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2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the key Chinese Herbal Medicines (KCHMs) against breast cancer by data mining, and analyze the potential mechanism of KCHMs using network pharmacology method.@*METHODS@#Clinical prescriptions consisted of CHMs for treating breast cancer were screened, and then Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS) was applied to obtain the KCHMs. Subsequently, active ingredients and corresponding target genes of KCHMs were searched by Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) database, and target genes of breast cancer were collected using OMIM and MalaCards. After that, the overlapping target genes of KCHMs and breast cancer were screened, and the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was built. In addition, a network of "KCHMs-active ingredients-breast cancer-targets" was constructed by Cytoscape 3.7.1. Finally, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) analysis were performed with Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) database to reveal the action mechanism of KCHMs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 7 KCHMs were identified, whose active ingredients include quercetin, luteolin, nobiletin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, naringenin, and be-ta-sitosterol, etc. Based on protein-protein interaction analysis, core targets were ESR1, MYC, CCND1, EGFR, CASP3, ERBB2, etc. Several KEGG pathways (e.g, PI3K-Akt, p53, ErbB, and HIF-1 signaling pathways) were found.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on the combination of the data mining method and network pharmacology approach, the therapeutic effect of KCHMs on breast cancer may be realized by acting on target genes and signaling pathways related to the formation and progression of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
3.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1118-1125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921853

ABSTRACT

Oncogene StarD4 had the function of promoting proliferation and metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), but its clinical value and molecular mechanism are unknown. This paper found that StarD4 was highly expressed in cancer tissues of TNBC patients, and higher expression level of StarD4 in TNBC patient resulted in poorer prognosis. Based on transcriptomics of MDA-MB-231 cell model, the results of bioinformatics analysis showed that down-regulated expression level of StarD4 led to overall downregulation of cholesterol-relative genes and significant enrichment of cancer mechanism and pathway. Further analysis and investigation verified that StarD4 might cross-promote the protein stability of receptor ITGA5 through the cholesterol pathway to enhance TNBC progression, which provides guidance for clinical application of TNBC diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Lipids , Membrane Transport Proteins , Phosphoproteins
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921796

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is a major chronic disease threatening women's health. It has topped the global cancers as the diagnosed cases outnumbered lung cancer patients in 2020. Internal damage due to the seven emotions is an important cause of breast cancer and the disorders of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA) axis and endocrine system and the abnormal immune defense mechanism in response to psychological stress all affect the occurrence and development of breast cancer. It is noteworthy that the theory of seven emotions in traditional Chinese medicine and the psychological stress theory of modern medicine have something in common in some aspects. Therefore, this study explored the correlation between internal damage due to the seven emotions and psychological stress and analyzed the molecular biological mechanisms of psychological stress influencing breast cancer from the perspective of modern medicine, which is helpful to reasonably prevent breast cancer and other related tumors and improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients through emotion regulation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Emotions , Female , Humans , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Stress, Psychological
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888190

ABSTRACT

As one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers in the world, female breast cancer is induced by the high level of estrogen. Saussureae Involucratae Herba(SIH), a gynecological medicinal, regulates estrogen-induced diseases. However, the therapeutic effect of SIH on breast cancer has not been reported. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential efficacy of SIH on breast cancer based on in vitro experiment and network pharmacology. The inhibitory effect of SIH water extract on proliferation and migration of breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells was examined. The result demonstrated SIH water extract significantly suppressed the proliferation of breast cancer cells(IC_(50)=6.47 mg·mL~(-1)) and also restricted the migration. A total of 39 components of SIH were retrieved from traditional Chinese medicine database(TCMD) and 160 targets of SIH were screened by target fishing with the PharmaDB database. The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM) was used to establish a 1 001-targets data set of breast cancer. Based on the overlaps(45) of targets between SIH and breast cancer, a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was built to analyze the interactions among these targets with STRING platform and Cytoscape. Finally, through topology and GO and KEGG analysis, 8 targets, 101 pathways and 85 biological processes were found to involve the treatment of breast cancer by SIH. SIH may exert the anti-breast cancer effect by regulating cell cycle, inhibiting proliferation, migration and adhesion of cancer cells, and modulating estrogen receptor. This study clarified the mechanism of SIH in treating breast cancer, which lays a foundation for the further development of SIH.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Databases, Genetic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887974

ABSTRACT

Overtaking lung cancer,breast cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed cancer seriously threatening people's health and life. As the main effective component of Tripterygium wilfordii,triptolide( TP) has attracted increasing attention due to its multitarget and multi-pathway anti-tumor activity. Recent studies have revealed that breast cancer-sensitive TP enables the inactivation of breast cancer cells by inducing tumor cell apoptosis and autophagy,interfering in tumor cell metastasis,resisting drug resistance,arresting tumor cell cycle,and influencing tumor microenvironment. It has been recognized as a promising clinical antitumor agent by virtue of its widely accepted therapeutic efficacy. This paper reviewed the anti-breast cancer action and its molecular mechanisms of TP on the basis of the relevant literature in the past ten years,and proposed application strategies in view of the inadequacy of TP to provide a reference for further research on the application of TP in the treatment of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Female , Humans , Phenanthrenes , Tumor Microenvironment
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887905

ABSTRACT

Discoidin domain receptor 1(DDR1)is a critical member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family.It may be related to tumor invasion and metastasis,and the abnormal activation of DDR1 can lead to the occurrence and development of malignant tumors,inflammation,and fibrosis.DDR1 are involved in cell adhesion,migration,proliferation,secretion of cytokines,and remodeling of extracellular matrix,thus playing a critical role in various pathophysiological processes of the human body.In this review,we demonstrate the research progress of DDR1 in breast cancer and other malignant tumors,in order to provide a new theoretical basis for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer and other tumors.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Adhesion , Discoidin Domain Receptor 1 , Female , Fibrosis , Humans , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880654

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Clarifying the expression of breast cancer receptor is the key to clinical treatment for breast cancer. This study aims to explore the correlation between X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and their receptor types of breast cancer.@*METHODS@#A total of 439 breast cancer patients who confirmed by pathology and performed X-ray examination were enrolled. The X-ray and clinical characteristics of 4 molecular subtypes and the expression of their receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Luminal A type showed the highest proportion of spiculate masses, and the lowest calcification score, showing significant difference with other 3 subtypes (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Four molecular subtypes of breast cancer and their receptor expressions are correlated with X-ray and clinical characteristics, which can provide a basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Female , Humans , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , X-Rays
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1138-1145, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)-associated genes and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) can contribute to human disease. To comprehensively investigate the contribution of lncRNAs to breast cancer, we performed the first genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women.@*METHODS@#We designed an lncRNA array containing >800,000 SNPs, which was incorporated into a 96-array plate by Affymetrix (CapitalBio Technology, China). Subsequently, we performed a two-stage genome-wide lncRNA association study on Han Chinese women covering 11,942 individuals (5634 breast cancer patients and 6308 healthy controls). Additionally, in vitro gain or loss of function strategies were performed to clarify the function of a novel SNP-associated gene.@*RESULTS@#We identified a novel breast cancer-associated susceptibility SNP, rs11066150 (Pmeta = 2.34 × 10-8), and a previously reported SNP, rs9397435 (Pmeta = 4.32 × 10-38), in Han Chinese women. rs11066150 is located in NONHSAT164009.1 (lncHSAT164), which is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cell lines. lncHSAT164 overexpression promoted colony formation, whereas lncHSAT164 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and reduced colony formation by regulating the cell cycle.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on our lncRNA array, we identified a novel breast cancer-associated lncRNA and found that lncHSAT164 may contribute to breast cancer by regulating the cell cycle. These findings suggest a potential therapeutic target in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
10.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(8): 616-621, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351761

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study evaluated the risk of the hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome in patients with breast cancer by using the Family History Screening 7 (FHS-7) tool, a validated low-cost questionnaire with high sensitivity able to screen the HBOC risk in the population. Methods Women diagnosed with breast cancer (n=101) assisted by the Unified Health System at the 8th Regional Health Municipal Office of the state of Paraná answered the FHS-7, and the results were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 25.0. software (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). Results The risk of HBOC was 19.80% (n=20). Patients at risk exhibited aggressive tumor characteristics, such as high-grade tumors (30%), presence of angiolymphatic emboli (35%), and premenopausal at diagnosis (50%). Significant associations between the prevalence of high-grade tumors were observed inwomen younger than 50 years at diagnosis with HBOC (p=0.003). Conclusion Our findings suggest a possible family inheritance associated with worse clinical features in women with breast cancer in this population, indicating that HBOC investigation can be initially performed with low-cost instruments such as FHS-7.


Resumo Objetivo Este estudo avaliou o risco da síndrome hereditária de câncer de mama e ovário (HBOC, na sigla em inglês) em pacientes com câncer de mama utilizando a ferramenta Familial History Screening 7 (FHS-7), um questionário validado de baixo custo e com alta sensibilidade capaz de rastrear o risco de HBOC na população. Métodos Mulheres diagnosticadas com câncer de mama (n=101) assistidas pelo Sistema Único de Saúde da 8ª Regional de Saúde do estado do Paraná responderam ao questionário FHS-7, e os resultados foram analisados pelo software IBM SPSS for Windows, Version 25.0. (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, EUA). Resultados A ocorrência do risco de HBOC foi de 19,80% (n=20). Pacientes em risco exibiram características agressivas do tumor como tumores de alto grau (30%), presença de êmbolos angiolinfáticos (35%) e pré-menopausa ao diagnóstico (50%). Associações significantes foram observadas entre a prevalência de tumores de alto grau e diagnóstico abaixo de 50 anos no grupo HBOC (p=0.003). Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem uma possível herança familiar associada a piores características clínicas em mulheres com câncer de mama nessa população, indicando que a investigação de HBOC pode ser realizada, inicialmente, com instrumentos de baixo custo, como o FHS-7.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Ovarian Neoplasms/diagnosis , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome , Mass Screening , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Early Detection of Cancer
11.
Clinics ; 76: e2846, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278914

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignant neoplasm in women and is considered a multifactorial disease of unknown etiology. One of the major risk factors is genetic alteration. Changes in CYP19A1 gene expression levels have been associated with increased risk and increased aggressiveness of breast cancer. Increased CYP19A1 gene expression and/or aromatase activity are among the major regulatory events for intratumoral production of estrogens in breast malignant tissues. This systematic review aimed to investigate the influence of CYP19A1 gene expression levels in women with breast cancer. The research was carried out using the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases. Searches were conducted between February 2 and May 15, 2019. Inclusion criteria were studies published between 2009 and 2019, English language publications, and human studies addressing the gene expression of CYP19A1 in breast cancer. A total of 6.068 studies were identified through PubMed (n=773), Scopus (n=2,927), and the Web of Science (n=2,368). After selecting and applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, six articles were included in this systematic review. This systematic review provides evidence that increased or decreased levels of CYP19A1 gene expression may be related to pathological clinical factors of disease, MFS, OS, DFS, WATi, markers of metabolic function, concentrations of E1, FSH, and in the use of multiple exons 1 of the CYP19A1 gene in breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Aromatase/genetics , Gene Expression , Estrogens
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10388, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249319

ABSTRACT

Clinically relevant biomarkers are useful to determine cancer patients' prognosis and treatments. To discover new putative biomarkers, we performed in silico analysis of a 325-gene panel previously associated with breast epithelial cell biology and clinical outcomes. Sixteen public datasets of microarray samples representing 8 cancer types and a total of 3,663 patients' samples were used for the analyses. Feature selection was used to identify the best subsets of the 325 genes for each classification, and linear discriminant analysis was used to quantify the accuracy of the classifications. A subset of 102 of the 325 genes were found to be housekeeping (HK) genes, and the classifications were repeated using only the 102 HK subset. The 325-gene panel and 102 HK subset were able to distinguish colon, gastric, lung, ovarian, pancreatic, and prostate tumors and leukemia from normal adjacent tissue, and classify disease subtypes of breast and lung cancers and leukemia with 70% or higher accuracy. HK genes have been overlooked as potential biomarkers due to their relative stability. This study describes a set of HK genes as putative biomarkers applicable to multiple cancer types worth following in subsequent validation studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Phenotype , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Genes, Essential
13.
Clinics ; 76: e2142, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess miRNA-195 expression in the tumor tissues from a cohort of Brazilian female breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and evaluate its correlation with various clinicopathological markers. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to evaluate the miRNA-195 expression in tumor tissues from a cohort of female breast cancer patients undergoing NAC. This expression was then correlated with the occurrence of several distinct breast cancer molecular subtypes and other clinicopathological variables. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients were included in this study, 28 (50.9%) of whom were treated using NAC. Tumor miRNA-195 expression was suppressed in breast cancer patients, regardless of their exposure to systemic treatments, histological grade, size, nodal status, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging. This was more pronounced in luminal and triple-negative patients, and patient's response to NAC was correlated with an increase in miRNA-195 expression. CONCLUSION: miRNA-195 is downregulated in the tumor tissues of Brazilian breast cancer patients regardless of NAC exposure; this reinforces its role as a tumor suppressor and a potential biomarker for chemotherapy response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prognosis , Brazil , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging
14.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 37(1): 93-100, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098376

ABSTRACT

Resumen El cáncer de mama es uno de los tipos más frecuentes de cáncer en la población femenina y presenta una estrecha relación con la herencia genética. El asesoramiento genético procura informar y guiar a las pacientes durante todo el proceso de identificación y diagnóstico de cáncer de mama hereditario. Por lo que con el presente artículo se pretende demostrar la relevancia del asesoramiento genético en el abordaje de las pacientes con cáncer de mama hereditario. Se realizó una revisión sistemática de la literatura para la selección de publicaciones científicas que aporten conocimiento sobre el cáncer de mama en relación con la herencia genética y otros documentos que demuestren la importancia del asesoramiento genético en pacientes con cáncer de mama hereditario. Con esta revisión, se obtuvo información valiosa sobre la importancia de la implementación del asesoramiento genético, durante la realización de pruebas genéticas, en pacientes con cáncer de mama hereditario.


Abstract Breast cancer is one of the most frequent types of cancer in the female population and has a close relationship with genetic inheritance. Genetic counseling seeks to inform and guide patients throughout the process of identification and diagnosis of hereditary breast cancer. Therefore, this article intends to demonstrate the relevance of genetic counseling in the approach of patients with hereditary breast cancer. It has been made a systematic review of the literature for the selection of scientific publications that provide knowledge about breast cancer in relation to genetic inheritance and other documents demonstrating the importance of genetic counseling in patients with hereditary breast cancer was performed. With this review, valuable information was obtained on the importance of the implementation of genetic counseling, during genetic testing, in patients with hereditary breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Genetic Testing/methods , Costa Rica , Genetic Counseling
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(2): 114-119, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098851

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several factors trigger the development of genetic mutations that are responsible for causing a neoplasm. Medulloblastoma is a malignant and invasive cerebellar neoplasm, that affects children and young adults. Mucinous carcinoma is a special type of breast cancer. Being a special atypical subtype of invasive carcinoma, it most frequently affects women of advanced age and represents 1 to 7% of all breast cancers. The reported case aims to show the rarity of the occurrence of desmoplastic medulloblastoma and mammary mucinous carcinoma in a young patient in a short period of time, in different sites, without direct anatomical attachment and without occurrence of metastasis. Initially, this patient had a desmoplastic medulloblastoma and was treated with lumpectomy and radiotherapy. After 13 months, the patient was diagnosed with a mucinous breast carcinoma, underwent mastectomy, adjuvant chemotherapy and is currently undergoing endocrinotherapy. We conclude, based on the metachronous characteristic of the neoplasia and clinical characteristics, that the patient is likely to have Li-Fraumeni syndrome, an autosomal dominant disease with mutation of the TP53 gene, which is the the main involved. Because the patient does not present all the characteristics of the phenotype of the syndrome, she can thus be classified as having Li-Fraumeni variant or Li-Fraumeni-like syndrome.


Resumo Diversos fatores desencadeiam o desenvolvimento de mutações genéticas que são responsáveis por originar uma neoplasia. O meduloblastoma é uma neoplasia cerebelar maligna e invasiva que acomete crianças e adultos jovens. O carcinoma mucinoso é um tipo de câncer de mama especial por ser um subtipo atípico de carcinoma invasivo, que acomete com maior frequência mulheres de idade avançada e representa entre 1 a 7% do total de neoplasias mamárias. O caso relatado tem como objetivo mostrar a raridade da ocorrência do meduloblastoma desmoplásico e carcinoma mucinoso mamário em uma paciente jovem em um curto período de tempo, em diferentes sítios sem ligação anatômica direta e sem ocorrência de metástase. Inicialmente, esta paciente possuía um meduloblastoma desmoplásico e foi tratada com tumorectomia e radioterapia. Após 13 meses, a paciente foi diagnosticada com carcinoma mucinoso de mama, sendo submetida a mastectomia, quimioterapia adjuvante e atualmente está sendo tratada com endocrinoterapia. Concluímos, com base na característica metacrônica da neoplasia e características clínicas, que a paciente apresenta a síndrome de Li-Fraumeni, doença autossômica dominante com mutação do gene TP53, que é o principal gene envolvido nesta síndrome. Por não apresentar as características completas do fenótipo da síndrome, a paciente pode assim ser classificada como portadora de uma variante da síndorme de Li-Fraumeni ou síndrome do tipo Li-Fraumeni.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Li-Fraumeni Syndrome/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebellar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cerebellar Neoplasms/genetics , Cerebellar Neoplasms/pathology , Cerebellar Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Li-Fraumeni Syndrome/genetics , Combined Modality Therapy , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/genetics , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Medulloblastoma/diagnosis , Medulloblastoma/genetics , Medulloblastoma/pathology , Medulloblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/genetics , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of ZNF652 in breast cancer tissues and cells and explore its role in breast cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration.@*METHODS@#We exploited the data from the TCGA database to analyze the differential expression of ZNF652 in breast cancer tissues and adjacent tissues and the correlations of ZNF652 expression with the clinicopathological characteristics of breast cancer patients including molecular subtypes, pathological types, TNM stages and clinical stages. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of ZNF652 in 5 breast cancer cell lines including MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, SK-BR-3, UACC-812 and BT-474. Using a lentivirus system and siRNA technique, we assessed the effects of ZNF652 over-expression and knockdown on proliferation, colony forming ability, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells with CCK-8 assay, clonogenic assay, Transwell assay and wound healing assay. The subcellular localization of ZNF652 in 293T cells was determined using immunofluorescence assay.@*RESULTS@#ZNF652 was significantly up-regulated in breast cancer tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ZNF652 is highly expressed in breast cancer tissues and cells to promote the development and progression of breast cancer and may serve as a potential molecular target for diagnosis and treatment of the malignancy.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinogenesis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880802

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of miR-4443 expression on migration and invasion of breast cancer.@*METHODS@#We examined the expression of miR-4443 in breast carcinoma in situ and paired adjacent tissues from 3 breast cancer patients with high-throughput sequencing and verified the results using TCGA database. We also detected miR-4443 expressions using real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) in low invasive and highly invasive breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells, respectively). The changes in apoptosis, migration and invasion of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells after transfection with miR-4443 mimics, mimics-NC, miR-4443 inhibitor or inhibitor-NC were analyzed using flow cytometry, wound healing assay and Transwell invasion assay. The target gene of miR-4443 was predicted by bioinformatics software and validated by a dual luciferase reporter gene system. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were performed to detect the expression of recombinant human phosphatidyl ethanolamine binding protein 1 (PEBP1) in the transfected cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-4443 was significantly higher in the breast cancer tissues than in the adjacent tissues (@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-4443 promotes the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells by inhibiting the expression of PEBP1, suggesting the possibility of suppressing miR-4443 expression as a potential therapeutic strategy for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MCF-7 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Phosphatidylethanolamine Binding Protein
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880780

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To examine the expressions of JMJD3, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in invasive ductal breast carcinoma, their association with the clinicopathological features of the patients and the effect of JMJD3 overexpression on proliferation and MMP-2 and VEGF expressions in breast cancer cells.@*METHODS@#The protein and mRNA expressions of JMJD3, MMP-2, and VEGF in invasive ductal breast carcinoma and paired adjacent tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR, respectively, and their correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of the patients was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to evaluate the correlation of JMJD3, MMP-2 and VEGF expression levels with the survival of the patients. In breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells transfected with a JMJD3-expression plasmid, the expression of Ki67 was examined immunohistochemically, the cell proliferation was assessed with CCK8 assay, and the mRNA expressions of MMP-2 and VEGF were detected with RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#Breast cancer tissues had significantly lower JMJD3 expression and higher MMP-2 and VEGF expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels than the adjacent tissue (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expressions of JMJD3, MMP-2 and VEGF in invasive ductal breast carcinoma are closely correlated to tumor proliferation, invasion, metastasis and prognosis and can be used for prognostic evaluation of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/genetics , Humans , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases , Lymphatic Metastasis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9740, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132511

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer (BC) is a commonly diagnosed cancer in females. MicroRNA-660-5p (miR-660-5p) has been reported to be involved in the occurrence and development of BC. However, the regulatory network of miR-660-5p in BC has not been fully addressed. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the enrichment of miR-660-5p and tet-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) in BC tissues and cells. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8), flow cytometry, and transwell migration and invasion assays were used to measure cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. The target relationship between miR-660-5p and TET2 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. Protein expression was measured by western blot. The expression of miR-660-5p was elevated in BC, and high expression of miR-660-5p was closely related to lymph node metastasis, advanced TNM stage, and vascular invasion of BC tumors. miR-660-5p silencing inhibited cell proliferation and metastasis, but induced apoptosis of BC cells. TET2 was identified as a direct target of miR-660-5p, and the interference of TET2 partly reversed the suppressive effects of miR-660-5p silencing on the malignant potential of BC cells. miR-660-5p promoted BC progression partly through modulating TET2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling. miR-660-5p/TET2 axis might be a promising target for BC treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Signal Transduction , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA-Binding Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5447, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133779

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the possible genes that may be related to the mechanisms that modulate heparanase-1. Methods The analysis was conducted at Universidade Federal de São Paulo, on the data provided by: The Cancer Genome Atlas, University of California Santa Cruz Genome Browser, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Pathway Database, Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery Bioinformatics Database and the softwares cBioPortal and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. Results Using messenger RNA expression pattern of different molecular subtypes of breast cancer, we proposed that heparinase-1 was co-related with its progression. In addition, genes that were analyzed presented co-expression with heparanase-1. The results that showed that heparanase-1 co-expressed with phosphoinositide 3-kinase adapter protein 1, sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-like lectin 7, and leukocyte-associated immunoglobulin-like receptor 1 are directed related with immune system evasion during breast cancer progression. Furthermore, cathepsin L was co-expressed with heparanase-1 and transformed inactive heparanase-1 form into active heparanase-1, triggering extracellular matrix remodeling, which contributes to enhanced tumor-host interaction of the tumor. Conclusion The signaling pathway analysis using bioinformatics tools gives supporting evidence of possible mechanisms related to breast cancer development. Evasion genes of the immune system co-expressed with heparanase-1, a enzyme related with tumor progression.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar os genes que podem estar relacionados aos mecanismos que modulam a heparanase-1. Métodos A análise foi realizada na Universidade Federal de São Paulo, utilizando dados fornecidos por: The Cancer Genome Atlas, University of California Santa Cruz Genome Browser, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes Pathway Database, Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery Bioinformatics Database e os softwares cBioPortal e Ingenuity Pathway Analysis. Resultados Usando o perfil de expressão de RNA mensageiro de diferentes subtipos moleculares de câncer de mama, propusemos que a heparanase-1 esteve correlacionada com a progressão tumoral. Além disso, os genes analisados apresentaram coexpressão com heparanase-1. Os resultados mostraram que a heparanase-1 coexpressa com proteína adaptadora 1 da fosfoinositídeo 3-quinase, lectina 7 tipo Ig de ligação ao ácido siálico e receptor 1 do tipo imunoglobulina associado a leucócitos, estes genes estão diretamente relacionados à evasão do sistema imune durante a progressão do câncer de mama. Além disso, a catepsina L foi coexpressa com a heparanase-1 e transformou a forma inativa da heparanase-1 em heparanase-1 ativa, desencadeando o remodelamento da matriz extracelular, o que contribuiu para a interação do tumor com o ambiente tumoral. Conclusão A análise utilizando bioinformática fornece evidências de possíveis mecanismos relacionados ao desenvolvimento do câncer de mama. Genes de evasão do sistema imune foram coexpressos com a heparanase-1, uma enzima relacionada à progressão tumoral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Glucuronidase/genetics , Computer Simulation
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