Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 19 de 19
Filter
1.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e248738, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431135

ABSTRACT

A recuperação de vítimas de queimaduras é longa e dolorosa e afeta diversas esferas da vida do paciente. A resiliência, que se refere à capacidade humana de enfrentar e se adaptar a eventos adversos, exerce grande importância no processo de recuperação da queimadura. Logo, este trabalho objetiva avaliar a capacidade de resiliência de pacientes queimados, no momento da admissão e da alta hospitalar, em um hospital de emergência e urgência de Goiânia. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, quantitativo e transversal que utiliza a Escala de Resiliência de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) como instrumento de mensuração. Na admissão hospitalar, a média da resiliência foi de 71,35, tendo sido observada uma relação significativa entre o fator Amparo da escala CD-RISC e a presença do(a) companheiro(a). O escore de resiliência encontrado nesta pesquisa é consistente com outros achados da literatura científica internacional e nacional referente à expressão da resiliência em vítimas de queimaduras e outros adoecimentos. A relação entre o fator Amparo e a presença de um(a) companheiro(a) enfatiza a importância da rede de apoio familiar na reabilitação do paciente queimado.(AU)


The recovery of burned patients is long and painful and impacts on different areas of people's lives. Resilience, which refers to the human capacity to face and adapt to adverse events, plays a major role in the process of recovery from burns. Therefore, the present study aims to assess the resilience of burned patients, on admission and hospital discharge, in an emergency and urgency hospital in Goiânia. This is a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional study that uses the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD RISC) as a measuring instrument. At hospital admission, the mean resilience was 71.35, with a significant association between the Support factor on the CD RISC scale and the presence of a partner. The resilience score found in the present study is consistent with other findings in the international and national scientific literature regarding the expression of resilience in victims of burns and other illnesses. The relationship between the Support factor and the presence of a partner emphasizes the importance of the family support network in the rehabilitation of the burned patient.(AU)


La recuperación de los pacientes quemados es larga y dolorosa e impacta en diferentes esferas de la vida de las personas. La resiliencia, que se refiere a la capacidad humana para enfrentar y adaptarse a eventos adversos, juega un papel importante en el proceso de recuperación de las quemaduras. Por tanto, el presente estudio tiene como objetivo evaluar la resiliencia de los pacientes quemados, en el momento del ingreso y el alta, en un hospital de emergencia y urgencia en Goiânia. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo y transversal que utiliza la Escala de Resiliencia Connor-Davidson (CD RISC) como instrumento de medida. Al ingreso hospitalario, la resiliencia media fue de 71,35, con associación significativa entre el factor Amparo de la escala CD RISC y la presencia de pareja. El puntaje de resiliencia encontrado en el presente estudio es consistente con otros hallazgos en la literatura científica nacional e internacional sobre la expresión de resiliencia en víctimas de quemaduras y otras enfermedades. La relación entre el factor Amparo y la presencia de pareja enfatiza la importancia de la red de apoyo familiar en la rehabilitación del paciente quemado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Social Support , Burns , Resilience, Psychological , Anxiety Disorders , Pain , Preceptorship , Prejudice , Psychological Phenomena , Psychology , Recovery Room , Rehabilitation Centers , Safety , Self Concept , Skin , Social Perception , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Suicide , General Surgery , Surgery, Plastic , Tissues , Baths , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Technical Cooperation , Unified Health System , Body Image , Traumatology , Burn Units , Burns, Chemical , Burns, Electric , Accidents, Home , Accidents, Occupational , Accidents, Traffic , Explosive Wastes , Inflammable Wastes , Mental Health , Morbidity , Cicatrix , Nursing , Panic Disorder , Employment, Supported , Statistics, Nonparametric , Human Body , Intuition , Wit and Humor , Hydrogels , Counseling , Critical Care , Disaster Vulnerability , Personal Autonomy , Death , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Depression , Discrimination, Psychological , Education , Empathy , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics , Breakthrough Pain , Activation, Metabolic , Physical Appearance, Body , Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders , Psychological Trauma , Accidental Injuries , Psychological Distress , Social Comparison , Functional Status , Self-Compassion , Accident Prevention , Health Services Accessibility , Helping Behavior , Homicide , Amputation, Traumatic , Hospitalization , Individuality , Intensive Care Units , Interpersonal Relations , Life Change Events , Mental Disorders , Negativism , Nursing Assistants , Nursing Care
2.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 472-478, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) techniques are a new area of interest for maintaining labor analgesia due to the potential to decrease motor block and improve labor analgesia. This study compares continuous epidural infusion (CEI) to 2 PIEB regimens for labor analgesia. METHODS: One hundred fifty patients undergoing scheduled induction of labor at term gestation having epidural labor analgesia were randomized to receive an epidural analgesia regimen of bupivacaine 0.125% with fentanyl 2 μg/ml at either PIEB 5 ml every 30 min (Group 5q30), PIEB 10 ml every 60 min (Group 10q60), or 10 ml/h continuous infusion (Group continuous epidural infusion [CEI]). The primary outcome is the pain scores throughout labor. Secondary outcomes include degree of motor block, dermatomal sensory levels, the number of physician-administered boluses, and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: While the average pain scores throughout labor did not differ significantly between groups, fewer patients in group 10q60 received physician-administered boluses for breakthrough pain (34.9% in 10q60 vs. 61.0% in 5q30 and 61.9% in CEI, P = 0.022). Dermatomal sensory levels, degree of motor block, and patient satisfaction did not differ significantly between groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that high volume PIEB regimens for labor analgesia decrease breakthrough pain and physician-administered boluses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Analgesia , Analgesia, Epidural , Breakthrough Pain , Bupivacaine , Fentanyl , Patient Satisfaction , Prospective Studies
3.
Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery ; : 91-98, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765614

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, multi-center survey study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the pain status, pain management methods, and pain experience after treatment among patients suffering from chronic non-cancer pain due to spinal disease. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: No thorough investigation of the current status of chronic non-cancer pain management in patients with spinal disease has recently been reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 330 patients with chronic non-cancer pain who visited spine clinics in Korea. RESULTS: Prior to treatment, 86.7% of the patients had severe pain and 99.4% of the patients had taken oral analgesics for pain control. After treatment, the percent of patients with severe pain was reduced to 42.1%, and 52.4% of patients responded that they experienced intermittent pain. End of dose failure was experienced by 29.1% of patients, and 41.7% of patients experienced pain again 3–6 hours after taking analgesics. Furthermore, 8.2% of patients experienced breakthrough pain, and 29.1% of patients experienced pain that interfered with sleeping. CONCLUSIONS: Many patients with chronic pain reported experiencing pain due to end of dose failure after medication. As the causes of chronic pain are complex, appropriate analgesics should be considered and selected for effective pain management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Breakthrough Pain , Chronic Pain , Korea , Pain Management , Spinal Diseases , Spine
4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e61-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764909

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Extraspinal percutaneous osteoplasties (POPs) are novel techniques for the treatment of painful bony metastasis, which is often the cause of both persistent and incidental breakthrough pain. This retrospective study explored the efficacy and complications of extraspinal POPs. METHODS: The origin of the cancer metastasis, performed POP sites, necessity of adjacent joint injections, pain and Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) scores, complications related to the POPs, and life expectancy were evaluated from the medical records from 2009 to 2016. RESULTS: A total of 47 (M/F = 28/19) patients had received 54 POPs, including costoplasty, scapuloplasty, ilioplasty, humeroplasty, ischioplasty, femoroplasty, sternoplasty, and puboplasty, in order of frequency. The most common sites for the origin of the cancer, in order of frequency, were the lung, liver, breast, colon, and kidney. All patients receiving POPs including scapuloplasty, ilioplasty, humeroplasty, and femoroplasty needed adjacent joint injections before or after the POPs. Pain due to metastatic lesions was reduced significantly immediately after the POPs and the reduction was sustained until the end of their lives. The median KPS was increased from 35.4% to 67.7% immediately after the POPs. There were no complications related to the procedures. The mean life expectancy after performing the POPs, for 35 patients which died afterwards, was 99.3 days, ranging from 1 to 767 days. CONCLUSION: Even though pain in the isolated POP sites may be difficult to measure due to overlapping systemic pain, the POPs provided immediate local pain relief, and the patients showed better physical performance without procedure-related complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breakthrough Pain , Breast , Cementoplasty , Colon , Early Ambulation , Joints , Karnofsky Performance Status , Kidney , Life Expectancy , Liver , Lung , Medical Records , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 9-13, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713509

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the factors influencing the rescue medication decisions for breakthrough cancer patients and evaluate treatments using the factors. METHODS: Based on the results of an online survey conducted by the Korean Society of Hospice and Palliative Care from September 2014 through December 2014, we assessed the level of agreement on nine factors influencing rescue medication preference. The same factors were used to evaluate oral transmucosal fentanyl lozenge, oral oxycodone and intravenous morphine. RESULTS: Agreed by 77 physicians, a rapid onset of action was the most important factor for their decision of rescue medication. Other important factors were easy administration, strong efficacy, predictable efficacy and less adverse effects. Participants agreed that intravenous morphine produced a rapid onset of action and strong and predictable efficacy and cited difficulty of administration and adverse effects as negative factors. Oral oxycodone was desirable in terms of easy administration and less adverse effects. However, its onset of action was slower than intravenous morphine. While many agreed to easy administration of oral transmucosal fentanyl lozenge, the level of agreement was low for strength and predictability of its efficacy, long-term durability and sleep improvement. CONCLUSION: Rapid onset of action is one of the important factors that influence physicians' selection of rescue medication. Physicians' assessment of rescue medication differed by medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Fentanyl , Hospices , Morphine , Oxycodone , Palliative Care
6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 577-584, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Managing breakthrough pain (BTP) is important for many cancer patients because of the rapid onset and unpredictable nature of the pain episodes. Fentanyl buccal tablets (FBTs) are a rapid-onset opioid indicated for BTP management. However, FBT titration is needed to optimize BTP management. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of initiating 200 μg FBTs in Korean cancer patients. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of medical records was performed on all advanced cancer patients treated with FBTs for BTP between October 2014 and July 2015. Patients who received initial doses of 200 μg FBTs for at least 3 days and cases in which FBT was available at doses of 200, 400, and 800 μg were included. RESULTS: A total of 56 patients with a median age of 62 years (range, 32 to 80) were analyzed, 61% of whom were male. The median and mean values of morphine equivalent daily doses were 60 mg/day (range, 15 to 540) and 114.8 ± 124.8 mg/day, respectively. The most frequent effective doses of FBT were 200 μg (41 patients, 74%) and 400 μg (12 patients, 21%). Three patients (5%) could not tolerate 200 μg of FBT and discontinued treatment. Nausea, vomiting, somnolence, and dizziness were the most frequent treatment-related adverse events (AEs), and all AEs were grade 1 (mild) or 2 (moderate). CONCLUSIONS: FBT at the initial 200 μg dosage was well-tolerated and effective as a BTP management strategy in Korean cancer patients. Further prospective studies are needed to determine appropriate initiating doses of FBT in Korean patients with opioid tolerance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Dizziness , Fentanyl , Medical Records , Morphine , Nausea , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Tablets , Vomiting
7.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 18-25, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223222

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adequate control of breakthrough pain is essential for patients with cancer. Managing breakthrough pain mainly depends on understanding the concept of breakthrough pain and the proper usage of rescue medication by physicians. This study aims to assess the attitudes and practice patterns of palliative physicians in managing breakthrough pain for patients in Korea. METHODS: This study was based on data from the 2014 breakthrough cancer pain survey conducted by the Korean Society for Hospice and Palliative Care. One hundred physicians participated in the online survey. Among total 33 self-reported questionnaires, twelve items were selected in this analysis. RESULTS: Rapid onset of action is the main influencing factor in selecting rescue opioids. Oral oxycodone (65%) and parenteral morphine (27%) are commonly used. A few physicians (3%) prefer to use transmucosal fentanyl. The percentage of physicians prescribing oral oxycodone due to its rapid onset of action is just 21.5%, whereas the percentage of physicians using parenteral morphine is 81.5%. Two thirds of respondents (66%) answered that breakthrough pain is not well controlled with rescue medications. CONCLUSION: There is a gap between the needs of physicians in terms of the perceived difficulties of managing breakthrough cancer pain and their practice patterns selecting rescue medications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Fentanyl , Hospices , Korea , Morphine , Oxycodone , Palliative Care , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1914-1921, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24792

ABSTRACT

Extended-release osmotic extended-release oral delivery system (OROS) hydromorphone is a strong synthetic opioid designed to maintain a constant blood concentration by once daily dosing. The objective of this observational study was to investigate the clinical usefulness of OROS hydromorphone in patients with cancer pain of moderate to severe intensity. Patients with cancer pain who required strong opioids were administered with OROS hydromorphone for 4 weeks. We assessed changes in pain intensity using a numerical rating scale (NRS) as well as levels of sleep disturbance, breakthrough pain, end-of-dose failure, patient satisfaction, and overall assessment of drug effectiveness based on investigator evaluation. Of the 648 enrolled patients, 553 patients were included in the full analysis set. The mean pain intensity was significantly decreased from the NRS value of 5.07 ± 1.99 to 2.75 ± 1.94 (mean % change of 42.13 ± 46.53, P < 0.001). The degree of sleep disturbance significantly improved (mean NRS change of 1.61 ± 2.57, P < 0.001), and the incidence of breakthrough pain was significantly decreased (mean NRS change of 1.22 ± 2.30, P < 0.001). The experience of end-of-dose failure also significantly decreased from 4.60 ± 1.75 to 3.93 ± 1.70, P = 0.007). The patient satisfaction rate was 72.7%, and 72.9% of investigators evaluated the study drug as effective. OROS hydromorphone was an effective and tolerable agent for cancer pain management. It effectively lowered pain intensity as well as improved sleep disturbance, breakthrough pain, and end-of-dose failure (Identifier: NCT 01273454).


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Chronic Pain , Hydromorphone , Incidence , Observational Study , Pain Management , Patient Satisfaction , Research Personnel
9.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 25(S5): S10-S13, out. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771272

ABSTRACT

Breakthroughpain ou dor irruptiva oncológica (DIO) é uma exacerbação da dor em pacientes com dor basal oncológica estabilizada e que já recebem terapia com opioides.O objetivo do estudo foi identificar as melhores terapias farmacológicas para o correto tratamento da condição. Realizou-se pesquisa nas bases de dados MEDLINE e LILACS e foram selecionados artigos que abordavam o tratamento da dor e que comparavam os resultados de diferentes medicações. Dos 38 artigos identificados nabusca, os 22 disponíveis (pelo portal Capes ou livremente na internet) foram usados.Trabalhos e pesquisas brasileiros e escritos em português sobre a DIO são escassos, o que pode constituir um empecilho para se instituir o tratamento eficaz da condição em nosso país. O tratamento convencional com morfina, que ainda é utilizado no Brasil, mostrou-se ineficaz pelo longo tempo de início de ação. A partir de evidênciasatuais, o CF spray nasal alcançou alto nível de alívio da dor em um tempo mais curto.Esses resultados precisam ser amplamente divulgados em nosso país, uma vez que o tratamento no Brasil é geralmente realizado com morfina.


Breakthrough cancer pain (BCP) is characterized by an exacerbation of pain in patients with background cancer pain adequately controlled with opioides.The aim of the study was to identify the best drug therapies for the correct treatment of BCP. A search in MEDLINE and LILACS databases was conducted. The articles that addressed the treatment of BCP and those that compared the results of different medications were selected. Ofthe 38 papers on the subject, 22 were used (those freely available at the web or through Capes portal). There are quite a few Brazilian research or papers on BCP, which could be a major setback to establishing an effective treatment for BCP in Brazilian patients. Conventionaltreatment with morphine, widely used in Brazil, is ineffective due to its long gap for onset of action. Current evidence suggests that FC pectin nasal spray reached a higher level of pain relief in a shorter time. These results must be widely spread in our country, since the usual prescribed treatment in Brazil seems to still be morphine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fentanyl/therapeutic use , Breakthrough Pain/drug therapy , Cancer Pain/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Drug Therapy , Chronic Pain/diagnosis
10.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 1-8, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93723

ABSTRACT

Breakthrough cancer pain is a transient exacerbation of pain that occurs despite relatively well controlled background pain with around-the-clock analgesia. It is highly prevalent in patients with cancer pain, with an overall prevalence of 70~90%. Breakthrough cancer pain has several negative effects on quality of life, including a decrease in functional status and social relationship, and higher incidence of anxiety/depression. It also places a detrimental burden on their families, society, and the healthcare system. According to the pathogenic mechanism, breakthrough cancer pain is classified into two categories: idiopathic (or spontaneous) pain and incident pain. Episodes of breakthrough cancer pain have typical characteristics, including rapid onset (5~10 min), severe intensity, and short duration (30~60 min). However, there are some variations in timing and severity of pain among patients and episodes. Therefore, a thorough assessment of pain episodes is needed and management plan must be individualized to provide optimal treatment. Several immediate-release formulations such as oxycodone, morphine, and hydromorphone are widely used despite relatively slow onset of action. Recent studies have shown that transmucosal fentanyl preparations were effective for faster control of breakthrough pain. We hope to improve management of breakthrough cancer pain with more efficient analgesics in line with currently available evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesia , Analgesics , Breakthrough Pain , Delivery of Health Care , Fentanyl , Hope , Hydromorphone , Incidence , Morphine , Oxycodone , Prevalence , Quality of Life
11.
Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care ; : 270-277, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112134

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This is a retrospective study that investigated cancer patients' complaints of moderate or severe pain to analyze pain characteristics, pain relief interventions and their effects. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that investigated cancer patients' complaints of moderate or severe pain to analyze pain characteristics, pain relief interventions and their effects. RESULTS: The most frequent region of pain was the abdomen. The most frequent factor that exacerbated pain was movement. The most frequent pain alleviating factor was administration of analgesics. The most frequent pain type was breakthrough pain, and the most frequent non-pharmaceutical intervention for pain control was heat therapy. Among all, analgesics were routinely prescribed for 52.2% of the participants. Morphine sulfate was the most frequently used analgesic while Gabapentin was the most frequently used non-narcotic analgesic. At the time of discharge, 82.5% of the participants marked their pain intensity as 3 points or lower. CONCLUSION: For cancer patients complaining of moderate or severe pain, it is important to actively control pain from the beginning of admission. Thus, it is necessary to educate not only cancer patients using narcotic analgesic for pain control and their families but nurses about the effects and side-effects of drugs. Moreover, patients and their families need to learn how to assess and record pain at home to collect data that can be referred for future treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdomen , Analgesics , Breakthrough Pain , Hot Temperature , Morphine , Pain Management , Retrospective Studies
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 131-140, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111151

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although cancer pain is prevalent, under-treatment still remains a problem. Knowledge of and compliance with guidelines for management of cancer pain were analyzed for exploration of physician-related barriers to cancer pain management. In addition, physicians' knowledge and its correlation with cancer pain control were audited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 8 to December 2, 2010, a nationwide survey of house staff enquired about their knowledge of cancer pain control guidelines, and the medical records of patients under their care were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 180 physicians participated in the study. Their average score for knowledge was 14.6 (range, 7 to 19; maximum possible, 20). When the knowledge score was divided into low, medium, and high scores, patients receiving care from physicians with high levels of knowledge tended to have better cancer pain control (p<0.001). Of the total patients with severe pain, 19.5% were not prescribed strong opioids, and 40% were not prescribed any medication for breakthrough pain. CONCLUSION: Physicians' knowledge of guidelines for control of cancer pain showed an association with improvement of pain management. Overall adherence to the guidelines was lacking. Continuous interventions such as education and audits regarding cancer pain control guidelines for physician are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Compliance , Education , Internship and Residency , Medical Records , Pain Management
13.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 331-338, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8784

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of hydromorphone-OROS (HM-OROS) in reducing sleep disturbance and relieving cancer pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty cancer patients with pain (numeric rating scale [NRS] > or = 4) and sleep disturbance (NRS > or = 4) were evaluated. The initial HM-OROS dosing was based on previous opioid dose (HM-OROS:oral morphine=1:5). Dose adjustment of the study drug was permitted at the investigator\'s discretion. Pain intensity, number of breakthrough pain episodes, and quality of sleep were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 120 patients received at least one dose of HM-OROS; 74 of them completed the final assessment. Compared to the previous opioids, HM-OROS reduced the average pain NRS from 5.3 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), worst pain NRS from 6.7 to 5.4 (p < 0.01), sleep disturbance NRS from 5.9 to 4.1 (p < 0.01), incidence of breakthrough pain at night from 2.63 to 1.53 times (p < 0.001), and immediate-release opioids use for the management of breakthrough pain from 0.83 to 0.39 times per night (p = 0.001). Of the 74 patients who completed the treatment, 83.7% indicated that they preferred HM-OROS to the previous medication. The adverse events (AEs) were somnolence, asthenia, constipation, dizziness, and nausea. CONCLUSION: HM-OROS was efficacious in reducing cancer pain and associated sleep disturbances. The AEs were manageable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Asthenia , Breakthrough Pain , Constipation , Dizziness , Incidence , Nausea , Prospective Studies
14.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 48-54, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85961

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gabapentin is a safe and well-tolerated anticonvulsant with a wide therapeutic index, and it is used for neuropathic pain. The aim of this study was to compare previous dosing methods with the administration of four different doses of gabapentin while maintaining the same maximum daily dose for the safe administration of high doses of the medication. METHODS: The subjects were outpatients with various neuropathic pain syndromes, with at least two of the following symptoms: allodynia, burning pain, shooting pain, or hyperalgesia. The TID group received equal doses of gabapentin 3 times per day, while the QID group received 4 different doses of gabapentin per day. The pain score, frequency of breakthrough pain (BTP), severity and the duration of pain, sleep disturbance due to nocturnal pain, and adverse effects were recorded each day. RESULTS: The average daily pain score and sleep disturbance were significantly reduced in the QID group between days 3 and 10 of the experiment. The adverse effects of the medication were also reduced in the QID group. However, the frequency of BTP and severity and duration of pain were not significantly different between two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Administration of 4 different doses of gabapentin during the initial titration in outpatients with neuropathic pain resulted in a significant reduction in awakening from breakthrough pain and a reduction in the adverse effects of the medication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care , Amines , Breakthrough Pain , Burns , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids , Drug Administration Schedule , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Hyperalgesia , Neuralgia , Outpatients
15.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 223-241, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12390

ABSTRACT

Boney metastasis may lead to terrible suffering from debilitating pain. The most likely malignancies that spread to bone are prostate, breast, and lung. Painful osseous metastases are typically associated with multiple episodes of breakthrough pain which may occur with activities of daily living, weight bearing, lifting, coughing, and sneezing. Almost half of these breakthrough pain episodes are rapid in onset and short in duration and 44% of episodes are unpredictable. Treatment strategies include: analgesic approaches with "triple opioid therapy", bisphosphonates, chemotherapeutic agents, hormonal therapy, interventional and surgical approaches, steroids, radiation (external beam radiation, radiopharmaceuticals), ablative techniques (radiofrequency ablation, cryoablation), and intrathecal analgesics.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Analgesics , Breakthrough Pain , Breast , Cough , Diphosphonates , Lifting , Lung , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prostate , Sneezing , Steroids , Stress, Psychological , Weight-Bearing
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 317-322, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23779

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: OROS hydromorphone is a synthetic opioid agent. While clinical studies have tested its effectiveness at controlling cancer-associated pain in patients who have received other strong opioids, no clinical studies have tested its effectiveness at managing cancer pain in strong opioid-naive patients. We performed the present study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of OROS hydromorphone in strong opioid-naive cancer patients. METHODS: We administered OROS hydromorphone to patients who had not received strong opioids during the previous month. The starting dose was 8 mg/day. The dose was increased every 2 days in patients who experienced more than four episodes of breakthrough pain per day (more than four times in patients being treated with short-acting opioids). We evaluated the efficacy, safety and tolerability of ORS hydromorphone. We also evaluated patient satisfaction and investigators' global assessments. RESULTS: We enrolled 23 patients to the study. The decrease in the numeric rating scale (NRS) was 59%. NRS variation had decreased markedly during the previous 24 h. All patients achieved stable pain control. The side effects were similar to those of other strong opioids. In total, 26% of patients were very satisfied with the treatment and 47% satisfied, and 74% of the investigators deemed OROS hydromorphone to be very effective or effective at controlling cancer pain. CONCLUSIONS: OROS hydromorphone is an osmotically driven, controlled-release preparation that is very effective and safe when administered once daily to strong opioid-naive cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics, Opioid , Breakthrough Pain , Delayed-Action Preparations , Electrolytes , Hydromorphone , Patient Satisfaction , Prospective Studies , Research Personnel
17.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 59-64, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176225

ABSTRACT

We discuss recent advances in the administration of labor analgesia aimed at a more effective birthing experience for parturient women. Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) is the most effective method of labor pain relief in medical practice. It also provides more consistent and predictable labor analgesia. When a parturient women has a contraindication to epidural analgesia, systemic analgesia techniques are provided as a guide to effective analgesia. PCEA of "low-dose" or "light mixtures" of local anesthetics and lipophilic opioids has allowed anesthesiologists to provide reasonable pain relief for most parturient women while decreasing the total dose of local anesthetics and opioids, thus minimizing the side effects of each agent. Fentanyl analgesia utilizing patient -controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA), may provide effective self-titrated pain relief, although they are not as effective as the epidural method. Recently, remifentanil was suggested as the opioid of choice for labor analgesia. Potential advantages of remifentanil include better titration of analgesia and neonatal outcome. However, all systemic opioids rapidly cross the placenta. These drugs may cause neonatal respiratory and neurobehavioral depression. In order to reduce the incidence of breakthrough pain, more research on computer-integrated patient-controlled analgesia technology may be necessary. The study of a new local anesthetic drug that has less motor blockade and cardiotoxicity than ropivacaine is desirable, while PCEA is the most effective form of labor analgesia currently available. If epidural analgesia is contraindicated, PCI remifentanil bolus alone may be a suitable systemic analgesia for labor pain.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amides , Analgesia , Analgesia, Epidural , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Analgesics, Opioid , Anesthetics, Local , Breakthrough Pain , Depression , Fentanyl , Incidence , Labor Pain , Parturition , Piperidines , Placenta
18.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 267-272, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44601

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Because liver transplantation (LT) essentially accompanies the deterioration, total absence, and recovery of hepatic function, and donor hepatectomy (DH) is performed in otherwise healthy individuals, we planned to compare the postoperative pain in patients undergoing LT, DH, and a major hepatectomy (MH) for a tumor. METHODS: Postoperatively, all patients were permitted to administer patient-controlled fentanyl with a standard dosing regimen. Breakthrough pain was treated with a 25microgram fentanyl bolus. Verbal rating scale (VRS) pain scores at rest (static) and during coughing (dynamic), total fentanyl consumption, and side effects were assessed at 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h postoperatively. RESULTS: Thirty patients (11, 10, and 9 in the MH, DH, and LT groups, respectively) were included in the study. The LT group showed a lower static pain VRS score 2, 4, 6, and 12 h postoperatively, and a lower dynamic pain VRS score 12, 24, and 48 h postoperatively than the MH group. Total fentanyl consumption was significantly less in the LT group than the other two groups throughout the study period. Postoperative nausea and vomiting were reduced significantly in the LT group than in the other two groups. No significant differences in postoperative fentanyl requirement, or static and dynamic pain, existed between the MH and DH groups. CONCLUSIONS: LT patients experienced less static pain during the early postoperative period and less dynamic pain during the late postoperative period than MH patients. DH patients had similar pain intensity and postoperative fentanyl requirements to the MH patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breakthrough Pain , Cough , Fentanyl , Hepatectomy , Liver , Liver Transplantation , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Postoperative Period , Tissue Donors
19.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 190-194, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175950

ABSTRACT

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), which is a syndrome that is defined by pain and sudomotor and/or vasomotor instability, is usually resistant to conventional treatment. Here, a case involving a 30-year-old male patient with CRPS type I who showed severe intractable right shoulder pain with allodynia and hyperalgesia despite being treated with oral medications, nerve blocks including thoracic sympathetic neurolysis, and spinal cord stimulation is described. The patient frequently visited the emergency room due to severe uncontrollable breakthrough pain. Although a favorable effect was observed in response to intermittent ketamine infusion therapies that were performed on an outpatient basis, acute exacerbation of pain occurred frequently during the night and could not be controlled. Therefore, subcutaneous ketamine infusion therapy using a patient-controlled analgesic system was attempted and found to effectively control acute exacerbation of pain during 6 weeks of infusion without serious complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Breakthrough Pain , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hyperalgesia , Infusions, Subcutaneous , Ketamine , Nerve Block , Outpatients , Pain Management , Shoulder Pain , Spinal Cord Stimulation
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL