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Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(2): 227-233, Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365336


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The stroma surrounding the tumor cells is important in tumor progression and treatment resistance, besides the properties of tumor cells. Studies on the tumor stroma characteristics will contribute to the knowledge for new treatment approaches. METHODS: A total of 363 breast cancer patients were evaluated for the tumor-stroma ratio. The percentage of stroma was visually assessed on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The cases of tumor-stroma ratio more than 50% were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio high, and those less than 50% and below were categorized as tumor-stroma ratio low. RESULTS: Tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors had shorter overall survival (p=0.002). Disease-free survival tended to be shorter in tumor-stroma ratio-high tumors (p=0.082) compared with tumor-stroma ratio-low tumors. Tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter for the total group of patients (p=0.003) and also axillary lymph node metastasis and tumor-stroma ratio was statistically associated (p=0.004). Also, tumor-stroma ratio was an independent prognostic parameter in node-positive Luminal A and B subgroups for overall survival (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Tumor-stroma ratio is an independent prognostic parameter that can be evaluated quite easily in all molecular subtypes of all breast cancers and does not require extra cost and time to evaluate.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Stromal Cells/pathology , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18816, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364426


The reasons for the recently observed increase in the incidence of breast cancer in the Indian population are not clearly understood, but thought to be largely explained by westernization of lifestyles and changes in reproductive behavior, which characterize exposure to hormones. Our aim is to review the reproductive risk factors and comorbidities and evaluate the association between molecular subtypes of breast cancer. A hospital-based analytical case-control study was conducted among the breast cancer cases with controls in a multispecialty teaching hospital for a period of one year. Totally, 130 subjects were recruited and an interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire to obtain demographic and risk factor data, including tissue marker status (ER, PR and HER-2) obtained from case files. Data were analyzed with SPSS-20 version. Results: The highest age group reported in this study was 51- 60 years which has a 3.8 times increased risk compared to other age and the age group of 31- 40 have a decrease risk of 0.33. In this study, the percentage of post menopause (68%) and mothers not breastfeeding (10%) was higher in cases compared to controls and a noted increase in the risk of breast cancer with odds ratio (OR) of 2.745 (p= <0.0001) and 9.08 (p=0.01) respectively. Duration of breastfeeding showed significantly (p=<0.0001)) moderate positive correlation (r=0.549, 0.457, 0.418 and 0.636) for luminal A, luminal B, HER+, and triple negative respectively. This study found that all the reproductive risk factors do not have correlation with a molecular subtype of breast cancer except breastfeeding. Post menopause and breastfeeding were common factors associated with all people and could be modifiable to prevent the occurrence of breast cancer through lifestyle change

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Comorbidity/trends , Risk Factors , Reproductive Behavior , Hospitals/classification , Case-Control Studies , Demography/classification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Style , Age Groups
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 297-303, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280048


Abstract Objective To evaluate the number of patients with early-stage breast cancer who could benefit from the omission of axillary surgery following the application of the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG) Z0011 trial criteria. Methods A retrospective cohort study conducted in the Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. The study population included 384 women diagnosed with early-stage invasive breast cancer, clinically negative axilla, treated with breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and/or endocrine therapy, from January 2005 to December 2010. The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria were applied to this population and a statistical analysis was performed to make a comparison between populations. Results A total of 384 patients underwent breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Of the total number of patients, 86 women underwent axillary lymph node dissection for metastatic sentinel lymph nodes (SNLs). One patient underwent axillary node dissection due to a suspicious SLN intraoperatively, thus, she was excluded fromthe study. Among these patients, 82/86 (95.3%) had one to two involved sentinel lymph nodes andmet the criteria for the ACOSOG Z0011 trial with the omission of axillary lymph node dissection. Among the 82 eligible women, there were only 13 cases (15.9%) of lymphovascular invasion and 62 cases (75.6%) of tumors measuring up to 2 cm in diameter (T1). Conclusion The ACOSOG Z0011 trial criteria can be applied to a select group of SLNpositive patients, reducing the costs and morbidities of breast cancer surgery.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o número de pacientes com câncer de mama em estágio inicial que se beneficiariam da omissão da linfadenectomia axilar segundo o protocolo Z0011 da Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology (ACOSOG). Métodos Estudo de coorte retrospectiva conduzido no Hospital da Mulher da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Foram incluídas mulheres diagnosticadas com carcinoma invasivo de mama em estágio inicial, com axila clinicamente negativa, tratadas com cirurgia conservadora e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela, radioterapia, quimioterapia e/ou hormonioterapia, de janeiro de 2005 a dezembro de 2010. Os critérios do estudo da ACOSOG Z0011 foram aplicados a essas mulheres e foi realizada uma análise estatística que comparou ambas as populações dos estudos. Resultados Foram estudadas 384 mulheres submetidas a cirurgia conservadora de mama e biópsia do linfonodo sentinela. Entre elas, 86 mulheres foram submetidas a linfadenectomia axilar por metástase presente no linfonodo sentinela. Uma paciente foi submetida a linfadenectomia axilar por ter um linfonodo palpável suspeito no intraoperatório, não incluída no estudo. Entre essas 86 pacientes, 82 (95,3%) tiveram de 1 a 2 linfonodos sentinela comprometidos e seriam elegíveis para omissão da linfadenectomia axilar pelos critérios do ACOSOG Z0011. Entre as 82 pacientes elegíveis, apenas 13 (15,9%) delas apresentaram tumores com invasão angiolinfática, e 62 (75,6%) dos tumores mediram até 2 cm (T1). Conclusão Os critérios do estudo ACOZOG Z0011 podem ser aplicados a um seleto grupo de pacientes com linfonodo sentinela positivo reduzindo os custos e a morbidade cirúrgica do tratamento do câncer de mama.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Mastectomy, Segmental , Lymph Node Excision , Axilla/pathology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021252, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285405


Lactating adenoma is a rare benign breast lesion that most often presents as a small (up to 3 cm), solid, well-circumscribed, solitary, painless, mobile, lobulated mass. The highest incidence occurs in primiparous women (20 to 40 years old) during the third trimester of pregnancy. However, in the rare case presented herein, in addition to its giant size (more than 10 centimeters on palpation), this lactating adenoma is distinctive due to the presence of multiple nodules, poorly defined ultrasonographic margins, worrisome radiologic features, growth since early pregnancy, presence of infarction and association with chronic mastitis. From the clinical-radiologic perspective, the differential diagnoses included abscess associated with puerperal mastitis, phyllodes tumor, and galactocele. Biopsy was performed, and pathologic examination revealed the classic characteristics of lactating adenoma with multiple infarcted areas, leading to an unexpected confirmed case of giant lactating adenoma.

Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma/pathology , Lactation Disorders/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Mastitis
Clinics ; 76: e2142, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153983


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess miRNA-195 expression in the tumor tissues from a cohort of Brazilian female breast cancer patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and evaluate its correlation with various clinicopathological markers. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to evaluate the miRNA-195 expression in tumor tissues from a cohort of female breast cancer patients undergoing NAC. This expression was then correlated with the occurrence of several distinct breast cancer molecular subtypes and other clinicopathological variables. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients were included in this study, 28 (50.9%) of whom were treated using NAC. Tumor miRNA-195 expression was suppressed in breast cancer patients, regardless of their exposure to systemic treatments, histological grade, size, nodal status, and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging. This was more pronounced in luminal and triple-negative patients, and patient's response to NAC was correlated with an increase in miRNA-195 expression. CONCLUSION: miRNA-195 is downregulated in the tumor tissues of Brazilian breast cancer patients regardless of NAC exposure; this reinforces its role as a tumor suppressor and a potential biomarker for chemotherapy response.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prognosis , Brazil , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020227, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142414


Secretory carcinoma of the breast (SBC) is a rare breast neoplasm. Most of the patients present at an early stage with a relatively indolent clinical course. Lymph node and distant metastasis are also very infrequent. The histomorphological features of the secretory breast carcinoma are quite characteristic. Predominantly three histological patterns, solid, microcystic, and tubular, have been noted with copious amounts of intra and extracellular secretory material. Most commonly, no positivity for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and ERBB2(HER2/neu) is observed in SBCs. As SBC can occasionally be hormone receptor-positive, they should not be categorized in the triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) group in general. A very characteristic genetic translocation t (12;15) has been noted in this rare tumor, resulting in a fusion between ETV6 and NTRK3 proteins. We present a case of a 60-year-old lady who presented with right breast lump of 1-month duration and was managed by lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node dissection. Axillary dissection was not performed because the sentinel lymph node biopsy was negative. Postoperative radiotherapy was given to the right breast with a boost to the tumor bed. No adjuvant chemotherapy was given No recurrence has been noted even after a year of the completion of treatment

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Translocation, Genetic , Secretory Component , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 621-628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888733


Multi-gene assays have emerged as crucial tools for risk stratification in early-stage breast cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the 21-gene recurrence score (RS) in Chinese patients with pN0-1, estrogen receptor-positive (ER

Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptors, Estrogen
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2465-2474, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921151


BACKGROUND@#Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2C (UBE2C) has been shown to be associated with the occurrence of various cancers and involved in many tumorigenic processes. This study aimed to investigate the specific molecular mechanism through which UBE2C affects breast cancer (BC) proliferation.@*METHODS@#BC-related datasets were screened according to filter criteria in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Then differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using Venn diagram analysis. By using DEGs, we conducted the following analyses including Gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), protein-protein interaction (PPI), and survival analysis, and then validated the function of the hub gene UBE2C using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, transwell assay, and Western blot assay.@*RESULTS@#In total, 151 DEGs were identified from the GEO and TCGA databases. The results of GO analysis demonstrated that the DEGs were significantly enriched with mitotic nuclear division, lipid droplet, and organic acid-binding. KEGG analysis showed that the peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway, regulation of lipolysis in adipocytes, and proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation were significantly enriched in the signal transduction pathway category. The top three hub genes that resulted from the PPI network were FOXM1, UBE2C, and CDKN3. The results of survival analysis showed a close relationship between UBE2C and BC. The results of CCK-8 and transwell assays suggested that the proliferation and invasion of UBE2C knockdown cells were significantly inhibited (P < 0.050). The results of Western blot assay showed that the level of phosphorylated phosphatase and tensin homology deleted on chromosome 10 (p-PTEN) was obviously increased (P < 0.050), whereas the levels of phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-AKT), phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR), and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) were dramatically decreased (P < 0.050) in the UBE2C knockdown cell.@*CONCLUSION@#UBE2C can promote BC proliferation by activating the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Computational Biology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Signal Transduction/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes/metabolism
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(12): 820-828, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156063


Abstract Objective To evaluate the distribution of the main sociodemographic and clinicalpathological characteristics in women with breast cancer according to the molecular profile by immunohistochemistry. Methods A cross-sectional, retrospective, analytical and quantitative study was performed, with an analysis of 137 medical records from January 2015 to December 2018 of women attending the High Complexity in Oncology Unit of the city of Imperatriz, state of Maranhão, Brazil. The immunohistochemical profile of tumors based on the estrogen and progesterone receptor, Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor-type 2 (HER2) overexpression and Ki67 cell proliferation indexwas defined, fromwhich six molecular subtypes were determined: luminal A, luminal B-HER2 negative, luminal B-HER2 positive, triple negative, overexpression of HER2 and inconclusive. Results A total of 52.6% of the patients were postmenopausal, mean age 52.1 years old, brown (56.2%), had a schooling level < 9 years (40%), staging > IIB (52.6%) and 23.4% hadmetastasis. Invasive ductal carcinoma accounted for 84.7%, tumor size was 2 to 5 cm (48.9%), with lymph node involvement (56.2%), axillary lymphadenectomy in 67.2%, andmastectomy in 73.7% of the patients. Themost frequentmolecular subtype was the luminal B-HER2 negative (36.5%), and the luminal A subtype showed characteristics of better prognosis when compared with the others. Conclusion It was concluded that in the association of molecular subtypes with sociodemographic and clinical-pathological characteristics, there were no statistically significant results obtained, except for complementary therapy, referring to hormone therapy, and there was a high index of metastasis at diagnosis, which was a worrying factor and indicative of failures in the screening and early diagnosis of this population.

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a distribuição das principais características sociodemográficas e clínico-patológicas em mulheres com câncer de mama segundo o perfil molecular pela imunohistoquímica. Métodos Estudo transversal, retrospectivo, analítico, descritivo e quantitativo, com análise de 137 prontuários do período de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2018 de mulheres atendidas na Unidade de Assistência da Alta Complexidade em Oncologia da cidade de Imperatriz, MA, Brasil. Foi definido o perfil imunohistoquímico dos tumores baseado na avaliação dos receptores de estrogênio e progesterona, superexpressão de HER2 e índice de proliferação celular Ki67, de onde foram determinados seis subtipos moleculares: luminal A, luminal B-HER2 negativo, luminal B-HER2 positivo, triplo negativo, superexpressão de HER2 e inconclusivo. Resultados Foi demonstrado que 52,6% das pacientes eram pós-menopausadas, com idademédia de 52,1 anos, pardas (56,2%), tinhamgrau de escolaridade < 9 anos (40%), estadiamento > IIB (52,6%) e 23,4% tinham metástase. Carcinoma ductal invasivo representou 84,7%, o tamanho tumoral foi de 2 a 5 cm (48,9%), com comprometimento linfonodal (56,2%), com linfadenectomia axilar em 67,2% e mastectomia em 73,7% das pacientes. O subtipo molecularmais frequente foi o luminal B-HER2 negativo (36,5%), e o subtipo luminal A apresentou características de melhor prognóstico em relação aos demais. Conclusão Concluiu-se que na associação dos subtipos moleculares com as características sociodemográficas e clínico-patológicas não se obteve resultados com significância estatística, exceto para terapia complementar, referente à hormonioterapia, e houve elevado índice de metástase ao diagnóstico, o que representou um fator preocupante e indicativo de falhas no rastreio e diagnóstico precoce dessa população.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/etiology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Demography , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Mastectomy , Middle Aged
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 376-382, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138635


RESUMEN El fibroadenoma gigante juvenil es un tumor de mama benigno y una variante rara de los fibroadenomas. La presentación clínica suele ser una masa tumoral unilateral, de crecimiento rápido e indolora. En este artículo presentamos el caso de un fibroadenoma gigante juvenil de 12 cm de diámetro en la mama de una niña de 13 años. Se realiza estudio radiológico e histológico de la lesión siendo categorizada como un fibroadenoma gigante juvenil por lo que se realiza tumorectomía completa con remodelación mamaria posterior. A los dos meses de seguimiento, la paciente se encuentra sin signos de recidiva, con buena situación general y a la espera de cirugía de remodelación mamaria.

ABSTRACT Juvenile giant fibroadenoma is a benign breast tumor and a rare variant of fibroadenomas. The clinical presentation is usually a painless, fast growing, unilateral tumor mass. In this article we present the case of a giant juvenile fibroadenoma of 12 cm in diameter in the breast of a 13-year-old girl. A radiological and histological study of the lesion was carried out and it was categorized as a juvenile giant fibroadenoma, so a complete lumpectomy with posterior breast remodeling was performed. After two months of follow-up, the patient is without signs of recurrence, in good general condition and waiting for the breast remodeling surgery.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Fibroadenoma/surgery , Fibroadenoma/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Fibroadenoma/pathology
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 383-391, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138636


El plasmocitoma mamario es una neoplasia de células plasmáticas extremadamente infrecuente, con menos de cincuenta casos descritos en el último siglo. Por este motivo, apenas se dispone de datos acerca del abordaje, tratamiento y seguimiento más convenientes. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años que debutó con un plasmocitoma mamario y que un año después fue diagnosticada de un carcinoma mamario lobulillar ipsilateral. La asociación entre plasmocitoma y cáncer de mama no está descrita en la literatura, por lo que es muy complicado establecer un vínculo entre ambas entidades. Sin embargo, el abordaje terapéutico del plasmocitoma podría comprometer el tratamiento ulterior de un cáncer de mama, por lo que el tratamiento idóneo en estos casos sea probablemente la cirugía.

Breast plasmocytoma is an extremely rare plasma cell neoplasm, with less than 50 cases reported in the last century. This is the reason why we barely have data about optimal management, treatment and follow-up. We hereby report the case of a 70 year old woman diagnosed with breast plasmocytoma that developed lobular breast cancer a year later. The link between plasmocytoma and breast cancer has not been previously established. However, breast plasmocytoma treatment could compromise latter breast cancer approach, so probably the most suitable strategy in these cases should be breast surgery.Conclusions: There are clinical characteristics associated with complications in women with surgical management abortion in our center, such as admission diagnosis, unplanned pregnancy, previous abortion and type of evacuation. There are limitations regarding the quantity and quality of information, however, our results allow us to know the profile of patients treated for abortion in our center.

Humans , Female , Aged , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 448-457, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056461


Inconsistent data are available on the relation between breast cancer, adiposity, body size and somatotype. The aim of our study was to compare anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype between breast cancer patients and healthy controls. Study group consisted of 106 breast cancer patients while control group consisted of 100 healthy women who underwent 29 anthropometric measurements. Women with breast cancer expressed more male anthropometric features like higher stature (160.75±6.91 vs. 158.17±4.89 cm, p=0.020), shorter trunk (sitting height in premenopausal: 84.94±5.07 vs. 88.50±3.84 cm, p=0.001 and postmenopausal women: 81.96±6.08 vs. 85.19±3.36 cm, p=0.001), narrower hips (29.20±3.78 vs. 32.24±1.78 cm, p=0.000), higher biepicondylar diameter of humerus (premenopausal: 6.64±0.71 vs. 6.31±0.42 cm, p=0.012; postmenopausal: 6.95±0.63 vs. 6.54±0.49 cm, p=0.000), larger upper- and forearm as well as upper thigh circumferences followed by lower biceps and higher thigh skinfold thicknesses. They also had significantly lower endomorphy (premenopausal: 5.84±1.78 vs. 6.55±0.96, p=0.027; postmenopausal: 6.89±1.52 vs. 7.37±0.86, p=0.035) and significantly higher ectomorphy (premenopausal: 2.05±1.30 vs. 1.41±0.99, p=0.018; postmenopausal: 1.06±0.90 vs. 0.68±0.56, p=0.007), as well as higher mesomorphy only in postmenopausal women (6.10±2.04 vs. 5.37±1.34, p=0.022). Most represented somatotype among breast cancer patients was endomorph-mesomorph while the most healthy controls were mesomorphic endomorph. Android body type increases the risk of development of breast cancer. Indicators of skeletal dimensions, muscle volume and peripheral adiposity had better predictive value over markers of central and overall adiposity.

La información en la literatura es variable sobre la relación entre el cáncer de mama, la adiposidad, el tamaño corporal y somatotipo de las mujeres. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar las características antropométricas, la composición corporal y el somatotipo entre pacientes con cáncer de mama y controles sanos. El grupo de estudio consistió en 106 pacientes con cáncer de mama y el grupo de control de 100 mujeres sanas que se sometieron a 29 mediciones antropométricas. Las mujeres con cáncer de mama tenían mayor cantidad características antropométricas masculinas, tal como una estatura más alta (160.75±6.91 vs. 158.17±4.89 cm, p = 0.020), tronco más corto (altura sentada en premenopáusica: 84.94±5.07 vs. 88.50±3.84 cm, p = 0.001 y mujeres posmenopáusicas: 81.96±6.08 vs. 85.19±3.36 cm, p = 0.001), caderas más estrechas (29.20±3.78 vs. 32.24±1.78 cm, p = 0.000), mayor diámetro biepicondilar del húmero (premenopáusico: 6.64±0.71 vs. 6.31 ±0.42 cm, p = 0.012; posmenopáusica: 6.95±0.63 vs. 6.54±0.49 cm, p = 0.000), mayor circunferencia del antebrazo y la parte superior del muslo, bíceps inferiores y mayor grosor del pliegue de la piel del muslo. Además se observó una endomorfia significativamente menor (premenopáusica: 5.84±1.78 vs. 6.55±0.96, p = 0.027; posmenopáusica: 6.89±1.52 vs. 7.37±0.86, p = 0.035) y una ectomorfia significativamente más alta (premenopáusica: 2.05±1.30 vs. 1.41 .990.99, p = 0.018; posmenopáusica: 1.06±0.90 vs. 0.68±0.56, p = 0.007), así como una mayor mesomorfia solo en mujeres posmenopáusicas (6.10±2.04 vs. 5.37±1.34, p = 0.022). El somatotipo más representado entre las pacientes con cáncer de mama fue el endomorfomesomorfo, mientras que los controles más sanos fueron el mesomórfico endomorfo. Las características del cuerpo tipo androide aumenta el riesgo de desarrollar cáncer de mama. Los indicadores de dimensiones esqueléticas, volumen muscular y adiposidad periférica tuvieron un mejor valor predictivo sobre los marcadores de adiposidad central y general.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Somatotypes , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Anthropometry , Body Composition , Case-Control Studies
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 6(1): 21-27, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096529


El cáncer de mama es una de las patologías más frecuentes a nivel mundial y en el Ecuador ocupa un sitio importante dentro de la mortalidad; en pacientes con tumores de estadios avanzados la quimioterapia neodyuvante es el procedimiento indicado para lograr una reducción tumoral satisfactoria. El objetivo fue determinar la respuesta clínica y patológica en pacientes con cáncer de mama tratadas con quimioterapia neoadyuvante según cada subtipo molecular, atendidos en el hospital "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" en el período 2015 a 2017. Se hizo uso de un diseño no experimental, transversal de tipo correlacional. Pacientes con cáncer de mama que recibieron neoadyuvancia, en su mayoría con quimioterapia basada en antraciclinas y taxanos. Se clasificó a las pacientes por sus subtipos moleculares, los mismos se obtuvieron en base a las características inmunohistoquímicas de los reportes de patología que constan en el sistema AS-400. Se comprobó la respuesta clínica al tratamiento usando los Criterios RECIST 1.1. Como resultado los 171 pacientes fueron analizados. La edad promedio de las pacientes fue 55 13 años de edad; el 25% fueron luminal B (HER+), 24% luminal B (HER-), 22% triple negativo, 18% HER2+ y 12% luminal A; el 52% de las pacientes tuvieron estadio III de la enfermedad; el 75% (129) de las pacientes fue realizada una mastectomía radical modificada. Se pudo concluir que la respuesta patológica completa en pacientes con tratamiento neoadyuvante se relaciona con los subtipos moleculares y esto es estadísticamente significativo. Además, se evidenció las mayores tasas de respuesta patológica completa en los grupos moleculares de HER2+ y triple negativo.

Breast cancer is one of the most frequent pathologies worldwide and in Ecuador it occupies an important place in mortality. In patients with advanced stage tumors, the neo-adjuvant chemotherapy is the indicated procedure to achieve a satisfactory tumor reduction. The aim was to determine the clinical and pathological response in patients with breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to each molecular subtype, treated at the "Teodoro Maldonado Carbo" hospital in the period 2015 to 2017. We used a non-experimental, crosssectional type design. Patients with breast cancer who received neoadjuvant, mostly with chemotherapy based on anthracyclines and taxanes. The patients were classified by their molecular subtypes, they were obtained based on the immunohistochemical characteristics of the pathology reports that appear in the AS-400 system. The clinical response to treatment was checked using the RECIST 1.1 Criteria. As a result, a sum of 171 patients were analyzed. The average age of the patients was 55 + 13 years old; 25% were luminal B (Her +), 24% luminal B (Her-), 22% triple negative, 18% Her2 + and 12% luminal A; 52% of the patients had stage III of the disease; 75% (129) of the patients underwent a modified radical mastectomy. As a conclusion, the complete pathological response in patients with neoadjuvant treatment is related to molecular subtypes and this is statistically significant. Also, the highest rates of complete pathological response in the molecular groups of Her2 + and triple negative were evident.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Anthracyclines/therapeutic use , Taxoids/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/classification , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Therapy, Combination
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(2): 114-119, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098851


Abstract Several factors trigger the development of genetic mutations that are responsible for causing a neoplasm. Medulloblastoma is a malignant and invasive cerebellar neoplasm, that affects children and young adults. Mucinous carcinoma is a special type of breast cancer. Being a special atypical subtype of invasive carcinoma, it most frequently affects women of advanced age and represents 1 to 7% of all breast cancers. The reported case aims to show the rarity of the occurrence of desmoplastic medulloblastoma and mammary mucinous carcinoma in a young patient in a short period of time, in different sites, without direct anatomical attachment and without occurrence of metastasis. Initially, this patient had a desmoplastic medulloblastoma and was treated with lumpectomy and radiotherapy. After 13 months, the patient was diagnosed with a mucinous breast carcinoma, underwent mastectomy, adjuvant chemotherapy and is currently undergoing endocrinotherapy. We conclude, based on the metachronous characteristic of the neoplasia and clinical characteristics, that the patient is likely to have Li-Fraumeni syndrome, an autosomal dominant disease with mutation of the TP53 gene, which is the the main involved. Because the patient does not present all the characteristics of the phenotype of the syndrome, she can thus be classified as having Li-Fraumeni variant or Li-Fraumeni-like syndrome.

Resumo Diversos fatores desencadeiam o desenvolvimento de mutações genéticas que são responsáveis por originar uma neoplasia. O meduloblastoma é uma neoplasia cerebelar maligna e invasiva que acomete crianças e adultos jovens. O carcinoma mucinoso é um tipo de câncer de mama especial por ser um subtipo atípico de carcinoma invasivo, que acomete com maior frequência mulheres de idade avançada e representa entre 1 a 7% do total de neoplasias mamárias. O caso relatado tem como objetivo mostrar a raridade da ocorrência do meduloblastoma desmoplásico e carcinoma mucinoso mamário em uma paciente jovem em um curto período de tempo, em diferentes sítios sem ligação anatômica direta e sem ocorrência de metástase. Inicialmente, esta paciente possuía um meduloblastoma desmoplásico e foi tratada com tumorectomia e radioterapia. Após 13 meses, a paciente foi diagnosticada com carcinoma mucinoso de mama, sendo submetida a mastectomia, quimioterapia adjuvante e atualmente está sendo tratada com endocrinoterapia. Concluímos, com base na característica metacrônica da neoplasia e características clínicas, que a paciente apresenta a síndrome de Li-Fraumeni, doença autossômica dominante com mutação do gene TP53, que é o principal gene envolvido nesta síndrome. Por não apresentar as características completas do fenótipo da síndrome, a paciente pode assim ser classificada como portadora de uma variante da síndorme de Li-Fraumeni ou síndrome do tipo Li-Fraumeni.

Humans , Female , Adult , Li-Fraumeni Syndrome/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebellar Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cerebellar Neoplasms/genetics , Cerebellar Neoplasms/pathology , Cerebellar Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Li-Fraumeni Syndrome/genetics , Combined Modality Therapy , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/genetics , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Medulloblastoma/diagnosis , Medulloblastoma/genetics , Medulloblastoma/pathology , Medulloblastoma/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/genetics , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2020. 88 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291873


Obesity is a worldwide public health problem and the main risk factor for a number of chronic diseases. Breast cancer is another worrisome disease: it is the leading cause of cancer amongst women and has an elevated mortality rate. Approximately 30 years ago, Barker and Trichopoulos suggested that cardiovascular disease and breast cancer, respectively, may be originated in utero. In subsequent years, studies proved both hypotheses correct. Understanding how in-utero environment can affect development of obesity and breast cancer in adulthood is key for preventing these diseases. Nutrition during gestation and lactation is considered a modifiable factor to impact in-utero environment. Orange juice (OJ) is an excellent source of bioactive compounds, including vitamin C and flavonoids, and reports suggests that intake of orange juice minimizes damaging effects of obesity. The objective of this thesis was to evaluate the effects of maternal obesity during gestation and lactation and OJ intake on (a) metabolic profile of male offspring exposed to control and obesogenic diets and (b) breast cancer risk of female offspring. Four-week-old C57BL/6 female mice were assigned into three groups: control- fed a control diet and water ad libitum, obese- fed obesogenic diet and water ad libitum and obese+OJ- fed obesogenic diet and OJ. After three weeks on the diet, females were mated to control males. Male offspring from each group were weaned into control or obesogenic diets for 21 weeks. Female offspring was either euthanized for evaluation of mammary gland development or submitted to a chemically induced breast carcinogenesis protocol. Parameters to assess metabolism (as body composition and adipose tissue expression of obesity-related genes), breast cancer risk (as epithelial elongation and number of terminal end buds) and tumorigenesis (incidence, latency and multiplicity of mammary tumors) were collected. ANOVA followed by Tukey or Fischer´s LSD test were used to investigate differences between groups and a p<0.05 was considered significant. Male offspring of obese mothers fed control diet presented increased glucose concentrations and expression of F4/80 and interleukin-6 compared to control offspring. Male offspring of obese+OJ mothers fed a control diet presented expression of F4/80 and interleukin-6 similar to control offspring. Male offspring to control mothers fed obesogenic diet presented increased glucose concentrations and epidydimal fat tissue compared to offspring of obese mothers. Offspring to obese+OJ mothers presented increased expression of leptin and tumor necrosis factor-α. Female offspring of obese mothers had decreased terminal end buds and increased latency of first tumor and OJ intake decreased epithelial elongation compared to offspring of control/obese mothers. Maternal obesity had greater impact in offspring exposed to control than obesogenic environment. OJ intake by mothers helped with harmful effects induced by maternal obesity on male offspring fed control diet. Control offspring exposed to obesogenic diet presented worse metabolic profile than offspring from obese mothers. In this particular case, OJ was not beneficial to male offspring. Whereas obesity induced by a high-fat high-sugar diet presented a somewhat protective effect on breast cancer risk, OJ further protected offspring of obese mothers

A obesidade é um problema de saúde pública e o principal fator de risco para uma série de doenças crônicas. O câncer de mama é outra doença preocupante: é a principal causa de câncer entre as mulheres e tem elevada taxa de mortalidade. Há 30 anos, Barker e Trichopoulos sugeriram que a doença cardiovascular e o câncer de mama, respectivamente, podem ser originados no útero. Nos anos seguintes essas hipóteses foram confirmadas. Compreender como o ambiente intrauterino pode afetar o desenvolvimento da obesidade e o câncer de mama na idade adulta, portanto, é fundamental para prevenir essas doenças. O estado nutricional e a nutrição durante a gestação e lactação são considerados fatores modificáveis e que pode influenciar o ambiente intrauterino. O suco de laranja (SL) é uma excelente fonte de compostos bioativos, incluindo vitamina C e flavonoides, e estudos sugerem que a ingestão de suco de laranja pode minimizar os efeitos deletérios da obesidade. O objetivo dessa tese foi de avaliar os efeitos da obesidade materna durante a gestação e lactação e a ingestão de SL no (a) perfil metabólico da prole masculinas expostos à dietas controle e obesogênica e (b) risco de câncer de mama da prole feminina. Camundongos fêmeas C57BL/6, com quatro semanas de idade, foram distribuídos em três grupos: controle - alimentados com uma dieta de controle e água ad libitum, obesosalimentados com dieta obesogênica e água ad libitum e obesos+SL- alimentados com dieta obesogênica e SL. Após três semanas na dieta, as fêmeas foram acasaladas com machos controle. A prole masculina de cada grupo foi desmamada e alimentadas com dieta obesogênica ou controle por 21 semanas. A prole feminina foi eutanasiada para a avaliação do desenvolvimento da glândula mamária ou submetida a um protocolo de carcinogênese mamária quimicamente induzida. Parâmetros para avaliar o metabolismo (como a composição corporal e expressão de genes relacionados à obesidade do tecido adiposo), risco de câncer de mama (como desenvolvimento epitelial e número de terminal end buds) e tumorigênese (incidência, latência e multiplicidade dos tumores mamários) foram coletados. Para investigar diferença estatística entre os grupos foi realizada ANOVA, seguida pelo teste de Tukey ou LSD de Fischer e um p<0,05 foi considerado significante. A prole masculina de mães obesas alimentadas com dieta de controle apresentou aumento das concentrações de glicose e aumento das expressões de F4/80 e interleucina-6 em relação a prole controle. A prole masculina de mães obesas+SL alimentadas com dieta controle apresentou expressão de F4/80 e interleucina-6 similar à da prole de controle. A prole masculina de mães controle e alimentada com dieta obesogênica apresentou aumento das concentrações de glicose e aumento do tecido adiposo epididimal em comparação à prole de mães obesas. A prole de mães obesas+SL apresentou maior expressão de leptina e TNF-α. A prole feminina de mães obesas apresentou redução do número de terminal end buds e aumento da latência para o aparecimento do primeiro tumor. O consumo de SL diminuiu o desenvolvimento epitelial comparado as proles de mães controles e obesas. A obesidade materna teve maior impacto na prole masculina exposta a dieta controle do que na obesogênica. A ingestão materna de SL ajudou com efeitos danosos induzidos pela obesidade materna na prole masculina alimentada com dieta controle. A prole de fêmeas controles e alimentada com dieta obesogênica apresentou perfil metabólico pior que a prole das mães obesas. Neste caso, o SL não foi benéfico para a prole masculina. A obesidade materna induzida por uma dieta rica em banha e açúcares apresentou discreto efeito protetor no risco de câncer de mama, o SL acentuou esta proteção

Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Lactation , Pregnancy , Juices , Obesity, Maternal/classification , Metabolism , Obesity/classification , Women , Risk , Citrus sinensis
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO4560, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101099


ABSTRACT Objective To investigate if ICI 182,780 (fulvestrant), a selective estrogen receptor alpha/beta (ERα/ERβ) antagonist, and G-1, a selective G-protein-coupled receptor (GPER) agonist, can potentially induce autophagy in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and SKBr3, and how G-1 affects cell viability. Methods Cell viability in MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells was assessed by the MTT assay. To investigate the autophagy flux, MCF-7 cells were transfected with GFP-LC3, a marker of autophagosomes, and analyzed by real-time fluorescence microscopy. MCF-7 and SKBr3 cells were incubated with acridine orange for staining of acidic vesicular organelles and analyzed by flow cytometry as an indicator of autophagy. Results Regarding cell viability in MCF-7 cells, ICI 182,780 and rapamycin, after 48 hours, led to decreased cell proliferation whereas G-1 did not change viability over the same period. The data showed that neither ICI 182,780 nor G-1 led to increased GFP-LC3 puncta in MCF-7 cells over the 4-hour observation period. The cytometry assay showed that ICI 182,780 led to a higher number of acidic vesicular organelles in MCF-7 cells. G-1, in turn, did not have this effect in any of the cell lines. In contrast, ICI 182,780 and G-1 did not decrease cell viability of SKBr3 cells or induce formation of acidic vesicular organelles, which corresponds to the final step of the autophagy process in this cell line. Conclusion The effect of ICI 182,780 on increasing acidic vesicular organelles in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer cells appears to be associated with its inhibitory effect on estrogen receptors, and GPER does notseem to be involved. Understanding these mechanisms may guide further investigations of these receptors' involvement in cellular processes of breast cancer resistance.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o efeito dos compostos ICI 182,780 (fulvestranto), um antagonista seletivo dos receptores de estrógeno alfa/beta (REα/REβ), e do G-1, um agonista seletivo de receptores de estrógeno acoplados a proteínas-G (GPER), na possível indução de autofagia em linhagens de câncer de mama MCF-7 e SKBr3, bem como o efeito de G-1 na viabilidade celular. Métodos A viabilidade celular de células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foi avaliada pelo ensaio com MTT. Para investigar a indução da autofagia, células MCF-7 foram transfectadas com GFP-LC3, um marcador de autofagossomos, e analisadas por microscopia de fluorescência em tempo real. As células MCF-7 e SKBr3 foram incubadas com o indicador de compartimentos ácidos laranja de acridina e analisadas por citometria de fluxo como indicativo para autofagia. Resultados Em células MCF-7, o ICI 182,780 e rapamicina após 48 horas levaram à diminuição da viabilidade celular, enquanto o G-1 não alterou a viabilidade no mesmo período de tratamento. Nem o ICI 182,780 e nem o G-1 induziram aumento na pontuação de GFP-LC3 em células MCF-7 até 4 horas. Já os ensaios de citometria de fluxo demonstraram que ICI 182,780 levou ao aumento de compartimentos ácidos em células MCF-7. O G-1 não aumentou estes parâmetros em ambas as linhagens. Por outro lado, ICI 182,780 e G-1 não induziram à redução da viabilidade em células SKBr3 e nem à formação de compartimentos ácidos, como etapa final do processo autofágico. Conclusão O aumento de compartimentos ácidos pelo ICI 182,780 em células de câncer de mama positivas para receptores de estrógeno parece estar associado com seu efeito inibidor de receptores de estrógeno, mas sem o envolvimento de GPER. A compreensão desses mecanismos pode direcionar estudos sobre o envolvimento dos receptores nos processos celulares de resistência do câncer de mama.

Humans , Female , Autophagy/drug effects , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/agonists , Estrogen Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Fulvestrant/pharmacology , Time Factors , Transfection/methods , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sirolimus/pharmacology , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/analysis , Estrogen Receptor alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Estrogen Receptor beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , MCF-7 Cells , Flow Cytometry/methods
Rev. chil. salud pública ; 24(1): 49-54, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121736


INTRODUCCIÓN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar la edad de la mujer al momento del diagnóstico de cáncer de mama, el estadio del mismo y los antecedentes familiares de cáncer de mama en las mujeres que consultaron en el ámbito público de la Ciudad de Córdoba durante el período 2004-2010. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El presente fue un estudio observacional efectuado en cuatro instituciones públicas, a partir del total de datos de los Servicios de Anatomía Patológica y Estadística registrados en las historias clínicas (n=1423). Se evaluó la tendencia de edad de diagnóstico con regresión lineal y el tipo histológico y grado del tumor según la edad de la mujer, con regresión de Poisson. RESULTADOS: En relación a la edad del diagnóstico, el 8,74% de las mujeres estudia-das eran menores a 40 años, lo cual representa una mayor proporción a los valores in-formados en la literatura mundial. En relación a la distribución por edad del total de pacientes con cáncer de mama, la mayor frecuencia fue en el grupo de 50 a 59 años. DISCUSIÓN: La proporción de mujeres mayores de 40 años detectadas en estadio tardío fue el 44,22%, siendo superior a los valores informados en los países desarrollados. La tendencia de edad de diagnóstico se incrementó en un 0,39 por año, y no hubo cambio en el tipo del estadio. En términos de antecedentes familiares, se detectó la presencia en el 15,95% de los casos, si bien es de destacar que la frecuencia de registro de estos antecedentes en las historias clínicas fue limitada

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to analyze the age at which women treated in public hospitals in the City of Córdoba, Argentina from 2004 to 2010 were diagnosed with breast cancer, their stage at diagnosis, and their family history of breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was carried out in four public institutions, using the to-tal number of cases registered in medical records by the pathology and statistical services (n=1423). Trends in age at diagnosis over the study period was evaluated with linear regres-sion, and tumor stage and histology according to age was analyzed with Poisson regression. RESULTS: In terms of diagnostic age, 8.74% of the women studied were under 40 years of age, which represents a higher percentage of cases, in comparison with international literature. With regards to age distribution, the greatest number of cases was observed in the group be-tween 50 and 59 years of age. DISCUSSION: The proportion of women older than 40 years detected with late stage cancer was 44.22%, which is higher than the values reported in developed countries. The diagnostic age trend increased by 0.39 per year, and there was no change in the stage at diagnosis. Finally, 15.95% of the women had reported family history of breast cancer, although it is noteworthy that the frequency of recording family history in the medical charts was limited.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Family , Linear Models , Age Factors , Age Distribution , Hospitals, Public/statistics & numerical data , Medical History Taking , Neoplasm Staging
Biol. Res ; 53: 05, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089075


BACKGROUND: LincRNAs have been revealed to be tightly associated with various tumorigeneses and cancer development, but the roles of specific lincRNA on tumor-related angiogenesis was hardly studied. Here, we aimed to investigate whether linc-OIP5 in breast cancer cells affects the angiogenesis of HUVECs and whether the linc-OIP5 regulations are involved in angiogenesis-related Notch and Hippo signaling pathways. METHODS: A trans-well system co-cultured HUVECs with linc-OIP5 knockdown breast cancer cell MDA-MB-231 was utilized to study the proliferation, migration and tube formation abilities of HUVECs and alterations of related signaling indicators in breast cancer cells and their conditioned medium through a series of cell and molecular experiments. RESULTS: Overexpressed linc-OIP5, YAP1, and JAG1 were found in breast cancer cell lines MCF7 and MDA-MB-231 and the expression levels of YAP1 and JAG1 were proportional to the breast cancer tissue grades. MDA-MB-231 cells with linc-OIP5 knockdown led to weakened proliferation, migration, and tube formation capacity of co-cultured HUVECs. Besides, linc-OIP5 knockdown in co-cultured MDA-MB-231 cells showed downregulated YAP1 and JAG1 expression, combined with a reduced JAG1 level in conditioned medium. Furthermore, a disrupted DLL4/Notch/NRP1 signaling in co-cultured HUVECs were also discovered under this condition. CONCLUSION: Hence, linc-OIP5 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells may act on the upstream of the YAP1/Notch/NRP1 signaling circuit to affect proliferation, migration, and tube formation of co-cultured HUVECs in a non-cellular direct contact way through JAG1 in conditioned medium. These findings at least partially provide a new angiogenic signaling circuit in breast cancers and suggest linc-OIP5 could be considered as a therapeutic target in angiogenesis of breast cancers.

Humans , Female , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Neuropilin-1/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Receptors, Notch/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/cytology , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Int. j. high dilution res ; 19(4): 25-34, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1146572


BackgroundBreast cancer has been considered a public health problem and homeopathic treatments are becoming increasingly recommended due to its ways of action and absence of adverse effects. MCF-7 is an adenocarcinoma of human breast cell line useful as preclinicalmodel to screen therapeutic agents such as ultra-diluted Viscum album, an European plant which extract is commonly used in cancer therapy. AIMS MCF-7 and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were used to evaluate the in vitrocytotoxicity of homoeopathic Viscum album 1x10-3(VA3X). Methodscells were cultured for 24 hours in controlled environment (37.5oC and 5% CO2) in 96-well plates. After this time, VA3X was added to the culture medium in concentrations varying from 10 to 100 L/mL.A control group was maintained with culture medium only. Cells were cultivated for 48 hours in these conditions for evaluation of cell viability by MTT assay. ResultsHigher cytotoxicity was observed in MCF-7 when compared to MSC, as the lower concentration of VA3X was capable of inducing tumor cell death and not healthy cell death. The MTT assay results were that 42 L/mL of VA3X reduced MCF-7 cells viability to 50% and 62 L/mL reduced MSC cells to the same percentage, what means that tumor cells are more sensible to VA3X than heathy cells. ConclusionViscum albumpresented higher cytotoxic action on human breast cancer cell line culture than on mesenchymal stem cells. This medicine is extensively used against cancer, and the use of the homoeopathic form of it brings new possibilities as no or fewer adverse effects would be present.(AU)

Humans , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Homeopathic Therapeutics , Viscum album/toxicity , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , MCF-7 Cells/drug effects , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Cell Count , Cell Survival , Cell Culture Techniques