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1.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 17(2): 245-258, may.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1013872

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción : los inflamasomas dirigen la maduración de las citoquinas IL-1b e IL-18, las cuales contribuyen en la patogénesis de la infección por VIH-1. Dada la complejidad de la infección, se hace necesaria la búsqueda de marcadores que permitan identificar nuevos blancos terapéuticos o hacer seguimiento del estado inmunológico de los pacientes. Por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente trabajo fue explorar el efecto independiente de los principales componentes inflamatorios sobre la infección por VIH-1. Materiales y métodos : estudio analítico con 36 pacientes VIH+ y 36 controles sanos, pareados por edad y sexo. Se cuantificó la carga viral, los linfocitos T CD4+/CD8+, el perfil lipídico, la proteína C reactiva y las concentraciones séricas de IL-1-ß, IL-6 e IL-18. El HIRNA de los genes relacionados con los inflamasomas fue cuantificado por RT-PCR en tiempo real. El análisis estadístico se basó en medidas de resumen, pruebas de hipótesis y regresión logística binaria multivariante. Resultados : se encontraron menores valores de HDL y HIRNA IL-18 y mayores de HIRNA NLRPI y HIRNA ASC en los pacientes con VIH-1, comparados con los controles. Los valores de HDL y HIRNA IL-18 se correlacionaron con los recuentos de linfocitos. En el análisis multivariado se encontró que la relación CD4/CD8, el mRNA IL-18 y el HIRNA ASC pueden constituir las principales variables que tienen un potencial explicativo sobre la infección por VIH-1 en la población de estudio. Conclusión : se evidenció la importancia de estudiar los inflamasomas, dado que en la población de estudio constituyen potenciales blancos terapéuticos para disminuir la respuesta inflamatoria.


Abstract Introduction : Inflammasomes direct the maturation of the cytokines IL-1ß and IL-18, which contribute to the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. Given its complexity, it is necessary to search for markers that can identify new therapeutic targets or monitor the immunological status of patients. Therefore, the objective of the present work was to explore the independent effect of the main inflammatory components on HIV-1 infection. Materials and Methods : Researchers conducted an analytical study with 36 HIV+ patients and 36 healthy controls, matched by age and sex. Viral load, CD4+/CD8+ T lymphocytes, lipid profile, C-reactive protein and serum concentrations of IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-18 were quantified. RT-PCR in real time quantified the ITIRNA of the genes related to the inflammasomes. The statistical analysis based on summary measures, hypothesis tests, and multivariate binary logistic regression. Results : Lower values of HDL and ITIRNA IL-18 and higher ITIRNA NLRPI and ITVRNA ASC presented in patients with HIV-1 compared with controls. The values of HDL and ITIRNA IL-18 correlated with lymphocyte counts. The multivariate analysis shows that the CD4 / CD8 ratio, the IL-18 ITIRNA and the ASC ITIRNA can be the main variables that have an explanatory potential on HIV-1 infection in the study population. Conclusion : The importance of studying inflammasomes was evidenced, given that in the study population they are potential therapeutic targets to reduce the inflammatory response.


Resumo Introdução : os inflamassomas dirigem a maduração das citocinas IL-1ß e IL-18; as quais contribuem nas patogêneses da infeção por HIV-1. Dada a complexidade da infeção se faz necessária a busca de marcadores que permitam identificar novos alvos terapêuticos ou fazer seguimento do estado imunológico dos pacientes. Portanto, o objetivo do presente trabalho foi explorar o efeito independente os principais componentes inflamatórios sobre a infeção por HIV-1. Materiais e métodos : estudo analítico com 36 pacientes HIV+ e 36 controles saudáveis, pareados por idade e sexo. Se quantificou a carga viral, os linfócitos T CD4+/CD8+, o perfil lipídico, a proteína C reativa e as concentrações séricas de IL-1ß, IL-6 e IL-18. O ITIRNA dos genes relacionados com os inflamassomas foi quantificado por RT-PCR em tempo real. A análise estatística se baseou em medidas de resumo, provas de hipótese e regressão logística binaria multivariado. Resultados : se encontraram menores valores de HDL e TÍTRNA IL-18 e maiores de TÍIRNA NLRPI e TÍTRNA ASC nos pacientes com HIV-1, comparados com os controles. Os valores de HDL e TÍTRNA IL-18 se correlacionaram com os recontos de linfócitos. Na análise multivariada encontrou-se que a relação CD4/CD8, o TÍIRNA IL-18 e o TÍTRNA ASC podem constituir as principais variáveis que têm um potencial explicativo sobre a infeção por HIV-1 na população de estudo. Conclusão : se evidenciou a importância de estudar os inflamassomas, dado que na população de estudo constituem potenciais brancos terapêuticos para diminuir a resposta inflamatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV-1 , Multivariate Analysis , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Colombia , Inflammasomes , Observational Study
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1876-1880, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781525

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression level of T lymphocyte subsets in elderly patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), and to evaluated the prognostic value of T lymphocytic abnormalities in elderly NDMM patients.@*METHODS@#Pretreated peripheral blood of 39 newly diagnosed elder patients with MM was tested by multi-parameter flow cytometry (MFC) to quantitatively detect T lymphocyte subsets, including CD4T cell, CD8T cell, and CD4/CD8 ratio. The prognostic values T-lymphocyte subset were evaluated in newly diagnosed elderly patients with MM.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up time was 21.5 (range, 3.0-66.0) months. Absolute counts of CD4T cell and CD4/CD8 ratio positively correlated with prognosis. In the multivariate COX analysis, lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts were identified to be independent adverse prognostic factors for OS.@*CONCLUSION@#Lower CD4/CD8 ratio and CD4T cell counts at initial diagnosis are independent unfavorable prognostic factors for elderly patients with MM, and T lymphocyte subsets are crucial indicators for MM patients' prognosis.


Subject(s)
Aged , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(1): 64-71, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887635

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The present study compares immune and endocrine parameters between HIV-infected patients who underwent the Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS-P) during antiretroviral therapy (ART) and HIV-patients who did not undergo the syndrome (non-IRIS-P). Materials and methods Blood samples were obtained from 31 HIV-infected patients (15 IRIS-P and 16 non-IRIS-P) before ART (BT) and 48 ± 2 weeks after treatment initiation (AT). Plasma Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) were determined by ELISA. Cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and thyroxin concentrations were measured using chemiluminescence immune methods. Results Concentrations of IL-6 (7.9 ± 1.9 pg/mL) and IL-18 (951.5 ± 233.0 pg/mL) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in IRIS-P than in non-IRIS-P (3.9 ± 1.0 pg/mL and 461.0 ± 84.4 pg/mL, respectively) BT. Mean T4 plasma level significantly decreased in both groups of patients after treatment (p < 0.05). In both groups cortisol levels were similar before and after ART (p > 0.05). Levels of DHEA-S in IRIS-P decreased AT (1080.5 ± 124.2 vs. 782.5 ± 123.8 ng/mL, p < 0.05) and they were significantly lower than in non-IRIS-P (782.5 ± 123.8 vs. 1203.7 ± 144.0 ng/mL, p < 0.05). IRIS-P showed higher values of IL-6 and IL-18 BT and lower levels of DHEA-S AT than in non-IRIS-P. Conclusion These parameters could contribute to differentiate IRIS-P from non-IRIS-P. The significant decrease in DHEA-S levels in IRIS-P after ART might suggest a different adrenal response in these patients, which may reflect the severity of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , HIV Infections/blood , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/adverse effects , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/blood , Thyroxine/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hydrocortisone/blood , HIV Infections/immunology , HIV Infections/metabolism , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate/blood , Viral Load , Interleukin-18/blood , Luminescence , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/immunology , Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical effect of pidotimod oral liquid as adjuvant therapy for infectious mononucleosis and its effect on T lymphocyte subsets.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 76 children with infectious mononucleosis, who were admitted to the hospital between July 2016 and June 2017, were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups: conventional treatment and pidotimod treatment (n=38 each). The children in the conventional treatment group were given antiviral therapy with ganciclovir for injection and symptomatic treatment. Those in the pidotimod treatment group were given pidotimod oral liquid in addition to the treatment in the conventional treatment group. The course of treatment was two weeks for both groups. The two groups were compared in terms of the recovery of clinical indices and the changes in peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the conventional treatment group, the pidotimod treatment group had significantly shorter fever clearance time, time to the disappearance of isthmopyra, time to the relief of lymph node enlargement, time to the relief of hepatosplenomegaly, and length of hospital stay (P<0.05). After treatment, the pidotimod treatment group had significant reductions in the percentages of CD3 and CD8 T cells and had significantly lower percentages of CD3 and CD8 T cells than the conventional treatment group (P<0.001). The pidotimod treatment group had significant increases in the percentage of CD4 T cells and CD4/CD8 ratio after treatment, which was significantly higher than those in the conventional treatment group (P<0.001). The conventional treatment group had no significant changes in T lymphocyte subsets after treatment (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pidotimod oral liquid has a good clinical effect as the adjuvant therapy for infectious mononucleosis and can improve cellular immune function, so it holds promise for clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Administration, Oral , Antiviral Agents , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Ganciclovir , Humans , Infectious Mononucleosis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Pyrrolidonecarboxylic Acid , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Thiazolidines , Treatment Outcome
5.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(6): 620-626, Nov.-Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888922

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: The plague, which is an infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis, still threatens many populations in several countries. The worldwide increase in human plague cases and the potential use of the bacteria as a biological weapon reinforce the need to study the immunity that is induced by potential vaccine candidates. To determine the immunogenicity of antigenic preparations based on the F1 protein and the total extract from Y. pestis, we assessed the role of these antigens in inducing an immune response. Methods: The immunogenicity of antigenic preparations based on the Y. pestis (YP) total extract and the Y. pestis fraction 1 capsular antigen protein (F1) was determined in Swiss-Webster mice immunized with 40 µg or 20 µg for each preparation. Immunophenotyping was performed by flow cytometry. Results: Animals immunized with the YP total extract did not elicit detectable anti-F1 antibodies (Ab) in the hemaglutination/inhibition (HA/HI) test. Animals immunized with 40 µg or 20 µg of the F1 protein produced anti-F1 Abs, with titres ranging from 1/16 to 1/8132. The average of CD3+-CD4+ and CD3+-CD8+ T cells did not differ significantly between the groups. Neither YP total extract nor F1 protein induced a significant expression of IFN-γ and IL-10 in CD4+ T lymphocytes. In addition, F1 failed to induce IFN-γ expression in CD8+ T cells, unlike the YP total extract. Conclusion: The results showed that F1 protein is not an immunogenic T cell antigen, although the YP total extract (40 µg dose) favoured CD8+ T cell-mediated cellular immunity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Spleen/immunology , Yersinia pestis/immunology , Plague Vaccine/immunology , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Plague/prevention & control , Spleen/cytology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Immunophenotyping , Interferon-gamma/immunology , Interleukin-10/immunology , CD4-CD8 Ratio , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Immunity, Cellular
6.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(5): 666-669, Sept.-Oct. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041430

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The objective was to identify comorbidities related to HIV-positive patients in Blumenau, State of Santa Catarina. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive observational design study which analyzed data from 424 patients assisted by the sexually transmitted disease/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (STD/AIDS) Specialized Care Service (SCS). RESULTS: Of 424 medical records analyzed, 388 patients presented CD4+/CD8+ ratios lower than 1. The most prevalent comorbidities were smoking, depression, alcoholism, and herpes zoster infection, in males and females. CONCLUSIONS: The most relevant comorbidity in both genders was herpes zoster, an important marker of immunity in patients. The lowest mean was observed among patients with neurotoxoplasmosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/blood , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , CD4-CD8 Ratio/statistics & numerical data , Reference Values , Brazil/epidemiology , Smoking/blood , Smoking/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Depression/blood , Depression/epidemiology , Alcoholism/blood , Alcoholism/epidemiology , Herpes Zoster/blood , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Middle Aged
7.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(1,supl): 497-504, May. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886661

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to identify the 516 G>T polymorphism of the CYP2B6 gene and evaluate its influence on central nervous system (CNS) side effect development in HIV-positive individuals undergoing Efavirenz (EFV) treatment in a population from southern Brazil. Additionally, we performed a survey on the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of our sample. In addition to medical records evaluation, whole blood of 89 individuals was analyzed for viral load, T lymphocyte count (CD4+ and CD8+), and the polymorphism. Considering the side effects of the CNS reported by individuals but without considering the genetic variables, no statistically significant association was noted between the adverse effects and the antiretroviral treatment (including or not EFV). In addition, no statistically significant difference was noted for the influence of genotype on the viral load or the number of T lymphocytes (CD4+ and CD8+) among individuals undergoing EFV treatment. This is the first study that investigated the impact of the 516 G>T polymorphism of the CYP2B6 gene among HIV-positive individuals from southern Brazil. Its clinical significance indicates the need for prospective studies in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , HIV Infections/genetics , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Central Nervous System/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Benzoxazines/adverse effects , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6/genetics , Prospective Studies , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Viral Load , Benzoxazines/therapeutic use , Genotype
8.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(1): 42-50, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839183

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Three decades after HIV recognition and its association with AIDS development, many advances have emerged – especially related to prevention and treatment. Undoubtedly, the development of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) dramatically changed the future of the syndrome that we know today. In the present study, we evaluate the impact of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on macrophage function and its relevance to HIV pathogenesis. Methods: PBMCs were isolated from blood samples and monocytes (CD14+ cells) were purified. Monocyte-Derived Macrophages (MDMs) were activated on classical (MGM-CSF+IFN-γ) or alternative (MIL-4+IL13) patterns using human recombinant cytokines for six days. After this period, Monocyte-Derived Macrophages were stimulated with TLR2/Dectin-1 or TLR4 agonists and we evaluated the influence of HIV-1 infection and Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy on the release of cytokines/chemokines by macrophages. Results: The data were obtained using Monocyte-Derived Macrophages derived from HIV naïve or from patients on regular Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. Classically Monocyte-Derived Macrophages obtained from HIV-1 infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy released higher levels of IL-6 and IL-12 even without PAMPs stimuli when compared to control group. On the other hand, alternative Monocyte-Derived Macrophages derived from HIV-1 infected patients on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy released lower levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IP-10 and RANTES after LPS stimuli when compared to control group. Furthermore, healthy individuals have a complex network of cytokines/chemokines released by Monocyte-Derived Macrophages after PAMP stimuli, which was deeply affected in MDMs obtained from naïve HIV-1 infected patients and only partially restored in MDMs derived from HIV-1 infected patients even on regular Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. Conclusion: Our therapy protocols were not effective in restoring the functional alterations induced by HIV, especially those found on macrophages. These findings indicate that we still need to develop new approaches and improve the current therapy protocols, focusing on the reestablishment of cellular functions and prevention/treatment of opportunistic infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1/drug effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Macrophages/drug effects , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Case-Control Studies , HIV Infections/blood , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Interleukins/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Treatment Outcome , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Statistics, Nonparametric , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Chemokine CCL5/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharide Receptors/drug effects , Viral Load/drug effects , Chemokine CXCL10/metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300451

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the immunological mechanism of prednisone in the treatment of infantile spasm (IS) by evaluating the immune function of IS children before and after treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty children with IS were enrolled as IS group. Thirty healthy infants who underwent physical examination were enrolled as healthy control group. Fasting venous blood was collected for both groups before and after prednisone treatment. Chemiluminescence was used to measure serum levels of interleukin-1B (IL-1B), interleukin-2R (IL-2R), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Immunoturbidimetric assay was used to measure serum levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin M (IgM), and immunoglobulin G (IgG). Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3, CD4, and CD8). The clinical outcome and electroencephalographic findings were evaluated for all IS children after prednisone treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The IS group had significantly higher serum levels of IL-2R, IL-8, and TNF-α than the healthy control group before treatment (P<0.05). The mean number of daily ictal clusters was positively correlated with the levels of IL-2R, IL-8, and TNF-α in IS children, the mean number of total daily seizures was positively correlated with IL-8 level, and any two indices out of IL-2R, IL-8, and TNF-α were positively correlated with each other (P<0.05). Among the 30 IS children treated with prednisone, 19 achieved seizure control; electroencephalography showed that 18 children achieved complete remission of hyperarrhythmia. After treatment, the IS group had significant reductions in the numbers of daily ictal clusters and total daily seizures, significant improvement in developmental quotient (P<0.05), and significant reductions in serum levels of IL-2R, L-8, and TNF-α, the percentage of CD4T lymphocytes, and CD4/CD8ratio (P<0.05), as well as a significant increase in the percentage of CD8T lymphocytes (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>IS children have immune dysfunction. Prednisone can control seizures in IS children, possibly by regulating and improving immune dysfunction.</p>


Subject(s)
CD4-CD8 Ratio , Cytokines , Blood , Electroencephalography , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Spasms, Infantile , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297213

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of Huaiqihuang granules on the immune function in children with severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pediatric inpatients with severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia were randomly divided into Huaiqihuang granule treatment group (n=51) and conventional treatment group (n=47). The Huaiqihuang granule treatment group was orally administered Huaiqihuang granules in addition to the conventional treatment, while the conventional treatment group received conventional treatment only. Levels of serum IgA, IgG, and IgM, percentages of CD4and CD8 T lymphocyte subsets, and CD4/CD8ratio were examined in the two groups. The incidence rate of respiratory tract re-infection within three months following treatment was compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of serum IgA, IgG, and IgM, the percentage of CD4 T lymphocytes, and the CD4/CD8ratio were significantly higher in the Huaiqihuang granule treatment group than in the conventional treatment group three months after treatment (P<0.05). In contrast, the percentage of CD8T lymphocytes was significantly lower in the Huaiqihuang granule treatment group than in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05). In addition, the incidence rate of respiratory tract re-infection within three months following treatment was significantly lower in the Huaiqihuang granule treatment group than in the conventional treatment group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Huaiqihuang granules can regulate immune functions and reduce the incidence of short-term respiratory tract re-infection in children with severe Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child , Child, Preschool , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Male , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 831-837, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328147

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The interaction between activated microglia and T lymphocytes can yield abundant pro-inflammatory cytokines. Our previous study proved that thymus immune tolerance could alleviate the inflammatory response. This study aimed to investigate whether intrathymic injection of myelin basic protein (MBP) in mice could suppress the inflammatory response after co-culture of T lymphocytes and BV-2 microglia cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 72 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 24 in each): Group A: intrathymic injection of 100 μl MBP (1 mg/ml); Group B: intrathymic injection of 100 μl phosphate-buffered saline (PBS); and Group C: sham operation group. Every eight mice in each group were sacrificed to obtain the spleen at postoperative days 3, 7, and 14, respectively. T lymphocytes those were extracted and purified from the spleens were then co-cultured with activated BV-2 microglia cells at a proportion of 1:2 in the medium containing MBP for 3 days. After identified the T lymphocytes by CD3, surface antigens of T lymphocytes (CD4, CD8, CD152, and CD154) and BV-2 microglia cells (CD45 and CD54) were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of pro-inflammatory factors of BV-2 microglia cells (interleukin [IL]-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], and inducible nitric oxide synthase [iNOS]) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the least significant difference test were used for data analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of CD152 in Group A showed an upward trend from the 3rd to 7th day, with a downward trend from the 7th to 14th day (20.12 ± 0.71%, 30.71 ± 1.14%, 13.50 ± 0.71% at postoperative days 3, 7, and 14, respectively, P < 0.05). The levels of CD154 in Group A showed a downward trend from the 3rd to 7th day, with an upward trend from the 7th to 14th day (10.00 ± 0.23%, 5.28 ± 0.69%, 14.67 ± 2.71% at postoperative days 3, 7, and 14, respectively, P < 0.05). The ratio of CD4+/CD8 + T in Group A showed a downward trend from the 3rd to 7th day, with the minimum at postoperative day 7, then an upward trend from the 7th to 14th day (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the levels of CD45 and CD54 in Group A were found as the same trend as the ratio of CD4+/CD8 + T (CD45: 83.39 ± 2.56%, 82.74 ± 2.09%, 87.56 ± 2.11%; CD54: 3.80 ± 0.24%, 0.94 ± 0.40%, 3.41 ± 0.33% at postoperative days 3, 7, and 14, respectively, P < 0.05). The expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, and iNOS in Group A were significantly lower than those in Groups B and C, and the values at postoperative day 7 were the lowest compared with those at postoperative days 3 and 14 (P < 0.05). No significant difference was found between Groups B and C.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Intrathymic injection of MBP could suppress the immune reaction that might reduce the secondary immune injury of brain tissue induced by an inflammatory response.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Antigens, Surface , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Drug Therapy , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Coculture Techniques , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microglia , Allergy and Immunology , Myelin Basic Protein , Pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340558

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in peripheral blood of children with hand, foot and mouth disease and its significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the condition of the disease, 86 children with hand, foot and mouth disease were classified into phase 1 group (19 children) and phase 2 group (67 children). ELISA was used to measure the concentrations of plasma VIP, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in peripheral blood. Flow cytometry was used to measure CD3, CD4, and CD8T lymphocyte subsets. RT-PCR was used for qualitative detection of enterovirus 71 (EV71) RNA in stool.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the phase 1 group, the phase 2 group had a significantly higher positive rate of EV71-RNA (P<0.05) and significantly higher serum levels of IgG, IgA, IgM, and C3 (P<0.05). The phase 2 group had significantly lower proportions of peripheral CD3, CD4, and CD8T lymphocyte subsets than the phase 1 group (P<0.05), as well as significantly lower proportion of peripheral B cells and CD4/CD8ratio than the phase 1 group (P<0.05). The phase 2 group also had a significantly lower concentration of VIP in peripheral blood than the phase 1 group (P<0.05). In the 86 children with hand, foot and mouth disease, the concentration of VIP in peripheral blood was positively correlated with the proportion of CD4T lymphocyte subset and CD4/CD8ratio (r=0.533 and 0.532 respectively; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>VIP may be an important marker of the severity of hand, foot and mouth disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child, Preschool , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Infant , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Interleukin-4 , Blood , Male , Severity of Illness Index , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide , Blood
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279866

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes and clinical significance of lymphocyte subsets in infants with bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, and bronchiolitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 111 children with bronchitis, 418 children with bronchopneumonia, and 83 children with bronchiolitis were enrolled as disease groups, and 235 healthy children were enrolled as control group. Flow cytometry was applied to measure lymphocyte subsets.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The bronchitis group had significantly lower numbers of T cells and CD3+CD8+ T cells than the control group (P<0.05). The bronchopneumonia group had significantly lower numbers of T cells and CD3+CD8+ T cells, a significantly higher number of T helper (Th) cells, and a significantly higher CD4/CD8 ratio than the control group, as well as a significantly higher number of Th cells than the bronchitis group. Compared with the children with mild bronchopneumonia, those with severe bronchopneumonia showed a reduction in T cells and an increase in B cells (P<0.05). The bronchiolitis group had a significantly higher number of Th cells, a significantly higher CD4/CD8 ratio, and a significantly lower number of CD3+CD8+ T cells than the control group (P<0.01). The disease groups showed a significantly higher number of B cells and a significantly lower number of natural killer cells than the control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A low, disturbed cellular immune function and a high humoral immune function are involved in the development and progression of lower respiratory tract infectious diseases. The changes in immune function are related to the type and severity of diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Bronchiolitis , Allergy and Immunology , Bronchitis , Allergy and Immunology , Bronchopneumonia , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Respiratory Tract Infections , Allergy and Immunology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246857

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in the patients with hematologic malignancies received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and its influence on the expression of BCL-2 and BAX proteins.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 64 patients with malignant lymphoma (ML) received auto-HSCT from January 2011 to December 2015 in our hospital were analyzed. On basis of post-treansplant infection, the patients were divided into infection group (36 cases) and non-infection group (28 cases). The distribution of pathogenic bacteria in 2 groups was identified, the T lymphocyte subsets of peripheral blood, expression level of apoptotic proteins and C-reaction protein (CRP) in 2 group were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-six strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 36 case of hematological malignancy after HSCT, including 24 strains of Gram-negative bacteria (66.67%) with predominamce of klebsiella pneumoniae (19.44%). The periperal blood CD4+ (t=2.637, P<0.01), CD4+/CD8+ ratio (t=8.223, P<0.01), BCL-2 protein (t=5.852, P<0.05), BCL-2/BAX ratio (t=14.56, P<0.01) in infection group were significantly lower than those in non-infection group, while CD8+ (t=2.285, P=<0.01), CRP (t=39.71, P<0.01), BAX level in infection group were higher than those in non-infection group. The pearson correcation analysis showed that the CD4+/CD8+ ratio in infection group positively correlated with BCL-2/BAX ratio (t=0.341, P<0.05), while serum CRP level in infection group negatively correlated with BCL-2/BAX ratio (t=-0.362, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pathogenic bacteria infecting ML patients after HSCT were mainly Gram-negative bacteria. The post-transplant infection can promote the expression up-regulation of related inflammatory factors and apoptotic proteins. The pathogens may be involved in cell apoptisis that provides a new strategy to treat the hematologic malignancies.</p>


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Hematologic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Microbiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Cell Biology , Up-Regulation , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2683-2690, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Among HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART), early changes in CD4+ T-cell subsets are well described. However, HIV-infected late presenters initiating treatment present with a suboptimal CD4+ T-cell reconstitution and remain at a higher risk for AIDS and non-AIDS events. Therefore, factors associated with CD4+ T-cell reconstitution need to be determined in this population, which will allow designing effective immunotherapeutic strategies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-one adult patients with baseline CD4+ T-cell count <350 cells/mm3 exhibiting viral suppression after ART initiation were followed in the HIV/AIDS research center of Peking Union Medical College Hospital in Beijing, China, from October 2002 to September 2013. Changes in T-cell subsets and associated determinants were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Median baseline CD4+ T-cell count was 70 cells/mm3. We found a biphasic reconstitution of T-cell subsets and immune activation: a rapid change during the first 6 months followed by a more gradual change over the subsequent 8 years. Baseline CD4+ T-cell count >200 cells/mm3 in comparison to CD4+ T-cell count ≤200 cells/mm3 was associated with more complete immune Reconstitution (77.8% vs. 27.3% respectively; P = 0.017) and normalized CD4/CD8 ratio. We showed that the baseline percentage of naive CD4+ T-cell was a predictive marker for complete immune reconstitution (area under receiver operating characteristic curve 0.907), and 12.4% as cutoff value had a sensitivity of 84.6% and a specificity of 88.2%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Baseline naive CD4+ T-cell percentage may serve as a predictive marker for optimal immune reconstitution during long-term therapy. Such study findings suggest that increasing thymic output should represent an avenue to improve patients who are diagnosed late in the course of infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Methods , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-CD8 Ratio , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Metabolism , Female , HIV Infections , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , HIV-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Virulence , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology
16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 955-957, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303227

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the changes in levels of D-dimer, prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen (Fib), CD4 and CD8 in relation to hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) by using a rat model system and to assess the association with pathologic changes in lung.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into equal groups for modeling of cirrhosis and HPS. The two groups were assessed by blood gas analysis, standard biochemical tests to measure D-dimer, PT, Fib, CD4 and CD8, and pathological examination of lung tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HPS rats showed significantly lower PaO2 than the cirrhosis rats (58.20+/-3.19 mmHg vs. 85.00+/-2.53 mmHg, P = 0.000). The HPS rats showed significantly higher levels of D-dimer, Fib and CD8 than the cirrhosis rats (0.39+/-0.09 mg/ml vs. 0.25+/-0.05 mg/ml, P = 0.000; 1.77+/-0.10 g/L vs. and 1.49+/-0.09 g/L, P = 0.010; 32.32+/-4.45/mm3 vs. 20.13+/-6.09/mm3, P = 0.014). The HPS rats showed significantly lower levels of PT, CD4 and CD4/CD8 than the cirrhosis rats (14.86+/-1.04 s vs. 16.23+/-0.75 s, P = 0.036; 20.45+/-3.86/mm3 vs. 26.75+/-5.32/mm3, P = 0.000; 0.64+/-0.09 vs. 1.32+/-0.13, P = 0.000). The lung tissues of the HPS rats showed microthrombosis in pulmonary vessels, which were not observed in lung tissues of the cirrhosis rats.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HPS-related differential levels of D-dimer, PT, Fib, CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 may represent a biomarker profile suggestive of incidence of thromboembolism in lung.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , CD4 Antigens , Metabolism , CD4-CD8 Ratio , CD8 Antigens , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Metabolism , Fibrinogen , Metabolism , Hepatopulmonary Syndrome , Blood , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Lung , Pathology , Male , Prothrombin Time , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279074

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes and significance of lymphocyte sunsets and serum interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels in children with toxoplasma infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-four children who were newly diagnosed with toxoplasma infection (TOX-IgM+ group) between January 2011 and April 2014, 12 children who had ever been diagnosed with toxoplasma infection (TOX-IgG+ group), and 54 healthy children (control group) were enrolled. The percentages of CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ and NK cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometry. Serum levels of IFN-γ were measured using ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentages of CD4+ cells and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the TOX-IgM+ group were significantly lower than in the TOX-IgG+ and control groups, while the percentages of CD8+ and NK cells and serum IFN-γ levels were significantly higher than in the other two groups (P<0.05). The TOX-IgG+ group had higher serum IFN-γ levels than the control group (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the percentage of CD8+ cells and serum IFN-γ levels in the TOX-IgM+ group (r=0.756; P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>CD4+, CD8+ and NK cells may play important roles in the resistance against toxoplasma infection by promoting the secretion of cytokines.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Protozoan , Blood , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Blood , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Infant , Interferon-gamma , Blood , Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Toxoplasma , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260351

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the proportion change of immune cells in the peripheral blood of patients with rectal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy and to explore the relationship between tumor regression and CD4⁺CD25(High)CD127(low) regularly T cells(Treg cells).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients with rectal cancer who underwent the neoadjuvant therapy before surgery at the Shanxi Cancer Hospital Colorectal Surgery Department from January to December 2013 were prospectively enrolled. These patients were divided into down-staging group and non-down-staging group according to the change of staging in accordance with TNM classification for rectal cancer after neoadjuvant therapy. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the proportions of Treg cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells, NK cells, B cells, and CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the peripheral blood from these patients before and after neoadjuvant therapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 108 patients were enrolled, including 76 cases in the down staging group and 32 cases in the non-down-staging group. Differences of immune cells proportions between two groups before neoadjuvant therapy were not statistically significant(all P>0.05). In the down-staging group, the proportions of Treg cells, B cells and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were decreased while the proportion of NK cells did not change obviously after the neoadjuvant therapy. Interestingly, in the non-down-staging group, the proportions of B cells and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were decreased while the proportions of Treg cells and NK cells did not change obviously after the neoadjuvant therapy. In addition, after neoadjunvat therapy, the proportion of Treg cells in down-staging group was significantly lower than that in non-down-staging group [(4.4 ± 1.7)% vs. (6.2 ± 1.9)%, P=0.001].</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For patients in the down-staging group after neoadjuvant therapy, the proportion of Treg cells in peripheral blood decreases, suggesting that Treg cells may be a valuable biomarker for assessing tumor regression.</p>


Subject(s)
CD4-CD8 Ratio , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit , Interleukin-7 Receptor alpha Subunit , Killer Cells, Natural , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 586-591, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254665

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Severe Epstein-Barr (EB) virus infection is potentially a devastating process that often leads to death encountered in pediatrics recently. Inappropriate control of EB virus replication may cause severe infection resulting in multiple organ dysfunction. However, little information is available on pulmonary complications associated with EB virus infection. The aim of the present study was to investigate severe EB virus (EBV) infection complicated with lung injury in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU), including clinical characteristics, laboratory or imaging feature and outcomes.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A total of 45 children with severe EBV infection seen in PICU of Shanghai Children's Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. According to clinical characteristics and imaging feature, 45 children were divided into non-lung injury group (n =27), lung injury without pulmonary fibrosis group(n = 12) and pulmonary fibrosis group (n = 6).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In totally 45 cases of severe EBV infection, 21 (46.7%) were male and 24 (53. 3%) were female, mean age was 2. 4 years; 18 cases were complicated with lung injury, including 8 male and 10 female, median age was 31. 2 months. All of 18 cases presented with fever and cough, 15 of them exhibited dyspnea,12 cases were complicated with gasping, and 6 cases with ARDS. Eight cases accepted mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory distress; 6 cases who developed pulmonary fibrosis had tachypnea, refractory hypoxemia and hypercapnia, severe pulmonary air leak. The average EBV-DNA level in peripheral blood was 4. 42 x 10(6) copies/ml (range: 3. 25 x 10(3) - 6.59 x 10(7) copies/ml). Anti-EBV antibodies were positive in 41 cases, 18 cases were positive (+) for VCA-IgM, 15 cases were VCA-IgG and EA-IgG (+), 8 cases VCA-IgM and VCA-IgG (+). The radiographic findings revealed pulmonary interstitial infiltrates in all 18 cases with lung injury, 4 cases with segmental consolidation and 2 cases showed pleural effusions. HRCT scanning found EBV associated fibrosis including multifocal patches and diffuse ground-glass attenuation in both lungs, reticular opacities and honeycombing changes were observed 4 weeks after illness onset. There were significant differences in respiratory failure, PICU stay (days), Pediatric risk of mortality III (PRISM III) and pediatric clinical illness score(PCIS), serum TNF-α, EBV-DNA levels, percentage of NK cells and CD4+/CD8+ T cell ratio among non-lung injury group, lung injury without pulmonary fibrosis group and pulmonary fibrosis group (X2 =27. 12, F = 85. 23, 78. 23, 88. 68, 323. 80, 7. 35, χ2 = 6. 71, 12. 15; all P < 0. 05). COX regression analysis revealed that EBV-DNA and serum TNF-α levels were correlated with pulmonary fibrosis significantly (OR = 3. 92, P = 0. 04; OR = 5. 95, P = 0. 01). The patients with EBV-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) had higher incidence of pulmonary fibrosis compared with non-EB-HLH (70% vs. 13%, χ2 = 4. 82, P = 0. 03). Of 18 cases, 8 cases died, including 3 cases with pulmonary fibrosis. The surviving cases with pulmonary fibrosis needed longer additional oxygen. Chest HRCT imaging of 3 cases with pulmonary fibrosis was improved at 6 months and oxygen therapy was discontinued at 18 months after discharge.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EB virus infection complicated with lung injury had higher incidence of respiratory failure, pulmonary fibrosis with a fatal outcome. EBV-DNA and serum TNF-α level were found to be statistically significant indicators of pulmonary fibrosis. Pulmonary fibrosis associated with severe EB virus infection may be reversible.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Viral , Blood , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Child, Preschool , China , DNA, Viral , Blood , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Pathology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Killer Cells, Natural , Lung Injury , Virology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Pathology , Virology , Male , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Pathology , Virology , Retrospective Studies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237939

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of acupuncture on the immune function of sepsis patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety sepsis patients were assigned to the control group, the thymosin a1 group, and the acupuncture treatment group according to random digit table, 30 patients in each group. Patients in the control group were treated according to the guideline of Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC). Patients in the control group received routine treatment. Those in the thymosin alpha1 group additionally received subdermal injection of thymosin alpha1 (1.6 mg), once per day for 6 successive days. Needling at related points such as Zusanli (ST36), Yanglingquan (GB34), Neiguan (PC6), Guanyuan (RN4), and so on, was performed in patients of the acupuncture treatment group, once per day for 6 successive days. T cell subgroups (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD4+ /CD8+) and immunoglobulin levels (IgG, IgA, IgM) were detected. The length of ICU hospital stay, hospital readmission rate, and 28-day mortality were compared among the three groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After six days of treatment, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, IgG, IgA, IgM, and CD4+ /CD8+ ratio of three groups were all significantly increased (P < 0.01). Of them, CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, IgG, IgA, and IgM increased more significantly in the thymosin alpha1 group and the acupuncture treatment group (P < 0.01). Compared with the control group, the ICU hospitalization length was significantly shortened, the hospital readmission rate and the 28-day mortality were lower in the thymosin alpha1 group and the acupuncture treatment group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). There was no statistical difference in each index between the thymosin alpha1 group and the acupuncture treatment group (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture could adjust the immune function of sepsis patients, improve their immunological indicators and prognoses.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Humans , Length of Stay , Prognosis , Sepsis , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Thymosin
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