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Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211512, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254424


Aim: Several systemic diseases, such as periodontitis and apical periodontitis, can cause extensive bone resorption. Host defense peptides may have the potential for the development of novel therapies for the bone resorption process. This study evaluated the potential of host defense peptides clavanins A, MO, and LL-37 in in vitro osteoclastogenesis. Methods: RAW 264.7 cultures were stimulated with recombinant of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand in the presence of different tested concentrations of host defense peptides, besides calcium hydroxide and doxycycline. Cellular viability, nitric oxide production, and a number of differentiated osteoclast-like cells were also evaluated. Results: Results showed that none of the substances were cytotoxic, except for 128 µg.mL-1 of doxycycline after 3 days. Host defense peptides, calcium hydroxide, and doxycycline did not interfere in nitric oxide production or downregulated it. An exception was observed in the presence of 2 µg.mL-1 of doxycycline, in which nitric oxide production was up-regulated. All host defense peptides were capable of reducing osteoclast-like cell differentiation. Conclusion: Host defense peptides clavanins A and MO demonstrated to be potential suppressors of osteoclastogenesis in vitro without interfering in cellular viability and nitric oxide production. These promising results need to be further analyzed in in vivo models of bone resorption

Osteogenesis , Bone Resorption , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides , Nitric Oxide
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879968


To investigate the effects of interleukin (IL)-17-mediated autophagy on the TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF6)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/p38 pathway and osteoclast differentiation. Mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) were cultured with a medium containing 30 ng/mL macrophage colony stimulating factor and 50 ng/mL receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligard (RANKL), and IL-17 (0.01, 0.1, 1.0, 10 ng/mL) was added for intervention (IL-17 group). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was used to observe TRAP positive multinucleated cells; phalloidin fluorescent staining was used to detect actin ring circumference; toluidine blue staining was used to analyze bone resorption lacuna formation. To further examine the mechanism of the effect of IL-17-mediated autophagy on the differentiation of osteoclasts, the control group used RANKL medium to culture mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells, while the IL-17 group was treated with IL-17 (0.01, 0.1, 1.0, /mL). Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and osteoclast-related proteins c-fos and nuclear factor of activated T cell 1 (NFATc1) after treatment with different concentrations of IL-17. The expression of LC3, NFATc1, TRAF6/ERK/p38 signaling pathway related proteins were detected in IL-17 and autophagy inhibitor 3-MA group. The number of TRAP positive multinucleated cells, the circumference of the actin ring and the area of bone resorption lacuna in IL-17 group treated with IL-17 (0.01, 0.1, were significantly higher than those in the control group. In IL-17 treated RAW264.7 cells, the expression of c-fos, NFATc1, Beclin-1, LC3, TRAF6, p-ERK, and p-p38 was all significantly up-regulated (all 0.05). After treatment with the autophagy inhibitor 3-MA, the expression levels of LC3, NFATc1, TRAF6, p-ERK, and p-p38 all decreased significantly (all 0.05). IL-17 can promote the expression of autophagy proteins and enhance the differentiation ability of osteoclast precursor cells, and the TRAF6/ERK/p38 signaling pathway may be involved in this process.

Animals , Autophagy , Bone Resorption , Cell Differentiation , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Interleukin-17 , Mice , NFATC Transcription Factors/metabolism , Osteoclasts/metabolism , RANK Ligand/metabolism , TNF Receptor-Associated Factor 6
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878434


Bone invasion by oral cancer is a common clinical problem, which affects the choice of treatment and predicts a poor prognosis. Unfortunately, the molecular mechanism of this phenomenon has not been fully elucidated. Current studies have revealed that oral cancer cells modulate the formation and function of osteoclasts through the expression of a series of signal molecules. Many signal pathways are involved in this process, of which receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand/receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB/osteoprotegerin signaling pathway attracted much attention. In this review, we introduce recent progress in molecular mechanisms of bone invasion by oral cancer.

Bone Resorption , Bone and Bones , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , RANK Ligand , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878423


OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.

Animals , Bone Resorption , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Molar , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3 , Osteoclasts , Osteoprotegerin , Rats , Th17 Cells , Tooth Movement Techniques
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 81 p. il., tab., graf..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1255006


Embora existe um alto índice de sucesso implantes dentários, podem ocorrer perda da osseintegração após instalação das próteses sobre implante e as causas são as periimplantites e sobre cargas oclusais. Diferentes conexõessurgiram para o melhor desempenho estético, biomecânico e para evitar perdas ósseas perimplantares. Para analisar às deformações geradas ao redor dos implantes e suas conexões, as duas metodologias utilizadas neste estudo e que apresentam resultados numéricos,foram a análise de elementos finitos e a extensometria linear.Para o teste do FEA, foi utilizado o software Rhinoceros 4.0 para obter os desenhos em 3D dos dois modelos de implantes,com o mesmo comprimento e largura, um hexágono externo HE (Titaoss® TM cortical Intraoss®, SP, Brasil) com diâmetro de 3,75 mm e comprimento de 13 mm e o segundo sendo um implante conexão interna (CM) (Titaoss® Max Cone Morse, Intraoss®, SP, Brasil). Sobre os implantes foram modelados seus abutments respectivamente, Ucla anti- rotacional com plataforma de 4.1 mm e um Pilar Cone Morse CMN com transmucoso de 0,8 mm. Ambos abutments para próteses parafusadas e foram exportados para o software de análise (ANSYS 17.0, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA) em formato STEP.Para o teste de extensometria, foram obtidos blocos de poliuretano (Poliuretano F160 ISO Axson, Cercy, França) de forma retangular com dimensões internas de 95 x 45 x 30 mm e intalados implantes Titaoss® Max Cone Morse 3,75 X 13 mm e os implantes Titaoss® TM 3,75 X 13 mm (Intraoss- SP - Brasil), e os abutments e coroas metálicas de cromo-cobalto. Formado 4 grupos: a) CM no; b) HE no, c) CM po e d) He po; em cada grupo foram instalados 4 extensômetros tangenciando cada um dos implantes, segundo mapas colorimétricos da região de maior microdeformação óssea. Na aplicação de carga, foi utilizado o dispositivo de aplicação de carga-DAC(Nishioka - Proc. 08/53071-4), com carga axial de 30 kg aplicadas por um período de 10 segundos (Mericske-Stern et al.) na fosseta central (carga axial).Resultados:1) FEA- a) Tensão de von-Mises gerada no conjunto implante/parafuso mostrou maior concentraçao de tensao no parafuso protético de ambos os grupos independente da perda óssea; b) Tensão de von-Mises gerada na região mais estressada que mostrou a possível falha na região da cabeça do parafuso de ambos os grupos independente da perda óssea; c) Tensão de von-Mises gerada no implante em secçao longitudinal foi maior concentraçao de tensao na plataforma do hexagono externo, mas, com pouca diferença no restante do corpo do implante, e d) microdeformaçao gerada no interior do bloco de poliuretano .Não foi possível notar diferenças significativas entre as diferentes conexões. Para os implantes com perda óssea é possível notar maior deformaçao ápica. 2) Na extensometria foi realizada a média da deformação gerada de cada os quatro grupos, no qual não apresentou diferenças numéricas entre os grupos. Neste estudo podemos concluir que não há diferenças significativas na microdeformação entre o grupo dos implantes CM no e HE no, com uma maior deformação CM e HE quando há presença de perda óssea(AU)

Although there is a high success rate, dental implants may lose osseintegration after implantation of prostheses on implants and the causes are peri-implantitis and occlusal loads.Different connections have emerged for better aesthetic and biomechanical performance to prevent perimplant bone loss.To analyze the deformations generated around the implants and their connections, the two methodologies used in this study and which present numerical results were the analysis of finite elements and linear extensometry.The Rhinoceros 4.0 software was used to obtain the 3D drawings of the two implant models with the same length and width, an external hexagon HE (Titaoss® TM cortical Intraoss®, SP, Brazil) with a diameter of 3.75 mm and a length of 13 mm and the second being an internal connection (CM) implant (Titaoss® Max Cone Morse, Intraoss®, SP, Brazil). The abutments were modeled on the implants, respectively, Ucla anti-rotational with 4.1 mm platform and a Morse Cone Abutment CMN with 0.8 mm transmucous. Both abutments for screwed prostheses and were exported to the analysis software (ANSYS 17.0, ANSYS Inc., Houston, TX, USA) in STEP format.For the extensometry test, rectangular polyurethane blocks (Polyurethane F160 ISO Axson, Cercy, France) with internal dimensions of 95 x 45 x 30 mm and Titaoss® Max Cone Morse 3.75 X 13 mm implants and implants were obtained Titaoss® TM 3.75 X 13 mm (Intraoss-SP - Brazil), and the abutments and metallic crowns of chromium-cobalt. Forming 4 groups: a) CM no; b) HE no; c) CM po and d) He po, each group installed 4 strain gauges tangent to each of the implants, according to colorimetric maps of the region with the greatest bone microdeformation. In the load application, the DAC load application device (Nishioka- Proc. 08 / 53071-4) was used, with an axial load of 30 kg applied for a period of 10 seconds (Mericske-Stern et al.) In the pit central (axial load).Results: 1) FEA- a) von-Mises tension generated in the implant / screw set showed a higher concentration of tension in the prosthetic screw of both groups regardless of bone loss; b) von-Mises tension generated in the most stressed region, showing possible failure in the screw head region of both groups regardless of bone loss; c) VonMises stress generated in the implant in longitudinal section was higher stress concentration in the external hexagon platform but with little difference in the rest of the implant body, and d) microdeformation generated inside the polyurethane block, it was not possible to notice significant differences between the different connections. For implants with bone loss, it is possible to notice greater apical deformation. 2) In the extensometry, the average strain generated for each of the four groups was performed, in which there were no numerical differences between the groups. In this study we can conclude that there was no difference in microdeformation between the group of CM implants and HE no, with a greater CM and HE deformation when there is bone loss(AU)

Bone Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Dental Implants/trends , Alveolar Bone Loss/complications
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e27, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1153614


Abstract The aim of the present overview was to evaluate the outcomes of systematic reviews to determine the incidence of condylar resorption in patients submitted to orthognathic surgery and analyze whether the risk of developing this condition is related to a specific type of surgery. Searches were conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane electronic databases for systematic reviews with quantitative data on condylar resorption due to any type of orthognathic surgery for dentoskeletal deformities published up to May 25, 2019. The AMSTAR 2 and Glenny tools were applied for the quality appraisal. Five systematic reviews were included for analysis. Only one article was considered to have high quality. Among a total of 5128 patients, 12.32% developed condylar resorption. From those patients, 70.1% had double jaw surgery, 23.4% had mandibular surgery alone, and in 6.5% a Lefort I technique was used. Based on these findings, bimaxillary surgery could be considered a risk factor for condylar resorption. However, these results should be interpreted with caution, since other factors, such as pre-operative skeletal deformities, type of movement, and type of fixation, can contribute to the development of this condition. Further studies should consider reporting main cephalometric data, temporomandibular diagnosis, hormonal levels, and tomographic measures before and after the surgery at least every 6 months during the firsts two years to identify accurately risk factors for condylar resorption.

Humans , Bone Resorption/etiology , Bone Resorption/epidemiology , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Cephalometry , Incidence , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Mandibular Condyle/surgery
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4, suppl 1): 1-8, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352634


Objective: Investigating osteopontin (OPN) level in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of patients affected by periodontitis with or without Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of OPN to differentiate between periodontal health and disease. Material and Methods: A total number of 36 participants seeking periodontal treatment were recruited in this pilot study and divided into three study groups. Periodontitis [systemically healthy participants with periodontitis (probing pocket depth) PPD (probing pocket depth) ≥ 4mm], periodontitis and poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus (), and control (systemically and periodontally healthy periodontium) groups. Plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and PPD were examined. OPN level was measured in the GCF and analysed, using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent assay. Results: PI and GI were significantly higher in T2DM with periodontitis compared to periodontitis and control groups. Both periodontitis and P-T2DM groups showed significant increase in the OPN levels compared to control group (p<0.001). PPD showed the only significant positive association with OPN (p<0.001) compared to other clinical parameters. The receiver operating characteristics curve analysis demonstrated that OPN had higher area under the curve value (AUC: 0.95) in periodontitis compared to P-T2DM patients (AUC: 0.86). Conclusion: In periodontitis groups, clinical parameters were equally deteriorated together with significant increase in the expression of OPN compared to control. Furthermore, GCF levels of OPN were sensitive and specific enough to discriminate between health and periodontitis even with T2DM. This could introduce OPN to be as a candidate diagnostic biomarker of periodontal disease. (AU)

Objetivo: Investigar o nível de osteopontina (OPN) no fluido gengival crevicular (GCF) de pacientes com periodontite com ou sem diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (T2DM). O objetivo deste estudo foi explorar a possibilidade da OPN diferenciar entre saúde e doença periodontal. Material e Métodos: No total, para este estudo piloto foram recrutados 36 participantes que estavam em busca de tratamento periodontal e divididos em três grupos de estudo: grupos periodontite [participantes sistemicamente saudáveis com periodontite (profundidade de sondagem) PPD ≥ 4 mm], grupo periodontite e Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 mal controlada (P-T2DM) e grupo controle (saudáveis sistemicamente e periodontalmente). Índice de placa (PI), índice gengival (GI) e PPD foram examinados. O nível de OPN foi medido no GCF e analisado usando o ensaio ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay). Resultados: PI e GI foram significativamente maiores no T2DM com periodontite em comparação aos grupos com periodontite e controle. Os grupos com periodontite e P-T2DM apresentaram aumento significativo nos níveis de OPN em comparação ao grupo controle (p <0,001). PPD mostrou a única associação positiva significativa com OPN (p <0,001) em comparação com outros parâmetros clínicos. A análise da curva de características operacionais do receptor demonstrou que OPN teve maior área sob o valor da curva (AUC: 0,95) na periodontite em comparação com pacientes com P-T2DM (AUC: 0,86). Conclusão: Nos grupos com periodontite, os parâmetros clínicos foram igualmente deteriorados juntamente com aumento significativo na expressão de OPN em comparação com o grupo controle. Além disso, os níveis de OPN no GCF foram sensíveis e específicos o suficiente para discernir entre saúde e periodontite, mesmo com T2DM. Isso poderia apresentar a OPN como um candidato a biomarcador diagnóstico de doença periodontal.(AU)

Humans , Periodontitis , Bone Resorption , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Osteopontin
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(3): 9-14, set./dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1121722


Cistos Periapicais são proliferações dos restos epiteliais de Malassez em decorrência do processo desenvolvimento ou inflamatório devido necrose pulpar. Apresenta-se no início de forma assintomática, e dependendo da sua evolução pode levar a expansão da corticais e reabsorção óssea. Ao exame de imagem se apresentam como uma área radiotransparente bem delimitada, circunscrita por halo radiopaco geralmente associado a região apical de uma ou mais unidades dentárias. O objetivo desse trabalho é relatar abordagem cirúrgica de enucleação e curetagem de um cisto periapical em região maxilar(AU)

Periapical cysts are proliferations of the epithelial remains of Malassez due to the development or inflammatory process due to pulp necrosis. It presents at the beginning asymptomatic, and depending on its evolution may lead to cortical expansion and bone resorption. Imaging studies present as a well-defined radiotransparent area, circumscribed by a radiopaque halo generally associated with the apical region of one or more dental units. The objective of this study is to report a surgical approach of enucleation and curettage of a periapical cyst in the maxillary region(AU)

Radicular Cyst , Radicular Cyst/surgery , Bone Resorption , Odontogenic Cysts , Radicular Cyst/diagnosis , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Cysts
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 13-17, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150415


La acción terapéutica favorable que los antirresortivos (bifosfonatos BPs, denosumab DS) y drogas antiangiogénicas ocasionan en el tejido óseo en aquellos pacientes que presentan como causa etiológica cáncer o discrasias óseas incluyen hipercalcemias malignas o ­si requieren el consumo de dicha droga a baja concentración­ como ser: osteoporosis, osteopenia, enfermedad de Paget, displasia fibrosa, Osteogénesis Imperfecta. (1) La presente actualización pretende relacionar el tratamiento odontológico con prescripción crónica y drogas antirresortivas, para lo cual American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons AAOMS: define el concepto de Osteonecrosis Maxilar Asociada a drogas Antirresortivas (MRONJ) como: «Área ósea necrótica expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en presencia de tratamiento crónico con bifosfonatos en ausencia de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello¼. La AAOMS estableció los siguientes grupos de acuerdo con sus características clínicas en 4 estadios (0, 1 ,2 y 3) de acuerdo con el aspecto clínico y radiológico de la lesión osteonecrótica. Estadío 0: lesión osteonecrótica sin evidencia de hueso necrótico en pacientes bajo consumo de drogas antirresortivas. Estadío 1: lesión osteonecrótica con signos clínicos y ausencia de sintomatología clínica. Estadío 2: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología clínica evidente. Estadío 3: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología evidente que compromete a estructuras nobles: fracturas patológicas, anestesia del nervio dentario inferior, comunicación buco-nasal, comunicación buco-sinusal, fístulas cutáneas (2) (AU)

It is known the favourable action which antiresorptive (Bisphosphonates BPs, Denosumab: DS) and Antiangiogenic drugs produce in bone tissue. High concentrations are primarily used as an effective treatment in the management of cancer-related disorders, including hypercalcemia of malignant. Besides, low concentrations are used for other metabolic bone diseases including Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Paget's Disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, Imperfect Osteogenesis. (1) The update relate relationship between dentistry and chronic treatment with antiresorptive drugs. According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS), MRONJ is defined as exposed or necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region that has persisted for more than 8 weeks in association with current or previous BPs or DS therapy and with a lack of head and neck radiotherapy. AAOMS divided the MRONJ into 4 stages (0,1, 2 and 3) according to the clinical and radiological aspect of the osteonecrotic lesion: Stage 0: osteonecrotic lesion without sign-pathognomonic evidence of osteonecrosis. Stage 1: osteonecrotic lesion with clinical signs and absence of clinical symptoms. Stage 2: osteonecrotic lesion with sign and evident clinical symptoms. Stage 3: osteonecrotic lesion with signs and evident symptoms that involve noble structures: pathological fractures, anaesthesia of the lower dental nerve, oral-nasal communication, oral-sinus communication, skin fistulas (2) (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Bone Resorption , Diphosphonates/adverse effects , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Bone Diseases , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Denosumab , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 39-54, nov. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150748


La búsqueda por encontrar métodos para acortar la duración de los tratamientos de ortodoncia tiene un pasado reciente, un presente y un futuro. Las fuerzas ortodóncicas que se ejercen sobre la membrana periodontal producen movimientos dentarios por modificaciones histológicas y biomoleculares. El conocimiento de los procesos biológicos da lugar a implementar cambios para favorecer la aceleración de los procesos resortivos y neoformativos. El objetivo de esta publicación es hacer una breve síntesis de lo acontecido con este tema y exponer el procedimiento de las micro-osteoperforaciones (MOPs) como una opción complementaria al tratamiento de ortodoncia convencional. Aún no existe suficiente apoyo de ensayos clínicos en humanos para aseverar su éxito. Más aún, distintos autores publican conclusiones contradictorias. Es de esperar que, en breve, nuevas investigaciones contribuyan a respaldarlo o desestimarlo (AU)

The quest to find methods to shorten the duration of orthodontic treatments has a recent past, a present, and a future. Orthodontic forces exerted on the periodontal membrane produce tooth movements by histological and biomolecular modifications. Knowledge of biological processes results in changes to promote the acceleration of spring and neoformative processes. The objective of this publication is to make a brief synthesis of what happened with this topic and expose the micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) procedure as a complementary option to conventional orthodontic treatment. There is not yet enough support from human clinical trials to assert its success. Moreover, different authors publish conflicting conclusions. It is to be expected that, shortly, further investigations will help to support or dismiss it (AU)

Humans , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Biological Phenomena , Oral Surgical Procedures , Microsurgery , Osteotomy/methods , Bone Resorption/physiopathology , Low-Level Light Therapy , RANK Ligand , Duration of Therapy
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 585-590, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144216


Abstract Objective Coracoid osteolysis has been described as a possible complication after the Latarjet procedure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the incidence and risk factors associated to coracoid graft osteolysis and to correlate them with clinical results. Methods A retrospective review of 38 Latarjet procedures was conducted. Computed tomography (CT) scans were obtained from all of the patients before and at least 1 year after the surgery. Coracoid osteolysis was evaluated and correlated to preoperative factors, namely: age, smoking status, and preoperative glenoid bone loss. The patients were divided into 2 groups: A (no or minor bone resorption) and B (major or total bone resorption). The functional outcome was determined by the Rowe score. Results Coracoid graft osteolysis occurred in 22 cases (57.8%). The mean preoperative glenoid defect was 22.8% in group A, and 13.4% in group B (p= 0.0075). The mean ages of the subjects in both groups were not significantly different. Smoking did not seem to affect the main outcome either, and no correlation was found between graft osteolysis and postoperative range of motion, pain, or Rowe score. There were no cases of recurrent dislocations in our sample, although four patients presented with a positive anterior apprehension sign. Conclusion Bone resorption of the coracoid graft is present in at least 50% of the patients submitted to the Latarjet procedure, and the absence of significant preoperative glenoid bone loss showed to be the only risk factor associated with severe graft osteolysis, even though this did not influence significantly the clinical outcome.

Resumo Objetivo Osteólise do processo coracoide é descrita como uma possível complicação da cirurgia de Latarjet. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a incidência e fatores de risco associados à osteólise do enxerto do coracoide e correlacioná-los com resultados clínicos. Métodos Foi realizada uma revisão retrospectiva incluindo 38 casos submetidos ao procedimento de Latarjet. Em todos os casos, foi realizada uma tomografia computadorizada antes e pelo menos 1 ano após a cirurgia. A presença de osteólise do coracoide foi avaliada e correlacionada com os seguintes fatores de risco: idade, tabagismo, e perda óssea pré-operatória da glenóide. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: A (ausência ou menor reabsorção óssea) e B (maior reabsorção óssea ou total). A avaliação funcional foi determinada através do escore de Rowe. Resultado Osteólise do processo coracoide ocorreu em 22 casos (57,8%). O defeito ósseo médio pré-operatório da glenóide foi de 22,8% no grupo A e de 13,4% no grupo B (p= 0.0075). A média de idade dos casos em ambos os grupos não apresentou diferença estatística. Tabagismo também não esteve relacionado com diferenças no resultado. Não houve correlação entre a presença de osteólise e o arco de movimento, dor ou ao escore de Rowe. Não houve casos de reluxação; entretanto, quatro pacientes apresentaram apreensão anterior no exame físico. Conclusão A reabsorção do processo coracoide ocorreu em pelo menos 50% dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de Latarjet, e a ausência pré-operatória de perda óssea significativa da glenóide foi o único fator de risco associado a osteólise mais severa do enxerto, porém sem influência no resultado clínico.

Humans , Male , Adult , Osteolysis , Pain , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Tobacco Use Disorder , Bone and Bones , Bone Resorption , Smoking , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Range of Motion, Articular , Coracoid Process , Joint Instability
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 317-322, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128169


A 10-year-old male mixed-breed dog was admitted for recurrent signs of urinary tract infection (UTI). Urinary bladder ultrasonography revealed decreased thickness of its wall with floating hyperopic particles within its lumen. Ultrasonography revealed a structure invading the dorsal wall of the penile urethral lumen, located in a segment distal to the bladder. Radiographies showed bone resorption with proliferation at the caudal aspect of the penile bone, stricture of the final aspect of the penile urethra, and no radiopaque images compatible with a urethrolith. Computed tomography showed bone proliferation causing stricture of the urethral lumen at two different sites. Presumptive diagnosis of penile neoplasia was considered more likely and the dog underwent penectomy along with orchiectomy and scrotal urethrostomy. Enterobacter spp. was cultured from the urine sample and antibiotic sensitivity tests revealed that the bacterium was susceptible to amikacin, imipenem, and meropenem. Histopathology revealed severe suppurative urethritis, bone resorption, and hyperostosis, suggestive of osteomyelitis of the penile bone. Neoplastic cells were not observed at any part of the examined tissue. The findings in the present case suggest that osteomyelitis of the penile bone should be included in differential diagnosis for partial and complete urethral obstruction in dogs with recurrent UTI.(AU)

Um cão mestiço, com 10 anos, foi admitido por sinais recorrentes de infecção do trato urinário (ITU). A ultrassonografia da bexiga urinária revelou diminuição da espessura de sua parede com partículas flutuantes dentro de seu lúmen. A ultrassonografia demonstrou estrutura invadindo a parede dorsal do lúmen da uretra peniana, localizada em segmento distal à bexiga. Radiografias evidenciaram reabsorção óssea com proliferação no aspecto caudal do osso peniano, estenose do aspecto final da uretra peniana e ausência de imagens radiopacas compatíveis com uretrólito. Pela tomografia computadorizada, observou-se proliferação óssea causando estreitamento da luz uretral em dois locais diferentes. Diagnóstico presuntivo de neoplasia peniana foi considerado mais provável e o cão foi submetido à penectomia, juntamente com orquiectomia e uretrostomia escrotal. Enterobacter spp. foi cultivada da amostra de urina e testes de sensibilidade revelaram susceptibilidade ao amicacina, imipenem e ao meropenem. A histopatologia revelou uretrite supurativa grave, reabsorção óssea e hiperostose compatível com osteomielite do osso peniano. Células neoplásicas não foram observadas em nenhuma parte do tecido examinado. Os achados do presente caso sugerem que a osteomielite do osso peniano deve ser incluída no diagnóstico diferencial de obstrução uretral parcial e completa em cães com ITU recorrente.(AU)

Animals , Male , Dogs , Osteomyelitis/veterinary , Penis , Urethritis/veterinary , Urinary Tract Infections/veterinary , Enterobacter , Bone and Bones , Bone Resorption , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 122-126, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132280


Abstract Although periodontitis is one of the commonest infectious inflammatory diseases in humans, the mechanisms involved with its immunopathology remain ill understood. Numerous molecules may induce inflammation and lead to bone resorption, secondary to activation of monocytes into osteoclasts. TACE (TNF-α converting enzyme) and DC-STAMP (dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein) appear to play a role on bone resorption since TACE induces the release of sRANKL (soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand) whereas DC-STAMP is a key factor in osteoclast induction. The present study evaluated the levels of TACE and DC-STAMP in patients with and without periodontitis. Twenty individuals were selected: 10 periodontally healthy participants undergoing gingivectomy for esthetic reasons and 10 diagnosed with periodontitis. Protein levels of such molecules in gingival tissue were established using Western blotting. Protein levels of both TACE and DC-STAMP were higher in the periodontitis group than in the control group (p<0.05; Student t-test). In conclusion, TACE and DC-STAMP protein levels are elevated in patients with periodontitis, favoring progression of bone resorption.

Resumo Apesar de a periodontite ser uma das doenças infecto inflamatórias humanas mais comuns, os mecanismos que conduzem à imunopatologia não estão bem definidos. Inúmeras moléculas induzem atividade inflamatória que levam à perda óssea. Para que haja a reabsorção óssea, células monocíticas são ativadas e se transformam em osteoclastos. As moléculas TACE (Enzima conversora de TNF-α) e DC-STAMP (Proteína transmembrana específica de célula dendrítica) parecem atuar no processo de reabsorção óssea uma vez que a TACE induz a liberação de sRANKL (ativador do receptor do fator nuclear kappa-β ligante solúvel), enquanto a DC-STAMP é um fator chave na indução dos osteoclastos. Diante disso, o presente estudo avaliou a expressão gênica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP em pacientes com e sem periodontite uma vez que o papel destas moléculas no curso do desenvolvimento da periodontite ainda é pouco explorado. Foram selecionados 20 indivíduos, sendo 10 com saúde periodontal e com indicação para remoção de tecido gengival por motivos estéticos e 10 pacientes com periodontite. As análises da expressão das moléculas no tecido gengival foram realizadas por meio de western blotting. Os níveis proteicos tanto de TACE quanto de DC-STAMP, foram maiores nos tecidos do grupo com periodontite em comparação aos do grupo controle (p<0.05; Student' t-test). Portanto, os dados demonstram que a expressão protéica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP estão elevados em pacientes com periodontite, favorecendo a progressão da reabsorção óssea nesta patologia.

Humans , Periodontitis , Bone Resorption , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , ADAM17 Protein/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Osteoclasts , Cell Differentiation
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 129-134, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056410


Menopause complications such as cardiovascular and bone diseases represent a major public health concern. We sought to determine whether a high-fat diet (HFD) can augment ovariectomy-induced bone resorption in a rat model of menopause possibly via the upregulation of the inflammatory biomarkers and dyslipidemia. Rats were either ovariectomized and fed a standard laboratory chow (model group) or were ovariectomized and fed with a HFD for 15 weeks before being sacrificed. Ovariectomy significantly (p<0.05) increased body weight, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and biomarker of bone resorption, nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB), which were augmented by feeding animals with a HFD. This was confirmed through immunohistochemical study, where ovariectomy induced expression of p65/NF-kB protein in tibia bone sections of the model group, which were augmented by HFD. HFD augments ovariectomy-induced bone resorption through increased inflammatory biomarkers and NF-kB in rats.

Las complicaciones de la menopausia, como las enfermedades cardiovasculares y óseas, representan un importante problema de salud pública. Intentamos determinar si una dieta alta en grasas (HFD) puede aumentar la resorción ósea inducida por ovariectomía en un modelo de menopausia en ratas, a través de la regulación positiva de los biomarcadores inflamatorios y la dislipidemia. Las ratas fueron ovariectomizadas y alimentadas con una comida estándar de laboratorio (grupo modelo) o fueron ovariectomizadas y alimentadas con un HFD durante 15 semanas antes de ser sacrificadas. La ovariectomía aumentó significativamente (p <0,05) el peso corporal, dislipidemia, resistencia a la insulina, citocinas proinflamatorias, factor de necrosis tumoral a (TNF-α) e interleucina-6 (IL-6), y el biomarcador de resorción ósea, factor nuclear-kB (NF-kB), que se aumentaron alimentando animales con un HFD. Esto se confirmó a través del estudio inmunohistoquímico, donde la ovariectomía indujo la expresión de la proteína p65 / NF-kB en secciones de hueso de tibia del grupo modelo, que fueron aumentadas por HFD. HFD aumenta la resorción ósea inducida por ovariectomía a través del aumento de biomarcadores inflamatorios y NF-kB en ratas.

Animals , Female , Rats , Bone Resorption/pathology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Triglycerides/analysis , Bone Resorption/etiology , Insulin Resistance , Menopause , Ovariectomy/adverse effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Dyslipidemias/complications
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781354


Treating dentofacial deformities secondary to condylar resorption is a remarkable clinical challenge. Combined orthodontic treatment and orthognathic surgery is currently the main treatment scheme and is often integrated with temporomandibular joint surgery or conservative treatment according to the severity of condylar resorption. This paper discussed the etiology, clinical features, imaging features, treatment options, and prophylaxis of condylar resorption.

Bone Resorption , Dentofacial Deformities , Humans , Mandibular Condyle , Orthognathic Surgery , Orthognathic Surgical Procedures , Temporomandibular Joint
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 966-972, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136326


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Sclerostin is a glycoprotein that plays a catabolic role in bone and is involved in the regulation of bone metabolism by increasing the osteoclastic bone resorption. In this study, serum sclerostin levels were measured in chronic otitis media (COM) with and without cholesteatoma, assuming that it might have a role in the aetiopathogenesis of bone resorption. METHODS A total of 44 patients with cholesteatomatous COM (cCOM) (n = 22) and non-cholesteatomatous COM (ncCOM) (n = 22) were included in this study, and 26 healthy volunteers without any chronic ear disease problem(s) constituted the control group (n = 26). RESULTS No significant difference was not found in terms of serum iPTH, ALP, and vitamin D levels between ncCOM, cCOM, and the control groups. A significant difference was found in terms of serum sclerostin, Ca, and P levels between ncCOM, cCOM, and the control groups (p<0.05). Serum sclerostin levels in the study groups were significantly higher but their serum Ca and P levels were significantly lower compared to the control group. CONCLUSION We think that serum sclerostin concentrations, which were significantly higher in patients with cCOM and ncCOM compared to healthy controls are associated with bone erosion. There is a need for further studies with larger samples in order to determine the relationship between sclerostin and bone erosion in cholesteatoma to help in establishing preventive measures against cholesteatoma and set new targets for the development of non-surgical treatments.

RESUMO OBJETIVO A esclerostina é uma glicoproteína que desempenha um papel catabólico no osso e também envolve a regulação do metabolismo ósseo, aumentando a reabsorção óssea osteoclástica. Neste estudo, os níveis séricos de esclerostina foram medidos em otite média crônica (OMC) com e sem colesteatoma, e presumiu-se se que ela poderia ter um papel na etiopatogênese da reabsorção óssea. MÉTODOS Um total de 44 pacientes com otite média crônica colesteatomatosa (OMCc) (n=22), não colesteatomatosa (OMCnc)(n=22) foram incluídos neste estudo, e 26 voluntários saudáveis e sem doenças crônicas do ouvido constituíram o grupo de controle (n=26). RESULTADOS Não foi encontrada diferença significativa em termos de níveis séricos de iPTH, ALP e vitamina D entre OMCnc, OMCc e o grupo de controle. Foi encontrada uma diferença significativa em termos de níveis séricos de esclerostina, Ca e P entre OMCnc, OMCc e o grupo de controle (p<0,05). Os níveis séricos de esclerostina nos grupos de estudo foram significativamente mais altos, mas os níveis séricos de Ca e P foram significativamente mais baixos em comparação com o grupo de controle. CONCLUSÃO Acreditamos que as concentrações séricas de esclerostina, significativamente maiores em pacientes com OMCc e OMCnc em relação aos controles saudáveis, estão associadas à erosão óssea. Há necessidade de mais estudos com amostras maiores para determinar a relação entre esclerostina e erosão óssea no colesteatoma, já que essas pesquisas podem ajudar a estabelecer medidas preventivas contra o colesteatoma e novas metas para o desenvolvimento de tratamentos não cirúrgicos.

Humans , Otitis Media , Bone Resorption , Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/blood , Chronic Disease
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880772


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of zoledronate (ZOL) on osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption under high glucose, and the regulation mechanism of p38 mitogen activated kinase (p38 MAPK) signaling pathway in this process.@*METHODS@#RAW264.7 cells were divided into four groups: low group, high group, low+ZOL group and high+ZOL group after induced into osteoclasts. Cell proliferation activity was determined by MTT assay. The migration of RAW264.7 cells were examined Optical microscopy. Immunofluorescence microscopy was used to observe the cytoskeleton and sealing zones of osteoclasts. After adding group 5: high + ZOL + SB203580 group, trap staining was used to identify the number of positive osteoclasts in each group. The number and area of resorption lacunae were observed by SEM. The mRNA and protein expression of osteoclast related factors were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The cells in the 5 groups showed similar proliferative activity. High glucose promoted the migration of RAW264.7 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#High glucose inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption. ZOL inhibits osteoclast differentiation and bone resorption in high-glucose conditions by regulating p38 MAPK pathway, which can be a new pathway for ZOL to regulate diabetic osteoporosis.

Animals , Bone Resorption , Cell Differentiation , Glucose , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , NFATC Transcription Factors , Osteoclasts , RANK Ligand , Zoledronic Acid/pharmacology , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828964


Activation of osteoclasts during orthodontic tooth treatment is a prerequisite for alveolar bone resorption and tooth movement. However, the key regulatory molecules involved in osteoclastogenesis during this process remain unclear. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a newly identified class of functional RNAs that regulate cellular processes, such as gene expression and translation regulation. Recently, lncRNAs have been reported to be involved in osteogenesis and bone formation. However, as the most abundant noncoding RNAs in vivo, the potential regulatory role of lncRNAs in osteoclast formation and bone resorption urgently needs to be clarified. We recently found that the lncRNA Nron (long noncoding RNA repressor of the nuclear factor of activated T cells) is highly expressed in osteoclast precursors. Nron is downregulated during osteoclastogenesis and bone ageing. To further determine whether Nron regulates osteoclast activity during orthodontic treatment, osteoclastic Nron transgenic (Nron cTG) and osteoclastic knockout (Nron CKO) mouse models were generated. When Nron was overexpressed, the orthodontic tooth movement rate was reduced. In addition, the number of osteoclasts decreased, and the activity of osteoclasts was inhibited. Mechanistically, Nron controlled the maturation of osteoclasts by regulating NFATc1 nuclear translocation. In contrast, by deleting Nron specifically in osteoclasts, tooth movement speed increased in Nron CKO mice. These results indicate that lncRNAs could be potential targets to regulate osteoclastogenesis and orthodontic tooth movement speed in the clinic in the future.

Animals , Bone Resorption , Genetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , RANK Ligand , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878397


Strontium (Sr) is an essential trace element and widely exists in nature. It plays an important role in the in vivo regulation of bone metabolism. Sr locates below Fe in the periodic table, and its chemical structure and polarity are similar to those of Ca. It can induce bone mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate into osteoblasts by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts and reducing bone resorption. It promotes bone formation through a series of related pathways. The mechanism of Sr regulation of bone metabolism has been extensively researched in recent years. The current study aims to investigate the mechanism of Sr and provide a theoretical basis for its clinical application.

Bone Resorption , Humans , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Strontium
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878389


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of three anatomical parameters (maxillary sinus width, maxillary sinus angle, and residual bone height) on the outcomes of transcrestal sinus lift with simultaneous implant placement.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 maxillary sinuses in 42 patients were included in this study. All patients were treated with transcrestal sinus lift procedure associated with simultaneous implant placement using a composite graft material of autogenous bone and Bio-Oss. For each patient, beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were performed preoperatively, immediately after surgery, and 6 months after surgery. The parameters were measured on the preoperative and postoperative CBCT images. The correlation of three anatomical parameters with graft resorption was analyzed using Pearson's correlation test.@*RESULTS@#The average residual bone height was (4.46±1.55) mm. The average width of maxillary sinus was (13.86±2.71) mm. The average sinus angle was 78.09°±10.27°. A significant positive correlation was observed between maxillary sinus width and graft resorption (P<0.01). A positive association was also found between sinus angle and graft resorption (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The findings show that graft bone resorption in elevated sinus has a positive correlation with the sinus width and sinus angle.

Bone Resorption , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Humans , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed