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Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367124


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo fue evaluar si la reducción abierta con cerclaje de alambre afectó la consolidación, la tasa de complicaciones y de reoperaciones en pacientes con fracturas subtrocantéricas de cadera, tratadas con clavos cefalomedulares. materiales y métodos:Se evaluó a todos los pacientes operados consecutivamente entre enero de 2010 y diciembre de 2017. Se comparó a los tratados con cerclaje (Grupo A) o sin cerclaje (Grupo B) de alambre en términos de tipo de fractura, estancia hospitalaria, tiempo quirúrgico, necesidad de transfusiones, calidad de la reducción, consolidación y complicaciones (infección, seudoartrosis, reoperaciones). Resultados:Se incluyó a 58 pacientes. El grupo A estaba conformado por 20 pacientes y el grupo B, por 38. El tipo de fractura más frecuente fue 3A (p = 0,0004). La estancia hospitalaria fue similar (9.0 vs. 10.6 días; p = 0,81), el tiempo quirúrgico y la necesidad de transfusiones fue mayor en el grupo A (p<0,0001 y p = 0,58, respectivamente). La tasa de consolidación fue similar en ambos grupos (90 vs. 92,1%, respectivamente; p = 0,09). Los desejes se observaron solo en el grupo tratado sin lazadas (5-13,5%; p = 0,01). Las tasas de complicaciones (15 vs. 18,4%) y de reopera-ciones (15 vs. 15,8%) fueron similares (p = 0,99). Conclusiones: El uso de lazadas de alambre en fracturas subtrocantéricas de cadera tratadas con clavos cefalomedulares generó un aumento significativo del tiempo quirúrgico, y disminuyó significativamente la incidencia de desejes. La incidencia de reoperaciones fue menor, aunque no significativamente. Nivel de Evidencia: III

Background: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess whether open reduction with cerclage wire affected the union and/or complication rate in subtrochanteric hip fractures treated with cephalomedullary nails. materials and methods: We analyzed all patients who had undergone surgery in our center between January 2010 and December 2017. We comparatively analyzed those treated with (Group A) and without (Group B) cerclage wire in terms of fracture type, hospital stay, surgical time, blood transfusions, malalignment, union, and complications (infection rates, non-union, and reoperations). Results: Fifty-eight patients were included. Group A consisted of 20 patients and Group B of 38. The most frequent type of fracture was 3A (p 0.0004). The mean hospital stay was similar (9 vs 10.6 days p 0.81), the surgical time and transfusions were higher in group A (p<0.0001 and p 0.58 respectively). The union rate was similar (90 vs 92.1%; p 0.09, respectively). Malalignment was only observed in group B (5 - 13.5%; p 0.01). The complication (15 vs 18.4%) and reoperation (15 vs 15.8%) rates were similar (p 0.99). Conclusions: The use of cerclage wire in subtrochanteric hip fractures treated with cephalomedullary nails generated a significant increase in surgical time and a lower rate of malalignment. It allowed a lower rate of re-operation, although it was not significant. Level of Evidence: III

Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Complications , Bone Wires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Fractures
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928324


OBJECTIVE@#To explore feasibility of closed reduction technique under monitoring of C-arm and three screws in the fixation of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture operated from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 10 males and 7 females, aged from 21 to 59(42.09±7.30) years old. According to preoperative X-ray and CT data, angle of retroversion and abduction displacement of femoral head were determined. Two 2 mm diameter Kirschner wires crossed and gently knocked into the bone of the acetabular roof from outside and front of femoral head. The proximal fracture segment was fixed on the acetabulum. Under the monitoring of C-arm, lower limb (distal fracture segment) was gradually rotated inward and retracted against direction of fracture displacement, three cannulated screws were used for internal fixation after anatomical reduction of the distal fracture end and the proximal fracture end. Garden index was evaluated, postoperative complications were observed, and Harris functional score was performed.@*RESULTS@#All 17 cases of femoral neck fracture with abduction and insertion were successfully completed closed reduction and internal fixation. The operation time was 36 to 68(43.87±7.63) min and intraoperative bleeding was 15 to 50(28.36±5.93) ml. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by garden index during operation. There were 12 cases of anatomical reduction, 5 cases of acceptable reduction, and no cases of unsuccessful reduction were changed to open reduction. 17 cases were followed up for 3 to 41(27.5±8.4) months. There were no complications such as femoral head necrosis, fracture nonunion, hip impingement and femoral neck shortening. MR examination showed no femoral head necrosis and articular cartilage injury. Two years after operation, Harris score of hip joint was excellent in 13 cases and good in 4 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and three screws internal fixation can obtain good anatomical reduction rate and therapeutic effect in the treatment of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.

Adult , Bone Wires , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928271


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical application of lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation in comminuted fracture of inferior pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From August 2016 to May 2019, 23 patients with comminuted fracture of the lower pole of the patella, including 14 males and 9 females, were treated with lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation. The age ranged from 34 to 68 (55.0±1.2) years. One year after operation, the pain and function were evaluated by pain visual analogue scale(VAS) and knee flexion and extension range of motion, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated by Lysholm knee score standard.@*RESULTS@#All 23 patients were followed up for 12 to 14, with a mean of(13.0±0.5) months. One patient had skin irritation by the tail of the steel wire, and the rest had no postoperative complications such as incision infection, internal fixation loosening and fracture displacement. The fractures of 23 patients were healed, and the healing time was 10 to 14 weeks with a mean of(12.0±1.1) weeks. The VAS score decreased from 7.96±0.93 before operation to 0.83±0.65 one year after operation. The range of knee flexion and extension activities increased from(20.30±8.69) ° before operation to 1 year after operation(127.39±6.55) °. Lysholm knee score increased from 18.48±4.00 before operation to 96.09±4.91 one year after operation(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella by lockedge suspension combined with three steel wires vertical fixation has reliable fixation and high fracture healing rate. It can meet the requirements of rapid rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the early clinical effect is satisfactory.

Adult , Aged , Bone Wires , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patella/surgery , Steel , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921918


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of tension band combined with patellar cerclage and memory alloy patellar concentrator fixation in the treatment of comminuted fracture of the lower pole of patella.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to July 2019, 60 patients with distal patellar fracture were treated and were divided into two groups according to different operation methods. In group A, 30 patients were fixed with memory alloy patellar concentrator (NiTi PC), 17 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 71 (39.4±9.9) years, including 19 cases of falling injury, 9 cases of traffic injury and 2 cases of sports injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 75 (33.1±7.8) hours; 30 cases in group B were fixed with tension band andcerclage, 15 males and 15 females, aged 21 to 76 (38.6±10.2) years, including 17 cases of falling injury, 12 cases of traffic injury and 1 case of smashing injury. The time from injury to operation was 10 to 91 (34.5±9.1) hours. The curative effects of two groups were observed and compared.@*RESULTS@#All 60 patients were followed up for 9 to 30 months. There was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding, operation time, follow-up time and fracture healing time between the two groups. Six months after operation, according to the Bostman function score of knee joint:30 cases in group A, the total score was 28.6±4.7, of which 26 cases were excellent and 4 cases were good. The total score of 30 cases in group B was 25.5±4.4, of which 20 cases were excellent, 8 cases were good and 2 cases were poor. There were significant differences in Bostman total score and curative effect evaluation between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Memory alloy patellar concentrator is strong and reliable in the treatment of inferior patellar fracture. It can take early rehabilitation exercise after operation, with good recovery of joint function and range of motion and less complications.

Adult , Aged , Bone Wires , Case-Control Studies , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Patella/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879458


OBJECTIVE@#To explore clinical effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided closed reduction and K-wires internal fixation in treating of Kilfoyle Ⅱand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 32 children with medial condylar fracture of humerus treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wires under the guidance of ultrasound were retrospectively analyzed from January 2014 to August 2019, including 23 males and 9 females, age ranged from 3.2 to 12.8 years old with an average of (8.3±2.1) years old;According to classification of Kilfoyle, 12 patients classified to typeⅡ and 20 patients were type Ⅲ;5 patients combined with elbow dislocation;the time from injury to operation ranged from 1 to 5 days with an average of (3.1±1.3) days. Radiological evaluation of treatment results and complications were observed. At the final follow up, Mayo elbow performance score(MEPS) was used to evaluate elbow function. And humerus-ulna angle on the affect side and healthy side were measured and compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 26 months with an average of(19.3±5.5) months. All fractures were healed well, the healing time ranged from 4 to 6 weeks with an average of (4.5±0.5) weeks. No infection, vascular and nerve injury, bone nonunion, trochlear necrosis, cubitus varus or valgus deformity were occurred. According to Mayo scoring, all patients were assessed as excellent. There was no significant difference in angle of humerus-ulna between affectedside (9.5±3.6)° and healthy side (9.1±3.5)°, and no difference in MEPS scores between affected side(95.3±2.5) and healthy side(96.3±2.2)(@*CONCLUSION@#For Kilfoyle typeⅡand Ⅲ medial condylar fracture of humerus in children, closed reduction and internal fixation with K-wire under ultrasound guidance is a safe and effective method, and could promote in further.

Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(10): 602-604, 20200000. fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362562


Introduction: Decision making in determining management of post-trauma patient is very important, especially for traumatic in the small bones, fingers and toes. The global predictor to determine the management of retaining or amputating the limb is using the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) scoring system, values above 7 are the indication for amputation. The decision maker have to pay attention for the end result of the actions which were performed in the initial management. Material and Methods: One case is reported from Orthopaedic emergency department Hospital in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. A 39-year old male with motor vehicle accident trauma at left foot region since 6 hours before admitted to hospital, later was diagnosed with open comminutive fracture shaft proximal phalang of left 5th toe, the Mangled Extrimity Severity Score (MESS) was 8. Patient underwent emergency debridement and retained the toe by performed Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Results: This patient has a good clinical outcome by following up 2 weeks and 8 months after surgery by retain the affected side with debridement and Open Reduction Internal Fixation (ORIF) K-Wire. Patient can ambulate normally with full weight bearing, and there is no difficulty to wearing shoe or sandal. Conclusions: Determination of action by retaining the traumatized limb needs to be considered for the good of the patient, but it is necessary to provide informed consent to the patient and family that there will be a possibility of tissue death with the worst possibility of limb amputation

Humans , Male , Adult , Toe Joint/surgery , Bone Wires , Injury Severity Score , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Foot Injuries/therapy , Debridement , Fracture Fixation, Internal
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(2): 91-95, mar.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345094


Resumen: Introducción: Las fracturas supracondíleas representan la causa más frecuente de las lesiones del codo pediátrico (64% de la población en niños menores de ocho años). Estas fracturas pueden presentar complicaciones como: A) complicaciones previas al tratamiento: 1) neurológicas, 2) vasculares y 3) síndrome compartimental. B) complicaciones posteriores al tratamiento: 1) precoces en los primeros días tras el tratamiento: pérdida de reducción, complicaciones neurológicas, vasculares, síndrome compartimental, infección de las agujas de Kirschner, 2) complicaciones tardías en el tratamiento: deformidad angular, pérdida de movilidad, miositis osificante, necrosis avascular de la tróclea, entre otros. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de las complicaciones en fracturas supracondíleas humerales en menores de ocho años. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y observacional de cohorte en pacientes menores de ocho años en el período de Marzo de 2014 a Febrero de 2018. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 277 pacientes con los siguientes porcentajes: 3.97% presentó lesiones de cúbito varo; 1.44%, lesiones neurológicas previas al tratamiento quirúrgico; 1.44%, complicaciones neurológicas precoces al tratamiento; 0.72%, infecciones de agujas de Kirschner; 0.72%, cúbito valgo y 0.36% con pérdida de la movilidad. Conclusiones: La complicación más frecuente de las fracturas supracondíleas de húmero en este estudio fue cúbito varo y complicaciones neurológicas previas al tratamiento.

Abstract: Introduction: Supracondylar fractures represent the most frequent cause of pediatric elbow injuries, at 64%, in children under eight years old. These fractures can present complications such as: A) Complications prior to treatment: 1) neurological, 2) vascular and 3) compartment syndrome. B) Complications after treatment: 1) early, in the first days after treatment: loss of reduction, neurological, vascular, compartment syndrome, infection of Kirschner wires. 2) Late complications in treatment: Angular deformity, loss of mobility, ossifying myositis, avascular necrosis of the trochlea, others. Objective: To determine the frequency of complications in humeral supracondylar fractures in less than eight years. Material and methods: A retrospective, observational cohort study was conducted in patients under 8 years of age during the period of March 2014 to February 2018. Results: 277 patients were obtained with the following percentages: cubitus varus 3.97%, neurological lesions prior to surgical treatment 1.44%, early neurological complications to treatment 1.44%, infections of Kirschner needles 0.72%, cubitus valgus 0.72%, loss of mobility 0.36%. Conclusions: The most common complication of humerus supracondylar fractures in this study was cubitus varus and neurological complications prior to treatment.

Humans , Child , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humeral Fractures/complications , Bone Wires , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1124134


La asociación entre fractura de radio distal y fractura de escafoides es una asociación infrecuente, en la presentación inicial, pasa inadvertida muchas veces la fractura a nivel de escafoides. El diagnóstico precoz nos permite un correcto tratamiento evitando posibles complicaciones en la evolución. Se presenta el caso de un adolescente de 14 años con dicha asociación lesional. Se le realizó reducción cerrada y fijación percutánea con alambres de Kirschner a nivel del radio distal y se trató la fractura de escafoides, de forma ortopédica, con yeso antebraquipalmar con inclusión del primer dedo. Se obtuvo la consolidación de ambos focos con excelentes resultados clínicos.

The association between distal radius fracture and scaphoid fracture is a rare association, in many cases the scaphoid fracture can be overlooked at the initial presentation. The early diagnosis allows a correct treatment avoiding possible complications in the follow-up. The case of a 14-year-old teenager with this association is presented. Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation was performed with Kirschner Wires at distal radius fracture, the scaphoid fracture was treated orthopedically with short-arm thumb spica cast. Consolidation of both fractures was obtained with excellent clinical results.

A associação entre fratura do rádio distal e fratura do escafoide é uma associação pouco freqüente; na apresentação inicial, a fratura do escafóide geralmente passa despercebida. O diagnóstico precoce nos permite um tratamento correto, evitando possíveis complicações na evolução. É apresentado o caso de um adolescente de 14 anos com essa associação lesional. Ele foi submetido a redução fechada e fixação percutânea com fios de Kirschner no raio distal, e a fratura do escafóide foi tratada ortopedicamente com um molde de antebraço incluindo o primeiro dedo. A consolidação de ambos os focos foi obtida com excelentes resultados clínicos.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Radius Fractures/therapy , Radius Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Wrist Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Scaphoid Bone/injuries , Splints , Wrist Injuries/therapy , Bone Wires , Closed Fracture Reduction , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828287


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the operative method and clinical effect of lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire in the treatment of distal humeral metaphysis junction fracture in children.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2018, 21 cases of distal humeral diaphyseal metaphyseal junction fracture were analyzed retrospectively, including 12 males and 9 females, aged 2 to 10 years with an average age of 4.5 years, and the time from injury to operation was 6 hours to 7 days. The imaging data showed that the fracture line was located at the junction of the distal humerus and metaphysis. There were 10 oblique fractures, 8 transverse fractures and 3 comminuted fractures. The operation methods were open reduction, lateral mini plate and Kirschner wire assisted internal fixation, and the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*RESULTS@#All the 21 children were followed up for 8 to 24 months, with an average of 13 months. The healing time was 6 to 8 weeks, with an average of 7.2 weeks. There were no complications such as fracture displacement, cubitus varus and ulnar nerve injury. According to the improved Flynn elbow joint scoring standard, 19 cases were excellent and 2 cases were good.@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of distal humeral metaphyseal junction fracture in children is different from that of supracondylar fracture of humerus.

Bone Plates , Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humeral Fractures , General Surgery , Humerus , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879332


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical effect of closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children.@*METHODS@#From May 2015 to October 2019, 72 children with Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus were treated by closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation, including 52 males and 20 females, aged from 3 to 10 years old with an average of (5.4±1.3) years old;39 patients classified to Gartland ⅢA and 33 patients classified to Gartland Ⅲ B. Operation time, fracture healing time, and functional exercise time were observed, Flynn elbow joint function score was used to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 2 to 6 months with an average of (3.5±1.4) months. Operation time was 25~90 (37.8±10.4) min, fracture healing time was 28~45(38.8±9.4) days, functional exercise time was 22~60(36.9±11.2) days. No cubitus varus, iatrogenic neurovascular injury, reduction loss, compartment syndrome, infection or other complications occurred. According to Flynn elbow joint function score, 60 patients got excellent results, 10 good and 2 fair.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and radial parallel Kirschner wire internal fixation in treating Gartland Ⅲ supracondylar fracture of humerus in children has advantages of minimally invasive, stable fixation, shorter operation time, easy to remove internal fixation, and less complications.

Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus , Male
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879330


OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new mechanical model of distal humerus in children with epiphysial cartilage, stimulate supracondylar humerus fracture and perform three dimensional finite elements, and study effect of pins numbers, pin tract, outlet height and pin configurations on stability of fixation.@*METHODS@#Three dimensional computed tomography (CT) data of 6-year-old boy with distal humerus was downloaded from picture archiving and communications systems software (PACS), the data of picture was imported into Simpleware and SolidWorks 2016 software to establish distal humerus fracture in children contained ossific nucleus of the capitellum (ONC) and distal cartilage. Normal extense supracondylar humerus fracture model was established to stimulate configurations of crossed and lateral pinning fixation, 30 N was added on the direction of flexion extension and varus valgus, while 50 N was added on the direction of internal and external turning. Stability was analyzed by displacement degree of distal fracture.@*RESULTS@#Among 2-pin configurations, 2-crossed pins were more stable against rotation forces which could resist rotation stress over 2 585 Nmm/ °, while low position through ONC of 2-divergent lateral pins were more stable, which could resist stress of 45 N /mm and 190 N /mm during the test of resistant strains and varus-valgus stress. The third pins was added into the more stable lateral 2-pins, the stability in all directions were increased obviously, and 3 crossed pins is the most stable, stress of flexion-extension, varus-valgus and internal-external turning were 198 N /mm, 395 N /mm and 6 251 Nmm/ °.@*CONCLUSION@#Two-divergent lateral pins could provide enough stability for supracondylar humerus fracture in children. In two-crossed pins, the upper border of MDJ could provide the best stability. Three-crossed pins could offer the best stability against both translation and rotation forces.

Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Wires , Child , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humerus , Male
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879320


OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effect of Kirschner wire radial sector fixation and bilateral ulnar radial cross fixation in treating supracondylar fracture of humerus in children after closed reduction.@*METHODS@#From March 2017 to December 2018, 60 children with supracondylar fracture of humerus treated with closed reduction and Kirschner wire fixation were analyzed retrospectively, and divided into two groups according to different needling methods. Thirty patients in radial three needles fan fixation group (group A), including 19 males and 11 females, aged from 2 to 10 years old with an average of (5.00±2.10) years old, 21 patients were typeⅡ and 9 patients were typeⅢ according to Gartland classification. Thirty patients in cross fixationwith 3 needles on both ulnar and radial side group(group B), including 22 males and 8 females, aged from 1 to 9 years old with an average of(5.13±2.08) years old, 19 patients were typeⅡand 11 patients were typeⅢ. Healing time of fracture, postoperative complications, elbow flexion and extension activity, forearm rotation activity recovery, elbow carrying angle and angle loss after operation between two groups were observed and compared. Mayo Elbow function score at the final following up was used to evaluate clinical efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, while there were no significant difference in follow-up time and fracture healing time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and Kirschner wire at the early stage of fracture has advantages of less trauma, easy reduction, stable fixation, and early functional exercise. The risk of iatrogenic ulnar nerve injury caused by fan-shaped fixation of three radial needles is less than that of cross fixation of three radial needles.

Bone Wires , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Infant , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 342-352, dic. 2019. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057059


Introducción: La reducción abierta y fijación interna mediante el sistema absorbe-tracción es un método que ha demostrado su eficacia y logra resultados predecibles en el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA de la Clasificación de la Clínica Mayo. Considerada por muchos cirujanos como una técnica sencilla y reproducible a la hora de restaurar la anatomía y la continuidad del aparato extensor del codo, su empleo puede asociarse con una tasa de complicaciones relativamente alta, y no es infrecuente la necesidad de retirar el cerclaje de alambre previamente colocado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si reemplazar el clásico alambre de 1,6 mm por suturas de alta resistencia aporta la estabilidad suficiente para el tratamiento de las fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, y analizar los resultados obtenidos en una serie de casos. Materiales y Métodos: Se estudió, en forma retrospectiva, a 25 pacientes consecutivos con fracturas de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA, tratados mediante reducción abierta y fijación interna con sistema absorbe-tracción compuesto por alambres de Kirschner de 1,6 mm y suturas de alta resistencia (polietileno trenzado de alto peso molecular), con un seguimiento mínimo de 12 meses. Se evaluaron el tiempo de consolidación radiográfica, el rango de movilidad, el puntaje MEPS, y se registraron las complicaciones. Resultados: Todas las fracturas consolidaron, en un promedio de 6.83 semanas (rango 6-10). El puntaje MEPS promedio fue de 96,6 (rango 85-100). El arco total de movilidad promedio para la flexo-extensión activa del codo fue de 139° (rango 110-150°). La extensión promedio fue de -4,8° (rango 0-20°) y la flexión, de 143,8° (rango 130-150°). Se registraron cuatro casos de migración proximal de los alambres de Kirschner y un caso de pérdida de reducción de 3 mm en la tercera semana del posoperatorio. Dos pacientes requirieron una segunda intervención para retirar los alambres de Kirschner. Ninguno refirió dolor o molestias inherentes al uso de la sutura. Conclusiones: El sistema absorbe-tracción utilizando suturas de alta resistencia es una opción a la hora de realizar la osteosíntesis de una fractura de olécranon tipos IIA y IIIA. Los resultados clínicos y radiográficos han sido satisfactorios, con una baja tasa de complicaciones. El uso de suturas ultrarresistentes simplifica el procedimiento y disminuye la necesidad de una segunda intervención para retirar el alambre. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Objectives: Open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring is an efficient approach that offers predictable results in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Many surgeons consider it a simple and reproducible technique for restoring the anatomy responsible for elbow extension, as well as its functional continuity. This technique may be associated with a relatively high percentage of complications, as well as the need to remove the previous cerclage wire, if present. The purpose of our study was to determine if replacing the traditional 1.6 mm Kirschner wires with high resistance suture materials could reliably maintain reduction in patients with olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and to analyze the results. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five consecutive patients were studied retrospectively. All of them presented olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification), and were treated with open reduction and internal fixation using tension band wiring built with two 1.6 mm Kirschner wires and two high resistance sutures (ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene). A minimum 12-month follow up was performed in all patients. Time to bone healing, range of motion and functional scores were evaluated and complications recorded. Results: All fractures healed in an average time of 6.83 weeks (range 6-10). The average Mayo score was 96.6 (range 85-100). The average range of motion for active elbow flexion-extension was 139 degrees (range 130-150). The average extension and flexion was -4.8 degrees (range 0 to -20) and 143.8 (range 130-150). Four cases of proximal migration of the Kirschner wires and one case of a 3 mm loss of reduction in the third postoperative week were reported. Two patients required a second intervention for removal of the Kirschner wires. None of the patients reported pain or discomfort as a a result of the sutures. Conclusions: Tension band wiring using high resistance suture materials is an adequate alternative for the surgical management of olecranon fractures types 2A and 3A (Mayo Classification). Clinical and radiological outcomes in this series were satisfactory, and the complication rate was low. The use of high resistance suture materials may simplify the procedure and reduce the need of a second intervention to remove the hardware. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Wires , Suture Techniques , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Olecranon Process/surgery , Olecranon Process/injuries , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 256-260, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284950


Resumen: Antecedentes: La fractura y la luxación aislada de los huesos cuneiformes son un evento no muy frecuente y sólo pocos casos han sido reportados en la literatura. Este tipo de eventos se presenta como una variación de las lesiones de Lisfranc. El presente reporte muestra un caso clínico poco frecuente de un paciente con luxación de la primera y segunda cuña y fractura in situ de la tercera cuña del pie izquierdo. Caso clínico: Mujer de 49 años de edad, que presentó traumatismo severo del dorso del pie con exposición de tejido óseo y blando como consecuencia de atropellamiento. La paciente fue sometida a cirugía en el Servicio de Urgencias, donde se realizó aseo quirúrgico, desbridamiento, reducción de la luxación de la primera y segunda cuña y fijación percutánea con clavillos Kirschner de 2.0 mm. Resultados: Posterior a la cirugía, la paciente se reportó con buen estado en general, orientada, sin facie de dolor, estable, consciente, sin huellas de sangrado activo por la herida y con presencia de clavillos Kirschner en adecuada posición. Discusión: Se recomienda una inspección exhaustiva de la lesión a través del análisis de las imágenes de rayos X, tomografía computarizada o imágenes de resonancia magnética, especialmente en lesiones no expuestas, pues con ello se puede aplicar el tratamiento adecuado y lograr una pronta recuperación del paciente.

Abstract: Backgrounds: The isolated fracture/dislocation of the cuneiform bones is a not very frequent event and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. This type of event is presented as a variation of the Lisfranc injuries. The present report shows a rare clinical case of a patient with dislocation of the first and second cuneiform bones and fracture in situ of the third cuneiform bone of the left foot. Case report: A 49-year-old female patient presented severe traumatism of the dorsum of the foot with bony and soft tissue exposure as a result of a car accident. The patient underwent surgery in the emergency department consisting of surgical cleaning, debridement, reduction of dislocation of the first and second cuneiform bones and percutaneous fixation with 2.0 mm Kirschner wires. Results: After the surgery, the patient was found to be in good general condition, oriented without pain, stable, conscious, without traces of active bleeding from the wound and with the presence of Kirschner wires in an appropriate position. Discussion: An exhaustive inspection of the injury is recommended through the analysis of X-ray images, CT scans or magnetic resonance imaging, especially in unexposed lesions in order to apply the appropriate treatment and be able to achieve a prompt recovery of the patient.

Humans , Female , Tarsal Bones/injuries , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Fractures, Bone , Bone Wires , Foot , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 406-411, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020486


Abstract Objective: To describe a new technique of sternal closure, modified from the conventional figure-of-eight approach, which can provide a secure closure and prevent sternal complications. Methods: The modified technique is based on the intercalation of the caudal portion of each steel wire passed along the sternum. This is a retrospective analysis of patients operated with this modified technique at our institution between January 2014 and December 2016. Results: One hundred and forty-three patients underwent sternal closure with the modified technique. In-hospital mortality rate was 1.4% (n=2). No sternal instability was observed at 30 days postoperatively. Two patients developed mediastinitis that required extraction of the wires. Conclusion: Short-term results have shown that the modified sternal closure technique can be used safely and effectively, with complications rates being consistent with worldwide experience.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Sternum/surgery , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/prevention & control , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Postoperative Period , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/etiology , Bone Wires/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Wound Closure Techniques/mortality , Mediastinitis/complications
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(2): 202-205, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013702


Abstract The use of metal wires, called Kirschner wires, is a simple and effective fixation method for the correction of shoulder fractures and of dislocations in orthopedic surgery.Wire migration during the postoperative follow-up is a possible complication of the procedure. The authors present the case of a 48-year-old male patient, a business administrator, who suffered a fall from his own height during a soccer match resulting in right shoulder trauma. The patient was treated at a specialized orthopedics and trauma hospital and was diagnosed with a grade V acromioclavicular dislocation. Four days after the trauma, the acromioclavicular dislocation was surgically treated using ligatures with anchor wires, coracoacromial ligament transfer, and fixation with Kirshner wires from the acromion to the clavicle. At the follow-up, 12 days after the surgical procedure, migration of the Kirschner wire to the acromion edge was identified. The patient was oriented to undergo another surgery to remove the Kirshner wire, due to the possibility of further migration; nonetheless, he refused the surgery. Nine months after the surgical treatment, the patient complained of pain on the left shoulder (contralateral side), difficulty tomobilize the shoulder, ecchymosis, and protrusion. Bilateral radiographs demonstrated that the Kirschner wire, originally from the right shoulder, was on the left side. The patient then underwent a successful surgery to remove the implant.

Resumo O uso dos fios metálicos, denominados fios de Kirschner, é um método de fixação simples e eficaz para a correção de fraturas e luxações do ombro na cirurgia ortopédica. Uma das possíveis complicações é a migração do fio durante o acompanhamento pósoperatório. Os autores apresentam um caso de um paciente masculino de 48 anos, administrador, que sofreu uma queda de mesmo nível com trauma em ombro direito durante uma partida de futebol. Atendido emumhospital de referência de ortopedia e traumatologia, foi diagnosticada luxação acromioclavicular grau V. Quatro dias após o trauma, fez-se o tratamento cirúrgico da luxação acromioclavicular com amarrilhos com fios de âncora, transferência do ligamento coracoacromial e fixação com fio de Kirchner do acrômio à clavícula. No retorno, 12 dias após o procedimento cirúrgico, identificou-se amigração do fio de Kirschner do bordo do acrômio. Apesar de orientado a se submeter a cirurgia para remoção do fio, o paciente se recusou.Novemeses após o tratamento cirúrgico, o paciente apresentou dores no ombro esquerdo (lado contralateral), dificuldade para mobilizar o ombro, equimose e saliência. Foram feitas radiografias bilaterais e foi constatado que o fio de Kirschner, originalmente no ombro direito, estava no ombro contralateral. Fez-se então cirurgia para remoção do implante, com sucesso.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Acromioclavicular Joint , Bone Wires , Foreign-Body Migration
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1263833


Introduction : Dans les pays à ressources limitées, la broche de Kirschner est un implant de choix dans le traitement des fractures de la clavicule. L'objectif de cette étude rétrospective était de décrire les résultats de la fixation centromédullaire par broche de Kirschner des fractures de la clavicule de l'adulte. Patients et Méthode : Cette étude a concerné 21 patients (22 fractures). L'âge moyen était de 32 ans. Les fractures étaient fermées (n=19) et ouvertes (n=3). L'ostéosynthèse a été réalisée dans un délai de13 jours à foyer ouvert de manière rétrograde sans amplificateur de brillance. Une broche de Kirschner de 2 à 3 mm de diamètre a été utilisée par foyer de fracture. L'évaluation des résultats a concerné la réduction de la fracture, la cicatrisation de la plaie opératoire, la consolidation, les complications selon Millet, et les résultats définitifs selon Constant. Résultats : La réduction était satisfaisante (n=20). Il persistait une comminution initiale (n=2). La cicatrisation a été obtenue chez tous les patients dans un délai moyen de 3 semaines (2-4). La consolidation a été obtenue chez tous les patients avec un délai moyen de 3 mois (2-5). L'ablation de la broche a été réalisé à 2 mois chez tous les patients sous anesthésie locale en ambulatoire. Les complications notées étaient mineures. Au recul moyen de 2 ans (1-4), 15 patients (16 épaules) ont été revus. Le résultat fonctionnel final moyen selon le score de Constant était de 90 (88- 96). Conclusion : Cette étude suggère que la fixation centromédullaire par broche de Kirchner à foyer ouvert de manière rétrograde des fractures de la clavicule de l'adulte donne de bons résultats anatomiques et fonctionnels. Cette technique est simple. Elle n'est pas onéreuse

Bone Wires , Bone Wires/statistics & numerical data , Clavicle , Cote d'Ivoire , Fracture Dislocation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739484


BACKGROUND: Fracture–dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint of the finger is challenging due to the high risk of stiffness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of a modified transosseous wiring technique for the management of chronic fracture–dislocations of the PIP joint. METHODS: Ten patients (nine men and one woman; mean age, 38.3 years; range, 21 to 69 years) with neglected fracture–dislocation of the PIP joint were included. The mean duration from injury to operation was 14.7 weeks (range, 3 to 66 weeks). The dorsolateral approach and extension block pinning were used to reduce dislocation. After thorough debridement of the scar tissues in the dorsal dead space and the fracture site, the reduction was maintained with transosseous wiring. Radiologic evaluations of bone union and arthritic changes and clinical evaluations (range of motion of the PIP joint and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand [DASH] score) were performed. The mean follow-up period was 12.9 months (range, 12 to 19 months). RESULTS: All patients demonstrated evidence of radiographic healing within a mean healing time of 6 weeks (range, 4 to 10 weeks); however, one had a widened gap and one had an early arthritic change. The mean range of motion in the PIP joint was 81° (range, 50° to 105°). The mean DASH score was 21.6 (range, 7.5 to 35.8). CONCLUSIONS: For chronic fracture–dislocation of the PIP joint, transosseous wiring with direct curettage and optimal bone purchase can provide satisfying outcome.

Arm , Bone Wires , Cicatrix , Curettage , Debridement , Joint Dislocations , Female , Fingers , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Humans , Joints , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739480


In comminuted patellar fractures, we performed modified tension band wiring using a FiberWire (Arthrex) instead of the conventional methods. From March 2016 to March 2018, 63 patients with patellar fractures who needed surgical treatment were treated with modified tension band wiring using two Kirschner wires (K-wires) and FiberWire. We inserted two 1.6-mm K-wires perpendicular to the fracture line after accurate reduction. With the knee flexed over 90°, we sutured around the patella using a FiberWire. Visual analog scale score and Levack's score were improved postoperatively. The mean bone union time was 5.6 months. None of the patients had breakage of wires, and nonunion with deformity occurred in one patient. We think that our method can be easier to handle and reduce irritation or breakage of the wires than conventional methods. In addition, early rehabilitation can be allowed. Therefore, we suggest that this method could be a useful method for the treatment of patellar fractures.

Bone Wires , Congenital Abnormalities , Humans , Knee , Methods , Patella , Rehabilitation , Visual Analog Scale