Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 351
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880368

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Asbestos fibers possess tumorigenicity and are thought to cause mesothelioma. We have previously reported that exposure to asbestos fibers causes a reduction in antitumor immunity. Asbestos exposure in the mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) showed suppressed induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), accompanied by a decrease in proliferation of CD8@*METHODS@#For MLR, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were cultured with irradiated allogenic PBMCs upon exposure to chrysotile B asbestos at 5 μg/ml for 7 days. After 2 days of culture, IL-15 was added at 1 ng/ml. After 7 days of MLR, PBMCs were collected and analyzed for phenotypic and functional markers of CD8@*RESULTS@#IL-15 addition partially reversed the decrease in CD3@*CONCLUSION@#These findings indicate that CTLs induced upon exposure to asbestos possess dysfunctional machinery that can be partly compensated by IL-15 supplementation, and that IL-15 is more effective in the recovery of proliferation and granzyme B levels from asbestos-induced suppression of CTL induction compared with IL-2.


Subject(s)
Asbestos/adverse effects , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-15/pharmacology , Lymphocyte Activation/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880176

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in function of CD8@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detect the expressions of PD-1, TIM-3, and LAG-3, which were the markers of exhausted CD8@*RESULTS@#The expressions of inhibitory receptors (PD-1, TIM3 and LAG-3) on CD8@*CONCLUSION@#The exhausted CD8


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Interferon-gamma , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
5.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1666-1672, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143670

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the entire world, posing a serious threat to human health. T cells play a critical role in the cellular immune response against viral infections. We aimed to reveal the relationship between T cell subsets and disease severity. METHODS: 40 COVID-19 patients were randomly recruited in this cross-sectional study. All cases were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR. Patients were divided into two equivalent groups, one severe and one nonsevere. Clinical, laboratory and flow cytometric data were obtained from both clinical groups and compared. RESULTS: Lymphocyte subsets, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, memory CD4+ T cells, memory CD8+ T cells, naive CD4+ T cells, effector memory CD4+ T cells, central memory CD4+ T cells, and CD3+CD4+ CD25+ T cells were significantly lower in severe patients. The naive T cell/CD4 + EM T cell ratio, which is an indicator of the differentiation from naive T cells to memory cells, was relatively reduced in severe disease. Peripheral CD4+CD8+ double-positive T cells were notably lower in severe presentations of the disease (median DP T cells 11.12 µL vs 1.95 µL; p< 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: As disease severity increases in COVID-19 infection, the number of T cell subsets decreases significantly. Suppression of differentiation from naive T cells to effector memory T cells is the result of severe impairment in adaptive immune functions. Peripheral CD4+CD8+ double-positive T cells were significantly reduced in severe disease presentations and may be a useful marker to predict disease severity.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: A pandemia de COVID-19 tem afetado o mundo todo, constituindo uma ameaça grave para a saúde humana. As células T desempenham um papel crítico na imunidade celular contra infecções virais. Procuramos desvendar a relação entre sub grupos de células T e a severidade da doença. MÉTODOS: Um total de 40 pacientes com COVID-19 foram aleatoriamente recrutados para o presente estudo transversal. Todos os casos foram confirmados por RT-PCR quantitativo. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos equivalentes, um grave e um não-grave. Os dados da avaliação clínica, laboratorial e da citometria de fluxo foram obtidos para ambos os grupos e comparados. RESULTADOS: Os subconjuntos de linfócitos, células T CD4+ e CD8+, células T de memória CD4+, células T de memória CD8+, células T CD4+ virgens, células T efetoras CD4+, células T de memória central CD4+ e células T CD3+ CD4+ CD25+ estavam significativamente mais baixas nos pacientes graves. A razão células T virgens/células T efetoras TCD4+, que é um indicador da diferenciação entre células T virgens e células de memória, estava relativamente reduzida em casos graves da doença. As células T duplo-positivas CD4+CD8+ periféricas estavam notavelmente mais baixas em casos graves da doença (mediana das células T DP: 11,12 µL vs. 1,95 µL; p< 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Conforme aumenta a gravidade da doença nos casos de COVID-19, o número de subconjuntos de células T diminui significativamente. A supressão da diferenciação de células T virgens para células T efetoras é o resultado do comprometimento grave das funções imunológicas adaptativas. As células T duplo-positivas CD4+CD8+ periféricas estavam notavelmente mais baixas em casos graves da doença e podem ser um marcador útil para predizer a severidade da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Immunologic Memory , Cell Differentiation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Adaptive Immunity , Middle Aged
6.
Clinics ; 75: 1628, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Immunosenescence is an age-associated change characterized by a decreased immune response. Although physical activity has been described as fundamental for maintaining the quality of life, few studies have evaluated the effects of different levels of exercise on telomere length in aged populations. The present study aimed to analyze the effects of different levels of physical activity, classified by the Maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) values, on the telomere length of memory Cluster of differentiation (CD) CD4+(CD45ROneg and CD45RO+), effector CD8+CD28neg, and CD8+CD28+ T cells in aged individuals. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy elderly men (aged 65-85 years) were included in this study. Their fitness level was classified according to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) for VO2 max (mL/kg/min). Blood samples were obtained from all participants to analyze the percentage of CD3, CD4, CD8, CD28+, naïve, and subpopulations of memory T cells by using flow cytometry. Furthermore, using the Flow-FISH methodology, the CD4+CD45RO+, CD4+CD45ROneg, CD8+CD28+, and CD8+CD28negT cell telomere lengths were measured. RESULTS: There was a greater proportion of effector memory T CD4+ cells and longer telomeres in CD8+CD28+ T cells in the moderate physical fitness group than in the other groups. There was a higher proportion of terminally differentiated memory effector T cells in the low physical fitness group. CONCLUSION: A moderate physical activity may positively influence the telomere shortening of CD28+CD8+T cells. However, additional studies are necessary to evaluate the importance of this finding with regard to immune function responses in older men.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life , Telomere , Physical Fitness , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829048

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of multiple negative costimulatory molecules on peripheral blood T cells in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its affection on prognosis.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood samples from patients with newly diagnosed AML, complete remission (CR), and no-remission (NR) were collected, the expression levels PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 in CD4 and CD8 T cells were detected by flow cytometry , and the clinical data of patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PD-1、VISTA and TIM-3 of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the newly diagnosed AML patients were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). The expression levels of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA of CD4 and CD8 T cells in the CR group were significantly lower than those in newly diagnosed and the NR group (P<0.05). The TIM-3 expression level positively correlated with VISTA expression level of CD4 and CD8 T cells in newly diagnosed AML patients (r=0.85 and 0.73). The VISTA and PD-1 expression level of CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed AML, NR after first induction chemotherapy and high risk patients significantly increased (P<0.05), the TIM-3 expression level of CD8 T cells in high risk group significantly increased (P<0.05), and the VISTA expression level of CD8 T cells in CBFβ-MYH11 mutation-positive group significantly decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of PD-1、TIM-3 and VISTA in AML peripheral blood T cells may be involved in the immune escape of AML and can be the targets of treatment for acute myeloid leukemia patients.


Subject(s)
B7 Antigens , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828890

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether interleukin-12 (IL-12) over-expression in malignant melanoma B16 cells affects the expression level of programmed death-1 (PD-1) on T cells in mice during immune microenvironment reconstruction.@*METHODS@#B16 cells were transfected with an IL-12 expression lentiviral vector, and IL-12 over-expression in the cells was verified qPCR and ELISA. Plate cloning assay was used to compare the cell proliferation activity between B16 cells and B16/IL-12 cells. The expression of IL-12 protein in B16/IL-12 cells-derived tumor tissue were detected by ELISA. C57BL/6 mice were inoculated with B16 cells or B16/IL-12 cells, and 14 days later the proportion of T cells with high expression of PD-1 in the tumor-draining lymph nodes was detected by flow cytometry. Mouse models of immune reconstitution established by 650 cGy X-ray radiation were inoculated with B16 (B16+RT group) or B16/IL-12 (B16/IL-12+RT group) cells, with the mice without X-ray radiation prior to B16 cell inoculation as controls. Tumor growth in the mice was recorded at different time points, and on day 14, flow cytometry was performed to detect the proportion of T cells with high PD-1 expression in the tumor-draining lymph nodes and in the tumor tissue.@*RESULTS@#B16 cells infected with the IL-12-overexpressing lentiviral vector showed significantly increased mRNA and protein levels of IL-12 ( < 0.001) without obvious changes in cell viability (>0.05). B16/IL-12 cells expressed higher levels of IL-12 than B16 cells ( < 0.01). In the tumor-bearing mouse models, the proportion of CD4 PD-1 T cells was significantly lower in B16/IL-12 group than in B16 group ( < 0.01). In the mice with X-ray radiation-induced immune reconstitution, PD-1 expressions on CD4 T cells ( < 0.05) and CD8+ T cells ( < 0.01) were significantly higher in B16+ RT group than in the control mice and in B16/IL-12+RT group ( < 0.01 or 0.001); the tumors grew more slowly in B16/IL-12+RT group than in B16 + RT group ( < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#During immune microenvironment reconstruction, overexpression IL-12 in the tumor microenvironment can reduce the percentage of PD-1 T cells and suppress the growth of malignant melanoma in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Line, Tumor , Immune Reconstitution , Interleukin-12 , Melanoma, Experimental , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of the expression alteration of Tim-3 with the T cell and B cell dysfunction in peripheral blood of multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#30 patients diagnosed as MM from October 2016 to October 2018 were selected and enrolled in MM group, and 30 healthy persons whose sex and age was matched with the MM patients were selected and enrolled in healthy control group (HC). The blood samples from MM patients and HC were collected, and the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were separated by density gradient centrifugation, then the serum was kept for further study. The ratios of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and the CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells were analysed by flow cytometry (FCM),and the concentration of T cell-related cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-αand B cell-related antibodies IgA, IgM and IgG were measured by ELISA. At the same time, the differences of the ratios of CCD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells and plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG between the MM patient and HC were estimated, and the correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells with the ratio of plasmablast and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T, CD3CD8Tim-3T cells increased in MM patients, while the ratio of CD19+CD20- CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, TNF-α, IgA, IgM and IgG decreased in MM patients. And there was a negative correlation of the ratio of CD3CD4Tim-3T cells with CD19+CD20-CD38+B cells and the concentration of IFN-γ, IgA, IgM and IgG in MM patients, while the ratio of CD3CD8Tim-3T cells just negatively correlated with the concentration of TNF-α.@*CONCLUSION@#Expression of Tim-3 on CD4 and CD8 cells elevates in the peripheral blood of MM patients, which also correlates with the function suppression of T and B cells.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 2 , Metabolism , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Multiple Myeloma
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of miR-335-5p/ADCY3 interaction on the lymphocyte function in the patients with aplastic anemia (AA).@*METHODS@#Blood samples were collected from 22 healthy volunteers (HC) and 50 AA patients including 38 severe AA (SAA) and 12 non-severe AA (NSAA). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated. The expression of miR-335-5p and ADCY3 mRNA was detected by using RT-PCR. Negative control miR-335-5p (NC group) and miR-335-5p mimic (mimic group) were transfected to AA-PBMNC by using RNAimax reagent, respectively. The proliferative ability, activation and cytokines of CD4 T and CD8 T cells were measured by flow cytometry. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeted relationship between miR-335-5p and target gene.@*RESULTS@#The expression of miR-335-5p was significantly downregulated in SAA-PBMNC and NSAA-PBMNC compared with HC-PBMNC (0.08±0.01 vs 0.74±0.10, P<0.01; 0.17±0.02 vs 0.74±0.10, P<0.01). Meanwhile, the expression of miR-335-5p in SAA-PBMNC was very statistically significantly lower than that in NSAA-PBMNC (P<0.01). Compared with NC group, upregulation of miR-335-5p in vitro could significantly inhibited the proliferation of CD4 T and CD8 T cells in AA-PBMNC (P<0.05 and P<0.05, respectively). And, upregulating miR-335-5p in AA-PBMNC could significantly inhibited the activation of CD4 and CD8 T cells (P<0.01 and P<0.01, respectively). The ratio of CD4TNFα T, CD8IFNγ+T and CD8TNFα T cell by up-regulating the expression of miR-335-5p from AA-PBMNC in vitro was also significantly lower (P<0.01, P<0.05 and P<0.05, respectively). In addition, the expression of ADCY3 was higher in AA-PBMNC than that in HC-PBMNC (1.70±0.15 vs 0.76±0.12, P<0.01). Furthermore, by means of dual-luciferase reporter assay, the luciferase activity of ADCY3'UTR wildtype could be inhibited by miR-335-5p.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of miR-335-5p was significantly downregulated in AA, and that correlates with disease severity. Up-regulating miR-335-5p can correct the hyperimmune status in AA patients by targeting ADCY3. These changes may relates with the strengthen of inhibition for targeted gene ADCY3.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Genetics , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Lymphocyte Count , MicroRNAs , Genetics
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1001-1005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether collagen peptides can improve the immune functions of mice under the condition of simulated weightlessness.@*METHODS@#Mouse tail-suspension model was used to simulate the effects of weightlessness. Tail-suspended mice were intraperitoneally injected with 600 mg collagen peptides per kilogram body weight once a day for 10 days. Then, the mice were killed, and white blood cells were counted and classified. Lymphocyte subsets and T lymphocyte proliferations in spleens were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal control group, total and differential count of leukocytes, lymphocytes, T cells,CD4 and CD8 T cells, B cells and NK cells, and splenic T lymphocyte proliferation all decreased in the weightlessness simulated mice (P<0.05). Except for NK cells, the above-mentioned parameters were increased after administration of collagen peptides, and some of the parameters were recovered to the levels of normal control mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Collagen peptides can effectively improve peripheral blood lymphocyte distributions and T lymphocyte proliferations of mice under the condition of simulated weightlessness. This study nay provid the experimental basis for improvement of immune functions of astronauts.


Subject(s)
Animals , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Lymphocyte Count , Mice , Peptides , Spleen , Weightlessness , Weightlessness Simulation
12.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(7): 971-976, July 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013016

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the relations of T lymphocytes, cytokines, immunoglobulin E, and nitric oxide with otitis media with effusion (OME) in children and their clinical significances. METHODS Fifty children with OME treated in our hospital were enrolled in the study (observation group). Fifty healthy children were selected as control. The percentages of CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte and CD4+/CD8+ ratio in peripheral blood, and the levels of cytokine (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, immunoglobulin E (IgE) and nitric oxide (NO) in peripheral blood and middle ear effusion (MEE) in both groups were detected. The correlations of these indexes with OME were analyzed. RESULTS The percentage of peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ levels, CD4+/CD8 ratio, IgE, and NO levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.01). In the observation group, the IL-2 and IL-6 levels, and IgE and NO levels in the MEE were significantly higher than those in peripheral blood (P < 0.01). In addition, in the observation group, the MEE IL-2 and IL-6 levels were positively correlated with peripheral blood CD4+/CD8+ ratio, respectively r = 0.366, P = 0.009; r = 0.334, P = 0.018. CONCLUSIONS The levels of peripheral blood CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes and MEE IL-2, IL-6, IgE, and NO levels are increased in children with OME. These indexes have provided significant clues for the diagnosis of OME in children.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar as relações entre linfócitos T, citocinas, imunoglobulina E e óxido nítrico e a otite média com efusão (OME) em crianças e sua significância clínica. MÉTODOS Cinquenta crianças com OME tratadas em nosso hospital foram incluídas no estudo (grupo de observação). Selecionamos também 50 crianças saudáveis como controle. As porcentagens de linfócitos T CD4 + e CD8 + e a razão CD4+/CD8+ no sangue periférico, além dos níveis das citocinas IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, imunoglobulina E (IgE) e óxido nítrico (NO) no sangue periférico e de efusão no ouvido médio (MEE) de ambos os grupos foram medidos. A correlação desses índices com a OME foi analisada. RESULTADOS A porcentagem dos níveis de CD4+ e CD8 +, da razão CD4+/CD8+, de IgE e NO no sangue periférico do grupo de observação foram significativamente maiores do que no grupo controle (P < 0,01). No grupo de observação, os níveis de IL-2 e IL-6, IgE e NO em MEE foram significativamente maiores do que no sangue periférico (P < 0,01). Além disso, no grupo de observação, foi encontrada uma correlação positiva entre os níveis de IL-2 e IL-6 em MEE e a razão de CD4+/CD8+no sangue periférico, respectivamente, r = 0,366, P = 0,009; r = 0,334, P = 0,018. CONCLUSÃO Os níveis de linfócitos CD4 + e CD8 + no sangue periférico e IL-2, IL-6, IgE e NO em MEE são mais altos em crianças com OME. Esses índices forneceram evidências valiosas para o diagnóstico de OME em crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Otitis Media with Effusion/blood , Immunoglobulin E/blood , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cytokines/blood , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Nitric Oxide/blood , Reference Values , Tympanic Membrane/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Flow Cytometry
13.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(3): 151-159, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019551

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: HIV infection harms adaptive cellular immunity mechanisms. Long-term virological control by combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) reduces the risk of mycobacterial infections. Thus, we aimed to study cellular responses to mycobacterial antigens in 20 HIV-infected adolescents with at least one year of virological control (HIV-RNA <40 copies/mL) and 20 healthy adolescents. Methods: We evaluated CD8 and γδ T-cell degranulation by measurement of CD107a membrane expression after stimulation with lysates from BCG (10 µg/mL) and H37RA Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb, 10 µg/mL). Immune activation and antigen-presenting ability were also assessed by determination of HLA-DR, CD80, and CD86 markers. Results: TCR γδ T-cell CD107a expression was similar between groups in response to mycobacterial antigens, and lower in the HIV-infected group in response to mitogen. Higher baseline HLA-DR expression and lower mycobacterial-stimulated expression was found within the HIV-infected group. Conclusions: Similar degranulation in stimulated CD8+ and TCR γδ T-cells from HIV-infected adolescents, when compared to healthy controls suggests long-term immunological preservation with immune reconstitution under successful cART. However, differences in HLA-DR expression may represent ongoing inflammation and lower specific responses in HIV-infected youth. These features may be relevant in the context of the precocity and severity of vertically acquired HIV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/immunology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Tuberculosis/immunology , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Immunophenotyping , Antigen Presentation/immunology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Antigens, Bacterial/drug effects
14.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 52-55, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983741

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Pityriasis rosea is a common papulosquamous disorder. However, its etiology and pathogenesis remain unclear. Objective: We investigate the types of inflammatory cells infiltrating the lesional skin of pityriasis rosea and demonstrate whether T-cell-mediated immunity is involved in the pathogenesis of this condition or not. Methods: The biopsies were taken from the lesional skin of 35 cases of patients diagnosed with pityriasis rosea. The specimens were prepared in paraffin sections, then submitted to routine immunohistochemistry procedures using monoclonal antibodies directed against CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20 and CD45RO and horseradish peroxidase-labeled goat anti-human antibodies. The positive sections were determined by the ratio and staining intensity of positive inflammatory cells. Results: The mean score of positive CD3, CD4, CD8, and CD45RO staining was respectively 3.74±3.88, 5.67±4.40, 2.94±3.42 and 7.68±4.33 in these pityriasis rosea patients (P<0.001). The percentage of positive staining was 54.29% (19/35), 69.7% (23/33), 40% (14/35) and 79.41% (27/34) (P<0.05). However, the staining of CD20 was negative in all samples. The mean score of CD3 staining in patients with time for remission ≤60 days (4.90±4.21) was higher than that in patients with time for remission >60 days (2.00±2.5) (P<0.05), whereas no statistical difference in the mean score of CD4, CD8 and CD45RO staining was observed. study liMitations: The sample size and the selected monoclonal antibody are limited, so the results reflect only part of the cellular immunity in the pathogenesis of pityriasis rosea. Conclusion: Our findings support a predominantly T-cell mediated immunity in the development of pityriasis rosea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Pityriasis Rosea/pathology , Reference Values , Staining and Labeling , Time Factors , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Pityriasis Rosea/immunology , Leukocyte Common Antigens/analysis , CD3 Complex/analysis , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Immunity, Cellular
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776043

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the prognosis of disseminated non-tuberculous mycobacteria(NTM)diseases in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)negative patients. Methods Cases of disseminated NTM disease were retrospectively collected in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2012 to October 2018.Clinical manifestations,laboratory findings,treatment,and prognosis of these cases were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. Results Among the 23 HIV negative patients with disseminated NTM disease,21 had underlying diseases,with rheumatoid immune disease(n=7)as the most common one.The main clinical manifestation was fever(n=23).Laboratory tests showed anemia [hemoglobin(85.78±25.47)g/L],hypoalbuminemia [albumin 29(27-32)g/L],elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [(85.73±43.78)mm/h] and hypersensitive C-reactive protein [(112.00±70.90)mg/L],and reduction of lymphocyte count [0.69(0.29-2.10)×10 /L].Lymphocyte subset analysis indicated reduction in CD4 T cells [213(113-775)/μl],CD8 T cells [267(99-457)/μl],B cells [39(4-165)/μl],and NK cells [88(32-279)/μl] and elevation of human leukocyte antigen-D related(HLA-DR),and CD38 expression in CD8 T cells [HLA-DR CD8 /CD8 ,60(40-68)%;CD38 CD8 /CD8 ,81(65-90)%].The most common species of NTM was Mycobacterium intracellular(n=6).Lymphocyte,CD8 T cell,B cell,and NK cell counts were significantly lower in dead patients than surviving patients(P =0.045,P=0.045,P=0.032,and P=0.010,respectively). Conclusions Disseminated NTM disease in HIV negative patients is mainly manifested as fever,anemia,hypoalbuminemia,and elevated inflammatory indicators.It is more likely to occur in immunocompromised patients.Patients with decreased lymphocytes,CD8 T cells,B cells and NK cells tend to have a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Anemia , B-Lymphocytes , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Fever , HIV Seronegativity , Humans , Hypoalbuminemia , Killer Cells, Natural , Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous , Diagnosis , Pathology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1201-1207, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of IL-37 with T lymphocytes subsets and NK cells in ITP patients, and to explore its possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ITP.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with newly diagnosed ITP(newly diagnosed group), 32 patients of complete remission (remission group) and 22 healthy persons(control group) were selected. The serum level of IL-37 in 3 groups was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression of IL-37, IL-17 and IL-18 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNC) in 3 groups was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The number of IL-18RαCD4 T cells and Tim-3NK cells in the peripheral blood in 3 groups was detected by flow cytometry (FCM).@*RESULTS@#The serum level of IL-37 in the peripheral blood of ITP patients in the newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0.01) . The expression level of IL-37 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 05). The expression level of IL-17 and IL-18 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 01); the expression of IL-18Rα in CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in both the control and the remission group(P<0.01).The expression of Tim-3 in NK cells in ITP patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0. 01). In ITP patients, the serum IL-37 level and IL-18RαCD4T cells ratio both negatively correlated with Plt count (r=-0.58, r=-0.48) moreo-ver the serum IL-37 level also negatively correlated with amount of CD4 T cells and NK cells (r=-0.29, r=-0.28), but positively correlated with amount of CD8 T cells (r=0.329).@*CONCLUSION@#The IL-37 and its receptors may play an immunoregulatory role in CD4 T cells and NK cells, the IL-37 may be a therapeutic target for ITP patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1633-1640, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA load on immune reconstitution and clinical outcomes of patients after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT).@*METHODS@#Eight-color flow cytometry was used to dynamically monitor the changes of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets of 41 patients at one year after UCBT, and 10 healthy volunteers were enroled as controls. Patients were divided into two groups according to the DNA load of CMV (DNA copies <1000/ml and DNA copies ≥1000/ml). Comparative analyse of the effect of CMV DNA load on lymphocyte subsets and transplantation outcomes were carried out after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The high CMV DNA load group showed a faster and expanded T cell reconstitution, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.38×10 /L vs 0.25×10 /L, P=0.015 and 2.53×10 /L vs 1.36×10 /L, P=0.006, respectively). Further analysis of T cell subsets suggested that CD8 T cells presented a higher and faster recovery in the high DNA load group, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant at one and nine months after transplantation (0.20×10 /L vs 0.10×10 /L, P=0.038 and 1.62×10 /L vs 0.68×10 /L, P=0.003, respectively). In addition, there were no significant differences in levels of B cells, regulatory B cells and NK cells between the two groups. Outcomes after one- and a-half-year transplantation showed that there were no significant difference in relapse, non-relapse mortality and overall survival between the high and the low DNA load groups (7.7% vs 7.5%) (P=0.900) (15.4% vs 21.4%) (P=0.686) and (76.9% vs 78.6%) (P=0.889) respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The high CMV DNA load induces a faster and long-lasting expansion of T cells, mainly as the expansion of CD8 T cells after UCBT. Besides, under the current pre-emptive treatment of CMV, the high CMV DNA load does not affect the early survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia after UCBT.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Cytomegalovirus , DNA , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immune Reconstitution
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772941

ABSTRACT

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy has exhibited dramatic anti-tumor efficacy in clinical trials. In this study, we reported the transcriptome profiles of bone marrow cells in four B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients before and after CD19-specific CAR-T therapy. CD19-CAR-T therapy remarkably reduced the number of leukemia cells, and three patients achieved bone marrow remission (minimal residual disease negative). The efficacy of CD19-CAR-T therapy on B-ALL was positively correlated with the abundance of CAR and immune cell subpopulations, e.g., CD8 T cells and natural killer (NK) cells, in the bone marrow. Additionally, CD19-CAR-T therapy mainly influenced the expression of genes linked to cell cycle and immune response pathways, including the NK cell mediated cytotoxicity and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways. The regulatory network analyses revealed that microRNAs (e.g., miR-148a-3p and miR-375), acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, could regulate the crosstalk between the genes encoding transcription factors (TFs; e.g., JUN and FOS) and histones (e.g., HIST1H4A and HIST2H4A) involved in CD19-CAR-T therapy. Furthermore, many long non-coding RNAs showed a high degree of co-expression with TFs or histones (e.g., FOS and HIST1H4B) and were associated with immune processes. These transcriptome analyses provided important clues for further understanding the gene expression and related mechanisms underlying the efficacy of CAR-T immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD19 , Metabolism , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , RNA, Long Noncoding , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Transcriptome , Genetics
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180254, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985162

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance has been reported in the drugs used for the treatment of typhoid fever. The immunomodulatory substance β-glucan can be used as an alternative therapy as it potentiates host immunity. The aims of this study are to observe the effect of Candida albicans cell wall (CCW) extract towards host immunity (TCD8+ and TCD4+ cells in spleen, intestinal sIgA) and its capacity to kill Salmonella in the intestine and liver of typhoid fever mice models. METHODS: Typhoid fever mice models were created by infecting mice with S. Typhimurium orally. Mice were divided into four groups: the Non-Infected, Infected, CCW (infected mice treated with 300 µg CCW extract/mouse once a day), and Ciprofloxacin groups (infected mice treated with 15 mg/kg BW ciprofloxacin twice a day). RESULTS: Secretory IgA (sIgA) concentrations of mice in the CCW group remained unchanged. However, their TCD4+ and TCD8+ cells increased substantially compared to those in the Non-Infected group. In the Ciprofloxacin group, sIgA concentrations increased markedly compared to those in the Non-Infected and CCW groups; TCD4+ and TCD8+ cells also increased significantly compared to those in the Infected Group, but not significant compared to those in the CCW group. Colonization of S. Typhimurium in the intestine and liver decreased significantly in the CCW and Ciprofloxacin groups compared to that in the Infected group, with the lowest reduction being found in the Ciprofloxacin group. CONCLUSIONS The inhibition of S. Typhimurium colonization by CCW is associated with the increase in TCD4+ and TCD8+ cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Salmonella typhimurium/drug effects , Typhoid Fever/microbiology , Candida albicans/chemistry , beta-Glucans/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/microbiology , Ciprofloxacin , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Cell Wall , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/microbiology , Disease Models, Animal , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Intestines/microbiology , Liver/microbiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
20.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190101, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013318

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV-1 associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) is a disease caused by human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I) that mainly infects CD4 T cells-for example, those of the CD4+CD25hiFOXP3+ [Treg] phenotype-where it inhibits forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) expression and promotes interferon-γ (IFN-γ) expression. However, the role it exerts on regulatory B cells (CD19+CD24hiCD38hi; Breg) is unknown. METHODS: The frequencies of Treg and Breg cells was evaluated and the Th1 profiles were assessed in TSP/HAM patients and healthy control subjects. RESULTS: Low percentages of Breg cells and high production of IFN-γ were observed in patients compared to those in healthy control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: The low percentage of Breg cells in patients and the increase in the frequency of Th1 cells suggest an imbalance in the control of the inflammatory response that contributes to the immunopathogenesis of TSP/HAM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/immunology , Interferon-gamma/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/virology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/virology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/virology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/virology , Viral Load , B-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/virology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL