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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986960

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the expression of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase like 2 (HSDL2) in rectal cancer tissues and the effect of changes in HSDL2 expression level on proliferation of rectal cancer cells.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and tissue samples of 90 patients with rectal cancer admitted to our hospital from January 2020 to June 2022 were collected from the prospective clinical database and biological specimen database. The expression level of HSDL2 in rectal cancer and adjacent tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry, and based on the median level of HSDL2 expression, the patients were divided into high expression group (n=45) and low expression group (n=45) for analysis the correlation between HSDL2 expression level and the clinicopathological parameters. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses were performed to explore the role of HSDL2 in rectal cancer progression. The effects of changes in HSDL2 expression levels on rectal cancer cell proliferation, cell cycle and protein expressions were investigated in SW480 cells with lentivirus-mediated HSDL2 silencing or HSDL2 overexpression using CCK-8 assay, flow cytometry and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of HSDL2 and Ki67 were significantly higher in rectal cancer tissues than in the adjacent tissues (P < 0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the expression of HSDL2 protein was positively correlated with Ki67, CEA and CA19-9 expressions (P < 0.01). The rectal cancer patients with high HSDL2 expressions had significantly higher likelihood of having CEA ≥5 μg/L, CA19-9 ≥37 kU/L, T3-4 stage, and N2-3 stage than those with a low HSDL2 expression (P < 0.05). GO and KEGG analysis showed that HSDL2 was mainly enriched in DNA replication and cell cycle. In SW480 cells, HSDL2 overexpression significantly promoted cell proliferation, increased cell percentage in S phase, and enhanced the expression levels of CDK6 and cyclinD1 (P < 0.05), and HSDL2 silencing produced the opposite effects (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The high expression of HSDL2 in rectal cancer participates in malignant progression of the tumor by promoting the proliferation and cell cycle progress of the cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Prospective Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Rectal Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Cycle , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 424-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984739

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the cytomorphological and immunocytochemical features of tumor cells in the ascites of ovarian plasmacytoma (SOC). Methods: Specimens of serous cavity effusions were collected from 61 tumor patients admitted to the Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2015 to July 2021, including ascites from 32 SOC, 10 gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, 5 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, 6 lung adenocarcinomas, 4 benign mesothelial hyperplasia and 1 malignant mesothelioma patients, pleural effusions from 2 malignant mesothelioma patients and pericardial effusion from 1 malignant mesothelioma. Serous cavity effusion samples of all patients were collected, conventional smears were made through centrifugation, and cell paraffin blocks were made through centrifugation of remaining effusion samples. Conventional HE staining and immunocytochemical staining were applied to observe and summarize cytomorphological characteristics and immunocytochemical characteristics. The levels of serum tumor markers carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) were detected. Results: Of the 32 SOC patients, 5 had low-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (LGSOC) and 27 had high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma (HGSOC). 29 (90.6%) SOC patients had elevated serum CA125, but the difference was not statistically significant between them and patients with non-ovarian primary lesions included in the study (P>0.05); The serum CEA was positive in 9 patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and 5 patients with lung adenocarcinoma, and the positive rate was higher than that in SOC patients (P<0.001); The serum CA19-9 was positive in 5 patients with gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma and 5 patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, and the positive rate was higher than that in SOC patients (P<0.05). The serum CA125, CEA and CA19-9 were within the normal range in 4 patients with benign mesothelial hyperplasia. LGSOC tumor cells were less heterogeneous and aggregated into small clusters or papillary pattern, and psammoma bodies could be observed in some LGSOC cases. The background cells were fewer and lymphocytes were predominant; the papillary structure was more obvious after making cell wax blocks. HGSOC tumor cells were highly heterogeneous, with significantly enlarged nuclei and varying sizes, which could be more than 3-fold different, and nucleoli and nuclear schizophrenia could be observed in some cases; tumor cells were mostly clustered into nested clusters, papillae and prune shapes; there were more background cells, mainly histiocytes. Immunocytochemical staining showed that AE1/AE3, CK7, PAX-8, CA125, and WT1 were diffusely positively expressed in 32 SOC cases. P53 was focally positive in all 5 LGSOCs, diffusely positive in 23 HGSOCs, and negative in the other 4 HGSOCs. Most of adenocarcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract and lung had a history of surgery, and tumor cells of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma tend to form small cell nests. Immunocytochemistry can assist in the differential diagnosis of mesothelial-derived lesions with characteristic "open window" phenomenon. Conclusion: Combining the clinical manifestations of the patient, the morphological characteristics of the cells in the smear and cell block of the ascites can provide important clues for the diagnosis of SOC, and the immunocytochemical tests can further improve the accuracy of the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Ascites , CA-19-9 Antigen , Mesothelioma, Malignant/diagnosis , Hyperplasia , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Diagnosis, Differential , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology , Carbohydrates
3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 167-172, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the postoperative prognostic factors of non-metastatic colorectal cancer (non-mCRC), and construct a prognostic prediction model. Methods: A total of 846 patients with colorectal cancer who were admitted to the Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from July 1, 2014 to December 31, 2016 were included in the study. There were 314 patients in the metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) group and 532 patients in the non-mCRC group. The data of clinical characteristics, preoperative blood routine and common serum tumor markers for CRC tests were collected retrospectively. The disease-free survival time (DFS) data of patients in non-mCRC group were obtained by follow-up. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to clarify the independent risk factors of DFS, and then these factors were included to construct a nomogram prediction model. The concordance index (C index), receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) and calibration curve were used to evaluate the performance of the model. Results: Platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) and carbohydrate antigen 242 (CA242) in the mCRC group were higher than those of the non-mCRC group, while the lymphocyte/monocyte ratio (LMR) was lower than that of the non-mCRC group (P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of CEA, CA19-9, CA242, NLR, LMR and PLR for the diagnosis of mCRC were 0.775, 0.716, 0.712, 0.607, 0.591 and 0.556, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis demonstrated that age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level were independent risk factors for DFS of non-mCRC patients (P<0.05). Based on this, a nomogram prediction model predicting 3 years of DFS for non-mCRC patients was constructed, its C index and AUC for non-CRC prognostic prediction were 0.710 and 0.733, respectively, higher than 0.696 and 0.701 of AJCC 7th edition TNM staging system. The calibration curve of nomogram showed that the predicted DFS rate was consistent with the actual DFS rate. Conclusions: Age, perineural invasion, pN stage and preoperative CA242 level are independent risk factors for 3-year DFS of non-mCRC patients. The nomogram prediction model constructed based on these four indictors has a good predictive performance and may provide prognosis evaluation reference for the patients with non-mCRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Lymphocytes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 633-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936357

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of aldehyde dehydrogenase 3B1 (ALDH3B1) in gastric cancer and explore its correlation with the pathological parameters and long-term prognosis of the patients.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the clinical data of 101 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer in our hospital between January, 2013 and November, 2016, and examined the expression of ALDH3B1 in paraffin-embedded samples of gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues from these cases by immunohistochemical staining. We evaluated the correlation between ALDH3B1 expressions and histopathological parameters and assessed the predictive value of ALDH3B1 expression for long-term survival of the patients. We also examined the effect of lentivirus-mediated interference and overexpression of ALDH3B1 on the malignant behaviors of MGC-803 gastric cancer cells.@*RESULTS@#The expressions of ALDH3B1 and Ki67 were significantly higher in gastric cancer tissues than in adjacent tissues (P < 0.05). In gastric cancer patients, ALDH3B1 expression was positively correlated with peripheral blood CEA and CA19-9 levels (P < 0.01). The proportion of patients with CEA ≥5 μg/L, CA19-9 ≥37 kU/L, T stage of 3- 4, and N stage of 2-3 was significantly greater in high ALDH3B1 expression group than in low expression group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the 5-year survival rate was significantly lower in gastric cancer patients with high ALDH3B1 expressions (P < 0.01). Univariate and Cox multiple regression analyses identified a high expression of ALDH3B1 (P < 0.05, HR= 0.231, 95% CI: 0.064-0.826), CEA≥5 μg/L (P < 0.01, HR=4.478, 95% CI: 1.530-13.110), CA19-9≥37 kU/L (P < 0.01, HR=3.877, 95% CI: 1.625-9.247), T stage of 3-4 (P < 0.01, HR=4.953, 95% CI: 1.768-13.880), and N stage of 2-3 (P < 0.05, HR=2.152, 95% CI: 1.152-4.022) as independent risk factors affecting 5-year survival after radical gastrectomy. The relative ALDH3B1 expression level, at the cut-off point of 4.66, showed a sensitivity of 76.47% and a specificity of 76% for predicting 5-year postoperative death (P < 0.01). In the cell experiment, overexpression of ALDH3B1 obviously promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of MGC-803 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#As an independent risk factor affecting 5-year survival after radical gastrectomy, ALDH3B1 is highly expressed in gastric cancer and correlated with pathological parameters of the tumor, and a high ALDH3B1 expression may promote proliferation, invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Oxidoreductases , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Gastrectomy , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 965-970, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013017

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an important clinical event with an increased frequency due to increased life expectancy, obesity, and alcohol use. There are some data about the elevation of carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 levels in benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary events in the literature, but in AP they are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the CA 19-9 level in patients with AP and determine its relationship according to the cause. METHODS Between 2010-2018, 173 patients evaluated with CA 19-9 levels as well as by standard laboratory tests were included in the study. CA 1 9-9 levels and laboratory findings were compared in patients with pancreatitis due to gallstone (group 1) and metabolic/toxic reasons such as hyperlipidemia, alcohol, or drug use (group 2). RESULTS There were 114 (66%) patients in the group 1 and 59 (34%) patients in the group 2. The majority of patients with high CA 19-9 level were in group 1 (92.1% vs 6.8%). CA 19-9 level, as well as amylase, lipase, AST, ALT and bilirubin levels were found to be statistically higher in patients with AP due to gallstone compared to patients with metabolic/toxic AP. CONCLUSIONS Patients with AP due to gallstone, were found to have a high level of CA 19-9 at admission. Early stage CA 19-9 levels may contribute to standard laboratory tests in the etiology of the disease in patients diagnosed with AP.


RESUMO OBJETIVO A pancreatite aguda (PA) é um evento clínico importante e cada vez mais frequente devido ao aumento da expectativa de vida, obesidade e do consumo de álcool. Existem alguns dados na literatura sobre a elevação dos níveis do antígeno carboidrato (CA) 19-9 em eventos pancreato-biliares benignos e malignos, mas eles são limitados em relação à PA. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o nível de CA 19-9 em pacientes com PA e determinar sua relação com a causa da doença. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS Entre 2010 e 2018, 173 pacientes submetidos a uma avaliação dos níveis de CA 19-9, bem como testes laboratoriais padrão, foram incluídos no estudo. Os níveis de CA 19-9 e os achados laboratoriais foram comparados em pacientes com pancreatite devido a cálculos biliares (grupo 1) e razões metabólicas/tóxicas, como hiperlipidemia, álcool, ou uso de drogas (grupo 2). RESULTADOS Um total de 114 (66%) pacientes foi incluído no grupo 1 e 59 (34%) no grupo 2. A maioria dos pacientes com alto nível de CA 19-9 estavam no grupo 1 (92,1% versus 6,8%). O CA 19-9, bem como os níveis de amilase, lipase, AST, ALT e bilirrubina foram estatisticamente mais altos em pacientes com PA devido a cálculos biliares em comparação àqueles com PA devido a alterações metabólicas/tóxicas. CONCLUSÃO Pacientes com PA devido a cálculos biliares apresentaram um alto nível de CA 19-9 no momento da internação. O nível de CA 19-9 na fase inicial pode contribuir para testes laboratoriais padrão na etiologia da doença em pacientes com diagnóstico de PA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pancreatitis/etiology , Pancreatitis/metabolism , Gallstones/complications , Gallstones/metabolism , CA-19-9 Antigen/blood , Reference Values , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1071-1077, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT and tumor markers (CEA,CA19-9,CA24-2) in detection for recurrence and metastasis of postoperative colorectal moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#Fifty-five patients were enrolled in this study. All of the patients were tested with serum CEA within 2 weeks when they underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT scan, and some patients were tested with serum CA19-9 and CA24-2 simultaneously. According to the pathology and clinical results of their follow-up, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT and tumor markers were calculated based on different divided groups, respectively.@*RESULTS@#According to the pathology and the results of their clinical follow-up, the sensitivity of 18F-FDG PET/CT, CEA, CA19-9, CA24-2 and the combination of those three tumor markers were 95.74%, 68.09%, 28.57%, 40.00% and 74.47%, respectively. The specificity of 18F-FDG PET/CT, CEA, CA19-9, CA24-2 and the combination of those three tumor markers were 75.00%, 50.00%, 66.67%, 71.43% and 50.00%, respectively. The positive predictive valueof 18F-FDG PET/CT, CEA, CA19-9, CA24-2 and the combination of those three tumor markers were 95.74%, 88.89%, 85.71%, 88.89% and 89.74%, respectively. The negative predictive value of 18F-FDG PET/CT, CEA, CA19-9, CA24-2 and the combination of those three tumor markers were 75.00%, 26.67%, 11.42%, 17.24%, 25.00%, respectively. The accuracy of 18F-FDG PET/CT, CEA, CA19-9, CA24-2 and the combination of those three tumor markers were 92.73%, 65.47%, 32.65%, 44.68% and 70.91%, respectively. There were 2 cases of false positive and 2 cases of false negative in 18F-FDG PET/CT.@*CONCLUSION@#18F-FDG PET/CT has high value in detecting recurrence and metastasis of postoperative colorectal carcinoma. Tumor markers have the positive value to imply the recurrence and metastasis of postoperative colorectal carcinoma and are useful to indicate when to perform the 18F-FDG PET/CT. The combination of tumor markers could improve the diagnostic efficiency to some extent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Positron-Emission Tomography , Recurrence
7.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 314-322, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759825

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) is a tumor marker whose level is elevated in many types of cancers and other benign conditions. CA 19-9 levels are frequently found to be elevated in individuals during general health examinations. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of such individuals and to determine the need for medical follow-up. METHODS: We investigated individuals who underwent a health inspection, including a serum CA 19-9 test, at our center. Their CA 19-9 levels, age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and personal and past histories were investigated. Additionally, subgroup analyses were performed for those who underwent follow-up study for the elevated CA 19-9 levels. RESULTS: Of 58,498 subjects, 581 (1.0%) had elevated CA 19-9 levels. Multivariate analyses revealed that older age, female sex, lower BMI, and diabetes were independent predisposing factors for elevated CA 19-9 level. A subgroup analysis revealed that the causative conditions were identified in 129 of 351 subjects (36.8%). Among them, the causative conditions in 31 subjects (8.8%, including four cases of cancer and 15 of benign tumors) were not detected at the initial check-up and were found during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The use of CA 19-9 as a marker for cancer in healthy individuals is inappropriate. However, medical follow-up in individuals with elevated CA 19-9 levels may be useful because some causative diseases may be detected during follow-up.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Body Mass Index , CA-19-9 Antigen , Causality , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic
8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 107-115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739576

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative serum CA 19-9 levels in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, 4,794 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for colorectal cancer were analyzed. These patients were classified into 2 groups according to preoperative CA 19-9 (high CA 19-9: ≥37 ng/mL, n = 440; normal CA 19-9: <37 ng/mL, n = 4,354). We used 1:20 propensity score matching to adjust for potential baseline confounders between groups. RESULTS: After matching, 424 patients (10.5%) among 4,021 patients with colorectal cancer showed a high pre-CA 19-9 level (≥37 ng/mL). There were no significant differences between these 2 groups in age, sex, preoperative CEA level, or T, N, and M stage after matching. Of the 424 patients with high pre-CA 19-9, 141 (33.3%) exhibited cancer recurrence more frequently than patients with normal preoperative CA 19-9 (18.5%). Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level showed significantly poorer survival than those with normal levels. The 5-year overall survival rate was 79.7% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 91.9% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 70.2% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 82.7% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level in colorectal cancer have a significantly poorer prognosis than those with normal levels of CA 19-9. We therefore suggest preoperative CA 19-9 level can be used as an additional prognostic indicator of poor outcomes in colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Recurrence , Survival Rate
9.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 56-60, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The prognosis of periampullary cancer varies with its origin and early diagnosis influences outcome. Endoscopic ultrasound, computed tomography, fine needle aspiration, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (¹⁸FDG-PET/CT) are helpful for diagnosis. This study evaluates the diagnostic efficacy of ¹⁸FDG-PET for preoperative periampullary tumors.METHODS: A series of 100 patients undergoing ¹⁸FDG-PET/CT before surgical resection of periampullary tumors between March 2011 and February 2019 were enrolled. Maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels were compared with pathohistological confirmation of periampullary tumors.RESULTS: The SUVmax and uptake range varied with the origin of the periampullary tumors. The SUVmax was not available for 17 of the 42 pancreas tumors, three of 30 common bile duct tumors, and four of 18 ampulla of Vater tumors. The median SUVmax was 0.0 in benign tumors and 5.05 in malignant tumors. The mean SUVmax was 4.1±5.6 in pancreatic tumors, 3.9±2.4 in ampulla of Vater, and 6.0±3.7 in common bile duct. The SUVmax was higher in common bile duct tumors than others. CA19-9 level was of diagnostic value in pancreatic tumor patients. The median CA19-9 levels were 7.64 U/mL (range, 2.71–45.05 U/mL) in benign tumors and 91.97 U/mL (range, 26.91–276.60 U/mL) in cancers patients.CONCLUSION: Preoperative SUVmax and CA19-9 level were of diagnostic value for periampullary tumors originating in the pancreas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampulla of Vater , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , CA-19-9 Antigen , Common Bile Duct , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Pancreas , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis , Ultrasonography
10.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(12): 1422-1428, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991352

ABSTRACT

Background: Conventional serum tumor markers (CSTM) are widely used for monitoring patients with cancer. However, their usefulness as a diagnostic tool is controversial in primary or metastatic liver cancer (PMLC). Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the most commonly requested CSTM in the diagnostic approach of PMLC. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients aged over 18 years with a liver biopsy, attended from 2005 to 2017 in a tertiary hospital and a regional cancer center in Colombia. The results of liver biopsies were compared with tumor markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), CA 19-9, CA 125 and prostate specific antigen (PSA) using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: We reviewed 2063 medical records and retrieved 118 eligible patients (59 cases and 59 controls, 70% males). Thirty percent had obstructive jaundice. There was heterogeneity in the amount of tumor markers requested according to medical criteria. Only CA 19-9 showed discriminative capacity (> 17.6 U/m), with a cut-off point lower than that reported in the literature and a sensitivity of 69.5%, specificity of 91.6%, a positive likelihood ratio (LR) of 8.32, and a negative LR of 0.33. Conclusions: Except for CA 19-9, tumor markers were not useful for the initial diagnostic approach in patients with suspected primary or metastatic malignant liver tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/blood , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Prostate-Specific Antigen , CA-19-9 Antigen/blood , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 102-110, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To determine the prognostic value of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 in gallbladder cancer (GBC) during palliative chemotherapy. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three patients with pathologically confirmed unresectable GBC were included. Differences in serum CEA and CA 19-9 levels before and after chemotherapy were measured. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, Kaplan-Meier analyses of CEA, CA 19-9, and combined changes were performed to assess the optimal cutoff values and survival rates. RESULTS: Patients with decreased tumor markers had significantly better progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) than patients with increased tumor markers. The pre- and postchemotherapy CA 19-9 ratio had the highest area-under-the-curve values for predicting 3-month PFS and 1-year OS. In the multivariate analysis, increases in serum CA 19-9 during palliative chemotherapy in patients with unresectable GBC was an independent prognosticator of poor PFS and OS, with hazard ratios of 2.20 (p=0.001) and 1.67 (p=0.020), respectively. Patients with increases >10-fold were considered to have progressive disease, whereas individuals with increases >3-fold were likely to benefit from early imaging follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: CA 19-9 kinetics was a reliable prognosticator of PFS and OS in patients with unresectable GBC who underwent palliative chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Gallbladder , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kinetics , Multivariate Analysis , ROC Curve , Survival Rate
12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773060

ABSTRACT

To analyze the current status of diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cystic neoplasm(PCN)in China. Clinical data of 2 251 PCN patients who underwent surgical resection from January 2006 to December 2016 in 16 institutions was retrospectively analyzed.Excel database was created which covered 132 fields of 7 fields: general information of patients, imaging findings, preoperative blood biochemical indexes, tumor markers, surgical related data, postoperative complications and pathology. Of the 2 251 patients, the male to female ratio was 1.0 to 2.4, and the mean age at diagnosis was 47.5 years(range, 8-89 years). Solid pseudo-papillary tumor(SPT), Serouscystic neoplasm(SCN), Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(IPMN), mucinous cystic neoplasm(MCN) were 713 cases, 678 cases, 495 cases, 365 cases, respectively; and the malignant transformation rate was 12.3%, 0.6%, 32.1%, 10.4%, respectively. Carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9, CA125 were significantly increased in the malignant group.The incidence of postoperative complications in SCN was the highest.Preoperative CT scan was the most common method in China.The characteristics of IPMN included atrophy of pancreas body and tail, dilatation of the main pancreatic duct, and pancreatitis, and these characteristics were three to six times more than other 3 kinds of PCN.The correct rate of preoperative diagnosis to subtype was 33.0%. SPT is the most common tumor in all PCN in China.One of the key research directions is to improve the accuracy of subtype diagnosis to avoid unnecessary surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , China , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 47-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an evaluation model of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and to assess its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical and pathologic data of the consecutive cases of gastric cancer admitted between April 2015 and December 2015 in Department of General Surgery, Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 710 patients were enrolled in the study after 18 patients with other distant metastasis were excluded. The correlations between peritoneal metastasis and different factors were studied through univariate (Pearson's test or Fisher's exact test) and multivariate analyses (Binary Logistic regression). Independent predictable factors for peritoneal metastasis were combined to establish a risk evaluation model (nomogram). The nomogram was created with R software using the 'rms' package. In the nomogram, each factor had different scores, and every patient could have a total score by adding all the scores of each factor. A higher total score represented higher risk of peritoneal metastasis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the established nomogram. Delong. Delong. Clarke-Pearson test was used to compare the difference of the area under the curve (AUC). The cut-off value was determined by the AUC, when the ROC curve had the biggest AUC, the model had the best sensitivity and specificity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 710 patients, 47 patients had peritoneal metastasis (6.6%), including 30 male (30/506, 5.9%) and 17 female (17/204, 8.3%); 31 were ≥ 60 years old (31/429, 7.2%); 38 had tumor ≥ 3 cm(38/461, 8.2%). Lauren classification indicated that 2 patients were intestinal type(2/245, 0.8%), 8 patients were mixed type(8/208, 3.8%), 11 patients were diffuse type(11/142, 7.7%), and others had no associated data. CA19-9 of 13 patients was ≥ 37 kU/L(13/61, 21.3%); CA125 of 11 patients was ≥ 35 kU/L(11/36, 30.6%); CA72-4 of 11 patients was ≥ 10 kU/L(11/39, 28.2%). Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of 26 patients was ≥ 2.37(26/231, 11.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that Lauren classification (HR=8.95, 95%CI:1.32-60.59, P=0.025), CA125(HR=17.45, 95%CI:5.54-54.89, P=0.001), CA72-4(HR=20.06, 95%CI:5.05-79.68, P=0.001), and NLR (HR=4.16, 95%CI:1.17-14.75, P=0.032) were independent risk factors of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer. In the nomogram, the highest score was 241, including diffuse or mixed Lauren classification (54 score), CA125 ≥ 35 kU/L (66 score), CA72-4 ≥ 10 kU/L (100 score), and NLR ≥ 2.37 (21 score), which represented a highest risk of peritoneal metastasis (more than 90%). The AUC of nomogram was 0.912, which was superior than any single variable (AUC of Lauren classification: 0.678; AUC of CA125: 0.720; AUC of CA72-4: 0.792; AUC of NLR: 0.613, all P=0.000). The total score of nomogram increased according to the TNM stage, and was highest in the peritoneal metastasis group (F=49.1, P=0.000). When the cut-off value calculated by ROC analysis was set at 140, the model could best balanced the sensitivity (0.79) and the specificity (0.87). Only 5% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their nomogram scores were lower than 140, while 58% of patients had peritoneal metastasis when their scores were ≥ 140(χ=69.1, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The risk evaluation model established with Lauren classification, CA125, CA72-4 and NLR can effectively predict the risk of peritoneal metastasis in gastric cancer, and provide the reference to preoperative staging and choice of therapeutic strategy.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , Area Under Curve , CA-125 Antigen , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Leukocyte Count , Logistic Models , Lymphocytes , Pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Diagnosis , Neutrophils , Pathology , Nomograms , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Methods , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Classification , Diagnosis , Pathology
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 283-288, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303874

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical significance of No.12 lymph node dissection for advanced gastric cancer with D2 lymphadenectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinicopathologic data and No.12 lymph node dissection of 256 advanced gastric cancer patients undergoing radical operation in our department between January 2005 and December 2010 were retrospectively summarized and the influence factors of metastasis in No.12 lymph nodes were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 256 patients, 179 were male and 77 were female with the average age of 59.2 years. Tumor located in the upper of stomach in 24 cases, middle of stomach in 41 cases, lower of stomach in 174 cases, multi-focus or diffuse distribution of stomach in 17 cases. Tumor diameter was <3 cm in 39 cases, 3 to 5 cm in 100 cases, >5 cm in 117 cases. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level increased in 61 cases, serum carbohydrate antigens (CA)72-4 increased in 56 cases and CA19-9 increased in 61 cases. The number of No.12 lymph nodes resected from all the patients was 1 152, and the average number was 4.5±1.9. The metastasis rate of No.12 lymph nodes was 9.4%(24/256) after hematoxylin eosin staining (positive group). All the patients received effective follow-up to December 2015, and the average follow-up time was 101.2 months. The median survival time of positive No.12 group (24 cases) was 29.8 months and of negative No.12 group (232 cases) was 78.2 months, whose difference was statistically significant (χ=21.715, P=0.000). Univariate analysis found that No.12 lymph node metastasis was not associated with age, gender, tumor differentiation (all P>0.05), but was associated with tumor location, tumor diameter, invasive depth (all P<0.05), and was closely associated with Borrmann type, outside metastatic lymph nodes of No.12 and high levels of serum CEA, CA72-4 and CA19-9 (all P=0.000). Multivariate regression analysis found that tumor location (RR=2.452, 95%CI:1.537 to 3.267, P=0.000), Borrmann type (RR=1.864, 95%CI:1.121 to 3.099, P=0.016) and number of outside metastatic lymph nodes of No.12 (RR=2.979, 95%CI: 2.463 to 3.603, P=0.000) were the independent risk factors of the No.12 metastasis (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Metastasis in No.12 lymph nodes indicates poorer prognosis. The No.12 lymph nodes of advanced gastric cancer patients with curative resection, especially those with the tumor located in the lower part, Borrmann type IIII(, outside metastatic lymph nodes of No.12, should be regularly cleaned.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate , Blood , CA-19-9 Antigen , Blood , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Blood , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Mortality , Pathology , Survival Rate
15.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 387-390, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110652

ABSTRACT

Isolated torsion of the fallopian tube in postmenopausal women is rare. In this case report, we detail the case of a 53-year-old patient who presented with adenomyosis and a left hydrosalpinx with high levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9. The isolated torsion of the left hydrosalpinx was observed during the operation. The serum levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9 were reduced from 129.62 and 348 to 58.2 and 12.41 U/mL, respectively, after total laparoscopic hysterectomy with salpingectomy. On radiologic evaluation, there were no other factors that may have influenced the increase in serum levels of CA 125 and CA 19-9 in this patient, which were reduced after operation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of association between perioperative changes in CA 19-9 levels and isolated torsion of the fallopian tube.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenomyosis , CA-125 Antigen , CA-19-9 Antigen , Fallopian Tubes , Hysterectomy , Salpingectomy
16.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 807-815, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129225

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen 19-9 [CA 19-9] and carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]) can aid in the diagnosis of biliary tract cancer, their prognostic role has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic role of tumor markers and tumor marker change in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven metastatic or relapsed biliary tract cancer who were treated in a phase II trial of first-line S-1 and cisplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Serum tumor markers were measured at baseline and after the first cycle of chemotherapy. RESULTS: Among a total of 104 patients, 80 (77%) had elevated baseline tumor markers (69 with CA 19-9 elevation and 40 with CEA). A decline ≥ 30% of the elevated tumor marker level after the first cycle of chemotherapy conferred an improved time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), and better chemotherapy response. Multivariate analysis revealed tumor marker decline as an independent positive prognostic factor of TTP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.44; p=0.003) and OS (adjusted HR, 0.37; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed similar results in each group of patients with CA 19-9 elevation and CEA elevation. In addition, elevated baseline CEA was associated with poor survival in both univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Tumor marker decline was associated with improved survival in biliary tract cancer. Measuring tumor marker after the first cycle of chemotherapy can be used as an early assessment of treatment outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biliary Tract , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Cisplatin , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Treatment Outcome
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 807-815, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129211

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While tumor markers (carbohydrate antigen 19-9 [CA 19-9] and carcinoembryonic antigen [CEA]) can aid in the diagnosis of biliary tract cancer, their prognostic role has not been clearly elucidated. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic role of tumor markers and tumor marker change in patients with advanced biliary tract cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with pathologically proven metastatic or relapsed biliary tract cancer who were treated in a phase II trial of first-line S-1 and cisplatin chemotherapy were enrolled. Serum tumor markers were measured at baseline and after the first cycle of chemotherapy. RESULTS: Among a total of 104 patients, 80 (77%) had elevated baseline tumor markers (69 with CA 19-9 elevation and 40 with CEA). A decline ≥ 30% of the elevated tumor marker level after the first cycle of chemotherapy conferred an improved time to progression (TTP), overall survival (OS), and better chemotherapy response. Multivariate analysis revealed tumor marker decline as an independent positive prognostic factor of TTP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.44; p=0.003) and OS (adjusted HR, 0.37; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed similar results in each group of patients with CA 19-9 elevation and CEA elevation. In addition, elevated baseline CEA was associated with poor survival in both univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: Tumor marker decline was associated with improved survival in biliary tract cancer. Measuring tumor marker after the first cycle of chemotherapy can be used as an early assessment of treatment outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biliary Tract , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-19-9 Antigen , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Cisplatin , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Treatment Outcome
18.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 61-63, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107260
19.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 96-102, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107255

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 level may be unable to differentiate between benign and malignant pancreatobiliary disease with obstructive jaundice. The study aims to determine the clinical interpretation and the diagnostic value of CA 19-9 level in pancreatobiliary diseases with coexistent obstructive jaundice. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 981 patients who underwent biliary drainage due to obstructive jaundice following pancreatobiliary disease at Sanggye Paik Hospital for 5 years. 114 patients with serial follow-up data for CA 19-9 level were included in this study (80 patients with malignancy and 34 patients with benign diseases). We compared the levels of CA 19-9 levels and the biochemical value before and after biliary drainage. RESULTS: The rate of CA 19-9 elevation (>37 U/mL) was significantly different between the benign group and the malignant group (59% vs. 90%, p=0.001). Despite the decrease in serum bilirubin after biliary drainage, CA 19-9 levels remained elevated in 12% of patients in the benign group and in 63% of patients in the malignant group (p<0.001). Finally, 12% of patients in the benign group turned out to have malignant disease. A receiver operating characteristic analysis provided a cut-off value of 38 U/mL for differentiating benign disease from malignant disease after biliary drainage (area under curve, 0.787; 95% confidence interval, 0.703 to 0.871; sensitivity, 62%; specificity, 88%). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that we should consider the possibility of malignant causes if the CA 19-9 levels remain high or are more than 38 U/mL after resolution of biliary obstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilirubin , CA-19-9 Antigen , Drainage , Follow-Up Studies , Jaundice, Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 114-117, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64626

ABSTRACT

Health care screening is becoming more popular in Korea as more people are interested in well-being and health. However, there are controversies regarding usefulness of screening. Tumor markers are frequently measured in the health care screening. As a result, many patients end up visiting physicians because of incidentally found increased levels of tumor markers. Carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 is the single most useful tumor marker for pancreatic cancer. Although CA 19-9 is useful for predicting prognosis and evaluating treatment response for pancreatic cancer, CA 19-9 is less useful for screening of pancreatic cancer because of low incidence of pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Biomarkers, Tumor , CA-19-9 Antigen , Delivery of Health Care , Early Detection of Cancer , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis
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