist joint function, the score of wrist function in the observation group was (4.58±1.31) at 6 weeks, (2.98±0.63) at 3 months and (1.95±0.65) at 6 months post-operatively, which were better than those in the control group (6.32±1.96) at 6 weeks, (3.63±0.76) at 3 months and (2.43±0.73) at 6 months. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In the observation group, 7/25 cases(28%) were found to have screw penetration during the operation by additional lateral oblique and dorsal tangential radiograph fluoroscopic views of wrist.@*CONCLUSION@#The addition of lateral oblique and dorsal tangential during the operation could improve the accuracy of distal screw placement, reduce postoperative complications, and achieve early functional exercise.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Wrist Fractures , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Bone Plates , Postoperative Complications
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 116-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970830

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of allogeneic femoral head as strut allograft combined with proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) in the treatment of proximal humeral Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2020, 18 patients with Neer grade Ⅳ fracture with humeral head collapse were treated with strut allograft with PHILOS, including 4 males and 14 females, aged from 55 to 78 years old, with an average of (68.11±7.20) years old. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative drainage volume, fracture healing time, neck-shaft angle and the height of the humeral head, failure of internal fixation the shoulder function at the last follow-up was assessed using Neer's scoring system.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 10 to 12 months, with an average of (11.08±0.65) months. The operation time was (66.44±5.06) min, the intraoperative bleeding volume was (206.67±36.14) ml, the postoperative drainage volume was (76.11±9.63) ml, and the fracture healing time was (17.28±3.92) weeks. At the last follow-up, the degree of loss of neck-shaft angle was (5.44±0.86) ° and the loss of the height of humeral head was (1.43±0.27) mm. All 18 patients had healing without complications such as fracture, withdrawal, penetration of internal fixation and necrosis of humeral head. According to Neer's evaluation standard, the total score was (89.61±5.60), 10 cases got an excellent result, 6 good, 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Allogeneic femoral head combined with PHILOS is an appropriate treatment for the four-part proximal humerus fractures with humeral head collapse, exhibiting good clinic outcome.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Humeral Head , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Humerus , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Humeral Fractures , Allografts
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 103-109, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical outcomes of anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate for complex proximal humeral fractures in the eldery.@*METHODS@#From June 2018 to October 2020, 30 patients who underwent surgical treatment for Neer grade 3 to 4 proximal humeral fractures, including 8 males and 22 females, aged from 51 to 78 years old with an average of (61.5±7.5) years old. Of them, 15 patients had fractures fixed with anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate(ALLP group), whereas 15 received internal fixation with proximal humerus locking plate only(PHLP group). The clinical data, simple shoulder test (SST), humeral head height loss, varus angle and shoulder range of motion were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All fractures were healed. The follow-up time ranged from 12 to 24 months, with an average of(14.3±2.9) months. The operation time of ALLP group was longer than that of PHLP group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in SST score between the two groups at 1, 3 and 12 months after operation (P>0.05). In terms of radiographic measurement, there was no significant difference in humeral head height loss and varus angle between the two groups at 1 and 3 months after operation (P>0.05). At 12 months after operation, the height loss and varus angle of humeral head in ALLP group were lower than those in PHLP group (P<0.05). In shoulder range of motion, the range of forward elevation in ALLP group was larger than that in PHLP group 1 year after operation(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in external rotation between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Anteromedial combined with lateral locking plate in the treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in the elderly can increase the stability of the medial column and obtain a good fracture prognosis. But there are also disadvantages such as longer operation time, so it should be individualized according to the fracture type of the patient.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Shoulder , Humeral Head , Bone Plates , Humeral Fractures/surgery
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 676-685, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of screw and bone plate internal fixation in the treatment of Lisfranc injury.@*METHODS@#The databases of Wanfang, CNKI, Pubmed, EMBASE, VIP, BIOSIS and other databases were retrieved by computer, and the clinical trial literature from January 1, 2000 to August 1, 2021 was retrieved, the methodological quality of the included studies was strictly evaluated and the data were extracted, and the obtained data were meta-analyzed by Revman 5.4 software.@*RESULTS@#Nine randomized controlled trial literature and 10 retrospective cohort studies were included, of which 416 patients in the experimental group were treated with screw internal fixation, and 435 patients in the control group were treated with bone plate internal fixation. Meta-analysis showed that the surgical time of the bone plate internal fixation group was longer than that of the screw internal fixation group [MD=-14.40, 95%CI(-17.21, -11.60), P<0.000 01], the postoperative X-ray anatomical reduction of the bone plate internal fixation group [MD=0.47, 95%CI(0.25, 0.86), P=0.01], the excellent and good rate of postoperative American orthopedic foot and ankle society(AOFAS) foot function score[MD=0.25, 95%CI(0.15, 0.42), P<0.000 01], postoperative AOFAS foot function score [MD=-5.51, 95%CI(-10.10, -0.92), P=0.02] of the bone plate fixation group was better than those of the screw internal fixation group. Two kinds of operation method had no statistical different for postoperative fracture healing time[MD=1.91, 95%CI(-1.36, 5.18), P=0.25], postoperative visual analgue scale(VAS)[MD=0.38, 95%CI(0.09, 0.86), P=0.11], postoperative complications [MD=1.32, 95%CI(0.73, 2.40), P=0.36], the postoperative infection [MD=0.84, 95%CI(0.48, 1.46), P=0.53], the postoperative fracture internal fixation loosening [MD=1.25, 95% CI(0.61, 2.53), P=0.54], the postoperative incidence of traumatic arthritis [MD=1.80, 95%CI(0.83, 3.91), P=0.14].@*CONCLUSION@#Bone plate fixation has better short-term and medium-term results and lower reoperation rate in the treatment of Lisfranc injury, so it is recommended to use bone plate fixation in the treatment of Lisfranc injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Screws , Treatment Outcome , Postoperative Complications
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 672-675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the surgical treatment of different proximal clavicle fractures, and discuss the classification of proximal clavicle fractures.@*METHODS@#Total of 24 patients with displaced proximal clavicle fractures were treated from January 2017 to December 2020 including 16 males and 8 females, aged 28 to 66 years old. Among them, 20 cases were fresh fractures and 4 cases were old fractures. According to the Edinburgh classification, 14 cases were type 1B1 fractures and 10 cases were type 1B2 fractures. The different internal fixation methods were selected for internal fixation treatment according to different fracture types.The operation time, blood loss, preoperative and postoperative displacement difference, fracture healing time and Rockwood scoring system were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months. There were no patients with infection or loss of reduction after the operation. Three patients had internal fixation failure after operation, and the internal fixation device was removed. Results The operation time was 30 to 65 min, and the blood loss was 15 to 40 ml. No important nerves, blood vessels, or organs were damaged. The imaging healing time was 3 to 6 months. According to the Rockwood functional score, the total score was (13.50±1.86), pain (2.57±0.50), range of motion (2.78±0.41), muscle strength (2.93±0.28), restricted daily activity (2.85±0.35), subjective results (2.63±0.61);the results were excellent in 20 cases, good in 3 cases, fair in 1 case.@*CONCLUSION@#Proximal clavicular fracture is a type of fracture with low incidence. According to different fracture types, different internal fixation methods and treatment methods can be selected, and satisfactory surgical results can be achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Clavicle/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 574-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical outcomes of mini-plate combined with wireforms in the treatment of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included a total of 10 cases, including 5 males and 5 females, with 6 cases involving the left side and 4 cases involving the right side, of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The age of the patients ranged from 35 to 67 years old. All patients underwent surgical treatment utilizing mini-plate combined with wireforms for internal fixation.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 18 months. Complete fracture healing was observed in all cases, with healing times ranging from 10 to 16 weeks. During the entire follow-up period, patients reported high levels of satisfaction with the treatment outcomes, and there were no incidences of incision infection, chronic wrist pain, or wrist traumatic arthritis. At the final follow-up assessment, the Mayo score for the wrist joint ranged from 85 to 95, with 7 cases rated as excellent and 3 cases as good.@*CONCLUSION@#Mini-plate combined with wireforms proves to be an effective fixation method for Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The early initiation of wrist joint exercises, strong fixation, maintenance of proper reduction, minimal complications, and high rates of excellent and good outcomes demonstrate the reliability and efficacy of this treatment approach.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Fractures , Wrist Joint , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular
18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 570-573, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981734

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a reduction device for the arthroscopy-assisted treatment of tibial plateau fracture and explore its clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#From May 2018 to September 2019, 21 patients with tibial plateau fracture were treated, including 17 males and 4 females. Their ages ranged from 18 to 55 years old with an average of (38.6±8.7) years old. There were 5 cases of Schatzker typeⅡand 16 cases of Schatzker type Ⅲ. The self-designed reductor combined with arthroscope was used for auxiliary reduction and fixation(minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis). The efficacy was analyzed by observing the operation time, blood loss, fracture healing time and knee function(HSS and IKDC scoring criteria).@*RESULTS@#All the 21 patients were followed up for 8 to 24 with an average of(14.0±3.1) months. The operative time ranged from 70 to 95 min with an average of(81.7±7.6)min, incision length ranged from 4 to 7 cm with an average of(5.3±0.9) cm, intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 50 ml with an average of(35.3±5.2) ml, postoperative weight-bearing time ranged from 30 to 50 d with an average of(35.1±9.2) d, fracture healing time ranged from 65 to 90 d with an average of(75.0±4.4) d, and complications were 0 cases, respectively. The fracture was well healed and no screw plate fracture was observed. The knee function scores of HSS and IKDC 18 months after operation were significantly higher than those before operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The custom-made reduction tool for the arthroscopic management of tibial plateau fracture is reasonable in design and simple in operation. The specific reduction tool could effectively reduce the fracture, and shorten the fixation time with minimally invasive procedure.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Tibial Plateau Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Bone Plates , Retrospective Studies
19.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 440-444, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of micro steel plate and Kirschner needle oblique and transverse internal fixation of adjacent metacarpal bone in the treatment of metacarpal diaphyseal oblique fracture.@*METHODS@#Fifty-nine patients with metacarpal diaphyseal oblique fractures admitted between January 2018 and September 2021 were selected as the study subjects and divided into the observation group (29 cases) and the control group (30 cases) based on different internal fixation methods. The observation group was treated with Kirschner wire oblique and transverse internal fixation of adjacent metacarpal bones, while the control group was treated with micro steel plate internal fixation. Postoperative complications, operation time, incision length, fracture healing time, treatment cost, and metacarpophalangeal function were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#No incision or Kirschner wire infections occurred in the 59 patients, except for one in the observation group. No fixation loosening, rupture, or loss of fracture reduction occurred in any of the patients. The operation time and incision length in the observation group were (20.5±4.2) min and (1.6±0.2) cm, respectively, which were significantly shorter than those in the control group (30.8±5.6) min and (4.3±0.8) cm (P<0.05). The treatment cost and fracture healing time in the observation group were (3 804.5±300.8) yuan and (7.2±1.1) weeks, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group (9 906.9±860.6) yuan and (9.3±1.7) weeks (P<0.05). The excellent and good rate of metacarpophalangeal joint function in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group at 1, 2, and 3 months after operation (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups at 6 months after operation (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Micro steel plate internal fixation and Kirschner wire oblique and transverse internal fixation of adjacent metacarpal bones are both viable surgical methods for treating metacarpal diaphyseal oblique fractures. However, the latter has the advantages of causing less surgical trauma, shorter operation time, better fracture healing, lower cost of fixation materials, and no need for secondary incision and removal of internal fixation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Metacarpal Bones/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Bone Wires , Bone Plates , Treatment Outcome
20.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 376-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effect of open reduction and internal fixation with Henry's approach butterfly plate in treating double-column Die-punch fractures of distal radius.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to June 2021, 26 patients with double-column Die-column distal radius were treated with open reduction and internal fixation through Henry's surgical approach and using distal radius volar column plate(butterfly plate), including 14 males and 12 females, aged from 20 to 75 years old with an average age of (44.2±3.4) years old. Postopertaive complications were observed, Gartland-Werley score at 12 months after opertaion was used to evaluate wrist joint function.@*RESULTS@#All 26 patients were followed up from 10 to 18 months with an average of(13.4±0.8) months. All fractures were obtained fracture union, the time ranged from 8.5 to 15.8 weeks with an average of (11.4±0.5) weeks. All incisions healed at stageⅠwithout infection, nerve injury and internal fixation failure occurred. Postoperative Gartland-Werley score at 12 months was (3.65±0.36), and 16 patients got excellent result, 8 good and 2 moderate.@*CONCLUSION@#Open reduction and internal fixation with butterfly plate for the treatment of double-column Die-punch fractures of the distal radius through volar Henry approach could obtain satisfactory clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Radius/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Joint
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