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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 29: e56924, jan.-dez. 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224444

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a incidência de complicações em feridas operatórias de mastectomia e identificar fatores associados. Método: estudo retrospectivo desenvolvido em uma coorte hospitalar de 545 mulheres mastectomizadas por câncer de mama no ano 2018 em um centro de assistência de alta complexidade em oncologia da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, após aprovação por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Os dados foram coletados a partir dos prontuários, permitindo cálculos da taxa de incidência e da razão da taxa de incidência para cada complicação. Resultados: a complicação que apresentou maior taxa de incidência foi o sangramento (57,14/100 mastectomias-dia), tendo como fatores associados a raça/cor da pele não branca (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 3,11) e a diabetes mellitus (Razão da Taxa de Incidência: 0,48). Conclusão: os fatores associados ao sangramento da ferida operatória apontam para a necessidade de novas práticas no cuidado ao pós-operatório de mulheres mastectomizadas.


Objective: to describe the incidence of complications in mastectomy surgical wounds and to identify associated factors. Method: this retrospective study was conducted in a hospital cohort of 545 women mastectomized for breast cancer in 2018 at a high-complexity cancer care center Rio de Janeiro City, Brazil, after approval by the research ethics committee. Data were collected from medical records, allowing incidence rate and incidence rate ratio to be calculated for each complication. Results: the complication with the highest incidence rate was bleeding (57.14/100 mastectomies-day), associated factors being non-white race/skin color (incidence rate ratio 3.11) and diabetes mellitus (incidence rate ratio 0.48). Conclusion: the factors associated with bleeding from the surgical wound point to the need for new practices in post-operative care for women with mastectomies.


Objetivo: describir la incidencia de complicaciones en heridas quirúrgicas de mastectomía e identificar factores asociados. Método: estudio retrospectivo desarrollado en una cohorte hospitalaria de 545 mujeres mastectomizadas por cáncer de mama en 2018 en un centro de atención de alta complejidad en oncología de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, Brasil, previa aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas, lo que permitió calcular la tasa de incidencia y el cociente de la tasa de incidencia para cada complicación. Resultados: la complicación que presentó mayor tasa de incidencia fue el sangrado (57,14 / 100 mastectomías-día), con factores asociados a la raza / color de piel no blanca (índice de tasa de incidencia: 3,11) y diabetes mellitus (índice de tasa de incidencia: 0,48). Conclusión: los factores asociados al sangrado de la herida quirúrgica apuntan a la necesidad de nuevas prácticas en el cuidado al postoperatorio de las mujeres con mastectomía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Surgical Wound/complications , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Postoperative Hemorrhage/epidemiology
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 806-813, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878036

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mastectomy techniques have been extended to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). This study aimed to assess the actual application of NSM in China and identify the factors influencing postoperative complications.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 615 patients (641 surgeries) undergoing NSM from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018 at 28 centers nationwide were retrospectively analyzed to obtain the rate of NSM and investigate factors related to NSM surgery.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of NSM surgery performed in this study was 2.67% (17/641). Malignant breast tumors accounted for the majority of NSM surgery (559/641, 87.2%). A total of 475 (77.3%) patients underwent NSM combined with reconstructive surgery. The rate of reconstruction decreased with age in our study, and implants were the most common option (344/641, 53.7%) in reconstruction. Radial incision was the most selected method regardless of reconstruction. However, for those who underwent reconstruction surgery, 18.4% (85/462) of cases also chose curvilinear incision, while in the simple NSM surgery group, more patients chose circumareolar incision (26/136, 19.1%). The tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) influenced postoperative complications (P = 0.004). There were no relationships between postoperative complications and tumor size, tumor location, histologic grade, molecular subtype, nipple discharge, and axillary lymph nodes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NSM surgery is feasible and only TND influenced postoperative complications of NSM surgery. But the proportion of NSM surgery performed is still low in nationwide centers of China. The selection criteria for appropriate surgical methods are important for NSM in clinical practice. To optimize clinical applications of NSM, further multicenter prospective randomized controlled studies are needed.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR1900027423; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=38739.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Nipples/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202698, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287886

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate symmetry after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for cancer. Methods: a prospective study of patients undergoing BCS. These patients were photographed using the same criteria of evaluation. The references points used were the nipple height difference (NH), the nipple-manubrium distances (NM), nipple-sternum distances (NS) and the angle between the intramammary fold and the nipple (nipple angle; NA). ImageJ software was used. Three breast symmetry models were evaluated: excellent/others (model 1), excellent-good/others (model 2) and others/poor (model 3). The ROC curve was used to select acceptable criteria for the evaluation of symmetry. Decision tree model analysis was performed. Results: a total of 274 women were evaluated. The BCCT.core result was excellent in 5.8% (16), good in 24.1% (66), fair in 46.4% (127) and poor in 23.7% (65). The difference in NH was associated with good breast area (0.837-0.846); acceptable differences were below 3.1 cm, while unacceptable values were greater than 6.4 cm. Differences in the NM were associated with average breast area (0.709-0.789); a difference in value of less than 4.5 cm was acceptable, while values greater than 6.3 cm were unacceptable. In the decision tree combined model, a good-excellent outcome for patients with differential (d) dNH = 1 (0 to 5.30 cm) and dNM ≠ 3 (<6.28 cm); and for a poor/poor result, values dNM = 3 (> 6.35). Conclusions: the results presented here are simple tools that can assist the surgeon for breast symmetry evaluation.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar simetria após a cirurgia conservadora da mama (CCM) para câncer. Métodos: estudo prospectivo de pacientes submetidos à CCM, as quais foram fotografadas segundo os mesmos critérios de avaliação. Os pontos de referência utilizados foram a diferença de altura do mamilo (AM), a distância mamilo-manúbrio (MM), a distância mamilo-esterno (ME) e o ângulo entre o sulco intramamário e o mamilo (ângulo mamilo; AnM). Foi usado o programa ImageJ. Avaliamos três modelos de simetria mamária: excelente/outros (modelo 1), excelente-bom/outros (modelo 2) e outros/ruim (modelo 3). Aplicamos a curva ROC para selecionar os critérios aceitáveis para a avaliação da simetria. Realizamos análise com o modelo de árvore de decisão. Resultados: foram avaliadas 274 mulheres. Os resultados do BCCT.core foram excelentes em 5,8% (16), bons em 24,1% (66), regulares em 46,4% (127) e ruins em 23,7% (65). A diferença de AM (dAM) foi associada a boa área mamária (0,837-0,846); diferenças aceitáveis foram inferiores a 3,1 cm, enquanto os valores inaceitáveis foram superiores a 6,4 cm. As diferenças MM (dMM) foram associadas à área regular das mamas (0,709-0,789); diferença de valor inferior a 4,5 cm foi aceitável, enquanto valores superiores a 6,3 cm foram inaceitáveis. O modelo combinado de árvore de decisão demonstrou resultado bom-excelente para pacientes com diferencial (d) dAM = 1 (0 a 5,30 cm) e dMM ≠ 3 (< 6,28 cm), e resultado ruim/ruim com dMM = 3 (> 6,35 cm). Conclusões: os resultados aqui apresentados são ferramentas simples que podem auxiliar o cirurgião na avaliação da simetria mamária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasms , Mastectomy, Segmental , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 67(3): e-021168, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291816

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Surgical treatment after the diagnosis of breast cancer can lead to several consequences of the survivor's upper limb. Objective: Analyze the physical function of the upper limb after breast cancer surgery in Southern Brazilian survivors. Method: 82 breast cancer survivors (55±10 years) receiving hormone therapy were included. A questionnaire for general information, pain (Visual Analogue Scale), and upper limb functionality (DASH) were applied, followed by physical tests; the shoulder range of motion (goniometer), strength (dynamometer), proprioception (kinesimeter) and arm volume (perimeter of the arm). Results: No differences were found for any variable of physical function in relation to mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery. However, better scores of strength and the shoulder range of motion were found for the non-surgery arm. Linear regression demonstrated a relation between pain, strength, range of motion, proprioception, and arm volume with the disabilities of the upper limb, and when adjusted by surgery modality, shoulder range of motion, arm volume, and proprioception maintained significantly. Conclusion: Breast cancer survivors presented physical disabilities on the upper limb after surgery, regardless of the modality of surgery. Results elucidate the need for an efficient post-treatment program to prevent poor physical function after breast cancer surgery and provide better daily activities to these women.


Introdução: O tratamento cirúrgicodo câncer de mama pode levar a consequências físicas no membro superior de sobreviventes. Objetivo: Analisar a funcionalidade do membro superior após cirurgia de câncer de mama em sobreviventes do Sul do Brasil. Método: Foram avaliadas82 sobreviventes de câncer de mama (55±10 anos) em tratamento com hormonioterapia. Foi aplicado um questionário para informações gerais, dor (Escala Visual Analógica) e funcionalidade do membro superior (DASH), seguido de testes físicos; amplitude de movimento (goniômetro), força (dinamômetro), propriocepção (cinesiômetro) e volume do braço (perímetro do braço). Resultados: Não foram encontradas diferenças para nenhuma das variáveis de funcionalidade em relação à mastectomia ou cirurgia conservadora de mama. No entanto, melhores escores de força e amplitude de movimento foram apresentados no membro contralateral à cirurgia. A regressão linear demonstrou uma relação entre dor, força, amplitude de movimento, propriocepção e volume do braço com as disfunções do membro superior e, quando ajustada pela modalidade de cirurgia, apenas a amplitude de movimento, volume do braço e propriocepção mantiveram--se significativamente. Conclusão: A cirurgia do câncer de mama pode levar à pior funcionalidade no membro superior, independentemente da modalidade da cirurgia. Os resultados elucidam a necessidade de um programa eficiente de pós-tratamento para prevenir as consequências na função física do membro superior após cirurgia de câncer de mama e proporcionar melhora nas atividades de vida diária nessa população.


Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico después del diagnóstico de cáncer de seno puede conducir a varias consecuencias de la extremidad superior de la sobreviviente. Objetivo: Analizar la función física de la extremidad superior después de una cirugía de cáncer de mama en sobrevivientes del sur de Brasil.Método: Se incluyeron 82 sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama (55±10 años) que recibieron terapia hormonal. Se aplicó un cuestionario para información general, dolor (escala analógica visual) y funcionalidad de la extremidad superior (DASH), seguido de pruebas físicas; el rango de movimiento (goniómetro), fuerza (dinamómetro), propiocepción (kinesímetro) y volumen del brazo (perímetro del brazo). Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias para ninguna variable de la función física con respecto a someterse a una mastectomía o cirugía conservadora de seno. Sin embargo, se encontraron mejores puntajes de fuerza y rango de movimiento para el brazo no quirúrgico. La regresión lineal demostró una relación entre el dolor, la fuerza, el rango de movimiento, la propiocepción y el volumen del brazo con las discapacidades de la extremidad superior, y cuando se ajustó por la modalidad quirúrgica, el rango de movimiento, el volumen del brazo y la propiocepción se mantuvieron significativamente. Conclusión: Las sobrevivientes de cáncer de mama presentaron discapacidades físicas en la extremidad superior después de la cirugía, independientemente de la modalidad de la cirugía. Los resultados aclaran la necesidad de un programa de postratamiento eficiente para prevenir la mala función física después de la cirugía de cáncer de mama y proporcionar mejores actividades diarias a estas mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Upper Extremity/physiopathology , Mastectomy/rehabilitation , Pain/rehabilitation , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Survivors , Muscle Strength
6.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 88(2): 104-109, jul.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152098

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es la malignidad más frecuentemente diagnosticada en mujeres, representando casi 1 de cada 4 casos de cáncer. Objetivo: Describir los resul-tados oncológicos de las pacientes tratadas con cirugía conser-vadora y adyuvancia por cáncer de mama estadios clínicos I-II, Hospital San Felipe, Tegucigalpa, 2017-2019. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal retrospectivo. Extracción de información de expedientes clínicos de pacientes con diagnostico nuevo de cáncer de mama. Se registró datos sociodemográficos, estadio clínico pre- y post-operatorio, tratamiento y sobrevida. Resul-tados: De 49 pacientes, 59.2% (29) >50 años, 71.4% (35) pro-cedencia urbana, 61.2% (30) estadio IIA, las modalidades tera-péuticas fueron radioterapia 73.5% (36), hormonoterapia 69.4% (34), quimioterapia 40.8% (20). La combinación más frecuente fue radioterapia/hormonoterapia 46.9% (23); 26.5% (13) recibió monoterapia. El tiempo promedio de inicio de radioterapia fue 25 semanas (rango 4-90 semanas) y 13 semanas (rango 4-35 sema-nas) para quimioterapia. La sobrevida a 36 meses en estadio IA y IIB con adyuvancia fue 100.0% (5) y 86.0% (12), respectivamen-te. La sobrevida global a 36 meses fue 95.9% (47). Discusión: La sobrevida global identificada es comparable a estudios que si-guen las guías internacionales. Recomendamos implementar las recomendaciones de las guías internacionales para el manejo de cáncer de mama estadios tempranos, donde la adyuvancia debe iniciar en un periodo no mayor a 8 semanas postoperatorias. Este manejo contribuiría a reducir la morbilidad y el impacto psicoso-cial que presentan abordajes terapéuticos más radicales. Es ne-cesario y urgente contar con equipo y medicamentos adyuvantes de acuerdo a los avances científicos y tecnológicos...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Surgical Oncology
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1030, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149847

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria inmediata disminuye el impacto psicológico del cáncer de mama y mejora la calidad de vida de las pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la simetría en la reconstrucción mamaria inmediata en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio analítico y prospectivo, de cohorte incidente, en el Servicio de Cirugía Reconstructiva del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de 2014 al 2017. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes que consintieron participar en el estudio. Se recogieron variables demográficas y onco-reconstructivas. Se utilizó un software creado en la institución para evaluar la simetría mamaria. Los datos se recogieron de la historia clínica. Se aplicaron el test de Chi-cuadrado corregido y la razón de momios para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: El 30,2 por ciento de mujeres reconstruidas pertenecieron al grupo de 30 a 39 años; el 46,3 por ciento tenían sobrepeso. La mejor simetría se encontró con las técnicas oncoplásticas (31,7 por ciento), seguida de la mastectomía ahorradora de piel. La técnica de expansión tisular con la mastectomía presentó mayores complicaciones (63,6 por ciento) y menor simetría. La necrosis parcial de piel fue la mayor complicación en 7,3 por ciento y estuvo relacionadas con las técnicas ahorradoras de piel. Conclusiones: Evaluar de forma objetiva la simetría mamaria permitió conocer la efectividad de las técnicas quirúrgicas reconstructivas. Con las técnicas de cirugía oncoplástica y mastectomía ahorradora de piel se obtuvieron los mejores resultados estéticos y pocas complicaciones. La expansión mamaria inmediata con una mastectomía radical modificada no ofrece ninguna ventaja(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Immediate breast reconstruction reduces the psychological impact of breast cancer and improves the quality of life of patients. Objective: To assess symmetry in immediate breast reconstruction at the of Cuba. Method: An analytical and prospective study of incident cohort was carried out in the reconstructive surgery service at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology (INOR), from 2014 to 2017. Forty-one patients who consented to participate in the study were included. Demographic and oncoreconstructive variables were collected. A software created in the institution was used to assess breast symmetry. The data were collected from the medical histories. The corrected chi-square test and odds ratio were applied for statistical analysis. Results: 30.2 percent of women who received reconstruction belonged to the age group 30-39 years; 46.3 percent were overweight. The best symmetry was found with oncoplastic techniques (31.7 percent), followed by skin-sparing mastectomy. The tissue expansion technique with mastectomy presented greater complications (63.6 percent) and less symmetry. Partial skin necrosis was the major complication, accounting for 7.3 percent of the cases, and was related to skin-sparing techniques. Conclusions: Objectively evaluating breast symmetry allowed us to know the effectiveness of reconstructive surgical techniques. With oncoplastic surgery and skin-sparing mastectomy techniques, the best aesthetic outcomes and few complications were obtained. Immediate breast expansion with a modified radical mastectomy offers no benefit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Modified Radical/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Quality of Life , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(9): 1301-1306, Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136354

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Radiation therapy is widely used as adjuvant treatment in breast cancer patients. In the last decades, several studies have been designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated breast radiation therapy. More recently, even shorter regimens with doses above 4 Gy (hyper-hypofractionation) have also been proposed. This study aims to present a narrative review of the various hypofractionation protocols used to treat breast cancer patients with a focus on clinical application. RESULTS: Long-term results from several phase III randomized controlled trials demonstrated the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated breast radiation therapy using 15 or 16 fractions for early and locally advanced disease. The results of the initial clinical trials of hyper-hypofractionation are also encouraging and it is believed that these regimens may become routine in the indication of adjuvant radiation therapy treatment after the ongoing studies on this subject have matured. CONCLUSIONS: The idea that normal tissues could present high toxicity at doses above 2 Gy was opposed by clinical trials that demonstrated that moderate hypofractionation had similar results regarding oncological and cosmetic outcomes compared to conventional fractionation. Cosmetic and toxicity results from hyper-fractionation studies are in principle favorable. However, the long-term oncological results of studies that used hyper-hypofractionation for the treatment of breast cancer patients are still awaited.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO: A radioterapia é amplamente utilizada como tratamento adjuvante nas pacientes com câncer de mama. Nas últimas décadas, diversos estudos foram desenhados para avaliar a segurança e a eficácia da radioterapia hipofracionada moderada de mama. Mais recentemente, esquemas ainda mais curtos, com doses acima de 4 Gy (hiper-hipofracionamento), foram também propostos. Este estudo tem o objetivo de apresentar uma revisão narrativa dos diversos protocolos de hipofracionamento utilizados no tratamento do câncer de mama com o foco na aplicação clínica. RESULTADOS: Os resultados de longo prazo de diversos ensaios clínicos randomizados fase III demonstraram a segurança e a eficácia da radioterapia hipofracionada moderada utilizando 15 ou 16 frações para doença inicial e localmente avançada. Os resultados dos ensaios clínicos iniciais de hiper-hipofracionamento são também animadores e acredita-se que esses esquemas poderão se tornar rotina na indicação do tratamento adjuvante com radioterapia após a maturação dos estudos em andamento sobre esse tema. CONCLUSÕES: A ideia de que os tecidos normais poderiam apresentar toxicidade elevada com doses acima de 2 Gy foi pioneiramente contraposta por ensaios clínicos que comprovaram que o hipofracionado moderado apresentava resultados semelhantes em relação aos desfechos oncológicos e cosméticos quando comparados ao fracionamento convencional. Os resultados cosméticos e de toxicidade dos estudos de hiper-hipofracionamento são, em princípio, favoráveis. Todavia, ainda se aguardam os resultados oncológicos de longo prazo dos estudos que aplicaram o hiper-hipofracionamento para o tratamento das pacientes com câncer de mama.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Radiation Dose Hypofractionation , Postoperative Period , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Dose Fractionation, Radiation
9.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 376-382, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138635

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El fibroadenoma gigante juvenil es un tumor de mama benigno y una variante rara de los fibroadenomas. La presentación clínica suele ser una masa tumoral unilateral, de crecimiento rápido e indolora. En este artículo presentamos el caso de un fibroadenoma gigante juvenil de 12 cm de diámetro en la mama de una niña de 13 años. Se realiza estudio radiológico e histológico de la lesión siendo categorizada como un fibroadenoma gigante juvenil por lo que se realiza tumorectomía completa con remodelación mamaria posterior. A los dos meses de seguimiento, la paciente se encuentra sin signos de recidiva, con buena situación general y a la espera de cirugía de remodelación mamaria.


ABSTRACT Juvenile giant fibroadenoma is a benign breast tumor and a rare variant of fibroadenomas. The clinical presentation is usually a painless, fast growing, unilateral tumor mass. In this article we present the case of a giant juvenile fibroadenoma of 12 cm in diameter in the breast of a 13-year-old girl. A radiological and histological study of the lesion was carried out and it was categorized as a juvenile giant fibroadenoma, so a complete lumpectomy with posterior breast remodeling was performed. After two months of follow-up, the patient is without signs of recurrence, in good general condition and waiting for the breast remodeling surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Fibroadenoma/surgery , Fibroadenoma/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Fibroadenoma/pathology
10.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 383-391, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138636

ABSTRACT

El plasmocitoma mamario es una neoplasia de células plasmáticas extremadamente infrecuente, con menos de cincuenta casos descritos en el último siglo. Por este motivo, apenas se dispone de datos acerca del abordaje, tratamiento y seguimiento más convenientes. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 70 años que debutó con un plasmocitoma mamario y que un año después fue diagnosticada de un carcinoma mamario lobulillar ipsilateral. La asociación entre plasmocitoma y cáncer de mama no está descrita en la literatura, por lo que es muy complicado establecer un vínculo entre ambas entidades. Sin embargo, el abordaje terapéutico del plasmocitoma podría comprometer el tratamiento ulterior de un cáncer de mama, por lo que el tratamiento idóneo en estos casos sea probablemente la cirugía.


Breast plasmocytoma is an extremely rare plasma cell neoplasm, with less than 50 cases reported in the last century. This is the reason why we barely have data about optimal management, treatment and follow-up. We hereby report the case of a 70 year old woman diagnosed with breast plasmocytoma that developed lobular breast cancer a year later. The link between plasmocytoma and breast cancer has not been previously established. However, breast plasmocytoma treatment could compromise latter breast cancer approach, so probably the most suitable strategy in these cases should be breast surgery.Conclusions: There are clinical characteristics associated with complications in women with surgical management abortion in our center, such as admission diagnosis, unplanned pregnancy, previous abortion and type of evacuation. There are limitations regarding the quantity and quality of information, however, our results allow us to know the profile of patients treated for abortion in our center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Plasmacytoma/surgery , Plasmacytoma/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Plasmacytoma/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma
11.
ABCS health sci ; 45: [1-7], 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097559

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Long-term disabilities are frequently related to postoperative complications on breast cancer patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of breast cancer surgery on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength over the course of 60 days after the surgery. METHODS: Prospective study with 32 women. Pulmonary function was evaluated using spirometry and respiratory muscle strength was evaluated using manovacuometry. The evaluations were performed in preoperative period, between 12 to 48h after surgery, 30 and 60 days after the surgery. RESULTS: Vital capacity (VC) and inspiratory capacity (IC) were diminished 48h after surgery (VC: 2.18±0.63; IC: 1.71±0.49; p<0.01 vs baseline), returned to the baseline parameters after 30 days (VC: 2.76±0.60; CI: 2.16±0.57; p<0.01 vs PO48h) and were maintained after 60 days of the surgery (VC: 2.64±0.60; CI: 2.11±0.62; p<0.01 vs PO48h). No difference was observed in tidal volume over the evaluations, except when comparing 60 days to the 48h after surgery values (0.84±0.37 vs 0.64±0.19, respectively; p=0.028). Respiratory muscle strength was reduced 48h after surgery (MIP: -33.89±12.9 cmH2O; MEP: 39.72±21.0 cmH2O; p<0.01 vs basal) and returned to baseline values after 30 (MIP: -50.1±21.2 cmH2O; MEP: 59.86±24.7 cmH2O; p<0.01 vs PO48h) and 60 days of the surgery (MIP: -50.78±19.2 cmH2O; MEP: 61.67±23.4 cmH2O; p<0.01vs PO48h). CONCLUSION: Breast cancer surgery does not impact pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength 30 days after the surgery.


INTRODUÇÃO: Mulheres com câncer de mama podem apresentar complicações a longo-prazo relacionadas ao procedimento cirúrgico. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória em mulheres submetidas a tratamento cirúrgico para câncer de mama ao longo de 60 dias. MÉTODOS: Estudo longitudinal com 32 mulheres. A função pulmonar e a força muscular respiratória foram avaliadas utilizando espirometria e manovacuometria, respectivamente, no pré-operatório, de 12 a 48h no período pós-operatório, 30 dias e 60 dias após a cirurgia. RESULTADOS: A capacidade vital (CV) e a capacidade inspiratória (CI) apresentaram redução significante no pós-operatório de até 48h (CV: 2,18±0,63; CI: 1,71±0,49; p<0,01 vs basal), com retorno aos parâmetros basais em 30 dias após a cirurgia (CV: 2,76±0,60; CI: 2,16±0,57; p<0,01 vs PO48h) e manutenção destes no pós-operatório de 60 dias (CV: 2,64±0,60; CI: 2,11±0,62; p< 0,01 vs PO48h). Não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante entre os valores de volume corrente nos quatro períodos avaliados, exceto quando comparado o período pós-operatório de 60 dias com o pós-operatório de até 48h (0,84±0,37 vs 0,64±0,19, respectivamente; p=0,028). Todos os valores de força muscular respiratória apresentaram-se significantemente reduzidos no pós-operatório de até 48h (PImax: -33,89±12,9 cmH2O; PEmax: 39,72±21,0 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs basal), com retorno aos valores basais em 30 (PImax: -50,1±21,2 cmH2O; PEmax: 59,86±24,7 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs PO48h) e 60 dias (PImax -50,78±19,2 cmH2O; PEmax 61,67±23.4 cmH2O; p<0,01 vs PO48h). CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia para tratamento do câncer de mama não impacta na função pulmonar e força muscular respiratória 30 dias após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Spirometry , Respiratory Muscles , Breast Neoplasms/surgery
12.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(1): 21-26, jan-abr. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095820

ABSTRACT

Mulheres submetidas à cirurgia de mastectomia podem apresentar algumas complicações, dentre elas, alterações respiratórias e prejuízo funcional. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a cinemática da parede torácica e a capacidade funcional no pós-operatório de pacientes mastectomizadas sem tratamento neoadjuvante e adjuvante associados. Foram avaliadas 4 mulheres no grupo mastectomia (GM) e 4 mulheres no grupo controle (GC). Todas as participantes foram submetidas aos procedimentos de avaliação antropométrica, função pulmonar, força muscular respiratória, cinemática da parede torácica e capacidade funcional. O GM também foi submetido à avaliação de inspeção e palpação torácica. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva. Foi observado que o GM apresentou menor variação de volume corrente da parede torácica, com delta de variação de 22,03% a menos que o GC, sendo a maior redução de volume corrente evidenciada no compartimento de caixa torácica pulmonar, com redução de 41,57% em relação ao GC. O GM não apresentou alterações de função pulmonar, força muscular respiratória e capacidade funcional, apresentando valores de normalidade nessas avaliações. Portanto, mulheres submetidas ao procedimento cirúrgico de mastectomia, sem tratamento neoadjuvante e adjuvante associados, não apresentaram comprometimento da função pulmonar, da força muscular respiratória e da capacidade funcional, contudo foi verificado redução do volume pulmonar na região do procedimento cirúrgico.


Women submitted to a mastectomy surgery may present some complications, among them, respiratory changes and functional impairment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the chest wall kinematics and functional capacity in the postoperative period of mastectomized patients without associated adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment. A total of four (4) women in the mastectomy group (MG) and four (4) in the control group (CG) were evaluated. All participants were submitted to the procedures of anthropometric evaluation, pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength, chest wall kinematics and functional capacity. Patients in MG were also submitted to an inspection and palpation evaluation of the chest and breasts. Database was analyzed using descriptive statistics. It was observed that the MG presented a smaller variation of tidal volume of the chest wall, with a variation delta of 22.03% less than CG, with the largest reduction in tidal volume evidenced in the pulmonary chest cavity compartment, with a reduction of 41.57% when compared to CG. The MG did not present alterations of pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity, presenting values of normality in these evaluations. Therefore, women submitted to the surgical procedure of mastectomy without associated neoadjuvant and adjuvant treatment did not present any impairment of pulmonary function, respiratory muscle strength and functional capacity. However, a reduction could be observed in the pulmonary volume in the region of the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Postoperative Period , Respiratory Function Tests , Women/psychology , Functional Residual Capacity , Mastectomy/rehabilitation , Surgical Procedures, Operative/rehabilitation , Biomechanical Phenomena , Respiratory Muscles/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Tidal Volume , Thoracic Wall/surgery , Muscle Strength , Rib Cage/surgery
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 160-163, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092909

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El tejido mamario ectópico es consecuencia de la involución incompleta de la cresta mamaria. Su localización más frecuente es axilar siendo más común en el sexo femenino. Nuestro objetivo fue presentar el caso de una patología infrecuente en su localización. Materiales y Método Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 39 años, con diagnóstico de cáncer de mama ectópica en la región axilar izquierda. Resultados Presentamos el estudio y la resolución quirúrgica de una paciente con cáncer de mama ectópica. Discusión La presencia de tejido mamario ectópico ocurre en el 2%-6% de la población general. Este tejido sufre cambios fisiopatológicos similares a los de la mama normal, entre los cuales se encuentra la malignización. El carcinoma primario de este tejido es infrecuente y su manifestación más común es el tumor palpable. Conclusiones La incidencia de carcinoma en tejido ectópico es de 0,3% de todos los cánceres de mama. El tratamiento debe seguir las mismas recomendaciones que el cáncer de mama normotópico, con igual estadio TNM.


Introduction Ectopic mammary tissue is consecuence of the incomplete involution of the mammary crest. The most frequent location is the axillary region and more common in women. Our gol was present the case of an infrequent pathology in its location. Materials and Method A case of a 39-year-old patient with a diagnosis of ectopic breast cancer in the left axillary region. Results We present the study and surgical resolution of a patient with ectopic breast cancer. Discussion Ectopic breast tissue occurs in 2-6% of the general population. This tissue undergoes pathophysiological changes similar to those of the normal breast, among which malignancy is found. The primary carcinoma of this tissue is infrequent and its most common manifestation is the palpable tumor. Conclussion The incidence of carcinoma in ectopic tissue is approximately 0.3% of all breast cancers. Treatment should follow the same recommendations as those for breast tumors with the same TNM stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Axilla/surgery , Axilla/pathology , Breast/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Mastectomy/methods , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Mammography
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(1): 16-22, mar. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125777

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: dada la mayor disponibilidad de estudios genéticos, en los últimos años se incrementaron significativamente las mastectomías de reducción de riesgo (MRR). Objetivo: analizar la experiencia institucional en MRR. Material y métodos: se tuvieron en cuenta las pacientes sanas sometidas a MRR bilateral simultánea y también las pacientes con antecedentes de cáncer de mama que luego fueron sometidas a MRR contralateral. No fueron tenidas en cuenta las mastectomías realizadas como tratamiento actual de un cáncer, pero sí la mastectomía contralateral. Resultados: se realizaron 70 MRR en 49 pacientes que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión para el análisis. La edad promedio fue de 44 años (rango 34-64). En 60 casos se conservó el complejo areola-pezón. En 50 casos, la reconstrucción mamaria fue con implante protésico directo. En 57 pacientes la incisión fue radiada en cuadrante superoexterno. En 57 casos no presentaron complicaciones y, de las restantessolo en 1 (1,4%) se perdió el implante. En un solo caso se detectó un carcinoma de mama oculto, y, en la evolución, una paciente desarrolló un carcinoma pequeño en la mama operada. Conclusión: la MRR es una alternativa válida y segura en mujeres con alto riesgo de cáncer de mama, pues logra disminuir en forma significativa la probabilidad de padecer la enfermedad, con buenos resultados estéticos y alto nivel de satisfacción.


Background: The number of risk-reducing mastectomies (RRM) has increased over the past years as genetic testing has become more readily available. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the experience of our institution with RRM. Material and methods: The analysis included healthy patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral RRM and those with a history of breast cancer who underwent contralateral RRM. Patients with mastectomies performed as treatment of breast cancer were not considered, but those with contralateral mastectomies were included. Results: Seventy RRM were performed in 49 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the analysis. Mean age was 44 years (range: 34-64). The nipple-areola complex was preserved in 60 cases. In 50 cases, a prosthesis was implanted for breast reconstruction during the same procedure. The breast was approach through a radial incision in the upper outer quadrant in 57 patients. Fifty-seven patients did not present complications, and in the rest of the cases the implant failed in only one (1.4%) case. An occult breast cancer was detected in only one patient. During follow-up, one patient developed a small carcinoma in the operated breast. Conclusion: RRM is a valid and safe option for women at high risk for breast cancer, since it significantly reduces the probability of developing the disease, with good aesthetic results and a high level of patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy/methods , Argentina , Biopsy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals, University
15.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 37(1): 146-153, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098382

ABSTRACT

Resumen El tumor phyllodes de mama es un tumor fibroepitelial raro, pero clínicamente importante, que representa menos del 1% de las neoplasias de mama. Histológicamente, los tumores phyllodes se clasifican en tres; como: benignos, limítrofes o malignos, basándose en una combinación de criterios histológicos y patológicos. Esta clasificación del tumor phyllodes de mama es precisamente relevante en su clínica. Si bien la recurrencia local del tumor phyllodes puede ocurrir en todos los grados, la metástasis se limita principalmente a casos malignos y pocos casos limítrofes, por lo general siendo estos dos últimos los que presentan un peor pronóstico de la enfermedad. El tratamiento es principalmente quirúrgico ya que los tumor phyllodes no responden bien a la terapia sistémica. Esta revisión del tumor phyllodes de mama permite orientar a toda la comunidad médica, con base en la evidencia más reciente, a diagnosticar y así poder manejar esta patología, evitando sus complicaciones.


Abstract Phyllodes tumor of the breast is a rare, but clinically important fibroepithelial tumor, accounting for <1% of breast tumors. Histologically, phyllodes tumor is classified into three; as: benign, borderline or malignant, based on a combination of histological and pathological criteria. This classification of the phyllodes breast tumor is precisely relevant in the clinic. While local recurrence of phyllodes tumor may occur in all grades, metastasis is mostly limited to malignant and few borderline cases, usually the latter two types having a worse prognosis of the disease. Treatment is mainly surgical as phyllodes tumor doesn´t respond well to systemic therapy. This review of the phyllodes tumor allows to guide the entire medical community based on the most recent evidence to diagnose and thus be able to manage this pathology, avoiding its complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Phyllodes Tumor/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2660-2664, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877880

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although breast-conserving surgery is one of the standard treatments for breast cancer, few studies have assessed its recent implementation in China. We aimed to clarify the current real-world status of breast-conserving surgery in China.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional survey relied on data collected by the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery (CSBrS) to examine patients who underwent this surgery between January 2018 and December 2018. The survey was conducted using a uniform electronic questionnaire to collect information, including clinical and pathological data on these patients.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 4459 breast-conserving surgeries were performed in 34 member units of CSBrS, accounting for 14.6% of all breast cancer surgeries performed in these units during the study period. In patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery with information on tumor size available, more than half (61.2%) of the tumors were smaller than 2 cm in diameter, and only 87 (3.2%) tumors were larger than 4 cm in diameter. Among patients who underwent breast-conserving surgeries, 457 (10.2%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy before the surgery. Among patients with a reported margin width, 34 (2.0%) patients had a margin of ≤2 mm, and 1530 (88.2%) of them had a margin of >5 mm.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study demonstrated the rates of breast-conserving surgery in member units of the CSBrS, and introduced the characteristics and surgical margins of patients who underwent this surgery. This information helps describe the real-world status of breast-conserving surgery in China.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR1900026841; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=42783.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Retrospective Studies
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2552-2557, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of cancer with poor prognosis and outcomes. This study aimed to investigate clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, and treatments among Chinese patients diagnosed with IBC.@*METHODS@#We collected data of 95 patients with IBC who were treated by members of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, from January 2017 to December 2018. The data, including demographic characteristics, pathological findings, surgical methods, systemic treatment plans, and follow-up, were obtained using a uniform electronic questionnaire. The clinicopathological features of different molecular types in patients without distant metastases were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis (H) test followed by post hoc analyses.@*RESULTS@#Lymph node metastasis was noted in 75.8% of all patients, while distant metastasis was noted in 21.4%. Pathological findings indicated invasive ductal and lobular carcinomas in 86.8% and 5.3% of cases, respectively. Hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) (41.5%) and HR-/HER2+ (20.1%) were the most common biologic subtypes, followed by HR+/HER2+ (19.1%) and HR-/HER2- (19.1%). Stage III IBC was treated via pre-operative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 87.7% of the cases, predominantly using anthracycline and taxanes. A total of 91.9% of patients underwent surgical treatment. Among them, 77.0% of the patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, 8.1% of whom also underwent immediate breast reconstruction. The Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that the efficacy of chemotherapy significantly differed among those with HR+/HER2- and HR-/HER2- tumors (adjusted P = 0.008), and Ki-67 expression significantly differed in HR-/HER2+ and HR+/HER2+ molecular subtypes (adjusted P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides novel insight into clinicopathological characteristics and treatment status among patients with IBC in China, and might provide a direction and basis for further studies.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, No. ChiCTR1900027179; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=45030.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone
18.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 24(3): e20190360, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101154

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo compreender como ocorre a prática sexual (PS) de mulheres jovens com câncer de mama. Método pesquisa qualitativa, utilizando o Interacionismo Simbólico e a Teoria Fundamentada nos Dados. A coleta de dados ocorreu entre outubro de 2017 e agosto de 2019, em dois Centros de Alta Complexidade em Oncologia, seguindo-se um roteiro semiestruturado para entrevista. A pergunta norteadora foi: "Fale-me como era e como ficou agora sua vida sexual após o diagnóstico do câncer". Participaram 13 mulheres com companheiro sexual desde o diagnóstico da doença. Resultados primeiro diagrama: a prática sexual é afetada devido ao diagnóstico e tratamentos para a doença; segundo diagrama: fatores que contribuem para sua retomada são o apoio social e afetivo (principalmente); diagrama da categoria central: o companheiro (apoio afetivo) é o protagonista da rede de relacionamentos. Conclusão A PS é afetada pela doença/tratamentos e sua retomada ocorre mediante apoio do companheiro. Implicações para a prática: É necessário abordar sobre PS na assistência em saúde, evitando o distanciamento do casal, diminuindo as angústias e dúvidas das mulheres nesta condição.


Resumen Objetivo Comprender cómo ocurre la práctica sexual (PS) de mujeres jóvenes con cáncer de mama. Método Investigación cualitativa; que utilizó el Interaccionismo Simbólico y la Teoría Fundamentada en Datos. La recopilación de datos tuvo lugar entre octubre de 2017 y agosto de 2019 en dos centros de alta complejidad en oncología, utilizando un guion semiestructurado para las entrevistas. La pregunta guía fue: "Dime cómo era y cómo está tu vida sexual después del diagnóstico de cáncer". Participaron trece mujeres con pareja sexual desde el diagnóstico de la enfermedad. Resultados Primer diagrama: la práctica sexual se ve afectada debido al diagnóstico y los tratamientos para la enfermedad; Segundo diagrama: los factores que contribuyen a su reanudación son el apoyo social y afectivo (principalmente); Diagrama de categoría central: el compañero (soporte afectivo) es el protagonista de la red de relaciones. Conclusión La PS es afectada por la enfermedad/los tratamientos y su continuación se produce con el apoyo de la pareja. Implicaciones para la práctica: Es necesario abordar la EP en la atención médica, evitando el alejamiento entre la pareja, reduciendo la angustia y las dudas de las mujeres en esta condición.


Abstract Objective To understand how the sexual practice (SP) of young women with breast cancer occurs. Method: Qualitative research; that used Symbolic Interactionism and Grounded Theory. Data collection took place between October/2017 and August/2019 in two Centers of High Complexity in Oncology, using a semi-structured guide for interviews. The guiding question was: "Tell me what it was like and what your sex life is like now after the cancer diagnosis". Participated thirteen women with a sexual partner since the diagnosis of the disease. Results: First diagram: sexual practice is affected due to diagnosis and treatments for the disease; Second diagram: factors that contribute to its resumption are social and (mainly) affective support; Central category diagram: the companion (affective support) is the protagonist of the relationship network. Conclusion: SP is affected by the disease/treatments and its resumption occurs with the support of the partner. Implications for practice: It is necessary to address SP in health care, avoiding the distance between of the couple, reducing the anxieties and doubts of women in this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Sexuality , Self Concept , Social Support , Therapeutics/adverse effects , Body Image/psychology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Qualitative Research
19.
Clinics ; 75: e1688, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133355

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the addition of a fourth antiemetic intervention in patients at high risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). METHODS: High-risk patients (Apfel score 3 or 4) scheduled for unilateral mastectomy were randomly allocated in one of two groups, oral aprepitant (oral aprepitant 80 mg, intravenous dexamethasone 8 mg, and palonosetron 0.075 mg) and oral placebo (oral placebo, intravenous dexamethasone 4 mg, and palonosetron 0.075 mg). Patients and caregivers were blinded to the group assignments. The primary efficacy endpoints included the incidence of nausea and vomiting, and the secondary endpoints included use of rescue antiemetics during a 48-hour postoperative period. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02431286. RESULTS: One hundred patients were enrolled in this study and 91 were analyzed, 48 in group A and 43 in group P. No patient presented with nausea or vomiting in the first 2 hours after surgery. From the 2nd to the 6th hour, the incidence of PONV was 8.33% in group A and 9.30% in group P. In the first 24 hours, the incidence of PONV was 27.08% in the group A and 20.93% in group P. From the 24th to the 48th hour, the incidence of PONV was 8.33% in group A and 13.95% in group P. There were no statistically significant differences in PONV between groups. CONCLUSION: The addition of aprepitant as a third antiemetic resulted in no significant reduction in the incidence of PONV in this population. However, the incidence of PONV was reduced in relation to the general population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Palonosetron , Double-Blind Method , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting/prevention & control , Aprepitant , Mastectomy
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eRC5439, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142874

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Angiosarcoma of the breast accounts for less than 1% of breast tumors. This tumor may be primary or secondary to previous radiation therapy and it is also named "radiogenic angiosarcoma of the breast", which is still a rare entity with a poor prognosis. So far, there are only 307 cases reported about these tumors in the literature. We present a case of a 73-year-old woman with a prior history of breast-conserving treatment of right breast cancer, exhibiting mild pinkish skin changes in the ipsilateral breast. Her mammography was consistent with benign alterations (BI-RADS 2). On incisional biopsy specimens, hematoxylin-eosin showed atypical vascular lesion and suggested immunohistochemisty for diagnostic elucidation. Resection of the lesions was performed and histology showed radiogenic angiosarcoma. The patient underwent simple mastectomy. Immunohistochemistry was positive for antigens related to CD31 and CD34, and C-MYC oncogene amplification, confirming the diagnosis of angiosarcoma induced by breast irradiation. A delayed diagnosis is an important concern. Initial skin changes in radiogenic angiosarcoma are subtle, therefore, these alterations may be confused with other benign skin conditions such as telangiectasia. We highlight this case clinical aspects with the intention of alerting to the possibility of angiosarcoma of the breast in patients with a previous history of adjuvant radiation therapy for breast cancer treatment. Sixteen months after the surgery the patient remains asymptomatic.


RESUMO Os angiossarcomas de mama representam menos de 1% dos tumores da mama e podem ser primários ou secundários à radioterapia prévia. Tais tumores são chamados de "angiossarcomas radiogênicos da mama" e representam uma entidade mais rara ainda e de prognóstico ruim. Atualmente, na literatura, são encontrados apenas 307 casos desses tumores. Relatamos o caso de uma mulher de 73 anos, com história prévia de tratamento conservador de câncer de mama direita, apresentando alteração rósea discreta em pele da mama homolateral. A mamografia demostrou resultado compatível com alterações benignas (BI-RADS 2). No material de biópsia incisional, a hematoxilina-eosina demonstrou lesão vascular atípica e sugeriu imuno-histoquímica para elucidação diagnóstica. A paciente foi submetida à ressecção de lesões, e a histologia demonstrou angiossarcoma radiogênico. Em seguida, mastectomia simples foi realizada. A imuno-histoquímica demonstrou positividade para os antígenos relacionados a CD31 e CD34, e a amplificação do oncogene C-MYC confirmou o diagnóstico de angiossarcoma induzido por radiação mamária. O atraso no diagnóstico constitui questão importante. Considerando que as alterações iniciais da pele do angiossarcoma radiogênico são sutis e podem ser confundidas com outras condições benignas da pele, como telangiectasias, neste relato destacamos os aspectos clínicos, no intuito de alertar sobre a possibilidade de angiossarcoma de mama em pacientes com história prévia de radioterapia adjuvante para tratamento de câncer de mama. A paciente permaneceu assintomática 16 meses após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Hemangiosarcoma/surgery , Hemangiosarcoma/etiology , Hemangiosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced/etiology , Breast , Mastectomy
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