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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e244481, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1537088

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study aimed to examine the biological response of synthetic nanocomposite material on canine mandibular bone. Methods: Nine healthy adult male local breed dogs aged 12 to 18 months and weighing 10.2 to 15.2 kg were used in the study. Based on healing intervals of 1 and 2 months, the dogs were divided into 2 groups. Each group had 3 subgroups with 3 dogs each. The division was based on the grafting material used to fill the created defect: an empty defect (Control-ve), Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate, and nanocomposite (Beta-Tricalcium Phosphate and nanosilver 1%) . Surgery started after the dogs were anaesthetized. The surgical procedure began with a 5 cm parallel incision along the mandible's lower posterior border. After exposing the periosteum, a three 5mm-diameter, 5-mmdeep critical-size holes were made, 5mm between each one. Each group's grafting material had independent 3 holes. The defects were covered with resorbable collagen membranes followed by suturing of the mucoperiosteal flap. Results: Total densitometric analysis showed no significant differences between groups at 1-month intervals, with the nanocomposite group having a higher mean rank (165.66± 31.21) in comparison to other groups while at 2 months intervals that there was a highly significant difference between three groups as the P-value was (0.000) with the nanocomposite group having a higher mean rank (460.66± 26.40). Conclusions: In the current study, the use of nanocomposites improved osteoconductivity by accelerating new bone formation. Moreover, the encorporation of nanosilver enhanced growth factor activity. These attributes make nanocomposites a promising material for enhancing the bone healing process


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Regeneration , Calcium Phosphates , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Nanocomposites , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anti-Bacterial Agents
2.
Rev. med. Urug ; 39(1): e401, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1431903

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar si existe diferencia en resultados clínicos, radiológicos y funcionales con el uso de diferentes tipos de injertos óseos o sustitutos sintéticos, así como tiempo quirúrgico y consolidación para el tratamiento de fracturas de platillo tibial con hundimiento articular en pacientes mayores de 18 años. Material y método: se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada en bases de datos de literatura médica, PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane y portal Timbó. Se utilizaron términos "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". Se incluyeron estudios comparativos en seres humanos, pacientes mayores de 18 años, fracturas de platillo tibial que asociaron hundimiento articular, en los cuales se realizó aporte de injerto óseo o material sintético. Artículos en español, inglés, portugués. Publicaciones enero 1980 y diciembre 2021. Se obtuvieron 10 artículos. Resultados: los tipos de injertos y sustitutos óseos encontrados fueron 10. Las muestras en sumatoria total 524 pacientes. La edad promedio fue 49 años. El promedio de seguimiento fue de 12 meses. Se dividieron los estudios en tres grupos: comparación entre injerto autólogo (IOA) e injerto alogénico, IOA con sustitutos sintéticos, y los que comparan sustitutos sintéticos entre sí. El aloinjerto y los sustitutos sintéticos demostraron no ser inferiores en resultados clínicos, funcionales e imagenológicos, mejorando los tiempos intraoperatorios y disminuyendo complicaciones en el sitio donante con respecto al IOA. Conclusiones: el IOA continúa siendo el gold standard a pesar de sus posibles complicaciones vinculadas al sitio donante. El aloinjerto y los sustitutos sintéticos representan una opción válida para tratar estas lesiones.


Objective: to find out whether there are clinical, radiological and functional differences when using different types of bone grafts or synthetic substitutes, as well as surgical times and consolidation to treat depressed tibial-plateau fractures in patients older than 18 years old. Method: a systematized search was conducted in medical literature, PubMed, Lilacs, Scielo, Cochrane and Timbó portal databases using the following terms: "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". The study included comparative studies in human patients older than 18 years old with depressed tibial-plateau fractures who were treated with bone grafts or synthetic materials. Publications in Spanish, English and Portuguese, between January, 1980 and December, 2021 were included in the search, what resulted in 10 articles found. Results: there were 10 kinds of bone grafts and bone substitutes found. Samples added up to 524 patients. Average age was 49 years old. Average follow up was 12 months. Studies were divided into 3 groups: comparison between autologous bone grafts and allogenic bone grafts, comparison between autologous grafts and synthetic substitutes and studies comparing synthetic substitutes with one another. Allogenic grafts and synthetic grafts proved at least equivalent in terms of clinical, functional and imaging studies results, improving intraoperative times and reducing complications in donor site when compared to autologous grafts. Conclusions: autologous grafts continue to be the gold standard despite possible complications associated to the donor site, and allogenic grafts and synthetic substitutes constitute a valid option to treat these lesions.


Objetivo: comparar os resultados clínicos, radiológicos e funcionais com o uso de diferentes tipos de enxertos ósseos ou substitutos sintéticos, bem como tempo cirúrgico e consolidação para o tratamento de fraturas do platô tibial com colapso articular em pacientes com mais de 18 anos. Material e método: foi realizada busca sistemática nas bases de dados da literatura médica, PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, Cochrane e portal Timbó. Utilizaram-se os termos "tibial plateau fracture", "bone grafting", "bone substitutes". Foram incluídos estudos comparativos incluindo seres humanos maiores de 18 anos e fraturas do platô tibial associadas a colapso articular, nas quais foi realizado enxerto ósseo ou sintético, publicados entre janeiro de 1980 e dezembro de 2021 em espanhol, inglês e português. Foram obtidos 10 artigos. Resultados: foram identificados 10 tipos de enxertos e substitutos ósseos. 524 pacientes com idade média de 49 anos foram estudados. O seguimento médio foi de 12 meses. Os estudos foram divididos em 3 grupos: comparação entre enxerto autólogo (IOA) e enxerto alogênico, IOA com substitutos sintéticos e substitutos sintéticos entre si. O aloenxerto e os substitutos sintéticos mostraram-se não inferiores nos resultados clínicos, funcionais e de imagem, melhorando os tempos intraoperatórios e reduzindo as complicações da área doadora em relação à IOA. Conclusões: o IOA continua a ser o padrão ouro apesar de suas possíveis complicações relacionadas ao local doador; tanto o aloenxerto como os substitutos sintéticos representam uma opção válida para tratar essas lesões.


Subject(s)
Tibial Fractures/surgery , Bone Substitutes , Tibial Plateau Fractures/surgery
3.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-9, nov. 3, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437587

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the extensive number of studies developed on periodontal pathologies and the clinical need generated to correct bonvze defects, we have carried out an Overview of systematic reviews using the FRISBEE methodology. Material and Methods: Through this study we expect to bridge the knowledge gap generated regarding the clinical question on the effectiveness of autologous bone substitutes and xenografts in maxillary and mandibular bone defects. Results: For this study, we carried out a systematic search in Epistemonikos and PubMed, we included 3 systematic reviews and 5 primary studies included in these reviews to extract their data. We analyzed data using RevMan 5.4. and GRADEpro. Assessed outcomes included: bone gain [MD 0.06 mm lower (0.26 lower to 0.14 higher)] and bone resorption [MD 0.03 mm higher (0.12 lower to 0.18 higher)], where no significant differences were found between the study groups. The certainty of the evidence was moderate for both outcomes. Bone length and bone density outcomes were not measured or reported in the included studies. Conclusion: We concluded that there are no significant clinical differences between the application of autologous bone grafts and xenografts for bone defects correction for the assessed outcomes, therefore, these biomaterials should be applied at the discretion of the clinician and according to the needs and preferences of patients.


Introducción: Debido al extenso número de estudios desarrollados sobre patologías periodontales y a la necesidad clínica generada para corregir defectos óseos, hemos realizado un Overview de revisiones sistemáticas tipo FRISBEE para acortar la brecha de conocimiento generada respecto a la pregunta clínica sobre la efectividad de sustitutos óseos tipo autólogo y xenoinjertos en defectos óseos a nivel maxilar y mandibular. Material y Métodos: Para este estudio realizamos una búsqueda sistemática en Epistemonikos y PubMed, de los cuales incluimos 3 revisiones sistemáticas y 5 estudios primarios incluidos en estas revisiones para extraer sus datos. Los datos fueron analizados a través de RevMan 5.4. Y GRADEpro. Resultados: Los estudios analizaron los desenlaces propuestos: ganancia ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.06 mm menos (0.26 menos a 0.14 más)] y reabsorción ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.03 mm más (0.12 menos a 0.18 más)], donde no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos de estudio. La certeza de la evidencia fue moderada para ambos desenlaces. Los desenlaces longitud ósea y densidad ósea no fueron medidos o reportados en los estudios incluidos. Conclusión: Se concluyó que no hay diferencias que sean clínicamente significativas entre la aplicación de injertos óseos autólogos y xenoinjertos para la corrección de defectos óseos para los desenlaces analizados, por lo que, la aplicación de estos biomateriales queda a criterio del clínico, y de acuerdo a las necesidades y preferencias de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation/methods , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Periodontal Diseases , Bone Substitutes , Allografts , Autografts , Heterografts
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-7, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1396066

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the transcrestal sinus lift using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement. Material and Methods: In this case series 7 patients who needed implant placement in the atrophic posterior maxilla were enrolled. In all the cases the residual bone height between the sinus floor and the alveolar crest was 4-6 mm. Transcrestal sinus lift was performed using Osseodensification with simultaneous implant placement. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) were obtained immediately postoperative and 6 months after operation. Implant stability using Osstell® were assessed at the time of implant placement and implant exposure (6 months). Results: The results showed that the mean bone height gain was 5.33±0.83mm at 6 months postoperatively. Mean bone density value was 818.43±109.63 HU. Mean ISQ value was 80.00±3.11 at 6 months postoperatively. The duration of surgical procedure (minutes) ranged between 25-38 minutes with an average of 30.86±4.10 minutes. Conclusion: The crestal maxillary sinus floor elevation using Osseodensification technique with simultaneous implant placement provide superior results regarding bone density and implant stability and less duration of surgical procedure. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com a técnica de Osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. Material e Métodos: Nesta série de casos, participaram 7 pacientes que necessitavam de implantes em região posterior de maxila atrófica. Em todos os casos a altura de remanescente ósseo entre o soalho do seio e a crista alveolar estava entre 4 a 6 mm. A elevação de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo foi realizada com osseodensificação com instalação simultânea de implante. As Tomografias Computadorizadas Cone Beam (TCCB) foram obtidas imediatamente após a cirurgia e 6 meses depois. A estabilidade dos implantes utilizando Osstell® foi avaliada no momento da instalação do implante e no momento da reabertura (6 meses). Resultados: Os resultados mostraram que a média de ganho de altura óssea foi de 5.33±0.83mm após 6 meses da cirurgia. A média da densidade óssea foi de 818.43±109.63 HU. A média de ISQ foi de 80.00±3.11 após 6 meses da cirurgia. A duração do procedimento cirúrgico (minutos) foi entre 25 a 38 minutos com uma média de 30.86±4.10 minutos. Conclusão: A elevação do soalho de seio maxilar via crista do rebordo com instalação simultânea de implante utilizando osseodensificador promove resultados superiores em relação à densidade óssea, estabilidade do implante e menor duração do tempo cirúrgico (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteotomy , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Sinus Floor Augmentation
5.
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 25(45): 18-25, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437269

ABSTRACT

En maxilares atróficos la elevación de piso de seno es una práctica de alta predictibilidad. El adve- nimiento de materiales osteoconductores que generan andamiaje para la formación ósea propor- cionaron un aumento en la tasa de éxito de los implantes endoóseos. El presente artículo reporta un caso clínico en el cual se llevo a cabo un aumento del nivel de altura del piso de seno unila- teralmente por medio de la técnica de Cadwell- Luck modificada por Tatum, técnica con ventana lateral, donde se utilizó xenoinjerto óseo (OstiumMAX, implante de matriz ósea bovina, Laboratorio Bioxen) y membrana reabsorbible de colágeno( Laboratorio Bioxen) en el primer tiempo quirúrgi- co y seis meses después, en el segundo acto quirúrgico se colocaron tres implantes endoóseos (Sistema de implante dental TRP, Laboratorio Tormicron S.R.L.). Los resultados obtenidos fueron controlados en forma mediata y a distancia a través de radiografías panorámicas y tomografías computadas tipo Cone Beam, donde se midió la altura ósea generada post injerto. Pudo consta- tarse el éxito del procedimiento, basándonos en criterios clínico radiograficos de oseointegración (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Sinus Floor Augmentation/methods , Heterografts , Patient Care Planning , Alveolar Bone Loss/rehabilitation , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1391172

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study evaluated the effect of leucocyte and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) techniques used in alveolar ridge preservation on dimensional hard tissue changes of the alveolar ridge assessed using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Material and Methods: Elective alveolar ridge preservation surgeries were performed on seven systemically healthy patients who underwent single posterior tooth extraction. Patients were randomly treated with PRF mixed with a commercial bone xenograft (n = 3) or PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT scans were taken immediately after tooth extraction and then four months later, just before implant surgery. Dimensional alterations in socket height (SH), socket area (SA) and socket volume (SV) were evaluated on CBCT scans by percentage differences before and after treatments. Results: Sockets treated with PRF plus bone xenograft had a tendency to maintain alveolar bone dimensions over time (SH= 11.22% to 82.74%, SA= 1.84% to 48.91% and SV= 9.11% to 203.62%), while sockets treated only with PRF plug technique presented only a modest increase in height (SH= 1.47% to 11.11%) but greater alveolar ridge resorption confirmed by a decrease in socket area and volume dimensions (SA= 0.21% to -24.09% SV= 8.53% to -54.12%). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the maintenance of alveolar socket dimensions was observed when PRF was associated with a xenograft. However, the loss of alveolar ridge dimensions was not entirely prevented by PRF treatment alone.(AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou o efeito das técnicas de fibrina rica em leucócitos e plaquetas (L-PRF) usadas na preservação da crista alveolar em alterações dimensionais de tecido duro da crista alveolar avaliadas por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (CBCT). Material e Métodos: Foram realizadas cirurgias eletivas de preservação da crista alveolar em sete pacientes sistemicamente saudáveis que foram submetidos a uma única extração dentária posterior. Os doentes foram tratados aleatoriamente com PRF misturado com um xenoenxerto ósseo comercial (n = 3) ou com PRF plug (n = 4). CBCT foi realizada imediatamente após a extração dentária e quatro meses depois, imediatamente antes da cirurgia de implante. Alterações dimensionais na altura do alvéolo (SH), área do alvéolo (SA) e volume do alvéolo (SV) foram avaliadas em exames CBCT por diferenças percentuais antes e depois dos tratamentos. Resultados: Os alvéolos tratados com PRF mais xenoenxerto ósseo apresentaram tendência a manter as dimensões ósseas alveolares ao longo do tempo (SH= 11.22% a 82.74%, SA= 1.84% a 48.91% e SV= 9.11% a 203.62%), enquanto alvéolos tratados apenas com a técnica de PRF plug apresentaram apenas um aumento modesto na altura (SH= 1.47% a 11.11%), mas uma maior reabsorção alveolar confirmada pela redução das dimensões de área e volume do alvéolo (SA= 0.21% a -24.09% SV= 8.53% a -54.12%). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, a manutenção das dimensões alveolares foi observada quando o PRF foi associado ao xenoenxerto. No entanto, a perda das dimensões alveolares não foi totalmente evitada pelo tratamento apenas com PRF. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Substitutes , Tooth Socket , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Platelet-Rich Fibrin
7.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 51: e20220023, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1409932

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O osso bovino inorgânico é o enxerto mais utilizado na Odontologia, tendo como desvantagem longo tempo de integração ao leito receptor. Os bifosfonatos têm sido utilizados para modular a quantidade e a qualidade do osso regenerado e diminuir o tempo de integração do enxerto. Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito do bifosfonato alendronato de sódio (ALN) 0,5%, associado ou não ao osso bovino inorgânico, na reparação de defeitos ósseos. Material e método: Dois defeitos ósseos foram confeccionados na calvária de 12 coelhos, sendo a cavidade esquerda/experimental preenchida com: GI = osso bovino inorgânico (Bio-Oss®); GII = Bio-Oss® + ALN 0,5%; GIII = ALN 0,5%; e a cavidade direita por coágulo sanguíneo (controle). Os animais foram mortos aos 60 dias pós-operatórios. Por meio de análise histomorfométrica calculou-se o percentual de osso neoformado e remanescente do biomaterial em relação à área total do defeito. Resultado: Osso neoformado: GI = 38,16 ± 15,44%; GII = 55,77 ± 16,75%; GII I = 60,28 ± 11,45%. Controle = 45,11 ± 11,09%. Remanescente do enxerto: GI = 7,02 ± 5,36% e GII = 16,59 ± 9,56%. Não houve diferença quanto ao percentual de osso neoformado entre os grupos (ANOVA p = 0,15512; teste de Tukey F = 2,089). O percentual de remanescente do enxerto também foi estatisticamente semelhante entre os grupos GI e GII (teste de Tukey F = 5,019). Conclusão: O uso tópico da solução de ALN 0,5% isoladamente ou associado ao osso bovino liofilizado não alterou o percentual de neoformação óssea nem a degradação dos grânulos do enxerto.


Introduction: Inorganic bovine bone is the most used graft in dentistry, with the disadvantage of long integration time into the receptor bed. Bisphosphonates have been used to modulate the quantity and quality of regenerated bone and decrease graft integration time. Objective: To evaluate the effect of alendronate sodium bisphosphonate (ALN) 0.5%, associated or not with Inorganic bovine bone, in the repair of bone defects. Material and method Two bone defects were made in the calvaria of 12 rabbits, and the left/experimental cavity was filled with: GI = Inorganic bovine bone (Bio-Oss®); GII = Bio-Oss® + 0.5% ALN; GIII = 0.5% ALN; and the right cavity/blood clot control. The animals were killed at 60 days after surgery. Through histomorphometric analysis, the percentage of newly formed bone and remnant biomaterial relative to the total area of the defect was calculated. Result: Neoformed bone: GI = 38.16 ± 15.44%, GII = 55.77 ± 16.75%; GIII= 60.28 ± 11.45%; Control=45,11 ± 11,09%. Graft remnant: GI = 7.02 ± 5.36% and GII = 16.59 ± 9.56%. There was no difference in the percentage of newly formed bone between the groups (ANOVA p = 0.15512; Tukey's test F = 2.089). The percentage of graft remnant was also statistically similar between groups GI and GII (Tukey's test F = 5019). Conclusion: Topical use of 0.5% ALN solution alone or associated with lyophilized bovine bone did not change the percentage of bone neoformation, nor the degradation of graft granules.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Skull , Bone and Bones , Bone Regeneration , Analysis of Variance , Bone Substitutes , Alendronate , Diphosphonates
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 186-191, feb. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385326

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bioactive glass (BG) induces osteogenesis of damaged bone, causing excessive bone formation. This study included a morphological and morphometrical data of the bone tissue regeneration by filling bone defects with BG with autologous native platelet rich plasma (PRP) or fibrin (PRF) and aspirate of bone marrow (ABM). The parameters of newly formed bone in rabbits bone defect were analyzed and compared with terms 4th and 12th week. The groups with ABM-BG, PRF-BG and PRP-BG have shown common tendency: development of newly formed bone tissue, the external contour of the bone has been enlarged; an additional trabecular bone has been formed under the cortical layer, which has often been limited by a solid compact bone from the bone marrow. The induced osteogenesis resulted in the appearance of a significant amount of bone tissue exceeding the original size of the defect. Increased density of the newly formed tissue at the defect level relative to ABM-BG was detected in the PRF-BG group at 12 weeks and PRP-BG at 4 and 12 weeks (p<0.05). In this case, the bone thickness in the substituted defect was greater in the ABM-BG group. The number of newly formed bone tissue in the ABM-BG group at 4 weeks also exceeded the value of the BG group, but the density of such bone did not differ between the groups. That is, ABM-BG stimulated greater trabecular bone formation and fibrous reticular tissue was located in the lacunae between trabeculae. These results indicate that the additional use of tissue technology (ABM, platelet plasma) facilitated osteogenesis, and the newly formed bone tissue was tightly coupled and remodeled to the cortical bone layer in the form of compact bone tissue. PRP, to a greater extent than ABM, promoted the formation of compact bone tissue.


RESUMEN: El vidrio bioactivo (VB) induce la osteogénesis del hueso dañado, provocando una formación excesiva de hueso. Este estudio incluyó datos morfológicos y morfométricos de la regeneración del tejido óseo mediante el llenado de defectos óseos con VB con plasma rico en plaquetas (PRP) nativo autólogo o fibrina (PRF) y aspirado de médula ósea (AMO). Se analizaron los parámetros de hueso recién formado en el defecto óseo de conejos y se compararon a las 4 y 12 semanas. Se observó una tendencia similar en los grupos con AMO-VB, PRF-VB y PRP-VB: el desarrollo de tejido óseo recién formado, aumentó el contorno externo del hueso; formación de un hueso trabecular adicional debajo de la capa cortical, que a menudo ha estado limitada por un hueso sólido compacto de la médula ósea. La osteogénesis inducida dio como resultado la aparición de una cantidad significativa de tejido óseo que excedía el tamaño original del defecto. Se detectó un aumento de la densidad del tejido recién formado a nivel del defecto en relación con AMO-VB en el grupo PRF-VB a las 12 semanas y PRP-VB a las 4 y 12 semanas (p <0,05). En este caso, el grosor óseo en el defecto sustituido fue mayor en el grupo AMO-VB. El número de tejido óseo recién formado en el grupo AMO- VB a las 4 semanas también excedió el valor del grupo VB, pero la densidad de dicho hueso no cambió entre los grupos. Es decir, AMO-VB estimuló una mayor formación de hueso trabecular y se localizó en el tejido reticular fibroso en las lagunas entre trabéculas. Estos resultados indican que el uso adicional de tecnología de tejidos (AMO, plasma plaquetario) facilitó la osteogénesis, y el tejido óseo recién formado se acopló y remodeló estrechamente a la capa de hueso cortical en forma de tejido óseo compacto. El PRP, en mayor medida que el AMO, promovió la formación de tejido óseo compacto.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Glass/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials
9.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(1): 26-33, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180720

ABSTRACT

Abstract The limited options for bone repair have led to an extensive research of the field and the development of alloplastic and xenogeneic grafts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone repair with two bone substitutes: deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) and biphasic calcium phosphate ceramic (BCP) in critical-size defect. A total of 8-mm defects were made in the parietal bones of rabbits (n=12). The animals were divided into three experimental groups: sham (defect filled with a blood clot), DBB (defect filled with DBB), and BCP (defect filled with BCP). After the experimental periods of 15 and 45 days, the animals were euthanized and submitted to histomorphometric analysis. The total defect area, mineralized tissue area, biomaterial area, and soft tissue area were evaluated. A greater amount of immature bone tissue and biomaterial particles were observed in the BCP group compared to DBB and sham at 45 days (p<0.05). There was no difference in the qualitative pattern of bone deposition between DBB and BCP. However, the sham group did not show osteoid islands along with the defect, presenting a greater amount of collagen fibers as well in relation to the DBB and BCP groups. There was a greater number of inflammatory cells in the DBB at 45 days compared to BCP and sham groups. In conclusion, BCP and DBB are options for optimizing the use of bone grafts for maxillofacial rehabilitation. Bone defects treated with BCP showed greater deposition of bone tissue at 45 days.


Resumo As opções limitadas para reparo ósseo levaram ao desenvolvimento de abrangente pesquisa na área de enxertos aloplásticos e xenogênicos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o reparo ósseo com dois substitutos ósseos: osso bovino desproteinizado (DBB) e cerâmica fosfática de cálcio bifásica (BCP) em defeito de tamanho crítico. Material e métodos: defeitos críticos de 8 mm foram feitos nos ossos parietais de coelhos (n=12). Os animais foram divididos em três grupos experimentais: sham (defeito preenchido com coágulo sanguíneo), DBB (defeito preenchido com DBB) e BCP (defeito preenchido com BCP). Após os períodos experimentais de 15 e 45 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e submetidos à análise histomorfométrica. Foram avaliadas a área total de defeitos, área de tecidos mineralizados, área de biomateriais e área de tecidos moles. Resultados: maior quantidade de tecido ósseo imaturo e de partículas de biomaterial foram observados no grupo BCP em comparação aos grupos DBB e sham aos 45 dias (p<0,05). Não houve diferença no padrão qualitativo de deposição óssea entre DBB e BCP. Ainda, o grupo sham não apresentou ilhas osteóides ao longo do defeito, apresentando maior quantidade de fibras colágenas em relação aos grupos DBB e BCP. Houve maior quantidade de células inflamatórias no DBB aos 45 dias em comparação aos grupos BCP e sham. Conclusões: BCP e DBB são opções para otimizar o uso de enxertos ósseos na reabilitação de pacientes. Defeitos ósseos tratados com BCP mostraram maior deposição de tecido ósseo aos 45 dias.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Substitutes , Hydroxyapatites , Osteogenesis , Bone Matrix , Bone Regeneration , Calcium Phosphates , Cattle , Ceramics
10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 382-388, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879449

ABSTRACT

In the process of repairing of bone defects, bone scaffold materials need to be implanted to restore the corresponding tissue structure at the injury. At present, the repair materials used for bone defects mainly include autogenous bone, allogeneic bone, metal materials, bioceramics, polymer materials and various composite materials. Different materials have demonstrated strong reconstruction ability in bone repair, but the ideal bone implants in the clinic are still yet to be established. Except for autogenous bone, other materials used in bone defect repair are unable to perfectly balance biocompatibility, bone formation, bone conduction and osteoinduction. Combining the latest advances in materials sciences and clinical application, we believe that composite materials supplementedwith Chinese medicine, tissue cells, cytokines, trace elements, etc. and manufactured using advanced technologies such as additive manufacturing technology may have ideal bone repair performance, and may have profound significance in clinical repair of bone defects of special type. This article reviewed to the domestic and foreign literature in recent years, and elaborates the current status of bone defect repair materials in clinical application and basic research in regard to the advantages, clinical options, shortcomings, and how to improve the autogenous bone, allogeneic bone and artificial bone materials, in order to provide a theoretical basis for clinical management of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Acrylic Resins , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Substitutes , Bone and Bones , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 364-370, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942188

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of two barrier membranes [multilaminated small intestinal submucosa (mSIS) and bioresorable collagen membrane (Bio-Gide)] combined with deproteinized bovine bone mineral Bio-Oss on guided bone regeneration through a canine extraction sockets model.@*METHODS@#The distal roots of 18 premolars of the Beagle' s bilateral maxillary and mandibular were removed, and 18 extraction sockets were obtained. They were randomly divided into 3 groups, and the following procedures were performed on the sockets: (1) filled with Bio-Oss and covered by mSIS (mSIS group), (2) filled with Bio-Oss and covered by Bio-Gide (BG group), (3) natural healing (blank control group). Micro-computed tomograph (Micro-CT) was performed 4 and 12 weeks after surgery to eva-luate the new bone regeneration in the sockets of each group.@*RESULTS@#The postoperative healing was uneventful in all the animals, and no complications were observed through the whole study period. Micro-CT analysis showed that the new bone fraction in the mSIS group and the BG group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group at the end of 4 weeks and 12 weeks (P < 0.05), and more new bone fraction was observed in the mSIS group than in the BG group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The new bone fraction of coronal third part of the socket in the mSIS group and BG group at the end of 4 weeks were significantly higher than that of the middle and apical third part of each group (P < 0.05). The values of bone mineral density were similar at 4 weeks in all the groups (P>0.05), but were significantly higher than that in the control group at the end of 12 weeks (P < 0.05). The bone morphometric analysis showed that the trabecular number and trabecular spacing were significantly better in the mSIS group and the BG group than in the control group at the end of 4 weeks and 12 weeks (P < 0.05), while the value in the mSIS group was slightly higher than in the BG group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The difference in trabecular thickness between all the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#mSIS membrane as a barrier membrane combined with deproteinized bovine bone mineral can enhance new bone formation in canine extraction sockets, similar to Bio-Gide collagen membrane.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dogs , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Membranes, Artificial , Minerals , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket/surgery , X-Ray Microtomography
12.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2021. 79 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1435855

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi sintetizar um substituto ósseo a base de Hidroxiapatita (HAp), modificá-lo superficialmente com hexametafosfato (HMP) e colágeno tipo I (COL) e analisar o comportamento in vitro e in vivo. A síntese de HAp foi realizada pelo método de coprecipitação controlada a partir de H3PO4, CaCl2 e NH4OH. Após processamento foram realizadas as modificações superficiais em soluções de HMP e COL. As partículas de hidroxiapatita e suas modificações foram caracterizadas através das técnicas de potencial-zeta (ζ), tamanho de partícula, espectroscopia de infravermelho com transformada Fourrier (FTIR) e difração de raios X (DRX), as quais evidenciaram alta semelhança química com a HAp biológica. A morfologia foi avaliada através da técnica de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), a qual mostrou que as nanopartículas de HAp obtidas possuíam aproximadamente 130 nm, pode ser visualizada uma película recobrindo as superfícies modificadas com HMP e COL. Foi realizada cultura de células MC3T3, com análises de MTT, ALP e nódulos de mineralização. Nas análises in vivo, foram realizados defeitos críticos em calvaria de 150 ratos, divididos em 5 grupos (GC:autógeno; G1:HAp; G2:HMP; G3:COL; G4:BioOss) e submetidos a eutanásia após 7,14,30,60 dias. Os espécimes foram avaliados em cortes calcificados MicroCt e confocal, apresentando fechamento do defeito e formação óssea significante em G1,G3 e G4. Portanto conclui-se que G1 e G3 apresentaram comportamento favorável e viável na neoformação óssea comparado ao G4 substituto ósseo comercialmente disponível, tornando-se uma futura alternativa para regeneração óssea(AU)


The aim of this study was to synthesize a bone substitute based on Hydroxyapatite (HAp), superficially modify it with hexametaphosphate (HMP) and collagen type I (COL) and analyze its behavior in vitro and in vivo. The synthesis of HAp was carried out by the controlled co-precipitation method from H3PO4, CaCl2 and NH4OH. After processing, surface modifications were performed in HMP and COL solutions. HAp particles and their modifications were characterized using the techniques of zeta-potential (ζ), particle size, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD), which showed high chemical similarity with the Biological HAp. The morphology was evaluated using the technique of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), which showed that the HAp nanoparticles obtained had approximately 130 nm, a film covering the modified surfaces with HMP and COL can be visualized. Culture of MC3T3 cells was performed with analysis of MTT, ALP and mineralization nodules. In the in vivo analysis, critical calvarian defects were performed in 150 rats, divided into 5 groups (GC:autogenous bone; G1:HAp; G2:HMP; G3:COL; G4:BioOss) and euthanized after 7,14,30,60 days. The specimens were evaluated in calcified MicroCt and confocal sections, showing defect closure and significant bone formation in G1,G3 and G4. Therefore, it is concluded that G1 and G3 presented favorable and viable behavior in bone neoformation compared to the commercially available G4 bone substitute, becoming a future alternative for bone regeneration(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteoblasts , Bone Regeneration , Durapatite , Bone Substitutes , Phosphates , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Wistar , Collagen Type I , Nanoparticles
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360404, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To use a 3D printed poly (L-lactide) acid (PLLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) composite as a bone substitute for reconstruction of a critical bone defect in the radius of rabbits. Methods A 1.5 cm ostectomy was performed in the radial diaphysis of 60 New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three groups according to surgical treatment of the bone defect (group I - control, group II - bone graft, group III - 3D PLLA). Each group was divided into four subgroups with different radiographic and histopathologic evaluation times (T1 - 15 days, T2 - 30 days, T3 - 60 days, T4 - 90 days). Results The implant group had greater clinically lameness (p = 0.02), edema (p = 0.007), pain (p = 0.04) and more complications at the surgical site (p = 0.03). Histologically, this group showed greater congestion (p = 0.04), hemorrhage (p = 0.04) and inflammation. Osteogenesis was microscopically similar between days (p = 0.54) and treatments (p = 0.17), even though radiographically, more effective bone healing occurred in the graft group (II), with more callus and bone bridge formation. Conclusions The customization of a 3D PLLA/HA scaffold was successful. However, in animals receiving the polymer-ceramic composite less bone callus and bone bridge was formed compared to the graft group.


Subject(s)
Durapatite , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Rabbits , Bone Regeneration , Dioxanes , Tissue Scaffolds
14.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200568, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143153

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate the new bone and connective tissue formation and the biomaterial remaining after maxillary sinus bone augmentation using 5 different bone substitutes. The osteocalcin immunolabeling was performed to demonstrate their calcification and the possibility of receiving dental implants. Methodology 40 patients underwent maxillary sinus bone augmentation and were divided in 5 groups: Group 1 with 8 maxillary sinuses were grafted with autogenous bone graft (AB); Group 2 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass (BG); Group 3 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with bioactive glass added to autogenous bone graft (BG + AB) 1:1; Group 4 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss (BO) and Group 5 with 8 maxillary sinuses grafted with Bio-Oss added to autogenous bone graft (BO + AB) 1:1. Results In group AB, 37.8% of bone was formed in the pristine bone region, 38.1% in the intermediate and 44.5% in the apical region. In group BG, 43.6% was formed in the pristine bone, 37% in the intermediate and 49.3% in the apical region. In group BG + AB 1:1, 39.0% was formed in the pristine bone region, 34.8% in the intermediate and 36.8% in apical region. In group BO, 33.4% was formed in the pristine bone, 32.5% in the intermediate and 34.3% in the apical region. In group BO + AB 1:1, 32.8% was formed in the pristine bone, 36.1% in intermediate and 27.8% in the apical regions. The immunolabeling for osteocalcin showed an intensive staining for all groups, which could demonstrate the calcification of the bone formed. Conclusion This study showed that the groups evaluated formed a suitable lamellar bone in the maxillary sinus reconstruction after six months of bone healing, thus being indicated to receive dental implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis , Dental Implants , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1426-1433, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteo-inductive growth factor widely used in bone reconstruction and both the vehicle used to administer it and the scaffold substrate could determine its success in clinical situations. The aim was to analyse the clinical behaviour of dental implants placed in single alveolar ridges with a horizontal deficiency in the maxillary anterior region that were reconstructed horizontally with rhBMP-2 and porous hydroxyapatite (HA). Inclusion criteria were both males and females, between the ages of 18 and 29 with single tooth loss of one upper incisor. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was used to take measurements prior to bone augmentation and again prior to the implant insertion. Surgery was carried out under local anaesthetic. In the primary procedure, bone substitute was introduced using porous HA and rhBMP-2; after 4 to 5 months, dental implant surgery was carried out and the implant placed; after 3 months of consolidation the provisional prosthesis was placed and then a definitive restoration was placed. Variables were analysed using the t-test with a p-value of < 0.05 in order to assess statistical significance. Thirteen subjects were included (6 females and 7 males). Bone augmentation resulted in a bone gain of 4.15mm (p=0.023), which was shown to be statistically significant. All of the grafts placed were successful and 13 implants were placed, using torques between 30 and 70N, without complications. For the final prostheses, 11 were screw retained and 2 were cemented in place. The horizontal bone augmentation using HA and rhBMP-2 is an efficient technique for single bone defects in the anterior maxillary area; clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to confirm these results.


RESUMEN: La proteína ósea morfogenética (BMP-2) es un potente osteoinductor utilizado ampliamente en técnicas reconstructivas; el vehículo de instalación es determinante en su evolución. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento clínico de implantes dentales instalados en rebordes alveolares únicos con deficiencia horizontal del sector anterior reconstruida horizontalmente con BMP-2 e hidroxiapatita (HA) porosa. Fueron incluidos sujetos de ambos sexos de entre 18 y 29 años, con pérdida dentaria unitaria a nivel de incisivos superiores. Se utilizó tomografía computadorizada para realizar mediciones en las etapas previa a la instalación del injerto y previo a la instalación del implante. Las cirugías fueron realizadas bajo anestesia local. En la primera intervención se realizó la instalación del injerto óseo utilizando HA porosa y BMP-2; después de 4 a 5 meses se realizó la instalación del implante dental; 3 meses después se realizó la conexión protésica y rehabilitación final. Las variables fueron estudiadas con la prueba t test considerando el valor de p< 0,05 para considerar significancia estadística. Trece sujetos fueron incluidos (6 mujeres y 7 hombres); con la reconstrucción ósea se obtuvo una ganancia ósea de 4,15mm (p=0.023) que fue estadísticamente significativo. No existió pérdida en ningún injerto realizado; se instalaron 13 implantes con torques entre 30 y 70N sin complicaciones; se realizaron prótesis fijas atornilladas en 11 casos y cementadas en 2 casos. La técnica con HA y BMP- 2 es eficiente para reconstruir defectos horizontales en perdidas unitarias del sector anterior maxilar; ensayos clínicos de mayor escala son necesarios para confirmar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Implants , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(3): 131-136, jul./set. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1372329

ABSTRACT

Apresenta-se um modelo experimental de ostectomia de tíbia em coelhos para estudo de biomateriais em processos de reparação óssea. Foi realizada falha segmentar de 6mm de diâmetro na região metafisária medial proximal de tíbia de 72 coelhos as quais foram preenchidas com substituto ósseo e avaliadas clinicamente, por exame radiográfico e por meio de tomografia computadorizada feixe cônico, em diferentes tempos. Conclui-se que a metáfise medial proximal de tíbia de coelhos é adequada como modelo para estudos que avaliem o comportamento de enxertos e/ou biomateriais em falhas ósseas.


Is presented an experimental model of tibial ostectomy in rabbits to study biomaterials during bone repair process. Segmental failure of 6 mm diameter was performed in the medial proximal tibial metaphyseal region of 72 rabbits, which were filled with bone substitute and evaluated by clinical exam, X-ray, and cone beam computed tomography at different times. It is concluded that the medial proximal tibial metaphysis region of rabbits is suitable as a model for studies that evaluate the behavior of grafts and/or biomaterials on bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/surgery , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Substitutes/analysis , Tibia/surgery , Bone Transplantation/veterinary , Fractures, Bone/rehabilitation
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(3): 131-136, jul./set. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1491676

ABSTRACT

Apresenta-se um modelo experimental de ostectomia de tíbia em coelhos para estudo de biomateriais em processos de reparação óssea. Foi realizada falha segmentar de 6mm de diâmetro na região metafisária medial proximal de tíbia de 72 coelhos as quais foram preenchidas com substituto ósseo e avaliadas clinicamente, por exame radiográfico e por meio de tomografia computadorizada feixe cônico, em diferentes tempos. Conclui-se que a metáfise medial proximal de tíbia de coelhos é adequada como modelo para estudos que avaliem o comportamento de enxertos e/ou biomateriais em falhas ósseas.


Is presented an experimental model of tibial ostectomy in rabbits to study biomaterials during bone repair process. Segmental failure of 6 mm diameter was performed in the medial proximal tibial metaphyseal region of 72 rabbits, which were filled with bone substitute and evaluated by clinical exam, X-ray, and cone beam computed tomography at different times. It is concluded that the medial proximal tibial metaphysis region of rabbits is suitable as a model for studies that evaluate the behavior of grafts and/or biomaterials on bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rabbits/surgery , Rabbits/injuries , Bone Substitutes , Tibia/injuries , Biocompatible Materials
18.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(2): 242-248, June 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090681

ABSTRACT

Los aumentos óseos previo a la instalación de implantes son cada vez mas utilizados y el diseño de nuevas estrategias para disminuir la morbilidad deben ser considerados. El objetivo de esta investigación fue definir el aumento óseo generado con la técnica "tent pole" en sector de mandíbula posterior. Se diseño un estudio longitudinal, prospectivo para estudiar la técnica. Se incluyeron sujetos con ancho óseo no mayor a 4 mm en el sector posterior y con altura no menor a 9 mm desde el margen superior del conducto alveolar inferior. Se realizaron cirugías bajo anestesia local realizando un acceso quirúrgico; se instalaron de 2 a 4 tornillos de osteosíntesis manteniendo 4 mm del tornillo extraóseo para luego reconstruir con biomaterial alógeno y L-PRF en conjunto con una membrana biológica absorbible; después de 4 meses se realizaron las re entradas estableciendo con tomografía computadorizada de haz cónico las ganancias óseas generadas. Fueron operados 14 sujetos con 27 sitios quirúrgicos; en todos los casos se pudo realizar la instalación de implantes a los 4 meses. En la evaluación inicial, el ancho óseo observado estaba entre 1,2 y 4,0 mm (promedio de 2,95 ± 0,75 mm); después de 4 meses de realizado el aumento horizontal el ancho observado fue de 3,79 y 10,05 mm (promedio de 7,15 mm ± 1,87 mm), confirmando una ganancia ósea promedio de 4,2 ± 1,26 mm. La diferencia obtenida fue significativa (p< 0,05). Se puede concluir que la técnica "tent pole" aplicada en esta investigación es predecible en el aumento óseo y aplicable para la rehabilitación sobre implante.


Bone augmentation prior to implant placement, is among strategies that should be considered to reduce morbidity rates in these procedures. The objective of this research was to define bone augmentation generator using the "tent pole " technique in the posterior jaw. A longitudinal, prospective study was designed, and subjects were included with ridge width no greater than 4 mm, height no less than 9 mm from the upper margin of the inferior alveolar canal. Surgeries were performed under local anesthesia for surgical approach; 2 to 4 osteosynthesis screws over ridge with 4 mm of the extra osseous screws were installed and were then regenerated, using allogeneic biomaterial and L-PRF together with an absorbable biological membrane. Re-entry was performed after four months and cone beam computed tomography analysis was used to confirm bone gain. Fourteen subjects were operated with 27 surgical sites; in all the cases, implant installation was possible at 4 months. In the initial evaluation, bone width observed was between 1.2 and 4.0 mm (average of 2.95 ± 0.75 mm); after 4 months of the horizontal increase, width was recorded at 3.79 and 10.05 mm (average of 7.15 mm ± 1.87 mm), confirming an average bone increase of 4.2 ± 1.26 mm. The difference obtained was significant (p <0.05). It can be concluded that the "tent pole" technique applied in this analysis is predictable in bone augmentation and applicable for implant rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation , Mandible/surgery , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation , Bone Substitutes , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
19.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 62(1): 31-38, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148166

ABSTRACT

Se analizan aspectos fármaco-tecnológicos y clínicos de biocerámicos bioabsorbibles compuestos por biovidrios con capacidad osteogénica y microbicida, para ser utilizados como relleno bioactivo en el conducto radicular y como tratamiento terapéutico en el sitio de a lesión apicoperirradicular de origen endodóntico. Mediante un diagrama ternario se consideraron las diversas variables cuyos valores determinan las diferentes fases de los vidrios bioactivos, hasta alcanzar la formación de hidroxiapatita, cuando se someten a un medio biológico. Se analizaron composición y mecanismo de acción en la reparación posendodóntica, que parte de la integración del biomaterial al tejido duro sano, sin formación de fibrosis o proceso inflamatorio inmune (AU)


Pharmacotechnological and clinical aspects of bioabsorbable bioceramics composed of bioglasses with osteogenic and microbicidal capacity are analyzed, to be used as a bioactive filler in the root canal and as a therapeutic treatment at the site of an apicoperiradicular lesion of endodontic origin. By means of a ternary diagram, the various variables whose values determine the different phases of the bioactive glasses were considered, until reaching the formation of hydroxyapatite, when subjected to a biological medium. Composition and mechanism of action were analyzed in post-endodontic repair, which starts from the integration of the biomaterial into healthy hard tissue, without the formation of fibrosis or an immune inflammatory process (AU)


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Ceramics , Durapatite , Absorbable Implants , Glass , Osteogenesis/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Wound Healing , Calcarea Silicata , Bone Substitutes
20.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1096255

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Cunhas de material trabeculado (CMT). Indicação: Cirurgia de revisão de artroplastia de quadril, para casos com afrouxamento da prótese e defeito acetabular devido a osteólise intensa. Pergunta: O uso de CMT é mais eficaz, seguro e custo efetivo que o uso de outros materiais protéticos no tratamento de cirurgia de revisão de artroplastia de quadril em pacientes com defeito acetabular por osteólises intensas e deslocamento dos componentes?Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico, com estratégias estruturadas de busca, foi realizado nas bases de dados Pubmed e Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Foi feita avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR). Resultados: Foram selecionadas duas revisões sistemáticas de séries de casos. Conclusão: Não existem ensaios clínicos disponíveis na literatura que comparem CMT com outros materiais operatórios. As duas revisões sistemáticas de estudos de séries de caso sugerem que as CMT são mais benéficas que os anéis de contenção e alo-enxerto ósseo em curto prazo de acompanhamento. O nível de evidências científicas dessa afirmação é IV, grau D de recomendação para a prática baseada em evidências. (AU)


Technology: Trabeculated metal (MT). Indication: Revision surgery for hip arthroplasty, for cases with loosening of the prosthesis and acetabular defect due to intense osteolysis. Question: Is the use of TM more effective, safe and cost effective than the use of other prosthetic materials in the treatment of revision surgery for hip arthroplasty in patients with acetabular defect due to intense osteolysis and displacement of the components? Methods: Bibliographic search with structured strategies was done in the Pubmed and Virtual Health Library databases. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using the Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews (AMSTAR) tool. Results: Two systematic reviews of case series were selected. Conclusion: Clinical trials comparing TM with other operative materials are not available in the scientific literature. The two systematic reviews of case series suggest that TM are more beneficial than reinforcement rings and bone allografts in short term follow-up. The level of scientific evidence for this statement is IV, grade D of recommendation for evidence-based practice. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteolysis , Reoperation , Bone Substitutes , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip , Systematic Review , Procedures and Techniques Utilization
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