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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 631-636, fev 11, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359508

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os efeitos de um programa de prevenção de lesão sobre a função muscular do quadril, a amplitude de movimento (ADM) de dorsiflexão do tornozelo e o controle postural em militares. Metodologia: foram incluídos no estudo nove militares (30,56±8,33 anos), que foram avaliados pré e pós intervenção por meio dos seguintes instrumentos: a) Avaliação funcional do quadril através dos testes funcionais para o músculo glúteo máximo e glúteo médio; b) Avaliação da ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo, por meio do teste de Lunge realizado com uma fita métrica; c) Avaliação do equilíbrio, por meio da Posturografia Dinâmica Computadorizada (sistema EquiTest® NeuroCom), incluindo os testes de organização sensorial (TOS), que é dividido em seis condições e o índice geral do equilíbrio (composite). Os militares foram submetidos a um programa de prevenção de lesão durante 10 semanas, aplicado 2 vezes semanais com duração de aproximadamente 50 minutos. O programa foi constituído de exercícios em 4 categorias, incluindo aquecimento / corrida, fortalecimento muscular, equilíbrio e alongamento. Resultados: houve melhorias significativas sobre a função muscular de glúteo médio não-dominante (p=0,01), a ADM de dorsiflexão do tornozelo dominante (p=0,02) e sobre o controle postural, através do aumento da condição V dos TOS (p=0,04), valor de composite (p=0,02) e do sistema vestibular (p=0,03). Conclusão: O programa de exercícios proposto melhorou os parâmetros de função muscular glútea, mobilidade de tornozelo e controle postural em militares.


Objective: to analyze the effects of an injury prevention program on hip muscle function, range of motion (ADM) of ankle dorsiflexion and postural control in the military. Methodology: nine military personnel (30.56 ± 8.33 years) were included in the study, who were evaluated before and after intervention through the following instruments: a) Functional assessment of the hip ­ through functional tests for the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles; b) Evaluation of the ADM of ankle dorsiflexion ­ by means of the Lunge test performed with a tape measure; c) Evaluation of balance ­ through Computational Dynamic Posturography (EquiTest® NeuroCom system), including sensory organization tests (TOS), which is divided into six conditions and the general equilibrium index (composite). The military underwent an injury prevention program for 10 weeks, applied twice weekly with a duration of approximately 50 minutes. The program consisted of exercises in 4 categories, including warm up / running, muscle strengthening, balance and stretching. Results: there were significant improvements in non-dominant gluteus medial muscle function (p = 0.01), dominant ankle dorsiflexion ROM (p = 0.02) and postural control, through an increase in the TOS V condition (p = 0.04), composite value (p = 0.02) and vestibular system (p = 0.03). Conclusion: a exercises program improved of gluteal muscle function, ankle mobility and postural control in the military.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Buttocks , Exercise , Postural Balance , Muscle Strength , Hip , Ankle , Military Personnel , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Evaluation Studies as Topic
3.
Fisioter. Bras ; 22(3): 456-468, Jul 15, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290543

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Estrias são lesões dérmicas lineares que acometem ambos os sexos, sendo duas vezes mais comuns em mulheres. Objetivos: Investigar se a carboxiterapia é eficaz para melhorar a sensibilidade tátil, a satisfação corporal e o aspecto de estrias albas localizadas na região glútea de mulheres. Métodos: 38 mulheres hígidas com estrias albas bilateralmente na região glútea participaram do estudo. A aplicação da carboxiterapia foi realizada em um glúteo e porção superior da coxa através da introdução da agulha hipodérmica paralelamente as estrias. Foram realizadas doze sessões com duração média de 20 minutos cada, com intervalo de sete dias. A eficácia da intervenção foi avaliada através de registros fotográficos, avaliação da dor, avaliação da sensibilidade tátil, e autoavaliação de satisfação pós-tratamento. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre o grupo experimental e o grupo controle no que diz respeito à avaliação dos registros fotográficos. Houve redução significativa entre a dor e melhora da sensibilidade nas voluntárias. Também houve diferença significativa da satisfação com a aparência do próprio glúteo antes e após o tratamento. Conclusão: A carboxiterapia foi eficaz em melhorar a sensibilidade tátil e a satisfação com o corpo de mulheres hígidas com estrias albas na região glútea. (AU)


Introduction: Stretch marks are linear lesions that affect both sexes, being twice as common in women. Objectives: To investigate whether carboxytherapy is effective in improving tactile sensitivity, body satisfaction and the appearance of stretch marks located in the gluteal region of women. Methods: Thirty-eight healthy women with bilateral stretch marks in the gluteal region participated in the study. Carboxitherapy was applied to a gluteus and upper thigh by introducing the hypodermic needle in parallel as stretch marks. Twelve sessions were held with an average duration of 20 minutes each, with an interval of seven days. The assessment of the intervention was assessed through photographic records, pain assessment, assessment of tactile sensitivity and automatic assessment of satisfaction after treatment. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental group and the control group regarding the evaluation of photographic records. We observed a significant reduction between pain and improved sensitivity in the volunteers, and a significant difference in satisfaction with his appearance before and after treatment. Conclusion: Carboxytherapy was effective in improving tactile sensitivity and body satisfaction in healthy women with stretch marks in the gluteal region. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Physical Therapy Modalities , Striae Distensae , Physical Appearance, Body , Buttocks , Randomized Controlled Trial
6.
Rev. cientif. cienc. med ; 24(1): 43-51, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358893

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCION: los biopolímeros son macromoléculas cuyo uso como sustancias de relleno con fines estéticos ha ido en aumento en los últimos años. Esto ha generado un incremento de complicaciones por alogenosis iatrogénica de difícil tratamiento. OBJETIVO: describir los hallazgos intraoperatorios en las pacientes con alogenosis iatrogénica intervenidas quirúrgicamente en el Departamento de Cirugía Plástica del Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras. METODO: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, longitudinal y monocéntrico con 15 pacientes femeninas que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico para extracción de sustancias modelantes desde enero 2017 a diciembre 2019. RESULTADOS: el rango de edad predominante fue entre los 19 y 29 años con un 66.6% y entre los 30 y 40 años de edad con un 33.3%. El procedimiento quirúrgico fue realizado bajo anestesia general en el 33.3% de las pacientes; de ellos el 20% fue en la región mamaria, 40% glúteos y 40% genitales y pubis. Se empleó anestesia local en el 66.6%, distribuidas en 20% en la región frontal y glabelar, 30% en los párpados y 50% en los labios. El 100% mostró hallazgos intraoperatorios similares. CONCLUSIONES: independientemente del producto inyectado, la región anatómica y la expresión clínica de la enfermedad, los hallazgos transoperatorios son los mismos. Tanto en las zonas más inyectadas que fueron la región glútea, genital y púbica como en la de menor frecuencia que correspondió a las zonas frontales y glabelar, la extracción del producto resultó en múltiples nódulos en forma de perlas de pequeño tamaño y cavernas.


INTRODUCTION: biopolymers are macromolecules whose use as fillers for aesthetic purposes has been increasing in recent years. This has generated an increase in complications due to iatrogenic alogenosis that is difficult to treat. OBJECTIVE: to describe the intraoperative findings in patients with iatrogenic alogenosis who underwent surgery at the Department of Plastic Surgery of the Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital. METHODS: a descriptive, prospective, longitudinal, single-center study was conducted with 15 female patients who received surgical treatment for removal of modeling substances from January 2017 to December 2019. RESULTS: the predominant age range was between 19 and 29 years old with 66.6% and between 30 and 40 years old with 33.3%. The surgical procedure was performed under general anesthesia in 33.3% of the patients; of them 20% were in the breast region, 40% buttocks and 40% genitalia and pubis. Local anesthesia was used in 66.6%, distributed in 20% in the frontal and glabellar region, 30% in the eyelids and 50% in the lips. 100% showed similar intraoperative findings. CONCLUSIONS: regardless of the product injected, the anatomic region and the clinical expression of the disease, the transoperative findings are the same. Both in the most injected areas which were the gluteal, genital and pubic region and in the less frequently injected areas which corresponded to the frontal and glabellar areas, the extraction of the product resulted in multiple nodules in the form of small pearls and caverns.


Subject(s)
Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgery, Plastic , Buttocks
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020239, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153181

ABSTRACT

The gluteal region contains important neurovascular and muscular structures with diverse clinical and surgical implications. This paper aims to describe and discuss the clinical importance of a unique variation involving not only the piriformis, gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, obturator internus, and superior gemellus muscles, but also the superior gluteal neurovascular bundle, and sciatic nerve. A routine dissection of a right hemipelvis and its gluteal region of a male cadaver fixed in 10% formalin was performed. During dissection, it was observed a rare presentation of the absence of the piriformis muscle, associated with a tendon fusion between gluteus and obturator internus, and a fusion between gluteus minimus and superior gemellus muscles, along with an unusual topography with the sciatic nerve, which passed through these group of fused muscles. This rare variation stands out with clinical manifestations that are not fully established. Knowing this anatomy is essential to avoid surgical iatrogeny.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Buttocks/pathology , Piriformis Muscle Syndrome/complications , Anatomic Variation , Sciatic Nerve , Tendons , Dissection , Muscles/abnormalities
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 975-982, Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124885

ABSTRACT

To reveal the extra- and intramuscular nerve distribution patterns of the gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus, and to provide guidance for gluteal muscle injection in order to avoid nerve injury. Ten adult and 10 child cadavers were used. The superior and inferior gluteal nerves innervating the gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus were dissected, exposed, and sutured in-situ on the muscle. The three gluteal muscles were removed, and the distribution patterns of the intramuscular nerves were revealed by modified Sihler's nerve staining. The nerve distribution pattern was returned to the corresponding position in the body, and the patterns in the four quadrants of the buttock were analyzed. There were 3-12 extramuscular nerve branches of the gluteus maximus, medius, and minimus. After entering the muscle, these nerve branches arborized and anastomosed to form an arc-shaped, nerve-dense zone. The nerve distribution was most dense in the inferomedial region of the superolateral quadrant and the inferolateral region of the superomedial quadrant of the buttocks. The nerve distribution was relatively dense in the inferolateral region of the superolateral quadrant, and the medial region of the inferomedial quadrant. An arc-shaped, nerve-sparse zone in the superolateral and superomedial quadrants near the lower iliac crest accounted for about two-fifths of the two quadrants' limits. The arc-shaped, nerve-sparse zone in the superolateral quadrant is the preferred injection site, and the superomedial quadrant near the lower iliac crest is also recommended as a gluteal intramuscular injection region, free from nerve injury.


El objetivo de este trabajo fue revelar los patrones de distribución nerviosa extramusculat e intramuscular de los músculos glúteo máximo, medio y mínimo y proporcionar orientación para la inyección en la región glútea con el propósito de evitar lesiones nerviosas. Se utilizaron diez cadáveres adultos y diez niños. Los nervios glúteos superior e inferior que inervan a los músculos glúteo máximo, medio y mínimo fueron disecados, expuestos y suturados in situ en el músculo. Se extirparon los tres músculos glúteos y se revelaron los patrones de distribución de los nervios intramusculares mediante la tinción nerviosa de Sihler modificada. El patrón de distribución nerviosa se devolvió a la posición correspondiente en el cuerpo y se analizaron los patrones en los cuatro cuadrantes de la región glútea. Se encontraron 3 a 12 ramos nerviosos extramusculares de los músculos glúteo máximo, medio y mínimo. Después de ingresar al músculo, estas ramas nerviosas se arborizaron y anastomizaron para formar una zona densamente nerviosa en forma de arco. La distribución nerviosa fue de mayor densidad en la región inferomedial del cuadrante superolateral y en la región inferolateral del cuadrante superomedial de la región glútea. La distribución nerviosa era relativamente densa en la región inferolateral del cuadrante superolateral y en la región medial del cuadrante inferomedial. Una zona en forma de arco en los cuadrantes superolateral y superomedial y con escasa inervación, cerca de la cresta ilíaca representaba una parte de los límites de los dos cuadrantes. La zona de poca inervación en forma de arco en el cuadrante superolateral es el sitio de inyección preferido, y el cuadrante superomedial próximo a la cresta ilíaca también se recomienda como una región de inyección intramuscular glútea, libre de lesión nerviosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Buttocks/innervation , Injections, Intramuscular , Staining and Labeling , Buttocks/anatomy & histology , Cadaver
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 199-202, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056421

ABSTRACT

El músculo piriforme es un músculo pelvitrocantérico que recibe su nombre debido a su forma de pera, cuyo origen es de varios fascículos que se encuentran entre los forámenes anteriores del sacro, correspondiente a las segunda, tercera y cuarta vértebra. Estos fascículos se funden constituyendo un músculo aplanado, que se inserta en el trocánter mayor del fémur. Presenta una relación bien conocida con el nervio isquiático, el cual comúnmente emerge hacia la región glútea por el margen inferior de este músculo, sin embargo a través del tiempo, autores han descrito variaciones del paso de este nervio que podrían asociarse a alguna patología de compresión del nervio isquiático. En una disección rutinaria de dos individuos formolizados, uno femenino y otro masculino de la región glútea, encontramos que el músculo piriforme se originaba a través de dos cabezas, cada una con su propia fascia que se unían en un vientre común, en forma de bíceps y a través de un tendón cilíndrico se insertaban en la parte medial del trocánter mayor del fémur. El nervio isquiático se encontraba dividido, el nervio fibular común emergía a la región glútea a través de las cabezas, en tanto el nervio tibial por el margen inferior del músculo piriforme. Es importante comunicar las variaciones anatómicas para complementar el conocimiento de las mismas, las que pueden explicar ciertos trastornos físicos y dolorosos como el denominado síndrome del músculo piriforme.


The piriform muscle is a pelvitrochanteric muscle that gets its name due to its pear shape, whose origin are several fascicles located between the anterior foramina of the sacrum, corresponding to the second, third and fourth vertebrae. These fascicles are fused forming a flattened muscle, which is inserted into the greater trochanter of the femur. It has a well-known relationship with the sciatic nerve, which commonly emerges towards the gluteal region through the lower margin of this muscle, however over time, authors have described variations in the course of this nerve that could be associated with some compression pathology of the sciatic nerve. In a routine dissection of two formalized individuals, one female and one male, we found that the piriformis muscle originated through two heads, each with its own fascia that joined in a bicep-shaped common belly. Through a cylindrical tendon it is inserted into the medial part of the greater trochanter of the femur. The sciatic nerve was divided, the common fibular nerve emerged to the gluteal region through the heads, while in the tibial nerve divided through the inferior margin of the piriformis muscle. It is important to report on the anatomical variations to complement knowledge of these variations, which may explain certain physical and painful disorders such as the socalled piriformis muscle syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Sciatic Nerve/anatomy & histology , Buttocks/anatomy & histology , Piriformis Muscle Syndrome/pathology , Cadaver , Anatomic Variation
10.
Arch. med ; 20(1): 217-220, 2020-01-18.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053284

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente con calcinosis cutis distrófica en glúteo, una pa- tología infrecuente e infra-diagnosticada por la falta de sospecha clínica. Es de vital importancia que a quienes presenten calcificaciones cutáneas se les realice una detallada anamnesis y un estudio analítico con función renal, metabolismo del calcio y fósforo y autoinmunidad para descartar la existencia de una patología subyacente como las enfermedades autoinmunes o renales..(AU)


We present the clinical case of a patient with calcinosis dystrophic skin on the buttock, an infre- quent and infradiagnosed pathology due to the lack of clinical suspicion. It is very important that those patients with skin calcifications have a detalied anamnesis and analytical study with renal function, calcium and phosphrus metabolism and autoinmmunity to rule out the existence of un- derlying pathology such an autoimmune or renal diseases..(AU)


Subject(s)
Buttocks , Calcinosis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828256

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of silver needle lumbar and sacral spine approach in treating gluteal muscle syndrome.@*METHODS@#Eighty-seven patients with gluteal muscle syndrome treated with silver needles in the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of our hospital from September 2017 to September 2019 were selected. Except for symptoms of waist and hip pain and discomfort, all selected patients were examined by CT or MRI to confirm pathological imaging changes such as inflammatory exudation of the gluteal muscle. The 87 patients with gluteal muscle syndrome were divided into 2 groups according to the digital table method, and 42 patients in the lumbosacral approach group, including 19 males and 23 females, aged (50.70±12.45) years old, and disease duration of (1.63±1.27) years;45 cases in the buttock approach group, including 20 males and 25 females, aged (52.80±12.18) years old, with a course of disease of (1.78±1.22) years. The lumbosacral approach group was treated with spinal L to S bilateral articular process joints and L transverse process acupuncture needles, and the buttock approach group was treated with the gluteus medulla wing starting point and femoral trochanter stop. The VAS scores, soft tissue tenderness thresholds, and hip abductor muscle strength of the affected group were measured before and 4 weeks after treatment in the two groups. The clinical efficacy was also evaluated 4 weeks after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks, the VAS score of the lumbosacral approach group was 1.26±0.70, and the buttock approach group was 1.18±0.74, which were significantly lower than those before treatment, but there was no statistical difference between the groups (>0.05). The soft tissue tenderness threshold and ipsilateral hip abductor muscle strength were (5.51±0.70) kg and (10.34±2.19) kg in the lumbosacral approach group, and (4.78±1.05) kg, (9.33±1.42) kg in the buttock approach group. The results in the lumbosacral approach group was better than those in the buttock approach group(<0.05). The clinical efficacy of the lumbosacral approach group:16 cases got an excellent result, 20 good, 5 fair and 1 poor;in the buttock approach group, 13 excellent, 17 good, 12 fair and 3 poor. The clinical efficacy between the two groups had statistical difference (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the treatment of gluteus medius syndrome with silver needle, lumbosacral approach and buttock approach can effectively relieve the pain. Compared with the improvement of soft tissue tenderness threshold and hip abductor muscle strength, the upper lumbosacral approach is more prominent, and the overall clinical effect is more significant.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Buttocks , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle, Skeletal , Needles , Silver , Thigh
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782214

ABSTRACT

14 cm, and HOB >7.8 cm were 10.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.57–74.94), 5.26 (95% CI, 1.06–26.19), and 10.50 (95% CI, 1.03–107.12), respectively. Areas under the curve (AUCs) for AFI, HOB, and parity were 0.66 (95% CI, 0.54–0.78), 0.74 (95% CI, 0.64–0.85), and 0.69 (95% CI, 0.62–0.76), respectively. HOB had the largest AUC, but there were no significant differences among the AUCs of other factors. The cut-off value of HOB was 6 cm.CONCLUSION: This study showed that the AUC of HOB was greater than that of parity and AFI, although it was not statistically significant. As HOB is a noninvasive and comprehensive marker to predict successful ECV, consideration of HOB would be helpful before conducting ECV. Further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid , Area Under Curve , Breech Presentation , Buttocks , Female , Humans , Odds Ratio , Parity , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Prospective Studies , Pubic Symphysis , Ultrasonography , Version, Fetal
14.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(2): 191-195, 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1115823

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: el carcinoma de células de Merkel es un tumor primario maligno de piel que afecta fundamentalmente regiones expuestas a las radiaciones solares. Pocos casos han sido comunicados en una región no expuesta al factor de riesgo mencionado, como es la glútea. El objetivo de este trabajo es comunicar un caso clínico de carcinoma de células de Merkel de región glútea. Caso clínico: paciente de 63 años, sexo masculino, que consultó por tumoración de 2 cm de diámetro en región glútea derecha, de rápido crecimiento, que se operó de coordinación con anestesia, realizándose su resección completa. El resultado del estudio anatomopatológico informó carcinoma de células de Merkel. No se evidenció diseminación a distancia, por lo que de acuerdo con la clasificación TNM se determinó como estadio I. Se completó el tratamiento con radioterapia local. Actualmente el paciente sigue en seguimiento y asintomático. Discusión: los carcinomas de células de Merkel son tumores altamente agresivos. Además de la radiación solar como factor de riesgo, se mencionan la inmunodeficiencia y un nuevo poliomavirus, el poliomavirus de células de Merkel. Se presentan como tumoraciones de color violáceo y rápido crecimiento, y es frecuente el compromiso ganglionar sincrónico o metacrónico. La resección quirúrgica con márgenes suficientes y vaciamiento ganglionar, en caso de haber compromiso o estudio de ganglio centinela en caso de no haberlo, es lo indicado. El pronóstico depende del estadio y se ha reportado hasta 30% de recidiva a dos años.


Summary: Introduction: Merkel cell carcinoma is a malign primary tumour that mainly affects regions that are exposed to solar radiation. Few cases have been reported in a region that is not exposed to the above mentioned risk factor, as the gluteal regions. The study aims to communicate the clinical case of a Merkel cell carcinoma of the gluteal region. Clinical case: 63-year-old male patient who consulted for a tumour with a 2cm diameter in the right gluteal region, rapidly growing, being completely resected in a cordinaterd surgery under anesthesia. Pathology study revealed that it was Merkel cell carcinoma. No distance dissemination was seen, and thus as per the TNM staging system it was classified as stage I. Therapy was completed with local radiotherapy, It is currently under follow up and asymptomatic. Discussion: Merkel cell carcinoma are highly aggressive tumours. Apart from solar radiation as a risk factor, it is worth mentioning immunodeficiency and a new polyomavirus, the Merkel cell polyomavirus. This condition can be seen as purple, rapidly growing tumours and they frequently involve synchronic or metachronic lymph node compromise. Surgical resection with sufficient margins and lymph node emptying, in the event of lymph node compromise or sentinel node biopsy is recommended. Prognosis depends on the stage and a 30% relapse has been reported after 2 years.


Resumo: Introdução: o carcinoma de células de Merkel é um tumor primário maligno de pele que afeta fundamentalmente regiões expostas às radiações solares. São poucos os casos relatados em uma região não exposta a esse fator de risco, como é a glútea. O objetivo desta comunicação é apresentar o caso clínico de um carcinoma de células de Merkel de região glútea. Caso clínico: paciente de 63 anos, sexo masculino que consultou por tumoração de 2 cm de diâmetro, na região glútea direita, com rápido crescimento que foi ressecada completamente em uma cirurgia eletiva com anestesia. O laudo anatomopatológico foi: carcinoma de células de Merkel. Não se evidenciou disseminação a distância por isso foi classificado como estádio I de acordo com a classificação TNM. O tratamento foi completado com radioterapia local. Atualmente em seguimento e assintomático. Discussão: os carcinomas de células de Merkel são tumores altamente agressivos. Além da radiação solar, a imunodeficiência e um novo poliomavirus, o poliomavirus de células de Merkel, são mencionados como fator de risco. Apresentam-se como tumorações de cor violácea e crescimento rápido e frequentemente se observa compromisso ganglionar sincrônico ou metacrônico. A ressecção cirúrgica com margens suficientes e esvaziamento ganglionar, quando há compromisso ou estudo de gânglio sentinela quando não há, é a conduta indicada. O prognóstico depende do estádio e há registros de até 30% de recidiva a 2 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Buttocks , Carcinoma, Merkel Cell
17.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 25(1): 16-20, 20190000. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358037

ABSTRACT

Propósito y objetivo. Demostrar una de las opciones más empleadas para la cobertura de úlceras isquiáticas en paciente parapléjico. El colgajo glúteo mayor sería de primera elección en el caso presentado de una paciente con diagnóstico de escaras isquiáticas bilateral Grado IV. Introducción. El colgajo glúteo mayor, colgajo musculocutáneo, es un procedimiento muy utilizado y de primera línea para el tratamiento de úlceras isquiáticas. Debemos tener en cuenta que para el éxito y buena evolución de la cirugía es necesario la conformación de un equipo multidisciplinario, para su seguimiento y control. Las opciones de cobertura dependen de la topografía de la lesión. Algunas de las opciones de cobertura son: colgajo glúteo inferior de rotación, colgajo glúteo inferior de avance en V-Y, colgajo de isquiotibiales en V-Y, colgajo de cara posterior de muslo y colgajo extendido de fascia lata, entre otros. Material y método. Se presenta el caso clínico de una paciente femenina con diagnóstico patológico de cavernoma intramedular D9, que padece paraplejía de un año de evolución, presentando escara isquiática bilateral grado IV acompañadas de osteomielitis. Se trató quirúrgicamente con colgajo glúteo mayor bilateral Resultados. En esta paciente se alcanzó una adecuada cobertura del defecto, que permitió su pronta rehabilitación, y un minucioso control posoperatorio que no mostró complicaciones ni recidiva, hasta la fecha. Discusión. Las úlceras isquiáticas profundas ubicadas cerca del tracto genitourinario presentan mayor dificultad para su reconstrucción. El colgajo musculocutáneo de glúteo mayor a pedículo inferior permite el cierre de cualquier úlcera isquiática y el cierre primario del sitio donador asegurando un cierre sin tensión; otras opciones quirúrgicas, como los colgajos basados en la pelvis o el tronco, son menos susceptibles a la tensión que aquellos ubicados en la porción móvil de la extremidad inferior, por lo que los colgajos de glúteo mayor, inferior y de cara posterior al muslo tienen mayor porcentaje de éxito que los colgajos de tensor de fascia lata e isquiotibiales. Conclusión. El colgajo glúteo mayor es un tratamiento de primera elección para la cobertura de úlceras isquiáticas de alta morbilidad en pacientes parapléjicos, tratado por un equipo multidisciplinario, cuya técnica quirúrgica presentó buena cobertura con un control estricto del posoperatorio con excelente evolución y sin ninguna complicación esperada


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Paraplegia/drug therapy , Sciatica/pathology , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Buttocks/surgery , Aftercare , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Pressure Ulcer/surgery , Ischemia/therapy
18.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 35-41, feb. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985376

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas, demográficas, resultados y complicaciones de una serie de pacientes operados de aumento de glúteo con implantes de silicona por medio de la técnica XYZ. Materiales y Método: Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a gluteoplastía de aumento con implantes de silicona por medio de técnica intramuscular. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica, datos demográficos, antecedentes médico quirúrgicos y complicaciones posoperatorias. Resultados: Entre diciembre de 2014 y junio de 2017 se operaron 19 pacientes. La complicación más frecuente fue dehiscencia de herida operatoria, presentándose en 5 pacientes. Un paciente tuvo hematoma posoperatorio. Dos pacientes tuvieron seroma posoperatorio. Una paciente presentó rotación de un implante. Una paciente se perdió de seguimiento luego del control de retiro de puntos a la 6a semana. Una paciente necesitó reinternación para manejo del dolor. Ningún paciente necesitó reoperación. Ningún paciente presentó infección de herida operatoria. Ningún paciente presentó extrusión ni pérdida de implantes. Discusión: La técnica XYZ es un método efectivo para el tratamiento estético y reconstructivo de la región glútea especialmente en pacientes que no presentan zona dadora suficiente para injerto graso. Las complicaciones descritas son acordes a la literatura, por lo que se recomienda la técnica de gluteoplastía de aumento con prótesis de silicona intramuscular como una técnica reproducible y segura.


Objective: Describing the clinical features, demographics features, outcomes and complications from a serie of patients underwent buttock augmentation with silicone implants with XYZ technique. Material and Methods: Retrospective case series of patients underwent buttock augmentation with intramuscular technique. It Is described the surgical technique, demographics data, comorbidities and post operative complications. Results: Since December 2014 to June 2017 were operated 19 patients. The most frecuent complication was wound dehiscence, it was present in 5 patients. One patient had a postoperative hematoma. Two patients presented seroma. One patient presented implant rotation. One patient left controls after removal the suture in the sixth week. None of patients needed revisional procedures. None of patients presented wound infection. None of patients presented extrusión or implant removal. Discussion: The XYZ technique is a efective method to aesthetic and reconstructive treatment of buttock area, especially in patientes without a suficient donor area to fat graft. The complications described are accord with literatura, that is why buttock augmentation with intramuscular silicone implant is recomended as a reproducible and safe technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Buttocks/surgery , Silicones , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Lipectomy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Silicone Gels
19.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 525-529, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762377

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The slide-swing skin flap is a combination of transposition and adjacent skin sliding and can be used to close large, round defects with a flap that is smaller than the primary defect to produce aesthetically good results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the slide-swing skin flap for various surgical defects caused by skin tumor excisions. METHODS: This retrospective case series, which includes 33 Asian patients between the ages of 25 and 86 years, describes the slide-swing skin flap after primary excision for malignant or premalignant skin conditions. The outcomes were assessed 12 weeks after surgery using the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS). RESULTS: Patients were 25 male and 8 female, and the causes of surgery were various malignant skin tumors including malignant melanoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and malignant nodular hidradenoma. Tumors were on the lower limb in eleven patients, back in nine patients, chest in five patients, face in three patients, buttock in three patients and two patients had tumors in other locations. The mean defect size was 3.5×3.1±1.9×2.2 cm (range, 1.4×0.9~9.0×12.0 cm). The mean patient POSAS total score was 9.7±3.0 and mean patient overall opinion score was 1.8±0.7. The mean observer POSAS total score was 11.0±2.7 and mean observer overall opinion score was 1.9±0.5. All flaps survived and postoperative recoveries were uneventful. CONCLUSION: The slide-swing skin flap is highly versatile and can be used to cover various surgical defects, irrespective of size and location, with excellent functional and cosmetic results.


Subject(s)
Acrospiroma , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Buttocks , Cicatrix , Dermatofibrosarcoma , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Melanoma , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms , Skin , Surgical Flaps , Thorax
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759969

ABSTRACT

Iatrogenic injuries due to intramuscular (IM) injection, although less frequently reported than before, are still common. The sciatic nerve is the most commonly injured nerve because of an IM injection owing to its large size and the buttock being a common injection site. Iatrogenic injury to the sciatic nerve resulting from a misplaced gluteal IM injection is a persistent problem worldwide affecting patients in economically rich and poor countries alike. The consequences of sciatic nerve injection injury (SNII) are potentially devastating and may result in serious neurological and medico-legal problems. A 68-year-old male presented with intractable neuropathic pain from SNII that occurred during gluteal IM injection of an analgesic for post-appendectomy pain. This chronic SNII pain did not improve despite his gradual recovery from weakness in the left foot. Partial improvement was seen following an external neurolysis, performed three months post-appendectomy. SNII is a preventable complication of gluteal IM injection. While the complete avoidance of gluteal IM injection is desirable, should need arise, the use of an appropriate administrative technique is recommended.


Subject(s)
Aged , Buttocks , Foot , Humans , Injections, Intramuscular , Male , Neuralgia , Organization and Administration , Sciatic Nerve
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