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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880154

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of CD27 and CD56 in the prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM) patients, and to establish a simple and convenient prognostic risk score.@*METHODS@#One hundred and eleven newly diagnosed MM patients treated by bortezomib in Shengjing hospital from January 1, 2013 to January 1, 2019 were selected, and the relationship between clinical characteristics and survival time of patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The overall survival (OS) of patients in CD27@*CONCLUSION@#Among patients with MM treated by bortezomib, CD27


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , CD56 Antigen , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of autophagy inhibitor ROC-325 and its combination with bortezomib on the proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of multiple myeloma cell lines.@*METHODS@#Multiple myeloma cells were treated with ROC-325 at different concentration. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8. Apoptosis was determined by Caspase-3/7 and Caspase-9 activity assays. Autophagy was detected by monodansylcadaverine staining. The apoptosis-related proteins (PARP and Caspase-3) and autophagy-related proteins (P62, Beclin-1, and LC3A/B) were analyzed by Western blot. The combined effect with bortezomib on bortezomib-resistant cell line was detected by CCK-8.@*RESULTS@#ROC-325 inhibited the proliferation of RPMI 8226, RPMI 8226-BTZ100, U266 and IM9 cells in a dose-dependent manner (r=-0.8275, r=-0.9079, r=-0.9422, r=-0.9305), the 72 h IC@*CONCLUSION@#ROC-325 can inhibit the proliferation, induce the apoptosis of myeloma cells through the mitochondrial pathway, inhibit the autophagy of myeloma cells by affecting the fusion of autophagosomes and lysosomes, and overcome bortezomib resistance by the combination of ROC-325 with bortezomib.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine/analogs & derivatives , Multiple Myeloma
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the risk factors, distribution of pathogenic strains and tolerance of pulmonary infection in patients with multiple myeloma(MM) during bortezomib chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with multiple myeloma treated by bortezomib in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2019 was analyzed. The patients were divided into infection group and control group according to whether they were infected. The tolerance, pathogen distribution, and related risk factors were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary infection rate was 55.29% in 85 MM patients. The proportions of the patients with anemia, neutropenia, and ECOG score ≥2 points in the infection group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). In this study, 30 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected, with gram-negative bacteria accounting for 60%, gram-positive bacteria for 33.33%, fungi for 3.3% and tuberculosis bacteria for 3.3%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, klebsiella pneumoniae, streptococcus pneumoniae, staphylococcus aureus accounted showed the highest proportion. Most of MM patients with pulmonary infection showed a heterprognosis after two weeks antibiotic treatment, while 3 patients died. About 30 percent of early deaths were due to pulmonary infections.@*CONCLUSION@#Anemia, neutropenia, ECOG score ≥2 points are the major clinical characteristics of the multiple myeloma patients with pulmonary infections. Pulmonary infection is an important cause of early death in patients with multiple myeloma. Pathogenic bacteria are mainly composed of gram-negative bacteria. Beta-lacta/ beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations or Carbapenems are effective empiric treatment for controlling the progression of pulmonary infection.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the risk factors, prognosis and curative effect of elderly patients with MM renal damage.@*METHODS@#118 patients with primary elderly MM treated in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2018, were enrolled analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of renal function impairment group (RI group) and normal renal function group (non-RI group) were compared. The difference of renal efficacy and survival benefit between the patients treated with bortezomib, thalidomide (combination group) and chemotherapy regimen containing only one of them (single drug group) in RI group was compared.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis showed that DS stage, pulmonary infection, uric acid, β @*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of elderly MM patients with impaired renal function is poor. The prognosis of these patients can be improved by selecting chemotherapy regimen containing bortezomib and thalidomide at the same time, and monitoring, controlling all kinds of risk factors actively.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the short-term efficacy and safety of generic bortezomib in the treatment of Chinese patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 MM patients (median age of 62 years) who had accepted at least 2 cycles of chemotherapy based on generic bortezomib in our center from December 2017 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 47 newly diagnosed patients and 15 with disease recurrence or progression.@*RESULTS@#Anemia, renal dysfunction, hypoproteinemia and high level of β @*CONCLUSION@#The disease severity can be rapidly alleviated after generic bortezomib-based chemotherapy, and a favorable short-term efficacy and survival have been observed with a generally acceptable toxicity profile. However, the long-term outcomes will be examined through further follow-up.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy, survival and adverse effects of non-transplanted multiple myeloma (MM) patients treated with bortezomib maintenance.@*METHODS@#A total of 25 newly diagnosed/relapsed non-transplanted MM patients treated in West District of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from June 2004 to November 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients received PD regimen (bortezomib and dexamethasone), including bortezomib at a dose of 1.3 mg/m@*RESULTS@#Till November 1, 2017, 5 patients achieved stringent complete response (sCR), 8 patients achieved complete response (CR), 7 patients achieved very good partial response (VGPR), 4 patients achieved partial reponse (PR), while 1 patient achieved stable disease (SD). After maintenance therapy, 21 patients maintained the efficacy above PR, of which 1 patient was improved from CR to sCR; 4 patients adjusted chemotherapy after disease progressed. Median maintenance therapy was 9 cycles (range from 6 to 31), and the median maintenance time was 27 months (range from 18 to 97). Median follow-up time was 73 months (range from 25 to 171). Median progress-free survival (PFS) time was 30 months (range from 9 to 105) and overall survival (OS) time was 57 months (range from 27 to 160). Till November 1, 2019, 3-year survival rate was 84% (21/25), and 5-year survival rate was 72% (13/18). The most common adverse events were transient leukopenia, thrombocytopenia and peripheral neuropathy, which the patients could tolerate after the prevention and treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Bortezomib-based maintenance therapy for non-transplanted MM patients can be an option in consideration of its safety and efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880041

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of clinical baseline data on prognosis in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) complicated by extramedullary disease (EMD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 46 MM patients with EMD were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical data and survival prognosis of MM patients in primary EMD group and recurrent EMD group were analyzed. The classified baseline data were expressed by the number of cases (percentage), the χ@*RESULTS@#β @*CONCLUSION@#The remission depth of primary EMD group≥VGPR is lower than that of recurrent EMD group,and the OS time of patients in primary EMD group is shorter than that in recurrent EMD group. Bortezomib-based chemotherapy could not improve the prognosis of patients with primary EMD and recurrent EMD, and the prognosis of patients with primary EMD is even worse.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1197-1204, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of decitabine combined with bortezomib on the proliferation of mantle cell lymphoma cell lines (Jeko-1 and Grante519) in vitro and explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells were treated with different concentrations of decitabine and/or bortezomib alone and their combination.The cell proliferation was determined by CCK-8 assay. the cell apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry, the mRNA and protein expression levels of genes related with the cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot respactively.@*RESULTS@#Low dose DAC could significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells which shows a dose-and time-dependent manner. After DAC treatment, caspase 3, BAX and PCDH8 expression levels increased, while BCL-2 and CCND1 expression levels decreased in Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells, but there was no significant difference in NF-κB expression. High dose BTZ could significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells which shows a dose-and time-dependent manner; single drug BTZ could increase the expression level of Caspase 3 and BAX, and decrease the expression level of NF-κB, BCL-2 and CCDN1 in Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells, but there was significant difference in PCDH8 expression level. Compared with single-drug treatment group, DAC combined with BTZ significantly increased the inhibitory rate and apoptotic rate of Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells; PCDH8, Caspase 3 and BAX expression levels significantly increased, and the expression levels of NF-κB, BCL-2 and CCND1 significantly decreased in Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#The combination of DAC and BTZ has obviously synergistic effects on the growth inhibition of Jeko-1 and Grante519 cells which maybe relates with enhancing inbibitory effect on NF-κB signal pathway, down-regulating BAX expression, up-regulating BAX expression as well as increasing cospase 3 expression. This study provides a novel therapeutic approach for mantle cell lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Apoptosis , Bortezomib , Cadherins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Decitabine , Humans , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1221-1227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognosis of double-hit multiple myeloma patients with deletion P53 treated with regimen based on bortezomib.@*METHODS@#The ethnical data from 186 newly diagnosed MM patients hospitalized in the Department of Hematology of Harrison International Peace hospital from January 2012 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and G-binding staining were used to detect cytogenetic abnormalities (P53 deletion, lq21 amplification and IgH rearranagement) for analyses of complete remission (CR), overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of patients treated with bortezomib for 4 circles.@*RESULTS@#In 186 patients, simple P53 deletion was 14 cases, 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion were found in 11 cases (A group), t (14;16) and P53 deletion in 7 cases (B group), t (4;14) and P53 deletion in 9 cases (C group). The complete remission rate (CR%) of above-mentioned three groups was 27.27%, 28.57% and 33.33% respectively, and the ORR of the three groups was 54.54%, 57.14% and 55.56%, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference between the three groups (P>0.05). The patients with 1q21 amplification and P53 deletion had shorter OS and PFS time (P=0.041, P=0.046). The double-hit patients with 1q21 amplification showed shorter OS time, compared with the patients with P53 deletion (P=0.027). The double-hit patients with t(14;16) and t(4;14) showed shorter OS time (P=0.871, P=0.276) and PFS time (P=0.955, P=0.379) than those of the patients with P53 deletion.@*CONCLUSION@#P53 deletion and 1q21 amplification are an adverse prognostic factor of early recurrence and short lifetime in patients with newly diagnosed double-hit MM.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1240-1244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical significance of platelet closure time (PCT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of 50 newly diagnosed MM patients treated in our hospital from July 2018 to November 2019 and 34 healthy persons underuent physical at the same time were collected. PCT induced by collagen/epinephrine (CEPI) and collagen/adenosinediphosphate (CADP) in peripheral blood were detected by PFA-200,and the clinical data included age, sex, leukocyte count, hemoglobin level, platelet count and level of serum creatinine, cystatin c, blood calcium, β-microglobulin (β-MG), bone marrow plasma cells, light chain protein, as well as the MM types, ISS stage of patients were collected.@*RESULTS@#The level of PCT in MM patients was significantly higher than that in healthy persons; the level of PCT were significantly increased with the increasing of ISS stage in newly diagnosed MM patients; After chemotherapy with bortezomib/dexamethasone (BD), the level of PCT in 15 patients who were responded to the treatment was significantly lower than those before treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The platelet closure time is abnormal in MM patients, moreover, relates to the progress of the disease. It has an important clinical significance for the evaluation of diagnostic stage and therapeutic efficacy evaluation of MM patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Bone Marrow , Bortezomib , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Platelet Count
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1251-1255, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the influence of influence of combination with 1q21 amplification or-no in patients with newly diagnosed MM on the clinical effecacy of bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy and long-term prognosis of patients.@*METHODS@#148 patients with newly diagnosed MM treated from January 2010 to May 2018 were selected and divided into 2 groups: group A (70 patients) without 1q21 amplification and group B (78 patients) with 1q21 amplification; and the survival benefit and influence on clinical efficacy of bortezomib were compared between 2 groups, and the factors influencing clinical prognosis in the patients with newly diagnosed MM were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median PFS and OS of patients in B group were significantly shorter than those in group A (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the median OS and PFS between patients with 1q21 amplification copies number =3 and >3 (P>0.05). Multivariate Cox model analysis indicated that the adverse factors for OS were ISS staging, Hb levels, β2 microglobulin levels and 1q21 amplification respectively, and the adverse factors for PFS were Hb levels and 1q21 amplification respectively in patients with newly diagnosed MM (P<0.05). The very good partial remission rate of newly diagnosed MM patients with 1q21 amplification and bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy were significantly higher than that in the patients without bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy (P<0.05). The median PFS time of newly diagnosed MM patients with 1q21 amplification and auto-HSCT after bortezomib-based induction chemotherapy was significantly longer than that of patients without auto-HSCT (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#1q21 amplification should be the independent risk factor for poor prognosis of patients with newly treated MM. The application of bortezomib-containing induction chemotherapy in patients with 1q21 amplification can efficiently improve the remission rate, while auto-HSCT consolidation therapy may prolong patients' PFS.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib , Therapeutic Uses , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1972-1976, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore and analyze the risk factors of herpes zoster in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) during the chemotherapy with bortezomib.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 85 MM patients treated with bontizomib from January 2015 to January 2019 were selected and divided into case group and control group accroding to the occurred of herpes zoster. The clinical characteristic, treatment outcome and related factor of herpes zoster were retrospective analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Twenty of the 85 patients with MM treated with bortezomib developed herpes zoster occurred (23.5%). Single-factor analysis showed that age≥65 years, lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, neutropenia occurred before treatment, ECOG score≥2, application of cyclophosphamide, absence of preventive antiviral therapy were associated with the genesis of herpes zoster (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide and the absence of preventive antiviral therapy were the independent risk factors for herpes zoster (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of herpes zoster is high in the multiple myeloma patients treated with bortezomib. Lymphocytopenia occurred before treatment, the application of cyclophosphamide, and the absence of prophylactic antiviral therapy are the important risk factors for herpes zoster, for which the clinicians should attach great importance.


Subject(s)
Boronic Acids , Bortezomib , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Humans , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy , Patients , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Blood Research ; : 49-56, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-negative plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare entity of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The clinicopathological features of and optimal treatment for HIV-negative PBL remain largely unknown.METHODS: To gain insight into this distinct lymphoma, we summarized the clinicopathologic characteristics of 8 unpublished HIV-negative PBLs and performed a comprehensive review of 394 published cases.RESULTS: Of the 8 unpublished PBLs, the median patient age was 53.0 years. Four patients presented with stage IV disease. All 8 patients showed a plasma cell-like immunophenotype. Of the six patients who received anthracycline-based chemotherapy, including two who received bortezomib, three patients achieved a continuous complete response, two patients died due to disease progression, and one patient was lost to follow-up. The other two patients achieved continuous complete response after receiving chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy and surgery. Of the 402 patients, the majority were male, with a mean age of 58.0 years. EBV infection was detected in 55.7% of the patients. The median survival times of the patients who received CHOP or CHOP-like regimens and intensive regimens were not reached and 23.0 months, respectively, and the intensive regimen did not improve the survival outcome (P=0.981). Multivariate analysis showed that EBER remained the only independent factor affecting overall survival (OS).CONCLUSION: HIV-negative PBL is a distinct entity with a predilection for elderly and immunosuppressed individuals. Intensive chemotherapy had no apparent survival benefits over the CHOP regimen in terms of OS; the prognosis of this disease is poor with current chemotherapy methods, and treatment remains a challenge.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bortezomib , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , HIV , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Plasma , Plasmablastic Lymphoma , Prognosis , Radiotherapy
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(12): 1561-1568, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094190

ABSTRACT

Background The treatment of choice of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) is an induction with proteasome inhibitors followed autologous stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Since 2013, the treatment of these patients in the public system is based on CTD (cyclophosphamide, thalidomide, and dexamethasone). Aim To evaluate the response rates achieved with CTD, and the results of HSCT in patients with NDMM in the public setting. Material and Methods Data from patients considered as candidates for HSCT from different centers of the National Adult Antineoplastic Drug Program (PANDA, for its acronym in Spanish), diagnosed between 2013 and 2017, was analyzed. The response to treatment of first and second lines of treatment was evaluated, in addition to the results of HSCT. An optimal Response was defined as the sum of strict complete remission, complete remission and very good partial response (sCR, CR and VGPR). Results One hundred and seventy-seven patients were analyzed, 54% women, and 53% with IgG multiple myeloma. Information about the international staging system was retrieved in 127 patients (71%). Seventeen percent were ISS I, 22% in ISS II and 32% ISS III. CTD was used as first treatment in 106 patients (60%), and cyclophosphamide, bortezomib and dexamethasone (CyBorD) in 13 (7%). As first line, CTD had an overall response of 50.9%, and CyBorD of 76.9%. Thirty patients were treated with bortezomib as second line treatment. Forty patients (22%) underwent HSCT. The 5-year Overall Survival (OS) in transplanted patients and non-transplanted patients was 100 and 62% respectively (p < 0.01). Conclusions The response rate achieved by CTD in these patients is suboptimal. The response to CyBorD was better.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease-Free Survival , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Bortezomib/administration & dosage , Multiple Myeloma/mortality
17.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(3): e1067, jul.-set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093277

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El mieloma múltiple (MM) es una enfermedad que va precedida por una fase previa conocida como gammapatía monoclonal de significado incierto (GMSI); en esta última existen varias anormalidades citogenéticas, que permiten la progresión a MM, entre estas encontramos reordenamientos primarios del gen de la cadena pesada de la inmunoglobina (IGH), además de células hiperdiploides. Desarrollo: Las alteraciones cromosómicas en el MM se pueden clasificar en dos grupos principales: las que involucran las translocaciones del locus IGH ubicado en el cromosoma 14q32 y cuyos principales reordenamientos se dan entre las regiones cromosómicas 11q13, 16q23, 4p16.3, 6p21 y, un segundo grupo caracterizado por los desequilibrios genómicos. Los pacientes con translocaciones de la IGH, muestran un pronóstico diferente en dependencia del tipo de reordenamiento cromosómico. La t(4;14)(p16;q32) y t(14;16)(q32;q23) se asocian a un mal pronóstico, mientras que los pacientes con t(11;14) (q13;q32) tiene un buen pronóstico de la enfermedad en ausencia de otras anormalidades genéticas. En el grupo con desequilibrio genómico se encuentran deleciones, amplificaciones, y células con números anormales de cromosomas (hiperdiploidas y no hiperdiploides); casi siempre asociadas a mal pronóstico ya que muchas de estas alteraciones involucran perdida de material genómico relacionado con el control de ciclo celular y progresión de la enfermedad, como son las deleciones de los cromosomas 1,13 y 17. Los pacientes con trisomías de los cromosomas impares 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19,21 suelen tener un mejor pronóstico y una tasa mayor de sobrevivencia(AU)


Introduction: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease that is preceded by a previous phase known as monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance (MGUS); in this latter there are several cytogenetic abnormalities, which allow the progression to MM, among these we find primary rearrangements of the heavy chain gene of the immunoglobin (IGH), in addition to hyperdiploid cells. Development: Chromosomal alterations in MM can be classified into two main groups, those involving the translocations of the IGH locus located on chromosome 14q32 and whose main rearrangements occur between the chromosomal regions 11q13, 16q23, 4p16.3, 6p21, and a second group which is characterized by genomic imbalances. Patients with translocations of the IGH, show a different prognosis depending on the type of chromosomal rearrangement, the t(4; 14)(p16; q32) and t(14; 16)(q32; q23) are associated with a poor prognosis while patients with t(11; 14)(q13; q32) have a good prognosis of the disease in the absence of other genetic abnormalities. Within the genomic imbalances we find deletions, amplifications, and cells with abnormal numbers of chromosomes (hyperdiploids and not hyperdiploid), these almost always associated with poor prognosis since many of these alterations involve loss of genomic material related to cell cycle control and progression of the disease, such as deletions of chromosomes 1,13 and 17. Patients with trisomies of odd chromosomes 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19,21 usually have a better prognosis and a higher survival rate(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prognosis , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Multiple Myeloma/epidemiology , Paraproteinemias/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Disease Progression , Cytogenetic Analysis/methods , Bortezomib/therapeutic use
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759691

ABSTRACT

Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug used for the treatment of multiple myeloma. Several cases of hematological, gastrointestinal, and cutaneous side effects have been reported for this drug. A 67-year-old patient with multiple myeloma had initially been treated with bortezomib, but the treatment was discontinued due to neurological side effects. The chemotherapeutic regimen of this patient was changed to lenalidomide. Ten days later, erythema and pruritus developed on the entire body. The lenalidomide dose was subsequently reduced and the patient was additionally treated with topical steroids. Because lenalidomide is supplied by the Korean Orphan Drug Center, physicians have limited experience with the drug, and hence, its side effects tend to be underestimated. In addition, the Korean literature lacks reports on such cases. We describe herein a case of lenalidomide-induced drug eruption presenting as a pruritic rash covering the whole body.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bortezomib , Drug Eruptions , Erythema , Exanthema , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Orphan Drug Production , Pruritus , Steroids
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1530-1539, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the cases of multiple myeloma treated with chemotherapeatic regimens based on thalidomide, and to investigate the factors affecting MM patients treated using chemotherapeutic regimens with or without bortezomib.@*METHODS@#The clinical, laboratorial and survival data of 200 patients with newly diagnosed MM from October 2007 to December 2015 were collected, and the correlation of clinical and laboratorial indicators with the clinical characteristics and prognosis of MM patients was analyzed by using χ test, COX regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#Multivariable analysis showed that age (≥65 years old), ISS staging (Ⅲ), complex karyotypes and no-complete remission were the independent prognostic factors for OS in bortezomib-treated group, while the β-MG (≥8.95 mg/L), no-complete remission were the independent prognostic factros for OS in traditional therapy group. In addition, the MPI-1 myeloma prognostic index 1, consisted of age, complex karyotypes and complete remission in bortezomib-treated group, and MPI-2 consisted of β-MG (≥8.95 mg/L), complex karyotypes, complete remission in traditional therapy group were suitable for evaluating the pregnosis of MM patients treated with regimens contiaining bortezomib and traditional chemotherapentic regimans.@*CONCLUSION@#The differences of prognostic factors exist in MM patients treated with different chemotherapeutic regimens, moreover, the patients with comples karyotypes and no-complete remisson have poor prognosis. The MPI as more simple and easy clinical parameter, may be come an useful and complemental method for evaluation of prognosis except ISS and R-ISS.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bortezomib , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1654-1663, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effects of intravenous and subcutaneous injection of bortezomib on incidence and relative risk of peripheral neuropathy in patients with multiple myeloma(MM).@*METHODS@#The electronic database of PubMed, Embase, Cochrance library, CNKI and related meeting records were searched by computers. The data were derived all from a matched randomized controlled studies. The incidence, relative risk(RR) and 95% confidence interval of peripheral neuropathy caused by intravenous and subcustaneous injections were calculated by the statistical methods.@*RESULTS@#Four RCT studies were selected for meta-analysis, with a total of 911 patients (479 cases and 432 cases in the subcutaneous injection and intravenous injection groups, respectively). The incidence of peripheral neuropathy in the intravenous injection group was 41.4% (95% CI=0.137-0.692, P=0.003), and the incidence of >2 grade of peripheral neuropathy was 15.6% (95% CI=0.005-0.308, P=0.043). The corresponding incidence rates of the subcutaneous injection group were 16% (95% CI=0.021-0.299, P=0.024) and 3.4% (95% CI=-0.011-0.080, P=0.141) respectively. Compared with the intravenous injection group, the RR of peripheral neuropathy and the relative risk of peripheral neuropathy above grade 2 were 0.525, 95% CI=0.297-0.928 (P=0.027) and 0.376, 95% CI=0.196-0.722 (P=0.003) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Subcutaneous injection of bortezomib at therapeutic doses significantly reduces the incidence of peripheral neuropathy compared with intravenous injection.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Bortezomib , Humans , Incidence , Injections, Subcutaneous , Multiple Myeloma , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
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