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1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 127-138, abr. 4, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516450

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The use of enamel matrix-derived proteins (EMD) has increased in recent years due to their tissue-inducing properties that support periodontal regeneration. This study is an overview of systematic reviews with FRISBEE methodology on the use of EMD alone or combined with autologous bone graft materials (BGM) in the treatment of intrabony defects. Materials and Methods: A systematic search in the Epistemonikos database was performed. RevMan 5.3 and GRADEpro were used for data analysis and presentation Results: Four systematic reviews and two clinical trials were identified. All studies analysed change in probing depth, clinical attachment level, gingival margin level and bone defect depth (all changes in favour of EMD+BGM groups: mean difference (MD): 0.37 mm more, MD: 0.7 mm more, MD: 0.3 mm less, MD: 0.75 more, respectively). Conclusions: Adding autologous bone graft to EMD to treat intrabony defects showed better results, but not a relevant clinical difference compared to the use of EMD alone.


Introducción: El uso de proteínas derivadas de la matriz del esmalte (EMD) ha aumentado en los últimos años debido a sus propiedades inductoras de tejidos que apoyan la regeneración periodontal. Este estudio es una revisión sistemática de revisiones sistemáticas utilizando metodología FRISBEE sobre el uso de EMD solo o combinado con materiales injerto óseo autólogo (BGM) en el tratamiento de defectos intraóseos. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en la base de datos Epistemonikos. Se utilizaron RevMan 5.3 y GRADEpro para el análisis y la presentación de los datos. Resultados: Se identificaron cuatro revisiones sistemáticas y dos ensayos clínicos. Todos los estudios analizaron el cambio en la profundidad de sondaje, el nivel de inserción clínica, el nivel del margen gingival y la profundidad del defecto óseo (todos los cambios a favor de los grupos EMD+BGM: MD: 0,37 mm más, media de diferencia (MD): 0,7 mm más, MD: 0,3 mm menos, MD: 0,75 más, respectivamente). Conclusión: La adición de injerto óseo autólogo a la EMD para tratar defectos intraóseos mostró mejores resultados, pero no una diferencia clínica relevante en comparación con el uso de la EMD sola.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss/rehabilitation , Bone Transplantation/methods , Dental Enamel Proteins/therapeutic use , Periodontal Diseases , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Regeneration
2.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 152-167, abr. 4, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516525

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare treatment with membrane associated with bone grafting and treatment exclusively with membrane in the approach of Class II furcation defects in mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement was followed. Searches were conducted in five databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid, and Lilacs), in Septem-ber 2021, without restriction regarding publication year or language. Studies comparing membranes associated with bone grafting and membranes exclusively in the treatment of Class II furcation lesions were included. Cross-sectional, case-control studies, and reviews were excluded. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment (MINORS) were performed by two review authors. The certainty of the evidence (GRADE) was evaluated and meta-analysis was performed. Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were provided. Results: Four hundred eighty-six references were iden-tified and four studies were included. Greater reduction in probing depth [MD = 0.32 (CI = 0.09, 0.56)] and greater clinical attachment level gain [MD = 0.41 (CI = 0.24, 0.57)] were observed when membrane and bone grafting were used. The risk of bias of included studies was low. Conclusions: This present systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that treatment of Class II furcation defects in mandibular molars using membrane and bone grafing is significantly more efficacious than treatment with the exclusive use of membrane.


Objetivo: El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática y metanálisis fue comparar el tratamiento con membrana asociado a injerto óseo y el tratamiento exclusivamente con membrana en el abordaje de lesiones de furca grado II en molares mandibulares. Materiales y Métodos: Se siguió la declaración de elementos de informe preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis (PRISMA). Las búsquedas se realizaron en cinco bases de datos (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid y Lilacs), en septiembre de 2021, sin restricción de año de publicación o idioma. Se incluyeron estudios que compararon membranas asociadas con injertos óseos y membranas exclusivamente en el tratamiento de lesiones de furca de grado II. Se excluyeron los estudios transversales, de casos y controles y las revisiones. Dos revisores realizaron la selección de estudios, la extracción de datos y la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo (MINORS). Se evaluó la certeza de la evidencia (GRADE) y se realizó un metanálisis. Se proporcionaron la diferencia de medias (DM) y el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95%. Resultados: Se identificaron 486 referencias y se incluyeron cuatro estudios. Se observó una mayor reducción en la profundidad de sondaje [DM = 0,32 (IC = 0,09, 0,56)] y una mayor ganancia en el nivel de inserción clínica [DM = 0,41 (IC= 0,24, 0,57)] cuando se utilizaron injertos de membrana y hueso. El riesgo de sesgo de los estudios incluidos fue bajo. Conclusión: La presente revisión sistemática y metanálisis demostró que el tratamiento de los defectos de furca de grado II en molares mandibulares utilizando membrana e injertos de hueso es significativamente más eficaz que el tratamiento con el uso exclusivo de membrana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Transplantation/methods , Furcation Defects/therapy , Periodontitis , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Membranes, Artificial
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1439186

ABSTRACT

Braquimetatarsia es el acortamiento anormal de uno o más metatarsianos. Tiene una incidencia de 0.02%-0.05% predominando en mujeres de 25 a 1. En un 72% puede ser bilateral. La etiología no es clara pero se plantea el cierre prematuro de la fisis dando un retardo en el crecimiento. La mayoría de las veces presenta síntomas causados por alteración en la mecánica de la parábola metatarsal como dolor e hiperqueratosis. Puede existir metatarsalgia y agregar en la evolución desviaciones digitales adicionales. El principal motivo de consulta es estético. El objetivo del reporte es mostrar dos técnicas quirúrgicas y los resultados clínicos correspondientes usando el score AOFAS, además de los resultados imágenológicos con hasta 5 años de seguimiento. Se describen dos pacientes y se analizan dos técnicas quirúrgicas diferentes para alargar los metatarsianos. Se trata de alargamientos agudos con interposición de injerto intercalar, en un caso mediante el procedimiento de Sandro Gianini con injerto de cresta ilíaca y en el otro con injerto de metatarsiano adyacente con modificación de la longitud del segundo y tercer metatarsiano restituyendo en ambos casos la parábola metatarsal. Obtuvimos buenos resultados al igual que series numerosas pudiendo recomendarse en casos similares.


Brachymetarsal is the abnormal shortening of one or more metatarsals. It has an incidence of 0.02%-0.05%, predominantly in women from 25 to 1. In 72% it can be bilateral. The etiology is not clear, but premature closure of the physis is suggested, giving growth retardation. Most of the time it presents symptoms caused by an alteration in the mechanics of the metatarsal parabola, such as pain and hyperkeratosis. There may be metatarsalgia and add additional digital deviations in the evolution. The main reason for consultation is aesthetic. The objective of the work is to show the surgical technique and the clinical results using the AOFAS score, in addition to the imaging results with up to 5 years of follow-up. Two patients are described and two different surgical techniques to lengthen the metatarsals are analyzed. These are acute lengthenings with intercalary graft interposition, in one case using the S.Gianini procedure with an iliac crest graft and in the other with an adjacent metatarsal graft with modification of the length of the second and third metatarsals, restoring in both cases the metatarsal parabola. We obtained good results. results as well as numerous series and can be recommended in similar cases.


Braquimetatarsal é o encurtamento anormal de um ou mais metatarsos. Tem incidência de 0,02%-0,05%, predominantemente em mulheres de 25 a 1 ano. Em 72% pode ser bilateral. A etiologia não é clara, mas sugere-se o fechamento prematuro da fise, causando retardo de crescimento. Na maioria das vezes apresenta sintomas decorrentes de uma alteração na mecânica da parábola metatarsal, como dor e hiperqueratose. Pode haver metatarsalgia e adicionar desvios digitais adicionais na evolução. O principal motivo da consulta é a estética. O objetivo do trabalho é mostrar a técnica cirúrgica e os resultados clínicos utilizando o escore AOFAS, além dos resultados de imagem com até 5 anos de seguimento. Materiais e métodos: São incluídos dois pacientes e analisadas duas técnicas cirúrgicas diferentes para alongar os metatarsos. São alongamentos agudos com interposição de enxerto intercalar, em um caso utilizando a técnica de S. Gianini com enxerto de crista ilíaca e no outro com enxerto de metatarso adjacente com modificação do comprimento do segundo e terceiro metatarsos, restaurando em ambos os casos o metatarso parábola. Obtivemos bons resultados, bem como inúmeras séries, podendo ser recomendados em casos semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Lengthening/methods , Foot Deformities, Congenital/surgery , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Osteotomy , Metatarsal Bones/abnormalities , Treatment Outcome
4.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 284-289, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981125

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To review the effectiveness of secondary alveolar bone grafting using iliac cancellous bone in patients with unilateral complete alveolar cleft and to investigate the factors influencing it.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study of 160 patients with unilateral complete alveolar clefts who underwent iliac cancellous bone graft repair at the Department of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, was conducted. Eighty patients in the young age group (6-12 years) and 80 in the old age group (≥13 years) were included. Bone bridge formation was determined using Mimics software, and the volume was measured to calculate the iliac implantation rate, residual bone filling rate, and resorption rate. The factors that affected bone grafting in both subgroups were investigated.@*RESULTS@#Using bone bridge formation as the clinical success criterion, the success rate for the entire population was 71.25%, with a significant difference of 78.75% and 63.75% for the young and old age groups, respectively (P=0.036). The gap volume in the latter was significantly larger than that in the former (P<0.001). The factors that influenced bone grafting in the young group were the palatal bone wall (P=0.006) and history of cleft palate surgery (P=0.012), but only the palatal bone wall affected the outcome in the old age group (P=0.036).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results of alveolar bone grafting for the old age group were worse than those for the young age group. The palatal bone wall was an important factor that affected alveolar bone grafting, and alveolar bone grafting in the young patients was influenced by the history of cleft palate surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cleft Palate/surgery , Cleft Lip/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cancellous Bone , Treatment Outcome , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Bone Transplantation/methods
5.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 129-133, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981103

ABSTRACT

Alveolar cleft is one of the key links of cleft lip and palate reconstruction due to its close relationship with tooth and jaw coordination and nasolabial deformity. The alveolar bone graft repairs the hole in the gum ridge and stabilizes the bone arch, providing better support for the base of the nose and new bone for the roots of the developing teeth to grow into. Unfortunately, bone graft failure in the traditional way, even among minor clefts, bony hypoplasia, or absence that affects the nasal base and piriform rim, is common. Two-stage alveolar bone grafting, which has advantages in addressing the underlying skeleton and deficiency, could be an optional surgical procedure for nasal floor reconstruction in adult patients with a broad alveolar cleft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Cleft Lip/surgery , Cleft Palate/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Nose/abnormalities , Bone Transplantation/methods
6.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation in treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects.@*METHODS@#Between January 2018 and December 2021, 16 male patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects were treated with arthroscopic autogenous iliac bone grafting and double-row elastic fixation. The patients were 14-29 years old at the time of the first dislocation, with an average age of 18.4 years. The causes of the first dislocation included falling injury in 5 cases and sports injury in 11 cases. The shoulders dislocated 4-15 times, with an average of 8.3 times. The patients were 17-37 years old at the time of admission, with an average age of 25.1 years. There were 5 left shoulders and 11 right shoulders. The preoperative instability severity index (ISIS) score of the shoulder joint was 5.8±2.1, and the Beighton score was 4.3±2.6. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score, Constant score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder function, and the degree of the glenoid bone defect repair was observed based on CT after operation.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incision infection or neurovascular injury occurred. The patients were followed up 12 months. At 12 months after operation, UCLA score, Constant score, ASES score, and Rowe score all significantly improved when compared with the scores before operation ( P<0.05). CT imaging showed the degree of glenoid bone defect was significantly smaller at immediate, 6 and 12 months after operation when compared with that before operation ( P<0.05), and the bone blocks healed with the scapula, and bone fusion had occurred at 12 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation is a safe treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects, with good short-term effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Scapula/surgery , Recurrence
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(6): 1-9, nov. 3, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437587

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Due to the extensive number of studies developed on periodontal pathologies and the clinical need generated to correct bonvze defects, we have carried out an Overview of systematic reviews using the FRISBEE methodology. Material and Methods: Through this study we expect to bridge the knowledge gap generated regarding the clinical question on the effectiveness of autologous bone substitutes and xenografts in maxillary and mandibular bone defects. Results: For this study, we carried out a systematic search in Epistemonikos and PubMed, we included 3 systematic reviews and 5 primary studies included in these reviews to extract their data. We analyzed data using RevMan 5.4. and GRADEpro. Assessed outcomes included: bone gain [MD 0.06 mm lower (0.26 lower to 0.14 higher)] and bone resorption [MD 0.03 mm higher (0.12 lower to 0.18 higher)], where no significant differences were found between the study groups. The certainty of the evidence was moderate for both outcomes. Bone length and bone density outcomes were not measured or reported in the included studies. Conclusion: We concluded that there are no significant clinical differences between the application of autologous bone grafts and xenografts for bone defects correction for the assessed outcomes, therefore, these biomaterials should be applied at the discretion of the clinician and according to the needs and preferences of patients.


Introducción: Debido al extenso número de estudios desarrollados sobre patologías periodontales y a la necesidad clínica generada para corregir defectos óseos, hemos realizado un Overview de revisiones sistemáticas tipo FRISBEE para acortar la brecha de conocimiento generada respecto a la pregunta clínica sobre la efectividad de sustitutos óseos tipo autólogo y xenoinjertos en defectos óseos a nivel maxilar y mandibular. Material y Métodos: Para este estudio realizamos una búsqueda sistemática en Epistemonikos y PubMed, de los cuales incluimos 3 revisiones sistemáticas y 5 estudios primarios incluidos en estas revisiones para extraer sus datos. Los datos fueron analizados a través de RevMan 5.4. Y GRADEpro. Resultados: Los estudios analizaron los desenlaces propuestos: ganancia ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.06 mm menos (0.26 menos a 0.14 más)] y reabsorción ósea posterior a la aplicación del injerto óseo [MD 0.03 mm más (0.12 menos a 0.18 más)], donde no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos de estudio. La certeza de la evidencia fue moderada para ambos desenlaces. Los desenlaces longitud ósea y densidad ósea no fueron medidos o reportados en los estudios incluidos. Conclusión: Se concluyó que no hay diferencias que sean clínicamente significativas entre la aplicación de injertos óseos autólogos y xenoinjertos para la corrección de defectos óseos para los desenlaces analizados, por lo que, la aplicación de estos biomateriales queda a criterio del clínico, y de acuerdo a las necesidades y preferencias de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transplantation, Autologous , Bone Transplantation/methods , Alveolar Bone Grafting/methods , Periodontal Diseases , Bone Substitutes , Allografts , Autografts , Heterografts
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(6): 1074-1078, Nov.-Dec. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423644

ABSTRACT

Abstract Two cases of bone failure after fracture of the distal region of the femur treated with the Masquelet technique are presented. The first case involves acute bone loss, and the second, pseudarthrosis. The proper management of these lesions led to consolidation and a good functional result.


Resumo Dois casos de falha óssea após fratura da região distal do fêmur tratados pela técnica de Masquelet são apresentados. O primeiro caso envolve uma perda óssea aguda, e o segundo, uma pseudoartrose. O manejo adequado dessas lesões levou à consolidação e a um bom resultado funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pseudarthrosis/therapy , Bone Transplantation/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(2): 221-228, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389843

ABSTRACT

La reconstrucción posterior a una cirugía oncológica resectiva maxilar es todo un desafío. Debido a esto, existen diversas técnicas quirúrgicas cuyo objetivo apunta a mantener no solo la funcionalidad, sino también la estética facial, especialmente en el área del reborde infraorbitario. El injerto de hueso calvarial es una opción segura y versátil para realizar una reconstrucción primaria en el reborde infraorbitario. Esta técnica está indicada en aquellos pacientes en los cuales la resección cutánea y exenteración orbitaria no son necesarias. Por este motivo, a continuación, analizaremos este tipo de injerto a propósito de un caso clínico en el que se usó asociado a un colgajo pediculado de fascia temporoparietal.


Reconstruction after maxillary resective oncological surgery is a challenge. Because of this, there are many surgical techniques whose objective is to maintain not only function but also facial aesthetics, especially in the infraorbital rim area. The calvarial bone graft is a safe and versatile option to perform a primary infraorbital rim reconstruction. This technique is indicated in those patients in whom skin resection and orbital exenteration are not necessary. For this reason, we will now analyze this type of graft in relation to a case in which it was used associated with a temporo-parietal fascia flap.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Orbit/surgery , Maxillary Neoplasms/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Maxilla/surgery , Orbit/diagnostic imaging , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
10.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 31-31, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939851

ABSTRACT

Mandibular defects caused by injuries, tumors, and infections are common and can severely affect mandibular function and the patient's appearance. However, mandible reconstruction with a mandibular bionic structure remains challenging. Inspired by the process of intramembranous ossification in mandibular development, a hierarchical vascularized engineered bone consisting of angiogenesis and osteogenesis modules has been produced. Moreover, the hierarchical vascular network and bone structure generated by these hierarchical vascularized engineered bone modules match the particular anatomical structure of the mandible. The ultra-tough polyion complex has been used as the basic scaffold for hierarchical vascularized engineered bone for ensuring better reconstruction of mandible function. According to the results of in vivo experiments, the bone regenerated using hierarchical vascularized engineered bone is similar to the natural mandibular bone in terms of morphology and genomics. The sonic hedgehog signaling pathway is specifically activated in hierarchical vascularized engineered bone, indicating that the new bone in hierarchical vascularized engineered bone underwent a process of intramembranous ossification identical to that of mandible development. Thus, hierarchical vascularized engineered bone has a high potential for clinical application in mandibular defect reconstruction. Moreover, the concept based on developmental processes and bionic structures provides an effective strategy for tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Regeneration , Bone Transplantation/methods , Hedgehog Proteins , Mandible/surgery , Osteogenesis
11.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-9, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292570

ABSTRACT

Ossifying Fibroma is a gingival mass in which calcified foci are found. It is a nodular lesion that involves the inserted and interdental gum. There is a predilection for the female sex and for the anterior region of the maxilla. This work aims to report the surgical management of a Ossifying Fibroma in the maxilla and the immediate reconstructive with autogenous graft. Female patient, in the third decade of life, presenting Ossifying Fibroma in the region between maxillary incisors and premolars. She was treated surgically by means of marginal resection of the lesion under general anesthesia and immediate reconstruction with autologous iliac crest graft. Followed up for 12 months with no signs of recurrence.


El Fibroma osificante es una masa gingival en la que se encuentran focos calcificados. Es una lesión nodular que involucra la encía adherida e interdentaria. Hay una predilección por el sexo femenino y por la región anterior del maxilar. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo informar sobre el manejo quirúrgico de un fibroma osificante periférico en el maxilar y su reconstrucción inmediata con injerto autógeno. Paciente de sexo femenino, en la tercera década de vida, presenta un Fibroma osificante en la región entre incisivos maxilares y premolares. Fue tratada quirúrgicamente por medio de una resección marginal de la lesión bajo anestesia general y reconstrucción inmediata con injerto de cresta ilíaca autóloga. Seguimiento durante 12 meses sin signos de recurrencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cementoma/surgery , Radiography, Panoramic , Cementoma/diagnostic imaging , Bone Transplantation/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 10(3): 1-7, jun. 30, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391477

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To evaluate the use of extracted autogenous teeth for socket preservation after tooth extraction. Material and Methods: Cochrane, Scopus, and PubMed databases search was conducted to identify human clinical studies reporting the clinical, radiographic and/or histological outcomes of socket preservation techniques with autogenous extracted tooth Only studies published in English language in the last 10 years were included in the study. Results: In total, 82 articles were identified. Five articles were included in the review. They included 58 teeth that were prepared as a graft for socket preservation. The grafts derived from autogenous teeth were presented in three forms: particles, blocks and powder. The mean bone loss ranged from 0.28 mm to 0.41mm in height and 0.15 mm in width. Conclusion: Immediate autogenous extracted tooth as a grafting material for fresh socket preservation is promising for future daily clinical practice. More clinical comparative studies are needed.


Objetivo: Evaluar el uso de dientes extraídos autógenos para la preservación del alveolo tras la extracción dental.Material y Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos Cochrane, Scopus y PubMed para identificar estudios clínicos en humanos que informaban los resultados clínicos, radiográficos y / o histológicos de las técnicas de preservación de alveolos con dientes extraídos autógenos. Solo se incluyeron estudios publicados en inglés en los últimos 10 años. Resultados: En total se identificaron 82 artículos. Se incluyeron cinco artículos en la revisión. Incluyeron 58 dientes que se prepararon como injerto para la preservación del alveolo. Los injertos derivados de dientes autógenos se presentaron en tres formas: partículas, bloques y polvo. La pérdida ósea media osciló entre 0,28 mm y 0,41 mm de altura y 0,15 mm de ancho. Conclusión: El diente autógeno extraído de forma inmediata utilizado como material de injerto para la conservación del alveolo fresco es prometedor para la práctica clínica diaria futura. Se necesitan más estudios clínicos comparativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Bone Transplantation/methods , Tooth Socket/surgery , Bone Remodeling , Dental Implants, Single-Tooth , Autografts
13.
Rev. venez. cir. ortop. traumatol ; 53(1): 10-19, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LIVECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1252872

ABSTRACT

El manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas, osteomielitis y defectos óseos representa un reto enorme para el cirujano ortopedista. Hace diez años, Masquelet presentó la técnica de inducción de membrana como alternativa al manejo de las complicaciones mencionadas arriba con excelentes tasas de consolidación y erradicación del proceso infeccioso. Estudiamos una de serie de 14 casos, prospectiva, con seguimiento clínico y radiológico mínimo de 2 años (enero 2015-diciembre 2018), donde evaluamos múltiples variables en pacientes a quienes se les realizó el protocolo de Masquelet. Obtuvimos una tasa de consolidación de 85,7% (12/14). Con un tiempo promedio para alcanzarla de 6,1 meses (3-9m). Todos los pacientes que lograron la consolidación se encontraban libres de infección al final del seguimiento. Por su reproducibilidad y alta tasa de consolidación, consideramos la técnica de inducción de membrana, como una excelente opción en el manejo de pseudoartrosis infectadas complejas(AU)


The management of infected nonunions, osteomyelitis, and bone defects represents an enormous challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. Ten years ago, Masquelet presented the membrane induction technique as an alternative to the management of the complications afore mentioned with excellent rates of consolidation and eradication of the infectious process. We prospectively studied a series of 14 cases, with a clinical and radiological follow-up of at least 2 years (january 2015-december 2018). Where we evaluated multiple variables in patients who underwent the Masquelet protocol. We obtained a consolidation rate of 85.7% (12/14). With an average time to reach it of 6.1 months (3-9m). All patients who achieved union were free of infection at the end of follow-up. Due to its reproducibility and high consolidation rate, we consider the membrane induction technique an excellent option in the management of complex infected nonunions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Osteomyelitis/surgery , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 62-68, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252448

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es evaluar la evolución clínica, la condroprotección y la reacción inmunológica del trasplante de menisco (TM) con aloinjerto gama irradiado (GI) versus fresco congelado (FC) a veinticuatro meses. Materiales y métodos: veinte TM mediales en veinte pacientes, se evaluaron escalas de rodilla, Mapeo-T2 y segunda vista artroscópica, así como identificación de reacciones inmunológicas con la medición de citocinas inflamatorias por PCR en sangre y líquido sinovial. Trece trasplantes con injerto FC y siete GI, edad promedio de treinta y dos años. Resultados: mejoría significativa en escalas a veinticuatro meses: KOOS (dolor 67.80/79.30; síntomas 60.80/82.10; AVD 8.05/92.40; deportes 37/63.35; CV 28.90/71.30), Lysholm (62.20/85.80), IKDCs (50.17/72.12), EVA (3.35/0.4). El cartílago del compartimento trasplantado se mantuvo dentro de valores normales, sin diferencia a los veinticuatro meses (fémur: 33.43 versus 33.50 ms, p = 0.16) (tibia: 33.57 versus 34.35 ms, p = 0.21). Todos los pacientes mostraron integridad del injerto a los doce meses en la segunda vista artroscópica. Solo se observó aumento en las citoquinas plasmáticas IL-6 e IL-17 en un paciente del grupo GI, sin repercusión clínica. Conclusiones: mejoría clínica, adecuada integración y condroprotección significativa a veinticuatro meses en ambos tipos de injertos


Introduction: Our objective is to evaluate the clinical course, chondroprotection and immunological reaction of meniscus transplantation (TM) with gamma irradiated (GI) versus fresh frozen (FC) allograft at twenty-four months. Materials and methods: twenty medial TMs in twenty patients, knee scales, T2-mapping and second arthroscopic view were evaluated, as well as identification of immunological reactions with the measurement of inflammatory cytokines by PCR in blood and synovial fluid. Thirteen transplants with FC graft and seven GI grafts, average age of thirty-two years. Results: significant improvement on scales at twenty-four months: KOOS (pain 67.80 / 79.30; symptoms 60.80 / 82.10; AVD 8.05 / 92.40; sports 37 / 63.35; CV 28.90 / 71.30), Lysholm (62.20 / 85.80), IKDCs (50.17 / 72.12), EVA (3.35 / 0.4). The cartilage of the transplanted compartment remained within normal values, with no difference at twenty-four months (femur: 33.43 versus 33.50 ms, p = 0.16) (tibia: 33.57 versus 34.35 ms, p = 0.21). Conclusions: all patients showed integrity of the graft at twelve months in the second arthroscopic view. An increase in plasma cytokines IL-6 and IL-17 was only observed in one patient in the GI group, without clinical repercussion. Clinical improvement, adequate integration and significant chondroprotection at twenty-four months in both types of grafts


Subject(s)
Adult , Cartilage, Articular , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 678-684, dic. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134557

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The present study aims to describe, through a case report, the functioning of bone grafts, where they are obtained including bone banks and the different dental areas in which it is used. A 50-year.old female patient HMR, sought the postgraduate college of dentistry CECAPE for oral rehabilitation. The initial clinical examination revealed the absence of several dental elements in both the maxilla and mandi ble, bone resorption in the entire maxillary extension where there was an absence of elements in the anterior region and the presence of a torus in the palatal region. Initial tomographic examinations of the maxilla and mandible were performed, looking for the best conduct regarding the diagnosis and planning of the case. After the clinical and radiographic examinations was performed, and the diagnosis was reached, it was determined as a treatment for oral rehabilitation of the maxilla, bone grafting and an Implant-supported Removable Partial Prosthesis and for the mandible a Dento-muco-supported Removable Partial Prosthesis. Dental treatments and oral rehabilitation from the use of bone tissues and bone grafting have become commonly used. Procedures that would normally lead to failure started to increase the percentage of successes due to the use of these biomaterials. The use of bone grafts in dentistry has been shown to be a very effective and useful resource, considering its great applicability in bone reconstructions in different areas of dentistry.


RESUMEN: El presente estudio tiene como objetivo describir a través de un informe de caso, el funcionamiento de los injertos óseos, donde se obtienen, incluidos los bancos de huesos y las diferentes áreas dentales en las que se emplea. Una paciente HMR, de 50 años de edad, asistió el centro universitario de posgrado CECAPE para rehabilitación oral. El examen clínico inicial reveló la ausencia de varios dientes tanto en el maxilar como en la mandíbula, la resorción ósea en toda la extensión maxilar donde había ausencia de dientes en la región anterior y la presencia de un torus en la región palatina. Se realizaron exámenes tomográficos iniciales del maxilar y mandíbula, buscando la mejor conducta con respecto al diagnóstico y la planificación del caso. Después de los exámenes clínicos y radiográficos realizados y el diagnóstico listo, se determinó como un tratamiento para la rehabilitación oral del maxilar, el injerto óseo y una prótesis removible implantosoportada y para la mandíbula una prótesis parcial removible dento-muco-soportada. Los tratamientos dentales y la rehabilitación oral a partir del uso de tejidos óseos y el injerto óseo se han utilizado comúnmente. Los procedimientos que normalmente conducirían al fracaso comenzaron a aumentar el porcentaje de éxitos debido al uso de estos biomateriales. Se ha demostrado que el uso de injertos óseos en odontología es un recurso muy eficaz y útil, considerando su gran aplicabilidad en las reconstrucciones óseas en diferentes áreas de la odontología.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Bone Transplantation/methods , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/methods , Bone-Implant Interface/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Rehabilitation
16.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e295, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156591

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las pseudoartrosis diafisarias de cúbito y radio constituyen un desafío terapéutico para el cirujano ortopédico, a causa de la dificultad para lograr y mantener la reducción de dos huesos paralelos en presencia de músculos pronadores y supinadores que ejercen influencias angulares y rotacionales. Objetivo: Evaluar la eficacia de la aplicación del minifijador externo combinado con el injerto óseo homólogo en esta afección. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio longitudinal, retrospectivo de corte transversal en 74 pacientes operados de pseudoartrosis diafisaria de cúbito y radio desde enero de 2000 hasta diciembre de 2014, en el Complejo Científico Ortopédico Internacional Frank País, en los que se utilizó el modelo de minifijación externa RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo del Banco de Tejidos ORTOP. Resultados: La pseudoartrosis fue más frecuente en hombres (73 por ciento) y en las edades comprendidas entre 30 y 39 años. La localización más frecuente fue en el cúbito, en su tercio superior (52 por ciento). La mayoría de los pacientes presentaron una pseudoartrosis no viable (56 por ciento). Se consolidó en 66 por ciento de los pacientes antes de las 18 semanas y en solo uno no se obtuvo la consolidación. El hueso que menos tiempo requirió para consolidar fue el radio. En la evaluación de la eficacia de la técnica quirúrgica se obtuvo 62 por ciento de resultados buenos, 33 por ciento regulares y 5 por ciento malos. Conclusiones: La asociación de la minifijación externa modelo RALCA® e injerto óseo homólogo de banco mostró buenos resultados en el tratamiento de la pseudoartrosis de cúbito y radio(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diaphyseal pseudoarthroses of the ulna and radius constitute a therapeutic challenge for the orthopedic surgeon, due to the difficulty to achieve and maintain the reduction of two parallel bones in the presence of pronator and supinator muscles that exert angular and rotational influences. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of using external minifixator combined with homologous bone graft in the treatment of this condition. Method: A longitudinal, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out with 74 patients operated on, from January 2000 to December 2014, for diaphyseal pseudoarthrosis of the ulna or radius at Frank País International Orthopedic Scientific Complex, cases in which RALCA® external minifixation and homologous bone graft from the ORTOP Tissue Bank were used. Results: Pseudoarthrosis was more frequent in men (73 percent) and at ages 30-39 years. The most frequent location was the ulna, in its upper third (52 percent). Most of the patients had nonviable pseudoarthrosis (56 percent). The condition was consolidated in 66 percent of the patients within 18 weeks, and only one did not achieve consolidation. The bone that took the least time to heal was the radius. In the evaluation of the effectiveness of the surgical technique, 62% obtained good outcomes; 33 percent fair outcomes; and 5 percent, poor outcomes. Conclusions: The association of the RALCA® model miniexternal fixation and homologous bone graft from the Bank showed good outcomes in the treatment of ulna and radius pseudoarthrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Radius Fractures/surgery , Ulna Fractures/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Allografts/transplantation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1426-1433, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134459

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP-2) is a powerful osteo-inductive growth factor widely used in bone reconstruction and both the vehicle used to administer it and the scaffold substrate could determine its success in clinical situations. The aim was to analyse the clinical behaviour of dental implants placed in single alveolar ridges with a horizontal deficiency in the maxillary anterior region that were reconstructed horizontally with rhBMP-2 and porous hydroxyapatite (HA). Inclusion criteria were both males and females, between the ages of 18 and 29 with single tooth loss of one upper incisor. Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) was used to take measurements prior to bone augmentation and again prior to the implant insertion. Surgery was carried out under local anaesthetic. In the primary procedure, bone substitute was introduced using porous HA and rhBMP-2; after 4 to 5 months, dental implant surgery was carried out and the implant placed; after 3 months of consolidation the provisional prosthesis was placed and then a definitive restoration was placed. Variables were analysed using the t-test with a p-value of < 0.05 in order to assess statistical significance. Thirteen subjects were included (6 females and 7 males). Bone augmentation resulted in a bone gain of 4.15mm (p=0.023), which was shown to be statistically significant. All of the grafts placed were successful and 13 implants were placed, using torques between 30 and 70N, without complications. For the final prostheses, 11 were screw retained and 2 were cemented in place. The horizontal bone augmentation using HA and rhBMP-2 is an efficient technique for single bone defects in the anterior maxillary area; clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to confirm these results.


RESUMEN: La proteína ósea morfogenética (BMP-2) es un potente osteoinductor utilizado ampliamente en técnicas reconstructivas; el vehículo de instalación es determinante en su evolución. El objetivo fue analizar el comportamiento clínico de implantes dentales instalados en rebordes alveolares únicos con deficiencia horizontal del sector anterior reconstruida horizontalmente con BMP-2 e hidroxiapatita (HA) porosa. Fueron incluidos sujetos de ambos sexos de entre 18 y 29 años, con pérdida dentaria unitaria a nivel de incisivos superiores. Se utilizó tomografía computadorizada para realizar mediciones en las etapas previa a la instalación del injerto y previo a la instalación del implante. Las cirugías fueron realizadas bajo anestesia local. En la primera intervención se realizó la instalación del injerto óseo utilizando HA porosa y BMP-2; después de 4 a 5 meses se realizó la instalación del implante dental; 3 meses después se realizó la conexión protésica y rehabilitación final. Las variables fueron estudiadas con la prueba t test considerando el valor de p< 0,05 para considerar significancia estadística. Trece sujetos fueron incluidos (6 mujeres y 7 hombres); con la reconstrucción ósea se obtuvo una ganancia ósea de 4,15mm (p=0.023) que fue estadísticamente significativo. No existió pérdida en ningún injerto realizado; se instalaron 13 implantes con torques entre 30 y 70N sin complicaciones; se realizaron prótesis fijas atornilladas en 11 casos y cementadas en 2 casos. La técnica con HA y BMP- 2 es eficiente para reconstruir defectos horizontales en perdidas unitarias del sector anterior maxilar; ensayos clínicos de mayor escala son necesarios para confirmar estos resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/therapeutic use , Alveolar Ridge Augmentation/methods , Hydroxyapatites/therapeutic use , Maxilla/surgery , Bone Regeneration , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Implants , Longitudinal Studies , Bone Transplantation/methods , Bone Substitutes , Alveolar Process/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000102, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088522

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To evaluate the local effect of simvastatin (SVT) combined with deproteinized bovine bone (DBB) with hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate biphasic ceramics (HA/TCP) and with collagen sponge (CS) on bone repair in critical size defects (CSDs) in rat calvaria. Methods Forty-two 5-mm diameter CSDs were made bilaterally in the calvaria of 18 rats. The animals were allocated according to the type of biomaterial and associations used to fill the CSD. After 8 weeks, the animals were euthanized, and their calvaria were evaluated for repaired tissue composition using histologic and histometric analyses. Results In the histometric analysis, the use of SVT showed to increase bone formation in the CSDs when combined with all the bone substitutes tested in this study (p<0.05). Greater bone formation was observed in the groups with SVT compared to the groups without SVT. Conclusions The use of SVT without the need for a vehicle and combined with a commercially available biomaterial may be a cheaper way to potentiate the formation of bone tissue without the need to produce new biomaterials. Therefore, SVT combined with DBB induced significantly greater new bone formation than did the other treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Cattle , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Biocompatible Materials/pharmacology , Collagen/pharmacology , Bone Substitutes/pharmacology , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Skull/surgery , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Transplantation/methods , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Anticholesteremic Agents/pharmacology
19.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 27(1): 26-35, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118180

ABSTRACT

El trasplante meniscal autólogo (TMA) es el tratamiento de elección en el síndrome postmeniscectomía, sin embargo, sigue siendo un procedimiento limitado, existiendo controversias en la literatura. No se encontraron reportes de TMA en pacientes y centros latinoamericanos, lo que imposibilita sustentar una conducta en base a literatura local. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar los aspectos más importantes del TMA, detallar una de las técnicas quirúrgicas más utilizadas y describir y discutir los resultados de una serie de casos consecutivos de pacientes tratados con TMA en un país latinoamericano. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica para un TMA lateral con fijación ósea a través de canal trapezoidal ("Keyhole") que ofrece ventajas para los TMA laterales, pues las raíces son muy cercanas entre ellas y el canal tiene una fijación "pressfit" disminuyendo el stress en las suturas sin la necesidad de realizar túneles óseos, que podrían interferir con procedimientos asociados.Se incluyen los resultados demográficos, clínicos, funcionales y de satisfacción de una serie retrospectiva de 16 pacientes [18 trasplantes (12 laterales y 6 mediales)] consecutivos [mediana de edad 20,5 (15-37)], operados de TMA por un mismo cirujano, entre 2004-2019, con mediana de seguimiento de 3,3 (0,5-14,8) años. No se excluyeron pacientes. Los datos fueron obtenidos a través de revisión de fichas clínicas y encuestas telefónicas. Se realizó un análisis estadístico que incluyó un test multivariado buscando asociaciones entre las variables, Wilcoxon para resultados funcionales y Kaplan-Meier para sobrevida del trasplante (reintervenciones) (p<0,05). Los resultados de esta primera serie de TMA en Latinoamérica son discutidos y se comparan con la literatura, encontrándose resultados similares a lo reportado en otras regiones y concuerdan con lo esperado para un procedimiento de salvataje


Meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) is the gold standard treatment for post meniscectomy syndrome. However, it is still considered a limited procedure, existing controversies in the reported literature. No reports in Latin American centers and patients were found, hindering the generalization of results with this treatment. This study aims to review the critical aspects of MAT, describe a technical note for a commonly used MAT procedure, and report and discuss the results of a consecutive series of patients treated with MAT in a Latin American country.The technical note for a lateral MAT with the Keyhole bone fixation is described. This technique offers advantages in lateral MAT, where meniscal roots are close together. The keyhole is press-fit fixed into the tibial plateau, decreasing the stress of the holding sutures, and without interfering with associated procedures.The review includes the demographic, clinical, functional, and satisfaction results of a consecutive retrospective series of 16 patients [18 MAT (12 lateral and 6 medial)] with a median age of 20.5 (15-37) years. All patients were operated by the same surgeon between 2004-2019, and the median follow-up was 3.3 (0.5-14.8) years. The data was obtained through the revision of clinical files and telephonic surveys. The statistical analysis included a multivariate analysis for the association between variables, Wilcoxon for functional tests, and Kaplan-Meier for survival rate (reinterventions) (p<0.05).The results of the first Latin American MAT series are discussed and compared to the reported literature, finding similar results and are consistent with a salvage procedure


Subject(s)
Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies
20.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190435, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To quantify the bone volume that can be safely withdrawn from 3 donor sites: (1) the mandibular symphysis, (2) the oblique mandibular line and (3) the skullcap. Methodology For the symphysis, 200 tomographic exams were evaluated by the extension of the anterior loop of mental foramen, by the nerve, by the distance of the foramens, by the distance between the vestibular cortical and the lingual plates and by the distance between the apexes, or lower anterior teeth, and the mandibular base, using the "distance" tool of the I-CAT Vision, in the panoramic and parasagittal reformations. For the oblique line, 70 TCFC exams were analyzed retrospectively in panoramic and parasagittal reformations, evaluating the thickness of the vestibular cortical and the distance between the cortical and the mandibular canal. For the cranial bone, a hexagonal donor site located in parietal area was considered. Results The average dimensions of the bone blocks that can be safely removed from the region of the mandibular symphysis are: 32.27 mm in length, 4.87 mm in height and 4 mm in thickness, providing a volume of 628.61 mm3 available for grafting. In the oblique line, the available bone volume for grafting was 859.61 mm3. In the region of the cranial vault, multiplying the average bone thickness by the area of the hexagon, an average volume of 2,499 mm3 was obtained. Conclusions Comparing the donor sites, the bone availability in the cranial vault is 3 times greater than in the mandibular posterior region, and at least 2 times greater than in the mandibular symphysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Skull/transplantation , Bone Transplantation/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Transplant Donor Site , Mandible/transplantation , Skull/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Anatomic Landmarks , Transplant Donor Site/diagnostic imaging , Cortical Bone/transplantation , Cortical Bone/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Medical Illustration
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