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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy of local infiltration anesthesia of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone for postoperative analgesia in patients with hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From September 2019 to December 2020, 48 patients with hallux valgus were treated surgically. According to different postoperative analgesia methods, the patients were divided into combined local infiltration group and intravenous analgesia pump group. There were 24 cases, in the combined local infiltration group including 2 males and 22 females;the age ranged from 21 to 78 years old, with an average of (58.3±7.7) years old;soft tissue release and chevron osteotomy were performed in 15 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 9 cases;immediately after operation, 20 ml of ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone mixed diluent was used for local infiltration anesthesia once. There were 24 patients in intravenous analgesia pump group, including 3 males and 21 females;the age ranged from 23 to 81 years old, with an average of(56.8±8.3) years old;soft tissue release and Chevron osteotomy were performed in 17 cases and metatarsophalangeal joint fusion in 7 cases;immediately after operation, intravenous analgesia pump was used for analgesia. The basic flow was 2 ml / h;the self control dose was 0.5 ml;and the locking time was 15 min. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was recorded at 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after operation;and the VAS was recorded at 24 hours after operation. The occurrence of adverse drug reactions at 0 to 12 hours, 12 to 24 hours and 24 to 48 hours after operation were recorded;and the healing of incision was recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 14 to 17 days, with a mean of (14.60±0.92) days. There was significantdifference in VAS at 12, 24 and 48 hours between the combined local infiltration group and the intravenous analgesia pump group(@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with intravenous analgesia pump group, ropivacaine combined with compound betamethasone can significantly reduce postoperative wound pain without increasing adverse drug reactions, and does not increase wound infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analgesia , Anesthesia, Local , Bunion , Feasibility Studies , Female , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore distal Chevron osteotomy of the first metatarsal and soft-tissue release for the treatment of mild and moderate hallux valgus.@*METHODS@#From June 2015 to June 2017, 32 patients(40 feet) with mild and moderate hallux valgus were treated with distal Chevron osteotomy with soft tissue release. including 3 males(3 feet) and 29 females (37 feet), aged from 22 to 80 years old with an average of 57.57 years old. The courses of disease ranged from 2 to 32 years with an average of 14 years. Among them, 9 feet were mild, 31 feet were moderate. Patients were combined with bunion, pain around the first metatarsal joint, and pain increased during weight-bearing walking before opertaion. AP and lateral X-rays on weight-bearing were performed, hallux valgus angle(HVA) and intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and the second metatarsal were examined before and after operation. AOFAS score was applied to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 15.2 months.Fracture wounds were healed well without infection and metatarsal head necrosis occurred. Preoperative HVA (32.08±5.59)° and IMA (11.63±2.24)° decreased to (10.31±4.36)° and (5.02°±2.34)°after operation at 12 months, and had statistical difference before and after operation (<0.05). AOFAS score increased from 56.75±6.42 before operation to 88.80±3.99 after operation at 12 months(<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Distal Chevron osteotomy of the first metatarsal and soft-tissue release for the treatment of mild and moderate hallux valgus could obtain good effects and provide more options for hallux valgus treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bunion , Female , Hallux Valgus , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Metatarsal Bones , Middle Aged , Osteotomy , Radiography , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
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