Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 657
Filter
1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391172

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effect of leucocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) techniques used in alveolar ridge preservation on dimensional hard tissue changes of the alveolar ridge assessed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Material and Methods: Elective alveolar ridge preservation surgeries were performed on seven systemically healthy patients who underwent single posterior tooth extraction. Patients were randomly treated with PRF mixed with a commercial bone xenograft (n = 3) or PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT scans were taken immediately after tooth extraction and then four months later, just before implant surgery. Dimensional alterations in socket height (SH), socket area (SA) and socket volume (SV) were evaluated on CBCT scans by percentage differences before and after treatments. Results: Sockets treated with PRF plus bone xenograft had a tendency to maintain alveolar bone dimensions over time (SH= 11.22% to 82.74%, SA= 1.84% to 48.91% and SV= 9.11% to 203.62%), while sockets treated only with PRF plug technique presented only a modest increase in height (SH= 1.47% to 11.11%) but greater alveolar ridge resorption confirmed by a decrease in socket area and volume dimensions (SA= 0.21% to -24.09% SV= 8.53% to -54.12%). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the maintenance of alveolar socket dimensions was observed when PRF was associated with a xenograft. However, the loss of alveolar ridge dimensions was not entirely prevented by PRF treatment alone.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou o efeito das técnicas de fibrina rica em leucócitos e plaquetas (L-PRF) usadas na preservação da crista alveolar em alterações dimensionais de tecido duro da crista alveolar avaliadas por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (CBCT). Material e Métodos: Foram realizadas cirurgias eletivas de preservação da crista alveolar em sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis que foram submetidos a uma única extração dentária posterior. Os doentes foram tratados aleatoriamente com PRF misturado com um xenoenxerto ósseo comercial (n = 3) ou com PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT foi realizada imediatamente após a extração dentária e quatro meses depois, imediatamente antes da cirurgia de implante. Alterações dimensionais na altura do alvéolo (SH), área do alvéolo (SA) e volume do alvéolo (SV) foram avaliadas em exames CBCT por diferenças percentuais antes e depois dos tratamentos. Resultados: Os alvéolos tratados com PRF mais xenoenxerto ósseo apresentaram tendência a manter as dimensões ósseas alveolares ao longo do tempo (SH= 11.22% a 82.74%, SA= 1.84% a 48.91% e SV= 9.11% a 203.62%), enquanto alvéolos tratados apenas com a técnica de PRF plug apresentaram apenas um aumento modesto na altura (SH= 1.47% a 11.11%), mas uma maior reabsorção alveolar confirmada pela redução das dimensões de área e volume do alvéolo (SA= 0.21% a -24.09% SV= 8.53% a -54.12%). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, a manutenção das dimensões alveolares foi observada quando o PRF foi associado ao xenoenxerto. No entanto, a perda das dimensões alveolares não foi totalmente evitada pelo tratamento apenas com PRF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Socket , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
2.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 26-33, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180720

ABSTRACT

Abstract The limited options for bone repair have led to an extensive research of the field and the development of alloplastic and xenogeneic grafts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone repair with two bone substitutes: deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) and biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) in critical-size defect. A total of 8-mm defects were made in the parietal bones of rabbits (n=12). The animals were divided into three experimental groups: sham (defect filled with a blood clot), DBB (defect filled with DBB), and BCP (defect filled with BCP). After the experimental periods of 15 and 45 days, the animals were euthanized and submitted to histomorphometric analysis. The total defect area, mineralized tissue area, biomaterial area, and soft tissue area were evaluated. A greater amount of immature bone tissue and biomaterial particles were observed in the BCP group compared to DBB and sham at 45 days (p<0.05). There was no difference in the qualitative pattern of bone deposition between DBB and BCP. However, the sham group did not show osteoid islands along with the defect, presenting a greater amount of collagen fibers as well in relation to the DBB and BCP groups. There was a greater number of inflammatory cells in the DBB at 45 days compared to BCP and sham groups. In conclusion, BCP and DBB are options for optimizing the use of bone grafts for maxillofacial rehabilitation. Bone defects treated with BCP showed greater deposition of bone tissue at 45 days.


Resumo As opções limitadas para reparo ósseo levaram ao desenvolvimento de abrangente pesquisa na área de enxertos aloplásticos e xenogênicos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o reparo ósseo com dois substitutos ósseos: osso bovino desproteinizado (DBB) e cerâmica fosfática de cálcio bifásica (BCP) em defeito de tamanho crítico. Material e métodos: defeitos críticos de 8 mm foram feitos nos ossos parietais de coelhos (n=12). Os animais foram divididos em três grupos experimentais: sham (defeito preenchido com coágulo sanguíneo), DBB (defeito preenchido com DBB) e BCP (defeito preenchido com BCP). Após os períodos experimentais de 15 e 45 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e submetidos à análise histomorfométrica. Foram avaliadas a área total de defeitos, área de tecidos mineralizados, área de biomateriais e área de tecidos moles. Resultados: maior quantidade de tecido ósseo imaturo e de partículas de biomaterial foram observados no grupo BCP em comparação aos grupos DBB e sham aos 45 dias (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no padrão qualitativo de deposição óssea entre DBB e BCP. Ainda, o grupo sham não apresentou ilhas osteóides ao longo do defeito, apresentando maior quantidade de fibras colágenas em relação aos grupos DBB e BCP. Houve maior quantidade de células inflamatórias no DBB aos 45 dias em comparação aos grupos BCP e sham. Conclusões: BCP e DBB são opções para otimizar o uso de enxertos ósseos na reabilitação de pacientes. Defeitos ósseos tratados com BCP mostraram maior deposição de tecido ósseo aos 45 dias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Substitutes , Hydroxyapatites , Osteogenesis , Bone Matrix , Bone Regeneration , Calcium Phosphates , Cattle , Ceramics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879449

ABSTRACT

In the process of repairing of bone defects, bone scaffold materials need to be implanted to restore the corresponding tissue structure at the injury. At present, the repair materials used for bone defects mainly include autogenous bone, allogeneic bone, metal materials, bioceramics, polymer materials and various composite materials. Different materials have demonstrated strong reconstruction ability in bone repair, but the ideal bone implants in the clinic are still yet to be established. Except for autogenous bone, other materials used in bone defect repair are unable to perfectly balance biocompatibility, bone formation, bone conduction and osteoinduction. Combining the latest advances in materials sciences and clinical application, we believe that composite materials supplementedwith Chinese medicine, tissue cells, cytokines, trace elements, etc. and manufactured using advanced technologies such as additive manufacturing technology may have ideal bone repair performance, and may have profound significance in clinical repair of bone defects of special type. This article reviewed to the domestic and foreign literature in recent years, and elaborates the current status of bone defect repair materials in clinical application and basic research in regard to the advantages, clinical options, shortcomings, and how to improve the autogenous bone, allogeneic bone and artificial bone materials, in order to provide a theoretical basis for clinical management of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Substitutes , Bone and Bones , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200568, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143153

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360404, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To use a 3D printed poly (L-lactide) acid (PLLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) composite as a bone substitute for reconstruction of a critical bone defect in the radius of rabbits. Methods A 1.5 cm ostectomy was performed in the radial diaphysis of 60 New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three groups according to surgical treatment of the bone defect (group I - control, group II - bone graft, group III - 3D PLLA). Each group was divided into four subgroups with different radiographic and histopathologic evaluation times (T1 - 15 days, T2 - 30 days, T3 - 60 days, T4 - 90 days). Results The implant group had greater clinically lameness (p = 0.02), edema (p = 0.007), pain (p = 0.04) and more complications at the surgical site (p = 0.03). Histologically, this group showed greater congestion (p = 0.04), hemorrhage (p = 0.04) and inflammation. Osteogenesis was microscopically similar between days (p = 0.54) and treatments (p = 0.17), even though radiographically, more effective bone healing occurred in the graft group (II), with more callus and bone bridge formation. Conclusions The customization of a 3D PLLA/HA scaffold was successful. However, in animals receiving the polymer-ceramic composite less bone callus and bone bridge was formed compared to the graft group.


Subject(s)
Durapatite , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Dioxanes , Tissue Scaffolds
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1426-1433, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteo-inductive growth factor widely used in bone reconstruction and both the vehicle used to administer it and the scaffold substrate could determine its success in clinical situations. The aim was to analyse the clinical behaviour of dental implants placed in single alveolar ridges with a horizontal deficiency in the maxillary anterior region that were reconstructed horizontally with rhBMP-2 and porous hydroxyapatite (HA). Inclusion criteria were both males and females, between the ages of 18 and 29 with single tooth loss of one upper incisor. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was used to take measurements prior to bone augmentation and again prior to the implant insertion. Surgery was carried out under local anaesthetic. In the primary procedure, bone substitute was introduced using porous HA and rhBMP-2; after 4 to 5 months, dental implant surgery was carried out and the implant placed; after 3 months of consolidation the provisional prosthesis was placed and then a definitive restoration was placed. Variables were analysed using the t-test with a p-value of < 0.05 in order to assess statistical significance. Thirteen subjects were included (6 females and 7 males). Bone augmentation resulted in a bone gain of 4.15mm (p=0.023), which was shown to be statistically significant. All of the grafts placed were successful and 13 implants were placed, using torques between 30 and 70N, without complications. For the final prostheses, 11 were screw retained and 2 were cemented in place. The horizontal bone augmentation using HA and rhBMP-2 is an efficient technique for single bone defects in the anterior maxillary area; clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to confirm these results.


RESUMEN: La proteína ósea morfogenética (BMP-2) es un potente osteoinductor utilizado ampliamente en técnicas reconstructivas; el vehículo de instalación es determinante en su evolución. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento clínico de implantes dentales instalados en rebordes alveolares únicos con deficiencia horizontal del sector anterior reconstruida horizontalmente con BMP-2 e hidroxiapatita (HA) porosa. Fueron incluidos sujetos de ambos sexos de entre 18 y 29 años, con pérdida dentaria unitaria a nivel de incisivos superiores. Se utilizó tomografía computadorizada para realizar mediciones en las etapas previa a la instalación del injerto y previo a la instalación del implante. Las cirugías fueron realizadas bajo anestesia local. En la primera intervención se realizó la instalación del injerto óseo utilizando HA porosa y BMP-2; después de 4 a 5 meses se realizó la instalación del implante dental; 3 meses después se realizó la conexión protésica y rehabilitación final. Las variables fueron estudiadas con la prueba t test considerando el valor de p< 0,05 para considerar significancia estadística. Trece sujetos fueron incluidos (6 mujeres y 7 hombres); con la reconstrucción ósea se obtuvo una ganancia ósea de 4,15mm (p=0.023) que fue estadísticamente significativo. No existió pérdida en ningún injerto realizado; se instalaron 13 implantes con torques entre 30 y 70N sin complicaciones; se realizaron prótesis fijas atornilladas en 11 casos y cementadas en 2 casos. La técnica con HA y BMP- 2 es eficiente para reconstruir defectos horizontales en perdidas unitarias del sector anterior maxilar; ensayos clínicos de mayor escala son necesarios para confirmar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Implants , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(3): 131-136, jul./set. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1372329

ABSTRACT

Apresenta-se um modelo experimental de ostectomia de tíbia em coelhos para estudo de biomateriais em processos de reparação óssea. Foi realizada falha segmentar de 6mm de diâmetro na região metafisária medial proximal de tíbia de 72 coelhos as quais foram preenchidas com substituto ósseo e avaliadas clinicamente, por exame radiográfico e por meio de tomografia computadorizada feixe cônico, em diferentes tempos. Conclui-se que a metáfise medial proximal de tíbia de coelhos é adequada como modelo para estudos que avaliem o comportamento de enxertos e/ou biomateriais em falhas ósseas.


Is presented an experimental model of tibial ostectomy in rabbits to study biomaterials during bone repair process. Segmental failure of 6 mm diameter was performed in the medial proximal tibial metaphyseal region of 72 rabbits, which were filled with bone substitute and evaluated by clinical exam, X-ray, and cone beam computed tomography at different times. It is concluded that the medial proximal tibial metaphysis region of rabbits is suitable as a model for studies that evaluate the behavior of grafts and/or biomaterials on bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Substitutes/analysis , Tibia/surgery , Bone Transplantation/veterinary , Fractures, Bone/rehabilitation
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 242-248, June 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090681

ABSTRACT

Los aumentos óseos previo a la instalación de implantes son cada vez mas utilizados y el diseño de nuevas estrategias para disminuir la morbilidad deben ser considerados. El objetivo de esta investigación fue definir el aumento óseo generado con la técnica "tent pole" en sector de mandíbula posterior. Se diseño un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo para estudiar la técnica. Se incluyeron sujetos con ancho óseo no mayor a 4 mm en el sector posterior y con altura no menor a 9 mm desde el margen superior del conducto alveolar inferior. Se realizaron cirugías bajo anestesia local realizando un acceso quirúrgico; se instalaron de 2 a 4 tornillos de osteosíntesis manteniendo 4 mm del tornillo extraóseo para luego reconstruir con biomaterial alógeno y L-PRF en conjunto con una membrana biológica absorbible; después de 4 meses se realizaron las re entradas estableciendo con tomografía computadorizada de haz cónico las ganancias óseas generadas. Fueron operados 14 sujetos con 27 sitios quirúrgicos; en todos los casos se pudo realizar la instalación de implantes a los 4 meses. En la evaluación inicial, el ancho óseo observado estaba entre 1,2 y 4,0 mm (promedio de 2,95 ± 0,75 mm); después de 4 meses de realizado el aumento horizontal el ancho observado fue de 3,79 y 10,05 mm (promedio de 7,15 mm ± 1,87 mm), confirmando una ganancia ósea promedio de 4,2 ± 1,26 mm. La diferencia obtenida fue significativa (p< 0,05). Se puede concluir que la técnica "tent pole" aplicada en esta investigación es predecible en el aumento óseo y aplicable para la rehabilitación sobre implante.


Bone augmentation prior to implant placement, is among strategies that should be considered to reduce morbidity rates in these procedures. The objective of this research was to define bone augmentation generator using the "tent pole " technique in the posterior jaw. A longitudinal, prospective study was designed, and subjects were included with ridge width no greater than 4 mm, height no less than 9 mm from the upper margin of the inferior alveolar canal. Surgeries were performed under local anesthesia for surgical approach; 2 to 4 osteosynthesis screws over ridge with 4 mm of the extra osseous screws were installed and were then regenerated, using allogeneic biomaterial and L-PRF together with an absorbable biological membrane. Re-entry was performed after four months and cone beam computed tomography analysis was used to confirm bone gain. Fourteen subjects were operated with 27 surgical sites; in all the cases, implant installation was possible at 4 months. In the initial evaluation, bone width observed was between 1.2 and 4.0 mm (average of 2.95 ± 0.75 mm); after 4 months of the horizontal increase, width was recorded at 3.79 and 10.05 mm (average of 7.15 mm ± 1.87 mm), confirming an average bone increase of 4.2 ± 1.26 mm. The difference obtained was significant (p <0.05). It can be concluded that the "tent pole" technique applied in this analysis is predictable in bone augmentation and applicable for implant rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Mandible/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
9.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 62(1): 31-38, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148166

ABSTRACT

Se analizan aspectos fármaco-tecnológicos y clínicos de biocerámicos bioabsorbibles compuestos por biovidrios con capacidad osteogénica y microbicida, para ser utilizados como relleno bioactivo en el conducto radicular y como tratamiento terapéutico en el sitio de a lesión apicoperirradicular de origen endodóntico. Mediante un diagrama ternario se consideraron las diversas variables cuyos valores determinan las diferentes fases de los vidrios bioactivos, hasta alcanzar la formación de hidroxiapatita, cuando se someten a un medio biológico. Se analizaron composición y mecanismo de acción en la reparación posendodóntica, que parte de la integración del biomaterial al tejido duro sano, sin formación de fibrosis o proceso inflamatorio inmune (AU)


Pharmacotechnological and clinical aspects of bioabsorbable bioceramics composed of bioglasses with osteogenic and microbicidal capacity are analyzed, to be used as a bioactive filler in the root canal and as a therapeutic treatment at the site of an apicoperiradicular lesion of endodontic origin. By means of a ternary diagram, the various variables whose values determine the different phases of the bioactive glasses were considered, until reaching the formation of hydroxyapatite, when subjected to a biological medium. Composition and mechanism of action were analyzed in post-endodontic repair, which starts from the integration of the biomaterial into healthy hard tissue, without the formation of fibrosis or an immune inflammatory process (AU)


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , Durapatite , Absorbable Implants , Glass , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcarea Silicata , Bone Substitutes , Chemical Phenomena
10.
Rev. ADM ; 77(2): 108-116, mar.-abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102217

ABSTRACT

La frecuencia de las cirugías relacionadas con implantes dentales que involucran procedimientos de aumento de tejido blando y hueso han aumentado significativamente. Los sustitutos óseos derivados de bovinos han sido, por mucho, los xenoinjertos más utilizados en odontología. Aunque la literatura está repleta de estudios clínicos a favor de los materiales de injerto derivados de bovinos, los estudios que reportan los riesgos y las complicaciones clínicas son escasos. La impresión clínica y la preocupación por la seguridad del paciente llevaron al informe que hemos proporcionado. El objetivo de esta presentación de una serie de casos es crear conciencia sobre los riesgos a largo plazo y las complicaciones clínicas tardías de los materiales de injerto derivados de bovinos. Los pacientes fueron referidos a un consultorio privado debido a complicaciones asociadas con los procedimientos de injerto óseo. Reportamos los datos demográficos, hallazgos médicos y dentales significativos. Las complicaciones incluyeron: sinusitis y patologías del hueso maxilar, desplazamiento de los materiales del injerto, falla del implante, reacción de cuerpo extraño, encapsulación del material, inflamación crónica, fenestraciones de tejidos blandos y quistes asociados. Los materiales de injerto derivados de bovino no fueron biodegradables. La preocupación de los autores es que la morbilidad del paciente puede no reducirse con los xenoinjertos, debido a los riesgos inherentes y a las complicaciones asociadas. La resolución de las lesiones y los síntomas asociados se logró después de la eliminación/ remoción de los materiales del injerto óseo. La extracción quirúrgica de los materiales de xenoinjerto puede requerir habilidades clínicas avanzadas, debido a las diferentes configuraciones que los cirujanos pueden encontrar en las partículas no resorbidas y migradas. Los médicos que buscan proporcionar resultados funcionales y estéticos deben ser conscientes de las complicaciones de los materiales de injerto derivados de bovinos. La seguridad a largo plazo de los xenoinjertos y su posible asociación con la transmisión de enfermedades son preocupaciones válidas (AU)


The frequency of dental implant related surgeries that involve soft and bone augmentation procedures has increased significantly. Bovinederived substitutes have been by far the most commonly used xenografts in dentistry. Albeit literature is replete with clinical studies in favor of bovine-derived graft materials, bibliographical data reporting on risks and clinical complications is scarce. Clinical impression and concern for patients' safety led to the report we have provided. The aim of the present case series was to raise awareness on the long-term risks and late clinical complications of bovine-derived graft materials. Patients were referred to a private practice due to bone augmentation complications. Demographics, significant medical and dental findings are reported. The present report was conceived with the safety of patients in mind. Complications included sinus and maxillary bone pathoses, displacement of the graft materials, oro-antral and oro-nasal communications, paresthesia, implant failure, foreign body reactions, encapsulation, chronic inflammation, soft tissue fenestrations and associated cyst. Bovine-derived graft materials were not biodegradable. Resolution of the associated lesions and symptoms was achieved after the removal of the bone graft materials. Clinicians seeking to provide functional and esthetic outcomes should be aware of the complications of the bovine-derived graft materials. The long-term safety of xenografts and their potential association with disease are valid concerns (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Cattle , Risk Factors , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Restoration Failure , Oral Surgical Procedures , Maxillary Sinus/pathology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the repairing ability of nano-pearl powder bone substitute in rabbit with defect of distal femur bone.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: a nano-pearl powder/recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP-2)/hyaluronic acid group, a nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, a nano-pearl powder group and a blank control group (=8 in each group). A defect with the diameter of 7 mm and height of 10 mm was prepared at the distal femoral metaphysis line of the rabbit.Different bone substitutes were planted, and the effect of repair was evaluated by macroscopic observation, imaging examination, and histopathological examination.@*RESULTS@#The results of imageology showed that: the bone repairing effect in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, and which in the 3 experimental groups was better than that in the blank control group; The results of histology showed that: at the 4th, 8th and 12th weeks after the modeling operation, the speed of bone repair in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was faster than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group, and which in the blank control group was far slower than that in the 3 experimental groups. The results of immunohistochemistry staining for osteocalcin antibody showed that: the osteogenic effect in the nano-pearl powder/rhBMP-2/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group (both 0.05); however, there was significant difference between the pure pearl powder group and the blank control group (0.05), but the osteogenic effect in the nano-pearl powder/hyaluronic acid group was better than that in the pure pearl powder group and the blank control group (both <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Nano-pearl powder and its bone substitute can promote the repair of bone defect, and the nano-pearl powder which contains rhBMP-2 has better osteogenic and repairing effect on defect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Substitutes , Collagen , Femur , Humans , Osteogenesis , Powders , Rabbits , Recombinant Proteins , Transforming Growth Factor beta
12.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200568, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143146

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000102, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the local effect of simvastatin (SVT) combined with deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate biphasic ceramics (HA/TCP) and with collagen sponge (CS) on bone repair in critical size defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria. Methods Forty-two 5-mm diameter CSDs were made bilaterally in the calvaria of 18 rats. The animals were allocated according to the type of biomaterial and associations used to fill the CSD. After 8 weeks, the animals were euthanized, and their calvaria were evaluated for repaired tissue composition using histologic and histometric analyses. Results In the histometric analysis, the use of SVT showed to increase bone formation in the CSDs when combined with all the bone substitutes tested in this study (p<0.05). Greater bone formation was observed in the groups with SVT compared to the groups without SVT. Conclusions The use of SVT without the need for a vehicle and combined with a commercially available biomaterial may be a cheaper way to potentiate the formation of bone tissue without the need to produce new biomaterials. Therefore, SVT combined with DBB induced significantly greater new bone formation than did the other treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Cattle , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Anticholesteremic Agents/pharmacology
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e007, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055531

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the influence of cyclosporine administration on the repair of critical-sized calvaria defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria filled with diverse biomaterials. Sixty animals were divided into two groups: the control (CTR) group (saline solution) and the cyclosporine (CCP) group (cyclosporine, 10 mg/kg/day). These medications were administered daily by gavage, beginning 15 days before the surgical procedure and lasting until the day the animals were euthanized. A CSD (5 mm Ø) was made in the calvaria of each animal, which was allocated to one of 3 subgroups, according to the biomaterial used to fill the defect: coagulum (COA), deproteinized bovine bone (DBB), or biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics of hydroxyapatite and β-phosphate tricalcium (HA/TCP). Euthanasia of the animals was performed 15 and 60 days after the surgical procedure (n = 5 animals/period/subgroup). Bone repair (formation) assessment was performed through microtomography and histometry, while the analyses of the expression of the BMP2, Osteocalcin, and TGFβ1 proteins were performed using immunohistochemistry. The CSDs not filled with biomaterials demonstrated lower bone formation in the CCP group. At 15 days, less bone formation was observed in the CSDs filled with DBB, a smaller volume of mineralized tissue was observed in the CSDs filled with HA/TCP, and the expression levels of BMP2 and osteocalcin were lower in the CCP group compared to the CTR group. The use of cyclosporine impaired bone repair in CSD, and this effect can be partially explained by the suppression of BMP2 and osteocalcin expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Calcineurin Inhibitors/pharmacology , Skull/drug effects , Skull/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Osteocalcin/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e007, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089397

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the influence of cyclosporine administration on the repair of critical-sized calvaria defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria filled with diverse biomaterials. Sixty animals were divided into two groups: the control (CTR) group (saline solution) and the cyclosporine (CCP) group (cyclosporine, 10 mg/kg/day). These medications were administered daily by gavage, beginning 15 days before the surgical procedure and lasting until the day the animals were euthanized. A CSD (5 mm Ø) was made in the calvaria of each animal, which was allocated to one of 3 subgroups, according to the biomaterial used to fill the defect: coagulum (COA), deproteinized bovine bone (DBB), or biphasic calcium phosphate ceramics of hydroxyapatite and β-phosphate tricalcium (HA/TCP). Euthanasia of the animals was performed 15 and 60 days after the surgical procedure (n = 5 animals/period/subgroup). Bone repair (formation) assessment was performed through microtomography and histometry, while the analyses of the expression of the BMP2, Osteocalcin, and TGFβ1 proteins were performed using immunohistochemistry. The CSDs not filled with biomaterials demonstrated lower bone formation in the CCP group. At 15 days, less bone formation was observed in the CSDs filled with DBB, a smaller volume of mineralized tissue was observed in the CSDs filled with HA/TCP, and the expression levels of BMP2 and osteocalcin were lower in the CCP group compared to the CTR group. The use of cyclosporine impaired bone repair in CSD, and this effect can be partially explained by the suppression of BMP2 and osteocalcin expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Cyclosporine/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Calcineurin Inhibitors/pharmacology , Skull/drug effects , Skull/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Osteocalcin/analysis , Reproducibility of Results , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/analysis , X-Ray Microtomography
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1509-1516, Dec. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040162

ABSTRACT

The allografts were used to obtain sufficient alveolar bone tissue for proper dental implant placement. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the morphological and quantitative characteristics (cellular and collagen densities) of the newly formed alveolar bone with the application of cortical bone (CB) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) allografts. Six samples of alveolar bone tissue from 5 patients (50 ± 6.3 years) were obtained after 6 months of application of the allografts and immediately before the placement of the dental implants. The samples were fixed (buffered formaldehyde, pH7.2), decalcified (EDTA 10 %) and histologically processed (HE and Picro-Sirius) for histologic analysis. Morphological analysis revealed presence of osteocytes and trabeculae in neoformed bone tissue near the allografts and absence of inflammatory and allergic cells; the remnants of CB were located mainly in the periphery of the bone tissue and the remnants of DBM were more incorporated into the tissue. Osteogenitor cells were observed around the remaining material. The cell density was not modified in newly formed bone tissue with the application of both allografts as compared to mature bone tissue. The density of the type I and III collagens present in the osteoids interspersed with the remainder of the materials showed a tendency to increase in the samples treated with DBM. It was concluded that by the histological characteristics observed both grafts were biocompatible, however the bone treated with DBM presented better incorporation and a tendency of increase of the collagen content in the remnant region of the allografts.


Los aloinjertos son utilizados para obtener tejido óseo alveolar apropiado para la colocación correcta del implante dental. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las características morfológicas y cuantitativas (densidades celulares y de colágeno) del hueso alveolar recién formado con la aplicación de aloinjertos de hueso cortical (CB) y matriz desmineralizada de hueso (DBM). Seis muestras de tejido óseo alveolar fueron obtenidas de 5 pacientes (50 ± 6,3 años) después de 6 meses de aplicación de los aloinjertos e inmediatamente antes de la colocación de los implantes dentales. Las muestras fueron fijadas (formaldehído tamponado, pH 7,2), descalcificadas (EDTA al 10%) y procesadas histológicamente (HE y Picro-Sirius) para el análisis histológico. El análisis morfológico reveló la presencia de osteocitos y trabéculas en el tejido óseo neoformado cerca de los aloinjertos y la ausencia de células inflamatorias y alérgicas; los remanentes de CB se ubicaron principalmente en la periferia del tejido óseo y los remanentes de DBM se incorporaron más en el tejido. Se observaron células osteogenitoras alrededor del material restante. La densidad celular no se modificó en el tejido óseo recién formado con la aplicación de ambos aloinjertos en comparación con el tejido óseo maduro. La densidad de los colágenos de tipo I y III presentes en los osteoides intercalados con el resto de los materiales mostró una tendencia a aumentar en las muestras tratadas con DBM. Se concluyó que, debido a las características histológicas observadas, ambos injertos fueron biocompatibles, sin embargo, el hueso tratado con DBM presentó una mejor incorporación y una tendencia al aumento del contenido de colágeno en la región remanente de los aloinjertos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Matrix/transplantation , Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology , Alveolar Process/surgery , Allografts , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/growth & development , Cortical Bone/transplantation
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 433-436, dic. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056480

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Periapical cyst originates from an inflammatory reaction in the body that occurs due to a long-term endodontic aggression. It is more prevalent in caucasian male, during the third decade of life, in the anterior portion of the maxilla. They are commonly radiographic findings, due to their asymptomatic aspect. This study reports a Periapical Cyst in the portion corresponding to teeth 21, 22 and 23, which was treated by enucleation of the cyst, apicoectomy and retrograde root filling with Mineral trioxide aggregate (M.T.A) of teeth 21 and 22, filling of the cyst cavity with xenogeneic bone graft GenOx and a collagen membrane Gen-Derm. Observations after three months show good and rapid bone regeneration, periodontal and periapical health of the teeth involved.


RESUMEN: El quiste periapical se origina de una reacción inflamatoria que ocurre debido a una agresión endodóntica a largo plazo. Es más frecuente en el varón caucásico, durante la tercera década de la vida, en la porción anterior del maxilar. Son comúnmente hallazgos radiográficos, debido a su aspecto asintomático. En este estudio informamos acerca de un quiste periapical, en la porción correspondiente a los dientes 21, 22 y 23, que se trató mediante enucleación, apicectomía y relleno de raíz retrógrada con agregado de trióxido mineral (MTA) de los dientes 21 y 22, relleno de la cavidad del quiste con injerto óseo xenogénico Gen-Ox y una membrana de colágeno GenDerm. Las observaciones después de tres meses mostraron una buena y rápida regeneración ósea, con conservación de la salud periodontal y periapical de los dientes involucrados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mandibular Diseases/pathology , Mandibular Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Maxillary Diseases/pathology , Maxillary Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Odontogenic Cysts/pathology , Odontogenic Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Radicular Cyst/diagnostic imaging , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Oral Surgical Procedures
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 258-265, set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012419

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The aim of this research was to perform a systematic review to identify the most frequent uses of PLA/ PGA in alveolar bone regeneration and their results. A study was designed to answer the question: What are the most frequent uses of PLA/PLGA and their copolymers in alveolar bone regeneration?. A systematic search was done on MEDLINE, EMBASE and LILACS from April 1993 to December 2017. The search string used on MEDLINE was: (((polylactic acid) OR PLA) OR PLA-based copolymers) OR PLA blends) OR PLA scaffolds)) AND ((("Bone Regeneration"[Mesh]) OR bone regeneration) OR guided bone regeneration). The search was complemented by a manual review of the references from the articles included. Most of the studies selected were weak and, regarding the most frequent uses of PLA/PGA, 13 studies used it as a resorbable membrane, two as an absorbable mesh, one as an absorbable screw and three as filling material. Based on our results, the authors consider that PLA/PGA requires a delicate relation between the mechanical resistance and the degradation process. PLA/PGA does not interrupt bone regeneration; however, the influence in cellular events related to bone regeneration and later osseointegration have not been identified.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de esta revisión fue realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura para identificar los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA en regeneración ósea en área maxilofacial y sus resultados. Se diseñó un estudio para responder a la pregunta: ¿Cuáles son los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PLGA y sus copolímeros en regeneración ósea en el sector maxilofacial?. Los estudios seleccionados fueron en su mayoría débiles y sobre los usos más frecuentes de PLA/PGA, 13 estudios lo utilizaron como membrana reabsorbible, 2 estudios como malla absorbible, un estudio como tornillo absorbible y 3 estudios como material de relleno. En base a nuestros resultados, los autores estiman que PLA/PGA requiere una delicada relación entre la resistencia mecánica que ofrece y la degradación que se produce; PLA/ PGA no interrumpe la regeneración ósea, sin embargo, no se ha identificado la potencialidad o influencia que presenta en los eventos celulares de la regeneración y posterior oseointegración.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyethylene Glycols/chemistry , Dental Implants , Alveolar Bone Loss/surgery , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 271-274, set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012421

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Entre los concentrados plaquetarios de segunda generación, ha suscitado creciente interés, el uso de fibrina rica en plaquetas y leucocitos inyectable (i-PRF); que se obtiene a partir de la centrifugación inmediata de sangre venosa del propio individuo, y que aporta concentraciones elevadas de factor de crecimiento vascular endotelial, factor de crecimiento transformante beta, y factor de crecimiento derivado de plaquetas, entre otras proteínas que inician y coordinan el proceso reparativo. Su nula citotoxicidad y consistencia líquida abren un nuevo campo de estudio y experimentación en el ámbito de la Cirugía Oral y de la Periodoncia, como sustancia para irrigar. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue reportar el uso del i-PRF como irrigador subgingival en el tratamiento periodontal convencional de defectos infra óseos con 6 meses de seguimiento. En ambos casos, se verificó un efecto positivo de irrigación, lo que abre el debate al uso de productos farmacéuticos tradicionales como la clorhexidina versus preparados autólogos sin efectos adversos reportados a la fecha.


ABSTRACT: Second generation platelet concentrates include the use of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF), which has generated increasing interest because it is derived from immediate centrifugation of venous blood from the patients themselves. It provides high concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor, transforming growth factor beta, and platelet-derived growth factor, among other proteins that initiate and coordinate the healing process. Its null cytotoxicity and liquid consistency has opened new research lines in the field of oral surgery and periodontics, as an irrigation substance. The aim of this manuscript was to report the use of i-PRF, as a subgingival irrigator in conventional periodontal treatment of infra osseous defects, with six months follow-up. In both cases, a positive effect of irrigation was confirmed. These findings, open the debate as regards the use of traditional pharmaceutical products (such as chlorhexidine), versus autonomous preparations without adverse effects reported to date.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Periodontics/methods , Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/pharmacology , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Bone Matrix , Radiography, Dental , Dental Occlusion , Therapeutic Irrigation/methods
20.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 162-171, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002300

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Evaluar el proceso de reparación alveolar en ratas sometidas a cirugía de simulacro u ovariectomizadas tras el relleno alveolar con coágulo o con biosilicato cristalino. Sesenta ratas Wistar fueron divididas en cuatro grupos (n=15) de acuerdo con el tratamiento: Grupo 1- ratas sometidas a cirugía de simulacro con alveolos rellenados con coágulo; Grupo 2- ratas sometidas a cirugía de simulacro con alveolos rellenados con biosilicato cristalino; Grupo 3- ratas ovariectomizadas con alveolos rellenados con coágulo; Grupo 4- ratas ovariectomizadas con alveolos rellenados con biosilicato cristalino. Después de 7, 14 y 28 días, los animales fueron sacrificados, se tomaron muestras óseas que fueron teñidas con hematoxilina-eosina y analizadas al microscopio para realizar un análisis histomorfométricos. Los mayores porcentajes de formación de hueso se presentaron en los grupos 1 (32 % a los 7 días, 46 % a los 14 días y 83.5 % a los 28 días) y 4 (27,1 % a los 7 días, 41,1 % a los 14 días y 79,7 % a los 28 días). En los alveolos rellenados con coágulo, las ratas sometidas a cirugía de simulacro mostraron los mejores resultados, mientras que, en los alveolos rellenados con biosilicato, las ratas ovariectomizadas tenían porcentajes significativamente mayores. En este estudio, el biosilicato cristalino se comportó como un biomaterial adecuado para la reparación ósea, favoreciendo la osteoconducción.


ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to assess the process of alveolar bone repair in rats subjected to sham surgery or ovariectomized rats, after alveolar filling with clot or with crystalline biosilicate. Sixty Wistar rats were divided into four groups (n = 15) according to the treatment: Group 1 - rats subjected to sham surgery with sockets filled with clot; Group 2- rats submitted to sham surgery with sockets filled with crystalline biosilicate; Group 3 ovariectomized rats with sockets filled with clot; Group 4 ovariectomized rats with sockets filled with crystalline biosilicate. After 7, 14 and 28 days, the animals were sacrificed, bone samples were taken, stained with hematoxylin-eosin and analyzed under a microscope to perform a histomorphometric analysis. The highest percentages of bone formation were presented in groups 1 (32 % at 7 days, 46 % at 14 days and 83.5 % at 28 days) and 4 (27.1 % at 7 days, 41.1 % at 14 days and 79.7 % after 28 days). In the sockets filled with clot, the rats subjected to sham surgery showed the best results, while in the sockets filled with biosilicate, the ovariectomized rats had significantly higher percentages. In this study, the crystalline biosilicate behaved as an adequate biomaterial for bone repair, favoring osteoconduction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Bone and Bones/cytology , Ceramics , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Bone Regeneration , Brazil , Ovariectomy , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Animal Experimentation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL