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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 52-55, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pityriasis rosea is a common papulosquamous disorder. However, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. Objective: We investigate the types of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lesional skin of pityriasis rosea and demonstrate whether T-cell-mediated immunity is involved in the pathogenesis of this condition or not. Methods: The biopsies were taken from the lesional skin of 35 cases of patients diagnosed with pityriasis rosea. The specimens were prepared in paraffin sections, then submitted to routine immunohistochemistry procedures using monoclonal antibodies directed against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20 and CD45RO and horseradish peroxidase-labeled goat anti-human antibodies. The positive sections were determined by the ratio and staining intensity of positive inflammatory cells. Results: The mean score of positive CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD45RO staining was respectively 3.74±3.88, 5.67±4.40, 2.94±3.42 and 7.68±4.33 in these pityriasis rosea patients (P<0.001). The percentage of positive staining was 54.29% (19/35), 69.7% (23/33), 40% (14/35) and 79.41% (27/34) (P<0.05). However, the staining of CD20 was negative in all samples. The mean score of CD3 staining in patients with time for remission ≤60 days (4.90±4.21) was higher than that in patients with time for remission >60 days (2.00±2.5) (P<0.05), whereas no statistical difference in the mean score of CD4, CD8 and CD45RO staining was observed. study liMitations: The sample size and the selected monoclonal antibody are limited, so the results reflect only part of the cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea. Conclusion: Our findings support a predominantly T-cell mediated immunity in the development of pityriasis rosea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Pityriasis Rosea/pathology , Reference Values , Staining and Labeling , Time Factors , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Pityriasis Rosea/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Immunity, Cellular
2.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2012 Jan-Mar 55(1): 22-27
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142170

ABSTRACT

Background: Hepatitis E is being increasingly recognized as an emerging infection in developed countries. Data on histological findings and nature of inflammatory cell infiltrate in liver in this disease are quite sparse. Aims: This study was planned to study the histological features and the type of inflammatory infiltrate in liver biopsies of patients with acute fulminant hepatitis E. Materials and Methods: We retrieved postmortem liver biopsies of 11 Indian patients with fulminant hepatitis E, and compared these with biopsies from seven patients with fulminant hepatitis B. Results : Biopsies from acute fulminant hepatitis E showed varying degrees of hepatocyte necrosis, mixed portal and lobular inflammation, accompanied by bile ductular proliferation, lymphocytic cholangitis, Kupffer cell prominence, cholestasis, apoptotic bodies, pseudo-rosette formation, steatosis, and presence of plasma cells in portal tracts. Interface hepatitis was more frequent in acute hepatitis B than in acute hepatitis E (100% vs 20%; P<0.05). These findings differ from those reported in cases with autochthonous hepatitis E in Europe. On immunohistochemistry, lymphocyte infiltrate consisted predominantly of CD3 + T cells in both hepatitis E and hepatitis B; these cells contained a predominant cytotoxic (CD8 + ) cell subpopulation in 81.8% of cases with hepatitis E and in 50% of cases with hepatitis B. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that histological changes in HEV infection may vary with geographical location because of prevalent HEV genotypes, and that CD8 + lymphocytes play a role in HEV-induced liver injury.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , CD3 Complex/analysis , Biopsy , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Child , Female , Hepatitis B/pathology , Hepatitis E/pathology , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver/pathology , Male , Microscopy , Middle Aged , Young Adult
3.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2009 Jan-Mar; 27(1): 40-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-53930

ABSTRACT

T cells have the capability of recognizing target cells through their T cell receptors (TCRs). Thus, the percentages of CD3+/gamma-delta (gammadelta) TCR+ and CD3+/alpha-beta (alphabeta) TCR+ T lymphocytes were investigated in active and inactive pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) patients and in healthy individuals. CD3+ and CD3+/alphabeta TCR+ cell percentages were significantly lower in all PT patients than in healthy subjects. Percentages of CD3+/gammadelta and CD3+/alphabeta TCR+ were not statistically different between active and inactive PT patients. It was concluded that alphabeta TCR+ T cells might have a protective role in tuberculosis infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , CD3 Complex/analysis , Blood/immunology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/immunology , Young Adult
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 421-424, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71499

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Granulomas resulting from the administration of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogues (LH-RH analogues) are thought to be very rare. We report on our clinical experience with injection-site granulomas that result from the administration of LH-RH analogues, and we evaluate the incidence rate of these granulomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used the clinical records of 118 patients who were administered LH-RH analogues in 2005. We describe the clinical data of patients who experienced injection-site granulomas and evaluated the incidence rate. RESULTS: Five patients demonstrated injection-site granulomas due to LH-RH analogue administration. The incidence rate was 4.2% (5 of 118 patients). Most of the granulomas occurred after the first or second administration of 11.25mg of leuprorelin acetate. CONCLUSION: The occurrence of granulomas resulting from the administration of LH-RH analogues was thought to be very rare. Our study, however, revealed a higher incidence rate than expected, especially for leuprorelin acetate.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal/administration & dosage , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/administration & dosage , Goserelin/administration & dosage , Granuloma/etiology , Humans , Injections, Subcutaneous/adverse effects , Leuprolide/administration & dosage , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-18195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: While there is evidence of an altered immune profile in iron deficiency, the precise immunoregulatory role of iron is not known. Information particular in children who are vulnerable to iron deficiency and infection, is lacking. We undertook this study with the aim of documenting the changes in T cell subsets in children in the age group of 1 to 5 yr with iron deficiency. METHODS: The levels of T lymphocytes, their CD4+ and CD8+ subsets and the CD4 : CD8 ratio were evaluated in 40 iron deficient and 30 healthy children. The impact of oral iron supplementation for three months on the same parameters was also noted in 30 children. RESULTS: Significantly lower levels of T lymphocytes as well as CD4+ cells was observed in the iron deficient children (P<0.01 and 0.002 respectively). The CD4 : CD8 ratio was also significantly lower in this group (P<0.05). Iron supplementation improved the CD4 counts significantly. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated quantitatively altered T cell subsets in iron deficiency in children, and a relationship between the severity of haematological and immunological compromise. The clinical and epidemiological implications of this relationship have topical relevance since ID is the most common micronutrient deficiency worldwide.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/immunology , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child, Preschool , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Infant , T-Lymphocytes/immunology
6.
EMHJ-Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2001; 7 (1-2): 153-162
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157918

ABSTRACT

Clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical features of 10 cases having the lymphnodal histological pattern of Kikuchi disease were examined. Two of these were diagnosed as systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE]. Morphologically, Kikuchi disease and SLE were nearly indistinguishable. Plasma cells, neutrophilic infiltration, haematoxyphilic bodies and vasculitis were not useful in differentiating the conditions. Kikuchi lymphadenitis and malignant lymphoma however could be differentiated histologically. Morphological features that exclude malignancy included: polymorphous nature of cellular infiltrate, absence of abnormal mitosis, preservation of sinusoidal pattern on intervening areas and presence of extracellular and intracellular karyorrhectic debris


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , CD3 Complex/analysis , Biopsy , Blood Sedimentation , Diagnosis, Differential , Fever/etiology , HLA-DR Antigens/analysis , Histiocytes/pathology , Immunohistochemistry/methods , Immunophenotyping , Leukopenia/etiology , Lymphocytosis/etiology , Neutrophils/pathology
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 285-290, 2001.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93277

ABSTRACT

Although active inflammation may be deleterious and indicate immunologic activation in chronically rejected grafts, the underlying mechanism of tissue destruction has been little studied. Twenty-four cases of chronic rejection (CR) with or without acute rejection (AR) were stained with antibodies against CD3, CD8, CD68, granzyme B and TIA-1, and the number of positive cells were counted. Eleven cases of AR served as controls. The number of CD3 and CD8 positive cells increased in the acute on CR group compared to the CR group. About a half of CD3 positive T cells were CD8 positive in both groups, however, the proportion of TIA-1 or granzyme B positive cells was higher in the acute on CR group. The numbers of CD3, CD68, granzyme B and TIA-1 positive cells were higher in the AR group than the acute on CR group, however, no significant difference was found between the two groups. Serum creatinine level and proteinuria at the time of biopsy and the percentages of late onset AR and graft failure rate were higher in the acute on CR group than the CR group. Summarizing, these results suggest that infiltration of activated T cells containing cytotoxic granules plays a role in graft destruction in acute on CR.


Subject(s)
Adult , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD8 Antigens/analysis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Graft Rejection , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Transplantation , Male , Membrane Proteins/analysis , RNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Transplantation, Homologous
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128395

ABSTRACT

Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis was induced in macaques. T cell clones infiltrated into the brain lesion area were compared with those in blood. Intradermal immunization of macaques with brain white matter derived from healthy macaque in combination with pertussis toxin, induced neurological symptoms in two macaques. One died on day 25 after immunization, whereas the other survived. Gross examination of the brain from the dead macaque, showed clear hemorrhagic lesions in the white matter. Hematological analysis showed that drastic T cell response was induced in macaques immunized with white matter, but not in control macaques. Flow cytometric analysis of blood cells from the affected macaques demonstrated an increase of CD4 and CD8 T cell populations expressing the CD69 early activation marker. Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of T cell receptor beta chain showed T cell clones infiltrated into the brain lesion, which were different from those found in the peripheral blood of the same monkey. The present paper shows that SSCP analysis of TCR is useful in studying clonality of T cells infiltrating into the brain tissue of macaque with EAE.


Subject(s)
Animals , CD3 Complex/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/immunology , Flow Cytometry/veterinary , Leukocyte Count/veterinary , Macaca fascicularis , Male , Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/genetics , T-Lymphocytes/cytology
9.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1999 Jun; 17(2): 85-92
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37252

ABSTRACT

To determine if the immunopathologic alterations of HIV-infected lymph nodes have any correlation with clinical stages in the northern Thai patients, we conducted a comparative analysis of immunopathologic features of lymph nodes between 25 HIV-infected patients from various clinical categories and 25 non-HIV individuals of reactive hyperplasia morphology of lymph node biopsies. The risk factors for HIV infection were all heterosexual. The majority of patients in clinical category A (PGL) showed a histopathologic pattern of explosive follicular hyperplasia, while category C (AIDS) patients demonstrated follicular involution and lymphocyte depletion on lymph node sections. Interestingly, weak reactivity for HIV p24 gag protein was detected within the germinal centers and scattering interfollicular lymphocytes in only 20% of the HIV-infected cases. Morphologically, the presence of MGCs was specific for HIV-infected lymph nodes. MGCs (hematoxylin & eosin stain) were found in 64% of the HIV-infected cases, which was significantly different from 4% found in control cases (p = 0.00002). By S-100 immunostaining, MGCs were demonstrated in all HIV-infected lymph node sections, while they were found in 32% of the control lymph nodes. Immunostaining with S-100 protein also revealed the appearance of syncytial ballooning and countable numbers of MGCs. High numbers of MGCs seemed to correlate with histologic and clinical changes. In conclusion, the HIV-infected patients had high numbers of MGCs or syncytia on lymph node sections in early stage and pre-AIDS conditions, which has never been reported before.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antigens, CD/analysis , Antigens, CD20/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4 Antigens/analysis , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD8 Antigens/analysis , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Female , Giant Cells/chemistry , HIV Infections/metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , S100 Proteins/analysis , Thailand
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171454

ABSTRACT

Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of lymph nodes has been regarded as a useful method in the diagnosis of lymphadenopathy. However, this procedure has been shown to be of limited value in the diagnosis of low or intermediate grade malignant lymphomas in some studies. Immunophenotyping is an essential adjunct to cytomorphology for the diagnosis of lymphoma by FNA. Immunophenotyping using flow cytometry (FCM) is rapid, objective and reliable. Using FCM, multiparametric analysis of 33 FNA materials from lymph nodes was performed and profiles of surface markers of lymphoid cells were assessed. In reactive hyperplasia, patterns of cell surface markers were quite variable, but disclosed polyclonality. Most of the B-cell lymphomas showed immunophenotypes for B-cell lineages with their kappa: lambda or lambda: kappa ratio being over 3:1. In T-cell lymphomas, T-cell surface markers were predominantly expressed as well. In conclusion, our results suggest that immunophenotyping of lymph node aspirates is a valuable diagnostic adjunct for lymphoproliferative disorders, particularly in B-cell lymphomas because immunophenotyping can be easily and adequately performed by FCM.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19/analysis , Antigens, CD20/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4 Antigens/analysis , CD5 Antigens/analysis , Antigens, CD7/analysis , CD8 Antigens/analysis , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/chemistry , Biopsy, Needle , Flow Cytometry/methods , Hodgkin Disease/pathology , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Nodes/chemistry , Lymphatic Diseases/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis/pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , T-Lymphocytes
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209023

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Immunologic studies have characterized the numbers and types of inflammatory cells in diseased inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mucosa but have yielded conflicting results regarding intestinal lymphocytes activation in IBD. We investigated the levels of lymphocytes subsets, interleukin-2 receptor, transferrin receptor, and T cell receptors in mainly isolated lamina propria lymphocytes. Including intraepithelial lymphocytes of normal colonic mucosa or IBD (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease) mucosa to understand the pathogenesis of IBD. We have results from this study. RESULTS: 1) In comparing ulcerative colitis with control, IL-2R (p < 0.05), TR (p < 0.01), and CD3/HLA-DR (<0.05) showed a significant increase. 2) In comparing Crohn's disease with control, CD3 (P < 0.05), TCR alpha/beta (p < 0.01) and TCR gamma/delta (p < 0.05) showed a significant decrease. 3) In comparing Crohn's disease with ulcerative colitis, CD19 (p < 0.01), TR (p < 0.01), TCR alpha/beta (p < 0.01) and TCR gamma/delta (p < 0.05) showed a significant decrease. CONCLUSION: From these results, there are increased T cell markers, IL-2R, TR, and CD3/HLA-DR in UC, but differently, decreased CD3, TCR alpha/beta and TCR gamma/delta in CD compared with control. In addition, definitive differences in lymphocytes markers, CD19, TR, TCR alpha/beta and TCR gamma/delta, which are higher in UC than in CD, may elucidate the different immunopathogenesis between UC and CD.


Subject(s)
Adult , CD3 Complex/analysis , Colitis, Ulcerative/pathology , Colitis, Ulcerative/immunology , Colitis, Ulcerative/diagnosis , Comparative Study , Crohn Disease/pathology , Crohn Disease/immunology , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , HLA-DR Antigens/analysis , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/analysis , Receptors, Interleukin-2/analysis , Receptors, Transferrin/analysis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Culture Techniques
12.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1996 Dec; 14(2): 87-90
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37096

ABSTRACT

The aim of this project was to compare dual and tri-colour reagents for lymphocyte immunophenotyping. A total of 37 patient and normal specimens were immunophenotyped concurrently with the following mean values (% dual vs tri-colour): CD3 (69.4 vs 68.3) CD4 (24.0 vs 24.2) and CD19 (13.9 vs 12.6). A comparison of the results obtained using the paired t test showed that there were no significant differences for cells expressing CD3, CD4 and CD19. However, there was a significant difference in the NK (18.3 vs 16.3) cell component. A major advantage in using 3 colour immunophenotyping is the ability to analyse specimens that cannot be analysed using dual colour reagents due to debris or contamination of the gate with non-lymphocytic cells.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD19/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4 Antigens/analysis , Coloring Agents , Flow Cytometry/methods , HLA-DR Antigens/analysis , Humans , Indicators and Reagents , Killer Cells, Natural/chemistry , Lymphocyte Subsets/chemistry
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7339

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted in order to investigate the immunologic alterations alongside the numerical changes in peripheral blood lymphocytes(PBL) and their subsets in stomach cancer patients. Lymphocyte surface markers were determined in 85 stomach cancer patients and 49 controls by indirect immunofluorescence technique using monoclonal antibodies. Monoclonal antibodies used were Leu 2a(CD8, suppressor/cytotoxic T cells), Leu 3a(CD4, inducer/helper T cells), Leu 4(CD3, pan T reagent), Leu 11(CD16, natural killer cells) and Leu 12(CD19, B cells). The numbers of PBL, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD16+ and CD19+ cells significantly decreased and the CD4: CD8 value increased in 85 patients with stomach cancer compared to those in controls(p < 0.01). In stage I(n = 17), neither PBL, their subsets nor the CD4: CD8 value were significantly different from those of the controls. In stage II(n = 17), the numbers of PBL, CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ cells decreased(p < 0.01). In stage III(n = 24) and IV(n = 27), PBL and all subsets measured decreased(p < 0.01). The CD4: CD8 value showed significant increases in stages III and IV(p < 0.01), because the CD8+ cells decreased to a greater extent than did the CD4+ cells. The results demonstrating that the lymphocyte subsets are depressed differentially with the stage suggest that host immunity is impaired with the progression of stomach cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Antigens, CD19/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/cytology , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, IgG/analysis , Sex Distribution , Stomach Neoplasms/blood
14.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1994 Dec; 12(2): 105-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36566

ABSTRACT

A three-color flow cytometric determination of CD4 T-lymphocytes on whole blood specimens from AIDS patients which contain a high proportion of non-lymphocyte elements is described. Peripheral blood cells were stained by a three-color method using monoclonal antibodies conjugated respectively with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-CD3, phycoerythrin (PE)-CD4 and peridinin chlorophyll protein (PerCP)-CD45. CD45 stains all leukocytes with the highest fluorescence expression of CD45 antigen in lymphocytes. By combining light scatter with CD45 in the fluorescence 3 (FL3) channel, a light scattering window can be drawn to include almost all bright CD45 lymphocytes. This live gate of lymphocytes was then acquired and analysed simultaneously using other irrelevant two-color (FITC/PE) antibodies of CD3 and CD4 in the FITC and PE channels, respectively. This method is easy and straightforward, and gives successful analysis of CD4 T-lymphocytes in AIDS blood specimens contaminated with an unusually large number of non-lymphocytic cells.


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/blood , Antibodies, Monoclonal , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD4 Antigens/analysis , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD4 Lymphocyte Count/methods , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Fluorescent Dyes , HIV Seropositivity/blood , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Male
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