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1.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(3): 412-421, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1377378

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Workplaces can be sources of mental distress. In healthcare services, this can also affect patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with depressive symptoms, burnout, job satisfaction and patient safety culture and the relationships between these constructs, among healthcare workers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a university hospital in Manaus, Brazil. METHODS: Randomly selected workers were interviewed based on Brazilian-validated tools. We calculated the prevalence ratio (PR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of depressive symptoms and burnout using Poisson regression with robust variance; and the β-coefficient of safety culture and job satisfaction using linear regression. Outcome relationships were assessed using partial least-squares structural equation modeling. RESULTS: 300 professionals were included; 67.3% were women. The prevalence of depressive symptom was 19.0% (95% CI: 14.5; 23.5%) and burnout, 8.7% (95% CI: 5.2; 12.3%). Lack of work stability increased depression (PR = 1.88; 95% CI: 1.17; 3.01) and burnout (PR = 2.17; 95% CI: 1.03; 4.57); and reduced job satisfaction (β = -11.93; 95% CI: -18.79; -5.07). Depressive symptoms and burnout were positively correlated, as also were job satisfaction and safety culture (P < 0.001); job satisfaction was negatively correlated with burnout (P < 0.001) and depression (P = 0.035). CONCLUSION: Impermanent employment contracts increased depression and burnout and reduced job satisfaction. Job satisfaction reduced poor mental health outcomes and increased safety culture. Job satisfaction and safety culture were directly proportional (one construct increased the other and vice versa), as also were depression and burnout. Better working conditions can provide a virtuous cycle of patient safety and occupational health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Job Satisfaction , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Safety Management , Depression/epidemiology , Patient Safety , Latent Class Analysis , Hospitals, University
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1039-1048, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364686

ABSTRACT

Resumo A expansão da rede escolar, as mudanças no modelo educacional e os problemas de financiamento mudaram profundamente o trabalho docente no Brasil, intensificando as exigências dirigidas aos profissionais. Problemas de saúde, como o esgotamento profissional, são comuns na categoria. Levantamos a exposição dos professores ao esgotamento profissional e analisamos sua potencial associação aos elementos do contexto ocupacional, inclusive a violência. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas em profundidade, com uso de dois instrumentos específicos (MBI e CESQT) e analisados estatisticamente com o Programa Stata, v.13.0. Participaram 93 professores da rede pública municipal de São Paulo com indicação de psicoterapia, das diversas regiões da cidade. O esgotamento foi associado ao sofrimento de agressão na escola (p<0,001), ao incômodo nos contatos interpessoais no trabalho (p<0,001) e ao ruído (p<0,001), entre outras 11 variáveis do contexto escolar. Entre os que apresentaram esgotamento grave, 60% haviam sofrido agressão na escola no último ano. Questões coletivas e ocupacionais se associaram ao esgotamento profissional entre os participantes. Entre elas, os conflitos interpessoais e o fenômeno da violência, que surge como elemento novo e frequente, impactam a saúde dos profissionais.


Abstract School expansion, changes in the educational model and funding problems have profoundly changed teaching in Brazil, intensifying demands on teachers. Health problems such as burnout are common in the profession. We investigated teacher burnout and its association with occupational factors, including violence. Data were collected using in-depth interviews and two specific instruments (the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Spanish Burnout Inventory). Statistical analysis was performed using Stata, version 13.0. Ninety-three teachers referred to psychotherapy from public schools in different regions of the city of São Paulo participated in the study. Burnout was associated with 11 school setting variables, including having suffered violence in the school (p <0.001), discomfort with interpersonal contact at work (p <0.001) and noise (p <0.001). Sixty percent of the teachers with severe burnout had suffered violence at school in the last year. Both collective and occupational issues were associated with teacher burnout. Among these, interpersonal conflict and violence, which appears as a new and common problem, adversely affect the health of these professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , School Teachers , Schools , Violence , Brazil/epidemiology
3.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(1): 24-31, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365064

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar a relação entre a realização de testes para detectar COVID-19 e indícios de sofrimento psíquico, estresse e burnout entre profissionais de saúde da linha de frente da pandemia em um hospital geral. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo de abordagem mista usando SRQ-20, PSS, OBI e entrevistas em profundidade em série de três entrevistas em 2020. RESULTADOS: Prevalências preocupantes de escores elevados de SRQ20, Burnout e Estresse Percebido ocorreram nas três entrevistas, e o registro de testes realizados foi crescente no período estudado, mas não houve associação entre desfechos e realização de testes para detectar COVID-19. Os temores de contrair a doença e de ser transmissor do vírus apareceram como os principais estressores para profissionais de saúde, mantidos apesar da realização de testes. CONCLUSÃO: Nesse grupo, testes realizados não se mostraram suficientes para modificar os efeitos psicossociais da atividade em linha de frente sobre profissionais de saúde.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the performance of tests to detect COVID-19 and signs of psychological distress, perceived stress and burnout among health professionals on the frontline of the pandemic in a general hospital. METHODS: Prospective mixed-approach study using SRQ-20, PSS, OBI and in-depth interviews in a series of 3 interviews throughout 2020. RESULTS: Worrying prevalences of high scores of SRQ20, Burnout and Perceived Stress occurred on the three interviews and the number of tests performed increased during the study period, but there was no association between outcomes and testing to detect COVID- 19. Fear of contracting the disease or being a transmitter of the virus appeared as the main stressors for health professionals, maintained despite testing. CONCLUSION: In this group, tests performed were not sufficient to modify the psychosocial effects of the front line activity on health professionals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Fear/psychology , Pandemics , COVID-19/transmission , Prevalence , Interviews as Topic , Prospective Studies , Psychological Distress , COVID-19 Testing , Hospitals, General
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 101-107, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357460

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Among healthcare professionals, nursing workers are the most prone to becoming victims of workplace violence and present the highest burnout levels. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between burnout syndrome and workplace violence among nursing workers. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study carried out at a teaching hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: This study involved 242 nursing workers. We collected data over a six-month period using a sociodemographic and occupational survey, the Survey Questionnaire Workplace Violence in the Health Sector and the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. For occupational violence, we selected the Survey Questionnaire Workplace Violence in the Health Sector. Burnout syndrome was evaluated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey. The data were analyzed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Categorical variables were described as absolute and relative frequencies and numerical variables in terms of central trend and dispersion measurements. For data analysis, we applied descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression. RESULTS: The multiple models indicated that the workers who had experienced verbal abuse, physical violence and concern about workplace violence over the past 12 months had significantly higher chances of presenting high emotional exhaustion (P < 0.05) and depersonalization (P < 0.05) and low professional accomplishment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Occurrence of violence significantly increased the chances of great emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low professional achievement, within burnout syndrome. Therefore, workplace violence prevention strategies need to be put in place to provide workers with a safe workplace in which to conduct their activities.


Subject(s)
Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Workplace Violence/psychology , Nursing Staff , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace/psychology
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 24-30, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360715

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of burnout, global, and by dimension, in resident physicians of Federal University of Piauí, and to identify possible factors associated with the presence of the syndrome. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, observational, and descriptive study. Population: resident physicians in Federal University of Piauí's medical residency programs (136 individuals). The frequency of burnout was investigated using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Sociodemographic variables were evaluated through a questionnaire and their associations with the presence of the syndrome were tested. RESULTS: A total of 67 (49.26%) residents answered the questionnaires. The burnout syndrome frequencies found were global=73.1%; EE=44.8%; DP=64.2%, and PA=47.8%. Statistically significant association was obtained between current year of residency and EE; between having children and PA; between current work routine and DP; and between the use of antidepressant/hypnotic medication and EE. Compared with residency programs, there was a difference in the EE dimension, which was higher among residents in internal medicine residents (88.9%) and pediatrics (83.3%). In the comparative analysis between global burnout levels and all variables evaluated, no associations were found. CONCLUSION: Burnout syndrome was found in the majority of participating residents. There was an association between sociodemographic variables and the presence of isolated burnout dimensions, but not between sociodemographic variables and global burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Universities , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Burnout, Psychological
6.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3589, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1376965

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: analisar a relação entre as dimensões do Burnout e a resiliência no trabalho dos profissionais de enfermagem de terapia intensiva na pandemia de COVID-19, em quatro hospitais do Sul do Brasil. Método: trata-se de um estudo multicêntrico, de delineamento transversal, composto por 153 enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem das Unidades de Terapia Intensiva. Foram coletadas questões sociodemográficas, de saúde e laborais e aplicados os instrumentos Maslach Burnout Inventory e Resilience at Work Scale 20. Os dados foram submetidos à análise descritiva e a correlações bivariadas e parciais (análise de rede). Resultados: a resiliência no trabalho apresentou correlação inversa ao desgaste emocional (r= -0,545; p=0,01) e à despersonalização (r= -0,419; p=0,01) e direta à realização profissional (r= 0,680; p=0,01). A variável com maior influência sobre a rede de correlações foi a percepção do impacto da pandemia sobre a saúde mental. Conclusão: a resiliência interfere nos domínios desgaste emocional e baixa realização profissional do Burnout. O desgaste emocional é conduzido por meio dos distúrbios psíquicos menores, com impacto sobre as variáveis de saúde física e mental dos trabalhadores. Deve-se fomentar o desenvolvimento da resiliência no âmbito institucional, a fim de moderar o adoecimento.


Abstract Objective: to analyze the relationship between the Burnout dimensions and the work resilience of intensive care Nursing professionals in the COVID-19 pandemic in four hospitals from southern Brazil. Method: this is a multicenter and cross-sectional study, composed of 153 nurses and nursing technicians of the Intensive Care Units. Sociodemographic, health and work-related questions were collected, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Resilience at Work Scale 20 instruments were applied. The data were submitted to descriptive analysis and to bivariate and partial correlations (network analysis). Results: work resilience presented an inverse correlation to emotional exhaustion (r=-0.545; p=0.01) and depersonalization (r=-0.419; p=0.01) and a direct one to professional achievement (r=0.680; p=0.01). The variable with the greatest influence on the correlation network was the perception of the impact of the pandemic on mental health. Conclusion: resilience interferes in the emotional exhaustion and low professional achievement domains of Burnout. Emotional exhaustion is conducted through minor psychological disorders, with an impact on the workers' physical and mental health variables. The development of institutional resilience should be encouraged in order to moderate the illness.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la relación entre las dimensiones del Burnout y la resiliencia en el trabajo de los profesionales de enfermería de cuidados intensivos durante la pandemia de COVID-19, en cuatro hospitales del sur de Brasil. Método: se trata de un estudio multicéntrico, transversal, compuesto por 153 enfermeros y técnicos en enfermería de las Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos. Se recolectaron datos sociodemográficos, de salud y laborales y se aplicaron los instrumentos Maslach Burnout Inventory y Resilience at Work Scale 20. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo y a correlaciones bivariadas y parciales (análisis de redes). Resultados: la resiliencia en el trabajo tiene una correlación inversa con el agotamiento emocional (r= -0,545; p=0,01) y la despersonalización (r= -0,419; p=0,01) y directa con la realización profesional (r= 0,680; p=0,01). La variable con mayor influencia en la red de correlaciones fue la percepción del impacto de la pandemia en la salud mental. Conclusión: la resiliencia afecta los dominios agotamiento emocional y baja realización profesional del Burnout. El agotamiento emocional se manifiesta a través de trastornos psíquicos menores e impacta en las variables de salud física y mental de los trabajadores. Se debe fomentar el desarrollo de la resiliencia a nivel institucional para moderar la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burnout, Professional/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pandemics , Critical Care Nursing , COVID-19
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 5955-5966, Dez. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350515

ABSTRACT

Resumo A violência ocupacional é um agravo ao qual os profissionais de saúde estão cotidianamente expostos. O objetivo deste artigo é identificar a prevalência de violência no trabalho (verbal/física) e as variáveis relacionadas em profissionais de enfermagem atuantes em oncologia. Estudo transversal, em que a agressão física ou verbal foi avaliada por meio do autorrelato. Analisou-se a relação entre as variáveis sociodemográficas, psicoemocionais e relacionadas ao trabalho violência (verbal/física) por meio dos testes Qui-Quadrado, exato de Fisher, Test T Student e Mann-Whitney. A amostra do estudo foi composta por 231 profissionais de enfermagem. A prevalência de agressão física ou verbal referida no último ano foi de 61,5%. Maior prevalência de agressão foi evidenciada nos profissionais que afirmaram apresentar-se cansados ao final do plantão e com concentração diminuída durante este turno. Destaca-se que os trabalhadores que sofreram violência apresentaram Burnout em alto nível em todas as subescalas, maior escore médio na escala de estresse no trabalho e pior qualidade do sono. Os achados do presente estudo apontam para necessidade de medidas institucionais para prevenção e controle da violência ocupacional.


Abstract Occupational violence is a problem that health professionals are exposed to daily. This cross-sectional study aimed at identifying the prevalence of violence at work (verbal/physical) and the variables related to it in nursing professionals working in oncology. Physical or verbal aggression was assessed through self-report. The relationship between sociodemographic, psycho-emotional and work-related violence (verbal/physical) variables was analyzed using the Chi-Square, Fisher's Exact, Student T and Mann-Whitney tests. The study sample consisted of 231 nursing professionals. The prevalence of physical or verbal aggression reported in the last year was 61.5%. A higher prevalence of aggression was evidenced in professionals who stated that they were tired at the end of the shift and presented reduced concentration during the shift. It is noteworthy that workers who suffered violence presented high levels of burnout in all subscales, a higher Mean score on the work stress scale and a lower Mean with regards to sleep quality. The findings of this study point to the need for institutional measures to prevent and control occupational violence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oncology Nursing , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Violence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Aggression
8.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(4): 341-350, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290242

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome that mostly affects professionals working in contact with patients and their caregivers. In oncology care, nursing professionals are constantly required to provide emotional support for patients and their caregivers, throughout the process of becoming ill, suffering and dying. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with burnout in a sample of nursing professionals at a cancer hospital. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted at Hospital de Câncer de Barretos. METHODS: The study population comprised 655 nursing professionals. Burnout syndrome was assessed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Service Survey. Univariate analysis and binary logistic regression models were used to identify independent predictors associated with burnout. RESULTS: Among 304 nursing professionals included in the study, 27 (8.9%) were classified as presenting burnout according to the two-dimensional criteria, and four (1.3%) were classified based on the three-dimensional criteria. Workplace characteristics were not associated with burnout, while single marital status (odds ratio, OR = 2.695; P = 0.037), perceived workplace stressors, such as impatience with colleagues (OR = 3.996; P = 0.007) and melancholy (OR = 2.840; P = 0.021) were considered to be predictors of burnout. Nursing professionals who would choose the profession again (OR = 0.214; P = 0.001) were least likely to present burnout. CONCLUSION: Perceived workplace stressors are strongly associated with burnout. Strategies focusing on restructuring of daily work processes and on activities that stimulate positive relationships are important for professionals' health because motivation to continue working in oncology nursing has a protective effect against burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oncology Nursing , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Burnout, Psychological
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 942-949, July 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346957

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BS) in physicians working during the COVID-19 pandemic in Paraíba and to investigate the association between BS and the sociodemographic and labor variables of these professionals. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including physicians who were active during the pandemic in Paraíba, whether they were on the front line (group 1) or not (group 2). Sociodemographic and labor variables were collected, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) questionnaire was applied. RESULTS: A total of 126 physicians were included, including 82 who were on the front line. Among the professionals with results compatible with BS, 85.5% were in group 1, compared with 14.5% in group 2, and this difference was statistically significant. At the 5% level, the variables associated with BS were age (24-33 years), not having children, working on the front line, working in the COVID-19 ICU, being on duty, and having contracted COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: This case series found a positive association between the development of BS and medical action on the front line of the COVID-19 pandemic in Paraíba.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Young Adult , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pandemics , Burnout, Psychological/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Rev. cuba. salud pública ; 47(2): e2589, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341487

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró el 11 de marzo del 2020 a la COVID-19 como pandemia debido a su rápido mecanismo de transmisión y difícil control epidemiológico, lo que representa una pesada carga para el sistema sanitario mundial. Objetivo: Determinar el nivel del síndrome de desgaste profesional que presenta el personal profesional y no profesional del Centro de Salud Jorge Chávez de Puerto Maldonado, frente a la llegada de la pandemia de la COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio no experimental, tipo descriptivo y transversal, con una muestra de 69 personas profesionales y no profesionales que laboran en el Centro de Salud Jorge Chávez de Puerto Maldonado, Perú, abril 2020. A quienes se les aplicó el inventario Maslach Burnout Inventory para valorar el síndrome de agotamiento frente al incremento de casos de COVID-19. Resultados: El 50,72 por ciento (n = 35) del personal que labora en el Centro de Salud Jorge Chávez presentó un nivel medio del síndrome de desgaste profesional, con el mayor peso en la subescala de agotamiento emocional con un 60,87 por ciento (n = 42) en nivel medio. La situación que más le preocupaba al personal es la escasez del equipo personal de protección como tapabocas, guantes y uniformes. Conclusiones: La mitad de los trabajadores profesionales y no profesionales del Centro de Salud Jorge Chávez presentan niveles medios del síndrome de desgaste profesional. El cansancio emocional es la dimensión más afectada, según las dimensiones definidas por Maslach Burnout Inventory. Entre las estrategias para afrontar la emergencia por COVID-19 están la planificación anticipada, el trabajo en equipo y la disponibilidad adecuada de equipos de protección personal, los cuales son factores fundamentales para prevenir el síndrome de desgaste profesional(AU)


Introduction: The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 on 11 March, 2020 as a pandemic due to its quick transmission mechanism and difficult epidemiological control, which poses a heavy burden on the global health system. Objective: Determine the level of professional wear syndrome presented by professional and non-professional staff of Jorge Chavez Health Center in Puerto Maldonado, facing the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: Non-experimental study, descriptive and transversal type, with a sample of 69 professional and non-professional persons working at Jorge Chavez Health Center in Puerto Maldonado, Peru, April 2020. The staff underwent Maslach Burnout Inventory applied to assess exhaustion syndrome while facing increased COVID-19 cases. Results: 50.72 percent (n=35) of staff working at Jorge Chavez Health Center had an average level of professional wear syndrome, with the highest weight in the emotional exhaustion subscale with 60.87 percent (n=42) at the mid-level. The situation of greatest concern to staff is the scarcity of personal protective equipment such as facemasks, gloves and uniforms. Conclusions: Half of the professional and non-professional workers at Jorge Chavez Health Center have average levels of professional wear syndrome. Emotional fatigue is the most affected dimension, according to the dimensions defined by Maslach Burnout Inventory. Among the strategies to address COVID-19 emergency are included: advance planning, teamwork, and adequate availability of personal protective equipment, which are key factors in preventing professional wear syndrome(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Burnout, Psychological/etiology , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Peru , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 310-316, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292014

ABSTRACT

Introducción. A fin de 2019 se identificó una nueva variedad de coronavirus causante de COVID-19 que alcanzó categoría de pandemia. En Argentina, el área metropolitana de Buenos Aires (AMBA) concentra alrededor del 37 % de la población total y el mayor número de casos diagnosticados. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características clínico-epidemiológicas de los pacientes con COVID-19 y describir el impacto en el funcionamiento del Servicio de Pediatría de una institución privada de la zona. Métodos. Diseño retrospectivo, observacional, desarrollado en una institución de la zona oeste del AMBA entre el 12 de marzo y el 31 de agosto de 2020. Se incluyeron todos los menores de 16 años con diagnóstico de COVID-19. Se registraron características demográficas, epidemiológicas, clínicas, indicación de internación/control ambulatorio, número de consultas externas, internación por infecciones virales estacionales, licenciamiento del personal, modificación del número de camas y de las actividades de los profesionales. Resultados. Hubo 5454 consultas ambulatorias pediátricas totales, sospecha de COVID-19 en 753/5 454 (13,8 %), se confirmaron 152/753 (20,2 %). Mediana de edad 82 meses (rango intercuartílico: 20,5-147 m), el 50 % fueron varones. La fiebre fue el síntoma más frecuente. Se internaron 22/152 (14,5 %). Las consultas disminuyeron el 87 %, no hubo internación por infecciones virales estacionales y el 52,9 % (91/172) del personal fue licenciado. Conclusiones. La mayoría de los casos fueron leves y la fiebre fue el principal síntoma. Observamos un notable impacto en el funcionamiento del servicio en cuanto al recurso humano. Destacamos la necesidad de la organización logística del servicio para enfrentar esta contingencia.


Introduction. Towards the end of 2019, a novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19 was identified and became a pandemic. In Argentina, approximately 37 % of the total population lives in the Metropolitan Area of Buenos Aires (AMBA), where most cases have been diagnosed. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 patients and the impact on the operations of the Department of Pediatrics of a private facility located in the AMBA. Methods. Retrospective, observational study conducted at a facility in the west of AMBA between March 12th and August 31st, 2020. All patients younger than 16 years diagnosed with COVID-19 were included. Demographic, epidemiological, and clinical characteristics; indication for hospitalization/outpatient follow-up; number of outpatient visits; hospitalization due to seasonal viral infections; staff on leave; changes in bed availability and health care providers' activities were recorded. Results. There were 5454 pediatric outpatient visits, COVID-19 was suspected in 753/5454 (13.8 %) and 152/753 (20.2 %) were confirmed cases. Their median age was 82 months (interquartile range: 20.5-147 months); 50 % were males. Fever was the most common symptom. In total, 22/152 (14.5 %) patients were hospitalized. Outpatients visits decreased by 87 %; there were no hospitalizations due to seasonal viral infections; and 52.9 % (91/172) of staff took a leave. Conclusions. Most cases were mild, and fever was the main symptom. The department operations were considerably affected in terms of human resources. It is worth noting the need for a logistic organization at the Department of Pediatrics to face such contingency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Private Facilities , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): 317-324, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292029

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los trabajadores de la salud se encuentran sometidos a una gran tensión en el desarrollo de sus actividades, lo que genera alta frecuencia de estrés, desgaste laboral e impacto psicopatológico. La pandemia de COVID-19 podría provocar un incremento de estas entidades en los médicos. El objetivo fue describir la frecuencia de estrés, síndrome de desgaste profesional (burnout), ansiedad y depresión durante la pandemia, y analizar las asociaciones con distintas variables independientes. Métodos. Estudio observacional, transversal, realizado dos meses después del inicio de la cuarentena en Argentina. Se encuestó a médicos de especialidades clínicas, quirúrgicas, solo de emergencias, y a aquellos sin contacto directo con pacientes, mediante un cuestionario sociodemográfico y tres inventarios autoadministrados: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory y la Escala de ansiedad y depresión hospitalaria. Resultados. La prevalencia de estrés fue del 93,7 % (IC95 %: 90,33-96,2), burnout 73,5 % (IC95 %: 68,2-78,4), ansiedad 44 % (IC95 %: 38,4-49,8) y depresión 21,9 % (IC95 %: 17,3-26,9). No se observó asociación entre la frecuencia y el tipo de especialidad realizada. La frecuencia de burnout, ansiedad y depresión fue significativamente mayor en los médicos residentes y en aquellos que trabajan en emergencias. Conclusiones. Los médicos residentes y quienes trabajan en emergencias en turnos de 24 horas mostraron porcentajes significativamente más altos de burnout, ansiedad y depresión, en comparación con médicos de planta y con aquellos en posiciones de liderazgo. Estos hallazgos pueden estar asociados con una mayor carga de trabajo y una menor experiencia. Es mandatorio tomar medidas preventivas y terapéuticas para preservar a quienes hacen frente a esta pandemia.


Introduction. Health care workers experience a tremendous strain while performing their activities, very frequently leading to stress, burnout syndrome, and psychopathological impact. The COVID-19 pandemic may cause physicians to suffer these effects even to a greater extent. Our objective was to describe the frequency of stress, burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression during the pandemic, and analyze the associations with different independent outcome measures. Methods. Observational, cross-sectional study conducted 2 months after the lockdown was established in Argentina. Clinical specialists, surgeons, emergency physicians, and those with no direct contact with patients were surveyed using a sociodemographic questionnaire and 3 self-administered inventories: Health Professions Stress Inventory, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results. The prevalence of stress was 93.7 % (95 % confidence interval [CI]: 90.33-96.2), burnout syndrome 73.5 % (95 % CI: 68.2-78.4), anxiety 44 % (95 % CI: 38.4-49.8), and depression 21.9 % (95 % CI: 17.3-26.9). No association was observed between the frequency and medical specialty. The frequency of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression was significantly higher among residents and physicians working in the emergency department. Conclusions. Residents and emergency physicians working 24-hour shifts showed significantly higher percentages of burnout syndrome, anxiety, and depression compared to staff and head physicians. These findings may be associated with a higher workload and less experience. It is compulsory to take preventive and therapeutic measures to protect those in the pandemic front line.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Anxiety/epidemiology , Communicable Disease Control , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Depression/epidemiology , Pandemics , Burnout, Psychological , SARS-CoV-2 , Hospitals, Teaching
13.
Rev. bras. educ. méd ; 45(2): e054, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155928

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction: Medical students' mental health has been a concern to the scientific community, especially as a result of the epidemic of mental comorbidities that have become commonplace among the various social groups in modern society. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of Burnout among first- to fourth- year medical students and compare different criteria to define the syndrome. Methods: A total of 511 students from three universities in Brazil answered validated instruments to assess burnout (The Maslach Burnout Inventory) and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), and a questionnaire prepared by the authors to assess sociodemographic data Results: There was a prevalence of 31.1% of three-dimensional burnout, 37% of two-dimensional burnout and 44,8% of one-dimensional burnout. There were worse levels of emotional exhaustion among students with two-dimensional burnout, compared to those with only one-dimensional criterion, and worse levels of depersonalization among students with three-dimensional burnout, compared to those with two-dimensional criterion only. The same assessed variables showed correlation with all three criteria. Considering the four domains of quality of life - psychological, physical, environment and social relationships, the psychological and physical domains were the ones that correlated the most to all three aspects of the three-dimensional criteria. Emotional exhaustion was the dimension with the strongest association with three of the four quality of life domains. Conclusions: We question whether the three-dimensional criterion should really be the gold standard to define Burnout.


Resumo: Introdução: A saúde mental dos estudantes de medicina tem sido uma preocupação para a comunidade científica, especialmente como resultado da epidemia de comorbidades mentais que se tornaram comuns entre os vários grupos sociais da sociedade moderna. Objetivos: Este estudo teve como objetivos avaliar a prevalência de burnout em estudantes do primeiro ao quarto ano de um curso de Medicina e comparar as diferentes classificações de critério diagnóstico da síndrome. Métodos: Um total de 511 estudantes de três universidades brasileiras responderam a dois instrumentos validados para avaliar burnout e qualidade de vida, e a um questionário elaborado pelos autores para avaliar dados sociodemográficos e hábitos. Resultados: Houve prevalência de 31,1% de burnout tridimensional, 37% de burnout bidimensional e 44,8% de burnout unidimensional. Constatou-se um maior nível de exaustão no grupo com burnout bidimensional, em comparação ao grupo unidimensional, e verificou-se um maior nível de cinismo naqueles com burnout tridimensional, em comparação ao bidimensional. As variáveis que apresentaram correlação com a síndrome foram as mesmas nos três critérios analisados. Os domínios psicológico e físico foram os mais afetados na qualidade de vida dos escolares com burnout. A exaustão emocional foi a dimensão que apresentou correlações mais fortes com três dos quatro domínios analisados no instrumento WHOQOL-BREF. Conclusão: Observaram-se prejuízos nas diversas áreas relacionadas à qualidade de vida dos alunos. Questionamos se o uso do Maslach Burnout Inventory, por meio da abordagem tridimensional, realmente é o critério ideal a ser utilizado na triagem do burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Medical/psychology , Burnout, Professional/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Syndrome , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3487, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347609

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the association of the burnout syndrome with daytime sleepiness and sleep quality among technical-level Nursing students. Method: a cross-sectional, analytical and quantitative study, conducted with 213 students from four technical Nursing courses in a city of Paraná, Brazil. Data collection was carried out using an instrument containing characterization information, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. Results: the prevalence values of the burnout syndrome, excessive daytime sleepiness and poor sleep quality were 4.7%, 34.7% and 58.7%, respectively. Excessive daytime sleepiness significantly increased the chances of high emotional exhaustion (ORadj: 5.714; p<0.001) and high depersonalization (ORadj: 4.259; p<0.001). Poor sleep quality, especially sleep disorders, was associated with all dimensions of the syndrome (p<0.05). Conclusion: high levels of the burnout syndrome dimensions were associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and poor sleep quality. Educational institutions should include sleep hygiene and psychosocial support in their student health promotion programs.


Objetivo: evaluar la asociación del síndrome de burnout con la somnolencia diurna y la calidad del sueño en estudiantes de enfermería de nivel técnico. Método: estudio transversal, analítico y cuantitativo, con 213 estudiantes de cuatro carreras técnicas de enfermería en una ciudad del estado de Paraná, Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó utilizando un instrumento que contiene información de caracterización, el Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, la Escala de Somnolencia de Epworth y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva y regresión logística. Resultados: las prevalencias del síndrome de burnout, de la somnolencia diurna excesiva y de la mala calidad del sueño fueron 4,7%, 34,7% y 58,7%, respectivamente. La somnolencia diurna excesiva aumentó significativamente las posibilidades de alto agotamiento emocional (ORaj: 5,714; p<0,001) y alta despersonalización (ORaj: 4,259; p<0,001). La mala calidad del sueño, especialmente las alteraciones del sueño, se asoció con todas las dimensiones del síndrome (p<0,05). Conclusión: altos niveles de las dimensiones del síndrome de burnout se asociaron con somnolencia diurna excesiva y mala calidad del sueño. Las instituciones educativas deben incluir la higiene del sueño y el apoyo psicosocial en sus programas de promoción de la salud de los estudiantes.


Objetivo: avaliar a associação da síndrome de burnout com a sonolência diurna e a qualidade do sono entre alunos de nível técnico em enfermagem. Método: estudo transversal, analítico e quantitativo, com 213 alunos de quatro cursos técnicos em enfermagem de uma cidade do Paraná, Brasil. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de um instrumento contendo informações de caracterização, o Maslach Burnout Inventory - Student Survey, a Escala de Sonolência de Epworth e o Índice da Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e regressão logística. Resultados: as prevalências da síndrome de burnout, da sonolência diurna excessiva e da qualidade do sono ruim foram 4,7%, 34,7% e 58,7%, respectivamente. A sonolência diurna excessiva aumentou significativamente as chances de alta exaustão emocional (ORaj: 5,714; p<0,001) e alta despersonalização (ORaj: 4,259; p<0,001). A qualidade do sono ruim, sobretudo os distúrbios do sono, associou-se com todas as dimensões da síndrome (p<0,05). Conclusão: altos níveis das dimensões da síndrome de burnout foram associados à sonolência diurna excessiva e à má qualidade de sono. As instituições de ensino devem incluir a higiene do sono e o apoio psicossocial em seus programas de promoção à saúde dos estudantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Nursing , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sleep Hygiene , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence
15.
Femina ; 48(9): 535-539, 20200930. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122580

ABSTRACT

No presente artigo, a Comissão Nacional Especializada em Residência Médica da Febrasgo traz à tona elementos essenciais para conhecer, reconhecer e prevenir a síndrome de burnout em médicos-residentes de ginecologia-obstetrícia. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Burnout, Professional/prevention & control , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Internship and Residency , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors
16.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 381-390, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138518

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a frequência de síndrome de burnout grave em profissionais de terapia intensiva e correlacioná-la com o engajamento com o trabalho. Métodos: Foi distribuído um questionário autoaplicável que incluía o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach, a Escala de Depressão Ansiedade e Estresse e o questionário Gallup. Todas as análises foram estratificadas por local de trabalho (unidade de terapia intensiva ou unidade semi-intensiva) e por grupo profissional (enfermeiros versus médicos versus fisioterapeutas). Resultados: Entre fevereiro de 2017 e junho de 2017, 206 dos 325 profissionais convidados (63,4%) responderam aos questionários. Destes, 55 eram médicos (26,7%), 88 eram fisioterapeutas (42,7%) e 63 eram enfermeiros (30,6%). A frequência de burnout grave foi de 34,3% (27,9 - 41,4%), e não se identificaram diferenças entre os grupos profissionais ou locais de trabalho. A frequência de casos graves ou muito graves de depressão, ansiedade ou estresse foi de 12,9%, 11,4% e 10,5%, respectivamente. O escore mediano (intervalo interquartil) observado pelo questionário Gallup foi 41 (34 - 48), e não se observaram diferenças entre os grupos profissionais ou locais de trabalho. Houve correlação negativa entre burnout e engajamento com o trabalho (r = -0,148; p = 0,035). Conclusão: A frequência de burnout grave foi elevada entre os profissionais de saúde que trabalham na unidade de terapia intensiva e na unidade semi-intensiva. Existe uma correlação negativa entre burnout e engajamento com o trabalho.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the frequency of severe burnout syndrome among critical care providers and to correlate it with work engagement. Methods: A self-administered survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory, Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales, and Gallup questionnaire was distributed. All analyses were stratified by setting (intensive care unit or step-down unit) and by professional group (nurses versus physicians versus physiotherapists). Results: Between February 2017 and June 2017, 206 out of 325 invited professionals (63.4%) answered the questionnaires. Of these, 55 were physicians (26.7%), 88 were physiotherapists (42.7%) and 63 were nurses (30.6%). The frequency of severe burnout was 34.3% (27.9 - 41.4%), and no difference was found between professional groups or settings. The frequency of severe or very severe cases of depression, anxiety or stress was 12.9%, 11.4% and 10.5%, respectively. The median (interquartile range) score observed on the Gallup questionnaire was 41 (34 - 48), and no differences were found between professional groups or settings. There was a negative correlation between burnout and work engagement (r = -0.148; p = 0.035). Conclusion: There is a high frequency of severe burnout among critical care providers working in the intensive care unit and step-down unit. There was a negative correlation between burnout and work engagement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Physicians/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Physical Therapists/psychology , Nurses/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Critical Care , Depression/epidemiology , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Work Engagement , Intensive Care Units
17.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 458-467, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138509

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática para sumarizar o conhecimento relativo à prevalência de burnout entre médicos atuantes na unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Conduzimos uma revisão sistemática nas bases de dados MEDLINE e PubMed® (última atualização em 4 de fevereiro de 2019), com o objetivo de resumir a evidência a respeito de burnout entre médicos atuantes em unidades de terapia intensiva. Incluímos todos os estudos que relatavam burnout em trabalhadores na unidade de terapia intensiva, segundo o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach e, a seguir, triamos os estudos quanto a dados relativos a burnout especificamente em médicos atuantes na unidade de terapia intensiva. Resultados: Encontramos 31 estudos que descreviam burnout em membros da equipe da unidade de terapia intensiva e incluíam diferentes perfis de profissionais de saúde. Dentre estes, cinco estudos se focalizavam apenas em médicos, e 12 outros investigavam burnout em uma mescla de profissionais atuantes na unidade de terapia intensiva, mas forneciam dados à parte relativos aos médicos. A prevalência de burnout teve grande variação entre os estudos (variando entre 18% e 49%), porém diversas discrepâncias metodológicas, dentre elas os critérios de corte para definição de burnout e variabilidade da escala de Likert, impediram uma análise agrupada significativa. Conclusão: A prevalência da síndrome de burnout entre médicos atuantes na unidade de terapia intensiva é relativamente alta, porém heterogeneidades metodológicas significantes exigem precauções na interpretação de nossos resultados. Os níveis mais baixos de burnout relatados parecem mais elevados do que os identificados em estudos que investigaram uma mescla de profissionais da unidade de terapia intensiva. Há uma necessidade urgente de consenso que recomende o uso consistente do Inventário de Burnout de Maslach para triar a presença de burnout a fim de fornecer dados precisos a respeito de burnout entre médicos atuantes na unidade de terapia intensiva.


Abstract Objective: We performed a systematic review to summarize the knowledge regarding the prevalence of burnout among intensive care unit physicians. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the MEDLINE and PubMed® databases (last update 04.02.2019) with the goal of summarizing the evidence on burnout among intensive care unit physicians. We included all studies reporting burnout in intensive care unit personnel according to the Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and then screened studies for data on burnout among intensive care unit physician specifically. Results: We found 31 studies describing burnout in intensive care unit staff and including different healthcare profiles. Among these, 5 studies focused on physicians only, and 12 others investigated burnout in mixed intensive care unit personnel but provided separate data on physicians. The prevalence of burnout varied greatly across studies (range 18% - 49%), but several methodological discrepancies, among them cut-off criteria for defining burnout and variability in the Likert scale, precluded a meaningful pooled analysis. Conclusion: The prevalence of burnout syndrome among intensive care unit physicians is relatively high, but significant methodological heterogeneities warrant caution being used in interpreting our results. The lower reported levels of burnout seem higher than those found in studies investigating mixed intensive care unit personnel. There is an urgent need for consensus recommending a consistent use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory test to screen burnout, in order to provide precise figures on burnout in intensive care unit physicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires
18.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(2): 251-260, Apr.-June 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138480

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e os fatores associados com a síndrome de burnout em profissionais que atuam em unidade de terapia intensiva. Métodos: Estudo transversal com base populacional. Aplicou-se um questionário sociodemográfico, comportamental e ocupacional a 241 enfermeiros e médicos atuantes em 17 unidades de terapia intensiva públicas na cidade de São Luís (MA). Utilizou-se o Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) para identificar a síndrome, com base nos critérios de Maslach e Grunfeld. A taxa de prevalência foi estimada juntamente do intervalo de confiança de 95% para cada dimensão da síndrome. As associações foram estimadas pela razão de chance (odds ratio), por meio de análises de regressão logística múltipla (α = 5%). Resultados: A prevalência da síndrome de burnout foi de 0,41% (0,01 - 2,29) segundo Maslach e 36,9% (30,82 - 43,36) segundo Grunfeld. Os profissionais das unidades de atendimento pediátrico tiveram maior probabilidade de desenvolver exaustão emocional (OR = 3,16). Aqueles com idade superior a 35 anos tiveram menos propensão a desenvolver exaustão emocional (OR = 0,32) e despersonalização (OR = 0,06). Maior número de horas de trabalho em unidades de terapia intensiva associou-se com diminuição da realização pessoal (OR = 1,13). Dentre os enfermeiros, os homens foram mais propensos à diminuição da realização profissional, e a ausência da prática de atividades físicas regulares associou-se com mais exaustão emocional e menos despersonalização. Dentre os médicos, o trabalho nas unidades de terapia intensiva pediátrica e cardiológica os tornou menos propensos a perceberem menor realização pessoal, e os médicos sem pós-graduação em terapia intensiva tiveram maior chance de apresentar sentimento de falta de realização pessoal. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou baixa prevalência da síndrome de burnout. Para cada dimensão de burnout, a maioria dos profissionais demonstrou baixos níveis de exaustão emocional, despersonalização e sentimento de falta de realização pessoal. Enfermeiros e médicos apresentaram diferentes características associadas com a síndrome de burnout.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence of and factors associated with Burnout syndrome among intensive care unit professionals. Methods: In this cross-sectional population-based study, a questionnaire assessing sociodemographic, behavioral, and occupational data was administered to 241 nurses and physicians working in 17 public intensive care units in São Luis (MA), Brazil. The Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey was used to identify Burnout syndrome based on Maslach's and Grunfeld's criteria. The prevalence of each dimension of the syndrome was estimated with a 95% confidence interval. Associations were estimated by the odds ratios via multiple logistic regression analyses (α = 5%). Results: The prevalence of Burnout syndrome was 0.41% (0.01 - 2.29) according to Maslach's criteria and 36.9% (30.82 - 43.36) according to Grunfeld's criteria. Infant intensive care unit professionals were more likely to develop emotional exhaustion than other intensive care professionals (OR = 3.16). Respondents over the age of 35 were less likely to develop emotional exhaustion (OR = 0.32) and depersonalization (OR = 0.06). Longer working hours in intensive care units were associated with a reduced sense of personal accomplishment (OR = 1.13). Among nurses, males had a lower sense of professional accomplishment, and not exercising regularly was associated with more emotional exhaustion and less depersonalization. Among physicians, working in infant and cardiology intensive care units made them less likely to have a reduced sense of personal accomplishment, and physicians without a postgraduate degree who worked in intensive care units had a higher chance of having a lower sense of personal accomplishment. Conclusion: This study demonstrated the low prevalence of Burnout syndrome. Most of the professionals reported low levels for each dimension of Burnout, including low levels of emotional exhaustion, low levels of depersonalization, and a lower likelihood of having a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Nurses and physicians have different characteristics associated with Burnout syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Physicians/psychology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Intensive Care Units , Nurses/psychology , Brazil , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1555-1566, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089503

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este artigo analisou a Síndrome de Burnout (SB) entre os gerentes da Estratégia de Saúde da Família (ESF) no Município do Rio de Janeiro e suas associações entre os fatores que influenciam a presença/ausência da SB nesses profissionais. Com natureza descritiva, ele utilizou um questionário, composto de duas partes: 1) perfil do gerente e fatores que possam influenciar a presença de Burnout; 2) Inventário Maslach Burnout Inventory. A taxa percentual de retorno foi de 63,5% (143) dos 225 enviados. Os gerentes da ESF são em geral, enfermeiros (68,6%), jovens (74,5% até 39 anos), do sexo feminino (76,9%) e que atuam na gerência há menos de 5 anos (85,2%). A presença da SB foi identificada em 11,2% dos gerentes. Os fatores de natureza organizacional foram os que obtiveram maior número de variáveis com associação. Esses dados apontam para necessidade de realização de mudanças nas práticas organizativas de serviços e de mudanças nos processos de trabalho. A realização de outros estudos, que aprofundem estas questões, pode contribuir neste sentido.


Abstract This paper analyzed the Burnout Syndrome (BS) among the managers of the Family Health Strategy (ESF) in the city of Rio de Janeiro and its associations with factors that influence the presence/absence of BS among these professionals. This is a descriptive study that used data from a questionnaire consisting of two parts: 1) manager profile and factors that could influence the presence of Burnout; 2) Maslach Burnout Inventory. The return rate was 63.5% (143) of the 225 questionnaires sent. The ESF managers are generally nurses (68.6%), young (63.6% under 39 years) female (76.9%), who have acted as managers for less than 5 years (85.2%). A BS presence was identified in 11.2% of the managers. The factors of an organizational nature were those that obtained the highest number of variables with an association. These data point to the need to make changes in the organizational practices of services and changes in work processes. Further studies on these issues can contribute to this.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Family Health , Health Facility Administrators/psychology , Syndrome , Brazil/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/etiology , Organizational Culture , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Cities/epidemiology , Marital Status , Health Facility Administrators/statistics & numerical data , Middle Aged
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