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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of sex on the clinical outcome of extremely preterm infants (EPIs)/extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWIs) by propensity score matching.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the medical data of 731 EPIs or ELBWIs who were admitted from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020. These infants were divided into two groups: male and female. A propensity score matching analysis was performed at a ratio of 1:1. The matching variables included gestational age, birth weight, percentage of withdrawal from active treatment, percentage of small-for-gestational-age infant, percentage of use of pulmonary surfactant, percentage of 1-minute Apgar score ≤3, percentage of mechanical ventilation, duration of mechanical ventilation, percentage of antenatal use of inadequate glucocorticoids, and percentage of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The two groups were compared in the incidence rate of main complications during hospitalization and the rate of survival at discharge.@*RESULTS@#Before matching, compared with the female group, the male group had significantly higher incidence rates of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and patent ductus arteriosus (P<0.05), while after matching, the male group only had a significantly higher incidence rate of BPD than the female group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the rate of survival at discharge between the two groups before and after matching (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Male EPIs/ELBWIs have a higher risk of BPD than female EPIs/ELBWIs, but male and female EPIs/ELBWIs tend to have similar outcomes.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Sex Characteristics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928630

ABSTRACT

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a common chronic lung disease in preterm infants and seriously affects the quality of life of preterm infants. BPD is a life-threatening disease to preterm infants and may lead to serious sequelae including feeding difficulties, recurrent lower respiratory tract infection, airway hyperreactive diseases, growth retardation, and neurodevelopmental delay. In order to further standardize the follow-up management of preterm infants with BPD after discharge, based on related clinical evidence in China and overseas and practice experience, the Neonatal Evidence-Based Medicine Group, Committee of Neonatal Medicine, Cross-Strait Medical and Health Exchange Association, formulated this expert consensus from the aspects of the follow-up and management of respiratory diseases, growth and development, pulmonary hypertension, nerve dysplasia, metabolic bone disease, and vaccination of preterm infants with BPD after discharge.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/therapy , Consensus , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Patient Discharge , Quality of Life
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928575

ABSTRACT

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease due to impaired pulmonary development and is one of the main causes of respiratory failure in preterm infants. Preterm infants with BPD have significantly higher complication and mortality rates than those without BPD. At present, comprehensive management is the main intervention method for BPD, including reasonable respiratory and circulatory support, appropriate enteral nutrition and parenteral nutrition, application of caffeine/glucocorticoids/surfactants, and out-of-hospital management after discharge. The continuous advances in stem cell medicine in recent years provide new ideas for the treatment of BPD. Various pre-clinical trials have confirmed that stem cell therapy can effectively prevent lung injury and promote lung growth and damage repair. This article performs a comprehensive analysis of the mechanism of mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of BPD, so as to provide a basis for clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Enteral Nutrition , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Lung , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the efficacy and safety of early intratracheal administration of budesonide combined with pulmonary surfactant (PS) in preventing bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed. A total of 122 infants with a high risk of BPD who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January to July 2021 were enrolled. The infants were randomly divided into a conventional treatment group with 62 infants (treated with PS alone at an initial dose of 200 mg/kg, followed by a dose of 100 mg/kg according to the condition of the infant) and an observation group with 60 infants (treated with PS at the same dose as the conventional treatment group, with the addition of budesonide 0.25 mg/kg for intratracheal instillation at each time of PS application). The two groups were compared in terms of the times of PS use, ventilator parameters at different time points, oxygen inhalation, incidence rate and severity of BPD, incidence rate of complications, and tidal breathing pulmonary function at the corrected gestational age of 40 weeks.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower proportion of infants using PS for two or three times (P<0.05). Compared with the conventional treatment group, the observation group had a significantly lower fraction of inspired oxygen at 24 and 48 hours and 3, 7, and 21 days after administration, significantly shorter durations of invasive ventilation, noninvasive ventilation, ventilator application, and oxygen therapy, a significantly lower incidence rate of BPD, and a significantly lower severity of BPD (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with PS use alone in preterm infants with a high risk of BPD, budesonide combined with PS can reduce repeated use of PS, lower ventilator parameters, shorten the duration of respiratory support, and reduce the incidence rate and severity of BPD, without increasing the incidence rate of glucocorticoid-related complications.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/prevention & control , Budesonide , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Prospective Studies , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 905-914, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346995

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to determine the prevalence and factors associated with recurrent wheezing in the first year of life among premature newborns from Neonatal Intensive Care Units, in the city of Montes Claros, northern Minas Gerais. Methods: cross-sectional study, with data collection from medical records of a follow-up clinic, interviews with mothers and, eventually, search in hospital records. Bivariate analyzes were carried out between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and recurrent wheezing. Variables associated up to the level of 20% were analyzed by binary logistic regression, and associations defined by the Odds Ratio and respective 95% confidence intervals. Only variables associated with a 5% significance level were maintained in the final model of logistic regression. Results: among 277 infants studied, about one fifth (21.3%) were extremely low birth weight preterm and more than half (60.7%) had birth weight below 1500 grams. The prevalence of recurrent wheezing was 14.4% (CI95% = 10.3-18.4). Mechanical ventilation (OR = 2.12; CI95% = 1.09-4.76; p = 0.030) and oxygen therapy time ≥ 15 days (OR = 2.49; CI95%= 1.12-5.00; p = 0.010) were the risk factors for the event. Conclusions: there is a high prevalence of recurrent wheezing in the evaluated group and the associated variables reiterate the risk of prolonged oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation for premature newborns.


Resumo Objetivos: determinar a prevalência e fatores associados à sibilância recorrente no primeiro ano de vida entre recém-nascidos prematuros egressos de Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatais, na cidade de Montes Claros, norte de Minas Gerais. Métodos: estudo transversal, com coleta de dados em prontuários de ambulatório de seguimento, entrevistas com mães e, eventualmente, consultas aos prontuários hospitalares. Foram realizadas análises bivariadas entre as características sociodemográficas e clínicas e a sibilância recorrente. As variáveis associadas ao desfecho até um nível de significância de p ≤20% foram analisadas por regressão logística binária e as associações definidas pelas Odds Ratios e respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. Somente variáveis associadas a um nível de significância de 5% foram mantidas no modelo final de regressão logística. Resultados: entre 277 crianças estudadas, cerca de um quinto (21,3%) eram prematuros de extremo baixo peso e mais da metade (60,7%) tinha peso de nascimento abaixo de 1500 gramas. A prevalência de sibilância recorrente foi de 14,4% (IC95%=10,3-18,4). Ventilação mecânica (OR=2,12; IC95%= 1,09-4,76; p=0,030) e tempo de oxigenioterapia ≥15 dias (OR=2,49; IC95%=1,12-5,00; p=0,010) foram os fatores de risco para o evento. Conclusão: existe uma elevada prevalência de sibilância recorrente no grupo avaliado e as variáveis associadas reiteram o risco do uso prolongado de oxigenioterapia e da ventilação mecânica para recém-nascidos prematuros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy/adverse effects , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Infant, Premature , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Odds Ratio , Survival Analysis , Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/complications , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
7.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(3): 280-286, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279331

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate the impact of invasive mechanical ventilation associated with two serum inflammatory cytokines and clinical indicators, on the second day of life, as predictors of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in very low birth weight preterm infants. It was hypothesized that the use of invasive mechanical ventilation in the first hours of life is associated with biomarkers that may predict the chances of preterm infants to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods Prospective cohort of 40 preterm infants with gestational age <34 weeks and birth weight <1500 g. The following were analyzed: clinical variables; types of ventilator support used (there is a higher occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia when oxygen supplementation is performed by long periods of invasive mechanical ventilation); hospitalization time; quantification of two cytokines (granulocyte and macrophage colony stimulating factor [GM-CSF] and eotaxin) in blood between 36 and 48 h of life. The preterm infants were divided in two groups: with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Results The GM-CSF levels presented a significantly higher value in the bronchopulmonary dysplasia group (p = 0.002), while eotaxin presented higher levels in the group without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (p = 0.02). The use of continuous invasive mechanical ventilation was associated with increased ratios between GM-CSF and eotaxin (100% sensitivity and 80% specificity; receiver operating characteristic area = 0.9013, CI = 0.7791-1.024, p < 0.0001). Conclusions The duration of invasive mechanical ventilation performed in the first 48 h of life in the very low birth weight infants is a significant clinical predictor of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The use of continuous invasive mechanical ventilation was associated with increased ratios between GM-CSF and eotaxin, suggesting increased lung injury and consequent progression of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial , Infant, Premature , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879891

ABSTRACT

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) has the main manifestations of pulmonary edema in the early stage and characteristic alveolar obstruction and microvascular dysplasia in the late stage, which may be caused by structural and functional destruction of the lung epithelial barrier. The Claudin family is the main component of tight junction and plays an important role in regulating the permeability of paracellular ions and solutes. Claudin-18 is the only known tight junction protein solely expressed in the lung. The lack of Claudin-18 can lead to barrier dysfunction and impaired alveolar development, and the knockout of Claudin-18 can cause characteristic histopathological changes of BPD. This article elaborates on the important role of Claudin-18 in the development and progression of BPD from the aspects of lung epithelial permeability, alveolar development, and progenitor cell homeostasis, so as to provide new ideas for the pathogenesis and clinical treatment of BPD.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Claudin-3 , Claudins/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Lung , Tight Junctions
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies.@*RESULTS@#Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , China , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born by cesarean section due to severe preeclampsia.@*METHODS@#Forty-two small-for-gestational-age infants who were admitted from August 2017 to July 2018 and were born due to severe preeclampsia were enrolled as the observation group. Forty very preterm infants who were born to healthy mothers since uterine contractions could not be suppressed were enrolled as the control group. Perinatal features, clinical manifestations of infection, complications, and clinical outcomes were analyzed for the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Within 6 hours and 2-3 days after birth, the observation group had significantly lower white blood cell count (WBC), absolute neutrophil count (ANC), and platelet count (PLT) than the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Very preterm small-for-gestational-age infants born due to severe preeclampsia have a high incidence rate of infection and severe conditions. Early manifestations include reductions in the infection indicators WBC, ANC, and PLT, and CRP does not increase significantly in the early stage and gradually increases at 2-3 days after birth. Most of these infants require invasive ventilation after birth, with bronchopulmonary dysplasia as the main complication. Clinical changes should be closely observed and inflammatory indicators should be monitored for early identification of infection, timely diagnosis, and timely adjustment of antibiotic treatment, so as to improve the outcome.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Cesarean Section , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879821

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes and clinical significance of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) in preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 156 preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤ 32@*RESULTS@#Compared with the non-BPD group, the BPD group had a significantly lower total aEEG score at the corrected gestational age of 33-34@*CONCLUSIONS@#Preterm infants with BPD (especially moderate to severe BPD) have a lower aEEG score than those without BPD, suggesting that their nervous system development may lag behind that of non-BPD preterm infants with the same gestational age. Therefore, early nervous system evaluation and intervention are necessary for preterm infants with BPD.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/diagnosis , Electroencephalography , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Delivery room resuscitation assists preterm infants, especially extremely preterm infants (EPI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI), in breathing support, while it potentially exerts a negative impact on the lungs and outcomes of preterm infants. This study aimed to assess delivery room resuscitation and discharge outcomes of EPI and ELBWI in China.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of EPI (gestational age [GA] <28 weeks) and ELBWI (birth weight [BW] <1000 g), admitted within 72 h of birth in 33 neonatal intensive care units from five provinces and cities in North China between 2017 and 2018, were analyzed. The primary outcomes were delivery room resuscitation and risk factors for delivery room intubation (DRI). The secondary outcomes were survival rates, incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and risk factors for BPD.@*RESULTS@#A cohort of 952 preterm infants were enrolled. The incidence of DRI, chest compressions, and administration of epinephrine was 55.9% (532/952), 12.5% (119/952), and 7.0% (67/952), respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for DRI were GA <28 weeks (odds ratio [OR], 3.147; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.082-4.755), BW <1000 g (OR, 2.240; 95% CI, 1.606-3.125), and antepartum infection (OR, 1.429; 95% CI, 1.044-1.956). The survival rate was 65.9% (627/952) and was dependent on GA. The rate of BPD was 29.3% (181/627). Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors for BPD were male (OR, 1.603; 95% CI, 1.061-2.424), DRI (OR, 2.094; 95% CI, 1.328-3.303), respiratory distress syndrome exposed to ≥2 doses of pulmonary surfactants (PS; OR, 2.700; 95% CI, 1.679-4.343), and mechanical ventilation ≥7 days (OR, 4.358; 95% CI, 2.777-6.837). However, a larger BW (OR, 0.998; 95% CI, 0.996-0.999), antenatal steroid (OR, 0.577; 95% CI, 0.379-0.880), and PS use in the delivery room (OR, 0.273; 95% CI, 0.160-0.467) were preventive factors for BPD (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Improving delivery room resuscitation and management of respiratory complications are imperative during early management of the health of EPI and ELBWI.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , China/epidemiology , Delivery Rooms , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922414

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features and outcome of very preterm infants withdrawn from caffeine citrate at different time points.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks, who were hospitalized in the Division of Neonatology, the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, from January 1, 2016 to November 30, 2020. According to the time of withdrawal from caffeine citrate, the infants who met the study criteria were divided into the group with withdrawal before the last week of hospitalization and the group with withdrawal within the last week of hospitalization. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, features of citric caffeine use, length of hospital stay and hospital costs, change in the intensity of respiratory support, and preterm complications.@*RESULTS@#A total of 403 preterm infants were enrolled, with 285 infants in the group with withdrawal before the last week of hospitalization and 118 infants in the group with withdrawal within the last week of hospitalization. There were no significant differences in clinical features between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#A relatively long course of caffeine citrate treatment is more beneficial to the short-term clinical outcome of very preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Caffeine , Citrates , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To construct risk prediction models for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants on postnatal days 3, 7, and 14.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 414 preterm infants, with a gestational age of <32 weeks and a birth weight (BW) of <1 500 g, who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2019 to April 2021. According to the diagnostic criteria for BPD revised in 2018, they were divided into a BPD group with 98 infants and a non-BPD group with 316 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of general status, laboratory examination results, treatment, and complications. The logistic regression model was used to identify the variables associated with BPD. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of models.@*RESULTS@#The logistic regression analysis showed that BW, asphyxia, grade III-IV respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), acute chorioamnionitis, interstitial pneumonia, fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO@*CONCLUSIONS@#BW, asphyxia, grade III-IV RDS, acute chorioamnionitis, interstitial pneumonia, FiO


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Pregnancy , Respiration, Artificial , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn , Retrospective Studies
16.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(5): e20210125, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340147

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of preterm infants with different severities of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and disclose the high-risk factors of exacerbating BPD. Methods Collection of clinical data of 91 preterm infants admitted to the NICU and diagnosed with BPD, categorized in groups according to the disease severity: 41 mild cases,, 24 moderate cases, and 26 severe cases. Comparison and analysis of perinatal risk factors, treatment, complications and prognosis of the infants with different severity degrees. Results The severe group had a higher proportion of infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) higher than the moderate group (P < 0.05), and a higher ratio of pneumonia and mechanical ventilation (MV) ≥ seven days than the mild group (P < 0.05). The severe group also presented higher reintubation incidence than both the mild and moderate groups (P < 0.05). The groups presented different (P < 0.05) incidence rates of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) . Ridit analysis suggested that the premature infants (PIs) with hsPDA, multiple microbial pulmonary infections, or Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia had more severe illness. Conclusion CHD, hsPDA, MV ≥ seven days, reintubation, pneumonia, especially multiple microbial pulmonary infections, and Klebsiella pneumoniae pneumonia are correlated with the severity of BPD and can be used as BPD progression predictor.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar as características clínicas de prematuros com diferentes gravidades de displasia broncopulmonar (DBP) e divulgar os fatores de alto risco para a DBP. Métodos Coleta de dados clínicos de 91 prematuros internados em UTIN com diagnóstico de DBP, categorizados em grupos de acordo com a gravidade da doença: 41 casos leves, 24 casos moderados e 26 casos graves. Foram feitas a comparação e a análise de fatores de risco perinatais, tratamento, complicações e prognóstico de lactentes com diferentes graus de gravidade. Resultados O grupo grave teve uma proporção maior de bebês com doença cardíaca congênita (DCC) do que o grupo moderado (p < 0,05) e com pneumonia e ventilação mecânica (VM) ≥ 7 dias do que o grupo leve (p < 0,05). O grupo grave também apresentou maior incidência de reintubação do que os grupos leve e moderado (p < 0,05). Os grupos apresentaram diferentes (p < 0,05) taxas de incidência de persistência do canal arterial hemodinamicamente significativa (PCAhs). A análise de ridit sugeriu que os bebês prematuros (BPs) com PCAhs, infecções pulmonares microbianas múltiplas ou pneumonia por Klebsiella pneumoniae tinham doenças mais graves. Conclusão DCC, PCAhs, VM ≥ 7 dias, reintubação, pneumonia, principalmente infecções pulmonares microbianas múltiplas, e pneumonia por Klebsiella pneumoniae estão correlacionadas com a gravidade da DBP e podem ser usadas como preditoras de progressão da DBP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (U.S.) , United States , Infant, Premature , Risk Factors , Gestational Age
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e135-e142, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100205

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Se ha demostrado, en diversos estudios llevados a cabo en adultos, que los grupos sanguíneos desempeñan un papel importante en muchas enfermedades. El objetivo fue investigar si hay una relación entre las morbilidades y el sistema de grupos sanguíneos ABO en lactantes prematuros.Metodología. En este estudio de cohorte retrospectivo, se incluyó a recién nacidos prematuros que habían nacido con menos de 32 semanas de gestación y con un peso al nacer inferior a 1500 g. Se los agrupó por grupo sanguíneo (0, A, B, AB) y por morbilidades de la prematurez y se los comparó.Resultados. Se analizaron los datos de 1785 recién nacidos prematuros de muy bajo peso al nacer. La comparación entre los grupos sanguíneos A y no A reveló que los lactantes de grupo sanguíneo A tenían una incidencia más alta de conducto arterial persistente (CAP) (48,7 % frente a 39,7 %, p = 0,005) y displasia broncopulmonar (DBP) (27 % frente a 20,8 %, p = 0,04), mientras que la incidencia de la hemorragia intraventricular de grado ≥3 era más baja (5,1 % frente a 10,1 %, p = 0,006).Conclusión. Este estudio es la primera y más grande investigación sobre la relación entre los grupos sanguíneos y las morbilidades en los prematuros. Con estos resultados se demuestra que el grupo sanguíneo A podría ser un factor de riesgo de CAP y DBP


Objectives. Blood groups have been shown to play an important role in a lot of diseases in various studies conducted in adults. The objective was to investigate whether there is a relationship between morbidities and ABO blood groups system in preterm infants.Methodology. This retrospective cohort study included preterm neonates born at < 32 weeks of gestation with a birth weight < 1500 g. Neonates were grouped by blood type (O, A, B, AB) and morbidities of prematurity were compared among these groups. Results. Data pertaining to 1785 very low birth weight preterm neonates were analyzed. Comparison of the A and non-A blood groups revealed that infants with blood group A had significantly higher incidence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (48.7 % vs. 39.7 %, p = 0.005) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (27 % vs. 20.8 %, p = 0.04), while the incidence of grade ≥ 3 intraventricular hemorrhage was lower (5.1 % vs. 10.1 %, p = 0.006).Conclusion. This study represents the first and biggest series examination of the relationship between blood groups and preterm morbidities. Our results show that blood group A may be a risk factor for PDA and BPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , ABO Blood-Group System , Infant, Premature , Blood Group Antigens , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Ductus Arteriosus , Cerebral Intraventricular Hemorrhage
18.
Med. infant ; 27(1): 10-16, Marzo de 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1118522

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue la evaluación funcional del neurodesarrollo de niños que requirieron terapias complejas neonatales entre los 24 y 30 meses de vida. Se incluyeron 104 pacientes evaluados en el Servicio de Clínicas Interdisciplinarias del Neurodesarrollo del Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, mediante pruebas estandarizadas; cuestionarios auto administrados y datos extraídos del interrogatorio, el examen físico y la historia clínica. A partir de los mismos los pacientes fueron agrupados según el grado de compromiso de su funcionalidad en dos grupos: el primero sin compromiso o compromiso leve y el segundo con compromiso moderado o severo. La evaluación funcional intenta desde una perspectiva biopsicosocial evaluar las habilidades, las dificultades y las características del entorno, que pueden ser tanto facilitadores como barreras para el desarrollo de la persona. De esta manera, permite un abordaje holístico del paciente y muestra como gran fortaleza frente a los diagnósticos categórico y etiológico, la adecuación de los sistemas de apoyos necesarios para cada paciente particular. En concordancia con la bibliografía sobre el riesgo biológico aumentado de esta población, el 44.2% de los niños de la muestra se encontraron dentro del grupo con compromiso funcional moderado/severo. En el análisis univariado las variables que presentaron asociación significativa con el grado de severidad del funcionamiento fueron la prematurez extrema, la displasia broncopulmonar, las lesiones en las ecografías cerebrales neonatales, internaciones neonatales prolongadas y los síndromes genéticos. Entre los factores medio-ambientales, se encontró asociación con progenitor solo y necesidad básicas insatisfechas (AU)


The aim of this study was the functional assessment of the neurodevelopment of children who require complex neonatal interventions between 24 and 30 months of life. Overall, 104 patients were evaluated at the Department of Interdisciplinary Clinics of Neurodevelopment at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, with standardized tests, self-administered questionnaires and data gleaned from the interview, physical examination, and clinical records. Based on these data, the patients were divided into two groups according to the degree of functional involvement: a first group without or with mild functional compromise and a second group with moderate or severe compromise. From a biopsychosocial perspective, the purpose of functional assessment is the evaluation of skills, difficulties, and environmental characteristics that may be either facilitators or barriers to personal development. Thereby the assessment allows for a holistic approach of the patient and, unlike categorical and etiologic diagnosis, may lead to the adequate selection of the necessary support systems for each individual patient. In agreement with the literature on the increased biological risk in this population, 44.2% of the children in this sample were in the moderate/severe functional compromise group. In univariate analysis, the variables that were statistically significantly associated with degree of severity of function were extreme prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, lesion on neonatal ultrasonography, prolonged neonatal hospitalization, and genetic syndromes. Among environmental factors a significant association was found with a single parent and unsatisfied basic needs (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Psychomotor Disorders/diagnosis , Child Development , Developmental Disabilities , Premature Birth , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/diagnosis , Language Development Disorders/diagnosis , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Genetic Diseases, Inborn
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of microRNA-495-5p (miRNA-495-5p) in the serum of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) based on a bioinformatics analysis, and to provide a theoretical basis for further research on the association between miRNA-495-5p and BPD.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 preterm infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2015 to December 2016 were enrolled. Among these infants, 20 with early clinical manifestations of BPD were enrolled as the BPD group, and 20 without such manifestations were enrolled as the control group. Peripheral blood samples were collected. The miRNA microarray technique was used to screen out differentially expressed miRNAs in serum between the two groups. RT-PCR was used for validation of results. TargetScan, miRDB, and miRWalk databases were used to predict the target genes of miRNA-495-5p. The DAVID database was used to perform gene ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis of the target genes.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the BPD group had a significant increase in the expression of miRNA-495-5p in serum (P<0.05). A total of 117 target genes of miRNA-495-5p were predicted by the above three databases and they were involved in several molecular functions (including transcriptional regulatory activity, transcriptional activation activity, and transcription cofactor activity), biological processes (such as metabolic regulation, DNA-dependent transcriptional regulation, and vascular pattern), and cell components (including nucleoplasm, membrane components, and insoluble components) (P<0.05). As for signaling pathways, these genes were significantly enriched in the mTOR signaling pathway (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiRNA-495-5p may be involved in the development and progression of BPD by regulating angiogenesis, stem cell differentiation, apoptosis, and autophagy, which provides clues for further research on the role and functional mechanism of miRNA-495-5p in BPD.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Computational Biology , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Transcription, Genetic
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of asiaticoside against hyperoxia-induced bronchopulmonary dysplasia in neonatal rats based on the microRNA-155 (miR-155)/suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 (SOCS1) axis.@*METHODS@#Neonatal rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose asiaticoside group (10 mg/kg), a middle-dose asiaticoside group (25 mg/kg), a high-dose asiaticoside group (50 mg/kg), and a budesonide group (1.5 mg/kg), with 12 rats in each group. All rats except those in the control group were exposed to a high concentration of oxygen for 14 days to establish a neonatal rat model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The low-, middle-, and high-dose asiaticoside groups were given asiaticoside at different doses by gavage, and those in the budesonide group were given budesonide aerosol treatment. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe lung tissue development and measure radial alveolar count (RAC) and mean linear intercept (MLI). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) detection kits were used to measure the levels of SOD and MDA in lung tissue. ELISA was used to measure the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of miR-155 and SOCS1 in lung tissue. Western blotting was used to measure the protein expression of SOCS1 in lung tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the model group had the symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia such as a disordered structure of lung tissue, enlargement of alveolar fusion, uneven alveolar septa, enlargement of average alveolar space, and a reduction in alveolar number. The model group also had significant increases in MLI, MDA level in lung tissue, serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α, and miR-155 level in lung tissue (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Asiaticoside can alleviate inflammation injury induced by hyperoxia in neonatal rats and improve the symptoms of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in a dose-dependent manner, possibly by down-regulating the expression of miR-155 and up-regulating the expression of SOCS1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Hyperoxia , Lung , MicroRNAs , Rats , Triterpenes
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